Basic human rights

“Everyone is so locked into the current way of doing things, they never see the larger picture or other, more responsible and efficient possibilities. A REAL economy is always wanting to limit consumption/manufacturing as much as possible by assuring the strategically “best” and “adaptable” productions at all times, while keeping balance with human needs and public health.

It is a total shift in intent than what we have today.”
― Peter Joseph
The Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs are as follows:
• Physiological needs – The first level of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is know as Physiological needs. The things which are necessary for human survival consist of things such as food, water, sufficient rest, clothing, shelter, overall health and reproduction. This is really necessary to move on to the next level of the hierarchy.

• Safety needs – The next lower level after physiological level is known as safety needs. This group includes protection from violence and theft, emotional stability and well-being, health security as well as financial security.

• Love and belonging needs – The next lower level after the safety needs level is known as love and belonging needs. This level includes friendships and family bonds – both with a person’s own family and extended family such as spouses and partners.

• Esteem needs – The next lower level after the love and belonging needs level is the esteem needs level. The primary elements of this level are self respect and self esteem. The author of these levels tells us that self-esteem can be divided into two types – on the basis of respect and acknowledgement for others and esteem based on our own self assessment. Self confidence and independence issue from this self assessment, which is also a type of self-esteem.

• Self – actualization needs – The next lower level after the esteem needs level is known as self – actualization needs. It describes the fulfilment of a person’s full potential.
“If the steam engine freed human beings from feudal bondage to pursue material self-interest in the capitalist marketplace, the Internet of Things frees human beings from the market economy to pursue nonmaterial shared interests on the Collaborative Commons. Many—but not all—of our basic material needs will be met for nearly free in a near zero marginal cost society. Intelligent technology will do most of the heavy lifting in an economy centered on abundance rather than scarcity. A half century from now, our grandchildren are likely to look back at the era of mass employment in the market with the same sense of utter disbelief as we look upon slavery and serfdom in former times. The very idea that a human being’s worth was measured almost exclusively by his or her productive output of goods and services and material wealth will seem primitive, even barbaric, and be regarded as a terrible loss of human value to our progeny living in a highly automated world where much of life is lived on the Collaborative Commons.”
― Jeremy Rifkin, The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism
India is already in a very critical situation in providing employment to every citizen of the country who actually needs the employment. It is not only because of the Government, but also because of the lack of seats in jobs. This is because of the growing population of our country. Population also leads to a shortage of food in the country which contributes to a higher price of food. Maintaining such a huge population for the Government is quite a herculean task. This is because it isn’t possible for the Government to reach out to each and every citizen of the country.

Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies are frameworks that consider secure installments online which are named regarding virtual “tokens,” which are addressed by record passages inward to the framework. “Crypto” alludes to the different encryption calculations and cryptographic strategies that defend these passages, like circular bend encryption, public-private key combines, and hashing capacities.

The first blockchain-based digital money was Bitcoin, which actually stays the most famous and generally important. Today, there are a great many substitute cryptocurrencies with different capacities and particulars. A portion of these are clones or forks of Bitcoin, while others are new monetary standards that were worked without any preparation.

Bitcoin was dispatched in 2009 by an individual or gathering known by the alias “Nakamoto.”1 As of March 2021, there were over 18.6 million bitcoins available for use with an all out market cap of around $900 billion.

Cryptocurrencies hold the guarantee of making it simpler to move reserves straightforwardly between two gatherings, without the requirement for a believed outsider like a bank or Mastercard organization. These exchanges are rather gotten by the utilization of public keys and private keys and various types of impetus frameworks, similar to Proof of Work or Proof of Stake.

In current digital money frameworks, a client’s “wallet,” or record address, has a public key, while the private key is known uniquely to the proprietor and is utilized to sign exchanges. Asset moves are finished with insignificant preparing expenses, permitting clients to stay away from the lofty charges charged by banks and monetary organizations for wire moves.

The semi-mysterious nature of digital currency exchanges makes them appropriate for a large group of criminal operations, for example, illegal tax avoidance and tax avoidance. Be that as it may, cryptographic money advocates frequently profoundly esteem their obscurity, referring to advantages of security like insurance for informants or activists living under harsh governments. Some cryptocurrencies are more private than others

Bitcoin, for example, is a moderately helpless decision for leading illicit business on the web, since the scientific investigation of the Bitcoin blockchain has assisted specialists with capturing and arraign hoodlums. More protection situated coins do exist, in any case, like Dash, ZCash, which are undeniably more hard to follow

Vital to the allure and usefulness of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies is blockchain innovation, which is utilized to keep an online record of the multitude of exchanges that have at any point been directed, subsequently giving an information design to this record that is very secure and is shared and settled upon by the whole organization of an individual hub, or PC keeping a duplicate of the record. Each new square created should be checked by every hub prior to being affirmed, making it practically difficult to manufacture exchange accounts.

Numerous specialists see blockchain innovation as having genuine potential for utilizes like web based democratic and crowdfunding, and major monetary foundations like JPMorgan Chase (JPM) see the possibility to bring down exchange costs by smoothing out installment processing.4 However, on the grounds that cryptocurrencies are virtual and are not put away on a focal information base, a computerized digital currency equilibrium can be cleared out by the misfortune or obliteration of a hard drive if a reinforcement duplicate of the private key doesn’t exist. Simultaneously, there is no focal position, government, or enterprise that approaches your assets or your own data.

ROBOTICS

Robots are taking over the world. OK, not really. Not yet. But they are becoming increasingly prevalent in almost every industry, from healthcare and manufacturing to defense and education.

Robotics is the intersection of science, engineering and technology that produces machines, called robots, that substitute for (or replicate) human actions. Pop culture has always been fascinated with robots. R2-D2. Optimus Prime. WALL-E. These over-exaggerated, humanoid concepts of robots usually seem like a caricature of the real thing…or are they more forward thinking than we realize? Robots are gaining intellectual and mechanical capabilities that don’t put the possibility of a R2-D2-like machine out of reach in the future.

As technology progresses, so too does the scope of what is considered robotics. These robots consist mainly of mechanical arms tasked with welding or screwing on certain parts of a car.

While the overall world of robotics is expanding, a robot has some consistent characteristics:

  1. Robots all consist of some sort of mechanical construction. The mechanical aspect of a robot helps it complete tasks in the environment for which it’s designed.
  2. Robots need electrical components that control and power the machinery. Essentially, an electric current (a battery, for example) is needed to power a large majority of robots.
  3. Robots contain at least some level of computer programming. Without a set of code telling it what to do, a robot would just be another piece of simple machinery. Inserting a program into a robot gives it the ability to know when and how to carry out a task.
  4. They’ll also continue to be a main focal point in smart factories, where they’ll take on more difficult challenges and help to secure global supply chains.

Though relatively young, the robotics industry is filled with an admirable promise of progress that science fiction could once only dream about. From the deepest depths of our oceans to thousands of miles in outer space, robots will be found performing tasks that humans couldn’t dream of achieving alone.

INEQUITY UNMASKED

The Indian education system is based on elitism, with educational accessibility serving as a major dividing line between various socioeconomic groups of a culture. The hierarchical organization of society based on caste or ‘varna’ – the caste system (‘varna vyavastha’) ascribed a rank to the person that marked virtually every aspect of Hindu social life – was one way in which this inequality manifested itself in ancient society. The caste status of a person dictated their privileges (or lack thereof). Many social, religious, and economic advantages were conferred on the upper-caste ‘brahmins,’ including education, while the lower castes were denied entry. The government of the post-colonial Indian state attempted to resolve and abolish such disparities by enacting the Right to Education Act, which required all children under the age of 14 to attend school, as well as the Reservation Policy. In today’s coronavirus-shaped world, inequality is once again exposed: access to the internet and mobile devices, rather than one’s social status, has become the deciding factor.

The repercussions for the general population were immediate and serious when the Indian government declared a full lockdown on the 24th of March 2020 in the hopes of controlling a COVID-19 outbreak. The lockdown, in addition to triggering its own set of issues, revealed the education system’s existing flaws and deteriorating structure. This population did not include families living in poverty who could barely afford regular meals, let alone technological devices, emphasizing the ever-widening divide between the wealthy and the poor.

Online learning has had a positive effect on the education sector; it has sparked a desire for Open and Distance Learning (ODL), as the curriculum promotes self-learning and customization of the syllabus to the students’ needs. However, since the latter is only reaped by a small percentage of the population, the negative consequences greatly outweigh the positive.

Another effect of the curfew on Indian education has been a dramatic rise in the number of students dropping out. For most poor families, the economic fallout from the lockdown resulted in unemployment and a decline in earning power. Children were forced to drop out of school as a result, forcing them into the job market.

The Mid-Day Meal (MDM) programme, which aimed to provide food for students in government schools, was also lost as a result of the lockdown and subsequent school closure.

Ramesh Nishank, the Union Minister of Human Resource Development, announced an increased allocation of funds of Rs. 1700 crores to ensure the provision of MDMs to students even during the lockdown. During the lockout, however, it was discovered that 40% of the qualifying children did not receive MDMs. On the 1st of February 2021, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced the Union Budget 2021, which outlined the allocation of funds to various sectors. The budgetary allocation for the government’s flagship education programme, Samagra Shiksha Abhyaan, has been reduced from Rs. 38,751 crores to Rs. 31,050 crores for the coming fiscal year. If the government fails to place a high priority on public education, the detrimental consequences will last for generations and decades. Unemployment would eventually rise, affecting almost every part of society and the economy.

Thanks to the lockdown, schooling took on a new structure overnight, requiring students and teachers to navigate a novel system of adjusting to an online education forum. Humans are social animals that rely on face-to-face communication for successful communication, and the educational field is no exception. In the absence of this face-to-face learning, ground-level proficiency is broken, especially for students studying fundamental concepts and skills that they will need during their lives at the elementary level. Furthermore, students’ practical effectiveness in the field of STEM, where conceptual comprehension and practical applications are at the center of learning, has decreased.

The curfew has forever changed the face of Indian education. The advantages of the blended learning system are only available to those in the upper echelons of society, making the rest unprotected. The issue of quality education accessibility has always existed in the Indian system; it is only now that it has been exacerbated in the face of the pandemic and revealed for all to see.