Poverty and social life

“Child labor and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for the social disease of poverty, you will have both poverty and child labor to the end of time.”
— Grace Abbott, social worker
Poverty is normally characterized as having less than than 60% of the median household income. Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime. It is defined as the inadequate supply of items that are essential to live a healthy and comfortable life. In western developed countries some people are poor not because they lack food, clothing or shelter but because the person may not have car,tv,computer etc. But in India, poor people means those who do not get two square meals a day, they sleep on others pavements and live bare bodied and bare footed. In India, poverty is primarily caused by unequal distribution of wealth. Furthermore unemployment and an increase in urban population is drastically increasing the rate of the country’s population. To aggravate the condition, the jobs that these individuals work pay woefully low wages. This is because these individuals do not possess the required qualifications and are not employable. Also, corruption is one of the biggest factors contributing to poverty followed by illiteracy. Poverty in India is from the ancient times when people who were poor weren’t allowed to enter religious places. The main causes of poverty are unemployment, lack of education, poor utilization of resources, corruption and poor government policy. Poverty is a man-made issue and can be removed by efforts from fellow human beings. Poverty in India can be reduced by providing amenities such as education, family planning etc.
India is currently known as one of the most fastest developing countries on the planet, with around 18 Indians getting past the poverty line according to the World Poverty Clock. As indicated by Oxfam, India’s top 1% of the populace presently holds 93% of the abundance, while 670 million residents, containing the country’s most unfortunate half, saw their abundance fall by 60%. The National Council of Applied Economic Research assessed that 48% of the Indian families procure more than ₹90,000 yearly. As indicated by NCAER, in 2009, of the 222 million families in India, the totally helpless families represented just 15.6% of them or around 35 million (around 200 million Indians). An additional of 80 million families were said to have pay levels of around ₹45,000 to ₹90,000 each year. These numbers are like World Bank assessments of the “underneath the-neediness line” families that may add up to around 100 million. Another reason is the lack of education. Education is a major reason for joblessness which contributes to poverty. Millions of people are jobless right now in India.
“When a poor person dies of hunger, it has not happened because God did not take care of him or her. It has happened because neither you nor I wanted to give that person what he or she needed.”
— Mother Teresa, Roman Catholic nun
One of the root causes of poverty is marginalization. When a country or a group of people are trying to come out of poverty, all classes should have a say in how things are going to work. Diseases and poor climatic conditions may also contribute to poverty since they may prevent people from earning money. Also,

The government could put up banners and posters. Hoardings could be put up across streets. The national television is an excellent place to advertise such things. This would bring about knowledge and information to the youth of India. The common man would definitely benefit from the circulation of such information. This could be supplemented by free education schemes by the government. The poor and needy could be offered education free of cost so as to support them in their educational endeavours. Overall, poverty is not a problem that can be resolved overnight. However, implanting these solutions over a long tenure may help alleviating this issue.

U.S. criticizes brutal killing of people by security forces in Myanmar

The United States has criticized the brutal killing of people by security forces in Myanmar. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has said that Washington is horrified by yesterday’s deaths in Myanmar. He said the killings, reportedly of more than 100 people, show that the junta will sacrifice the lives of the people to serve the few. He said the courageous people of Myanmar reject the military’s reign of terror.
 
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he is deeply shocked. 
 
 The lethal crackdown against civilians came as protesters defied warnings and took to the streets in towns and cities. The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) monitoring group confirmed at least 91 deaths while local media put the figure higher.
 
The latest violence took the number killed in the suppression of protests in Myanmar since the 1 February coup to more than 400.

India crosses milestone of administering over 6 cr COVID19 Vaccine doses

India has crossed the milestone of administering over 6 crore COVID-19 Vaccine doses. Continuing with its largest vaccination drive in the world, the nation administered over 15 lakh doses yesterday till late evening. India is one of the fastest countries in the world to achieve the 6 crore mark in a short span of only 71 days. The nation commenced the largest vaccination drive in the world on 16th January this year with vaccination of healthcare workers.

Vaccination of front line workers began from 2nd February whereas the most recent phase began from 1st of this month encompassing vaccination of everyone aged above 60 years and above 45 years with specified co-morbidities. The Health Ministry has informed that in just 27 days of the current phase nearly 2 crore 73 lakh senior citizens above 60 years and over 64 lakh people above 45 years with co-morbidities have been administered the first shot of the COVID-19 Vaccine. 

Negative RT-PCR report must to enter Gujarat from April 1

Gujarat government has made a negative RT-PCR report must to enter the state from April 1. The test report should not be older than 72 hours. The decision was taken in view of a surge in Covid-19 cases in recent time. AIR correspondent reports that the state recorded 2,276 cases yesterday. This is the highest daily count so far. A total of 1,534 people were discharged from hospitals during the day.

The number of active cases in the state has risen to 10,871. At 760, Surat recorded the highest number of new cases in the state yesterday, followed by Ahmedabad with 612 cases, Vododara with 326 and Rajkot with 172 cases., The new wave of Covid 19 in the state has also hit two of the country’s premier educational institutions such as IIM Ahmedabad and IIT Gandhinagar. According to official sources, the IIM Ahmedabad currently has 40 active cases of Covid 19, while IIT-G has 25 active cases. Meanwhile, more than 2 lakhs 98 thousand people were vaccinated in the state during the day. 

Two terrorists killed in encounter in J&K’s Shopian

In Jammu and Kashmir, two terrorists were killed in an encounter with security forces at Wangam area of Shopian district yesterday evening. Police said a joint team of security forces launched a cordon and search operation (CASO) in Wangam  following the intelligence inputs about the presence of terrorists in the village. As the joint team approached towards the suspected spot, the terrorists fired upon them and in retaliation, two terrorists were gunned down. The identity of the slain terrorists is being ascertained. Arms and ammunition have also been recovered from their possession.
 
One Army soldier also attained martyrdom in the encounter while another injured soldier was evacuated to Army’s 92 Base Hospital in Srinagar.

West Bengal records over 82 percent voter turnout; Assam over 77 percent in 1st phase of assembly polls

West Bengal has recorded more than 82 percent voter turnout and Assam registered over 77 percent polling in the first phase of assembly elections.

The voting was held in forty-seven constituencies across twelve districts of Assam and for 30 constituencies across 5 districts in West Bengal.

The Election Commission has said, the first phase of Assembly Elections in the two states was conducted successfully yesterday across 21 thousand 825 Polling Stations spread over 77 Assembly Constituencies.

In Assam, the fate of 264 candidates has been sealed in the first of the three-phase elections. Among the prominent candidates in this phase include, Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal from Majuli, State Congress President Ripun Bora from Gohpur and Asom Gana Parishad President Atul Bora from Boka khat.

In West Bengal, barring a few stray incidents, polling was by and large peaceful. State Chief Electoral Officer Ariz Aftab said, 10 persons were arrested in three separate incidents yesterday.

191 candidates including 21 women were in the fray during the initial phase.

The state is witnessing eight-phase elections this time.

Webcasting arrangements were put in place for 5 thousand 392 Polling Stations in West Bengal and 5 thousand 39 Polling Stations in Assam. The Poll Body said, all the Polling Stations were directed to follow COVID-19 Safety protocols. A total of 167 cases of Model Code of Conduct violations were reported through the cVIGIL app from West Bengal out of which 111 were disposed off till 4.30 pm yesterday. Similarly 582 cases were reported from Assam with 423 disposed till 4.30 pm.

India, Bangladesh say, partnership between two countries evolved as a model for bilateral relations for entire region

India and Bangladesh have said that the partnership between the two countries has evolved as a model for bilateral relations for the entire region. A joint statement, issued after the talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Shiekh Hasina in Dhaka, said that Mr Modi’s visit symbolised the partnership of half-a-century between the two countries. The statement said, this partnership has strengthened, matured and evolved as a model for bilateral relations for the entire region.

The talks between the two leaders were marked by great warmth and cordiality. The two leaders expressed satisfaction at the excellent state of bilateral relations, based on deep historical and fraternal ties, which reflect an all-encompassing bilateral partnership based on equality, trust and understanding. Recognizing that terrorism remains a threat to global peace and security, both sides reiterated their strong commitment to eliminating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.

India and Bangladesh yesterday signed MoUs in key sectors including trade and technology to foster bilateral ties after talks between the two leaders.

Mr Modi and Ms Hasina virtually inaugurated several projects during Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Bangladesh.
The two leaders unveiled the foundation stone for the construction of a memorial at Ashuganj honoring the martyrs of Indian armed forces in the 1971 Liberation War of Bangladesh.

Prime Minister Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart jointly inaugurated a new passenger train, ‘Mitali Express’, between Dhaka and New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal. The train will run between Dhaka Cantonment and New Jalpaiguri via Chilahati, a border railway station in Bangladesh.

The train will run from New Jalpaiguri to Dhaka Cantonment on Sunday and Wednesday and Dhaka Cantonment to New Jalpaiguri on Monday and Thursday. It is expected to give a boost to tourism in both the countries.

This is the third passenger train after Maitree Express (Dhaka-Kolkata) and Bandhan Express (Khulna-Kolkata) running between the two neighbouring countries.

Briefing the media about Prime Minister Modi’s Bangladesh visit, Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringla said, the service will start when normalcy is restored. Both countries had suspended railway services after the COVID-19 pandemic broke out.

Mr Shringla said, the two countries agreed to start a new era of cooperation in the Civil nuclear and space sectors. The Prime Minister also laid the foundation stone for infrastructure development for power evacuation facilities from the Rooppur Nuclear power plant.

The Foreign Secretary informed that India also gifted 109 life support ambulances to Bangladesh and also Covid-19 vaccine doses.

Three border haats were also opened along the India-Bangladesh border.

Earlier, on the concluding day of his two-day visit to Bangladesh yesterday, the Prime Minister visited places of historical importance and temples in Bangladesh. Addressing the Matua community at Orakandi, Mr Modi said, both India and Bangladesh want to see stability, love, and peace in the world instead of instability, terror, and unrest.

Mr Modi offered prayers at the centuries-old Jeshoreshwari Kali temple at Ishwaripur village in Shatkhira district of Bangladesh yesterday.
This was Prime Minister Modi’s first visit to a foreign country after the outbreak of COVID-19. The visit coincided with epochal events – celebrations of the Golden Jubilee of the Independence of Bangladesh, the birth centenary of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 50 years of establishment of diplomatic relations between India and Bangladesh. 

PM Modi to share his thoughts in Mann Ki Baat today

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will share his thoughts with the people in the country and abroad in Mann Ki Baat programme on All India Radio at 11 AM today. It will be the 75th episode of the monthly radio programme.

The programme will be broadcast on the entire network of AIR and Doordarshan and also on AIR News website www.newsonair.com and newsonair Mobile App. It will also be streamed live on the YouTube channels of AIR, DD News, PMO and Information and Broadcasting Ministry.

AIR will broadcast the programme in regional languages immediately after the Hindi broadcast. The regional language versions will be repeated at eight in the evening.