Consumer Protection Act 2019


Every person need essentials for their survival in this world. Essentials of a person is food, clothes, house, electrical goods etc. Every person is a consumer in this world. As every person depends upon other person for products. Why do we need consumer protection act 2019? The consumer is connected to the economy. Higher the consumer consume higher the demand of the product will increase higher the growth in the economy as the economy grows the GDP will also rise. If the consumer suffer problems in the product he purchased then he will be a restrictive buyer.  

Consumer purchase products or avail/ heir service from manufacturers, traders, seller, service provider. It’s a right of every consumer to known the correct information, quality, quantity, advertisement, and service etc of the products and services. But if the consumer found the defects in goods brought by him or deficiency in the services provided by manufactures, traders, sellers, service provider. The consumer intimate the same to the manufactures, traders, sellers, service provider but they refused to entertain the consumer problem. The consumer has the right to file a case as per the consumer protection act 2019.

History of the Act

Prior to Consumer Protection Act, 2019 there was Consumer Protection Act 1986 which have their own limitations as per the modern India is concerned. The Parliament passed the Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 on 06.08.2019 to replace the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (“1986 Act”). The President of India gave its assent to the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 (“2019 Act”) on 09.08.2019 and the same will come into force on the date 20th July 2019 by the Central Government. The 2019 Act has been enacted for the purpose of providing timely and effective administration and settlement of consumer disputes and related matters.

The Government instead of bringing an amendment in the 1986 Act, enacted a new Act altogether so as to provide enhanced protection to the consumers taking into consideration the booming e-commerce industry and the modern methods of providing goods and services such as online sales, tele-shopping, direct selling and multi-level marketing in addition to the traditional methods.

Features of Consumer Protection Act 2019

  • Consumer

In this new act the definition of the consumer is broadly defined the word ‘consumer’. The definition now includes any person who buys any goods, whether through offline or online transactions, electronic means, teleshopping, direct selling or multi-level marketing. The earlier Act did not specifically include e-commerce transactions, and this lacuna has been addressed by the New Act.

  • Central Consumer Protection Authority 

In the old act there was Consumer Protection Council in three levels District, State and Central they advise on promoting the protection of consumer rights at all the three levels. There was also commission on all the three levels. In the new act they have established Central Consumer Protection Authority to regulate the matters relating to violations of consumer right, unfair trade practices, misleading advertisement and also to promote, protect enforce the right of consumers

The composition of Central Consumer Protection Authority is established by Central Government as he appoints Chief Commissioner and Commissioners for the regulation of the authority. The headquarters are located in Delhi but the branches can be establish at any part of India. The qualifications, salary etc of the Chief Commissioner and Commissioners are decided by Central Government.

Central Consumer Protection Authority shall protect, promote, enforce consumer’s rights, prevent violations of consumer rights, prevent unfair trade practices, and ensure no false or misleading advertisement and no publications of such advertisements.

Central Consumer Protection Authority may inquire or investigate on complaint or suo motu, File complaint before district/state/national Commission. Intervene in proceedings before district/state/ national commission for allegation of violations of consumer rights or unfair trade practices. Review the matter relating to consumer rights. Recommend adoption of International Covenants for effective implementation of consumer right. Promote research for consumer protection so that they can amend the law, They can also issue notices to alert consumers They can advise ministers departments of central/ state Government on consumer welfare measures.  

  • Pecuniary Jurisdiction

In the new act the jurisdiction of all the three commission are widen up as compared to the old act. As per this act the consumer can claim the amount in the commission as follows :

District commission – From 20 lakhs to 1 cr.

State Commission – From 1cr to 10cr.

National Commission – Above 20 cr.

If the judgement is against any of the two party in District commission then they can appeal to state commission against the judgement passed by the district commission and then to if we are not satisfied by the judgement of state commission then we can appeal to National commission and then we can appeal to Supreme Court if the national commission judgement is not satisfactory.

  • Mediation Cells

Just like Alternative Dispute Resolution if both the party agree they can go for mediation. Mediation is a process where both the party sit with each other and solve the problem and come to a common conclusion which is agreed by both the parties. There will be a mediator to guide them.  The time limit for solving the dispute by mediation is 3 month it can be extended by the permission of court. There will be no appeal when it is concluded by mediation process.

  • Flexibility in filing

This act provide the flexibility to the consumer for filing the case as it was not provided in the old act. Let’s assume Mr. A purchased a product from Mumbai as he visited in Mumbai for the 1st time then he arrived to his hometown which is Delhi when is opened the product the product was not up to the mark as told by the shopkeeper. When Mr. A called the shopkeeper in Mumbai he doesn’t answered it well so now Mr. A want to file a complaint against the shopkeeper who is in Mumbai. As per the old act Mr. A should file the complaint in Mumbai itself as the cause of action raised is in Mumbai. But as per new act Mr. A can file the complaint in Delhi too.

  • Product Liability & Penal Consequences

The New Act has introduced the concept of product liability and brings within its scope, the product manufacturer, product service provider and product seller, for any claim for compensation. The term ‘product seller’ is defined to include a person who is involved in placing the product for a commercial purpose and as such would include e-commerce platforms as well. The defense that e-commerce platforms merely act as ‘platforms’ or ‘aggregators’ will not be accepted. There are increased liability risks for manufacturers as compared to product service providers and product sellers, considering that under the New Act, manufacturers will be liable in product liability action even where he proves that he was not negligent or fraudulent in making the express warranty of a product. Certain exceptions have been provided under the New Act from liability claims, such as, that the product seller will not be liable where the product has been misused, altered or modified.

  • Penalties for Misleading Advertisement

Endorsement are huge part of the advertising industry, commands about 24% total advertisement expenditure

  • Manufactures

Jail –upto 2 years, Fine – upto 10 lakh for 1st offence

Jail- upto 5 years, fine – 50 lakhs

  • Endorser

Fine – upto 10 lakh for and a year ban for 1st offence

Fine – 50 lakhs and ban upto 3 years

  • Publisher

Fine upto 10 Lakh found guilty

  • Others

As per the Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission Rules, there will be no fee for filing cases up to Rs. 5 lakh.

The credit of the amount due to unidentifiable consumers will go to the Consumer Welfare Fund (CWF).

State Commissions will furnish information to the Central Government on a quarterly basis on vacancies, disposal, the pendency of cases and other matters.

Apart from these general rules, there are Central Consumer Protection Council Rules, provided for the constitution of the Central Consumer Protection Council (CCPC).
It will be an advisory body on consumer issues, headed by the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution with the Minister of State as Vice Chairperson and 34 other members from different fields.

It will have a three-year tenure and will have Minister-in-charge of consumer affairs from two States from each region- North, South, East, West, and North-East Region.


The Consumer Protection Act 2019 proves that the Consumer is the king. The doctrine of ‘Caveat Emptor’ or let the buyer beware which came into existence in the middle ages had been replaced by the principle of Consumer Sovereignty.

What is the issue between Israel and Palestine?

Israel- Palestinian conflict is a currently ongoing conflict between the Jewish Israelis and Arab Palestinians to gain control of the land. The conflict has been a long one. It started when after the British mandate, the country that was occupied by the British was divided into two countries a Jewish country of Israel and an Arab nation of Palestine. During the First World War, the British government has agreed to respect Arab independence but later with the Balfour Declaration which stated that the British government would support a state for the jews. This was the first legal friction between the two self-determined communities. In 1947- 1948, the British forces withdrew from the Mandate Palestine and war broke out, on one side were the Israeli forces and on the other side was the Arab Palestinians and the surrounding Arab countries who supported the Arab Palestinians. The war broke out when the United Nations decided and voted to split region of Palestine into two states, a Jewish state and an Arab state. But the Arab community and the surrounding Arab countries did not accept the plan and the two communities started fighting using guerilla techniques. In the early march of 1948, Israelis had fought and won against the Palestinians in battles.

Later, when the British left the country a fully-fledged war broke out when the Jewish community residing in Palestine declared the formation and initiation of the state of Israel. The Arab nations and the Arab Liberation Army in retaliation attacked Israel. Egypt attacks the southern cost, Syria and Lebanon fought with Israelis in the north. The war had 15,000 casualties and Israel held on to most of the Mandate Palestine, Jordon had occupied west bank region and Egypt takes over the Gaza strip. In the 6 day war of 1967, Israeli toke control of the west bank from Jordan and the Gaza strip from Egypt. This seriously affected the Palestinian nationalism.
Peace efforts were made in the Oslo Accords in 1993, where Arab Palestinians were allowed to come back to Israel to Gaza strip and west bank but these decisions weren’t taken well by both communities. The peace initiatives were opposed and prime minister of Israel Rabin was murdered by a fanatical Israelis man, thus ending the peace talks. Later in 2000, the war of the second Intifada where there was a prolonged conflict between the Israeli and Palestinian sides which ended in 2004-2005. Later, the Israeli government removed itself from the Gaza strip and ended the Israeli occupation in the Gaza strip. The militant group Hamas gained electoral majority as the Palestinian parliamentary elections and Israel issued a notice that the group must follow the Israeli agreements, Hamas rejected the notions. This agreement and military tensions culminated in the battle of Gaza. Hamas took control of the entire Gaza strip . in 2008, Israel government planned an operation called cast lead which leads to many civilians deaths and damage.
This has been the fight for territory by the Israelis and the Palestinians

. Over 7 million Palestinians refugees were and are displaced from their home. Israel refuses to take in the refugees. these refugees seek refuge in Jordan, Lebanon and other neighbouring states. The main reason is the different religions of the two community one being Jewish and the other being Muslim. One of the core problems is its negotiation as both parties are reluctant to conclude this seemingly constant state of violence.

Work From Home Effect

Photo by bongkarn thanyakij on

“Work from home” is a phrase that has always been in our lives but it hit unprecedented levels of popularity in 2020. With the start of the spread of the COVID pandemic in March, thousands of employees across India begin working from home and everyone thought it would be a short-term thing and things will go back to normal soon. But it is almost the end of July and “WFH” has become the new normal. IT companies have been directed by the government now to extend work from home until December. The apex court in Switzerland ruled that the employees’ house rent should also be contributed by the company.

There are a lot of start-ups that are planning a permanent WFH set up for their employees. With the pandemic showing no signs of stopping anytime soon, WFH may well be the only hopes of saving our economy. Research conducted revealed that people working from home were working on sofas, dining tables, and beds which are not suitable for long working hours on laptops. The demand for office furniture has been on a rise since the lock-down and after the deliveries were opened there was a jump in sales of office furniture. The employees are thus demanding a work-from-home allowance from their companies.

Responding to the demands, companies are offering allowances to their employees to help them buy things necessary for a WFH setup, such as furniture and Internet connection. The employees are also demanding food allowance, a fixed amount per day so that the employees can order food as working from home adds the responsibility of the home, especially for those who live by themselves and have to prepare their meals which would otherwise be made available at the office cafeteria. The companies are even planning to offer allowances for increased Internet and electricity bills. While OYO, Zomato are few companies planning on permanent work from home, Google has already set aside $1000 (75,000 Rs for India) for each employee as WFH allowance as it has declared working from home until the end of this year. Companies have been sending office furniture and laptops to help out their employees and also ensuring proper Internet connections for them.

Companies believe that a comfortable work environment at home is the primary need and it should be ensured for better work results. Everyone might not have a good Internet connection at home or a comfortable work desk, so it is the responsibility of the company to make sure the employees are provided with every possible equipment they need to get better results. They are thus being provided with a “No-questions-asked” allowance to set up a home office to make the lives of the employees much easier and provide them better work conditions.

The fantasy gaming company, Dream11 has even planned on delivering goodies to their employees to cheer them up while they work from home. Bengaluru based, Razorpay has partnered with Rentlite, to help provide office furniture to their employees on corporate discounts and are encouraging their employees to work digitally. Start-up company Spring Works shipped Office furniture, electronic accessories like keyboard, monitor, to employees who are in Bengaluru, and a one-time Rs. 10,000 per person reimbursement.

The Trend of Online Shopping

Shopping is indeed a necessary and integral part of our life. We need to shop for meeting the essential requirements also many people tend to shop just for entertainment and fun. Shopping serves the dual purpose of meeting needs and relaxation. The feeling of buying or getting new things is an excitement of a kind. Shopping actually means buying goods from the market in terms of money. Barter system was introduced centuries ago, even before monetary system was invented, as a method of exchanging goods for goods. This process went through a lot of criticisms and wasn’t that fruitful. After that people implemented usage of money as this was a much simplified process. People hence started taking up the habit of buying by transferring of money. This was widely accepted by people and gained much admiration. Earlier people had to travel a long for buying any particular good, as the availability and choices were much lesser than today’s date. Also, it consumed a lot of precious time just to buy one product or food. We don’t have much time to spend on travelling from one place to another and buy products as this was much tiresome. Our lives have become first paced. The structure of shopping has slowly evolved and updated to catch up with the demands of public. Everything is just one click away nowadays. Hence the concept Virtual/ Online shopping came into place which originally changed everything and made the lives of mankind 10 times easier. It is much convenient for our elders or the old aged community to directly order and buy. If a person is disabled and not have anyone to help them out, they can easily make the most use of this platform. Basically Online Shopping has made people much more self dependent. There are a number of applications provides those life saving medicines which may not be found in the markets. English Entrepreneur Micheal Aldrich, the Pioneer started with the whole idea regarding E-commerce in 1979. The whole trend gained popularity in no time. Online shopping is a casual term for E Commerce. This came to be known as the easiest method where we just need to download a shopping application, there are many such apps which deals with online shopping subdivided into various fields of interests like Electronics, Clothes, Cosmetics and Food facilities e t c. Then we have to scroll down the contents and then choose what exactly we are looking for. They also holds the certificates and claims these products to authentic and 100 per cent genuine. Also, various methods of payments are received by these platforms through bank transactions and most commonly the Cash on Delivery option in which you have to pay in hand directly at the time of delivery at your doorstep.

A random problem which many have already faced is the problem of Consumerism. Here, a person is tempted to buy more and more even if they don’t need those items, its just they get manipulated by the reviews made on the products. Many just buy because they just feel like shopping even if its not required by them. In this way they tend to spend more money for no reasons, this is a serious drawback of Online shopping. The varieties and choices given are much more as compared to normal shopping, also many Brands provides clothes or shoes as a much cheaper prices. Also, Online shopping is just a time pass for many, they just scroll down the products to reduce stress and cut down pressure. It becomes just a state of peacefulness for them. Here, people also gets a proper idea of the prices and costs are sometimes slashed due to stock clearance. Also, those craftsman making such items sells them to the online market in bulk. Online shopping sites will be providing you with the best discount and offers no matter what. We spend a much longer screen time and we cannot meet the salesman face to face which increases the loneliness for many, also you cannot strictly bargain here. Most often, such products can be found tampered and damaged, also some items mostly dresses don’t match up with the expectations or don’t fit perfectly. The practice of trailing before buying is excluded from Online shopping platforms which is a headache in many cases. The delivery person, though ensures but fails to provide proper service. A lot of cases are prevalent all over the media where the Online Shopping sites are accused of cheating on their customers and taking unfair means. As because, the teenagers get a wholesome choice, do a lot of researches regarding branded products a lot they forces their parents to buy them, in spite of the higher costs. If they don’t get these items they become arrogant and ill-mannered. Also, the pros is that, in case of any defects the goods can be returned or refunded as promised by the Online sellers.

Online shopping is a lot more convenient and much relevant procedure as to this day because digitalization is the most crucial aspect of our future. Suppose you have invited a few guests and opting for some food, here if you prepare or go out you won’t be able to entertain the guests which is much disrespectful. Hence you will choose what’s easier, i.e., taking out your smartphone and placing the order, many such online shopping platforms also guarantees hassle free payments.

Acquaintance rape

Sexual Assault and Date Rape | Fight For Zero | 724-656-STOP ...

Sexual assault between acquaintances consists of non consensual sexual activity
that does not include intercourse. “Non consensual” means that there is some use of force,
intimidation or manipulation, or that one of the parties is unable to give consent.
Inability to give consent would be likely, for example, if one of the parties is drunk or
unconscious. Guns, knives or other forms of violence do not have to be used for the
sexual activity to be considered non consensual. The victim does not have to resist for the
sexual activity to be considered non consensual. Often the person is afraid to say no, and
will not resist in the face of threats or overpowering.
Consent must be given each time people engage in sexual activity, and cannot be
assumed by previous consensual sexual activity with the same person. It also cannot be
assumed by consensual kissing or petting on the same occasion.


One survey of college campuses found that the risk of being raped by someone you know
is four times greater than the risk of being raped by a stranger. It also found that one in
four women surveyed were victims of attempted or completed sexual assaults, and that
84% of women who reported having been raped knew their attacker, and 57% happened
on dates. The risk of rape for women ages 16-24, prime dating age, is four times higher
than for any other population group. For college women, the risk of acquaintance rape is
highest during their freshman year. It is also important to remember that men can also be
victims of rape and sexual assault.


75% of men were drinking at the time of an acquaintance rape and 55% of the women were drinking at the time of the assault. In another survey of women on one campus, 80% said they were intoxicated at the time they experienced acquaintance rape.
If someone is intoxicated, they may be unable to consent to sexual activity. In addition,
alcohol and other drugs distort reality and impair judgment. People may put themselves
in riskier situations than they would otherwise, even before they actually feel drunk.
Motor reactions and physical responses are slower, and women are less able to fend off
an attack.


Current conceptions of rape and sexual assault typically include penetration, whether it be genital, oral, or anal, by part of the perpetrator’s body or object through the use of force or without the victim’s consent. While not discounting the victimization of men, sexual assault is a gendered crime, with women much more likely to be victimized then men . Indeed, compared to one in five American women, one in 71 men will be assaulted in his lifetime. 


Blaming the victim refers to the tendency to hold victims of negative events responsible for those outcomes While victim blaming can occur in a variety of situations, it appears to be particularly likely in cases of sexual assault . Assailants do tend to be found as more culpable for sexual assault than victims , but victims are blamed as well, to a degree that varies substantially depending on features of the assault, the victim, and the perceive.

Benefits of teaching Coding to Kids

There is a lot of buzz surrounding the importance of teaching kids to code, but is it all it is hyped up to be? What exactly are the benefits of coding for kids? Whether you are looking to introduce coding to your students or are simply interested in computer programming, the following article will help shed light on the different coding skill-sets that students develop as they get older.

Pedagogically-speaking, the coding outcomes that you can expect to see in children as they learn to code are problem-solving skills, creativity, algorithmic, sequential and computational thinking skills. As a result of the level of development differing based on age, the coding skills learned by students in 3rd grade will not be the same as those in 8th grade. Companies like CodeMonkey that provide resources for kids learning to code, set a recommended age range for their products, but tend to acknowledge that younger students may not advance through the curriculum in the same way as older students do.

What Coding Benefits do Students Experience at Different Ages?

While learning from mistakes is a skill observed as early as preschool, exercising creativity mainly develops in elementary school. The following are the grades and correlating coding outcomes that the EdTech arena have found: 

Preschool and Kindergarten: Learning from Mistakes and Problem Solving 

  • Coding helps strengthen the ability of preschoolers and kindergartners to learn and recover from failure since making a mistake while coding is ‘free’ since kids can always delete and try again. 
  • Thanks to read out loud features, non-readers are able to learn how to code for real! This helps them learn valuable problem solving skills, such as figuring out how to move an object on the screen through different obstacles.

Elementary School: Creativity

  • Elementary students, specifically ten-year-olds, love to exercise independence through completing their own projects without the help of an adult. I noticed this first-hand through CodeMonkey’s Meet the Game Builder blog series. Almost all of the students interviewed are ten-years-old. I thought at first it was a coincidence, but teachers who have used Game Builder with their students said that their fourth graders were the most excited about this platform. Why? Because at this age, students are the most eager to experiment and create. 

Middle School: Algorithmic, Computational and Sequential Thinking

  • In terms of math skills, coding helps students learn algorithmic thinking or in other words, how to strategize which formulas can be applied to other instances in order to come up with quick solutions for various other problems. Middle Schoolers are at an ideal cognitive stage to fully utilize these skills.
  • Coding helps students learn computational thinking which helps with recognizing data patterns and behave similarly to the systematic way in which a computer behaves.
  • Through coding, middle schoolers can better understand logic and how important sequencing, or the order of commands, is.
  • Fun fact for all teachers and parents – these skills also carry over to better performance in math and reading grades on standardized tests!

High School and Beyond: Mastering of Coding Skills

  • Students who learn how to code early on are ready to take AP Computer Science once they reach high school. Those who have taken AP Computer Science have been found to later outperform their fellow peers in Statistics and AP Calculus exams. After graduation, these students are fully equipped with 21st century skills that are increasingly valued in the workplace.

It is important to note that the development of computer science skills are also subjective to individual student progress and the amount of time dedicated to completing coding courses. The eventual mastering of these benefits also depends on whether a child’s school offers coding classes.

So, what additional benefits do students with a background in coding enjoy after high school?

Students who have experience with computer programming are more likely to get a high-paying job straight out of college. On average, computer science majors earn 40% more than peers who have not studied computer science.

Computer programming also helps adults to be more efficient in their daily tasks. Whether they are in the kitchen or getting their kids ready for school, the sharp skills of sequential thinking strengthened by computer programming helps adults strategically plan daily tasks in the shortest and most efficient way possible. Think of it this way – a very basic computer programming skill used in text-based code is the use of loops. Loops help the coder write their program in the shortest, clearest and most concise way possible. This kind of thinking can help coders get into the habit of planning ahead and staying organized.

elated Questions:


Yes, you can. Anyone can teach coding with a little bit of guidance and instruction. There are many resources out there that offer educators, be it parents, teachers, or coding club instructors, a simple and fun way to teach computer programming. CodeMonkey offers several different coding courses that equip teachers with all the needed resources to teach coding for beginners. Once you sign-up for CodeMonkey, you get a classroom dashboard so you can easily track student progress, detailed lesson plans to help guide you during your class, and solutions to all the challenges so you are always prepared. You can sign-up for free at anytime.


Python is being recognized more and more as the most popular language to use. Its strength is that it is a relatively easy to learn language that has broad uses (as in you can use it for developing a website or game). It is mainly object-oriented, which means that the computer program you build is made out of objects that interact with one another. This can easily be understood in CodeMonkey’s Coding Adventure, which uses CoffeeScript, a less familiar but very useful and easy to learn coding language, where you program the monkey (object) to get to the banana (another object).


A great way to teach Python is through a game-based format. The all-new Coding Chatbots course is a great way to teach 7th-9th graders the basics of Python as they code a chatbot interface.

The power of “Now”

Life, a very adventurous journey has three divisions, present past and future. We all have only one life and we want to live it to the fullest and make the best out of it. In our life, we have to deal with the present, past, and future. Thus, we are often confused about which moment of life is more important and should be given maximum attention. Let us try to figure this out.

Looking into the past and future

We all tend to be far-sighted, thinking of future plans, future goals, etc. We work for our future, we save for our future, and we plan for our good future. We work hard to achieve our future goals. But, we are uncertain of our future. Yup, are you sure your future will come? No one knows. Thinking of the future and making plans according to is also important, but getting lost in these plans is not the correct way. Working in a way that misses out today and seems promising of a good future is where we are getting ditched because we will be investing in something that does not exist.

Past, on the other hand, is what we already created. It is impossible to change now what we have done 10 years ago. We can only learn from the past to improve our present and future. So, there is no point in living in the past. If we live in the past, we are stuck.

Live in present. But, why?

“If you want to conquer the anxiety of life, live in the moment, live in the breath.”

Think deeply and question again. Are there three divisions of time or is it only one? Are there past, present, and future or is it only present? Confused? It will be clear.

Our present makes our past and our future. How? What we have today will become our past tomorrow. So, by living in the present, we create our past. By making our present beautiful, we create memories and by doing mistakes now, we create lessons to learn. Basically, it is possible to add what we want to add in our past. It is possible to create our past by designing our present in the way we want. We can also make our future in a similar manner. Whatever we do today will be reflected in our future. Whatever we want in the future, wherever we dream to stand in the future, it begins from the present. We have to work today only to reach where we want to be in the future. Our performance today decides what we will get in the future. If we want to get the best out of our life, we need to live in the present and give the best today, there is no other option.

“The present moment is the only moment available to us, and it is the door to all moments.”

“Now” is the happiness

The best and most important moment is now. It is not possible to grab it or hold it. What is possible is to enjoy it, make it the best by giving it the best and staying in that moment. Neither our past is bad, nor our future may be. It’s just certain instances of past that are bad or according to us and an imagined situation of future that may be overwhelming or fearful. But, the most precious moment is now. We enjoy it to the fullest. If we merge with the present we are truly living or we are dead. Living the present is happiness, it is the true pleasure. Make your each second beautiful. Embrace it.

present moment - large




Allergies are something that bothers many people. This problem usually occurs when our body comes in contact with unsuitable substances or the atmosphere. Climate, food and medicine are some of the factors that contribute to this. These types of allergies, such as dust allergies, are also common. Allergies are not a disease, but the body’s immune system, so to speak. This is the body’s mechanism to expel what it does not fit into the body. This is the body’s immune system. But this allergy is often one of the things that bothers us the most. Some people have a permanent problem such as dust allergies. Symptoms include sneezing, especially when you wake up in the morning, and frequent sneezing and colds. According to Ayurveda, there are some remedies for such allergies.

According to AyurvedA

According to Ayurveda, allergies are caused by rheumatism, bile and phlegm. Allergic substances cool the body’s fire. It cools the body. Decreased body temperature can lead to many problems, including digestive problems. It is one of the major causes of rheumatism, bile and many disorders. Common symptoms of allergies include sneezing, persistent runny nose, shortness of breath, itching, vomiting, and bloating.

In Ayurveda

In Ayurveda, diet and lifestyle are said to be the cure for allergies. Ayurvedic prescriptions include eating a snack, drinking plenty of water, and eating watery cucumbers, cucumbers, plantains and squash. Similarly, Ayurveda also recommends avoiding foods that are high in protein and difficult to digest. Ensure good testing as well. A good test is one that helps the body expel toxins and toxins.

Turmeric and gooseberry

Turmeric and gooseberry are anti-allergic substances. These can be included in the diet. They also strengthen the body’s immune system. Make it a habit to adapt to climatic foods. People with allergies should stay away from substances that cause it. It is best to stay away from dust, pollen, animal dander and hair dye chemicals.

Dust allergy

Dust allergy is a major problem that is affecting more and more people. For those who have it, it is better to add a teaspoon of triphala powder in hot water at night. Turmeric and honey can be mixed with lukewarm water. Ayurvedic treatments such as nausea, vomiting and nasal congestion can be very beneficial. Do these only as prescribed by your doctor. Some people experience itching when they are dusted. As a remedy, salt can be added to coconut oil and neem oil and applied on the skin.

Ginger and cinnamon

Ginger, cinnamon, pepper, cumin, turmeric, cumin and red chillies can be added to the diet. This is good. Eat foods that do not cause mucus. If you eat these foods, adding a little ghee while cooking or eating them will be very beneficial. It is best to drink ginger boiled water and ginger tea. Ginger also improves the immune system. Exercise, especially exercises like pranayama in yoga, can help the body fight off allergies.


Drugs…what are drugs? Drugs are those which can destroy a person’s life…drugs…are those which can spoil not only that person who taking it rather it also destroys the family of that person…drugs…are those which ruined the dreams of the person who is taking it as well as it also ruin the dreams , the expectations of his family members also….once you take it then it will never leave you …. You will try harder and harder but it will make a home in you….it takes a determination to leave it….we all have heard that don’t know how many homes it has destroyed by how many teens, youngsters who are consuming it has brutally spoiled their life as well as their parent’s life….
What are reasons behind the consumption of drugs…..what is the reason that insist a person to choose death by paying his/her whole life…we have find some reasons because of them a person start to take it and right in front of eyes it becomes an addiction…here are causes of use of drugs:

• Grieving a death- When a person’s loved one died then the person start taking drugs because he/she suffered emotionally a lot. So they choose to decrease their pain by taking drugs they want to forget their fear of losing them.

• End of a relationship- This the most common reason among teens & youngsters…when they face a situation like break up, and end of their long term relationships they feel emotionally very bad they thought they have nothing left in this life and to forget that person they start taking drugs.

• Mental illness- Those who feel depression, anxiety type situations they start taking drugs to get rid of this….but they don’t know that the drugs are not going to make them free in future.

• Environmental influences- Growing up in poverty and in bad friendship leads to insist a person for taking drugs.

• Relaxation- In adult age since there are many responsibilities to take over so these adults make balance between the responsibilities and fun. They start taking drugs on weekends….but they don’t think that it will cause of their life’s end.

• Self-medication- We know everyone is facing struggles in their life everyone is facing physical or emotional pain but there are some people who start taking drugs to forget this pain.

• Financial burdens- The most common reason among the job seekers….sometimes there is only one child in family to be eligible to work but when he/she has no work and they are facing financial crisis then they start consuming drugs.

• Career pressures- Career pressures have become the most dangerous now a days as we see when the result comes then there are lot of students who thought of suicide, some get suffered by depression and some start taking drugs because they think that there is no option left in their life.

• School pressures- There are some students who start taking drugs because of work load they face in their school life.

• Family demands- Someone has said that EXPECTATION KILLS . Due to family demands and family pressures people start taking drugs.

• Peer and Social Pressure- Apart from family pressure there is also social pressure because of this people got depressed and start taking drugs.

• Abuse and trauma- As we know that if someone is weak then society starts making joke of him/her and specially when someone couldn’t crack the exam then their own family members start abusing them like that look at sharmaji ka ldka….

• Boredom- There are some people who feel boredom and they want something adventurous ion their life then in the discovery of their adventure they start taking drugs….and what kind of the adventure happen in their life we all know..

• Curiosity and experimentation- There are some people who have curiosity about new things and they want to do experiment with all new things because of this thinking they start taking drugs.

• Isolation- People who live all alone they have measure chances to get suffered with depression because they have no one to share their feelings. And because of this they start taking drugs and when they come in to society they show themselves absolutely fine….but they are not.

• Misinformation or ignorance- As always rumors spread faster than the truth….so rumors about the drugs mostly distract the teens. Because in this age they don’t know what is right for them or what is wrong..

• Instant Gratification- In today’s time everyone is in hurry, everyone wants instant result, everyone wants instant happiness so they start taking drugs….and they feel a instant satisfaction but this is not a satisfaction this is unconsciousness…..and this is short term and when they get addicted to this then this unconsciousness remain constant in their lives.

• Wide availability- The wide use of drugs may be the result of easy availability of this.

There are several ways by which one can get rid from the drugs:

  1. If you have lose someone you love most then please cry a loud so that your all pain come out from your mind ..and remember this the rule that who have taken birth then he/she will definitely die one day…and if theirs that one day come in to life early then it’s ok we can’t do anything in this. We should remember them by their loving memories not by the consumption of drugs….always remember that JEENA KAISE HAI YEH HMARE HAATH MEIN HAI….so if you have someone in your life then live with them with full joy, make memories….that’s why there is a saying that LIVE & LOVE EVERY MOMENT OF LIFE.
  2. If you are in a situation where you faced rejection or break up then please move on there are a lot of another things in life apart from this …and always remember GOD HAS ALWAYS A BETTER PLAN FOR US…..may be we don’t understand this on that time but have patience you will going to face a very beautiful thing of your life in future…
  3. If you are facing a situation something like depression , end of opportunities, thoughts of suicide then the just share with your parents, family members, friends from whoever you think that this person will appreciate me then just go and talk with him/her if they are not available then no problem…fix a meeting of your problems to your solutions…just fix a meeting of your problems with real you…the stronger you…..if someone has not show faith in you…..then please faith in you by yourself….
  4. There are some situations where we feel that we are not getting actual result of our hard work then remember that it is not necessary that your 100% is also a 100% for others….just try your bestest…..try to find out your mistakes…and come up with a better one…and learn from them who have selected and observe that what they have done which you have not did..
  5. First thing that you should always remember that you have to choose your friends very wisely there are a lot of people who is going to spoil your life….but there only few who will wish good for you…and most importantly it doesn’t matter that from which family background you are either it is rich, middle class or poor remember…gareebi mein paida hona hamari galti nahi balki usi gareebi mein marna hamari galti hai….because if you are dying in that poverty that means you have not done anything for your better life…
  6. Some people want instant results…..but you all know very well that a plant can’t make a fruitful tree in all over a night it takes many years it takes lot of struggles…
  7. If you are facing any kind of emotional or physical pain then face it not start taking drugs to forget it…if you will forget it then one day again it will come in to your life so start facing it and make this pain you strength not your weakness.
  8. Financial crisis the biggest problem in may ones life….if you have financial problems then start searching for the possible ways and please don’t go for the bad ways because they can give you result instantly but they will not going to give you peace and you will fall again…
  9. If you are facing career failures then remember it is just a beginning a result cant let you stop to learn new things , new skills learn new skills and make the best version of yourself. There are some students who start taking drugs because of work load then ask your parents that how they have faced it….and this work load is not a work load in reality rather you should enjoy while doing the work of schools or your workplace because you know that this time will never going to repeat….so just enjoy….if you feel it in workplace then there is a possibility that you haven’t choose your field according to you may be you are working there for your family to just earn money then start enjoying it start to do your favorite work side by side.
  10. If you are feeling any kind of trauma or abuse then please keep yourself away from the negative people and just do a lot of hard work and shoe them that what you really are and one more thing don’t pay attention to sharmaji ka is also one thing to all parents and relatives please don’t taunt your child…just think how you will feel when he/she start disrespecting you and please don’t compare your child to sharmaji ka ladka/ …when you will lose your child then sharmaji will not going to give you his child……your child is only the one piece in the world God has given him/her their talent… in place of abusing them help them in their tough time …help them to achieve their dreams…then you will be more happy..
  11. If you feel bore then read about the great personalities, start dancing , singing whatever you feel good but again I will say don’t choose bad for yourself you will think that only 1 baar.. but this is going to be very harmful for yourself as well as for your family also. And if you have curiosity and loving to do experiment then start reading science….start understanding the problems of people and then do experiment make something that is beneficial for you as well as for every one.. then they will give you blessings and this will be the best reward for you…
    12 . Those people who have to live alone then they should talk to their friends, family, and start learning that in which they feel peace.
    If someone is misguiding you then leave that please immediately as I said earlier just always make a proper distance from negative people and from negativity…if can’t then make positivity level higher….that nobody can ever use you according to them.
    And the last thing for those who sell these drugs….. if you can’t do good for a person then please don’t do bad for them …for the sake of some rupees you just destroy don’t know how many lives….remember that JAISA KAROGE WAISA BHAROGE……another appeal to all the people who is reading this if you suffering from any above mentioned situation then always remember that every problem has a solution….every problem come with its solution….if you are feeling bad then cry loudly…there is nothing wrong in this least by this all the pain will come out from your heart… and one more thing that you all are thinking that KAHNA ASAN HOTA HAI….yes I agree with this but KARNA BHI ASAN HO JATA HAI when you have courage, Determination…. and a will power that you will be win….


Selection is one of the most important process in human resource management. Selection is the process of choosing or selecting the right candidate with requisite qualification and competence to fill the vacant job position in the organisation. In other words, it is the process of examining or interviewing the candidates, evaluating their qualities and choosing the best candidate for a specific job. Selection is a negative process as it eliminates unqualified or unsuitable applicants inorder to identify the right candidate. As we know selecting a right candidate for a particular position will be an asset for the organisation and this will further help the organisation in reaching its objectives. Selection always succeeds recruitment. As we know that recruitment and selection work hand-in-hand and both play a vital role in the growth of an organisation. The basic objective of selection is to choose best out of the available candidates. Selection is one of the most important process in an organisation as hiring a good candidate can help the organisation in increasing its organisational performance and if we select a wrong candidate it may harm our organisation. A good selection process will ensure that the organisation gets the right set of employees with the right attitude. It helps in selecting the best candidate for the requirement of a vacant position in an organisation. Selection adopts the process through which more and more candidate are rejected and fewer candidates are selected or sometimes even not a single candidate is selected. Therefore, it is known as negative or rejection process. In selection process, highly specialised techniques are required. Therefore, in the selection process, only personnel with specific skills like expertise in using selection test, conducting interviews, etc are involved. Selection process always leads to contract of service between employer and the selected candidate. The outcome of selection process is in the form of finalising candidates who will be offered job. There are many factors which affect our selection process and they are:-

Internal Environmental Factors-

Internal Environmental Factors includes first size of the organisation. As this affects our selection process. If our organisation is small, the more informal our selection decision will be. Second, type of the organisation. If an organisation is more complex it will require more sophisticated selection technique. Third is speed of decision making. The time available to make a selection decision can have major effect on the selection process.

External Environmental Factors –

External Environmental Factors which influence selection process includes first nature of the labour market, second trade union and last one is government regulations.

The selection process is very important and its importance is as follows:-

  • Selecting Suitable Candidate – Selection helps the organisation in picking up the most suitable candidate who would meet the requirements of the job.
  • Places Right Candidate at Right Job – The main aim of selection is to place right candidate at right job so that they can make effective and worthwhile contribution to an organisation.
  • Provides Information about Candidate – Selection process helps in generating information about candidate which can be used in making comparison with other candidate. It can help in assisting in decision making process.
  • Save Cost – Making an effective selection by constant monitoring of the fit between person and the job and helps in saving cost.

Everything has some problems associated with it. There are some problems associated with effective selection they are as follows:-

  • Diversity of Approaches – The diversity of selection approaches and test shows that there is no perfect way to select employees.
  • Perception – Selection process demands to assess and compare competencies of other, with the main aim of choosing the right person for the job. But for this process we all perceive the world.
  • Pressure on Selectors – Politicians, relatives and friends put pressure on the selector to select a particular candidate. And it is always seen that the candidate selected because of compulsion are not the right one.

So an effective selection should be done for the welfare of the organisation.

Why Protest?

Protests are public expressions of discontent, disagreement, or objection to an authority, idea, or things that have public impacts. Our country has seen a large number of public protests and upheavals in the past one year. Globally, we have been living in times of great change and public displays of dissent in the recent past, from the Hongkong protests to the Black Lives Matter movement. Many are skeptical of protests and their ability to bring change. Protests have been considered as inherently violent and anti-establishment, and hence something that should be stayed away from. What can marches and slogans do anyway, is the attitude of many who stay on the sidelines. However, a quick look into history can reveal that protests have been an integral part of multiple struggles that have brought in moral progress and change to our societies. The manner of conduct and how those involved acted might vary but there is no doubt that such displays of disapproval have brought in changes big and small.

monochrome photo of resist signage
Photo by Sides Imagery on

The right to protest is one of the most important rights in a democracy since it ensures that the people’s voice is heard. The form of democracy that we practice in India is representative democracy, where people are represented by elected individuals in parliament. This means that the voice of a huge population is given a hearing through this one person. We cannot discount the biases and affiliations of these individuals when they present their demands, even though on paper we reassert that they are to represent the voice of the people even if they disagree themselves. Democracy is considered the rule of the people: a governing system for the people, by the people, and of the people. One of the downsides of democracy is the fact that it is often only the majority voice that gets to be heard and accepted, while there would be multiple other opinions which might be statistically a little less in number that goes unheeded. This is all the more dangerous if the voice of the majority turns out to be bigoted and discriminatory.

Protests are fundamental precisely because people have the right to disagree and do so freely without fear of repercussions. Protests bring people together as a group and imbibe a sense of strength and unity. They realize that they are not alone in their cause and that there will be others who will stand along. Protests are vital to create spaces of engagement, debate, and dialogue. It also provides minorities with an opportunity to voice their concerns, especially when they have no representation and are suffering from perpetual marginalization. The anger that often accompanies protesting voices is the expression of prolonged frustration by those who have suffered under the system. Those who tone-police by saying that people should not sound so angry are more concerned about the manner of protest than the reasons that force people out onto the streets. It is a sign of great privilege that one can live their everyday lives without having to demand anything that has been denied to them over the years. It is usually those who have not been affected at all by what is happening who ask why protest at all or give the excuse that protests are violent. People protest because they need to be heard, and because the system has so often failed them that waiting for change to come through office paperwork if they do not exert any outside pressure is almost illusory.

Protests are often not violent till force is exerted on them by state machinery. And using the excuse that protests tend to turn violent and so they should not be allowed is a way of discounting all the good that a protest can potentially do. One cannot use a deviant illustration to invalidate an entire expression. Being able to dissent and having the right to challenge authority, if taken away, would spell the death of democracy. Protests are not so much about winning an argument or agenda as they are about the right to disagree freely and make the voices of the people heard.  It might take decades to create any change but protests provide people with the strength to fight and the assurance that they are part of a larger whole. It enables those on the fringes of society to stand up for their rights and those who seek the attention of the authorities to do it quicker. At this time, we have to be vigilant that this right itself is not taken away from us and it is imperative that we understand the position that protests hold in a democracy.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Education


All of us should be on survival mode for the near future because we have to make sure we get over this crisis.

– Mohandas Pai

The petrifying and severe impact of COVID-19 has shaken the world to its core. The Covid-19 pandemic has had a major impact on education – both negative and positive. What exactly are the risks and opportunities brought about by Coronavirus?

Unfortunately, most of the countries around the globe have temporarily closed nearly all the educational institutions in an attempt to arrest the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic amongst the people of that particular country. In India too, the government as a part of the nationwide lockdown has closed all educational institutions, as a consequence of which students and learners ranging from school going children to doctoral students, are adversely affected.

These nationwide closures are impacting over 91% of the worlds’ student population as per the data stated by the UNESCO. Several other countries have implemented localized closures adversely affecting a huge no of additional learners. India has nearly 300 million kids enrolled in about 1.4 million schools. In India, almost 70% of the schools are run and managed by government bodies. This data alertly indicates that India and its old age education system are in verge of a major crisis. Scholars, leaders, intellectuals, social workers and policy makers should have to take this matter seriously like any other priorities they are tackling with on a war footing basis. In fact, this is the worst nightmare of the 21st century wherein if taken lightly would tremendously affect the progress of a nation for 3 generations. Education is the backbone of a great nation, and if education is affected the quality of human resource automatically gets affected.

We will also have to look at the impact from two lenses – an urban lens and a rural one. In urban centres, I do not foresee a lot of negative impact. Majority of schools have moved to online classes and are continuing as per their academic calendar. Students at home have access to the internet and in some cases their own individual device as well. The only thing expected from them and their parents is self discipline. Which I understand is a lot to ask for. It may therefore lead to some gaps in learning and may have an impact on the academic scores of students this year. But in the longer run, this is not very serious as I am sure these students will more than make up for it.

Once you look at it from the rural lens, the situation is not so good. While urban students have access to online learning from school and so many apps to keep them entertained, the government school kids have no such sources of learning or engagement. When the lockdown was announced, we spoke to a lot of our government school teachers, who sounded really worried. They feared that if students do not come to school, they may get absorbed in unsocial activities which may harm their lives. The girl students would be heavily involved in household chores leaving them with no time to study. And many students they feared may never return to school.

Nevertheless, Covid-19 has prompted experts to rethink the conventional mode of education. Digital education appears to be a viable solution to fill in the void for classroom education for a period of three to four months while minimizing the chances of any infection to students until classes resume, but isn’t a long-term solution. Universities require high-speed internet and education delivery platforms or learning management systems, besides stable IT infrastructure and faculty members who are comfortable teaching online. Students also need high-speed internet and computers/mobiles to attend these sessions or watch pre-recorded classes. l

On the greener side, the situation has also stimulated immediate activation of certain long-pending changes in imparting education in India. Virtual labs/ tutorial videos have entered the curriculum of higher-degree courses and school education and students can better relate with the possibilities of conceptual learning. There has also been a shift in paradigm to focus more on concepts rather than rote-learning and students have also got time to work on their problem-solving skills by practice. Need is the mother of invention and traditional educators who were wary of advanced online teaching courses are now realizing the potential of online resources. Their scepticism about online resources and tools are also wading off and they are embracing the change in teaching methods without losing essence of classical teaching methods. Students are being encouraged to learn with project-based learning methods and instead of getting embroiled in the rat-race of numbers, students are exploring the benefits of the extension of concept-learning through these projects.

Although the sudden emergence of pandemic and emergency measures to restrict assemblies has thwarted the school-educational system, it can also be a potential catalyst for realizing the need to slowly and steadily revamp our educational structure and curriculum for the benefit of students. The present situation might be a good opportunity to concise the school educational curriculum, focus only on the essential concepts, incorporate self-tutoring learning resources and restructure a evaluative curriculum for students so that even students from rural areas bereft of access to online-resources are not adversely affected. These necessary changes will subside anxiety and usher in optimism (even at psychological level) for students struggling to recuperate with the prevalent conditions forced by the pandemic. A more palatable curriculum is the need of the hour.

To conclude, we all know that the pandemic is here to stay for some time. The situation may force educational institutions to come up with innovative ways in which the current challenges of imparting online education can be addressed. Alternatively, India could finally witness a much needed change in its educational system where practical application of concepts is given a higher priority than theoretical “rote learning”.

Trend of Nuclear Family

Family is the fundamental group of human consisting of parents, children and those closely related by blood. It is fundamental unit of society. Family is most important part of human life. We can say that a person is to the family, by the family, for the family.

Now in recent years, the trend of Nuclear family has increasing. Firstly, the nuclear family is consist of only parents and their children(generally 4-5 members). Approx 54% of household are following nuclear family system. The trend of the nuclear family in urban India, these households are small in size—88% have 3-4 members and there are no senior citizens in these households. The trend of Nuclear family is increasing because of

1) Improved lifestyle – It is thought that in nuclear family one have more money, more luxurious items i.e car, phone, bungalow etc. More options to enjoy the minutes.

2) financial stability – most of parents think that when they opt this family system they will well stable in financial condition. The can save more and spend in proper manner according to their needs.

3) Social obligation – In modern life people wants to less obligations. So it is less obligations in the nuclear family.

4) Declining relationship – due to divorce, declined relationship one have to follow the this system.

5) Privacy and Independence – human need more Privacy and Independence, in nuclear family there less responsibilities and one can enjoy it’s own decisions and particular lifestyle.

There are some other aspects i.e the children of the nuclear family is self centered and selfish tendencies. It can create narrow view to the society. In the emergency situation these got in crisis and cannot be meet their all expectations. There is also problem that these have not emotional support. If we have extended family then everyone is with us and we never feel alone. In the extended family we have found to learn about various view on a particular conflicts/problems which lacks in a Nuclear family.

We must follow such family system in which all members of family feels happy i.e family of Mankind. Now, we can say that whole world is a family.



There are over 79.5 million people who are forcefully displaced from their homes due to persecution, violence, the outbreak of wars or oppressive regimes to find stability, safety or refuge. The united nations describe a refugee as a person who flees their country and is unable to return due to conflict or ongoing persecution. Refugees are divided into internally displaced persons and refugees. Internally displaced persons are much difficult to help as they don’t come under international law and are much difficult to assist. Refugees seek asylum in different countries where are recognized legally as a refugee and they receive legal and material protection.
The 1951 refugee convention is the main legal instrument for refugee law. The 1967 protocol is also used as one of the documents for refugee law. The convention for the first time gave us the definition of a refugee, its legal protection, material assistance and those displaced persons who don’t classify as refugees. The 1967 protocol expanded the range of the definition and legal assistance. The 1989 convention on rights of the child which isn’t particularly for children but was used while dealing with minor refugees, the convention elucidated the rights of children in a country. The African countries follow the organization of African Unity of Convention Governing the Specific Aspect of refugees. In 1984, the Latin American countries signed the convention to follow the Cartagena Declaration of Refugees.
The process of recognition of displaced persons into refugees depends upon the state. Where the country is unwilling to do the process, UNHRC does the process. Refugees entitled to basic human rights where they have right to freedom from degrading treatment, freedom of rights of freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of thought, religion, right to life and liberty, the right to freedom from discrimination on basis of race, colour or gender and more importantly right to asylum. International law also forbids the countries to resettle the refugees in their own country where they may seemingly be persecuted for their race, religion or by a political group. Refugees are required to keep with them all the time a refugee identity certificate which is either issued by the UNHRC or by the state where they are seeking asylum, this is their legal document for identification. All states that have signed the 1951 refugee convention have to provide refugees with the freedom to the process of an identification certificate. Refugees are also issued with a refugee travel document which substitutes as a passport for international travel because they cannot get a passport for their country. According to the convention of 1951 chapter 3, all refugees are allowed to gain legal employment. But the main goal of a refugee is to return home . as most of them leave their own homes in a hurry to escape wars or violence but they can’t due to the rampant violence in their countries. Refugees either stay in camps with little hope of going back to their countries or they move to different camps in different countries trying to gain asylum.
In conclusion, refugees are the world’s most harrowing humanitarian crisis. There are strides taken to protect the rights of the refugees but it has proven to be difficult. Countries who have used to receive refugees have now at their limit. The efforts made by the international bodies and states are recognized but need more innovative methods to deal with it. The influx of refugees have over the years have increased which only means that violence and war in the world have increased with no signs of slowing down.


As we all know that India’s history is full of amazing things…but there are also some days in India on which a history has created or there are some days from which everything has changed in India..there are several days which made a remarkable impact on history of India……which are as follows:
15 AUGUST: This day in India is celebrated as INDEPENDENCE DAY. Because on 15 august 1947 India got freedom from the British rulers . after so many sacrifices, struggle, and handwork ,India become free from the British rule.

26 JANUARY: 26 January is celebrated as REPUBLIC DAY of India. Though the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India it became was formally made effective on 26 January, 1950. It took exactly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finally adopt the Constitution with the necessary amendments.
On January 26, 1950, when the Indian Constitution came into effect thus making India one of the biggest democracies in the world. It was on this day when India was declared as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. And to honor this day, the Indian Republic Day is celebrated with great fervor throughout the country every year on January 26.

8 AUGUST: On 7 to 8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee met in Bombay and ratified the ‘Quit India’ resolution. Gandhi called for ‘Do or Die’. The next day, on 9 August 1942, Gandhi, members of the Congress Working Committee and other Congress leaders were arrested by the British Government under the Defense of India Rules. The ‘Quit India’ movement, more than anything, united the Indian people against British rule.
Although most demonstrations had been suppressed by 1944, upon his release in 1944 Gandhi continued his resistance and went on a 21-day fast. By the end of the Second World War, Britain’s place in the world had changed dramatically and the demand for independence could no longer be ignored.

1853: First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta.

1974: India Smiling Buddha first nuclear device in underground test.

1983: India won World Cup for the first time, in one day international Cricket led by Kapil Dev.

2008: In October India successfully launches its first mission to the moon, the unmanned lunar probe Chandrayaan-1.

2011: In April India wins cricket world cup after 28 years under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni.

5 November 2013: Mars Orbiter Mission, is successfully launched into Mars orbit by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

30 June 2017: The Goods and Services Tax (GST) launched the biggest tax reform in history of India.

5 August 2019: The state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided into two separate union territories known as Jammu Kashmir and Ladakh by Scrapping Article 370 of Indian constitution.

NMC Horizon Report Summary

I was re-reading the Horizon Report the other day when it occurred to me that it could be easily summarised. This has helped me consolidate the main elements of the article in my own mind. It is always interesting to reflect on where your school or region is at in this whole process. I hope this is helpful for you too. Please feel free to use and share.

Education :the biggest tool for progress

Education is very important tool for everyone to succeed in life and get something different.

help a lot in lessening the challenges of life. Knowledge gained through out the education periods enables each and every individual confident about their life. It opens various door to the opportunities of achieving better prospects in life so promote career growth. Many awareness programmes has been run by the government has been run enhance the value of education is in rural areas. It brings feelings of equality among all people in the society and promotes growth and development of the country.

Education plays a role in the modern technology world. Now a days there are many ways to enhance the educational level. The whole criteria of education have been changed now. We can study through the distance learning programs after 12 standard together with the job. Education is not so costly anyone with less money may study continuously. We can get admission in the big and popular universities with fewer fees the distance of learning. Other small training institutes are providing education to enhance the skill level in particular field education is must for both men and women equally as both together make a healthy educated society. It is an essential tool for getting bright future as well as plays a most important role in the development and progress of the country. Citizen of the country became responsible for the better future and development of the country. Highly educated people become the base of the developed country so proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country. So, proper education makes the bright future of both the individual and the country it is only educated leaders who build the nation and lead it to the height of success and progress. Education makes people as perfect and noble as possible.

Good education give many purpose to the life such as enhancement of the personal advancement increase social status increased social health economical progress success to the nation set goals of Life make us a way to work towards many social issues and give solution to solve environmental problem and other related issue. Now a days education has become very simple and easy because of the implementation of distance learning program. Modern education system is fully capable to remove the social issues of illiteracy and inequality among people of different religion and caste.

Education developed the people’s mind to great level and help in removing all the differences in the society. It makes us able to become a good learner and understand very aspect on life. It provides ability to understand all the human rights social rights duties and responsibilities towards the country.

How To build a better mental health


Your mental health includes what you think, feel and behave in your daily lifestyle. It also affects your capability to deal with stress, how you deal or overcome challenges, how you build relationships, and how you recover from your life problems.

Strong mental health not just the absence of mental health problems. Strong mental health is just being mentally or emotionally healthy is much more than being free of depression, anxiety or other phychological issues.

Bull market and Bear Market

Bull and Bear is the indicators which shows the situation of the Market. Bull market refers to Market situation where price of shares are going up and expected move in uptrend. Where the country’s economy is good, employment rate is good and price of every marketable securities are in uptrend. This is called as Bull Market. Bear market is the situation where price of shares are falling down and expected to fall, Country’s economy is falling and unemployment rate is increasing. This is called as Bear market. In Bull market situation price of shares will go in uptrend and investors will purchase the more and more shares. In Bear market the price of shares are falling so investors take back their money from the market.

Gym or no Gym….?

As we all know in this modern scenario of the year 2020 which is a really mean one to be honest,we all come across that dilemma as a student,a working class person ,a house wife or a stay at home dad,octogenarians and anybody cross the fifty part as her or his age as should we go to the gymnasium or not well I don’ now about other countries but I’m sure about the Indian pat that lot of people have a lot of misconception about going to the gymnasiums. Well we all can agree that teenagers or adults till their mid thirties are not so worried about these misconceptions except a few who do it on purpose, but trust me okay if not me then facts,science and psychology to help your body get that maximum concern and sculpting which it always asked for

6 yards of history

saree is a women’s garment from the India that consists of an unstitched drape varying from 4.5 to 9 metres (15 to 30 feet) in length and 600 to 1,200 millimetres (24 to 47 inches) in breadth which is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, covering a larger portion of the midriff. There are various styles of sari manufacture and draping, the most common being the Nivi style, which originated in the Deccan region. The sari is worn with a fitted bodicecbodice called a choli (ravike in southern India, and cholo in Nepal) and a petticoat called ghagra, parkar or ul-pavadai. In the modern Indian subcontinent, the sari is considered a cultural icon.

History of sari-like drapery is traced back to the Indus valley civilization flourished during 2800–1800 BCE around the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinentCotton was first cultivated and woven in Indian subcontinent around 5th millennium BCE. Dyes used during this period are still in use, particularly indigolacred madder and turmeric. Silk was woven around 2450 BCE and 2000 BCE.

The word ‘sari’ evolved from ‘saatikaa’ (sanskrit: शाटिका) mentioned in earliest Hindu literature as women’s attire. The Sari or Sattika evolved from a three-piece ensemble comprising the Antriya, the lower garment; the Uttariya; a veil worn over the shoulder or the head; and the Stanapatta, a chestband. This ensemble is mentioned in Sanskrit literature and Buddhist Pali literature during the 6th century BCE. This complete three-piece dress was known as Poshak, generic term for costume. Ancient Antriya closely resembled dothi wrap in the “fishtail” version which was passed through legs, covered the legs loosely and then flowed into a long, decorative pleats at front of the legs. It further evolved into Bhairnivasani skirt, today known as ghagri and lehenga. Uttariya was a shawl-like veil worn over the shoulder or head, it evolved into what is known today known as dupatta and ghoonghat. Likewise, Stanapatta evolved into choli by 1st century CE.

The ancient Sanskrit work, Kadambari by Banabhatta and ancient Tamil poetry, such as the Silappadhikaram, describes women in exquisite drapery or sari. In ancient India, although women wore saris that bared the midriff, the Dharmasastra writers stated that women should be dressed such that the navel would never become visible. By which for some time the navel exposure became a taboo and the navel was concealed. In ancient Indian tradition and the Natya Shastra (an ancient Indian treatise describing ancient dance and costumes), the navel of the Supreme Being is considered to be the source of life and creativity, hence the midriff is to be left bare by the sari.

It is generally accepted that wrapped sari-like garments for lower body and sometimes shawls or scarf like garment called ‘uttariya’ for upper body, have been worn by Indian women for a long time, and that they have been worn in their current form for hundreds of years. In ancient couture the lower garment was called ‘nivi’ or ‘nivi bandha’, while the upper body was mostly left bare. The works of Kalidasa mentions ‘Kurpasika’ a form of tight fitting breast band that simply covered the breasts. It was also sometimes referred to as ‘Uttarasanga’ or ‘Stanapatta’.

Poetic references from works like Silappadikaram indicate that during the Sangam period in ancient Tamil Nadu in southern India, a single piece of clothing served as both lower garment and head covering, leaving the midriff completely uncovered. Similar styles of the sari are recorded paintings by Raja Ravi Varma in Kerala. Numerous sources say that everyday costume in ancient India and till recent times in Kerala consisted of a pleated dhoti or (sarong) wrap, combined with a breast band called ‘Kurpasika’ or ‘Stanapatta’ and occasionally a wrap called ‘Uttariya’ that could at times be used to cover the upper body or head. The two-piece Kerala mundum neryathum (mundu, a dhoti or sarong, neryath, a shawl, in Malayalam) is a survival of ancient clothing styles. The one-piece sari in Kerala is derived from neighboring Tamil Nadu or Deccan during medieval period based on its appearance on various temple murals in medieval Kerala.

Early Sanskrit literature has a wide vocabulary of terms for the veiling used by women, such as Avagunthana (oguntheti/oguṇthikā), meaning cloak-veil, Uttariya meaning shoulder-veil, Mukha-pata meaning face-veil and Sirovas-tra meaning head-veil. In the Pratimānātaka, a play by Bhāsa describes in context of Avagunthana veil that “ladies may be seen without any blame (for the parties concerned) in a religious session, in marriage festivities, during a calamity and in a forest”. The same sentiment is more generically expressed in later Sanskrit literature. Śūdraka, the author of Mṛcchakatika set in fifth century BCE says that the Avagaunthaha was not used by women everyday and at every time. He says that a married lady was expected to put on a veil while moving in the public.This may indicate that it was not necessary for unmarried females to put on a veil. This form of veiling by married women is still prevalent in Hindi-speaking areas, and is known as ghoonghat where the loose end of a sari is pulled over the head to act as a facial veil.

Based on sculptures and paintings, tight bodices or cholis are believed have evolved between 2nd century BCE to 6th century CE in various regional styles. Early cholis were front covering tied at the back; this style was more common in parts of ancient northern India. This ancient form of bodice or choli are still common in the state of Rajasthan today. Varies styles of decorative traditional embroidery like gota patti, mochi, pakko, kharak, suf, kathi, phulkari and gamthi are done on cholis. In Southern parts of India, choli is known as ravikie which is tied at the front instead of back, kasuti is traditional form of embroidery used for cholis in this region. In Nepal, choli is known as cholo or chaubandi cholo and is traditionally tied at the front.

Red is most favored colour for wedding saris and are traditional garment choice for brides in Indian culture. Women traditionally wore various types of regional fabrics-ikkat, block-print, embroidery and tie-dye textiles. Most sought after brocade silk saris are Banasari, Kanchipuram, Gadwal, Paithani, Mysore, Uppada, Bagalpuri, Balchuri, Maheshwari, Chanderi, Mekhela, Ghicha, Narayan pet and Eri etc. are traditionally worn for festive and formal occasions. Silk Ikat and cotton saris known as Patola, Pochampally, Bomkai, Khandua, Sambalpuri, Gadwal, Berhampuri, Bargarh, Jamdani, Tant, Mangalagiri, Guntur, Narayan pet, Chanderi, Maheshwari, Nuapatn, Tussar, Ilkal, Kotpad and Manipuri were worn for both festive and everyday attire. Tie-dyed and block-print saris known as Bandhani, Leheria/Leheriya, Bagru, Ajrakh, Sungudi, Kota Dabu/Dabu print, Bagh and Kalamkari were traditionally worn during monsoon season. Gota Patti is popular form of traditional embroidery used on saris for formal occasions, various other types of traditional folk embroidery such mochi, pakko, kharak, suf, kathi, phulkari and gamthi are also commonly used for both informal and formal occasion.Today, modern fabrics like polyester, georgette and charmeuse are also commonly used.

An interesting piece of History: The Abduction of Art

The entire world has been a witness to the tyranny and totalitarian nature of Kim dynasty in North Korea which prevails to this date. The insanely toxic obsession to become the most dangerous nuclear power at the cost of letting its own people die due to poverty and hunger is what makes the Kim leaders so diabolical. But did you know that Kim Jong-il, the second supreme leader of North Korea, planned and executed the abduction of a South Korean film producer and director along with his wife to fetch worldwide recognition for North Korea’s filmmaking?

Shin Sang-ok (1926-2006) is a highly celebrated South Korean film producer and director who worked prolifically to adorn the “Golden Age of South Korean Cinema” with some of the best jewels like The Evil Night (1952), A Flower in Hell (1958), Prince Yeonsan (1961) and 3 Ninjas Knuckle Up (1995) to name a few. Shin Sang-ok is often called “The Prince of South Korean Cinema” for his contribution in the 1950s and 1960s. But little did he know that his own life would become the most incredible story that none of his movies could ever tell.

In 1966, Kim Jong-il, North Korea’s future dictator, became director of the Motion Picture and Arts Division. He was a big fan of films and is known to have a dedicated library of approximately 15,000 movies at his disposal. He produced and directed films that were specifically designed to put his father, Kim Il-sung, as the ultimate messiah of the subjects of North Korea. But he was frustrated with his films in the 1970s. He felt they were lifeless and stiff as compared to the global counterparts. This was the point where it all began. The desperation to gain global appreciation in showbiz led him to kidnap South Korean actress Choi Eun-hee in 1978 from Hong Kong. According to a proposition Choi Eun-hee was in Hong Kong to direct a film. She arrived in Nampo Harbour, North Korea on 22 January 1978. She was housed in a luxurious villa and several tours were arranged for her to visit important spots of the city. Kim Jong-il took her to various movie shows, theatres, operas, and musicals for her perspective on the

Is Our Earth Sustainable?

One of the most familiar word we hear in our day to day life and many within and beyond academia and in the more developed and developing parts of the world is “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”. It is another principle that emerged after the development of UNCLOS.The Sustainable Development resources refers to the mutual promotion of Economy, Ecology and Society to develop Sustainable Development. It is a development model that consider the Environment when achieving balanced growth with efficiency and fairness. What is Sustainable Development? The development that meets the needs of the present without Compromising the ability of Future Generations to meet their own needs. Achieving Sustainable Development in the 21th Century is not an option but am Imperative.

The journey of four World Summits from “Stockholm to Johannesburg ” they have decided that Sustainable Development is an Imperative. During the year 1972 UN conference in Stockholm highlighted the “concerns for preserving and enhancing the environmentand its biodiversity to ensure Human Rights to a healthy and Productive world”,In 1982 the United Nations commission on Environment and Development was created .During the period 1972-1992 over 200 Regional and International Agreements and Conventions for Environment Protection were Adopted. Non Government Organizations from around the world also collaborates and Deliberated Strategies for Sustainable Development. In 2012 the United Nations conference met to discuss and develop a set of goals to work towards on Sustainable Development. This Sustainable Development came up with a list of 17 items. The 1st Sustainable Development Emphasizes the coordinate development between Resource Utilization and Economic growth and The 2nd Sustainable Development Emphasizes moderate development taking into account the Environment carrying Capacity while using Natural Resources,Finally the main Goal of the Sustainable Development theory is to improve the quality of Human life i.e In which people can live and work in Peace and Contentment and have a high quality of Life. Sustainable Development Characterised by three P’s People, Planet and Profit. At the core of Idea of Sustainable is the matter of meeting people needs for the home,job etc,.If we dont take care of Environment in which we live now,we wont have anything to leave behind us for Future Generations. ” IS OUR EARTH SUSTAINABLE FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS?”.



Our economy is being ruined between inefficient government and sluggish opposition, if the situation does not improve then we will become the new ‘untouchables’

Untouchability has been a stigma for our country for centuries. Ambedkar, who fought for his whole life, claimed that there is enough evidence to suggest that it has been going on since 400 BC and it has always been the way of Indians to live.
This is the reason why devout Hindus on one hand and committed inclusionist Gandhi, on the other hand, believed that it is good for us to end this deadly practice. And Nehru, who relied on social justice, had said that India will never reach its true height until we end the caste system and ensure equality for all Indians.

This is the motive that our constitution made untouchability illicit and considered it a punishable offence.
But is it over? No.
Untouchability is deeply ingrained in our thinking and is seen openly. Its ugliness has recently increased, which has been promoted by some political parties, who want to keep it alive to achieve ruthless majoritarianism.

Now only the lower castes, Dalits are not suffering from it. In some parts of India, poor people belonging to a particular community have become new untouchables. So in some parts, some tribes are the new untouchables, who have been left marginalized by governments to grab land, forest and mineral wealth from them.

And now, after this pandemic in the country, we see a new class of untouchables is emerging. These are sick, migrant labourers, unemployed and extremely impoverished people. Their connection with the cities is broken and their villages do not want to take them back because they are unemployed and miserable and additionally there is a risk of health issues.

Today the suffering/affected people are being boycotted openly. Their wives and children are not allowed to be home quarantined as per the regulations. People are getting them out of the village, throwing them along with their family members from trains, refusing to burn in the crematorium when one dies. Dead bodies are being collected in hospital corridors. Nobody wants to accept them, not even own family. The corpses are placed next to the patients being treated. It is like a return to the fierce plague.

But, today who is the frustrated-indigent?
No, not the farmers who commit suicide every year due to poverty. Now, these dispirited poor are those who were working in our factories, offices and our homes till back in the days. It also includes small traders, food carts, autorickshaw drivers, small restaurant workers, multiplexes and security guards standing outside malls.

Viruses and lockdowns left them unemployed, homeless and nearly devastated. And now about 14 crores middle-class families have also been associated with them. According to research, their savings will end by the end of July. That is, they will be poverty-stricken.

A recent survey shows that 84 per cent of the households have suffered severe loss of income after lockdown. They are living on their savings right now. By the end of this month, with the increase in rains, many middle-class families will fall into the category of destitute.

They will also be unable to spend on treatment or meet basic family needs. They will have to leave the rented house, sell their goods and borrow money at such a rate, which will become impossible for them to repay later. They are also worried pensioners who relied on interest from the bank, as banks have reduced interest rates.

Those who counted on their children working abroad are also trapped because their children have lost their jobs or lost wages. Meanwhile, the prices of petrol and diesel are continuously increasing, while the prices should have been reduced based on the global trend. This is going to make everything expensive.

Overall, the pace of the wave is not stopping and more and more people will continue to drown. The government is refusing to provide cash in their hands, as some other countries are doing. These are the new untouchables. Nobody has time for these and the government has the least interest in their future or prospect. Instead, govt is making hefty policies of millions for billions, which will never reach out to these people.

An economy that was ready for a better future, is being wrecked.

Demand Forecasting

Demand in simple words can be defined as the want of something plus the ability to pay, that is, purchasing power of the customer. The law of demand which is extensively used in microeconomics  states that price and demand are inversely proportional to each other.

Forecasting is used in various circumstances to get more insights about data. It is one of the important tool used for predicting future demand based on demand information.

Forecasting is used for:

  • Strategic Planning (long range planning)
  • Finance and Accounting (Budget and Control Costs)
  • Marketing (Future sales, new product launches, campaigns designs)
  • Production
  • Operation (Supply chain Management)

Demand Forecasting is the process in which historical sales data is used to develop an estimate of an expected forecast of customer demand. To businesses, Demand Forecasting provides an estimate of the amount of goods and services that its customers will purchase in the foreseeable future. There are various factors that are involved in demand forecasting such as data required, time period, purpose, nature of commodity, nature of competition etc.

How to choose the right college for you

Chosing the perfect college for you can be a daunting task but with these few tips that I’m about to share with you, the process of picking the right college will become a lot simplier.

1. You have to list your priorities- This will help you eliminate the schools that don’t fit you’re requirements. So, I would sit down and do some research as soon as you’re done listing you’re priorities down.

2. Figure what you want to do once you’re done with your college program. You have to think whether going to this college will help you achieve that goal if it won’t then that’s not the school for you. For example if you want to work at a big tech firm then you should go to a college near Silicon Valley. Do some self searching and figure out what you want to do once your out of college.

3. College Ranking- This could help you figure out whether the college is well known by other people and it could help you figure out whether the major you want to do is good at that particular college. The most reputable college ranking and the most accurate is the QS world university ranking system. Rankings help students compare different colleges in a more effective and accurate way.

4. Amount of financial aid i


The law on real estate has not been properly organisaed in the past, which has left the home buyers in lurch, as they ended up paying their hard earned money in the hands of fraudulent builders. We analyse various options under prevailing laws: The Real Estate Regulation Act, 2016 The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 […]


Selfie-Esteem: The relationship between physical dissatisfaction with Adolescent Social Media and young women — EDUindex News

Social media platforms such as Instagram and Facebook have become very popular in the lives of many people. With adolescents and young adults, especially young women, being the first users of such platforms, it is an important question whether the use of social media contributes to self-esteem, self-esteem, body image, and physical dissatisfaction. Researchers have […]

Selfie-Esteem: The relationship between physical dissatisfaction with Adolescent Social Media and young women — EDUindex News

BULLYING; a known DEVIL — EDUindex News

One of the biggest problems that people face these days is bullying. Right from children to adults everyone has faced bullying some or the other way. Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behaviour among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behaviour is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. […]

BULLYING; a known DEVIL — EDUindex News

Patriarchy — EDUindex News

It refers to the hierarchical relations between men and women whereby men dominates and control over women’s sexuality. Structures of patriarchy According to Sylvia walby patriarchy as a system of social structure where men are in the dominant position to exploit and opress women. She talks about six structures of patriarchy; 1. Patriarchal mode of production, 2. […]

Patriarchy — EDUindex News

Women’s empowerment — EDUindex News

Most of the time we discuss about this topic Women’s empowerment do you think that now women have there right and compete with men in every field. women’s empowerment is a critical aspect of achieving gender equality. It includes increasing a woman’s sense of self-worth, her decision-making power, her access to opportunities and resources, her […]

Women’s empowerment — EDUindex News

Employees expectations from employer — EDUindex News

If you want to attract and retain great employees, it pays to be a great boss. Here are some simple expectations that the best employees have of their bosses: 1. Be consistent with meaningful communication. Smart employees want clear expectations and communication when it comes to what’s expected of them. The No. 1 problem people cite with their […]

Employees expectations from employer — EDUindex News

Impact from social media — EDUindex News

Social media are interactive computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation or sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks.The variety of stand-alone and built-in social media services currently available introduces challenges of definition; however, there are some common features: Social media are interactive Web 2.0Internet-based applications. User-generated content such as text posts or […]

Impact from social media — EDUindex News

Assam floods: Over 50,000 people take shelter at relief camps — EDUindex News

In flood hit Assam, over 50 thousand displaced people are taking shelter at relief camps. The current wave of floods affected 28 lakh people and washed away houses, cattle stock. 1.28 lakh hectare crop areas are also under water. 96 people lost their lives due to floods so far. Majority portion of national parks and […]

Assam floods: Over 50,000 people take shelter at relief camps — EDUindex News

Job satisfaction and motivation — EDUindex News

Productivity is defined as the efficient and effective use of resources with minimum waste and effort to achieve outcome. We live in a world that has limited resources. The health care industry faces this limitation more than any other industry. With these challenges facing health care administrators, the concept of productivity, job satisfaction and motivation […]

Job satisfaction and motivation — EDUindex News

Air India brings back 2.5 lakh Indians from 53 countries under Vande Bharat Mission — EDUindex News

Air India has brought back more than 2.5 lakh Indians from 53 countries under the Vande Bharat Mission. In a tweet, Air India said, phase-5 of Vande Bharat Mission will be launched from 1st August of next month. It said, Air India has added many more flights to several International destinations for which details will […]

Air India brings back 2.5 lakh Indians from 53 countries under Vande Bharat Mission — EDUindex News

Govt extends domestic airfare cap till Nov 24 — EDUindex News

Civil Aviation Ministry has extended its order imposing curbs on airfare till 24th November. The order was issued on 21st May after airlines were allowed to operate after the lockdown. It had prescribed a range for airfare depending on the flight distance. In the wake of coronavirus outbreak, the Ministry had implemented a cap on […]

Govt extends domestic airfare cap till Nov 24 — EDUindex News

India conducts record number of 4,20,000 COVID-19 tests in single day — EDUindex News

India has achieved a remarkable feat by conducting a record number of 4 lakh 20 thousand COVID-19 tests in a single day yesterday. In a tweet, Health and Family Welfare Ministry said, India has ramped up its testing facilities within a span of few months. As of now, more than 1300 laboratories are conducting the […]

India conducts record number of 4,20,000 COVID-19 tests in single day — EDUindex News

Center asks nine high Covid caseload states to ramp up testing with special focus on containment zones — EDUindex News

Centre has asked nine high Covid caseload states to ramp up testing with special focus on containment zones. These states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Karnataka, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. These nine States are driving the present spurt of the active caseload in the country. Cabinet Secretary chaired a high level […]

Center asks nine high Covid caseload states to ramp up testing with special focus on containment zones — EDUindex News

Satti pratha: a dark side — EDUindex News

The ancient Hindu tradition called ‘sati’ (or ‘suttee’), wherein a widow would burn herself to death on her husband’s pyre, was initially a voluntary act that was considered to be quite courageous and heroic, but it later became a forced practice. Although sati is now banned all over India and no longer practised, it has […]

Satti pratha: a dark side — EDUindex News

The HR Industry in India — EDUindex News

Human resources is the set of the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, industry, or economy. A narrower concept is human capital, the knowledge which the individuals embody. Similar terms include manpower, labour, personnel, associates or simply people. A human-resources department (HR department) of an organization performs human resource management, […]

The HR Industry in India — EDUindex News

China’s Wuhan Institute signs covert deal with Pak military for bio-warfare capabilities against India — EDUindex News

China’s Wuhan Institute signs covert deal with Pak military for bio-warfare capabilities against India China and Pakistan, the all-weather friends, have entered a three-year deal to expand potential bio-warfare capabilities against India, including several research projects related to the deadly agent anthrax. The deal has been inked between Wuhan Institute of Virology and Pakistan military’s […]

China’s Wuhan Institute signs covert deal with Pak military for bio-warfare capabilities against India — EDUindex News

Indian Postal Service — EDUindex News

The Department of Posts (DOP),trading as India Post, is a government-operated postal system in India, which is a subsidiary of the Ministry of Communications. Generally called “the Post Office” in India, it is the most widely distributed postal system in the world. Founded in 1854 by Lord Dalhousie who laid the foundation for the modern […]

Indian Postal Service — EDUindex News

DGCA extends fare capping, restricted operations of domestic passenger flights till November 24 — EDUindex News

Earlier, the aviation secretary Pradeep Singh Kharola had said that the base minimum airfare of domestic flights ranges from Rs 2,000 to Rs 6,500, and the maximum range from Rs 6,000 to Rs 18,600. Airlines have to make available 40 per cent of total seats in an aircraft at less than the mid-point price between […]

DGCA extends fare capping, restricted operations of domestic passenger flights till November 24 — EDUindex News

Kolkata airport suspends passenger flight operations from July 25 to July 29 — EDUindex News

Kolkata airport suspends passenger flight operations from July 25 to July 29 Passenger flight operations to and from Kolkata Airport have been suspended from July 25 to July 29 after the West Bengal government requested for the suspension of services, news agency ANI reported quoting West Bengal Airport sources. The West Bengal government has decided […]

Kolkata airport suspends passenger flight operations from July 25 to July 29 — EDUindex News

The Entire Earth Is Vibrating Less Due to COVID-19 Lockdowns, Study Reveals — EDUindex News

In a study conducted in 117 countries, researchers have found that the world is experiencing the most dramatic reduction in the seismic noise (the hum of vibrations in the planet’s crust) in recorded history due to global Covid-19 lockdowns. Measured by instruments called seismometers, seismic noise is caused by vibrations within the Earth, which travel […]

The Entire Earth Is Vibrating Less Due to COVID-19 Lockdowns, Study Reveals — EDUindex News

Restriction on domestic flights to remain in effect till November 24 — EDUindex News

The civil aviation ministry on Thursday extended the restrictions on domestic flights till November 24 in the view of the coronavirus pandemic. A notification by the ministry issued in the evening also said that the domestic airfare cap, too, will remain in place till November 24 or until further orders. Domestic flights were suspended on […]

Restriction on domestic flights to remain in effect till November 24 — EDUindex News

Asia’s largest Solar Power Plant in Madhya Pradesh — EDUindex News

By Udbhav Bhargava Madhya Pradesh chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan had laid the foundation stone in December 2017. The solar plant will generate 750 MW electricity and was established with an investment of Rs 4,500 crore. WHO DEVELOPED THE PROJECT? The solar park was founded by Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Ltd (RUMSL), a joint venture […]

Asia’s largest Solar Power Plant in Madhya Pradesh — EDUindex News

Khudol Initiative — EDUindex News

By Udbhav Bhargava The UN Secretary-General ‘s Youth Envoy has listed Manipur’s Khudol among the top 10 global initiatives for an inclusive fight against the COVID-19 pandemic. Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General on Youth The Envoy of the Secretary-General on Youth serves as a global advocate for addressing the needs and rights of young […]

Khudol Initiative — EDUindex News


Caste is a social marvel of Indian culture. By taking an interest in the cutting edge political framework, standing is presently presented to troublesome impacts and another type of joining coming about because of another plan of universalist-particularity connections. caste has increased a compelling situation in India legislative issues.From one viewpoint, a structure of divisions […]


Development and Environment Protection Together? — EDUindex News

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Development and Environment Protection Together? — EDUindex News

Keys to become RICH faster, in your 20’s *Practical Steps* — EDUindex News

Everybody wants to become RICH one day. Still, how is it that some people have all the answers? How do the rich keeping getting richer while the poor keep getting poorer? Is the game actually rigged against us? Are we, in fact, doomed to live ordinary lives, merely controlled by our hedonistic desires and pleasures, […]

Keys to become RICH faster, in your 20’s *Practical Steps* — EDUindex News

Role of Technology in India

“Technology will not replace great teacher’s but technology in the hands of great teacher’s can be transformed”

Education is a form of learning where we can see the transmission of knowledge, skills from generation to generation. 21st century is also regarded as century if technology. Technology brings education to student’s doorstep.

Technology in education can be classified as:


Today the whole World is experiencing an extraordinary situation emerging out of this Global Pandemic and this consequent lockdown. Amid of this unpredictable lockdown has resulted into an abrupt halt, with the GDP curve falling flatter week by week one might have thought the academic world would suffer a lot. For the future is in the hands of learning ones.

In such times students across the world are losing their valuable time in their education during the imposed lockdown amidst fear of pandemic. Because of the forced closer of education institutions, the entire higher education system has been badly affected mainly the board year students and the final year ones.
No wonder, how emotionally and psychologically it might have drained within the children as well as their parents. Thus at this junction the educational institutions are in the need for a rapid evolutions and adaption of the advanced technology. It’s the time for emerging of online learning (or E-Learning), the most effective option for both students/ teachers as well as the college/university management.


Today the whole World is experiencing an extraordinary situation emerging out of this Global Pandemic and this consequent lockdown. Amid of this unpredictable lockdown has resulted into an abrupt halt, with the GDP curve falling flatter week by week one might have thought the academic world would suffer a lot. For the future is in the hands of learning ones.

In such times students across the world are losing their valuable time in their education during the imposed lockdown amidst fear of pandemic. Because of the forced closer of education institutions, the entire higher education system has been badly affected mainly the board year students and the final year ones.

No wonder, how emotionally and psychologically it might have drained within the children as well as their parents. Thus at this junction the educational institutions are in the need for a rapid evolutions and adaption of the advanced technology. It’s the time for emerging of online learning (or E-Learning), the most effective option for both students/ teachers as well as the college/university management.


  • Competency-Based Education: By Online Education platforms one can learn transferable skills and competencies. This kind of learning provides required knowledge and it is learner-focused teaching. It acknowledges the fact that every student has a different learning style and their own pace of absorbing what is being taught. In this kind of learning every student gets an equal chance to put up question without the hesitation.
  • Skill Development: In today’s competitive world one may aspire to acquire skills more than their regular course. Thus for a better career growth online learning has made it much easier for students to develop new skills with continuing with their regular course at a college/university. Online Learning is the key and the best path to upgrade ones skill. It also provided training programmes to make students familiar with practical usage of such skills.
  • Quick Assessments:
    This platform provides teachers an easy and quick access to the learning of the students while they are teaching. It even motivates a shy student to actively participating in giving answers for chats avoid the fear of “What will others think if the answers go wrong?” It also enables teachers to know their students in a friendlier manner and host questions rounds to insure a regular learning.
  • Less of Distractions:
    Since online learning does not invite friends to be beside them and parents can keep a regular check over the involvement of their child in the class it decreases the chance of peer distractions. Away from competitions and dominating students there is an increase in active participation of students in asking doubts and initiating interactions with their fellow mates. Moreover, some concepts are better taught online. The teachers and students can interact with each other at any time without any limitation of day or night time for study material, clearing doubts or taking test looking into the convince of both the parties.
  • Traceable learning:
    The performance of the students can easy be accessed by online records. Since the online mode store data of every student individually it helps in reducing any misunderstanding and is digitally track able which can’t be done in a face to face learning. The analytic tool provides detailed report of each student’s performance and growth. It also benefits the parents to keep a regular check over their child’s behaviour and progress. Enabling teachers to adapt changes into their teaching techniques according to the learning patterns of their students.
  • Working platforms:
    It provides students to apply for different online jobs like part-time, internships, full time etc and earn experience certificate for their future benefits and learning new ways of working. It also provides opportunities to earn for themselves in monetary terms. These kinds of jobs don’t seek for qualifications to a large extent but benefit students to improve their CV.
  • Transportation charges:
    This kind of educations benefits the most in terms of location problems. Any student from a remote area can study from their own house with a good network connection and a personal computer. It avoids long distance travelling for classes and avoiding the need to pay for transportation charges. All the more, they won’t feel tired due to travelling. Students can fix their online classes times according to their pace and time. This clearly portrays a graph of less pressure and intensity.
  • Budget friendly:
    There are numerous courses and resources available for free access which can get rid of any financial issues faced during the lockdown period in respect of fee payments.

It’s a wonderful opportunity for every academician and researcher to create their own Open Educational Recourses which would not only serve the purpose of student’s education but also servers to enhance their professional self-image.

Are we happier than our forefathers?

If we think that happiness consisits of material comforts,we are happier than our forefathers. However, if we consider happiness as a state of well being characterized by contentment and joy, our forefathers were far happier than we are.

If our forefathers woke up from their eternal skeep, they would be wonderstruck at the change drought about by their children in this world