world food safety day

On 20 December 2018 the United Nation General Assembly adopted resolution 73/250 proclaiming a World Food Safety Day. Starting in 2019, every 7 June will be a time to celebrate the benefits of safe food. Food safety is the absence or safe, acceptable levels of hazards in food that may harm the health of consumers. Food borne hazards can be microbiological, chemical or physical in nature and are often invisible to the plain eye: bacteria, viruses or pesticide residues are some examples. Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption.

with an estimated 600 million cases of food borne illness annually, unsafe food is a threat to human and health and economies, disproportionally affecting vulnerable and marginalized people, especially woman and children, population affected by conflict, and migrants. An estimate three million people around the world in developing and developed countries die every year from food and water borne diseases. Food is the starting point for our energy, our health and our well-being. We often take granted that it is safe, but in an increasingly complex and interconnected world where food values chains growing longer, standards and regulations are that much more important in keeping us safe.

KEY FACTS:

  • Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food is the key of sustaining life and promoting good health.
  • Unsafe food containing harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, or chemical substances, causes more than 200 diseases ranging from diarrhea to cancer.
  • An estimate of 600 million almost 1 out of 10 people in the world fall ill after eating contaminated food and 420000 die every year, resulting in the loss of 33 million healthy lives.
  • Children under 5 years of age carry 40% of the food borne disease burden, with 125000 deaths every year.
  • Diarrhoeal diseases are the most common illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated food, causing 550 million people to fall ill and 230000 deaths every year.
  • Food safety, nutrition and food security are inextricably linked. Unsafe food creates a vicious cycle of diseases and malnutrition, particularly affecting infants, young, elderly and the sick.
  • Food borne diseases impede socio-economic development by straining health care system, and harming natural economies, tourism and trade.
  • Food supply chains now cross multiple national borders. Good collaborations between governments, producers and consumers helps ensure food safety.

2020 THEME :

In 2020, thee second observance of World Food Safety Day, we all have a chance to recognized the people who help keep our food safe. 2020 was about promoting awareness and urging action by highlighting what everyone can do to ensure safe food. whether you grow, process, transport, store,sell, prepare or consume food, you have a role to play in keeping it safe.

With the five steps below you can see how everyone is involved in food systems and has a part to play in keeping food safe:

  1. Ensure it’s safe – Governments must ensure safe and nutritious food for all.
  2. Grow it safe – Agriculture and food producers need to adopt good practices.
  3. Keep it safe – Business operations must make sure food is safe.
  4. Eat it safe – All consumers have the right to safe, healthy and nutritious food.
  5. Team up for safety – Food safety is a shared responsibility.

Importance of Mental Health

Mental health refers to your emotional and psychological well-being. Having good mental means you are leading a good lifestyle. It helps us to realize the individual’s strengths and weaknesses. Mental health should be taken care of us in almost every part of our life. If you think your mental health is affected then visit a psychologist. Visiting a psychologist doesn’t mean you are insane. Just checking things in your early stage will help you more and you can lead a peaceful life.

The main cause of mental health is Depression. There are many reasons for depression. In India, people think that sharing their depression problem with others will lead to a big risk. They fear getting judged by people. So, they never open up to others. It will gradually take a toll on your mental health and will become a big disorder in your life. 

Some people get panic attacks when they read some terrific news or students may get panic attacks before their exams. This can be cured at early stages. But, consulting a psychologist is more important. If you are a working professional and your office provides a separate psychiatrist to treat your problems. Feel free to knock on their cabin. They will treat you like “Don’t judge a book by its cover”. They will listen to your problems patiently and will never jump to conclusions. 

If you are a student and your school/ college has a counseling room. Approach them if you are getting depressed. They will share some life stories with you. It will motivate you to overcome the struggles or problems being faced by you. 

Especially in these covid times, everybody’s mental health is getting affected because of lockdown and quarantine themselves in their homes. In those cases not listening to unwanted news itself will reduce all your stress and depression. Doing breathing exercises are good for mental health and to have a calm peace of mind. Doing breathing exercises once in the morning and evening will reduce your stress level and you will get a good amount of energy to kickstart your day. 

We should raise awareness about mental health and let people know about its impacts. So that we can save many lives. Always trust your instincts. You can take advice from others but having a piece of good advice from your heart will be a good cure for your mental health.

Don’t be ashamed or disheartened to share your depression or anxiety problems with others. Share your problems with the person only if you trust them. It is good to share your problems with strangers too. If you get a chance and the stranger is willing to hear from you give a chance and open up.  

This mental health and depression if not treated for a long time can cause heart problems. If you feel sudden palpitations without even walking or running. Then kindly consult a doctor. There may be many reasons. But the common reasons are anxiety and depression. So treat them soon with a good specialist. 

workout plan for beginners

The most confusing part after we start a great fitness journey is finding the right workout plan.We can ask for our new gym trainer or explore online.But the fact is no one knows more about your body than yourselves.Sticking to the right workout plan can create a great impact on your overall wellness and lifestyle.But as a beginner ,we all fail to do it right in the start.Here I have comprised a few workouts and a workout tips that can help you to start your fitness adventure.

1.Understand your body:

The first and foremost thing about starting your fitness goals is not straight away jump into workouts,instead research about your body how it reacts to certain workouts and to other.Not all sort of workouts will help you achieve you ideal body.We all have our weakness and strengths.So understanding your body is the first step to a long lasting goals.

2.Start small:

Start by having small workout circuits instead of spending hours in gym or workouts.Why not spend a lot of time if you are beginner .Point one,your body is not capable of accepting a sudden body change.So if you start small ,say for one week for five days with rest days in-between and you only do for 20 minute circuits.Your body will adapt to this gradual change and accept whatever it is.But say you workout for 1 hour circuit for five days.Your body couldn’t accept this amount of movements.Instead we force to accept it.So no matter what ,start small.

3.How your workout plan should look like:

It should comprise of three parts(that’s how i like and you might be too).

The three part can be categorised into

1.Cardio/strength(High impact)

2.Pilates/Yoga(Low impact)

3.Rest days(Very important!)

Dividing and adjusting these three factors in your workouts will not only help you make changes according to your body cues but also you will have a sustained routine for very long time.We need a lifestyle change and not for this moment alone.For example,you can have three cardio/strength days with two low impact days may be in the middle of high impact or after followed by rest days.

It is most vital to understand your body cues.If your body is so restless in a particular.Please rest.Don’t go for the results.Result oriented goals,it will never reap you any good.Hope this blog had helped you understand how to start your fitness goals.Stay fit and motivating.

IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA

Social media is a powerful revolution that has changed our lives all round,it has changed the way that we socialise, conduct our businesses, engage in political affairs, build professions and set job recruitments. With the use of platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, how people socialise has been greatly revolutionised. It has made it easy to connect to our family members, friends and relatives on a real-time basis.With social media, people can share pictures and videos and communicate with their close ones. This has strengthened relationships and it is bringing families together in a way that was not possible in the past.Families, friends, relatives and businesses have the opportunity to share skills and improve on different proficiencies. Additionally, people get to make and meet new friends.The impact of social media on our society has attracted a massive number of users with an estimate of 3.5 billion users worldwide.

Businesses have greatly been impacted by social media — from marketing to interacting with customers on a timely basis. A business that has embraced the use of social has a definite edge over its competitors.The online platforms are a less expensive way for businesses to advertise their offerings on a real-time basis and to attract more customers. It has made it easy for businesses to reach out to a wider customer base and improve customer loyalty through different programmes.Social media has impacted job recruitments significantly. The majority of companies make their hiring decisions based on one’s social portfolio. Recruiters also use online networks to post job vacancies through which they get their ideal candidates.Many professions and skills have been built and learned through social media. There is a massive increase in online learning where one can easily learn a skill and build a strong profession around it. The existence of social media has led to an increase in the number of people undertaking distance learning, as well as academic offerings such as writing services.

The negative impacts of social media:
There are some negative impacts caused by social media. Despite it being a platform through which we socialise, run our business and understand political affairs, here are some negative results .Through sharing personal information, one’s privacy is at risk of impersonations, theft and stalking — among other vices. Nowadays, companies use social media to gauge job seekers. Posting anything abusive or embarrassing could make you lose that job opportunities, because ‘the internet never forgets’.
Online social platforms are addictive and this has drastically reduced productivity at workplaces. This impacts negatively on companies as they incur losses.
Cyberbullying is another worrying impact of social media. Results of cyberbullying have seen victims falling into depression and, in more radical cases, has cost them their lives.
Since information travels faster online, a piece of false information could quickly reach a big number of people and cause great panic among the recipients.In some instances, it has made some people especially the introverts to rely too much on the virtual world as opposed to the real world.

Be optimistic, Always Believe in yourself.

Optimism is one of the quality which is found rarely in humans. It is a strong quality with which one can achieve their goal, overcome any obstacles coming in their life, change their thinking from negative to positive.

Focus on solution is more necessary than on problems. Everyone seek for problems, about how will they manage?, what if it doesn’t happen? etc. They do not believe in them self, neglect their powers with what they can achieve and what they will become.

There are many influencers, motivational speakers, that influence and motivate with their speaking, lead us to change our mentality to work on and think about.

Optimism is also a leader, who once adapt this strength can lead their life well. It brings the change in our lifestyle, thoughts, ideas, develops good body language and maintain a good personality. It develops confidence you start working by believing in yourself.

There are two results that brings both good and bad energy around, first is when you achieve what you want and the second is failure. Accept both the situations, first outcome will boost your confidence, and by failing you learn. Both experiences are good, you learn in either way.

Do not surround yourself with the negative energy, create optimistic energy cycle in life, if fails never loose hope instead try again. Optimism has the power that it will never let you down always makes you step up.

This quality can be generated in yourself by you. You do not need to depend on others. The result you got is your responsibility, not of others, so its your decision whether to develop optimism to change the life create good energy cycle around or to drain the life.

Its good to believe in yourself. Keep believing and progress in life.

US delineated on UFOs – Residence of aliens is disclosed !

A Pentagon representative declined to remark on reports about the insight report. She said the Pentagon’s UAP group is “viably working with the Office of the Director of National Intelligence on the report, and DNI will give the disclosures to Congress.” But White House Press Secretary, Jen Psak added, “I will say that we bring reports of invasions into our airspace by any airplane, recognized or unidentified, truly and examine every one.” Two Agencies have analyzed reports of planes or different articles in the sky flying at befuddling speeds.

Whatever those are, they’re in reality out there. US insight is after them, yet its forthcoming report will not convey any full truth about UFOs. The tempting possibility of top government intel at long last saying something, following quite a while of paranoid fears, TV shows, motion pictures and winking jokes by presidents will rather yield a more ordinary truth that is not liable to change numerous personalities on any side of the issue. Agents have discovered no proof the sightings are connected to outsiders, yet can’t deny a connection all things considered. Two authorities advised on the report because Congress in the not so distant future say the US government can’t give an authoritative clarification of elevated marvels spotted by military pilots.

The report moreover doesn’t impede that what pilots have seen may be new advancements made by various countries. One of the specialists said there is no sign the unexplained wonders are from secret US programs. The authorities were not approved to talk about the data openly and talked in a state of obscurity. The report was 1st dispensed by ‘The New York Times’. The report analyzes different unexplained sightings from ongoing years that sometimes have been caught on record of pilots shouting about objects flying before them.

Congress in December required the Director of National Intelligence to sum up and report on the US government’s information on unidentified airborne wonders, or UAPs, better referred to general society as unidentified flying articles or UFOs. The effort has consolidated a Defense Department UAP group set up a year prior. The normal public arrival of an unclassified variant of the report this month will add up to a status report, not the last word, as per one authority.

The US government treats unidentified airborne wonders appropriately given the potential public safety hazard of a foe flying novel innovation over an army installation or another delicate site. This likewise is seen by the US military as a security and well being issue, given that as a rule the pilots who announced seeing unexplained aeronautical marvels were directing battle preparing flights. The report’s absence of firm ends will probably disillusion individuals expecting the report, given numerous Americans’ long-standing interest with UFOs and the possibility of outsiders having arrived at humanity. 

pride month

To outsiders, Pride Month might seem like a month of glittering parties and parades, but it’s so much more than that. The catalyst for Pride is actually a riot. These days, however, the LGBT community around the world uses it as a time to get together and celebrate how far we’ve come. It’s a time to recommit to the work that must still be done to achieve equality. It’s a time to reflect on the progress we’ve made as a community and celebrate those who made this progress possible. Since the uprising, LGBT folks and allies have fought hard to give the community the right to marry, to start families, to fight discrimination, hate speech, and hate crimes, and to simply allow queer folks to exist. During this month, we acknowledge the progress we’ve made sometimes loudly and always proudly while also being realistic about how far society still has to go. It’s time to amplify the voices that urgently need our support, especially rural, Black and Brown, and transgender communities.

All around the world, Pride Month is celebrated in June. It can be a little confusing for those new to Pride because not all major queer events actually happen in June. Some like the multi-day lesbian centric music festival usually takes place in April, Women Fest is also held in September. In general, though, the major parties, parades, and other festivals generally takes place in the month of June or somewhat close to it.

the Pride Month was started through The Stonewall Uprising took place on June 28, 1969, in New York City. At this time, police would frequently raid gay bars and harass the queer community, as there were still many laws on books banning homosexuality. Greenwich Village’s Stonewall Inn was among the most popular gay bars, and while it had been raided before, on that particular day in June, the queer community fought back and protested hard for several days. After that, things were never the same again and this was a very good thing. The first official Pride parade began the following year on the anniversary of the Stonewall Riots, with Christopher Street Liberation Day. Some folks celebrate Pride Month by attending picnics with queer friends while other spend time in the community via ZOOM events, and still, others simply donate to their favorite LGBT community.

In India leading online sexual and reproductive health information platform, love Matters India is celebrating Pride for an entire week from June 10 to June 16 with their campaign #AgarTumSaathHo : Celebrating Support, Acceptance and Allyship”. With this campaign, the platform will display stories of support and acceptance that people have received or extended towards members of the community. Their mission is to extend knowledge of the LGBT community and also encourage acceptance of the community in the society to create a harmonious bond between those who are not a part of the LGBT community. During this campaign, they will also host a letter writing workshop, where one can write letters of support to any person with whom they wish to communicate.

does india need to vaccinate kids before covid-19 third wave

These concerns come at a time when several Indian states have reported a shortage of vaccines for the 18-44 age group. A section of the medical community in Bengaluru as in other parts of the country are asking for safe and efficient vaccines for children to be made available ahead of the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. This,as they are expecting children to be the most vulnerable section of the population in the third wave. It should be noted that schools, especially for junior classes, have largely remained closed since the onset of the pandemic in March 2020. Currently in India, ZyCoV-D and Covaxin is under trial for children above the age of 12. In certain nations like the US, Canada and Singapore, vaccines like Pfizer have already been approved for the use for children above the age 12. Dr. Mayuri Yeole, associate consultant of Paediatrics said vaccination is important not only for immunity but overall well being of children too. “Vaccination will not only help boost their immunity, but also make attending schools and outing stress-free. It will help them live their childhood, and not be confined within four walls.” Like the flu vaccine, it seems essential to have a Covid-19 vaccine for children too while it may not prevent children from contracting the novel coronavirus, it will help reduce the morbidity and mortality which we are anticipating with the third wave. Some experts are of the belief that the government should currently focus on vaccinating the 18 and above population at first in wake of large scale vaccine shortage, as they see children as less likely to have severe diseases.

While consolidated pan India data on children’s mortality due to Covid-19 is not available, according to Karnataka government data, 105 persons of the age group 1-19 years have died due to Covid-19. In Mumbai, the number of deaths between 1-19 years of age group was 52. Usually, the children who pass away have had chronic illness and were already vulnerable. across the globe, the rate of death and even hospitalisation among children is significantly lower. It was found that the infections in children were slightly higher but statically insignificant compared to adults. Serosurvey detects presence of antibodies and not virus which means that children were exposed to the virus at the similar degree but they were highly asymptomatic.

Instead of prioritising children’s vaccination over the population of 18, the government shoul focus on pressing areas of malnutrition, immunisation against basic diseases in children. We cannot compare ourselves with the West where many places even have surplus vaccines while our children are dying due to lack of access to basic nutrition. We are creating unnecessary panic when we have vaccinated only 3% of the population fully. we should focus on frontline workers, the over 60 age group, and then the people with comorbidities should be prioritised. There is no urgency to vaccinate children as they are less prone to severe disease. One reason is that their immune system is under development. And they are given vaccines like MMR, chicken pox and H1N1 and others. So, unlike older people, their immunity systems are much more active. If we don’t vaccinate the parents first, there will be difficulty in managing the children. So, if we can protect the parents, to a large extent, we can naturally prevent infection among children.

Fines In India

Recently the Delhi collected Rs 11 crore fine for violation of of traffic rules . Sometimes these challans are justified but sometimes these are imposed wrongly on people . I would like to narrate my experience on fines . I along with my friend was going on a bicycle for some personal reasons as the lockdown has finally came to an end in Uttar Pradesh . So we were wearing masks and also my friend who was driving the bicycle was wearing a helmet . I accept my mistake that I who was sitting on the back was not wearing any helmet . So we both were caught by a policeman and a hefty fine of Rs 2000 was imposed on both of us . It was ok because it was my mistake and an e-challan was delivered at his home . What happened next was when we were finally leaving ,at another red light one more police officer stopped us and put a fine on us once again and the same thing happened the third and the the last time . So in short in one day three freaking fines were imposed on both of us . Is this a joke or something ? I tried to explain the officers that I had already paid the fine on the previous red light but damn did not cared about the burden borne by my friend in the form of three fines each of Rs 2000 . So I am not complaining about the fines but my sole motive of writing about the story is that their should be a body governing such functions of the police officers or they would take illegitimate benefit of the power that they have .

swami vivekananda’s teachings and philosophies

Swami Vivekananda was a hindu monk from india. He played a significant role in the growing indian nationalism of 19th and 20th century, reinterpreting and harmonising certain aspects of Hinduism. His philosophy was instrumental in introducing Vedanta and yoga to the west, and is credited with raising awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a major world religion during the late 19th century.

According to Vivekananda a country’s future depends on its people, stating that “man making is my mission.” It’s totally correct and obvious if people doesn’t want there country to be wealthiest, educated, and developed their present as well as future will also not be good or happy.

Swami Vivekanand believed in “unity of all religions”. He thinks that all religions are equally important and valueable, but in today’s world debates, fights even wars are common over religions. Religion is the most sensitive issue and although every religion encourages the idea of peace and tolerance, almost no one remains in peace or tolerates anything when it comes to their religion. History is full of relegious wars and some of them have continued for years and killed many.

He also said that “whatever you think, you will be. If you thinks yourselves weak, weak you will be; if you think yourselves strong, strong you will be”. It’s true as it reminds us that we are the incharge of our lives. When you allow negative thoughts about yourself and your life to build up, you start to project these thoughts out into the world.

Vivekananda thaught us that “If you have faith in all the three hundred and thirty million of your mythological gods, and still have no faith in yourselves, there is no salvation for you”. Have faith in yourselves, and stand up on that faith and be strong; that is what we need. There are thousands of example which proves that you can do anything in life if you have faith in yourself and your ability to handle whatever situations are presented to you. You are blessed with freedom from doubt in yourself.

He emphasized that success was an outcome of focused thoughts and actions; in his lectures on Raja yoga he said, “Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life – think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success, that is the way great spiritual gaints are produced”.

His teachings mainly focused on human development. He wanted “to set in motion a machinery which will bring noblest ideas to the doorstep of even the poorest and the meanest”.

Vivekananda linked morality with control of the mind, seeing truth, purity and unselfishness as traits which strengthened it. He advised his followers to be holy, unselfish and to have faith. He supported brahmacharya, believing source of his physical and mental stamina and eloquence.

There are many more teaching and philosophy of swami vivekananda. Even the great and successfull businessman Jamsetji TATA follows the preachings of swami vivekananda, he also establish the Indian Institute of Science, one of the best known research universities inspired by Vivekanand.

Difference between Civil law and Criminal law.

All you need to know about Criminal Law: An Insight

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law relates to the offences that negatively affect society as a whole, rather than just one person. Criminal laws are put in place by Parliament to prevent breaches of conduct which they deem as harmful towards the whole of society. If a person breaches criminal law, then they will face criminal prosecution by the state. Criminal proceedings are brought by the Crown Prosecution Service and will be heard in Magistrates’ Court or the Crown Court. If you are then convicted, you may receive a prison sentence or a community order. The standard of proof for criminal law cases is “beyond a reasonable doubt” or “certain so you can be sure.” These both mean the same thing.

Examples of criminal offences include:

Murder, Manslaughter, Fraud, Assault, Sexual Offences, Burglary, etc.

Civil Law High Res Stock Images | Shutterstock

What is Civil Law?

Civil law is more concerned with cases between individual people where one person commits an offence which is harmful towards another person, their rights or their property. Civil law also settles disputes between individuals and organisations. If you are convicted of a civil offence, you are not likely to be sent to prison, but most often will become liable for compensation. The standard of proof for civil law cases is “the balance of probabilities.” However, certain civil offences such as disciplinary proceedings for solicitor misconduct can use the higher standard of “beyond reasonable doubt.”

Examples of civil offences include:

Personal injury, Breaches of contract, Employment tribunals, Negligence, etc.

Civil LawCriminal Law
Civil Law is a general law which deals with disputes between organizations or individuals or between the two. The wrongdoer, as per the civil law will has to compensate the affected party.Criminal Law deals with crimes and offences that are committed against the society. It deals with crime and legal punishment of offences.
Civil Law is generally initiated by the aggrieved individual or organisation or also known as ‘plaintiff.’The Government files the petition in case of criminal law.
In case of Civil Law, to start a case, the aggrieved party needs to file a case in the Court or TribunalAs per Criminal Law, to start a case, a petition cannot be filed directly in a court, rather the complaint should be first registered with the police, and the crime needs to be investigated by the Police. Thereafter a case can be filed in the court.
The objective of Civil Law is to protect the rights of an individual or organization and make sure that he or the concerned organization receives the compensation for the wrongs that they have suffered. The purpose of Criminal Law is to maintain law and order and protect society by punishing the wrongdoer.
In Civil Law, the wrongdoer gets sued by the complainant or the aggrieved party.In Criminal Law, the accused person will be prosecuted in the court of law.
In the case of Civil Law, there is no punishment like Criminal Law, but the aggrieved party receives the compensation and the dispute gets settled.In the case of Criminal Law, punishment is meted out as per the seriousness of the criminal offence committed or a fine could be imposed.
In the case of Civil Law, the power of the court is to pass judgement or injunction to compensate for damages caused to the aggrieved party.In the case of Criminal Law, the powers of the court are charging a fine, imprisonment to the guilty of a crime, or discharge of the defendant.
In Civil Law cases, the defendant is considered to be either liable or not liable.In Criminal cases, the defendant is considered either guilty or not guilty by the court.

F.R.I.E.N.D.S

F.R.I.E.N.D.S is the popular sitcom tv show. Many people enjoyed and loved the series. 236 episodes from September 1994 to May 2004. The show was telecasted worldwide. Many loved the show even I loved the series.It won six Emmy Awards, including outstanding comedy series. Friends was created by David Crane and Marta Kauffman and is about a group of six young adults who are either roommates or neighbours in New York City’s Greenwich Village. There are three men and three women are the main cast- Chandler, Ross, Joey, Monica, Rachel and Phoebe.Central Perk, a cafe and popular meeting spot for the group. Monica Geller (played by Courteney Cox) is a chef who often changes jobs and boyfriends in her search for the perfect match. Her brother, Ross (David Schwimmer), is a paleontologist and divorcé (three times over by the end of the series) with a child. He has a long-standing crush on Rachel Green (Jennifer Aniston), a fashion-minded woman who grew up in a wealthy family but works (for a time) as a barista at Central Perk.Phoebe Buffay (Lisa Kudrow) is a ditsy masseuse and would-be musician with a quirky outlook on life. Joey Tribbiani (Matt LeBlanc) is a mostly struggling actor and buffoon who often confides in Chandler Bing (Matthew Perry), a well-off statistics and data analyst who has terrible luck with women and in time develops an eye for Monica. Phoebe is known for her smelly cat song.The finale of Friends was watched by more than 52 million people.The Friends theme song, “I’ll Be There for You,” is the most famous song.

This year 2021 after 17years the cast returned to the reunion. My personal favorite character is Chandler because I love his sarcastic character and his dance. My favorite episode will be “The one with the proposal”where Chandler proposes Monica. When I see friends series I feel I’m one among them and I can relate myself somewhat to Phoebe’s character. I thank my sister who asked me to watch this series. I love this series very much and their friendship and funny moments are awesome. On May 13, 2021, a teaser trailer was released officially announcing Friends: The Reunion also known as “The One Where They Get Back Together”. The reunion special was released on HBO Max on May 27, 2021. When I watched the reunion I was mixed with emotions. I missed them soo much. The series finale closes several long-running storylines. Ross Geller (David Schwimmer) confesses his love for Rachel Green (Jennifer Aniston), and they decide to resume their relationship; and Monica Geller (Courteney Cox) and Chandler Bing (Matthew Perry) adopt twins and move to the suburbs. Many unexpected twists and turns happens and atlast it was a happy ending. I thoroughly enjoyed the series from the start to the end. In the reunion the main cast revisit the sets of the original show (such as the Friends apartments, the Central Perk coffee shop, and the Friends water fountain), meet with guests who appeared on the show as well as celebrity guests, do table reads and re-enactments of older Friends episodes, and share behind-the-scenes footage. Everyone was happy and they shared their experience.

Lockdown period has really made people lazy

Lockdown was the most unexpected thing happened across the Globe, but has ever it really utilized properly by the people that has really an  un imaginable answer that is NO . It really gave an opportunity to turn lazy. They never tried something productive though it has harsh circumstance outside but we have to move forward along with the time and decide what really matter for us we need to take good good care of our health. we stop being lazy and once thing how to be responsible and hold the opportunity that this life  has provided us? how to become the best version of us and better human being among the society.so stop being lazy pull yourself be optimistic and determined grab opportunity and do hard work and strive for success.

How to beat Procrastination?

First of all we should know what is procrastination?

When you google up about this the definition that will pop up on your phone is “The action of delaying or postponing something”. The main reason why everybody do procrastination is not prioritizing the correct amount of work or the tasks to be done on that day. When you prioritise your work always start by writing low-priority tasks.

The main reason why we should list the low-priority tasks are we will get the energy to start of our work. If you list high-priority tasks and the moment you see them you will definitely jump into skipping them. 

If you find a task that is very long and you are not interested in doing it don’t do that if it has a long time to complete. Because when you do something without any interest or upon force the work will not look good. And you will keep on cursing the work till the time you finish it. But, make sure you add them in your task or to-do-list after some days. So that you will get some motivation or you will get some energy to do that work.

Suppose if you are starting a high-priority task grab a cup of coffee in the middle of your work to get freshed or do something you like. But, don’t go through social media for a long time because in the end you will spend all your time on it and the day will easily get over. Instead you can take short naps. Taking short naps are really useful because your brain gets refreshed. And the ideas you need for the task will easily pop up.

Also you can do a self test, and you will be able to analyze that you are procrastinating. You can easily identify it if you are doing some work on the last minute and submitting it just before on time. These things are the perfect examples that you are procrastinating. Procrastinating is the only easy art that everyone can learn within a short span of time. This will become a major drawback in your career if you don’t give a damn about it for a long time.

You can adopt some strategies. Give yourself a reward if you complete some tasks on time. For example if you are asked to submit a project within two days and you are submitting 5 hours ahead of the time give yourself a chocolate or something that you like. This will boost up your mood. Only we can make our lives successful. People will not guide you all the time. They can’t come like your shadow. So, we have the capacity to beat the procrastiantion.

Have this imagination in your mind. How I can spend my time if I complete the task on time? You will be able to spend more time for yourself. You can easily watch Netflix, binge watch shows, have a walk in terrace, and read a book. These things will be amazing only if you have completed the task. If you do them without completing them then it will interrupt your happiness often. But, you can take some short breaks and do them but only as a short break not a long-term break. 

Emotions Is it really need to be kept hidden …

Emotions are the only thing which keeps human heart sane. It is the only one thing that makes a connection among human, emotions are the handful of deal that need to be preserved and protected and the feeling that has this amazing capacity but if kept hidden that was this because insecurity and immaturity but we should let go of everything and feel free to display it. according to situation we need to act and mask our feeling or emotions so it has to be preserved well.

 

Maldives-The Best Destination

Photo by Asad Photo Maldives on Pexels.com

Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is a small archipelagic state in South Asia situated in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 700 kilometres from the Asian continent’s mainland. It has one of the most delicate environments anywhere on the planet. Coral reefs are the foundation of the islands. They offer protection to the tiny islands as its natural defense system.The Maldivian rufiyaa is the currency of the Maldives. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Maldives Monetary Authority. The most commonly used symbols for the rufiyaa are MRF, MVR and Rf. The ISO 4217 code for Maldivian rufiyaa is MVR.Indian Currency is generally not accepted in Maldives. You need to get it converted to Maldivian rufiyaa or USD. Big Hotels can get the currency converted to local currency.A vacation to the Maldives for one week usually costs around MVR25,888 for one person. So, a trip to the Maldives for two people costs around MVR51,775 for one week. A trip for two weeks for two people costs MVR103,551 in the Maldives.
In order to enter Maldives the Indian nationals visiting Maldives as a tourist do not require any pre-arrival visa. A free Maldives Tourist Visa which is valid for approximately ninety days is issued to Indian nationals on arriving at the Male airport.While Dhivehi is the national language of the Maldives, many Maldivians also speak and understand English. French, German, Russian, Italian and Chinese are also widely used at the resorts. Majority of popular food in Maldives include fish, so how can you not try the very basic and very important Fish curry – creamy, flavoured and spicy. Favourite fishes include skipjack tuna, little tunny, yellowfin tuna, frigate tuna, bigeye scad, wahoo and mahi-mahi.
The best places to visit in the Maldives with family are Veligandu Island Beach, Alimatha Island, and Hulhumale Mosque. The Maldives is an excellent choice for a family vacation as you can stay at a luxurious resort, get pampered and have fun with your kids.is the best island in Maldives for honeymoon for all those luxury-seeker couples. It is on this island that the major international airport of Maldives is located and you should ideally visit this island at the very beginning or the end of your honeymoon in Maldives.The sun loves Maldives! Blue skies, gentle waves and the warm sun – perfect weather for all those great beach days. However, the best time to visit this island nation is from November to April (with the best weather conditions peaking between December and March). The Maldives do experience a monsoon season – between May and October. The rains hamper a lot of activity around the beaches and in the water, so it’s best to book your tickets for the drier season.
A strictly Muslim country, the Maldives has a list of prohibited items that will not be allowed past customs. These include alcohol, any kind of drugs, pork, religious materials for distribution, and dogs. the Maldives are a remote chain of islands and won’t have the same connectivity you may expect in a big city. Some resorts do include free Wi-Fi in their amenities, but don’t be surprised if the connection is slow and/or spotty.Maldives is the best destination for both family and married couples.

Racism-An exceptional agony

It is exceptional and good to see people coming forward and talking about race and color. But it is equivalently important to learn about their history as it is fighting for their rights. The unfortunate incident that happened to George Floyd was a turning point in history. A man named George Floyd was murdered by a policeman, begging for his life. The policeman strangled him to death just because his skin color was too dark. The USA was a country of slaves. It is no lie that black people were packed in ships and bought there to do slavery. This fact holds a significant place as many of us are deprived of the fact that how black people were treated in late history. I know it is frustrating to know that at some point people were exploited to death just because of their skin color. Consequently, many people started to realise that this was sinful and unjust. That’s when leaders like Abraham Lincoln came forward and talked about fundamental human rights. For a long-drawn time, they fought laboriously, protesting and covered with bloodshed just for their rights. Finally, slavery was abolished; it was ruled out for good. However, once it was abolished black people remained to be the lowest rung of the society. Why? once slavery was abolished people found out a less tedious task to exploit black people- segregation. There was a mental imbalance in the mind of people. They failed to comprehend that people who were a second ago your toilers are, in a flash, equal to you. All this imbalance led to segregation. Black people were given separate drinking wells, separate movie theaters, schools, and whatnot. Every public resource was segregated as people were so disgusted by the fact that black people could now walk and run almost white people. Again the history repeated itself; black people fought for their rights; shed blood and tears to abolish segregation. At last, segregation was abolished. Yet, the hatred amongst the hearts of the people did not cease. Out of anger, black people were dragged out of their houses and were hanged. Yes, literally; it is so complex to believe this. The hatred led to another civil rights movement. The famous incident where Rosa Parks, refused to give her seat to a white man and spoke for her right was a part of this movement. At last, at least a fraction of them apprehended the pain of black people. Racism is very much alive, but the good thing is that a large majority of people now talk about black people’s rights. Moreover, it is good that we celebrate their culture but is very relevant to study their deep-rooted history; their unforgotten agony. We owe them so much, and we perhaps will fail to repay it, yet we can try our best. This article does not mean to spread enmity; the primary goal was to enlighten you upon their grievous history and what they have undergone. If you are out there willing to support and uplift them, here are some black authors who would mesmerize you with their writings- Deesha Philyaw, Yaa Gyasi, Jasmine Mans.

Signs that you are addicted to your phone

If you can’t go to sleep without checking your phone then you are addicted to it. If you constantly keep on checking your phone it will become a habit. Bad habits won’t take time to grow. It will develop very fast. You can’t sleep without checking and everytime a message you immediately grab your phone. It will affect your brain cells. And you will follow it day by day before going to bed.

First thing you do when you wake up is checking your phone. When you wake up your mine will be calm without any hustles from this world. The moment you check your phone and some terrific message pops up your brain cells will be petrified. and you will think that message for all day long. Sometimes, it will lead to panic attacks. Even if you want to check time you can do it by seeing the wall clock or use a watch. But, don’t use your phone to check timings.

If you are always anxious and can’t think in a calm manner then you should definitely stop using your phone frequently. These can be treated at early stages but if you keep on practising this then it will become like an addiction. Addiction is like a slow poison. It will kill that person gradually. 

Some people frequently use their phone for checking social media messages. You can check them but for getting good updates. In these covid times all we are getting are bad messages and the moment we read them we become terrified. This happened because of us. We are the prime reason for making ourselves and putting in such a vulnerable state. 

For example, if you are attending a family get together and you are gelled with your phone and not speaking with others then it is a major sign of your constant using of phone. Everybody will think you as a phone maniac. And it will create a bad impression. We know we have to live for ourselves and not for others and should not care about the society. But that doesn’t mean that we should never care and keep on doing things we do. Sometimes, it will create a big impact.

You are always distracted. This means whenever a person speak you can’t pay attention and are always sticking to your phone.This is not a good thing. This means you are missing out of your friends group.

This is not a serious issue. Because, nowadays all our works are related to phone. We can easily find how much time we are spending each day on our phone and also the number of minutes or hours spent on each app by installing any of the available apps from playstore. This will help you to find the amount you spent and sometimes it can send you a pop up message. There are also apps available which will kick you out automatically when you exceed the time limit set by you. Sometimes, taking strict actions only will control us. 

So start saving your time by installing any app on your phone to monitor your time and use your time wisely rather than spending hours on social media. 

Drinks-beverages

A drink (or beverage) is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst, drinks play important roles in human culture. Common types of drinks include plain drinking water, milk, coffee, tea, hot chocolate, juice and soft drinks. In addition, alcoholic drinks such as wine, beer, and liquor, which contain the drug ethanol, have been part of human culture for more than 8,000 years.


Tea is the world’s second-most-consumed drink
Non-alcoholic drinks often signify drinks that would normally contain alcohol, such as beer and wine, but are made with a sufficiently low concentration of alcohol by volume. The category includes drinks that have undergone an alcohol removal process such as non-alcoholic beers and de-alcoholized wines.

Is fast and junk food unhealthy?

People use the term junk food to describe a food that has few of the nutrients your body needs, and a lot of fat, sugar and salt, which your body can easily get too much of. Potato chips, candy, and soft drinks are often considered junk food. If you like these snack foods, the trick is to eat them in small portions so that you still get the nutrients you need each day.It is high in calories and extremely low in nutrients. It is a major cause of serious problems like obesity and malnourishment due to the lack of essential nutrients in the diet.The school students are the worst victims of malnutrition. The reason behind it is not poverty but their growing fondness for junk and fried food.
Most students prefer pizzas and burgers over fruits and green vegetables. Such items have always been a more tempting option to the home cooked meal of rice, chapatis and vegetables. The opening of fast food corners has made it convenient to grab a burger than to carry a tiffin. But there is a huge price to be paid for this convenience.As we eat junk food, the brain neurons pump out more and more dopamine, giving us a feeling of pleasure. When released, dopamine fits into a receptors in the brain, much like a key fits into a lock, and when the fit is right the pleasure is sensed.A variety of fast food like pizza, burger, presweetened cereals, chips, noodles, processed foods are easily available in the market. People find it desirable and convenient to eat such food items as they please their taste buds more than regular food.These types of food haven’t got any nutrition, rather they are high in cholesterol, sugar, sodium and low in fibre, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.These foods are hazardous for health. They give rise to blood pressure, resulting in hypertension and cardiac disorders. Sometimes they develop chronic degenerative disorders also. They simply feed hunger along with our immediate craving. They do not form our body in the form of usable lasting energy or building materials provided by nutritious food like fruits, vegetables, chapattis, pulses, etc.This food only looks and tastes good, other than that, it has no positive points.
The amount of calorie your body requires to stay fit is not fulfilled by this food. For instance, foods like French fries, burgers, candy, and cookies, all have high amounts of sugar and fats. Therefore, this can result in long-term illnesses like diabetes and high blood pressure. This may also result in kidney failure.Everyone should realise the importance of healthy and nutritious food and should say ‘no’ to fast food. Parents must ensure that their children eat healthy and home-made food. Children should also break the shackles of unhealthy food and follow a diet-chart suggested by their parents.School authorities should also take immediate steps to replace fast food items with health promoting items such as milk, eggs, bread sandwich, fruit chaat etc. Students should be taught that health is wealth. If they remain healthy, only then they can concentrate on studies. Junk food will bring nothing but ill health, obesity and unhappy life.

POVERTY

Two-thirds of people in India live in poverty.This makes the Indian subcontinent one of the poorest countries in the world. Women and children are the weakest members of Indian society and they suffer most.India is the second most in population country after China with about 1.2 billion people and is the seventh largest country in the world. More than 800 million people in India are considered poor. Most of them live in the countryside.The lack of employment which provides a livable wage in rural areas is driving many Indians into rapidly growing metropolitan areas such as Bombay, Delhi, Bangalore or Calcutta. They don’t have any food to eat, water to drink and even no electricity. The poor hygiene conditions are the cause of diseases such as cholera, typhus and dysentery, in which especially children suffer and die.

Poverty in India impacts children, families and individuals in a variety of different ways through:High infant mortality,Malnutrition,Child labour,Lack of education,Child marriage.India is one of the world’s top countries when it comes to malnutrition: More than 200 million people don’t have sufficient access to food, including 61 million children. 7.8 million infants were found to have a birth weight of less than 2.5 kilograms.Although child labour for children under the age of 14 in India is prohibited by law, according to official figures, 12.5 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working. Aid agencies assume that in reality, there are many more estimating that 65 million children between 6 and 14 years do not go to school. Instead, in order to secure survival, it is believed that Indian children contribute to the livelihood of their families; they work in the field, in factories, in quarries, in private households and in prostitution. Many children are not educated and they go to work because of their poverty. Many children beg in road side and they get something to eat from the money. Now in this situation, due to corona many middle class family lost their job and many poor people are not able to find food for their hunger. People should treat them well and help them with what they can give. They can provide them with food and water in this pandemic situation. All should come forward to help them. If we can’t help them they will suffer badly. Our government has also taken measures for providing them food so we can also donate some money to them or we can also buy some food and give to poor people near your house. They will be so happy. We should come forward and take steps and make them happy. When we do this our country’s poverty will reduce and we should stop child labour and those who can help them with their studies should come forward. We can’t expect everything should be done by the government if we can we should do it. When we do some good things many will see us and they will also do. We should keep poverty away but not a poor!

South korea Tourism

South Korea, an East Asian nation on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, shares one of the world’s most heavily militarized borders with North Korea. It’s equally known for its green, hilly countryside dotted with cherry trees and centuries-old Buddhist temples, plus its coastal fishing villages, sub-tropical islands and high-tech cities such as Seoul, the capital.South Korea is a very safe country to visit. It is famous for being the land of kimchi, K-pop, K-dramas, tech giant Samsung, automotive manufacturer Hyundai, soju, Korean fried chicken, Korean barbecue, the 12-step skincare routine, and of course, Gangnam Style. But there’s so much more to this East Asian tiger than the trends it has given birth to.Its crime rates are much lower than in the US and on par with most European countries, Japan, Singapore, and Hong Kong. This mostly means that, for tourists and anyone else, it is perfectly safe to walk around at night, even in the larger cities. Violent crime is also rare.Since the turn of the 21st century, South Korea has emerged as a major exporter of popular culture and tourism, aspects which have become a significant part of its burgeoning economy.K-dramas have attracted attention for their fashion, style and culture all over the world.South Korea offers everything a traveler could want in a destination. It has a long and fascinating history, a wonderful culture, amazing food, friendly people, and an excellent tourism infrastructure (including a new high-speed rail system). It’s also a country of contrasts, with tourist attractions ranging from ancient mountaintop Buddhist temples like Bulguksa to the ultra-modern skyscrapers of Seoul like the Lotte World Tower.All Koreans speak the Korean language, which is often classified as one of the Altaic languages, has affinities to Japanese, and contains many Chinese loanwords.The South Korean won or Korean Republic won is the official currency of South Korea. A single won is divided into 100 jeon, the monetary subunit. The jeon is no longer used for everyday transactions, and appears only in foreign exchange rates. The won is issued by the Bank of Korea, based in the capital city of Seoul.
It also has one of the most unique attractions in the world that can be visited, a no-mans land, part of a military border between two countries technically still at war (the DMZ). Plan your trip with our list of the top tourist attractions South Korea.You should plan to spend around ₩111,235 ($100) per day on your vacation in South Korea, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors. Guns, narcotics, pornography, subversive material, treasonous material, and counterfeit goods are prohibited from entering Korea.Seoul, Busan, and Juju Island are some of the most popular tourist destinations in South Korea which are perfectly safe to visit while travelling with family .English is not very widely spoken in South Korea overall, although you will have better luck in the capital Seoul, where there will be more English speakers in the main tourist areas.April to June is generally regarded the best time to visit South Korea. The flowers are in bloom and a frothy, dust-pink cloak of blossoms covers the country.

Racism against ‘Northeast Indian People’

Northeast India is the eastern most part of India which comprises of 8 states Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim. These places showered with the beauty of ‘Mother Nature’.

India is well known for its Diversity. People, culture, tradition, art etc., in one region are not the same as the other region in the country, this diversity and difference is what makes India unique. But are people in India embracing these changes?

Racism in own Country:

People travelling from their hometown to any new region will be usually prone to or come across some sort of racism. But, people from Northeast region of India who move to other parts of the country are more affected by racism and discrimination. The Covid 19 situation has made it worse. They face a lot discrimination for their appearance, people from other parts of India call them as Chinese or with other nationality name or nick names. It won’t take much time for them to back call back the racist person as a Pakistani or with other nationality name? when that person is actually Indian. Just because people appear different from the majority doesn’t give anyone the right to mock them. No one has the right to change someone’s National Identity for satisfying their racist mind.

Lack of awareness:

People from other parts of India know very less or have no knowledge about the Northeast India. It is such a nature blessed region with kind hearted people which everyone must be aware of. Not knowing about a region present in one’s own country is not a proud thing. People in India must be educated about all the Indian regions so that they can know more about their country and embrace every difference they come across rather than discriminating and hating others for being different.

In a diverse country like India people don’t have any typical #Indian look. The feeling of belongingness should not be taken away from the fellow countrymen. Prejudices and stereotypes shouldn’t be made based on one’s appearance. People’s appearances differ in each region of our country and despite all the differences being united, accepting and respecting people and their culture for what they are is National Integration. Why all Indians are not called as just ‘Indian’ but are specified as North Indian, South Indian or Northeast Indian?   All the soldiers in the border belong to different region, culture, tradition etc., they protect the country to ensure the safety of all Indians and not a particular region or race alone. The feeling of Oneness despite any sort of difference will only make the country prosper.

 

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: “STILL A LONG WAY TO GO”?

“YOU CAN TELL THE CONDITION OF A NATION BY LOOKING AT THE STATUS OF ITS WOMEN”. . – JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU According to the provisions of the CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, it is a legal point to grant EQUALITY to WOMEN in all spheres of society just like male! THE DEPARTMENT OF WOMEN AND AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT functions well in this field for the PROPER DEVELOPMENT of the WOMEN AND CHILD in India. Women are given a top place in INDIA, from the ancient time, however they were not given EMPOWERMENT to participate in all areas. They were restricted to some areas only. BUT, the question here is,. “WHAT IS WOMEN EMPOWERMENT”? “WHAT IT’S LIKE TO EMPOWERING WOMEN”? Well, In simple terms,. WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IS “THE EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN”. It is made up of two words: WOMEN AND EMPOWERMENT. EMPOWERMENT means to give power or authority to someone. Hence, It refers to making women POWERFUL to make them CAPABLE OF DECIDING FOR THEMSELVES, by breaking all personal limitations of society and family. IT MEANS “INCREASING THE POWER OF WOMEN”. Women have capabilities to make a world of difference in the great march of civilization. But, Today, “ARE WOMEN REALLY EMPOWERED”? “CAN THEY TAKE THEIR OWN DECISIONS”? “ARE THEY REALLY FREE”?

Well, The Answer is not “ALL OF THEM”. The Status of Women in India has been subject to many changes over the span of recorded Indian history. HISTORY says that WOMEN were ILL-TREATED. Their position in society deteriorated early in India’s ancient period, especially in INDO-ARYAN speaking regions, and their subordination continued to be refined well into India’s early modern period. Women have always been the most vulnerable and oft-explioted segments of the society in any age, any time, any place, and any society. They have been since ages VICTIMS of HUMILIATION, EXPLOITATION AND VIOLENCE. The SATI PRATHA in the ancient times to the GIRL CHILD ABOLITION in the present scenario, women continue facing such violence. But, It’s not like, that now People and Governments are oblivious about Their situation and condition.

There have been many provisions and schemes taken up by various Governments in their respective countries. In INDIA, GOVERNMENT has come up with many schemes such as, “BETI BACHAO, BETI PADHAO” YOJANA, MAHILA SHAKTI KENDRA, WORKING WOMEN HOSTELS, and many schemes in favour of them.

ARTICLE 15(3) mentions the welfare of women and children can be stated as,” Nothing in this article shall prevent the state from making any special provision for women and children”.

MINISTRY FOR WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT has collaborated with FACEBOOK on NOVEMBER 19, 2019, to enhance digital literacy and online safety for women in India. The GOVERNMENT OF INDIA has taken the safety and empowerment of women into serious consideration. The growing injustice towards WOMEN had to be minimised and these schemes and their implementation are the solutions to this problem. Several Women have served in various senior official positions in the INDIAN GOVERNMENT, including that of THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA( MRS. PRATIBHA PATIL), THE PRIME MINISTER ( INDIRA GANDHI),CHIEF MINITERS(SUCHETA KRIPLANI), MEMBERS IN PARLIAMENT and THE SPEAKER OF LOK SABHA. This shows that GOVERNMENTS are becoming more and more active in amelioration of women’s condition in our society. However,. Many Women in India continue to face significant difficulties from many sectors. In some societies, WOMEN are still discriminated on the basis of GENDER. They are not given the same freedom as Men. Girls of many societies (especially in RURAL AREAS OF INDIA) are still not allowed to take a decision regarding their lives. What can a Government do with their schemes? If there are not many girls to adapt it. Discrimination against women is still deeply rooted within our Society. Women are still paid less, compared to men. Women are still strict by their culture and family. She cannot go out at nights, with or without a Guy! She cannot has a say in decision making. Even Today, in COMBODIA, WOMEN are determined or recognized by their husbands and Fathers. IS THIS THE EMPOWERMENT? WE OFTEN TALK ABOUT? IS THIS THE FREEDOM WE WANT TO ACHIEVE? No!!!! EMPOWERING WOMEN IS TO GIVE HER THE RIGHT! THE RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE EQUALLY IN SOCIETY, EDUCATION, IN DECISION MAKING. Women should be allowed HIGHER EDUCATION as men. Women should be allowed to decide whether she wants marriage of not!!! But Can we expect this in INDIA??

As THE UNION MINISTER HARDEEP SINGH PURI has rightly said, ” WOMEN EMPOWERMENT HAS COME A LONG WAY, BUT WE HAVEN’T ARRIVED YET”.

China’s Role In Coronavirus Outbreak

      Scientists probing the origins of the coronavirus are wrapping up a lengthy investigation in China and have found “important clues” about a Wuhan seafood market’s role in the outbreak.

Peter Daszak, a New York-based zoologist assisting the World Health Organization-sponsored mission, said he anticipates the main findings will be released before his planned Feb. 10 departure. Speaking from the central city of Wuhan, where Covid-19 mushroomed in December 2019, Daszak said the 14-member group worked with experts in China and visited key hot spots and research centers to uncover “some real clues about what happened.”

Investigators want to know how the SARS-Cov-2 virus — whose closest known relative came from bats 1,000 miles away — spread explosively in Wuhan before causing the worst contagion in more than a century. Daszak said the investigation heralds a turning point in pandemic mitigation.

“It’s the beginning of hopefully a really deep understanding of what happened so we can stop the next one,” he said over Zoom late Friday. “That’s what this is all about — trying to understand why these things emerge so we don’t continually have global economic crashes and horrific mortality while we wait for vaccines. It’s just not a tenable future.”

Worldwide, Covid-19 has caused more than 105.7 million infections and 2.3 million deaths.The WHO was asked in May to help “identify the zoonotic source of the virus and the route of introduction to the human population, including the possible role of intermediate hosts.”

Lab Theory

The lack of a clear pathway from bats to humans has stoked speculation — refuted by Daszak and many other scientists — that the virus might have escaped from the Wuhan Institute of Virology, a maximum bio-containment laboratory studying bat-borne corona viruses.Scientists visited the lab and asked Shi Zhengli, who has collected and analyzed these viruses for more than a decade, about the research and the earliest known coronavirus cases

 

Scientists probing the origins of the coronavirus are wrapping up a lengthy investigation in China and have found “important clues” about a Wuhan seafood market’s role in the outbreaks.

 

Important Clues’

Subsequent research found earlier cases among people not linked to the market, undermining that theory. Investigators looked further and found “important clues” about the market’s role, Daszak said, declining to elaborate.

“Right now, we’re trying to tease everything together,” he said. “We’ve looked at these three strands separately. Now we’re going to bring it together and see what everything tells us.”

While the food market was shuttered and cleaned almost immediately after cases were recognized, “it’s still pretty intact,” Daszak said. “People left in a hurry and they left equipment, they left utensils, they left evidence of what was going on, and that’s what we looked at.”

Scientists in China who took environmental samples inside the market identified sites where traces of SARS-CoV-2 were detected, he said. Investigators also benefited from greater understanding of Covid-19.

We know now what we didn’t know then — that for every sick case, there were others that were asymptomatic or difficult to distinguish from a cold or cough,” Daszak said. “And so it’s not unexpected that there would have been other cases other than ones that got into hospital. But how many others, when did this start? That’s the sort of thing we’re still working on.”

Viruses are passed along “convoluted rivers of emergence” and tracing that journey is complicated and will take “a really long time,” Daszak said. “What I have seen already tells me that there are some real clues about what happened, and I hope that we’ll be able to make a solid explanation of that by the end of this trip.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A memoir of school days

Life was simple and easy, when I was of 3 years and walked into school everyday. It was a time of fun and pain. The new environment away from my mother and father which made me uncomfortable but eventually made me feel happy. Soon time flew and I started growing mentally and physically. Few years later I was allowed to wrap my own books and pack my food, it gave me a sense of supremacy and pride to go to school. Sitting and having everyone’s lunch except mine and buying the delicious chocolates from the canteen will always hold a close place to me. As I grew, the pressure of exams also did. School was soon more of a headache than fun now. Every 2 months I would have to get up in the morning just to open the same book I had been reading for the past 20 days. Time flew and I saw myself in the class of a 12th grader. What? It’s my last year? I looked back at all the times I spent at the same campus having the same food, playing in the same ground. I could not bare the thought of leaving and graduating. Soon, I had my graduation day and it was going to be my last day as a part of the institution. It made me really nostalgic looking around at the group of people I had grown up with and now I will never mostly even see them again in my life.

I was glad to have experienced everything as right after the pandemic had struck and life had suddenly become so monotonous. Sitting at home doing nothing, I realized that school was the one which kept my hands busy and now I feel restless due to the absence of my friends and the environment. The place will always hold a very dear place in my heart and to all the people who were not able to go there for their final years due to the pandemic, Just cherish everything you had before, Trust me, It’s all worth it!

Amul vs PETA: What is the fight about?

PETA or People for Ethical Treatment of Animals has asked Amul, India’s largest co-operative milk producing industry to start producing vegan milk instead of animal milk, citing that Amul should change with time as plant-based milk is in high demand by the vegans (People who do not consume animal or animal products are known as vegans)

Amul published a myth buster against ‘plant-based milk’ and saying that plant-based milk should not be termed as milk because they do not fulfill the criterion to be termed as milk. Adding to it they said, that plant-based milk does not have any of the nutrients which are available in the milk of cows and buffaloes.

Even, FSSAI or Food Safety and Standard Authority India has set a regulation in 2017, preventing the use of the word milk in non-dairy or plant based products.

The milk industry is now around a controversial debate that techniques like artificial insemination, selective breeding and unnecessary lactating hormones are used upon the cows to get milk. Also, PETA stated how the dairy industry is the precursor for the beef industry.

Amul in return replied that their co-operative industry runs because farmers are the one who are providing milk to them and if they convert and start plant-based beverages then livelihoods of millions of farmers will end.

The fight between Amul and PETA, resulted in Amul writing a letter to the Prime Minister regarding banning of PETA in India.

Another fact to be noted is Indians are still reluctant to adopt veganism. The plant-based products are not really in demand in the Indian markets as they are in countries like United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand etc. Comparing animal milk and plant-based milk, Plant based beverages are double the price of the regular animal milk. Hence, most of the consumers choose animal milk over plant based milk because of the cheaper rate. Indian markets are not yet ready to change and adopt veganism as of right now.

We cannot take sides or decide who is right and who is wrong PETA or Amul.

But we do know as a matter of fact that, many companies have started selling plant-based beverages in Indian market example, Sofit, Epigamia, Urban Platter and GoodMylk but it would take some awareness and time to make Indians adopt veganism completely.

Due to covid middleman family are suffering a lot

Due to covid 19 in india and entire world is suffering past 18 months it,s been one and half year in this covid taught us many lessons and many responsibilities with our family and children and colleges students got an new lessons many of them developed their channels, starting writing poems,novels, and drawings and started to compose their own music to showcase their talents during covid which social media with Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, hike,messenger, LinkedIn, snapshot,sharecat,moj,max taxa tax,yourube,blog,mesho,helo showing their talents in social media which many students life have changed a better good learned many new things which they learned many knowledge, many students learned many online coding for many apps,music,games they learned many of them learned many online courses,which changed a better life for them it has become a turning point for them as virtual meeting. ● But main problems are middle men are suffering a lot like drivers,welders, mechanical, auto drivers, carpenters, construction welders, labours,shop owners fruit.and vegetables sellers,provision store, cosmetic shops and dress shop,shopping mall,cab drivers, restaurants they are suffered a lot during lockdown many months and months shops are closed they all bussiness were loss I’m this situation many of them brought loans from bank but there are not able pay back the loan due lockdown no revenue and no income for family business are loss so they are not able to payback the loan many families parents stopped their students education because no income for family in this situation many schools are collecting high admission for students so this situation parents were forced to stop their students education with tears how we can pay so much money crying in front of media so the high court gave a order that all schools and colleges to collect 35% of their fees but many organizations started to help the poor people who are suffering needed three times Food by many organizations, NGO and private organizations like tata,wipro,Sony,Samsung Philips, Britannia,parley a Honda,Mahindra audio,many councils and many celebrities like,vijay, Surya,rajini,Kamal hassan ,ajith,vivek,shivarajkumar, karthik,hansika keerty Darshan, puneeth,yash,radhika,sonu sood,Akshay Kumar, Ajay Devan, Amitabh Buchanan,sharukhan, Priyanka nalkari, and many more helped the government during covid the government was in critical stage and no income for country in this situation many of helped the government without the people no government can function government need the people support so in this situation government PRIME MINISTER NARENDRA MODI introduced a plan to give 2000 to all family in their account money will be transferred and little covid case started reducing in the country so that Supreme Court ordered to cancel all the loans people taken from bank RBI RESERVE BANK OF INDIA has ordered a guidelines to all banks in country to cancel all the loans people taken from bank slow by slow everything is getting to normal stage so stay safe Be safe,keep smiling and healthy wear mask while going outside STAY SAFE…..

Tamil Nadu cancels Class 12 board exams

Tamil Nadu, TN +2 Public Exams 2021 have been cancelled. CM M.K. Stalin today announced the decision not to conduct Class 12 State Board Examinations in the state this year.

Tamil Nadu, TN +2 Exams 2021 for Class 12 have been cancelled. The State Government today announced its decision to cancel the Public Examinations for the State board. The government has said that a committee would be formed which would decide on the criteria on which the students would be awarded the marks.

The decision was taken in view of the still high number of cases due to the second wave of the pandemic as well as the chances of a third wave. The Chief Minister, M. K Stalin announced that the “Class 12 Board Examination for this year is cancelled.”

Tamil Nadu chief minister M K Stalin

on Saturday night announced cancellation of Class XII state board exams in view of the Covid-19 second wave in the state. The state government held discussions with parents, teachers, educationists, health experts and political parties in the past three days on conducting the exams. Though there were mixed opinion on conducting the board exams, all of them wanted to ensure the safety of the children. Covid-19 second wave is still raging in the state and health experts also predicted a third wave. However, the state government cannot vaccinate Class XII students as they are aged below 18 years,” chief minister said in a statement.

 

He said the state government was still firm on its policy of conducting Class XII admissions based on Class XII exam marks. “However, doctors say postponing the exam further will affect the students psychologically. Based on the medical advice and other recommendations, the state government is cancelling Class XII state board exams,” he said.

The state government has formed a committee headed by school education secretary Kakarla Usha to decide the modalities to award marks for admissions into higher educational institutions. Based on the committee’s report, the marks would be awarded and admissions would be based on these marks, Stalin said.

He said while the state government has cancelled the board exams in view of pandemic, it may not be feasible to conduct all India level entrance exams like NEET. “I have written a letter to the PM to cancel all entrance exams. Though the exams are cancelled in view of students’ health, we will ensure that admissions to higher educational institutions are not affected,” chief minister said them.

 

Tamil Nadu, +2 Public Exams 2021 have been cancelled. Chief minister Stalin today announced the decision not to conduct Class 12 State Board Examinations in the state this year.

 

 

How to be a good listener?

Listening is a skill and everybody should have good knowledge of that. If you are attending a conference or a meeting, your listening skills will only make you outstanding in your team. Only when you listen you can interpret their ideas or you can revert back to that person. This is like an art and it can’t be mastered in a day. Lots of practice will make you a good listener. 

Some people think listening can be easy and they can easily do it but when they attend a lecture or something they will get to know how bad they are at listening. We have to make a mindset that listening to them will increase our knowledge. Then only our brain will train itself to listen to the speech. When you simply think this lecture will be boring and it is of no use to you then the brain will automatically register this and you will find the lecture to be even more boring.

Ask more questions to the speaker if you really don’t know the topic they are speaking about. Only when you ask questions your doubt will be solved and you can register the content they are speaking. Don’t simply jump to a conclusion to the speaker’s words. Analyse and identify the key concepts and ideas of their speech. In this way, you are making mental notes in your mind. 

You can also do introspection. Recording something of yours and listen to it and find whether you are able to get a clear image and grasp of it or not. In this way, you can find the fault. Because after you listen you might have to give your opinion. So, your speaking skills also will play a major role. Don’ ask questions desperately. Wait for the speaker to complete his/ her speech and get back to them. If you desperately ask without letting them finish their speech a bad impression will fall on you. 

A good tip is to make an eye-contact with the speaker. This is the most important steps in listening. When you make an eye-contact they will get to know that you are actively participating there. In most countries, this step is considered a better one in listening. 

You can relax for some time. But at the same time be attentive and listen to the person in front of you. Relaxing doesn’t mean that you can skip the part that the speaker is speaking. Instead don’t sit too erect. If you do this your muscles will become tight. So relax and listen to them.

Asking questions and interrupting is different. Don’t interrupt the speaker and give or impose your ideas on the speech they are giving. It is considered a bad habit in listening. If you find something really interesting and want to talk about it wait for them and let them finish the speech.   

After listening you can give feedback to the speaker. Here you can tell the things you felt in their speech and the sentences or statements you liked. Give a genuine reply. Don’t just speak for the sake of giving feedbacks. 

Why people love to work from home?

Work from home has become so popular in these covid times. Everybody is preferring to work from home as it is so comfortable and you can take care of your family as well. You can work at your flexible time. There is no office stress and travel expenses. You can better work-life balance. If you are a parent you can monitor your kids easily from the comfort of your home.

When you are supposed to travel for work to so many places it will cause stress due to pollution and the people you face. Now your job is like a freelancer. But your job is assured and you don’t have to do hunting and searching for clients. See the amount you saved by working from home. Many people travel to their workplaces either by using public transport or their own vehicles. 

If you are travelling using public transport the cost will be less. But compared to that amount spent for the entire month the cost is high. And you will be not sure when the public transport will come and their timings. And you can’t adjust to it all the time. 

If you are travelling by your own vehicle then you have to spend the money on fuel and nowadays fuel prices have become so high. and also pollution has become a major problem. And lots of vehicles have emerged nowadays which resulted in traffic. This leads to stress and due to traffic you will get late for your work. Getting late to the office will put your job at stake. And you have to face the angry wrath of your boss or manager. 

But when you work from home you can join the meetings on time without any delay. The meeting time will be scheduled beforehand and all you have to do is make yourself prepared for the meeting on time. In this way your job is safe and the meeting will go smoothly without any interruptions. But, make sure you have a proper internet connection during the meeting. Because you can’t make any excuses for this. Having poor internet won’t look good during your meeting.

You love your home. Working in an environment that you love will give you a positive vibration and will give you the much-needed energy to finish your work. Some people hate office gossips so work from home is pure bliss for them. They can enjoy their work from a home facility more than going to the office and speaking with people without any interest. Not only introverts are like this. But, some extroverts may also hate this. 

This will lead you to a happier and healthier lifestyle and you can spend your leisure time from the comfort of your home. Travelling to the office during climate changes will create havoc on your health. But if you work from home your health will be taken care of and at the same time, you can be at more peace.

This will help you to do physical exercises. Earlier when you go to the office on a daily basis you would have missed your exercise routine due to travel and other things. But, work from home will help you to schedule your lifestyle and you can execute it in a better-optimized way. 

WHETHER WORK FROM MY HOME IS A BEST WAY

In India and all over the world the corona virus is spreading fast without any end. In India the government has told that all people must stay in house and do their work. The corona virus is most dangerous it is killing people many people are affected by it. Working in an office is a risk thing because there will be many people working if it comes to a person it may spread to others. So the government has instructed the officers to stay the workers from their house and work. The workers are affected by these things much because their working hours has no limit. They are given work after completing their work they only they are allowed to sleep. The officers of the company gave them leave in Sunday’s but they are not allowed to be free, if they get sick or if their family members they are not allowed to take leave any day without completing the work. Company officers are trying to make their losses into strength of their company which is happening during this pandemic situation. The corona virus has made their business into a loss they are trying to maintain the normal thing which was happening before corona time. The economy is going down it is now in minus it has to be in the good form. The lockdown and corona virus made this happen because if there is no lockdown and if we every people went to work this Economy will not be in loss. Economy is about each and everybody who works it is equal for their farmers, if they go to field only we get food and other things are exported through that also we are getting money. Economy is down because all over the world there is corona virus no one is trying to export or import because India is first. Vaccines and medicines we sent to other countries we didn’t keep anything for ourselves so we suffered. Many people because of work from home some are in other country, state and district itself. Some are happy because of work from home now government told that some can work in office with 50% of people. So the company is very slow because they couldn’t coordinate all the people in the office and work from home at a time. Companies are in a difficult situation that how to bring the company. Working from home so all our at home while meeting how a family can be quite a family means there will be some noises and sounds, but the companies are expecting that there must be no noise it is possible in office. They are having network issues and some are having laptops by seeing it closely and working for hours they are affected by eye sight. Many workers in the company are being stressed nowadays no one is in bench means without working. Due to this corona pandemic many have lost their jobs and those who are doing daily work and salary don’t know what to do for food and shelter. This corona virus has changed each one’s life a lot we have to break the chain and come out of this pandemic situation.

 

“ONLY WHEN WE THINK THAT WE CAN SUCCED WE WILL ACT SO LET’S THINK AND ACT”

India’s most dreaded yet dearest word

SEDITION

Sedition is a word that appears every day on news. The recent turn of events that made sedition the headlines was that the Supreme Court quashed the case of sedition filed against a journalist in Himachal Pradesh. He was accused of making remarks against the Prime Minister and the government’s handling of the migrant crisis that followed COVID- 19 lock down during the first wave last year in a video.
A sedition case was filed against him under section 124A of the IPC. The section penalises sedition as punishable with either imprisonment ranging from three years to a lifetime, a fine, or both. The Supreme Court once again as a saviour of constitutional rights quashed the case rendering his remarks as genuine criticism of the government. The Supreme Court reiterated the principles of the landmark case Kedarnath Singh versus union of India 1962. In landmark judgment the Supreme Court upheld the constitutional validity of sedition law while restricting its scope for misuse.


A walk through the history of sedition

Sedition law was enacted in India during the colonial era. It was the brainchild of England who believed that only good opinions of the government should survive. Macauley is credited with drafting the sedition law for the first time in 1837. In 1870 section 124A was introduced in Indian Penal Code. Many freedom fighters were booked under sedation. The first person was Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who was accused of writing seditious articles in his newspaper, Kesari. His judgement in Bombay High Court was passed by Arthur Strachey for the ‘seditious libel’.
The law survived in post-independence India. In the constituent assembly an attempt was made by K.M. Munshi, a strong supporter of free speech, to repeal the word sedition from the list of exceptions for rights to free speech under article 19 of the constitution. It was a successful endeavour however sedition remained functional under the Indian Penal Code.
From time to time the Supreme Court took charge to interpret the law vis-à-vis Brij Bhushan vs the state of Delhi (1950), Romesh Thappar vs the state of Madras (1950), Kedarnath Singh vs state of Bihar (1962) and Balwant Singh vs State of Punjab (1995). The landmark 1962 judgement upheld the constitutionality of sedition but limited its application. It defined that the thin line between ‘very strong speech’ and ‘vigorous words’ strongly critical of the government.
Presently, Section 124A of IPC states-


‘Whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by science, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brains or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite this affection towards the government established by law in India shall be punished with imprisonment for life, to which fine may be added, or with imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine’


What next?
Sedition cannot be repealed within a fortnight. It has a long history and will have a future as well. The best the government can do is the refrain from misusing it, the Supreme Court will remain the saviour of the people of India and us, the citizens should try to use freedom of speech in the best interest of the nation.

ODISHA- 1999 and afterwards

ODISHA- 1999 and afterwards

About nine hours away from Bhubaneswar, Bhawanipatna city is situated which is the district headquarter of Kalahandi which is one of the thirty districts present in Odisha. Long ago Bhawanipatna used to be the capital of the Kalahandi kingdom and the Kalahandi palace can still be seen there. Kalahandi had been ruled by the Naga dynasty for decades but it’s known not for the Nagas but for its poverty.

Phanas Punji of Amlapali village in Kalahandi sold her two-year-old sister-in-law for Rs. 40 to save her two starving children. To which Kapil Narayan Tiwari, a former MLA, said “Here, children are sold cheaper than channas, and the government, instead of rescuing the poor from hunger, is pressurizing them to deny the sale stories.”

This incident in the year 1985 shook the nation and soon Kalahandi caught up the lime-light. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi visited Kalahandi with his wife Sonia Gandhi and made a remarkable statement that of every rupee spent by the government ,only 15 paise reached the intended beneficiary. These VIP visits highlighted the issues and suffering of Kalahandi but the ground reality remained somewhat unaffected. In a statement dated five months after the visit of Rajiv Gandhi Phanas Punji said “I am poorer after Rajiv Gandhi’s visit. Officials came once and gave me a sari (worth Rs.7) and 8 kg of grains, which was an insult to my poverty. The sari is still lying unused though I couldn’t keep the grains: my children were so hungry.”

But after almost twenty years when the media found Phanas Punji again, she was no longer a picture of penury and hunger. She was wearing decent clothes along with jewelry. And this improvement can also be verified with RBI data: in the year 1999, Odisha was the poorest state in India but in the year 2012 it jumped 5 positions ahead.

Odisha faced ignorance from it’s rulers in history especially in British era and even after independence which were considered to be the reason of it’s poverty. Not only poor governance but many-a-times extreme weather conditions ranging from cyclones to droughts were also considered to be reason. The famine of 1866 killed more than one million people. But many researchers believe that extreme weather conditions couldn’t be treated as the sole reason of poverty, poor governance and policies are equally responsible for the same. For example in a report of the 1866 famine stated that increased exports, hoarding and inadequate relief also contributed as immediate causes of people’s sufferings.

Till date seven Prime Ministers of independent India have visited Kalahandi to promise better policies. In-fact it is believed that Indira Gandhi got the inspiration of the slogan ‘Garibi hatao’ when she visited Kalahandi.

It should also be kept in mind that situations vary from place to place within Odisha as well. Odisha can broadly be divided into three parts i.e., North Odisha, South Odisha and Coastal Odisha. North Odisha is the area of mines whereas Coastal Odisha is full of cities and tourist attractions and South Odisha is a hilly area where most of the tribal communities reside.

Studies have shown that Coastal Odisha has almost half the poverty rate compared to other regions.

But situations began to improve in the twenty-first century. Economists showed in their studies that the average growth rate of Odisha rose to 8 per cent which immensely helped in the eradication of poverty.

The credit goes to the Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, who has been the CM of the state of nineteen years now. Over the past two decades ‘The man who couldn’t care’ has transformed his image to a man who’s known for his simple lifestyle and generosity. But he didn’t just change his image but also changed the future of Odisha.

The main reason of economic development in Odisha was the rapid growth and improvement in it’s tertiary sector. Within the first decade of twenty-first century the share of tertiary sector in Odisha’s economy increased from 39 per cent to 49.8 per cent. And this wasn’t exclusive to Odisha. The tertiary sector of India was helping in rapid economic growth all over the nation and Odisha used the same for it’s economy.

At the same time, not only economic but Odisha also had social development. For example the first decade of this century saw a major dip in the infant mortality rate in Odisha.

The credit for these socio-economic development goes to three social initiatives of the state government i.e., 1. Mission Shakti and similar other programs where the women are provided with skills and facilities so that they can become more independent. Not only this but the CM also made women more politically independent by giving 33 per cent reservations in state assembly elections and 50 per cent reservations in the panchayat elections. 2. Disaster management model of Odisha which has been appreciated by the United Nations as well. The system developed after the super cyclone of 1999 worked it’s best when another such severe cyclone Phailin struck the state in the year 2013, and since then the state is the best cyclone ready state in the country. 3. The public distribution centers in Odisha avail the poor section with grains and Ahaar centers distribute cooked meal for the needy all at minimal costs which has brought down starvation due to poverty in the state.

With the implementation of many such policies CM Naveen Patnaik showed that development is possible even in extreme weather conditions. But it should also be noted that within the years inequality also rose in the state as major developments were limited to Coastal Odisha only. This could be possible because the growth in the tertiary sector of the state was mostly in the coastal regions. Another reason being mining which has also increased inequality. Studies have shown that the areas where mines are present are poorer than other areas. The reason behind this could be the fact that the major benefits obtained by mining go into the pockets of a chosen few.

The prevailing problems may indicate that people and organizations may demand betterment but the state has least politically active population contrary to the neighboring state of West Bengal where political activism within the masses remains at it’s peak mostly. A local journalist Kedar believes that Odisha has been a feudal place for centuries and thus the popular mentality of the people is that their leaders should think and do for them while they are not interested in governance etc. And this feudal system is still existent behind the veil where all major authorities like media etc., are controlled by a few families who entertain all the power.

Even after years of development, poverty is still the major problem of Odisha.’ Phanas Punji bristles at any stranger bearing even the faintest resemblance of a journalist or cameraman who might approach her. “Go away. You guys take my pictures and sell them for a price while I continue to wallow in poverty.” she says.’ reported the Indian Express on 6th September 2016.

Now the people of Odisha have started to take baby steps towards being active for the betterment of the state.

How To Deal a Bad Boss or a Bad Manager

We may always like to sit tight in an armchair dreaming up Utopias. Utopias are a generally ideal world where you get bosses who understand your needs and requirements. She appreciates you for your excellence and motivates you on your failure. She possesses the qualities of an excellent leader and is an invaluable asset for you. 

Well, reality may be far from your fantasy. Here, you may have bosses who are cold, dominating and assertive. She may be someone who takes your credits and someone who cannot even spell the word a-p-p-r-e-c-i-a-t-i-o-n. 

Whatever the case may be, you have to cope up with them. You cannot expect everyone to be kind and sensitive to your needs. Just go with the flow until you reach a new shore.

Best Ways To Deal With a Bad Boss

Communication

Your boss may not know that they are cold. Communicate with them and express your hankering. However, you may not always get a positive response. Sometimes, you may be targeted post haec. Therefore, always be on the safe side and try to communicate indirectly but efficiently. 

Diagonal Communication May Work

You may find no use after communicating to your immediate head. In such cases, address your concerns to the managers or HR heads. Tell them what you feel about your boss and seek their advice.

Observe

Sometimes, your boss may not care about the duration of your break. Instead, they might be behaving coldly to preserve their ego or pride. Just to assert his position, he may be acting cold. If this is the case, you can act accordingly. So, observation is the key!

Personal is Personal And Professional is Professional

Do not let the coldness of your boss affect your professional work, duties and obligations in any way. Even if it is destroying your patience, stay on good terms with other leaders of your company. Being dull and taking breaks will only add insult to injury. 

I am One Step Ahead Of You

If you feel that your boss is excavating problems to pull you in, stay a step ahead of her. Even before she assigns you something, try to understand your responsibilities and take up the work. Be mentally prepared and, it is always desirable to have a quality draft in hand. 

Good Fences Make Good Neighbours

Even if your boss fails to respect boundaries, make sure that you are not like her. You know how it feels when someone acts as if there are no boundaries. Invest it in your life and practice. 

Learn From The Past

While applying for another company, do thorough research to avoid falling into a bad boss labyrinth a second time. Establish relations with the starters of your target company and learn the workspace culture and employee-employer relations. Take care so that you do not appear creepy!

Coronavirus positive for lions

Asiatic Lion seeks the comfort of a shade in its enclosure at the Nehru Zoological Park as the temperatures are rising with the onset of summer in Hyderabad on Saturday.

Eight Asiatic lions at Hyderabad’s Nehru Zoological Park have tested positive for the deadly Coronavirus, perhaps the first known case of the human infecting the feline and making them sick in India.

Highly placed sources at the zoo told The Hindu that the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) informed the forest authorities over the phone that the RT-PCR tests of these big cats were positive. However, CCMB samples were collected from the animals concerned but it will take a few days to confirm.

The CCMB will carry out detailed investigation of the samples for genome sequencing to find out if the strain came from human beings or not.

The scientist cautioned the officials to take precautions and start the medication at the earliest. The zoo authorities are likely to conduct a CT Scan of the lions to know the impact of the infection on their lungs.

The Zoo Director and Curator Dr. Siddhanand Kukrety and VVL Subhadra Devi respectively did not respond to the repeated calls by this correspondent to deny or confirm the news officially.

However, another source on the 380-acre campus, which house more than 1,500 inmates, said that results from the CCMB will be submitted to Ms. Subhadra Devi in an hour or two, and to alert them the scientists have orally told the higher-up about the results.

“Yes, the lions were tested after displaying mild symptoms. As of now they are active and are doing well,” the officer said, adding that four male and four female big cats were housed in the 40-acre Safari area.

He said that on April 24, caretakers noticed that these big cats developed symptoms like dry cough, nasal discharge, and loss of appetite and soon alerted the veterinary team. Soon, the vets took oropharyngeal swab samples of the feline and sent them to CCMB, where the scientists are likely to do genome sequencing to find out if the strain came from human beings.

Currently, NZP, one of the biggest zoos in Asia, is closed for visitors as a precautionary measure. More than two dozen staffers at the zoo were tested positive for the virus.

Effective Time Management Techniques You Must Use

For you, being a member of this fast-moving world, there will be nothing like the time that wreaks mayhem in your brain. You might feel like twenty-four hours is not sufficient to work with efficiency and accuracy. You might feel highly stressed and exasperated, mostly worried about tomorrow and next week. 

Having a night full of sweet dreams would be exotic to you. Also, forgetting things will be a common phenomenon in your life. Notwithstanding these stumbling blocks, an effective time management strategy is what you want. That is, you’ve to work smarter, not harder. 

7 Ways to Improve Your Time Management Skills

Best Time Management Techniques That You Must Use As a Recruiter

Keep a Handy To-do List

Whenever you get recruiting assignments, just note down everything one by one in a diary or on your device. There are only two golden rules- firstly, note everything in the same place and secondly, keep your device/notebook handy. You will have to refer to it anytime from anywhere. 

How To Write A To Do List That You'll Actually Stick To

Prioritising Need Over The Best

After creating a shabby to-do list having every single work mixed and jumbled up like an exasperating farrago, you now have to analyse and prioritise them. Your to-do list will be jumbled up like a maze. Keep four standards to analyse your to-do work, like: 

  • P1: Top priority
  • P2: Secondary priority
  • P3: Can be put-off, tertiary priority
  • P4: Can be eliminated
Company Diversity a Big Priority for First Twilio CIO

The Time to Repair The Roof is When The Sun is Shining

After you prioritize your chores, plan how to execute them the next day. Always ensure that there is not more than five work in the P1 category. Every night, prioritise your work and make it ready-to-do for the next day. Likewise, every weekend, analyse the work that you’ve completed this week and what you’re planning to do the next week if any. 

Intention Without Action is Useless

Make sure you do your work according to your plans and priorities. The top priority ones shall be done as soon as possible and it shall be the first work you do the next day. After completing the P1 activities, proceed to do the P2. If you have any time left to do the P3, then complete it one by one according to the internal order of precedence. Finally, you can eliminate the P4 activities. 

Work-life balance in a pandemic: a public health issue we cannot ignore

Final Thoughts

It’s difficult to plan and is more difficult to implement. However, if you do your work in a fix amidst confusions and uncertainties, the result will be catastrophic. More and more sleepless nights with more and more forgetting episodes will juggle your life. 

By making an effective to-do list and by prioritising and proper planning, you will be able to do wonders. With the list in your hand, you can always be satisfied with the work you have done and be certain about the work you do the next day. You can sleep in peace and remember everything you have to do. If you use a planning app like Todoist or Evernote, you will get notifications for the work to be done. 

Finally, after following these four steps- Listing, Planning, Prioritising and Implementing; you can efficiently and effectively manage the twenty-four hours you have. 

MENTAL HEALTH

Mental illnesses should not be thought of any differently from physical illnesses. In fact, I believe the two are inseparable. Because the whole body is connected and interwoven, the two cannot be separated. The brain is an organ just like everything else in the body and can be hurt like everything else. When the brain is ill, it is not isolated in just the brain, but instead affects the whole body and the overall wellness.

The stigma surrounding mental illness keeps people from getting the help they need to get better and causes them to hide their pain.  

Mental health is important. It impacts how we feel, think, and behave each day. Our mental health also contributes to our decision making, problem solving, how we deal with stress, and how we can relate to others in our lives. That’s why, we have to always care about our own mental health.

Current research clearly identifies the importance of mental health to learning, as well as to students‘ social and emotional development. Students who experience positive mental health are resilient and better able to learn, achieve success, and build healthy relationships.

An emotionally fit person will always feel vibrant and truly alive and will easily manage emotionally difficult situations.

Mental illness does not mean that you’re going crazy, and one should not be ashamed of it. Our society needs to change its perception of mental illness or disorder. Mental illness is the instability of one’s health, which includes changes in emotion, abnormal thinking and behaviour

Receiving help is the most important thing anyone can do for themselves. But unfortunately, the stigma keeps people from getting help.  Mental illness should not be something to be ashamed about or thought of differently. When mental illness is treated equally to other illnesses, more people will have the courage to get help and better their lives.

We need to understand that being both physically and emotionally fit is the key to success in all aspects of life. Children should be educated about the importance of mental health, which would help them in breaking the stereotypes around mental health which today’s society has created.

Agriculture

Agriculture plays a critical role in the. entire life of a given economy.Agriculure is the backbone of the economy system of a given country .in addition to. Providing food and raw material agricultural also provide employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population .The main source of raw material to major industries such as cotton and jute,fibre,sugar,as well as non edible oils in agriculture.moreover , mainly other industries such as processing of fruits as well as vegetables and rice husking get their raw material for agriculture.Agriculture also provide wood construction and paper industry . Agriculture plays a significant role to both human and economy of a nation,this today.itis the backbone of a nation economy.in additional is also provide food and raw material ,it is also provide employment opportunities to very large percentage the population . Agriculture is important not only for the supply food but also for the provision of Raw material . agriculture is backbone of economic system in given country.

A Year Into the Pandemic

Remember 2020? When the whole world was threatened by a terrible virus outbreak and nation-wide lockdown had to be imposed in many countries. When the healthcare infrastructure was crumbling under the load of increasing critical patients and the only way out of this was to stay at home, wear a mask and practice social distancing?

Well, these aren’t distant memories, because 2021 has brought another wave of Covid-19, this time much more severe and deadly. The symptoms have drastically changed owing to a mutated strain, and detection of the virus has become a lot more harder. The statistics and numbers look so vague to us, until this virus reaches our doorstep and infects someone we know.

Schools and colleges have been shut down, and studying has taken a new form through virtual platforms. Some are getting the chance to spend time with their family. Some are witnessing losses in business. Some are looking for a way out of poverty, since the pandemic destroyed their only source of livelihood. Some are suffering from this deadly virus and some are losing their dear and loved ones. This pandemic taught something new to every person and brought out different emotions from everyone.

Did we ever imagine that something as microscopic as a virus could lead to so many losses in the world? That a ‘normal viral infection’ could bring humanity down to its knees, and make us realize that this is a fight for survival. That we aren’t alone on this planet, we just inhabit this planet like many others.

This lockdown allowed nature to flourish. Animals reclaimed what was theirs and the sky could finally shed its true light, free from all the smoke and chemicals. Humans were silent and earth was blooming with colors again. Birds were surprised, yet happy, for how a bustling city had been turned into a silent place.

We have been thinking that this pandemic is a new enemy that mankind has to fight against, but the real enemy, right from the start has just been us. The wars that we have started, the violence that has been ravaging across different parts of the world and is now prevalent in almost every city.

We trust the government, the people-in-charge to help make things better. To help get things back to normal. Well, I want normal too. I want that normal where people live in peace and harmony, and help the world grow. I want that normal where we co-exist with nature and give back to the planet. I want that normal where soldiers and don’t die at the border every day.

 

How can can the world go back to ‘normal’ and still possess pain and cruelty?

 

It’s disturbing that bloodshed and barbarism has become so common. We know everything happening around the world, but now choose to view these incidents politically. Accusingly. Blindly.

It’s been a year into this pandemic, but it’s been decades since we managed to bring about any changes. With such little progress and so many mistakes, it feels like time flew away and now it’s too late for us to catch it.

 

 

Covid-19

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.” This means that, in general, the human population has no acquired immunity to the new coronavirus and while most people who contract the virus will experience no or mild symptoms, some people will develop severe or even life-threatening symptoms.

The coronavirus —  labeled as COVID-19 by WHO — was first identified in the city of Wuhan in the Hubei province of China in December. Since it first emerged in China, COVID-19 has spread around the world and has now been identified in at least 157 countries. Researchers suspect the virus originated in an animal population – likely bats – and was transferred to humans via a secondary source. Symptoms include respiratory issues, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and can even be fatal.

How can you prevent the spread of coronavirus and avoid infection? WHO recommends washing your hands regularly; covering your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing; and cooking meat and eggs thoroughly. Most officials are recommending that people with symptoms stay home and self-isolate to avoid spreading the virus to others. In many countries, governments and medical communities have advised all people – with or without symptoms – to stay home and avoid large gatherings to prevent the spread of the disease, and some countries are temporarily shutting down schools and universities, as well as other facilities and restricting travel.

These measures are part of a widespread effort to slow and reduce the spread of the virus so that healthcare systems can provide thorough treatment and allow researchers, medical professionals, and government officials time to develop treatments and implement public health protocols. To best “flatten the curve” — a graphical representation of reducing the exponential spread of the virus — officials are urging people to stay at home.

TN CM extends lockdown till Jun 14 with some relaxations

Tamilnadu Chief Minister M.K.Stalin has extended the lock down period with some relaxations. As the lock down announced earlier ends on 7th, the relaxed guidelines will be implemented from Monday to 14th June.

The Government has announced separate guidelines in eleven districts where Covid count is still a concern. More relaxations have been announced for other districts.

AIR correspondent reports, according to the new guidelines, stand alone shops other than textiles and Jewelry have been allowed to function from morning 6 to evening 5  O’clock. Pavement shops and Fish markets will be allowed in open spaces.

All government offices are allowed to function with 30 percent attendance. House keeping services, Electricians, plumbers , motor technicians ,carpenters. Rental taxies and autos will be allowed with e registration.  Permission from District authorities will be needed for emergency travel to Nilgiris, Kodaikanal, Yercaud, Yelagiri and Kutralam. Ten percent workers in Export companies will be allowed for limited activities. Push cart vendors will be allowed to sell vegetables and fruits in coordination with the local administrati

Vijayawada Division of South Central Railway celebrates World Environment Day

Vijayawada Division of South Central Railway celebrated World Environment Day across the Division today. The main objective of celebrating World Environment Day is to highlight the importance of the environment and to remind people that nature should not be taken for granted. The theme for this year’s World Environment Day is ‘Ecosystem Restoration’.

Plantation Drives were conducted at all the major stations of the Division as a mark of its commitment towards green environment and to highlight the importance of afforestation. Health Inspectors of the sections conducted awareness campaign and counseled the contract staff on benefits of increased green cover and importance of ecological balance

Vijayawada Division has always played a vital role in the areas of green environment, preservation of green cover, energy conservation, use of solar energy, compliance to environmental regulations and application of renewable forms of energy in innovative ways.

During the current year, Vijayawada Division has undertaken many energy conservation measures which have reaped ample dividends. Vijayawada Division has completed 100 per cent installation of LED lights across the the length and breadth of the Division and had achieved record savings of 35.29 Lakh units per year. This resulted in savings of  2.09 crore rupees. The total installed Solar Capacity of the Division is around 548 KWP excluding all the solar water heaters installed at all the facilities.

Waltair Division observes World Environment Day

Giving emphasis to its commitment towards green initiatives, Waltair Division of East Coast Railway observed World Environment Day today. To mark the day the Division has organized an awareness rally and massive plantation programme in the Railway localities, colonies and station areas to explore its future course of action to prevent pollution. The theme of this year’s World Environment Day is ‘Reimagine. Recreate. Restore.’ as this year marks the beginning of the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.

More than 850 green saplings were planted in the Railway colonies and station surroundings today and in last two years the Division has planted 3,75,000 saplings. Similar programmes were organized over the Division as a green initiative. Divisional Railway Manager, Shri Chetan Kumar Shrivastava, ADRM (infra) Shri. Akshai Saxena, Dy.CME Shri Durga Prasad Mishra and other branch officers took part in this awareness programme and plantation.

Posters and Banners were displayed to propagate the message of Environment Protection, Green Initiative, to avoid the usage of plastic. Videos on awareness of environment protection and conservation were displayed in Digital Museums and CCTVs at stations. Audio jingles were displayed at stations.

Speaking on the occasion DRM said that “The observation of World Environment Day makes all of us to recall our commitment to Nature and imparts responsible conduct by individuals, enterprises and communities in preserving the environment. We have been confronting with various calamities, pandemics as we have disturbed the Nature’s balance. Let us join hand to improve our quality of life by improving our environment”

Besides such initiatives the Division has under taken waste water recycling plant at various units where the recycled water is used for washing and horticulture purpose.  All the stations, Service Buildings, Residential staff quarters over the Division provided with LED light fittings to reduce power consumption.

Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Araku, Rouli railway stations have been electrified by rooftop Solar system. Four Service buildings at Visakhapatnam were energized with Solar power etc for the cause of green initiative. These measures resulted in reduction of more than 8 lakh Kgs of Carbon-di-Oxide emissions.

Four killed as vehicle plunges into gorge in J&K’s Ramban district

Four people lost their lives today when a cab skidded off the road and fell into a deep gorge along the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway in Ramban district of Jammu division .

In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, four people lost their lives today when a cab skidded off the road and fell into a deep gorge along the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway in Ramban district of Jammu division. AIR correspondent reports that the cab was on its way to Jammu from Srinagar and the accident took place near Khuni Nallah when its driver lost control over the vehicle.

Senior Superintendent of Police, Ramban, P. D. Nitya said that rescuers, including Police, Army and local volunteers, swung into action soon after the vehicle rolled down over 500 feet from the highway into Bishlari stream. Three people, including a woman, were found dead on the spot and two others were rescued in critical condition. One of the injured succumbed at the district hospital Ramban shortly after admission. The rescue and search operations were underway, when the reports last came in, as one more person is stated to be missing after the accident.

Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha condoled the loss of lives in the accident and directed the concerned departments to carry out road safety audit and rectification measures within a week.

Meghalaya join rest of the globe in observing World Environment Day

Meghalaya joined the rest of the globe in observing World Environment Day virtually throughout the state via video conferencing.

Addressing the virtual gathering, Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma said that all need to accept that climate change is happening and it will affect everyone. He added that the adaptation to climate change is going to be a very critical part for policymakers at the highest level.

Thanking the different stakeholders in the conservation, restoration and preservation process, he added that the biggest responsibility in making a difference lies with an individual and urged upon all to take small yet significant steps towards the environment. The Chief Minister also pledged and called upon all to bring 500 square kilometres of forest cover in the state in the next few years.

Forest and Environment Minister James P. K. Sangma also said that the theme of the World Environment Day this year is very apt for Meghalaya. Calling for promotion of Forest Economy in the state, the Minister also informed of the various afforestation projects in coal mining-affected areas. He also said that the department is looking at the restoration and cleaning of two entire stretches of rivers in East Jaintia Hills which are polluted due to unscientific coal mining.

Social media

Social media is a computer-based technology that facilitates the sharing of ideas, thoughts, and information through the building of virtual networks and communities. … Users engage with social media via a computer, tablet, or smartphone via web-based software or applications.

People are using social media for a variety of purposes. The four main uses of social media form the acronym , sharing, learning, interacting, and marketing.

Social media is important because it allows you to reach, nurture, and engage with your target audience — no matter their location.
Social media plays an important role in every student’s life. It is often easier and more convenient to access information, provide information and communicate via social media. Tutors and students can be connected to each other and can make good use of these platforms for the benefit of their learning and teaching.

Benefits of social media:

• You reach large audiences. …
• You have a direct connection with your audience. …
• You can create organic content. …
• You have access to paid advertising services. …
• You build your brand. …
• You drive traffic to your website. …
• You can evaluate your performance.

Disadvantages of social media:

• Lacks Emotional Connection. …
• Gives People a License to be Hurtful. …
• Decreases Face-to-Face Communication Skills. …
• Conveys Inauthentic Expression of Feelings. …
• Diminishes Understanding and Thoughtfulness. …
About social media:
The average internet user has 7.6 social media accounts. … Today, more than 3.2 billion images will be shared on social media posts. 49 percent of social media users share product information with the hopes of improving the lives of others. We spend a lifetime average of 5 years and 3 months on social media.

 

BE FEARLESS

we spend a lot of time and energy to make sure that our body is comfortable. Do we also spend time to make sure that our existence is comfortable?

In today’s time, where people are trying to scare and manipulate each other away from peace by using fear, do we realise what fear does to people? Fear takes away the vision of a human being and makes it narrow.

It becomes important not to be influenced by that fear because there is something that is so incredible inside each one of us and that is the courage to see beyond that fear, to see beyond that time and to understand that, as human beings, we have the possibility of being able to be fearless and be in peace.

Khushi Agarwal

Iran won’t be able to vote in the UN

Iran and the Central African Republic(CAR) both lose their voting rights in the 193-member general assembly. The reason was given that they didn’t pay their dues.

United Nations headquartered in New York, needs fund for its functioning as it does not have any source of income of its own. It receives its budget from its 193 member countries. Overall 195 countries are part of the U.N. but 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Vatican city and the state of Palestine do not provide funds to the U.N. Iran, on the other hand, hadn’t paid any money to the UN for the past few years. So the UN decided to suspend the voting rights of Iran.

The irony here is Iran has money to fund various militant groups in its neighbourhood but does not have money to provide fund to the UN.

According to the secretary-general’s letter, the minimum payments needed to restore voting rights are $16,251,298 for Iran and $29,395 for the Central African Republic.

Irans response

Iran’s foreign minister ‘Javad Zarif’ has put on his tweet on Twitter saying that “we are a victim of US sanctions, they called it US economic terrorism and it’s preventing them from paying off dues of UN. He also stated that Iran is unable to pay for the food they eat.

In a statement released by the ministry of foreign affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, they also stated that Iran is fully committed to fulfilling the financial obligations to the UN and will continue to make every effort to settle the arrears in the payment of its financial contribution to the UN and other international organisations as soon as the underlying imposed condition, i.e the US unlawful unilateral coercive measures, is removed.

So it seems until Joe Biden withdraws sanctions from Iran, Iran won’t be able to vote in the U.N.

A MAN’S FURRY BEST FRIEND

Dog has always been known as the best friend of humans from times unknown.

“DOGS MAY BE JUST A PART OF OUR LIVES, BUT FOR THEM WE ARE THEIR WHOLE WORLD”

anonymous

Why are they called the “best friend” when the notion of being a best friend comes with many connotations these days? The concept of being there for a person in the time of needs is the most important concept and characteristic of a best friend.

Though our furry friends do not offer advice in matters as such the  listening ears is all we need most of the time, especially without any judgement. It doesn’t matter whether it is a boy or girl, they are always there for us, with the least idea of what we are talking. Regardless of the context, dogs are scientifically proven to know how we feel. We may have seen cute videos where puppies offering their favourite toys to their owners because they were feeling sad or crying. It is not a coincidence. They can feel the sadness, worry or anxiety from our bodies and they try their level best to console us. It their brain, it is their toy that makes them happy, so that ought to make us happy, right?

This is the exact reason why dogs are specially trained to be service animals.  Now, when we think of service dogs, we always think of cute dogs helping their blind owners/trainers. Though as great that is, that isn’t all. Dogs can be trained to help socially anxious people, provide comfort to children who are mentally ill, detect low blood sugar levels in our body and alert us etc. In the police training, they are trained to detect the accused from the body odour and type of energy radiating from a person.

The sad part is, after all the service years, of say, 8 to 9 years at an average, their senses wind down, naturally due to old age. It is at this time when they need the most care, because they don’t know anything other than what they have been trained. So finding homes for them after their retirement is very important, because we shouldn’t make them feel useless after all the years of service they’ve put.

Another thing we have to learn from them is to love unconditionally. Try scolding your dog for being naughty, they would definitely feel bad and try to cheer you up and make up for whatever they did. That is their whole intention, to make you happy. There are many movies and novels that insist and instil the purpose of dogs in our lives but if you ask for recommendations, the novel series of “Dog’s Promise” by W. Bruce Cameron which has also been adapted into beautiful motion pictures ought to touch your hearts. Especially the book, “ A Dog’s Purpose” takes us through different lives of a same dog until it fulfils its purpose on this earth in the most aesthetic way possible.

They say, “Dogs may be just a part of your life, but for them, you’re their whole world.” Every other animals are equally important for the earth to be balanced, but dogs, they have a special purpose, to provide happiness to us, humans.

CSR ACTIVITIES AND THE COMPANIES TOPPING IT!

Mahindra Mahindra:

CSR Initiatives by Mahindra Mahindra:

  1. M&M sponsors Project Nanhi Kali – It is their Flagship program. Commenced in 1996 by Mr Anand Mahindra, Project Nanhi Kali has supported the education over 11 lakh underprivileged girls. They provide material support (like school bags, notebooks, uniforms, etc.) and academic support (like workbooks)
  2. Project Hariyali – Through his project, they planted more than 7.9 million trees. This also includes the four million trees in the Araku Valley.
  3. Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya – Constructed 4340 toilets across 104 districts.
  4. Mahindra Pride School – Provided livelihood and vocational training to more than 10000 youth in Pune, Patna, Chandigarh, Chennai and Srinagar.

2 Tata Power

CSR Initiatives by Tata Power

  1. Act of Manseer – The Flagship Programme started in 1975. It is a thoughtful initiative for the conservation of endangered species. They have set up the breeding centre in Lonavala (Maharashtra) which is a part of its restoration and development project for the lakes. The program has successfully produced in various water bodies.
  2. To uplift women and encourage their empowerment and equality, they have established ‘Dhaaga’ – A women enterprise established for garment stitching and handicraft making.
  3. They have also launched ‘Abha’ which is an ‘Earn While You Learn’ opportunity for women.
  4. They also invest in vocational skill development of youth from economically and socially disadvantaged communities.
  5. Tata Power is one of the top CSR companies in India and a top contributor from the Tata Group. They reached out to about 230 schools for the covering education of over 1 lakh students through various initiatives.

3 Tata Steel

CSR Initiatives by Tata Steel:

  1. Tata Steel CSR compliance supports the preservation of culture and ethnicity of indigenous communities.
  2. Various programs for sanitation and eradicating poverty and malnutrition are conducted across 10 districts of Odisha, Chattisgarh and Jharkhand. They cover about 500 villages.
  3. Maternal and Newborn Survival Initiative (MANSI) – MANSI, a public-private initiative that aims to reduce child and infant mortality. It is being implemented in about 167 villages of Jharkhand.
  4. Making safe drinking water accessible in Jharkhand, parts of West Bengal and Odisha is also a part of their CSR plan.
  5. They also contribute to women empowerment and education of women and special children.

Tata Chemicals

CSR Initiatives by Tata Chemicals:

  1. Being a significant player in the chemical industry, Tata Chemicals makes sure it is doing everything in its power to preserve the ecosystem through its CSR.
  2. Their climate change policy maps their carbon footprint and is working on creating an abatement strategy for sustainable manufacturing.
  3. Save the Whale Shark Campaign – Began in in 2004, the campaign aims to spread awareness about the whale shark. It is the largest fish in the world and was endangered and depleting because of the fishermen slaughtering them in Gujarat coast for export.
  4. Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development provides funds to disaster relief funds set up by the Central Government.
  5. Tata Chemical’s initiative TCSRD also manages activities like natural resource management, water management projects and land reclamation.

5 Tata Motor

CSR Initiatives by Tata Motors:

  1. Vidyadhanam addresses all concerns related to education. Scholarships, financial aid, support classes, life skills and co-curricular activities.
  2. Learn, Earn and Progress (LEAP) – Through LEAP, a year-long mechanic motor vehicle training (theoretical and On-Job-Training)
  3. Aarogya – This focuses on combating malnutrition under the age of 5 and providing water in tribal and drought-prone areas.
  4. Kaushalya – An Employability Enhancement and Skill Development program that trains school dropouts and unemployed youth in three segments and provides them with stabilized employment.
  5. Vasundhara – Tata Motors organizes sapling plantations and awareness campaigns through Vasundhara

Comparison between Covaxin and covildshild

The COVID-19 vaccination drive has already begun in India, and many people are still unaware of how the two vaccines – Covaxin and Covishield – are different from each other.

The third phase began on April 1, in which people over the age of 18 can take life-saving shots.

Currently, the government hasn’t allowed people to decide which vaccine they want to get, but the result of the first phase clearly suggests that both the vaccines being inoculated in India are safe and effective.

Covaxin vs Covishield – Which one is better?

Well, we have compiled all the information to give you a better understanding of the formulation and every other detail about the vaccine you are going to get to stay safe from the Coronavirus. Have a look –

Developer

Covaxin has been developed by Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech International Ltd in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Virology (NIV).

Covishield has been developed by the Oxford-AstraZeneca and is being manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII).

Type of Vaccine

Covaxin is an inactivated viral vaccine. This vaccine is developed with Whole-Virion Inactivated Vero Cell-derived technology. They contain inactivated viruses, which can not infect a person but still can teach the immune system to prepare a defence mechanism against the active virus.

These conventional vaccines have been in use for decades now. There are vaccines for some other diseases as well which are made using the same technology. These diseases are –

  • Seasonal influenza
  • Rabies
  • Polio
  • Pertussis, and
  • Japanese encephalitis

Covishield has been prepared using the viral vector platform which is a totally different technology.

A chimpanzee adenovirus – ChAdOx1 – has been modified to enable it to carry the COVID-19 spike protein into the cells of humans. Well, this cold virus is basically incapable of infecting the receiver but can very well teach the immune system to prepare a mechanism against such viruses.

The exact technology was used to prepare vaccines for viruses like Ebola.

Doses

There is no difference between the two vaccines in terms of dosage. Both of them are administered as 0.5ml in the upper arm region.

But, the dosing schedule for both vaccines however varies. The second dose of Covaxin is scheduled after 4-6 weeks after the first dose, while for Covishield vaccines it is 84 days or 12-16 weeks after the first dose.

Storage Guidelines

Both Covishield and Covaxin can be stored at 2-8 degrees Centigrade, which is a household refrigerator temperature. This makes both the vaccines most suited for Indian conditions as most of the vaccines here are kept at the same temperature range.

This also makes the transportation and storage of both vaccines easier.

Efficacy

Both the vaccines have shown more than satisfactory results ever since the inoculation started in India.

The effectiveness of the Covishield vaccine is nearly 90% as per the global reports and Covaxin’s 81% according to interim 3rd phase trial results.

Side effects

After getting vaccinated, you may experience pain at the site of injection. Some people may also experience side effects such as headache, joint pain, and may feel feverish. These side effects do not persist for long and generally go within a day or two.

Approvals

Covaxin has currently been granted approval for emergency restricted use, while Covishield has been allowed for restricted use in emergency situations that can potentially prevent coronavirus infection in people aged 18 years and above.

Covaxin has begun its clinical trial in children aged above 2 years of age.

However, the Drugs Controller General of India (DGCI) has not given a market use authorization clearance to any of the vaccines till now.

Ocean Acidification: A Threat to Marine life

“No aquarium, no tank in a marine land, however spacious it may be, can begin to duplicate the conditions of the sea. And no dolphin who inhabits one of those aquariums or one of those aquariums or one those marine lands can be considered as normal”- Jacques Yves Cousteau

The ocean is known to absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere. The carbon dioxide released in the atmosphere comes from various sources naturally for example respiration plants and animals, weathering of carbonate rocks, etc. However, various human activities are also there which are responsible for increased carbon dioxide emission in the atmosphere such as burning fossil fuel and forests and deforestation.

Now when the levels of atmospheric CO2 increase, the amounts of CO2 absorbed by the ocean also increases. It has been observed that since the advent of the industrial revolution, due to human activities the concentration of CO2 has been increased in the oceans and seas. 

What is ocean Acidification exactly?

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, ocean acidification refers to a reduction in the pH of the ocean over an extended period, caused primarily by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

After the industrial revolution, studies show that the pH of the ocean water has fallen by 0.1 pH units which equivalent to approximately a 30 percent increase in acidity.

This increased amount of carbon dioxide which is absorbed by the sea and ocean results in the occurrence of series of a chemical reactions. This chemical reaction releases a high amount of hydrogen ion concentration. When the concentration of hydrogen ion (H+) increases, the acidity of seawater increases, and carbonate ions (HCO3­­­-) decreases. 

How does ocean acidification affect marine life? 

Carbonate ions are crucial building blocks of seashells and coral skeleton. When the carbonate ions in seawater decrease, the ability to build and maintain these shells and corals also decreases and calcifying becomes difficult for shell-builder organisms like oysters, sea urchins, deep-sea corals and calcareous planktons as the shells starts to dissolve due to the acidity. 

The non-calcifying organisms are also affected. Certain fishes are not able to detect their predators in more acidic water. This disturbs the prey-predator population which in turn disturbs the ecology.

The pteropods commonly known as ‘sea butterflies’ are tiny sea snails about the size of a pea. Like every other organism, these pteropods are also an important part of the food chain and are eaten by wide-ranging organisms from krill to whales. When the shells of these pteropods start to dissolve due to acidity, this imposes a threat to other marine life too as they are dependent on these pteropods for nutrition.

A report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change finds that 99 percent of the world’s warm-water coral reefs could disappear if global average temperatures rise 2°C or more above pre-industrial levels.

Various species of diatoms lose their content of biogenic silica as a result of ocean acidification.

How to limit ocean acidification?

The increased amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are changing the chemistry of the ocean, making it more and more acidic and harming shellfish and other marine life.

The only way to reduce ocean acidification is to act on climate change. The need of the hour is to implement solutions to reduce the use and burning of fossil fuels. The marine ecosystems can only be saved if activities like fossil fuel burning, forest fires, and deforestation are controlled. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

https://www.noaa.gov/education/resource-collections/ocean-coasts/ocean-acidification

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2019.00322/full

Use of Biotechnology in Agriculture

Biotechnology is the application based on various scientific techniques which are used to alter and improve species of plants, animals, and microorganisms and enhance their commercial value.

When the applications biotechnology is used in the field of agriculture its is called Agricultural Biotechnology. Originally agricultural biotechnology came into the picture when the importance of selection and breeding of organisms was known to people. An example of traditional agricultural biotechnology is the development of disease-resistant varieties of wheat made by cross-breeding different types of wheat varieties until the desired disease-resistant wheat variety was found.

 

Genetic engineering and GMOs

When the field of molecular biology advanced in the 1970s, scientists found that different genetic materials found in different organisms like DNA and RNA can be altered. So, it was observed that when scientists altered the chemistry of genetic material (DNA/RNA) and transferred it into a host organism, the desired product was obtained or the phenotype of the organism changed. This technique is called genetic engineering. Today this technology has a place where scientists can obtain different genes from different organisms like plants, animals, bacteria, viruses, or fungi and transfer those genes to another organism.

The primary use of biotechnology in agriculture is to increase food production through genetically engineered crop-based agriculture. But the question is food production can be increased with help of agrochemicals (fertilizers and pesticides) then why employ genetic engineering?

For farmers in the developing world agrochemicals are often too expensive and also the existing varieties are not able to produce high yield through conventional breeding. Therefore, genetic engineering is the way by which maximum yield can be produced.

Now, what are GMOs? Well, GMOs are simply the product of genetic engineering. Plants, bacteria, fungi, and animals whose genes have been altered to make them more useful are called Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO).

What are the advantages of GMOs in agriculture?

1. Enhanced tolerance

Crops are made more tolerant to abiotic stresses such as drought, cold, heat, acidity, salinity, etc.

2. Reduced reliance on agrochemicals

Plants are made in such a way that the reliance on chemical pesticides is reduced. This can be done by creating pest-resistant crops. One of the examples of pest-resistant plants is Bt cotton. 

3. Reduced post-harvest loss

The gas hormone called ethylene is involved in the regulation of fruit ripening. This ripening can be slowed down by blocking or reducing ethylene production. This gives the fruits a longer-shelf life and the chances of spoilage are reduced.

4. Nutrient quality

The nutritional value of food is enhanced using GMOs. These are produced by introducing genes involved in the metabolism of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids. One of the very renowned examples will be of the ‘Golden rice’ which is enriched in pro-vitamin.

 There are many other examples of application plant genetic engineering which are:

  • Disease resistant plants

  • Resistance to fungal and bacterial infections

  • Improved seed protein quality

  • Molecular farming

  • Edible vaccines 

  • Development of blue roses

  • Development of tear-less onions, caffeine-free coffee, and low nicotine tobacco.

 

Biosafety

GM crops are rapidly becoming a part of agriculture throughout the world because of their contribution to increasing crop productivity and global food, feed, and fibre security. However, there are some issues related to the public acceptance of transgenic crops.

The safety of GM crops cannot be fully ensured for human and animal consumption as GM food may cause allergenicity and toxicity. 

The effect which GM crops can have on the environment and biodiversity is a question. Moreover, GM crops can affect non-target and beneficial insects or microbes.

There can be cases in which the transgene may escape through pollen to related plant species and may cause the development of superweed.

The GM crops may lead to a change in the evolutionary pattern.

 

Nevertheless, proper assessment of the risks associated with transgenics for plants is important before they are released. Foods made from GMOs must be shown safe or safer than their traditional counterparts before they are released for public use. In general, what scientist believe is that genetic engineering is the ‘technology that can efficiently solve various human problems, especially related to hunger and disease,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

https://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/bio-3.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agriculture

Agriculture

Agriculture plays a crucial role in the entire life of a given economy . Agriculture is the backbone of the economic system of a given country.In addition to providing food and raw material agricultural also provide employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population .The main source of raw material to major industries such as cotton and jute fibre.as well as non-edible oils in agriculture . moreover many other industries such as processing of fruits as well as vegetables and rice husking get their raw material for agriculture . agriculture also provide wood for construction and paper industry.

Agriculture plays a significant role to both human and economy of a nation this to say it is the backbone of a nation in addition to providing food and raw material it also provides employment opportunities to very large percentage of the population . Agriculture is important not only for supply food but also for the provision of Raw material.Agricultue is the backbone of economic system in given country.

Save nature save world .

The Difference Between Yes and No

The words “yes” and “no” get used in comparison to each other so often that it feels like they carry equal weight in conversation. In reality, they are not just opposite in meaning, but of entirely different magnitudes in commitment.

When you say no, you are only saying no to one option. When you say yes, you are saying no to every other option.

I like how the economist Tim Harford put it, “Every time we say yes to a request, we are also saying no to anything else we might accomplish with the time.” Once you have committed to something, you have already decided how that future block of time will be spent.

In other words, saying no saves you time in the future. Saying yes costs you time in the future. No is a form of time credit. You retain the ability to spend your future time however you want. Yes is a form of time debt. You have to pay back your commitment at some point.

No is a decision. Yes is a responsibility.

“WAYS OF MAINTAINING BRAIN HEALTH AT EVERY AGE “

“WAYS OF MAINTAINING BRAIN HEALTH AT EVERY AGE ”

The mind is the most precious organ of the body that needs much care. It should not be wasted rather maintaining its proper health must be the necessary part. The brain is the most important part in comparison to other organs because all other parts are controlled by the brain and it even keeps working while you are asleep. Due to this fact, the brain’s extraordinary working requires nutritional support and also extra care for the maintenance. Here are some ways of maintaining brain health to boost the brain’s cognitive functioning and keep it healthy:

Exercise daily

One who does daily exercise always has greater brain volume and the capability of better thinking and memory skills. According to the research, the people who vigorously exercise are 10 years younger than their age. It happens because of the increase of blood flow to the brain that occurs due to physical activities. Exercise also helps in generating new neurons in the brain area where memory and learning get stored and which loses its capacity as life progresses. If exercise is started from early life – like from the teenage – one remains younger and healthy eve in the old life. The research done so far shows many benefits of exercise for the brain.

Meditation

Meditation is the best way to calm the mind also it helps from all the perspectives of psychologically. It controls the fear and feeling of anxiety. Moreover, meditation helps when the brain is thinking negatively and the mind goes from thought to thought that is quite distressing. To have a positive approach to life and let the brain work in the right direction do daily meditation and yoga. This helps in keeping the brain work perfectly and the concentration level increases too.

Take sound sleep

The brain keeps on working even while sleeping. It keeps on bringing back memories and wanders into unconscious thoughts. Taking less sleep or sleep deprivation always results in reducing mental health. It worsens the cognitive function and decreases the level of learning and creating thinking. At least 6-8 hours of sleep must be taken to keep the brain healthy. Sleep deprivation and insomnia are very destructive and those who remain active and concentrated are those with fresh minds and sound sleep.

Practice creativity before sleeping

Practicing some creatively is also among ways of maintaining brain health. If you have writing skills then do write something or if you can paint, take a brush and canvas, and make something creative that comes in mind but, it should be done before going to bed because it yields great results. Complete your work and then take a sound sleep and see the difference when you wake up the next morning.

Take care of your brain by these two quick steps

Quit smoking: Quitting smoking reduces the risk of blood vessel diseases and chances of brain damage reduce.

Manage stress or depression: Simple but consistent stress leads to depression and depression becomes a disorder that leads to brain damage. Try to be relaxed and positive in every condition. Staying positive will reduce the level of stress and brain nerves will remain healthy.

“KEEP CALM AND WORK HARD”

– JERISHA. S

“MOST IMPORTANT MEDICAL EQUIPMENT IN HOSPITALS”

“MOST IMPORTANT MEDICAL EQUIPMENT IN HOSPITALS”

 

Evolution in technology is helping mankind in every walk of life. The latest technology in the medical field has revolutionized the whole healthcare system. These new medical technologies guarantee better living standards by ensuring the best health of the human being. They help doctors in diagnosing an ailment and provide them with new important medical equipment to treat patients better.Anyone at any time can have a health issue like an accident, an injury, or disease. The treatment of a disease or health problems on time through the use of proper and latest medical technology/equipment can reduce the pain and suffering. Advanced medical equipment is therefore crucial in the treatment of the patients in the hospitals.The emergency department and all departments of the hospital should be equipped with all the necessary medical equipment to treat the patients on time like electronic monitoring systems, needles scissors and many other devices.The devices in hospitals should be latest and precise as any flaw in the device is not bearable. Also, to meet the standards of health, all medical tools or equipment should be sterilized after each use. Under the importance of the medical equipment, the most common medical equipment is briefly introduced here as the importance of specialized equipment in the health care industry can’t be neglected.

 

MEDICAL VENTILATORS:

Medical ventilators help the human body to take breathe as these devices make possible to move breathable air in and out of the lungs. This machine ensures an equal supply of oxygen in the whole human body. This device is compulsory for the intensive care unit of the hospital.

DEFIBRILLATORS:

Defibrillators are used in life-threatening circumstances. The most common life-threating circumstances are cardiac arrhythmias or tachycardia. Defibrillators play an essential role to restore the rhythm of the heart or it can be said that it maintains the heart rate of the human body. Thus, this medical equipment saves one’s life. Hence, it’s the most essential tool for the hospitals so hospitals should maintain the backup of this medical tool.

ECG MACHINES:

ECG machines monitor the overall rhythm of the heart in the human body. It records the electrical activity of the heart for a specific period. Therefore, doctors or health care providers will be able to observe the stability of the heart in the human body. Therefore, ECG machines are among the most important medical equipment in a hospital.

DIALYSIS MACHINES:

Dialysis machines are used to remove the extra toxins from the blood. People who have damaged kidneys have to go through the process of dialysis on a regular basis. This dialysis process is known as renal replacement therapy and its only possible through dialysis machines.

STERILIZERS: 

Sterilizers are most essential medical equipment as it maintains the hygienic condition in the hospitals. Sterilizers kill all the microbes. The most common form of microbes are fungi, bacteria, viruses, and spores. These microbes may affect the disease in the human body or even cause an infection in the human body. So, the use of sterilizers keeps the medical equipment or tools clean and keeps the human body away from germs.

 

” SOMETIMES MACHINES ALSO WORK LIKE HUMAN “

 

– MEREZJA F

Casual racism in India

Racism against Indians living in the northeastern region has been increasing day by day and is an issue of concern. States like Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and others surrounding it are the main ones to be part of the northeast.

 Recently, a Youtuber even got arrested for allegedly “defaming” the people of Andhra Pradesh and accusing them of being Chinese. While this was a good step and start, we are all aware of how casually the people of northeast India are called slangs like “Ch*nki”, “momo” etc. and no action is taken against them because it is so very engraved in our society now, that practicing this is not an offense. We must not forget how many spectacular pieces of art the north Indian part has contributed to India and continues to do so even now.

The simple answer to this is- The mentality. It’s not a big revelation that casual racism is not faced only by the northeastern people but by all the people belonging to different and seemingly “unconventional” parts of India. It comes out that our Indian society likes to put people into boxes and parts according to their skin color and way of living.

When I look around myself, I usually have this realization that most people are not even aware of the fact that using slangs and treating them differently is, in fact, wrong, which pilots us to our first point –

  1. Awareness- This is the most obvious but crucial point. People need to know that THIS is wrong in the first place. And I know that it is better said than done, but, at this point of time, even the so-called “progressive youth” of India is simply not ready to take up this topic into talks. “Black lives matter” was in the news rigorously for so long, as it should have been. But in my opinion, we should focus on making things right in our country first.
  2. Better representation in the media and government- This is absolutely no diversity when it comes to people from differing communities being recruited in the mainstream media and the parliament. This will even be a catalyst in achieving a society and country where decisions are made equally in the favor of all communities.
  3. Highlighting the achievements- The media plays a very big role in this one. We need to show our people that people from the northeast contribute a lot to the potency of India as a country.
  4. Better job opportunities and laws for all Although it’s nice to see that small steps have started to be taken by our government now, we all know that we still have a very long way to go to attain utter equality in all the fields.
  5. Speaking up -This point is valid for any kind of prejudice you witness in your life and can make the biggest change ever. Don’t be a standbyer when someone is being mistreated in this world because hashtags can’t save the world, only we can.

Ultimately, We are the change that we seek in this world.

Today, China is trying its best to gradually break India apart and snatch it’s parts little by little. And will Indians be able to survive this if they make it easier for China to tear us apart by disintegrating themselves on the basis of their race and language and whatnot? I wish I could say ‘yes’ to this question right now.