Brain Drain

Together under traditional human capital paradigm, the movement of highly trained or highly skilled professionals is considered a zero-sum game as host countries attract an inflow of human capital from home countries , increasing the competitiveness of developed countries generally referred to as “brain gain” at the cost of home countries called brain drain. Brain drain affects the regions concerned socioeconomically. Flight of human capital, more widely known as brain drain, is a challenge that many parts of Europe face. It is characterized by the emigration to other countries of highly skilled factory workers

Brain Drain -- Reasons and Repercussions

The phenomenon of brain drain is particularly noticed in EU countries such as Romania, Poland, Italy and Portugal, while other countries such as Sweden, Ireland, Estonia and Denmark notice the opposite effect, namely brain gain. The principal effect is brain waste. This happens when highly skilled workers migrate to a region with insufficient or one-sided labour / skill demand information and end up unemployed or working in a job that does not need their high skills. However, a burgeoning approach claims that brain drain is actually creating an opportunity for brain circulation and brain linkage in a global market economy.

First, the movement of highly skilled professionals from developing countries promotes opportunities to build transnational social capital that links members from various countries and leads to the transfer of expertise from developed countries (“expertise remittances”). Furthermore, it helps create ties with the development centre and facilitates convergence with benefits such as increased exports, capital flows, and transfer of technology into the global value chains. With these kind of benefits, economic and social ties can create a win-win, positive-sum situation for both home and host countries among trained professionals.

Fears associated with Brain Drain:

The development community has stepped up its emphasis on higher education over the last two decades, realizing that it can improve a country’s capacity to compete in an increasingly knowledge-based global economy and stimulate economic growth. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries’ official development assistance towards higher education has more than doubled, from $1.7 billion in 2002 to $3.9 billion in 2016.The added value to economies expected from higher education includes advances in technology, innovation research and innovation, enhanced entrepreneurial spirit, job growth, and greater productivity among others. However, specialists and decision makers are concerned that investing in higher education in less developed countries may lead to a “brain drain” where highly educated students and professionals leave their homelands and never return home.

Kauffman’s 2016 report on international science, technology, engineering, and math students in the US showed that 48 percent of a representative sample of 2,322 foreign doctoral students surveyed preferred to stay in the US after graduating from college while only 12 percent intended to leave and 40 percent were indecisive. Because students usually move to study from developing countries to developed ones, brain drain is more troublesome for developing countries. The negative effect of brain drain could be further exacerbated given the increased flows of talent across the world and the growing incorporation of less developed countries into global value chains.

Brain Drain Scenario in India:

India has witnessed a brain drain over the past several decades, as there has been a substantial growth in the number of students studying internationally, particularly in the USA. In 2015–2016, after the People’s Republic of China, India was the second-largest provider of overseas students to the US. More than one million professionals born in India started working in the US, mostly in information technology, management, business and finance. By the late 1990s, Indians made up 28 percent of the software and engineering talent of Silicon Valley and were originators of iconic firms such as Sun Microsystems, Cirrus Logic, and Hotmail.

As the Indian economy began to expand, policy initiatives such as the development of India’s Software and Technology Parks (e.g., in Bangalore) and waves of economic liberalization helped foster brain migration. Many studies have documented Indian returnees’ significant role in building the IT industry that has started since the 1990s. Many from the US have returned to India to start IT research and innovation laboratories, oversee U.S. investment and outsourcing contracts, and recruit and monitor Indian professionals to U.S. efficiency and standards. Many American-educated Indian engineers with Silicon Valley companies even moved part of their operations to Bangalore or started software services businesses in Bangalore.

Conclusion:

Certainly developed nations are at risk of brain loss as their skills go abroad. Yet developing countries have been found not to be afraid to lose their talent. Keeping talent back from studying or working abroad may lead to developing nations isolating themselves from the international economy. More developed countries frequently lack not only human resources but links to the centre of global economic activity as well. The crucial question for developing countries is how to translate a potential brain drain into brain circulation and brain connection.

It can be achieved by developing programs of temporarily or permanently return, along with financial and other opportunities, to make the journey home enticing and worthwhile. Another choice is through diaspora engagement policies, particularly in a global context where skills mobility is growing.

Decoding the Indian Programmer

In India, the new millennium began to fundamentally change every aspect of the country with much media frenzy around the prospect of information technology. As a result, most college-going student’s ‘well-meaning’ parents compelled their children to undertake computer science and related study fields, independent of their interest.

 With technological advancement foraying into our economic, political and social lives, demand for such graduates is substantial around the world. An estimated half a million jobs will be developed in this field over the coming decade, and by 2024, nearly three-quarters of the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) positions will be over computer-related occupations, predict reports. More than half of the world’s STEM graduates are produced by China, India, the United States and Russia and so most computer science students are coming from those countries.

Portrait Of Confident Indian Programmer At His Workplace Stock Photo,  Picture And Royalty Free Image. Image 74810023.

There has also been a significant rise in student enrolment in computer science graduate programs in recent years, tripling in some of these countries. Do these growing numbers, however, also turn at the end of the program into quality graduates?

Talent shortages are extreme in India’s IT and data science environment with a survey reporting that 95 per cent of the country’s engineers are not qualified to take on software development jobs. According to a report by Aspiring Minds employability Survey Company, only 4.77 percent of applicants can write the required logic for a program — a minimum criteria for any programming work.

Indian IT companies need to fire incompetent programmers

More than 36,000 engineering students from IT-related divisions of over 500 colleges took Automata — a software development skills examination focused on Machine Learning — as well as more than two-thirds could not even write a piece of code that compiles. The study further noted that while more than 60% of candidates can’t even write compiling code, only 1.4% can write technically correct and usable code.

The disparity in employability can be due to alternating learning-based methods rather than designing programs for different problems on a computer. There is also a shortage of good programming teachers, as most good programmers are getting jobs at good salaries in industry, the study reported.

Furthermore, programming skills for Tier III colleges are five times lower than those of Tier 1 colleges. According to a report, Sixty-nine per cent of the top 100 university candidates are able to write a compilable code versus the rest of the colleges where only 31 per cent can write a compilable code, the report said.

Debate about the standard of Indian student programmers is a never-ending one. Most developers worldwide are said to start coding at a shockingly young age. However, many will be surprised to know that in India only one in ten begins coding before age 15. Elsewhere the number is three out of ten.

When too many books are offered to a student to read but not enough time to engage in practical practice, then what will he learn?

In addition, students are often required to take assessments demonstrating only their memory skills and not their real skill or information. The amount of new technical data is said to be doubling every 2 years. But most educational institutions are still teaching Java, Turbo C++, and C++ pre-standardized. So, for students starting a 4-year engineering degree, their third year of college outdates half of what they learn in their first year.

What can be done to resolve the problem?

Social networking site LinkedIn recently said that in the coming years, skills such as web creation and user experience design will be highly in demand. It is therefore necessary to design an academic curriculum tailored to meet the needs of the generation to come and to make them IT fluent.

To this end, educators use different techniques to combine education with technology, and programming can be considered as one of the finest ways of doing this.

Early technology exposure has reshaped how children interact, socialize, develop, and know. Such digital natives think and process knowledge differently, due to increased engagement with technology. Today it is extremely important that every child transitions from engaging with technology to being an active co-creator.   

Computational learning incorporates mathematics, logic, and algorithms, and introduces innovative solutions to problems for youngsters. Computational reasoning shows us how to deal with big problems by splitting us into a series of smaller, more manageable issues. This approach’s applications go beyond composing code and structured programming. The analytical method is used in areas as diverse as biology, archaeology and music.

Hence, it has become extremely crucial to instill knowledge about Computer Programming from a very young age in the children of our country. Because, only then we can dream of leaving the mark of our nation in renowned global competitions like The ACM-ICPC (International Collegiate Programming Contest).

How to grow your business through Instagram

Instagram is a great marketing tool for any business to flourish. It has over 800 million monthly active users. Despite it being a massive platform, it is fairly easy to grow your business on it. It allows you to connect with your fans, customers, partners, and prospects. For your account, to be worth your efforts and time, the most important thing is to be active on it. 

Let’s take a look at how Instagram can help in building a brand and grow your following without spending a single penny on advertising.

  • Post images that attract the audience – A picture is worth a thousand words so make sure it counts. To get active audience engagement, offer both – great design and value. Use sites like Canva and Stencil to design the best infographics or posts. No need to hire graphic designers, these tools make your posts look extremely professional at free of cost.
  • “Call to action” a must thing – There are a lot of companies that just post on Instagram without the customers knowing what to do, where to go. One can always make use of the bio section for a strong “Call-to-action” that directs people to the sales page or the company’s website. This way it is much easier for better functioning of the business.
  • The right use of Hashtags (#) – Hashtags are extremely powerful for increasing engagement, categorizing posts, attracting followers to a certain niche and also to strengthen the brand image. Every time you make a post, make sure to write a caption with it including the hashtags ( don’t use more than 5 ). This will make your post look well put up and appealing to the audience.
  • Regularity in posting content – You don’t have to spam the audience but make sure to at least post one or two times a day. This will help in keeping the audience updated and be interested in your brand. None the less, the more the posting is done more the chances of a rapid increase in followers.
  • Engagement is the key – Engagement with the audience can be fruitful for your company. Start liking, commenting on their posts, it can often lead them to visit your brand’s Instagram handle. There are chances that they can also reciprocate by liking and following it. Purchasing followers can never be in one’s interest, so avoid it.
  • Look up to Analytics – Instagram provides an option to check the insights of the profile. One can see which post got the most engagement, which day is when people are most active, when is the best time to post. With the help of this information, plan your future posts accordingly to get the most mileage out of them.

All in all, this visual feed can reflect your brand’s uniqueness and differentiate your business from others. So with the right marketing strategy make the best use of it possible. Take advantage of all that Instagram has to offer and you are good to go.

 

Education: biggest tool of progress.

Education is very important tool for everyone to succeed in life and get something different.

help a lot in lessening the challenges of life. Knowledge gained through out the education periods enables each and every individual confident about their life. It opens various door to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life so promote career growth. Many awareness programmes has been run by the government has been run enhance the value of education is in rural areas. It brings feelings of equality among all people in the society and promotes growth and development of the country.

Education plays a role in the modern technology world. Now a days there are many ways to enhance the educational level. The whole criteria of education have been changed now. We can study through the distance learning programs after 12 standard together with the job. Education is not so costly anyone with less money may study continuously. We can get admission in the big and popular universities with fewer fees the distance of learning. Other small training institutes are providing education to enhance the skill level in particular field education is must for both men and women equally as both together make a healthy educated society. It is an essential tool for getting bright future as well as plays a most important role in the development and progress of the country. Citizen of the country became responsible for the better future and development of the country. Highly educated people become the base of the developed country so proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country. So, proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country it is only educated leaders who build the nation and lead it to the height of success and progress. Education makes people as perfect and noble as possible.

Good education give many purpose to the life such as enhancement of the personal advancement increase social status increased social health economical progress success to the nation set goals of Life make us a way to work towards many social issues and give solution to solve environmental problem and other related issue. Now a days education has become very simple and easy because of the implementation of distance learning program. Modern education system is fully capable to remove the social issues of illiteracy and inequality among people of different religion and caste.

Education developed the people’s mind to great level and help in removing all the differences in the society. It makes us able to become a good learner and understand very aspect on life. It provides ability to understand all the human rights social rights duties and responsibilities towards the country.

It is often said that education holds a magnificent place in an individual’s life. A person with proper education has better understanding of things happening around him/her and is better able to face challenges in all walks of life. An educated mind is the one which rules the world. Education in layman’s language is restricted to receiving marks or having a degree which is necessary to earn money for a living. But education isn’t just restrict to just that much. There are schools and colleges developed as a part of educational institutions where knowledge is imparted to students. Here, education is one which provides a platform for healthy growth of knowledge, skills, talents and for overall development of personality of an individual.

In ancient times, girls and women were deprived of receiving an education because they were married off at an early age. Giving her an education was considered a burden to the family as dowry was also practised when she was to get married. Poor families who could not afford to send their children to school made their children work from an early age in hazardous industries which was extremely unhealthy and dangerous for their life. Child labour is now illegal. They say the pen is mightier than a sword which clearly states that education is a weapon more powerful than others. An educated person can live a respectful and dignified life and can impart moral and social values by sharing their knowledge with others. Article21 – A of the Indian Constitution speaks about the basic Right to Education.

Savitribai Phule was one such woman who fought to educate the women and girls in her time and kick-started the process of education. In the present era, women are as adept, qualified, educated and able as men are. A woman is today no longer dependent on others but independent due to education and has earned herself a respectful position. Today the thought of male dominance needs to be transformed and equality needs to prevail in all walks of life. The word education itself states

E-Enhancement.

D-Directive.

U-Understanding

C-Confidence.

A-Achieve

T-Target

I-Intelligence

O-Opportunity

N-Narrative

Thus, along with the changing scenario women too should be educated and receive an equal footing with men. There are numerous crimes that occur predominantly against women like sexual violence, rape, molestation, human trafficking, acid attacks, etc. The news, everyday, flashes with stories of domestic abuse, sexual violence, rapes, discrimination on the basis of gender where a woman in society is not valued, is objectified and is always blamed for whatever happens. Women haven’t received justice and this needs to change. An idea of development starts with the ideals of equality, unity, togetherness, growth, in order to attain prosperity. Education helps to remove illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, and unnecessary evils which obstruct the development process. Education in one’s life can help improve the standard of living. Various programmes have been conducted in order to spread awareness about the rights of women, their legal rights, the importance of a girl child, the need to educate a woman and empower her to move ahead in all walks of life. An educated, aware and literate country can fasten the process of development and progress in all walks of life and help it transform from a developing one to a developed one.

IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION IN SOCIETY

The human race has made significant progress in the past 7 million years. From being cave dwelling Neanderthals to now being jet-setting futurists, we have come a long way.  Today, as we gear up to become a planet of 9 billion people, are we better off than we were millenniums ago? Of course access to the bare necessities of life has never been easier. Shelter electricity, food, and hygiene have considerably improved the quality of our lives. But the one essential element that separates us from the dumb, that helps create better societies, develop virtues and gives us a sense of freedom—is Education and many around the world are still deprived of it.

The classic definition of education is ”the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university”. But education is much more than that. It is a process which can be acquired anywhere at any time and any age. It is the fundamental right of every citizen because it promotes empowerment and ensures development benefits. Education can be used for the upliftment of society since it helps elevate the social and economic conditions in the marginalized sections of society.

Education makes us better citizens by teaching us how to conduct ourselves through life by following rules and regulations and giving us a sense of conscience. It make us more confident to go out there and achieve things. Many governments across the world have recognized the importance of education as a tool to enhance progress and make the world a better place. Let us see how it achieves that:

spread awareness

Blind faith and superstitions are what bog down society. People misled by false beliefs do more harm than good to society. Education helps us question, gives us an analytical mind and helps us reject superstitions. An educated mind asks for logic and scientific reasoning behind all actions.

helps us stand up for the right

Education helps lower crime rate. That’s because the educated can differentiate between what’s right and what’s wrong. Research has shown that increasing the high school completion rate by just 1 percent for all men ages 20-60 would save the U.S. up to $1.4 billion per year in reduced costs from crime. This is true for other regions as well.

It helps progress

Better education opens up a host of opportunities and this is especially relevant in the times we live in where technology and education ensure that opportunities are not bound by geography.

gives us a heALTHY LIFE

Better educated people tend to live longer and have better lifestyles. For example research conducted in central European OECD countries have shown that a 30-year-old tertiary-educated man can expect to live eight years longer than a 30-year-old man who has not completed upper secondary education. While a tertiary-educated woman can expect to live four years longer than a woman without an upper secondary education.

MAKES US PRODUCTIVE

It is a fact well known that the more degrees you have, better would be your economic performance. There is a deep connection between education and productivity and in this age where there is competition at every turn, education is what will help an industry and subsequently a nation, to flourish.

It helps us connect across borders

Digital education has helped achieve this. Education has given students from across borders opportunities to connect and communicate and work towards building a better future and a better world. For example, a professor in America can help inspire a student in Afghanistan to study and travel the world, help herself and a whole generation after her, to lead a better life.

It gives empowerment FOR EVERYONE

Education helps turn weakness into strength. Education gives us the confidence to stand for ourselves. It improves our decision making capabilities, makes us mobile and gives us access to social networks. Many researches have proven that in countries where women are subjected to gender bias, education helped them stand up against marital violence, improved their decision making capabilities and helped them take charge of their own lives.

To quote Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, “books and our pens, they are the most powerful weapons. One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education first.”

How Important is our MENTAL HEALTH!

As we all know that we have lost one of the brightest actors today, Sushant Singh Rajput. He committed suicide in his apartment. God knows what he was suffering through. Hence today it is very important to address how important our mental health is. We need to break that “taboo” of calling people suffering from depression or anxiety sick or mad. Depression and anxiety is a very serious issue that needs to be addressed. People often make fun of people who actually suffer from these. It is not something people enjoy doing. It takes away lives. That’s how severe it is. Depressed people don’t have anything different from us. They talk normally, behave commonly, but you might not know what goes on in their head. Hence help people out. Be gentle and kind to people around you. With this increasing hatred in mankind among each other, such issues are on a rise. Let’s pledge today that in a day you will make at least one person smile. You might not know how your smallest gestures might save a person’s life.

सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण -आखिर क्या है इसकी परिभाषा और क्यों इसकी जांच ज़रूरी है?

भारत में कोरोना महामारी ने जबसे दस्तक दी है तब से यहां का जनसंख्या घनत्व विशेषज्ञों और शोधकर्ताओं की चिंता का कारण बना हुआ है। भारत जैसे घनी आबादी वाली जगह पर सामाजिक दूरी (2 गज़ दूरी) जैसे नियम का पालन करना बहुत कठिन है और कोरोना बहुत अधिक संख्या में लोगों को बीमार करता रहा तो यहां की स्वास्थ्य व्यवस्था पूरी तरीके से चरमरा जाएगी। ये स्थिति हम अभी से दिल्ली, मुंबई, पुणे, चेन्नई, अहमदाबाद जैसे महानगरों में देख सकते हैं। इन शहरों में मरिजों की संख्या में विस्फोट हो चुका है और अस्पतालों की क्षमता समाप्त हो चुकी है। लेकिन इस समय में ये समझना ज़रूरी है कि आखिर विपक्ष और जानकार किस कारण से बार-बार भारतीय आयुर्विज्ञान अनुसंधान परिषद(आई.सी.एम.आर) से यह प्रश्न कर रहे हैं कि वह इस स्थिति को “सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण” क्यूं नहीं घोषित करते।

आखिर सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण की परिभाषा क्या है? इसका होना किस भविष्य की संभावना को व्यक्त करता है? और आखिर क्यूं ज़रूरी है इस पर चर्चा?
विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन ने हर महामरी के कुछ चरण बनाए हैं ताकि इससे निपटने का बुनियादी ढांचा बनाया जा सके। पहले चरण में बीमारी के मामले दुनिया के अलग-अलग देशों से कुछ मात्रा में आते हैं जहां उस वायरस की उत्पत्ति ना हुई हो जैसे इटली, अमरीका, स्पेन, भारत में जब चीन से आने वाले लोगों द्वारा बीमारी ने प्रवेश कर लिया।
दूसरे चरण को लोकल ट्रांसमिशन कहा जाता है जिसमें बाहर से आए संक्रमित व्यक्ति के संपर्क में आए लोगों को भी बीमारी हो जाए। इन मामलों में ट्रेसिंग करके संभावित संक्रमितों को क्वारांटाइन किया जा सकता है।
तीसरे चरण को “सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण” कहा जाता है इसकी कोई स्पष्ट परिभाषा नहीं तय की गई है लेकिन मूल रूप से जब कोई संक्रमण किसी देश में इतना फैल जाए कि किसी व्यक्ति को कहां से बीमारी हुई ये पता ना चल पाए तो इसे सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण कहते हैं। इस तरह की स्थिति में महामारी का अंत तय नहीं किया जा सकता। अधिक से अधिक लोगों को यह संक्रमण घेर चुका है ऐसा मान लिया जाता है। प्रतिदिन संख्या बढ़ती जाती है, संक्रमितों की और उससे मारने वालों की भी। जब यह चरम पर पहुंच जाए तो उसे पीक कहा जाता है जिसके बाद स्थिति धीरे-धीरे सामान्य हो जाती है।
अन्तिम चरण को स्थानिक या एंडेमिक कहा जाता है जिसमें बीमारी के हर वर्ष आने का खतरा बना रहता है जैसे कि मलेरिया, डेंगू आदि।

दिल्ली के स्वास्थ्य मंत्री द्वारा तो यह स्पष्ट कर दिया गया है कि दिल्ली में कई मरीजों को कहां से संक्रमण हुआ इसका पता नहीं लगाया जा सका है। महानगर मुंबई में मामले 57000 तक पहुंच चुके हैं लेकिन सरकार द्वारा अभी भी यही जानकारी दी जा रही है कि सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण नहीं हुआ है। सरकारी एजेंसियों द्वारा सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण की संभावना ख़ारिज कर दी गई है लेकिन कई डॉक्टरों और अन्य शोधकर्ताओं द्वारा कहा जा रहा है कि हम सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण के चरण में प्रवेश कर चुके हैं।
अब प्रश्न यह उठता है कि आखिर इस शब्द के प्रयोग से क्या अंतर हो जाएगा। विशेषज्ञ कहते हैं कि जब हम मान लें कि अब हमारी अधिक से अधिक जनसंख्या इससे संक्रमित है तो सरकार की नीति में परिवर्तन आ जाता है। तब सरकार संक्रमितों के पाए जाने पर ट्रेसिंग बंद कर देती है और उसमें इस्तेमाल किए जाने वाले संसाधनों को इलाज में लगा देती है। समय, धन और प्रशासन तब सिर्फ अस्पतालों और अलग-अलग जगहों में मरीजों के लिए बैड उपलब्ध कराने में लग जाता है। जनता को पूरे तरीके से बता दिया जाता है कि अब संक्रमण किसी को भी हो सकता है और ऐसे ही समय में सख्त लॉकडाउन की आवश्यकता होती है।

आई.सी.एम.आर कहता है कि भारत की कुल आबादी में से अबतक केवल 0.73% लोगों में ही कोरोना की पुष्टि हुई है हालाकि दुनिया भर में टेस्टिंग के मामले में भारत अभी भी काफ़ी पीछे है। तो क्या यह मान लें कि बाकी के 99.27% लोग सुरक्षित हैं?
एम्स के पूर्व निदेशक डॉक्टर एम.सी मिश्रा और अन्य जानकारों ने यह सवाल पूछकर साफ कह दिया है कि भारत में कम्युनिटी अथवा सांप्रदायिक संक्रमण हो चुका है। सरकार कब आधिकारिक तौर पर इन बातों की पुष्टि करेगी कोई नहीं कह सकता लेकिन इस आर्टिकल के माध्यम से हमें और आपको ये तो समझ जाना चाहिए कि स्थिति गंभीर है और हमें अपने आप को सुरक्षित रखते हुए सामाजिक दूरी के सभी नियमों का पालन करना है।

Skill Development for the students in the 21st century

A skill can be defined as personal excellence in academics or any other field or domain.

The primary education teaches the foundation and basics of the language and other subjects. And, the secondary and higher secondary education follows an academic-centric model. At this stage, skill development and education should go hand in hand for skilling to take wings.

There are different categories of skills needed to survive and excel in this competitive world. The first and foremost is LIFE skills. As we all know, “Change is constant “. Change is the only thing permanent in this world. Everything around us keeps changing or evolving into a better shape.

Skills , Abilities and Knowledge blocks

Problem-solving & positivity skills: In a constantly changing world, the students should be taught to look out for the positive things and to get adapted to them to handle the life challenges and situations efficiently. This helps them to overcome the negative mindset or the disappointments they come across while facing everyday practical difficulties. At an early age, they learn to train their mind and understand that life will not be a smooth journey always. Life skills help them to manage the uncertainties and remain successful in their lives. Hence it is rightly said that “Practice makes us perfect”.

Communication skills: Thanks to innovation, a wide variety of gadgets are available. The students make use of them to improve their cognitive(intellectual) skills. They must be taught to communicate effectively (i.e) in an organized manner and to resolve the conflicts that arise while trying to solve the real-world problems. In this way, it bridges the gaps in sharpening their collaboration or team skills.

Creativity and Innovation: New Innovations have improved our lives significantly. The students should learn to look at things from a different perspective or dimension. There is no limit to imagination and the human mind can make wonders with the available resources. Demonstrations showing the useful products made out of waste, science exhibition using related technology (software), etc can be conducted in schools regularly to hone their creative skills.

Technological skills: These skills can be learned with regular practice. Learning how to operate a computer system, making it work for us through different available software ( programming, multimedia, database, networking, etc) are some of them. New advancements emerge so fast and one must keep himself updated with them consistently. He /She has to upgrade himself regularly or they will be outdated. Out of their own self-interest, these can be mastered with self-help books, online courses, coaching centers, etc. These can be evaluated using a qualifying test or certification.

Conclusion :

When the above employable skills are taught in school at an early stage, the students have ample amount of time to explore, select & undergo training or college studies and build up their careers. It eases the transition from the student phase to the professional phase.

E-learning

Disruptive technologies are taking the world by a storm and changing the way of life. We, as a human are adopting to this change by utilizing and making these advancements a part of our daily lives. With number of people using smartphones and other computing equipment increased, there is a shift in the medium of imparting and gaining knowledge. From the traditional way of black board and a classroom, virtual classrooms are a trend and technology has shifted the way learning used to take place earlier.

Online edu

What is E-learning?

E-learning in simple words can be defined as the teaching system through the use of electronic resources such as mobile phones, computers, tablets and other medium that are connected to the internet. It is a convenient method of learning as users can learn anywhere and at any particular time that they want to provided they have the available resources to get access to the online material.

Advantages of E-learning

  • Cost effective: once a course is uploaded, it can be watched by many people and hence saves the cost of conducting classes again and again. One of the practical example is when a YouTube video on a particular topic is uploaded by a tutor, it can reach to the masses without putting much effort and is cost effective in nature.
  • Scalability: E-learning concepts can be scaled to other people easily once they are recorded or uploaded provided the user has accessibility to the concepts.
  • Saves times: As the content can be used and accessed at any point of time, it gives an option to the learner to plan and learn according to their own convenience. For instance, the most of the online mode also gives an option to increase the speed of the video and skip button option. If a user feels that a topic is of utmost importance for him/her, they tend to pay more attention to it.
  • Online discussion forums: E-learning provides multiple online discussion forums where one can chat and inquire about a topic. The users can update about their views as well as explore about other people who are a part of the same course.
  • Rewind, Pause and Play: E-learning gives an option to play, pause and rewind videos and save the context for later stages. One can bookmark a page or a concept for future reference as well.
  • Environment friendly: This leaves less carbon footprints and hence is a sustainable option of imparting education.

With the global cases rising due to COVID-19 and various schemes intended to the extension of the country’s state of emergency, there is no doubt in the fact that the world is going through a tough phase and the only way people can contribute to this situation is by staying indoors. There have been shutdowns of various educational institutes and due to which the mode of education has changed to online learning. E-learning platforms have seen an increase and due to its personalization features, it is being accepted. It is not only helping the world to bridge the gap between education and knowledge, but is also helping millions to learn online.

Anxiety Disorder

“Calm down “ , “it’s all in your mind “ , “stop overthinking “ , some of the most remarks a person with anxiety hears. Anxiety is a psychological disorder. Though every person so feel anxiety at some special occasions , such as while undertaking an examination , going for interview and so on , and it does help them to work more efficiently and accurately . However , if the anxiety persist for a longer period , it not only hinders ones performance but also impacts the mental health of the person.

What is Anxiety Disorder?


Anxiety is usually defined as a vague , diffuse , unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension. Common symptoms of anxiety includes rapid heart rate , shortness of breath , dizziness , loss of appetite , fainting , diarrhoea , frequent urination , sweating , sleeplessness and tumour . An individual with anxiety disorder can show all or combination of some symptoms.

What are the types of Anxiety Disorder ?


There are different types of anxiety disorders , namely, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder , phobias , obsessive compulsive disorder , post traumatic stress disorder .
Generalized anxiety disorder : One of the most common anxiety disorder is generalized anxiety disorder . It includes prolonged , vague , intense , unexplained fear which is not related to any object . The symptoms include , worry and apprehension feeling about future and hypervigilance . It is characterized by motor tension , which results are individual to be restless , visible shaky , tense.
Panic disorder : Panic attack denotes an abrupt surge in anxiety level rising to a peak when the thoughts of a particular stimuli is present . These thoughts usually occurs in an unpredictable manner . Symptoms include dizziness, chest pain , nausea , shortage of breath , rapid palpitation , fear of losing control.
Phobia : People with phobia have intense irrational fear relating to a specific object , person or situation . Phobias can further be subdivided into specific phobia , social phobia and agoraphobia . Specific phobia is the most common one. It is the intense fear from a particular animal or person . Social phobia being the irrational and incapacitating fear and embarrassment when dealing with others. Agoraphobia is the phobia which people develop when entering an unfamiliar situation .
Obsessive compulsive disorder : People suffering from this disorder are unable to control their preoccupation with specific ideas and are unable to prevent themselves from carrying out certain activities again and again. Obsessive disorders is the inability to stop thinking about something and compulsive disorder is the need to perform a particular behaviour again and again.
Post traumatic stress disorder : This disorder is often experienced by a person after being exposed to a extremely traumatic situation , such as caught in a major accident , loss of a loved one , break up from a long term relationship . Symptoms include recurrent dream , flashback , impaired concentration and emotional numbing .

Dealing with Anxiety Disorder


The most reliable and effective way to deal with anxiety disorder is to seek help . Consulting a psychologist is highly recommended . A psychologist not only help the individual to deal with their disorder , but also provide them with a judgement free environment to discuss their feelings .
A person with anxiety or any other psychological disorder needs a social support network . Talking to a trustworthy family member or friend also does help . If someone for that matter approaches you to talk about their anxiety , then providing them with a judgement free environment is least one can do . Telling them to stop overthinking or staying calm doesn’t help , since they themselves might not be aware why they are feeling this way .
Listening to their thoughts and providing them comfortable space to share their thoughts does help. Telling them you are with them in this would make them feel supported.
Encouraging them to develop a hobby would also help. Hobbies does divert the mind from the feeling of anxiety . At the same time, since they learn something new it help them boast their confidence.


To all the anxious people this is not constant , this hard times too shall pass . Let’s fight with the devils in the brain together , you are not alone in this .

EMPLOYMENT IN POST COVID-19 ERA

The Covid-19 pandemic has rocked the entire world, with people all around the world locked up at their houses. It has affected all spheres of life , but most importantly it has changed the way we work in workplaces with more and more work from home initiatives being taken up by various employers and organizations and automation of business processes is another thing that is been most sought after by companies around the world.

Employment will be an major issue post covid-19 especially in country like India Since in sectors such as in aviation , hospitality, restaurant Jobs are or will be lost forever. Even some of the top retail chains will have to cut jobs, Retail giants Such as Future Group is already reeling due to Covid-19 onslaught. Many companies in China are moving out from there and going back to US and other developed countries mainly because in those countries comparatively there are greater scope of automation and tax benefits or incentives unlike in countries Like India.This fact bears testimony to the tough conditions that India’s Young Workforce will be facing in Post Covid times. As per a report published by World Bank in 2016, it had predicted that 69% of India’s Manufacturing jobs are facing the threat of Business automation , now with Covid-19 , automation of jobs will be be given more preference by employers around the world, which is already showing in the unemployment rates as published by CMIE, as per their estimate, India has lost around 122 million jobs and the rate of unemployment rose up to 27%. The images of migrant Workers returning from their workplace bears some testimony to this.

The use of Artificial Intelligence(AI) and automation of business operations will be the theme of the day post Covid-19 Crisis. After the World becomes stable post Covid crisis many factories will reboot and restart their operations and their workforce, with labour shortage and fear of covid-19, which factories around the world will obviously look up to use of Artificial Intelligence(AI) in the business operations, which in turn will affect the employment rates or unemployment rates of Job seekers all over the world. Job seekers will have to work on their existing skills and acquire new skills to survive in post covid era where there will be more cut- throat competition due to loss of jobs of existing employees , workers , labours in this covid-19 crisis,who cannot upkeep or not capable enough to acquire new skills, upskilling will be of paramamount importance in post Covid-19 era.

According to reports many organizations are using AI-powered bots in place of call center employees and using some temporary workers to fill in other positions. As this strategy is saving a lot of money and time, companies may continue this practice even after the pandemic is resolved.

The World post Covid-19 may largely be driven by Artificial Intelligence(AI). Currently thousands of employees are working from home , all kinds of business meetings, workshops , seminars all are being held in online applications such Microsoft Team, Zoom ,Google meet etc.So job seekers need to be fully aware of the skills  that they need to  acquire   to survive in post Covid era.

Importance of Education in Society

Education plays a massive role in current societal growth and progress. It has been one of the key elements which can significantly impact the development of a society. If people of a society are educated, they can contribute greatly in the fields of arts, literature, science, technology, and others, and ultimately develop a well-rounded and stimulating culture.

Education & Society - The Editors' Desk

It helps to earn money and meet life’s basic needs. Education plays an essential role as it helps an individual in their overall development and help them sit in a pretty good position in a society. It might help you grow in a profession and make your dreams come true. It also helps one set their personal and career goals.

The ways in which Education plays a significant role in the betterment of society are as follows:

Improved Communication:

A quality education helps us to interact with others more easily and more effectively. Keeping in mind that communication is not just about talking to one another and exchanging information. There is a way lot more to it than that. It’s about knowing when and how to listen to one in need, how to use and read someone’s body language.

If one has been deprived of decent level of education, communicating with others via email , letter, fax or even smartphone would be difficult. You may need to know whether to add to anyone in a formal or informal manner, or not. Why is education important within society? The very first reason points out to meaningful interaction amongst one another.

Ability to express views and Opinions:

Many people face problems when they have to express their opinions and personal views. Having a tough time expressing yourself may also be the product of inadequate education and a lack of experience in life.

Education is the source of your work and social progress, as it helps you in better communication and everyone wants to know what you’ve got to say. Just imagine how all those authors and poets became worldwide popular for their ability to influence individuals, if not because of their education. For what cause is education essential to society? Reason 2-People more open-minded.

Social Cohesion:

Education is a wonderful thing but social cohesion is the most beautiful and essential thing that has been associated with it in recent years. Despite our differences, education has made us coexist in consonance with one another.

When you enter every university’s doors you can see people from distinct religions, cultures and races. You’ll be surprised to see that they realized, given all the appearances, that after all, they are not that different

Raising the Standard of Living:

Many people think that education can lead a person to a place where he / she can fulfil all their ambitions and aspirations. But most do not believe in such thinking that education in one’s life tends to create such a difference.

Training alone, too, cannot make you productive unless one really works hard to get to that point. When a person commits himself/herself to quality education, only then the outcome of such commitment can be fruitful.

Conclusion:

With that said, education is mankind’s greatest gift and it is only through information that we will ever be able to coexist peacefully on this beautiful planet. Once we understand this, it is our responsibility to help the younger generations understand how powerful and important education can be. One should have rights and freedoms, rules and regulations living in a society. This knowledge will help to build boundaries around us so that we can follow the rules to have a peaceful life. Education will help to communicate and exchange information and insight with people from different cultures and live in harmony. To be an active participant in society and gain respect from the community, one should learn new things at all times.

Sushant Singh Rajput commits suicide

Noted Bollywood actor and television star Sushant Singh Rajput reportedly committed suicide on Sunday. As per preliminary investigation, he was found hanging at his Bandra residence.

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His demise came as a shock to many as this is the fourth death of a famous personality from the Hindi film industry to pass away in the past two months, after Irrfan Khan and Rishi Kapoor succumbed to cancer and Wajid Khan from the Sajid-Wajid duo fell prey to the coronavirus pandemiRajput auditioned for Abhishek Kapoor’s Kai Po Che! and was selected to play one of the three leads, along with Rajkumar Rao and Amit Sadh. Based on the Chetan Bhagat novel The 3 Mistakes of My Life, the film proved to be a critical and commercial success. Rajput’s portrayal of Ishaan Bhatt, an ex-district level cricketer who is a victim of politics in the cricketing selection fraternity, was praised.[30] Critic Rajeev Masand wrote: “…it’s Sushant Singh Rajput, making his film debut as Ishaan, who it’s hard to take your eyes off. The actor has an indescribable presence and it’s clear from his confidence and distinct likeability that a star is born.”[31]Rajput’s second movie was Shuddh Desi Romance, alongside Parineeti Chopra and Vaani Kapoor. Directed by Maneesh Sharma and produced by Yash Raj Films, the film deals with the subject of live-in relationships and was completely filmed in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Taran Adarsh from Bollywood Hungama praised Rajput’s performance, saying: “After leaving a tremendous impression in his first Hindi outing, Sushant Singh Rajput… brings a lot of freshness with his unpretentious and spontaneous act.”[32] Sukanya Verma from Rediff stated: “After a dynamic debut in Kai Po Che!, Rajput channelises his abundant energy to convey the childlike ineptitude of a man who wears his heart on a sleeve.”[33] Sushant’s next role was in Rajkumar Hirani’s 2014 film PK. Although his role was relatively minor, the film gave him the opportunity to work with Aamir Khan and Anushka Sharma. Upon its release, the film proved to be the one of the highest-grossing Indian films.[34][35]

 

In 2015, Rajput’s sole release was Dibakar Banerjee’s mystery thriller Detective Byomkesh Bakshy! (2015), in which he portrayed detective Byomkesh Bakshi, created by Bengali writer Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay. The film was produced jointly by Yash Raj Films and Banerjee’s own film production company Dibakar Banerjee Productions. Set in Kolkata in the 1940s,[36] the film was released on 3 April 2015.[37][38]

 

In 2016, Rajput appeared in Neeraj Pandey’s biographical sports film M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story, in lead role of Indian cricketer Mahendra Singh Dhoni. The film was a critical and commercial success, becoming one of the highest-grossing Bollywood films of 2016. Rajput’s performance was widely praised by the critics and his portrayal of the cricketer was applauded even before the film’s release.[9][10] For his performance in the film, Rajput got his first nomination for the Filmfare Award for Best Actor.In 2017, Rajput appeared in Dinesh Vijan’s Raabta, co-starring Kriti Sanon.[40][41]

 

In 2018, Rajput appeared in Kedarnath, a love story set in the backdrop of natural calamities of Kedarnath, Uttarakhand, co-starring Sara Ali Khan.

 

In 2019, Rajput appeared in Abhishek Chaubey’s Sonchiriya opposite Bhumi Pednekar.[42][43] He appeared in Nitesh Tiwari’s Chhichhore opposite Shraddha Kapoor that released on 6 September 2019.[39]c.

Ohio Responding to National Nursing Shortage

Ohio is one of three states – including California and Texas – with the largest gap and need for nurses and nursing students, according to the Health Workforce Information Center. Beyond the demand for more nurses, several research studies and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) advocate for better-educated nurses.
The IOM’s (2011) recommendations included, “Nurses should achieve higher levels of education and training through an improved education system that promotes seamless academic progression.”
In an attempt to assist with supplying well-educated Registered Nurses (RNs) to the American workforce, Herzing University-Akron has added a Bachelor’s of Science in Nursing (BSN) program and will soon follow with a RN to BSN program. The first BSN class will be admitted in January 2016. The plan for the RN to BSN is for the first class to be admitted in January 2017. The addition of these in-demand programs will assist with meeting the need for more nurses who have the necessary education to deliver high quality patient care.
But, what is a nurse? Do nurses really matter?
As a child, I remember going to the doctor’s office and the nurse saying, “The doctor will be right in.” I thought that was what a nurse did – she went to get the doctor. As I grew up and started a family, I found out what nurses really did through various personal experiences. Nurses stayed with me when I was in labor with my first baby. In fact, I still remember my nurse’s name, Bonnie. She was with me the entire day. She assisted me in pushing and calmed me when I became frantic. She was the one health care professional that stayed in my room for hours helping me.
Move forward a few years and some great pediatric nurses taught me how to care for my child with a chronic illness. They taught me how to monitor her and how to give her nebulized medication. They taught me exactly how smart a nurse must be. They taught me how foolish I was when I believed all a nurse did was send in the doctor.
Nurses are a doctor’s eyes and ears. Nurses are the professionals who spends 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at a patient’s bedside. Nurses are the ones to see a change in a patient or a lab result that is concerning and notify the doctor. Nurses must be educated to the point of knowing what to expect from the doctor or what to ask the doctor for. Our health care system today could not function without well-educated nurses.
As our nation and the state of Ohio experience a nursing shortage that will continue to grow, Herzing University wants to assist by providing programs to educate the next generation of nursing professionals. We offer no wait list for both the Associate of Applied Science in Nursing and the BSN programs. If you are in the Akron area and are considering this remarkable profession, stop by and see us. We are happy to help you earn your nursing degree.
Dr. Christina Silva is nurse and nurse educator who is passionate about preparing the next generation of nurses. She is currently working as a perinatal staff nurse at Uniontown Hospital, Uniontown, PA 15401, and a nurse administrator at Herzing University’s Akron campus

Just a labour and sewer cleaners, jobless due to lockdown

We are now trapped due to lockdown but we all are creating some new things everday. Some became chef during lockdown and having fun. But what about those who doesn’t have enough money to survive their lives. Yes, they are not happy. Yes, they fight everday to fulfill their needs. Yes, they starve everyday. Yes, they fight for death everyday. Yes, they struggles a lot but not get respect, money, can’t afford anything. Yes, they are laborers or sewer cleaners or sweepers. Sewer cleaners life is a hard life. The practice of manual scavenging involves workers physically entering sewers or septic tanks to clean out excreta. The work has historically been connected to Dalit communities in India, making its prevalence not just a question of capability but also one of social mores. But now they are jobless due to lockdown. But why to enter in it just like other countries we can also provide some machines which can automatically clean the sewage system that’s how they’ll do their work and no shortage of money wiuld be there. Entering into it is very dangerous for the person because of germs. And yes its a hell. Helping them by providing some kind of new technologies and that would be more beneficial to the person and for the country.

A labour who works a lot but now they are jobless due to lockdown. No money, no food. So donating some money will help them a lot. Donation is one of the biggest solution.

Here are many people who are not having enough money to have food or for medicine or for hospital charges. If want to donate you can go various social media pages on insta like milaap, kettoindia or from facebook you can pay through paytm. The above pic says ” i m just a labour, jobless due to lockdown. I sold and spent everything i had for my first son who suffered from brain disease. Now the second one is also suffering the same thing. He needs urgent treatment to survive i am not having enough money and no one to ask for. Your donation is the only way to save my child.” Your donation will save a precious life.

TRYST WITH YOUR BRAIN

Strategies to help you stop spiralling this quarantine season

The COVID-19 pandemic can stressful and incredibly frightening for some people. It may involve fear and anxiety about the disease which can be overwhelming and cause strong emotions in both children and adults. This is why it is crucial to take care of your mental health now more than ever. 

The following four solutions can be enacted in different ways, depending on your surroundings. 

METHOD ONE: Writing

Writing about the problems you are facing is a good start to getting through them. Start maintaining a journal or if you’re more electronically inclined even a new note on your phone would do. When you’re faced with a problem, write how it makes you feel, its ideal outcome, even if that counts as the worst-case scenario, and then write the possible solutions.

Don’t worry about maintaining grammar. When sentences start pouring out of you, your brain works to solve whatever’s going on. Later you might want to read it over and see if any possible solutions jump out at you; or don’t, if this act of writing was enough to make you feel better about the situation. 

PLAN OF ACTION:

When you’re alone: You might find it helpful to write a letter about everything you are feeling about the situation addressed to the person who caused it. If the problem is caused by a situation or circumstance rather than a person, address it to your feelings, the Universe, some higher power you believe in or even to yourself. The11 simple act of writing can lend you an immense amount of clarity and/or relief.

With your family around: Since everyone’s at home and on their phones, all the time, pulling yours out and pretending to send a text won’t draw any extra attention. Breathe and vent in your notes. Nobody will be the wiser.

METHOD TWO: Making Art 

Maybe after you start writing you immediately start self-editing and judging your own feelings. You might even be worried that if you put your feelings down on paper, someone could find and read them, and you will have to suffer the consequences. Instead, how about you grab magazines, crayons, paints, brushes, a sketchbook, or whatever medium you want to go for, and start making something tangible? Art offers a safer means of expression for people concerned with invasions of privacy by parents or relatives.

 PLAN OF ACTION:

When you’re alone: Go for it! Get every craft supply you own out of that cupboard and make a giant mess. You could start a long-term project that you can get back to whenever you’re not feeling great. You don’t have to be Van Gogh to benefit from this. The mere act of scribbling all over a piece of newspaper and going letting loose will make you feel a little better.

When you feel unsure of yourself, temporarily refocus your attention on making something that helps you resurface, like picking up a pen and scrawling aimless loops on a piece of paper. Your version doesn’t have to revolve around drawing or painting: Try paper-maché or do origami. 

With your family around: Acknowledging where you are and what you’re doing can quickly recenter you if you start to panic or dissociate. Draw the street you live in; the person at the table next to you; the contents of your fridge. Focusing largely on the details of what’s physically real can take you away from intangible feelings and can bring you back into yourself. If your family is artsy too, try craft tutorials or paint some old jeans- anything that distracting enough and gets your creative juices moving.

METHOD THREE: Talk It Out

Sometimes spiralling makes you want to shut every thought you’ve ever had away in a safe, never to be seen or heard from again. Sometimes when you’re already doubting your judgment, sharing your thoughts with someone, even a trusted friend, can feel icky. But if you’re capable of surpassing those feelings, even temporarily, sharing your thoughts and experiences with someone you trust— whether that’s your someone in your girl gang, parent, sibling or a twitter pal—can result in having fresh set of themes to help you work on what’s bothering you.

If your problems involve experiencing violence at home or you’ve been abused or assaulted, the legally mandated 

lockdown can present unprecedented challenges that are unfamiliar territory. If you are experiencing abuse, reaching out to the ones you trust is crucial. 

PLAN OF ACTION:

When you’re alone: Just start talking out loud. Try and suspend your feelings- with just enough practice, you can become your companion this way. This act of speaking your problems instead of bottling them can give you some cognitive distance from the issues bothering you. When you spill what’s on your mind in a space where no one around is there to hear you, it can lead to major realizations. 

With your family around: The only thing harder than opening up is figuring out who you can trust. If I have a family member whom I love dearly but who makes sure to tell me everyone else’s gossip, maybe they aren’t quite the right confidante when you’re already feeling unstable. The kind of confidante you’re looking for here is someone who will sit and listen, then ask the right questions-what have you tried so far? what do you need? how can I help?

If you aren’t up for face-to-face contact with a family member nor a call to your trusted friend, but you still want to talk to someone about facing any mental health issue due to the ongoing lockdown, call one of the many helplines designed to support people experiencing unpleasant feelings. The government has launched a crisis hotline which can be reached at 08046110007

METHOD FOUR: Exercise

If you need a temporary distraction to process your thoughts and feelings but an art project and poetry just isn’t doing it for you, try going for a long walk on your terrace, flailing around your bedroom wildly to ‘Starboy’, giving Pilates a shot or even practicing headstands until your hair permanently stands on end? 

Physical activity will reduce stress and fatigue and eventually help you to feel more alert. It doesn’t matter what kind of exercise you do- it’s all about moving your body in ways that feel great and work for you. It doesn’t have to be a giant commitment. Just set small goals.

PLAN OF ACTION:

When you’re alone: This is a good time to experiment and find out what kind of physical activity works best for you. You could follow stress-reducing yoga videos, a zillion of which can be found on YouTube, If you’re feeling something which is more high-energy, the internet is filled with amazing dance tutorials available as well. Working out with your confidante over video call can also be an effective alternative, you’ll both get to blow off some steam and clear your heads, which is a great place to be in if you want to ask for advice or even spill your guts.

With your family around: Pick an activity that the family likes, yoga or hula hooping- the family favourites or any other and get going! High-energy activities like planks, push-ups, squats can be difficult, but rewarding, and doing it with another person makes it into a fun challenge

Union health ministry toll-free helpline for mental health issues: 08046110007 

Future of Electric Vehicles in India and Effect of Covid-19 on EV Industry

Introduction:

India’s emphasis on next-gen transportation has undoubtedly taken on legs under the incumbent administration, but the ‘Global Electric Mobility Project Plan (NEMMP) 2020’ was launched in 2013 in reality under the previous Congress-led administration. That further puts the concerted efforts for green mobility and electric cars across the aisle in perspective. The country has since been willing to embrace a 360-degree approach to transform into an EV nation.

Electric vehicles are changing the future of auto maintenance ...

In December 2019, India’s rank deteriorated from 14th position in 2017 to 5th in 2018 in the global vulnerability ladder in the Climate Risk Index 2020 published by the environmental think tank, Germanwatch. This provides it all the more rationale for India to make electric cars and buses a mission in countering fossil fuel dependence.

Although the initial movement was seen towards electrification of two-wheelers and three-wheelers, the greater need is for public electric transport and vehicles. Given the current difficulties and uncertainty inherent in the market, this largely untapped market is now being looked with hope by major automakers.

Will Electric Vehicles gain traction?

For many rationales, industry leaders view electric cars as a feasible strategy for Indian audience. According to Akhil Aryan, CEO and co-founder of ION Energy, quick and efficient adoption especially combined with the electrification of existing vehicles and the growth of charging infrastructure will lead to a shift whose significance will be felt in metropolitan cities, particularly since pollution has reached disastrous levels.

Moreover, Zoomcar founder Greg Moran added that the younger generation is motivated by creativity, sustainability and environmental protection with the median age of the Indians being 27 years. Around the same time, numerous existing conglomerates and start-ups ensure home-grown product availability by manufacturing cars, parts, and batteries together.

Challenges faced by Indian Auto industry in adopting Electric Cars:

Having broken away the old expectations and building up a modern customer culture is indeed a struggle. It is common to find users worried about velocity and range of EVs. In order to smash many myths and encourage EVs on the Indian market, a lot of sensitization and education is required. Aside from this, the introduction of electric vehicle vehicles in India in the immediate future poses a range of obstacles. Including:

  1. Lack of Charging Stations
  2. Battery performance
  3. Delivery-demand difference
  • Absence of battery cell development:

There is a complete lack of principal manufacturing of battery cells in India which postures the risk of our trade deficit increasing. Currently most manufacturers rely on imported batteries from Japan, China, Korea, and Europe. The Indian market therefore needs a push for indigenous technologies that are strategically and economically suitable for India, such as aluminium fuel cells.

  • Establishment of charging stations:

Of course, the big challenge is to set up a charging infrastructure that needs to be integrated with existing refuelling stations and at alternative locations closer to homes. According to Akhil Aryan, the installation of battery swapping stations would reduce waiting time for charging, allow better use of property, reduce the size of batteries in vehicles and offer an increased range available.

In addition, it will need to streamline the country’s charging system. Vendors of EV charging stations are currently perplexed on the standard to be followed for fast charging. While the existing standards require charging stations to install European CCS and Japanese CHAdeMO charging platforms, constructing both will increase the operating cost substantially.

ION’s Akhil Aryan figured out that if the generation is from thermal power plants functioning on coal, home charging could also be a concern, given the current electricity prices. A change in the entire electricity generation environment is what’s needed to encourage electric car production.According to Akshay Singhal, founder of Log 9 Materials, the service and maintenance options are also currently restricted given that Indian consumers prefer widespread brands with a countrywide service network.

  • Improving battery performance:

Given that it would take great deal of time to duplicate the electric charging system and the ubiquity of India’s fuelling network, it is important that batteries are much more efficient in order to compete better with the internal combustion engine automobiles. The Hyundai Kona electric currently has the highest range of 452 km available on a single charge among electric cars in India, which could shift in near future.

  • Bridging the divide in supply-demand:

Another great hurdle trying to prevent today’s wider adoption of EVs is the fact that the range is quite limited, thus limiting the use-cases for electric vehicles.

Effect of Covid-19 on EV Industry:

Despite the uncertainty arising from the coronavirus pandemic, electric car makers also have a flicker of hope in driving the development of the electric vehicle industry. But from a manufacturing point of view, this would entail a major change in the environment.

Currently, for certain parts, such as drivetrains and batteries, most businesses that manufacture electric vehicles on a global scale rely on imports from other countries (China, South Korea and Japan). Ironically, if one looks at the automakers producing internal combustion engine (ICE) cars, the industry’s major boost came from domestic manufacturing.

Sean Mitchell at All Things EV said electric auto makers need to decentralize their supply chain, particularly the raw materials that they can supply closer to the manufacturing sites or else it will significantly hinder the growth of electric vehicle manufacturers.

In other words, businesses need to concentrate on continuously acquiring raw materials and manufacturing battery cells locally. Similar to Tesla’s Gigafactories, “The domestic production protects them as a manufacturer of electric vehicles just a little more if they can supply their raw materials from the same continent where the vehicles are manufactured,” Mitchell said

Conclusion:

The Covid-19 lockdowns have also delayed the Indian electric vehicle movement and restrictions on imports. The mobility market, which is a large client base for EV manufacturers, is heavily impacted. However, once the lockdown is over, many experts believe that players involved in electric vehicles need to speed up their business plans.

Audi India head Balbir Singh Dhillon also said the EVs are the way forward but the market will not grow overnight. He has said that the architecture has an important role to play, and tangible government policies towards e-mobility infrastructure and adequate support for electric vehicle imports would be a positive indicator.

Ketsu Zhang, BYD India’s executive director told that the company sees tremendous potential for the electric vehicle industry in India and as one of the biggest markets in the future. BYD, with its alliance with Olectra, has arisen as a pioneer in the electric bus market. The pair had a strong role in India, where it obtained 52 per cent market share of commercially operated electric buses in India. The first to launch pure electric buses in India were BYD and Olectra succeeded by Tata Motors, Ashok Leyland and JBM Group.

The Class of 2020

The Corona pandemic came like a hailstorm pretty much disrupting the life of everyone in some way or the other. People are facing financial issues, there’s panic about job security, the poor don’t have a place to live nor food to feed themselves. Amidst all of this, it is the field of education which in my opinion has been hit the worst.

While the younger tiny tots continue to stay at home, I wonder what memories will they have of their childhood growing up? That they weren’t allowed to meet their friends or the fact that they didn’t go to school? Will their childhood be spent in this ‘masked avatar’ we all have or will this pandemic ever end to give these children a ‘normal childhood’- the way someone from our generation would describe it.

But, let us not forget about the graduating lot- The class of 2020. The smiling faces which had entered their classrooms a few years back, didn’t even get a farewell from their juniors. From completing and submitting online assignments to taking online exams- these fellows have had it the tougher way. While the anxiety of their graduation mulls over, these young minds also have a more serious question lingering at the back of their heads- what about the placements? In this financial crisis will they ever get a job? This degree they’ve worked so hard upon, is it of any tangible use? The amount of investment which goes into higher education, was it any worth?

Well, as the panic continues, we have to look for ray of light somewhere in this vicious tunnel which doesn’t seem to have an end! My suggestion to the outgoing batch would be to shift online and start applying for various internships and jobs virtually. We don’t know when this pandemic is going to end and what it is going to leave us with but, instead of panicking and worrying, we should work with what we have as of now, which is the web.

Another question which students may have is about their stipends? What about the money? Well, companies across the globe are facing an economic crisis so whether or not someone freshly out of college will be paid is really upto the employer, but nonetheless, don’t miss out on gaining the experience.

Even though the pandemic has swept away our happiness to quite some extent, let’s smile and work along with millions people who are out there all day everyday serving us, without complaining. 2 decades into this century, having faced a global emergency of such magnitude, it does scare me but still, at the back of my mind I have this weird thought that it’s a ‘once in a lifetime experience’, hopefully!

Covid-19 lockdown: How the pandemic bringing change in Indian education system

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The Covid- 19 pandemic has sparked a global realization that our current way of life does not work. It has broken our perception of what is normal and deconstructed society as we know it.One such critical area, where the need for change has become evident, is education. The effects of the coronavirus and thereby its preventive measures, has upended the life of students, parents and teachers.The clear disruption in the ‘normal’ functioning of education has placed an emphasis on many questions, which were previously asked and subsequently left unanswered. So, what could the current effects of this global pandemic mean for the future of education?

Factors affecting the evolution of the education system:

To answer these questions, which pertain to modernization and efficiency, a lot of factors must be considered. Given the period we’ve spent in lockdown and the observations of our abrupt transition to online learning, we’ve found the time to think and the direction in which we must apply our efforts.We’ve not only been given a chance to rethink the education sector, but also the opportunity to visualize how it can evolve in tandem with our changing world.

This possible scope for the evolution of schools, post coronavirus:

*A change in the purpose of learning

The course of learning and the way curriculums are taught may change. Aspects that were once considered fundamental to education may be revised to largely accommodate life skills of the future.Not just careers, but residents of the future as well will require skills like resilience, adaptability, collaboration, communication, empathy, creativity and emotional intelligence. Learning in schools will have a new purpose, and it will be a major deviation from the information-focused education of today.

*The utilization of innovative methods of education

Aside from the disruption faced due to the novel coronavirus, education in our developing world has experienced some major changes. Yet, even in the face of rapid innovation, we have yet to shift the way in which we impart education. Learning is the acquisition of knowledge, but it doesn’t have to solely occur through age-old methods that do not utilize the highest potential of the brain. Instead of being taught, can students be given an experience that influences their learning? Approaches like integrated learning and experiential learning, with greater implementation of technology, will power the future the education in schools.

*A tighter relationship with technology

In the face of a crippling pandemic, technology has emerged as a major lifesaver. Communication is a major key to our interconnected existence and technology is the driving force that maintains our connections. For education, that means creating content and delivery systems that harness and utilize technology to its fullest. Perhaps, education may become more flexible and accessible, relinquishing its over-reliance on rigid structures that we currently consider necessary. Additionally, the current generations of school students are generation Z and alpha. They are generations that are defined by their use of technology; it has become an extension of their consciousness and they do not know a world without it. The future of education will find no room to ignore the utilization of technology since it may very well be the best platform to empower learning in an age that is integrating technology as a way of life. These generations could influence the evolution of education, as they themselves are the ones majorly impacted by the pandemic and are in the best position to learn and grow from it.

*A focus on bigger issues

How will we ask students to go back to a way of life that compromises their physiological, emotional and mental health? Will we still ask students to get up to attend school at a time when their brains aren’t suitably active? Will we teach students about protecting the environment while asking them to sit in buses that move through traffic and leave a large carbon footprint? The world could require a different focus tomorrow than it does today. Perhaps, education post-Covid- 19 will embrace learnings from science and emphasize a greater focus on issues that endanger our health, society, life and earth. Covid-19 may have been the catalysis for a change that has been long pending. What we will witness in the aftermath of this global health crisis may very likely be the adoption of approaches that were sought in it. Perhaps, the world may never go back to what it was pre-pandemic. But we can count on it to adapt to the future, irrespective of what it contains.

Measures taken by the educational institutes are as follows:-

* Closed schools

* Postponed or rescheduled the examinations

* Cleaning and sanitisation of premises.

* Consideration of long term uncertainty etc.

Possible alternatives or solutions for interrupted education during COVID-19:

* With the help of power supply, digital skills of teachers and students, internet connectivity it is necessary to explore digital learning, high and low technology solutions, etc.

* Students those are coming from low-income groups or presence of disability, etc. distance learning programs can be included.

* To provide support for digitalisation to teachers and students.

* The necessity to explore digital learning platforms.

* Measures should be taken to mitigate the effects of the pandemic on job offers, internship programs, and research projects.

* EDtech reform at the national level that is an integration of technology in the present Indian education system.

We can’t ignore that at this time of crisis effective educational practice is needed for the capacity-building of young minds.

Central Government and State need to take some measures to ensure the overall progress in the country. Time never wait, this tough time will also pass. Till then stay safe, stay at home!

IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON STUDENTS

The global impact of Corona virus is immense as educational institutes all over the world – from Harvard to the IITs – are closed. Covid-19 has thrown education all over the world in a loop. Here are the major problems.Schools are shut, and students are stranded at home, with extremely limited contact with friends and virtually no physical activity, thanks to the Covid-19 pandemic raging across the world. IB, A Levels, ICSE, CBSE all known and recognized boards have postponed or cancelled examinations. Likewise, top colleges like MIT, Harvard, Princeton have closed.

Closer home, institutions like IITs and IIMs have all closed their campuses and moved classes online. Even standardized tests like GMAT, GRE, SATs, ACT remain suspended and the future of many students hangs in balance!

Clearly, there is panic all around and educators and students alike are confused as to next steps and continuity with respect to educational objectives.

STUDENTS CAUGHT IN MIDDLE OF THE PANDEMIC

These are those students who are caught in the limbo on account of education outcomes being withheld due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Some of them do not have a result because exams either did not happen or were left in the middle.

Many of them face uncertainty as to their future because their next steps further education or careers are dependent upon them clearing their school or college leaving exams.

We believe that these students, while may face a degree of uncertainty with respect to future, are not facing a very difficult problem.

The only challenge is when they would start their next innings?

Hence, they should patiently wait while staying in touch with their prospective universities.

Any clarity as to the decision-making process and entry factors would come as soon as the Covid-19 pandemic impact recedes and life returns to normalcy.

Be on the lookout for new information and make sure that you are able to position yourself very quickly in line with that so that you don’t lose out when things start to move.

STUDENTS ONE YEAR AWAY FROM INSTUTION LEAVING EXAMS

These students are in a bigger quandary because of the Covid-19 pandemic because not only their education process is disrupted, but they also face a big challenge of proving themselves for their next journey.

In the absence of hard academic indicators such as grades and marks, many of these students find themselves in a situation where they are unable to differentiate themselves and lack a cohesive framework to get themselves ready for the jobs and education tasks they face next.

DISRUPTION OF THE EDUCATION

All other students who are away from such outcome-dependent situations such as above also face severe education disruption.

In response to the Covid-19 scare, many schools have moved online and parents seem to have assumed the role of teachers and are fast becoming savvy with resources created for home-schoolers to cause minimal disruption to their children’s education.

Again, while there are a ton of fantastic resources which are available, there are not too many resources which mimic the school that is, provide for multidisciplinary learning, encourage connections across different domains and inspire ideas which help a child develop 21st century skills and prepare themselves for the jobs of the future.

MEASURES TAKEN BY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES

*)Closed schools

*)Postponed or rescheduled the examinations

*)Cleaning and sanitisation of premises.

*) Consideration of long term uncertainty etc.