The idea of true love

What is true love?

A true love is something that makes you complete. True love can be from anyone. It can be from your parents, friends, lover, siblings,etc. Generally, true love is expected by a lover or partner.

True love makes you feel that you are loved truly by that one person more than anything in this world. It makes you feel special and at top of the world. It makes your simple life into a magical one.

True love is like that one thing which everyone tries to pursue but only few succeed. It is a beautiful feeling when you get that true love in your life.

Every person dreams or wishes to have a true love in his or her life where he can be loved so much and truly by one person. That one person would give him or her the love they needed or waited for so long.

True love is like a two soulmates connected to each other. They can do anything to make each other happy and are at their best when with each other. True love is like two people who are destined to be together.

True love is beyond saying those three magical words to each other. A love that makes your life worth it and amazing. A love that was made for you.

Does it still exist?

Gone are the days where true love existed. A love where two people could die for each other. A love where two people could do anything for each other.

Today in the modern world, the idea of real love has lost. The love that was earlier has disappeared. The kind of love where emotions, feelings, were real and not just for sake. Where two persons were together in love with real feelings. Where physical relation was not of much importance than their strong feeling towards each other.

Today, love is just another word for lust. Love took the place for physical relationships.

Love is compared with physical relation between two people. There is nothing like true love today because here true love starts from being intimate with each other.

Love is present where the intimacy is strong. Strong relationships grow due to this and not because of love today. Sometimes, ‘love’ word is misused for getting physical with someone and the whole idea of love has been made a joke.

True Love is way beyond getting intimate:

True love is not always having sex or being intimate with each other. True love is way beyond that.

Having a physical relation with someone just because you love them is really common nowadays.

The concept of true love is compared with sex. If you love someone, you have to do it. No!

True love is a feeling where you genuinely care about the other person and want that person to be happy with or without you.

True love is more than just physical relationships. There has to be a lot of trust and mutual understanding with each other. There needs to be an unbreakable bond with each other.

True love should be like where you do all the small things which makes your partner happy. Its like where you have to constantly make each other special everyday. Where both of you treats each other equally.

It should make you bring the best version out of you. Ofcourse, intimacy is required too. But one should understand that only being physical is not love.

True love is always about making constant efforts for each other and never giving up on each other no matter the fights. A love where both the persons have to respect, care for each other, motivate each other, continously support each other and stand up for each other at both good and worst times.

Someone who can walk in hand besides you and never make you feel worthless or unwanted.

So, find your true love. And if you find them give your best and never let them go.

Life – changing Tricks

“The purpose of our lives is to be happy” – Dalai Lama. So, implementing certain good habits in our daily life won’t certainly do any harm. The key for betterment of living lies entirely in your hands. Leading a normal and simple life along with a few tricks here and there helps you to achieve your goal. Enhancing your lifestyle in every aspects of life is a answer for proper subsistence. Lets start following these tips from today onwards –

1) Drinking enough water – This is the first and foremost point to start the whole theory with. At least 8 glasses of water is mandatory for a day. You just cannot ever compromise on this part. Drinking less water is a serious issue for sure. A person who often drinks a lot of water everyday stays more healthy and fit rather than the rest. According to doctors, around 60 per cent of human body consists of water. This basically hydrates your body and helps in getting rid of all harmful toxins. Hydration for your body is a must. Water is such a fluid which helps in proper digestion and also helps in assists you in the weight loss game. Do not harm your body consuming alcohol, cold-drinks e t c , replace those with Water from today onwards.

2) Exercising everyday – This is such an essential step to be followed daily. You need not join a gym or workout like a beast no you need not do that. Just take a few minutes out from your schedule and just perform some free hand. Also, try to stretch in the morning before leaving the bed. This is going to make a lot of genuine difference in your life. This is not only makes you physically fit but also boosts up your confidence, improves your focus towards the target. Exercising motivates you to get better everyday. When your body says you No, your mind says you to push yourself further. Exercising is the most crucial steps for the aged group of people too and this helps to remove pain or stress.

3) Cleansing, toning, moisturizing – Let me tell you this step is Not just for the girls out there, very much for the guys too. As they seem to do absolutely nothing for the skin, just know that skin is the largest organ of your body. You are liable to do this much for your skin. This process is simplified as follows… 1stly, apply a Face wash, any one of your choice to remove the dirt and debris. After that apply to tone down your skin a bit. Now apply the hydration, a Moisturizer to your skin to lock in all the goodness. I promise you this is life – changing.

4) Applying sunscreen – Another step for treating your skin, applying a sunscreen. Won’t take even a minute but this has a hundreds of benefits. Protect your skin from the harsh sunlight and keep it safe. Whether you go off to your workplace or playground. Apply some sunscreen before leaving and make sure it is of a good brand. Keep reapplying your sunscreen after every 2-3 hours if you can manage to do so. Skipping a sunscreen will make you pay a lot as it will worsen your skin condition. Sunscreens with UVA and SPF protections is the best.

5) To-Do-List – Yes, maintaining a To Do List and pre-planning everything beforehand makes your life way more easier. Suppose you have got a meeting the next day, sort everything out, the timings, the work and jot it down in a paper or in a diary. Now make a list of all necessary things to be done and check the list after you have finished tasks of the day. The more you will write the more you finish. You can never go wrong with a To Do List. This routine will give you to explore more scopes of life. Also, write down all your dreams, aspirations, your needs so that you have the urge to finish each one of them within a given span of time. Being unpredictable and having no ambitions won’t certainly help anyone in the long run.

6) Enhancing your skills – if you really want to achieve bigger and better in your life, you have to have some skills. Not stressing on the part of scoring good marks, but having any particular skill is a MUST for the youngsters. The skill can be anything, knowing more than 1 languages, mending parts of a car, knowing computer well, making new paintings or whatsoever. the point here is… brush up your skills, your passion and never leave it in the midways. if you can excel in this part, you surely will make a huge difference. Your skill is what makes you recognizable in a field of work. This will also cut down your laziness and make you happy.

7) Believe in yourself – If you cannot practice this, the above mentioned points won’t come handy for you. ‘Believing in your self is the 1st secret to success’ . You have to keep faith and keep believing that you can be better, you can do better. Make your mindset so determined from the very beginning that life is going to thank you for the same. Start working hard from today onwards and make no more excuses. If you fail to believe in yourself today, you are being answerable to your life after 30s for sure.

8) Read a lot – Nowadays, the kids do not practice proper reading. Going through the School text books or Course books before exams does not justifies the term “reading” . This concept is vast and cannot be achieved only by reading subtitles of Netflix or surfing google. You have to slow down a bit and go through some world Class- literatures or Novels. Reading new journals or news everyday will become your best friend someday only if you get addicted to this. This is going to help you so much by increasing your command on the language, enhancing vocabulary. Reading is like doing something productive to yourself.

9) Organizing your closet – This is a grooming tip for our generations as we certainly get no time for this and keep everything way too dirty especially if someone stays in a hostel or a mess. Cleaning your shirt, Ironing them properly adds so much more dignity to your overall personality. We often hear the term , 1st impression is your last impression, hence this is evident that whatever you wear, it should be fitted and taken care of. You won’t have to wear a high end gown for the same, the trick here is to be clean and real. Appearance is the game changer and never ever mess this up in your life.

10) Help them out – Helping never signifies doing something for someone expecting anything in return, or to show yourself superior in any ways. Helping out means genuinely coming to someone’s rescue and being empathetic. Just help out of your own willingness, help your family, your friends, show love to the plants, feed the animals. Doing all this is in turn serving God indirectly. Having a golden heart is rare- make sure you are one of the few.

Top 7 Web Development Trends To Watch Out In 2020

Digital revolution sets up  new trends in technology , programming languages etc. And , people are eager to know about the latest trends and to keep them in sync with it (without getting outdated) and to get ahead of  the rising competition .Some of the recent web development trends are as follows.

  • Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)
  • Chatbots
  • Web Assembly
  • Single Page Applications (SPAs)
  • Motion UI
  • Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP)
  • JavaScript and Python.

Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)

A progressive web application is a web app that makes use of the latest web capabilities to provide an app-like experience. Progressive web apps are being considered as the next big thing for the users of the mobile web. They are replacing native mobile Apps.A progressive web app combines the best of both web and mobile apps. You can consider it as a website that acts and feels like a mobile app. Experts define progressive web apps as responsive, connectivity-independent, safe app-like web experiences.

  • It offers an app-like experience, allowing faster loading time and improved conversion rate in comparison to native apps.
  • It costs less than the native option.
  • It allows users to continue browsing even in the absence of a network.

Significant features :

Progressive internet apps are website pages that appear like mobile applications for users. Then your individual can access them without any internet connection if they’re preloaded on the device. The feel will be got by the users of using an application as opposed to the website.The purpose of these Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) is to produce a experience that is native-like the users on all platforms. It combines the very best associated with web and native applications providing a feel that is great the users.The brand identity will probably be noticeable in a more powerful way.

The publisher shall have the complete liberties of these push notifications, and additionally they can deliver them when necessary directly to the user’s mobile. This way users will be able to also link to your website whenever they want, permitting them to re-engage with your website. This is usually extremely hard with normal websites. Users will manage to share this site content for any apps which are present on the mobiles. The sharing isn’t only confined to apps like Twitter or Facebook. Users will be able to do all these plain things with no data connection via PWAs. This is among the best reasons why you should rely on PWAs.

It is fast, can work online or with a poor internet connection, and is relatively low cost. A PWA supports interactions, allowing users to enjoy a high-end experience without ever realizing that they are still using the browser. These modern web applications load like regular web pages or websites but have a high level of functionality. They can load instantly, regardless of the network state and browser choice because they’re built with progressive enhancement, a strategy for web design that emphasizes core web page content first.It can be shared via a URL and can re-engage users with web push notifications.

Examples                                     

Here are some of the world-known companies that have already built a PWA and leverage its benefits for their business: Alibaba , Forbes , Twitter ,Pinterest, Uber, and Flipkart . In a nutshell, PWA is a website which, however, offers functionality traditionally available to native apps (e.g. push notifications, offline access, hardware access).These companies mark the following results from PWA strategy adoption: increase in conversions and a decrease of load time.

Technology to Use

If you want to follow the latest web development trends and build a PWA, here is the list of popular technologies for this purpose: Angular , React and Polymer .

CHAT BOTS

 Chatbots can give online support to the users of their website , with which it is integrated. They can address customer support requirements quite effectively and you can count on bots for 24/7 assistance. There is no need to hire a full-time online customer service representative.These programs are made to interact with people. Integrating these with your websites will assist in generating increased traffic and making the site even more attractive. Chatbots are creating a larger effect than one may expect. Users these days want quick solutions and aren’t interested to waste their time. The thing that is best as you are able to do in this situation is integrating your internet site with a chat bot. These chatbots will answer questions that customers have. They always focus on supplying better engagement of users on the website and providing them with a experience that is good. The latest AI and machine learning will additionally produce a difference that will add much more capabilities to this.

Huge B2C companies already use the technology to serve their customers – official page chatbots inside Facebook messenger , WhatsApp and Skype. A bot could also be integrated into PWA , regular website etc.A chatbot is a piece of software that processes and simulates human conversation. It allows people to interact with devices, apps or websites. A chatbot can be just a basic program that replies to a simple query or it may be a complex piece of software that can provide a high level of personalization to users.

To deliver responses to requests, chatbots make use of natural language processing (NLP), artificial intelligence and machine learning (ML). For businesses, chatbots enhance operational efficiency and save money. As many customer queries can be easily answered by chatbots, businesses require less number of customer service professionals.

We shall cover the remaining web development trends in the next article.

Summing up :

Progressive web applications provide less website loading time and works with poor or no Internet connection , if data is already pre-loaded from the site. They are like native apps but much more friendly and provide push notifications , It is cost-effective compared to the native mobile applications. Chatbots provide online support to the visitors of the website and 24/7 assistance. They use AI , machine learning and NLP and answer simpler to more complex queries instantly and engage the website visitors.

For further information, please refer the link given below.

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4221621

Why I Can’t Get Over F.R.I.E.N.D.S

It happens with just about everything in my life: After enough time of taking note of an equivalent song over and once again or having an equivalent thing for lunch every day of the week, eventually, I get disgusted by the repetition. Eventually, I need a break or a change of scenery. But the one thing that I never get disgusted during this life is watching Friends episodes because I could watch that show again and again. No matter what percentage times I watch that show — regardless of what percentage marathons I host — I will be able to never get disgusted watching Friends. There is no season I wouldn’t watch, no episode I wouldn’t tease. That television program is my lobster: the thing I select to like for the remainder of my life, for the remainder of eternity.

And I have some pretty good reasons for it.

1. All the characters in FRIENDS are simple, with no extra fluff, the spoiled but independent Rachel, the neat freak and formerly fat Monica, the goofy and lovable Chandler, the weird hippie Phoebe, the intellectual Ross, and the lovely, food lover Joey. You connect with them in some way or the other. All the characters are downright lovable and they grow on you.

2. The situations they went through are realistic for every twenty-something. All of the characters were struggling either with their careers or their love lives, or both simultaneously.

3. Their jokes are evergreen, I laughed once and I will laugh a 1000 times at the same joke. The humor is intelligent, the sarcasm is unbeatable. It was not like only one or two characters were entitled to a good punch line, in fact the writers made sure that every good joke and punch line was distributed equally among all the characters.

4. Some of the dialogues, phrases and scenes are undoubtedly iconic, be it the “PIVOT” scene, “WE WERE ON A BREAK”, Monica’s “I KNOW, I KNOW”, Janice’s “OH MY GOD”, Joey’s “HOW YOU DOIN” they are simply the best.

5. It makes you believe in love, no matter how much of a cynic you are. If Chandler can find a soulmate, so can you. And that falling in love with your best friend can eventually end beautifully. When you have your lobster, hold on to them.

6. But most importantly, FRIENDS continues to re-instill the faith in us that eventually, we will all have a happy ending. There is no other sitcom that can make you feel as wonderful as FRIENDS, because it’s a reflection of our lives- a story of 6 20-somethings trying to find their way in the world, just like we are, and of finally making it. Their happy ending is the best happy ending anyone could ever ask for. The show may have ended, but the legacy will always remain. And that makes every FRIENDS fan ecstatic.

Transgenders

Transgenders are the gender category that do not fall in either female or male category. They are of a gender where they have a combination of both male and female. They aren’t either completely male or completely female.

Some transgenders are born with male body and feel like a woman from inside and vice-versa. Some transgenders change their identity from female to male or male to female as per their preferences.

Transgenders have a different community where all the transgenders stay together with each other leaving their families. Over the years, transgenders have got their identities as a transgender category in the sex section.

Transgenders live in a seperate place where all the transgenders live together as the society has still not accepted them completely. Even today, we hear people calling them kinnars, chakkas, hijras, meetha,etc. Nobody calls them or uses this English word ‘Transgenders.’

Earlier, transgenders were not allowed to get educated or work somewhere. Today, they can work somewhere and also get educated. But, the question is will they get that respect ever they deserve or need in the society? Will the society ever accept them completely? Will the society ever consider them equal to us?

We say, we have developed our nations,countries, technologies,etc. What about our minds? Has it changed over these years? Even if law has passed to grant education to transgenders or permissions to work. The mindsets of the people are still the same.

Transgenders are still being called by names or such tags that they really have got used to it by now. The society still consider these genders as untouchable. As soon as a transgenders passes by someone, all eyes are on that person. They get thousands of stares looking at them everyday when they roam to earn.

Transgenders are called as ‘God’s curse’ to them by the people of the society and that same transgender is found lucky to give blessings on any auspicious day. Strange, isn’t it?

Well, did they knew before that they would be born as transgenders? No, right? Then, how can we judge them every single day? Who gave us the right to judge them and make them hate their lives?

Nobody knows what gender we are going to be born with. Is it their fault that they were born with such body and genes?

Transgenders just need respect and the freedom to live their life as per their own just like we males and females live. Even they are humans and are a creation by Gods too. Nobody is cursed.

They do not have a choice so they live seperately as their own families disown them after being aware of their genders. The laws are being changed but the mindsets of the people needs to be changed more for them.

Transgenders do have dreams, do have goals the same way we have. They get hurt too. They eat the same food we have. They have a heart too. They do not have any different hearts compared to us. Still, they are not treated with due respect.

Transgenders should be given the freedom to live a normal life. They do have a life of their own. They should be treated with respect and dignity. The only thing they still are fighting is for is ‘respect.’ The respect in people’s eyes for them. The respect to work anywhere and live peacefully.

Wherever they go, people should treat them as normal human beings just like them and not make constantly make them feel that they are not a part of our society. But, yes all this would not happen. It is very easy to say this but this is really not possible until the minds of the people are cleared.

All they want is respect and to be accepted by the society. Will they ever receive the respect they deserve? Will they ever be treated as equal? Will they ever be called by their actual names instead of the names given by the people?

CORONA WARRIORS

As we all are familiar with today’s ongoing situation….we have faced a horrific lock down time….but that was essential for us… freak out is very risky even in today’s situation…
We have seen that how we had spent that time of lock down even while we had everything…. food on our dining table… hopefully no one was suffering from COVID….. clean water to drink…. by the blessings of GOD …but think about those who had nothing to eat…who hadn’t the purified water…..even they were struggling for their EK TIME KI ROTI…
When we were in our home due to the fear of corona there was some people who were fighting to corona for us on front foot…….they were not only fighting…. they were also get injured but they were still fighting with corona….
We had given a name to them ….yes everyone knows….WE CALLED THEM CORONA WARRIORS…

There is list of corona warriors who not only helped us as well as they provided the best ever possible facility to us in the tough time……

So from here the list starts…….


DOCTORS- We all compare doctors with GOD as they save lives… and in this pandemic we have seen that doctors are really just like GOD…
They provided us the best possible treatment by put their lives on risk. Just suppose how a person can remain in ppe kit all the time in this sunny season, just suppose how they feel… they were the front foot fighters and today they are the front foot fighters…..

NURSES & OTHER HOSPITAL STAFF- If doctors are the fighters then nurses, ward boys, & other hospital staff are their helpers….they support the doctor in every case without them even doctors can’t work efficiently….nurses and other staff were also risking their lives ….they also provide service like doctors even they have to clean all the waste ……just think about those corona patients who faced disgusting behavior from their own family members….these nurses and other staff are taking care of them…. they are motivating them that they will get well ….

POLICE- Police always kept its image of a fighter ..and no doubt they are really a fighter….but in this pandemic we have seen the another side of police and that side was of a caretaker of needy people …… they are always ready to help public in any time…either delivering ration to the homes or awaring the public by different ideas just to keep them safe…..police have their families too…so just thin k how their family feels when a member of their family is remain outside by risking his / her live.
FARMERS- In India we call farmers as ANNADATA.. and they are …in this pandemic when there was no working in the whole world….there were frames,… who were providing us food….and always whatever the situation is they always do their duty without complaining…….

MEDIA- Media is also corona warrior because they have done reporting in many hotspots….they updated us every minute of the day about the world’s situation…they are also risking their lives ….we don’t have any idea about their efforts ….they have to do reporting in very serious condition places….it is easy to comment about anyone but ask them… what they are paying for their duty…

VENDORS- Yes, vendors are also corona warriors…they provide us vegetables and fruits at our home so that we don’t have to go anywhere……they are also risking their lives….don’t know which type of people they met every day in which circumstances they have to do their work ….

DAILY NEEDS SHOPKEEPERS- When there was lock down in the whole country then there was the daily shopkeepers who were providing us every daily need things just like vendors don’t know how many different-different types of people they meet but they keep their service on…..

THE LIST IS NOT OVER HERE….THERE ARE SO MANY PERSONS LIKE SWEEPERS, CLEANERS,SOCIAL WORKERS…… WHO HAVE DONE THEIR JOB GREATLY..AND THEY ARE STILL PROVIDING THEIR SERVICE….THANK YOU IS A VERY SMALL THING IN FRONT OF THEIR EFFORTS ….WE SHOULD APPRECIATE THEIR EFFORTS…WE SHOULD RESPECT THEM ..AND WHENEVER WE MEET THEM WE SHOULD SALUTE THEM…..BECAUSE BY THEIR EFFORTS WE HAVE A GOOD RECOVERY RATE AND WITH THE HELP OF THEM AND WITH COOPERATION OF PUBLIC HOPEFULLY WE WILL WIN THE FIGHT AGAINST CORONA ONE DAY…

MANN MEIN HAI VISHWAS…POORA HAI VISHWAS……HUM HONGE KAAMYAAB EK DIN…..

student life on online classes during pandemic.

Online education is very treading during pandemic season has been increasing in popularity over the past decade. By the according of studies the number of college student taking online classes double over the past five years high school student enrolled in students are online courses are steady increases as well, and then direct middle school have jumped on the type of e-learning bandwagon. The minds of parents and educators is the weather or not of online courses can give on student the discussion-rich, rounded and learning experience traditional classrooms can.

BENEFITS –

The online classes are specially college online courses, can be quite beneficial for busy student. The flexible as far as give time management because student don’t have to commute and class at a given time during of a week. Classes can often be a more cost- effective than traditional than the classes are done by at a pace student is comfortable.

For middle and high and middle school as college student are the logistics of online courses also be a beneficial. Adding online classes to their regular class load help struggling or risk students make failed other wise make credit attributable to being transient. By able to play the online student can graduate on time with the classmates.

BAD IMPACTS DURING THIS PANDEMIC SEASON –

But the student accustomed to an of a learning are already exists of concern over the loss of social, interactive of education. Logging form the home problems for some students. of other internet access of the campus have been the vacate.

The during corona virus pandemic has an a unprecedented rise in screen time and Dr. Howard Taylor said by the strict containment measure mean and more are replying on the technology and digital solution to the children learning, entertained and outside world but not have necessary knowledge, skills and resources of themselves safe on online.

Their are more than children and young and elders have been affected by school closures. Many those student are now taking the classes as well socialization more more than online.

The long of lock down for the pandemic time has been closed school, colleges, institute and citywide classroom of the ten thousand students are cities and also villages, towns are in computer and smartphone through screen take to online apps tutorials and assessments. And, the E-learning poses as a challenge of both teachers and over technology access, but keeping by everyone buys with workshop, lectures and assignment. Some of the institute are uploading lectures to you tube, while lectures on DTH online to the help of student, And Andhra pradesh is trying tap Doordarshan remove access barriers. The some institute have a adopted the zoom app, google classroom, google meet,Yet are the instruction are unable to say how effective and not every tuning in here of system has rolled out. The parents are finding are difficulty to adjust of online system of children. ?Due to lock down. Some parents says are the school are going only justify the fees in April. Without textbook of new session on studying material as terse message.

Types of compansation

Compansation is payment given by the companies to its employees for doing work.it may be in different form.they are as under.

  1. Basic salary : Basic salary or basic pay is the payment made by the employer to its employees for working in the organisation or company. It may be according agreement .
  2. Commission: Communication is the extra payment made by the employer to employee in percentage basis according to additional performance the employee. Commission is highly practiced in sales organisation where commission will be given by the company to sales person according to sales target reached by him.
  3. Bonus : Bonus is the payment made by company as the sharing part of the companies profits with its employees. It may be because of the good performance from the employees.
  4. overtime payment : Overtime payment is the payment made by company to employees for the additional work done by the employees.
  5. Stock issuing : some of the companies will give its equity shares to the employees as appreciating work of the employees. And treating them as the owners of the company.
  6. Allowances: It is the payment made by employees as to cover the expenses which are incurred by employees which are related to work.

What is right? , What is wrong ?

What is right and what is wrong in life?
There is nothing right and there is nothing wrong, there is nothing good and there is nothing evil.

Morality is a human invention and is applicable only to humans. It is a guided set of rules aimed at making humans more civilised. Just because humans have objectively classified things into right and wrong doesn’t necessarily mean that these classifications actually exist in nature.

These guidelines, and thus the perception of right and wrong keep on changing with time as the opinions of the majority of humans change. There is a statement delivered by Brad Pitt in the movie, 12 Monkeys, “There’s no right, there’s no wrong, there’s only popular opinion.” Once there was a popular opinion was that Earth was flat and that notion was considered “right”. Then, there were times when the sun revolving the Earth was a common opinion, and the ones opposing that, were considered crazy. While cannibalism, public torture, and blood fights were widely accepted in many societies in the past, these are now considered heinous acts. Until recently, or even today, homosexuality and atheism were/are considered wrong. Today, marijuana and prostitution are illegal(in most parts of the world). Who knows, tomorrow the “popular opinion” changes and what is considered wrong today would be considered right tomorrow.

Humans are subjected to cultural conditioning. Children often throw their food, scream, and blatantly talk to others before they are conditioned to the “right” and “wrong”. After the stage when children start to develop the ability to process conditioning, throughout their lives, morality is continuously shoved into them through parents, teachers, society, religion, and education. This conditioning, in one way, is essential to keep humans within the bounds. But this means that morality is something which is taught to humans since childhood, and not something which is inherently present in them.

Morality is to humans what geographical coordinate system is to world geography.

Now, maybe you are thinking that murder, rape, and violence are outright “wrong”. I would ask you to have a good look at nature. Animals often kill each other over territory or for mates. We don’t call it wrong, we call it the “survival of the fittest”. There have been instances of rape among animals, many times when it doesn’t even seem to be one, and yet it seems perfectly natural. Animals often don’t allow members of different clans in their group. This is what we call “racial discrimination” today. Nature often strikes with earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes, which we would call “violence”. If murder, rape, racism, violence are “wrong”, shouldn’t that “wrong” be applicable to all the species and nature as well. If humans didn’t exist, would morality hold any significance at all? As humans grew intelligent, they invented morality to keep themselves civilised, and as humans grew arrogant, they started believing that morality is a universal thing.

For further reads:

Your newborn may be vulnerable to these 6 serious diseases.
All of our lives, we’ve been struggling with just how it is that we ought to decide. Are there lists to be made–columns of “good results” and “bad results” to be conceived, compared, and contrasted? Are there rules to follow–do this; don’t do that? Are there good ways to be–be patient; don’t lose your temper? We struggle not only with what in fact we ought to do, but also with how in the world we are to decide whether it is right to lie just this once.

We all tend to approach decisions about right and wrong in one of three ways. First, there are those folks who think that the results make all the difference. Why won’t you lie? It will hurt people; the results are bad. Second, there are those people who follow the rules. Why won’t you lie? There’s a rule that says to always tell the truth, “to do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” And, thirdly, there are those individuals who aren’t much interested in either results or rules. They are interested in the kind of person you are–a person of compassion or courage. Why won’t you lie? Because I’m an honest person, a truthful person; that’s just the kind of person I am. Results; rules; character traits–all are important parts of how we decide.

Part of what makes decisions about right and wrong so difficult for us is that we don’t all go about it in the same way. That is just fine, really. Such diversity in how we decide reflects the rich tapestry of resources we each bring to our decision making. Although some may argue for good results and others for following the rules, one thing is certain: Ethics is always more than just what we might like or dislike, always more than rash opinion. My choice never to eat spinach is not an ethical choice; it merely has to do with the chemistry of my taste buds and a particular leafy green vegetable. I don’t like spinach! What ethics requires of us is making judgments that we can explain, making judgments that rely not on opinion or our taste buds, but on results or rules or good habits. We need to remember that how we decide is just as important as what we decide.

Talk To Them

I have read many articles on depression. And being a psychology student, I can say most of them are extremely helpful.

These articles usually talk about there are signs and if we pay enough attention, we can notice who is battling with depression and who is not. According to American Psychiatric Association (APA), Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. 

There are signs that if observed carefully, can be identified. In India, mental health has just started getting important for the general public. Even now, in several rural (and even urban for that matter) areas, people live in utter denial of there being such a thing as mental health. In a study, it was seen that 1 out of every 3 school children withing the ages of 13-18 were struggling with some sort of mental illness. A major chunk of these kids, suffer from depression. Seriously! This is the age where children have the right (literally) to be children! Play outside with friends, making new aqaintances, talking comfortable with their sexual preference and even create some harmless ruckus of their own!

This is not the age where kids should be burdened to study so hard that they don’t know what to do with their free time i.e. if they get any. They should have the freedom to explore their fields of interests. Even if they are childish, let them be! Instead of expecting something that is practically impossible for them to achieve, ask then what they want to become. Because if we don’t let kids be kids, we are basically pushing them towards the edge. Don’t expect them to be mature at such a young age that they lose sight of what they are actually supposed to be.

“But we provide you with a comfortable lifestyle. You have everything! You don’t have a right to complain. Neither do they have a right of having a mental disorder!” These are some of the many common dialogues parents or guardians use when a child tries to talk to them. Again, most of the parents are supportive and they indeed try to help their child as much as they can. But there is still a huge chunk of people who go around throwing these phrases at their kids.

People, when your child tries to talk to you about their mental health, please don’t tell them you are busy. Please. And even if you are busy, think about this. All the efforts and hard work you put in, is ultimately for your little one’s benefit. What will you do with all the money and success if you don’t have your own child with you at the very end of your journey of success. Who will you share your happiness with if they are no more?

To have a healthy child parent relationship, oneust be open to communicate. Talk, listen, and then form a judgement regarding your child. You never know what your child is going through. Show physical affection. Spend healthy time with them. Tell them your life stories. Make them laugh. Make them happy. Make them feel like they are not alone. Like you are there for them. There with them. If they come to you with a problem, try to give them a healthy advice.

We don’t realize this but parenthood is what is responsible for building the kid’s personality. If you spoil them with too much love, they will grow up to become brats. If you ignore them, they will ignore you. If you maintain a healthy balance, they will be loving and smart at the same time. Just talk to them.. It’s really important that we do that now before it’s too late.

The Root of crime

You know who is responsible for all the crime that happened in our society , No . I’ll tell you who is responsible , who is the traitor in between us wait wait just a minute ……

So The main reason of crime is us yes you right you me and all the society ,what do you know about crime infact what is crime , The crime is a desease that is the wrong use of our brains , how , The main reason behind all the criminals are they had suffer with lot of pain that’s why they are going to be criminal , criminals are not born they made by us if we want to clear all the crime we will have to be criminal you know all have two sides inside us , one is the normal decent person and second one the dark side of us that is an aggressive side , the dark side come out when we loss something means when we loss something more important than our life that things are our family mambers our closed once what was the motive of this whole is to make people aware about their strengths we all are superpower full untill and unless we make it come outside , And believe me if you want to win you will have to win in any condition , if you loss then you’ll feel guilty for whole your life so what do you choose choice is yours ..

Job Evaluation

Job Evaluation is an important part of Human Resource Management. It is a comparative process. Job Evaluation is a formal and systematic way of determining the relative intrinsic value or worth of a job in relation to other jobs in an organisation. It is a process which is very helpful for framing compensation plans by the personnel manager. Job Evaluation begins with job analysis and ends at that point where the worth of a job is ascertained for achieving pay equity between jobs and different roles. The objective of job evaluation is to determine which jobs should get more pay than others. Job Evaluation is usually based on compensation factors rather than on the employee which means that job evaluation is done for ranking of job and not the job holder. As job holders are rated through performance appraisal. Several methods such as job ranking, job grading and factor comparisons are employed in job evaluation. Job Evaluation forms the basis for wages and salary negotiation. The value or worth of the job varies from time to time and from place to place under the influence of certain economic pressure. Some of the features of job evaluation are it helps in building a base for salary negotiation, it assesses the job and not the employee, Job Evaluation is done by a group of experts and not individuals, Job Evaluation is the output provided by job analysis, last but not the least it helps the management to maintain high level of productivity and satisfaction among employees which motivates them to work hard. The main point which must be understood is that job evaluation is about relationship and not absolutes it cannot be the sole determining factor for deciding pay structure. As there are many other external factors like labour market conditions and collective bargaining. The objectives of Job Evaluation are –

  • To help in measuring the “intrinsic” worth of the job. This is based on the degree of complexity of job content and requirements.
  • To provide a rational basis for equitable remuneration within an organisation.
  • To rank the job in order of importance like job duties and responsibilities.
  • It helps in providing framework for periodic of wage rates and its revision too.
  • It helps in providing a benchmark for career planning of the employees in the organisation.
  • To identify a ladder of progression for future movement to all employees interested in improving their compensation.
  • To develop a base for merit or pay for performance.

Job Evaluation as a process is advantageous and important to a company in many ways:-

  • Helps in Wage and Salary Fixation – Job Evaluation helps the management so that they can establish a rational and consistent wage and salary structure. It lays down the base or foundation for wage incentive plan.
  • Helps in Recruitment and Selection – Job Evaluation provides useful information for recruitment of new employees. It is also helpful at the time of selection of candidates as the factors which we have determined for job evaluation can be taken into consideration while selecting the employee. Likewise, promotion, transfer and so on can be made on a rational basis for different employees in the organisation.
  • Improves Labour-Management Relation – Job Evaluation helps in eliminating wage inequalities within the organisation. And thus it helps in bringing and maintaining harmonious relationship between Employee and Employer
  • Fair Distribution of Rewards – As each and every human likes to get rewarded same goes with employees. They should be rewarded fairly in relation to others in the organisation and it helps to ensure that rewards are allocated without any discrimination.
  • Helps in Analysis of Company – It acts as a valuable tools for the analysis of a company. As it helps in identifying that whether there is any gap or overlap in responsibility.

As we know Job Evaluation is a very important part of Human Resource Management as it determines the worth of the job in the organisation.

The Forgotten: The Stranded Migrant Workers

There is no section in our country that remains unaffected by the difficulties caused by the affliction that is COVID- 19, however it’s safe to assume that, the most gravely affected by the crisis are the underprivileged labourers and workers. Their agony, their pain, their ordeal cannot be expressed in words. Who amongst us cannot understand and feel what they and their families are going through.

More than 92.5% labourers, including daily wage earners, have lost work and are unemployed owing to the lockdown imposed by the country, according to a survey of migrant workers in north and central India. This is despite the labour ministry’s plea to owners and contractors not to retrench workers.

Why are the migrant workers so hard hit during lock down?

The answer is pretty simple, while many people have lost the jobs, it’s the migrant workers that have lost their only livelihood without any fall-back support. They don’t have any fixed income, health insurance ot savings. They get paid in wages, only if they work, most of them being employed in the informal sector. They are also devoid of sufficient monetary resources to sustain themselves and their families (who are dependent on them) during the unemployment period. Further, they are the only groups who have been displaced from their normal place of residence. Nearly six lakhs migrant labourers are stranded in government camps. They are more vulnerable to corona virus infection as they have repeatedly failed to observe social distancing die to their special living conditions and full dependence on public transport.

The aforementioned consequences may have the following impact if they aren’t monitored and checked by the government and the respective agencies. They might have to draw loans in order to sustain themselves with their home or land they own as the collateral. It might push them further into economic insecurity and instability. The education of their children will also be affected, even during the post lockdown period as they might be unable to afford the fees. If left unaddressed, it might put the migrant labour under tremendous mental pressure and strain, leading to a substantial rise in mental health issues in the community. It’ll also widen the gap between the rich and the poor, thus leading to increased economic inequality. There are possibilities of increased exploitation in terms of employment compensation in the post lockdown period, when a lot of people will be looking for work in an economy which was already suffering from unemployment.

How did their future become so grim?

When the Indian government announced a lockdown with just a four hours warning, large numbers of migrant workers all over the country were left stranded, with no idea of where to go and what to do. No arrangements had been made for them, whether to transport them back or to house them in shelters. As a result, there were tragic consequences. Panicked migrant workers going to buses and train stations and getting beaten by Police or being sprayed with bleach. Thousands of migrant workers trying to walk back hundreds of kilometres to their villages, with many dying on the way. I guess the decision makers seemingly forgot about the most vulnerable people while deciding, why? When they could arrange transport for pilgrims and students, why was no thought put in about what would happen to migrant workers? Why is it that only the NRIs were retrieved from affected areas? Is it because they are voiceless and they don’t have a pressure group.

Even if they were forgotten about while planning the lockdown, there was still a means to rectify the mistake. Day after lockdown, a relief package was announced by government for the vulnerable section, which ended up being too little and too late. As soon as the lockdown was announced, this section immediately lost their jobs and because of the sustenance nature of livelihood, they immediately ran out of food and basic necessity. The moment lockdown was announced, all the relief should have been announced simultaneously. The gap between the announcement of lockdown and the announcement of relief package was enough to create panic in these sections and due to uncertainty they started taking the extreme step of walking back on foot to their home. And soon the situation got out of control. Because remember, we are not talking about a handful of people, not even thousands, they are millions in number.

There was still a scope of avoiding the unfateful. All the states had enough resources and means to take care of all these workers but they failed to pacify and communicate to them. The situation came to a point that state government had to announce for hundreds of buses to carry them home in such a condition, loosing the very purpose of lockdown. The risk of people dying of hunger became believe than the outbreak itself.

Fair, But Not So Lovely

Either as your grandmother’s favourite piece of advice or through the perpetual barrage of fairness cream advertisements on television, if you’re an Indian, it’s hard to miss the magical myths of fair skin is everywhere. One such myth that I came upon, that struck a cord with me was that ‘fair skinned persons don’t lie’, which, needless to say is enough to reveal the fair-skin obsession that plagues the young minds of our society.

Consumer brand Hindustan Unilever announced on June 25 that it’s dropping the word ‘Fair’ from its popular skin-whitening cream brand ‘Fair & Lovely’ to achieve a ‘more inclusive vision of beauty’. However, it’s still a change that only goes skin deep as the change, by all accounts, remains at the level of branding. It was also announced that announced, the emphasis would be shifted from “fairness” to “glow”. But words such as “glow” and skin “brightening” have long been used by cosmetic products as more acceptable alternatives for treatments that aim to lighten skin tone.

Banning anything that goes against the norm seems to be the pitch of the season. The barrage of criticism against the way fairness creams are being promoted in the advertisement is the ‘height of creative low’. Instead of projecting a healthy thought, these ads seem to be promoting stereotypes and problematic beliefs such as fairness being a resume-worthy quality. The ads play big on the connect people have with skin fairness and the job they do. It is blatantly projected though the numerous ads where the girl gets rejected from an interview for the role of a flight attendant-fashion model-teacher. Armed with fairness cream, the renewed zeal of the woman gets her the job she aspired to do. How convenient! These ads must be banned for glorifying skin complexion as part of the resume. It also seems to convey very ambiguous messages. Are dark-skinned individuals the only consumers who use fairness creams? Even those born with the ‘quality’ use dollops of cream and expect to retain their fairness for ever. Despite this fact, the ads continue to project the creams as a Messiah for dark-skinned people. It breeds contempt among users and potential customers. The advertisements also seem to portray that the wonder creams have the ability to get you married or turn you into a star overnight!

However, at the end of the day, they exist because people buy them, and since there is a market for them…like all products or services. But yes, they do feed into the existing prejudice and preference against a darker complexion.

Products like these, make people ashamed of their originality. It’s a shallow concept and its propaganda is ignominious. Some people make a fair skin tone as the yardstick of a person’s success. A woman once hinted me that I am excelling in a lot of places because I am fair skinned. Thank you, fairness creams ads. The question isn’t about the fact that whether or not dark is beautiful. The question is about an individual’s dignity. Let’s not stoop this low to believe in the authenticity of such a biased idea of beauty. So, should the skin-whitening products be allowed to take such a significant place in our society?

I guess, the answer is pretty simple. We don’t need products which make people diffident and which make people shallow in their perseverance of beauty. At the end of the day, they are just devouring off our backward mind-set, insecurities and inferiority complex.
Dropping of fair in the name of a face cream is, thus, only symbolic. It does not change the social bias towards fairness specially for women. They’re just as problematic. Such changes may lend these products a glow of wokeness. But it only whitewashes the in-built prejudices that are yet to be challenged in any meaningful way.

In a country obsessed with fairness creams, people should be educated to find beauty beyond skin colour.

MSME POLICY IN INDIA

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) contribute nearly 8% of the country’s GDP, 45% of the manufacturing output and 40% of the exports. They provide the largest share of employment after agriculture. They are the nurseries for entrepreneurship and innovation. They are widely dispersed across the country and produce a diverse range of products and services to meet the needs of the local markets, the global market and the national and international value chains.

The Ministry has a number of programmers to help and assist entrepreneurs and small businesses. If anyone is planning to set up business, one may contact National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD), National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (NI- MSME), Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE) or the Development Commissioner (DCMSME) for details about their programs. If one is an existing entrepreneur and would like to improve one’s competitiveness, one may contact DC, MSME who can be of assistance in various ways. If one is willing to set up a village industry or want to know more about Khadi or Coir Products, one may contact KVIC or Coir Board.

Ministry of MSME encourages and honors innovation and enterprise. It work in close coordination with the State Governments, Industry Associations, Banks and other stakeholders through its numerous field offices and technical institutions to help the ‘engines of growth’ throughout the country.

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSME) Act was enacted in 2006. It provides the first-ever legal framework for recognition of the concept of “enterprises” (comprising both manufacturing and services) and integrating the three tiers of these enterprises, viz., and micro, small and medium.

It also provided for a statutory consultative mechanism at the national level with wide representation of all sections of stakeholders, particularly the three classes of enterprises. Under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act 2006, the definition and coverage of the MSE sector consisting of micro and small enterprises were broadened significantly. Further, the Act also defined the medium enterprises for the first time. Medium enterprises are those which have investment in plant and machinery exceeding Rs 5 crore.

 

 Salient Features of the MSME Development Act, 2006 :

·      The MSME Act provides the first legal framework for recognition of the concept of “enterprise” and integrating the three tiers of these enterprises, viz., micro, small and medium.

·       Under the Act, enterprises have been categorized broadly into those engaged in :

->   Manufacturing

->    Rendering of Services

Both categories have been further classified into micro, small and medium enterprise based on their investment in plant and machinery or in equipments as under:

·       Manufacturing Enterprises: Micro Enterprises investment upto Rs 25 lakhs, small enterprises investment above Rs 25 lakhs and upto Rs 5 crore.  Medium Enterprises investment above Rs 5 crore and upto Rs 10 crore.

 

·     Service Enterprises: Micro Enterprises investment upto Rs 10 lakhs, small enterprises investment above Rs 10 lakhs and upto Rs 2 crore. Medium Enterprises investment above Rs 2 crore and upto Rs 5 crore.

 

·      The Act provides for a statutory consultative mechanism at the national level with wide representation of all sections of stakeholders, particularly the three classes of enterprises, and with a wide range of advisory functions and an Advisory Committee to assist the Board and the Center/State Government.

The other features include:

· Establishment of specific funds for the promotion, development and enhancement of competitiveness of these enterprises.

· Notification of schemes/programs for the purpose.

· Progressive credit policies and practices.

· Preference in Government procurement to products and services of the micro and small enterprises.

· More effective mechanism doe mitigating the problems of delayed payments to micro and small enterprises.

· Simplification of the process of closure of business by all the three categories of enterprises.

                             Passion and Emotion: Sports has it all

                                                                                       -SHUBHANKAR

Well, call it passion or emotion, sports brings it all out of a person. People say sports is like entertainment, watch it for entertainment, get entertained and leave it there. But ask people who follow sports passionately, who have a special place for a team in their hearts, for them, sports brings out the real emotion and passion. And those people I’m talking about are millions in numbers. People get attached with a team so much that they feel that a team’s victory is theirs victory and losses hurt them hard. I’m not just talking about Indian fans, but fans from around the world. Be it any sport, cricket or football or lawn tennis, passion remains the same, intensity remains the same.

Why do we often see players give their 200% for the team, get their bodies on the line for the team, this is because they play for their fans, those passionate fans which are behind them even when the team or player doesn’t play well. When Dhoni got runout in the 2019 Cricket World Cup, not only his fans cried, the whole nation cried. What I mean by cried is literally, they cried. That’s the emotion a game brings, a player brings into fans. People might find it crazy when someone who doesn’t have any connection with the team, no connection at all, still cries when his favourite teams loses, because of the emotional connection the fan has with that team. Sports has a huge fanbase and the fanbase is what makes sports a worth while thing to watch and play. Without fans, no sport is even worth playing. Players play for the very fact that their fans are watching them and they want to win for their fans, their country and make their fans as well as their whole nation feel proud.

In India, people don’t have that much craze for football, but ask those fans who watch the Indian Super League (ISL), they will tell you how much they pray for the fact that their team wins and how they feel when their team loses. Sports has a different feeling altogether, ask those who breathe sports, obviously metaphorically but that passion and emotion tells us all that. There are times when stakes ae high in a game, but your favourite teams plays pathetically bad, they lose without even giving a tough fight, that’s when the fans emotions play a very crucial role. Some fans are so angry after those performances that they make their team so weakened by claiming that they are bad and they don’t know how to play and stuff like that, but that isn’t what true fans do. True fans are those who are behind their teams even in situations when they are losing and not winning. That’s the time passion comes into play, when you as a fan are behind your team supporting them, be it any situation.

Yes, losses hurt, yes getting and cheering for the team when they are losing in an important game is very hard and difficult, but if you have that emotion and passion for the game, for your favourite team, then you will always be the 12th man for your team, be it on the ground or watching from home. The best example of it could be the game played yesterday between Manchester United and Chelsea in the FA Cup semifinal. Chelsea won the game emphatically by 3-1, and the team they beat were the favourites to win, on a 19-game unbeaten streak, but they lost, quite convincingly they were beaten. All over Manchester United fans were angry, they were frustrated and this is the time they have to be behind their team because when hard times comes, that’s when true supporters remain behind their teams. That’s the passion and emotion I was talking about, which sports brings out of people.

BLUIS (Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System)

The Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System is a geo-tagged repository that would monitor and detect all government lands in Bhubaneswar. This will be done by using high-resolution satellite imagery. For safeguarding government lands from encroachments by land grabbers- the launch of BLUIS makes Odisha the first state in the country to use satellite technology and artificial intelligence. Any attempt to change the use of government land in Bhubaneswar, BLUIS will raise alarm and guide the enforcement staff to the exact location of encroachment. ‘BLUIS’ and ‘Litigation Management System’ are among the 8 Technology-driven Solutions that were launched under the 5T initiatives by the Chief Minister.

Odisha-CM-Naveen-Patnaik-launches-BLUIS

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on 8 July 2020 unveiled BLUIS which would monitor changes in all government lands in Bhubaneswar by leveraging high-resolution satellite imagery. Along with that, he launched 8 technology-driven solutions under 5T initiatives for Home and GA & PG Departments through video conferencing. Along with BLUIS, the chief minister launched applications like e-Pravesh, e-Bhawan, e-Atithi, HRMS 2.0, HRMS mobile app, LMS 2.0, ORTPSA to improve public services. The 5T Initiative (Technology, Transparency, Teamwork, and Time Leading to Transformation) model of governance, launched in August 2019, requires each department of the State Government to draw up an annual work-plan for faster, better public service delivery systems leading to achieve transformational goals. Launching the services, Patnaik said that the 5T model of governance along with Mo Sarkar has brought about a perceptible improvement in the quality of governance and has eased the delivery of public services.

Encroachment of government land in the capital city of Bhubaneswar will no more be easy for land grabbers as the Bhubaneswar Land Use Intelligence System (BLUIS), a web and mobile-based solution, launched by Odisha government would raise alarm over attempts to change the land use. According to the government, BLUIS is a geo-tagged repository of all the government lands in Bhubaneswar, created through high-resolution satellite imagery to detect all changes taking place on government lands.

Odisha becomes the first state in India to use high-resolution satellite imagery utilizing space technology and artificial intelligence to monitor government lands. The lack of transparency and accountability of the enforcement in the current mechanisms and the increasing encroachment of government lands in Bhubaneswar resulted in the development of BLUIS.

images

“Bhubaneswar is one of the fastest-growing cities in India witnessing land-use changes on a daily basis. In the process, precious public land is prone to encroachment. The present mechanism of detection and enforcement lacks adequate transparency and accountability,” a senior officer said emphasizing real-time monitoring. A mobile application would alert the enforcement authorities of any new construction on government lands. The GPS on the application guides the enforcement staff to the exact location. Evidence of enforcement is uploaded on the application as geo-tagged images and videos,” he said. As per follow-up action, a case will be filed for removing encroachment. The Litigation Management System, an online application to record information on legal cases and enable end-to-end communication between government officials and advocates during different stages of a case, was also launched. It provides a smart technology solution to monitor court cases from initiation, online appointment scheduling, and allotment of the case to government advocate for preparation and submission of counter-affidavit.

Mob Lynching

The word ‘lynching’ is originated in mid-18th century America. Origin of ‘lynching’ is traced by Willam Lynch who lived in Virginia in the U.S. Back then lynching referred to vigilante justice meted out to black people. Before the America Civil War brought an end to slavery, several instances of black slaves being lynched where reported in the U.S. In some cases whites were also lynched for opposing slavery of black people.

What is Mob Lynching?

‘lynching’ shall mean any act or series of acts of violence, whether spontaneous or planned, committed to inflicting extrajudicial punishment or an act of protest and caused by the desire of a mob to enforce upon a person or group of persons any perceived legal societal and cultural norms/ prejudices.

‘mob’ shall means a group of two or more individuals, assembled with an intension of lynching.

Law related to Mob Lynching

In India there was no specific act which describe the punishment concerned with the heinous crime of mob lynching. Recently we came across many such cases of mob lynching which was shocking for the whole nation. This kind of cases comes to limelight when it is shared on social media and I think that’s the worst part of it. Then we share the post and make it viral after all this the ministers, police start investigation of the case and then the action is taken if any.

There are states like Manipur, Rajasthan which has passed an act of Mob Lynching in which the role of police, punishments, trails are all explained in detail manner.

There was a PIL filed in 2016 on which in 2018 three bench of Judges have issued a guidelines for prevention of mob violence and lynching

 A. Preventive Measures.

 (i) The State Governments shall designate, a senior police officer, not below the rank of Superintendent of Police, as Nodal officer in each district. Such Nodal Officer shall be assisted by one of the DSP rank officers in the district for taking measures to prevent incidents of mob violence and lynching. They shall constitute a special task force so as to procure intelligence reports about the people who are likely to commit such crimes or who are involved in spreading hate speeches, provocative statements and fake news.

(ii) The State Government shall forthwith identify Districts, Sub-Divisions and/or villages where instances of lynching and mob violence have been reported in the recent past, say, in the last five years. The process of identification should be done within a period of three weeks from the date of this judgment; as such time period is sufficient to get the task done in today’s fast world of data collection.

(iii) The Secretary, Home Department of the concerned States shall issue directives/advisories to the Nodal Officers of the concerned districts for ensuring that the Officer In-charge of the Police Stations of the identified areas are extra cautious if any instance of mob violence within their jurisdiction comes to their notice.

(iv) The Nodal Officer, so designated, shall hold regular meetings (at least once a month) with the local intelligence units in the district along with all Station House Officers of the district so as to identify the existence of the tendencies of vigilantism, mob violence or lynching in the district and take steps to prohibit instances of dissemination of offensive material through different social media platforms or any other means for inciting such tendencies. The Nodal Officer shall also make efforts to eradicate hostile environment against any community or caste which is targeted in such incidents.

(v) The Director General of Police/the Secretary, Home Department of the concerned States shall take regular review meetings (at least once a quarter) with all the Nodal Officers and State Police Intelligence heads. The Nodal Officers shall bring to the notice of the DGP any inter district co-ordination issues for devising a strategy to tackle lynching and mob violence related issues at the State level.

(vi) It shall be the duty of every police officer to cause a mob to disperse, by exercising his power under Section 129 of CrPC, which, in his opinion, has a tendency to cause violence or wreak the havoc of lynching in the disguise of vigilantism or otherwise.

(vii) The Home Department of the Government of India must take initiative and work in co-ordination with the State Governments for sensitizing the law enforcement agencies and by involving all the stake holders to identify the measures for prevention of mob violence and lynching against any caste or community and to implement the constitutional goal of social justice and the Rule of Law.

(viii) The Director General of Police shall issue a circular to the Superintendents of Police with regard to police patrolling in the sensitive areas keeping in view the incidents of the past and the intelligence obtained by the office of the Director General. It singularly means that there should be seriousness in patrolling so that the anti-social elements involved in such crimes are discouraged and remain within the boundaries of law thus fearing to even think of taking the law into their own hands.

(ix) The Central and the State Governments should broadcast on radio and television and other media platforms including the official websites of the Home Department and Police of the States that lynching and mob violence of any kind shall invite serious consequence under the law.

(x) It shall be the duty of the Central Government as well as the State Governments to take steps to curb and stop dissemination of irresponsible and explosive messages, videos and other material on various social media platforms which have a tendency to incite mob violence and lynching of any kind.

(xi) The police shall cause to register FIR under Section 153A of IPC and/or other relevant provisions of law against persons who disseminate irresponsible and explosive messages and videos having content which is likely to incite mob violence and lynching of any kind.

(xii) The Central Government shall also issue appropriate directions/advisories to the State Governments which should reflect the gravity and seriousness of the situation and the measures to be taken.

B. Remedial Measures.

(i) Despite the preventive measures taken by the State Police, if it comes to the notice of the local police that an incident of lynching mob violence has taken place, the jurisdictional police station shall immediately cause to lodge an FIR, without any undue delay, under the relevant provisions of IPC and/or other provisions of law.

(ii) It shall be the duty of the Station House Officer, in whose police station such FIR is registered, to forthwith intimate the Nodal Officer in the district who shall, in turn, ensure that there is no further harassment of the family members of the victim(s).

(iii) Investigation in such offences shall be personally monitored by the Nodal Officer who shall be duty bound to ensure that the investigation is carried out effectively and the charge sheet in such cases is filed within the statutory period from the date of registration of the FIR or arrest of the accused, as the case may be.

(iv) The State Governments shall prepare a lynching/mob violence victim compensation scheme in the light of the provisions of Section 357A of CrPC within one month from the date of this judgment. In the said scheme for computation of compensation, the State Governments shall give due regard to the nature of bodily injury, psychological injury and loss of earnings including loss of opportunities of employment and education and expenses incurred on account of legal and medical expenses. The said compensation scheme must also have a provision for interim relief to be paid to the victim(s) or to the next of kin of the deceased within a period of thirty days of the incident of mob violence/lynching.

(v) The cases of lynching and mob violence shall be specifically tried by designated court/Fast Track courts earmarked for that purpose in each district. Such courts shall hold trial of the case on a day to day basis. The trial shall preferably be concluded within six months from the date of taking cognizance. We may hasten to add that this direction shall apply to even pending cases. The District Judge shall assign those cases as far as possible to one jurisdictional court so as to ensure expeditious disposal thereof. It shall be the duty of the State Governments and the Nodal Officers in particular to see that the prosecuting agency strictly carries out its role in appropriate furtherance of the trial.

(vi) To set a stern example in cases of mob violence and lynching, upon conviction of the accused person(s), the trial court must ordinarily award maximum sentence as provided for various offences under the provisions of the IPC.

(vii) The courts trying the cases of mob violence and lynching may, on application by a witness or by the public prosecutor in relation to such witness or on its own motion, take such measures, as it deems fit, for protection and for concealing the identity and address of the witness.

(viii) The victim(s) or the next of kin of the deceased in cases of mob violence and lynching shall be given timely notice of any court proceedings and he/she shall be entitled to be heard at the trial in respect of applications such as bail, discharge, release and parole filed by the accused persons. They shall also have the right to file written submissions on conviction, acquittal or sentencing.

 (ix) The victim(s) or the next of kin of the deceased in cases of mob violence and lynching shall receive free legal aid if he or she so chooses and engage any advocate of his/her choice from amongst those enrolled in the legal aid panel under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.

Current situation

There are guidelines made by the Supreme Court but it is followed by none. Making videos about mob lynching in public, showing that type of videos to the society through social media, newspaper, news channels is just promoting this kind of things. Its better we make people understand a guidelines made by the Supreme Court through various sources this will encourage the people to support Indian Judiciary and also work accordingly to the said guidelines.

We all are aware of Palghar Lynching case where two Sadhus and one driver killed by the villagers. As the people of the village assumed them to be child kidnapper who are engaged in organ harvest business. This also came across us through social media and then it takes a political turn. But no one unfolded the guidelines which was given by the apex court THAT’S THE CURRENT REALITY. News channel, social media do not explain the solution of the problem they just exaggerate it in every manner possible.

Balance life with balance

‘Balance’, a word, simple and easy to understand but yet difficult to put in reality. The most crucial thing for the smooth running of life is ‘to maintain balance’, balance in everything, the balance of emotions, the balance of relations, the balance of food, the balance of thoughts, the balance of exertions, and whatnot. As we grow, we discover that a mistake we did earlier in life was due to a lack of balance of certain things at that point in time. Any problem that we face can be solved if we are able to identify what all things need to be balanced to manage this problem.

how-to-improve-work-life-balance-for-your-employees

Life is all about maintaining a balance between various factors/parameters that govern our life. And this balance is unique for each individual, in the sense that the importance of various elements of one’s life is different for different people. No one can decide it for us that how much importance to give to certain things that to others to maintain a balance. The balance of various things of our life that we make depends on our priorities, our comfort, our boundaries, and our mind and heart. The balance of things for a perfect life for two different people can often be very different.

We can understand it in this manner: whenever we cook food, we add all the spices in some specified amount according to our taste depending on the level of spicy food we prefer. Also, we add salt according to taste. If we try to add more of any particular spices, let’s say red chili, then it may ruin the taste of food for us as we can’t eat that spicy. However, the same food can still be found yummy by some other person who loves to eat spicy and is comfortable with eating spicy food. The same is the case with adding more or less salt. Here salt and various spices are similar to the various important elements of our life.

A perfect balance is a solution to every problem. But the reality is, it is quite difficult to figure out what is a perfect balance for us, what will work for us. It is a process of self-learning and self-realization. We can learn this only after making some mistakes as we move forward in life.

images

Let’s discuss some of these balance that we need in brief:

  • The balance between various relations – We humans hold tons of relations in our entire life. It starts from the day we are born and it keeps on increasing as we grow. Each relation is important and can be maintained through proper balance.
  • The balance of thoughts – We need to balance between positive and negative thoughts. Though it is said always to be positive and always think positively, it is not true. It is also important to have some negative thoughts. It helps us to make back-up plans, it makes us aware, it can also boost us sometimes. But, again, a balance between the two is important.
  • The balance of emotions – We are humans and emotions are the gift we got that make us different from other creatures. Each human gets all types of experience. Even if you are a saint, you will find yourself getting angry. The thing is how you took your emotion and how you are managing it to bring the best out of you.
  • The balance of food – We need a balanced diet to maintain good health. A balance of various nutrients namely, protein, carbohydrates, proteins, fibers, etc is important for a healthy lifestyle.
  • The balance between work and home – Another important balance is the balance between work and home. Our work helps us to improve and grow and it keeps us focused, our home is our strength, it is our backbone and provides us emotional support. It is important to have a balance between the two.

So, the trick is to figure out the balance which will work for us in life and work with it. We should also understand that what might be a perfect balance for us today may not be a perfect balance for us tomorrow. So, it needs to be a bit flexible. We must realize that the small word ‘balance’ has a big importance for the smooth functioning of our lives.

Viral story of MENTOS + COKE


How Mentos and Coke go viral? It was in 2006 when a youtube video was uploaded by two students. One was Fritz Grobe and another was Stephen V. both were science students. In 2006, they experimented with Mentos and coke. There were no private companies or no brand management was involved, they were simply experimenting and they uploaded it on their YouTube channel. The experiment involved, taking some Mentos and dropping it into 101 Diet Coke bottles, resulting in mini-explosion from which they created a great Ad.


The video, at last, got viral and it resulted in winning the Webby award for the best viral video and it was also nominated for Emmy Award.

A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN…….

As we know that in our constitution of India there are fundamental rights and duties of citizens of India…
But we have also seen that so many people talk about only fundamental rights….hardly some people talk about fundamental duties…..why??

Why we always thought that …what the government has done for us?….. Why we don’t think about that… what we are doing for our nation??

If we are aware about our rights , Then we should also get aware about our duties..

So , the fundamental duties are listed below :


FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES:


It shall be the duty of every citizen of India –


(a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

(b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.

(d) To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities. To renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

(f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

(g) To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.

(h) To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

(i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.

(j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.

(k) To provide opportunities for education by the parent the guardian, to his child, or a ward between the age of 6-14 years as the case may be.

So, if we know our rights then we should also know our duties… we should know that what are our responsibility being an responsible citizen of India .
We can see in our surroundings that in today’s time we need these duties… we need human responsibilities… to make a better society…. to make a better nation….. to make a better reputation of our nation in the whole world… so that we can proudly say

SAARE JAHAN SE ACCHA HINDUSTAN HAMARA….HUM BULBULE HAIN ISKE YEH GULSITAAN HAMARA.. HAMARA…

5 BOOKS YOU MUST READ BEFORE YOU TURN 20

Turning 20 means that you are embarking on your big 20s of your life where you can go to bars, make bad decisions, thrive in college, fall wildly in love which most of us won’t do because we are adults with responsibilities, society is crushing our soul and we have no money but nevertheless, before you embark to your 20s you must read these books that will lend you a helping hand in your 20s. These books will help you figure out or make you feel normal when everything around you is changing or give you advice to sought out your problems or comfort you. So, pick any one book….


1.THE ART OF WAR BY SUN TZU
The art of war is a military manual written by sun Tzu back in the 5th century BC. You may ask why a military manual is useful for us common people? Sun Tzu was a military general who believed that war was based on rules of spirituality and compassion. His writings are filled with wisdom on how to tackle a tough situation with elegance and ease. It’s a beautiful book that gives us an immense understanding of how we should strategize and intercept our problems. As a teen who is stepping into adulthood, this book offers plenty of advice and know-how but most importantly teaches us grace and elegance.


2.THE KITE RUNNER BY KHALED HOUSSEINI
The book is filled with life lessons and will resonate with you as you get older. This book is beautifully painful and will touch your heart. This book is heart touching, filled with heartbreak but poignant story of two boys. Despite the sadness that shrouds the story the book still ends on an optimistic note and sometimes that’s all we can do.


3.NORWEGIAN WOOD BY HARUKI MURAKAMI
The running theme in the book is nostalgia and searching for our inner identity. The book is marked with understanding why we humans feel the way we feel and how each of us deals with sadness and regret in different ways. This book retains the main truth of life that life itself is a bittersweet journey.


4.CATCHER IN THE RYE BY J.D SALINGER
This book captures the story of teenager Holden Caulfield who has been kicked out of is school and runs away to New York city to avoid meeting his parents. The book is a poignant tale about the ‘phoniness of the world we live in “. The book deals with angst, depression, and how its difficult to find a human connection in this phony world. This story is something any teen can understand and go through.

5.THE DEVIL WEARS THE PRADA BY LAUREN WEISBERGER
This story is about a recently graduated girl who struggles to cope with the world and has to change herself to fit in but eventually realizes that her worth. This book holds true to the world cut-throat job market, crazy bosses who hate everyone, and an overworked employee who doesn’t have any time. This book is a heartwarming story that stays true to the ethics of the real world.

Pradhan mantri Ujala scheme

The full form of UJALA is Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All.

UJALA scheme was launched by PM Narendra Modi on 1st May 2015 under the government of India. The Ujala Scheme was established by replacing the Bachat Lamp Yojana is a joint initiative of Public Sector Undertaking of the Government of India, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under the Union Ministry of Power and the Electricity Distribution Company.

The UJALA scheme also known as the LED-based Domestic Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP) aims to promote the efficient usage of energy for all i.e., its consumption, savings and lighting. This scheme is considered as the world’s largest program. According to the UJALA scheme, LED bulbs would be distributed by the Electricity Distribution Company at subsidized rates to every grid-connected customer with a metered connection.

This scheme launched by the Union government’s Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) and LED Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP), marked their fifth anniversary on 5th January 2020.

  • Both schemes have been spearheaded and implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited(EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
  • These programmes have bagged global awards like the South Asia Procurement Innovation Award (SAPIA) 2017, CIO 100 award 2019, the Global Solid State Lighting (SSL) award of excellence.

The Centre’s ambitious National LED programme – Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) – will be implemented across the country by 2019, Minister for Power and Coal, Piyush Goyal said on Saturday.

“Since the UJALA scheme was launched a year ago on May 1, a total of 9 crore LED bulbs were sold in the country, which means people will get the benefit of Rs 5,500 crore in their electricity bills.

The cost of a 9-W LED bulb under the scheme is Rs 85 only .

The world’s largest solar power plant, the minister said, is coming up in Madhya Pradesh’s Rewa district and the state government is making all efforts to get it inaugurated by the Prime Minister.

This scheme become successful, some key pints are:

  • Replacing 200 million ordinary light bulbs by LED bulbs.
  • Load reduction of 5000 MW.
  • To reduce the emissions caused by greenhouse gases by 79 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.

People also get these purchasing benefits of every grid-connected consumer having a metered connection from their respective Electricity Distribution Company can get the LED bulbs at about 40% of the market price under the UJALA Scheme. Consumers also have the option of paying for the LEDs in equated monthly instalments.

For getting led bulbs, the enrollment procedure are:

  • Photo copy of the latest electricity bill
  • A copy of photo ID proof
  • A copy of residential proof (The address on the residential proof must match the address on the electricity bill.)
  • Cash advance in case of on-bill financing (balance amount recovered from the electricity bill) or full amount in case of upfront payment for each LED. In case of upfront payment, address proof is not mandatory.

This is the greatest benefit for every Indian consumer to purchase this led bulbs. LED bulbs have very long life (> 15 years if used of 4-5 hours every day) and are not likely to fuse. However, if the LED bulb stops working due to a technical defect, EESL will be providing free of cost warranty for all technical faults for three years. And the replacements shall be done through designated retail stores that will be communicated after the distribution ends. During the distribution, replacements can be done through any of the DELP distribution counters that would be operating within the city. Any EESL LED bulb can be replaced with any other company’s EESL LED bulb.

Right of education(21-A)

Education is one of the important part in each and every human life. If a person was educated he acquires knowledge, learns behavioral activities and methods to survive in the society. In simple manner, a person will be respected if he had some dignity in the society, and the only way to attain dignity and personality is educating himself. Education is a basic human right for all and is important for everyone to make the most of their lives. Other human rights include the right to freedom from slavery or torture and to a fair trial.

Having an education helps people to access all of their other human rights. Education improves an individual’s chances in life and helps to tackle poverty. 

Education reduces poverty, decreases social inequalities, empowers women and helps each individual reach their full potential.

It also brings significant economic returns for a country and helps societies to achieve lasting peace and sustainable development. Education is key to achieving all other human rights. 

 After Independence only it was raised to great extent. According to the 86th Amendment Act 2002, right to education was justified under the Article 14 and 21 as a part of fundamental right guaranteed to all citizens.

Right to Education – Article 21(A):
This article says state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, which represents the consequential legislation envisaged under Article 21-A, means that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards.

Article 21-A and the RTE Act came into effect on 1 April 2010. The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.

The administration activities in educational department in India was not much active. It must be developed by the proper planning by the executives. Though it was planned it does not exercise it properly, due to the corrupted hands in administration level. This situation must be deserted to the development of India in education system.

Every person is entitled to a quality education without discrimination, which means:

  • A compulsory free primary school education for every child
  • Secondary school (including technical training) must be available to everyone – states must work towards providing this for free
  • Higher education must be equally accessible, with countries working towards the goal of making this free
  • Fundamental education for those who missed out on primary school should be encouraged and available

It also means parents have the right to choose schools for their children and for individuals and organizations to set up schools that meet minimum standards.

Governments must provide good quality education and make sure all children can access it, without discrimination.

This is an international legal obligation and governments can be held accountable for failing to provide education for all its citizens.

Governments have to make sure all children can get the education they are entitled to by doing the following:

  • Removing anything that prevents access to quality education, such as repealing laws that cause discrimination
  • Preventing individuals or groups from stopping children from being educated
  • Taking steps to make sure children can get a quality education – this could include building schools or training teachers

The prominent organizations around the world striving for promotion of Right to Education are:
1. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
2. United Nation Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
3. World Bank
4. International Labour Organization (ILO)

The child is a soul with a being, a nature and capacities of its own, who must be helped to find them, to grow into their maturity, into a fullness of physical and vital energy.

Every generation looks up to the next generation with the hope that they shall build up a nation better than the present. Therefore education which empowers the future generation should always be the main concern for any nation. It is now an undisputed fact that right to education can be realized on a national level only through compulsory education.

A way to shop online

In this paramedic everyone try to neglect go outside.so in this time there is only solution to save life’s that is online shopping .Online shopping is a part of e commerce. If you wants to purchase anything you can order from it on a market reasonable prices. But the thing is, if online marketing charges high price no one attract on it, because the customer needs a reasonable markets prices.

Internet shopping is a phenomena that is growing rapidly nowadays. A peep into the exponential growth of the main players in this industry indicates there is still a large reservoir of market potential for e-commerce.

Online marketplaces provide a new and more convenient venue for the exchange of virtually all types of goods and services.

It is a process whereby consumers directly buy goods, services etc. from a seller without an intermediary service over the Internet. … Online stores are usually available 24 hours a day and many consumers have internet access both at work and at home. So it is very convenient for them to shop Online. 

Online stores are highly competitive, not only with other online stores but also with brick-and-mortar competitors. Price-comparison websites make deal hunting easier and also help guide shoppers to online stores with the best reputations by posting reviews submitted by other shoppers.

Point-of-sale advantages include stores offering no shipping charges and free ship-to-store options. A lot of online stores do not pass on sales tax (unless required by the state) to customers, which can add up substantial savings for those shoppers who buy primarily online. Other advantages of shopping online include:

  • The stores are almost never closed.
  • Shoppers can shop in their pajamas.
  • Online shoppers save on gas.
  • There are no parking hassles.
  • Online shoppers rarely have to deal with aggressive salespeople.
  • There are no annoying crowds.

If anything has an advantages so there is disadvantages also:

Online shopping, takes longer to ship a product back to an online store than it does to return it to a local shop, this might be the deciding factor on where to make the purchase.

  • Online shoppers do not have the ability to physically inspect or try on the items being considered for purchase.
  • Online shoppers sometimes lose the power to negotiate the price and payment terms that may exist in local stores.
  • Items ordered online are sometimes back-ordered, but shoppers may not find out until weeks later. This is particularly problematic when buying gifts.
  • Online shoppers do not always know if a site is a legitimate retail store and if is safe to shop.
  • Restocking and shipping costs are often charged on returns.
  • Online shoppers often do not have a person (or the same person) to talk to when dealing with a problem.
  • It is sometimes easier to get money refunded locally when the item purchased drops in price within the guaranteed price period.

Sometimes a deal that looks great falls short of what has been advertised. Communicating dissatisfaction can be difficult online and often takes enormous patience and tenacity to achieve satisfaction. Problem-solving face-to-face with local store employees is often faster and more satisfying. Contacting the next level of management is much easier at local stores than online.

Shoppers will save money and frustration by taking the time to learn the policies of both online and local stores before making purchases. Sometimes there are hidden charges like restocking fees at some online and local stores. The restocking fee may increase the longer it takes the shopper to return an items.

But, this time the only convenience for shopping that is online shopping because corona virus has changes many things, so if you are doing online shopping so beware from frauds and dangers, do compare prices of products.

Both businesses and customers have embraced online sales as a cheaper and more convenient way to shop, but just like anything associated with the Internet, there are benefits and dangers associated with shopping online. 

Why Caste Reservations?

The caste-system is something that has been ubiquitously identified with Indian society. It has its roots in ancient traditions and has seen changes over time under various dynasties and regimes. However, the essential notions of assigning position in society by virtue of birth have more or less remained the same. This has led to lower-caste communities becoming victims of the whims of those above them, living lives in deplorable conditions, forced to work in menial jobs, and even considered untouchables who will pollute the higher castes and thus have to live on the fringes of society. Over time, many have fought against the caste system and worked for the upliftment of downtrodden communities who have been exploited and oppressed by those in power.

In the 21st century, many popular media narratives and discourses among privileged sections of society would make it appear that the caste system does not still have a hold in India’s societal structure. Many believe that with the Constitution giving equal rights to all citizens and abolishing untouchability, all caste-based discriminations have ceased to exist. Merit should be the basis for all opportunity, not caste or background, is a common objection. Others opine that it is greatly misused and many who are economically well-off use their caste in-order to get advantages. Still others say that it gives students of lower castes an unfair advantage in academic spaces and other situations. All of these anti-reservation voices work on the fundamental assumption that caste is not an issue in modern-day India. But if one is willing to look into how caste differences are manifested, it will become all too apparent within a very short period of time that this notion of caste-based discrimination still runs deep in our systems and our attitudes. It is a stark reality for millions in this country and is an evil that dehumanizes the individual.

Caste-based reservations exist in order to combat the effects of systemic discrimination and disadvantage that the lower castes have been and continue to be subjected to. Lower caste individuals are even today subjected to discrimination in all spheres from education to employment. Many of them struggle to afford basic education and are often the sole providers for their families by the time they reach college. However, they are faced with difficulties there as well, be it a background of education that has not been as good as that of their peers or even elitist hiring practices in universities that silently discriminate. They continue to face difficulties from various sides even after they enter campuses. Lower caste individuals have barely any representation in public offices and services. Upward mobility for the majority of them is still a dream too far away to reach, and they are continuously caught in structures that are designed to not accommodate them.

It is to improve economic status and living conditions, but also to correct the many wrongs they have been meted out with, and the denial of fundamental rights and opportunities, that reservations seek to address. When one argues that economic status should be the criteria rather than caste, one forgets that in a system fraught with biased attitudes, this will only lead to more higher-caste but perhaps economically backward individuals getting the reservation seats and lesser being available to those of the lower caste. While economic ability is an issue, it is not the same problem as caste issues and has to be dealt with separately even if the two might overlap. Condescending attitudes of apparent saviors who belong to higher castes but who speak ‘for’ the lower castes instead of creating an opportunity for them to speak for themselves is also a bane that has to be resisted.

The continuing existence of the caste system in India is a reality that many would rather not address or even acknowledge since it makes them uncomfortable. It is also this attitude that makes reservations and affirmative actions all the more important. They work towards ensuring a more egalitarian society and should not be done away with until we achieve the end goal of no discrimination. This will require empathy, understanding, and even giving up of privileges taken for granted by many middle- and upper-class folk unless you are able to make it accessible to all sections of society. Social reform, reservation, educating the masses, dismantling of structures designed for the elites, and public awareness of how rampant this issue is would propel this fight for change. We cannot heal wounds that have been inflicted over centuries overnight but we can work towards creating spaces for healing and also ensure that these scars are never inflicted again.

SIGNIFICANCE OF NIA

It is a central agency to counter terrorism under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India. In all countries there are investigation agencies like this. It is not easy to write about all agencies in the world. So, mention here is about the NIA in India. It was created in 2008 after the Mumbai terror attack that year. It can investigate terror cases without the permission from the states. It specially investigates terror offences, waging war against the country offences on nuclear facilities. It can be put into fence only after the country passes an act or the ruling authority gives permission. Always it keeps the global standard.

It is also a storehouse of information on terrorism. With regard to NIA its headquarters at New Delhi, and 8 other regional offices across the country. Always it is headed by a Director General (an IPS Officer). It uses the most scientific methods to investigate cases. There is an utmost importance to human rights and dignity. Facilities a speedy and effective trial. It maintains a cordial relations with the central and state governments and other law enforcement agencies of the country. It also helps the states with the investigation of terror related cases. There was an Amendment Act of NIA in 2019. Now it has to investigate the following new offences.

1.Counterfeit currency or bank notes related offences.

2.Sale or manufacture of prohibited arms.

3. Human trafficking

4. Cyber terrorism

5. Offences under the explosive Substances Act 1908

Now it has the authority to investigate offences that are committed outside Indian territory subject to International treaties and domestic laws of other nations. There is also a special court to conduct trial of scheduled offences. Now there are 38 special NIA courts across the states and seven across the union territories.

Now NIA is dealing with gold smuggling case in kerala.

Dark pages of Lockdown

Due COVID-19 pandemic, in India lockdown was announced on 24th March 2020 by honourable PM. It lastly ended on 31st May. A lockdown is an emergency rule/protocol that prevents people from leaving a particular area. A full lockdown will mean you must stay where you are and not exit or enter a building or that particular area. But it allows for essential supplies, grocery stores, pharmacies and banks to continue to serve the people. All non-essential activities remain shut for the entire period like travel ban, shutting of public places etc.

This lockdown was for decrease the rate of spreading of COVID-19. It also impacted positively on environment i.e cleaner river, greener environment, improvement in Air Quality Index. It also increased in use of technology in education, work and governance.

But it has also impacted people badly. Due to lockdown generally people faced problems which are mentioned below:

Joblessness: many daily wage workers/migrant workers lost their job. Most of the poor still struggling to survive i.e have not food or essential need. Farmers also faced problems of sale of their crops,vegetables etc.

Uncertainty about their salaries: Private employee facing this problem either they will paid or not.

After forced Isolation many peole faced high level of Stress, frustration, anxiety and other mental health problems.

There is also rise in Domestic violence. It involves a pattern of psychological, physical, sexual, financial, emotional abuse.

These problems must be tackle properly and government should launch initiative to overcome the joblessness and improve educational method of learning.

Thanks.