Affect of Modern Technology on Education

The whole world, in unison, is swarming through the most profound revolution in human history. The affect of which can be distinctive, national, international and in several ways illimitable. That revolution is none other than technology itself, not only has it affected education but also various other aspects of our life. It has a significant impact on our lives, as a matter of fact it has restructured the way we live. Be it favorable or unfavorable. This contemporary nexus era, urges us to think again what we mean by education. Even though it has not made that big a difference to the education system, it has affected the education system in some ways. For instance, students have access to almost everything that they require. Back in the medieval era books were a rare possession and only a few fortunate ones could receive education. They had to read a lot of books in order to gain information on particular matter, whereas today everything is available at one’s fingertip via internet. Many online platforms like Khan academy, MOOCS, podcasts, traditional online degree programs and many more, offer formal learning opportunities worldwide. Access to learning opportunities today is unmatched in scope hat trip to technology.

Conventionally, classrooms have been comparatively isolated, but today technology has given students the means to communicate and collaborate, which was just a vision in former times. Students can share what they have learnt with each other and collaborate on group assignments and projects using technology based tools. The walls of the classroom are not any more an impediment in view of the fact that technology has enabled means of acquiring knowledge, communicating and working collaboratively.

Technology has also brought significant changes in the roles of gurus and their pupils. In conventional classrooms, a teacher was the principal source of enlightenment and students were the passive learners. This representation of teachers as “the sage on the stage’ has been in the field of education for a long time now, and it still remains pretty much the same. Notwithstanding that, technology has facilitated access to information and many educational opportunities due to which the teacher’s role has been repositioned to ” the guide on the side” as students are taking charge of their own learning. Schools and universities all around the world are starting to restructure learning spaces to facilitate this new style of education.

Technology is a very powerful equipment that can support and metamorphose the education system in various ways, from making it a piece of cake for teachers to create instructional materials, to enabling new methods for people to learn and work in unison. Accompanied by the global reach of the internet and pervasiveness of smart devices that can connect to it, the genesis of a new era of education anytime and anywhere has started.

Technology is an integral part of the 21st-century, now it is up to the educationalists to wallow in a pool of opportunities dispensed by technology, in order to make a constructive difference in the world of education.

Will agri reforms solve the problem of distressed farmers?

For a long time, the farmers have been distressed. From harsh nature to corrupted humans, they have to deal a lot in their lives. The Covid-19 pandemic destroyed the supply chains and thus devastated the business of many farmers who grew fruits and vegetables. 

To provide some relief to farmers, the government came with three reforms

  • Ammendment of Essential Commodities Act 1955.
  • Enabling Contract farming.
  • Relaxing Agriculture marketing rules.

Ammendment of Essential Commodities Act 1955

There are many products that are categorised as essential commodities and therefore their prices and quantities are regulated by government. The government has now ammended this act and deregulated cereals, edible oils, oil seeds, pulses, onions and potato.

Enabling Contract Farming

This reform was passed as ‘The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Ordinance, 2020’. We are all aware of how businesses hedge their risks by entering into contracts. Now, this model of contract can be used in farming also. Farmers can now enter into contracts with the buyers and get an assured amount for their crops. This will enable them an assured income.

Relaxing Agriculture marketing rules

Out the the three reforms this reform is the most appealing one. The government passed this reform as ‘The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce(Promotion and Facilitation) Ordinance,2020′. This ordinance not only frees farmers from many barriers but also gives them exemption from taxes and fees. 

The existing system:

In the current system farmers had to sell their crops in mandis aka APMC (Agriculture Produce Marketing Companies). APMCs were formed by state government to ensure that farmers get fair price on their farm produce and these APMCs are governed by the APMC Act. The farm produce is brought to the market and sold through auction. Only licensed traders can operate within the market and private ones are not allowed to buy directly from the farmers. These licensed traders used to form a cartel and thus farmers had to sell them at  very lower prices. Under this system, only those traders who registered with that market can purchase from the farmers of that market. So, a trader from Gujarat will not be able to purchase from a mandi in Delhi unless he is registered there. The recent ordinance removed this barrier and thus allows farmers to sell their crops to any buyer. 

This open ups the opportunity for private players to enter the market. However, these private players will have to incur capital expenditure in form of establishing a system to procure farm produce. They will compete against the existing system of APMC and thus it is not going to be easy for the new entrants. They will have to setup a physical infrastructure (a private mandi) which enables them to weigh, sort and grade the farm produce. This mandi should also be near to the farm-gate.

Without any doubt these reforms are a step towards prosperity of farmers. However, the farmers may not get immediate benefits of these reforms. In these times, the farmers required actions that provides them with immediate benefits. This reforms will help them in long run but when it comes to fighting the current situation, the farmers are not equipped. They needed measures which could support their family in a short time. If government does not come with any measure to give farmers short term benefits than farmers have to look for themselves. In that situation, they can only hope of some good private players entering the market immediately and thus paying them to sustain themselves.

4 Simple Steps to Begin Building an International Brand

If you are an entrepreneur, you are probably wondering what the best strategies to build an international brand are. Now that your business has made it at the local level, it will still succeed at the international level if you have a perfect approach. According to experienced business people, it is as simple as doing it all over again, but now in a different market setup overseas. But to make it clear for you, we will take you through the four important steps to help you succeed in building an international brand. Read on to learn more.

Look for a Market

The first step to succeeding in creating an international brand is to look for an appropriate market. The world is too small now that businesses can penetrate every corner, but one must identify the right market for their goods and services. What would be the point of rolling out an international brand that has no buyer? Market research is therefore crucial, especially when conducted by experts who understand international business in a better way. You can also focus on doing your own research online to identify this.

Prepare Your Product

You have no option other than to have a superior product that can compete with many others. Global businesses are numerous, and they’re more innovative than ever before. An excellent production team is what you need, whether you hire them locally or internationally. This means consistent product development research by talking to your consumers and checking what your competitors are offering. It is also crucial to consult experts so that they can give their opinion. In this case, speak to reliable consultants like those found on https://www.grsconsultants.com/. They will come in handy when preparing a product package for your market.

Create an Identity

Most companies and organizations already have a brand identity. Any person who sees the name of such an organization will instantly know what product they have on offer. Before hitting the global market, you can create a local identity through a website that is visible, providing superior products, and communicating with all of your customers. Customers like a differentiated product which will make them come back again and again. Being active in social activities in society will further make your identity clearer like Pen2Print, Eduindex and EduPub.

Market the Product

Marketing your products and brand name both locally and internationally is easy nowadays. All you need is to embrace digital marketing by starting a website and social media pages. The platform has no borders, which makes any business get noticed far and wide. You can customize SEO efforts to focus more on your targeted global market to increase your chances of visibility. With better marketing, your products will get buyers in the global market within no time.

Summary

Finally, I wish to mention that global brands are easy to create by following these four strategies. They have been tested by experts and are proven to work well for many businesses. You too can start implementing them today and make changes where necessary to suit your needs.

Education system in INDIA

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I take this opportunity to present my votes of thanks to all those guidepost who really acted as lightening pillars to enlighten our way throughout this project that has led to successful and satisfactory completion of this study. I am highly thankful to Mr. Pankaj Jain for her active support, valuable time and advice, whole-hearted guidance, sincere cooperation and pains-taking involvement during the study and in completing the assignment of preparing the said paper within the time stipulated. Without the active participation of our teachers it would have been extremely difficult for me to prepare the project in a time bound framework.

HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN INDIA

Indian education history is very rich and motivating. In the ancient days, gurus and scholars impart education orally, but after the development of letters, it took the form of writing. Palm leaves and barks of trees were used for teaching, and this in turn helped in spreading of the written literature. Temples and community centres often took the role of school. When Buddhism spread in India, education become available to everyone and this was the time when some world famous educational institutions were established like Nalanda, Vikramshila and Takshashila. History has taken particular care to give Nalanda University, which flourished from the fifth to 13th century AD, full credit for its brilliance. This university had around 10,000 resident students and teachers on its roll at one time. These students included Chinese, Sri Lankan, Korean and other international scholars. It was in the 11th century that the Muslims recognized elementary and secondary schools. This led to the forming of few universities too at cities like Delhi, Lucknow and Allahabad. Medieval period saw excellent interaction between Indian and Islamic customs in all fields of knowledge like theology, religion, philosophy, fine arts, painting, architecture, arithmetic, medicine and astronomy. Later, when British arrived in India, English education came into being with the help of the European missionaries. Since then, Western education gained advances in the country. With hundreds of universities and thousands of colleges affiliated to them, India has positioned itself happily as a country that provides superiority higher education to its people in specific and to the world in general.

PRESENT EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

The present education system in India mainly comprises of-

  1. primary education,
  2. secondary education,
  3. senior secondary education and
  4. higher education

Elementary education consists of eight years of education. Each of secondary and senior secondary education consists of two years of education. Higher education in India starts after passing the higher secondary education or the 12th standard. Depending on the stream(Arts,Commerce or Science). Doing graduation in India can take three to five years. Post graduate courses are generally of two to three years of duration. After completing post graduation, scope for doing research in various educational institutes also remains open. The growing receiving of distance learning courses and growth of the open university system is also causative a lot in the democratization of higher education in india.

WORLD CLASS HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES IN INDIA:

There are quite a good number of educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes of the world and made India recognizable in the International Education. Some of them are as follows-

Ø The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs),

Ø Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs),

Ø Indian Institutes of Science, National Law Schools,

Ø Jawaharlal Nehru University are some such institutes.

FACILITIES OF EDUCATION TO MARGINALIZED IN INDIA:

As education is the means for bringing socio- economic transformation in a society, various measures are being taken to enhance the access of teaching to the marginalized sections of the society. One such measure is the introduction of the reservation system in the institutes of higher education. Under the present law:-

(1) 7.5% seats in the higher educational institutes are reserved for the

scheduled tribes,

(2) 15% for scheduled castes and 27% for the non creamy layers of the

Other Backward Classes (OBCs).

PRESENT SCENARIO OF INDIAN EDUCATION :

Soon after independence in 1947, making education available to all had become a priority for the government. As discrimination on the basis of caste and gender has been a major hurdle in the healthy development of the Indian society, it also restricted the educational development of the nation as a whole. The 86th constitutional amendment has also made elementary

education a fundamental right for the children between the age group- 6 to 14. According to the 2001 census:-

Ø The total literacy rate in India is 65.38% .

Ø The female literacy rate is only 54.16%

The gap between rural and urban literacy rate is also very significant in India. This is evident from the fact that only 59.4% of rural population are literate as against 80. 3% urban

population according to the 2001 census

PUBLIC PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA- AN

OVERVIEW:

Early childhood education in India is subject to two extreme but contrary deficiencies. On the one hand, millions of young children in lower income groups, especially rural and girl children, comprising nearly 40% of first grade entrants never complete primary school. Even among those who do, poorly qualified teachers, very high student-teacher ratios, inadequate teaching materials and out- moded teaching methods result in a low quality of education that often imparts little or no real learning. It is not uncommon for students completing six years of primary schooling in village public schools to lack even rudimentary reading and writing skills.

PRIVATE PRIMARY EDUCATION IN INDIA- AN OVERVIEW:

Cildren attending urban schools, especially middle and upper class children in private schools, are subjected to extreme competitive pressures from a very early age to acquire basic language skills and memorize vast amounts of information in order to qualify for admission into the best schools. Parents and teachers exert intense pressure on young children to acquire academic skills at an age when children should be given freedom and encouraged to learn as a natural outcome of their curiosity, playfulness and eagerness to experiment. Necessary steps should be taken to avoid unnecessary pressure for childrens.

GOVERNANCE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION:

Schemes undertaken by the government:

Ø State-wise Allocation of Central Government’s Share Made

Ø Under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in India (2006-2007)

State-wise Amount Spent on Elementary Education from Component of Prambhik Shiksha Kosh in India (2006-2007 and 31.10.2007) State-wise Targets and Achievements under Sarva Shiksha Abhiayan (SSA) in India (2002-2007) Selected State-wise Number of Additional Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) Sanctioned in India (As on 01.02.2006)

Funds Released to North Eastern States under CentrallySponsored Schemes for Operation Blackboard and Non Formal Education in India (1997-1998 to 2000-2001) Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources under Centrally Sponsored Schemes for Elementary Education for North Eastern States in India (1999-2000 and 2000-2001 Progress Recorded under Shiksha Karmi Project in India (upto september2001)

Efforts are also being taken to improve the access to higher education among the women of India by setting up various ecational institutes exclusively for them or eserving seats in the already existing institutes.

Development so far:-

Under SSA,

Ø 1.47 lakh primary schools have been opened across the country,

Ø 1.23 lakh primary schools have been upgraded to have upper primary classes.

Ø 9.86 lakh teachers have been recruited,

Ø children are provided free textbooks,

Ø teachers are provided periodic in-service training,

Ø Mid-day meal is provided to all children in classes 1-8 in

Ø Government and Government aided schools.

GOVERNANCE OF SCHOOL EDUCATION

The National Council Of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the legal body for governing the curriculam matters for school education in India. The NCERT provides support and technical assistance to a number of schools in India and give guidance to many educational policies in India. Different Indian curriculam bodies governing school Education in India are as follows:-

  1. The State Government Board
  2. The Central Board Of Secondary Education ( CBSE ) Board
  3. The Council For The Indian School Certificate Examinations ( CISCE) Board
  4. The Indian Certificate Of Secondary Education ( ICSE ) Board
  5. The National Institute Of Open Schooling ( NIOS ) Board

GOVERNANCE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

In order to develop the higher education system, the government had established the

University Grants Commission in 1953(UGC) . The primary role of UGC has been to regulate the standard and spread of higher education in India. There has been a marked progress in the expansion of higher education if we look at the increase of higher educational institutes in India. The higher education system in India comprise of more than 17000 colleges, 20 central universities, 217 State Universities, 106 Deemed to Universities and 13 institutes of National importance. Under the Indian constitution, various minority groups can also set up their own educational institutes. This number will soon inflate as the setting up of 30 more central universities, 8 new IITs, 7 IIMs and 5 new Indian Institutes of science are now proposed.

How to use Talent Management Benefit Your Organizations

Much of the popularity attributed to the growth of talent management strategies in corporations can be attributed to the nature of technological growth which has eliminated most of our geographical boundaries, leading to a blend of cultures. As such, top organizations are able to access international job markets to scour the professionals most suited for specific roles within their hierarchy. This does not come easy however, as the following step to hiring the best, is ensuring they stay with you and also stay at the top. Potential leadership candidates and high impact employees must be given the adequate opportunity to express their capabilities and impact at the workplace.

This is for mutual growth so this move does not go amiss when considering organizational objectives. Helping management think past profit margins and output targets aligns them with the needs of the organization as a whole, and how specific employees can impact the efficiency and productivity of its various facets. We’re here to provide you clarity on exactly that- the need and importance of talent management. As such, here are some of the most compelling reasons you should implement and invest in a solid talent management system to empower your organization and its future-

  1. You will ensure you have the ideal professional performing at the right roles. When you take a gander at relationship building talent and qualities, you’ll see a best fit for every job. Talent mapping utilized in talent management and it enables you to analyze and capitalize on the potential in and around your organization. This impacts in both expanded profit margins and overall employment fulfillment.
  2. The strategy will enable and impassion your staff. On the off chance that you see staff essentially as a number, you do understand that they know this! Then again, if you value them, put resources into them and their future, they will work for more potential mutual benefit for the organization as opposed to simply their paycheck.
  3. You’ll empower performance consistency from your staff (particularly important with the more youthful age). Individuals are more inclined to operate within established hierarchies when they understand where they are needed and where they might be headed. Not only does talent management provide this level of clarity, the procedure allows professionals to capitalize on the phenomenon- it helps the professional to look ahead and focus on performance and growth.
  4. You’ll close hierarchical talent gaps by distinguishing them and making clear moves in altering the situation. The performance contrast between skilled individuals and those with less talent is immense with regard to results. Employees and how they are managed is the most vital wellspring of most productive and effective skills and qualities.
  5. You will have a superior shot of retaining the top talent already present and recently hired as time goes on. Be careful with losing your best staff to your competitors! The emphasis ought to be on employee development projects and techniques to create and draw in high impact workers- and in the same vein, keeping quality professionals satisfied and effective.
  6. There will be fewer hiring-related errors in the recruitment process. The nature of an organization is, basically, the nature of staff it has. Numerous talent programs perform and execute employing assessments as a major aspect of the hiring and selection process. Analysis of their experience, skills and potential through modern systems and how they might factor into the company’s hierarchy must be a critical step requiring comprehensive understanding of the situation.
  7. Management will understand the workforce better than it did before. Employee reviews give extraordinary bits of knowledge about the professionals within the organizations. This aids in planning promotion structures as you will comprehend their requirements, profession goals and qualities and shortcomings of the potential candidates and how this might be remedied. By its nature, it is both diagnostic and curative in nature. Thus, it is able to effectively form a professional development program that fulfills the needs of the organization as well as aligning with the company’s long term vision.
  8. Employees will begin to feel valued and along these lines be increasingly motivated at the workplace. Having a solid talent management culture determines how productive your workforce is and how invested they are in the business environments of your organization. There is no amount of decision making that can substitute this fundamental part of excellence and it gives organizations opportunities to make the most of exactly that.
  9. The workforce will begin to build greater trust in your organization and its objectives. In the event that representatives are certain about talent management practices of the organization, they are bound to trust the vision of the organization. The outcome is a workforce that is locked in, dedicated and resolved to do what is best for your organization’s success. This fact makes it too important to look over, and having the right people under your wing can make all the difference in the world.

Most Prominent HR Leader Roles

Leadership is an indispensable element of businesses that enables its people to identify their hidden potential and encourage them to work towards excellence.

The destiny of a firm is usually shaped by its people. The competency and dedication levels of the employees reflect in the organization’s year-end financial report. Therefore, nurturing the right talent is a prerequisite to success.

Organizations depend on their leaders to identify appropriate talent and develop it as per company requirements. However, no two leaders are the same and every company craves for a leadership that is aligned with its culture and values.

As a matter of fact, in the lack of good leadership, an organization is extremely prone to a negative employee turnover rate. As many studies in the recent past have proved that the style of leadership that thrives has a lot to with the satisfaction quotient of the employees. If the staff is not happy with how they are being led, it can have a huge effect on the employer brand of a firm and can make it seem unattractive for prospective candidates.

Thus, the leadership style that you foster in the workplace plays a gigantic role in your staff’s performance. A very common problem that most employers face in the present scenery is that their employees fail to take proud in their organization. And, the topmost reason contributing to this issue is leadership not being able to give a warm treatment to the worker. As a result of which, they tend to feel out of place and unfit for their organization.

HR Leader Role: 

It is seen that the Human Resources department plays an eminent role in developing a company’s leadership. That being so, it is an essential duty on the shoulders of HR leaders to ensure that the organization is in the hands of good leadership that is not counterproductive.

To help accomplish this, the following points are important of HR leaders to consider:

  • The disparate leadership styles in a company and the way these styles find a place for themselves to compliment the firm’s overall leadership. Also, maintaining synergy between individual styles along with the overall style of leadership is crucial for ensuring harmony.
  • Each leadership style must compliment and should be aligned with the company’s culture. It’s also vital to see the wider picture together with thinking about the leadership styles that are required to craft the culture that you wish to maintain.
  • The exact leadership style which each team needs. The point is that every leadership style is different from the other and it’s critical to avoid situations where the style of leadership splits a team.

Business owners put a lot of faith in HR leaders who make the effort to link the company’s leadership to inclusivity. When all employees are provided with equal privileges, attention, and treatment, it helps them feel that they are in the right place and belong to the organization which apparently creates a sens

“हम श्रमिकों के अधिकारों की रक्षा करेंगे परन्तु हम श्रम मंत्री का नाम नहीं जानते “~~एक संवेदनशील राजनेता

कुछ इसी प्रकार से राजनेताओं की पोल खुली जब मजदूरों से असीम सांत्वना रखने वाले राजनेता देश के श्रम मंत्री का नाम नहीं कह पाए। इस बात से कोई फ़र्क नही पड़ता कि इस समय वह संसद के किस भाग में विराजित है लेकिन क्या सरकार अथवा विपक्ष की इसमें कोई जवाबदेही नही?
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कुछ दिनों पहले एक मार्मिक चित्र पूरे देशभर में वायरल था। एक छोटा बच्चा बिहार के मुज्जफरपुर रेलवे स्टेशन पर अपनी मां के मृत शव के साथ खेलता हुआ पाया गया। उसकी श्रमिक मां भूख और गर्मी से प्रताड़ित हो कर अंत में अपने जीवन से हाथ धो बैठी। ऐसे अनेक दृश्य पिछले 3 महीनों से देश के अलग अलग शहरों से प्रतिदिन हमारे सोशल मीडिया पर आ रहें हैं।
कहीं मज़दूर सड़कों पर भीषण गर्मी में पैदल चल रहे हैं तो कहीं आय से कई गुना अधिक पैसे देकर ट्रकों से अपने घर जाने की कोशिश कर रहे हैं।

इस तरह के मामलों के बाद भी सरकार इन श्रमिकों के लिए कोई ठोस कदम नहीं उठा पाई। राज्य और केंद्र दोनों ही दरवाजों से मजदूरों को केवल मायूसी ही मिली। महामरी के इस दौर ने एक बहुत ही कड़वे सच से पर्दा उठा दिया है कि इस देश के विकास में श्रमिकों की अहम भूमिका तो है लेकिन उनके निजी विकास में किसी को कोई रुचि नही।
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हमारे श्रम मंत्री श्री संतोष कुमार गंगवार इस दौर में भी मीडिया से गायब हैं। उत्तर प्रदेश, पंजाब जैसे राज्यों में श्रमिक कानूनों में किए गए बदलावों पर भी उन्होंने कोई आपत्ती नही जताई। न्यूज़ चैनलों पर बैठकर विभिन्न राजनैतिक पार्टियों से आए प्रवक्ताओं ने पूरे उत्साह से मजदूरों को अपना समर्थन दिया और बड़े ही उत्तम तरीके से आरोप प्रत्यारोप के खेल को निभाया परन्तु कोई भी मुख्य समस्या पर स्पष्ट उत्तर नहीं दे पाया।

दूसरे मुद्ददों की तरह ये भी चुनावी रैलियों में राजनेताओं की जय जयकार करवाने के लिए छोड़ दिया गया। श्रमिकों के लिए चलाई गई ट्रेनें भी परेशानी का सबब बन गई। मुंबई से गोरखपुर जाने वाली गाड़ी ओडिशा पहुंच गई तो किसी ट्रेन को पटना पहुंचते हुए 60 घंटे लग गए। ट्रेनों में दिए गए भोजन में चीटियां होना, कई घंटो कड़ी गर्मी में बिना जल के सफ़र करना ऐसी कई परेशानियों का सामना करते हुए ये श्रमिक अपने घर पहुंच भी गए तो फ़िर सरकार के क्वारांटाइन सेंटर में इन्हे लचड़ व्यवस्था में गुज़ारा करना पड़ रहा है। बिहार में जितनी मौतें अस्पतालों में नहीं हुई उससे अधिक तो उनके क्वारांटाइन सेन्टर में भूख से हो रही है।
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इतने हादसों के बाद जब उच्च न्यायालय ने सरकार को निर्देश दिए तब तक बहुत देर हो चुकी थी। 8 करोड़ होने के बावजूद इन मजदूरों की कोई आवाज़ नहीं है। स्थिति सामान्य होने पर ये फिर से पलायन को मजबूर होंगे और अपनी जीविका के लिए फिर से महानगरों का रुख करेंगे किन्तु क्या सरकार और विपक्ष अपनी जवाबदेही तय करेंगे? क्या आगे फिर ऐसी स्तिथि का उपाय किया जाएगा? क्या ये गरीब तबका अपने लिए आवाज़ उठा पाएगा? क्या मजदूर संघ और जटिल तरीके से श्रमिकों का पक्ष रख सकेंगे या फिर ये अधिकारों की लड़ाई भी अदालत और सरकारी मेजों पर केवल कागज़ मात्र रह जाएगी।

Gig Economy

I remember 2 months back, there was GEPIWAT (Group Exercise, Personal Interview, and Word Association Test) Process for the upcoming batch in our college and I was one of the Volunteers for the same. In Group Discussion, a panel was given the topic of “Gig Economy”.

Gig Economy is a new concept where provisional, flexible jobs are commonplace and companies tend toward hiring independent contractors and freelancers instead of full-time employees. This gives workers greater control of their time, money and lives.

gig

During that period the concept had a more positive side to it. For instance, delivery guys used to get paid according to their one-day work or on payment on flexible bases. It is used by a lot of companies such as Oyo, Airbnb, Ola and Uber to name a few. This also means role reversal easily. A person can become a car driver for a month and choose food delivery for next depending upon the demand. It somehow gave more power to the worker as a whole.

But considering the current situation, the tables have turned. Workers who were provided with multiple opportunities are forced to stay at home due to the unavailability of jobs. Instead of finding one role. They are sitting idle. With India amid a 21-day lock-down, demand has collapsed at transportation and hospitality marketplaces.

There is a myth among the masses that gig economy work is usually the one that has less return on investment and people who are a part are actually paid less.  But the truth is that if a person is cultivated by the right skill set, they are bound to get more stipend even at times compared with full-time employees. For instance, With the advancement of technology and automation taking the world, deep learning jobs stand as one of the highest paying jobs. The professionals need the right skill set and knowledge of technological tools and programming languages. It is then followed by another interesting job that is the one in the field of cryptocurrency. Some other fields include robotics, data analysts, AWS, coders and developers etc.

When times are good, marketplaces see their valuations soar as they attract large amounts of capital, a fraction of which goes to their drivers and suppliers. When the bad times come, platforms simply wait for them to pass, leaving workers and suppliers to foot the bill.

Surely this is an important question to consider. The gig economy has left workers vulnerable to risk in this pandemic. Is it better than the traditional form of employment?

 

What Type of Program is Best for your Career?

Training and growth are what primarily guide the career path of an HR professional as their role within organizations becomes progressively more specialized. The development of one’s skills is considered to be mandatory for long term success and this is most evident by the highest paid professionals within the industry. Most CHROs are distinguished by their scholastic wealth and professional excellence with many championing the initiative behind using certifications to augment your career with the qualifications and skills needed to cover leaps and bounds that take you higher up in the ladder by conquering and innovating with key business challenges and opportunities. Certificates also contribute in this fashion but they serve to fill in academic foundations that may be lacking, geared more toward research and learning than professional capability growth. As a matter of priority, it’s important to characterize exactly how these two choices contrast from each other and what precisely every one involves. While they might seem like related fields of expertise, they serve different purposes when it comes to their applicability and scope.

The Difference Between HR Certificates and Certifications

HR certificates are academic programs, provided to students who wish to learn about the industry, its theories, and its impact. They as a rule comprise of a bunch courses (five or six) and can be finished in as meager as one and a half months, or up to four months, contingent upon the specialization. Most programs highlight a specialization, with subjects including compensation systems, marketing and HR, and HR managements. A few programs like the certificate in HR designed by Cornell is a course that can be taken online with only a working internet connection. No prior academic experience is required to ensure you obtain an education from these programs, making them a decent alternative for the individuals who don’t have a four-year college education. It provides a smaller workload and depth of subject but ensures the candidate is able to broadly comprehend their topic in a logical and meaningful fashion.

Certification, on the other hand, function as a professional HR certification online and includes no academic experience. Like most other professional training programs, it is offered by privately owned businesses; in the field of HR. Diverse range of qualifications are up for offer depending upon your experience, interests and skillsets. They are accessible for both junior and senior employees, and eligibility is largely dependent on experience, above all else. Designed with practicality in mind, these specialized programs are what define the growth trajectory of a professional primarily within the private sector, although these programs exist in some form across multiple sectors. Filling in skill gaps and learning modern methodologies to future priorities is a dynamic approach to professional success that must be encouraged by the talent management departments within organizations. Recertification is also a part of this process where the candidate must take the course again, or a higher level course after a few years to keep their credential, and to stay updated with the latest skillsets and methodologies.

Is money donation the only way to save a life

We all know about the donation but what if it could not save the lives. Money donations are right because money is the important source of our lives. But beside this there are more donations which you can go through like blood donations or making some useful things from the old clothes. Helping the kids in orphanage. Making yourself with the first volunteer planning about what to do for them and what to make for them. Making some toys with the old clothes that would be more beneficial or giving them an education so that they can also learn about what is happening in this world, learn about faith, love, wisdom, sincere, sacrifice, success, helping others.

Blood donations

Blood is donated when a person is in need of it. It may be of a whole blood and may be a part of it.

Who can donate blood

You can donate blood if you are eligible to donate blood with having good health. A proper test has been done it sees that whether you are capable of it or not.

Who cannot donate blood

You will be denied if your blood tests positive for: HIV-1, HIV-2, human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I, HTLV-II, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, West Nile Virus (WNV), and T. pallidum (syphilis). Blood donation is actually a quick and easy way to get tested for all of these things.

How you can donate blood

You must be 18 years old and above not less than 18. Should be healthy and not having any internal problem. Find a local blood bank.

Here is a hero who just save a 14 years old girl’s life without hesitation by donating blood

A Mumbai cop who just save a life of a girl by donating blood. When the lockdown had trapped us tight and cyclone nisarga threatened to shake our world. He was on duty then found her family helpless due to cyclone and covid 19. So always be a volunteered. Donate to the needed people if you can like Donate Sadaqah.

Helping with old clothes by making soft toys and be a volunteer

We all are having old clothes which we sometimes threw them but we can you it and can make some different things. You can make a small bag from that or make a soft toy by filling cotton inside it and distribute/ donate the owner of orphanage.

When to give

You can give as per choice or when asked on a monthly basis. So by this always be a volunteer. A volunteer needs a time initiating and how to be innovative how much skills you can share how much you are passionate about and how much time you can give in this. A quote which inspired us all by National volunteer and philanthropy centre that think about the cause you are passionate about, how much time you can commit and the skills you can share when considering volunteering .

REAL ESTATE SURVIVAL IN THE TIME OF PANDEMIC.

As we are surviving through a virus called COVID-19, not just the health but it has been affecting each and every aspect of the people’s life. In terms of health we atleast have some of the precautions for our defense from it but in terms of other aspects specially buisness, we don’t even have precautions, all we are left with is finding a cure. One among the badly affected businesses is the real estate business.

Impacts on the indian real estate business:
As the whole Indian economy is in crisis, the most anticipated result of it in real estate sector is delayed investment decisions, specially from the eastern countries. However, the actual possible impact is still uncertain as the COVID-19 situation remains volatile.
As per the researchers, the impacts that we may face are:

  1. If the COVID-19 stays longer than expected, the commercial real estate may face less investments as it is already a slow mover.
  2. In the current situation, investors are more likely to shift their investment into something more stable such as a bond market.
  3. According to UN, india is at risk of trade loss of about 2,500 crores as most of the real estate investment in India came from Singapore, China and Hongkong in 2019.
  4. As the export from China will be at pause, the cheaper supply will be hindered and this will affect the profit margin of the real estate developers.
  5. The recent crash in the stock market in India is another sign that suggests the reduce investment in the real estate sector.

Measure taken by Indian government to improve the situation:
In order to improve the economy and the stressed real estate sector the government has announced variety of financial packages, schemes and new ideas to formulate within the country.

  1. Under “Atmanirbhar Bharat”, government announced a financial package of ₹200 crores restricted to the local markets compulsorily.
  2. RBI has provided special fund of 30,000 crores for non-banking finance companies and Housing finance companies generating a wave of relief to the real estate sector.
  3. Extention of loan repayment period and reduced repo rate by RBI and extention if loan compliance for the current financial year has been a hope of light in the construction sector.
  4. Subordinate debt-based scheme, equity support, collateral free automatic loans and revised definition or classification are some measures for MSMEs which will provide a force to the infrastructure sector as MSMEs supplies various construction materials to them.

Conclusively, the real estate sector has to hold itself for even worse impact than assumed. As this pandemic is affecting the lives of people the real estate has already facing less investors and property buyers. But with the hope and positivity that as we have overcome many calamities previously we will overcome this too, we must continue our production and innovation and take the full opportunity in the bad times as well till the government finds a measure to stop the spread of this virus.

Strictest Punishment For Mob Lynching Needed Now Most

 It has to be said right at the outset that mob lynching cannot be justified on any pretext and under any circumstances come what may! There has to be zero tolerance for it but right now we see that the perpetrators of the crime are either escaping with just no punishment or are being punished on a very lenient basis thus making a complete mockery of our country on the world stage! It merits no reiteration that this must be set right now.

                                         What message are we sending to the world if we don’t ensure that mob lynchers are promptly punished with most appropriately death penalty or at the least with life imprisonment for at least 25 years in jail without any parole or remission of any kind whatsoever? How can mob lynching be justified by anyone under any circumstances? Are we living in Talibani India? Certainly not!

                                             Every year we get to hear many incidents of mob lynching but when do we hear that mob lynchers have been mob hanged or mob jailed for life! Centre must now wake up and act on this immediately. I rate mob lynching no less than terrorism rather even worse than terrorism because without being trained ever by the intelligence agency or army of any foreign country such brutal crimes are committed most heinously!

                                               There is no reason that why it must not be crushed with an iron hand and those involved in it be made to pay for it by paying fine of many lakhs and also death penalty or life term! We all know how even a police officer Mohammad Ayyub Pandit was not spared in Kashmir and his body was broken after mob beat him badly, broke all his bones and set him ablaze! Same is the case in many other similar cases! We saw how brutally Tabrez Ansari was mob lynched in June yet the Jharkhand police has sought to charge the 11 men with culpable homicide that does not amount to murder! Should all those involved in such heinous acts not be hanged promptly? Yet we see that not even murder charges are slapped against such mob lynchers!  

                                         Needless to say, we all know fully well that even Supreme Court in Tehseen S Poonawalla Vs Union of India & Ors in Writ Petition (Civil) No. 754 of 2016 delivered on July 17, 2018 has most unequivocally directed the Centre and States to take preventive, punitive and remedial measures to stop lynching incidents in the future and issued detailed guidelines pertaining to the same. The Apex Court Bench has minced just no words to hold unequivocally that the State has to act positively and responsibly to safeguard and secure the constitutional promises to its citizens. Article 21 of the Constitution guarantees the right to life and personal liberty to all the citizens of our nation and no mob can be allowed under any circumstances to hold it to ransom!

                                        Having said this, it must now be brought out here that the Apex Court then issued some guidelines to be followed. Those guidelines are as follows: –

A.                Preventive Measures

(i)   The State Governments shall designate a senior police officer, not below the rank of Superintendent of Police, as Nodal Officer in each district. Such Nodal Officer shall be assisted by one of the DSP rank officers in the district for taking measure to prevent incidents of mob violence and lynching. They shall constitute a special task force so as to procure intelligence reports about the people who are likely to commit such crimes or who are involved in spreading hate speeches, provocative statements and fake news.  

(ii) The State Governments shall forthwith identify Districts, Sub-Divisions and/or Villages where instances of lynching and mob violence have been reported in the recent past, say, in the last five years. The process of identification should be done within a period of three weeks from the date of this judgment, as such time period is sufficient to get the task done in today’s fast world of data collection.

(iii) The Secretary, Home Department of the concerned States shall issue directives/advisories to the Nodal Officers of the concerned districts for ensuring that the Officer In-charge of the Police Stations of the identified areas are extra cautious if any instance of mob violence within their jurisdiction comes to their notice.

(iv) The Nodal Officer, so designated, shall hold regular meetings (at least once a month) with the local intelligence units in the district along with all Station House Officers of the district so as to identify the existence of the tendencies of vigilantism, mob violence or lynching in the district and take steps to prohibit instances of dissemination of offensive material through different social media platforms or any other means for inciting such tendencies. The Nodal Officer shall also make efforts to eradicate hostile environment against any community or caste which is targeted in such incidents.

(v) The Director General of Police/the Secretary, Home Department of the concerned States shall take regular review meetings (at least once a quarter) with all the Nodal Officers and State Police Intelligence heads. The Nodal Officers shall bring to the notice of the DGP any inter-district co-ordination issues for devising a strategy to tackle lynching and mob violence related issues at the State level.

(vi) It shall be the duty of every police officer to cause a mob to disperse, by exercising his power under Section 129 of CrPC, which , in his opinion, has a tendency to cause violence or wreak the havoc of lynching in the disguise of vigilantism or otherwise.

(vii) The Home Department of the Government of India must take initiative and work in coordination with  the State Governments for sensitising the law enforcement agencies and by involving all the stakeholders to identify the measures for prevention of mob violence and lynching against any caste or community and to implement the constitutional goal of social justice and the Rule of Law.

(viii) The Director General of Police shall issue a circular to the Superintendents of Police with regard to police patrolling in the sensitive areas keeping in view the incidents of the past and the intelligence obtained by the office of the Director-General. It singularly means that there should be seriousness in patrolling so that the anti-social elements involved in such crimes are discouraged and remain within the boundaries of law thus fearing to even think of taking the law into their own hands.

(ix) The Central and the State Governments should broadcast on radio and television and other media platforms including the official websites of the Home Department and Police of the States that lynching and mob violence of any kind shall invite serious consequence under the law.

(x) It shall be the duty of the Central Government as well as the State Governments to take steps to curb and stop dissemination of irresponsible and explosive messages, videos and other material on various social media platforms which have a tendency to incite mob violence and lynching of any kind.

(xi) The police shall cause to register FIR under Section 153A of IPC and/or other relevant provisions of law against persons who disseminate irresponsible and explosive messages and videos having content which is likely to incite mob violence and lynching of any kind.

(xii) The Central Government shall also issue appropriate directions/advisories to the State Governments which would reflect the gravity and seriousness of the situation and the measures to be taken.

B.            Remedial measures

(i) Despite the preventive measures taken by the State Police, it comes to the notice of the local police that an incident of lynching or mob violence has taken place, the jurisdictional police station shall immediately cause to lodge an FIR, without any undue delay, under the relevant provisions of IPC and/or other provisions of law.

(ii) It shall be the duty of the Station House Officer, in whose police station such FIR is registered, to forthwith intimate the Nodal Officer in the district who shall, in turn, ensure that there is no further harassment of the family members of the victim(s).

(iii) Investigation in such offences shall be personally monitored by the Nodal Officer who shall be duty bound to ensure that the investigation is carried out effectively and the charge-sheet in such cases is filed within the statutory period from the date of registration of the FIR or arrest of the accused, as the case may be.

(iv) The State Governments shall prepare a lynching/mob violence victim compensation scheme in the light of the provisions of Section 357A of CrPC within one month from the date of this judgment. In the said scheme for computation of compensation, the State Governments shall give due regard to the nature of bodily injury, psychological injury and loss of earnings including loss of opportunities of employment and education and expenses incurred on account of legal and medical expenses. The said compensation scheme must also have a provision for interim relief to be paid to the victim(s) or to the next of kin of the deceased within a period of thirty days of the incident of mob violence/lynching.

(v) The cases of lynching and mob violence shall be specifically tried by designated court/Fast Track Courts earmarked for that purpose in each district. Such courts shall hold trial of the case on a day to day basis. The trial shall preferably be concluded within six months from the date of taking cognizance. We may hasten to add that this direction shall apply to even pending cases. The District Judge shall assign those cases as far as possible to one jurisdictional court so as to ensure expeditious disposal thereof. It shall be the duty of the State Governments and the Nodal Officers, in particular, to see that the prosecuting agency strictly carries out its role in appropriate furtherance of the trial.

(vi) To set a stern example in cases of mob violence and lynching, upon conviction of the accused person(s), the trial court must ordinarily award maximum sentence as provided for various offences under the provisions of the IPC.

(vii) The courts trying the cases of mob violence and lynching may, on an application by a witness or by the public prosecutor in relation to such witness or on its own motion, take such measures, as it deems fit, for protection and for concealing the identity and address of the witness.

(viii) The victim(s) or the next kin of the deceased in cases of mob violence and lynching shall be given timely notice of any court proceedings and he/she shall be entitled to be heard at the trial in respect of applications such as bail, discharge, release and parole filed by the accused persons. They shall also have the right to file written submissions on conviction, acquittal or sentencing.

(ix) The victim(s) or the next of kin of the deceased in cases of mob violence and lynching shall receive free legal aid if he or she so chooses and engage any advocate of his/her choice from amongst those enrolled in the legal aid panel under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.  

C.                   Punitive measures

(i) Wherever it is found that a police officer or an officer of the district administration has failed to comply with the aforesaid directions in order to prevent and/or investigate and/or facilitate expeditious trial of any crime of mob violence and lynching, the same shall be considered as an act of deliberate negligence and/or misconduct for which appropriate action must be taken against him/her and not limited to departmental action under the service rules. The departmental action shall be taken to its logical conclusion preferably within six months by the authority of the first instance.

(ii)  In terms of the ruling of this Court in Arumugam Servai v. State of Tamil Nadu (2011) 6 SCC 405, the States are directed to take disciplinary action against the concerned officials if it is found that (i) such official(s) did not prevent the incident, despite having prior knowledge of it, or (ii) where the incident has already occurred, such official(s) did not promptly apprehend and institute criminal proceedings against the culprits.

                        Simply put, the Bench directed that, “Apart from the directions we have given hereinbefore and what we have expressed, we think it appropriate to recommend to the legislature, that is, the Parliament, to create  a separate offence for lynching and provide adequate punishment for the same. We have said so as a special law in this field would instill a sense of fear amongst the people who involve themselves in such kinds of activities.” Now it is up to Parliament to act and make lynching a separate offence as soon as possible as the Apex Court has directed.

                                Needless to say, it was made amply clear by the Bench that the measures that are directed to be taken have to be carried out within four weeks by the Central and the State Governments. The Bench also made it clear that, “Reports of compliance be filed within the said period before the Registry of this Court. We may emphatically note that it is axiomatic that it is the duty of the State to ensure that the machinery of law and order functions efficiently and effectively in maintaining peace so as to preserve our quintessentially secular ethos and pluralistic social fabric in a democratic set-up governed by rule of law. In times of chaos and anarchy, the State has to act positively and responsibly to safeguard and secure the constitutional promises to its citizens. The horrendous acts of mobocracy cannot be permitted to inundate the law of the land. Earnest action and concrete steps have to be taken to protect the citizens from the recurrent pattern of violence which cannot be allowed to become “the new normal”. The State cannot turn a deaf ear to the growing rumblings of its People, since its concern, to quote Woodrow Wilson, “must ring with the voices of the people.” The exigencies of the situation require us to sound a clarion call for earnest action to strengthen our inclusive and all-embracing social order which would in turn, reaffirm the constitutional faith. We expect nothing more and nothing less.”

                                             It has been more than a year and two months that the top court had urged the Parliament in this extremely landmark and laudable judgment to enact a separate law to punish offenders participating in lynching of persons yet no action taken till now! India has faced major international embarrassment because of this and will continue to face so thus giving a bad name to our nation if such incidents are not controlled on a war footing immediately! It brooks no more delay now! Centre must abide entirely by what the Apex Court has held so categorically, clearly and convincingly! Let’s hope so!

Sanjeev Sirohi, Advocate,

s/o Col BPS Sirohi,

A 82, Defence Enclave,

Sardhana Road, Kankerkhera,

Meerut – 250001, Uttar Pradesh.