The Environmental Impact of Paint

Paint is one of the most broadly utilized materials on the planet. Simply consider all the vehicles, dividers and structures which are covered each day all up the world. Paint, in some structure, has been utilized for a huge number of years and has experienced noteworthy changes over that time. From the soonest utilizes where the ‘paint’ was only a shading produced using characteristic materials, right the route through to the 1940s where engineered colors and an assortment of synthetic compounds were utilized make a practically interminable range of hues, paint has been significant.

In 2019 alone it is evaluated that the paint and coatings industry in the UK delivered 703 million liters of paint. As paint has created and the utilization of synthetic concoctions has gotten more pervasive and essential to paint, the ecological effect has become unquestionably more huge. So is paint harming to nature and assuming this is the case, how?

There are a few hurtful substances found in paint which are harming to both nature and human wellbeing. The most notable of these are VOCs, or Volatile Organic Compounds, which are generally found in dissolvable based paints. VOCs are known to add to air contamination, both during the paint’s creation and afterward when it is being applied to a surface.

For human wellbeing VOCs can likewise be hurtful, this is the reason you should be amazingly cautious when painting inside with dissolvable based paint. VOC presentation can cause eye, nose and throat contaminations alongside cerebral pains. It can likewise prompt more major issues, for example, liver and kidney harm, and some VOCs can cause malignancy.

Transgender

Transgender is the Third Gender basically, who is not a male type or a female type. Transgender is defined as denoting or relating to a person whose sense of personal. Identity and gender do not correspond with their birth sex. A Transgender is a person who is unable to fit himself in any of the two categories specified beforehand, a Transgender right also comes under the concept of Gender Equality. They very much belong to our society, to our lifestyle, but the fact here is they are not widely accepted yet. People literally hate them or harass them for choosing their own likings over the “society norms” created. They also are human beings, just like us, nothing inferior. It is just that they practically loves themselves just the way they are, they shall be strong enough to be proud of their own skin. It is our duty to stand by their virtue, no matter what. It has been seen that they face a lot of social difficulties everyday. They do not get to live by common people, they are isolated from their residence and they had to form a separate community of their own for survival, especially known as LGBT Community. Right from birth, they are not treated as “Normal” and are repetitively pressurized to choose one amongst the two genders. People yet, in this generation aren’t ready to believe that there can be a third gender as well. But fitting into somewhat stereotyped categories is a must for the people, especially in India. They were not allowed to have proper sanitization, worst thing is that they do not have a separate washroom. They aren’t being taught in schools on colleges, hence education for them is a luxury. They do not even get proper food to sustain themselves. We can see the “transgender” begging for food, it is so heartbreaking to see that how much sorrows they face, yet holds smile on their face. No person has control over their choices, earlier as well several paintings has depicted the onset of “transgender” people. Sadly, they haven’t got their recognition yet and fighting day and night for their freedom. They just seek a life where they won’t be judged, or questioned or made fun of being a transgender. But we, the educated class of people disagree and contest against their liberty. Their privilege are snatched away by the ‘commoners’ around them. They do not get enough opportunities to pursue their talents. The most traumatic experience they face is regarding work places. It is rare that a transgender is working as an official even if that person is competent enough. Transgender community should not be deprived of their own equity or justice. It is so difficult for third-gender child to confess his inner feelings to his family of that sort because the family isn’t in a position to realize his situation, moreover try to brainwash the child for worse. The parents do not remain as a support system to them anymore, they just feel upset and betrayed of the “choice” the child has made. Secondly, choosing aa partner for one self is really difficult, because taking about this on the society is treated almost as a ‘crime’. That person is basically termed as “spoiled” and suffers a lot from loneliness and depressions. It is no way his “Fault”.

Sec 377 in IPC states that, whoever voluntarily has carnel intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years or with a death penalty, and shall also be liable to fine.According to The Times of India, The Supreme Court of India on September 6, 2018 decriminalized Section 377 making Gay Sex legal. The SC in its verdict mentioned that consensual sex between adults in private places which is not harmful to women or children, cannot be denied as it is a matter of individual choice. The apex court partially strikes down Section 377. “Section 377 results in discrimination and is violative of constitutional principles. Consensual Sex between Adult homosexuals in private is not an offence”, said by Supreme Court in its verdict.

Reading Habit

One of the many goals which we want to achieve in life, developing a reading habit should be one. It may seem tough at first but with time and practice, everyone can achieve it. While some have mastered it, others might be struggling to be consistent with it. Many of us have tried reading at some point of time and failed to keep at it consistently. This may happen because of a number of reasons but none of them mean that we can’t start with it again and give it a try. One of the most common ways in which people start reading is starting with a list of “Good books to start reading with”. The internet is flooded with such lists and many people have shared their suggestions. A book which has some literary value, is easy and engaging is a great choice to start with. According to many bloggers and writers the following list of books can help someone who has been trying to start reading for a long time.  

  • The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini
  • The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho
  • The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank
  • The Harry Potter Series by J.K Rowling
  • Becoming by Michelle Obama
  • Train to Pakistan by Khushwant Singh
Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

While it may work for some, others may not find it helpful. One of the common things which we fail to notice is the fact that most of us can’t bring ourselves to sit down with a book. This may be due to lack of time. In the middle of a busy day we fail to make time for reading. External factors like a proper surrounding can also be the reason for us getting distracted and impatient. So for people who can relate with these, a few suggestions can work. First of all, set a separate time for reading. Look at your schedule and take out a time which may be ideal for starting a new activity. Setting aside a specific time of the day for reading will help you focus more and be attentive.

Second, create a good reading atmosphere. Clean your surroundings and de-clutter everything around you. Attention depends a lot on external factors and an unkept background can often make you inattentive and disturbed.

Third, make a reading list. Write down all the books which you want to read next and keep ticking them off once you’re done. This will be like a to-do list and will motivate you to read. You can also take up reading challenges like ‘Ten books in a year’ or ‘One book a month’. Remember to start small and go one step at a time.

Fourth, start reading with a friend. Select a book and make a plan to discuss with your friend once you complete it. You can also start talking about it among yourselves and discuss about what may happen next. This will make you definitely finish the book and also speed up your pace.

Fifth, be consistent. Make it a point to read everyday. Even a small 15 minute would do. Once you skip a day it will become a habit and you’ll start repeating it. The same goes for the opposite. Once reading everyday becomes a habit you have developed the habit of reading quite well. So happy reading!

The Warrior who played Cricket

In a massively cricket frenzy country like ours;  we’ve never been accustomed to any stint of shortages of talented young cricketers.

In such an ardent cricket admiring nation, making a name for himself is no easy business – moreover leaving a mark is a stunt pulled off by mavericks.

Throughout the years, we’ve had many a players, but the ones who left a mark in our hearts were indeed just a handful.

Yuvraj Singh is a name people of all walks of life will always cherish. The man who rose to occasion when the nation needed him the most, he is nothing short of a cricketing genius; single handedly exploiting the opposition every time, after coming out to the crease down the order with his bat and while fielding at gully.

His hard work, determination and resilience is what made him standout in the struggles, both between the 22 yards and beyond it. He’s the sheer example of the strength of the human character, which has left people across the globe baffled and in awe time and again.    

Being an Indian, cricket has always held a grave importance in my household like in most families. The earliest memories of watching cricket with the family was of the ‘07 T20 world cup.

I guess I can indubitably vouch what would have pounced to your mind. The 6 sixes! Like the millions of people across the world, I was mind blown.

For a kid like me who couldn’t even clear a six at the time in our gullies, this was baffling. I became a fan the very moment and I’m still proud to say that I’m a Yuvi fan for life!

Even though his career was disrupted by the gravest ailment known to mankind, our warrior triumphed gloriously and ever stronger, as quoted by someone: ‘a setback is the setup of a greater comeback.’

The post cancer chapter was largely set aside by him for helping people who treaded down similar paths as his, the grave cancerous path. He launched the ‘youwecan’ foundation to bring about a change and to aid the needy and the ones desperate for help.

For he knew what it was to lose everything at the peak of one’s ife and that the road which lead to gaining it all back is the greatest walk of all; irrespective of the fact whether the ones who once clapped and boasted his bravado weren’t there anymore to lend out a hand or two.

His autobiography ‘The test of my Life’ is bound to leave one gripping on to the book till the end. The book circles around the time when he went from being a world cup winning player to battling cancer and back.


His name is one which pounces one’s mind to the saying “When the going gets tough, only the tough gets going.”

Being one of the very few players in the world to bag all the prestigious trophies he has played; the performance of the champ which helped our nation hitch the world cup will never be forgotten. He’s nothing short of a warrior! A lion! Words fall short to express the man.

His life sends a strong message, that we owe it to ourselves to go get what our soul most yearns for. So it does only due justice to say that ‘when life throws you bouncers, get on the back foot and face it like Yuvi’.

This brave heart might not be the best player in the world but he’ll always be my favourite by leaps and bounds. His life is a lesson to one and many.

He’s a match winner by profession and now a heart winner by his actions.

Depression

Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home.

The death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure. It is normal for feelings of sadness or grief to develop in response to such situations. Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.”

But being sad is not the same as having depression. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. Both grief and depression may involve intense sadness and withdrawal from usual activities.

Risk Factors for Depression

Depression can affect anyone—even a person who appears to live in relatively ideal circumstances.

Several factors can play a role in depression:

  • Biochemistry: Differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression.
  • Genetics: Depression can run in families. For example, if one identical twin has depression, the other has a 70 percent chance of having the illness sometime in life.
  • Personality: People with low self-esteem, who are easily overwhelmed by stress, or who are generally pessimistic appear to be more likely to experience depression.
  • Environmental factors: Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty may make some people more vulnerable to depression.

Self Help And Coping up

There are a number of things people can do to help reduce the symptoms of depression. For many people, regular exercise helps create positive feeling and improve mood. Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression.

Depression is a real illness and help is available. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it. If you are experiencing symptoms of depression, a first step is to see your family physician or psychiatrist. Talk about your concerns and request a thorough evaluation. This is a start to addressing mental health needs.

New Education Policy

During this period significant changes have taken place in our country, society economy, and the world at large. It is in this context that the education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country. Quality, innovation and research will be the pillars on which India will become a knowledge super power. Clearly, a new Education Policy is needed.

The Government had initiated the process of formulating a New Education Policy through the consultation process for an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach, which takes into consideration expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices. In a significant shift from the 1986 policy, which pushed for a 10+2 structure of school education, the newNEP pitches for a “5+3+3+4” design corresponding to the age groups 3-8 years (foundational stage), 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle), and 14-18 (secondary).

The New Education Policy 2020 has been approved by the Union Cabinet and has renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. Also, there will be a single regulator for all the higher education and MPhil to be discontinued. During the announcement of the New Education Policy, Prakash Javadekar informed that the main agenda behind introducing the same is the need of the hour and it will prepare the students to face the challenges of the new world. The NEP will promote skill-based education and enhance the practical skills of the students.

  • By 2030, one large multidisciplinary college in every district– By 2030, all higher education institutions will become multidisciplinary institutions and each of them will at least have an enrollment of 3,00 students. By 2030, be at least one large multidisciplinary HEI in or near every district. The aim is to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035.
  • Music, arts and literature to be taught in all colleges: Departments in Languages, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Indology, Art, Dance, Theatre, Education, Mathematics, Statistics, Pure and Applied Sciences, Sociology, Economics, Sports, Translation, and Interpretation, etc. will be introduced in all higher education institutions.
  • M.Phil to be discontinued: According to the NEP 2020, M.Phil will be discontinued. The details regarding the same will be released soon.
  • Sanksrit will be mainstreamed- It is time that Sanskrit will be mainstreamed with a strong offering in schools and three language formula will be adopted in higher education.
  • Vocational Skills to be Taught: Every student will be taught a vocational skill of his/ her choice by the time they complete their schooling. Students will also be taught coding from Class VI. 
  • No Rigid Separation Between Arts and Science Curriculum: There will not be a huge difference between the curriculum of these two streams and all subjects like Music will be taught. 
  • Internships Will be Included from Class VI: From 6th grade, candidates will have to do internships of 10 days with local trades or crafts. 
  • IITs to follow Holistic approach: IITs will have to follow a more holistic approach and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities as per the New Education Policy
  • Academic Bank of Credit to be established: An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be set up which will digitally store the academic credits earned. The 4-year course may also lead to a degree ‘with Research’ if the student completes a rigorous research project within the respective time frame.
  • Importance to Practical Assignments, Skill Development:  The New Education Policy lays emphasis on practical knowledge and skill development which will begin from class 6th.
  • Single Common Entrance Exam for all Colleges: According to the NEP 2020, there will be a single common entrance exam for admission to all higher education institutes which will be held by NTA. The entrance exam will be optional and not mandatory.
  • New System of Education: The 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format. The New Education Policy has changed the school education system to 5+3+3+4 format. This means the first five years of the school will comprise of the foundation stage including three years of pre-primary school and classes 1 and class 2. The next three years will be divided into a preparatory stage (classes 3 to 5), three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Schools will not have any rigid formation of streams of arts, commerce, science, students can take up whichever courses they want.
  • Ramp Up Digital Learning: To ramp up Digital Learning a National Education Technology Forum NETF will be created and e-courses in 8 regional languages will be uploaded on the same.
  • Multiple Entry and Exit System: With the help of the academic bank of credits, multiple entries and exit system will be introduced in the higher education sector. This will allow students to take a sabbatical and then join back their studies after a period of time, without losing any credits. Students will also be free to choose major and minor subjects for their degree. 
  • India to be Promoted as Foreign Study Destination: Every institution will have an International Students Office to host foreign students. Colleges will be promoted to provide premium education at affordable costs.
  • Foreign Colleges Can Set Up Colleges in India:Top 100 Foreign Colleges will be allowed to set up their campuses in India as per NEP. They will be given special dispensation and regulations to set up the campuses.
  • Expenditure on Education: The expenditure on education will be changed to 6 per cent of the total GDP, as opposed to earlier, which was 4 per cent of the GDP. Both State, as well as Central Government, will be working together on the expenditure. 
  • The New Education Policy will give importance to students’ practical knowledge instead of just pushing them towards rote learning.
  • It will help students to develop scientific temper from a young age.
  • The NEP aims to make it easier to set up new quality of higher educational institutes which will be at par with the global standards.
  • Since NEP will make it easier for foreign colleges to set up their campuses here many students who are unable to go abroad due to multiple reasons will be able to experience it and get global exposure.
  • This will promote value-based education

Interpretation of Statutes: Need and Importance

The term ‘Interpretation’ is derived from Latin term ‘interpretari’ which means to explain or to understand or translate. Interpretation is a process through which one ascertains the true and correct intention of the law making bodies as is laid in the form of statutes.

As the administration of justice is conducted by the judges in accordance with the provisions of law, therefore it requires that there are certain rules of interpretation to ensure that just and uniform decisions are delivered by them. The most important objective that is achieved by the interpretation of statutes is that it ensures that the court act according to the intent of the legislature.

Interpretation of Statues simply means to interpret the laws. Every case is different from other case maybe with a different facts, issues etc. The judges in the court have the power to interpret the laws as per the circumstances of the case. The interpretation of laws must be ambiguous.  

Need and Importance of Interpretation of law

If there is a building we call the building as court. Does it in real become court? No, as we need judges to call a building a court. As in earlier days, there was open courts where judges go to villages and sit under a tree and solve the disputes of the villagers. We can call it as a court. Court language is open to many meanings.

Let’s assume a boy met with an accident you were the person passing by from the same road saw this boy and you took him to the hospital. On the way towards the Hospital you drive your car over the limit then you got caught by traffic police for breaking the traffic rules. But, the reason why you were driving it over the limit is to save someone’s life. The judiciary have to look at the larger picture the judges in the court cannot interpret the law just according to the words which is written in the books of law in the interest of justice. The categories of conduct of law will have to be wide enough to interpret the laws. Enough discretion should be given to wide up the law.

Article 21 of the Constitution speaks about Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. This article is the most interpreted article in the Constitution. As time changes new needs of people in the society arises so it demands changes in the Constitution for the people of India.

In the case of Kharak Singh v. State of Uttar Pradesh, the Supreme Court quoted and held that:

By the term “life” as here used something more is meant than mere animal existence. The inhibition against its deprivation extends to all those limbs and faculties by which life is enjoyed. The provision equally prohibits the mutilation of the body by amputation of an armoured leg or the pulling out of an eye, or the destruction of any other organ of the body through which the soul communicates with the outer world.

In the case of State of Maharashtra v. Chandrabhan, the Court struck down a provision of Bombay Civil Service Rules, 1959, which provided for payment of only a nominal subsistence allowance of Re. 1 per month to a suspended Government Servant upon his conviction during the pendency of his appeal as unconstitutional on the ground that it was violative of Article 21 of the Constitution.

In the case of Bodhisattwa Gautam v. Subhra Chakraborty, the Supreme Court held that:

“Rape is thus not only a crime against the person of a woman (victim), it is a crime against the entire society. It destroys the entire psychology of a woman and pushed her into deep emotional crises. It is only by her sheer will power that she rehabilitates herself in the society, which, on coming to know of the rape, looks down upon her in derision and contempt. Rape is, therefore, the most hated crime. It is a crime against basic human rights and is also violative of the victim’s most cherished of the fundamental rights, namely, the right to life with human dignity contained in Art 21”.

The Separation of Powers Theory is the theory where the powers is divided among Legislative, Judiciary and Executive. The job of Judiciary is not make laws from the thrash the job of judiciary is to just interpret the law according to the disputes. Judiciary work is to resolve the disputes and to legislate the law. Judges are need to be given certain discretion so that they can interpret the law taking care of Constitutional articles and rights.

Statutory interpretation plays an essential role in the process of access to justice and cannot be overlooked. It is easy to see that when judges use statutory interpretation it may be considered a skill of language rather than a law. The uses of traditional rules of interpretation are applied basis on the ambiguity of the legislation and tend to somewhat cancel of each other.

Using rules of languages and, internal and external material helps interpret the law and also how the system such work. Statutory interpretation is important to the access to justice because it helps the judiciary system implement the law in an efficiency and effective way and helps the Parliament to make the law

Earthquakes

An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault. Stresses in the earth’s outer layer push the sides of the fault together. Stress builds up and the rocks slips suddenly, releasing energy in waves that travel through the earth’s crust and cause the shaking. An Earthquake occurs when plates grind and scrape against each other. India lies at the northwestern end of the IndoAustralian Plate, which encompasses India, Australia, a major portion of the Indian Ocean and other small countries. This plate is colliding against the huge Eurasian Plate and going under the Eurasian Plate,this process of one tectonic plate getting under another is responsible for making India a earthquake prone country. A number of significant earthquakes occured in and around India over the past century. Some of these occured in populated and urbanized areas and hence caused great damage. Many went unnoticed, as they occurred deep under the Earth’s surface or in relatively un-inhabited places. The varying geology at different locations in the country implies that the likelihood of damaging earthquakes taking place at different locations is different. Thus, a seismic zone map is required to identify these regions.

Bureau of Indian Standards, based on the past seismic history, grouped the country into four seismic zones, Zone – 2,-3,-4and 5. Of these, zone 5 is the most seismically active region, while zone 2 is the least. The Modified Mercalli(MM) intensity, which measures the impact of the earthquakes on the surface of the earth, broadly associated with various zones, is as follows.

China-US ties plunge further over Hong Kong sanctions

China on Saturday slammed the United States for imposing “barbarous” sanctions in response to Beijing’s crackdown in Hong Kong, capping a dramatic week of deteriorating relations between the world’s two biggest economies.

In the toughest US action on Hong Kong since China imposed a sweeping new security law on the territory, Washington on Friday imposed sanctions on a group of Chinese and Hong Kong officials — including the city’s leader Carrie Lam.

The move came after President Donald Trump’s administration forced Chinese internet giants TikTok and WeChat to end all operations in the US, in a twin diplomatic-commercial offensive set to grow ahead of the US presidential election in November.

China on Saturday criticised the sanctions as “barbarous and rude”.

“The ill intentions of US politicians to support people who are anti-China and messing up Hong Kong have been clearly revealed,” Beijing’s Liaison Office in Hong Kong said in a statement.

The Treasury Department announced it was freezing the US assets of Chief Executive Carrie Lam and 10 other senior officials, including Luo Huining — the head of the Liaison Office.

It accused the sanctioned individuals of being “directly responsible for implementing Beijing’s policies of suppression of freedom and democratic processes”.

The move criminalises any US financial transactions with the sanctioned officials.

In a short statement, Luo said he welcomed the blacklisting.

“I have done what I should do for the country and for Hong Kong,” he said. “I don’t have a dime’s worth in foreign assets.”

The Hong Kong government described the sanctions as “shameless and despicable”.

“We will fully support the Central Government to adopt countermeasures,” it said in a statement.

The city’s commerce secretary Edward Yau warned that the “savage and unreasonable” sanctions could have blowback for American businesses in Hong Kong.

China’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office said the sanctions list “rudely tramples on international law” and “will be nailed to the historic pillar of shame forever.”

Facebook barred Lam and the 10 other sanctioned officials from advertising on the platform, with a spokesperson saying Saturday it had “a legal obligation to take action.”

Tensions spike ahead of election

Beijing’s security law was imposed in late June, following last year’s huge pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong, sending a political chill through the semi-autonomous city.

Since then, Hong Kong authorities have postponed elections, citing the coronavirus pandemic, issued arrest warrants for six exiled pro-democracy activists and launched a crackdown on other activists.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the security law violated promises made by China ahead of Hong Kong’s 1997 handover that the city could keep key freedoms and autonomy for 50 years.

“Today’s actions send a clear message that the Hong Kong authorities’ actions are unacceptable,” Pompeo said in a statement.

The US measures come three months ahead of the November election in which Trump, who is behind his rival Joe Biden, is campaigning hard on an increasingly strident anti-Beijing message.

As public disapproval has grown for his handling of the pandemic, Trump has pivoted from his previous focus on striking a trade deal with China to blaming the country for the coronavirus crisis.

Doomscrolling

Doomscrolling is the act of endless scrolling of one’s news apps or social media apps and reading bad news. Although a problem existing since pre-COVID times, but the pandemic has exacerbated the problem. According to a new research conducted by the Pew Research Centre survey, 53% of adults say that the Internet has become “essential” during the pandemic. Twitter’s daily use numbers are up by 24% and Facebook’s numbers by 27% as shown by data analysis. With an emphasis on work from home, government updates, and making sure our loved ones are alive, mandates the use of the internet more than ever. With the advent of cheap internet and in an effort to make information accessible to all, many news sources are providing information on COVID for free. This ensures fewer barriers to being informed but simultaneously bolsters the abundance of doomsday headlines. Doomsday headlines inflict panic, anxiety in the reader, which in turn forces more screen time in the hope of finding some good news and finding solace. Thus the internet dictates what’s important rather the other way round. Checking the news feed for extra hours won’t hold the apocalypse but surely would make you psychologically weaker to face it. Already social media was being questioned about its net benefits in pre-COVID times as it was shown that social media bolsters the advent of anxiety and depression in its users,  global-pandemic and civil unrest have just exacerbated the situations. Feeling informed in such a volatile environment may be good, but being overwhelmed by tragedy serves no purpose. Many people think that staying updated on the situation would keep them safer but they don’t realize the fact that the consumption of bad news only leads to greater fear, anxiety, and stress. Instead one could try some habits in order to get rid of this malicious and vicious ‘unsatisfying addiction’.

  • Finding your voice in niche communities could help you a lot in overcoming the stress and reinforcing your emotional well-being. And these communities do not include social media communities. But remember if in the group if your voice feels another comment in-crowd, that might be not your place.
  • Sticking to sites that help you feel creative and empowered are good places to be. The Internet proves to be a space for expressing versions of ourselves. So why not do it while also enjoying instead of following the crowd.
  • Need social media? Use desktop versions of them, bookmarking the pages, groups or accounts so as to avoid falling in the trap of scrolling.
  • Dedicate some time for the do-good feel-good. Reviewing the businesses out there providing essential services could be a great way to make the most of your time. Restaurant owners, authors, small-business owners love your reviews, especially good ones.
  • Acquire a new skill, be it learning another language, drawing, coding, cooking, or whatever you feel like. This not only boosts our mental health but also distracts you from the bad news thereby providing serenity.
  • Cut back and create boundaries for social media use. Get to know the limit of your body and brain. If you are feeling agitated, anxious or stressed, put away your phone as your body is signaling you to stop.

Gutted and Lost: The Tail of Champions League 2019/20

Gutted is a very small word to express the sadness that crept through every Real Madrid and Cristiano Ronaldo’s fan yesterday night. Two seasons running Cristiano Ronaldo’s Juventus team couldn’t make it to the later stages of the elite Champions League tournament. The reason isn’t Ronaldo, but the mindset of the whole Juventus team. Whenever Juventus play, it seems like its 11v1 match going on. It seems as if Ronaldo is the only man motivated to do something for the team, and rest of the players are just playing for the sake of playing. Look at the match played yesterday between Lyon and Juventus. It was the Round of 16 tie of the Champions League. Lyon were leading Juventus 1-0 by the end of the 1st leg. The match started with Lyon getting awarded a controversial penalty, which in my honest opinion wasn’t a penalty at all, giving Lyon a crucial goal, that too an away goal. That meant that now Juventus had to score 3 goals in the stipulated 90 minutes to go into the quarter finals of the elite tournament. And then came the Cristiano Ronaldo show.

The Portuguese talisman scored a brace, including a belter of a left footer shot to level the score on aggregate but still Juventus needed 1 more goal to win the game as Lyon had an away goal. Cristiano tried very hard but couldn’t find the back of the net for the 3rd time. He also missed various opportunities, two massive headers but after all he is also human. The problem is why only he was trying, why not the other nine outfield players? The other players never created any chances, be it the likes of Higuaín, Pjanic, Bentancur or Ramsey. That’s the passion Juventus lacked and that’s why for the 1st time in nearly a decade, Cristiano Ronaldo couldn’t make it to the Quarter Finals of the Champions League. I’m not saying this about the Juventus team based on one match, its been the same old story for this whole season. I even wonder if they wouldn’t have had the services of Cristiano Ronaldo, they might have lost the Italian domestic title to any other team. They played really badly, after football returned after lockdown. They won the Seriea title by just 1 point. They lost 4 out of their last 6 games in the Seriea tournament, and just won the title by a whisker because of the amazing performances of the 35 year old talisman Cristiano Ronaldo.

Now what lies ahead is the real fact that Cristiano doesn’t have many years left in his professional footballing career and at the end of his career, he should not let his career be going in a downward direction by playing in a team which doesn’t show that kind of enthusiasm needed to win a tournament like the Champions League.

Yesterday, another slump was on the cards for the 2019/20 La Liga champions Real Madrid who were beaten comprehensively by former English champions Manchester City, 4-2 on aggregate to go or should we say storm into the Quarter finals of the Champions League 2019/20 season. With their talismanic captain Sergio Ramos suspended for the 2nd leg, the match was already titled in the favour of Manchester City. And then the slump happened, with their main defender Varane gifting City two goals with his mistakes in such a high profile match. Benzema scored a goal for Real Madrid but that wasn’t enough to keep the 13 time European champions in the Champions League this season.

In the end, I would like to say that there was a time 2 years back when Real Madrid won their 3rd Champions League title in a row, but times have changed. With Cristiano leaving Real Madrid after that, it was for certain that the slump has to come. This shows that Nor Real Madrid helped Cristiano Ronaldo win the Champions League or vice versa. They both did it together.

How does Stock Market work?

In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company employed hundreds of ships to trade goods around the globe. In order to fund their voyages, the company turned to private citizens to invest money to support trips in exchange for a share of the profits. In doing so, they unknowingly invented the world’s first stock market.

 So how do companies and investors use the market today? 

Since than the companies have been collecting funds from willing investors to support all kinds of business, and today the stock market is so huge that it has school careers and separate TV channels, stock market is a whole different economic sector where people earn and lose money. It provides bread and butter to number of people.

The modern stock market is significantly more complicated than its original incarnation. If a new company wants to come into the market than the company will advertise its product or services to the new investors, if any of the investors think it is a good idea than they get the first crack at investing. Then the investors sponsor the company’s Initial Public Offering (IPO). This launches the company into the official public market where any company or individual can invest (buying stocks) in the company. Buying stocks in the company makes the stock holder becomes partial owner in the business. If the companies is profitable there will be more and more investment in the company as there is more investment the price of stock also shoots up (demand increases, price increases), it is also called increasing the cost for perspective buyers and raising the value of the stock people already own, this increase in investment helps the company to boosts its overall market value. By showing how many people are willing to invest in their idea. If a company seems less profitable the reverse can also happen. If investors think that their stock value is declining they sell their shares with hopes of making their profits before the value falls down more (demand for the stock declines the price of the stock declines) with the falling price the market value of the company all comes down, this can leave investors with big losses unless the company looks profitable again.

This see-saw of supply and demand is influenced by many factors’ companies are under the unavoidable influence of market forces such as fluctuating price of raw-materials, changes in production technology and the labour cost. Investors are worried about bad leadership, bad publicity or large factors as new laws and trade policies, all these variables which are day to day hurdles for the company which can make the company appear more or less successful, which may get the company more or less investment.

Human confidence in the market has the power to trigger everything from economic boom to financial crises.

PROS OF INTERMEDIARY LIABILITY IN INDIA: THE TIKTOK BAN

TikTok, a Chinese application found in 2012 with the purpose of video-sharing social 

networking service where short dance, comedy videos, lip sync videos, and talent videos are 

posted by the users. Being a populous country, our youth is attracted to this application. More 

than 119 Million people used TikTok in India, the application was downloaded 277.6 million 

times in India in the year of 2019.2 However, the application was banned in India in late June 

2020, when the government banned 59 other Chinese applications including TikTok, which 

have bought several inconsistencies and issues regarding the intermediary liability regime. 

There are many types of internet intermediaries which are divided into two categories- 

“Conduits” and “hosts”. Conduits do not interfere in the content which the app provides, they 

work for the automatic, transient or intermediate and storage for transmission. While hosts 

provide the content services. 

As defined under section 2(1)(w) and Section 79 of the IT Act, 2000 TikTok is an intermediary. 

The content is not generated by the app but it is posted by its users. Intermediaries are defined 

according to the functions it does for the electronic records. As per section 2(w) intermediaries 

are defined as- “intermediary”, with respect to any particular electronic records, means any 

person who on behalf of another person receives, stores or transmits that record or provides 

any service with respect to that record and includes telecom service providers, network service 

providers, internet service providers, web-hosting service providers, search engines, online 

payment sites, online-auction sites, online-market places, and cyber cafes.3 While section 79 

of the IT act provides immunity to intermediaries for any illegal content posted by third parties. 

Under this section and the Information Technology 2011, if an intermediary receives ‘actual 

knowledge’ of any illegal content posted on it, it is obligated to remove such content within 36 

hours. On failing to do so, the intermediary will lose its immunity from being sued. Illegal 

content under 79 of the IT Act is stricter than 69A. It can include, for example, content that is 

Are your email marketing tactics legal? Find out


We all are aware of email marketing which fills up our email inbox every day with a bunch of
emails about the marketing of different apps which shows you updates on sales, up-gradation
of stocks, new arrivals, job opportunities, food delivery apps, travel apps, etc and whatnot.
This is a type of marketing through which companies reach out to their customers through
which the customers get to know about the schemes, discounts, opportunities, etc. These are
sometimes very helpful and sometimes annoying at the same time. The interesting fact is that
many people do not know that this is also an official medium for marketing and that it can
also be illegal. Here we will talk in-depth about email marketing, how it works, hoe can it get
illegal, and many other things you need to know while you are doing this.
 Many of us have experienced that whatever we see online, doesn’t seem as it looks when it
arrives. Often customers get attracted by different types deals and discounts offered by these
websites but sometimes we do not get what we expect and to exchange that particular product
you again have to go through a long process that sometimes gets tiring. You might have also
observed that once you visit a website, even to take a glance you start getting lots of emails,
you request the particular site to stop emailing but it doesn’t and then you finally need to
report. This often makes the important emails you have unseen and creates such a mess in the
inbox. Hence there are certain marketing laws established by the US government to restrict
and to control illegal email marketing.
Laws regarding email marketing:
The CAN-SPAM ACT (The Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography And
Marketing Act), 2003 is a law that sets rules for commercial emails, establishes requirements
for commercial messages, gives recipients the right to have you stop emailing them and also
spelling out tough penalties for violation. Further, the law makes no exception for business to
business emails. For example, emails like- emailing the former customer about the launch of
a new product, should also comply with the law.
Each separate email that violates CAN-SPAM laws can be subjected to pay fines up to
$48,280. Hence, instead of not complying, it’s better to simply pay heed to the laws and carry
on your marketing on that basis. Following the law isn’t that difficult here, as you know not
complying is much costlier than not abiding by the law.

Corporate laws in the United States

With the GDP of approximately $20.513 trillion, the United States is the world’s 

highest economy today.1 The reason for which is high average incomes, capital 

investments, highly technical industries, less unemployment, etc. Which definitely 

makes it a better place for a business start-up. 

In the United States, corporate laws are differentiated in different levels as 

federal, state and local levels. Every state has their own local laws. The standards 

of which are described in securities act of 1933 and securities and exchange act 

1934.2 Henceforth, federal laws possess the minimum standard in company 

shares, trade, etc. 

Corporation are allowed to incorporate in whichever state it like and is suitable 

for them, it’s also open for different branches no matter where the headquarter 

are located. Further talking about entities the United States has many different 

forms of business entities but there are mainly four types. 

1. Sole Proprietorship 

2. Partnership 

3. Limited Liability Company 

4. Business Corporation 

As the word itself suggests that Sole Proprietorship runs by a single individual, 

he is the only one who is managing the business assets, liabilities and profits. 

Nearly 72% of all the US business is running through this. 3Among 4 main entities, 

it is the cheapest forms of start up for business there is limited personal liabilities 

for loss Incurred by business or of any legal actions. Profit earned are taxed as 

personal income. 

2. Partnership 

1 GDP of USAhttps://www.investopedia.com/insights/worlds-top-economies/ 2 Acts https://www.ilpabogados.com/en/the-essential-corporate-law-in-the-united-states-usa/ 3 Sole proprietorshiphttps://www.thebalancesmb.com/sole-proprietorship-398896 

A partnership is comprised of two or more person to run a business. The word 

“persons” include individuals or a group of individuals, comprises or corporations. 

The partners share their profits and controls business operations. Here the 

partners are jointly or separately liable for debts incurred. As the federal system 

states govern the different laws but most of the states of US have adopted Uniform 

partnership Act for the partnership to exist following factors are determined. 

– Intensions of parties 

– Joint administration 

– Joint control over the business 

– Capital investment of the partner 

– Common ownership of the property 

Partnership is not a taxable entity. The income is taxable to partners according to 

the number of shares they hold from the company. 

(Source – U.S code 26.USc international revenue code) 

ANIMAL PROTECTION LAWS: A BRIEF

There are extensive laws in India that supported the basic entitlements’ in India yet the execution for the equivalent is less or isn’t perceived or not recognized by its residents. The cold-bloodedness of animals is expanding step by step and furthermore certain activities are additionally taken by certain associations for the security of animals since they are similarly cognizant living creatures as we may be. The University of Cambridge likewise proclaims animals as cognizant living creatures as we may be. The legitimate security of animals has likewise observed a few achievements over the previous decade, which I talk about underneath in more prominent detail. From contemplating these turns of events, unmistakably while the basic entitlements development has far to go, one can see it is out of its earliest stages and well into puberty. Nonetheless, for the development to accomplish its objectives, fundamental establishment building and the enactment of more grounded assurance laws, is the route forward. 

Lawful Scenario in India- 

India has the biggest constitution. Here a few laws are referenced against animal brutality and animal protection. Article 51A(g) of the constitution of India puts an obligation on each resident to ” protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to also have compassion for other living creatures too.” The primary demonstration to secure these valuable lives against brutality was passed in 1990. The Prevention of Cruelty of Animals Act was passed in 1990. Enormous bunched of rules under the PCA have been passed over the most recent twenty years. The main clump was passed in 2001 and the subsequent bunch was spent in the year 2017-2018. Creatures are dealt with cold-bloodedly in the circus while preparing and some of them are not taken care of appropriately and some are beaten to act in the bazaar and to engage individuals. The bunch of 2001, administered about playing out the animals in the circus, movies, slaughterhouse, animal birth control, and the setting up of the Society for Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (SPCA) were passed. In the subsequent group, rules with respect to the guideline of shops that sell animals as pets, dog breeders, and domesticated animal markets were passed. The demonstration is totally broad yet its execution isn’t abundantly perceived; the explanation behind which is open numbness and aloofness this additionally incorporates absence of literacy and education and commercial interests in the business. According to the standard went in 2001 about each state having SPCA, there are not really any states which execute it. Just Maharashtra is perceived for executing of sending notice with respect to a similar that too implementing after seven years. Likewise, the standards of 2018 have not been executed by any of the states completely.

The fundamental consistence is additionally an issue here. There are numerous organizations, ranch crops and even urbanization in certain regions violates these laws this is going on the nation over and they don’t conform to these laws and in the long run are a risk to natural life. Taking the case of the poultry ranches, the greater part of the hens spends their whole lives remaining on the wire pounds, where space is lesser than an A4 size paper. The whole arrangement of concentrated animal cultivating is drilled in complete dismissal for the way that animals are living. Additionally, the greater part of the practices is in direct infringement of the specified laws. The pay laws in regards to these very unnoticed in PCA, 1960. The compensation for the first offence is greatest to INR 50 and compensation for the subsequent offense is INR 100. 

The 2014 Jalikattu Judgment, which is also called the Magna Carta for basic entitlements in India, was passed by the Supreme Court of India and precluded the unmistakable cruel bull subduing sport. It is a milestone judgment not least since it expanded the ambit of Article 21, which gives the key right to life and freedom, to incorporate creatures also. Courts from over the world have referred to the judgment as a way changing decision that has modified the way the world sees its non-human residents. Indeed, even still, in 2017 the administration of Tamil Nadu acquired a correction to the PCA Act, to allow Jallikattu. Activists have since tested this, and it is presently pending a meeting in the Supreme Court. A valid example is that of Jalikattu, where the administration of Tamil Nadu corrected a demonstration regardless of a court request.