A bore day in Pandemic

The world is facing a pandemic situation where we have to maintain social distance, wear mask use sanitizer. Prior to this Covid-19 we all have one thought somewhere in mind in which the workaholic would think ‘I wish my company start work from home twice a week’, the student would think ‘I wish teacher could come home and take attendance’. Now, when this things are reality we curse it too.

A new day is not the same day which was yesterday. We usually talk about our bright days or good days you can define the day a good day as per your opinions.

Nowdays, mostly all of us is at home partially with no works ( partially because we all have some household work to do) so yeah pat on our own back for doing that and add these things in our daily routine.

A normal day is getting up early in the morning it gets better when we sleep more half an hour without mom’s interference by switching off the fan. Then eating something before brush. Yeah! that’s also a new normal. Taking bath on alternate days. Reading books which was on our list but we could not complete it or binge watch of web series on Netflix in between munching and roam around the house. Taking brunch. Chit-chatting, video calls makes our normal day a better one. The add-ons are educational webinars, workshops, training programmes etc. Then the dinner and this ended up the day.

All day are not same. A day which is normal but it’s not a normal day in our own minds. Someday we feel we should remain silent we enjoy our own company or its just we debate with our own self in our own respective mind. A day where we juggle with our life decisions we took earlier. There comes a stage where we feel its all fallen apart. Life is not going in the same way we planned in our own minds. It’s just a mixture of feelings all together. Sometimes we play a song on loop in which only the lyrics are heard in our ears not the music. Where we start making our own hypothetical situation and make our self the actor/actress, director, story writer, editor all in one. In that situation we lead to many emotions all together we feel happy, we feel like crying our heart out, we come to our own conclusions or maybe we can say climax of our own movie. In this pandemic situation we come across many such dilemmas where we questioned our own existence on the planet earth. Whereas, on other hand we got to know many such little secrets of our parents which they were hiding it for years if not secrets we all have had heard childhood stories of our parents in these pandemic days.

We had come across such days prior to this pandemic but we didn’t think this hard how we are doing it now. As in past days we were surrounded by many things not only human beings but also non-living things. So we don’t let our mind to think more about things which are not existing they pop-up in our mind but somewhere down the line we do not let them indulge our mind and the surrounding help us in that. In my views we can still control our own minds if they went on a wrong path for a day. We can make them calm by involving ourselves in the areas which we have our interest in like our hobby. We can also start a conversation with our family members never forget we have their back. We can also call our best friends or people who are close with us. We are together in this Pandemic situation we should listen, support and help each other.

Further WEB Development trends

Single-Page Websites are on the top list

A single or one page website is simply a website that only contains one HTML page. Content is fully loaded in the initial page and there are no additional pages, such as a Home or About , Features or categories and Contact Us page. The sensible approach is to create a rough sketch of your site, and outline  the elements to include in the design and finalise where they should be placed. This helps to figure out if the one-page approach is appropriate.Single page websites aim to provide just the right amount of information for a user to make a decision and act on it. For starters, a single page website, that splits content into small chunks and removes User Interface or design clutter, is easy to design.

They are ideal for the busy digital customers who don’t want to waste time and offer concise and relevant content directly. Scrolling is an easy movement and it can be easily accessed across various devices  .The reduced content and cost-effectiveness of these websites are making it quite popular among businesses. Another advantage of having a straightforward navigation system is that there is usually only one action to be taken by the user and it can lead to increased conversions because users nowhere get distracted by another offer.

 Effective one-page sites often share certain characteristics that include:

Clearly defined sections – The more information you include on a single page, the more care needs to go into the way it’s formatted. Users click navigation links that allow them jump to destinations or different sections of the content on the same page.

Big header elements – They’re even more important that help you to capture the visitors’ attention.Here are a few examples of situations where it makes sense to use a simple one-page layout:

Portfolios – For certain services like freelancing , a single page is often enough to give potential employers a bit of information you can find out about the agency’s services, team members, past clients and projects, contact information and even include a simple contact form. The website even includes a fun chatbot you can use to get in touch instead of sending an email, which makes the page feel more interactive.

Landing pages – This type of website is all about converting users. In a nutshell, it’s a landing page designed to drum up excitement for the product. However, simple animations can be used to make the page liven up, and help you understand how it all works.

Brochure websites. If your business only needs a simple website with photos, contact information, and an introduction to your services.This is why single-page design is especially hot for brands owning exclusive sites for events or announcements with the amazing photography and simple layouts.

Drawbacks : (i).Single page websites can’t perform big on SEO (Search Engine Optimization). In fact, they could hurt your chances of ranking with Google and result in decreased conversions and user engagement. With so little content, target keywords often get neglected on single page sites. The good news is that there are workarounds, such as using the expandable div to include descriptions and additional imagery.(ii).Additionally, the single page website isn’t the ideal candidate for a growing brand, as its ability to scale is limited.

Minimalist Web Design Principles Create Maximum Impact

A simple website carrying fewer design elements and offering good User experience can improve user interaction and drive conversions. Most developers are experiencing how applying functional minimalism principles to a website can create a huge impact on the visitors and business outcomes.Consequently, most developers are adopting the less-is-more approach to improve their site’s  composition and engage their visitors.

Modular design

Modular design allows developers to reuse components and modules to create a web page rather than creating it using a restrictive template. Visually, modular design is a step up from templates. Developers can use it to create content blocks to display information in a powerful way.

However, creating a modular design web page is like each piece should interlock with one another without worrying how to rebuild the shape of the lego piece.Of course, when each of these pieces is combined, developers build a web page that makes sense and this leads to faster and cheaper development but a similar end-goal product.

Motion UI and impressive websites

The internet is massive and that it affects the average person’s attention span; The better way to grab the attention of a user is  with a captivating motion UI. As you scroll down the page, it changes and adapts to keep the visitor engaged. With functions, such as loading spinners, attractive CTAs, CSS animations, and subtly-moving elements, motion UI is a raving trend among modern developers. This animation technology allows businesses to own impressive web pages that reduce the time between clicks and conversions.Finally, resources like the Motion UI library offer various design elements that allow developers to animate design elements that work with any JavaScript or jQuery framework, the applications of GIF animation and motion UI will grow further.

The final words:

Compared to multi-page websites that are used in e-commerce websites, single page websites are highly used by busy digital customers for Portfolios , landing pages , brochure services and is especially hot for brands owning exclusive sites for events or announcements .Modular website design , Motion UI and minimalistic design principles too create a greater impact and will set a niche trend in the years to come.

Kindly check the below link to futher explore the above topic :


Why Support Small Businesses?

Small businesses are part of every community and very often closely connected to its people and history. Unlike larger corporations, small businesses are usually local, privately owned, and employ a lesser number of workers. They also have lesser incomes since their scope of market is usually much smaller than the large-scale companies and industrial outlets. However, they are intrinsic to the development and growth of a locality and its economy. It creates sources of income, expansion of trade, and employment opportunities. Cottage industries and small-scale home businesses have been very important to the growth of India’s economy for decades. However, with the advent of multi-national corporations, neoliberal policies and privatization of many industries, small businesses have seen a decline in income in recent years. Yet they are still an important part of our economy and our everyday life.

crop ethnic mother serving little girl glass of refreshing drink
Photo by Ketut Subiyanto on Pexels.com

With the internet revolution which has so transformed our life in the 21st century, we rely much on online stores for our daily necessities. We also go to supermarkets with national or international chains to buy our daily products, usually looking at their discounted rates and environment. However, we also need to know that these discounts are only given to us because that cost is extracted from us in other ways, or from their working force who are often forced to work long hours with minimal wages. Now with the novel coronavirus pandemic ravaging the world, we are facing a global economic crisis and a steep increase in unemployment rates. Many multi-national companies are laying off their staff and cutting salaries. This means that many who previously went out to buy their groceries now do it online. This has greatly jeopardized the future of small business in a way that has never happened before.

Supporting small businesses is something that all of us should be engaged in since they support entire families and communities. The various agents who come in between the worker and their salary in larger corporations are usually absent in small business. This means that the worker gains more for his hard work and is more amply rewarded than in corporations that exploit them. Supporting small business help them sustain themselves and the people behind it. Since it is difficult to stay in business with an influx of other larger chains, small businesses are focused on providing authentic and good products to their customers. This is also the reason why many customers remain faithful to these small stores, since they have understood its value and the work behind it. They also employ many creative ways to stay in business and retain customers.

Small businesses differ starkly in their environments from other larger businesses by creating a space of warmth and familiarity. The detachedness of the sterile supermarket white lights and the mechanical ways of engagement are often directly in opposition to the warm glow and friendly chatter that fills small spaces. They are often a meeting point for the people of that locality and their interactions. The owners are often also able to do favours for the customers or offer discounts on the bill which doesn’t commonly happen anywhere else. Local businesses become part of the story of that locality as they themselves are handed down between generations, and are able to give back to the community much better than others. They are not controlled by an algorithm created to maximize profit or a nameless person behind a computer somewhere far away. They are run by people and families we develop bonds with, leaving a human touch in their exchanges. It enriches the life of the individual and their society, becoming a saving grace in a consumeristic culture where profit is made at the expense of humans.

World Cousin’s Day

On 24th July every year we celebrate National Cousins Day. Cousins are the relatives having common forefathers. This is the day to mark the irreplaceable bond between the cousins of a Family. A bond which defines the sweet and salty relationship between the Cousins. Right after birth, a child gets to know about his Family, here he grows up slowly and steadily. Family is the foremost belongingness of a child. He gets his emotion and basic moral values from his parents. He gets to understand how to deal with the surroundings around us. Now, the awareness of friendship is served by the cousins. Friendship is the core element which joins the cousins together. Cousins are our first friend. Having such a friend as a family member is a blessing from God. When a child takes the first step towards growing up, he celebrates his birthday after inviting all his cousins and blows the candles. He starts enjoying and that sense of association helps him to prosper. As because concept of Joint family is rare nowadays, the cousins come from abroad or from another state to join the festivities. Also, during the get together, they spend the best family time together. Sharing foods, toys, clothes becomes an integral part of this special bond. This also strengthens the relation between the cousins and links them together. Sometimes, the elder ones tend to irritate the younger ones more and they become oppose of each other. All these are the humorous parts of childhood. The elder ones not only annoys them but also helps them in best possible ways. A cousin is your friend, philosopher and guide. Often the elder ones, helps and guides the younger ones in the in their home works. Cousins gets scolding from their mother together. There is no bond on earth as selfless and innocent as the love for your cousins. As the child blooms, it becomes the responsibility of the cousins to guide him in the best ways possible. Elders performs this duty to make him understand the reality of outer world and show him the right path. It is so nice to have someone so close to you. Many a times, our friends betray us, leaves us, abuses us but along with your cousin you stand strong. He will stay with you forever. Your cousins won’t be expecting anything from you. No family gatherings are special without the presence of your cousins. They make the family complete. We all have that one WhatsApp group where we share all the memes and crack jokes along with our cousins. Cousins will realize if you are in any kind of trouble and will make sure you don’t suffer all alone. Cousins are the best replacement of siblings. Things can go somewhat wrong with siblings but it never gets wrong with the cousins. The age of Cousins do not vary much, just a few years of difference. You can talk to them the hole night, watch a movie together. It won’t ever get boring. The best part is our cousins knows all the family secrets as much as we do. During holidays the cousins coming down to visit you home is constant for all the ages and this routine won’t ever change. Getting excited about when they are coming with how many gifts during summer or winter breaks is the funniest thing.

A the child tends to become a teenager, he faces a lot of difficulties in sharing the problems with parents, hence cousins then becomes more easy going. Cousins knows you the best and provides you a lot of inspirations within no time. Cousins influences to become better also punishes you for wrong doings. They listen to you without judgements, share their own experiences, and motivates you all the time. Your misdeed reminds the of all their mistakes and makes sure you don’t repeat them. You can always trust them no matter what, they won’t harm you in any ways. They can pass your thoughts to the parents so you don’t feel embarrassed. All needs to work nowadays hence gets a very less time to unite, hence arranging family gatherings more often will help you to get social and feel nostalgic once again. Never hurt your cousins or fight with them, they are your personal rare attachments, never lose them. Hence, Lets do something special this day, make sure to call your cousins or drop a message, just remind them they are important and mean a lot to you. Show them you are grateful for all their love and support throughout. Also, love the children of your cousins as much as you can, they are dearest to you.


Before the arrival of motorized transport horse drawn traffic was the main stay of all major cities. In Newyork alone there were more than 100000 horses which produced more than a million kilo of horse manure which had no system for disposal. Millions of flies bred on this manure creating yet another urban public health issue. The problem was faced by cities after cities around the world. But there was no solution.

Urban solid waste management remains a challenge around the world even now. Cities big and small, from countries developed and developing face major challenges in dealing with waste management.

Anything which is solid and is considered by its owner to be not worthy of continued use become a solid waste. The composition of the solid waste varies vastly depending upon the economic situation of a society while used automobiles and white goods are a major component of urban solid waste in developed countries. The culture of repair, reuse, and recycling in developing countries ensures that these do not end up in the waste piles.

Solid waste can be classified into seven

1.Household solid waste

2.Agricultural solid waste

3.Industrial solid waste

4.Waste from ships and Aircrafts

5.Hospital waste

6.Demolition of debris

7.Waste created by conflicts and disasters

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)hazardous waste is waste that is dangerous to our health or the environment. The following waste are often considered hazardous.

1.Industrial chemicals


3.Waste from oil Industry

4.Batteries and fluorescent lamps

5.Medical waste

6.Radioactive waste

7.Discarded pharmaceutical products

8.Discarded asbestos

9.Mixed Waste

In the last century Reduction, Reuse and Recycle (3R approach) reached significance. There are some global issues in waste management that is Trans boundary movement of waste, Technology transfer for waste management and disappearing land fills and it goes on……..


The maxim “Volenti non fit injuria” means “that to which a man consents, cannot be complained of as an injury”. It means that no act is actionable as a tort at the suit of any person who has expressly or impliedly assented to it. A person who makes an agreement with another, either expressly or by implication, to run the risk of injury caused by that other, will not be permitted to complain and claim damages for any of the risks that he had to undergo.

The maxim has a two fold application:-

  1. It applies to intentional acts which would otherwise be tortious and refers to consent to an entry on land or goods, which would otherwise be trespass. It also includes consent to physical harm which would be assault as in the case of a boxing match or a surgical operation [R v. Donovan; (1934) 2 KB 498], or consent to the publication of a defamatory statement which would otherwise be actionable [Chapman v. Lord Ellesmere, (1939) 2 KB 431].
  2. It applies to consent to run the risks of accidental harm which would otherwise be actionable.

Thus spectators at sports meeting take upon themselves the risk of the perils thereat whether reasonably to be expected or improbable. In Hall v. Brooklands Auto Racing Club, (1933) 1 KB 205, where the plaintiff was a spectator at a car race and the defendant was owner of the truck, during the race two cars collided and one of them was thrown among the spectators as a result of which, the plaintiff got hurt. It was held that the plaintiff impliedly took the risk. The danger was inherent in the sport which any spectator could foresee. the defendants were held not liable.

For the defence of volenti non fit injuria to be invoked, the act causing the harm should not have gone beyond the limit of what had been consented to. The defence for volenti non fit injuria was successfully pleaded in the following cases:-

  • Padmavati v. Duggaraika, where two strangers took lift in the jeep being taken by the driver to the petrol pump. On its way, the axle of the jeep gave away and the two strangers sustained injuries. One of them latter succumbed to the injuries. The court held that neither driver nor the master could be held liable because it was a case of pure accident and the two strangers had got into the jeep voluntarily.
  • Wooldridge v. Sumner, where the plaintiff was a photographer and was taking photographs of a horse show standing at the boundary of the arena, the defendant was the owner of a horse participating in the show. The defendant’s horse rounded the bend too fast and galloped furiously. Plaintiff was frightened and fell into the horse’s course and was seriously injured. The court held that the defendants were not liable, since they had taken due care. The spectators of such events take the risk of such damage even though there may have been an error of judgment or lapse of skill. The duty of the defendant is that of due care and not of skill.

For the defence to be invoked, it is a must to establish that the plaintiff’s consent to take the risk was free and fair. If the consent is obtained by fraud or coercion the defence is not available. Also, the act done by the defendant must be the same for which the plaintiff had given his consent. Persons who are not capable of giving consent, i.e. the insane, the minor etc., their parents or guardians can give the consent.

Affirmative Action

Affirmative action as a government remedy to effects of long standing against such group and has consisted of policies, programs and procedures that give limited preference to minorities and in the job hiring admission institute of higher education, the awarding of government contracts and other social benefits. The typical for criteria for affirmative action are race, disability and age.

The affirmative action was initiated by administration of president of the Lyndon in order to improve opportunity for Africa American while civil right legislation was dismantling the basis for discrimination.The federal government began to institute affirmative action policies under the landmark civil Right Act as an a executive order. Business receiving federal funds were prohibited from using programs were monitoring office of federal fund were prohibited from using aptitude test other criteria by the tended to discriminate federal funds were prohibited from using program were monitoring by the office of federal contract compliance and the Equal Employment opportunity commission, subsequently, affirmative action broadened to cover women and native American,Hispanics and minorities and was extended college universe and federal agencies.

The affirmative action in California culminated in the passage in 1996 of the civil right by the California initiative, Which is prohibited agencies institution from the giving preferential treatment t o individual on the basis of their race. The supreme court effectively upheld the constitutional of proposition 209 in November 1997 by refusing to hear challenges its enforcement. The supreme court also upheld a lower court ruling that struck down as unconditional the university of Texas action. program arguing in Hopwood University of Texas Law school that there are no compelling state interest to warrant using race as a factor in admission decisions. After ward there are further legislative an electoral challenges to affirmative action decision in many parts of country. In the two landmark ruling involving to the University of Michigan and its law school the supreme curt reaffirmed the of constitutionality of affirmative action.

The preeminent factor in such decision, striking down the university undergoes admission policy that awarded point on the basis, three year later admission policies of the kind approved in grutter were outlawed in Michigan under a state constitutional amendment banning race-based and other discrimination or the preferential treatment in public employment, public education otherwise there are public contracting. The supreme court upheld amendment as it applied to admission policies in Schuette defend affirmative action in fisher, the supreme court vacated and remanded an appeals court decision that had rejection challenge to an affirmative action program modeled on the approved in Gratz that the lower court had not subjected the to strict scrutiny, those most demanding form of the judicial review.

2. SEGREGATION THEORIES – There are the different have been put forward to explain the OS of men and women. The main difference between these theories is whether segregation is attribution to discrimination or the in preference or choice. Alternatively seem to have different implication for relationship between ES and OS, Possibly the policy instruments to be used ES and OS.

Human resource and Company

Human resource is an majore resource for a company, from forming up plan to its implementation the each and every employees work will give contribution. Satisfied employees will always become the reason for the companies success. When company give good salary, job security and other related facilities the employees will be satisfied. Even timely motivation and promotion is needed. So some of the companies will give free share to employees to give them the feeling of owners of company. When the employees are satisfied they can give their full efforts to the companies success as companies success will become their own success.

Debentures and Bonds

Debentures and Bonds both are debt instruments which are issued to raise funds. One who purchase this instrument will be the creditor or loan giver and issuer will be debtor or loan taker. Debentures used to raise funds by companies and they will give fixed rate of interest. These instruments are purchased on the basis of their credit ratings. Some types of debentures can be converted in to shares by the company. companies will issue debentures for the purpose of raising the fund. Bonds are debt instruments which are secured issued by government, corporates to raise the funds. Bonds has the Asset as the security. Bonds will pay interest as the return to bond buyer. The bond issuer will be the loan taker and bond purchaser will be the loan giver.

Was The Line Really Crossed: The Tale of the Infamous Test Series


Was the punishment really justified? Well, I suppose it was a bit too harsh and involving politics into it became a matter of great concern, highlighting the need for the International Cricket Council (ICC) to have a relook on the rules laid out by them. When the ICC announced the punishments to be imposed on Steve Smith and Camron Bancroft, they were only fines on the match fees of both players and a 1 match ban for Steve Smith. Well, this punishment by ICC didn’t went well with Cricket Australia and Australian public who wanted a more severe ban on the players involved in this misconduct or the prime word could be “Cheating”.

Hasn’t ball tampering been done before by players? Yes, it has been. Yes, not to the extent to which Australia went in that game against South Africa. Camron Bancroft was guilty of using a sandpaper for tampering with the ball. Before we have seen players using sugar or even their nails, but never using a sandpaper, that too with so many cameras focusing on you and with all these latest cameras and with the game evolving so much that nothing can be hided on a cricket field anymore. But the punishment I feel wasn’t justified on the 3 players. Who said that the leadership group only contained David Warner along with Steve Smith, the Captain. Weren’t the senior bowlers like Starc or Nathan Lyon involved. Don’t tell me that the ball is being tampered with or maybe the planning has been done to tamper with the ball without your main bowlers knowing anything of it. It was clearly stated by Steve Smith in his press conference that the leadership group had discussed about this at Tea time in Cape Town test. And knowing the size of the Cape Town dressing room being very small, how come when Steve Smith, David Warner and Camron Bancroft were chatting about tampering the ball, no one knew about it. These are the details which weren’t told out in public and the major players of the team were held accountable, not all those who were involved. Was Steve Smith or David Warner going to ball or even for say Camron Bancroft? No, the bowlers had to ball, so why didn’t they know of this plan. Isn’t Starc so senior a bowler to be part of the leadership group, so why wasn’t he handed over the punishment or why didn’t he come out and justified that Yes, I knew about what was going on. Even if he had told no to what the plan was and was against it, but he knew that something of that sort was about to happen. So, why didn’t he come out in open, in front of the media and let them know of what all transpired in the dressing room that day.

My only question is why was time not taken to investigate the whole matter, rather than just sacking the three from not only their positions, but from the team as well. Why was the prime minister of the country involved? Yes, I know it is a matter of pride, cricket being such a hugely popular sport in Australia, but making a decision so quickly without any investigation and on the basis of political pressure, that’s cruel in my opinion. Why I say cruel is aftermath of the sandpaper gate, what the whole controversy was popularly known as. Before the 4th test match started, Darren Lehman, the then coach of the Australian team called a press conference stating that he will coach the Australian team for the one last time, that being the 4th test. The decision was taken because his family were receiving threats after the 3rd test, and he choose his family first and resigned from the coaching position. But who the hell gave permission to threaten someone’s family. Mistakes do happen, we all are humans, but to go to that extent isn’t fair at all.

Well, giving the backdrop of what happened before the whole sandpaper gate controversy, you would get a sense that this was coming. So, this was another highly anticipated test series between Australia and South Africa. Australian team had dominated the South African’s in their own backyard for quite a while now. But this series was going to be another thriller between these top two teams with brilliant or should I say one of the best pace attacks in world cricket at that moment. Australia came to South Africa on the back of the Ashes series win, with full confidence. South Africa had also beaten the world number one test team at that moment in South Africa itself, the Indian cricket team. So, South Africa were also full of confidence going into the series against Australia. The 1st test between the two sides saw an ugly banter emerge between the Australian’s and the young South African batsman Aiden Markram. The young batsman was targeted and was bantered all over by the Aussies, to the extent that few of the commentators had to switch of their stump mics because it was so ugly a banter. But the things didn’t stop here, it was just the start or we could say just the spark before the actual fire started. The 1st test saw Nathan Lyon, the Australian offie, after running out AB Devilliers throwing the ball upon the batsman, with ICC getting involved and punishing Lyon with a certain amount of match fee deduction terming the action by Nathan Lyon out of the spirit of the game. The banter had gone too far that test match, but it wasn’t over yet. An off field incident between Australian Vice captain David Warner and South African wicketkeeper Quinton De Kock had taken the limelight away from the test match which was still going on. At tea time, de Kock and Warner were indulged in a war of words when players were going back into the dressing room, with the Australian Vice Captain being taken away by his teammates before the things heated up. The 2nd test saw South African pace bowler Kagiso Rabada being banned for the next two tests of the series for having a contact with the Australian captain after taking his wicket and in celebrating the wicket touched the Australian captain. However, Cricket South Africa fought the case, hence over turning the ban on Rabada. So, this was the whole situation before the 3rd and the most infamous test match in Australian cricketing history.

Well, I feel the line was crossed but not to an extent to ban the three cricketers for almost a year. And why only these players, why not the others who I feel according to the circumstantial evidence were definitely involved. However, the bans are over and now all the three are back playing and representing the Australians once again, with all three performing really well. Hope this situation never happens again.   

The essence of Teamwork

Many great organizations, and the leaders who run them, have strived to create the “ultimate” team. Attaining complete selflessness or the total commitment to a team effort is often not as easy as it may sound. While it is simple for a leader to say “we need a total team effort to accomplish all we have set out to do,” there can be many barriers that get in the way of achieving a greater sense of “team”.

It starts with leadership dictating a culture of team. This culture is passed on over time. It is consistently practiced, preached, and reinforced with everyone in an organization. It has to start with a mindset that team, not any one individual alone, will accomplish great heights.

Andrew Carnegie says, “Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to direct individual accomplishments toward organisational objectives. It is the fuel that allows common people to attain uncommon results.”

Notice how Carnegie talks about working together for a common vision. The ability for one individual to sacrifice his or her own ambitions for the greater good of the “TEAM,” develops a culture. It then sets a standard that to reach the highest success, everyone in an organization has to work together to achieve the best results. It is knowing in your mind that you alone will not accomplish what a group of talented individuals can do when they work together. That mindset has to start with the organization’s culture. 

A widely understood and interesting concept in the management jargon, extended form of the word TEAM, is:

T – Together
E – Everyone
A – Achieves
M – More

The concept of Together Everyone Achieves More itself conveys the importance of teamwork at the workplace and other places. For years now, organizational leaders have recognized the added value that comes from having employees work in formal or informal teams. However, over the last two decades, even greater emphasis has been placed on working together in a team. Team-building and team-work skills are essential in the workplace and highly desirable skills to possess when seeking a new job or promotion. Teams working at their potential generate more productivity and offer better solutions than if all of them work independently.

Teamwork in a company or organization has great importance for more than one reasons. Companies, who have adopted this concept, have reported increased performance in work production. This group project approach has improved employee morale and increased input when managed correctly. The benefits of teamwork can make a positive effect on the company that incorporates this type of teamwork approach. Some Significance of Teamwork are:

A Healthy Competition

While working in teams, professionals compete with each other and try to excel in every way. At the same time, they help and assist each other in work-related as well as personal difficulties and problems. The signs of great productivity and maximum efficiency are achieved only through team-work and mutual work practices.

Mutual Creativity

While working in a team, you will never be alone while coming up with an idea; you will always have some other professionals thinking on the same lines, who might suggest  a better idea. Suggestions, advices and mutual brainstorming can help employees in generating novel ideas and bringing out the creativity in their projects.

Job Satisfaction

Team-work can be an important source of job satisfaction and professional fulfillment for employees. The reason behind it is that working in a team improves employee performance as well as makes the work enjoyable for them. This is also favorable for employee motivation and workplace enthusiasm.

Mutual Organizational Interests

When employees work in team, they automatically work for mutual organizational interests; their personal interest is subordinate to the organizational interests. This ensures that all the team members put in the maximum possible efforts, focusing on the same goal, thereby ensuring a high quality and timely output.


The Essence of Teamwork “Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their hard work. For if one of them should fall, the other one can raise his partner up. Effective teamwork in the workplace benefits the organization by increasing the individual productivity, which is important in order to achieve the targets and fulfill commitments. Also, teamwork decreases the non-productive hours, which therefore increases productivity and ensures maximum utilization of manpower. This is the reason why companies are promoting teamwork at workplaces.

For some professionals, it might be a bit difficult to adjust to a group environment, but I am sure, they will gradually start loving to work as a team as they will see themselves developing as productive employees as well as better human beings!

  • When team members are aware of their own responsibilities and roles, as well as the significance of their output being relied upon by the rest of their team, team members will be driven to share the same vision, values, and goals. The result creates a workplace environment based on fellowship, trust, support, respect, and cooperation.

Without the ability to effectively work in a team environment, you could delay the success of developing, formulating and implementing new and innovative ideas. The ability to problem solve is reduced, as well as the attainment of meeting goals and objectives, in turn, limiting the efficiency and effectiveness of growing a successful company is hindered.

Principles of Natural Justice (PNJ)

The principles of natural justice (PNJ) are set of principles and procedures which are used in adjudication of disputes between two parties, adjudication should happen in an unbiased way, and opportunity to be heard should be given by blithe parties, and bothe should have equal access to the tribunal. There is no specific definition of natural justice, it is a combination of a few principles which is used in the filed of law as common practices. These principles are universally valid, and are usually followed by all. The term natural justice has been derived form the roman term “Jus Natural”, and they are considered to be a part of common law. Ironically they have not been codified, it is assumed that they have to be followed in any situation. The principles state that proper procedure have to be used in the process of decision making, no matter what the decision is, but the procedure should be conductor in an effective and efficient way. There are three principles of natural justice:

1. The Doctrine of Bias: Nemo Judex In Causa Sua is a latin phrase which means “No one should be a judge in his own case” as that leads to a biased decision. The person who has the authority to give the decision in a case, which is usually the judge should be unbiased and impartial, the judgment has to be taken on the basis of arguments and evidence and nothing else. The probability of a bias existing is enough to prevet a judge from sitting in the judgement taking place. There are three kinds a bias which cane take place and they have been discussed as follows: 

  • Pecuniary Bias: When the judge has pecuniary or financial interest or economic interest in the subject matter of the case, the person can no longer be considered a judge. If such a bias is discovered in the process of litigation he/she can be disqualified a s a judge making them unfit as a judge. 
  • Personal Bias: Such a bias takes place when there is some sort of relationship existing between the party in litigation and the judge, the relationship can be in th form of friendship, family relations, professional, and enmity. The above stated reasons may take the form of a biased decision, but such a bias is highly unnoticed by the judge, as it takes place involuntarily just with the emotions. However if it is proved strict actions will be taken against the judge.
  • Official Bias/ Bias as to the subject matter: If the judge has interest in the subject matter of the case, and if judgement is given in a particular manner may favour the judge professionally or personally of considered as an official bias. To disqualify the judge on this ground it has to proves that there is some direct connection between the judge and issues in the dispute.

2. Doctrine of Fair Hearing: Audi Alteram Partem means “to hear the other side”. This second principle pf natural justice means that everyone has to be given the opportunity to be heard. Action cannot be taken against the person if he was unheard. The process of litigation shall happen through fair hearing by both both the parties, they should be given a chance to present their arguments and cases, There are two parts to this doctrine:

  • Notice: A prior notice has to be issued by the deciding authority to party involved against whom action is to be taken. The notice should contain all the necessary information place, times, the nature of hearing, and other material details. After the notice is given the lawsuit will be initiated in a fair manner. The notice should also indicate the evidence upon which the action will be taken . The notice is like the final opportunity the receiver has to resolve the matter without going to the court of law, it is ike the final warning. After the notice has been issued reasonable time has to be given to make representation of the case and evidence in the court. 
  • Fair Hearing: The person against whom the order is passed shall be aware of all the actions that are going to be taken against him in full detail, the right to cross examination and the right to legal representation (right to have lawyer) has to be given to the parties, only if all the above are fulfilled it is considered that the principle of fair hearing has taken place. They are all a part of the right of fair hearing. 

3. The third principle of natural justice of “Reasoned Decision”, it states that reasonable reasons have to be recorded and told to the aggrieved party for taking the decision. Only if they seem satisfactory the decision will be considered valid. Giving reason can also be useful for one to appeal in higher courts as it is a requirement for appeal. Cessante Ratione Legis Cessat Ipsa Lex  means “Reason is the soul of the law, and when such reason ceases to be there so does the law”, this outlines the necessity and importance of speaking order (order containing the reason behind the judgement) or reasoned decision. 

There are several exceptions where the principles of natural justice are not followed , like when it is excluded in statutory provisions, constitutional provisions, are matters of confidentiality, public interest, during emergencies, etc. However it is majorly followed by all. We can come to a conclusion that the principles of natural justices were implemented so that the dignity and human rights of an individual could be protected, against the arbitrary legislative system where there are chances of injustice. It ensures that justice is given to all in a clear and fair manner. Hence, they play an important role in the field of law. 

Overview of The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, which is popularly known as the NDPS Act, was implemented to make strict provisions related to controlling the operation of narcotics drugs and psychotropic substances, and other material concerned with them. The main reason behind the act to be legislated was that The opium Act 1852, The opium Act 1878 and the Hazardous Drugs Act 1930 were considered to be insufficient to regulate all the activities relating to drugs and psychotropic substances, hence it became necessary to enact a new law which could update the provisions in the previous acts and bring some change to its functioning. The NDPS Act has been amended three times till now, in 1988, 2001 and 2014. This act is applicable to the while of india, and to all of its citizens no matter where they are. Before we go into the details of the act, one should understand the definition of a narcotic drug and a psychotropic substance.

  • A Narcotic Drug is a substance which is used for numbing your senses, relieve pain , and causes one to sleep. If it is used by medical practitioners in a limited amount its for a good cause, but it become illicit when one uses it without the guidance of a medical practitioner, for obtaining pleasure by changing the levels of consciousness, feeling and emotions. They go into their own world of fantasies, it is usually taken to attain happiness. Narcotic drug means coca leaf, cannabis (hemp), opium, poppy straw and includes all manufactured drugs as defined under the act. 
  • A Psychotropic substances contain many drugs under it which are used to alter the functions of the brain, mood, actions and thoughts. Examples of such substances are alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, marijuana,  are usually legal if used by doctors, and the illegal ones are narcotics like heroin, LSD, cocaine, and amphetamines. 

Features, Aims and objectives of the act have been discussed as follows:

  • Narcotic Control Board (NCB) was established under the act to fulfill its objectives, it id headquartered at Delhi. The structure of the Board members has been clearly given in the act. The narcotic commissioner and other officers are appointed bu the central government, and the board is responsible to frame the rules and regulation regarding producing and cultivating opium, measures to be taken to control the drug menace, and illicit drug trafficking, etc. 
  • The act also provides the punishments and penalties to the offences that are committed under the act, and the offences are considered to non bailable, and cognizable, and it aims in increasing the penalties and the level of punishments for such offences. 
  • According to the act, a committee named the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances Consultative committee was formed which was an advisory committee which was established by the central government, to provide advices in matters of drug use control, not only this but also a fund separately for the purpose of controlling drug abuse was also formed, it was the National Fund for control of drug abuse. 
  • The act clearly defined various terms like addict, cannabis, coca, and many other such terms. It has been defined in a clear and crisp way leading to no vagueness. 
  • The act aimed to totally prevent drug abuse, it occurs when a person uses a drug more than prescribed not for medical use, but for other uses like to obtain pleasure. 
  • The act has provisions which restrict the cultivation, manufacture and trade of dangerous drugs. It has provisions, where some drugs are totally prohibited to be cultivated, drugs which could be cultivated if controlled and regulated by the central government, and drugs which could be grown under the control and regulation of state government.
  • The supreme objective of the act is to prevent a person from becoming a drug addict, so that they could live a happy life. This act ensures the welfare of the people. 

At a conclusion, we can tell that the act has brought a lot of change in the society, it was considered as a good step taken by the government. However there was some criticism which was associated with act, it was told that it has been poorly legislated as the same penalties was stated for many offences, there was no differentiation made between hard and soft drugs, degree of an offence was not realised, etc. Anyway, in spite of the criticism an impressive change has been brought in the society, efforts have been taken to formulate the correct strategies and policies, and awareness has been brought regarding the cons of drug and its use.  This act controlled the drug menace to a large extent throught its strict applications and laws.

Right of equality(article-14 to 18)

The meaning of Equality before law which is defined under Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. It is one of the fundamental right. 

Recently, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CAA) has been implemented in India. This law provides Indian citizenship to the migrants of six religious communities of three countries.

The enactment of the CAA is opposed by many Indian citizens, citing the reasons that it has granted Indian citizenship to six religious communities on the basis of religion while a particular religious community is excluded. So it’s a clear cut violation of article 14. While other Indians think that CAA does not discriminate with others.

What are the Exceptions to Right to Equality:

It is not like that the ‘Rule of Equality’ applies thoroughly. There are some exceptions to this that is why it does not apply in case of these circumstances and individuals. 

I. No criminal proceeding shall be initiated or continued against the President or the governor in any court during his/her term of office.

II. No court can issue an arrest warrant of the President or Government during his/her term of office.

III. No member of state Legislature (MLA) shall be liable to any proceeding in any court in respect of any statement or any vote given by him in the state Legislature.

IV. No member of parliament (MP) shall be liable to any proceeding in any court in respect of any statement or any vote given by him in the Parliament.

V. The United Nations and its agencies also have diplomatic immunity.

VI. Foreign (sovereign ruler), ambassadors and diplomatic persons will be free from criminal and civil cases.

Article 14 says that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. That equals will be treated equally.

This article constitutes of 2 parts, being:

1. Equality before law and

2. Equal protection of the laws.

Although both sound similar, they don’t mean the same. The word “Law” in the former expression is used in a genuine sense – a philosophical sense, whereas the word “Laws” in the latter expression denotes specific laws in force.

Article 15 says that the state shall not any discriminate against any citizen on ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.

Article 16 guarantee equality of opportunity in matters of employment under the state. The right is available to citizens only.

Article 17 deals with a peculiar problem of our country. Howsoever praiseworthy the caste system in its origin might have been, it certainly proved to be a disgrace to humanity, a threat to unity and a serious hindrance to social, educational and economic progress of our country.

Article 18 Abolition of titles No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State No citizen of India shall accept any title from any foreign State No person who is not a citizen of India shall, while he holds any office of profit or trust under the State, accept without the consent of the President any title from any foreign State No person holding any office of profit or trust under the State shall, without the consent of the President, accept any present, emolument, or office of any kind from or under any foreign State Right to Freedom.

The Indian Constitution has granted the right to equality to all citizens. All are equal before the law and there can be no discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth, etc.


We know that for our living oxygen is must if there will be no oxygen on earth then we’ll die in few seconds……then why the oxygen giver is not necessary for us??  Yes I am talking about tress.. not about the artificial oxygen cylinder!!!!!

We all know very well that if there is no oxygen then there will be no life. Then why we cut the trees??….now you will say that when we have cut the trees?? So my answer is..

you have cut the trees when you ask a high quality paper notebook.

 You have cut the trees when you ask for the softest tissue paper….

 you have cut the trees when you ask for wood furniture…. you know what.. that for good furniture they cut the growing tree…

I am not saying that you should not use the paper notebook…if you are using it then please don’t ask for softest paper because you will use that paper only one time and then that will be no use for you but for that paper don’t know how many trees will have to cut down and you know very well that trees doesn’t grow in all over a night they take time…

I am not saying that you should not use tissue paper use it but please don’t ask for softest…because for the softest they cut the growing trees….

i am not saying that you should not use wooden furniture use it but in a limited quantity….our use of limited quantity will save many trees from cutting.. you know what, the data shows that from 2005 to February 2018, a total of 112,169 trees have been cut — an average of 24 per day….

Trees not only cut for the wood, paper, and so on tress also cut for some projects…..

If in a project trees are making disturbance then the question is that don’t we have talented engineers if they are truly engineers then why they don’t make a synergy between the project and the trees? Why they don’t provide a solution in which trees don’t cut and their work also be get done …

Another aspect:

·      Trees give us shelter

·      Trees give us food, fruit

·      Trees combat climate change

·      Trees clean the air

·      Trees provide oxygen

·      Trees cool the temperature of earth

·      Trees help to prevent water pollution, soil erosion

and there are so many things which we get from trees. But what we give back to them in return??Nothing…. we just cut them and kill them….and have you ever thought that what we have done for the earth?…for the trees..? some of us may be done something for trees may be they have plant trees it’s good but what about others?…is not this sad that they provide us our lifeline and  in return we end their life!!! We all want development but not on a big cost we want development but by not harming the nature if there will be no nature then where will you do development if you will harm the earth your home then if there will be no home of yours then where will you do the development…. where ?? now you will say if they cut the trees for their project legally then they also plant the new trees…but you know what….what is the reality??…they just plant the trees in paper. Not on the ground level…they just show their papers that they have plant the trees but the reality is far away from this…but they don’t think that if there will be no paper provider in future then what they will show LEGALLY….

we can save our planet by planting more trees….if only one person will plant only one tree then think there are 130 crore person how many tress will grow and please if you are planting the trees then please take care of them in their growing age….because everyone focus on planting the trees no one is interested in  taking care of them …..if you will not give them water then they will definitely die and remain you all are wise you all understand that what is valuable for us and what is harmful for us…..so please wake up …..

 If we can’t plant a tree then please don’t cut the tree if we can’t do good for others then please don’t do bad for them…if they are providing us lives then please let them live too…let them live too…..

#BlackLivesMatter: A Wake-Up Call for India’s Closeted Racism



‘Racism and prejudices are the exhaust fumes of damaged egos.’


As protests erupt in America, over the injustices inflicted on black lives after the institutional murder of George Floyd, we are finally forced to look closer into out own country for similar patterns of systematic and institutional racism that exists in our own country. At a time like this, it’s essential to introspect and heck our privilege in the everyday. When we start looking for their stories, it comes barely as a surprise that their voices are muffled amongst the clamour of noises. This begs the question- ‘Is there racism in India?’ Yes, there’s racism in India, but not just to other races, we are also racist towards our own race. It is almost like we hate ourselves, so much that we’d trade in our hide to be a white without batting an eyelash.

There exists racism on the basis of place a person belongs to which is nothing but an ugly truth of this nation. The hatred is such that people have died in thousands. People from north east are considered as aliens and those who belong to states like Bihar, Jharkhand are considered to be illiterate , mannerless, untouchable in metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, etc. Just an example, that happens everywhere in this country. Not only metro cities but every state have their own reasons to hate one from other state. There’s racism on the basis of language we use. We are blessed to have hundreds of languages all with their own unique identity and importance and yet we have failed as a nation to give every language its due respect which includes one of the oldest languages of human civilization. There’s also racism on the basis of culture and colour. India is blessed with a rich variety of cultures, yet we leave no stone turned to mock each other’s culture, well, that’s how we show admiration to some of the oldest cultures in the world. And as of racism based on someones skin colour, all that can be said is that it’s extremely disheartening. Lastly, there also exists racism on basis of religion. As unfortunate as it is, this is probably the time when it’s most prominent.

People from Bihar have been subjected to racism from several decades. Everything about them from their looks, language, culture, accent is ridiculed pretty much all over the country. The term ‘Bihari’ itself is being increasingly used as a curse word in the northern parts of the country If there is ever a rape somewhere in India, the convict is automatically assumed to be a Bihari . If someone speaks Bhojpuri, he is assumed to be a ‘gavaar’ (illiterate). But this issue is never shown in the media, neither it is ever taken seriously, because according to some folks in our society these people are meant to be bullied. Whether someone is from Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka or Andhra Pradesh, he is no more than a “Madrasi” to a North Indian. Abusive comments on their skin colour, food habits, culture are quite prevalent among the North Indians.

People are so ignorant about their own culture that they even forget that their is an integral part of India called the “seven sisters” or the “North East”. Recently in an interview, the child actor of the movie “Tubelight”, who hailed from Arunachal Pradesh was asked by a reporter, “How do you feel after coming to India for the first time ?”.

It’s worth mentioning that with the outbreak of the pandemic, the situation of racism became more vivid and more clear as the people of North-eastern region were told to vacate their apartments or other accommodations. Some were beaten up, some were prevented to enter the grocery stores to buy their basic necessities and some were even abused on grounds of internalised racist assumptions around the virus. Well, they can’t really change how they look, can they? Can anybody suggest a ‘guru’ who can teach them what ‘Indian-ness‘ means without having to lose their identity?

To top it all off, there’s the whole conundrum of white skin versus dark skin, with underlying tones of colourism and casual racism. Being a dark-skinned Indian woman is significantly harder. The sexism endemic in Indian society is such that the beauty standards for women are stricter and less fluid compared to men. You do occasionally find the odd dark-skinned south Indian hero, but they are largely relegated to the roles of comedians or villains; dark-skinned Indian women are lucky to be cast as extras or auxiliary dancers. It is even more prominent during matchmaking. In Indian culture, aesthetics and beauty are said to be the jurisdiction of women, whereas work and wages tend to define men-or as the adage goes “udyōgam puruśa lakśańam”. My mother remembers when she had to stand up for one of my aunts during matchmaking negotiations when the groom’s parents demanded more dowry to compensate for my aunt’s dark skin. Even today when brides are in demand from decades of a skewed sex ratio, dark-skinned women fare poorly in the Indian marriage market; a cursory glance at any matrimonial ad using the search term ‘fair’ can substantiate this.

Essentially, every non-Hindustani Indian has a difficult time in India. They can find themselves obligated to learn more languages than their Hindustani counterparts, unable to take exams in their mother tongue or face difficulties accessing state services. None more so than the Northeast Indians. Lacklustre investment in their states has meant that youngsters move seeking greener pastures elsewhere in India. It is incredibly heart-breaking to hear the harrowing tales of men and women being treated so harshly, often disproportionately subject to molestation and harassment and called racist slurs within their own country. Government funding towards languages and other infrastructure is skewed in favour of Hindi, and even Sanskrit. This has resulted in several languages and tribal identities in India facing extinction, especially in the South and the Northeast. Northeast Indians, compared to their South Indian counterparts, have poorer representation in Indian media.

We have a long way to go to become a country where we learn to accept all cultures, religions and habits. after all, the first step in solving a problem is realizing that there is one. If Indians do not collectively admit that we have a problem with racism, we’re going to be in serious trouble. We have several ethnicities in India. This simple fact seems to be lost in the hullabaloo about religion in the mainstream. Media is not a passive entertainment industry. It is a projection of culture and aspiration for many. It directly affects our choices, preferences, tastes, fashion, trends and even politics. Young Indians, especially girls, consuming this diet of cultural crap from media and society will mean that a generation of Indians will emerge with serious physical and mental issues. An unregulated industry of face whitening products often containing dangerous carcinogens like hydroquinone makes medical risks very real. What makes this even more remarkable is the warm reception that dark-skinned people of South Asian heritage have received elsewhere in the world- Kunal Nair, Romesh Ranganathan, George Alagiah, Naga Muchetty, Aziz Ansari and the list goes on. Thus, the Black Lives Matter Movement should be wake up call for India.

‘Let us make it our purpose to listen deeply to those who suffer racism so that we may better comprehend what it is, how they feel and how we can build the society they need. It is wrong to become defensive, and right to open our hearts all the wider, to love and acknowledge that all are fully sacred. We are called to love, and the more we love each other the better our world will become.’


” In fact, the socialisation gives us the tools to fill our evolutionary roles. They are our building blocks.”

– Warren Farrell

Human Resource Management plays a major and vital role in new employees induction and orientation. Socialisation in an organisational context is a process of adaptation to a new culture of the organisation. Socialisation may be defined as a process of making new employees aware to the new environment of the organisation. Socialisation is a method of making people learn about the organisation and adjusting them to the knowledge, skills, attitude and expectations that is required for a new or changing role within an organisation. Socialisation is done in order to reduce the anxiety that new employees may experience during their first day. This attempt should be made to integrate the person into the informal organisation. Socialisation process may be short or long. If the new employees adjust with the organisation in less time the process of socialisation may be short otherwise it may be long. It depends on the will and ability to adjust. In simple terms, socialisation is a process of adaptation, adjustment, making arrangements for setting one employee in the organisational environment. The process of socialisation may be different for different organisations. In the same way, the purpose of socialisation can be distinctive from firm to firm. In reality, induction or orientation is only a small part of the overall socialisation of a new organisation member. This can be understood from the following lines that induction is confined to the new recruits only, whereas socialisation covers transfer and promotion as well. Some of the assumption of employee socialisation are:-

  • It helps in influencing employee performance and organisational stability.
  • It provides information to the employee regarding how to do the job and ensuring organisational fit.
  • Motivating them to learn the culture, values and norms of the organisation and reducing their anxiety.

The content of anything is very important. So, the content of socialisation can be divided into following categories:-

  • Preliminary Learning – Generally this includes that learning will be necessary, what to learn, how to learn and whom to learn from is very important.
  • Learn about the organisation – This includes learning organisational goals, values and policies.
  • Learn to function in work group- This includes the values, norms, roles and friendship within an organisation.
  • Learn to perform the job – This includes the skills and knowledge necessary for a particular job.
  • Personal Learning – Is what you learned from your experience with the job and the organisation like self-image, self-identity, motivation, etc.

There are many organisational norms and values which can be transmitted in employees in a number of ways like in the form of stories. It is one of the most common way to communicate with the people and work with their experience. The stories tell the perspective of the organisation and not that what is written in organisational documents. The next way of socialisation is material symbol. The various material symbol used by the organisation convey specific meaning. It is quite common to provide rooms of different sizes, tables of different sizes, etc. The next way of socialising with employee is language. Many organisations use language as a way to identify members of a culture.

Socialisation has many importance too and they are:-

  • Helps in Understanding Culture – Socialisation helps the new employee so that they can understand the values, processes, culture, tradition and environment of the company and prepare them according to that. This also helps in making them fit into the organisation and establish productive work relationship.
  • Contributes to Long-term Success – Socialisation helps in contributing to the long-term success of the employees. As a person who is socialised in terms of their organisational role are more satisfied and more adaptable.
  • Help in Employee Engagement – It also helps in employee engagement. A well socialised employee fits well in their jobs, work group and organisation and are more engaged.

So lastly, Socialisation is very important for both employee and the organisation.


We have heard about many persons which have received something from God as God gift…we have heard about many persons who made India proud in all over the world by their talent…..we have heard about so many wonders in our India…….there was also a legend in early time she was not less than a wonder.. and she is known as a HUMAN COMPUTER…and her name is SHAKUNTALA DEVI…..


Shakuntala Devi was born in Bengaluru, Karnataka in a Brahmin family. Her father and was in circus where he worked as a trapeze artist, lion tamer, tightrope walker, and magician. He discovered his daughter’s ability to memorize numbers while teaching her a card trick when she was about three years old. Her father left the circus and took her on road shows that displayed her ability at calculation. She did this without any formal education. At the age of six, she demonstrated her arithmetic abilities at the University of Mysore.

In 1944, Shakuntala Devi moved to London with her father.

Shakuntala Devi travelled to several countries around the world demonstrating her arithmetic talents, though not to Russia (then USSR) and China because they were communist countries and she believed that her talent is god gifted and that she is spreading the message of god throughout the world. She was on a tour of Europe in 1950 and New York City in 1976. In 1988, she travelled to US to have her abilities studied by Arthur Jensen, a professor of educational psychology at the University of California, Berkeley. Jensen tested her performance at several tasks, including the calculation of large numbers. Examples of the problems presented to Devi included calculating the cube root of 61,629,875 and the seventh root of 170,859,375.Jensen reported that Shakuntala Devi provided the solution to the above mentioned problems (395 and 15, respectively) before Jensen could copy them down in his notebook. Jensen published his findings in the academic journal Intelligence in 1990.


In 1977, at Southern Methodist University, she gave the 23rd root of a 201-digit number in 50 seconds. Her answer 546,372,891 was confirmed by calculations done at the US Bureau of Standards by the UNIVAC 1101 computer, for which a special program had to be written to perform such a large calculation, which took longer time than her to do the same.


On 18 June 1980, she demonstrated the multiplication of two 13-digit numbers—7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779.

picked at random by the Department of Computing at Imperial College London. She correctly answered 18,947,668,177,995,426,462,773,730 in 28 seconds, which was the time taken by her to speak the answer. This event was recorded in the 1982 Guinness Book of Records. Writer Steven Smith said, “the result is so far superior to anything previously reported that it can only be described as unbelievable. Once, Indira Gandhi told Shakuntala, “Shakuntala, I have got many ambassadors all over the world, but you are a very special ambassador, as you can win many friends for India through your Mathematical and Quick Calculation Skills”.

Shakuntala Devi explained many of the methods she used to do mental calculations in her book Figuring: The Joy of Numbers, which is still in print.

In 1977, she wrote The world of Homosexuals, the first study of homosexuality in India. for which, she was criticized. She returned to India in the mid-1960s and married Paritosh Banerjee, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service from Kolkata. They were divorced in 1979 .

In April 2013, Shakuntala Devi was admitted to a hospital in Bangalore with respiratory problems. Over the following two weeks she suffered from complications of the heart and kidneys. She died in the hospital on 21 April 2013. She was 83 years old.

On 4 November 2013, Shakuntala Devi was honored with a Google Doodle on what would have been her 84th birthday.



Anxiety is a concoction of feelings of worry, tension and fear. In India, alone 44.9 million people are dealing with anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a necessary survival instinct that had helped humanity survives. It produces adrenaline a hormone responsible for flight or fight response, it helps us fight dangers or to run away from them. Now the feelings or fear and worry revolve around our jobs, family and money. The nervous feeling before an important event is now a prolonged feeling of worry and stress. When anxiety is left untreated for a long time it can develop into anger. The socio-cultural aspects of our Indian society make it difficult for individuals with mental illness to come forward and get help. The stigma is still rooted that anyone who goes to a mental health facility is seen as crazy or disturbed.
Anxiety during lockdown can be tough. Anxiety can be divided into different disorders based on their severity or triggers. They are general anxiety disorder, agoraphobia which is anxiety which is triggered when they are forced to be in public situations, social anxiety, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic attacks and separation anxiety. A constant state of worry or fear might lead to panic attacks or bottled up stress turns into frustration which in turn becomes anger. During times of uncertainty where students worry about their academics, grad students who worry about future prospectus, a worker who are losing their jobs, anxiety are on the rise. Unprocessed anxiety can lead to anger issues as these feelings of fear or worry are left unacknowledged. The anger that is sourced from anxiety is not intentional but it is a natural reaction to anxiety. When these feelings are left untreated it’s normal for people to lash out because they do not know how to cope with it. But there are 5 things you can do to or tips that might help with anxiety.

1.People with anxiety usually tend to follow a routine they are comfortable with. In a lockdown, folks with anxiety should not lose track of their routine as it keeps them comfortable.
2.People how to suffer from panic attacks have many techniques that calm them down. One of my favourite techniques is sucking on an ice cube. Sucking on the ice cube distracts your mind from whatever is troubling you.
3.Staying connected with friends and family is important as social connectedness is important.
4.Minimizing the time spent on social media is a good option as social media is littered with constant news on coronavirus which might trigger anxiety in lockdown.
5.Talking to supportive friends or a mental health professional is always a good option.

Anxiety is treatable and there are many different ways it can be helped. The pandemic will pass and the thing will return to normal but something will remain different. The key to lessening the anxiety is to be kind to others and ourselves. We are going to some difficult times but life will always go on.