When someone does not behave according to our expectations our brain automatically, mindlessly starts reacting to it by getting angry, anxious, or end with bad terms. We get irritated and annoyed by others’ actions because we expected better from them. But you know that you can’t control the way others behave. But you can control your actions and respond to them.

People try to create turmoil around us. But the only thing we can do is be compassionate towards them. This can happen through Mindfulness. Mindfulness is when you take a pause and let the wave of mindless reaction pass and then respond to the situation.

3 ways to Mindfulness:

  1. Ask for a change. If you think the person is capable of changing you can ask for it. But while you ask make sure you don’t put the other person on the defensive. Asking him with kindness and gracefully rather than doing it with criticism. Criticism is futile and it does not work well in such a situation. Do not forget to appreciate the efforts of the person if he is changing for you.
  2. Set limits and Boundaries .When you can’t control someone else behavior. One should learn to limit their responses to it. One should maintain boundary which means refusing some behavior if you feel it’s inappropriate.
  3. Acceptance. This means mindfully accepting that the person would never change putting efforts would be ineffective. You decide to be ok with it. Acceptance doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try it. One should try but if it’s not hitting any change, stop and accept with compassion.

Voice of a Tree

I was deserved to be preserved
But neither reserved nor served
I was measured as a pressure
Rather than being treasured
Should I now assure?


Women empowerment means empowering the women. The empowerment should be done to uplift the women. In Western Countries, female empowerment is often associated with specific phases of women’s rights movement in history. This movement tends to be split into three waves, the first beginning in the 19th and early 20th century, where suffrage was a key feature. The second wave of the 1960s included the sexual revolution and the role of women in society. Third wave feminism is often seen as beginning in the 1990s. Women’s empowerment and promoting women’s rights have emerged as a part of a major global movement and is continuing to break new ground in recent years. Days like International Women’s Empowerment Day are also gaining momentum. But despite a great deal of progress, women and girls continue to face discrimination and violence in every part of the World.

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. There has been development over the last decades: More girls are going to school, fewer girls are forced into early marriage, more women are serving in parliament and positions of leadership, and laws are being reformed to advance gender equality.

Principle of Women Empowerment:

  1. Create high-level corporate leadership for gender equality.
  2. Treat all people fairly at work, respecting and supporting non-discrimination and human rights.
  3. Androgynous management should be followed.
  4. The employees should not be judged by their gender, they should be judged by their skills and knowledge.
  5. Ensure the health, wellbeing and safety of all workers.
  6. Promote education, training and development for women.
  7. Career development programmes should be organised and open the doors for women in all fields.
  8. Implement supply chain, marketing practices and enterprise development that empower women.
  9. Champion equality through community initiatives and advocacy
  10. Measure and report publicly on progress to create gender equality.

National policy for the empowerment of Women (2001)

Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential

(ii) The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – political, economic, social, cultural and civil

(iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation

(iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc.

(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women

(vi) Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women.

(vii) Mainstreaming a gender perspective in the development process.

(viii) Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and the girl child; and

(ix) Building and strengthening partnerships with civil society, particularly women’s organizations.

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Yoga is a form of exercise that originated in Ancient India. Many people have practiced it for thousands of years. The act of yoga consists of many poses known as “Asana” that have different physical benefits. It is said that if a person practices yoga, he (or) she will become healthier. Yoga was introduced from subcontinent India by the followers of Hinduism and Buddhism, those who performed it were called yogis. The one who teaches yoga is called yogi, a yogi is revered and respected by its followers. Most importantly it is an exercise which people belonging to all religions can perform. Yoga has become very famous throughout the world, every year 21st June is celebrated international yoga day all around the globe. Therefore, many countries have adopted yoga as a form of exercise. Yoga will definitely help in keeping our body hale and healthy.

Yoga is a science which deals in practices of balancing mind, body and soul. Actually, Yoga means Union, union with the Divine. It helps in healing mind, body and finally soul by providing relaxation, positive thinking and harmony. The practice entails low-impact physical activity, postures, breathing techniques, relaxation, and meditation.

Yoga plays an important role in human life. People of all ages, sick people as well perform yoga to enjoy a fit and healthy life. But, sick people must take an expert consultation before performing exercises. Because, without consulting the doctor (or) an expert, if a sick person does the yoga, they the pain of the sick person may increases depending upon the body condition. People who perform yoga must follow a routine for exercise, rest and diet. Because yoga possess different postures, and to do that we should take a good intake.

Benefits of Yoga:

  • Yoga allows clearing mind and reaching a more peaceful life approach;
  • It creates a connection between body and mind bringing a needed harmony;
  • Yoga reduces stress, various fears, and mental disorders;
  • It connects a person with nature
  • Helps in keeping ourselves hale and healthy
  • Helps in relaxation and self confidence
  • It balances mind, body and soul.

Western countries have readily adopted yoga for the innumerable health benefits it has to offer. There are thousands of yoga schools in the USA alone that teach the art of yoga. While yoga can be practiced by anyone at home, the complicated postures need some practice. The deeply rooted spiritualism in yoga is because when our minds and bodies are in complete harmony, we attain a sense of divine peace that might be called ‘moksha’ in Sanskrit. The aim of yoga is to connect us to ourselves by eliminating any negative energy in our bodies. It is advised that we must sit on the ground while performing yoga as that would transfer the negative energy to the ground.

Yoga is very helpful for each and every individual. Any age people can do Yoga, but may vary upon their body condition. By doing yoga every day, the day becomes brighter and brighter,

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Microbial technology for the development of sustainable energy and environment

Energy and Environment are the most smoking subjects concerned progressively by individuals. With the profoundly fast improvement of present day culture, the expanding environmental contamination and the worldwide utilization of energy have effectively become two significant issues which need tending to now and later on. Guaranteeing the best utilization of assets to decrease environmental contamination and growing new more reasonable approaches to create and utilize energy are critically needed by the general population. Answers for these drawn out issues will require the collaboration of multidisciplinary analysts. Notwithstanding, Microbial Technologies for bioremediation of environmental toxins and for bioproduction of clean energy or energized and environmentally-accommodating synthetic mixtures are promising ways to deal with the advancement of supportable energy and environment. In view of this, there are numerous fields we can investigate, like mechanical biotechnology, biofuels and bioenergy; new cycles and items in biotechnology; biodegradation of environmental contaminants, engineered science for microbial cells with improved execution and numerous others. Along these lines, this BTRE uncommon issue invites research articles (short or full specialized), strategies, smaller than expected surveys, and discourses in the previously mentioned regions, which are completely inside the extent of the Journal. Overall, we trust that this uncommon issue would give all the more recently formed bits of knowledge into the answers for the drawn out maintainability of Energy and Environment.

The issues on Energy and Environmental Sustainability are the biggest difficulties to meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals. With the profoundly quick improvement of the cutting edge society, the expanding environmental contamination and the developing utilization of energy have effectively become two significant issues, which need tending to now and later on. Both guaranteeing the best utilization of assets to diminish environmental contamination and growing new reasonable systems to change over biomass into efficient power energy conveys are desperately needed by general society. Answers for these drawn out issues will require the collaboration of multidisciplinary specialists.

The current uncommon issue of the Biotechnology Reports gathers thirteen articles (1 Short correspondence, 2 Review articles, and 10 Research articles) to address the significant subjects from mechanical biotechnology, biofuels creation, energy stockpiling, new cycles in biotechnology, biodegradation of environmental contaminations to engineered science for biosynthesis of synthetics with manageability possibilities. 

Regardless, Rasimphi and Tinarwo feature the significance of biogas as a perfect and inexhaustible type of energy to the fuel emergency and the environmental contamination related with the petroleum derivative and examine the associating factors impacting chiefs in the maintainable reception and use of biogas innovation in South Africa. Şenol reports the huge capability of hazelnut shells and hazelnut squanders in the creation of biogas and the moderation of CO2 outflows. In addition, Hakizimana et al. give the cutting-edge data on the current systems and boundaries for the upgraded microbial creation of butanediol. López-Domínguez et al. streamline the enzymatic hydrolysis of Opuntia ficus-indica cladode as biomass for bioethanol creation with cutthroat yield. The paper by Lawer-Yolar et al. reports that the oils from the tropical woodland tree can be utilized as a potential stage change material for nuclear power stockpiling. 

Akhtar and Mannan completely audit mycoremediation of environmental toxins from the business (e.g., substantial metals and fragrant hydrocarbons) and the agribusiness (e.g., pesticides, herbicides, and cyanotoxins) and give the systems to address the worldwide issue of contamination. The examination by Pourbabaee et al. reports the hydrophobe and halotolerant bacterial culture, discloses the primary reasoning behind phenanthrene debasement, and gives a solid reference to bioremediation of saline environments tainted by phenanthrene and other comparable mixtures. 

Also, laccase has great exhibitions in bioremediation of contaminants. The paper by Unuofin shows the maintainability possibilities of bacterial laccase colors in both color decolourization and denim bioscouring, which has enormously progressed the applications toward a feasible and absolute environment through creation of fine biochemicals, and the minimization of environmental squanders. The exploration article by Mehandia et al. reports a soluble base and thermostable laccase from a novel Alcaligenes faecalis and its application in decolorization of manufactured colors in enterprises. Durán-Aranguren et al. report that bioactive mixtures separated from Cordyceps nidus can incite laccase action of Pleurotus ostreatus, which gives the helpful data to the utilization of laccase with progress. Additionally, Junior et al. show an incorporated interaction of vinasse debasement, laccase creation and purging with possible modern application. 

Moreover, Zhang et al. reveal the genomic data of a novel algicidal bacterium and uncover the guideline of majority detecting its algicidal movement, which will give helpful data to creating novel substance environmental strategies to control unsafe green growth. Wu et al. exhibit the novel bioprocess for improved creation of astaxanthin, which is a powerful cancer prevention agent in the food business, medical services, and clinical therapies. 

In rundown, this exceptional issue gives an extensive outline about microbial innovation for the practical advancement of energy and environment and will help produce all the more recently formed bits of knowledge into the answers for the drawn out manageability of Energy and Environment.

Recycling concepts for short-fiber-reinforced composites

Short-fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composites (SFRTCs) and molecule filled thermoplastic composites (PFTCs) are broadly utilized in a few useful fields including car, aviation and flying, building development, electrical gear, outdoor supplies. SFRTCs consist of thermoplastic grids reinforced with at least one broken supporting specialist, for example, glass fiber (GF), carbon fiber (CF), natural fiber (for the most part aramid, AF), ceramic fiber and regular fiber (NF). In an ordinary SFRTC, generally short fibers of variable length are haphazardly disseminated or defectively adjusted in consistent thermoplastic polymer networks. Infusion trim and expulsion are the most diffuse preparing strategies for the creation of parts with SFRTCs, regardless of whether added substance producing (AM) techniques, for example, melded fiber manufacture (FFF), are turning out to be famous likewise with short fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites . Thermoplastic grids are by and large reinforced with generally high measures of short fibers, regularly in the reach from 20 up to 50 wt%. The primary microstructural boundaries deciding the mechanical and actual properties of SFRTCs are the fiber direction and the fiber length (or the angle proportion, for example the length/measurement proportion). Contingent upon the preparing conditions, fiber direction may fluctuate from irregular to almost completely adjusted. Skin-center morphology in the infusion shaped part is an illustration of handling initiated fiber direction, with fibers generally adjusted along the stream heading in the external skin layers (the one in contact with the form surface) and lying oppositely to the stream course in the center. Moreover, the high shear powers produced during melt handling, for example, compounding with twin-screw extruders and infusion forming regularly separate the fibers consequently diminishing their normal length and altering their length circulation . Both direction and fiber breakage marvels should be considered in assessing the results of a given reusing measure on the physical and mechanical properties of SFRTCs. Indeed, a supporting fiber can proficiently expand the modulus and strength of a composite material if enough mechanical burden can be moved from the lattice to the support. Basic micromechanical contemplations show that the most extreme fiber stress increments as the fiber length increments. As far as possible is addressed by the fiber stress in a unidirectional composite reinforced with constant fibers of equivalent volume part and exposed to a similar pressure. The base fiber length needed to accomplish the above most extreme fiber stress is by and large designated as the “heap move length” Lt. At the point when fibers are adequately long and the applied pressure is adequately high, the most extreme pressure in the fibers is restricted by a definitive fiber strength. A basic fiber length, Lc, free of applied pressure, is characterized as the base fiber length needed to pressure the fibers to their definitive strength. Fibers that are shorter than Lc will pull out of the lattice under ductile burden. All the above thoughts depend with the understanding of an ideal fiber/lattice holding which is rarely the case . It very well may be effortlessly demonstrated that Lc relies upon the fiber/framework shear strength [1]. In this manner, in reusing measures, a vital point is to safeguard the fibers at lengths higher than Lc in any event, when rehashed re-handling steps are applied [4] and to guarantee that an appropriate fiber/lattice grip is accomplished. An appropriate plan of the screws of infusion forming machines can help in restricting the fiber breakage measure [8]. 

Normally, the beginning crude mixtures for the creation of SFRTC parts are 3–4 mm long barrel shaped pellets, containing arbitrarily situated fibers 0.2–0.4 mm long. To beat this limit, long-fiber-reinforced thermoplastics (LFTs) have been created in which thermoplastic polymers are reinforced with fibers of 5–25 mm or longer [9]. Another issue in the reusing of SFRTC is the debasement of the mechanical properties of both grid materials and the building up fibers. Indeed, in a few thermoplastic grids, re-handling frequently causes a warm debasement with a reduction of the sub-atomic weight which at last lead to a decline in the mechanical properties [10]. Additionally the properties of the building up fibers can be adversely impacted by the high temperatures at which the composites are uncovered during re-preparing or lattice pyrolysis [11]. 

The majority of the examinations in regards to the reusing of SFRTC have been centered around composites with thermoplastic networks like polyethylene (PE) 

Molecule filled thermoplastic composites (PFTCs) comprise of thermoplastic frameworks loaded up with different kinds of supporting fillers , such glass circles and drops, calcium carbonate, powder, mica, kaolin, wollastonite, montmorillonite, feldspar, carbon dark, wood flour (WF), and so forth .The primary motivations to add a building up filler to a thermoplastic network are I) to lessen the expense, ii) to improve the solidness and of the dimensional security at low and high temperatures and the effect opposition, iii) to improve the scraped area and scratch obstruction, iv) to decrease the water sorption or to alter the gas penetrability. Much of the time, these beneficial outcomes are likewise joined by some unfavorable ones, like a lessening in the rigidity, extension at break and loss of optical straightforwardness. For as the reusing of PFTCs is worried, among the most much of the time researched thermoplastic grids utilized for their arrangement the consideration has been primarily centered around PP reinforced with fillers like powder, raged silica, dirts, calcium carbonate, WF and rice bodies.


Book: Sita – The Warrior of Mithila
Author: Amish Tripathi
Publisher: Westend Publishers
Genre: Fantasy, Mythology

We’ve grown up hearing exciting mythological stories, whether from the Mahabharat, the Ramayan, or other sagas, and we’ve only ever seen them from this perspective. The book Sita gives us various perspectives on Sita’s life, who is best known to most of us as Lord Ram’s wife. The book chronicles her life and the battles she faced before marrying Lord Ram. Her abduction is the only important aspect of her life that most people are aware of. This novel, on the other hand, shows Sita in a variety of colours that many people are unaware of. Sita is depicted in the book as being as fierce, strong, and witty as her husband. In a world where we struggle for feminism and equal rights, this book is essential reading.

Sita fights for her own and others’ interests. Sita is more than a princess; she is a warrior who was raised for a greater purpose: to protect our dharma and to unite India under her leadership. The author has arranged it in the most beautiful and wonderful way possible, from the depiction of environments to the characters and plot. This work of fiction incorporates all mythological elements thus giving Sita’s character the highest priority and fully explaining it. This is a good book to read if you’re interested in learning more about Indian myths or female warriors.

Two plants harvested at the International Space Station.

In a recent news, NASA has confirmed of its trials to provide fresh leafy vegetables to the astronauts and currently the news that is capturing everyone’s eye is the success NASA achieved in accomplishing the same.

Source: http://nasa.gov

NASA took to its official page handle and shared the picture of plant. It also stated: ‘Astronauts on the International Space Station recently enjoyed a fresh supply of leafy greens, thanks in large part to the efforts of Expedition 64 crew member Michael Hopkins.’[1]

‘NASA’s SpaceX Crew-1 mission commander took the lead on conducting four Vegetable Production System (Veggie) experiments, with the last two wrapping up after an April 13 harvest. VEG-03K and VEG-03L tested a new space crop, ‘Amara’ mustard, and a previously grown crop, ‘Extra Dwarf’ pak choi. They were grown for 64 days, the longest leafy greens have grown on station.’[2]

Michael Hopkins smells ‘Extra Dwarf’ pak choi plants growing aboard the International Space Station on March 26, 2021. Source: http://nasa.gov

It was simultaneously reported that the pak choi began its reproductive cycle and the flowers were also observed on it. One of space crop production project scientist and science lead on the four-plant experiments, Matt Romeyn remarked about Hopkins as ‘ I wasn’t all at surprised that he chose this route to make sure the plants were fully pollinated because he has always wanted to be very involved’.

This is indeed one of the incredible achievements by NASA. It is expected to try planting more of them. This is a good news for the astronauts who are completing their duties at International Space Station.

Government in Delhi means LG?

With a constant surge in covid cases of the capital city, the central government makes the Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021 effective in the ‘National Capital Territory of India’ from 27 April 2021. It means that now while referring to the ‘Government’ of Delhi we will be referring to ‘Lieutenant Governor’. It is a big setback for the AAP Government and Chief Minister, Arvind Kejriwal. 

The question that arises here is ‘What is the Government of NCT of Delhi Act and how can it be a setback to the AAP Government?’

For this answer let’s start from the Background of this act:

  • This act was introduced in the 69th Amendment, 1991 and it stated: ‘the GNCTD Act outlines the powers of the Assembly, the discretionary powers enjoyed by the LG, and the duties of the Chief Minister with respect to the need to furnish information to the LG.’

The Key-features of this Act are as follows:

  • The matters which dealt with public, public order and land were already in the hands of the central government and the rest were being handled by the government formed at the Capital. This Act gives discretionary power to LG even in the administrative measures where the Delhi government was empowered to make laws.  
  • This Act hands over the power of the administration of Delhi into the hands of LG. When this Act is implemented, the AAP Government won’t be able to take any legislative decisions without presenting it to and getting permission from the LG. This Act thus acts as a setback to the Delhi Government and seizes all its administrative powers. 

When an amendment in this act was being passed by Lok Sabha on 22 March and by Rajya Sabha on 24 March, the Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal mourned it as ‘Sad day for Indian Democracy’.

As per today this Act has been passed looking at the everyday spike in the cases. While the High Court had warned the government of this future, it was revealed shortly afterwards that the government had been spending more on Advertisements and was proving incompetent in controlling this crisis. This was when the central government had to intervene and bring the Government of NCT of Delhi in force.

We as citizens can pray for the recovery of our people and hope for this second wave to end soon.


Friends are those who are boon companions. They are the ones who stand by whether it’s thick or thin. The dictionary’s definition of a good friend is a person who is attached to one another by feelings or affection or personal regard. A good friend is something difficult to find in this world filled with betrayals and back stabbings. One who holds a good friend leads a peaceful life, because when you have true friends, you don’t need to face any hardships alone in your life. A quote by William Shakespeare says “A friend is one that knows you as you are, understands where you have been, accepts what you have been and still, gently allows you to grow”. Friends help each other in many ways without expecting anything in return except love. The depth of friendship can never be defined by the number of years but it’s by trust, love, care, loyalty and by the sweet and bitter experiences they came across together. There is a saying “quality is better than quantity” and the same way the one who is true is far better than a thousand fake friends. They are the ones who’ll know how to make you smile even in your hardest time, and they give the courage and strength to face anything that comes on your way. Most of the times they are friends come family. More than one’s own family we love to spend time with friends because they don’t jdge you, you can share anything and everything under the sun only with friends. Sometimes even without our knowledge they will be our life savers and they don’t want you to know just because you’ll feel more grateful to him/her. This is something that happens in every circle and once they find something fishy they follow up secretly and pop-up’s in the crucial point of your struggle. Vladimir Lenin’s famous quote says that “Show me who your friends are, and I will tell you what you are”, and in the same way friends define who you are and what you are. Friends are the ones who will know us better than anybody else. One can never live without friends in this world and it’s hard to find people who don’t have a friend, because friends are the ones who will never leave you when you are in trouble. No matter how big the trouble is they will solve it for you before you suffer to death. Cherish your friends just by loving them more everyday than the day before, and this world will be at peace.

Google removes FlixOnline that is spreading malware via WhatsApp


  • A fake Netflix-like app promises to provide free Netflix content.
  • The FlixOnline spread malware via WhatsApp conversations.
  • After hundreds of downloads from Play store, it was finally removed.

About 3 weeks ago, this is what has happened.

As users of internet, we are advised to use apps from reliable sources like Google play store or Apple app store. But sometimes, fake apps like FlixOnline bypasses the online security and protection of Play store and enters it. The FlixOnline combines the popularity of Netflix, the traditional social trigger (‘free’) and the pandemic situation to its favour.

Instead of doing what it says it does, it sends automated reply to WhatsApp conversations luring them with free Netflix. The “wormable” malware spreads further via malicious links. The automated message says “2 Months of Netflix Premium Free at no cost For REASON OF QUARANTINE (CORONA VIRUS) * Get 2 Months of Netflix Premium Free anywhere in the world for 60 days. Get it now HERE ” and it provides a link. The link was designed to gain complete access to the user’s WhatsApp if clicked. “Theoretically, through these auto-generated replies, a hacker can steal data, cause business interruptions on work related chat groups, and even extortion by sending sensitive data to all the users contacts,” the researchers noted.

The FlixOnline malware when installed requests ‘Overlay’, ‘Battery Optimization Ignore’ and ‘Notification’ permissions. These are used to create new windows on top of other apps. The new windows are often designed to look like fake login pages nudging the users to enter authentic credentials. The notification access enables to app to “dismiss” or “reply” to messages while the battery optimization access is used to keep the app running in spite of turning off the app.

The Check Point Research notified the Google about this malicious app that was in its platform. Google was quick to remove it. It was reported that, in the course of 2 months, there were around 500 downloads.

To keep the phone safe, uninstall the app immediately and do not click any malicious links. Recheck your WhatsApp if any messages have been sent. Resetting the system would clear any malicious codes or files in it.

Next time, if something says ‘free’, BEWARE, it might ‘cost’ you a lot.

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The Road to Sustainable Development


 Sustainable development is a concept that we are made to understand and study, but we are left blind in understanding the ways to achieve it. SD, therefore, stands the risk of becoming a cliché to which everyone pays homage but nobody seems to define with precision and exactitude. We know that Sustainable Development is the road to a better future. But what is the road to sustainable development? 

What is Sustainable Development?

Development is defined as ‘an evolutionary process in which the human capacity increases in terms of initiating new structures, coping with problems, adapting to continuous change, and striding purposefully and creatively to attain new goals’ (Peet, 1999 cited in Du Pisani, 2006). According to Reyes (2001) development is understood as a social condition within a nation, in which the needs of its population are satisfied by the rational and sustainable use of natural resources and systems.

Sustainability means ‘a capacity to maintain some entity, outcome or process over time’ (Basiago, 1999). Stoddart (2011) defines sustainability as the efficient and equitable distribution of resources intra-generationally and inter-generationally with the operation of socio-economic activities within the confines of a finite ecosystem. Ben-Eli (2015), on the other hand, sees sustainability as a dynamic equilibrium in the process of interaction between the population and the carrying capacity of its environment such that the population develops to express its full potential without producing irreversible adverse effects on the carrying capacity of the environment upon which it depends.

Sustainable Development, in general, is defined as ‘the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Why Sustainable Development?

Sustainable development is the need of the hour. The economy crashing, forest burning, animals dying, climate-changing are some of the important examples as to why one should know about it. The severe change in climatic conditions rises maximum temperature, rises minimum temperature, rises sea level, causes shrinking glaciers and thawing permafrost. This increases the frequency of storms, floods, heat waves, and drought. There is also a decrease in biodiversity. “Biologists see the loss of biodiversity during the last fifty years as one of the four or five largest incidents of destruction of life on the planet” quotes Graciela Chichilnisky in her journal ‘What is sustainable development.

These problems were first addressed in 1992 at United Nations Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro. In that Summit, sustainable development emerged as one of the most urgent subjects for international policy.

Pillars of Sustainable Development

To understand sustainable development is to understand its 3 main pillars: Economic sustainability, Social Sustainability, and Environmental Sustainability.

Economic sustainability was first addressed when we realized that natural resources are limited. We understood that not all of them are replenishable or renewable. This fact affected one of our 3 processes in economic sustainability. The function of the production unit started to decline. Newer and newer ways are researched every day to produce things at a correct rate so that everyone have equal consumption. The other two processes in economic sustainability include distribution and consumption. These two processes have to be monitored properly for economic prosperity.

Social sustainability encompasses empowerment, accessibility, notions of equity, participation, institutional stability, human rights, and cultural identity all of which promote peace and social stability for sustainable development. It should aim to alleviate poverty. Because of the complicated dynamics of society, it is said that social sustainability is difficult to achieve. As Everest-Phillips (2014) says, “the definition of success within the social system is that people are not subjected to conditions that undermine their capacity to meet their needs”. Anything that crosses the path of people meeting their needs has to be addressed.

Environmental sustainability, as we all know it, is about nature life and how it supports human life on earth. With increasing disasters every day, life on earth is becoming more and more difficult. This can be reasoned with the fact that we started to seek our existence on other planets, like Mars. It is predicted that, by the year 2080, about 20% of coastal wetlands could be lost due to sea-level rise (UNSD, 2018c). There is also the problem of increasing global warming, decreasing glaciers, rising sea levels, and increasing acidity of oceans.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

To solve these issues and everything that concerns it, the UN put forth 17 different goals. These goals are planned to be achieved by 2030.

GOAL 1: No Poverty

GOAL 2: Zero Hunger

GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being

GOAL 4: Quality Education

GOAL 5: Gender Equality

GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

GOAL 13: Climate Action

GOAL 14: Life Below Water

GOAL 15: Life on Land

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

GOAL 17: Partnerships to Achieve the Goal

Agenda 2030 has five ultimate outcomes, known as the five Ps: people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnerships, which span across the 17 SDGs.


Every government in the world should acknowledge the length of issue we are facing and take necessary actions to avoid them. Every government should adhere to SDGs for a successful and flourishing future.

Government should encourage “smart growth” through proper use of land and align their economic development. The government should make policies regarding population growth. As we all know, the more the population, the more the demand for a resource, the more the depletion of the resource. One key principle of SD is to conserve the ecosystem and biodiversity. The government’s policies should be made in a way that wouldn’t disturb biodiversity. Every government should have a social justice system that keeps checking on the integrity of the country.


The three spheres of SD are overlapped with one another that if one progresses, the remaining two follows. If the concepts contained in the sustainable development goals are applied well to real-world situations, everybody wins because natural resources are preserved, the environment is protected, the economy booms and is resilient, social life is good because there is peace and respect for human rights.

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