Recognize commitment

One of the first and quickest approaches to possess your life is to assume liability for your life. The great, the terrible, the appalling – it’s everything on you! Our points of view, mentalities, responses, emotions, considerations, convictions… these are everything that we control ourselves. This is an astounding thing since it implies that you can make the existence you need since you are in the driver’s seat. “Assuming liability for being actually where you are enables you to be actually where you need to be.

Quit accusing

It’s exceptionally simple to fault here and there, particularly since the majority of us have a type of understanding of being dealt with wrongly or unreasonably as kids. Grown-ups aren’t great, and some of them are absolute screw ups, however we can’t perpetually leave the slip-ups of others alone a reason for us not carrying on with the existence we need. Similarly, we can’t let things like a bombed marriage or an awful past choice have any control over our today. Each morning, you have a fresh start. Nobody can prevent you from being the individual that you need to be or carrying on with the existence you want to live, except if you award them that power.


This is an immense errand, generally one that requires a lifetime of rehashing. Clutching past damages just keeps you away from carrying on with the existence you really need. By holding resentment, you are holding negative vitality, which will just harm you. Some of the time, the ones we hold the most feelings of resentment against are ourselves, for past mix-ups and activities we profoundly lament. You can’t carry on with a cheerful life if at some inner mind level you don’t trust you merit one. All that we experience, even the awful, encourages us develop here and there. Pardon others and yourself and rather be appreciative for the exercises you’ve picked up.

Change your demeanor

Your disposition plays more significance on your personal satisfaction than you may might suspect. Ever notice when you have a terrible demeanor that your day just appears to continue deteriorating? This is on the grounds that you’re a bundle of negative vitality strolling around gathering all the more close by negative vitality! At the point when you constrain yourself to be feeling acceptable (and indeed, numerous days it requires power) and you search for the beneficial things in your day, what happens is that you carry all the more beneficial things to you. Try not to squander one more day driving the beneficial things away!

Choose what you need

Have you pondered what you truly need throughout everyday life? Not what your mother needs for you, not what you want to achieve simply because it’s simple, however what you need. On the off chance that cash or situation weren’t an issue, what might your heart generally long to do? Try not to stress in the event that it feels too large for you to accomplish all alone, it likely is. The enchantment of this universe that we live in is that it meets us more than midway when we pursue a fantasy. At the point when we truly recognize what we need and accept we can have it, when we anticipate that it should occur, we set supernatural powers moving that organize the individuals and conditions in our carries on with important to accomplish our fantasy.

Become purposeful

Become purposeful with your time. Execute a day by day schedule. Exceptionally effective individuals are known for following morning schedules each day. A period that you plan for your day first without letting the outside world assault your brain, to compose or peruse your objectives, practice and have a filling breakfast. Fundamentally setting aside effort for you before the day begins so you feel intellectually arranged! Likewise, become purposeful about the sort of individuals and data you let come into your experience. Pessimistic individuals, stories, and articles that advance detest, dread or discussion just variety greater cynicism and drag you down.

Rival nobody

At the point when we’re running a long distance race (and that is the thing that life is, a long distance race, not a race) and we don’t concentrate on our own way since we are excessively bustling checking out us to see where every other person is, we begin to lurch. We begin thinking about whether we’re sufficiently bad, or why beneficial things are occurring to them and not us. Try not to concentrate on any other individual however you. Be thankful for where you are and the things you have accomplished. Consistently is a new beginning to pursue your own fantasies and improve from your yesterday.

Check in with yourself

Stay in contact with yourself all the time. Regardless of whether you don’t possess energy for a morning schedule, take a couple of moments every day to profit by some alone time. Peruse your objectives or expectations for the week. It’s astonishing what we can overlook when we don’t remind ourselves! The coolest thing is thinking back throughout the month and seeing everything you can scratch off your rundown that occurred without you in any event, acknowledging it.

Possessing our lives can appear to be somewhat overpowering from the outset, yet on the off chance that you simply start little and transform everything into a propensity as you come, right away you will start seeing the undeniable and enchanted changes of carrying on with existence with an alternate attitude, and there is no preferred chance to begin once again now!

And lastly, We should stop the blame game which the whole universe plays.


Terrorism and Business

The first is to make terrorist less devastating and attractive to terrorist decentralization. And the second one which is raise to the opportunity cost and rather than material cost. For terrorist. These alternative strategies will effectively dissuade potential terrorists. It is here argued that not only apply to society as a whole but can also the usefully be applied by the enterprises.

The politics are the always has been the committed to fighting terrorism by using the best dissuaded from attacking through the treat of heavy sanctions and by using police and military forces to the fight them the reaction terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 is a striking example. The American president, changes a War against terrorism, this war has a widely supported by a great many democratic as well as authoritarian countries. This war terrorism is a completely based on the deterrence, Actual and prospective terrorist must be annihilated by killing them without any further and must at least captured , held prisoner, put trial and sentenced to long or indefinite of time, It is expected that such treatment impose such high cost of prospective terrorist that no individual will engage in terrorist future.

History, as well as recent experience suggest, however, that using deterrence in dealing with terrorist is ineffective and may even be counterproductive. The number of terrorist with ineffective counterproductive. The terrorist may increase, rather than decrease. A policy based deterrence have a second disadvantages. It civil and human right in the countries engaged in fighting. Deterrence policy tends to undetermined exactly those value it to protect. Even if deterrence were effective the world may end up significantly less if than before was engaged in the against terrorism.

DECENTRALIZATION – A system with many different center is more stable due to its diversity, enabling any one part to part to sustainable for the form other. When one part of system, enabling any one part to suitable to other. A country that is the negatively affected, one or several part may be take over. A country that is the target of terrorist attack can reduce vulnerability by implementing from of the decentralization.

THE POLICY – The government is undertaking of the benefits are difficult to pinpoint and even more difficulty to measure, particularly because of possible indirect and long term effectsii. A basic problems is identify how much worse off individual would have been the if a deterrence policy had not been adopted. construction such a counterfactual situation is a tricky especially as long term as and macroeconomics as well as macro effect have to be taken into account.

Mental health during the lockdown

THE rise of coronavirus across the globe led to countries introducing methods to curb its physical ramifications. One of the most common modes adopted by nations was mandatory social distancing, lockdowns, closure of educational institutions and offices, public places, etc. The social lives of millions came to a standstill overnight. For instance, in India, on 24th March 2020, at 8 p.m., the Prime Minister announced a complete nationwide lockdown commencing from midnight. This caused a country of 1.3 billion to launch into survival mode and gave them four hours to gird up their loins for a life-altering reality. The imposition of re-defined social norms, although necessary to control the virus, invisibly affects the mental health of the masses.

Pandemic and mental trauma

The physical symptoms of a person affected by a disease, especially COVID-19, reflect within a fortnight. However, the diagnosis of mental trauma caused due to a pandemic may be prolonged. The rise, subsistence and fall of a pandemic directly impact the mental health of those living through it.

According to Mark Henick, a mental health strategist, when a person faces trauma his nervous system has a “peak” and “valley” response. When the trauma due to a pandemic is thriving, a majority of people throw themselves into survival mode, which is extremely taxing on mental health. People are left with limited time to process the trauma and immediately occupy themselves to get through the unwelcomed incident. This is called the peak response. When the trauma ends, people kick into the valley response, which is reflected through post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and behavioural alterations. It causes people to find methods of disassociating themselves with the trauma experienced.

After the pandemic ends, there is a high probability of exposure to residual stress, depression, financial pressures, the uncertainty of the future, and anxiety of re-engaging with the new definition of “normal”. These additional challenges make it difficult for a person to return to the “baseline” (lifestyle existing prior to the trauma), in the absence of professional help. This proposition stood the test during the SARS outbreak in 2003. A study[i] published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry reflected that that one year after the outbreak of SARS-2003, survivors had elevated stress levels, and showed worrying levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic symptoms.

The trauma caused due to a pandemic not only adversely impacts the mental health of the individual struggling with it, but also affects his / her immediate social circle. The consequences may include strained inter-personal relations, increase in domestic violence, child abuse, disassociation from existing social groups, and even agoraphobia.

Causes and impact on vulnerable social groups

There cannot be a straightjacket formula to determine whether the mental health of a particular section of society may or may not be adversely impacted due to the outbreak. However, some groups are more vulnerable in comparison to others. For instance, persons with existing mental illnesses would find it more challenging to cope with the pandemic. Similarly, persons who survive the disease may suffer from anxiety of re-entering the society, and the fear of the probable stigma attached to their condition.

Healthcare service personnel and first responders such as police officials, essential service providers, etc. may demonstrate signs of societal withdrawal, increased emotional stress, and depression. Lower-income groups and migrant labourers may suffer from anxiety due to prolonged unemployment, and reduction in means of survival. Persons recovering from alcohol/substance addiction may find mandatory lockdowns to be an additional challenge in their journey towards sobriety.

Excessive exposure to information about the outbreak on social networks, or other media platforms may trigger a person to exhibit irrational behaviour, such as hoarding excessive supplies. Another cause of mental stress is the practice of extreme social distancing instead of physical distancing, which leads to people isolating themselves due to the fear of contracting the disease. The degree of mental trauma may differ from person to person; however, when levels of anxiety reach alarming heights, it is imperative to seek professional / assistance.

The way forward

The world is presently at an active trauma stage, insofar as COVID-19 pandemic is concerned. The battle towards strengthening our community mental health is yet to begin. Fortunately, with increased awareness of methods to cope with psychological issues, the taboo surrounding mental health is on a downward trajectory.

The World Health Organization published a Report suggesting measures to address mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak. It inter alia recommended that individuals must minimize watching, reading or listening to news about COVID-19, and must access news only once or twice a day. The public must amplify positive stories and images of local people who have survived the outbreak. Conscientious steps must be taken to refrain from referring to those diagnosed as “COVID-19 cases” or “victims”, and must identify them as “people recovering from COVID-19”. It is important to separate the identity of a person from the disease, in order to reduce social ostracization.

Similarly, in an attempt to effectively address mental health concerns of Indian citizens during the pandemic, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India through the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences suggested tips to manage mental health titled “Minding our minds during the COVID-19”. The Ministry uploaded a short video series known as “Lockdown to Knockdown” proposing steps which may be adopted by individuals to overcome emotional or psychological stress. In addition to the above, the Ministry announced a Psycho-Social Toll-Free Helpline number[ii] to ensure access to professional help for those in need.

Dr.Peter Yellowlees, Professor of General Psychiatry at University of California, recommends focusing on physical health, meditation and virtually contacting one’s supportive social network to reduce emotional distress. He suggests that reasonable degrees of anxiety are beneficial, as they ensure conformity to conditions of the lockdown. However, extreme anxiety may cause a person to become agoraphobic. He advises maintaining a schedule to keep anxiety levels in check. Suggestions made by Dr Yellowlees may aid in restricting adverse impact on mental health. However, there can be no substitute for professional medical help.

There is a window of opportunity for the society to implement steps to mitigate the mental health crisis likely to follow the pandemic. In these testing times, it is not a cakewalk to train our minds into following a schedule or participating in productive activity. Nonetheless, taking one step at a time to ensure mental safety and emotional stability at an individual level can contribute to the health of society at large.

Pay-Per-Click Advertising – A Digital marketing strategy

Digital marketing are all marketing activities for a product or service that use an electronic device or the Internet.In this article , we shall look at the PPC (Pay-per-click) strategy extending to affiliate advertising or marketing .

Pay-Per-Click Advertising (PPC)

PPC, or Pay-per-click, is a form of advertising on search engines, like Google and Bing. Basically, it’s the process of buying visits to your site. Pay-per-click marketing deals with paid search results on Google  (i.e) It’s a way of moving to the top of search engine results pages by paid means (sponsored) unlike optimizing the website for organic search ,as in SEO. It’s called PPC because your ad account is charged every time one of your advertisements is clicked. The cost of each ad, or CPC (cost per click), depends on your industry ,the quality score of your website and the keywords to be targeted. This type of digital marketing demands a thorough analysis of keywords, especially those that are relevant to your business. You can use the Google Keyword Planner and Google AdWords to carry out your research and arrive on a set of keywords that are popular yet cost-effective for you.

When you put out a PPC ad, there’s usually little to no upfront cost. If a customer clicks on your ad, you pay a minimal cost. If no one clicks on it, then you pay nothing. This makes it attractive for small businesses who are on a limited budget. PPC is sort of like a paid version of SEO. You actually bid for advertising space for certain keywords on search engines. The bidding process involves few aspects that the advertiser should prioritise: Bid amount , Quality of advert , Formats (video , display advert , including various extensions) and Expected clickthrough rate (CTR). These combine to give advertisements an ‘Ad Rank.’ The Ad Rank is compared to competing advertisements to determine where the advertisement is placed.

 How it Works

PPC is one of the types of paid search. It’s similar to SEM (search engine marketing) but can also include display advertising (cost-per-click based), and affiliate advertising.

Through tools like Google AdWords, PPC works on finding keywords that your website will perform well, and dependent on the competition, CPC is determined. Through bidding on keywords, against competitors, your ad appears in relevant search results and will charge you if a user clicks on your ad.

Both SEO and PPC campaigns can be tracked or measured using the supremely handy Google Analytics tool.


Many of the businesses use both short-term and long-running PPC campaigns. PPC campaigns can be a short-term solution, and many use it to shift products or seasonal deals, as a way to boost revenue. SEO work is about your ranking being ‘earned’, but in PPC your ranking on the first page is bought. Small businesses may not be able to go for this digital marketing method, especially for longer periods.

PPC can also extend to affiliate marketing and ads on other sites.

 Influencer/Affiliate Marketing

 It is a type of online advertising through networking which includes influencers to endorse and make reference to your products. The concept of affiliate marketing is similar to the sales based on commission. Organizations provide custom links to their affiliates. Affiliates earn a specific commission every time someone purchases products through their custom link. Influence marketing could be considered a modern way of affiliate marketing.

A fantastic way to increase your audience is to get someone with a following to endorse your brand. If you can get a celebrity or a well known personality person to endorse your brand online, you will create a pathway between their audience and yours, creating an interest among their audience to investigate your product or service further. Affiliate marketing involves a partnership with an online retailer where you earn a commission from every sale or lead (chance of becoming a potential buyer) that you bring in. The two most common ways of doing this are:

  • Offering a unique discount code to their readers/followers
  • Linking to your website from their content website

Whenever a user plugs in the discount code or clicks on the link, you pay your affiliate partner for the website traffic/sale. The most popular affiliate network is Amazon Associates, but there are also affiliate marketing programs with eBay, Shopify, and other e-commerce sites.It’s a win-win in most cases. You outsource some of your marketing, reach a new target audience in niche communities, calculate and discuss your cost-per-click/sale , and only pay for actual conversions. In return, your partners get to earn a passive income with no upfront cost and very little stress.

Affiliate marketing refers to the process of paying for conversions. This means there is no upfront cost to affiliate marketing. Many bloggers or e-commerce websites use affiliate marketing.

Influencer marketing is among the newer types of digital marketing. Influencer marketing uses people with an enormous online reach considered experts by your target market to drive traffic and sales.Influencer marketing is popular on social media channels like Instagram and Snapchat. Companies hire Instagrammers with large followings to promote their brand by posting one or more photos with the product. Always make sure to do your research on an influencer before you decide to do business with them.Many companies work with such influencers to create brand awareness and convert at least some of their huge fan following into profitable leads for themselves. Many others let affiliates or brand representatives reach out to a varied demographic and generate sales.

Display Advertising :

This form of advertising refers to the process of advertising a product or service through visuals like images and videos on networks of publisher websites such as the Google Display Network and Facebook etc.

Display ads are placed on relevant third-party websites in the form of banner, image and text ads. Display advertising is pretty much a blanket term that includes every visual ad placed on a website. A display ad, or banner ad, is the box or ‘banner’ on a website that stands out from the rest of the website and looks distinctly like an ad. For example, it often features a product image, brand, and call-to-action (CTA).Display ads can range from simple static image banners , GIF ads , animated HTML ads to videos and interactive applications. But one thing remains the same: when clicked on by a viewer they link back to a company’s website, or a dedicated landing page. The main purpose of display advertising is to deliver general advertisements and brand messages to site visitors.

Conclusion :

PPC is one of the types of paid search. It’s similar to SEM (search engine marketing) but can also include display advertising (cost-per-click based), and affiliate advertising. Many bloggers or e-commerce websites use affiliate marketing. Display ads can range from simple static image banners , animated  ads to videos and interactive applications.Depending on the budget and the type of business, this marketing strategy can be used for a shorter or longer term.

Please do check out the following link to explore further about this topic :


Yes, you have hear right….WORLD WAR III and you know what, among which countries this will going to happen??? This WORLD WAR III will take place between all the countries and guess regarding what this will going to happen????…… I tell you the main reason for the WORLD WAR III will be WATER. yes water is always been an important and necessary thing to us… for us water is just a thing , ask those people who have to walk in kms to get the water , ask those who have to stand up in a long queue in sunny and once the water get finished in the tank then they have to return to their home with sad faces…they have to face daily- daily quarrels, there is always a long queue in small towns , there a lot of people and the source of water is just one tap!!!!….. Ask those women who have to walk in sunny even though they are pregnant ….. and you know what… all either it is man or woman both have to struggle a lot for water in all the seasons either it is winter/summer/rainy…..first they have to search a lot for their ROZI ROTI and then they have to do all the efforts for WATER….for them water is not just a thing !!!…for them water is an EMOTION… they know very well what the true value of water is, because they have to pay their sweat, time, feelings….to get water…

India is not a water scarce country. Along with having major rivers, we receive an average annual rainfall of 1170 millimetres. But lack of sensitization with regard to both conservation of water and pollution of water sources has resulted in a large part of the population for whom water has become more of a curse than a boon. Infrastructure for storage of water must be developed properly to ensure that people have access to safe water across the country, said Dr. Narayan G. Hegde, Trustee of the BAIF Development Research Foundation and author of the report ‘Water Scarcity in India.
Water supply in India has two principal sources, namely water from rivers and groundwater. However, the rivers are shrinking because of pollution and industrialization, while the population keeps growing, pushing us towards an enormous water deficit.

Rampant pollution, dumping of sewage waste and abuse of the rivers has led to large sections of important rivers like Ganga and Yamuna becoming unfit for use. Take for instance, the Ganga, which flows through 11 states of India and provides water to more than 500 million people.

Many parts of the Ganga in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have become completely unfit for use because of incessant waste disposal, ranging from dead bodies and to industrial waste. Earlier the water in many parts of these two states could be consumed and used for other purposes, but pollution has rendered the river water completely useless, said Vikas Chandra, an activist who has been campaigning for a pollution free Ganga for the last 19 years.

Safe drinking water, a basic amenity has become a luxury in many Indian households, especially in semi-urban and rural areas. Official figures show that each day, approximately 500 million liters of wastewater from industrial sources is dumped into the Ganga. The Yamuna, similarly receives 850 million gallons of sewage every day from Delhi alone. For those who are dependent on groundwater sources, the presence of arsenic in the eastern belt in the Ganga-Brahmaputra region poses equally dangerous threats.

Arsenic is a major problem, especially for people residing in the Ganga-Brahmaputra belt in eastern India. Arsenic laden water has many adverse health effects and affects over 900 million people in India. With India’s rivers becoming more polluted with every passing day, the dependency on groundwater resources is increasing. But steps must be taken to ensure that people do not end up using arsenic laden water, as that would be more harmful than beneficial, said K.B. Biswas, Chairman, Central Ground Water Board.

Several initiatives have been undertaken to deal with the water crisis looming ahead of India, both by government and non-government bodies. In 2014, the 20,000 crore Namami Gange program was announced by the Union Government. It is a holistic program that not focuses on cleaning the Ganga, along with setting up biodiversity centers, crematoriums and toilets along the river banks to reduce pollution in the river.
Cleaning up rivers is not the only solution India should look at, as rainwater and groundwater resources of India are also facing risk.
Data collected from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation states that 45,053 villages had access to piped water and hand pumps by the end of 2016-17, accounting for 64.19 per cent of India. Almost 19,000 villages across the country still do not receive regular water supply.
In 2015, a report by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation stated that though India receives an average annual rainfall of 1170 mm, poor storage infrastructure allows it to store only 6 per cent of rainwater, compared to 250 per cent stored by developed nations.

Rainwater storage and harvesting is still not a regular practice in India. In 2001, the Tamil Nadu government made it compulsory for each household to have rainwater harvesting infrastructure and the results reflected in the improvement of overall water quality within 5 years. A similar experiment has been tried out in the cities of Bangalore and Pune, where housing societies are required to harvest rainwater.

So, these are the reports…. Government is doing what is in its hands and this is our responsibility to corporate with government and make every cleaning water mission successful.
Here we have talk about only India so now just think how many countries are facing this situation, how many countries are in red zone…….and if the whole world will not united to conserve water then one day we will face the situation like war for WATER.


Actually there is ENOUGH water on our earth, God has given us a lot of water and we all know that 70% of the earth is covered by water but still people are dying with the thirst ,why????….. Because we are fail to conserve it, to use it in right direction…. Water is present but the problem is drinking water is not present… Because we all want to drink the so called MINERAL WATER but no one put their efforts to keep it mineral, to keep it hygienic, and to keep it safe for the future generation. We can see it in ourselves, in our surroundings that what we have done for water???? Nothing Na!!!! If someone says to us that we should use limited water, we should use it in that quantity in which we need it, we just don’t waste it …. Then what we do what kind of response we give to them??….. We say to them that they just mind their own business and of course, what they have done so they are saying it to us!!!!!…. RIGHT!!!!…

Before saying it to them we should peek out into ourselves rather saying them bad words… we should initiate to keep the water clean and encourage everyone to do so…only if we want… that the clean water will remain available for us as well as for our future generations. NOW THIS IS THE TIME WE ALL HAVE TO WAKE UP WE HAVE TO DO SOMETHING REGARDING THIS OTHERWISE IT WILL BE TOO LATE …TOO LATE….

Pomeranian dog breeds

The little Pomeranians are cute and fierce dogs which have come to become a household pet. They are highly affectionate, require minimum space, active, have the agility and turn out to be great family companions. As pets, they are highly devoted towards their owners and their small size should not be taken for granted, as they still possess a big-dog attitude. The Pomeranian affectionately referred to as “Pom”, is the smallest member of the spitz family. It is believed that they have been named after the Pomeranian region in north-west Poland and north-east Germany. The pom dog comes in many radiant colors such as red, orange, white with black being the most common. They make very good companions to old people. One of the advantages of having such a diminutive sized pet is that it requires low maintenance and can be easily kept in homes that lack a backyard. Despite their small-sized, they are known to have very loud barks imitating an intimidating persona.

Due to their small size, they require a small amount of food as well. The diet of the dog mainly depends on the size and activity level. The poms are an overly enthusiastic breed but it can be easy to overfeed them. The recommended amount is ¼ to ½ cup of high-quality dry food per day which should be protein-rich, otherwise, they may experience digestive issues. It is best if divided into two meals. Supplements like boiled chopped liver or chicken can be excellent sources of proteins and vitamins.

Pomeranian personality can be described as a bundle of joy. The tiny creatures are a wild bunch of enthusiastic, people-friendly breed and possess certain character traits which makes them completely different from other breeds.Though they have a high tendency to be stubborn, they are smart enough to be trained properly. They make excellent watchdogs as they always remain vigilant of their surroundings and can easily detect the changes.

In all, they make lively and playful companions. Some of the puppies are genuinely friendly while some may have a temperament. These poms can be made to socialize early so that they grow up to be well-rounded. Some poms may have a habit of barking a lot which can be a cause of annoyance for the people around them. That is why there is a need to train them well, similar to other dog breeds. It is not a good choice for children since they may not respond well if mishandled.

Every breed of dogs has its benefits as well as disadvantages. If one is new to being a pet owner, Pomeranians can be a good choice. They can be your best friend if they are trained well enough.

Why You think You Aren’t Good Enough

Many of us have days and times when we think…we just aren’t good enough. We think that whatever efforts or hardwork we put in, we just can’t reach there. People may think that they are the weird ones for thinking like that. But in reality, most of at some point of our lives feel that way.

We tend to be most unforgiving of our own faults and mistakes. This is why we often sometimes hear the phrase that we can be our worst enemies. It is because our thoughts constantly express how we are flawed and are at fault all the time.

Let’s see what are the several ways that lead us to thinking so.

We compare us with others. It’s no mystery that everyone’s lives, situations and personalities are different. No two people are exactly the same. Everyone’s chapters of their books are different. Then, why is it that we forget this small but important detail when we critically compare ourselves with others? We must remember that there’s always going to be someone smarter, richer, prettier than us. So are we going to make our own lives miserable for constantly thinking about things that the other person has or are we going to be thankful for what we currently have? Chances are that the person we are envious of, is actually envious of us. They might wish that they had something we have! So we will always be miserable if we get stuck in this endless cycle of constant comparison.

Talking down to ourselves. By doing this, we allow our insecurities and fears get the best of us. It ultimately makes us overthink and feel like we just aren’t capable of doing something. We often have cruel and discouraging thoughts from time to time. We forget that these are just thoughts. In reality, we ourselves have the capability of deciding to think what we want to think. More importantly, don’t be so quick to believe everything you think. Because our thoughts are dynamic in nature. So if we are having negative thoughts, and we put in just a little bit of effort and be a little bit optimistic, these same negative thoughts will change into the positive ones.

Our worst traits don’t define who we are. We all have flaws. We all have some positive traits too. But sometimes, we think that our worst traits define us. For example, I may be horrendous at maths to the point of having to take a retest. But at the same time, I am really good at history so much so that I received a scholarly certificate for that. Now it’s up-to me, whether I want to crib about being bad at maths and stay negative or think about my positive traits and push myself to the extent that I become unbeatable at history. We always have the choice of thinking about our traits in a positive and negative light. We must remember that we are always in control of what we think. Being kind to yourself is just as important as being kind to others.

You are always enough. We are always a work in progress till the very moment we die. As long as we have a will to improve ourselves and become a better version of ourselves, we are always enough. We don’t have to be so harsh on ourselves because everyone has imperfections. Everyone has flaws. But that does not mean that we have to be cruel towards ourselves to the extent that we start believing our thoughts of being ‘worthless’. Because you are definitely worth it.

So, what point did you relate with the most? That is the one you have to work on. Take your time. The only person who you owe any explanation is you. Be who you truly are instead of hiding away your insecurities in a box. Because true happiness, is not just a destination it’s the road of getting through which you ultimately loving yourself.


Children….in our country there is a saying that “BACCHE BHAGWAAN KA ROOP HOTE HAIN”….. but there are some people who thought that making money and more money is the only thing in this world they just don’t think about humanity, love, affection, respect, care…. they just compare everything to money, they can do anything for money there are several crimes like murder, human trafficking, rape, robbery, assault and the list is too long…..

                       As we know that there is no connection between the criminal and the feelings they just do crime either it is with old, young, woman, man, child. But there are some hilarious crimes which takes place with children like CHILD ABUSE, CHILD TRAFFICKING (the part of human trafficking), KIDNAPPING and many more….

According to a report by the National Human Rights Commission of India, 40,000 children are abducted each year, leaving 11,000 untraced.

NGO’s estimate that between 12,000 and 50,000 women and children are trafficked into the country annually from neighboring nations as a part of the sex trade.

Every year, 44,000 children fall into the clutches of gangs. Though most of the trafficking occurs within the country, there is also a significant number of children trafficked from Nepal and Bangladesh. There are many different causes that lead to child trafficking, with the primary reasons being poverty, weak law enforcement, and a lack of good quality public education. The traffickers that take advantage of children can be from another area in India, or could even know the child personally. Children who return home after being trafficked often faces shame in their communities, rather than being welcomed home.

There are several crimes are increasing so government of India has taken legal actions against it and many missions are also going on to save the children.


  • India has ratified the SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution as well as United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (UNCTOC) which has as one of its Protocols Prevention, Suppression and Punishment of Trafficking in Persons, particularly Women and Children.
  • Recently Ministry of women and child development unveils first ever anti-human trafficking law and also for the first time, the National Crime Record Bureau’s Crime in India report included data on trafficking investigations, prosecutions, and convictions. Government also providing fund for rehabilitation and other issues of the victims of human trafficking.
  • A MOU was signed was between India and Bangladesh for Prevention of Human Trafficking in Women and Children, Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking
  • In 2003, India enforced the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, which includes three protocols, specifically the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.
  • On a national level, Article 23 of the Constitution of India explicitly bans human trafficking. The Government of India has also passed other acts and amended the Indian Penal Code (IPC) to address the challenge of child trafficking. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1986 (ITPA) is an amended version of The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (SITA). SITA made human trafficking for prostitution illegal and outlined legal action against people involved in human trafficking in any capacity. ITPA made laws friendlier towards the victim. ITPA also created a system to rehabilitate victims of trafficking and prevent them from bring trafficked again. In 2013, the IPC was amended to create new provisions to address human trafficking in India that are more in line with the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.
  • CRY is a critically acclaimed and internationally recognized NGO. It is a genuine and transparent organization which fights for children’s rights and protect them. CRY is the best medium one can get to the grass root level and uplift children. CRY is by far most trusted NGO in India.

By the action taken by government of India against the child trafficking we hope that the number of crimes decrease day by day…..


I just want to ask why it is happening in our society… and why these crimes with children are going on…there are a lot of schemes , lot of plans , for better education, for better living, for better life.. Which are organized by government of India but the sad reality is… don’t know how many from us just don’t know about these plans & schemes!!!!!!! For this we can assign work to NGOs and other organizations which can just better execute this work by increasing their network in those areas where the reachability is less and get aware them about everything, and also help them to connect with all…….  

Hobbies I took up during quarantine

Quarantine period gave me enough time to take up some hobbies. Some of them are:

WRITING: Writing is one of the activities I am loving the most right now. I was not very well versed with words when I spoke so I took to writing instead. It gave me enough time to gather my thoughts and pen them down on a sheet of paper. I always did it as a hobby since it made me happy. My interest in writing basically arose from when I started reading books. It initiated my thinking process and my ideas finally found an outlet in the form of writing. The best part about writing is the amount of variety and variability one can get from it. One can easily express themselves. Nowadays, I write about my day in my journal and also, what I expect from the next day.

PAINTING: Another thing that I picked up is painting. I have always loved art, so I finally tried to make some brush strokes and my attempt made me happy. Indulging in creative activities has finally stirred up my mind to think something out of the box as well.

BINGE-WATCHING: I have also utilized my time to finally catch up on new TV series, movies and K-dramas. There is a lot of content to choose from and makes up a good time-pass. This also makes up for fun. Having movie-time with your family with all the snacks ready gives a cinema-like vibe.

COOKING: Photos and videos of people on Instagram trying out new recipes also inspired me to try my hand at cooking. This one is a bit hard for me but I am learning a lot. Cooking should not only be a hobby but is a necessity since one can’t always order delivery.

FINDING NEW MUSIC: Music is comfort for soul. I have tried finding different genres of music and discovered some hidden gems. Now I have a personalized playlist for every activity of mine.

There are a lot of things one can do while sitting at home during quarantine. Get your creative minds working and try to develop new skills. But don’t be under pressure to do something productive all the time since rest and time for yourself is equally important.

The Digital Divide

It is dangerously destabilizing to have half the world on the cutting edge of technology while the other half struggles on the bare edge of survival.

– William J. Clinton

It’s the knowledge gap created when one group of people have greater access to digital resources (computers, smartphones, the internet) and so are better informed, better educated and across new developments more quickly than people who either don’t have these things, or have limited access. Needless to say, the end result is increasing inequality between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’ as knowledge is today’s primary currency.

This divide between rural and urban India stems from economic inequality. Sixty-seven million Indians who comprise the poorest half see only 1 per cent increase in their wealth, and 63 million Indians are pushed into poverty because of increasing healthcare costs, every year. It would take 941 years for a minimum-wage worker in rural India to earn what a top-paid executive earns in a year. The problem of the digital divide is also presents itself as a symptom that points us to a much deeper problem in our economic development. And this is a problem that characterizes both the developed and underdeveloped nations in the world. Once the economic challenges of low education levels, poor infrastructure development, and low quality of life/ income levels are addressed, the digital divide will be eliminated.

The digital divide means the ‘haves’ have internet access, unrestricted internet access, fast internet access, 24/7. They can get into the greatest minds (and most insane stupidity) the world has ever created, whenever they feel like it, from the comfort of their couch, bed, cafe table, etc. Poorer people may not have this. They might have a computer but it’s an old one and has issues, if they have internet at home, it’s likely a plan with a data limit, it may have slower times, especially if it’s being shared among a large number of people. And if they don’t have internet at home, then they’re reliant on free Wi-Fi where ever they can scrounge it in order to find the answers to their questions, complete their schoolwork and so on. And so, the ‘haves’ have information (the new world currency) at their fingertips and continue to move forward and up. The relative ‘have-nots’ lag, fall behind and struggle. Strikes me as a pretty serious disadvantage. The digital divide is predicted to an alternate and more severe form in the next ten years.

Contemporary ways need to be developed to tackle this issue as the challenges it presents now are completely different from the challenges it presented ten ten years ago. This is because as technology innovates at an increased rate over time the gap between those who take advantage of it and who do not widen. The issue is now less about the access to technology because people across socio-economic groups have access via smartphones. The new challenge is that is they are not aware of the value proposition that today’s services avail to them then they will never take advantage of them. The biggest assumption is that everyone has equal knowledge of how today’s digital platforms can benefit them. So there are no real efforts to educate the disconnected.

For the digital divide to be eliminated, the affordability of accessing internet has to be increased. To combat is ‘participation inequality’, where users lack the skills to use it, the public needs to be educated on the benefits and value of utilizing the internet and the various resources within it to achieve economic and social growth. To encourage internet adoption in remote places, local content and applications need to be developed in local languages that can be understood by the local populace. Thus, relevance of online content needs to be improved. Lastly, the internet infrastructure needs to be developed through proper planning and implementation.

If necessary measures are not taken, the existing socioeconomic gap will keep widening with digital illiteracy. The only mechanism to tackle the situation is by teaching computer science, a subject of equal relevance among sciences and maths at the grassroots as well. As of now, it remains an elective subject.

The digital divide.

Social Media Has Turned Into A Breeding Ground for Toxicity

Social Media is great – no contesting that. It’s a tool for self-empowerment, it’s a way to express yourself, it’s a way to stay connected with your inner circle….all of that. But what happens when the noise of social media becomes so intense that it overpowers your life? Unfortunately, that’s what social media has become for many people today. There’s everything from the infamous cancel culture, fleeting news trends, and fake influencers, to the body dysmorphia faced mostly by women users…..the list goes on.

Being a social media user myself, I find it disturbing how petty and superficial our reliance on social media has become. Instead of developing our personalities through real life experiences, we have developed digital walls. Walls filled with ideas of perfectionism and unrealistic standards of life. I’m still mind blown that we once lived in a world where social media was just another piece of entertainment. Now, it seems to be a necessity to function in life. You are not cool unless you have social media. If you don’t, you are deemed a social outcast. Life is not a picture, nor can it be summarized in a bunch of captions. We are not one-dimensional people, yet we are glued to boxes with snippets of other people’s lives. We wake up first thing in the morning checking our notifications to see how many likes and comments we’ve garnered. This was me, and I know this is a lot of you out there too. But at the end of the day, does of any this matter? If we as a community rely on digital acceptance to function as human beings, then it’s really just disappointing. Our happiness should not be defined by social media, let alone a heart or like. Social media is harmful to us, especially to the younger generation.

We as a society rely on digital acceptance to function as human beings. Nowadays, we can’t take a photo without some sort of embellishment, the “right” angle, or even a filter. We’ve been convinced that anything less than perfect is a flaw, and thus unacceptable. Curves, lips, accomplishments, awards, etc. define beauty and success. If it’s not an already altered image of our self, it’s one of something as trivial as food. But for what? To make someone jealous? Does happiness really need to come through the acceptance of others with a single like on a post? Our intentions on posting may be harmless, but our mind set is so focused on the opinions of other people. When are we going to focus on ourselves? Doing things for ourselves, because of what we want and need regardless of what other people may think.

Social media also enables commoditizing social status via likes is detrimental to mental health.
It’s disheartening to see what social media has done to our society. Nothing feels genuine anymore. A picture is taken to be posted on Snapchat. A video to be shared on our story. An activity because it’s popular on Instagram. We read posts on a person’s Facebook and assume to know their whole life.

Today’s social publishing environment rewards sensationalized content, thereby damaging healthy relationships online. These platforms reward “engagement” by highlighting highly liked posts more prominently in newsfeeds, accustomizing social media users to attempting to post that sensationalized content themselves. This attention-seeking behavior has left people vulnerable to dangerous propaganda and influence campaigns.

Social media is not life, instead, at this point, it has evolved into a wall. What was once a seemingly harmless platform, then, has now evolved into a powerful machine that, due to confusing hate speech and privacy policies, has set dangerous precedents for the future of social media.

At the end of the day, we need to come to the realization that social media doesn’t define us, but it should represent who we are.

Social Media has turned into a breeding ground for toxicity.

Photonics in fruit grading

Fruit commercialization is adopting the scientific method and detecting, grading,
packaging the fruits on the basis of comprehending the physiology metabolism law,
protecting and improving the quality, and achieving the change from the elementary
raw material to high added-value commodity. Nowadays, reducing the consumption
of post-harvest fruit is the most concerned question for the world agricultural trade. It
was reported that the consumption of post-harvest fruit in developed countries accounted for the 15-20% of the total amount. China is the world’s largest fruits and vegetable production country. The breeding, culturing, and pest control was paid
much attention, however, the post-harvest processing technology was neglected, the
question of detecting, grading, transporting, preservation was not solved, so the lost of
post-harvest fruits and vegetables in circulation was huge, the loss ratio was
30%~40% every year.


With the rapid development of science and technology and computer vision technique
to the development of agricultural field, new methods of non-destructive detection for
fruit quality were provided. The main methods included optical properties, sonic vibration, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), machine vision technique, electrical properties detection, computed tomography and electronic noses technique and so on.

In recent years, fruits (of any variety) has become one of the most dependable organic product produced by farmers across the world; this lived much to its expectation as it serves not only for direct consumption, but also as a raw material for other products. Organic products grading and sorting is a vital procedure for producers, which influences the natural products quality assessment and export market. Despite the fact that the grading and sorting can be and has always been done by human, it is slow, tedious and prone to error, hence the need to evolve a smart fruit grading and sorting machine system. Researchers, at various level had come up with various designs with different algorithms for fruit grading by utilizing textural and morphological elements to distinguish the healthy fruits from the defected ones. Subsequently, these features, otherwise known as optical sorting, is the automated process of sorting solid products using sensors. Such sensors utilize product driven knowledge of the picture preparing system, by detecting the colour of fruits, shape and other auxiliary properties. The sensor (sorter) compares fruits based on client’s characterized acknowledgment to distinguish, sort and expel defected fruits and other foreign material from the creation line or to isolate result of various evaluations.

HR Measures to Manage Supply Chain Disruption due to COVID-19

Supply chain disruptions create scary and uncertain times for businesses. Sometimes, these disruptions are small and localized, it may affect only a few business or industries. But when the supply chain is disrupted by local events like natural disasters, global events (like pandemics), suddenly the magic seems like it was all smoke and mirrors.
A supply chain management could be defined as- “It is any sudden change or crisis which negatively impacts any process”.
The COVID-19 global pandemic has caused a major upheaval in the supply chains of many businesses in the world. “In a study, almost 75% of the 628 businesses surveyed had experienced supply chain disruptions as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. In this same survey, 57% of respondents said they were facing longer lead times for orders with suppliers in China. (Institute for Supply Management)”
The spread of COVID-19 has become a top risk for supply chain managers which is now being felt across the multiple industries and businesses. This impact has become global in nature ad is very challenging for the managers to model and evaluate.
So, here some measures should be taken by HR Managers to manage the supply chain:

Recommending some short actions-

Material criticality- To focus and to understand the material criticality in order to assess how production process may be impacted and made more efficient. Material criticality is going to be an essential factor in the industrial production process.

Transportation mode and supply demand balance- By evaluating using other modes of transportation to reduce replenishment times. Focusing on balancing of supply and demand by building buffer stock as necessary.

Supplier- Centric Procurement- Moving towards a supplier centric approach to procurement, hence, this practice drive 26% more savings than focusing solely on price reductions. This will allow integrate towards environment, contribute to business, product and category innovation.

Supplier diversification- Diversifying the sources can be the safety net that will ensure cutting edge products and service availability. Another benefit is being able to have a database of qualified suppliers, enabling opportunity in a variety of scenarios.
By analyzing the prices, location, and range of goods provided by each supplier. It just not about to have multiple sources. It encourages businesses to connect with smaller suppliers. Considerations should be given to dual sourcing for critical components.

Supplier stabilization- Support suppliers, contracts and relationships with manufacturing closer to the point of purchase. Explore the strategies to “buy where you make, and make where you sell.”
Supply chain risk monitoring- Utilizing the risk evaluation and monitoring tools that use machine learning techniques to predict patterns that indicate the exposure to various risks.

Recommending some long actions-

Identify and repair broken links in the supply chain- Companies need to maintain regular contact with suppliers regarding their capability to deliver goods and services. Most companies are likely to experience significant disruptions and throughout the duration of the COVID-19 crisis.
Reimagining the supply chain model, leverage digital ecosystems and market networks, and enable newer forms of collaboration to work around disrupted supply chains.

Conduct a scenario planning and develop action plans- Once the initial impacts of the crisis are mitigated, it’s all about foreseeing the next ‘when’. The leaders and managers can take a proper planning and develop all the actions which are to be performed. Organization routinely complete financial plans to ensure they achieve organizational goals.
For example, coordinating assets to optimize the delivery of goods, services from supplier to customer and balancing the demand and supply. Proper collaborative planning which should include forecasting and replenishment
Most important to make the move to real time supply chain planning, anticipate the demand of the end customer. Example, based on the previous year’s numbers, a company can estimate the number of products it will sell in the next quarter. But what is a disruption leading to too little supply on the shelves? So, with a proper real time solution, it can be created scenarios and plan more effectively so the one is ready for any disruptions.

Tackle strategic and concentrated supplies- So, tackling strategic and concentrated supplies with the high value of risk where internal risk capabilities to absorb, such as alternative sources, routes, inventory and cash reserves which aren’t sufficient to mitigate any disruption. So, being fully prepared there might open new opportunities when the next disruption comes around.
For Example, in a company there is a HR strategy with HR mission statement with vision and some disruption caused while not keeping those points in mind and also not maintaining a proper conduct with the suppliers so, by keeping these words in mind a manager have to concrete with high level actions about how to execute and tackling the situation and creating a proper conduct with the suppliers.

Keep expenses in check and have backups for budget deficits- Firstly, determine how the crisis affects budgets and the business plans. If the impact is material and former budget assumptions and business plans are no longer relevant, remain agile and revise them properly. Secondly, keeping proper records so that afterwards there is no problem and if there is any disruption there should be a proper back up plan for future.
Where the business is significantly impacted, consider minimum operating requirements , including key dependencies of workforce, location and technology. At the same time, review overall operating costs and consider slowing down all nonessential expenses.


For a lot of organization, the highly impacted regions are at the heart of many global supply chains. Although it is very difficult to predict the exact consequences of COVID-19, organizations have to plan for material shortages which are routed from logistical hubs impacted areas.
To survive the business even in the event of crisis HR managers have to kept these points in their mind so that there is no problem in the future or any crisis is there. One should addresses employees well being too.

More LCA Tejas for the IAF

Tejas is an LCA (Light Combat Aircraft) designed by HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy. The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-engine, fourth-generation, multirole light fighter. It came from the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) program, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s aging MiG-21 fighters. In 2003, the LCA was officially named “Tejas”. It was developed as a replacement for older Mig-21 Aircraft.

As of 2019, the Indian Air Force has planned for a total of 324 Tejas in several variants. The first batch of 40 Mark 1 aircraft consists of 16 Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) standards that were delivered in early 2019. The delivery of the second batch of 16 Full Operational Clearance (FOC) standard aircraft commenced in late 2019 and led to the formation of the second Tejas squadron — No. 18 Squadron IAF Flying Bullets — in Sulur on 27 May 2020. The IAF will also go on to receive eight twin-seat trainers. The next 83 are to be to the upgraded Mark 1A standard. By the time these first 123 are delivered, the Tejas Mark 2 is expected to be ready for series production by 2025–26.

Recent news says that India is likely to finalize the INR 40,000 crore contract for 83 Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas jets, 20% cheaper from previously quoted price, next February at DefExpo-2020 event in Lucknow city, Uttar Pradesh state. In November 2016, Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), India’s highest decision-making body on procurement, approved the purchase of Tejas Mark-1A fighters by the IAF at a cost of Rs 50,025 crore. Subsequent negotiations between defense ministry, Indian Air Force (IAF), and manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) have helped bring down the price of the jets from INR 50,025 crore to INR 40,000 crore, Indian media reported late last week. “The draft contract of the deal has been readied by the HAL and the cost of the deal has now come down to around Rs 40,000 crore. This is Rs 10,000 crore less than the Acceptance of Necessity given by the Defense Ministry in 2016,” defense sources said. In December 2017, the IAF had issued a single-vendor tender to the HAL for procuring 83 LCA, but the negotiations and other related issues have been going on since then mainly due to issues over the price.

The aircraft will have improved serviceability, faster weapon-loading time, enhanced survivability, a better electronic warfare suite, an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar that will significantly enhance its capability.  The Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) had provided the Final Operational Clearance to the Tejas LCA earlier this year during Aero India in Bengaluru approving its capabilities including beyond visual range air-to-air and air-to-ground attack capabilities as well as longer endurance through mid-air refueling. In a previous order, the IAF had signed a deal with the HAL for 40 Tejas LCAs. So far, around 18 LCAs have been delivered to the IAF from the previous order.




Currently, 46 countries still recruit and train children under 18 years old. Children as young as 8 years old fight are the front lines act as spies, or supply weapons or lookouts or messengers or as suicide bombers or sexually exploited by the armies or non-state armed groups. Some of these children are either kidnapped or are forced to join these armed forces. Many are forced to join them because of financial constraints and social reasons; many are recruited by offering children with money or drugs.  Many girls are kidnapped and kept as sex slaves by the male fighters. These children are trained in weaponry to fight and are exposed to violent crimes that affect them mentally. Underage girls are recruited as sex slaves by male fighters. Currently, there are an estimated 250000 child soldiers in the world.


Despite the many drawbacks that children have they are more mouldable and can be indoctrinated easily. There are also many other reasons that children join the armed forces. Many join due to their financial backgrounds as they have to provide or make a contribution to their family, some join as their belief that the armed forces can keep them safe, lack of employment opportunities and poverty leads them to become child soldiers. Other children may be threatened or deceived into joining them by bribing the children with the hope of new friends or drugs. While others join on their own accord. Children who join on their own will join due to avenge their families or honor of fighting.

Effects on the children

Children who join these armed forces and groups are involved in violent initiation traditions where they kill their family members or friends to show loyalty to the group. Such kind of violent acts strains the relationship they have with their community and scar them mentally. Many of these children are trained to fight along the front lines or given secondary roles such as spies or cooks or messengers. Regardless of their job prescription, children are mentally affected. Many children have zero access to education and safe living conditions. Many children have psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, higher risk of violent behavior, high risk of suicide, and anti-social behavior. Girls are made into sex slaves and are violently assaulted and raped. They suffer from pre and post-pregnancy difficulties from rape. Rape affects girls mentally and physically. Due to unhygienic living conditions where there are no menstrual products and rape, they are more prone to getting UTIs or STDs. All these factors make rehabilitation a difficult process for children.



Many African countries still recruit child soldiers even though most African countries have agreed and ratified the African Charter of Rights and Welfare of The Child in 1990 which forbids the recruitment of children below the age of 18. The Democratic Republic of Congo has the highest number of child soldiers in the world. This is due to the first and second civil war in Congo which the army used by led by Thomas Lubanga Dyilo was 30 percent of children. A 2017 UN report on child soldiers in Africa said that the members of the terrorist military group in Somalia were 50 percent under the age of 18 and recruitment of child soldiers was also done by the Somali National Army.


The Iranian government has started to recruit child soldiers from Iran and Afghanistan to participate in the Syrian civil war in 2018. Palestinian group Hamas which controls the Gaza strip still recruits children into its militia. The people’s Protection Units which is a militant Kurdish party in Iraq has abducted more than 200 children to enlist them into the Syrian civil war in 2018. Many non-state actors in the Syrian civil war have recruited child soldiers to participate in the war. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have recruited children from Sudan to fight in the Yemini Civil war and the British SAS were allegedly involved in training these soldiers.


In Afghanistan, many child soldiers are recruited by the Taliban. In Myanmar, the government army recruits children from the young age of 11 years old were recruited in 2002 as reported by a UN report. The Moro Islamic Liberation Front and government-linked paramilitary forces were recruiting child soldiers, in 2016 this was discontinued but according to a UN report in 2017 other armed groups were still recruiting children.


All European nations have agreed and ratified the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, so the use of child soldiers isn’t in practice.

The ratification of the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict has significantly curbed the use of children in war as currently, 126 countries have ratified it. The treaty bans the recruitment of children under the age of 16 and also forbids non-state actors from recruiting children for any cause. The main struggle of child soldiers is their reintegration into society. Many of them have resentment and feel guilty about their community. It’s a very long process for them. They need to be given a safe environment, create a sense of forgiveness from the family. Most importantly need given access to education and support.   The use of children in armed conflict is a desperate human rights issue that needs to be resolved. This is a desperate human rights issue. The rights of these children must be protected. Government and non-state actors must make efforts to safeguard the rights of these children.



Has the prime got over? The question which circulates on everyone lips whenever Messi and Ronaldo come out to play for their clubs as well as their respective countries. Everything won except an international trophy by Leo Messi and everything won except the FIFA World Cup by Cristiano Ronaldo. The future of these players playing football certainly isn’t very long as there comes a point in every athletes life when he/she has to say goodbye to the game they gave there everything, and that day certainly isn’t very far off for these two legends of the beautiful game called Football.

Cristiano Ronaldo bursted onto the football field as a star when he was signed by Sir Alex Ferguson to play for the Red Devils at Old Trafford. The star in the making was rising there. Under the guidance of Manchester United legends like Sir Alex Ferguson himself, Wayne Rooney, Ryan Giggs, Paul Scholes, Rio Ferdinand, Luis Nani and many more to go with, Cristiano became a real star at Manchester United and all over the world. Who could forget that 2008 Champions League victory and after that the unbelievable transfer to Real Madrid in 2009 where he became a global star, probably we can say the Greatest of All Time (GOAT). Goals and goals are what we saw there at the time when he found his prime. Ballondors and Champions League kept on coming. Real Madrid and Cristiano won 3 Champions League in a row but then the news came of the transfer of Cristiano to Juventus, a new challenge? Maybe or maybe not. The speculations continue till date. And the first season in the Italian league saw Cristiano conquer Italy by winning the Seria, but couldn’t win the Champions League for a record 6th time. So, is the GOAT’s career really over? Has the prime finished? The answer to this question can certainly be no.

Yes, the goal scoring form may not be very consistent off late but the impact of Cristiano is certainly there to be seen by everyone whenever the legend turns up on the football field. That determination and passion at this age is what makes Cristiano different from many other footballers, except the other legend and probably his most competent rival, the legendary Barcelona and Argentine forward, Lionel Messi. Yes, the man with the most Ballondors in the history of football (6).

Lionel Messi has been a revolution in football. Be it those runs past 4-5 defenders or those magical goals, what can’t this man do. Messi came to Barcelona aged 13 and played for both its ‘C’ and ‘B’ teams before debuting for Barcelona in 2004. The young sensation then showed the world his skills and made the world bow down to him. Many criticized and raised questions about his height, being termed too small to play football, but the legend defined all odds. He has until now won 34 titles with Barcelona and maybe would end his footballing career where it all began, at the Nou Camp. Lionel Messi has been a great inspiration for many who want to quit because of people’s opinion about them. But has the magic ended?

The answer to it in my opinion is certainly no. Yes, the international defeats keep on coming and failure is a part of game, any game you play. Football is a team game and Messi has always been on the pioneer of success, but if the team doesn’t perform well, the blame shouldn’t be only thrown out to Messi. There are days when a player with his individual skills can win a game football for his/her team, Messi is one of them who has done it on a regular occasion, be it for Argentina or Barcelona.

In the end I want to say that respect is the ultimate thing we can give these two superstars of our generation rather than criticizing them or choosing who is the best among them. We should consider ourselves the luckiest generation to see these two greats play as even if one retires, the game of football will not be the same anymore, atleast for the 2000’s born kids. Legends is a very small word which describes them, they are formally known as the GOATS.  

A Biggest Threat (marks)?

As we all know that all boards results are out now so the biggest threat nowdays for students is marks ? Really …… I don’t think so ! I think the marks are not the threat the biggest and badest threat is our society ,,,why ?.. Because as you see many of us are affected from our society more than ourselves isn’t it ?…… We all do hardwork in pressure of being threatened by our society our neighbours our relatives isn’t it,what do you think ?

One person I’m glad I met

We all meet people in our lives, and they shape us into the people we are, whether we are aware of it or not. However, there are some people in our lives who know just how much they have changed our lives, and have helped us to become the person we are today.

The one person I am glad to have met is one of my best friend, life, love, other half. We met way back when i was in ninth grade, when I was young and foolish, and had a very narrow mindset about a lot of things. However, through the year, we became good friends, and I slowly felt myself becoming more open minded.

The one year of school we drifted, until high school brought us back, and from there our amazing friendship flourished. I learned many new things from him. I learned what it means to be adventurous, not care what people think, stand up for myself and I became more aware of the world around me, and more open minded about things I definitely wasn’t open minded about before.

He made me a better person, one that I am proud of today, and if it weren’t for him, I might not be this person that I am.

I’ve learned to question things. I’ve been inspired to create things, think things, do things I’ve never created, thought of or done before. He has brought wonder and magic into my life, and stern words and important lessons that I’ve needed to hear as well, all when necessary.

Meeting you may have been a blessing in disguise. At first I thought you were just another guy, but I soon figured out this wasn’t the case. You were different.

You showed me what it’s like to meet someone and have an instant, undeniable connection with them. That type of connection which makes you question every other emotion you’ve had towards someone.

You showed me that I am capable of having feelings for someone even though I’ve felt so numb to the world for so long.  I had so many reasons to push down almost every emotion. There was pain and anger and uncontrollable heartbreak. But you lit a spark under my heart.

Thank you for that.

You showed me that someone is capable of being interested in me even though I’ve convinced myself I am the girl no one will never love. So, I owe practically my life to him. I wouldn’t be the person I am without him, and for that, I feel blessed.

Can Money Make You Happy?

Money. It’s either the root of all evil or the best thing ever. People are arguing about the merits of wealth since they started saving it up. We’ve all faced the question of if we should always pursue money for its own sake, or if we might be happier without it.

Science increasingly shows that there’s a correct quantity of cash for happiness, but that countless variables make the quantity change for a small reason. The problem must be approached another way.

Philosophers have asked the same question. Every thinker who has tried to answer the question of how to live has had to wonder how much money was right to have. Here, we have got the ideas on how money affects happiness from ten philosophers which may assist you to decide what proportion money is enough.


In Aristotelian philosophy, virtue is the key requirement for a life well-lived. But while his stoic contemporaries thought virtue alone would assure a good life, Aristotle knew that a few other things would be needed. Among them are friendship, good luck, and money.

While he saw money as merely a tool to market other goals, he’s open about the very fact that the great life requires that you simply have a good amount of it. One of the things on his list of virtues needed to measure a full life is magnificence, which involves the donation of huge sums to charity.

He warns against the life dedicated to pursuing money, however, as this is often a life spent chasing something which is “useful for a few other ends” without ever reaching that end.

“The lifetime of money-making is one undertaken under compulsion, and wealth is evidently not the great we are seeking; for it’s merely useful and for the sake of something else.” —Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics


Henry David Thoreau is legendary for retreating to a cabin near Walden pound and writing a book about his experiment of living an easy, self-sufficient life within the wilderness. While his experiment is usually presented as quite it had been, his cabin wasn’t that far away from a town and his mother usually cooked and cleaned for him, his ideas on the straightforward life are still worth considering.

His time within the woods showed him the advantages of living simply; like what proportion humanity can gain by spending longer in nature and the way getting faraway from material pleasures can help us live a fuller life. While his self-imposed situation came with great security, we will all stand to find out from his ideas on the way to earn less and live more.

To have done anything by which you earned money merely is to have been truly idle or worse- Walden


Epicurus was a philosopher with some bold ideas on the way to make people happy. He lived in the countryside in a large house with a dozen other people where they all lived communally. He argued that the path to happiness was moderation, strong friendships, and philosophy.

Rather than accumulating wealth, one should attempt to live an easy life and find joy in things like friends, the pleasures of labor, and philosophy. While he wasn’t against having some wealth, he feared that having an excessive amount of it might lead an individual to measure immoderately, which might cause vice and unhappiness. The moderate life, however, didn’t require much money in the least.

If you would like to form Pythocles wealthy, don’t give him more money; rather, reduce his desires- Epicurus

Will Uniform Civil Code be suitable for India?

The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is set of rules and regulations that is formulated and has to be followed by all, its main intention is to remove various personal laws that have been followed by Hindus (includes various small religions under Hindus, along with Sikhs, Jains, and Buddhist), Muslims and Christians from many years. UCC will be giving justice to all in a common way rather than following separate laws for people, the main aim of it is remove religious differences, and to protect the fundamental rights of everyone. It basically supports “One Nation, One Law”.The State has a duty to implement the UCC as stated under article 44 of the DPSP (Directive Principles of State Policy) for the welfare of its citizens. However, do you think that UCC will be suitable in nation like India, with its diverse set of religions and cultures existing, if it what are the advantages and disadvantages of UCC?

The first ever situation where UCC was thought to be implemented in the nation is in the Shaho Bano case, where the court directed the parliament to implement UCC and have common laws for all, however the decision was nullified by the Supreme Court. Now to know the suitability of UCC to India it becomes essential to evaluates the pros and cons of this particular action. There are many advantages in implementing UCC and they have been discussed as follows:

  • Boosts National Integration:  If UCC is implemented it will banish all the small differences existing between people. Everyone will just be considered as a common person and nothing else while receiving justice.
  • Equality: There will be no more discrimination on the basis of religion, caste, gender, class, etc.
  • Gender Equality. Implementing the UCC will ensure men and women receiving the same protection and laws. They will be considered not to be any different in the eyes of law. This will bring equality by finally treating men and women equal in all perspectives. 
  • UCC will bring social changes in the society by removing all the personal codified laws, and will fulfill the motto of common laws to all. Therefore, removing all the differences that are existing in the present day society.
  • It also gives various opportunities to our generation to fully utilise our potential towards building the nation, as there would be no differences.

On the other hand there are disadvantages of UCC which have to be considered, and they are:

  • India is a secular and diverse country, hence it becomes slightly difficult to frame a common set of rules and regulations for all.
  • Religious freedom which is perceived to be a fundamental rights may be violated in the process of implementing UCC. Religions are considered as a protection to the sanctity of the nation, they represent the nation, our history and the efforts of ancestors to build the nation, therefore taking this decision may deteriorate the cultural and secular value of the nation.
  • Freedom to choose one’s religion is considered to be a personal matter of a person, hence it is not right for the state to involve into the personal matters.
  • As stated above this will majorly affect our communal harmony

Taking into consideration all th pros and cons of implementing UCC we can come to a conclusion that UCC can be implemented, it is tough but its not impossible, this can be fulfilled if authority to do the task is given in the right hands, and there has effective series of discussions in order to decide the correct set of common laws. However by implementing UCC we may compromise on the concept of religion which has been prevailing in India from many generations, India is valued in the international realm for its secularist concepts, hence doing this may act a threat to India’s value worldwide, but only if  UCC is implemented many problems like gender inequality, and underdevelopment can be solved. Therefore I personally feel that may their is an alternative to UCC, instead of applying it to the whole nation, we may apply it in specific situations , its like a partial UCC. As involving into religious matters and totally changing them is not possible in a nation like India, where sometimes politics is influenced by this religion, so we can involve into it whenever any clause seems to disturbing and a change is required.

Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961

A dowry is the transfer of property, money or any other such wealth which is transferred by the bride’s family to the groom’s family for marrying the bride. The property has be in respect to marriage, and it shall be transferred between the parties in the marriage. Dowry is considered to be a social evil in the society as it places burden of the family of the bride, and this custom which has been followed through ages which has been causing very cruel crimes against women, one of which is so called “dowry death” which means the death of the wife is caused as they have not fulfilled to give the required amount of dowry, and there have been reported cases of domestic violence with respect to no giving dowry.

Considering the above scenario, the Parliament has passes a Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 to do away with the social evil, it has been further amended by the Dowry Prohibition (Amendment) Act, 1986. The main objective is to banish the practise of taking and giving dowry in the society, which further also aims to prevent crimes against women with respect to dowry and cruelty. The act also states the punishments and penalties for offences related to the act. This act also ensures that there is a list of presents is made which are given in the course of marriage, and they must be either duly signed or thumb impression of both the bride and groom must be placed. The list must be made keeping in the provisions of the act. There are certain exceptions in the act, i.e, there can be be presents given by either party of the marriage, property transferred will be considered as presents when they are given without demand, and for the well being of the future of the marriage. There also an additional provision which is beneficial for the woman in the case of dowry, if in case dowry is given then it has to be transferred to the bride’s name within three months of marriage, if in case she is a minor, will be transferred as soon as she attains the age fo 18, otherwise he will be imprisoned and will have to give a penalty as stated under the act. Every person who accepts or gives dowry, aids in the process of taking dowry, publishes any advertisements encouraging dowry, does not transfer the property to the bride within the specified time will be eligible to be punished under this act. This act aims at seeing a future society which is dowry free. The act enables speedy justice to all the victims under the act.

A dowry death is when a married women has either been murdered or forced to suicide by the husband or relatives of the husband, due to various disputes over dowry. There are other legislations which have other provisions of dowry and it’s related crimes, they are section 304B of Indian Penal Code, 1860 deals with Dowry Death and its definition, section 113B of Evidence Act, 1872 deals with prior conditions of dowry death. Along with section 498A which deals with Husband or relatives of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty which indirectly punishes a person for dowry death.

To sum it up, there are many more such social evils which were violating the human rights of women like female foeticide and infanticide, sati which has been banished, child marriage, widowhood, etc. However there have been efforts to change the present condition. Even if the laws are being implemented many of them are not being used especially due to lack of awareness, due to which the women are being easily exploited. We have to find better ways to bring awareness on all the social evils by effective training and awareness campaigns. The development of the society and the nation is dependant on the crimes against women, only if they decrease and totally disappear we can proudly say that we have achieved real development in the nation by bringing change in the society. We might see a day in the future where there is not a single crime related to dowry or general crimes against anyone in the society, especially women. All we have to do is play an important role in the society to bring change through collective efforts.

Child Care and Protection

Children are considered to be weak and vulnerable, and they are innocent asn can easily be exploited, and taken for granted. They are highly dependant on another parents, like parents or the guardians and they are not matured enough, hence it is of vital importance to consider them as a special category in the society and given them extra protection. It is necessary to promote and protect children rights. It is given clearly under article 15(3) which states that special provisions can be provided to women and children. A child is the future of the nation, only their welfare and development can shape the future of the nation. It becomes necessary that a child is raised properly keeping in mind all the child’s interests and it should be encouraged by the care takers. Their physical and emotional needs have to be taken care. Proper care and protection has to be given to them no matter what, even if they are in conflict with law (where a child has committed a crime), this even includes education till the age of 14, all this has to be done as they are incapable of taken care of themself, and the growth of the nation depends on today’s children, they are supreme assets. It is duty of the state and government to protect children which is clearly stated under the article 39(f), the state is responsible of its children.

The UN General Assembly, in the year 1989 has adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and India has become a signatory to it in the year 1992. As India has become a signatory to the above international legislation, India has brought a new legislation named as the Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 in accordance with it. However, this law has been replaced by the new Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, and its objectives are to give protection, care and rehabilitation, to comply with the international laws, to perform their duty towards the society. This act applies to all children in need of care and protection, and the children who are in conflict with law, children on both the categories are given different levels of protection as considered necessary, we will be looking from both the perspectives.

A child is said to be in conflict with law when he had committed either a petty, serious or heinous offence and has not completed the age of 18 during the commission of the offence (defined under S.2(13) of JJ Act) . Such a child must be submitted before the Juvenile Justice Board for further enquiry. It is assumed that a child has committed an offence due to lack of proper care and protection, hence the board decides what type of care has to be given till the child attains the age of 18, maybe placed in Observation or special homes for their safety and protection. It is assumed that the child was unable to understand their actions, hence they will be under the government’s custody till they are deemed fit to move around in the society, which is usually when they attain 18 years of age. There are certain functions and responsibilities that the Board needs to follow during the trial of the child.

The second category of child is a child in need of care and protection has been clearly defined under S.2(14) of the JJ Act, 2015, it gives various conditions like where a child is forced to beg, or is employed in a hazardous factory, orphans, etc where a child can be considered that he needs special care and protection and there is a duty on the state to take care of them. There are different committees and homes which take care of the children under both categories to provide them rehabilitation and they are, Child Welfare Committees (CWC), Child Care Institutions like open shelter, children’s home, fit facility, observation home, special homes and Specialised Adoption Agency(SAA). All the above stated institutions and committees have been defined under the JJ Act, the act also gives the responsibilities and roles of each.

To sum up, we can say that children play an important role for the development of the nation, hence they should be given proper care and protection, as the mental and physical health of the child determines the health of the nation. There have been efforts put by the government to decrease the rates of child labour, explotation, offences against them, sexual offences against them (POCSO Act, 2012) and other such actions. There will be a day where every child in the nation will receive the proper care and protection, when there is zero rate of child labour and protection, and there won’t be a child in distress. I’m sure these goals can be achieved through collective participation by the government and the people in the society. There is quote which has been said by the famous Nelson Mandela, ” History will judge us by the difference we make in the everyday lives of children”. Therefore a good present will lead to a good future.

Importance of Technology During Covid-19

Covid-19 is a pandemic, due to which there has been a crisis for movement, locking everyone in their homes and disabling them to work, and education has also come to a halt due the situation. Due to this there has been a rapid decrease in the economy and development in the world, and to solve this challenge we have taken the help of technology and have become more tech-savvy. Technology not only helped in the fields of work and education but also played a major role to adopt ways to fight against the pandemic.

We have been seeing that people are not being able to worf, therefore to prevent it various work from home policies have been drafted and software are being used for conducting any important meeting. Due to this situation users for mobile paying applications like Paytm, Google Pay, etc are rapidly increasing, as it is a safer and easier way to pay without any contact, and due to various shopping sites , shopping is also being done a careful way, by using all necessary precautions. Robots and other artificial intelligence tools are being used in hospitals to give the patient a no-contact service, there are even robots being used in some nations for testing the virus and for sanitising the respective areas. Now for the Government members to have a discussion to frame policies and programmes , it is being done via video conferencing applications. Education is being carried out by various computer softwares and this is termed as “virtual education”. Therefore there has been no delay in the education which is being carried out. Technology has become the weapon against relaxing the situation.

The main use of technology is that it given news and bringing awareness about the pandemic, especially applications like Arogya Setu which has been launched by the government of India, to track and inform about the Covid-19 cases, it is basically a bluetooth based tracker. This application is available in all languages and contains all the data and information regarding Covid-19. This app gives awareness about the precautions to be taken, and also informs us all the Covid-19 cases in our local proximity, it gives all the helpline numbers necessary and educates the user about do’s and don’ts. This can also be used as an e-pass to travel from one place to another during this situation.

Nothing is totally perfect in todays world, hence technology also has its pros and cons. Despite the above efforts taken to technologically raise the economy and for the development of the nation, there are many problems that we have been facing. In India, there are areas where there is no access to any network, there are many entrance exams like NEET, JEE Mains , and CLAT which has come to a halt and in this posed as a challenge to technology, and it couldn’t make any difference, these entrance exams have to be conducted in public areas ad in pen paper mode. Therefore we can come to a conclusion that technology has and has not solved many problems. Technology is not as safe as it looks it can also be a threat to human life with the rise of various cyber crimes, hence we must be careful.


Modern civilisation is the result of the discoveries and inventions made by eminent men and women in the past. Achievements, however, were not made overnight or at one strock. They were the products of the efforts of people at various stages of life. Every small effort in anything is a threshold crossed and life consists of many important thresholds. For instance, a child sitting with its slate or with a paper and pencil before it attempts to write the first letter of the alphabet. It is a task for it to form the different lines or curves but when it completes the letter, A, or whatever the first letter of the language might be, it feels as if it has achieved something really great. As far as the child is concerned, this is a threshold crossed. Similarly, a child taking the first step in the act of walking also crossed a threshold. Though such beginnings a further development is effected.

There are many thresholds in life for everyone of us and for every country. From the stone and metal ages, mankind has come to the electronic age, making off several achievements at one stage or another of its civilisation. When one effort is successfully accomplished another difficulty is confronted and this is followed by yet another. Thus human beings, have to overcome obstacles and solve problems that appeared one after another, like waves of the sea. Thus they have to continue the process of crossing several thresholds in the course of life till the end.

The attitude of people towards this aspect of life differs very much. There are people who wish to have a life of ease and comfort and who are averse to facing problems. They have the escapist mentality which makes them feel that life should be enjoyed as it is and no effort should be taken to get new experiences. A rich man, for instance, feels contented in just spending his money and does not consider it necessary or useful to invest it in profitable ways or spend it to help other. Others avoid mental and physical labour. Taking an example from the life of students, it is possible to see that some students skip some subjects or parts of a subject and attempt to study only such as they can tackle easily. In other words these people do not try to cross new thresholds but prefer to remain where they are. For them, life is only stagnant and there can be no progress. If new thresholds had not appeared at different stages of life, man would have been still a savage, living in the jungle.

On the other hand, there are many who seek knowledge that is infinite. Knowledge is the horizon towards which human beings always go and to reach it they have to cross several thresholds. There are several arches through which people have to pass, but still they might not reach the horizon. Each arch crossed reveals one more and yet the spirit of man takes him through many arches. For them, life holds an infinite variety of experiences, everyone of which is a significant threshold. History gives us instances of many who achieved remarkable successes in their own fields of activity, after they had passed their prime. A scholar who spends the early part of the life as a teacher in a school or a professor in a college or University helps students to cross many thresholds. Such men in different walks of life assist others and in every attempt at helping others they add to their own knowledge. They do not feel any regret when they reach middle age. In their activities they find the pleasure of selfless devotion. When they reach middle age or retire from service their training makes them yearn for new pastures.

Rabindranath Tagore won early fame as a versatile artist and writer. What he wrote was only in his own mother tongue and not in English which he learnt only at a later stage. Such was his genius that he has not only learnt a new language, but also mastered it to such a remarkable extent that he won the Nobel Prize. Hilary and Tenzing were not the first to attempt to scale the Everest. Many had attempted it earlier and failed in the attempt and some had even sacrificed their lives in the effort, before the peak was conquered. The threshold opened out by earlier mountaineers contributed to the ultimate success. Since that first conquest the everest has been climbed by many men and women. Thus, till the final moments of a man’s life new thresholds can be sought and entered. The only thing required is perseverance and indomitable will to win, to cross new thresholds, whatever may be the risks and dangers encountered in such a cross3. One must strive seek and not yield, but must preserver in the path of life, crossing threshold after threshold. Man is ever keen to cross every hurdle towards new horizons. It is in the crossing of thresholds than the dignity of man is enhanced.

Cyberbullying and Cyberstalking

Cyberbullying and cyber stalking mostly occur to the people who go to school or college as they are the target group which uses the most social media. Every day they go to school in hope of learning lessons and values from their teachers or professors but not always everything turns out to be good, there are certain events like bullying or stalking which may negatively affect the mindset of the child, but there are teachers who can correct the situation by helping the child out. Children who bully others often do it as it acts like a way to show their frustration. When these ae done through social media sites, chat rooms, and other forms of technology there is no one to take care. However, these are difficult to control ace they are not face-to-face interactions like those in the past . It is becoming tough for the parents to understand their child’s situation as children these days are stuck to technology 24/7 and they tend not to share their thoughts with them. There can be different ways in which a person becomes a victim , it can either be through social network sites, message applications, etc. In the case of cyberbullying and cyberstalking it has been found through research that girls and boys are equally being prone to the above crimes. Anyway there are ways where this can be prevented.

When a person seeks to harm another person, intimidate them or coerce them to do a certain activity is called bullying. This is majorly done in schools and college, but when this process is done using technology in the digital space then it is termed as “cyberbullying” which comes under “cyber harassment”. This is entirely different from traditional bullying. The use of technology to make someone afraid about their safety, this is defined as “cyberstalking”. This usually involves invading the right to privacy of a person by conducting fear inducing actions and repeatedly doing the same. The people who cyber stalk do this action with the help of internet like social media or and any other online resource. They follow people to cause them fear and terror. There can be different types of stalkers and different risks os stalking.

Cyber bullying and cyberstalking have caused serious issues in todays world. In the traditional era there was scope for controlling it as it used to happen in open eye but know with the addition of technology it has been very difficult to prevent these crimes. Some recommendations or measures which can be taken to prevent them maybe in the form of giving knowledge regarding these crimes and how to prevent them to the teachers, parents,and to members in the society. There has to be anti-bullying programmes which can be conducted, parents have to spend more time with their children enabling them to share their thoughts and emotions, and last but not the last whatever it is take decisions fast before you fall into trouble and the parents shall not panic if their child is facing it and they should not make the worst of the situation, think calm as there is always a solution to a problem.

At a conclusion I would like to say that we are the ones creating problems by making a phone a very essential item in our daily life, and we are the ones who are supposed find a solution it may be a little difficult but we will always find one. We are in a very big threat as we are revolving around the trap of digital space, we should always remember that everything has its own good and bad and we should be careful about it. If you have experienced any of the above cybercrimes always stay confident and try raising awareness by telling your situation, this can avoid others to fall into the same trap as you did. Think before you do anything, yes life is a hard trail difficulties are bound to come, but try overcoming them and you will see yourself becoming a better person than before.

Cyber Crimes and Laws In India

Crime is a combination of actus rea (physical action) and mens rea (mental intention). It affects the society in general, as it gives them fear, however their are various legislations and punishments that have been implemented by the Parliament to protect the society from such crimes and criminals. As there have been changes going on in the world especially with respect to technology, criminals have got their ways to do crimes, and when they are committed using the help of technology and software it is said to a “cyber crime”. Cyber crimes are on the rise in the 21st century, there have been legislations implemented to prevent cyber crime, shockingly no legislation ever defined what a cyber crime is. Cyber crime can be defined from common people’s point of view as the crimes which are either targeted to a computer network or use the help of a computer network in commission of a crime, which may lead to threat to an individual or something as large as the nation’s security. Hence, cyber crime is a deadly combination of crime and computer.

The cyber laws in India is not separately defined anywhere, it is a part of various legislations like the Information Technology Act, 2000 and even the Indian Penal Code, 1860. The IT Act, 2000 addresses the modern and new age cyber crimes whereas the IPC addresses all the traditional crimes like defamation,theft, forgery,etc which are being committed with the help of technology. The objectives of IT Act, 2000 are to provide legal recognition not only to cyber crimes but even to the transactions, and activities that take place in the cyber space, it also recognises digital signatures. It also specifies procedures on how to dispense such sort of crimes. This act is structured with totally 13 chapters with 90 sections, and the last four sections contain the amendments from four other acts which are the IPC,1860, Indian Evidence Act, 1872, the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 and the Bankers’ Books Evidence Act 1891. This Act contains various definitions, applicability, crimes and its consequences.

There has been an amendment to the IT Act,2000, which has taken place in 2008, the main objectives of the amendmnet act are to focus on data privacy, give recognition to cyber cafe’s, focus on cyber security and the role of intermediaries, recognise the role of Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, including additional cyber crimes such as child pornography and cyber terrorism, and even appointinf special officers to deal with cyber crimes. The different types of cyber crimes that have been recognised in India with specific punishments are hacking, identity theft, cyberbullying, cyber harassment, cyberstalking, copyrights, cyberterrorism, defamation, and where freedom of speech is utilised wrongly.

To sum up, cyber laws play an important role in today’s world of tech-savvy. Technology is a sword with two sides it can be used for your well being and even against it, we have become so dependant on technology in this generation, therefore there cannot be a world free of crimes, but the only way of preventing it is through effective and efficient legislations, which can be done with good leaders and lawmakers. Only if collective efforts are put, technology can grow in a legal and ethical way. Everything needs to have limits and boundaries even when it comes to technology.

Restorative Community Programs

Restorative communities are dedicated to social justice in action by cultivating fellowship and connection with people in transition. Restorative communities counter people’s experience of isolation and alienation by building a trusting, safe space where all participants have a voice and a role, and where our shared humanity as well as our struggles and achievements are recognized.

Restorative practice in communities resolves conflicts and disputes before they escalate into crime and is an effective approach to dealing with antisocial behaviour and neighbour disputes.

It enables people to understand the impact of their behaviour on others. It delivers effective outcomes owned by the local community and creates stable, positive community environments.

Restorative approaches in communities incorporate a range of models including community mediation, police and community support officers using restorative skills on the street and neighbourhood justice panels – an innovative, community-based delivery model being used across England and Wales.

Neighbourhood justice panels are a form of restorative justice conferencing that involves trained volunteers from a local community facilitating meetings between victims and offenders for low level crime and antisocial behaviour.

Referrals can come from police, local authorities and housing associations, among other agencies.

Restorative practice can be used to build strong communities and to ensure that disputes and disagreements are dealt with positively and constructively.

It can contribute to lower levels of crime and disorder and give communities an active role in resolving disputes where they do emerge.

Restorative Dialogues & Community Conferencing

  • Restorative Dialogues are for any group or individuals desiring a restorative approach to handling conflict or harm, including family, community or work-based conflict. Community Conferencing is a process for addressing crime or misbehavior.
  • A Restorative Dialogue or Conference involves meeting together with individuals directly involved in a conflict or issue. A trained facilitator will guide the discussion with a focus on addressing the harm that occurred and repairing the relationships that were hurt.
  • Funding: This is a fee-based program but we want to make sure it is available to anyone who needs it. By using a “pay-what-you-can” model, we give participants the opportunity to either 1) pay the cost of their conference in full, 2) pay a reduced cost, or 3) pay their own cost plus contribute extra to provide the service for another group that cannot afford it. We also encourage the exchange of time banking credits for those who are not able to provide the full financial payment. 

Community & Police Relations

  • They organize community circles for residents to share their thoughts, ideas and concerns for developing a community-based response to justice and conflict. 
  • They will be expanding the discussion to include law enforcement in an effort to collaborate on shared goals & experiences
  • Discussion from the community circles will inform the development of circle discussions for law enforcement regarding resident concerns regarding cultural competency, bias and equity, 
  • They are currently working in specific neighborhoods in East Winston as part of the United Way Place Matters Initiative
  • Funding: United Way & local in-kind donations for space & food


Restorative Justice Practices, deeply rooted in ancient traditions from around the world, support developing healthy communities by building, maintaining, and repairing relationships. These practices are based on the principle of holding all members of a community in a context of high accountability and high support. When harm occurs, people responsible for the harm, impacted parties, and community members can gather in a face-to-face dialogue to address the harm, provide a space to build trust, recognize our shared humanity, and start the healing process. 

NCRC works at all levels of the restorative justice spectrum of building, maintaining and repairing relationships. We work collaboratively with school districts, support community dialogue, train circle facilitators in diverse settings including undergraduate students on a university campus and inmates within the jail system, and hold restorative community conferences as an alternative to the juvenile justice system.