Severe headaches are the most common experiences of migraine but migraines are not all about headaches. They involve a wide spectrum of experiences and some don’t even involve a headache.

They are as common as they are diverse. About 33 per cent of women and 13 per cent of men are affected by various types of migraines during their lifetimes.

Migraine is a neurological disorder affecting multiple parts of the brain-the brainstem, cerebral hemispheres and nerves but it is less known of what triggers it. There are a lot of questions still unanswered about migraines like why some people experience them while others don’t, why more women face migraines than men and many such other questions.

Another such question is why migraine patterns change for a person during their lifetime?

Hormonal fluctuations may be playing a role in the answers to this question. Some women have less experiences of migraine after menopause as the sex hormone related fluctuations get lowered. While just before menopause some women experience worsening experiences of migraine as the fluctuations are at their peak.

People with migraines are more likely to suffer from depression, panic disorder, sleep disorder and strokes. Migraines may change the degree with which these diseases affect us and vice versa.

Genetics also play some role with migraines. While there is no single gene which migraines but there are a set of genes that control the way neurons of the brain react to external environmental stimuli. It is a possibility that the brain neurons of people experiencing migraines are more sensitive to external environment than others who don’t experience them. Thus external environment may act as a trigger to this neurological disorder.

While it’s not that simple to explain migraines and many questions still remain unanswered, one thing is for sure that migraines are much more than just headaches.


are graduates really made for less graduate jobs

There has been a shocking trend all over the world to recruit graduates for all kind of jobs irrespective of their field of specialization. Have you ever wondered why many youngsters are compelled to take up less graduate roles? Is it because they are highly qualified to take up any kind of job or is it because they lack the necessary skills? Why do a Btech graduate is compelled to take up the job of a poon even if he cleared exams without backlogs? Why do educational institutions still give preference to marks in exams over the students skills?

The major problem lies with the traditional method of teaching. The curriculum of many universities still remain same as that in 90’s. Students still learn the theories from the past without knowing the practical application of the theories. Educational reform is the major need of today’s world. It should start with the modernization of the curriculum followed in universities. The standard of teachers must be improved in order to groom the students according to industrial needs. More importance to skill development and practical knowledge is todays need.

Educational institutions and government must work together to reform the academic system. Industrial requirements must be closely watched in order to modernize the educational system in one country. The requirement of graduates for particular industries must be forecasted beforehand. The seat allocation must be done in such a manner that , educational institutions generate graduates in required number. Care must be taken that , the supply never outflows the demand of industry. Our country is producing graduates double or triple the number that is actually required. Hence youngsters with even better profile are compelled to take up small jobs .This is because they can’t find jobs in relevant fields.

There must be constant collaboration with industry experts and educational institutions. The curriculum of teaching must be constantly renewed to incorporate new industrial revolutions. Students must be continuously exposed to industry. Renowned persons from the industry must assist institutional authorities in forming the curriculum. Teachers must also be trained a constant intervals to understand the need of industry. If possible lectures from the side of industrial experts must be provided to the students. Programs with a vision to enhance the skills and practical knowledge of students is also necessary. Above all, a method to understand the aptitude of students and track them to right path is required. Youngsters must never be put in a place where they have to regret the decisions they made.

Industrial exposure at the time of study is the most important aspect of modern education. Workshops and internships must be made mandatory in the curriculum. This can really help students to understand what industry really wants. Employers require people with hands on experience. They wont prefer graduates who are good at theories but lack in the practical implementation of it. Hence internships and valued projects can make the young population industry ready. The practical knowledge must be valued more than theoretical expertise by the educational institutions. Country doesn’t require flood of graduates in certain fields. But requires people with expertise in different fields. Young people must be encouraged to take up variety courses rather than sticking to popular ones. Universities must diversify their courses in order to produce graduates specialized in variety of fields.

Important of English language

English language play an essential role in our lives it helps in communication .it is main language for studying the subject . English is important for students as their program their minds to develop skills

english language provide good opportunity

English is the language of international community . Although.english is most spoken language in the world . English is international language in the world most people causing this language in daily life

How Digital Marketing is Influencing

The web is a distinct advantage in each sense. Pretty much every part of present-day life is somehow or another changed through the incorporation of web usefulness. In the space of Businesses and Marketing, gone are the times of expenditure a lot of money on conventional showcasing endeavors.

How about we investigate the magnifying instrument at what computerized advertising is the meaning for purchaser conduct and client obtaining?

Analytics and the market

The most perfect language is math, it never lies in the event that you talk it accurately. An examination is a way to comprehend and building new strategic policies.

Understanding what clients request and view, assists organizations with settling on their intended interest group and showcasing systems. These systems depend on schedule, geographic area, value range, etc.

social media

Social media stages are doubtless, one of the greatest contributing elements in computerized advertising. Organizations have come to understand that items possibly sell when individuals talk about them.

Facebook changed the social communication scene as well as introduced the up-and-coming age of verbal advertising ploys. Organizations presently associate with their clients through web-based media. Utilizing it as a stage to acculturate the brand in a more easygoing setting.

Viral patterns are being used and incorporated into brand presents altogether to draw in clients to purchase more. A client recommended notices are made from client look, online audits, and likes and afterward elevated inside their feeds to sustain deals.

Giving consumer loyalty through a more easygoing setting like online media makes a positive client experience. This implies that Social Media is doing half of a business’ work, wedding Customer Satisfaction, and Customer Happiness together.

data capture for audience understanding

Most organizations, paying little mind to their size concur that realizing the client is the way to selling items better. However, how precisely do you approach this? The appropriate response is Big Data! Organizations investigate customer conduct when shopping by considering the information, and this thus powers the advertising procedure.

Clients are continually associated with the advanced world through their telephones and cell phones. The information burned through each second is recorded and dissected to more readily focus on the crowd. Large information is one of the most current instruments that organizations utilize these days to augment the comprehension of their client base.

search engine optimization (seo)

With the assistance of web crawlers, clients depend vigorously on their own exploration to go to a choice about an item or administration. Website design enhancement Analytics has risen up out of a bit of hindsight to perhaps the best instruments to decide site improvement. It is more essential to comprehend what the client searches and transfer back data dependent on what they search.

Organizations don’t depend simply on catchphrase stuffing and connection spamming any longer. They depend on firmly noticed information of client look. The reality of appropriately executed SEO is to climb search rankings, for more traffic and more noteworthy deals. As advanced advertising advances, so improves SEO methods and instruments.

ai & quick purchase options

A.I. frameworks, for example, Alexa help eliminate any potential online deals obstacles with their fast buy abilities. Fast buy choices help abbreviate deals pipes, which means shopper drop-off from an ordinary deals measure has stayed away from by and large.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is required to astoundingly affect the advanced advertising industry in the coming years. This innovation is being utilized to keep up relations with clients, help them with buy choices, upgrade commitment, and lift lead age.

It is permitting computerized advertisers to offer improved correspondence while acquiring ongoing data about purchaser conduct. AI, which is a kind of AI innovation is helping advertisers in their SEO endeavors, promotion focusing on, and considerably more.

A.I is upsetting advanced promoting in the space of client care, content showcasing, voice search, and computerized publicizing.

Advanced collaborators like Amazon’s Alexa are making it simple for clients to lead voice look. These aides can give fast responses to a client’s inquiries, understanding their plan, and making buys for clients.

As indicated by SEOPressor; By 2020, half, everything being equal, will be voice look.

It is common that change is the solitary steady. Innovation has made a gigantic distinction in how conventional organizations approach and use patterns and data to their own influence. This not just prompts better plans of action and client exchanges yet, in addition, expands contests.

Artificial Intelligence for the Next Decade

What is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence refers to the capacity of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to carry out duties normally related to smart beings. The time period is often implemented to the task of growing structures endowed with the intellectual approaches feature of humans, including the ability to reason, find out meaning, generalize, or examine from beyond experience. Artificial intelligence for the next decade are beyond human imagination.


Everything began with Alan Turing, making the idea of machines that can think like people. He was the maker of the Turing test that assisted with comprehension if machines could think like people. In the last part of the 1950s, research on AI innovations started, and individuals began planning gadgets that could think and behave like people.

The term Artificial intelligence was authored in 1956. Early AI research during the 1950s investigated points like critical thinking and representative techniques. During the 1960s, the US Department of Defense looked into this kind of work and started preparing PCs to emulate essential human thinking.

Siri, or Alexa are now easily recognized names, but DARPA delivered intelligent individual associates in 2003.

Future of AI

Specialists say the ascent of AI will improve the vast majority off over the course of the following decade, however many have worries about what propels in AI will mean for being human, to be useful and to practice through and through freedom.

The fate of Artificial Intelligence for next decade looks very encouraging and momentous. For one, you will see a flood in the utilization of this innovation in regular daily existence.

With regards to organizations, observing and reconsideration of the current cycles help assemble what’s to come. The future extent of Artificial Intelligence has made ready for shrewd observing, faster input, and improved business lines.

Getting a reasonable perspective on the clients’ psyche can fabricate bits of knowledge, and help you settle on ongoing choices to improve their encounters. The portable applications and different mediums that are utilizing AI will assist you with acknowledging what the clients need. Information driven experiences lead to customized arrangements and improve communications.

There will be more individuals behind Artificial intelligence arrangements. Subsequently, the collaborations will be in a state of harmony with the Artificial Intelligence machines. The joint effort will prompt fruitful commitment and better openness. The future gadgets will have more information to gain from, which will ultimately help them collect better choices.

In the following not many years, those organizations that have not shown interest in AI arrangements yet will begin burning-through this innovation. This features an opportunity for more rivalry and improved business measures.

In the long run, Artificial intelligence will assist with content creation, expanded arrangements, and improve all industry angles.

Relation with human

In reality as we know it where individuals are battling for fundamental medical services needs, AI will ease availability and improved mindfulness. Past information joined with clinical headways can help gauge better and empower quicker fix.

The wide selection of cerebrum machine interfaces will prompt a gigantic extension of human insight and could permit people to address numerous ailments including loss of motion, visual impairment, nervousness and habit.

Computer based intelligence fueled robot work close by human to play out a restricted scope of errands like get together and stacking, and prescient examination sensors keep hardware moving along as expected.

Computerized therapeutics, hand crafted tranquilizes and improved finding are now making medicines more reasonable, open, exact and are assisting people with carrying on with longer and better lives.

Role in changing the world

Toward the beginning of 2020, General Motors and Honda uncovered the Cruise Origin, an electric-controlled driverless vehicle and Waymo, oneself driving gathering inside Google parent Alphabet, as of late opened its robotaxi administration to the overall population in Phoenix, Arizona, offering a help covering a 50-square mile region in the city.

Lately, the precision of facial-acknowledgment frameworks has jumped forward, to where Chinese tech monster Baidu says it can coordinate with faces with 99% exactness, giving the face is clear enough on the video. While police powers in western nations have commonly just tested utilizing facial-acknowledgment frameworks everywhere occasions, in China the specialists are mounting a cross country program to interface CCTV the nation over to facial acknowledgment and to utilize AI frameworks to follow suspects and dubious conduct, and has likewise extended the utilization of facial-acknowledgment glasses by police.

Anticipation and Prediction of AI for next decade

You take a gander at the future extent of AI prior to joining better experiences and improved rationale. The innovation is brilliant with numbers. Notwithstanding, it doesn’t have the innovativeness or the insight to advance.

The specialists anticipated organized computerized reasoning will intensify human adequacy yet additionally undermine human independence, organization and abilities. They talked about the wide-running prospects; that PCs may coordinate or even surpass human insight and abilities on assignments, for example, complex dynamic, thinking and learning, refined examination and example acknowledgment, visual sharpness, discourse acknowledgment and language interpretation. They said “keen” frameworks in networks, in vehicles, in structures and utilities, on ranches and in business cycles will save time, cash and lives and offer freedoms for people to appreciate a more-redid future.

Adverse effect

We have effectively talked about how the innovation utilizes information that you have given, including your name and age, to decide how to customize the answers for you. Advances in Artificial Intelligence can represent a danger to computerized security. Subsequently, most organizations have a great deal of information in regards to you.

The way AI frameworks can classify the human inclinations and cultural imbalances reflected in their preparation information is developing concern. These apprehensions have been borne out by various instances of how an absence of assortment in the information used to prepare such frameworks has negative true outcomes.

With no future for the jobs, individuals should get new abilities or preparing for new undertakings. Many occupation jobs will not get out of date as artificial intelligence propels robotization.

It is important to be aware of the upcoming disruptions with the pace of technology innovation and not just blindly enjoy the benefits that AI brings.


What is this crytocurrency that everybody is talking about? In simple words, it is digital currency in encrypted form. Money transaction is processed and validated through data mining. As of now, using crypto currency is a very complex process. Still, it is becoming popular in recent times worldwide.

Here, money transaction is carried out between two parties only.Hence there is no third party involvement. After validation and processing through data mining,it is kept in public ledgers but the transactions are kept confidential.Once a transaction is validated, miners get this crypto currency as reward.

Litecoin, Bitcoin, Ethereum ,Pipple are some examples of cryptocurrency. Out of this, Bit coin is the most popular crypto currency.

Cryptocurrency works on Block Chain Technology, which is a decentralised technology spread across many computers that manages and records transactions.

There are more than 4000 cryptos worldwide as of now. It’s users are called miners. This virtual currency is exchanged over the internet and uses cryptography as a means of security. There is no central authority to manage this system and it is immune to government interference.It is highly confidential and totally decentralised person to person payment method. All the transactions and accounts can be traced but the owner accounts are usually not easily traceable.

International money transfer can also be done through crypto. As it is becoming popular nowadays, it’s value is getting increased. Some people even use it for investment purposes. A large number of individuals and businesses have started using this. Many online websites also accept virtual currencies as payment.

Bitcoin is a premier crytocurrency created by Satoshi Nakatomo on 31 st October, 2008. It is pseudonomous and is controlled by users called bitcoin miners. These miners use different computer program and resources to solve highly complicated mathematics problems and get a number of bitcoins in exchange. They do this by verifying transactions and adding them to a public ledger called Blockchain. It holds the transaction history of all bitcoins in circulation. These miners keep the network secure and ensure that all systems are synchronized together. Those miners who help to accurately track the transactions and maintain network are rewarded with cryptos.

Ripple or XRP is an open source digital payment platform. Here money can be transferred in actual currency or cryptocurrency. XRP is used as a bridge currency to settle cross border payment in a faster and cheaper manner.

The cryptocurrency has neither been made legal nor banned. In India, they are not in use legally. Experts are advising on shutting down its trading. Likewise, other major countries are thinking of banning cryptocurrencies. So we have to wait and watch if the crypto will become the future of transactions or goes away for good.

Mental Illness during the pandemic.

Covid19 pandemic hit the masses most severely mentally. The trauma from looking for the medicine, hospital beds to dealing with the mass of dead bodies, from being left jobless to mass migration and suffering. These all circumstances severely impacted our mental state. A tremendous number of people have lost their dear ones. And some are fighting for their life. While their loved ones and family are busy in the constant search of medicines and oxygen cylinders. Those who are safe are also suffering from mental illness by looking at their environment. Full of grief, devastation. This time is very hard. And financial crisis makes this problem. So many families especially of the lower class. Left without money and aid. Those who earn daily and labor are struggling a lot.

Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

These financial bottlenecks resulted in mental illness. Especially those students who are juggling the digital divide. Faces the stress. All students couldn’t afford online education due to a lack of digital gadgets. That acts as a hindrance to the growth and education of unprivileged students. Therefore cases of suicides are reported manifold. Students who are privilege enough. Also facing mental trauma. Online education also created an additional problem, technical glitches, electricity problems, access to devices, are major problems related to online education. That cause mental stress, headache as well as eyesight problems. This problem can be overcome through everyone’s participation. All need to contribute. By providing financial aid to the needy. And by including in the conversation as much as possible with our friends and family in this hard time. Chatting with each other acts as a medicine to cure the ailment of mental stress.

US government office to begin giving visa talks with openings for Indian understudies.

The Minister Counselor for Consular Affairs at the US consulate on Sunday said in a meeting that the US mission in India is effectively working to oblige whatever number understudy visa candidates as could reasonably be expected in July and August, and working with their authentic travel stayed a first concern for it. Understudy visa candidates needn’t bother with a sped up arrangement to plan their visa meet. On June 14, we will open July and August arrangements for understudies, he added.He said that the US-bound understudies won’t need any verification of COVID-19 immunization to enter the country. They will require a negative report of their COVID-19 test taken inside 72 hours preceding their takeoff.

The government office will begin giving visa talks with openings for Indian understudies from Monday. We perceive the pressure and nervousness this has caused to understudies and their families, and we are effectively attempting to oblige whatever number understudy visa candidates as could be allowed in July and August. Working with genuine understudy travel to the United States remains a main concern for the US Mission to India, Heflin told PTI. At the point when I got some information about the rising vulnerability among the Indian understudies needing to go to the US, which had forced new travel limitations in May.

Understudies getting back to scholastic projects that resume on or after August 1 may head out to the United States as long as 30 days before the program resumes. There is no National Interest Exception needed in the present circumstance. Its suggested for proceeding with understudies examine their particular resumption plans with their individual colleges to foster a movement timeline.The National Interest Exceptions permit travel to the US for people whose passage is considered of public interest. They expect to begin an escalated two months of meeting understudy visa candidates on July 1. We will intend to open however many arrangements as we can securely oblige, in view of nearby pandemic conditions across India.Asked about misgivings identifying with immunization, the authority said verification of inoculation isn’t needed to enter the United States.Please note that evidence of a negative COVID-19 test outcome, taken inside 3days of your flight’s takeoff, is needed to load onto a flight and for passage into the United States.

While confirmation of inoculation isn’t needed to enter the United States, singular schools or establishments may set their own prerequisites. The US instruction framework works freely from the central government, and understudies ought to counsel intimately with their host organization to guarantee consistence with singular inoculation necessities,” he added.There are in excess of 4,500 certify colleges in the US that work self-governing, and the strategy embraced by one school for its understudies and training local area may not be equivalent to that for another one.It’s inquired as to whether an exemption will be considered for a parent who wishes to go with an understudy made a beeline for the US, the authority said guardians going to the country, all things considered, will be named vacationers.

Considering flooding COVID-19 diseases in India, President Joe Biden approved a movement restrict for certain non-foreigners from India under a Presidential Proclamation that became effective on May 4.Presidential Proclamation 10199 just applies to non-residents who have been truly present in India inside the 14 days going before their application for section to the United States. The US Embassy and US Consulates don’t give exhortation on explicit travel arranging. It is said that understudy visa candidates with a dropped arrangement should make another arrangement and that new understudy visa arrangements will be made accessible on a first-come, first-served basis.It is likewise inquired as to whether wards of somebody having a legitimate H1B visa are considered for NIE waiver, he said such individuals, who have distinct designs to travel and can exhibit their capability for a NIE, may contact the government office or consulate.To a question on whether close relatives of a US resident can get a facilitated visa if the US resident is wanting to travel soon, Heflin said assisted visa arrangements are arbitrated dependent on the candidate’s motivation of movement.

Hard work

Hard work is an essential thing we all need in life. It is impossible to achieve greatness without working hard. In other words, an idle person cannot gain anything if they wish to sit and wait for something else. On the other hand, one who keeps working hard constantly will definitely gain success in lige and this is exactly what essay on hard work will elaborate upon.

Hard work is important and history has proved it time and again. The great  Edison used to work for many hours a day and he dozed off on his laboratory table only with his books as his pillow.

Similarly, the prime minister of India, late Pt. Nehru used to work for 17 hours a day and seven days a week. He did not enjoy any holidays. Our great leader, Mahatma Gandhi worked round the clock to win freedom for our country.

Thus, we see that hard work paid off for all these people. One must be constantly vigil to work hard as it can help you achieve your dreams. As we say, man is born to work. Just like steel, he shines in use and rusts in rest.

When we work hard in life, we can achieve anything and overcome any obstacle. Moreover, we can also lead a better life knowing that we have put in our all and given our best to whatever work we are doing.

Hard work is definitely the key to success. What we earn by sweating our brow gives us greater happiness than something we get by a stroke of luck. As humans, we wish to achieve many things in life.

These things need hard work to be able to come true. Poverty is not the curse but idealness is. When we waste our time, time will also waste us. Hard work can help anyone achieve success. Great people were born in cottages but died in palaces.

Thus, it shows how through great work one can get the key to success. When you start working hard, you will notice changes in your life. You will become more disciplined and focused on your work.

Moreover, you will start seeing results within a short time. It is nothing but proof that when you work hard, things like determination, focus, concentration, come automatically to you. As a result, nothing will stop you from achieving success.

Success is not just someone being famous and rich in life. When you work hard and lead a comfortable life filled with love that is also a success. Hard work must not limit to work but also your personal life. When you put in hard work in work and relationships, life will prosper.


Society defines the word perfect with images of faces and the way bodies are formed.
However, a dictionary will define the same word as being without defects or flaws. This ultimately is an unattainable goal. As Hannah Montana expressed, “Nobody’s perfect I gotta work it again and again until I get it right”. She says immediately that perfection is desirable but never can one say that they are perfect. Rather one must continue to strive for self­improvement and personal development to the best of their abilities.
Perfection is not achievable. “Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase perfection we can catch excellence,” (Vince Lombardi). Although it may be defined inside the pages of a dictionary, it is nothing more than a constantly changing idea that is different between each individual person.

It holds no true constant definition as it is contextual and individual. In the past, there have been many cases of individuals, who in the pursuit of perfection caused more harm to themselves than benefit. Even today, we see people who starve themselves so they meet the media’s definition of perfect, only to detriment their own health and physical well­being and be ridiculed even more.

We, as a society, tend to introduce inaccurate and unrealistic definitions of words which only lead to misinterpretations. Instead, we should take pride in having our flaws, both innate and nurtured, as they define our individuality. It is important to recognize that our mistakes do not define us, but rather, our ability to persevere and try again in the face of failure.


Trust is the very thing that everybody in this world desires, or at least should desire from one another. Who wants to have a friendship or relationship without trust? Nobody does. Without trust, there is no friendship, and without friendship, there is no love. I believe that trust is an even greater compliment than to be loved! I believe George Macdonald said it best when he stated “To be trusted is a greater compliment than to be loved.” When I read this quote for the first time, I thought to myself, “Wow that is so true. How can you be loved if you are not trusted first?”

It is a special thing to be trusted by someone. To be told you are trusted is an even greater feeling, but you should never take advantage of that trust. Taking advantage of somebody’s trust in you is never a good thing and will only lead to distrust. If somebody took advantage of my trust, I would be very skeptical of them the next time they needed me to do something for them or asked something of me. Trust should be valued highly and seen as a true bond between two friends or mates. It should be thought of as the glue in the relationship.

I think of myself as a very trusting person. I believe that I have a very strong judge of character when it comes to meeting somebody for the first time. When I first look at somebody I can sort of tell how there personality is or how easy they might be to talk to. Just by looking at the way they sit or stand, talk, and listen, I will be able to tell if I will get along with that person well. This also goes for trusting somebody. Maybe I tend to trust people a little too much when I first meet someone but that is just the way I am. Though I do not fully trust them, I believe I can trust in them to help me with something minor I ask of them or tell them. I usually have no problem trusting somebody unless I can tell there will be a problem. If they break my trust in them, it will take a lot to re-gain that trust back if they can at all.

Having somebody to trust is a wonderful feeling. Knowing that you have somebody to talk to about anything you might have going on in your life is great. The feeling of being trusted might possibly be one of the best feelings you will ever know. It is great when you can help somebody when you are trusted just by having a talk with them about something they need help with or need advice on. If you do not know of anybody you truly trust, then I believe that you should find someone and build that friendship with a glue called trust and maybe you will help that person and even yourself in ways you’ve never known.


Pets are a great blessing in anyone’s life. They are the only ones who love us unconditionally. Pets always offer us everything they have without asking for anything in return. The main aim of any pet’s life is to make their owner happy. Nowadays, even the term ‘owner’ is changing. People prefer their pets as kids and to themselves as parents. This is how the relationship between pets is evolving. People treat them no less than humans. For instance, they celebrate their birthdays; get those matching outfits and more.

In my opinion, I feel the pets rightly deserve it. The most common pet you can find at anyone’s place is dogs. A man’s best friend and the most faithful animal, a dog.

Anyone who has loved and owned a pet knows that a pet can be a source of enormous comfort in times of disappointment or grief.

The instances for sorrow and heartache tend to build up as one grows older: the loss of a life partner, the loss of a friend, the loss of an ex- colleague, the loss of lifestyle, the loss of familiar surroundings, the loss of physical abilities, the lack of the opportunity to do meaningful work, and most importantly the loss of importance.

Looking after a pet often involves activities, like walking the pet, grooming the pet, playing with the pets. All these activities help to keep its owner active. Pets provide many seniors a reason to get out of bed and carry on with their lives.


Self-confidence refers to the state of mind where a person pushes their boundaries and encourages belief within oneself. It is something which comes from self-love. In order to have confidence in yourself, one must love oneself to get freedom from constant doubt. This essay on self confidence will help you learn more about it in detail.

It won’t be far-fetched to say that self-confidence is the key to success. If not, it is definitely the first step towards success. When a person has self-confidence, they are halfway through their battle.

People in school and workplaces achieve success by taking more initiatives and being more forward and active in life. Moreover, they tend to make better decisions because of having confidence in oneself.

Thus, it makes them stand out of the crowd. When you stand apart, people will definitely notice you. Thus, it increases your chances of attaining success in life. Alternatively, if there is a person who does not trust or believe in himself, it will be tough.

They will find it hard to achieve success because they will be exposed to failure as well as criticism. Thus, without self-confidence, they may not get back on their feet as fast as someone who possesses self-confidence.

In addition to gaining success, one also enjoys a variety of perks as well. For instance, you can find a job more easily. Similarly, you may find the magnitude of a difficult job lesser than it is.

Self-confidence allows us to face our failure and own up to it in a positive light. Moreover, it helps us to raise many times. This helps instil a quality in use which ensures we do not give up till we succeed.

All in all, a person will gain self-confidence from their own personal experience and decision. No one speech or conversation can bring an overnight change. It is a gradual but constant process we must all participate in. It will take time but once you achieve it, nothing can stop you from conquering every height in life.





Everyone suggests other than the person lack motivation, or directly suggests the person remain motivated. But, no one ever tells what is the motivation of how one can stay motivated. Motivation means to face the obstacle and find an inspiration that helps you to go through tough times. In addition, it helps you to move further in life.

Motivation is something that cannot be understood with words but with practice. It means to be moved by something so strongly that it becomes an inspiration for you.

Motivation is very important for the overall development of the personality and mind of the people. It also puts a person in action and in a competitive state. Furthermore, it improves efficiency and desire to achieve the goal. It leads to stability and improvement in work.

Above all, it satisfies a person’s needs and to achieve his/her goal. It helps the person to fight his negative attitude. The person also tries to come out of his/her comfort zone so that she/ he can achieve the goal.

To conclude, motivation is one of the key elements that help a person to be successful. A motivated person tries to push his limits and always tries to improve his performance day by day. Also, the person always gives her/his best no matter what the task is. Besides, the person always tries to remain progressive and dedicated to her/his goals.

It is a strong tool that helps to get ahead in life. For being motivated we need a driving tool or goal that keeps us motivated and moves forward. Also, it helps in being progressive both physically and mentally.

Besides, you need to push your self towards your goal no one other than you can push your limit. Also, you should be willing to leave your comfort zone because your true potential is going to revel when you leave your comfort zone.



Life of poor during pandamic

The Covid-19 pandemic caused a major setback in the economic growth of India. Many graduates lost their jobs and finding hard to run their family in this critical period. Despite this, there is a large population of daily wagers in the nation who receive INR 100 per day as wages. They eat with the wages what they earn everyday. The Production sector of the nation strucks in this lockdown. Many factories stopped their production. Some runs with a restricted count of labours. In this situation, the daily wagers are standing helpless. Not only them. Farmers,small shop owners, carpenters,mechanic shop owners and many like them are in the same situation.

So what is the solution? Has the Government left them without caring? The obvious answer is no. They are giving free ration products and offers relief funds for the poor. But the question is, is that enough for them to survive? The director-general of the World Health Organization said the lockdown to limit the COVID-19 transmission had “unintended consequences for the poorest” and “most vulnerable”. According to the World Bank’s 2015 estimates, India has 176 million people living in extreme poverty and like Uke, who earn less than $1.9 a day. The United Nations’ 2019 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), a more holistic measure of poverty that looks at deprivation through the lens of nutrition, health indicators, schooling, sanitation and access to essential amenities puts the number of poor in India at 369 million.

The thing to worry is that over 380 million people in India are employed in the informal sector. How will they manage their needs in this pandemic without going to jobs? How will they pay their debts? The loan lenders, indeed humans with humanity, should understand the situation that the country is facing. They should give some time for debtors to pay off their loans. Many lenders here don’t think the same. There are lenders who employ men to beat debtors and take money from them in an improper way. Government is taking action on them. This is really a good move,which will help the poor.

The struggles and work done by the government for years to abolish poverty in the nation were now gone in vain in just few months time. There are people dieing of hunger than the Covid-19. Though everything is against us, there are our frontline workers fighting their lives for us standing brave in the battle-ground. We must respect them and be safe inside our homes until the sireousness of the situation comes down. That is the only way we can support them and serve the nation today. Many youngsters are coming forward to volunteer to serve the poor. They consider that feeding the poor is equivalent to serving the God. The abled citizen should get inspired by them and come forward to serve the poor in this situation.

We must take a pledge not to go out and make this situation even worse. Let’s be home,be aware,be safe. If we unite by minds and distanced by bodies, we can through away the pandemic in near future.

Sir Jadeja The Key Player

Sir Jadeja who is probably the best all rounder in the world can be a great match winner in the World Test Championship . He can take wickets at crucial time , is currently one of the best fielder in the world ( May be the best ). And can score runs when the team is in need the most . What he has done recently ? He single handedly destroyed the mighty RCB . He scored an astonishing half century against the mighty New Zealand  in the Semi Finals against The mighty New Zealand . He scored more than 36 runs in an over against the most wicket taking bowler of the IPL 2021 Harshal Patel . It does not matter how fast you are but you cannot steal runs if the ball is in the hands of Sir Jadeja . There is a reason why even the best players in the world bow down in front of him and even MS Dhoni calls him Sir Jadeja . When nothing goes in your way call him and boy he will deliver every time the team is in need .

Top 5 Best Android Games in 2021

There are countless games on any normal android platform that’s available. Usually, people connect and share their experiences about a particular game and this way the popularity increases. It won’t matter if you have a favourite genre, you’ll find many games that you will love to play. Android games are quite popular because of the features they provide, their advanced modes and the whole concept. They keep growing and getting better.
This article conveys information about the top 5 android games in 2021.

  1. Call of Duty
    Earlier this position belonged to Pubg Mobile but it was banned so people had to switch to something similar, i.e., COD(Call of Duty). Call of duty is a first-person shooter video game franchise published by Activision. It allows players to advance through World War 2 in a continuous series of campaigns or to battle it out against human opponents from all over the world in its multiplayer mode. It is also the world’s best-selling video game franchise.
  2. Garena Free Fire
    It is also free to play battle royale game just like COD, developed by 111 Dots Studio and published by Garena. It achieved the title of the most downloaded game in the year 2019 and was also awarded “Best Popular Vote Game” by Google Play Store in the same year. It is the ultimate shooter survival game where players enter a battlefield where there is only one winner – the last man standing. There are also 34 characters, out of which 15 are female characters and 19 are male. Some of them are even real.
  3. Among Us
    Among us is a 2018 online multiplayer social deduction game developed and published by Innersloth Studios. It is like a detective murder mystery where everyone gets their roles as crewmates and impostors. The imposters have to kill the crewmates to win. While the crewmates have to do all the assigned tasks to win the game or if they vote out the imposter. It is a game of teamwork and betrayal. Among us was entitled as the Best Multiplayer Game in the Game Awards 2020.
  4. Asphalt 9: Legends
    This is a racing video game developed by Gameloft Barcelona and published by Gameloft. It is the ninth main instalment in the Asphalt series, released in 2018. Right now, it is the #1 top-grossing in racing. It is an amazing 3D driving game where you speed around in fast cars on routes that will lead you to different places all around the world. Its visuals are mind-blowing and exemplary for a mobile game with a mix of modern audio and fast-paced electronic music that goes along with the action.
  5. Minecraft
    Minecraft is a sandbox video game developed by Mojang. The game was developed by Markus “Notch” Persson in the Java programming language. It was fully released in 2011. It has Realms which are personal multiplayer servers run by Minecraft just for you and your people. This game is online and accessible even after you log off. Here only the people you invite can join your world, no one else can and you can whatever you wish to like.

There are many games which are liked by a group of people but disliked by another so it depends on you, which game suits you better, you go with it.


Rishab Pant ” The New Dhoni “

Well Well Well How can this guy compare the Great MS Dhoni with this young lad ? What he has done in such a short span of time is really credible and deserves appreciation . He single handedly defeated The Mighty Australia and brought it on its knees . Not just one test but also scored massive runs against England The Best T20 team in the world . These are signs that Indian Cricket is in safe hands for the upcoming years . He is still is great form as he scored a century in the practice match which is a great sign . He can be the key key if India is able to defeat the Mighty New Zealand team in the World Test Championship . He is most probably in the best form of his entire career .  


Anonymous means someone whose name or anything else is not . The identity of that person is not known . But here I am not talking about this word . Rather I am taking about the most dangerous Hackers group which has challenged the richest or may be the second richest person on this planet Elon Musk . This group has openly challenged him that that he thinks that he is the smartest person here . Now he has found his match . There is going to be a fierce battle between this group and Elon Musk . Lets see who wins .

Elon Musk On Bitcoin

Elon Musk has greatly used his power and authority to influence the bitcoin . He said that the Bitcoin is unsafe and the company would not be accepting payments because its value keep on fluctuating at every second . He has caused great damage to all the investors in this world . Therefore the investors in the world has made a currency named Doge coin which is gaining huge heights with each and every passing day . It feels sad that people in power are using their power wrongly to cause harm to the innocent investors . It should be stopped as soon as possible .

Euthanasia: The right to live or the right to die?

what is euthanasia?

Euthanasia is the process of ending the life of one who is suffering from an incurable illness in a quick and painless manner. This is a topic that is constantly debated over and was only recently legalised in India in 2017. 

Ethics Questions Asked at Medical Interviews | Euthanasia - theMSAG

Forms of Euthanasia:

Due to it’s complications, euthanasia is divided into several types.

Active euthanasia is when a doctor directly ends another person’s life with necessary consent. Purposefully providing the patient with lethal doses of sedatives qualifies as a method of this.

Passive euthanasia is when the doctor limits life support to increase the speed at which the patient passes away.

Voluntary euthanasia: The patient opts for ending their own life in a fully conscious state of awareness.

Involuntary euthanasia: Here, consent for euthanasia is seeked for by a close family relative due to the patient’s unconscious state. In such a scenario doctors generally opt for passive euthanasia due to the patients limited brain function.

Euthanasia in it’s nature, seems justifiable for several reasons of morality and unjust due to it’s immorality. Because of this, laws regarding euthanasia are made very carefully and have a large number of potential scenarios explained in clauses and sub-clauses. 

Why euthanasia should be supported:

  1. People suffering from extremely painful and borderline incurable diseases should not have to suffer until their disease kills them. They should be allowed relief from pain and suffering as soon as possible.
  1. Seeing loved ones suffer through such rough conditions is an extremely difficult sight to see and providing them support which is barely going to contribute to their good health can be mentally taxing and exhausting.                       
  1. After euthanisation, knowing that the person is now no longer in pain and suffering is better than watching them suffer every single day. It is a better closure than having to support a terminally ill patient to no end.

Why euthanasia is not supported:

  1. Nobody has the right to decide to end another person’s life other than the person themself.
  2. It is tough for the family to make a choice of such nature. While they do love their family member they are stuck deciding if they should let them suffer or if they should decide to put an end to their life.
  3. The big “What if?”. “What if the doctors would have figured out a method to save the patient if they hadn’t decided to opt for euthanasia?” This is a train of thought that can be disastrous to the mental health of those who supported the decision of euthanisation. This is arguably worse than having to provide moral support to an extremely ill patient.


This is not a very optimistic write-up. The purpose of this was to make people question their own sense of morality and bring forth the realisation of how morality is not just a rule book but requires a great deal of thought and defines what it is to be emotional beings.


It is the desire to be idle, to do nothing, resist effort, procrastinate and postpone doing things.It is a state of passivity and of letting things stay as they are.

Make your goals manageable:
Setting unrealistic goals and taking on too much can lead to burnout. Job burnout can cause exhaustion, loss of interest and motivation, and a longing to escape.Avoid overloading by setting smaller, attainable goals that will get you where you want to be without overwhelming you along the way.
Use positive instead of negative self-talk:
Negative self-talk can derail your efforts to get things done in every aspect of your life. Telling yourself that you’re a lazy person is a form of negative self-talk.You can stop your negative internal voice by practicing positive self-talk. Instead of saying, “There’s no way I can get this done,” say, “I’ll give it my all to make it happen.”
Create a plan of action:
Planning how you will get something done can make it easier to get there. Be realistic about how much time, effort, and other factors are needed to meet your goal and create an action plan. Having a plan will provide direction and confidence that can help even if you hit a hurdle along the way.
Use your strengths:
Take a moment to think about what your strengths are when setting goals or gearing up to tackle a task. Try to apply them to different aspects of a task to help you get things done. Research has shown that focusing on strengths increases productivity, positive feelings, and engagement in work.
Ask for help:
Many people believe that asking for help is a sign of weakness.Asking for help improves your chances of success and helps you connect with others who can encourage and motivate you.
Avoid distraction:
We all have our favorite distractions we turn to when we’re just not feeling like doing a task — whether it’s scrolling through social media or playing with a pet.Find ways to make your distractions less accessible. This can mean finding a quiet place to work, like the library or an empty room, or using an app to block sites that you scroll mindlessly when you should be on task.
Break down a task into smaller tasks:
We often avoid tasks because we find them too big, too overwhelming, too tiring, or taking too much of our time. Breaking a task into several smaller tasks can solve this problem.
Rest, sleep and exercise:
In some cases, laziness is due to being tired and lacking energy. If this is true in your case, you need to give yourself the rest and sleep you need, and you also need to give your body enough exercise and fresh air.Rest, sleep and exercise give your body the strength and refreshment it needs.
The importance of motivation:
In some cases, the reason for laziness is due to lack of motivation.You can strengthen your motivation through affirmations, visualization and thinking about the importance of performing your task or chore or achieving your goal.
Doing one thing at a time:
Focus on doing one thing at a time. If you feel you have a lot to do, you will probably feel overwhelmed and let laziness overcome you, instead of you overcoming laziness.


The people who make up today’s thriving photographic community are our eyes to the world. Whether established artists and journalists or passionate emerging voices, they inform us, they inspire us, they amaze us, they put our world in the broader context of history.But that community also faces great challenges — dwindling sales, increased competition and a fragile trust in photographers’ mission to inform. Too often, those factors can make those of us in that community, photographers and photo editors alike, lose sight of what drive us.
Photographs are the universal language of our era. Everyone has hundreds, maybe thousands in their pocket. Weightless, they turn the scale when the argument is: What happened here? Images don’t age or warp. A great photographer’s strings never go out of tune.Photographers use their cameras as tools of exploration, passports to inner sanctums, instruments for change. Their images are proof the photography matters-now more than ever.
It is for this reason that we need photographers. They are the ones who sort all the chaos of the world into images that bring clarity to the free-for-all of life. They are the witnesses and artists who can distill the mayhem and beauty that surrounds us. They call our attention to the things we miss in our everyday lives and they call our attention to events and people at a great distance from our own patch of the universe. When they direct our eyes and hearts with precision and honesty, we know what we know differently and better. Photographers teach us to look again, look harder. Look through their eyes.Photographers are the dedicated, passionate and sometimes half-crazy individuals who are willing to give their lives, too often quite literally, to show us what needs to be seen, what needs to be known. I can think of no greater honor nor privilege than to have lived a life surrounded by images and the amazing individuals who create them and share them with us.
To start taking pictures, all you need is a camera, which can be anything from a basic smartphone to an advanced DSLR or a mirrorless camera. However, photography equipment is not all that important – light, subject, emotion and composition are all critical elements of a successful photograph.There are a number of photography genres that are very popular today. These include portrait, landscape, architecture, fashion, food, sports, wildlife, macro, street, event and documentary photography.You can learn photography from many books and online resources. A lot of information related to photography can be obtained for free in the forms of articles and videos. This article is a part of photography basics series, which is provided by Photography Life for free to everyone.
“There is nothing worse than a sharp image of a fuzzy concept.” If the idea behind a photo is weak, using the right camera settings won’t make it better.At the same time, camera settings still matter. In a way, every technical choice is really an artistic choice in disguise. These settings are worth learning. Your understanding of photography will improve tenfold when you understand how camera settings work.



Education is directly related to the self-reliant mentality and character. There are some burdensome rules in the Indian Education system that needs to be changed. Our education system should not be just test-centric. Along with reading, other surrounding activities are equally important.

Education is our medium to move forward towards the next sun. We need some changes in our education system. Education should be taken to an open forum. Exam-centred education greatly reduces our chances of acquiring knowledge of internal learning. In this way of education, we only memorize things and not assimilate them, which is very frustrating.

Some changes in the curriculum will actually increase the range of knowledge acquisition a lot. This education is very important in our way of becoming self-reliant. We need to take education from the beginning to place where we can sow the seeds of the future with our knowledge. We have to move forward through education and education is the only option.

Importance of ISRO

Why government increased ISRO budget, while the country and Economy of India were facing issues?

Improve Quality of life on Earth.

There was a time when we humans only gathered and hunted,but someone then came up with the idea of agriculture, others might have asked why grow anything when we have so much work to do gathering and hunting, the answer for this is the same as why we need space agencies. The FASAL (Forecasting Agricultural Output using Space, Agro-meteorology and Land based Observations) programme was created by isro under which a centre named Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) was established in New Delhi in April 2012, which operationally uses space-based observations, at national level, for pre-harvest multiple crop production forecasts of nine field crops. This not only increases the yield but also helps us calculate the perfect time for growing of different crops similarlya weather forecasting satellite Oceansat-2, launched on September 23, 2009 facilitates the study of ocean productivity, detection of algal blooms, sustainable fisheries management, etc. The satellite also provides data for forecasting of sea state, sea surface wind vector, coastal climate and weather. The cost of this mission is nearly equal to feed all of our country for roughly 8 days, but with the data we get in returnt for this amount we are giving our farmers the power to feed a lot more people for decades.

Economy and Developing new Gadgets

Out of the 13,949 crore rs. ISRO get, they are not just putting that much money in a rocket and launching it to mars or moon, most of this money actually goes to the salaries to the most skilled workers and innovative minds of the country. Some might say that why not leave this work on private space agencies like Skyroot Aerospace Private Limited or international
ones like spaceX? Private agencies are already doing their work but they are and will always be interested in profitable programes and will never take interese in crop or soil or weather forecasts. Through isro we also have developed many new gadgets and even robots like the latest one Vyommitra which will be soon travelling to space in Gaganyaan, a crewed orbital spacecraft.


This is the most important one even though it is soft. We have sent men to the moon and rovers to the mars not because its a quick payoff anyone can exploit but because as humans we have a list of questions we are willing to find answers to like how big is the space? Is there life anywhere other than earth? How did life begin? or how was the solar system born? Also isnt it facinating to think that one day one us will be the first one to set foot on mars like Neil Armstrong did on the moon? It could be anyone including u and me, what we need to do is just believe in ourselves and our scientists and engineers working day and night just so we can live a better life then our ancestors did.

Movies love

How the movie can affect your life:

movies can affect society in both good and bad ways. They can help the economy grow, motivate people, and expand our basic knowledge of the world around us. Movies can also create violence and immorality, can inflame people, and can send a vicious message.

How movies affect our environment:

A positive influence on our behavior is that movies and television reduce stress. Watching movies, we can escape our problems for a while. Also, sometimes movies show good ways to solve problems that we all face. While TV and movies should not be a way of life, they can sometimes help us to cope.

Movie value:
The film is considered an important art, a popular entertainment source, and a powerful source of education – or teaching – for citizens. The film’s viewing foundation gives it the ability to connect around the world.

Movies teach us all sorts of things: how to wish, who to think about (all those princes will come), smoking, dressing up, going into a room (always like Bette Davis). They teach us who we should love and how, as well as the obvious need to give up love and work.

Movies / Movies:

the film is trying to convey or explore something bigger than itself. A movie is about giving the audience what they want. The film forces the audience to grow in some way, leaving the human race much better than when they entered. The movie leaves viewers happy, satisfied, but ultimately unchanging.

Important of English language

English is the language of international communication although English  is most spoken language in the world .it is the official language in countries and is spoken as a first language in 53countries .

Most people are using this language in daily life.english language play an essential role n our lives as it helps in communication .it is the most language for studying any subject in the world . English is important for students as there program their minds develop emotional skills .improve the quality of life providing opportunities .

Environmental Pollution is a cause for Concern

Environmental pollution is a cause for concern, not only for us but also for mankind as a whole. The diminishing ozone ionosphere leading to global warming and the unpredictable seasonal variation, are some of the adverse effects of pollution that are threatening the environment in which we live.

The threat of environmental contamination looms large on the earth today. It no longer remains an individual or national concern, but is now a global issue, to be addressed internationally.

So, as a individual and a team we should always strive to do a bit for making this earth a better place to live in.

Khushi Agarwal

Bitcoin legalized for the 1st Time

El Salvador on 9th June made Bitcoin legal in their Country. It is the first country in the world to legalize the cryptocurrency. The law kept forward by the 39year old President Nayib Bukele was passed after it received 62 votes out of 84 votes. This law gives value to the digital currency just like the country’s main currency the US dollar.

According to the law, bitcoin must be accepted by the entities when offered as the payment for goods and services .Tax payments can also be made through the cryptocurrency. The dollar will be the dominant currency in the country while Bitcoin will also exist by the side.

In 2001, El Salvador completely dollarized its economy. It has no monetary policy of its own, it is linked to the monetary policies of the Federal Reserve in Washington.

The move was taken to stabilize and revive the economy and bring growth to the country. According the World Bank data, Remittances make up about $6 billion in 2019 which is about 20% of the El Salvador’s GDP (one of the highest ratios in the world).

Mr.Bukele said, through enabling transaction via bitcoins El Salvadorians could save transaction fee on banks and agencies. He also stated that the government would protect people from volatility of bitcoin prices by guaranteeing convertibility to dollars. In concern to Carbon footprint, he said he has asked the state-owned geo thermal electric company La Geo to connect renewable energy from the country’s volcano to the bitcoin facilities. The legal tender with bitcoin-dollar exchange rates set by the market will begin in 90 days. El Salvador will promote training and mechanism stated the law.

Joint family Vs Nuclear family

Joint family system existed in the very oldest days of Indian culture where many members of the same family lived together under the same roof, cooked together, ate together. Joint families consisted of a parents, grandparents, siblings, cousins, uncles, aunts and so on. People who grow in joint families stand in a better position in terms of socializing with others. Members of a joint family are less like to fall into depression or loneliness. When you live in a joint family, you feel you are closely related to each and every person because you spend every moment of your life at home with each and every person. Each member is dependent on the whole family and are nothing without it. We could really feel the connect between our family members. Parents have got their role of disciplining children while the grandparents be the partners in crime to their grandchildren. There would be siblings and cousins growing together and have a nice time. This also promotes a bonding and affection between them at a very young age. Children could seek help from anybody in the house. Nobody is special and nobody is less important and everybody is treated equally. They stand strong, they stand united. Everyone gets the feeling of togetherness and feeling loved.

In the modern days, nuclear families are more found to exist. Joint family system is almost a rare sight to see because due to various factors such as access to education, healthcare and employment, the joint families tend split to satisfy their own needs. A nuclear family consists of minimum of members such as parents and children. Young people who desire more freedom and less restriction choose nuclear family. Just like how out of sight is out of mind, there might not be a very close knit relationship with other relatives as there is no much contact. There are less chances of the bonding to grow or be static just in contrary to joint families. The children might relatively lack emotional intelligence and community values. But there are also some advantage in nuclear family. Every member of nuclear family enjoy their privacy which is not possible in joint family. Parents also get to save money for their kid’s future. The number of conflicts is relatively low due to less number of members. There won’t be any problem of adjustment ( though one needs to learn to adjust). Nuclear families are generally more inclined towards gender equality when compared to joint families because it does not consist of the elders to impose age old beliefs on the entire family. Nuclear families can be mainly observed in urban areas whereas joint families can be mostly found in rural areas.

Whether a joint family or a nuclear family, the structure isn’t important, family is. Family plays the most essential part is a individual’s life. Irrespective of the family type, every individual’s wish is for a peaceful atmosphere at home. Family tries to give you the best. Never give up on your family as they stand as your pillar of support.

RELEVANT LINKS: https://www.groupdiscussionideas.com/joint-family-vs-nuclear-family/ https://bestgdtopics.com/joint-family-vs-nuclear-family/

Child Labor and the miserable fate of unprivileged children.

Youth is the future of the country. if this statement is true. Then why our country is not able to eradicate the sin of child labor? we encounter the term child labor every time. and take it very casually. That’s the reason it still prevails within our society. we can find children doing work in 

Every city, lane, and corner of society. We have been taught since our childhood that child labor is wrong. the future is in the hand of the young fellow who is making their livelihoods in factories, big industries, and local vendors and shops working endlessly.

Why this young fellow has to deprived of their education? why their childhood is stolen from them? why do they bear to do the work from such a young age? While other children are enjoying their childhood.Why some unprivileged kids have to work with heavy machinery and weapons under a huge risk to their health, just to earn a two-figure income to afford a single meal. children have to resort to working and earning, instead of learning. who is responsible for their worst situation? The ones who should be earning are the young and unemployed youth, who are sitting at home without any scope for jobs. who will take responsibility for them? The need of the hour is to provide these children education They are the future of India, and they deserve an education.

Child labor means exploitation of children through any work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful.  The practice of child labor is a crime ad people employing it people are the biggest criminals of Indian society. Another reason why child labor is wrong is that by making a child work, we are decreasing the quality of our education system and spoiling the innocent life of that child.

These children are suffering in the dark world of mental and physical pressure. by allowing these children to work in our houses and societies, as by employing them we are spoiling their future and career.

child labor is the evil part of society and needs to be eliminated. 

By taking the labor of children we are spoiling the life of an innocent child for their cheap labor and our selfish motives. If we want to maintain the quality of the education system, we have to educate children, especially those from rural areas who are deprived of education, basic amenities, and other advancement opportunities.

For the progress of society and our economy, this evil practice needs to be removed. so that our economy will be balanced so flawlessly that there will be no cases of poverty and child labor in the upcoming years. We should not forget that child labor arises from poverty, so we need to eradicate their poverty level through the power of education leading them towards their career goals.

The lack of knowledge and skill leads to child labor. Therefore the need for time is to increase the accessibility of education to everyone. we need to start moe initiatives like mid-day meal. to increase the reach of students to education.


Oxygen is all in the air all living things in the world including plants need oxygen. Each human being needed 21% of oxygen the doctors those who are in medical field will call it as FiO2 21%. Daily we need oxygen through this only our body functions. In the air there are 71%nitrogen, 21% oxygen and other gases is present 1% in the air. The oxygen is present the air and we are breathing it and leaving carbon di oxide. The oxygen helps us to live when the doctors doing operation for the heart and major operations they will wear oxygen mask to the patients. That is because while doing the operations oxygen may go down so that they are wearing mask. After the operation doctors will tell the patient to do breathing exercises because they were using the artificial oxygen, which is provided to train the body with the oxygen in the air. Sometimes while these diseases the 21% oxygen will not be enough for a body because of this operation blood will be low so the oxygen is not enough for a body so they add up the extra oxygen. A normal ABG oxygen level for healthy lungs falls between 80 and 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Corona virus is directly affecting the lungs and aloveo so that oxygen productivity is getting less than the oxygen mix with blood so that for other parts of the body there is no oxygen. So this oxygen is the problem the doctors are insisting the patients to take C.T. scan so that they can see the level of the corona virus in the lungs according to it they will give medicines to cure. In some peoples lungs will be affected 80% even though they can breathe their blood and body condition will be at the correct level.  Oxygen level differs from one to another person according to their health condition. A normal level of oxygen is usually 95% or higher. Some people with chronic lung disease or sleep apnoea can have normal levels around 90%. Oxygen need is more now because the people are not healthy now due to the modern food there is no strength to fight against the viruses. The patient family members are running towards the oxygen cylinder because the oxygen was less in need before but now because of this corona some patients are affected by the lungs so they need the oxygen in a large amount. Some people have died in our country because there are no enough oxygen cylinders.  The oxygen is playing a vital role in saving the lives of the people who are all affected by corona viruses. The people should follow the rules and regulations which the government tells the people often. All people should vaccinate to protect themselves and others from corona virus. For vaccination there is a institute where they produce vaccine it is very helpful for all people to get vaccinate as soon as possible. In the same if many companies come out to produce oxygen cylinders it will be very helpful for the government as same time for the people. Then there will be no issues of corona virus if we have enough oxygen cylinders, beds, medicines etc if the corona virus continues also there will be no problem in India.


Mask hai zaruri

Masks help stop germs. Many medical masks are made of soft materials that cover the nose and mouth. There are stretch cords that run behind the head or ears. They keep the mask in place.

Your mask helps to protect those around you
Masks are an easy barrier to help prevent your respiratory drops from reaching others. Studies show that masks reduce dripping when applied to the nose and mouth. You should wear a mask, even if you do not feel sick.

Masks should be used as part of a comprehensive plan of measures to reduce transmission and save lives; the use of a mask alone is not sufficient to provide adequate level of protection to COVID-19.

All right. Your mask protects others from any infection that you may be unknowingly carrying. It protects anyone you meet, including store staff, other customers, family and friends. Many are aware that they are wearing masks, especially to protect the most vulnerable people in our society, including the elderly and those with a high risk.

Mask , 2 gaj ki duri … dono h zaruri

Digital Disparity.

Covid19 expanded the digital divide. And shows the disparities within the society between the rural and urban, rich and poor. Lockdown compelled the shift to the virtual model. some of the students managed to receive an education without any obstacles. but many unprivileged students have been deprived of it. resulted in drop out of college and institutes due to the financial crisis of lockdown. Before the pandemic differences prevail in access to education but corona widened the gap. Rural areas have severe internet connectivity problems but Half of India’s population is living in rural parts of the country.

India is the second-largest populated country in the world. But it is a developing country. to maintain education for all during the lockdown when the schools are shut is quite challenging. the digital divide between the government and private institutes can be witnessed. Virtual learning wasn’t much challenging for private school students. Unlike the students of the government schools, who didn’t have access to the digital equipment. the Unprivileged children can’t afford access to quality internet and gadgets. Thus being deprived of education. The right to education is meaningless in the covid scenario. The government needs to bridge the digital divide to ensure students’ education. Some students are ahead of others. As many students drop out of school due to financial problems.

 Access to the internet on their mobile phones is a matter of concern as well. The need of the time is to provide digital infrastructure and tools access to unprivileged ones to access online classes. The digital divide has led to incidences of student suicides. many students committed suicide after drop out. Even in urban areas, disparities prevail. those living in slumps and downtrodden areas can’t afford education.

The government needs to focus on technology and extending the vision of digital India.

Those who have access to education face many hurdles such as in assembling notes, in paying attention due to bad network coverage. Getting time to do self-study is also difficult. preparation of online tests is another problem. seeking notes from some of the online sources is also difficult because some websites charge for the subscription which is not possible for everyone. students have to sit in front of the computer screen for many hours and Practical knowledge is not possible during the pandemic because it is hard for the students to perform practical virtually. even for teachers, it is difficult to prepare presentations for the students. 

pandemic hit increases our dependence on technology. The focus had always been on practical knowledge and skills. we are being actively tested for our knowledge without any proper structure of assessment. Most importantly, not all teachers are not good at technical stuff to manage classes or material distribution.

. COVID-19 also raised prominent questions about the need, significance, and value of virtual learning platforms. The majority of the students have been affected negatively and therefore the government should come up with such education policies that would benefit all the students. Common people also need to volunteer to lead a hand to needy people.

Pollution- The biggest threat to india

Pollution is a cause of grave concern for the whole humankind. The last century has seen the rise of this menace to gigantic proportions, so much so, that it has spread its tentacles to envelope the entire nature and the world.


Pollution is popularly categorised as air pollution, water pollution and noise pollution respectively.

Air pollution is that form of pollution which refers to the contamination of air, irrespective of indoors or outdoors. It occurs when harmful gases, dust and smoke enter into the atmosphere and make it unhealthy for humans, animals and plants as the air becomes dirty. Air pollution is a by-product of the unprecedented industrial growth that we have seen in the last few decades.

The establishment of large scale factories belching out smoke, fumes and chemically hazardous waste, has now started having a telling effect on the environment. This coupled with the unprecedented growth of automobiles and the ever-increasing human population, are some of the factors that are making air pollution a cause for concern.

The effects of air pollution are all-pervasive. The immediate consequence is the reduction in oxygen content in the air, the release of potentially harmful gases causing asthma and even lung cancer. They also damage plants and crop yields. Global warming and ozone depletion are other fallouts of the same.

Similarly, water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater). Water pollution occurs when chemical wastes and plastics are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove the harmful compounds. It has led to dwindling aquatic life in rivers and oceans. This also adversely affects the soil where river water is used for irrigation.

Causes and effects of water pollution

 The third category which is noise pollution is the presence of excessive noise that may harm the activity or balance of human or animal life. The source of most outdoor noise worldwide is mainly machines and transportation system-motor vehicles, aircraft and trains.

 Noise pollution can cause hypertension, high-stress levels, hearing loss, sleep disturbances and other harmful effects.

 The threat from all the three kinds of pollution looms large before the Earth putting at risk the healthy existence of life.

 It is essential to control all three forms of pollution. To control air pollution, environmentalists suggest emission norms for vehicles and industries. Also, extending and preserving the green cover is one of the measures to combat air pollution as trees inhale carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air.

Population also plays a big role in this, as the increase in population leads to more usage of resources and hence, more pollution.

 Besides, the Indian government has also set emission caps for industries. To control water pollution, the government has set-up enforcement and monitoring agencies to oversee that industrial waste is discharged into water bodies only after proper treatment. The government has also taken steps to curb the noise generated by industries through licensing etc. and discouraging honking, late-night loud music etc.

While the government is doing its bit to combat all kinds of pollution, it is also our responsibility to lend a helping hand in this monumental task.

 It is common to cuss nature when it comes to devastation due to its unpredictability but this is something we owe to ourselves and to our future generations, for this evil if not kept under check can obliterate life on Earth.

Karnataka E.Class near restart books yet to be printed

Government and private schools following the state board will resume online class still July 1,but the education department is yet to finalize the tender for printing textbooks according to department of public instruction the tender will be finalized in a couple of days it will take maximum 100 days to print textbooks but we will not wait till it gets completed we will get distribution by mid August by August end or September we hope to complete 50% of books distributions said commissioner v.Anbukumar we will also speed up the printing officials said learning won’t be affected students need not worry the first month will be a bridge course in which teachers will revise previous year’s portions and fill the gap soft copies of the books will be available said..v.Anbukumar According to the department lockdown is a hudle there is no huge delay the tender is above 100 crores the process is longer it has it’s own time frame lockdown may have been delayed for 10 days said. V.Anbukumar ••••••educators are not happy about printing delay”getting textbooks is late rituals now everything year we have the same problem in rural areas textbooks are the only learning to the students with regular school classes not expected soon children will not able to learn continuing without textbooks he added that delay could be used to produce textbooks that address the learning loss students faced last year but it may be too late for the department to think on these lines..the education department had been made an announcement that students wi able to start their offline class from mid of September to October all schools and colleges and universities will begin from month of October 4th as the regulations given by education boards food had a great influence on the character and mental attitude. So yoga Shasta says Food should be conductive to the mental uplifting of the practitioner of yoga not only physical exercises but also merging with divinity that means jeevathma and paramathma yoga doing with mental and physical happiness can remove all our diseases yogasama purify the blood vessel openup the lungs and make the muscles elastic this boosts their contracting and expanding power and absorbs more oxygen this burn up the toxins of the body and eject them in the form of carbon dioxide it activate the digestive system and produce sufficient quantities of digestive juices improving immune system and body will become more and more elastic.it should be understood that yoga sana contribute going good health to body and mind it also an efficient method that provides relief from different illnesses, many experts are of the opinion that many serious illnesses like heart disease, diabetes, blood pressure, mental tension, asthma, sexually weaknesses, insomnia etc are curable by the practice of yoga. Prevention is better than cure yoga is beneficial for sound mind and healthy body.practicing yoga is a good way to improve lifestyle and keep diseases away

Privacy: A Company’s best product.

All Apps Are free But end user is their product.

We all use social media apps very often to not care about our privacy and share our sensitive information on the internet. The product for these companies by which they earn a profit, not small but huge the amount varies between Billions of Dollars the Big Tech Giants, such as Google, Facebook, Instagram, Amazon, etc. Take every bit of information which we browse on the internet. It uses search history, Browsing history, Gmail details, contact details, etc. All these types of information are collected and sold by these forms to every site or who wants this information to promote their product to their targeted audience.

If we carefully observe that, while browsing on the internet when we open a particular website, we all see the advertisements related to our previous search history. The system is this much integrated that even if sometimes, using a VPN is not enough to protect our data from these companies. Sometimes we can consider that they are taking our data for some important purposes. Still, nowadays, as hacking is very often, sensitive data from companies like Facebook is leaked or getting hacked every few days.

As revealed by a slew of whistleblowers, the global surveillance infrastructure and the potential weaponisation of data has created a perverse atmosphere where Privacy is just a figment of the imagination. Countries like China keep an eye on their every movement on the internet. In China, their citizens are not allowed to talk against their government, and the internet is also under the control of China.

Nowadays, Privacy is just treated as a joke. Where some companies are trying to protect the privacy of their users, for example, Apple. In Apple, the user’s data is treated as their priority, where all the information is kept encrypted.

Investment in top b- school

Maybe, but obviously there’s no way for any of us to tell with literally no information to go on.

If you’re in your mid- to late-20s (or a little older) and are looking to change career then it might be a good idea. If your career development expects it, as some roles in consulting and finance do, then it might be a good idea. If you feel that you want to start and run your own business but don’t have the skills, confidence, mindset or network to do it then it might be good idea. It’s hard to suggest more than it “might” be a good idea because there are legitimate reasons why it might not be, even under those circumstances.

If you don’t want to take a year (or two) off from your career, or having an MBA wouldn’t really help with your career, or you really don’t like academia, or you don’t have the credentials to get into a decent school, or you have a great job that you love already then it could be better not to go.

Business school is time-consuming and costly. The opportunity cost of going is large (for me, something like $250k and that was more than a decade ago). And you only get to do it once – it can be a great way to switch careers without taking a backward step but once you’ve taken that step you don’t get to take it again if you’re unhappy with where you ended up. It’s not for everyone and even people for whom it is a suitable it’s a serious decision that deserves a lot of thought and consideration of the implications. Especially financially.

And don’t forget to factor in the uncertainty. When I graduated in 2005 the world looked great and the opportunities were abundant. 2 years later I was talking to people who were trying to get into finance and struggling because the downturn had begun. By 2008/9 people who’d gone to my school hoping to snap up a job a big investment bank were just grateful if they could get back in to their previous jobs at their previous levels. It doesn’t always work out the way you want it to.

So have a good think about it. Don’t rush into it. Speak to people who are where you want to be. Consider your finances. And then make a decision. There’s no universal right answer here.

The complex paradigm of streams.

“Now what?”This question every student encounter in life after completing school. A career plan is the most significant and difficult question of life. Our whole life depends on this small question. Sometimes we choose our path and sometimes our society decides for us. 

The question  “What do I want to do in life?” is hard to answer.

It is tough for a school student to find their path at such a young age, because of the complicated model of ‘streams’. Studying science means you are limited to the medical and the engineering line. Studying commerce means being captured in chartered accountancy, banking, and finance and learning humanities imply that I must choose to become a lawyer or journalist.

The problem is the high competition within society The tragic fact is that we can never come back from this model of education, studies, and streams. we don’t have the right to choose subjects that are a combination of different streams. The reason streams are a challenge for us is that they directly affect our careers. Choosing a career is choosing life. As a career is related to financial independence. The question became more significant. every parent expects from there child to pursue a career that has the reputation, high earning prospect, and quite popular in society. Boys, in particular, are supposed to choose a career that can support their families financially one day. Today passion and happiness don’t matter when it comes to a career. The thing that matters for society is the reputation of the career. For society, boys should not go for teaching jobs, fashion designing and cooking are something that society doesn’t consider ideal jobs. some jobs are called ‘feminine jobs’ not meant for boys. Like cooking is related to females. Some jobs get undermined like fashion designing is compared to tailoring.

Students’ choices are also impacted badly by the stereotypes and repercussions. and they have to choose paths unwillingly as per society’s concern. Even though we are heading towards an impartial society, such differences prevail in our society. The ‘pay scale’ affects the choice of career. Women are still paid less and the gender pay gap continues to widen. 

Lack of awareness of new opportunities is a major challenge that school students face. We are not aware of the options beyond the ‘visible careers’. Visible careers are those careers that we see in everyday life, such as doctors, teachers, engineers, journalists, politicians, and businessmen. We lack knowledge about other options we have. There is a world beyond these visible careers: such as being a therapist, an urban planner, a singer, a beautician, a blogger.

so many jobs are available now because of the internet. such jobs can provide a great opportunity to the newcomer. Like social media marketing, a YouTuber, a blogger, a digital marketer. But the problem is students don’t have access to and knowledge of this career.

 Your career should be based on your strengths. The best choice of career comes from one’s passions and hobbies. Your career should inspire you and be the reason for your existence. It is you who can decide your career, not others. and being yourself and the following passion makes you happier.

How cell phone works

How Do Cell Phones Work?

With worldwide mobile subscriptions estimated to be around 7 billion in 2014, cell phones have become a universal and indispensable tool for modern life. With a cell phone, you can talk to anybody on the planet from almost anywhere. But do you really know how your cell phone works?

In the most basic form, a cell phone is essentially a two-way radio, consisting of a radio transmitter and a radio receiver. When you chat with your friend on your cell phone, your phone converts your voice into an electrical signal, which is then transmitted via radio waves to the nearest cell tower. The network of cell towers then relays the radio wave to your friend’s cell phone, which converts it to an electrical signal and then back to sound again. In the basic form, a cell phone works just like a walkie-talkie.

In additional to the basic function of voice calls, most modern cell phones come with additional functions such as web surfing, taking pictures, playing games, sending text messages and playing music. More sophisticated smart phones can perform similar functions of a portable computer.

Radio Waves

radio waves

Cell phones use radio waves to communicate. Radio waves transport digitized voice or data in the form of oscillating electric and magnetic fields, called the electromagnetic field (EMF). The rate of oscillation is called frequency. Radio waves carry the information and travel in air at the speed of light.

Cell phones transmit radio waves in all directions. The waves can be absorbed and reflected by surrounding objects before they reach the nearest cell tower. For example, when the phone is placed next to your head during a call, a significant portion (over half in many cases) of the emitted energy is absorbed into your head and body. In this event, much of the cell phone’s EMF energy is wasted and no longer available for communication.


Cellular antenna

Cell phones contain at least one radio antenna in order to transmit or receive radio signals. An antenna converts an electric signal to the radio wave (transmitter) and vice versa (receiver). Some cell phones use one antenna as the transmitter and receiver while others, such as the iPhone 5, have multiple transmitting or receiving antennas.

An antenna is a metallic element (such as copper) engineered to be a specific size and shape for transmitting and receiving specific frequencies of radio waves. While older generation cell phones have external or extractable antennas, modern cell phones contain more compact antennas inside the device thanks to advanced antenna technologies. It’s important to understand that any metallic components in the device (such as the circuit board and the metal frame for the iPhone) can interact with the transmission antenna(s) and contribute to the pattern of the transmitted signal.

Many modern smart phones also contain more than one type of antenna. In addition to the cellular antenna, they may also have Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and/or GPS antennas.



As mentioned earlier, a cell phone is a two-way wireless communication device and needs both the inbound signal (reception) and the outbound signal (transmission) to work. The magnitude of the received signal from the cell tower is called the “signal strength”, which is commonly indicated by the “bars” on your phone. The connectivity between a cell phone and its cellular network depends on both signals and is affected by many factors, such as the distance between the phone and the nearest cell tower, the number of impediments between them and the wireless technology (e.g. GSM vs. CDMA). A poor reception (fewer bars) normally indicates a long distance and/or much signal interruption between the cell phone and the cell tower.

In order to conserve battery life, a cell phone will vary the strength of its transmitted signal and use only the minimum necessary to communicate with the nearest cell tower. When your cell phone has poor connectivity, it transmits a stronger signal in order to connect to the tower, and as a result your battery drains faster. That’s why good connectivity not only reduces dropped calls, but also saves battery life.

Covid-19: A Bio War Or A Pandemic

Coronavirus An Artificial virus Or Naturally Modified Virus.

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This pandemic firstly started in Wuhan, China. The first patient was diagnosed positive with the virus in December of 2019. It is considered that the virus was leaked from the research facility situated in Wuhan, China. Some people say that China was working on this virus for the last 3-4 years until they reached their specific goal; the virus was modified to attack the respiratory system of a being and then affect the lungs to produce excessive cough by which the breathing of a particular being could be challenging. It was contagious, which means it can spread quickly by talking, by air, by coming in contact with another human, and many more.

After few days, the virus spread rapidly amongst the citizens of China and later the whole world. If it is a secret bio-war? Started by china to establish their dominance over the globe to conquer or show their power to the world, these are not going signs because it may begin the cold war between China and the rest of the countries. Because in China, the possible Covid positive patients were ever recorded are 90,000 only from which the 80% are already recovered as per their sources. Then why the rest of the world is still facing this pandemic that came from this country. Suppose it was accidentally released from the lab, then why they are still hiding the sources of the origin of the virus.

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If this virus was created by mother nature to protect herself and warn humans to stop their activities, such as excessive use of resources, another thing could destroy their own. If it is possibly true, then why it started only in china? Why not in any other country or place. Where there is perhaps the most destructive of natural resources, also as per rumors, it is considered that when some people were eating bat, then the virus was transmitted from this dead animal, after this, the virus self mutated itself to be compatible as per human body. And still, the virus is mutating and making itself more critical day by day.

In the end, whatever may be the cause of this pandemic, I would like to tell you that take care of yourself with your family.

Internal Combustion Engine

An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine in which the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine, the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion applies direct force to some component of the engine. The force is applied typically to pistons, turbine blades, a rotor, or a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into useful work. This replaced the external combustion engine for applications where weight or size of the engine is important.

Diagram of a cylinder as found in an overhead cam 4-stroke gasoline engines.:C – crankshaftE – exhaust camshaftI – inlet camshaftP – pistonR – connecting rodS – spark plugV – valves. red: exhaust, blue: intake.W – cooling water jacketgray structure – engine blockDiagram describing the ideal combustion cycle by Carnot

The first commercially successful internal combustion engine was created by Étienne Lenoir around 1860 and the first modern internal combustion engine was created in 1876 by Nicolaus Otto (see Otto engine).The term internal combustion engine usually refers to an engine in which combustion is intermittent, such as the more familiar four-stroke and two-stroke piston engines, along with variants, such as the six-stroke piston engine and the Wankel rotary engine. A second class of internal combustion engines use continuous combustion: gas turbines, jet engines and most rocket engines, each of which are internal combustion engines on the same principle as previously described. Firearms are also a form of internal combustion engine, though of a type so specialized that they are commonly treated as a separate category.In contrast, in external combustion engines, such as steam or Stirling engines, energy is delivered to a working fluid not consisting of, mixed with, or contaminated by combustion products. Working fluids for external combustion engines include air, hot water, pressurized water or even liquid sodium, heated in a boiler.ICEs are usually powered by energy-dense fuels such as gasoline or diesel fuel, liquids derived from fossil fuels. While there are many stationary applications, most ICEs are used in mobile applications and are the dominant power supply for vehicles such as cars, aircraft and boats.ICEs are typically powered by fossil fuels like natural gas or petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel or fuel oil. Renewable fuels like biodiesel are used in compression ignition (CI) engines and bioethanol or ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) produced from bioethanol in spark ignition (SI) engines. Renewable fuels are commonly blended with fossil fuels. Hydrogen, which is rarely used, can be obtained from either fossil fuels or renewable energy.

Traditional education system how much effective?

Covid Pandemic left many Indians unemployed. While unemployment has always been a cause of attention for India. But mandatory experience and training made it more worse and challenging. the lack of practical skills holds us back. The recent unemployment numbers among educated youth show the drawback of India’s faulty education system and the lack of the right learning opportunities for young professionals.

 The government of India wanted to create a workforce of skilled professionals but the coronavirus pandemic made the situation drastic and critical. There was a time when a degree could help a person getting a desired job. But with more competition., a degree is not sufficient itself. The biggest issue is practical knowledge with theoretical knowledge. Classroom learning is more focused on theory. When students step into the professional world, they find themselves not capable enough to handle the work because of the drawbacks of our education system. Our country has educated unemployed people. Shows the inadequacies in our education system.

companies want educated fellows with practical skills. That our education system is unable to give. Because it is limited to academics. Youth lack new-age skills that companies need from their employees. With limited online and offline courses for industry-specific training such as engineering, IT, etc., Most young professionals lack confidence while dealing with problems at their workplace. Moreover, since schools, colleges and universities are following the traditional system of education. it acts as a hurdle when professionals come to face real-life circumstances.

Students need to develop new skills. So that student can learn something above education and makes students ready to be professionals. India has the potential to be a preferred destination for global sourcing. Skill development can bring this to reality by instilling more confidence in young professionals. As their skill increases their employability will increase, and ultimately lead to the nation’s financial growth.

The government needs to assist India’s workforce informally trained. With immediate competition, we need to adopt better strategies too. we need to improve standards of education and adopt newer methods. The higher the standards of training and skill development, the better our workforce can be. The country National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) can also contribute to solving the problem by creating more awareness and come up with suitable programs that can help professionals.

Transformation can only come with the government. The education system, industries, and students collectively understand and recognized the significance of skill improvement.

9 Reasons the Crypto Market Is Down

1. Making money in the crypto market is less straight forward than it used to be.Early cryptocurrency adopters either capitalized on ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) by getting in early and getting out, mining and holding cryptocurrency for long periods of time or by day trading.In today’s investment climate, none of these approaches are sure to make you a fortune. Bitcoin mining has become more difficult and more competitive, meaning that the hash rate required to mine isn’t always worth the electricity bill.The SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) has turned its attention toward prosecuting fraudulent ICOs and crafting regulations. Across the board, ICOs have received criticism for serving as a means of fundraising without giving investors anything significant in return. Of course, there are also a lot of legitimate ICOs, though these receive less media attention.And day trading is much more difficult in a bear market, especially one as unpredictable as the one we’re currently in.This isn’t to say that there isn’t another wave of opportunity coming to cryptocurrency, blockchain technology and innovative applications of both — think cannabis cryptocurrency. Crypto just needs another round of innovation for investors to make money.

2. SEC regulations have stalled.We haven’t seen another crypto market boom largely due to regulatory uncertainty. The SEC is increasingly regulating crypto, but so far, it’s been a slow process.In 2018, the SEC fined a cryptocurrency exchange and companies that launched ICOs by misrepresenting security tokens as utility tokens, two types of cryptocurrency with important legal distinctions.To date, the SEC has also denied nine Bitcoin ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds) and delayed reviewing a tenth. This has had a negative effect on the crypto market since the summer of 2018.Legalizing cryptocurrency ETFs would allow institutions and individuals to invest in cryptocurrency without buying coins or tokens. By mitigating risk in this way, ETFs would mean large scale investment and more stability.

3. Many view cryptocurrency as a short-term investment.Though institutional investing in cryptocurrency is growing, most investors are millennials who view crypto as a short term investment. Unlike other asset classes, people do not typically include cryptocurrency in their retirement plans.Instead, crypto investors tend to want a quick return, meaning that they go short rather than long. When everyone is trying to get in and out, the market becomes volatile.Related: Why Entrepreneurs Shouldn’t Panic About the Bitcoin Slump

4. Market manipulation is widespread.One way for crypto investors to turn a profit is through “pump and dump” schemes. This is cryptocurrency slang for inflating a cryptocurrency’s value only to sell it off at its peak.Pump and dumps are relatively easy to accomplish, especially with smaller market cap cryptocurrencies, because exchanges have different levels of liquidity, which impacts how they price their crypto.Cryptocurrency is, by definition, decentralized, meaning that no centralized entity like a bank or government controls it. As a result, supply and demand determine its price, and supply differs widely between exchanges. If someone buys a lot of one crypto on a smaller exchange, investors on other exchanges will notice and buy the same crypto, triggering a market-wide price increase.Larger market cap cryptocurrencies are not immune to this type of manipulation, either. For example, Bitcoin (BTC) is currently worth five dollars more on Bittrex than on Coinbase Pro, two large exchanges.

5. The Department of Justice is investigating Tether (USDT).The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) is investigating Bitcoin’s meteoric price rise in late 2017. According to some sources, Bitcoin’s price rose to nearly $20,000 due to manipulation on the cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex.Bitfinex issues the stablecoin Tether (USDT). Researchers at the University of Texas found that every time Bitcoin’s price began to decrease, Tether had been used to buy Bitcoin on various exchanges.Now, the DOJ and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) are involved. Tether, Ltd., has also been accused of not having the funds to support its 1 to 1 USDT to USD ratio that it claims to have.The uncertainty surrounding whether Tether is actually a stablecoin and Bitcoin’s bull run have negatively affected investor confidence in the crypto market.

6. Risk diversification isn’t yet possible.When confronted with possible manipulation and market volatility, investors typically diversify their assets. Theoretically, this could mean investing in Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH) and higher risk ICOs or altcoins.But in the crypto market, diversification doesn’t work the way investors want it to. More than 50 percent of the cryptocurrency market cap is Bitcoin alone. This is because most trading occurs between BTC and altcoins since you cannot convert fiat, meaning government-backed currency like the USD, directly into most cryptocurrencies.So when Bitcoin’s price falters, investors tend to convert their cryptocurrencies into stablecoins or fiat, triggering a large-scale market decline. In other words, risk diversification doesn’t work in crypto yet.

7. Lack of liquidity deters widespread adoption.Increased liquidity would mean price stability, easier, cheaper transactions, and more investor confidence. It would also prevent Bitcoin whales, or large buys, from manipulating cryptocurrency prices.Stability and fast transactions translate to wider cryptocurrency adoption, meaning that people besides cyberpunks and techies would feel comfortable converting their U.S. dollars into cryptocurrencies knowing that they could easily convert it back without paying steep transaction fees.Today, however, exchanges do not have enough liquidity to provide these functions, despite the fact that cryptocurrency adoption is on the rise. Some suggest that the best way to increase liquidity is to create a large exchange pool used by multiple exchanges.Related: The 5 Ways Banks Must Transform to Thrive in an Era of Cryptocurrency

8. Security remains a concern for prospective investors.The crypto market has received a lot of bad press for hacks, exit scams and Ponzi schemes. For some, ICOs are synonymous with fraud, though this is far from the truth.However, cryptocurrency exchange security remains a glaring issue The fact is that $1.1 billion in cryptocurrency was hacked in 2018. In the previous year, cryptocurrency hacks rose 369 percent.This is because stealing funds from exchanges, rather than banks, is a lot easier to do. Exchanges can be small companies with inadequate security to control millions in digital assets. Though there are many secure options, exchanges are not to be trusted across the board.

9. The Bitcoin Cash hard fork destabilized the crypto market.In late 2018, Bitcoin Cash (BCH) hard forked into two separate cryptocurrencies: Bitcoin Cash SV and Bitcoin Cash ABC.What happened was that developers and miners within the Bitcoin Cash community separated into two camps, each with their own vision for the currency. Because the changes they wanted to implement were incompatible with one another — adding oracles, smart contracts, increasing block size — the cryptocurrency’s blockchain split in two.Before the split, Bitcoin Cash’s price shot up around 40 percent. This is because investors receive the same amount of each cryptocurrency when it splits it two, thereby doubling their funds.After the hard fork, prices plummeted. There is speculation that the competition between SV and ABC inspired uncertainty in the entire market. Since the hard fork on Nov. 15, the entire market has been in decline.The crypto market is down because regulation is just beginning.Cryptocurrecy’s biggest problem is also its greatest investment advantage: It’s brand new. This means that we have yet to figure out how to regulate it. For this reason, some experts say that it’s not too late to invest in cryptocurrency.Once exchanges are standardized and provide enough liquidity and security, investors will be confident enough to go long in crypto. And when it becomes possible to exchange fiat for altcoins, investors will be able to diversify their portfolios without worrying that they’ll lose everything at the first signs of a bear market.Cryptocurrencies are as real as any other asset: The more institutions and people believe in the power of instantaneous, borderless assets, the more they’ll be worth.

Pakistan to punish Facebook for supporting India

Nowadays, a hot topic in Pakistan is about punishing Facebook because Facebook is supporting India regarding the Kashmir issue. All this because facebook had a massive crackdown on anti-India propaganda done by Pakistan.

What happened?

Chairman of the parliamentary committee on Kashmir Shahryar Khan Afridi directed the chief of Pakistan telecommunication authority (PTA) to take legal action against Facebook over the selective steps it took against Pakistani and Kashmiri social media activist. Recently PTA was also in the news because it threatened the Hindu American body over publishing a website on the genocide of Bangladeshi’s in 1971 by the Pak army. In Pakistan, Facebook reported that it removed at least 40 accounts, 28 Instagram accounts and groups, all involved in manipulating domestic public opinion in favour of the Pakistan military and its policies, including on topics such as India and Kashmir. Facebook investigated all the countries that are trying to spread their propaganda on Facebook and found that two countries are manipulating people on a large scale, Pakistan and Russia. They make fake accounts and pages on Facebook and use these pages to spread their propaganda. This kind of work is accomplished by an agency known as ‘Alphapro’, which is a Pakistan- based PR firm. “Key narratives advanced by the network include: praise for Pakistan and its armed forces; efforts to denigrate india and highlight attacks by Hindu nationalists targeting religious minorities and support for Pakistani PM,” said a Graphika report. This step was taken by Facebook on its own seeing the scale of propaganda on Facebook.

The advantage of this type of propaganda is to increase the soft power of Pakistan and reduce that of India. This is a long term strategy. Recently Pakistan has reported the deaths of journalists who spoke against the Pakistani government. There is also a draft law in Pakistan’s parliament that effectively criminalises criticism of the military with a two-year prison sentence and heavy fines. On one side Pakistan is trying to suppress the voice of journalists in Pakistan and on the other hand seeking free speech on Facebook so that it can continue its propaganda.


New Delhi: Leading Indian universities can rank among the best 50 in the world, IIT Delhi director V. Ramgopal Rao has written to his colleagues. Rao, in his letter, has given a six-point diagnosis of the recently released QS World University Ranking, in which IIT Delhi was named the second-best from India with a global ranking of 185, eight positions behind IIT Bombay and one place ahead of IISc-Bangalore.While giving an analysis of the rankings, IIT-Delhi’s score in the global league table, and what should be done, Rao said one can also “replace IIT Delhi with Bombay or other top institutions from India, and the story remains the same” and the rankings must be seen with a context.

Here is the six-point analysis by director Rao on each of the parameters:

  1. Talking about academic reputation, which commands 40% weight in the QS World University Ranking, Rao said “we need to talk about ourselves more and inform public –both in India and abroad– about our research accomplishments. We simply need to be more visible ourselves. Outreach is important”. On a scale of 100, IIT Delhi was awarded 45.9 in the fresh world rankings.
  2. . IIT Delhi director wrote that in the employer reputation parameter, the institution is doing well. The school has got 70 out of 100 in this ranking indicator that commands 10% weight in the ranking.
  3. On faculty-student ratio, Rao said “we simply need to hire more faculty. Finding IIT quality faculty is a challenge. We can’t ramp it up beyond a point. We are highly quality conscious and rightly so. “Also, please note, the older IITs added 2500 additional students in the last two years because of EWS quota implementation. So we took a hit on this for reasons beyond our control”.
  4. Citations per faculty: “IIT Delhi a few years ago got a score of 94 on this. But we recruited 200 new faculty in the last 5 years, so our citations per faculty count has come down. Once these new faculty become productive in the system, this should rise again. We are on a strong foundation here,” Rao wrote in his letter.
  5. . On international faculty, which has been a traditional weakness for Indian institutions, Rao said “IIT jobs are government jobs. Recruiting international faculty is still riddled with policy issues at all levels. Whatever scores we get, these are mostly because of OCI/PIOs on our faculty. But we need to go global in our faculty hiring. We are trying, but it takes time. It can’t be changed overnight”.
  6. On international students, director Rao has written that “IITs need to admit more international students. Because of high level of preparation needed for the JEE Adv exam, the doors are almost closed for international students at the undergraduate levels. We are admitting more and more international students at the masters and PhD level. But we can’t do this at the cost of scores of Indian students who wish to come to these institutions but denied admission.“India simply needs to create a lot more high-quality institutions so the pressure on IIT admissions comes down. IIT Delhi has announced 500 PhD Fellowships for international students and also coordinates the national ASEAN PhD Fellowship Programme. Takes time for this. Pandemic has hit us hard here




By : G Gnana Priya dharshini


Ripening of a Big reform

Photo by Pat Whelen on Pexels.com

The fire against the farm bills has not doused yet. Elements of politics are also involved which will not let the matter fade away. The recent update about the mixing of political color and farmers concern is when the chief minister of West Bengal Mamta Banerjee and Bhartiya Kisan union leader Rakesh Tikait met. Sometimes politics can give an extra push to a movement, especially when it is dying. The people were not the only ones affected by the pandemic. It seems the movements also caught the flu.

In 2020 farm acts were Legislated by the centre. The three laws that were passed as a package include-
1) Farmers produce trade and commerce promotion and facilitation act 2020
2) The Essential commodities amendment act
3) Farmers empowerment and protection agreement on price assurance and farm services act 2020

Entry 33(b) in the concurrent list was invoked to enact the law. The subject that 33(b) talks about is trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of, “foodstuffs”. Many states, most notably Punjab, accused the centre of extending the meaning of the subject to include agriculture although it is under the state list.
Usually when parliament passes a law on matter enumerated in concurrent list and states are against the law then
1) States can amend it, subject to the condition that provisions that contradict the parliamentary act will have to get president’s assent, without which they cannot be enforced
2) The aggrieved states can challenge the validity of the law in the Supreme Court
It remains to be seen what impact will the states legislating against the law have on the centre.

Apart from the disagreement between the centre and the state that did not attract much attention, there was a tussle between the farmers and the union government. The mobilisation of farmers against the laws in Delhi and the voice raised by them were heard overseas as well. A series of fight between the soft powers made many headlines within India as well as between Indian and foreign celebrities.

The contradiction
In laymen terms, the bone of contention between farmers and the centre was that the involvement of private companies will throw the poor farmers at mercy of big businessmen. Minimum support price (MSP) might soon be removed as the next strategy of privatisation.

The flaws and a suggestion
A big policy reform can be successful only if people are convinced that it will benefit them. Public needs proof that the reforms will be in their favour. If the government wants to introduce reforms then they need to take people into confidence. All the stakeholders must be on board. Therefore a big policy reform needs time. Since proof lies in eating the pudding, small pilot projects to observe the impact of the reform on society should be conducted. The success of such small projects can build confidence in people. If the project is not successful then there is a scope for improving and modifying the policy.
India is a vast and diverse country cannot be exposed to a big reform all at once. Take demonetisation for instance. The pan India exercise did not give the expected outcome. It dented the economy. Lesson from the past can help build a better future. So, the bottom line is that a big transition is not easy because it affects everyone- few benefit while few are at the receiving end. Giving it time to ripe while taking one step at a time can be an option that helps people accept the change.

A new version of Censorship.

 As per the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MEITy), social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, and Instagram have to follow the new Guidelines of government failing which can lead to a ban. guidelines were issued in February 2021, and social media platforms had around 3 months to acquire these guidelines. The companies are yet to respond to the Intermediary Guidelines. The decision taken due to the fake headlines do nothing but spread fear among people. 

According to the constitution, India is a democracy at least on pen and paper. However, certain powerful people in the Central Government, to strengthen power, are now trying to silence free speech on social media. Free speech is a right granted to all human beings globally. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) recognizes it as a fundamental right. India happens to be one having this right. This means, Indian citizens should have access to this right, and it’s the government’s responsibility to see that this right is being protected.

Yet, these powerful individuals within the Central Government, have time and again gone to unbelievable measures to control this right. 

. The disappointed young people of today turn to social media to express their objections about everything they found mistaken or unsuitable. Be it a person of any class, culture, community, and religion. everyone turns to the internet. And the only way to check these critics would be by introducing “Agreement Officers”.That is exactly what the government has done through its intermediary guidelines to check who’s saying what on the internet.

If this guideline came into being. There exists no mechanism for the common mass to raise their voices. The only time when the masses get to raise their voice is during the elections. But then again, it’s the media that controls the elections these days. Unfortunately, reporting is done in such a way that we’re persuaded in support of a particular political party. This plan, if achieved, will badly affect the very foundation of our democracy.

Criticism makes democracy strong. But these guidelines go against it.

Maybe government believes that criticism isn’t important anymore and hence has concluded that the internet should be controlled. It’s dishonest of this country to say that other countries are trying to crush free speech.

The government needs to come into a discussion with the social media companies and the common people. But the government didn’t give a single thought to it. It is nothing but censorship in disguise.

The Cloud Kitchen

Mumbai is the city of dreams. The streets of this city are bustling with people, and there is a certain sense of urgency possessed by everyone who passes by. It is, after all India’s financial capital. Another important aspect of everyday life are the city’s dabbawalas.

Since 1890. dressed in white outfit and traditional Gandhi cap, Mumbai army of 5,000 Dabbawalas are fulfilling the hunger of almost 2,00,000 Mumbaikars with home cooked food that is lug between home and office daily. They are a lunchbox delivery and return system that delivers hot lunches from homes and restaurants to people at work. The lunchboxes are picked up late morning, delivered predominantly using bicycles and railway trains. and returned empty in the afternoon.

They have worked through the worst situations. Rains, floods, terror attacks but never seen something like this before. The pandemic has disrupted the delivery services, since most of the offices are closed and Mumbai’s workforce are managing work from home. A veteran tiffinwala stated that his team of seven dabbawalas used to make around 20 deliveries before, but now, not more than four. This forced him to go to his hometown in Pune to do farming, as he had to make ends meet for him and his family.

Ad Covid changed culinary culture, delivering hot lunches that would fetch dabbawalas Rs.14000-20,000 monthly has now reduced to almost nil. Following lockdown, around 3000 dabbawalas from many parts of Maharashtra especially Pune, Ambegaon returned back to their hometowns due to insufficient source of income. When offices started opening up last June, they were able to restart their services but with 300 dabbawalas. In the second lockdown, there is work for only 100-150. Mumbai dabbawalas saw their business plunge by nearly 90%.

Struggling to resume services, they found a new breed of tiffin takers-Covid care facilities, poeple in home quarantine, isolation centres and healthcare workers in hospitals. As times are changing, it was time for the approach of the Mumbai dabbawalas to change and run parallel to the current scenarios.

A recent news article stated,”There is no turning back the wheel and the tiffin carriers will no longer just be dropping off lunch boxes as they kick off the next era with the ‘cloud kitchen’. ”

Now, the Mumbai dabbawalas have created a website where poeple can directly place their orders. One can choose between monthly and annual subscriptions and they have also introduced online money transfers to make payments easier. Dabba services have always depended upon cash transactions and they faced financial difficulties during the pandemic.

The idea is to use their unique sorting skills to diversify, generate employment, bring stability and pride in what is India’s oldest food delivery chain. This website will also allow customers to choose between mini-meals and regular meals and will provide a wide menu of items to choose from.

This will be a huge transformation for the Mumbai dabbawalas who are now exploring new options and advancing in technology. They will rustle up a seven day rotating menu of home-style lunches in a 1,000 sq feet “cloud kitchen” at Saki Naka aimed at time-starved millenials. Some of the dabbawalas and their wives are currently being trained and they should be launching their service by mid-June.

live-In Relationships Illegal or not?

Denial of granting protection to a couple who are in a live-in relationship only because it is socially and morally unacceptable. is it justified on the part of Punjab and Haryana High Court? The boy and the girl had been in a living relationship that goes against the girl’s parents will.

The couple asked for protection from the court for their life and liberty after being frightened by their families. Unfortunately, they were denied protection. the denial of their right under Article 21, in this case, is inappropriate. The judgment by the court seizes their identity as per Article 21 as well as the right to “life or liberty”.Article 21 declares that every individual has the right to their life or personal liberty. Therefore to secure their right the couple moved before the Punjab and Haryana High Court for the protection under Article 21, which is dismissed by the court on the ground of social and moral unacceptability. while rejecting the petition, the high court interpreted that the term “person” means those who are recognized by law as being capable of having legal rights and being bound by legal duties, not a couple. After getting married, a man and woman are considered capable of having legal rights and duties known as rights in the institution of marriage. But only when the marriage has been done as per their respective marriage laws in force in India.

The denial of the right to life and liberty is completely inappropriate in the law. Since no law in India criminalizes pre-marriage, it would be more like legislation by the judiciary to hold pre-marriage illegal based on social morals. There is no force of law in an opinion that has been embraced by the conservative majoritarian masses of India who find it illegitimate. The decision rendered by the Punjab and Haryana High court erred in ascertaining the aforesaid point. In place of assistance, the couple became the subject of discrimination held by the conservative majoritarian masses.

How to Turn Off Read Receipts in Facebook Messenger, Apple iMessage, WhatsApp

If you keep your read receipts ‘on’ in WhatsApp, a blue tick appears next to the message when the recipient has read it.

iMessage users can toggle off read receipts for select chats
Read receipt hides text delivery information from the sender
This is useful for users who want to keep things more private
How to Turn Off Read Receipts in Facebook Messenger, Apple iMessage, WhatsApp
WhatsApp users can toggle off read receipts from Settings

WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, and Apple’s iMessage — all three apps have the read receipt function that notifies the sender when the receiver has read their message. Read receipts are an important part of communication through messaging apps. It allows users to understand whether their message has been seen by the recipient or not. WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, and iMessage support the read receipt function by has different ways of notifying the sender that their message has been read. But if you like to keep things more private and not allow the sender the freedom to know when you have read their message, you can turn these read receipts off at any time. For instance, if you keep your read receipts on WhatsApp a blue tick appears next to the message when the recipient has read it.

book review: A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini-review

A Thousand Splendid Suns, with one goal in my mind: I wanted to have a real cry. One of those books that truly move you, pulling on your heartstrings until you bawl like a child. The main plot seemed to fill my criteria. Set in Afghanistan from the 1960s to the 1990s, spanning from Soviet occupation to the Taliban control, following the lives of two women in their marriages and in their war-torn country. Expecting domestic abuse, graphic war descriptions and a main theme of oppression in Afghan women, I was satisfied- yes, I will weep.

The novel is split in a dual narrative, the first being Mariam when she is nine, living on the outskirts of Heart with her bitter mother, anxiously in wait for the once-a-week visits from her wealthy father. Branded a harami, an illegitimate child, Mariam faces many prejudices and blame not only from the family of her father, but also from her own mother. Hosseini introduces a naïve child whom you immediately pity, and also feel a foreboding clutch the pages. Not soon into the story, Mariam discovers the emptiness in her father’s love and after her mother’s suicide, is forced to marry a man more than 20 years her senior, her being only 15.

You blink several times. You squirm. You cry out in outrage. But Hosseini isn’t finished. Rasheed is a kind man, albeit rather archaic in his manner and grumpy, but all things considered Mariam’s life does not seem so terrible anymore. Until the miscarriage. And then the continual miscarriages. Domestic abuse? Yup, I knew there must be some somewhere.

However, Hosseini does something new. You pity the husband, for his past is one with sorrow much like Mariam’s- it does not justify his actions- but you feel sympathy for his situation. Then comes the second narrative- Laila. An innocent young child with a best friend who is a boy, a family torn by the war that steals her brothers away from her and in turn her mother’s affection. Orphaned, torn from her love, Laila agrees to marry Rasheed. The stories of these two wives will make you gaze in awe at the sheer strength of love in desperate times.

All the way through the novel Hosseini weaves in information about Afghanistan’s situation nevertheless it is only here that it takes a role in the story. Yet he makes sure that it is never a driving force in the novel- that is for the voices of these two women. Both trying to make do, muddling through life trying to find joy through the gloom, one innocent yet hiding a terrible secret and another bitter with age and resenting her life. Both still with a glimmer of hope in their eyes as they embark on a great journey.

Hosseini’s writing is simple, and that is all it needs to be, a welcoming contrast to Mariam and Laila’s complex situations.

By the end you are not only left with a tear, but with a fire lit within. It is above all a story of hope and of life, the heroism that comes with love and the inevitable strife that comes with living. Inspirational, outstanding, every man and women must read this tale.


It was a great deal back then to, gather everyone, get ready and go to the photo studio and take a photograph. And that wasn’t all. We had to wait till 3-7 days for the photos to be developed. That suspense was what kept the thrill of taking photograph alive. Then came the roll camera, digital camera, our cellphones and now our mobiles.

The process of taking photos has developed tremendously, especially in the recent years. Even a two year old teaches us how to take a selfie. Marriages are more like a story captured through series of candid moments of the bride and groom and surprisingly, even the family members. The only wedding album, that wasn’t also not long known, was only of the bride and groom and the occasional group pictures. Maternity photoshoots, honeymoon photoshoots, new born photoshoots etc. are the new trends, are so meaningful so as to be looked back with happy memories.(though they tend to cast a hole in the wedding budget!)

Capturing the moments that we hold dear to our hearts is so cool. Take for example, if your friends throw you a surprise birthday party, then the pictures they take of you, in your pure elated happiness is something you will cherish for years to come. There was a time when it was a tradition to for everyone to sit down and look at every picture albums every year and have a laugh about how we look in the pictures.

Photo by Dmitry Zvolskiy on Pexels.com

People used to introduce long distance relatives to children who have never seen them. Sadly, now it has become the only way in which kids know about their long-lost relatives. As mentioned earlier, the thrill and suspense of taking a picture is now completely gone. People have started taking photos for ridiculous reasons and the meaning in preserving the memories has been completely exploited.

But still, the essence still seems to linger on. The quality of photographs is through the roof. Even the smallest of the pollens of flowers are captured beautifully. In a way, the photographs has provided us with a new perspective on how we see life. There are many awareness programs that captures people in the lowest and collect funds to help them.

Not only photography, but the branch of videography has also improved so much so that you can photoshop yourself and edit that you are walking on the moon without anyone suspect anything. (though that would raise some controversy, don’t do the moon!)

Photo by Faik Akmd on Pexels.com

The most favorite genre of photography are nature and nature related photoshoots. Countless sunrises and sunsets, the countless colonies of ants captured so closely, the wildlife photoshoots that describe the life of the wild animals, even the simple rain drops, and the simple sun rays is seen with a new eye, a third eye on how we see our surroundings.

You don’t need to have a DSLR camera to take photographs. Your good old Redmi or Samsung are enough for the memories that are close to your heart.  Even the simplest of the things can be seen differently if captured from the angle. Doesn’t that apply to our life too? Sometimes a little change of perspective may all we need in life for a peaceful life.

Photo by Janiere Fernandez on Pexels.com

social issue: Racism

Racism is the illogical belief that a particular race has distinctive cultural traits endowed due to the genetic factors that make individual races inherently superior to the others and give them the right to exploit the inferior races. When we openly state the meaning of racism, we can see how inexplicable and unimaginable, such a thought is. But, racism is so deep-seated in our consciousness and subconsciousness that we have long bowed down to such infuriating ideals.

Such instances of subtle racism within a society are rampant and lead to inexcusable behavior of people towards others. Such unjustifiable behavior and actions are things like mental stress, social harassment, and even physical assaults. Since we have let racist comments and activities unnoticed, it is left untreated and leads to more division and anger between the two different people of different backgrounds. It is a never-ending, vicious cycle and a massive crisis in today’s world.

We should never judge others for the way they look for the way they speak. All people are born equal, and nothing can change that. Narrow-minded thoughts like racism should have extinguished with the increase in educated people and the intermixing of various races. Still, sadly, such behavior is the blatant reality and shows no signs of toning down. Racism makes people feel sorry for being born a certain way, of having a particular skin color. Racism has no scientific explanation, and the racist people are entirely ignorant about the feelings of other human beings.

No one can choose to be black, white, dark, fair, or anything in particular. God has made us, and there is nothing that should make us feel guilty for that. It is ridiculous and inhumane to make fun of people due to their cultural background or color of skin. We keep talking about how modern society embraces diverse cultures and diverse people. We try to accomplish gigantic things like World Peace, eradicate hunger and poverty, but we are not ready to unite to make such changes happen.

Racism is a barrier between the social advancement of our society. It is impossible to achieve something great with such narrow-minded and exclusive ideals. It is a delicate topic and requires people to have an open mind and embrace the changes. It is possible to eradicate racism in our society if we are more open about such sensitive topics and give simple matters like this a thought. Most of us are way too self-centered to think about such obstacles. It is so commonplace a behavior that we forget its adverse effects. It is high time we made a change.

Since racism is such a deep-seated belief, we will need some time to change. But, we can achieve anything if we put our mind to it. We do not need racism to divide us. People should acknowledge the fact that to achieve anything significant. We need to let go of narrow-minded beliefs. Only then can we advance as a society of the world.

Why Asbestos removal is vital ?

Asbestos is a natural mineral constituted of soft and flexible fibers that are resistant to heat, electricity, and corrosion. These characteristics make the mineral valuable, but also make its exposure highly toxic. Asbestos removal is indispensable because it causes severe health problems such as cancer. Also some fatal issues, including asbestosis, mesothelioma. The most critical part of it is that some don’t reveal immediately but remain in your system for a longer period, sometimes years later. If high levels of asbestos exist in the house then its inhaling can lead to severe health problems such as mesothelioma, a form of lung cancer that can cause respiratory problems, ranging from a simple cough, allergies, and pneumonia. If you breathe asbestos fibers, this can get trapped in your lungs and can damage your lungs very severely if not removed properly. It may not even be possible to breathe because it will make you cough. The dust is terrible too because it can enter your lungs and get trapped in them. Some cases have shown that asbestos particles can go up to the lungs.

Even if someone does not get lung cancer due to their exposure to it, they will still experience many other health hazards. Direct contact with asbestos materials can easily penetrate your skin or you could suffer from skin irritation. Asbestos is not easily noticeable, but it may be everywhere. A toxin that’s slowly wreaking havoc on your health. accompanying health problems, it can decrease your property value also. Chances are you could lose a potential buyer if asbestos is not properly removed from your house. Asbestos Poses Environmental Dangers as its materials are not easily separable and fibers are microscopic. its removal requires special equipment. With the smallest cracks or gaps in your walls or floors, you can easily be exposed to high quantities of asbestos. That makes quick treatment of asbestos even more indispensable.

importance of internship and training.

In today’s digital era, competitiveness rise seriously. To be effective as an employee we need practical assistance and training. The practical experience and training not only help us to be productive but helps in magnifying our skills. Every time we learn a new skill it added to our personality development. Now companies are looking for a well-groomed personality. Internships are good means to enhance our knowledge, skills and to learn something effectively and practically. For the right utilization of the spare time, Internships are good means. Also, it is added to our resume and curriculum vitae. which increases the possibilities of selection during the placement. Internship and training are of different varieties. Some are in the workplace and some are work from home. Both means are useful in their way. Through the workplace internship, you can get practical experience and more chances of interaction with new people. Possibly you will find a great mentor in that way for your career guidance. And through work from home, you can save your time and devote it to learning something else. Every year, Government invests a big chunk in the training of the students. Because training increases the productivity of human capital. That will help in the long run students. For professional courses such as business and management. It is advisable to have prior experience. So that you became proficient enough to answer the practical solution of the problems. When you involve in training and internship you learn how to manage the work at the basic level. That will enhance your problem-solving and analytical skills.

Even our finance minister Nirmala Sitaram begin her work being a salesgirl. Ambani the leading and renounced groups come into existence after continuous years of hard work. Most intellectuals and psychologists recommend students to go for the internship because it will increase their knowledge, confidence to face the problem during work. Just as the college experience helps in dealing with the office environment. Similarly, internships help the student to identify the problems that they can deal with during work, with the identification of problem. students can look for the possible solution at the bottom level. Such experience helps students in the long run. So students should look for the internship. A career such as marketing, business, management is something that can be handled only when you exercise them on daily basis. So internship helps you in getting practical knowledge. In addition to it, things like content writing can be learned only by practice. For the practice, you can opt the internship. That will invest your time properly that you can waste here and there in other activities. Especially during summer vacations, you can utilize your time through involving in any internship.

Research shows that those students who indulge in internships are more productive and good at problem-solving than those who are much in academics. Academic knowledge is vital to understand the problem But if you want solutions, you should go for the practical experience that only training and internship can give you. In fact placement cells in the colleges also look for students who have practical experience. During the internship, you will learn some vital skills as well like confidence and body language. Internships and training also make your financial security. Some internship provides stipend also for the work. Also, expertise in work during the internship can lead you to get a permanent job. As some agencies provide regular or permanent jobs to their best employers during the work. Many students receive jobs while doing the internship. Especially look at the intens for hire. Therefore internship and training have a significant place in a student’s life. Even Doctors and Engineers have to go through technical training before beginning their work.

mental illness during pandemic

Mental Illness during Pandemic.
Covid19 pandemic hit the masses most severely mentally. The trauma from looking for the medicine, hospital beds to dealing with the mass of dead bodies, from being left jobless to mass migration and suffering. These all circumstances severely impacted our mental state. A tremendous number of people have lost their dear ones. And some are fighting for their life. While their loved ones and family are busy in the constant search of medicines and oxygen cylinders. Those who are safe are also suffering from mental illness by looking at their environment. Full of grief, devastation. This time is very hard. And financial crisis makes this problem. So many families especially of the lower class. Left without money and aid. Those who earn daily and labor are struggling a lot. These financial bottlenecks resulted in mental illness. Especially those students who are handling the digital divide. Faces stress and mental illness. All students couldn’t afford online education due to a lack of digital gadgets. That acts as a hindrance to the growth and education of unprivileged students. The cost of academic education and institution creates a financial burden for the students and the family. some can deal with it. But those who couldn’t eventually end up dropping out there college and institute. That leads to mental stress among the students. Recently, the cases of suicide by students increase manifold. That shows how mentally covid have impacted the students. Therefore cases of suicides are reported manifold. Students who are privilege enough. Also facing mental trauma. Online education also created an additional problem, technical glitches, electricity problems, access to devices, are major problems related to online education. That cause mental stress, headache as well as eyesight problems. This problem can be overcome through everyone’s participation. All need to contribute. By providing financial aid to the needy. And by including in the conversation as much as possible with our friends and family in this hard time. Chatting with each other acts as a medicine to cure the ailment of mental stress.

Conservative family

Everyone must have heard about this thing somewhere or somewhat, many of this reading might have conservative family.

So basically there are different types of conservative families, before coming to that what is the real reason behind that conservatism, what I learned , the real reason behind this is their own past which make them develop a habit which eventually turns out them to Become conservative.

So there are different types of conservative families which might me one who still thinks girls can’t step out, so before pandemic I went to a small town just to visit someone I realized still they believe that girl should be going out of house if only needed so much, I tried explaining them but they take out their norms as a shield, then there is an another type of conservative family which stop there kids to do anything which involves risk just because they had faced that risk before and they don’t want their kids to repeat that mistake which eventually lead out kids to be more outspoken, then there is another type which just believe that they had whole control over their kids life who believe that if they even do anything without their permission they gonna punish them to an extend which will make them remember not to do anything without their consent.

These things only make a child miss alot, a child could never be able to follow any of his passion just because they believe a child is small, can’t take decision and can’t handle their own life

Mistake make a person learn things which even life can’t so rather than stopping start promoting, maybe the person doing it actually outshine it.

Tamil Nadu Govt extends investment period for establishing liquid medical oxygen plants in State upto 31st December, 2022

The Tamil Nadu Government has extended the investment period for establishing liquid medical oxygen plants in the State upto 31st of December 2022. The Government order issued today said that the special package of incentives will be to promote investment in manufacture of oxygen concentrators, oxygen cylinders, medical oxygen and large liquid medical oxygen plants in the State.

Two large companies have expressed their interest to manufacture oxygen. The Government has assured land cost incentive, stamp duty incentives, electricity tax incentives, training subsidy, intellectual property creation incentive and quality certification incentive for oxygen manufacturers.

Pre-monsoon showers expected to continue in Delhi until arrival of southwest monsoon

Delhi is likely to see light to moderate intensity rain today accompanied by gusty winds, as per the India Meteorological Department (IMD). Pre-monsoon showers are expected to continue in Delhi until the arrival of the southwest monsoon around June 15, if meteorological conditions remain favourable, IMD officials said.

Moderate intensity rain is forecast in the city tomorrow with wind speeds of around 40 kmph, followed by light rain till Friday. The monsoon is expected to arrive about two weeks before its onset date on June 27 in Delhi, as per the IMD. Last year, it arrived on June 25. The mercury is expected to fall in the coming days. The maximum is forecast to be 35 degrees Celsius tomorrow and 34 degrees Celsius on Monday.