vedatu tutorials

vedatu tutorials for coding in PYTHON

Python is an easy to learn, powerful programming language. It has efficient high-level data structures and a simple but effective approach to object-oriented programming. Python’s elegant syntax and dynamic typing, together with its interpreted nature, make it an ideal language for scripting and rapid application development in many areas on most platforms.

The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are freely available in source or binary form for all major platforms from the Python Web site, and may be freely distributed. The same site also contains distributions of and pointers to many free third party Python modules, programs and tools, and additional documentation.

Make a resolution to use local products says PM


     Prime minister Narendra Modi urged the people of the nation to make a New Year resolution to substitute foreign-made products for local goods in 2021, in his last Mann ki Baat.

     Mr. Narendra Modi mentioned that manufacturers have to make sure that Indian-made products are up to global standards, as a part of the government’s Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) push and the Vocal for Local campaign.

     He asked Indians to make a list of daily used products and identify which ones are made abroad and look for Indian substitutes.

     “The abroad made things are unknowingly putting us down, let us find out the Indian substitutes for them and replace them, let us use the products which are made with the hard work and sweat of the Indian people, we make resolutions every year so, this year let us make a New Year resolution for the sake of our country”, Mr.Modi said.

     “ Getting rid of India of single-use plastic should be another resolution for 2021. Due to the pandemic, the topic of single-use was discussed much this year. Later he said our country had learned a lesson with every challenge we faced this year due to the whole COVID-19 pandemic. “ he said.

  Amid the ongoing agitation by farmers from Punjab against the farm laws,   Prime Minister spoke of the sacrifices of Guru Teg Bahadur, Mata Gujari, Guru Gobind Singh, and his sons, remembered as the four Sahibzade, and Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, adding that it was this kind of sacrifices that kept the fabric of India intact.

     He also mentioned the increase in the leopard population from 7,900 in 2014 to 12,852 in 2020. The Prime minister reminded the listeners that it was Geeta Jayanti two days ago by referring to the “uniqueness” of the Bhagavat Geeta.

      The Congress on Sunday accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of “showing insensitivity” towards farmers. The party said while Mr. Modi spoke on everything from “garbage to animals” in his last Mann ki Baat broadcast of the year, he did not mention the farmers’ agitation.

    Congress MP from Punjab Ranveet Singh Bittu said the Union government, before its next meeting with farmers, should withdraw the clause of penalty for stubble burning in the farm laws and the Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020 in its entirety.

     “Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke on garbage to animals in his last Mann ki Baat but did not speak a word about the farmers’ agitation. Surely, a Prime Minister who as a tea-seller has spent time on railway platforms should understand the pains of the farmers”, Mr.Bittu said at a press conference here.

     Mr.Bittu said many soldiers posted at the borders with Pakistan and China too had requested the government to intervene at the earliest so that their parents can return home.

     “We don’t understand what the government wants? The farmers have been sitting on protest for 32 days now, many have died due to the biting cold. Does the government want their blood,” he asked.

The Great Indian Banking Crisis.

For a few years now we have witness number of banks and other financial institution crumbled to dust. Apart from PMC (Punjab and Maharashtra Co-Operative) Bank and Yes Bank crisis there are several small banks crisis that have barely been reported and recently RBI have red flagged as many as 11 bank. So how come most important financial institution of our country are falling apart one by one?

Well the failure of several financial institutions and more importantly banking are mainly due to these reasons. Firstly, Indian banks mainly public sector banks(PSB) are loaded with non performing assets (NPA). This implies that they find it difficult to lend more money to industries and other business out of fear which leads to fall in capital formation which in turn leads to reduction in growth of an economy. Secondly, Public Sector Banks are not professional enough that is government still controls the appointment to their boards and their management are short of talents. Thirdly, Banks are made to do too much and take too much risk. They are made to bear the burden of loan waiver and direct lending. All banks suffer miserably due to lack of well develop financial system that could take some risk.

The banking system in India is overwhelmed by bad loans ( loans which bank fails to recover along with interest). Much of the blame is put on the poor performance of public sector bank but recent crisis in YES BANK shows that problem of poor governance, lack of transparency, government interference is same across all banks in both public and private through direct or indirect channel. And how small solution like privatisation is not a solution to any problems.

Any banking reform should address 2 important areas:

  1. Cleaning up banks
  2. Improve governance and management in Public sector banks

Cleaning up Banks

Under IBFC law, National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) helps to restructure the loans for the largest firms but it’ll be overwhelmed if every stressed firms files before it. So, we need to find a way for out of court restructuring process so the many cases are restructure out of bankruptcy and NCLT acting as a last resort. Out of case settlement process should be transparent, speedy and it should protect the interest of bankers and harass them using central agency of CBI, CVC, ED on the other hand NCLT should be more transparent and speedy.

Improving Governance

Public sector has still not adequately professionalized since government rather than a independent body appoint boards member which inevitably leads to government interference. Every public sectors bank should independent body which have a power and authority to appoint CEO and hold him responsible for performance. Productivity of employees should also increased through imparting new skills and knowledge as PSBs has a huge talent deficit. Lateral entry should also be promoted at the top most. Banking system should not made to bear risk of the government electoral promises of loan waiver and direct benefit transfer targets because these are often achieved by abandoning appropriate procedure and create environment for future NPA and these measure constraint state and central government budget spending.

Over the there have been many debate and discussion over solution to fix the flaws of about the great Indian Banking crisis. All these debate and discussion often leads two common answers: Privatization of PSBs and Merger of Small and non performing PSBs to good performing and well managed PSBs.

Privatization of Banks

Privatization of Public Sector Banks (PSB) means to process in which government transfer the ownership and control to private entity by selling of its shares. Much of the discussion and debate over privatization are based on the ideology one believes in. Definitely, if the PSBs are given more independence in decision making, policy making and especially in recruitment of high skilled workers it’ll lead to some better result. However believing privatization is the solution to all the problems are short sightedness and foolish. The crisis of YES BANK only brought the biggest vulnerability in Indian banking system, the interference of government across all the bank both private and public is a big reality and lack of proper management and governance across all sector is also a reality which cannot be ignored.

Merger of Banks

Merger of banks often prescribed as solution to address the problem of poor goverance. In this process the poor manage banks are merged with good managed and governed banks. It is uncertain whether this process will result in a good result for collective performance of both banks but it’ll depends on ability of good bank management to impose its policy and will without alienating the employees of poor managed banks. Recently India government merge 10 PSBs and India is left with 12 Public sector banks. Whether this move is a success or not only time will tell.

Bank and other financial institution plays an important role in growth of any economy. It accepts deposit from an individual and lends that any people or business. It gives interest to people who deposit their savings and charges interest on loans, the difference between the two is its profit. Through process of accepting deposit and lending money (loans) leads to capital formation which is very important component of growth of an economy. So the government and all the stakeholder should pay a serious attention on the fragility of Indian banking system.

Abandoning and ill-treatment of old parents

How much do you love your parents? From the small baby to the present you, they loved you unconditionally. Completing your every demand that you wished from your childhood. Can you repay the love by loving them till their end?

In today’s scenario, many old parents are abandoned by their own children. They left them at their poorly state. They feel burden to keep their old parents at home. Many parents are mistreated by snatching all the money by their children and thrown out of their own houses. They become helpless and cannot do anything. How can someone bare to see their parents crying?

What is the importance of celebrating Father’s day and mother’s day? They just show the love in the social media posts but they don’t show the actual love that they need the most in real life. They don’t spend much time together with them. In the old stage, they don’t want live lonely. They need the love and care that they had given the same to their own child.

For such cases, various laws has passed for the security of old parents. They can sue or file a complaint against them for such actions. The person can have 6 month jail for such shameful actions. For their safety various old age homes are provided for them with shelter and food.

This should be stopped and we need to learn and value our parents. Respect and love them . Help and be the support system of them.



India is the largest country in the south Asia Region, located primarily in the center of the subcontinent. It is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, languages. India remains to be one of the world’s fastest-growing economies and one of the fastest developing countries. Diversity of India in terms of geography, religion, races, food, and living habits of her people.


India population in 2020 is estimated to be 1.38 Billion (138 crores). India is the second most populous country, after China and US is the third populous country in the world.  India’s population is young and more than half of the population is under the age of 35.


India is known for so many and is famous for its hundreds of things. Firstly, TAJ MAHAL is one of the seven wonders in the world. Taj Mahal was build in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz in Agra. It is also known for its diversity, its spirituality, its population, its sporting culture, and also Indian foods.


India has a diverse and distinct culture that has been developing for thousands of years and varies from region to region. Indian culture is one o f the milestones in the history of Indian literature. Culture is like a living organism, which can sustain and progress only when it shows adaptability in full abundance. Indian culture is as many-sided as life. It includes the intellectual and social aspects of any human being. It also takes account of the aesthetic instinct as well as the spiritual impulses of human beings.


There are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. The 28 states of India are,

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Bihar
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Goa
  • Gujarat
  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Jharkhand
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Manipur
  • Meghalaya
  • Mizoram
  • Nagaland
  • Odisha
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Sikkim
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana
  • Tripura
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • West Bengal


Sports are good for any nation. Various games are played in India. Sports in India are badminton, football, shooting, wrestling, boxing, tennis, squash, weightlifting, gymnastics, athletics, table tennis, basketball, volleyball, and cycling. Popular indigenous sports include chess, kho-kho, kite-fighting, leg cricket, polo, snooker, and Gilli danda. India’s sporting icons such as chess wizard VISWANATH ANAND, cricket legend SACHIN TENDULKAR, billiards maestro GEETSETHI, tennis duo LEANDER PAES and MASHESH BOOPATHY are currently rated among the world’s best.


  • There is an underwater waterfall in the Indian ocean
  • India is the second-largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut, and inland fish.
  • There is a place in Bongaigaon Assam where River Champawati meets Brahmaputra and the scene represents our India map
  • Maysynram in India is noted as being the wettest place on earth is with over 11 meters of rain falling every year.
  • The steel wires used to make Bandra Worli sea link is equal to the earth’s circumference.



Everything around us is known as the environment. The environment is the total of land, water, air, and other living organisms. The environment is the area where we live. The environment also has an interrelationship with human beings. The environment is important to all. Changes in the environment affect living things. Today many people are working to protect the environment.


According to Kurt Lewin, the environment is simply classified as THREE types that influence the personality of an individual. They are,


                                             The physical environment refers to geographical climates and weather or physical conditions. The human working efficiency can also depend on the climatic conditions.


                                                                     The social and cultural environment includes an individual’s social and political conditions.


                                                             The physiological environment enables us to understand the personality of an individual. Both the person and his goal form a psychological environment. By adopting this mechanism, the individual is helped in his adjustment to the environment.


                                                      The environment is both physical and biological. It includes both living and non-living components. They are,

  • Physical environment

The physical environment is classified into three broad categories. They are,

  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • gas  


 The environment is the key to the existence of life on earth. It matters because it provides air, food, and other essential needs. Environments also play an important role in regulating air and climate. . Without it, there can be no life on earth.There are other planets in the solar system without life because of a lack of environment. Hence the environment is important for all living beings to survive.




Environmental Degradation occurs when the earth’s natural resources are depleted. It leads to weather extremes, species loss, rare specious disappearance, disasters, and over population. Land degradation and dam burst can lead to massive siltation and floods situation.


                                        “ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IS AN INCURABLE                                  DISEASE. IT CAN ONLY BE PREVENTED”.

                                                               -Barry Commoner

      Mainly the environment is polluted by air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Oil spillage causes environmental pollution when oil is spilled in water. Smoke and fumes from industries also lead to environmental pollution since it produces smoke that may limit oxygen supply. Land pollution is caused by accidental spills, landfill and litter dumping, use of chemical fertilizers.


  1. Avoid excessive use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers
  2. Discharge of wastewater can be minimized
  3. Disposal of radioactive materials must be safe and secure            
  4. Use eco-friendly products
  5. Conduct pollution prevention programs
  6. Plant more trees
  7. Reduce waste production
  8. Avoid burning trashes and other materials.

How to stop procrastinating and get things done

Procrastination is an art and the perfect example of ignorance is a bliss. We ignore those piling assignments and reports that are due on Monday, we ignore the fact that a test is on it’s way and we haven’t even started yet. We keep on ignoring the important things that need to be done because of various reasons and live blissfully even if that bliss is followed by a hellish nightmare and then we wonder where did all the time go? Why didn’t we do it before? We regret and regret and the cycle continues. SO, how do we break it?

6 Powerful Quotes on How to Stop Procrastinating

YOU WILL NEVER FEEL LIKE IT, THERE IS NO IDEAL TIME– Before even beginning to sit down and do the work the first thing that we need to instill in our brains is that “feelings don’t matter”. If you always listen to the voice that tells you “i don’t feel like doing it right now” , you will never get anything done. Period. The ideal time starts when you make up your mind to change the situation rather than waiting for the situation to change.That is the no.1 difference between the person that you want to be and the person that you are.

80 Procrastination Quotes to Get You Focused

SIT DOWN AND MAKE A LIST – Get off from your bed sit on a table and a chair and write down all the things you need to get done, big and small. Making a list will bring your ignorant mind back to the reality by showing how much stuff is pending. A shock is needed to get your mind started. Turn off the WiFi, clean your room, drink a glass of water and begin.

START WITH THE EASY THINGS– Too often we procrastinate the things that we either don’t like or are too long and boring. Starting out with the small and easy things will not only get some stuff out of the way but also give us a bit of confidence to move on ahead with the list. Try to do the things that have close deadlines first.

35 Best Quotes About Change - Inspiring Sayings to Navigate Life Changes

SET A TIMER AND TAKE BREAKS – Set a timer for 30 minutes and then take a 10 minute break. Then set a timer for 45 minutes and take a 15 minute break. Then set a timer for an hour and take a 20 minute break and then repeat the cycle and make sure that working time is for work only and break time is for fun only. NO MIXING!

BREAK DOWN THE BIG THINGS – Now that we are done with all the small things we needed to get done it’s time to begin with that big ass assignment waiting for us that we have been putting away for God knows how long. Instead of trying to do it all in one go,break it off. Suppose it has 60 questions and you need to get it done in 3 days, do 20 questions everyday instead of trying to do all 60 do little by little. Breaking down the big things not only makes it much less daunting but also helps us gain confidence.

Procrastination Quotes - How To Stop | Overcoming Procrastination |  Strategies

FOCUS ONLY ON ONE THING– Instead of having 120 books on your table keep only those things that you’re currently trying to finish. If you’re studying math then your table should only have math books nothing else. This is because too many books and stuff to do on our table not only makes it very stressful but it also chips away our concentration. Similarly keep away from your to do list and try not to read it over and over again as it will only make you panic more and work less.


CONCENTRATE– Now that you have finally gotten to doing what you are supposed to be doing you might as well learn from it. The art of concentration is difficult but once you’re in the zone make sure nothing breaks the zone. Doing things halfheartedly will only make it much more difficult. Some people like listening to songs while studying which is all good till you see that you’re searching for your favorite song in the playlist rather than doing your work. When you’re truly concentrating nothing else matters no noise will reach your ears so if you’re fidgeting every 15 minutes to change the song, you’re getting distracted.



Launched on September 5, 1977, sixteen days after Voyager 2 which lifted off on August 20, Voyager 1 is now the furthest manufactured object from Earth,From a distance of 140 AU away (as on September 22, 2017), Voyager 1 is still in regular contact with the Deep Space Network, and receiving control inputs and return data.

It is still going away from solar system and capture what are all it seeing in it’s path and it going in target to reach Intersteller place and deep place


It traveled from Earth and reach the next next planet of Earth called as “Jupiter” there it started to capture a lot of pictures, including Jupiter’s moons and we can seen the small ring of jupiter. Below image 👇taken by Voyager 1 of an erupting volcano on Jupiter’s moon  came as a major surprise. Voyager also discovered that material ejected from volcanoes .since sulphur, oxygen, and sodium was detected by Voyager 1 right at the outer limits of Jupiter’s magnetosphere

IO moon of JUPITER


On moving gradually the very next to Jupiter is Satern it has large ring around planet , the planet’s upper atmosphere contains only about 7% helium. its helium abundance was expected to be about 11%, or the value for both the Sun and Jupiter.

Investigators are surmising that the heavier helium is sinking downward through the less-dense hydrogen in the planets’ atmosphere creating heat, which might explain why Saturn radiates more heat than it receives from the Sun. 

It only found Titan which is called as the Satern’s moon and it go away from solar system by crossed Uranus, Neptune and pluto .


In VOYAGER 1 they fixed a “Golden CD” and have a camera in VOYAGER which is used to take picture and store in that CD and also they have attached human normal activity like 55 languages shown in above image👆 , 115+ images in earth, beautiful place in earth, 95 songs ext.. Are stored in that Golden CD and put it to fly also capture as video rought to earth from flying place.

These are sent along with VOYAGER to any other species in universe like Aliens to know about our self and to come to earth,. If they found it they may come but till we didn’t get such image like from VOYAGER 1 .


When Voyager 1’s power supply gets too low, the probe’s handlers will switch back to the attitude-control thrusters, NASA officials said. (Voyager 1 is powered by a radioisotope thermoelectric generator, or RTG.

Voyager 1 is expected to keep its current touch with science instruments on through 2021. Voyager 2 is expected to keep its current touch with science instruments on through 2020. … Even if science data won’t likely be collected after 2025, engineering data could continue to be returned for several more years.


Here, when crossing the solar system it take whole solar system as single photo. There to see we are live in single dot, 👇

Solar system captured by VOYAGER 1

All the rich, poor and species are in single dot.