ADDICTION TO DRUGS.

๐Ÿ“Œworldwide phenomenon eating the younger generation minds and disturbing the minds.
๐Ÿ“Œif once the contact is established , the addiction becomes steady and disconnection seems impossible.
๐Ÿ“ŒThe main reason behind the addiction comes and ends upto frustration.
๐Ÿ“Œdrug addiction comes from the parental neglect , frustration , anxiety , etc.
๐Ÿ“Œthere is main need of government to look on this issues.

All you need to know about The Model Tenancy Act

After almost two years of declaring the Model Tenancy Act, the Union Cabinet has finally approved it. The government released the Model Tenancy draft in 2019. This act intents to bridge the trust gap between the tenants and the landlords. It will improve the rental housing and reduce the lawsuits. The main aim is to create more lucrative environment for renting, tenants as well as landlords and also to increase the housing supply for tenants in market. There are many empty houses and at the same time there is lack of houses from the tenantโ€™s point of view. So, this act aims to ease this all out and bridge the gap.

Union Minister of Housing and Union Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri said Model Tenancy Act would provide model for urban and rural properties and template both for commercial and residential properties. Adding to that he said that 1.1 crore vacant houses will be available on rent and it will compliment the PMโ€™s vision of โ€œHousing for Allโ€ in 2022. โ€œThe Model Tenancy Act will facilitate the unlocking of vacant houses for rental housing purposes,โ€ the statement said. โ€œIt is expected to give a fillip to private participation in rental housing as a business model for addressing the huge housing shortage.โ€

The law bars renting without the permission of the landlord, fixing limits for security deposits, includes relief during unexpected disasters, and providing for a faster dispute resolution by creating a rent authority, a rent court, and a rent tribunal, according to a government statement. Such cases won’t come under the authority of civil courts.

Most of the provisions are coherent with the draft released earlier for approval.

Key Features:

  • It puts the rights and obligations of the tenants and landlords.
  • There will be transparency in the renting process
  • It aims to spur its overall growth
  • Aims at creating a sustainable and inclusive rental housing market
  • To create adequate rental housing stock for all income groups
  • To address the issue of homelessness
  • To institutionalize rental housing by shifting it towards formal market.
  • To set up rent courts and tribunals
  • Puts a cap on the amount of security deposit. The tenants should pay maximum of 2 months of rent as a security deposit in the residential premises whereas for non-residential premises tenants must pay maximum of six months of rent.

Rights for Landlords:

  • Can enter property let out on rent after serving at least 24 โ€“ hour legal notice.
  • If tenants do not vacate the house, they have to pay double the rent for first two months till the agreement period is over and it will become 4 times after the agreement period is over.
  • Tenants are not allowed to sublet without prior permission from the landlord.

Rights for tenants:

  • Landlords cannot ask for more than 2 months of security deposit and the deposit should be returned while vacating the property if the property is in the same condition as it was given to the tenant.
  • Landlord cannot cut power and water supply in case of dispute.
  • Regulates increase of rentals.
  • Structural Maintenance of property is in hands of landlord.

Malnutrition

A good level of nutrition is important to consistently keep our body healthy and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Combined with good physical activity and right amount of nutrients, it gives rise to a strong immune system, a healthy weight and lifestyle.

Malnutrition is a condition that develops due inadequate consumption of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that are necessary to maintain a proper functioning of the organs”. Though this condition is present worldwide, it is mainly noticed in developing countries which have high poverty rate, low financial aid and poor sanitation facilities. Malnutrition and undernutrition are two words that are often used interchangeably but they are not actually synonyms. Undernutrition is in fact a part of malnutrition. Undernutrition is often due to lack of availability of nutrient-rich food and overweight and obesity which is mainly due to large consumption of processed foods leads overnutrition condition. Malnutrition however consists of both undernutrition and overnutrition. There are around 1.9 billion adults worldwide who are overweight, while 462 million are underweight. As per the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) almost 14.5% of the Indian population is malnourished. Deficiency of every nutrient creates specific health issues. Malnutrition can lead to:

  • Short term and long term diseases
  • Injury or damage recoveries at a slow rate
  • Difficulty in focussing
  • Higher risk to infections
  • Muscular weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Weak immune system

WHAT CAUSES MALNUTRITION?

There can be many reasons depending upon the type of malnutrition

  1. Low consumption of food- Some people are malnourished due to the low intake of food which might be related to their economic position which implies lower nutrients absorbed by the body.
  2. Mental health-Malnutrition can occur with people having issues related to mental health such as depression, schizophrenia and amnesia etc.
  3. Consumption of alcohol- Heavy consumption of alcohol can lead to gastritis which makes it difficult to absorb nutrients and digest food. Thus intake of unhealthy foods can lead a person malnourished.
  4. Low income- Not all families are financially well off to supply their members with a whole meal rich in nutrients nor afford to buy fruits, vegetables, meat and milk etc. Poverty is also another reason for malnourishment as they might not get food every time.
  5. Diseases- Chronic ailments are also a cause for malnutrition.
  6. Food habits- Food habits play a major role in healthy lifestyle of an individual. Consumption of processed food spoils health as it is not freshly cooked.

SYMPTOMS OF MALNUTRITION

  • Depression
  • Lack of appetite
  • Loss of fat
  • Difficulty to focus/concentrate
  • Longer healing time for injuries
  • Loss of fat or muscle mass
  • Constant sickness/ illness
  • Tender bones
  • Skin which is pale and dry
  • Anemia
  • Brittle nails
  • Joint ache
  • Bleeding gums
  • Sparse hair
  • Either skinny or bloated
  • Gastrointestinal problems

Malnutrition can be prevented if a person eats a balanced diet, engages in physical workout regularly, avoids processed and preserved foods and consume food low in carbs and fat. Malnutrition can make an enormous impact in the economy of a country especially when it is developing, the impacts are of course negative. It will seriously affect the productivity and mortality rates of a nation thereby generating inefficient human resource capital in the future.

RELEVANT LINKS:https://vikaspedia.in/health/nutrition/malnutrition/malnutrition-causes-and-types https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/malnutrition

Importance of sustainable development In our world

What is sustainable development

“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

The concept of sustainable development can be interpreted in many different ways, but at its core is an approach to development that looks to balance different, and often competing, needs against an awareness of the environmental, social and economic limitations we face as a society.

Sustainability is a broad discipline, giving students and graduates insights into most aspects of the human world from business to technology to environment and the social sciences. The core skills with which a graduates leaves college or university are highly sought after, especially in a modern world looking to drastically reduce carbon emissions and discover and develop the technologies of the future. Sustainability draws on politics, economics and, philosophy and other social sciences as well as the hard sciences.Regarding water management, sustainable development has generated attention on four principles. First, fresh water should be regarded as a finite and vulnerable resource.

In the debate over water management approaches, some view sustainable development as a vague and ambiguous concept, leading people to define it to suit their own interests either economic development or environmental protection. Some suggest that its emphasis on achieving balance between economic development and environmental protection overlooks the importance of ensuring sensitivity to the social and cultural attributes of societies.

The three core elements of sustainable developments are:

  • Environmental Conservation

Its primary focus is the protection of the environment so that we do not destroy the resources provided by it. It further minimizes the adverse effects on the surroundings.

  • Social Development

It strives to achieve the well being of individuals and society at large. It necessitates the availability of necessary resources, proper healthcare, and good quality of life for people.

  • Economic Progress

It is the most neglected part of sustainability. It drives people to invest in sustainable efforts by enticing them through its long term benefits and supports both the environmental and social elements of the cause.

Basic highlighted advantages of sustainable development :-

  1. Development Activities will be long lasting.
  2. Long term management between means and resources for future generations.
  3. Appropriate Distribution of means and resources.
  4. Natural Resources are utilized wisely at optimum level.
  5. A wide and High rate of economic growth is achieved.. Etc.

Goal of sustainable development

The most important goal is to align our economic system with the realization that we do indeed have the power to alter the planet in destructive ways, and that we have, in fact, already begun doing so. Our system today was not designed to work this way. Todayโ€™s system discourages investing in the future by discounting tomorrowโ€™s dollars as worth less than todayโ€™s.

Our balance sheets donโ€™t measure all the things that matter including environmental and social impacts of business decisions. Any efforts to plan or invest in a responsible future must vie for attention against the overwhelming interest of the overlord investment community in quarterly earnings. These systemic forces are too big for even the biggest companies to challenge in any meaningful ways.

We must come together to ask, what do we want our worldโ€™s future to look like? If weโ€™re to have a just and peaceful world, that answer cannot simply be left in the hands of the few billionaires that now control most of the money. All voices must be represented. Whatever collection of authorities is to take the helm of Spaceship Earth, it must be steered with the recognition that resources are not unlimited nor are places to dump our waste. There are geophysical boundaries that we dare not exceed without putting ourselves at peril, climate change being only the most immediate one.

So the goal must be for businesses, communities, citizens, political leaders, to all come together, at the widest, most inclusive scale, to consolidate our highest aspirations and to redesign the system in ways that will eliminate barriers and promote the achievement of a future where the health and well-being of our planet and everything living on it is the prime concern.

Critique of sustainable developmentย 

ย Asย  Mr. Dave Brunfeldt, laid and argument on the pro environmentalist and global warming activist from the west as well as in left democraciesย  sayingย  that the fundamental element in sustainability that is flawed is that there is a thing called stasis. Normal. Average. Regular. The same. No there isnโ€™t!

Stasis is the demise of every top down plan, because nothing ever stays the same. There is no normal and you canโ€™t plan for ever and ever, Goldilocks. Everything is temporary and sustainability is a fiction believed by the small people of the world who cower behind their notion of forever like mice behind the wall.

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BUSINESS:

ย โ€œ10 Things I Wish I Knew Before I Started My Own Businessโ€

10 Things You Must Do Before Starting a Business

  • Write a business plan.
  • Choose a legal structure. …
  • Get your business registration, licenses, and tax identification.
  • Know your competition and marketplace.
  • Finance your business.
  • Identify and secure a location.
  • Get proper insurance.
  • Obtain legal counsel.

Seb Dean, managing director of the marketing and design agencyย Imaginaire Digital, says his favorite business article is โ€œ10 Things I Wish I Knew Before I Started My Own Businessโ€ in Inc. Magazine.

Written by entrepreneur John Rampton, the article recounts mistakes Rampton made when he launched his business, and what he could have done to prevent them.โ€œItโ€™s brilliant for the preparation of being a business owner and guiding you through what to do and how to do it,โ€ says Dean. โ€œWith that in mind, I think that knowing what could happen and how to overcome it or even mitigate the adverse effects will help to build the business in an effective manner and allow for fewer setbacks as time goes on.โ€

10 Things I Wish I Knew Before I Started My Business It’s hard.

Really hard. It’s lonely. There’s no foxhole mentality like you have with a regular job. Growth is bumpy. Very bumpy. Your friends & family won’t be customers. There are no free lunches in life. Find something to fuel your drive. There’s a safety net. Reinvest in the business. Pay attention to the numbers.

9 Things NOT to Do When Starting a Business.

Don’t Waste Too Much Time on Your Business Plan.Don’t Be Afraid to Pivot.Don’t Rush to Be First to Market. Don’t Ignore Paperwork. Don’t Ask Everyone You Know for Funding.Don’t Hurry the Hiring Process.

10 Things Every Small Business Needs To:

Do You need to manage your cash. You need to develop a data-based culture. You need to engage in Lean Planning. You need to understand your margins on all your products and services.You need to have a strategy for recruiting and retaining talent.You need to listen online every day.

20 Businesses You Can Start for Less Than $20.

TaskRabbit and Lyft are good ideas, but that’s just the tip of the iceberg.Pet Sitting.House Sitting. Babysitting. Blogging and Promoting It.Direct Sales. Selling Used Books.Cleaning.

14 profitable small business ideas worth starting in 2021

Home improvement services. In 2020, the housing market saw its highest pace of growth since 2005. Cleaning services.Tutoring services. Personal training and fitness instructors. Delivery services. Digital marketing services. App development. Accounting services.

the Gift of the MagI

SETTING:   The story takes place in New York during the Christmas holiday season

PLOT:          A poor, young married couple who don’t have enough money to buy each other Christmas gifts. As The Gift of the Magi unfolds, both sell their most prized possession to pay for a gift for the other

CONFLICT:  In “The Gift of the Magi,” the main conflict is that Della does not have enough money saved to buy the gift she thinks Jim deserves.

CHARACTERS:   In โ€œThe Gift of the Magiโ€ the major characters are Jim and Della, and Madame Sofronie as a minor character

POINT OF VIEW:   third person limited

SYMBOLISM:  Gold, a metal, is a symbol of earthly kingship. Thus the gifts were given in recognition of Jesus’s importance within the Christian story. In “The Gift of the Magi,” the magi symbolize wisdom.

THEME:  Della Young and Jim Young’s deep love for each other is the central theme of “The Gift of the Magi.

Initially the story starts with Della,a lovable creature counting down her money to buy a wedding gift for her husband.The story then moves on describing her beauty which cannot be made sufficient even with millions of eyes.Her hair is the most beauty of all gliding like a falls from a mountain.Meanwhile the author also describes their financial status by saying their rent they had to pay.Meanwhile Della and Jim both are very curious to surprise each other for their  anniversary,but still their only problem is their financial status.But still their love is untiring which is ready to do anything for their loved ones.Della is very fond of her hair,Jim is also fond of a watch which he had received from his father though the watch doesn’t have strap Jim would always take it with him.When it was about to the anniversary nearing the both had no money but finally they didn’t give up.They decided to sell whatever they have  very precious.So as of the case of Della she went to sell her hair and so she did but still she had some fear when she came home that her husband wouldn’t like her new hairstyle.On the other hand Jim sold his watch dial.Her is where the twist evolves when these couple purchases gift for the other one.Jim buys a beautiful comb thinking of her wife’s magnanimous hair.Della buys a watch strap for her husband’s strapless dial.Both were about  to surprise each other with gifts by evening.Della is very much nervous thinking of her husband’s reaction.While Jim   returns home he;s already late.This is when the couple both reveals their gift.Finally  both of their gifts were of something that says that love doesn’t need only gifts to show but then the love here is very pure to the fullest that they even sacrificed their precious things.Gold, a metal, is a symbol of earthly kingship. Thus the gifts were given in recognition of Jesus’s importance within the Christian story. In “The Gift of the Magi,” the magi symbolize wisdom.Della Young and Jim Young’s deep love for each other is the central theme of “The Gift of the Magi.

                                                                     “Love lies in Giving Up Too”

The Right Way of Enjoying Your Freedom

Freedom is a powerful word. It is the basic right of every individual and no one can deny it. But are you using your freedom in a proper way? Have you thought that your sense of freedom might deprive that of others? A G Gardinerโ€™s โ€˜On the Rule of the Roadโ€™ is an essay teaching the readers on the right way of enjoying freedom.

The essayist narrates a situation where an old lady walks down the middle of a street ignoring the traffic rules and other vehicles. This causes a great confusion and she doesnโ€™t seem to care about it. It is a dangerous situation where accidents can happen and people can get hurt. But when it was pointed that she should walk in the pavement not on the road, she replies that it is her liberty to walk wherever she wants. Just like this woman, there are many who seem to take advantage of their โ€˜libertyโ€™. What we need to realize is if everyone does whatever they want in whatever way they like because it is their liberty, โ€œthen the end of such liberty would be universal chaosโ€. 

โ€œEverybody would be getting in everybody elseโ€™s way and nobody would get anywhere. Individual liberty would have become social anarchy. There is a sanger of the world getting liberty-drunk…โ€

So, the traffic rules are made to ensure that everyone can enjoy their liberty. When the policeman at the intersection directs the traffic, he โ€œis the symbol not of tyranny, but of libertyโ€. If you canโ€™t understand the statement, think of this situation as the essayist provides. You may be in an urgency to reach your destination, but when the policeman stops you, you may think he is curbing your liberty. But, if you reflect on it, you will understand that if he doesnโ€™t stop you, he wonโ€™t stop anyone and everyone will clash into each other. 

โ€œYou have submitted to a curtailment of private liberty in order that you may enjoy a social order which makes your liberty a realityโ€. 

โ€œLiberty is not a personal affair only, but a social contractโ€. Does the statement mean your freedom is limited by society? No, you are free to do whatever you like unless it doesnโ€™t affect that of others. You have both personal liberty and social liberty. You may dress however you want, dye your hair, eat whatever you wish, like and dislike at your will because it is your liberty. No one can question your personal liberty. Likewise, the other person has the liberty to differ from you. You have your own kingdom where you can do whatever you wish. But, once you step out of the kingdom, your โ€œpersonal liberty of action becomes qualified by other peopleโ€™s libertyโ€. 

You may want to practice music in the middle of the night, you may do so if you are on the top of Mt. Everest. If you do so in your house, you are disturbing the sleep of your family members. If you do so in the streets, you are disturbing your neighbours and they will object to this. Their objection will remind you that your liberty of practicing music is interfering with their liberty to sleep peacefully and so it shouldnโ€™t be done. 

โ€œThere are a lot of people in the world, and I have to accommodate my liberty to their libertiesโ€.

We often forget this and find fault with others. We should be considerate to the rights and feelings of others because it is the โ€œfoundation of social conductโ€. We should stop focusing only on our liberties and start considering that of others and the responsibilities that come along with them. We need law to limit some of our liberty in order to ensure greater liberty.

โ€œLiberty is not a personal affair only, but a social contractโ€

Future of Healthcare Sector

Healthcare is the most basic need of our lives.healthcare system is one of the basic pillar of every developing nation. As we can see now, Covid-19 situation is the worst situation ever. Many people had faced issues due to less numbers of doctors, shortage of beds and oxygen cylinders. But in this situation , we all depended only on the health care system. We all witnesses healthcarebeing more effective to fight against this situation than it has ever been.

Critical advancement in modern technology will play an integral role in progressing future of healthcare. According to the research technology developments such as mobile, internet of things, artificial intelligence and big data will be wonderful opportunity for overcoming healthcare. Technology made healthcare system more powerful as it increased accessibility of treatment,increased level of efficiency in data collection of patients, it become easy for frontline workers to record important patientโ€™s data and then share it as it is.

We can say that future of healthcare heavily depends on the robotics & digital technologies.after few years all the medical workโ€™s will be automated by this new technologies. Doctors & nurse will be treat or check their patients remotely whenever & wherever they want. We must not forget, that worldโ€™s first successful tele-surgery occured more than 15 years ago by a Surgeon in Newyork. Remotely guided 3 armed surgical robot operating 3,870 miles away in strasbourg,France. Quality healthcare will become more accessible or cheaper, more efficient & more convenient. As we know artificial intelligence have already made the work much more easy in every field. So it will help patients also to taking measurements & performing diagnostics. Another future of healthcare, is nano-technologies, It
has already being devloped but I believe in few years nano-medicines , nano-treatments etc will also
available.

Not only will technology help cure illness but, innovations will also motivate the people living with
illness. High quality healthcare helps people to defeat diseases & improve quality of life. I believe in 10 to 15 years although probably, even sooner there will be 100% treatment for cancer & diabetes. This diseases could join polio as defeated diseases. We expect there will be amazing instruments to see the complexity inside the human bodies that we canโ€™t imagine now.

People interact with healthcare system only when they have any disease or had any injury but in future healthcare system will focus on well-being & preventions rather than treatments.

Self love is the best love

Many people think that the concept of self-love is overdrawn and they ignore it. A lot of studies have shown that self-love is the key to mental wellbeing
Modern society is shaped in such a way that we are sort of bound to constantly compete against each other or even ourselves.Love is the only thing that keeps us going and makes us less robotic in a world. Everyone needs love and we spend most of our energy on loving others โ€” be it friends, spouses, children or family.We cannot always expect to rely only on external sources for love and that is where the concept of self-love comes in. A person who practices self-love will never need to depend on others to be happy and it is an empowering feeling to be happy on the inside.

Self-love is not being selfish, it is just putting yourself first and not being too tough on yourself. So next time you hear that little voice in your head telling you that you are not good enough or that you cannot afford to make mistakes , just ignore it.When our loved ones make a mistake we often forgive them easily, but when we make a mistake we are often too hard on ourselves.

The first step of self-love is realising that we are only human and it is okay to make mistakes; it is okay to lose at times; it is okay to not have the best day.All we need to do is love ourselves and let the negative things pass through.Bad times will pass.

Self-love has many benefits.The first benefit is greater life satisfaction. When we love ourselves more we instantly change our perspective of the world. Self-love can give us a more positive attitude towards life.The second benefit of self-love is that it can encourage us to pick up good habits. Self-love means loving your body, soul, and mind. Therefore, people who love themselves often refrain from doing things that will have an impact.It helps us to develop good habits.

If you start loving your body and mind more than others you will be the most happiest person in the world.
Most important benefit of self-love is better mental health. People who love themselves are less likely to suffer from anxiety or depression; self-love takes us in the way where there is a positive mindset which is an essential ingredient for success in life and for mental wellbeing.Learning to love yourself also reduces stress and makes you more focused at work.Put yourself a little higher on your priority list; think highly of yourself as the world takes you at your own estimate.Consider yourself important too,love yourself as much as you love your friends and family.When your depressed or sad don’t be angry on yourself because you may like that same thing when you see that in a positive side.Happiness and self-love are interconnected; and we all deserve to be happy. Self-love is the key to happiness and a person who is happy is in a far better position to achieve success in every aspect of life.

boards exam cancelled

Due to Covid19 pandmedic the whole world is like stopped. We are not stepping out from our home for more than a year. Government imposed lockdown and also took decision of closure of schools. Students have to study from online classes. Amid rising in Covid19 cases, Prime minister Narendra Modi declared the cancelletion of class 12 board exam this year.

PM Narendra Modi also said, “Anxiety among students, parents and teachers must be put to an end, and students should not be forced to appear for exams in such a stressful situation.” The decision is taken in a high-level meeting chaired by Modi in which it was decided that CBSE class 12 result will be made as per a well-defined objective criteria in a time-bounded manner. PM Modi also said the health and safety of students are of utmost importance, and there would be no compromise on this aspect.

PM Modi tweets on tuesday, โ€œGovernment of India has decided to cancel the Class XII CBSE Board Exams. After extensive consultations, we have taken a decision that is student-friendly, one that safeguards the health as well as future of our youth.โ€ After Prime minister’s meeting, the Prime Minister Office(PMO) gave statement “In view of the uncertain conditions due to COVID-19 and the feedback obtained from various stakeholders, it was decided that Class 12 Board Exams would not be held this year,”

MP government took decession to cancel upcoming board exam taking cue from centre’s decission. MP Chief Minister on wednesday tweets, “class 12 board exams will not held this year in Madhya Pradesh. Student’s lives are priceless for us. At the time, students have burden of Covid19, we can’t put mental burden of exam on them.”

The Madhya Pradesh board of secondary education(MPBSE) earlier declared the result of students of class 9 and 11 at its official websites mpbse.nic.in, mp.gov.in and vimarsh.mp.gov.in. The results are being announced without holding the final exams.

MP Chief Minister further said, by congratulating students, “My heartiest congratulations to all the students who have passed the 10th and 12th MP Board exam with flying colors.” Shivraj Singh on twitter. The CISCE has also cancelled the class 12 exam. Earlier, Gujrat board also announced the cancelletion of class 12 examination

What about your mental health?

In todayโ€™s era, everyone is occupied in their own life, we all are overlooking the most significant thing i.e. our mental well-being. It is a principal concern globally. Several people donโ€™t want to discuss this matter as they viewed it as a disgrace, several people relate this issue with craziness, being a person who is crazy and who canโ€™t use his/her mind capacity naturally thinks as a victim of mental diseases, but itโ€™s not true this topic is far wider and contains a lot of things do you know what mental health includes, it includes social, psychological, emotional, every field of life. It forms and constructs our way of thinking and living life. According to WHO near around 7.5 percent of people of the whole world suffer from some kind of mental health issues like traumas, disorders, etc.
From this large number of people, most of them donโ€™t take any corrective actions even they even share their problems with anyone. It is deemed taboo in society. These issues related to mental health doesnโ€™t recognize by someone easily, it appears to light when a person started getting self-destructive thoughts. Meanwhile, they commit something wrong with them, it is not a minor issue; it grows from years to years little by little, if no action is taken by a person seriously. You canโ€™t consider it as only a temporary issue, it can leads to permanent damage too. The way we talk about other diseases with someone, we canโ€™t talk about this. Most teenagers donโ€™t get enough courage to share their internal thoughts and feelings with someone to save them from being judged. Moreover, it doesnโ€™t come only in a specific age group, a child, an adult and even a meddle age person come to suffer from this. Our lives become so hectic we always remain busy with one or more things, a correct reason to suffer from a health issue is still unknown, as a reason can be genetics or it can arise from a specific age, from hormonal changes, from some specific event happened in someoneโ€™s life or it can arise from different trauma situation of a personโ€™s life. So there are numerous reasons. But there are a lot of warning signs from which we can recognize that someone has these issues or not, like a person is sleeping or eating irregularly whether in shortage or excess, if someone is indulging in bad habits like smoking, drinking excessively. Feeling helpless, hapless, confused, angry, upset, numb, experiencing serve mood swings. Inability to perform a daily task and thinking of harming himself, etc. So, one need to take some crucial steps towards spreading awareness about mental health worldwide. It a common issue so there is no need to worry and patients recover from it very easily permanently. But just there is a need to take some steps and it need support from society from government, from everyone. There are different ways to cope up with this issue, like talking with friends and family about it, taking some professional help if need it, stay positive, connecting with others.

CYBERBULLYING :- A THREAT

Social media is a platform where every individual have a right to share their thoughts, opinions, views. The huge amount of audience are on these platforms and contribute a lot to its success like Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, etc. The world we see on social media is totally virtual where everyone shares pictures to make others feel less confident. From a very long time, People on social media have become very envious and doesnโ€™t let anybody in peace. The direction in which social media is going will become a tough place to be on the platform for some people.

There are lot of hate comments and hate speech have always been shared through social media which makes it less safer for young generation. Despite all the benefits, Cyberbullying is also one of the outcome of Social media. Cyberbullying can be easily explained as when somebody try to degrade you in public platform by the words they use for you. Harsh and hate speech can never considered cool. Anybody can create fake identity on any of the social media as they consider it a weapon to hurt somebody. Not many people mind their own business, always try to invade in someoneโ€™s privacy and disrespect others.

Cyberbullying can be a consider a big threat of having safe environment on online sites. It becomes very hard to find out someone who is having fake profile and picture. The trollers are just some useless people who are unemployed. The mindset of trollers are filled with trash, which they try to show the vulgarity in social media . So many cybercrime department have been introduced by the government . Anybody can report their problem and Cybercrime department always try to help others.

It is our prime responsibility to stay away from stranger on social media and try to keep our children safe from the negativity . It is very easy to harm somebodyโ€™s confidence by meaningless comments but very hard to spread positivity and help others by giving them valuable compliments. It can actually build their confidence and make them rise and shine brighter.

Maggi maker Nestlรฉโ€™s internal document says majority of its food products ‘unhealthy’: report

ISTNestlรฉโ€™s internal documents seen by FT say out of the company’s overall food and drinks portfolio, 70% of products failed to meet the ‘recognised definition of health’

Photo Credit:&nbspTwitterMaggi maker Nestlรฉโ€™s internal document says majority of its food products ‘unhealthy’: reportKey Highlights70% of products out of company’s overall food and drink portfolio failed to meet health standardsAn internal presentation circulated among top executives in early 2021 said that only 37% of Nestleโ€™s products achieved recognised definition of healthAfter FT report, Nestle said it’s working on a “company-wide project” to update its nutrition and health strategy
Nestlรฉโ€™s, which makes Maggi noodles, KitKats and Nescafe, in an internal document admitted that more than 70% of its food and drinks portfolio do not meet the โ€œrecognised definition of healthโ€. The worldโ€™s biggest food company also admitted that some of its food products will โ€˜never be healthyโ€™ no matter โ€œhow much we renovateโ€.

According to UK business daily Financial Times, a presentation circulated among top executives in early 2021 said that only 37% of Nestleโ€™s products, excluding pet food and specialised medical nutrition, achieved a rating of 3.5 or higher under Australiaโ€™s health star rating system. The company considered 3.5-star rating as the โ€œrecognised definition of healthโ€. The system rates foods on a scale of 5 stars and is used by international groups as the benchmark.


According to the presentation seen by FT, out of the companyโ€™s overall food and drinks portfolio, 70% of products failed to make the cut, along with 90% of beverages excluding pure coffee.

Water and dairy products, however, fared better with 82% of waters and 60% of dairy above the threshold

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The data does not take into account baby formula, pet food, coffee, and the health science division which the company makes for people with specific medical conditions. This meant that the data did take into account about half of Nestleโ€™s Eu 84.35 billion total revenues.
After the damaging FT report, the Swiss company in a statement said it was working on a “company-wide project” to update its nutrition and health strategy and was looking at its entire portfolio to make sure its products helped meet people’s nutritional needs.

Meanwhile, in a statement on Tuesday, a Nestlรฉ India spokesperson said: โ€œNestlรฉ India believes that nutrition is a fundamental need and the food industry has a vital role to play in enabling healthier lives. Driven by our purpose, we are constantly striving to increase the nutrient profile of our products, as well as innovate with new and nutritious offerings.โ€


Electronic waste: Generation, Management and Disposal

 

 

 

 

 

In todayโ€™s day and age, one will hardly be able to find a person without a smartphone or a laptop! What is interesting is that in a regular household with say four people would mean four different smartphones, one or maybe two laptops. But what happens when these smartphones and laptops are replaced with a new ones? In the case of smartphones, it has been observed that on average, most people replace their smartphones every two years. So, what happens to old ones? What happens to their chargers and other electronics which came with them? This was only about a single household, now imagine several households and many industries which operate solely on electronics. Where all this waste goes? How are these disposed of?

The growth of IT and communication sectors and the global market of electronics and electrical equipment go hand in hand. Over the recent past, the IT and communication sector has increased the usage of electronics exponentially. We see new electronic products being launched daily. This fast up-gradation of electronic products forces consumers to discard the old electronics rapidly which in turn, adds to more and more e-waste. This growing problem of rapid generation of e-waste is a serious concern and a threat to our environment which needs proper management and disposal strategies.

What is e-waste exactly?

e-waste can be defined as any electronic appliance such as a refrigerator, computer, mobile phone, laptop, television, camera, etc., or even parts of such appliances like cables, wires, batteries, electronic chips, drives, etc which are not in use anymore.

This can be divided into three main categories which are:

(i) Large household appliances

Refrigerators, washing machines, etc.

(ii) IT and Telecommunications

Personal computers, laptops, etc.

(iii) Consumer equipment

TVs, mobile phones, mp3 players, etc.

e-waste challenges in India

This increase in the volume of e-waste is problematic. India ranks 177 amongst the bottom five countries on the Environmental Performance Index 2018, as per a report released at World Economic Forum 2018.ย 

Studies show that India generates more than two million tonnes of e-waste annually. One of the reasons for this huge number is the lack of proper e-waste management and disposal system. Because of the dumping that takes place in open dumping sites the groundwater is contaminated which leads to health issues as the toxic contaminants reach the human body and animals through the contaminated groundwater. The health hazards ranging from liver and kidney damage to various types of neurological disorders. The waste disposed of in landfills reaches agricultural fields which in turn affects humans and animals.ย 

The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) and KPMG study, Electronic Waste Management in India identified that computer equipment accounts for almost 70 percent of e-waste followed by telecommunication equipment phones (12 percent), electrical equipment (8 percent), and medical equipment (7 percent) with remaining from household e-waste.

What can be done?ย 

It has been observed that almost all e-waste consists of some recyclable material which includes plastic, glass, and metals. Recycling helps in the recovery of certain valuable metals and other materials from electronics which promotes the reduction the pollution, conserving landfill spaces, and creating employment.ย 

According to EPA, recycling one million cell phones can recover 75 pounds of gold, 772 pounds of silver, 35,000 pounds of copper, and 33 pounds of palladium.ย 

Recycling can be very beneficial to the environment. By utilizing used and unwanted materials as industrial feedstock can help recycling work.

ย Educating people about how to reduce, reuse and recycle unwanted electronics at all levels can be advantageous for the environment. Campaigns should be organized for spreading awareness about environment-friendly e-waste management programs.

Conclusionย 

ewaste management and disposal can be a challenging process but to keep the groundwater pollution-free and environment clean and reduce the number of diseases caused due to poor e-waste disposal, we need to come with better plans and strategies for the management and disposal of e-waste.ย 

ย 

ย 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecri/2011/474230/

ย https://www.teriin.org/article/e-waste-management-india-challenges-and-opportunities

Protecting innocence : POCSO Act, 2012

Protecting Innocence


Children are one of the most vulnerable sections of society. They are gullible and often fall under a bad influence or be a victim to sexual assault. According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report, there was an increase in crime against children in 2019. To protect their rights the government has taken many steps. Protection of children from sexual offences (POCSO) act is one such legislation introduced by the ministry of women and child development.
Despite having a comprehensive law there have been several issues with the interpretation. In January this year, a controversial ruling by Nagpur bench of the Bombay High court attracted widespread criticism. The bench held that skin-to-skin contact is essential to constitute the offence defined under Section 7 of the act. The court stated that punishment should be proportionate to the seriousness of the crime. This was perhaps the result of the amendment of the act in 2019 which increased the maximum punishment up to death penalty. Hence the court was of the opinion that a stricter proof was required to give death penalty to the criminal/accused. To understand the nuances of the act one has to know the basic provisions of the act.

Salient features of the act and the amendment

  • The act defines a child as any person below 18 years of age. It ensures physical, emotional, intellectual and social well being of a child. The act defines different forms of sexual abuse, sexual harassment and child pornography. The act is gender-neutral.
  • The amendment act in 2019 was aimed at deterring people from committing such heinous acts. Therefore It increased the maximum punishment to death penalty. Earlier the maximum punishment was life imprisonment.
  • The act enlists the provisions related to the conduct of trials of reported offences. Special courts for trials of offences were established under the act keeping the best interest of the child at paramount importance in every stage of the judicial process. Child-friendly procedures for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and trial of offences were incorporated.
  • In 2020 POCSO rules were notified. The onus of awareness generation and capacity building was given to the central government and the state governments. They are responsible for preparing age-appropriate educational material and curriculum for children informing them about various aspects of personal safety. The rules details the procedure regarding care and protection of a child.
  • Monitoring of implementation of the act is under National Commission for the protection of child rights or state Commission for the protection of child rights, as the case may be.

Impact of the act
In the past few years, there have been abominable criminal incidents against children such as the infamous Muzaffarpur incident. Such occurrences substantiate the need for death penalty. Although experts believe that death penalty can be a deterring factor but it might lead to the murder of the victim by the assaulter in an attempt to cover the crime. Hence making an act stringent might be less effective. The real deal is working on its implementation. A strict law is meaningless if it fails to control the crime. Implementation is the key to success. This intern can be done by sensitising the law enforcing agencies against such criminal activities.

HEAR YOURSELF

“when we focus on problems, we will have more problems, and when we focus on possibilities, we will have more opportunities.”

Ship don’t sink because of the water around them; ships sink because of the water that gets in them. So don’t let what’s happening around us get inside of us and weigh us down.

Nothing in this world is permanent. So, we don’t have to stress ourselves too much because no matter how bad the situation is, it will change.

If this life is our story, wouldn’t we want to make sure that it is an interesting one? So , always try to hear yourself and you will be surrounded by the clarity which resides in your heart.

Khushi Agarwal

This is the #1 reason that is stopping you from putting your best efforts into studying

โ€œEffort is the Key to Unlocking Our Potential.โ€
Our efforts can be hampered because of Distractions.

Distractions

Distractions can really hamper the ability to study properly.

There can be various reasons why someone is distracted. Finding the root cause is an important step because then we can come up with a solution for it. Some of the factors which can lead to distraction are:

โ€ข Music โ€“ Loud Music which is meant to distract your mind should definitely be avoided while studying as it can really affect your concentration.

โ€ข Phone/Tabs โ€“ These gadgets are the biggest problems in todayโ€™s era and are the root cause of distraction for most of us. It destroys your productivity and takes youโ€™re your attention towards studying.

โ€ข Thoughts โ€“ Most of us are deeply focused on our thoughts instead of actually studying. Even if youโ€™re reading your textbook, a thought can easily zone you out of studying.

โ€ข No motivation โ€“ Finding motivation in todayโ€™s fast-paced competitive world is extremely difficult.

โ€ข Friends โ€“ Your company you surround yourself with can make you or break you. Some friends exist to just distract you from your dreams.

โ€ข Games โ€“ Games can get overwhelming and can be extremely addictive.

โ€ข Movies and TV โ€“ In todayโ€™s era of OTT platforms, it has become a trend to binge-watch all the episodes of series in a go. Movies too are easily accessible.

Tips to Avoid Distractions:

โ€ข Brain Training
Training the brain can make a significant difference in avoiding distractions. The ABC technique has helped the majority of people and it has been proved to avoid distractions.
A – Awareness โ€“ Recognize your distraction.
B – Breathe deeply โ€“ Slow down, and think about what can be done to avoid the distractions.
C โ€“ Choose – The distraction can be dealt with in this step โ€“ either by being responsive to it or completely avoiding it.

โ€ข Meditation โ€“ Meditating can help to clear your thoughts, which in turn can help to be less distracted.

โ€ข Turn off loud music โ€“ it might be fun, but it can really distract your focus. Instead, use your headphones to switch on some calming study music which will increase your focus and cut down any external noise.

โ€ข Get organized with a to-do list.

โ€ข Switch off your phone, if that is not possible then use apps which block you from accessing distractive applications, use silent mode/DND, do not keep many tabs open. Switch off any other gadget distracting you.

โ€ข Break the overwhelming ocean of syllabus to study into small parts which can be easily achieved.

โ€ข Study in a clean, suitable area. Organize your space well. Do not study where you sleep – studying in your bed can lead to distracting yourself – to avoid that – avoid studying where you sleep.

โ€ข Donโ€™t overburden yourself – focus on one task at a time as multitasking can do more harm than good.

โ€ข Reward yourself when you do not get distracted.

โ€ข Have a routine and schedule your distractions.

โ€ข Communicate that you are getting distracted โ€“ to the people who are distracting you.

โ€ข Take a break if necessary. However, stop procrastinating. โ€œDo the work. Everyone wants to be successful, but nobody wants to do the work.โ€

โ€ข Sometimes things are not in your control โ€“ accept it.

Conclusion

Distractions can be intimidating but they can be fully avoided using certain methods.
Stop making excuses, have a healthy lifestyle, do not take stress, organize and clean your room, have discipline, make yourself accountable, and set a goal as these factors can help diminish distractions completely – you will definitely avoid distractions if you follow these as well.
Distractions can make you happy in the short term, but for long-term success, you need to study and work hard to achieve those big goals.

Technology quotes that inspire you in 2021

The present innovation is a flourishing business sector loaded with energizing and imaginative items and new learning openings. With innovation as a significant buyer within recent memory and furthermore an energizing involvement with our present reality, would you say you are propelled to produce something new? 

How would you think of an incredible groundbreaking thought? Look at these motivating innovation cites that may very well move you to additionally foster your affection for innovation. 

Presumably one may cite history to help any reason, as Satan cites sacred writing. 

โ€” Learned Hand 

“It has become horrifyingly clear that our innovation has surpassed our humankind.” 

โ€” Albert Einstein 

“A great deal of organizations have decided to scale down, and possibly that was the best thing for them. We picked an alternate way. Our conviction was that on the off chance that we continued placing extraordinary items before clients, they would keep on opening their wallets.” 

โ€” Steve Jobs, Apple 

“I don’t fear PCs. I dread absence of them.” 

โ€” Isaac Asimov 

“Creative mind is a higher priority than information. For information is restricted, while creative mind accepts the whole world, animating advancement, bringing forth development.” 

โ€” Albert Einstein 

“We need to quit advancing for software engineers and begin upgrading for clients.” 

โ€” Jeff Atwood 

Fun truth: Atwood is a product designer, book writer, podcaster and an essayist for Coding Horror, a mainstream blog. 

“Never trust a PC you can’t toss out a window.” 

โ€” Steve Wozniak 

“Everything is planned. Hardly any things are planned well.” 

โ€” Brian Reed 

Fun truth: Reed is both an American comic book author and computer game essayist. Cool positions! Become familiar with Rasmussen University’s degree programs in Technology 

“The world will not think often about your confidence. The world will anticipate that you should achieve something BEFORE you have a positive outlook on yourself.” 

โ€” Bill Gates 

“Effortlessness is tied in with taking away the self-evident and adding the significant.” 

โ€” John Maeda, The Laws of Simplicity: Design, Technology, Business, Life 

Fun actuality: Maeda has his Ph.D. in plan and was named one of the 21 most notable individuals in the 21st century by Esquire magazine. 

“Here’s to the insane ones. The loners. The revolutionaries. The miscreants. The round stakes in the square openings. The ones who see things in an unexpected way. They’re not attached to rules. What’s more, they have no regard for the state of affairs. You can cite them, can’t help contradicting them, extol or denounce them. About the solitary thing you can’t do is disregard them. Since they change things. They push humankind forward. And keeping in mind that some may consider them to be the insane ones, we see virtuoso. Since individuals who are sufficiently insane to figure they can change the world, are the ones who do.” 

โ€” Apple Inc. 

The Elite Books Of Danielle Steel – Review

Danielle Steel accounts range from sentiment to family adventures to her own special diary, and all convey with them Steel’s unmistakable style of warmth, heart, and sympathy. We asked perusers what they felt the best Danielle Steel books are, and got many reactions! Beneath we’ve arranged a rundown of the best Danielle Steel books, as per perusers, complete with their surveys just as the distributers’ depictions. Danielle Steel is quite possibly the most-prestigious American creators of our occasions. She has composed verse, genuine and kids’ books yet she experts in sentiment fiction with practically every last bit of her books making it to The New York Times Bestseller List. Her book in some cases stay in less exquisite idea like self-destruction, separate, war, even the Holocaust, however the subject of expectation, mental fortitude and love sparkle the most splendid.

The Gift

The miracle of life is constantly shadowed by the billows of vulnerability. With an endearing straightforwardness, Danielle Steel has rejuvenated a relationship that is guiltless, unadulterated and cheerful with an amazing power to it. A young lady in her passing changes the existence of the relative multitude of individuals she contacts giving them the most valuable blessing; shooing the dimness away from their lives.

Blue

In one decisive second, rising TV star Ginny’s life comes shrieking to a stop. Unexpectedly left without her family, Ginny is rudderless, attempting frantically to get the splinters of her everyday routine and discover something worth experiencing for. After some spirit looking, she chooses helping other people could be the appropriate response and leaves on a second profession as a compassionate guide specialist. As time ticks on, so does her distress. i.e., until she meets Blue. At only thirteen years of age, Blue, as Ginny, has gotten himself alone on the planet. Figuring out how to trust again won’t be simple for him, however he opens up to Ginny and the pair start to construct a fellowship, making up for the family-formed shortcoming in one another’s lives. Yet, Blue has a mysterious that Ginny wasn’t exactly ready for. She must set to the side the sadness that has been wearing her out if she will be there for Blue when he needs it the most. An upsetting story of injury and melancholy, Blue is a suffering demonstration of companionship, and the force of discovered families.

His Bright Light

Steel is known for her depiction of family misfortunes across her anecdotal works, yet His Bright Light is an obvious rude awakening. In this incredibly crude and individual piece of true to life, Danielle Steel recounts the narrative of her child Nick, an uncommonly talented young fellow with his mom’s enthusiasm for words. We follow Nick on his deep-rooted battle with bipolar turmoil, a battle which finished in his appalling demise at only 19. Steel digs into her involvement in incredible openness, specifying her dissatisfaction as a mother facing a clinical framework that would not like to hear her interests, and the ceaseless difficult task to get appropriate treatment for her child. This tremendously bold and moving accolade is especially exceptional since the returns from its underlying deals were utilized to set up an establishment in Nick’s name which finances treatment of psychological instability.

Echoes

In one definitive second, rising TV star Ginny’s life comes screeching to a stop. Out of the blue left without her family, Ginny is rudderless, endeavoring hysterically to get the splinters of her regular daily schedule and find something worth encountering for. After some soul looking, she picks assisting others with being the proper reaction and leaves on a second calling as a merciful guide subject matter expert. As time ticks on, so does her misery.i.e., until she meets Blue. At just thirteen years old, Blue, as Ginny, has gotten himself alone in the world. Sorting out some way to trust again will not be basic for him, anyway he opens up to Ginny and the pair begin to develop an association, compensating for the family-shaped inadequacy in each other’s lives. However, Blue has a baffling that Ginny wasn’t by and large prepared for. She should set to the side the trouble that has been destroying her on the off chance that she will be there for Blue when he needs it the most. A disturbing story of injury and despairing, Blue is an enduring showing of friendship, and the power of found families.

Prodigal Son

Human character is the thickest mist of dark ever; it isn’t dark or white. Danielle Steel has weaved a story of tension, doubt and selling out around twin siblings. One great, one awful. Along these lines, the terrible one leaves the town, to return at last because of a merciless spot of occasions. It is hard to cloth the great and the terrible one from the pair.

All That Glitters

We adjust our rundown with a book that came out only this year however which stays consistent with Steel’s all around adored early style. Life is unusual, and as so many of Steel’s characters have scholarly. All that you love can be grabbed away from you in a second. At the point when it happens to Coco, she’s abruptly driven out behind her shielded adolescence, sharpish. We follow Coco over her early stages as she figures out how to explore the world. Through it all she has her most established and closest companion, Sam, close by. In any case, attempt as he may, he can’t guide her away from the sketchy men that go back and forth from her life. Meanwhile, Sam also has choices to make, and it appears he doesn’t really know it all things considered. As the two of them stagger through early adulthood, it’s their strong kinship that will see them through every one of the difficulties lives tosses at them. All That Glitters recounts the tale of defective lives sprinkled with rash decisions yet hello, isn’t that what makes us human?

Jewels

It’s Sarah Whitfield’s seventy-fifth birthday celebration and she’s bringing an excursion through a world of fond memories. Rewind to old New York, where Sarah’s disastrous union with the unruly Freddie closes in separate. With an end goal to occupy their girl from her despondency, her folks take her to Europe. Tragically, a difference in scene isn’t exactly what was needed. i.e., until William, Duke of Whitfield goes along. After a hurricane sentiment, they get hitched, however love bird rapture is over before it’s appropriately started as WWII breaks out. While the world rations and scrabbles to revamp itself post-war, The Whitfieldโ€™s coincidentally find a rewarding endeavor, purchasing and selling gems. It’s not simply their business that is blooming: their brood is extending as well. As the youngsters develop more established, Sarah should shuffle parenthood and benefits. At the point when they at long last fly the home, a vacant house isn’t the respite it’s supposed to be. Truth be told, it brings another issue; There will not be any taking it easy until the family heritage is gotten.

Summer’s End

We start our excursion with Steel’s sixth novel, Summer’s End. Similar to the sign of Steel’s composition, our hero Deanna sits easily in the higher classes of society and, from the outside, seems to have everything. At 18 years of age, she wedded a swank Frenchman, and in the numerous years from that point forward she’s marked off all the containers for conjugal delight, with the exception of the genuine happiness part. At the point when her inaccessible spouse and teen girl leave on vacation, Deanna meets a man who will show her a brief look at life past the marriage she feels so caught in. In any case, actually like that merry summer, really soon her newly discovered comfort should reach a conclusion. Things go from awful to more terrible and life bargains Deanna significantly more than one blow, and since snapshot of bliss appears to be only a fever dream. Will she at any point discover her way back to the adoration that guaranteed genuine delight?

Safe Harbor

At the point when Ophelie tracks down her 11 year-old little girl get to know an odd man, she is justifiably concerned. All things considered, he’s Matt Bowles, a man for whom karma is by all accounts hard to come by. When a glad spouse and father, he’s currently a desolate craftsman, nursing the injuries of a harsh separation. He’s seen something in Pip, something that helps him to remember his own little girl who’s presently inaccessible, most of the way across the world. As Ophelie warms to the puzzling Matt, it appears Pip has coincidentally invited into their life a more abnormal that will change her and her mom’s lives for eternity. However, similarly as new sentiment day breaks not too far off, remainders of past loves start to pop up. An account of an improbable companionship and surprising associations, Safe Harbor is a contacting demonstration of the delight and warmth that individuals can bring basically by being there.

Kaleidoscope

Arthur Patterson is sick and approaching the finish of his life, however there’s something final he needs to do before he can relax. Some time ago, Arthur was the dear companion of an impressive couple, Sam and Solange – a supporting character in their fantasy. In any case, when their lives reach a vile conclusion, it’s dependent upon him to make game plans for their three little youngsters, and he decides to send each off to an alternate home. Presently, he’s recruiting a private examiner, who will enter three altogether different lives with an end goal to re-join the sisters. Yet, for one of the young ladies, the past hasn’t been not difficult to neglect. Conflicted between running from the torment and longing for the sisters she lost, between her anger and her shock, will she discover the fortitude to allow love to maneuverer into her heart, or would she rather run from the reality of the situation that has been covered this time?

Zoya

On the off chance that there’s one thing Danielle Steel realizes how to do, it’s transformed a verifiable occasion into an astonishing story. For this situation, it’s the Russian Revolution. For Zoya, a cousin of the Tzar, the seismic bringing down of the government is no triumph, she’s on the losing side. More fortunate than many, Zoya and her grandma figure out how to run away to Paris. The Second Great War brings American soldiers into the city, and soon enough Zoya discovers her way into the arms of one GI Clayton Andrews. He whisks her back to American when the conflict is finished and, for some time, it appears everything may very well be okay. However, for Zoya, security appears to just at any point be fleeting. As she develops from absolute bottom again, it appears to be that never-ending bliss might be simply past her grip. Zoya is a roller coaster of fortunes, a story of exactly how rapidly one’s karma can change. Yet, through every last bit of it, what stays steady is Zoya’s purpose and assurance to make a superior future.

Message from Nam

Our courageous woman Paxton, is a yearning columnist, so interest goes through her veins. At the point when she endures a catastrophe because of the conflict in Vietnam, she makes it her central goal to discover what’s going on those removed shores. Upon appearance, she is stunned by what she finds. Looking past the individual questions she came looking for answers to, her examination goes into overdrive, Paxton just can’t let all she has seen go obscure. Focused on sharing her encounters, she starts archiving them in a paper segment. As happenings of the conflict are deified in her articles, the men she meets en -route are scratched into her heart everlastingly, having impressions as suffering as printer’s ink. Message from Nam slyly catches the devastation unleashed by war both on those effectively battling, and furthermore on the regular citizens who can’t resist the opportunity to become involved with the crossfire. A dismal and extremely human update that at the end of the day, the impacts of battle will keep on being felt by numerous individuals for the remainder of their lives.

Accidental Heroes

On the ground, it’s simply one more day at the workplace for TSA specialist Bernice, until a mysterious postcard bearing a picture of the Golden Gate Bridge turns up at JFK. Quickly, Bernice attempts to raise her interests with her bosses, however they would prefer not to tune in. Her final retreat is to fly right by them and contact Homeland security. It’s Ben who answers her call, a specialist tormented by a new prisoner circumstance turned out badly. Unfit to bear the outcomes of another erroneous conclusion, he notices Bernice’s interests. Uncertain, two planes are headed to San Francisco. In charge of one is an Air Force veteran, and she has some high-profile travelers on board. Yet, as the gear-teeth begin turning, Ben starts to speculate this plane could be an objective. Redirecting fiasco will require everyone available and jumping into action. Incidental Heroes takes us on a nail-gnawing attempt to beat the clock through the eyes of normal society who get themselves out of nowhere at the cutting edge of a challenging salvage mission, demonstrating legends can manifest in sudden spots.

Silent Honour

18-year-old Hiroko is sent from Kyoto to live with family in California. While everything is unquestionably not ruddy, Hiroko begins to get comfortable and make a life for herself. Abruptly, Hiroko’s new home isn’t so accommodating. Where many were at that point unpleasant because of her legacy, she’s presently seen as a public foe and when the internment camps open, the battle for acknowledgment turns into a battle forever. From her move away from home, to a relationship with a more established man, it is the severity of a contemptuous xenophobic system that eventually speeds up Hiroko surrendering the guiltlessness of her youth. Praised for its meticulousness on the recorded points of interest, Silent Honour is a strong story about growing up set against the scenery of monstrosities many wish to delete.

Spy

Alexandra Wickham is another of Steel’s blueblood characters, beginning life in surrounded by extravagance and comfort of extravagance because of her highborn status. In any case, she longs for additional, and the flare-up of WWII gives Alexandra the ideal chance to search out more than the lifetime of spoiled dreariness that anticipates her. Invested with striking etymological capacities, she’s exactly what the British Special Operations Executive is searching for. She’s gobbled up, and hence starts her vocation as a government operative. This may be a reconnaissance novel on a basic level; however, it would scarcely be a Danielle Steel tale without a little notice of affection, and Spy doesnโ€™t disappoint. Alexandra goes totally gaga for an attractive warrior. Respectability recommends she should give her life of interest up; however, she’s gotten the reconnaissance bug, and a spouse unquestionably won’t back her off. A representative’s better half by day, she stealthily proceeds as a government operative even after the conflict closes. While she’s dominated the specialty of trickery with regards to her work, Alexandra discovers the trickiness she should support in her own life trickier. Will she be compelled to pick between the two incredible loves of her life, her family and her profession? From hazardous missions to risks of the heart, Spy is really an undertaking you would prefer not to pass up.

Gift of Magi

SETTING:ย  ย The story takes place in New York during the Christmas holiday seasonย  ย  ย  ย  ย ย 

PLOT: ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  A poor, young married couple who don’t have enough money to buy each other Christmasย gifts. As Theย Gift of the Magiย unfolds, both sell their most prized possession to pay for aย giftย for the other

CONFLICT:ย  In “Theย Gift of the Magi,” the mainย conflictย is that Della does not have enough money saved to buy theย giftย she thinks Jim deserves.

CHARACTERS:ย ย  In โ€œTheย Gift of the Magiโ€ the majorย charactersย are Jim and Della, and Madame Sofronie as a minorย character

POINT OF VIEW:ย  ย third person limited

SYMBOLISM:ย  Gold, a metal, is aย symbolย of earthly kingship. Thus theย giftsย were given in recognition of Jesus’s importance within the Christian story. In “Theย Gift of the Magi,” theย magi symbolizeย wisdom.

THEME:ย  Della Young and Jim Young’s deep love for each other is the central theme of “The Gift of the Magi.

Initially the story starts with Della,a lovable creature counting down her money to buy a wedding gift for her husband.The story then moves on describing her beauty which cannot be made sufficient even with millions of eyes.Her hair is the most beauty of all gliding like a falls from a mountain.Meanwhile the author also describes their financial status by saying their rent they had to pay.Meanwhile Della and Jim both are very curious to surprise each other for theirย  anniversary,but still their only problem is their financial status.But still their love is untiring which is ready to do anything for their loved ones.Della is very fond of her hair,Jim is also fond of a watch which he had received from his father though the watch doesn’t have strap Jim would always take it with him.When it was about to the anniversary nearing the both had no money but finally they didn’t give up.They decided to sell whatever they haveย  very precious.So as of the case of Della she went to sell her hair and so she did but still she had some fear when she came home that her husband wouldn’t like her new hairstyle.On the other hand Jim sold his watch dial.Her is where the twist evolves when these couple purchases gift for the other one.Jim buys a beautiful comb thinking of her wife’s magnanimous hair.Della buys a watch strap for her husband’s strapless dial.Both were aboutย  to surprise each other with gifts by evening.Della is very much nervous thinking of her husband’s reaction.While Jimย  ย returns home he;s already late.This is when the couple both reveals their gift.Finallyย  both of their gifts were of something that says that love doesn’t need only gifts to show but then the love here is very pure to the fullest that they even sacrificed their precious things.Gold, a metal, is aย symbolย of earthly kingship. Thus theย giftsย were given in recognition of Jesus’s importance within the Christian story. In “Theย Gift of the Magi,” theย magi symbolizeย wisdom.Della Young and Jim Young’s deep love for each other is the central theme of “The Gift of the Magi.

“Love lies in Giving Up Too”

 

Poverty

poverty the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possession .poverty is said to exist when people lack to means to satisfy their basic needs .Identification of poor people first requiresa determination of what consult the basic neefs these may be definied as narrowly as those necessary for survival or Although poverty is phenomenon as old human history its significance has changed over time.The total output of goods and service even if equally distrubed would still have been insufficient to give the entire population a comfortable standaered of living by prevaling standarts with the economic productivity that resulted fromm industralized national output were sufgicient to raise the entire population in comfortable level..In india The rate of economic development is very low what is requireffor a good level.poverty is linked with negative condition such as substandard housing homelessness,inadequate nutrients,and food security

solution of poverty

  • Equality and representation for all
  • increase access education.

poverty is not being without money is not being without hope”

Rural Development – the need of the hour

India is a diverse nation and one of the most challenging areas of India is majorly included in the rural regions. Rural areas are known as villages and have extremely less population per square kilometer. Even though the population per square kilometer is significantly less, most of the population in India resides in rural areas. The socio-economic census data (2011) revealed that almost 73% of the households were in rural areas. A good amount of GDP arises through rural regions as a significant amount of income is generated by people residing in rural regions through agriculture, Cottage Industries, Pottery, self-employment, services, construction, and much more.

Importance of Rural Development

Rural Development implies the actions taken for developing rural areas to improve Indiaโ€™s economy and to improve the standard of living in rural areas.
Rural development is the need of the hour because the majority of the population resides in rural regions. Indiaโ€™s economy can be improved drastically if the rural regions are developed. Necessities are not accessible in the rural regions and rural development is important because it will make basic needs accessible.
Some areas need to be developed in rural areas urgently, they include Education, Public Health, Sanitation, Women Empowerment, Employment, and much more.

Objectives of Rural Development

The main objectives of developing rural regions by the government are:
1. Improving productiveness & wages of people residing in rural regions
2. Increasing the standard of living of people residing in rural regions
3. Increasing employment and working towards demolishing unemployment
4. Providing basic needs
โ€ฆ And so on.

Rural Areas & Urbanization

India, in todayโ€™s time, has its focus on urban areas. Urban cities are expected to be the main form of growth while the potential of rural regions is mostly ignored. The existing reality and the plight of the rural areas need to be considered. Rural India is far more behind than Urban India in almost most aspects.
Various indicators conclude the importance of rural development in India:
1. Majority of families living in rural regions have a monthly income of less than Rs. 5000.
2. More than half of the rural families do not own land and are into casual labor. Close to 97 percent of the rural employment is in agriculture and informal jobs.
3. The rate of poverty reduction is higher in Urban Areas than the Rural Areas.
4. Rural literacy rate is lower than the urban literacy rate.
5. Rural Regions lack health and sanitation facilities more than the urban regions.

Conclusion

The nature of rural areas has changed as globalization as well as urbanization increased.
Rural development is extremely crucial for the overall development of the country. The majority of Indians are dependent on agriculture and one-third of rural India is still below the poverty line. Therefore, the government needs to develop rural regions and provide them with a better standard of living. Rural India Development is extremely crucial, especially in todayโ€™s extremely challenging times. The solutions to the challenges faced by rural people are complicated and funding is not the solution. Funding cannot solve the majority of issues, one of the main ones being poverty. It is a temporary solution. In the long run, skills and opportunities can make a huge difference in developing rural areas.
Villages have taken a backseat in almost every aspect of socio-economic analysis. The balance between urban and rural development is a must for the well-being of the country especially during COVID where the rural areas have been severely affected and the lack of basic facilities has made the situation for them even worse.

AGRICULTURE

*Organic farming is the best and the most viable alternative for traditional farming techniques. The producerโ€™s of organic farming has high nutritional value in comparison to conventional food.
*Organic farming helps in reducing soil pollution and air pollution. Use of harmful chemicals fertilizer and pesticides will poison our food cycle.
*India has the most organic farmers in the whole world. The only disadvantage of organic farming is it is costlier in comparison to conventional farming methods.
*several medicines are also made using the byproduct of crops earlier cultivation was solely dependent on cultivation but now with innovation like dams pump sets, canals ,farmers donโ€™t reply on monsoon for irrigation in field.
*India is the second most elevated maker of rural items of planet. Farming is the most important job for a country like India whose population more than 130crore.

Welcome to the adults world

I suddenly realized, separation is normal in life. Like dandellion seeds we grow wherever we fly. We’ll have new land, new friends and new dreams. The dreams that we pursue is shining and far away. They are like star and rainbows and morning dewdrops that roll on white roses. They’re on that side of life. On this side of life is the unwillingness and helplessness that we adults fight against in our life. The toughness is like food, air and tears running silently at night. Everyone is busy in their own life. Like others, our relationships gradually disappear as time goes on. Even missing has also gone. All that’s left is the great memories of our youth and the blessings never absent during holidays. We are like planets stay together for a while but separate later and move on our own orbits. I finally found out that someone must come back but others not. But we needn’t wait for them

In India the corona virus affect is mildly decreasing. In this time the government has to keep twelfth exams at this time and the result should be announced before this high risk of corona days, but now because of this corona it has been postponed. Students are safe at home and listening to the class and some days they went to school alternatively. In this corona virus second wave many students are affected many are in serious conditions, because of this corona as the economy is down parents are forcing their children to work. In this situation the children has to study and work in a job for their future, because without studying or not cultivating the talent you will be not able to sustain in this world. Day by day the world is going in advance all our trying to work hard to register their name in this world. Students need to study they can study where they are for studying there is no age limit but health is not like studies. So students have to stay in their home and study because each and every student health is not same like others so that keeping exam in offline is not worthy. If we maintain social distancing, washing hands an all too it may spread because by coughing by speaking an all, if we wear masks too it is not at all worthy. If we keep exams through online is the best thing for these days because no one will go out without any risk we can write with student safety but they will cheat in the exams. Technologies have improved a lot from big shops to small shops all in our finger tips we need not want to go outside itself such an invention we the human beings have invented. Technology with this help itself we can make student write their exam which they have learned before how means usually while writing a exam the camera will be on student must not move for max 3 minutes he can relax himself for the time period half an hour, around the student there must not be noise it must be clear. Through invention we can make many things so that we can block other things or apps because while writing student concentration must be fully focused on writing if the student has a laptop then there will be no problem only the camera and sound will be the problem but in mobile phone while writing exam the student can go to other apps like whatโ€™s app, twitter, you tube, and Google chrome etc.. So the government has to give them data card to write their exam and do these facilities so that all will do their exam. Government had told twelfth all pass without writing exam and passing in exam will become a big risk in their future because during their job interviews they may suffer with their marks. Its corona pandemic we cannot go to school at least we can do these methods because it may became a big risk for them to choose a course or college. Only solution is writing exam through online is also the best way to save the students from the corona virus and also to make their future bright.

In India the corona virus affect is mildly decreasing. In this time the government has to keep twelfth exams at this time and the result should be announced before this high risk of corona days, but now because of this corona it has been postponed. Students are safe at home and listening to the class and some days they went to school alternatively. In this corona virus second wave many students are affected many are in serious conditions, because of this corona as the economy is down parents are forcing their children to work. In this situation the children has to study and work in a job for their future, because without studying or not cultivating the talent you will be not able to sustain in this world. Day by day the world is going in advance all our trying to work hard to register their name in this world. Students need to study they can study where they are for studying there is no age limit but health is not like studies. So students have to stay in their home and study because each and every student health is not same like others so that keeping exam in offline is not worthy. If we maintain social distancing, washing hands an all too it may spread because by coughing by speaking an all, if we wear masks too it is not at all worthy. If we keep exams through online is the best thing for these days because no one will go out without any risk we can write with student safety but they will cheat in the exams. Technologies have improved a lot from big shops to small shops all in our finger tips we need not want to go outside itself such an invention we the human beings have invented.ย 

Technology with this help itself we can make student write their exam which they have learned before how means usually while writing a exam the camera will be on student must not move for max 3 minutes he can relax himself for the time period half an hour, around the student there must not be noise it must be clear. Through invention we can make many things so that we can block other things or apps because while writing student concentration must be fully focused on writing if the student has a laptop then there will be no problem only the camera and sound will be the problem but in mobile phone while writing exam the student can go to other apps like whatโ€™s app, twitter, you tube, and Google chrome etc.. So the government has to give them data card to write their exam and do these facilities so that all will do their exam. Government had told twelfth all pass without writing exam and passing in exam will become a big risk in their future because during their job interviews they may suffer with their marks.ย  Its corona pandemic we cannot go to school at least we can do these methods because it may became a big risk for them to choose a course or college. Only solution is writing exam through online is also the best way to save the students from the corona virus and also to make their future bright.

“The environment needs your help”

Read the news on any given day, and youโ€™d think we were all soon-to-be goners from climate change. New stories and reports regularly reveal all the ways humans are trashing the planet at an unprecedented rate.

Given the seemingly dismal reality, we might be tempted to throw up our hands and say thereโ€™s nothing we can do to fix the problem. But defeatism wonโ€™t get us anywhere.

Governments and corporations need to step in, but they shouldnโ€™t bear all the responsibility for making a positive environmental impact. People from all walks of life can do things each day to reduce their carbon footprint and make their routine more eco-friendly.Becoming an environmental warrior doesnโ€™t require a superhero-like effort. Something as simple as creating a grocery shopping list or using ceramic baking pans can make a big difference.Inact, a healthy lifestyle and an eco-conscious oneoften go hand in hand. Extra bonus: Being eco-friendly is often easier on the wallet.

The most obvious ways to help the environment are to conserve energy and use less water. But if you put on your green thinking cap, you can come up with lots of less obvious, but no less important, earth-friendly habits.Need jump start? Read on to learn a few simple day-to-day strategies to help the environment. You might be surprised at how much they help you in the process.

How to help the environment: Keep the car at home ;

Some Americans have swapped out their cars for eco-friendly modes of transport like walking, biking, and public transportation for good reason.

Along with helping to save money and improve fitness, leaving the car in the garage also reduces the amount of dangerous greenhouse gases (which are responsible for a large chunk of climate change) we release into the environment.One powerful way to minimize the environmental impact of driving is to trade in your clunker for a more eco-friendly vehicle. For other (less costly) options, try these tips to get you where you need to go.

Bike to work

Despite snazzy cycling accessories like the invisible bike helmet and gloves with light-up turn signals, fewer Americans are riding their bikes to work.Trusted Source . If more people commuted on two wheels instead of four, experts estimate we could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 11 percent by 2050.Trusted Source One study found that half of all car trips were less than 3 miles. Given the short distance, cycling or walking could easily substitute for 41 percent of these trips, saving nearly 5 percent in carbon emissions.

Walk it off

Motoring on two feet is a lot more energy-efficient than cruising on four wheels. Walking obviously isnโ€™t a viable choice if youโ€™re headed to see family across the country, but as long as you stay local, you can sneak more foot action into your daily routine and cut down on carbon emissions in the process.

Go public

The thought of squishing into a crowded train car might be a big turnoff to some would-be commuters, but think of all the upsides. Riding the rails creates extra time to catch up on emails, read a juicy novel, or get just a little more shut-eye. Plus it does wonders for the health of our planet. Switching to the subway or metro cuts greenhouse gas emissions by 76 percent per passenger mile compared to driving your own car. Taking the bus drops emissions by 33 percent per passenger mile over commuting solo.Trusted Source

More ways to help the environment: Reduce food waste

Everyone talks about how much food we eat, but what about the food we donโ€™t eat? Americans toss out 133 billion pounds of food each year. That means about 40 percent of our food supply goes straight into the trash. Trusted Source If people around the world saved just one quarter of the food they now waste, we could end global hunger. Trusted Source But instead of filling empty plates, that wasted food usually ends up in landfills, where it eventually turns into a destructive greenhouse gas called methane.Wasting food also squanders the resources (like water and energy) that went into the production of that food. Here are some easy ways to shop and eat more efficiently to waste less food.

Save the environment by using less packaging

Disposable plates, plastic forks, and ketchup packets are small, but they add up. Food packaging and containers create 39 million tons of waste annually โ€” nearly one quarter of solid waste produced in the United States. Trusted Source .A whole lot of those containers end up in landfills, where they release more methane into the air.The good news is that many companies are becoming more aware of how much food packaging they use and taking steps to reduce it (edible wrappers, anyone?).

Is Privacy not Private anymore?

The IT Rules 2021 (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code), on 25th Feb have announced that, the social media intermediaries providing messaging function and which has more than 50 lakh registered users should oblige to the condition of ensuring chat traceability to find the originator of the information on their platforms. WhatsApp on 25th May sued the Indian Government as the new rules asks for the users information to be tracked and Stored, which is the opposite of their end -to- end encryption service. For the message to be traced, encryption has to be broken which is the fundamental feature that makes users to trust the service and exchange information.

A release by Ministry of Electronics and IT said, โ€œthe traceability measure will be used by the law enforcement as the last resortโ€ and only on specific situation such as to prevent, identify offence that affects sovereignty and integrity of India or child sex abuse material, punishable with imprisonment.

ย  ย Privacy at Stake:

WhatsApp is a messaging service that provides end -to- end encryption service to the users which allows only the sender and the receiver to know the content. There are about 400 million users of this messaging service in India whose privacy would be at stake if the rule is enacted. Encryption feature enables privacy protection, breaking it would be violation of privacy.

This rule will affect the right to show one’s opinion without hesitation, the work of journalists, social activists, voice of people against unethical acts etc., Sharing of personal and important information will become a question mark.

WhatsApp’s contention that “requiring messaging apps to ‘trace’ chats is the equivalent of asking us to keep finger print of every single message sent…and fundamentally determines right to privacy”

The existing law itself can already have access to encrypted data under Section69(3) of the IT Act. It can still seek unencrypted data, meta data and digital traits from intermediaries like WhatsApp. By this rule the law will be able to find the offender but at what cost, thousands of people’s freedom and privacy is on the line

It’s just a normal thing….

Why we donโ€™t call period by itโ€™s name?
Why periods always needed code word?

You know why ???

Let me tell you โ€ฆ.According to the culture and old rituals if a woman is on her period That means she is dirty or unclean.

Example:

In Hinduism-
Before some time ago womens cannot enter in the kitchen During their period days But now in 21st century they can enter in kitchen but They canโ€™t take Part in any Puja or any preparation related to the Puja.

IN ISLAM-
During menstrual period,Womens are excused From performing the prayers and fast.

IN CHRISTIAN-
Before sometime ago Womens were also not allowed in church prayer during their menstruation period time.

REGION:

In south india ,Girls who experience there First mensuration period for the first time are given presents and Celebrations to mark the occasion.

In Indonesia,Women is not allowed to enter in the kitchen nor she is allowed to sex with her husband while ,Menstruating . She is not even allowed to sleep with her family .

In nepal,Womens are not allowed to do household work for the 3 night during her menstruating period.

Myths:

โ€ข Using tampons As a virgin will break the hymen And take womanโ€™s virginity :
Its true,that Hymen can be torn during intercourse,or when tampon is inserted but it doesnโ€™t break virginity.

โ€ข You cannot get pregnant If you have sex during your periods:
NO, its wrong if is the woman has unprotected sex while her period days.
so,somewhere there is still possibly to get pregnant .

โ€ข Having menstrual sex is unhealthy for women and it also can kill the man:
No itโ€™s not true โ€ฆthis is just a myth.

class 12 cbse board exams

Like Mahabharata, the story of the board exam for the students of CBSE class 12 had been going on for what seems like a whole Yug. Then finally, one fine day, on 1st June, it was announced by our Honโ€™ble Prime Minister that the exams are cancelled in the interest of the students. Whether the students heaved a sigh of relief, it was really the parents who swiped the sweat off their foreheads, because letโ€™s face it, everyone is worried about their health amidst this pandemic.

Last year, too, though the exams had started in most part of the country, that was the time the first wave started getting worse, so, the exams were postponed. Half the students had completed their exams, some had one or two exams left, and some hadnโ€™t even started. That is the pattern of CBSE. So it was really a headache on how to conduct the exams. Then since the situation got worse, the exams were cancelled. The marks were declared with the aggregate of the pre-board exams conducted. This year though, it is not an option, because, the students from the beginning had not attended face-to-face class. So, it is now in the hands of the teachers and authorities to brainstorm a way to grade the students that meets everyoneโ€™s satisfaction.

The last years grading system was that the students had attended some of the exams. The aggregate of those subjects was taken and the mark was given to the remaining subjects. For the students who hadn’t written a single subject the marks from their pre-boards were taken and according to that they were graded for their board exams.

But this year that would not be the case because from the beginning the students had been attending the online classes so the assessments were all conducted online and let’s be honest, it would have been easy for students. So now if the authorities plan on marking the students according to the internal marks everybody is in a win-win situation. There is also another method that the board is considering. That is grading the students according to their 10th marks.

Since the board has yet to submit their report to Supreme Court, the marking pattern of the papers is not yet finalized. Either way, the one worry of whether the exams are going to be conducted or not has been served but since keeping in mind that the 12th marks are the base for that students career, the decision regarding its marking scheme is crucial and if the board and the Government does not satisfy most of the parents and students, there might be a major negotiation between the two parties and by the time the final decision is taking the students should have been through another Kalyug in Mahabharat.

The option to write the exam after the situation gets conducive for the students willing to write the exam, is just doubtful. We have to keep in mind that this situation is tough for everyone and the government is doing whatever it can but since we have to believe โ€œto each his ownโ€, it is tough to meet everybody’s set expectations and especially since the population of the students and their families constitute a fair share of the population. The Government really needs to think and take a decision that would not only satisfy the current needs of the students but also their dreams they want to follow after their higher secondary.

History of Amazon

#Amazon.in

Founding:

Jeff Bezos, a young man fresh out of Princeton, the university he graduated from in 1986, he quickly began to make a name for himself in the business world, eventually becoming vice-president of the major Wall Street firm DE Shaw and Co. A position he left in 1994 to launch his own company from Seattle (Washington). After reading a report on the future of the Internet that projected annual growth of web commerce of 2,300%, in the space of a garage (Seattle in 1994), Jeff Bezos decided to build his new online company. The result of this adventure was Cadabra (the embryo of Amazon).When the company was born, it was exclusively dedicated to selling books on the Internet. โ€œWith more than three million titles for sale and available throughout the world, the books category has more articles than any otherโ€, acknowledged the founder of the company in an interview years ago.At the same time, in his incessant quest to improve business volume, the entrepreneur soon opted to change the name of the company. Bezos selected the name of Amazon by looking at the dictionary, he chose the name because of its association with the Amazonas river and also because it began with the first letter of the alphabet. Amazonโ€™s slogan is From A to Z.

The beginning of Amazon

Bezos decided that this new business would sell books over the Web, due to the large worldwide demand for literature, the low price that could be offered for books, and the great selection of titles that were available in print.Amazon.com website was launched on July 16, 1995, immediately beginning an exponential growth of the company and its presence on the web. After 30 days of Amazon.com going online and without media promotion, Amazon was selling books in all 50 US states and 45 countriesAmazon Homepage 1995Bezos wanted to work on making the website as customer-friendly as possible and relating the site to all types of customers. The company offered discounts, affordable prices, offered topic areas to browse, books recently featured, a recommendation center, access to customer reviewsโ€ฆ And a bunch of other customer hits!Despite the quick takeoff, not everything could be pink. It wasnโ€™t long before other companies started attacking the new company, like Walmart that accused Bezosโ€™s business of having stolen his business idea.

Be the challenge to face the future

Due to this current problem arises in our country this is not a problem of single citizen, but this problem can arise to anybody this basic problem street dogs and birds, are not getting food only we humans give them food to those animals then only they can survive in this society without human help no street animals can survive the basic problem for street dogs is if they want to survive food we eat,instead of wasting those foods we can feed this food to dogs ,cats, birds, pigeon, crows,and squirrel, so their will be less wastage of food, even the animals, dogs will get food and their and there will be no food wastage and even the animals will be happy after eating food this problem arises near my locality,so l started giving foods all they are suffering for food and water. So I took a step to feed those animals food and water as my daily practice Thrice a day I feed them food with love and care I am taking this as a duty,as a human being I,am feeding food for animals as humanity lam feeding the food with care there is no partial to me,all are equal to me as a small animal’s what l felt after seeing these animals l started feeding and gave them food as regular basis this as a service l feed them food and water as a social service l do it everyday, as a human being, l did a humanity service for my society and for my respect l gave food for animals this is story of my locality โ€ขSometimes it even second of life and tragedy human life is unfaithful sometimes it can change good to bad between the human extinction today that life is suffering day to day to breathe,eat but our life is in our hands but human beings are not friendly but now everything is changed due to covid many of them spending their time spending time in online is reduced but now spending time with family and their children and their pets many of them learned importance of spending time with family but many cricketers, sport person,celebrity, music, director helping cleaning house,cooking gardening playing, but government has implemented lockdown many of them are happy but students and working people are not happy students having online class and work from home is implemented โ€ข but many environments pollution is reduced to 60% percent and air pollution reduced to 75% and vehicles noise reduced to 80% and greenery is increased to 95% Ozone layer is cleaned every pollution is reduced and forest and greenery is increased water pollution in reduced by industrial chemical factory, and more plants are planting every day road is so neat and full empty and can enjoy the beauty of nature at night sparkling stars life will be beautiful enjoy your time with family is the best medicine spend time with family is good environment โ€ขโ€ขโ€ข

Media a Bad influence or a Good one?

Media is a very power tool. It influences not only the young mind’s but the older one’s too, such an important weapon was sometimes used in a very wrong by many people. It is said that the fastest means of information projector in this world is media but unfortunately public is also utilizing it in a wrong way they take the content which they want instead they have never thought this thing called what is reality?

the worst and sad part is media which is the biggest social platform in this society or the world doesn’t cover the news which actually should be covered rather than they curry the favors and provide the info which is far from reality. Is this the actual influence which should be grab by the public or the young minds? the answer is No certainly not media should cover the news which is actually a news and peice of info which need attention then it should be published or project then the public or young minds gather their attention and make decision which is certainly importantย  their life.

the conclusion is media a good influencer but if it has not performed it’s part or it is not utilized in a certain way it should be used then it is a definitely gonna be a bad influencer so whatever it is it depends on us. make use most of it have fun but in limits have gain but it limits

 

Educationโ€ฆIs it mandatory?

People think having outer knowledge is boon to their lives but having knowledge with utmost certainty of least idea what goes around he world is dangerous, so here comes EDUCATION

Education is something which helps to gain knowledge, learn things in systematic procedure and to implement the knowledge or the things which we learn in real life there comes the word called EXPERIENCE, which is why many in our country or across the globe fight for education.

yes the education is mandatory in ones life as it gives us the power to enhance the wrong which is going around us we can stop by using correcting means of source and the best thing part is we will know that what it actually means by the proverb called ‘Art Of Living’. we will have this amazing exposure to learn from the world called imagination and creation ,as these are the thing which shape the youth mind’s and helps many talented people to reach their destination. hence lets educate ourselves in a good way to make our future ready.

 

YOGA – NATURAL IMMUNE BOOSTER

A Better Body Image

Yoga develops inner awareness. It focuses your attention on your body’s abilities at the present moment. It helps develop breath and strength of mind and body. It’s not about physical appearance.

Yoga studios typically don’t have mirrors. This is so people can focus their awareness inward rather than how a pose โ€” or the people around them โ€” looks. Surveys have found that those who practiced yoga were more aware of their bodies than people who didn’t practice yoga. They were also more satisfied with and less critical of their bodies. For these reasons, yoga has become an integral part in the treatment of eating disorders and programs that promote positive body image and self-esteem.

Becoming a Mindful Eater

Mindfulness refers to focusing your attention on what you are experiencing in the present moment without judging yourself.

Practicing yoga has been shown to increase mindfulness not just in class, but in other areas of a person’s life.

Researchers describe mindful eating as a nonjudgmental awareness of the physical and emotional sensations associated with eating. They developed a questionnaire to measure mindful eating using these behaviors:

  • Eating even when full (disinhibition)
  • Being aware of how food looks, tastes and smells
  • Eating in response to environmental cues, such as the sight or smell of food
  • Eating when sad or stressed (emotional eating)
  • Eating when distracted by other things

The researchers found that people who practiced yoga were more mindful eaters according to their scores. Both years of yoga practice and number of minutes of practice per week were associated with better mindful eating scores. Practicing yoga helps you be more aware how your body feels. This heightened awareness can carry over to mealtime as you savor each bite or sip, and note how food smells, tastes and feels in you mouth.

A Boost to Weight Loss and Maintenance

People who practice yoga and are mindful eaters are more in tune with their bodies. They may be more sensitive to hunger cues and feelings of fullness.

Researchers found that people who practiced yoga for at least 30 minutes once a week for at least four years, gained less weight during middle adulthood. People who were overweight actually lost weight. Overall, those who practiced yoga had lower body mass indexes (BMIs) compared with those who did not practice yoga. Researchers attributed this to mindfulness. Mindful eating can lead to a more positive relationship with food and eating.

Enhancing Fitness

Yoga is known for its ability to soothe tension and anxiety in the mind and body. But it can also have an impact on a person’s exercise capacity.

Researchers studied a small group of sedentary individuals who had not practiced yoga before. After eight weeks of practicing yoga at least twice a week for a total of 180 minutes, participants had greater muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and cardio-respiratory fitness.

Covid triggered Unemployment

The covid โ€“ 19 pandemic has triggered the common issue of unemployment in our country. The real danger is this crisis will eventually increase the poverty and economical inequalities and will have an impact on our economy for years to come.

The government has imposed lockdown to control the spread of corona virus. As a result, it has impacted on the economic and commercial activities of our nation and effected into job loss and migration of migrant workers which trembled the entire nation.

This Job crisis shows no sign of slowing as the impact of corona virus continues to batter almost every sector now.

The economy has hit hard by this pandemic particularly the informal economy. Around 20 crore 12 lakh people lost their job in April 2020 as per CMIE (Centre for Monitoring of Indian Economy) and 74 lakh people lost their jobs in April 2021 as per CMIE. Apart from job loss the household incomes have also fallen down sharply. The CMI has also said that 97% of households has seen fall in income as a result.

Indiaโ€™s Unemployment has increased from 7.97% in April to 11.9% in May. While unemployment is high, future too isnโ€™t looking very bright. Our traders who were looking forward to recover from last yearโ€™s shutdown didnโ€™t got the relief due to Lockdown 2.0. While big businesses are suffering losses whereas the small ones are permanently shut down.

The present constraints are majorly predominant in urban India, where most of the salaried jobs are. According to employment data from 2019-20, urban India accounted for 58 % of all salaried jobs in the country. The job loss in urban India during 2020-21 was, however, only 38 % of the total job loss of 9.8 million, as per the CMIE report. This means that urban India will observe further salaried job loss over the course of the year.

Migrant and labor forces:

Migrant workers constitute one of the weaker sections of the society and this pandemic has rubbed salt to their wounds. Due to lockdown, daily wage workers are left with no work. Besides job losses, the migrant workers are facing another reality โ€“ hunger. Unemployment in 2020 had left these labors and workers with little or no savings, and now jobs are scarce and living costs have gone sky high.

Farmers and primary sector:

Farmers are crucial part of the food value chain in India. They are the most significant element of the global food system. This pandemic has brought new risks which have threaten the livelihood and food security. Every year, Indian farmers face risks such as low rainfall, price volatility and rising debts. But risks from the COVID-19 pandemic are putting new challenges in front of a sector that is already under threat.

Women and Youngsters:

According to reports, women saw a larger decline in job losses in India than men. Covid also created turmoil in Young peopleโ€™s lives by taking their jobs away. The youth share of total employment loss was 15-18 times greater than their share in total employment. This is pathetic. The pre-crisis challenges are now amplified due to covid โ€“ 19 hit.

Reference –

  1. https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/rising-unemployment-adds-to-the-covid-pain/article34628576.ece
  2. https://qz.com/india/2011017/covid-19-may-leave-thousands-of-indians-unemployed-forever/

VACCINE PHOBIA

When we were born, we were vaccinated for many diseases. Have you wondered why babies are vaccinated and how it works? Babies are very fragile and have a very weak or immature immune system and are thus at the risk of becoming sick. A vaccine is a substance that stimulates the production of antibodies and provides immunity to one or more diseases. A vaccine contains an agent that resembles the disease-causing microbe which is either weakened or killed and is being injected to the living beings. When the living body identifies a similar or related microbes in future it destroys the microorganism. The vaccines have been proven to be useful in shielding us from various hazardous health issues. Every year they prevent more than 3 million childhood deaths worldwide from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles, to name a few. Though vaccines have caused some level of worry due to its side effects there was also some and trust attached along with it.

In the current situation in India, the nation is fighting bravely together against the second wave of coronavirus. After much of struggle, many vaccines are invented such as Covishield, Covaxin, Sputnik V etc. These are considered as a torch in abstract darkness. However it didn’t last long because of the fear of its side effects, the unpleasant happenings, events and news. People are like cat on the wall unable to choose between extremes-one is to stay without guard and increase the risk of exposure to coronavirus and the other, to vaccinate themselves and tremble due to the fear of its side effects which might even be fatal. Of course! Every human body has its own defects and is never identical to the other. The suitability of vaccine also depends on the body conditions. Many people fear that they might fall sick after taking the vaccine. Mostly in remote areas with less awareness and more fear have expressed that they are healthy and strongly believe that they would not get sick even if they are affected by coronavirus and are confident about the immune system.

Even we ourselves must have heard people in our neighbouring areas dying immediately after taking either one shot or both shots of vaccine. Some of us must have also heard people getting really sick after the first shot of vaccine. This creates a lot of chaos because people started losing confidence in the vaccine because they believe that getting infected or getting vaccinated, both can be baleful. I’ve heard many people talking about the vaccine that it is not suitable for all age groups and administering it to the old people triggers new health problems which weren’t visible before. I have also heard many saying that the vaccine is also not suitable for the children as it causes serious health issues when they become adults. But apart from whatever we hear or see, the vaccines are lifesavers and consists of a lot of positives and benefits though it may have some drawbacks too. The vaccines have gone through a lot of processes and tests before being given to the public. The vaccine might not be a perfect solution but still let us hope it paves way for a better and healthier future.

Relevant links: https://www.psycom.net/covid19-vaccine-hesitancy-mental-health https://womensenews.org/2021/04/the-covid-19-vaccine-to-fear-or-not-to-fear/

Class 12 Board exam cancelled ( PM says safety of the students it’s very important)

ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  ย ย ย ย Class 12 Board Exams Cancelled,

ย ย ย ย ย ย ย  PM Says Safety Of Students Most Important

 

 

 

Class 12 board exams conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) have been cancelled.

 

There will be noย Class 12 board examsย this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said on Tuesday, ending weeks of anxiety among students and parents over the Covid situation in the country. The decision was taken because of โ€œuncertain conditionsโ€ due to COVID-19 and based on feedback from different stakeholders, said his office.

Students should not be forced to appear for exams in such a stressful situation,โ€ a statement from the Prime Ministerโ€™s Office The health and safety of our students is of utmost importance and there will be no compromise on this aspect,” said the statement, quoting PM Modi.Both CBSE and CISCE Class 12 exams have been cancelled.

Government of India has decided to cancel the Class XII CBSE Board Exams. After extensive consultations, we have taken a decision that is student-friendly, one that safeguards the health as well as future of our youth,โ€ PM Modi tweeted.

The CBSE will now take steps to compile the results of Class 12 students according to โ€œwell-defined objective criteria in a time-bound mannerโ€, the PMO release said. Like last year, students who still want to take the exams will be given a chance when the situation improves, said the government.

The decision was announced shortly after PM Modiโ€™s meeting with key ministers and officials from various related ministries and stakeholders.

COVID-19 has affected the academic calendar and the subject of board exams was causing immense anxiety among students, parents and teachers, which had to be put to an end,โ€ said the PMO statement.

The decision comes two days ahead of a Supreme Court hearing in which the Centre is expected to file its reply on a petition seeking exactly this. The court had posted the hearing to June 3 after the Centre requested time.

At a meeting ย on May 23, the CBSE had recommended that the exams be held between July 15 and August 26. It also suggested two options: regular exams in 19 major subjects at notified centers and shorter-duration exams at schools where the students are enrolled

A majority of states had favored holding the exam, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal had said after that meeting. Mr. Pokhriyal was on Tuesday admitted to AIIMS hospital in Delhi with post covid ย complications

The Prime Minister asserted that the decision has been taken in the interest of students and that the anxiety among students, parents and teachers must be put to an end.The CICSE had last week asked its affiliated schools to submit data, including average of marks obtained by Class 12 students in Class 11 and during this session.The board had postponed Class 12 exams which were scheduled from May 4 in light of the devastating second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic

The 12 Board exam cancelled . In the prime Minister โ€œsaidโ€ to the students safety and security itโ€™s very important for the students.

 

By : G Gnana Priya dharshini

Effects Of Pandemic

The pandemic i.e. Covid 19 has devastated the economy of the entire world . Only one country which is least affected by this pandemic is China . Our entire life has been changed forever .
No one has ever thought has the world can see such a time when the GDP of India will fall by a whooping 8 percentage which is one of the largest fall of all times .

Not only India but also most other countries other than China have faced the devastating effects of this pandemic . Be it developed countries like the USA , Russia , Britain or be it developing or the underdeveloped countries like that of India , and other African countries and Asian countries . The life can never be the same again .

Let us see some of the changes that this recent pandemic has brought in our life :

Education System :ย  The education system is the basis for every economy of the world . A good education is very important for a child’s mental and physical growth .

The pandemic has totally shattered the same . In India ,one has never thought even in its dreams that the entire education system would be online as a result of an outrageous pandemic .

Now only those which are fortunate enough that they can afford to study digitally are now getting a proper education.


Increasing Income Inequality : The pandemic has bought around 150 million people below the poverty line in the world .

The gaps between the poor and the rich which was very high even before the pandemic in some of the developing countries has risen further .

Higher Birth Rate , Unemployment and Poverty :
All the three terms mentioned above are related to each other in some way or the other . When people who are less skilled or their work cannot be done over he mobile phone are in a great trouble .

They are unemployed now ad have no work to do other than making babies , which has caused high birth rates in our country .

Unemployment

India is still not out of the woods as far as unemployment is concerned after a year when the lockdown was imposed to contain the spread of deadly COVID-19 on March 25 last year as pandemic-induced job loss has not tapered off consistently.

The government had imposed a lockdown to curb the spread of the pandemic but this impacted economic and commercial activities and resulted in job loss and later on the exodus of migrant workers which rocked the entire nation.

According to the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) data, the unemployment rate was recorded at 6.9 per cent in February 2021 which is slightly better than 7.8 per cent in the same month last year and 8.8 per cent in March 2020, during which lockdown was imposed.

The data showed that the unemployment rate had peaked to 23.5 per cent in April and remained at 21.7 per cent in May. It started tapering off from June onward when it was recorded at 10.2 per cent in the month and further improved to 7.4 per cent in July.

However, the unemployment rate again rose slightly to 8.3 in August and improved to 6.7 per cent in September last year, as per CMIE data.

In October, unemployment again rose slightly to 7 per cent and then eased to 6.5 per cent in November last year as per the data.

AGRICULTURE

*Organic farming is the best and the most viable alternative for traditional farming techniques. The producerโ€™s of organic farming has high nutritional value in comparison to conventional food.
*Organic farming helps in reducing soil pollution and air pollution. Use of harmful chemicals fertilizer and pesticides will poison our food cycle.
*India has the most organic farmers in the whole world. The only disadvantage of organic farming is it is costlier in comparison to conventional farming methods.
*several medicines are also made using the byproduct of crops earlier cultivation was solely dependent on cultivation but now with innovation like dams pump sets, canals ,farmers donโ€™t reply on monsoon for irrigation in field.
*India is the second most elevated maker of rural items of planet. Farming is the most important job for a country like India whose population more than 130crore.

EQUALITY

Gender equality is a human right first and foremost. A woman has the right to live in dignity, free from hunger and fear. Women’s empowerment is also a critical strategy for achieving development and alleviating poverty. Women who are empowered increase the health and productivity of their families and communities, as well as the chances for future generations.

Discrimination against women and girls remains the most pervasive and persistent form of inequality, including gender-based violence, economic discrimination, reproductive health disparities, and harmful traditional practises. During and after humanitarian emergencies, particularly armed conflicts, women and girls face enormous hardship.

They typically have less access to medical care, property ownership, credit, training, and employment than men do. They are far less likely than men to be politically active and far more likely to be victims of domestic violence.

Equality between men and women exists when both sexes are able to share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting up businesses; enjoy equal access to education and the opportunity to develop personal ambitions.

The first step towards women empowerment is educating a girl child. It is said that when you educate a woman, you educate the whole society. With good education, girls can get high paying jobs and consequently wage gaps could be lowered. Increased health awareness prevents early pregnancy and malnutrition. When women have more freedom, they can involve in unexplored areas like politics.

Marine Plastic Pollution

Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum, and has wide uses in packaging, building, construction and household materials. If you look around, you will easily be able to spot a plastic item, be it sports equipment or electrical devices.ย  Yes, plastic is used everywhere and is very important because of its lightweight structure and malleable properties.ย  But here is the flipside to it.

Nearly 300 million tons of plastic is produced every year, with half of it being used to make single-use items such as shopping bags, toothbrush and straws. Even a bag of chips is made of plastic and is discarded as soon as the chips are consumed. Now get this. About 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year. Water plastic makes up 80% of all marine debris.

Plastic can be present in surface waters as well as deep sea sediments. If you thought deep sea trenches could escape plastic, you are in for a surprise. A plastic bag, one that you give away in a grocery store, was found in the Mariana Trench at depths of 10,975 meters (36,000 feet).

Plastic poses a threat to marine life. Hundreds of marine species ingest the plastic debris which can cause lacerations and injuries. Entanglement and suffocation of fishes and other organisms are a major cause of death.ย  Plastic, when incinerated leads to emissions of carbon dioxide, which increases the temperature of the atmosphere. This leads to global warming, a threat prevalent in all parts of the world, especially the Polar Regions, which are witnessing rapid melting of glaciers and increase in the water level in oceans. ย Plastic waste threatens food quality and health, and also affects coastal tourism.

In these times, governments of several different countries are taking steps to tackle this threat of marine plastic pollution. Equipped with research, technology and innovation, one can slowly but surely reduce the overall plastic consumption.

One interesting project which occurred recently was introduced by the World Bank. They invited youth all across India to take a deep dive into the problems of mismanaged plastic waste and come up with innovative ideas to counter the tide. Well, the response was overwhelming. Every team came up with brilliant ideas that were very realistic and could be implemented on a larger scale. Read ahead to find out about a few of the interesting projects.

Ecopod- a solution proposed by Team Iota, which won first place, talked about the use of plastic for packaging of personal toiletries and how much plastic waste it amounted to. The team presented a single use, plastic free shampoo, conditioner and body wash solution via disposable pellets.ย  Ensuring a 37.5 percent reduction in bottled personal shampoos and toiletries and an 80% reduction in CO2ย emissions, bottled toiletries might well be water under the bridge if Ecopods were to take off.

Second place winners-team INACTUS, developed a project about building sustainable toilets with plastic bottles stuffed with waste. Both these projects also focused on providing employment to women in rural areas, hence employing the women workforce towards a global cause.

This is a global problem, which can only be solved if all the countries come together, and address these issues. When companies, industries work towards minimum plastic usage as an achievable goal and people voice their opinions on this pressing issue. When people understand the importance of the oceans and reducing plastic consumption, only then will we be able to see a measurable outcome.

 

WHICH IS IMPORTANT HEALTH OR EXAM?

In India the corona virus affect is mildly decreasing. In this time the government has to keep twelfth exams at this time and the result should be announced before this high risk of corona days, but now because of this corona it has been postponed. Students are safe at home and listening to the class and some days they went to school alternatively. In this corona virus second wave many students are affected many are in serious conditions, because of this corona as the economy is down parents are forcing their children to work. In this situation the children has to study and work in a job for their future, because without studying or not cultivating the talent you will be not able to sustain in this world. Day by day the world is going in advance all our trying to work hard to register their name in this world. Students need to study they can study where they are for studying there is no age limit but health is not like studies. So students have to stay in their home and study because each and every student health is not same like others so that keeping exam in offline is not worthy. If we maintain social distancing, washing hands an all too it may spread because by coughing by speaking an all, if we wear masks too it is not at all worthy. If we keep exams through online is the best thing for these days because no one will go out without any risk we can write with student safety but they will cheat in the exams. Technologies have improved a lot from big shops to small shops all in our finger tips we need not want to go outside itself such an invention we the human beings have invented.

Technology with this help itself we can make student write their exam which they have learned before how means usually while writing a exam the camera will be on student must not move for max 3 minutes he can relax himself for the time period half an hour, around the student there must not be noise it must be clear. Through invention we can make many things so that we can block other things or apps because while writing student concentration must be fully focused on writing if the student has a laptop then there will be no problem only the camera and sound will be the problem but in mobile phone while writing exam the student can go to other apps like whatโ€™s app, twitter, you tube, and Google chrome etc.. So the government has to give them data card to write their exam and do these facilities so that all will do their exam. Government had told twelfth all pass without writing exam and passing in exam will become a big risk in their future because during their job interviews they may suffer with their marks. Its corona pandemic we cannot go to school at least we can do these methods because it may became a big risk for them to choose a course or college. Only solution is writing exam through online is also the best way to save the students from the corona virus and also to make their future bright.

Poverty

Poverty

๐ฉ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ

๐๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ž ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐จ๐ง๐ž ๐ฐ๐ก๐จ ๐ฅ๐š๐œ๐ค๐ฌ ๐š ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐š๐ฅ ๐จ๐ซ ๐ฌ๐จ๐œ๐ข๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐š๐œ๐œ๐ž๐ฉ๐ญ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐š๐ฆ๐จ๐ฎ๐ง๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฆ๐จ๐ง๐ž๐ฒ ๐จ๐ซ ๐ฆ๐š๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ข๐š๐ฅ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ .๐ฉ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐š๐ข๐ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ž๐ฑ๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ฐ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐ฅ๐š๐œ๐ค ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ฆ๐ž๐š๐ง๐ฌ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ฌ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ฌ๐Ÿ๐ฒ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ข๐ซ ๐›๐š๐ฌ๐ข๐œ ๐ง๐ž๐ž๐๐ฌ .๐ข๐๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐Ÿ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฉ๐จ๐จ๐ซ ๐ฉ๐ž๐จ๐ฉ๐ฅ๐ž ๐Ÿ๐ข๐ซ๐ฌ๐ญ ๐ซ๐ž๐ช๐ฎ๐ข๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ ๐š ๐๐ž๐ญ๐ž๐ซ๐ฆ๐ข๐ง๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฐ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐œ๐จ๐ง๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ ๐›๐š๐ฌ๐ข๐œ ๐ง๐ž๐ž๐๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐ž๐ฌ๐ž ๐ฆ๐š๐ฒ ๐›๐ž ๐๐ž๐Ÿ๐ข๐ง๐ข๐ž๐ ๐š๐ฌ ๐ง๐š๐ซ๐ซ๐จ๐ฐ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐š๐ฌ ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ง๐ž๐œ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐š๐ซ๐ฒ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ฏ๐ข๐ฏ๐š๐ฅ ๐จ๐ซ ๐€๐ฅ๐ญ๐ก๐จ๐ฎ๐ ๐ก ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฉ๐ก๐ž๐ง๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐ง๐จ๐ง ๐š๐ฌ ๐จ๐ฅ๐ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐ง ๐ก๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ญ๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐ข๐ ๐ง๐ข๐Ÿ๐ข๐œ๐š๐ง๐œ๐ž ๐ก๐š๐ฌ ๐œ๐ก๐š๐ง๐ ๐ž๐ ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ ๐ญ๐ข๐ฆ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ญ๐จ๐ญ๐š๐ฅ ๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ ๐จ๐จ๐๐ฌ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ฌ๐ž๐ซ๐ฏ๐ข๐œ๐ž ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ž๐ช๐ฎ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ๐ฒ ๐๐ข๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐›๐ž๐ ๐ฐ๐จ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ข๐ฅ๐ฅ ๐ก๐š๐ฏ๐ž ๐›๐ž๐ž๐ง ๐ข๐ง๐ฌ๐ฎ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ข๐œ๐ข๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ž๐ง๐ข๐ญ๐ซ๐ž ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐š ๐œ๐จ๐ฆ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ง๐๐š๐ซ๐ž๐ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฅ๐ข๐ฏ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐›๐ฒ ๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ฏ๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐  ๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ง๐ญ๐š๐ซ๐๐ฌ ๐ฐ๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ž๐œ๐จ๐ง๐ฆ๐ข๐œ ๐ฉ๐ซ๐จ๐๐ฎ๐œ๐ญ๐จ๐ฏ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ญ๐ก๐š๐ญ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ž๐ ๐Ÿ๐ซ๐จ๐ฆ ๐ข๐ง๐๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ญ๐ซ๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐ณ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐ฐ๐ก๐ž๐ง ๐ง๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐ฎ๐ญ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ญ ๐ฐ๐ž๐ซ๐ž ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ๐ข๐œ๐ข๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐ญ๐จ ๐ซ๐š๐ข๐ฌ๐ž ๐ญ๐ก๐ž ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ข๐ซ๐ž ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฉ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐ข๐ง ๐œ๐จ๐ฆ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ๐ญ๐š๐›๐ฅ๐ž ๐ฅ๐ž๐ฏ๐ž๐ฅ

๐—–๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐˜† ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ผ ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—น๐˜‚๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜๐˜† .
๐ฉ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ฌ ๐ฅ๐ข๐ง๐ค๐ž๐ ๐ฐ๐ข๐ญ๐ก ๐ง๐ž๐ ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž ๐œ๐จ๐ง๐๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐œ๐ก ๐š๐ฌ ๐ฌ๐ฎ๐›๐ฌ๐ญ๐š๐ง๐๐š๐ซ๐ ๐ก๐จ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ข๐ง๐ ,๐ก๐จ๐ฆ๐ž๐ฅ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ง๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ ,๐ข๐ง๐š๐๐ž๐ช๐ฎ๐š๐ญ๐ž ,๐ง๐ฎ๐ญ๐ซ๐ข๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐ฌ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐Ÿ๐จ๐จ๐ ๐ฌ๐ž๐œ๐ฎ๐ซ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐ข๐ง๐š๐๐ž๐ช๐ฎ๐š๐ญ๐ž ๐œ๐ก๐ข๐ฅ๐ ๐œ๐š๐ฌ๐ž
๐ฌ๐จ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ข๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐ฉ๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ
*๐„๐ช๐ฎ๐š๐ฅ๐ข๐ญ๐ฒ ๐š๐ง๐ ๐ซ๐ž๐ฉ๐ซ๐ž๐ฌ๐ž๐ง๐ญ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง ๐Ÿ๐จ๐ซ ๐š๐ฅ๐ฅ
*๐ข๐ง๐œ๐ซ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž ๐š๐ง๐ ๐š๐œ๐œ๐ž๐ฌ๐ฌ ๐ž๐๐ฎ๐œ๐š๐ญ๐ข๐จ๐ง
“๐๐จ๐ฏ๐ž๐ซ๐ญ๐ฒ ๐๐จ๐ž๐ฌ ๐ง๐จ๐ญ ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฌ๐ž ๐ก๐จ๐ง๐จ๐ฎ๐ซ ”

Article on Women Empowerment

What is women empowerment? Everyone has this question in mind, even I too have the same question in mind. We may think that itโ€™s just a right for women. No, itโ€™s a โ€œRIGHTโ€ for women. There are some sayings that women should not raise their voice against men, women should not laugh loudly, if a woman laughs too much and the flavor of tobacco is gone when it is opened. These are all unwanted things and we have to freed them from these barriers.

Actually the proverb if a woman laughs too much and the flavor of tobacco is gone when it is opened means when a women laughs after her puberty she is ready to marry, when the curled tobacco leaf is opened the tobacco is able to sell is the exact meaning. But in our society they have changed these and criticize women.

When I went to a shop to buy a dress with my family, I laughed in common that too I just did a mild smile for a comment which was given by my brother, my dad scolds me that not to laugh in a common place. I accept this that should not laugh in public but he says that all the men will watch so you should not laugh this is unacceptable.

If they provide education alone is not women empowerment they have to freed women without saying that you are a girl. Like Men the society should say โ€œYOU ARE A GIRLโ€ with proud feeling, that is women empowerment in my point of view.

“EFFECT OF DEPRESSION ON BODY AND MIND”

“EFFECT OF DEPRESSION ON BODY AND MIND”

Depression is found in people of all ages these days in India. Many reasons can be behind it but the effects of depression on the human body and mind are unquestionably drastic.Every other person nowadays is stress-induced and unfortunately, the issue is still not given much thought. Our own close friends and family members are going through the phases of depression and we still simply ignore the problem. We ignore the clear signs of mental stress and consider them some temporary signs and mood swings. But gradually the stress and anxiety take a person to the unchartered mental state from where the return is not possible.A person living with some depression will show signs like mood swings, consistent feeling of sadness, guilt and regret, indecisiveness, bipolar attitude, uncontrollable tears, loss of appetite, uninterested in physical activities and will to isolate, insomnia, sleep deprivation, hesitant to change clothes or take bath and continuous suicidal thoughts.Starting from stress and leading to depression there are many physical and mental changes in a person. Depressed people change their appetite unconsciously. Either they start eating too much or they avoid eating. It results in weight loss or weight gain. According to research, most depressed people start eating too much food and gain weight which ultimately develops high blood pressure or diabetes type 2. Some people lose their appetite and do not anything for the whole day. They may become too weak which may lead to stomach problems like cramps, constipation, stomachaches or malnutrition.Chronic pain is the severe stage of depression when a person starts feeling pain in joints and muscles or consistent headaches or breast tenderness. These unexplained pains must be taken very seriously and the person must consult a doctor immediately.A depressed person develops a negative mindset and it may lead to paranoia. The person constantly thinks that people around are trying to harm him. He will always remain in deep thoughts and stress. Ultimately it results in diabetes and diabetes results in heart disease. Therefore, depression can even lead to a heart attack. One out of the five most common reasons for heart failure or coronary disease is suffering from depression.People with depression are either sleep deprived or they sleep for too long. A sleep-deprived person tends to develop insomnia. They always feel exhausted and even they do not sleep at night, still, they do nothing but think of negative thoughts. They start taking sleeping pills which have their own side effects.Moreover, if someone is suffering from chronic illness and develops depression, then there is a chance that the disease can get severe.Other effects of chronic depression are the contraction of diseases like blood pressure, hypertension, diabetes, kidneys, and heart problems. Apart from mental deteriorations and internal diseases, depression also affects a person physically; the color of skin gets pale, eyes get dark circles, wrinkles start appearing, hair starts snubbing, skin becomes brittle and the weight loss leads to weakness and pale appearance.

“DEPRESSION IS THE MOST UNPLEASANT THING”

– JERISHA. S

“DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS”

“DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS”

Public hospitals mostly are not equipped with basic healthcare facilities and they are poorly managed and provide poor treatment to the patients. These hospitals are preferred mostly by the poor because they cannot afford private hospitals due to their expensive treatments. Private hospitals, on the other hand, facilitate their patients with full resources according to their needs. They are equipped with all the required machinery and they have specialist doctors to give proper treatment.Patients of public hospitals suffer in many ways like; the hospitals lack specialist doctors and the patients may end up getting treated by an inexperienced doctor.Moreover, they wait for too long in a waiting line for their turn. Sometimes many of them return home without their check-up. Then comes the problem of medicines, public hospitals are regarded for their provision of free medicines to poor patients. Unfortunately, this is not the case everywhere and due to corruption and mismanagement, they lack even basic medicine.Many times, doctors in public hospitals ask their patients to continue the treatment from their own private clinics. There they prescribe private tests and expensive medicines for their commissions from private laboratories and pharmaceutical companies.Whereas, private hospitals are famous for their highly expensive treatment. Only the rich can afford them. Highly qualified and specialist doctors are seated there. These highly qualified doctors are paid high wages. They have highly qualified specialists who studied in foreign countries. Patients of these hospitals find no need to wait in lines and they do not suffer from any extreme weather conditions. Hospitals have uninterrupted electricity and are equipped with air conditioners and heaters. Moreover, the hygienic environment of the hospital is exemplary.Another issue with government hospitals is their unhygienic environment. The pungent smell of medicine is everywhere and insects are found crawling on each wall. Load shedding is common. More than 1 patient is found lying on the same bed. The same syringe is used many times and all these issues lead to the spread of many more diseases.Although government hospitals provide treatments at very low rates, these hospitals are in drastically bad conditions. Whereas, private hospitals have an ideal and completely clean environment with all the facilities provided.Though private hospitals facilitate patients in all ways, their charges are too high that even the middle-class person cannot afford to have a simple check-up from here. This is a sad state of affairs of a country that is primarily a poor country. The common men are the ones who suffer. When they get to a public hospital to get treated the mismanagement and deplorable conditions make them even more ill and when they go to a private hospital, they get better but they cannot afford the treatment. Sadly, the common man is not seeing it in terms of the difference between public and private hospitals. He is dying of ill-treatment and the rich man is enjoying all the facilities.

 

“BE SAFE ๐Ÿ˜ทSTAY HOME”

 

– MEREZJA F

MY GRAND MOTHERโ€™S HOUSE – by Kamala Das

The poem My Grandmotherโ€™s House was written by Kamala Das was an Indian poet in English as well as author in Malayalam from Kerala. She was famous for her many Malayalam short stories as well as many poems written in English. This poem My Grand motherโ€™s house first appeared in Kamala Dasโ€™s first anthology of verse with the title of โ€œSummer Time in Calcuttaโ€. It is also an autobiographical poem because the poet says her love on her grandmother. It takes back the poet to her childhood, where she lived securely and happily with her grandmother in her house.

โ€œthere is a house now far away where once I received loveโ€ฆโ€ฆโ€
In the above lines the poet combines the present and past that the house in a present form and the love she received in a past form. Her grandmotherโ€™s house was the place where she was loved immensely by her grandmother. She was broken that her grandmotherโ€™s house was damaged.

โ€œThat women died,
The house withdrew into silenceโ€ฆโ€ฆ.โ€
In the above lines the poet feels that when her grandmother died, the beauty of the house was all ruined. The house became silence and snakes where roaming all around the house. She was emotionally imbalanced on the death of her grandmother.

โ€œHow often I think of goingโ€ฆโ€ฆ..
โ€ฆโ€ฆโ€ฆ
Dogโ€ฆโ€ฆโ€
In the above lines the poet says that she often visits her grandmotherโ€™s house to remember the happiest moment with her grandmother. The poet says her relationship with her grandmother with the example of dog that how a dog is loved by itโ€™s owner and also the dog roam with his owner an always stays with itโ€™s owner.

โ€œCan youโ€ฆ..
โ€ฆโ€ฆโ€ฆ
Receive love at least in small changeโ€
In the above lines she says that how she was loved by her grandmother in the house and how she was proud to live in such a house with love and affection. She says that now the poet is begging for the had in her life through her grandmother.

Impact of COVID-19 in India and the Global Economy.

As per the official government guidelines, India is making preparations against the COVID-19 outbreak, and avoiding specific crisis actions or not understating its importance will have extremely severe implications. All the neighboring countries of India have reported positive COVID-19 cases. To protect against the deadly virus, the Indian government have taken necessary and strict measures, including establishing health check posts between the national borders to test whether people entering the country have the virus (17). Different countries have introduced rescue efforts and surveillance measures for citizens wishing to return from China. The lesson learned from the SARS outbreak was first that the lack of clarity and information about SARS weakened China’s global standing and hampered its economic growth (10,ย 18โ€“20). The outbreak of SARS in China was catastrophic and has led to changes in health care and medical systems (18,ย 20). Compared with China, the ability of India to counter a pandemic seems to be much lower. A recent study reported that affected family members had not visit the Wuhan market in China, suggesting that SARS-CoV-2 may spread without manifesting symptoms (21). Researchers believe that this phenomenon is normal for many viruses. India, with a population of more than 1.34 billionโ€”the second largest population in the worldโ€”will have difficulty treating severe COVID-19 cases because the country has only 49,000 ventilators, which is a minimal amount. If the number of COVID-19 cases increases in the nation, it would be a catastrophe for India (22). It would be difficult to identify sources of infection and those who come in contact with them. This would necessitate multiple strategies to handle the outbreak, including computational modeling as well as statistical and quantitative analyses, to rapidly develop new vaccines and drug treatments. With such a vast population, India’s medical system is grossly inadequate. A study has shown that, owing to inadequate medical care systems, nearly 1 million people die every year in India (23). India is also engaged in trading with its nearby countries, such as Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Myanmar, China, and Nepal. During the financial year 2017โ€“18 (FY2017โ€“18), Indian regional trade amounted to nearly $12 billion, accounting for only 1.56% of its total global trade value of $769 billion. The outbreak of such viruses and their transmission would significantly affect the Indian economy. The outbreak in China could profoundly affect the Indian economy, especially in the sectors of electronics, pharmaceuticals, and logistics operations, as trade ports with China are currently closed. This was further supported by the statement by Suyash Choudhary, Headโ€”Fixed Income, IDFC AMC, stating that GDP might decrease owing to COVID-19 (24).

Economists assume that the impact of COVID-19 on the economy will be high and negative when compared with the SARS impact during 2003. For instance, it has been estimated that the number of tourists arriving in China was much higher than that of tourists who traveled during the season when SARS emerged in 2003. This shows that COVID-19 has an effect on the tourism industry. It has been estimated that, for SARS, there was a 57 and 45% decline in yearly rail passenger and road passenger traffic, respectively (25). Moreover, when compared with the world economy 15 years ago, world economies are currently much more inter-related. It has been estimated that COVID-19 will hurt emerging market currencies and also impact oil prices (26โ€“28). From the retail industry’s perspective, consumer savings seem to be high. This might have an adverse effect on consumption rates, as all supply chains are likely to be affected, which in turn would have its impact on supply when compared with the demand of various necessary product items (29). This clearly proves that, based on the estimated losses due to the effect of SARS on tourism (retail sales lost around USD 12โ€“18 billion and USD 30โ€“100 billion was lost at a global macroeconomic level), we cannot estimate the impact of COVID-19 at this point. This will be possible only when the spread of COVID-19 is fully controlled. Until that time, any estimates will be rather ambiguous and imprecise (19). The OECD Interim economic assessment has provided briefing reports highlighting the role of China in the global supply chain and commodity markets. Japan, South Korea, and Australia are the countries that are most susceptible to adverse effects, as they have close ties with China. It has been estimated that there has been a 20% decline in car sales, which was 10% of the monthly decline in China during January 2020. This shows that even industrial production has been affected by COVID-19. So far, several factors have thus been identified as having a major economic impact: labor mobility, lack of working hours, interruptions in the global supply chain, less consumption, and tourism, and less demand in the commodity market at a global level (30), which in turn need to be adequately analyzed by industry type. Corporate leaders need to prioritize the supply chain and product line economy trends via demand from the consumer end. Amidst several debates on sustainable economy before the COVID-19 impact, it has now been estimated that India’s GDP by the International Monetary Fund has been cut down to 1.9% from 5.8% for the FY21. The financial crisis that has emerged owing to the worldwide lockdown reflects its adverse effect on several industries and the global supply chain, which has resulted in the GDP dropping to 4.2% for FY20, which was previously estimated at 4.8%. Nevertheless, it has been roughly estimated that India and China will be experiencing considerable positive growth among other major economies (31).