Substance Abuse and Mental Health

If one is already suffering from a problem with drug abuse and a mental health condition such as depression, bipolar disorder or panic, it is considered a co-occurring illness or dual diagnosis.

Both the mental health problem and alcohol or drug addiction have their own different signs and symptoms in co-occurring disorders that may interfere with your ability to function at work or school, ensure a sustainable home life, handle the problems of life, and relate to others. The co-occurring disorders also directly impact each other, to make the experience more complicated. The problem of substance abuse usually gets even worse when the mental health issue remains undetected. So when there is a rise in alcohol or substance misuse, mental health issues increase significantly too. You’re not the only one however. Co-occurring issues around drug abuse and mental health are more widespread than many people know. Reports published in the American Medical Association Journal state: About 50% of persons with severe mental disorders are affected by substance abuse.37% of alcohol abusers and 53% of drug abusers also have at least one severe mental illness. 29 per cent of the people diagnosed as mentally unstable use either alcohol or drugs.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Issues -

Although problems with addiction and mental health issues do not get better when overlooked in reality, they are likely to get much worse. It’s important to understand you don’t have to feel this way. You can do things to overcome your demons, repair your relationships, and get on the path to recovery. You will conquer a co-occurring illness with the right resources, self-help and care, regain your sense of self and get your life back on track.

Substance abuse and mental disorders such as depression and anxiousness are strongly connected, and while some substance abuse may cause prolonged psychotic reactions one does not cause the other directly. Nonetheless: The side effects of mental health problems are often self-medicated with alcohol and drugs. People often exploit alcohol or drugs to ease the symptoms of an undiagnosed mental disorder, cope with difficult emotions or change their mood temporarily. Unfortunately, the abuse of drugs causes side effects and also worsens the symptoms they originally tended to mitigate in the long run.

Alcohol and substance misuse can raise the risk of psychiatric illness underlying it. Mental illnesses are caused by a complex interplay between biology, the climate and other influences beyond. If you are at threat for a psychological illness, you may be pushed over the edge by alcohol abuse or illegal or prescription medications. For example, there is some indication that some drug abusers have an elevated risk of psychosis while those who misuse prescription painkillers are at higher risk of depression.

Drug and alcohol abuse can aggravate the symptoms of a mental health issue. Substance abuse can significantly increase mental illness symptoms, or even cause new symptoms. An integrated approach, in which both the issue of drug abuse and mental illness are addressed together, is the best cure for co-occurring disorder. Whether your mental health and substance abuse issue first came, lengthy-term recovery relies on getting treatment from the same treatment provider or team for both disorders. Focusing on specific question you have:

Your psychological health problem may be treated with medication, individual or group counselling, changes in lifestyle and peer support. Treatment for your substance abuse may include detoxification, withdrawal symptoms management, behaviour interventions and group support to help maintain your sobriety. The best way of supporting others is by knowing what you can and can’t. You can’t compel someone to stay sober, nor can you convince someone to take their medication, or schedule arrangements. What you can do is make smart decisions for yourself, encourage help from your loved one and offer support while trying to make sure you don’t lose yourself in the process.

Internet is reducing our attention span

Using the internet is affecting our brains physically so we have shorter periods of attention and poorer memory, has suggested significant research. An analysis by Oxford academics, King’s College London, Harvard and Western Sydney University, revealed that smartphones have weakened our ability to memorize facts while manipulating us into believing that we are smarter than we are. The revelations resulted after scores of studies and experiments have been reviewed by a global organization to assess the impact the internet has had on our brains over the last 3 decades. It emerges as Ofcom noticed earlier this month that the average British adult now spends 50 complete days online a year.

The Shortening Human Attention Span [INFOGRAPHIC]

Dr. Joseph Firth, senior researcher at Western Sydney University, said: This report’s initial takeaways are that high-level internet activity could significantly affect many brain functions.

The unlimited stream of instructions and notifications from the internet, for example, motivates us to keep our attention constantly divided — which in turn may diminish our ability to concentrate on a single task. Experiments analysed in the study showed that people who spent their time constantly tossing between short online activities require greater sensory effort to retain concentration. It has been found that the unending stream of notifications and digital distractions have a strong impact on the brain, with those affected showing less grey matter in the cerebral areas associated with trying to develop focus and attention.

Other studies have shown that the internet has an instantaneous impact on our ability to focus, with people displaying a significantly lower capacity to maintain attention following activities such as internet shopping. Whereas offline behaviours like reading a magazine did not show such an impact.

Computing online has also been found to make the multitasking offline less successful. The study told reporters that Overall, the evidence available strongly indicates that trying to engage in multi-tasking via digital technology does not improve our multi-tasking efficiency in other settings – and in fact seems to diminish these intellectual capabilities by diminishing our ability to ignore incoming distractions.

The study provides evidence that the internet was becoming our external memory as we relied more and more on smartphones to extract knowledge.  Instead of learning new factual information, however, the brain tended to log in on the internet to find the information. One research cited showed a group of online searchers find information faster than another using encyclopaedias but were less able to correctly remember the information.

Other studies have shown that the Internet has also tricked people into thinking that they are smarter than they are because they have “blurred the lines” between their own recollections and what they can conveniently look up on their present smartphones. The study said that Studies have shown that online searching improves our sense of how much we learn, even though the perception of self-knowledge is interpreted only for the domains where we can ‘fill in the gaps’ for the internet.

The study indicated that in the future there could be an additional benefit to this internet reliance as virtual memory, as it could free up intellectual capacity for other activities-though it did not speculate what these might be.

Lastly, the academicians found that online as offline the social side of our brains was acting in a very similar way. However, we are placed under new stresses, such as the strong rejection that people feel of having social value quantified by the number of friends and likes they receive, as well as constantly comparing themselves to hyper-successful individuals who are omnipresent on social media.

How to Lead an Empowered Life

Self-empowerment is the process which leads people to exert greater control over their lives. Self-empowerment includes fostering skills that would eventually allow you to influence certain outcomes and produce tangible results. This is different from solely feeling self-empowered. People may feel selfempowered by listening to a moving speech, but as new research accurately shows, people won’t in fact be empowered unless they’re able to significantly change an aspect of their lives.

The idea that self-empowerment calls for awareness sound like a cliche these days. However I’d like to offer a fresh view on the idea of expanding awareness. I find it’s best to think of self-empowerment as the ability to become conscious of your choices so you have in becoming who you want to be. I settled for this definition because I’ve observed that when people are dis-empowered, they lose sight of what they’re capable of and who they can be. So the first step is to fully apprehend that you do have options.

There are many people in our life who keep bringing us down, therefore making them a culprit for our dis-empowerment apart from ourselves. It’s safe to let others direct your life since you’ll always have someone to blame if things go wrong. Stop giving away your power and let go of immature thought patterns. Continuing on this route will only fuel feelings of inferiority, and you’ll believe that you’re “less” than others.

Courage is the first pillar of self-empowerment. It is your foundation for any real and lasting change in life. Courage will help you overcome your fears, try new things, to quit things that don’t work, to find new relationships, and to start your first business. Courage will furthermore make you help, love, learn, give back, forgive, start over, to stand up for yourself, to stand up for others, to say yes, and to say no. Courage, in my view, is the most radical value.

A paradigm is a belief system within which you define yourself and the world in a rational way. The coherence of these beliefs depends on the web of principles, values, and judgments that you have formed about who you are. In any given paradigm, events are interpreted in line with the “rules” of that paradigm and as such derive their plausibility from it. We all live within paradigms. We all have credences about who we are and why we are the way we are. While few paradigms are empowering, others can be dis-empowering. For example, a person who lacks self-confidence might feel that social situations provoke anxiety and such situations must be avoided.

Innumerable of the personal challenges that people go through such as low self-confidence, lack of productivity, certain financial challenges; etc., arise from living in a performance-oriented paradigm. This paradigm contains inflexible and firm beliefs about oneself and the processes of doing something well.

The person that operates within that paradigm is concerned with how they look. They’re preoccupied with how others see them. 

I encourage you to let go and to make mistakes. People can be so self-absorbed that they won’t even remember your mistakes. On the other hand, a growth-oriented paradigm is one in which you don’t judge yourself. You take on experiences because you know that becoming good at something requires working and probably failing along the way. 

Cultural awareness

Cultural awareness or cultural sensitivity refers to the idea of being aware of your own cultural background as well as others. It is nearly impossible to learn about all the cultures present in this world but it is necessary to gain some helpful knowledge if we ever visit a particular country. This can go on to avoid a lot of conflicts and misunderstandings. You will never want to send out the wrong vibes to anyone, so being informed can prevent all of this from happening.

When we learn or are exposed to some new information regarding any culture, it should not be considered as a division or barrier. It should be looked at in a positive way, believing that everyone has their own cultural beliefs and no culture is above any other culture. Feeling of judgment should be absent, rather there should be a willingness to learn when you are likely to experience cultural differences.

Cultural sensitivity should be kept in mind even when you are at home or in a workplace. In your offices or workplace, you will interact with a lot of people who have grounds or origins of cultures that are completely different from your own. You will never want to sound insensitive and create an awkward environment for work. Everyone has some pre-conceived notions or stereotypes but cultivating cultural sensitivity is basically removing them from one’s minds.

Travelling to other countries also does a bit in making people aware of the differences present and how these differences should be acknowledged and appreciated. It is an effective communication key. This also involves body gestures. Some responses may be considered rude in some countries whereas appreciated elsewhere. If misinterpreted, it can spoil budding relationships, both personal and professional. Hence, it is always safe to do one’s homework.

The first step in developing cultural awareness is to keep an open mind accompanied with a desire to learn and adapt. One should be observant about what basic social clues are acceptable and unacceptable. It is also okay to raise questions and seek answers about what may confuse you regarding certain cultural beliefs.

Cultural diversity should always be viewed as an advantage because you get to learn a lot about each other which not only creates a positive mindset but also one of brotherhood.

Active discussions have been going about this issue recently as every one has started becoming more aware. Provided people also have a lot of information on the internet to educate themselves regarding any topic, all they basically need is to have a willingness for it. There is a higher chance that the future generation will consists of global citizens being more culturally sensitive, aware, and understanding in their interactions with others.

Person Suffering From Covid-19 Cannot Be Expected To Produce Proof

In a big respite for Covid-19 patients which has ostensibly given them a good and genuine reason to smile is the recent, remarkable and righteous decision delivered by the Bombay High Court just recently on June 26, 2020 in Abdul Shoeb Shaikh and Ors. Vs. K.J. Somaiya Hospital and Research Center and Ors. in WP-LD-VC No. 54 of 2020 in exercise of its ordinary original civil jurisdiction and which was conducted in chamber – video conference  observed categorically in no uncertain terms that a person suffering from Covid-19 who belongs to the economically weaker section of the society cannot be expected to produce documentary proof before seeking admission in a hospital for free treatment. It must be mentioned here that a Division Bench of Bombay High Court of Justice RD Dhanuka and Justice Madhav Jamdar were hearing via video conference a writ petition filed by seven residents of a slum rehabilitation building in Bandra who were charged Rs. 12.5 lakh by KJ Somaiya hospital for Covid-19 treatment in April. No wonder that the petitioners ultimately got the respite which they so desperately wanted from the Bombay High Court!   

                                     To start with, the ball is set rolling first and foremost in para 1 wherein it is observed that, “We have heard the learned counsel appearing for the parties at length. The undisputed position in the matter is that the Scheme prescribed under Section 41AA of the Maharashtra Public Trust Act  empowering the Charity Commissioner and the State Government to issue directions in respect of hospitals to earmark certain beds for weaker sections of the people under Section 41AA(4)(c) and for indigent person under Section 41AA(4)(b) is applicable to the respondent no. 1 Trust. One of the question raised by the petitioners in this Writ Petition is that though the respondent no. 1 was required to reserve 10% beds for weaker section of the people and 10% beds for indigent persons out of the operational beds no such beds are provided. Out of 90 beds under those categories which were required to be reserved for the persons belonging to weaker section of the people and indigent persons in toto, all such beds had not been made available. The record indicates that only three patients were admitted by the respondent no. 1 in the month of March 2020 out of 90 beds earmarked for indigent persons and persons belonging to the weaker section of the people under Section 41AA(4)(c) and (b) respectively.”  

                                   Needless to say, para 2 of the judgment then notes that, “It is the case of the respondent no. 1 that the petitioners did not belong to any of these categories nor the petitioners produced any record to prove that the petitioners would fall under those categories. It is vehemently urged by Mr. Dwarkadas, senior counsel for the respondent no. 1 that it was for the petitioners to produce a certificate of income from the Tehsildar or a certificate from the Social Welfare Officer proving income of the petitioners. On the other hand, it is the case of the petitioners that the petitioners having suffered from a covid-19 and required immediate medical help were not required to produce such certificate at the threshold while seeking admission in the hospital.”  

                                            To be sure, it is then envisaged in para 3 that, “A perusal of the report submitted by the Joint Commissioner indicates that the report submitted is on the basis of documents called for and submitted by the respondent no. 1 and without visiting the premises and inspecting all the records. The affidavit in reply filed by the Charity Commissioner also clearly indicates that only three patients have been treated under the hospital scheme since lockdown till the end of May 2020. Petitioners claims to be staying in slums.”

                                            While dwelling on the relevant questions for consideration here, it is then stipulated in para 4 that, “Whether it was the duty of the Management of respondent no. 1 to enquire whether the persons seeking admission in the respondent no. 1 hospital were falling under the category of Section 41AA(4)(b) and (c) or not or whether such patients were required to produce at the threshold the certificates of Tehsildar and Social Welfare Officer before seeking admission in the situation faced by the petitioners for patient of covid are some of the questions which require consideration in this matter.”

                                                  Most crucially, it is then very rightly underscored in para 5 that, “In our prima-facie view a person who is suffering from the disease like Covid-19 is not expected to produce a Tehsildar certificate or certificate from Social Welfare Officer before seeking admission in the hospital for seeking benefits under Section 41AA(4)(c) and (d). We are not inclined to accept the submission made by the learned senior counsel for the respondent no. 1 that unless such certificate is produced by the petitioners at the threshold, the respondent no. 1 is not liable to admit any such patient under those categories in the precarious situation prevailing at the date of admission of the petitioners.”

                                        Going forward, it is then also pointed out in para 6 that, “We also noticed that the State Government was required to issue a Notification dated 21st May, 2020, providing the rates for treatment of such patients and for other diseases in view of the grievances regarding exorbitant amount of money charged by Healthcare providers causing hardship to public in general during Covid-19 pandemic. Government has also considered the provisions of Section 41AA of the B.P.T. Act in the said notification.”

                                             Be it noted, para 8 then states that, “Considering the facts of this case, we are directing the respondent no. 1 to deposit a sum of Rs. 10,06,205/- in this Court within two weeks from today.”

                                       Finally, it is then held in the last para 10 that, “This order will be digitally signed by the Personal Assistant of this Court. Associate of this Court is permitted to forward the parties copy of this order by e-mail. All concerned to act on digitally signed copy of this order.”

                                             To sum up, the Bombay High Court has in a humanitarian gesture very rightly held in this latest, landmark and extremely laudable judgment that a person suffering from Covid-19 who belongs to the economically weaker section of the society cannot be expected to produce documentary proof before seeking admission in a hospital for free treatment. In such cases, they must be granted exemption from strict rules! This is imperative to ensure that they don’t suffer endlessly and end up getting more troubled for getting admitted in a hospital for free treatment!

Sanjeev Sirohi, Advocate,

s/o Col BPS Sirohi,

A 82, Defence Enclave,

Sardhana Road, Kankerkhera,

Meerut – 250001, Uttar Pradesh.

Minimalism and You

“Minimalism” has become the new buzzword with YouTube, podcasts encouraging people to adopt a minimalist life style. But what exactly is minimalism? Would you call yourself a minimalist based on your everyday habits? If yes, then what type of minimalist would you classify yourself into? Let’s try to understand the philosophy of minimalism in the simplest ways.

Origin of Minimalism

Minimalism became popular back in 1950s when artist Frank Stella’s “Black paintings” were displayed at the Museum of Modern art in New York. It started a new movement altogether breaking the conventional notions of arts. Later, many artists came to the forefront producing minimalist art.

The main themes of minimalist art were simplicity, harmony and purity. Aesthetically, the minimalist art is all about being real (Nothing more or nothing less).

Black painting at the gallery

Who is a minimalist?

Now, minimalism isn’t about living in all white houses with bare minimum objects (you could, if you’d like to). But don’t unnecessarily push yourself. To put it simply, minimalism is the art of appreciating thing in their simplest forms. It’s about making a conscious choice of spending money on experiences rather than things.

Now, I’m not implying you get live life of a monk from Himalayas and get rid of you possessions. Minimalism is about getting rid of things but rather eliminating the unnecessary and shifting focus to what matters the most.

Essence of minimalism could be summed up in “less is more”. For example, the lesser you spend on that luxury watch for the sake of showing off, the more you can spend on worthy holiday experience. The lesser you attend superficial parties; you’d be rewarded with extra time for self investment.

Now there’s no “one size fits all”. Minimalists come in all shades .It’s more of an umbrella term. So you better figure out for yourself “what type of minimalist are you?” No worries! Even if you don’t fall into any of these categories. There are lots of takeaways from each type.

The Essentialist

Are you someone who focuses on quality over quantity? You own few things but they are the finest collection. Like instead of buying dozens of clothes from that online sale you’d rather invest in that superior quality dress and wear it often.  You would any day choose owning fewer things over piling and wasting them.

The Experientialist

Do you prefer collecting experiences over things or swear by the philosophy of making maximum memories.

If your bucket list is larger than your ‘Things to own list’, pat yourself at the back for being an experientialist.

The Enoughist

Are you contended with what you have despite not having it all? If you find peace in voluntarily using enough; also deliberately choose not to get into the rat race for materialistic pursuits. Go ahead; call yourself an Enoughist if those new launches every week in the market doesn’t crave you enough.Are you contended with what you have despite not having it all? If you find peace in voluntarily using enough; also deliberately choose not to get into the rat race for materialistic pursuits. Go ahead; call yourself an Enoughist if those new launches every week in the market doesn’t make you crave for more.

The Eco-Minimalist

Are you someone who is highly environment conscious? You fill your house with plants and plant based products. You prefer buying environmentally sustainable products even though they cost you extra bucks. Ditching plastic all the way and embracing natural products. If that sounds like you, kudos! Mother nature loves you.

 The Soul Minimalist 

Soul Minimalist is someone who prefers in cleansing of soul, eliminating negativity and practicing mindfulness.A soul minimalist is someone who gives importance to healthy relationships, investing in emotional well being and cutting toxicity. Having a peaceful world on the inside cultivates happier surroundings.

 In the end, being a minimalist is about making a conscious choice. Putting efforts in enhancing the quality of your life. You don’t have to fit yourself into any of these so called labels. You can be everything you want to as long as you’re progressing in the direction of self growth.

Remember, it’s your journey. Don’t compare and confine yourself. Take charge of your life’s story and invest in what matters.

Hariyali NGO

Hariyali is a Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) that play a significant role in today’s society. Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) play a significant role in today’s society, typically picking up the government’s deficits in services and social protection for citizens via the philanthropy of donors and the socially awareNGOs general aim is to alleviate poverty through activities that promote capacity building and self-reliance.

One of the roles was that Hariyali NGO is to balance the social, economic and environmental factors in promoting sustainable development.

Visit Hariyali NGO at

Indian Tourism and The Covid -19 Pandemic

India offers a diverse portfolio of niche tourism products – cruises, adventure, trek, film, rural and religious tourism. India has been recognized as a destination for spiritual tourism for domestic and international tourists. The tourism sector has a major contribution to the National GDP. Total contribution by travel and tourism sector to India’s GDP is expected to increase from Rs. 15.24 trillion in 2017 to Rs. 32.05 trillion in 2028. India was ranked 7th among 184 countries in terms of travel and tourism’s total contribution to GDP in 2017. Travel and Tourism is the third largest foreign exchange earner for India. Several marketing initiatives by the Government of India, such as ‘Incredible India!’ and ‘Atithi Devo Bhava’ has provided a focused impetus to growth. In October 2018, Statue Of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, also known as ‘Statue Of Unity’, was inaugurated as a tourist attraction. It is the tallest statue in the world standing at a height of 182 metre. It is expected to boost the tourism sector in the country and put India on the world tourism map. The visiting hours to the statue have been increased by two more hours and has been equipped with e-bike tours. Travel and Tourism generated millions of jobs directly in 2018 and this is to grow by 2.2% in 2019. It also includes, for example, the activities of the restaurant and leisure industries directly supported by tourists.

How is the tourism sector affected by the pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on tourism industry due to the resulting travel restrictions as well as slump in demand among travelers. The tourism industry has been massively affected by the spread of coronavirus, as many countries have introduced travel restrictions in an attempt to contain its spread. The coronavirus epidemic is putting up to 50 million jobs in the global travel and tourism sector at risk, with travel likely to slump by a quarter this year, Asia being the most affected continent, the World Travel and Tourism Council has said Once the outbreak is over, it could take up to 10 months for the industry to recover. The tourism industry currently accounts for 10% of global GDP. The impact would depend on how long the epidemic lasts and what are its repercussions.

Smile Every-Day

Many see smiling simply as an involuntary response to things that bring you joy or laughter. While this observation is certainly true, what most people overlook is that smiling can be just as much a voluntary response as a conscious and powerful choice.

Countless scientific studies have confirmed that a genuine smile is generally considered attractive to others around us. Other studies have shed light on how the act of smiling can elevate your mood and the mood of those around you.

A strong link has been found between good health, longevity, and smiling. Most importantly, studies have shown​ that just the act of smiling (making the physical facial shapes and movements), whether the result of real joy or an act, can have both short- and long-term benefits on people’s health and wellbeing.

Still not convinced? Here are the top 10 reasons you should make a conscious effort to smile every day.

101 Quotes about Smiling to Boost Your Mood

Smiling Makes Us Attractive

We are naturally drawn to people who smile. There is a real physical attraction factor linked to the act of smiling. Not surprisingly, more severe or negative facial expressions like frowns, scowls, and grimaces actually work in the opposite manner, effectively pushing people away. Instead, use the attraction power of your smile to draw people in.

Smiling Relieves Stress

Stress can permeate our entire being, and can really show up in our faces. Smiling not only helps to prevent us from looking tired, worn down, and overwhelmed but can actually help reduce stress.

Believe it or not, smiling can reduce stress even if you don’t feel like smiling or even know that you’re smiling! When you are stressed, take the time to put on a smile. You and those around you will reap the benefits.

Smiling Elevates Our Mood

Next time you are feeling down, try putting on a smile. There’s a good chance your mood will change for the better. Smiling can trick the body into helping you elevate your mood because the physical act of smiling actually activates neural messaging in your brain.

A simple smile can trigger the release of neural communication boosting neuropeptides as well as mood-boosting neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin. Think of smiling like a natural anti-depressant.

Smiling Is Contagious

How many smiles have been described as having the power to lighten up the room? While it is certainly a beautiful sentiment, it carries a hint of truth. Smiling not only has the power to elevate your mood, but it can also change the moods of others and make things happier.

The part of your brain that is responsible for your controlling the facial expression of smiling is an unconscious automatic response area. Meaning that smiling can be completely unconscious, particularly when it comes to our habit of mimicking another person’s smile. Yes, it is scientifically proven that smiles are “contagious!”

Smiling Boosts Your Immune System

Smiling can also boost your overall health. The act of smiling actually helps the human immune system to function more effectively. It is thought that when you smile, immune function improves because you are more relaxed (thanks to the release of certain neurotransmitters).

In addition to taking precautions like washing your hands, why not try to prevent the cold and flu by smiling?

Smiling Lowers Your Blood Pressure

When you smile, there is a measurable reduction in your blood pressure. Give it a try if you have a blood pressure monitor at home. Sit for a few minutes, take a reading. Then smile for a minute and take another reading while still smiling. Do you notice a difference?

Smiling Makes Us Feel Good

Studies have shown that smiling releases endorphins, natural painkillers, and serotonin. Together these three neurotransmitters make us feel good from head to toe. Not only do these natural chemicals elevate your mood, but they also relax your body and reduce physical pain. Smiling is a natural drug.

Smiling Makes You Look Younger

Not only can smiling make you more attractive it can also make you look more youthful. The muscles we use to smile also lift the face, making a person appear younger. So instead of opting for a facelift, just try smiling your way through the day—you’ll look younger and feel better.

Smiling Makes You Seem Successful

Studies have shown that people who smile regularly appear more confident, are more likely to be promoted, and are more likely to be approached. Try putting on a smile at meetings and business appointments. You might find that people react to you differently.

Smiling Helps You Stay Positive

Try this test: Smile. Now try to think of something negative without losing the smile. It’s hard, isn’t it?

Even when a smile feels unnatural or forced, it still sends the brain and ultimately the rest of our body the message that “Life is Good!” Stay away from depression, stress, and worry by smiling.

Expectation vs Reality

Some days may be nice and some may be not up to your expectation. There will be many situations and moments that you may not like but you have to up come those days and stay positive in all situation. I am gonna tell some ways that may help you in finding positivity in the hard days. Lets see…..


The best way to lead a good and healthy life is to make yourself positive in all situation. Coz if you stay positive all time then your life will change automatically. And know this, your life will be decided by the way of your looking towards the world. So make yourself strong and make the day as yours.


It is also a better way to turn your day a nice one. Everyday will not be yours. There will be downfalls and upraises. So don’t worry on those failures and cry instead celebrate those winnings of yours. And always have the hope in yourself that you’re gonna rock this globe and one day you will be a personality. Till that day don’t wait for anything, Work hard and stay positive.




Hello Reader, Lets dive into a new concept that is changing the way one can be benefited when it comes to vehicles and their operations. Broadly speaking, telematics is the combination of two sciences—telecommunications and informatics. Telecommunication include phone lines, wires, cables, GPS systems, navigation systems etc. and informatics is related with computing systems. It has developed and progressed with the advancement and changes in technology and various new concepts such as big data are elevating the usage of this concept.

Telematics enables wireless data communication through the use of high end technology and opens up a huge range of possibilities. It can enable one to have wireless television and internet on your vehicle. Since the world is focusing more on analytics, the most essential thing is “data”. Telematics is essentially a range of different features, options and devices that are brought together by a single principle – data and communication. Though the concept was there in the industry from a long time, it is getting evolved with each day.

According to Gartner, wireless telematics devices and “black box” technologies collect and transmit data on vehicle use, maintenance requirements and automotive servicing.  Today, a vehicle can have various things connected to it at the same time such as asset tracking, rear camera, GPS, driving behaviour, front cameras, special gears etc.

From the business perspective, the value comes from data transformation. Telematics has changed how various industries used to work earlier, transforming them in construction, transfer and site excavation. Telematics can be used in a wide range of vehicles from cargo vans/pickup trucks to smaller cars, buses and specialist vehicles.

Working of Telematics

The working of telematics includes a GPS system data gathering system and sensor and vehicle data to provide fleet operations. The data that is fetched from various systems is temporarily stored in a telematics device that in installed in each vehicle, and is then transmitted over private cellular networks to secure servers. It is like a centralized controlled system, the central data hub that enables fleet management system to provide easy-to-understand visualizations that help fleet managers optimize their operation.

Fleet management programs now enable firms to manage fleets of all sizes – from a handful of vehicles to hundreds – and help deliver major improvements across the board. Telematics has now developed to the point where it goes well beyond mere asset tracking to incorporate vehicle and driver performance as well as maintenance management.  (

Telematics in Business:

Telematics can greatly streamline communication, job dispatch and routing, and also record and transmit information on whether individual vehicles are in motion or stationary, their engine performance (including power-up, shutdown, idling or malfunctions), vehicle speed, driver conduct and more besides. It benefits in improving service, lower the administrative costs and help in improving the safety via location tracking and other features.

Telematics has changed the way businesses used to work specially in managing fleet of vehicles and is already delivering major improvements to safety, productivity and ultimately profitability, and it is only likely grow in the coming times. The businesses that have integrated and implemented this across the world into their operations can actually expect to continue to reap significant rewards.






How to improve Writing skill

Its easy to speak but it is a little more difficult, Coz you have to practice every time and day. So don’t think that you can’t do and leave it as such. There are tricks and ways that you can do and become a good writer. Try these..


Surely you will be having a minimum of 2 hours free time everyday. But in that time, you can use just 20 minutes to be a good writer. If this writing becomes your daily routine, then automatically you will be improved. Don’t think that you don’t know what to write, instead write something from your book and papers. The aim is to write and improve your skill and not to waste time. So pick anything and just write.


It is the basic knowledge that every writer should possess. If you come to possess this skill then you can able to frame the sentences, you will be able to discover new words and use those in your sentences. Start this skill and remember one thing , everything comes from a little start only and try to start that beginning today.



Expectations vs Reality

Let’s face it, life does hit us hard a million times. We get hurt, cry, try to vent out our anger and then finally get back on track but do you realise that 99% of the times, the problem wasn’t that big as you had imagined it to be. I’m not saying you cried over something stupid but probably, the intensity of your reaction wouldn’t have been that strong if you didn’t have really high expectations. Yes, ‘expectations vs reality’ is the root cause to most of our problems and if we don’t imagine and expect a lot, the reality won’t hit us hard either.

Let me give you an example- you went to a new grocery store and as luck would have it that day, in the baked items section you found your favourite bread. Voila! Great day! Now you can have that delicious pasta with the bread you had been planning to eat for the past whole month. ‘Great store’ you say to yourself and decide that now on, this will be your go-to place for groceries.

Next time you go to the store, you neither find the bread you loved last time nor do you get the usual cheese Urgh! Frustrating isn’t it? The store let you down and now you hate it.

Well, things run out sometimes, doesn’t mean that the store is bad, right? Sometimes you find what you wanted and sometimes you don’t. You don’t have to hate it to be honest. Same is the case with life, if it doesn’t meet your expectations, don’t start hating it. It’s fine, relax. What you are expecting isn’t the reality and the reality can’t really ever be expected from before.

This may have sounded a bit complicated so let me simplify it for you. What I’m trying to say is basically, don’t keep any expectations from or in life. Take things as they come. This doesn’t mean you shouldn’t plan ahead in life or you should not be ambitious. You just don’t have to over fantasize and imagine every single moment of your life because sometimes things may not go as you had planned and that can be very hurtful so the best thing to do is, do whatever is at hand and leave the rest to the universe. Try not being obsessive about planning everything. It leads to unnecessary exhaustion and anxiety. Relax, take each moment as it comes, utilise it to the fullest and enjoy!

During the lockdown as we keep scrolling through our social media profiles, seeing other’s pictures of doing yoga I don’t know for how many hours a day, looking all fit and eating healthy etc can make us nervous. ‘Why am I not doing anything? Why am I useless’ – these thoughts are likely to come to your mind if you compare yourself with others and expect that you are going to be exactly like others. It’s dumb. We alk have our own individual and unique journey in life. You are not always going to react to situations the way your friends do. You have a different life, you have had different experiences, you’ve met different people, you are your own unique and different individual, period.

Hence, as I had said earlier live your own life and don’t try to clone others. It won’t help.

Impact of Covid-19 on Manufacturing & E-commerce

How the Coronavirus Pandemic Impacts Security Service Firms

The novel Coronavirus outbreak has led to complete shut down of many parts of the world in order to limit the spread of the contagion and ensure safety of lives from the pandemic. The nation-wide lockdowns have had a very adverse effect on the production and supply chain and it has many economic implications which will be further discussed in this article.

Manufacturing sector was severely affected due to two main supply problems. Firstly, a ripple of disruption in production originated from the East-Asian manufacturing giant and quickly reached the other industrial hubs like the USA and Germany, because of globalization of trade. Secondly, even the regions that are not as affected by the pandemic cannot produce smoothly because of disturbance in the supply of raw materials and inputs from hard-hit regions. The service sector isn’t untouched either as restaurants and movie theatres go out of business due to lockdown as well.

One of the key elements of the supply chain that is most affected by the pandemic is the human resource. Humans are involved in everything, from logistics to doing actual work in manufacturing units. The social distancing norms limits the gathering of people and even the fear of catching the disease is making the industries lose labourers and workers. The currently operational industries that produce essential goods and e-commerce sites like Amazon and Flipkart are facing difficulty and/or not running as smoothly because they have to take stringent measures to ensure social distancing during their daily activities.

The lockdown may have pushed people towards online shopping but the things that they are buying are mainly the necessities so the other industries have been negatively impacted. Electronics industry has been affected the most as the main supplier of electronic parts and appliances is China. There has been a rise in sales of subscription services, whatsoever, and it is one of the positively impacted industries in the times of pandemic.

Indian economy is severely affected not just because of the lockdown but also because of its dependency on the epicentre of the pandemic itself – China. Many industries, especially the SMEs, heavily depend on China for supply of raw material so even if the lockdown was to be lifted at some time, these units will fail to operate. For India, one way to overcome this hurdle could be becoming more self-reliant.

Logistics can be made more efficient by eliminating the distributors between the supplier and the retailers and from suppliers to manufacturers. Not only does this ensure that less human resources are involved in the procurement and distribution process, but it also reduces the time duration, making the supply of goods and raw materials timelier. The human resource that is still involved needs to be taken care of and necessary precautions should be taken for their safety. 

The e-commerce deliveries can be made more efficient and effective by grouping up the deliveries of one locality together and doing them at once, even if it causes some delay. Inventory could be reduced and goods could be directly supplied to regions that are deficient.

Don’t Flop on These 4 Easy Interview Questions

Your answers to four basic interview questions could make or break your chances of landing your dream job. Read on and learn how to flip your next interview from “flop” to “nailed it.”
1) Can you tell me a little about yourself?
Flop: “Well, I grew up in this city and have lived here my whole life. My house is on Cherry Street, and I live with my spouse, two kids and our pet cat. I love country music, bowling and hanging out with my friends.”
Nailed it: “I have a bachelor’s degree in marketing from Herzing University. To gain experience and develop professionally, I completed an internship in the marketing department at XYZ Company and currently volunteer for XYZ Organization managing their social media accounts. I’ve learned that my strengths are communication, creative thinking and multi-tasking.”
The trap many job seekers fall into is not considering this a “real” interview question. Remember that from the second you walk in the door, you are being interviewed. Set the tone for the rest of the interview by grasping this opportunity to highlight your qualifications. Impressing the hiring manager from the start is crucial. After all, first impressions are priceless.
2) Why are you looking for another job?
Flop: “I struggle to see eye-to-eye with my boss/coworkers, so I’m looking for a change.”
Nailed it: “My current job has been an excellent learning experience. Now I’m looking forward to further developing my career. I’m seeking new challenges and an opportunity to take on more responsibility.”
Speaking ill of your current boss, colleagues and company will never work in your favor. Remember that even tough employment situations help you develop and learn new skills. Dwell on the positive rather than the negative, and try to keep your response brief. This can help you move on from the topic quickly and get onto questions that let you highlight why you’re the best fit for the job.
3) What are your weaknesses?
Flop: “I don’t have any.”
Nailed it: “I tend to take on too much and – at times – can create extra stress, but it has also taught me to be an excellent multitasker. I’ve developed project management skills that have contributed to my team and our collective success.”
This question is a litmus test of how you react to a tough situation. The interviewer wants to see if you throw in the flag or rise up to the challenge. None of us perfect, right? But our mindset and work ethic can make all the difference in the world. Focus on that, and you’ll show the interviewer that you’re prepared to overcome any challenge.
4) Do you have any questions for me?
Flop: “No, I don’t have any questions right now. Thanks for your time!”
Nailed It: “Yes, I do have a few questions for you…”
It’s important that you ask at least three questions to show your genuine interest in the position and the company. Ask your interviewer to describe their favorite aspect of working for the company. Show that you’ve done your research about the company values. Did you see that they actively support a community service organization? If volunteering is important to you, ask how you could get involved.
The next time you interview, don’t let these fundamental questions be your stumbling blocks. Being prepared with focused and strong answers will help you walk out of an interview with confidence and hopefully, that new job.
Herzing University’s Career Development Team is your resource for all things career. We’re here to help you develop attention-grabbing resumes and cover letters, hone your networking and interviewing skills, and discover internship and job opportunities. If you’re a current student or alumni, we’re at your service. Let us help you land the career of your dreams! Contact us at

Biotechnology is underrated!

33 Best Masters Biotechnology Programs for Commercialization and ...

Everyday, we see advances in almost everything around us. Not just technological advancements but even in living organisms as they continue to evolve with time. From the smallest microorganisms to more complex human beings, every living thing is upgrading just to survive as the living conditions become harsher. After the Covid-19 outbreak, it can be certainly said that new infectious organisms are also on the rise somewhere, waiting for their turn to enter the human world. Species are becoming extinct at a much faster rate due to human interference, lack of benevolence, and greed. With these developments, the role of biotechnology has become more significant than ever.

Biotechnology is the modification and usage of living organisms for various purposes like agricultural, industrial, and healthcare. We know that microorganisms like yeast help us in making bread and Lactobacillus leads to curdling of milk and they have been there for a long time now but now we know that there are several other such living organisms that have the potential to make lives better. These organisms are capable of doing work that are more important than making a loaf of bread or a bowl of milk but the fact that they can save lives! Biotechnology isn’t even about only these organisms but also human beings in which genetic manipulation is definitely complicated but not impossible.

In the field of agriculture and animal husbandry, biotechnology has made it possible for farms to raise both disease resistant plants and animals that are also more resilient to changing environmental conditions. The population is growing rapidly and food shortage is a major concern. With the aid of biotechnology, it is possible to ensure that no man, woman or child goes to bed hungry through enhanced productivity of crops and animals that take up less space and resources. The new farming methods also need to be environmentally sustainable so as they are not burdensome on mother earth and nature. The practices and manipulation must not take the dignity of species that can’t even speak out their concerns, for granted and humanity and empathy must persist. 

The healthcare has also been benefited by introduction of more effective medications and drugs that are biotechnologically synthesised and pose lesser risks of contamination and side effects. Gene testing and manipulation has made it possible to diagnose, prevent and even cure diseases that are inheritable. Various substances like insulin that are synthesised by the body can also be synthesised using genetically modified organisms and can aid the people that are unable to synthesise them due to underlying medical conditions. Biotechnology can also be applied to industrial processes to manufacture products that are important for human beings. Not just that, renewable sources of energy can be generated using biotechnology and can replace fossil fuels in industries. The industrial waste can be treated using genetically modified organisms until the waste is not hazardous when it is released into the environment.

Biotechnology has innumerable applications and the fact that it is a comparatively new field, a lot of research still needs to be done and new techniques are yet to be discovered so a career in biotechnology is definitely a promising one.

Homeschooling kids

Homeschooling is the type of education that is provided to children at home or at a variety of places other than school. It is usually conducted by parents, tutors or online teaching. People generally prefer to send their children to schools to get a formal education. Homeschooling does its best to provide the same level of education and has certain positives over formal education but this choice of education is also accompanied by some cons.

The biggest advantage that homeschooling confers is the flexibility. Guardians and the children themselves can come up with a curriculum that may benefit the child in the best way possible. In a formal education setting, providing personalized education is near to impossible but home schooling can make it possible. The quality of the education increases in a one to one environment. Parents can inculcate the value system in their own children. Moreover, they can even take vacations during off-season. Stress encountered may even be less since there will not be as strict of a regime as in schools. People who are home-schooled often feel that they had more educational and physical freedom than in schools. They have the option to learn things at their own pace, this does not mean that any basics are left uncovered.

Parents may also feel more confident since they will have a direct role in their child’s learning. The child can move more quickly through assignments and subjects they understand, and spend more time on topics that are challenging. Also, the best part that every student can relate to is technically not having any homework.  Classroom distractions can also be avoided.

Along with its benefits, it may also bring certain disadvantages. The parents would have to take up the responsibility of a teacher or an administrator. This may be a potential for more stress and fatigue. More family time may also be spent on homeschooling. There is a chance that their extracurricular activities may suffer. Children are provided with all overall development in home education as well but they may not be allowed to participate in certain competitions.

They may also have fewer technology or resources to use. Parents must also be versed enough to teach a whole variety of subjects, along with a strong value-based education.  Also, the teaching program may be less structured. The biggest opposition that home education faces is socialization or lack thereof. Home schooled kids generally tend to have a small circle of friends and may feel missed out on interaction with their peers. Children may also not get much recognition outside of family as much as that in schools.

Since both the types of learning style pose advantages and disadvantages, it all comes down to what suits a child better to attain his or her development. Some may grow better in a one to one environment while others may be best suited for a typical classroom learning experience.


After 9 great years of teaching science, Eduperk get to work with amazing educators in the world as we explore ways to increase the engagement, relationships and relevance of the learning throughout our district using the proper tool, only after we consider what is the goal of the event.
Learn or Teach your favorite Courses by easy and fun way!
Earn Money by sharing your notes!
Simply find any notes with Hashtags!
Make new friends with people studying similar courses nearby!

EDUPERK is an online higher education platform providing rigorous industry-relevant programs designed and delivered in collaboration with world-class faculty and industry. Merging the latest technology, pedagogy, and services, upGrad is creating an immersive learning experience – anytime and anywhere.

Mission of Eduperk

To provide opportunities to advance your professional journey through rigorous online programs that offer personalised support, developed in collaboration with best in class faculty and industry professionals.

With the conviction that in an ever-changing industry, professionals need to continuously upskill themselves in order to stay relevant. Since then EDUPERK have always focused on building a great online learning experience by collaborating with the right universities and industry partners. We then steadily built a strong support system around our learners. Starting with our first program in Entrepreneurship, upGrad has created some of India’s largest online programs to help thousands of professionals achieve their career goals in the areas of data technology, and management.

Eduindex News

Eduindex News is an Educational News platform for sharing campus news and academic news.

Newspaper is almost the first thing that greets you in the morning.

Photo by cottonbro on

If one knows how to read and write, then one should definitely read at least one newspaper everyday.

Newspaper reading is a good habit. People who frequently read newspapers are more likely to be reading other things in their life than non readers. Reading is good for you, I bet!
It helps you move outside the narrow zone of your personal affairs. It helps you keep you adjust yourself according to the changing times and move with changing times easily.
It keeps you updated and can provide a great sense of educational value. Not only it gives you information about economy, polity, trade, business, world affairs, international issues, sports, entertainment, but it also enhances your vocabulary and English language skills. (Same applies for other language newspapers)
You are not only updated with current events of your own nation but also that of the world.
It widens the scope of your knowledge and thus widens your outlook.
It helps you become well informed. Thus, enabling you to take part in any sort of discussion and debates. Ultimately, helps in your personality development.
They help you become part of a well evolved society.
You can relate to other people’s views, understand their perspective.
Most importantly, in today’s world, where Democracy is considered to be the ideal form of government, it is in the interest of each and every individual of the nation and the world ( I say world, because world is becoming a global village in this 21st century) to be aware of their own governments’ plans, programs and policies. How will these plans, programs and policies affect them?( After all, democracy is rule by the people, of the people and for the people. ) It is for their own benefit.
People who read newspapers regularly are more likely to be active voters (good for democracy 🙂 )
Good for students. Students who use the newspaper in school read more sections of the newspaper and show significantly greater interest in local government, neighborhood events, current issues and foreign affairs.
I would like to quote a research.
Research by Dr. Dan Sullivan of the University of Minnesota examined programs in 22 cities across the country. The study compared test scores of students who had used the newspaper in class with those who had not. In all 22 cases, those student who used the newspaper scored better on standardized reading test than did those who did not. Minority students and those who were not native English speakers showed the greatest achievement. (2002, NAA Foundation.)

Newspapers help form you develop your opinion.
They sharpen thinking skills in you.
The Indian freedom struggle in itself is a great example how reading newspapers enlightened and educated the masses of their own civil, political and economic rights. These masses comprised mostly of people who weren’t able to read and write. So even if one person in the village or community knew how to read, people would encircle him to get their daily dose of the news. Thus, they got to know about the issues. Thus, the Indian freedom struggle became a mass struggle. Freedom of Press is a Fundamental Right in the Indian Constitution, thanks to the habit of newspaper reading (or hearing) by these masses.
I have seen many people who are stalwarts in their own respective fields suggesting that one should not read or listen to news. It is a waste of time. The reason being that they bring pessimism around you. The news of bombings, killings, rape, murder etc. don’t let you sleep well and suck the positive energy in your life. True. I too feel sad reading about these news items. But avoiding them is not the solution, neither for your problem nor for the problems of the world around you.

But according to me turning your head away from reality of the world is not a wise act. Though awareness can remove the darkness in the society.

You have to choose high standards of journalism to avoid becoming part ofsensational journalism. I vouch for critical and independent readership. Derive wisdom from newspapers without getting involved in the sensationalism which they try to sell to increase their readerships.

Happy reading!:)

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojna (PMJJBY)

It was originally mentioned in the 2015 Budget speech by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in February 2015. It was formally launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9 May in Kolkata. As of May 2015, only 20% of India’s population has any kind of insurance, this scheme aims to increase the number.

Enrolment period
The cover period is 1st June of each year to 31st May of subsequent year. For the cover period 1st June 2018 to 31st May 2019, subscribers are required to enrol and give their auto-debit consent by 31st May 2018. Those joining subsequently would be able to do so with payment of full annual premium for prospective cover. As on May 14, 2018, nearly 5.35 crore people had enrolled under PMJJBY, and the total number of claims received till date were nearly 1,02,849.

PMJJBY is available to people in the age group of 18 to 50 years ( life cover up to age 55) having a savings bank account who give their consent to join and enable auto-debit.

Under PMJJBY scheme, life cover of Rs. 2 lakhs is available at a premium of Rs.330 per annum per member and is renewable every year. In the case of a joint account, all holders of the said account can join the scheme provided they meet its eligibility criteria and pay the premium at the rate of Rs.330 per person per annum.

PMJJBY is administered through LIC and other Indian private life insurance companies. One may also approach their bankers as for the process of enrolment banks have tied up with insurance companies. In the case of multiple bank accounts held by an individual in one or different banks, the person would be eligible to join the scheme through one bank account only.

For those who wish to join the scheme now may still do so. On may join or renew the scheme anytime during the year by paying the full premium and not the proportionate amount. However, the renewal date will remain June 1 for all of the subscribers.

It’s better to join now and get the cover for the entire 12 months. If you had exited the scheme at any point, you may still re-join the scheme by paying the annual premium.

The enrolment process has been kept simple and easy. To enrol, you can download the form and submit it to your banker. Some banks have initiated an SMS-based enrolment process too. It can be done through net banking also. To join/pay by auto-debit from the designated individual bank account on the prescribed forms will be required to be given by 31st May of every year.


  • This policy is available for the people between the age of 18-50 years. The policy ceases at 55 years of age of the policy holder.
  • The assurance on the life of the member shall terminate on any of the following events and no benefit will become payable there under,
    • On attaining age 55 years (age near birthday) subject to annual renewal up to that date (entry, however, will not be possible beyond the age of 50 years).
    • Closure of account with the Bank or insufficiency of balance to keep the insurance in force.
    • A person can join PMJJBY with one Insurance company with one bank account only.
    • For subscribers enrolling for the first time on or after 1st June 2016, insurance cover shall not be available for death (other than due to accident) occurring during the first 45 days from the date of enrolment into the scheme (lien period) and in case of death (other than due to accident) during lien period, no claim would be admissible.

How to apply?

How to improve your writing skills ?

Communication skills are more important than ever, but what if your grammar doesn’t quite make the grade?

Fifty years ago, you would’ve walked over to your coworker’s desk or called up to the second floor to ask a question. Now, whether your coworkers are in the next cube or half a world away, it’s standard practice to email, instant message, or text them.

This shift in basic communication has made writing skills crucial to being listened to.
No matter what format your written communication takes, it needs to be clear and concise. Misunderstandings can lead to costly mistakes. Given that the average professional sends and receives more than100 emails a day, no one has time to read rambling messages that don’t get to the point quickly.

We could all use a little refresher on our business writing skills. And thanks to a wealth of free classes and resources online, we can improve our grammar and writing from the comfort of our own desk chairs — without spending a dime.

Tips to improve your writing

1. Develop a daily writing habit.

Practice makes perfect, so set aside just 10 or 15 minutes each day to free-write. Free writing is a healthy daily habit that allows you to get your thoughts down on paper (or computer) without worrying about outlining or proofreading your ideas. Think of it like a journal, but focus your daily entry on personal growth or a subject in which you want to become — or be seen as — an expert.

Once you’ve finished writing every day, you can then use a tool like Grammarly to help spot mistakes and remember them for the next day.

2. Try to read every day.

In addition to writing each day, a daily reading habit is also crucial to increasing your vocabulary and expanding your writing repertoire.

Be selective about your reading choices, though. While reading in general does help you take on new points of view, the content you’re reading can have the biggest impact on what you get out of it. Reading academic journals and literary fiction can actually make you capable of more complex writing projects than reading simple, curated, or pop-culture web content.

3. Capitalize when you’re supposed to.
It might seem pedantic to school you on basic rules of grammar, but it’s not always clear what deserves to be capitalized and what doesn’t. Here are two types of writing you should always examine closely when uppercasing your words:

Proper nouns. If it’s an official name of a person, city, company, product, book, publication, country, continent, government job title, or school (we’re likely missing some on this list), capitalize it. These words refer to specific people, places, or things, and should be capitalized to reflect it.

Title case. Whenever you’re titling a new story, book, article, or even a new section of an article, you’ll need capitalizations to distinguish it. This means email subject lines, blog post headlines, and even report titles should be capitalized. Check out the Associated Press Stylebook to learn a popular way of doing so.

4. Avoid using exclamation points.

Often, we rely on exclamation points too heavily as a crutch. It dilutes your message. Instead, she suggests working on making our words convey more precisely what you want to say. When in doubt about whether to use an exclamation point, consult this flowchart.

5. Always think about your audience.

You can be casual with your coworkers and peers, but when communicating with management or clients, it’s a good idea to write using more formal grammar.
It’s much harder to convey tone in the form of words than it is in person — the types of formality described above are how you can compensate for this and ensure your audience doesn’t feel disrespected.

The state of Assam

Assam is one of the state among the seven sisters. It belongs to the north-eastern part of India. The state is famous for its wildlife, archaeological site and tea plantation. Assam tea and Assam silk is very famous all around the globe. Assam was the first site for oil drilling in Asia. Assam is also the home of endangered one horned Indian Rhinoceros.
It you love traveling, then visiting Assam should be in the top of your bucket list. You will be mesmerized by its wildlife, the Brahmaputra and the Barak will leave their impression for long, the Assamese culture will astonish you and the hospitality of the people will touch your soul.

About the state?

The state of red rivers and blue hill, Assam, is the oldest state of the north-east region of India and comprises as the gateway to the Seven Sisters. The state comprises three main geographical areas. They are:
• The Brahmaputra valley
• The Barak valley
• Karbi plateau and North Cachar hills
Assam shares it borders with Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and West Bengal. It shares it’s international borders with Bangladesh and Bhutan. It also is very close to Myanmar.

Must visit

If you are planning to or want to visit the state in near future, then here is a guide to the place you must visit.
• Kaziranga National Park : This protected area is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is the last remaining habitat of the Great Indian One horned Rhinoceros. It is spread in Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Nagaon district of the state. Kaziranga is also the home of highest density of tigers among the protected areas of the world and is declared as a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006.
• Kamakhya Temple: It is an important pilgrimage destination for Hindus. The temple is dedicated to mother Goddess Kamakhya and is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas. It is situated on Nilachal hills in the western part of Guwahati city of Assam.
• Umananda Temple: Umananda Devaloi is a Shiva temple located in the peacock island in the middle of Brahmaputra. Umananda is known to be the smallest inhabitant riverine island in the world.
• Manas Wildlife Sanctuary: It is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site, a Project Tiger Reserve, elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in India. The park is famous for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife, like, golden langur, pygmy hog, hispid hare. It is also known for its wild water buffalo.
• Majuli: Majuli is the largest freshwater island is Southeast Asia on the Brahmaputra river. It is famous for its Vaishnavite Satras.
• Ranghar: It is a two storeyed building, which once served a royal sports pavilion to the Ahom kings and nobles. It is located in Sivasagar.
• Kareng ghar: It is also known as The Garhgaon Palace and is located 15 kilometres from Sivasagar, Garhgaon. Of all the Ahom ruins, it is the grandest piece of Ahom architecture.
• Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary: It is also known as Jeypore Rainforest. It is the only sanctuary in India which is the home of 7 different species of wild cat. The rainforest stretches in the district Dibrugarh, Tinsukia and Charaideo. This rainforest is very important for elephant habitat and was declared Dehing Patkai elephant reserve under project elephant.

Assam as a state does offer more which includes ,
• Dibru Saikhowa National Park
• Digboi Oil Refinery
• Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
• Jatinga
• Gupta Khasi
• Tocklai Tea Research Institute
• Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
• Panidihing Bird Sanctuary

For all the travel geeks, a visit to Assam is a must.


Acid attack or corrosive assault isn’t something unfathomable in India. It has stunned the inner voice of our country over and over – with mangled appearances, unbeaten survivors going to the cutting edges to share their horrendous stories, and families headed to chapter 11 supporting recuperation costs. The Indian Penal Code was altered in 2013 just because to add guidelines custom fitted to corrosive assaults. In any case, have we done what’s needed? Do what’s needed of us give it a second thought? For what reason would it be a good idea for us to mind? For what reason would it be a good idea for us to mind any longer than we accomplish for general battle for ladies’ privileges and wellbeing in India about corrosive assaults?

Since corrosive assault is potentially the most noticeably terrible curse on another human – prompting total crippling, loss of pay and opportunity, and even social sequestration-and it can transpire, whenever. The way to this evil remain very available to most and the causes inciting such vindictiveness can be unbelievably insignificant.

Tolerating a beverage from a nearby retailer? Or then again censuring provocation in the city? Simply being in home sitting on a lounge chair? These are totally known reasons for assaults on corrosive assault survivors. The last story – is that of Piyali Dutta – who got trapped in a crossfire and now is a corrosive survivor forever. Sonali Mukherjee’s story – assaulted while dozing in her own home for confronting provocation – is one that should keep we all wakeful as it could have been, or still can be, anybody. 85% of casualties are ladies, so corrosive assault can overwhelmingly be delegated sexual orientation viciousness. For the 15% male casualties, the essential driver of assault is property question.

What components permit such assaults? Un-advised indignation and disappointment is behind the violations as much as pre-mien to sociopathic qualities, and savagery and cultural closed-mindedness assumes a noteworthy job (85% of the casualties are ladies). Be that as it may, the genuine offender to fault is the simplicity to pull off it. Outrage regarding dismissal (41% of assaults in India from 2010 – 2013 was from scorned darlings) makes the longing lash out and natural negligence for ladies in explicit and human enduring as a rule seeds the idea, however the remiss laws – both to restrict accessibility and to counter the wrongdoing – is the thing that lets the culprits (who happen to list from clerical authorities to vagrant specialists) convert their considerations in to activity.

Before inclusion of Sections 326A-326B of Indian Penal Code (as later as 2013), corrosive assault must be arraigned as viciousness against ladies. This massively ruined information accessibility and made capture and discipline abstract and indulgent. The Indian Penal Code revision on the second of April 2013 included arrangements for arraignment of culprits, treatment and recovery of the people in question, right to self-preservation against corrosive assault and control of corrosive deals. The laws notwithstanding, without a doubt ‘past the point of no return’, may likewise be ‘excessively little’ in their present status.

How about we investigate the corrosive deals limitations, arraignment and recovery real factors present 2013 on get why.

When counseled, Acid Survivors Foundation India (ASFI; accomplice of Acid Survivors Trust International (ASTI)), separated the acids taking essentially West Bengal, India and Bangladesh as models. Accessibility of acids (12% or higher focus, or in structures which can be concentrated to higher quality) relies upon use. The composed area – compost and other overwhelming businesses – are generally under controlled control framework, so spillage or misappropriation, albeit plausible, are not very normal.

The chaotic part then again, in lieu of the huge vagrant and rustic populace in these areas, have a horde of acids bountiful relying upon the business. Pearl and adornments business – a prime buyer of water regia – flourishes with for the most part transient specialists who thusly approach. Difficult to track and blue pencil, they accordingly should be focused through mindfulness crusades (one of the best approaches to check assaults – as showed in Bangladesh – has been by restricting accessibility through monstrous battles). Attackers can likewise think lower quality acids still accessible unhindered.

Dowry system

Any young man, who makes dowry a condition to marriage, discredits his education and his country and dishonours womanhood” – Mahatma Gandhi.

In India, there is a practice to give presents to the girl at the time of her marriage. Their marriage gifts are known as dowry. The parents of the girl velds her materially at the time of going to her bridegroom’s house.

In the present time dowry has become a curse sometimes it becomes difficult to quench the thirst of girl’s father-in-law. He forces more and more the girl’s parents to give something or the other. If his greed is not satisfied, the girl is tortured. In such a condition often a newly married girl of a poor family commits suicide. Parents give dowry to help their daughter for starting a new life and as a token of love.

Married women suffer much. Sometimes a young bride dies in a store explosion and sometimes found hanging from a ceiling fan. This happens when a lady does not bring enough money from her parents. “The need of a person can be satisfied but not the greed”.

The government has also passed a law making dowry a punishable offence however it is still being practised in most parts of the country causing agony for the girls and their families. Demanding checked if public opinion is formed against it. This can not be checked without the support of the public.

The abolition of dowry is the need of today. Young boys should realise that they are not commodities to be sold. Young girls should refuse to marry young boys whose parents are greedy. Without determination, the evil can not disappear.

‘Money is not the source of happiness but it is the source of pain. When we earn it, it gives pain, when we guard it, it gives pain and it gives pain when it is lost.’

Dowry System Essay
The existence of systems is probably only since human civilization has evolved, there are many types of systems prevailing in the whole world. Systems or Practices, which were made for human society. But sometimes these systems subdue humans, The perception of the tradition falls on their thinking and understanding, and if somebody removes the curtain and conveyed the truth to the people, then some people suppress that “transformative thinking”.

One such system the “dowry system”. After the marriage, the gifts, household items, rupees and ornaments, and any kind of movable and immovable property brought with her by the daughter-in-law are called dowry.
Dowry-system was started as blessings to give a start to a new home of daughter after marriage. But due to the time, some greedy tendencies people have changed the real meaning of this system. Now “dowry system” has become a very important part of marriage. Dowry system is not only prevail in India but also in Europe, Africa, China, Greece, Japan and more other countries. In different countries, the type and purpose of dowry have remained very different, but now many countries have stopped the circulation of this practice, but this practice in India has still been formidable form.

Many people pretend not to take dowry, At first the groom-side people say that “we only need your daughter” And then there are later dialogues “There should be at least one gold chain, ring and 51 thousand cash in the “Teeka” (a kind of ritual before marriage), otherwise what will be our respect in the relatives?” After that, before marriage “daughter should have her ornaments in full with her, and then whatever you wish, give her, taking care of caste and society.” The Excuse is to keep honour in the caste and society and means the solution is itself. If the boy is a doctor or engineer then the demand for dowry increases even more because the boy is very educated.

Many laws have been made to eradicate the dowry system and over time the law has been made more rigid. But still, daughters could not escape. Many dowry grievances cannot reach the law and daughters commit sins like suicide. Laws related to Dowry system are following -
• According to the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, there is a provision for the imprisonment of 5 years and fine of 15,000 rupees for taking dowry, giving or cooperating in its transactions. For harassment of dowry, under section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code which is related to the case of illegal demand for property or valuables by husbands and their relatives, there can be 3 years of imprisonment and fine.

Whether it is a parent or a sibling, everyone thinks that their sister-daughter is always happy and safe, but does not anyone else’s daughter or sister should possess this pleasure and security? Giving away the daughter to such dowry-greedy people by ourselves is like we pushed our daughters in the wells of plight and sorrow. We all have to oppose this system together. Dowry will neither give nor take.

Women empowerment

The term “Women Empowerment” broaches to empowering women with surpassing education, better employment, decision making , and superior health in view of an indistinguishable and so just society. Women empowerment is an undertaking to forge the women financially liberate, educative and more progressive, savoring a superior social status. Women since ages have been wrestling to be socially and professionally recognized as correspondent to all men. There are myriad of incidents in a woman’s personal and professional life, where her own abilities are enfeeble against that of a man’s having an untoward impact on her over all personality and hampering her over growth.

So basically real women empowerment is making society serve every women as a counterpart just exactly like other men in this colossal cosmos. It is proffering women all her true consents and all the opportunities to gambol purposeful part in the society and letting her excel in all the different fields where only men are prevailing. It actually means to empower her human first then empower her social, political and economical liberties and forge her stand in this colossal society on the exact tribune as male counterparts. However, when it approaches to giving them correspondent rights and independence the same people abandon its major importance and that’s all because we reside in a patriarchal union where people swallow that the main purpose of women is to take care of her family and kids firstly.

The actual require for women empowerment commenced all because of the gender inequity and male supremacy in our colossal Indian society since the prior ancient time. Nowadays women are being repressed by their own family natives or members and the society for many reasons. They have been preyed for myriad types of brutality and prejudicial practices by all the male adherents of our own native family and society from the past ancient times have taken the form of highly developed customs and traditional virtues. There are myriad of incidents in a woman’s personal and professional life, where her own abilities are enfeeble against that of a man’s having an untoward impact on her over all personality and hampering her over growth. Now, empowering girls and women is quite lusty and more powerful. Today, we know it is the minute key to economic growth, political firmness, and to the social transformation. World leaders, experts or scholars alike are proffering their tender voice to this scathing endeavour.

We have a true faith over a locution that India is a country where all women have been honoured as goddesses since old times. However, when it approaches to giving them correspondent rights and independence the same people abandon its major importance and that’s all because we reside in a patriarchal union where people swallow that the main purpose of women is to take care of her family and kids firstly.

In today’s colossal world women’s empowerment basically refers to the faculty for women to savour their legality to control and welfare from other resources, assets, their own income and own momentous time, as well as the true capability to supervise risk and making better their economic status and their well being. While frequently interchangeably plied, the more cross-disciplinary concept of gender empowerment refers to every individual of any gender, trensity the major chasm between biological sex, and between the gender as a role. This thereby also introduces to other marginalised genders in a precise political or social context.

Now, empowering girls and women is quite lusty and more powerful. Today, we know it is the minute key to economic growth, political firmness, and to the social transformation. World leaders, experts or scholars alike are proffering their tender voice to this scathing endeavour.

Here with economic and occupational empowerment implies over a superior quality of material life all through sustainable bread and butter owned and completely managed by all women. It means minimizing their major financial reliance on their male counterparts all by forging them with a most significant part of a human resource. If we consider over De jure women empowerment, it advocates the provision of an efficacious de jure structure which is quite sympathetic of women empowerment. It means addressing the interstices between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs. There is not a radical but a little bit of change in the mindset of people that are allowing women to walk on the pathway of development. Women are leaving no stones unturned to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they turn out to achieve respectable and notable positions.

So now, we have to consider over each and every concept on women empowerment first. And apart from everything else, empowering women has an affirmative impact on a country’s genuine economy. Those colossal countries that swallow, as some of the testimonies here actually indicate no matter what the resolutions of the question, that women should be unearthed within the traditional positions in our society’s wives and mothers, but shown more esteem are and will be remain economically backward. Emancipating up women’s participation in society will free up and rampant minds and economies.

Now, to eradicate all these wickedness from our society and to construct our society a superior place to reside for both men and women, women empowerment is quite vital because unless and until a place is not safe for all the natives of our society it can’t be a superior place. Women empowerment supports women to perceive upon their lives as a confident being. It truly incites women to stand and fight by their own for their own rights and live a well-worthy life. There is no bolshevik but a little bit of difference in the mindset of that are actually allowing women to wander on the simple pathway of development. As, women are evacuating no stones untwirled to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they twirl out to attain reputable and notable positions. Women since ages have been wrestling to be socially and professionally recognized as correspondent to all men. Because, women are evacuating no stones untwirled to prove themselves to the world and despite many hurdles, they twirl out to attain reputable and notable positions.