Healthy food habits

We all are stepping into this earth from mother’s womb. We all grow from child phase of life and get matured in adult phase and then live a life,no matter whether we wish or not. Then we all die getting old. In the course of our life, we will be happy at some points, worried at some points. But whatever happens, life has to go on. There is a famous quote “Health is Wealth”. No matter we have money in lakhs or crores. That does not mean wealth. A person living a life with good health is said to be rich and a wealthy person. But the question is, do we care about our health much? Not many people do.

The care about the health of a person starts from his food,what he eats,how he eats and when he eats. People who don’t care much on their health eat whatever they like in an uncontrolled manner. It is not bad to eat our favourite food. But we should have a control over anything we do. We should take high amounts of water,proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates and even fat. Many people don’t understand that fat is an essential diet for our body. Just like proteins and carbohydrates,fat is essential to keep our brain and heart healthy. Bad fats include artificial trans fats and saturated fats. Good fats include unsaturated fats and omega-3 fatty acids.

Don’t go no fat, go good fat.

Foods to avoid:

  • Commercially baked cookies,muffins,pizzas,cakes
  • Packed snacks items
  • Fried foods
  • Foods with saturated fats
Foods with saturated fats include beef,pork,chicken skin,dairy items,ice cream, coconut oil,palm oil,etc...
Foods with omega-3 fatty acids include Oysters, Mussels, Eggs, Soyabean oil, Beans, Spinach, Brussel sprouts, etc... 

Suggested foods to avoid high blood pressure:

Maida, Bread, Noodles, Pizza, Burger, Channa Dal, Spinach, Fenugreek leaves, Beet root, Coconut, Cashew nut, Cows milk, Cheese, Ghee, Vinegar, Baking soda, Chocolate, Cakes, Alcohol, Chips, Puppad.

Bread and Cake are advised to avoid because it contains Sodium. Also the main ingredient used in them is Maida which will rise blood sugar level and reduce amount of fat burning.

Fruits advised for weight loss:

  1. Bananas: They have high calorie content and also loaded with nutrients. No only that,they have considerable amounts of vitamins, potassium, manganese, magnesium and anti-oxidants. It helps to regulate insulin level in our body and helps to fight against Cholesterol.
  2. Apples: Reports have also shown that people who ate more apples had fewer issues with cholesterol. It also reduces hunger.
  3. Melons: These are one of the easiest fruits to find in markets. They have high amounts of water and are with low calories. They are packed with antioxidants, vitamins, potassium, and fibre.
  4. Grapes: Grapes have high amounts of Vitamin A and Vitamin C. Studies have shown that regularly eating grapefruit can help you burn tummy fat, reduce waist circumference, and regulate blood pressure levels.
  5. Papayas: They are rich in Vitamin C and anti oxidants. This fruit contains an enzyme called papain, which boosts your metabolism and breaks down food in your system. This prevents your body from retaining too much fat and helps you lose weight .

Soonest recollections can begin from the age of over two!

The discoveries, distributed in peer-surveyed diary Memory, pushes back the past finishes of the normal period of earliest recollections by an entire year. They are introduced in another 21-year study, which followed on from an audit of effectively existing data.When one’s most punctual memory happens, it is a moving objective as opposed to being a solitary static memory, clarifies youth amnesia master and lead creator Dr Carole Peterson.Thus, what numerous individuals give when asked to their soonest memory isn’t a limit or watershed starting, before which there are no recollections. Maybe, there is by all accounts a pool of possible recollections from which the two grown-ups and youngsters sample.And, we accept individuals recall a ton from age two that they don’t understand. 

That is for two reasons. To start with, it’s exceptionally simple to get individuals to recollect prior recollections basically by asking them what their most punctual memory is, and afterward asking them for a couple of something else. Then, at that point they begin reviewing significantly prior recollections – at times up to an entire year sooner. It resembles preparing a siphon; when you kick them off its self-prompting.Secondly, we’ve achieved that those early recollections are methodically misdated. Again and again we discover individuals think they were more seasoned than they really were in their initial recollections.” 

For over 20 years Dr Peterson has concentrated on memory, with a specific spotlight on the capacity of kids and grown-ups to review their most punctual years. This most recent examination audited 10 of her exploration articles on youth amnesia followed by investigations of both distributed and unpublished information gathered in Dr Peterson’s research facility since 1999. It highlighted a sum of 992 members, and recollections of 697 members were then contrasted with the memories of their parents.Overall, it shows that kids’ most punctual recollections precede when they think it occurred, as affirmed by their folks. 

In a portion of the exploration investigated by Peterson, the proof to move our potential memory clock is “convincing.” For instance, while checking on an examination which talked with kids following two and eight years had passed since their most punctual memory they had the option to review a similar memory, anyway in the resulting interviews gave a later age regarding when they occurred.Eight years after the fact many accepted they were an entire year more established. In this way, the kids, as they age, continue to move how old they thought they were at the hour of those early memories,says Dr Peterson. Furthermore, she accepts that the finding is because of something in memory dating called ‘extending’.

At the point when you take a gander at things that happened quite a while in the past, it resembles glancing through a lens.The more far off a memory is, the extending impact makes you consider it to be nearer. It turns out they push their most punctual memory ahead a year to around three and a half years old. Yet, we found that when the youngster or grown-up is recollecting occasions from age four and up, this doesn’t happen.She says, in the wake of sifting through the entirety of the information, it plainly shows individuals recall much more of their youth and significantly farther back than they might suspect they do, and it’s generally simple to help them access those recollections.

Hardwork is always worth.

Hardwork is a key to success, which always pays you with the fruitful result. As hard you work, as fruitful is your reward.

It takes lot of efforts and patience to achieve something we desire to. Its a fact, whatever one wish to become, its always harder to achieve. You need to set many goals, which helps you to move forward towards your success.

Success is never easy to gain, you have to work for days and night to achieve your dream. Many obstacles, hinderhance come to stop you but you never quit because these all will be overcomed, but the regret to leave is more dangerous than success.

Hardwork is first and main step to follow, it is the hardest to step but once stepped other steps become easier to follow.

On this path, you learn, grow, and gain experiences that is your value able credit i.e. knowledge and information which is very rare to people those gain. Who those have these worthy credits are the richest individuals as these credits will not fade away with you, it will always be immortal and revolve in the generations you put in.

So let this river of hardwork flows you to your destination. All you have to do is just start with the optimism, patience, and hard work to reach where you want to.

Photo by Sebastian Voortman on

Worthy rewards are reaped when immortal qualities are seeded!!

7 Tips for Hosting a Successful Seminar

In the business world, seminars are freedoms to impart information and aptitude to other people, assembling your validity and attracting future clients/customers. A fruitful course may likewise create income – making it an incredible method to make some additional money.

Facilitating a workshop can take a ton of preparation and great advertising. You need to draw in the opportune individuals to go to your course and you need them to leave feeling happy with the information they’ve acquired, just as the general insight. Here are only seven hints to help you when arranging an effective seminar.

choose the right venue

The initial phase in making a fruitful seminar is choosing where you will have your seminar. A few groups have adequate room in their office or other business area that is allowed to utilize, like public libraries. Ordinarily this choice doesn’t work and you need to discover business space to have your occasion. Picking the correct setting acts to help your image (or reduce it), so this isn’t an ideal opportunity to go modest or save the main alternative you find.

The setting ought to be some place simple to discover, have adequate stopping or admittance to public transportation, and have adequate room so participants don’t feel squeezed. Talk theaters, public venue rooms, and municipal centers are basic spots to hold seminars. A few inns have meeting rooms, which are particularly helpful when visitors or speakers are coming from places requiring an overnight stay, in addition to them regularly offer to provide food administrations, varying media support, and different conveniences that make the seminar more wonderful and lessen your own endeavors. You may likewise need to consider quirkier scenes that may have gathering spaces like historical centers, impressive homes, or even a few cafés and bars.

Invest energy looking at costs. This ought to be completed in a while ahead of time so you can book early and secure the date you need, albeit a few settings book a year or more ahead of time.

target people who you think will be interested

Not every person will be keen on the subject of your seminar. When showcasing the occasion, similarly likewise with some other promoting exertion, center around individuals who meet your destinations. This may mean zeroing in on individuals who may become leads or clients for your items/administrations. Or on the other hand, it may mean finding the qualities of individuals well on the way to go to the seminar.

A fruitful seminar requires an itemized advertising plan that centers around your objective market. That may mean paid publicizing via online media or web crawlers or customary promoting on television/radio. Showcasing a seminar may be pretty much as basic as posting flyers in places your objective market may consider them to be sending the data as a feature of your bulletin to endorsers.

On the other hand, you might have the option to mail individuals straightforwardly through email or letter. This could permit you to send customized welcomes, which could take additional time and exertion to make yet may urge more individuals to join in.

provide proof of your experience

Individuals will possibly go to your seminar and tune in to your recommendation in the event that they trust you are a specialist. When promoting your occasion, offer confirmation of accreditation. This could be the way that you’ve claimed a fruitful business identified with your subject for quite a long while identifying with your theme or that you have capabilities. You may give social verification of your ability as grants won, the dollar worth of benefits, expansion in income accomplished through your recommendation, or have somebody all around acknowledged for their aptitude support the seminar. You may welcome political pioneers, like the civic chairman, to talk and tag on to their organization and believability.

You ought to likewise make reference to these qualifications during your seminar to help acquire individuals’ trust. Obviously, you would prefer not to continue to brag about them, be that as it may, they merit raising (in a perfect world inside the presentation of your seminar, particularly on the off chance that you can get another person to do the presentation).

sucessful seminars are visually engaging

In case you’re basically talking at your crowd, they may get exhausted. Numerous individuals support their seminar with a show so participants are outwardly locked in. The most ideal approach to fabricate a show is to utilize expert programming – this will permit you to utilize showy layouts and liveliness that add information in eye-getting charts without make your participants feign exacerbation at many a screen of numbers. Abstain from utilizing an excess of text and spotlight on giving pictures and graphs that add to what in particular you’re telling individuals. Show, don’t tell.

You may likewise have the option to show how to do certain assignments on screen or even face to face. Then again, you might have the option to play a video during your seminar.

On top of this, consider your own stage presence. Utilizing hand signals and not simply stopping can have a major effect on making your seminar seriously captivating. Keep in touch with your crowd, ideally by visually connecting with participants from various pieces of the room, guaranteeing that everybody feels like you’re talking straightforwardly to them. You may move toward the crowd on the off chance that you’re not kept to a phase or fastened to a sound framework. For example, on the off chance that somebody poses an inquiry, you may draw a little nearer to them during your answer.

encourage audience participation

Seminars are an opportunity for individuals to learn things. Accordingly, numerous individuals have questions. Permit time for steady collaboration so that individuals can pose these inquiries all through the seminar.

You could discover other fun approaches to get individuals taking part as well, which may assist with making your seminar really captivating, just as making the data showed more significant. This could incorporate getting sorted out a test to test individuals’ information, doing reviews to find out about individuals’ conclusions or in any event, encouraging individuals involved (this would in fact make it a workshop instead of a seminar).

rehearse your seminar

Likewise with any discourse or show, it merits practicing to guarantee that a) you don’t invade or end excessively fast, and b) the entire seminar streams well. You don’t need to remember it in the same words – while a few group track down this the most straightforward system, you may chance running over somewhat wooden in case you’re essentially recounting lines. Nonetheless, it merits going over it to rehearse your stage presence and to realize when to change slides to guarantee an effective seminar.

give out your contact details to take away

It worth giving out a business card toward the finish of the occasion so that individuals have your contact subtleties. Assuming anybody needs any additional data, they can reach out. Giving participants a simple method to reach out to you is helpful for producing leads, and, having gone to your seminar, individuals might need to prescribe your administrations to companions by passing along your card. Business cards are the simplest method to trade data, in spite of the fact that you might have the option to utilize different things like flyers or marked pens.

Additionally, consider gathering business cards from participants as an approach to guarantee you’re ready to stay in contact with them, for example, adding their contact data to your email list. A few speakers urge participants to give a business card by offering a prize attracting to the individuals who gave a business card.


INDIA, the land of DIVERSITY, CULTURE, CUSTOMS, TRADITIONS, FESTIVALS, and CELEBRATIONS, got INDEPENDENT from the UNITED KINGDOM on 15th August 1947. Since, then we call ourselves FREE- free from any kind of BONDAGES, EXPLOITATION, and from any kind of SLAVERY. It’s been already 74 years of “INDEPENDENCE”, from DEVELOPMENT OF OUR ROADS, to have WATER SUPPLY to ALMOST EVERY REGION, from BUILDING AEROPLANES to HAVE CONQUERED TIME AND SPACE, from NEW TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS to SENDING SATELLITES TO THE SPACE! ALL THESE DEVELOPMENTS, YET NOT DEVELOPED! ALL THESE ACHIEVEMENTS, YET HAVE LOST! WHY??? SUPERSTITIONS!! There is no other country like INDIA in the world. Here, SCIENCE and SUPERSTITIONS go hand in hand. While we have sent powerful ROCKETS into space, at the same time we also fret if a Black Cat crosses our path! From trying to alter our DESTINY with GEMSTONES, to warding off evil from lemon and chilly totems, from not sweeping after SUNSET, to not CUTTING NAILS on SATURDAYS, It has been seen that people in INDIA still believes in many SUPERSTITIONS.


The WEST- to an extent has been successful in erasing out SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS through the spread of EDUCATION and PUBLIC AWARENESS. But, HAS INDIA BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN WARDING OFF THESE SUPERSTITIONS? Well, we all know!! The Answer is NO! SUPERSTITIONS have greater hold in the still DEVELOPING COUNTRIES including INDIA! INDIA for long was considered as a LAND OF SNAKE CHARMERS, MAGICIANS, WITCHES, and STRANGE SIGHTS. The more PROGRESSIVE and SCIENTIFIC we are, the more BACKWARD, SUPERSTITIOUS and IGNORANT we are in this MODERN ERA!

SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS and PRACTICES often vary from one person to another, or from one culture to another. SUPERSTITIONS are usually attributed to LACK OF EDUCATION, however this has not always been the case in INDIA, as there are many Educated people and societies who still believes in certain kinds of SUPERSTITIONS. SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS and PRACTICES vary from one region to another region, ranging from harmless acts like LEMON and CHILLY TOTEMS, to MOST HARMFUL and DANGEROUS acts like WITCH-BURNING. SUPERSTITIONS are long held BELIEFS that appeared to be rooted in coincidence or cultural traditions rather than LOGICS and FACTS. SUPERSTITIONS are often connected to the RELIGIOUS PRACTICES that are widespread in the Past. Being part of TRADITION and RELIGION, these beliefs and practices have been passed down from one generation to another for CENTURIES. The INDIAN GOVERNMENT has tried to put new laws prohibiting such practices into effect, but due to rich history of such SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS AND PRACTICES, these laws often faced a lot of opposition from GENERAL PUBLIC NARENDRA DHABOLKAR in 2013, an ANTI- SUPERSTITION SPECIALIST was fatally shot by two bikers for requesting the enactment of a law that prohibited BLACK MAGIC. Here are some of the OLD-AGE BELIEFS that we can’t seem to let go off:.

* DO NOT SWEEP AFTER SUNSET: This is an activity you’re prohibited from doing once the SUN is DOWN, or else you might have to endure some ROTTEN LUCK soon. There seems to be no LOGIC behind this, But people do still follow this. *DO NOT CUT NAILS AFTER SUNSET: Cutting NAILS after dark is a strict NO-NO, unless you want to invite some UNWELCOME MISFORTUNE into your life. *ECLIPSES ARE BAD OMEN FOR PREGNANT WOMEN: Pregnant Women in INDIA have a hard time during ECLIPSES. Not only they are suppose to stay indoors during the entire time, they are not even allowed to sit CROSS-LEGGED. GOD forbid the baby should be born with ugly marks all over its BODY.

*LEMON AND CHILLIES CAN WARD OFF THE EVIL: As long as you hang a string of SEVEN CHILLIES and a LEMON outside your home, NO EVIL will dare APPROACH YOU. This charm also applies to one’s place of work.

*WEARING GEMSTONE BRINGS YOU GOOD FORTUNE: INDIA, we frequently consult some astrologers who advices us to wear certain GEMSTONES to improve our FATE. It gives them assurance that no tragedy will ever strike them.

*IF A BLACK CAT CROSSES YOUR PATH, THEN YOUR TASKS GET POSTPONED: At some point, Black Cats are associated with evil forces. It is said in HINDU COMMUNITY, that if a black cat crosses your path while you are going somewhere, don’t go!! As your task will either be delayed or get postponed. There seems to be no LOGIC behind THIS. But people in INDIA still follow this, ILLOGICALLY.

The LIST of such SUPERSTITIOUS BELIEFS and PRACTICES is ENDLESS and all of them are amusing in Their own ways. The belief in EVIL EYE, WEARING OF TABEEZ AND CHARMS to ward off ill-luck are all kind of SUPERSTITIONS found in INDIA. It is most discouraging to see that many a times Educated people are in a habit of indulging into SUPERSTITIONS as much as the illerate ones in the country. At some point and places, we have been successful in evading SUPERSTITIONS and to an extent a little more effort is needed to completely remove them from our daily lives!


Pollution refers to the contamination of the environment due to the presence of hazardous substances in the atmosphere. Pollution is basically man-made. These hazardous substances are referred as pollutants. In early times, pollution was in terms of the fire burnt in caves. But that did not have a big impact on the atmosphere. The population was very low during ancient human civilization. However, as the human civilization progressed and as evolution and advancements in human beings took place, it ended up having a huge population density across the world. Industrialisation also played its part in pollution. According to studies, the productivity of indoor and outdoor workers have decreased due to pollution. Thus pollution is a severe problem in the current day.

Though there are many types of pollution such as plastic pollution, radioactive contamination, light pollution etc. the major types are pollution are air, water and soil pollution.


Air pollution is the release of chemicals and particles in the environment. The chemicals include carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide etc. Air pollution attributes to about 5 million deaths each year. It contributes to 9% of the total deaths in the world every year. There are many causes of air pollution such as

  • Burning of fossil fuels, wood, plastic etc.
  • The untreated chemicals let out from industries and exhaust of vehicles
  • Deforestation
  • Emission of green house gases such as methane, carbon dioxide etc.
  • Mining operations
  • Chlorofluorocarbons present in coolants

These cause a severe damage to environment, health and welfare of the living beings such as

  • Respiratory problems such as wheezing and asthma and other lung problems
  • Global warming
  • Acid rain formation
  • Smog formation
  • Affects wildlife

We can prevent air pollution by

  • Afforestation
  • Using a filter in factories before releasing chemicals
  • Using eco-friendly vehicles


Water pollution is mainly caused by discharge of sewage in the water bodies that pose a dangerous threat to marine life. Every year, 14 billion pounds of plastic are released into the ocean. The reasons for water pollution are

  • Oil spills from the ships
  • Pesticides used in agriculture washed off to seas
  • Marine dumping such as dumping plastics and other non biodegradable substances
  • Release of untreated waste into water bodies
  • Acid rain

Effects of water pollution are

  • Contamination of marine organisms
  • Water pollution affects the growth of marine plants
  • Eutrophication – prevents the sunlight from entering into the ocean
  • Infected fishes infect human being leading to water borne diseases such as cholera, hepatitis and typhoid

How do we prevent water pollution?

  • Proper disposal of wastes into water after treating it
  • Recycling water
  • Conserving water


Soil pollution is defined as the presence of toxic chemicals in the soil, in high enough concentrations to pose a risk to human health and the ecosystem. The causes of soil pollution are

  • Acid rain
  • Landfill
  • Usage of fertilizers and pesticides
  • Dust particles present in the soil
  • Deforestation and soil erosion

Due to these reasons, it is evident that the soil becomes infertile and contaminated, making it unfit for agriculture. There are some measures to prevent soil pollution such as

  • Treating wastes before dumping them
  • Avoiding burning of wastes
  • Afforestation
  • And finally, using organic manure for maintaining a healthy/fertile soil.

Relevant links:;_ylu=Y29sbwNncTEEcG9zAzMEdnRpZAMEc2VjA3Ny/RV=2/RE=1625070088/RO=10/


The immune system consists of organs, cells, tissues, and proteins. Together, these carry out bodily processes that fight off pathogens, which are the viruses, bacteria, and foreign bodies that cause infection or disease.A healthful, balanced diet plays a vital role in staying well.

Blueberries contain a type of flavonoid called anthocyanin, which has antioxidant properties that can help boost a person’s immune system. people who ate foods rich in flavonoids were less likely to get an upper respiratory tract infection, or common cold, than those who did not.
Dark chocolate:
Dark chocolate contains an antioxidant called theobromineTrusted Source, which may help to boost the immune system by protecting the body’s cells from free radicals.
Turmeric is a yellow spice that many people use in cooking. It is also present in some alternative medicines. Consuming turmeric may improve a person’s immune response. This is due to the qualities of curcumin, a compound in turmeric.
Broccoli is another source of vitamin C. It also contains potent antioxidants, such as sulforaphane. For these reasons, it is a good choice of vegetable to eat regularly to support immune system health.
Spinach may boost the immune system, as it contains many essential nutrients and antioxidants, including:flavonoids,carotenoids,vitamin C,vitamin E.Vitamins C and E can help support the immune systemTrusted Source.
People use ginger in a variety of dishes and desserts, as well as in teas.Ginger has anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties and is likely to offer health benefits.When it comes to treating a common cold, ginger is one of the best foods for relief.
Garlic is a common home remedy for the prevention of colds and other illness.Garlic has powerful anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties which enhances body immunity.
Almonds are another excellent source of vitamin E . They also contain manganese, magnesium, and fiber.A small handful or a quarter of a cup of almonds is a healthful snack that may benefit the immune system.
Green Tea:
Green tea is not only one of our recommended best teas for weight loss, but it’s also one of the best sources for fighting off a cold. It contains flavonoids, an antioxidant that boosts immunity
Whole Grain Bread:
Whole grains contain anti-inflammatory properties, which allows for an increase in production of healthy bacteria
“An apple a day keeps the doctor away” isn’t just an old wives’ tale—apples actually can help prevent illnesses such as the common cold. This fruit contains phytochemical antioxidants, these antioxidants help boost immunity and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
Most nuts contain vitamin E, another vitamin that’s crucial to fighting off sickness.
The following lifestyle strategies may make a person’s immune system stronger:
avoiding smoking
exercising regularly
maintaining a healthy weight
avoiding alcohol or drinking in moderation
getting enough sleep
minimizing stress
practicing correct hand-washing and oral hygiene
Drink warm water throughout the day.
Practice Meditation, Yogasana, and Pranayama.
Increase the intake of Turmeric, Cumin, Coriander and garlic.
Drink herbal tea or decoction of Holy basil, Cinnamon, Black pepper, Dry Ginger and Raisin.
Avoid sugar and replace it with jaggery if needed.
Apply Ghee (clarified butter), Sesame oil, or Coconut oil in both the nostrils to keep the nostrils clean.
Inhale steam with Mint leaves and Caraway seeds.

How Important is Your Sleep?

Over the past few years, the science behind sleep has shown us the far-reaching importance of sleep for every system of the body and it has been found out that sleep and the immune system of humans are closely related. Today when people all around the world are deeply affected by the COVID-19 situation, it has become extremely necessary to take good care of our immunity.

Turns out, it’s not only about taking a whole lot of protein and vitamins in our daily diet but also about how much sleep do we get. Sleep provides essential support to the immune system. Getting sufficient hours of high-quality sleep enables our immune defence to be well-balanced which features strong innate and adaptive immunity, efficient response to vaccines, and less severe allergic reactions.

Most people do not take this seriously that how important it is to give our bodies sleep, of at least eight hours per night regularly.

How are Sleep and Immunity related?

Studies show that sleep plays an essential role in the effectiveness of our immune system sleep contributes to both innate as well as adaptive immunity. Research also suggests that proper sleep enhances the ability of our brain to learn and memorize. The interaction of immune system components during sleep reinforces the immune system’s ability to remember how to recognize and react to harmful antigens.

When we sleep, our breathing and muscle activity tends to slow down which leads to freeing up energy for the immune system to perform tasks. Melatonin is a sleep-promoting hormone that is produced at night, is known to counteract the stress that is caused by inflammation during sleep.

While this immune system activity during sleep is beneficial, a critical aspect of this process is that it is self-regulating. Sleep promotes the balance of immune function that is vital for both innate and adaptive immunity.

Research even represents that sleep improves the effects of vaccines, demonstrating the benefits of sleep for adaptive immunity. Sleep is an important factor that helps determine the effectiveness of vaccines. Studies of vaccines for hepatitis and swine flu (H1N1) have shown that when people don’t sleep the night after getting vaccinated, the body’s immune response is weaker. In some cases, this reduces the vaccine’s protection and may even require a second dose of the vaccine.

People who get insufficient sleep may not give their bodies enough time to develop immunological memory, potentially leaving them unprotected despite having been vaccinated.

Can sleep deprivation be a cause of falling sick?

Sleep deprivation can cause wide-ranging health effects, and heaps of evidence indicate that it can disrupt the immune system and make it easier for you to get sick.

Other than a weaker immune system, sleep deprivation can cause several health problems in our bodies such as:

  • Irritability
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Memory lapses or loss
  • Impaired moral judgement
  • Severe yawning
  • Minor hallucinations
  • Symptoms similar to ADHD
  • Risk of diabetes type 2
  • Risk of heart disease
  • Increased reaction time decreased accuracy
  • Tremors
  • Body ache
  • Growth suppression
  • Risk of obesity

Improving sleep and boosting the immune system

A sufficient amount of uninterrupted sleep every night should be a priority as it strengthens our immune system.

One can improve his/her sleep schedule by focusing on daily habits, routines, and sleeping environment. Collectively, this is known as sleep hygiene, and even basic steps, such as avoiding the use of cell phones and tablets in bed, can make it easier to get a good night’s sleep.

People with chronic or severe sleeping problems or issues with recurring illnesses should talk with a doctor. A doctor can work to identify an underlying cause and the best measures to address it.

People with sleep disorders like insomnia may benefit from a treatment like cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). This approach works in reducing negative thoughts about sleep and promotes healthy sleep and reduced signs of inflammation.

Various relaxation techniques, including mind-body methods like yoga or tai chi, have helped in improving sleep while enhancing immune system function, including boosting vaccine response and decreasing indicators of systemic inflammation.












The secrets of Mount Kailash

How does one explain the fact that avid mountaineers some of whom have climbed Mt. Everest haven’t been able to summit Mt. Kailash? When it is at least 2000 meters shorter in height. Mount Kailash and the adjoining Mansarovar lake have been shrouded in mystery. People say it is the centre of the earth. There is also a debate about Mt. Kailash being a man-made structure.

Standing tall at over 22000 feet, the Tibet Himalayas is one of the worlds most revered holy places. It is sacred to people of four religions. Hindus consider it to be the abode of Shiva, while Buddhists believe it is the home of Demchok an incarnation of the buddha who represents pure bliss. Jains believe it is a site where their first Tirthankara attained liberation. While people of the Bon religion consider it to be the cosmological axis. But, is the religious significance all there is to it? Ancient researchers and even Russians and American scientists believe that this peak is a pyramid, the largest in the world and is located strategically at the centre of the earth! Russian doctor, Ernst Muldashev has gone on to suggest that there are two underground cities located beneath the peak and these are directly related to the gene pool of the entire human race.

Religious texts suggest that the mountain holds supernatural powers and is unclimbable, which so far has turned out to be true. Only one person in the history of mankind is believed to have climbed this peak a Buddhist monk named Milarepa. Who allegedly achieved the feet 900 years ago. Since people haven’t been able to climb the peak, they have settled for doing a circumnavigation of the mountain. Each year thousands of pilgrims set out for the Kailash Mansarovar yatra. They believe that doing the parikrama of the mountain will atone them for their sins and help them achieve spiritual enlightenment. But given the inhospitable conditions, the 52 kilometres long route and extremely high altitude, very few can achieve these feet as well. Is this just about believes or does the mountain hold supernatural powers beyond human understanding? Mount Kailash is said to have been the abode of shiva for the past 21000 years. There’s even shiva protruding out of the mountain. For Kailash Mansarovar yatra 2019, the ministry had received 2,996 applications out of which 2256 were male applicants and 740 by females.


Medical Negligence And Law In India - An Analysis - iPleaders


With the advancement of technology, many incurable diseases are now curable. Not only this but now people live longer than the earlier times as there are several developments in the field of medicine. With the time medicines and technology has changed but one thing that hasn’t changed is Medical Negligence. Even now, when we promise best medications and facility to patients, there are a number of evident cases which bring to our notice the medical malpractice that prevails in the recent times. Every practitioner possessing some skill owes a duty to the one he provides service to. Often, due to the carelessness of the practitioner this duty is breached on his part and as a consequence thereof the consumer suffers an injury/damage/loss.

A shocking fact is that even with advance technologies, cases of negligence haven’t decreased to a noticeable extent. The most vulnerable person in the relation is the patient who expects to get treated but instead suffers a greater loss. In the crucial time of covid-19 pandemic, it is essential to note that the practice can be proved harmful o he citizens of our country. The virus is contagious and can spread from one to another quickly if not brought under control. But the number of increasing cases tells us a different story; it gives us the evidence of poor management and medical facilities. This research paper aims to focus on the concept and cases of medical negligence in light of current scenario of pandemic.

Keywords: Negligence, Medical Negligence, Duty, Liability, Covid-19, Compensation, Injury.


When one person owes duty to the other and commits a breach of the same which results damage to the other, the person is said to commit negligence. Medical Negligence refers to negligence committed by a professional in the field of medicine. A Medical Practitioner at general needs to maintain a standard of care and in case they fail to do the same, they are liable for the damage made. The concept of medical negligence has developed to punish the wrongdoer and bring justice to the person who has suffered loss due to negligent behavior  of the latter. Negligence is punishable under many laws including Tort, Contract Act, Consumer protection Act and the IPC.

By the years, numerous patients have died, had permanent injuries, miscarriage, disablement and more due to the medical negligence of a professional. A patient is a consumer and expects necessary care to be practiced by the professional. However not every harm caused to patient during treatment is punishable or result of a negligent behavior. A professional is liable only to the extent to which the skills of a person in that field are considered reasonable. A doctor is expected to provide services which heal the patient and makes him/her physically fit. He is required to have the necessary skills and knowledge for the purpose and exercise reasonable degree of care. The standard of skills and care depends upon the qualification of the person. A doctor is expected to have more skills than an average nurse may have. Medical practice falls under the ambit of services, the Supreme Court in the case Indian Medical Association v. V.P. Santha explained[1]:

“Services rendered to a patient by a medical practitioner (except where the doctor renders services free of charge to every patient or under a contract of personal service), by way of consultation, diagnosis and treatment, both medicinal and surgical, would fall within ambit of service as defined in Section 2(1)(o) of the Act”.

Medical Negligence is a serious issue and has been prevalent irrespective of the time. A person with no knowledge and skills that are required to treat a particular injury or disease is expected to commit negligence. The harm caused can vary from a temporary disability to death of the person. Generally, doctors indulge in activities like wrong treatment, overdose of medicines, carelessness about the health and capacity. If a patient suffering from Hepatitis and Jaundice gets a surgery without getting initial checkup for diseases and gets into even more serious condition that could even result into death if gets more serious, the doctor is liable for the negligence.[2] In such cases the doctors are liable for medical negligence in the treatment of patients and shall compensate or even be punished for the same.


The idea of medical negligence is around many years old. The Babylonian lords Hammurabi present a law against the doctors whose patient loses an eye. The discipline for such acts of neglect was to cut the hand of the doctor or specialist. Indeed, even the Egyptian and Roman law had such comparable arrangements for clinical acts of neglect causing demise or genuine wounds to the patient.[3] During British rule, English custom-based law was presented in the organization of equity in India. Mr. Wheeler, 555 individual from committee, Sea client and boss Justice of choultry in Chennai kicked the bucket because of utilization of wrong prescriptions. Dr. Samuels were attempted and absolved by the fantastic Jury when the Bill of Ignoramus[4] was acquired. Before the presentation of the Constitution of India 1950, countless English standards of law of misdeeds were followed and applied by the Indian courts.

The very first case at any point recorded under English law was in year 1374 against a specialist J. Mert; the opposite party had a physical issue in his hand because of wrong treatment. In USA, the primary case was recorded was in the year 1794, the case is known as Dr. Cross v. Guthrie[5]. For this situation patient’s significant other sued Dr. Cross, a doctor after the patient passed on because of postoperative mastectomy (bosom expulsion medical procedure) inconveniences three hours after activity. The remuneration of 40 pound was granted to defendant party.

In Kautilya’s Arthashastra, the laws relating to weight and measures at that time are depicted. Similarly, Yajnavalkya has given his views on weights and measures and adulteration of food, punishments with regard to it in Yajnavalkya samhita. Main provisions of Yajnavalkya samhita cover transactions related to sale and purchase. It also has regulations related to the sale of sample. He took into account the hard conditions faced by the purchaser and framed rules for their protection by giving them time to judge the utility of goods purchased and giving them the right to return goods. One fine elaborative mechanism of pricing policy and profit ratio charged by traders on the sold goods has been prescribed in the samhita. He also developed a concept of constructive theft. It includes the widespread deceitful practice of goldsmiths. The malicious practices ornament makers were prevalent in the ancient times as well and in order to protect the consumers from the same he (Yajnavalkya) prescribed certain standard norms. These norms included rules regarding ornaments so that the goldsmith cannot claim on great wastage and in case they do, they will be punished for the same.

The Indian common law on negligence basically is the appointed authority made custom-based law followed in England for quite a long time. In the lead of hearings, the law considers an assortment of levels of capability, and in this manner an assortment of guidelines, as long as the level of skill which can be normal from any given proficient is promptly obvious from his specific capability for example that he is an overall specialist as opposed to a pro. Be that as it may, each expert must accomplish a satisfactory degree of basic competence. When assessing whether or not a professional has been negligent, the courts will normally use as their benchmark the common practice within the relevant profession. However, where they consider that a profession adopts an unjustifiably lax practice, they may condemn the common standard as negligent.[6]


Meaning of Negligence

Eminent jurists and judges have exclaimed that there are many meanings to negligence. The Apex Court in the case of Jacob Mathew v. State of Punjab[7] stated,

“Negligence is the breach of a duty caused by the omission to do something which a reasonable man, guided by those considerations which ordinarily regulate the conduct of human affairs would do, or doing something which a prudent and reasonable man would not do. Actionable negligence consists in the neglect of the use of ordinary care or skill towards a person to whom the defendant owes the duty of observing ordinary care and skill, by which neglect the plaintiff has suffered injury to his person or property.”

In usual meaning, negligence means carelessness towards something but in legal language it is the breach duty to exercise a certain standard of care that has resulted in some sort of injury. In the case of negligence the injury is generally foreseeable, hence a man, in order to prevent any harm or injury is expected to be preventive in his actions. There are cases when a man is careful but not accordingly to the situation which may also result in injury. If a person boards a train which has just started moving but forgets to close the door of the boogie, it creates danger for the people standing on the platform. And if a porter standing on the platform gets injured, the latter is liable for his carelessness as it is a duty of the boarding people to close the door as to prevent any injury to others.[8]

Medical Negligence

Professionals in the law of negligence are lawyers, doctors and architects. Professing a special skill requires adequate practice and knowledge of the task undertaken. This is the reason a medical practitioner is said to ‘practice medicine’, even if the field requires proficiency a lawyer or doctor doesn’t assure his clients of 100% success. The only assurance that can be given is that the person is proficient in the required skill and while undertaking the certain task will handle it with reasonable competence.[9]The Apex court held that a person can be held liable for negligence on two findings, ‘either he was not possessed with the requisite skill which he professed to have possessed, or, he did not exercise, with reasonable competence in the given case, the skill which he did possess’.

“In my opinion, our health care system has failed when a doctor fails to treat an illness that is treatable.”  – Kevin Alan Lee.

In the case Indian Medical Association v. V.P. Santha[10], the judges explained the difference between “occupational liability” and “professional liability”. They state that a profession consists of success and failures and those we cannot expect the doctor or medical practitioner to always have success in every case. The liability can only be decided on analyzing the case as the standard of care differs from case to case. A case of patient suffering from flu requires less care than a person suffering from cancer. Also the possibility of healing also depends on the case and its severity. In M/s Spring Meadows Hospital v. Harjot Ahluwalia[11], the Court observed, that the judgment depends on case to case. If the error made by the person in charge would not have been made by an ordinary person competent and skilled to the same extent as the defendant acting with reasonable care, he must be held negligent. While if the error made by him could have been made by an ordinary person in the same situation he must not be held negligent. A homeopathic doctor giving allopathic medicine which causes the patient’s death has been negligent and is liable to compensate as he was entitled to practice homeopathy only.[12]

Also, the term accident should not be confused with the consequence of negligence. Accident has a wider meaning. An accident means an unintended and unforeseen injurious occurrence; something that occurs in the usual course of events or that could not be reasonably anticipated.[13]

Res ipso loquitur[14] in Medical Negligence

The principle of res ipso loquitur is also applicable in the field of medical negligence. If the accident occurred would not have occurred if the management would have taken essential care and preventive measures, it proves to be an evidence for the liability. In such cases the management or the servants have been negligent towards their duties which resulted in the injury caused to the patient. In the case of Ashish Kumar Mazumdar v. Aishi Ram Batra Charitable Hospital Trust,[15] the patient has fallen out of the window of a hospital room, which clearly showed the negligence of the hospital staff. A three-judge bench of the Supreme Court applied the principle of res ipsa loquitur held the hospital liable for the absence of duty of care.


Negligence is the breach of a duty that a person owes to the other, caused by an omission which an ordinary man guided by the considerations of human conduct would not do; and the breach has resulted into an injury or damage to the person. Negligence has three essential components: ‘duty’, ‘breach’, ‘damage’.

The duty of care owed to the plaintiff;

The breach of duty on the part of defendant;

The damage caused to the plaintiff as a result of the breach.

Duty of the Doctor to attend a patient

If a doctor does not care to attend a patient in need to be admitted or attended the doctor will be held liable to compensate for any kind of loss that the patient suffers. There are many cases in which due to the non availability of the doctor at the time a patient has to suffer great injuries and even death. It was held inSishir Rajan Saha v. The state of Tripura[16]  that if a doctor is not available to attend a patient he will be liable for the damage caused. In the recent case, the petitioner’s son met an accident while coming to Udaipur from Agartala on scooter. He was admitted to the G.B. Hospital, Agartala in the emergency ward. The senior doctor, Dr. P. Roy who was a specialist in the field wasn’t available in the hospital at the time. He was continuously contacted and called to the hospital but chose to ignore as he was busy attending his patients in private. As a result the patient gave in to his injuries and died. The Court held the doctor liable to compensate Rs. 1, 25,000 to the father of the deceased. The Court also directed the Government hospitals to upgrade their services.

Duty of care

When a doctor attends his patient, he owes certain duties towards the patient:

  1. A duty in deciding whether to take the case,
  2. A duty in deciding the kind of treatment to give,
  3. A duty of care in the administration of the treatment.

In Dr. Lakshman Bal Krishna Joshi v. Trimbak Bapu Godbole[17], the respondent’s son who was 20 years old met an accident on a beach and as a result femur of his left leg was fractured. He was taken to the appellant’s hospital and during the treatment of reducing the fracture; the appellant gave him a single dose of morphia injection instead of giving an anesthetic. He used excessive force in handling the fracture and pulled the injured leg with three attendants. Then he put his leg into plaster of paris splints. The treatment gave a shock to the patient and as a consequence thereof he died. The doctor was held guilty of negligence by the Supreme Court.

In the recent case, the court held, “The petitioner must bring to his task a reasonable degree of skill and knowledge and must exercise a reasonable degree of care. Neither the very highest nor the very low degree of care and competence judged in the light of the particular circumstance of each case is what the law requires. The doctor, no doubt, has discretion in choosing treatment which he proposes to give to the patient and such discretion is relatively ampler in cases of emergency.”

In the case of Jagdish Ram v. State of H.P.[18], it was held that ‘ Before performing any surgery the chart revealing information about the amount of anesthesia ad allergies of the patient should be mentioned so that an anesthetist can provide ample amount of medicines to the patient’. The doctor in this case gave an overdose of anesthesia to the patient and as a result thereof the patient dies. The doctor was held liable for the negligence on his part.

Thus, a treatment found to be not in accordance with medical protocol would be a case of medical negligence.[19] The doctor cannot be made liable for negligence in case when things have gone wrong. But if a doctor fails to provide medication necessary to the treatment and health of the patient, no one but the doctor is to be held liable for the act.


With the COVID 19 pandemic surrounding the globe and in excess of 2 million active instances of the same, the caring administrations by the medical experts is the main redeeming quality going with the careful steps that are the duty of the considerable number of citizens. Be that as it may, the security of the residents is being taken consideration by the clinical organization yet what it involves for the clinical clique who is over and over being blamed for negligence in discharge of average duty. On one hand the medical practitioners are being hailed as ‘Corona warriors’ but on the other hand, with the increase in cases wouldn’t there be a increase in negligence?

India had only 111 Covid-19 testing   centers to deal with a population of 1.35 billion people. This accounts to the medical negligence of the practitioners along with the hospital administrations especially at a time when every state is trying to reduce the number of cases. The number of beds available in the hospitals is comparatively less and as a result the citizens are dependent on understaffed and under-funded state run health facilities for COVID 19 diagnosis and treatment. This is a serious issue as people do not believe on the state authorities. A lady who was quarantined after her Spain visit states that there is a lack of basic amenities in the hospitals. People fear to come forward as they doubt the skills of the administration to treat their disease. Global health experts claimed that India does not have enough infrastructure and other facilities to face the pandemic. The claim nearly became evident with the increasing number of cases in India. Not only hospital authorities but the government has been lacking service, testing is another major concern. India has performed a little over 100,000 tests — a rate of nearly 47 tests per million people compared with 4,572 tests per million in the U.S., 2,753 tests per million in the U.K, and 8,800 per million in South Korea[20]. At present, India is not adequately testing to identify new cases, which might be hiding the true number of cases. An incident of severe medical negligence was noted when the Patna All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS-P) handed over the body of a COVID-19 positive patient to his family members.

In the midst of the vulnerability made by the COVID-19 pandemic, the judiciary remains the sole symbol of would like to review the worries of residents oppressed by the absence of satisfactory medical framework and the rising occasions of clinical negligence. There is trust that vital estimates will be taken by the Supreme Court, to safeguard the confidence and any expectation of the individuals.


Medical Negligence is, by and by, a hard issue to set up. On the off chance that negligence cases result from the current emergency, they will be tried comparable to target norms of care. The courts will think about the real factors and conditions of the case, including that the medicinal services staff were acting in an emergency. Considering past cases and the law’s methodology, the significance of clinical rules, conventions, staff preparing, ability appraisal, and enlistment expect a fundamental centrality, and all means should be completely reported. Documentation of steps taken in every one of these issues will demonstrate pivotal in safeguarding any cases brought. In any case, the COVID 19 is a phenomenal occasion and the relevance of the above laws in such conditions of most extreme criticality and affectability stays to be questionable. After the lockdown ends it would be unmistakable component of the lawful framework to observe such case emerging out of clinical carelessness in taking care of crown positive patients.

It isn’t expressed that specialists (doctors) are careless or reckless, however while carrying out a duty which requires a great deal of knowledge and care, regularly numerous experts fail to perform their duty towards the patient. Medication which is perhaps the noblest profession requires setting a domain which can profit the victims of different diseases. Numerous specialists even the expert in some cases dismisses little things to be dealt with while practicing which may bring about harms to the patients that could have been maintained with a permanent disability from that time or even the demise of the patients.

This type of negligence makes patients more prone to harm than to heal. And to avoid these sorts of accidents, prevention and careful behavior of doctors is important. The most prevalent way of doing this is relevant laws and statutes to ensure a patients well being. In a case where a US-based doctor who was Indian from origin lost his 29-year-old wife who was a child psychologist during their visit to India fifteen years ago. The Supreme Court asked the Kolkata-based hospital and three doctors to pay over Rs 11.41 crore[21]. “A bench of justices C K Prasad and V Gopala Gowda arrived at a figure of Rs 6.08 crore as compensation after considering aspects such as loss of consortium, pain and suffering and the cost of litigation.”

Another such case was noted where the Apex Court awarded a compensation of 1.8 crores to a women who had lost her eyes in 1996.[22] Cases like this are evidence of the medical malpractice in India. The government requires making strict rules to prevent the same, so that the justice prevails. People of India should be provided with adequate medical facilities, hygiene and sanitation. Laws should be strict for not only medicine but for all such professions to maintain a certain standard of care and prevent breach of duty.

[1] (1995) 6 SCC 651.

[2] AIR 2012 M.P. 21

[3] Tapas Kumar Koley, Medical Negligence and Law in India.

[4] “We are ignorant”. This was the word used by the grand Jury to discuss a bill of indictment and was used in the sense of not a true bill or not found. available at : Last visited on March 12,2018)

[5] 2 Root 90 (Conn. 1794)

[6] Edward Wong Finance Co Ltd v. Johnson, Stokes, [1984] AC 296

[7] AIR 2005 S.C. 3180

[8] Booker v. Wenborn (1962) 1 W.L.R. 162.

[9] Jacob Mathew v. State of Punjab

[10] (1995) 6 SCC 651.

[11] (1988) 4 S.C.C. 39.

[12] Poonam Verma v. Ashwin Patel and Ors. (1996) 4 S.C.C. 332

[13] Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th edition

[14] The principle that the mere occurrence of some types of accident is sufficient to imply negligence.

[15] AIR 2014 S.C. 2061.

[16] AIR 2002 Gauhati 102.

[17] AIR 1989 185

[18] A.I.R. 2007 (NOC) 2498 (H.P.)

[19] Malay Kumar Ganguly v. Sukumar Mukherjee AIR 2010 S.C. 1162.



[22] Krishna Iyer v. State of Tamilnadu and Others, 2015 STPL(Web) 1239 SC

Blood donation : sign of humanity

The first mention of the obligation of donating blood in India dates back to 1942, during world War ii, when the first blood bank was established at kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal. At this moment, a blood bank was established in order to meet the blood needs of the wounded soldiers on the battlefield.

Giving blood is a serious problem for society, because it is to donate blood to save the lives of the people who need it. Lack of blood. There is a lack of active blood donors in order to cope with the increasing demand for blood. The donation of blood, as in a therapeutic practice.

Our team every year, and more than 3,000 Worldwide conferences in the United States, Europe, and Asia, with the support of 1,000 scientific societies, and, it seems, is more than 700 open access Journals which contains over 50,000 to outstanding personalities, well-known scientists, and members of the editorial board.

On The Way To Global Events
Agri, Food & Aqua
Business and Management
Chemical Engineering
EEE & Engineering
Pharmaceutical Sciences
The Items On The Donation
Giving blood is a serious problem for society, because it is to donate blood to save the lives of the people who need it. Lack of blood. There is a lack of active blood donors in order to cope with the increasing demand for blood. The donation of blood, as in a therapeutic practice. Around 80 million units of blood are donated to a worldwide each year. One of the largest in the blood of concerns about the safety and security and, in particular, access to safe and adequate quantities of blood and its products. A safe supply of blood and its components is very important in order to ensure that a range of critical care procedures can be performed in a hospital. Have a good working knowledge of the practice of donating blood into a blood donation.

I understand that most of the donors to receive the money, for some, this is a lifeline. Russia is not the only country that pays for the donors – the United States of america, China, japan and Germany. However, in the UK, we have a 2 million units of blood a year, free of charge, in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organisation, and so that blood donation is voluntary.

The benefits of blood donation:

It Also Stimulates The Production Of Blood Cells.
Blood donation helps in reducing the risk of heart attack and cancer.
It’s blood, it burns calories and helps the weight loss.
Blood donation helps in the maintenance of a healthy liver.
It prevents hemochromatosis, and assists in the maintenance of iron levels.

A headache of our times, E waste

Electronic waste, shortly called e waste, describes discarded electrical or electronic devices and components. Used and old electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling or disposal are also considered as e-waste. Informal processing of the e-waste can lead to adversity of human health effects and environmental pollution.

Electronic scrap components, such as CPUs and other processors, contain potentially harmful components such as lead, beryllium,cadmium and brominated flame retardants. Recycling and disposal of e-waste may involve significant risk to workers and communities around the disposal region and great care is required to avoid unsafe exposure in recycling operations and leaking of materials such as heavy metals from landfills and incineration ashes.

Lets a mobile of cost Rs.10k is bought and after 1 year by accident it’s screen gets shattered.

If it is taken to repair, a new display would cost as much as a brand new smartphone and in such a scenario it is predictable what almost every one would prefer.

And just like, a ton of e waste is created, all those resources used to manufacture that one unit of a simple cheap device, from its camera to its battery  and processor etc etc. that one smartphone with the computational power inaccessible even to the richest of the richest a decade prior to today becomes useless from the hand of simple common person on streets and generated significant e waste. 

Not recycling e-waste leads to

  1. loss of valuable resource like Precious metals, copper, lithium, etc
  2. Damage to our environment if not managed properly from elements like lead, mercury, and various types of flame retardants. Of particular concern are the cathode ray tubes (CRTs) in computer monitors, which contain high concentrations of lead
  3. Also Opportunity costs – recycling creates jobs, reusing electronics generates revenue for businesses, and land-fillings comparatively more expensive than the former two options.
  4. Potential reusability is lost like a decade old computer can be thrown away in a developed country whereas computers are completely inaccessible in some poor countries.

Tackling the Problem of e waste

Nearly 250 million computers will become obsolete in the upcoming five to seven years, according to the EPA in us alone. In most places it’s up to individuals to decide the fate of their e wastes as there lack of proper  waste management is extremely common,

The solutions are…


Give an operable computer to a local family, friend, school, or nonprofit organization.


There are websites which offer links to recycling centers involving businesses. These Services allow consumers as well as businesses to recycle any computer for a small fee, including shipping.

Most importantly, care

Acknowledge the issue, while many overestimate the problem and make it look like the world is on the brink of end whereas at times these topics are used as political weapons and a means to get popular, it has become a part of celebrity culture to make fancy statements who then are seen doing ad campaign for upcoming useless upgrade of a smartphone.

One must avoid these paranoia. We just have to make sure that it doesn’t bite us in only because of a bit of carelessness. A bit of care and attention from our side can definitely minimize the e waste problems.

Life without Mobile or Internet

Life u can never imagine without any smart mobile or android phone as it became a part of our daily life we give much important to internet than our health or any other necessity people are becoming addicted and even cooperate companies made to mandatory to their to have a mobile with an unlimited internet access from children to adults to old people get easily irritated or bored if they don’t have an mobile or internet along with increase of modern technology, we do forget that there was a time when this was all not there but life was easy and much more tension free but now people life revolves around a pocket full of handphone which has harmful radiation that is injurious to health and human memory

The online exam option

The Government has announced that class 12 CBSE exams have been cancelled for the year 2021. The steps which follow is to create a “well-defined objective criterion” in a time-bound manner. It is safe to assume that many states will follow suit, and cancel their respective state exams for class XII based on the situation.  The media has stated that this is an appropriate and bold decision. But there are always two sides of the coin.

Cancellation of the exams can have several repercussions and severely impact the students, the educational authorities and the nation as a whole. Issues like college admissions and student results need to be discussed and decisions taken need to run parallel with not only the present, but also the future, since we do not know when the situation may get better.

Firstly, what could be this well defined objective criterion that is proposed by the authorities? Marks of the class X board examinations ? Evaluation of students by teachers? None of the above can test the actual knowledge the student possesses.

There are already notices issued by the Delhi High Court to the CBSE, Centre to re-approach their final decision to use marks attained in internal assessment of respective schools for class X board examination marks. Fact is that evaluations will always be subjective and educational authorities will try to reward their students with more marks, hence leading marks inflation across the state.

Instead, new educational norms can be created in the current situation which can be implemented even after Covid as a more effective way to help students. One example can be that students should be continuously monitored throughout the year. Technology provides, “Learning Management Systems” for such evaluations. Hence, the student can learn new things instead of studying for 8 hours a day during the last month before exams. If positive results are attained, final year examinations can be scrapped off completely, since it’s a burden to the students.

Truth is, we had ample time to look at the mistakes of the educational systems and the loopholes of effective management of examinations during the pandemic. JEE, NEET, CET and other such national and state level exams can be used as examples, to conduct offline exams in an appropriate fashion.

Cancellation of exams can have a serious impact on students mentally. Imagine you start preparing for your 10th board exams from 9th standard or the start of 10th standard. Your ultimate goal is to secure a good score in the final exams and get a seat in your dream college. Now, the exams get cancelled. Students will be judged on the internal exams conducted by the college or the school.

It’s very wrong to assume that internal exams in college test the skills and patience of the student the same way final exams do. A student may not score well in internals, but may be very prepared for boards. This does not give us a proper system to acknowledge the knowledge and skills of each student.

The fact that all this was not even explored and we instead went for the softer option of complete cancellation of exams is unfortunate. Official justification for the decision is that it is meant to safeguard student’s health. The government must seriously explore all the possible options so that we don’t find ourselves in the same situation in the coming years.

Ignorance is the first step towards of mistake!

Ignorance is a bit tricky word but it is actually one kind of punishment we receive for something which we shouldn’t be done. the Ignorance like self destruction which cause a great loss to some extent. Our lives can be pretty normal sometimes we can be sure some times unsure but an promise or a battle also can be lost due to ignorance so it will lead to mistake


Some people ask why God does not answer their prayers. But the fact is God does answer prayer. God answers every prayer. The power of prayer is immense. If you pray with a pure and sincere heart, God will surely answer your prayer. Remember, God gives you answers in three ways: He says ‘yes’ and gives you what you want, He says ‘no’ and gives you something better, or He says ‘wait’ and gives you the best.

We connect to God through our prayers. Prayer is useful for many different kinds of communication with God. We can humble ourselves with the lord and ask for our needs or the needs of others. Praise God for his goodness, grace, and mercy. Worship Him in adoration, thank him with gratitude for the many gifts which he has given us. Confess our sins and seek forgiveness or listen in quietness to God’s direction. God loves to give us what we need, and when our requests align with his will, He often grants us our prayers. The need for prayer is often difficult to understand. Pray with a pure heart and believe in the goodness of prayer. Morning prayers inspire us and become optimized. Morning prayer is a wonderful way to focus your time and attention on seeking God’s plan for the day ahead.

Maroju Sanjana

Music : Heal for broken soul

Music is one of the most loved art forms by every individual. It influences people in so many way we can’t think of. In Today’s life, Everybody is so stressed out from their personal and professional life. Music works as a medicine for all our pain and sorrows. The beats, rhythm’s and lyrics makes you fall in love with music again and again. Words have power to influence you in both ways , be it positively or negatively. The words used to motivate you will always work in a positive manner. Same way, The lyrics in music helps to forget all the past wounds and creates a new space which helps you deal with all your fears and insecurities.

It creates a new world for all music lovers. It is one of the art form used by many people who wants to express themselves. Every emotion can be express through music be it anger, love , affection, care, broken or excitement. Music have different forms like sufi, pop music, rock music , Bollywood etc. In India, Bollywood industry is treated like a god where actors are worshipped by millions of people. There are  several reasons of being Bollywood as one of the most successful industry  and one of them is due to music. The soulful music which makes everyone to feel the lyrics and creates a realistic perception in front of the world is the connection we feel .

The love for music has reached to next level. So many bands like BTS, One direction has been famous all over the world. Their songs break all the previous records and creates new which are hard to beat easily. Several meaningful songs always create a buzz in the audience mind. Everyone get hooked from the songs which create a huge impact on so many individual. It is often treated as a cure to come out from our stressful life.




Healthy mentality is one of the major issues now days. A healthy mindset is one of the main ingredients for staying well. We all remain upset in many ways. When we are emotionally upset we need someone to talk about that grief. Mental health should be taken as a very important issue.

We are socially redeemed, so we have to face many obstacles in many ways to survive socially. It’s kind of difficult task to live smoothly in the midst of sorrow and suffering all around. It’s our moral responsibility to live a healthy life.

It’s our duty to go and help someone who is mentally disturbed. If we all come forward to help people who are suffering from mental illness, we will definitely move forward together towards a better future. Emerging ever bright days are waiting for us. If we move forwards helping people to feel better,then one day we shall definitely build a better society.

Entrepreneurship : A new ray of hope

To live our life in a comfortable way, One needs to be financially independent be it a girl or a boy. The only way not to be a slave of someone and to have your own control about the way you are living or the decisions you want to take comes from financial independence. So many Entrepreneur’s and small start up business companies work towards being achieving new heights and success on their own. Being a entrepreneur makes your vision clear about the future decisions and challenges to face on your own.

Entrepreneurship gives your freedom to express your ideas, be innovative and dominate the market with your own hardwork and talent. Education is one such weapon which can give you the power to stand ahead in the crowd. Education doesn’t only mean to score good marks in school or colleges but to consistently grow and learn. The roots should always be strong and being grounded and truthful to your roots makes you a strong and successful person. Since the age you become adult, Start taking responsibilities of yourself and your family.

The world is dominated by money, Country which has more money considered to be more developed and powerful. Their GDP growth calculates the profit a country had in a year. If we work strongly towards making everyone stand on their own feet without hesitating about the work we do, then surely there will be no looking back from that point . The success rate of your income will surely rise high. Multiple multinational companies invest in small business and startups as their ideas are new to the business and they are more passionate about their work. They are a source of motivation for all of us on how to create a space that can give us equal importance in the society.

Several opportunities are waiting for us , we just need to grab them at the right moment. Entrepreneurship creates a new space in making our career bright , It is the future of young generation. The best way to be yourself and develop something new in on the basis of talent . The degree’s doesn’t decide how they talented and creative you are. Degree is just a piece of paper , many people who doesn’t have access to study are also very influential and have so much talent.

We just need to believe in ourselves and don’t stop until you reach your goal. It just needs a clear vision and consistency everything will start become easy automatically.

Death by Lightning

Photo by Philippe Donn on

Lightning claimed many lives in India. Recently in West Bengal lightning death toll rose to 27. With an increasing number of tropical cyclones and the coming of monsoon the threat due to lightning has also increased. According to a report published by the climate resilient observing systems promotion council (CROPC), a non-profit organization that works closely with the India Metrological Department (IMD), there were 1,771 deaths due to lightning between April 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020. However, there was a reduction of 37% compared to the previous year. Uttar Pradesh saw the maximum death toll, followed by Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha and Jharkhand. These are also the areas that fall under the influence of Norwesters (Kalbaisakhi).

Why lightning kills?
Lightning is defined as a natural electric discharge of high voltage between a cloud and the ground or within a cloud. It occurs within a few milliseconds. Hence it is an electric discharge of very short duration. Bright flash and sound due to shock waves are observed with lightning. Intra and inter cloud (IC) lightning do not cause any problem. Cloud to ground (CG) lightning is responsible for death and destruction.
Electrification of clouds occurs then warm air mixes with cool air. A fast upward movement of air during the thunderstorm (updraft) carries humid air that turns into super cooled water and ice as it moves upwards through the freezing clouds (Altitude of 10 km where the temperature is -40°C). Larger crystals (Graupel) are heavy and are present in the clouds. Moving water droplets (positively charged) and ice collide (positively charged) with each other and the Graupel (negatively charged) producing a potential difference that is, the top of the clouds are positively charged and lower parts are negatively charged. The Earth/ground is neutral (no charge) and a good conductor of electricity. However, in comparison to the middle layer of the cloud, it becomes positively charged. Hence the current gets directed towards the earth as well.
Most of the death are a result of people taking shelter below tree during rain. A side flash occurs when lightning strikes a nearby tall object like a tree and then jumps from the tree to a human. This happens within a radius of 2 feet from the object.
Though rarely but when a person is directly struck by lightning it can heat and burn the skin and travel to the ground through the nervous system.
Ground current is the electricity traveling along the ground especially in the presence of conductive materials like water when lightning strikes an object. This can kill a large number of humans and animals. In rural India where farmers are working in their fields drenched with irrigated waters fall victim to it.

The best way to prevent death due to lightning is through early warning systems that can alarm the people to take shelter before thunder storm. An application named Damini was developed by IITM to disseminate lightening alert. Other applications like Mausam and Meghadoot also help in early warning dissemination. Apart from this lightening as a disaster and the do’s and don’ts are taught in schools under disaster management. These initiatives by the government to improve early warning systems and establishment of monitors in vulnerable areas are commendable. It has resulted in reduction of death tolls. However, there is a scope for further improvement.

Keywords for SEO in content

What are keywords?

The words or phrases used in your online content that help people locate your website via search engines like Google are known as keywords for SEO. Using SEO keywords (together with SEO recommended practices) to optimize your website can help you attract more users and traffic.

Importance of keywords

According to studies, 95% of users only glance at the first page of search results. And the first three results receive half of the clicks on that page.

What kind of traffic you get will be determined by the keywords you select to target (which includes the ones you select to put in your article). For example, if you own a golf shop, you could want to rank for “new clubs,” but if you’re not careful, you could end up drawing traffic looking for a new location to dance after dark.

The purpose of search engine optimization is to drive organic traffic to your website from search engine result pages. Because you might explain what you give in a slightly different way than some people ask for it, keywords are as much about your audience as they are about your content. You must understand the demands of your visitors — the language they use and the type of material they seek — in order to generate content that ranks well organically and leads people to your site.

How to find and choose keywords for SEO that drive traffic?

There is no such thing as great keywords; only those that your target audience uses frequently. It’s up to you to devise a plan that will aid in the ranking of your sites and the generation of traffic.

List out the relevant keywords

Consider the generic buckets for the topics you wish to rank for. You’ll come up with roughly 5-10 topic buckets that are relevant to your business, and you’ll use those topic buckets to assist you come up with specific keywords later on.

Use keyword research tools

Keyword research and SEO tools like Ahrefs, SEMrush, and Ubersuggest can help you come up with new keyword suggestions based on exact match and phrase match keywords based on the keywords you’ve already developed. This activity may provide you with options you hadn’t explored before.

Curate keywords for relevance

Sources that Google considers authoritative will be given more weight. That means you must do everything you can to establish yourself as an authoritative source by adding helpful, informational material to your site and promote it to gain social signals and backlinks.

Use mix head keywords and long tail keywords

It’s critical to double-check that your keyword strategy includes a mix of head keywords and long-tail words, as this will ensure a well-balanced keyword strategy with long-term goals and short-term gains. Because head phrases are commonly searched, they are more competitive and difficult to rank for than long-tail phrases.

Number of keywords for SEO

Depending on the length of the content, there would usually be 3-8 total. This offers you a fighting chance to rank for one of them, and you can even reoptimize your content later based on where it now ranks. However, you should strive to use your primary keyword once per 100-150 words as a general rule. So, if you’re producing a 1000-word post, you should use the primary keyword roughly 7-10 times.

When generating content focused on a few extremely good keywords, you’ll notice that related keywords will organically and organically appear. More than that degrades readability and stands out like a sore thumb to both readers and Google’s page crawlers.

where to use keywords for SEO

Some of the most important areas where keywords can help with SEO are discussed below:

Include keywords in Meta Description and Title tag.

Meta tags such as title tags and meta descriptions tell searchers what a page has to offer before they decide which link to visit. They will be noticed by Google as well. Make sure your focus keyword appears in your title tag, preferably at the start. Google reads from left to right, just like humans, and gives the words at the start of a title greater weight.

Use keywords in the Title of article.

When writing page titles, the ideal practice is to start the title with your target SEO keywords or keyword phrase. It will be perceived as more relevant as a result. In addition, unlike on small screens, your page title will not be cut off in mobile SERPs.

Use keywords in the Headings and Subheadings.

When at all possible, incorporate a focus keyword into the H1 heading of a page. Subheadings assist readers browse your text by providing a place to rest their eyes.Subheadings may aid visitors in determining the content’s relevance to their requirements.

Include Keywords in the First 200 Words.

Given that Google looks at the first 200 words of a blog post, it’s critical to include your primary keyword in the first sentence or paragraph if at all possible, without affecting the quality of the content. Similarly, at least one secondary keyword should be used in the first 200 words.

Use “stop words” in Awkward Keyword Phrases.

Stop words can be used into keyword phrases to make them read more naturally while maintaining their ranking value.

Include Keywords in URLs of website.

The greatest URLs provide visitors and Google a hint about what’s on the page, so make them as detailed as possible. This entails including SEO keywords in the URL.

Include Keywords in Anchor Text Links and Image Alt-tags.

Using keywords in articles as anchor text links can aid other pages on your site. This is also known as building an internal link structure, which shows Google where the most relevant articles for specific keyword phrases are located. You can use anchor text links of particular keyword phrases to drive the authority of other “pillar” pieces if you structure the content appropriately.

Images are indexed as well, giving users another chance to find the information. Also, images can aid in content accessibility, which is beneficial to the millions of disabled searchers throughout the world.

That concludes our discussion. Check read articles on keywords for SEO lead generation and the top keyword research tools to help you improve your content strategy now that you know the importance of keywords for SEO.

Methods of selection of employees

Traditionally, interviewing is how companies select employees and it has been like this since a long time. Many people believe in the methodology of taking interviews from potential employees before selecting them for a particular job. This is because interviewing someone gives you a clear idea of the person’s social skills and confidence which is a major requirement in many jobs, it also gives an idea about the personality and nature of the person and wether or not he/ she will be able to follow orders without hesitation, if there will be ego clashes or not, if the person is disciplined or not and many other things that one can make out only by speaking to a person face to face. There are many people who are great speakers and are very convincing even if they’re not that skilled , they find the current employee selection method to be in their favour. One of my friends who knows nothing much about marketing and it’s principles and how to deal with customers got a marketing internship just because he is a very confident and convincing person.

On the other hand, many people believe that there are many other ways for selecting employees other than interviewing them. The alternative ways could be by getting forms filled by people where they could write their answers without any fear or hesitation. This  is because many highly skilled, smart people have low confidence or are shy and find themselves to be at a loss of words when asked questions face to face. This is a huge disadvantage as they lose many jobs just because of one of their  personality traits even if they are very intelligent and have a lot of experience. I have found myself in many situations during vivas or interviews for internships where  no matter how well I’ve prepared myself I always end up saying something wrong  or forget things that I know very well other wise.

According to me , only in jobs where a persons social skills are very important and are the main requirement like marketing for example, the companies should conduct interviews but other than this for all other jobs where all that is required is a persons intelligence level, skill level and experience , companies should select employees by alternative selection methods like seeing their resume or  by giving them forms in which they can write their answers. This would be a great help for people like me who are shy and would prefer this method of selection of employees.

Out of Stability: Human-made Innovations now equals all the Living on our Planet


“We have forgotten how to be good guests, how to walk lightly on the earth as its other creatures do.”– Barbara Ward

Various anthropogenic innovations and discoveries have reduced human effort and made our lives easier. Innovations that were originally regarded as a success in all terms have now started to become a burden on not just humans themselves but for the Earth. 

The amount of concrete, asphalt, metal and plastic on Earth is growing rapidly and according to research published in Nature shows that the mass of everything human has built and made, from concrete pavements and glass-and-metal skyscrapers to plastic bottles, clothes, and computers, is now roughly equal to the mass of living things on Earth and could surpass that this year.

Things like plastic, electronic devices, glass, and many more have added to the total anthropogenic mass on earth and are even well approximated to double in the next year. Today all the infrastructure like roads, shopping mall, electronic devices such as smartphones, laptops, and basic things like paper, mugs, etc now weigh in at approximately 1.1 trillion metric tons—equal to the combined dry weight of all plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protists on the planet. This generation of anthropogenic mass has increased exponentially over the past 120 years. Artificial material has gone from just 3 percent of the world’s biomass in 1900 to on par with it today. And the number of new products being produced every week is equivalent to the average body weight of all 7.7 billion people.

This is becoming a matter of concern due to its deteriorating effects on living forms and nature. The innovations and discoveries are showing a tremendous surge in almost all the fields by human beings, which is also called development by most people, the earth is now facing several environmental changes which will actually take years to renew.

Plastic is known as the biggest threat to the environment, which now weighs twice the weight of all zoological forms on the earth. Similarly, infrastructure like roads and buildings outweigh shrubs and trees. Despite this increase in the anthropogenic mass, there is a plunge in the total biomass on earth due to various factors like land exploration, deforestation, etc. With increasing climate change, carbon footprint, deforestation, ocean acidification, and many more this rapid surge in anthropogenic mass is resulting in degradation of our environment and its time serious measures are taken in order to protect the earth from severe impacts of climate change and heaps of anthropogenic mass which is being generated.

Therefore, one can safely say that in the name of development and invention of new products, humans have started to destroy the environment by exploiting natural resources. The fact that how essential a healthy environment is for our survival is being completely ignored. It’s high time that we realize the necessity of maintaining a balance between anthropogenic development and the environment in a sustainable manner.

















water is one of the most important substance on earth .All plants and animals must have water to survive .If therewas no water there would be no life on earth ….Apart from drinking it to survive ,people have many other uses of water.

water deleivers important nutrients to all of our cells ,especially muscle cells postponing muscle fatique .water helps to loss weight .water helps you feel full longer ,without additing any additional calories .

water is important to our everyday life and key to our survival .water plays many important rolesin the body inculding flusing wwaste from the body .regulading body temperature.Transportion of nutrientz and is necessary for digestion

Demolition of National Archives annexe in India.

Recently government announced that under the Centre Vista Redevelopment project it has proposed to demolish the National Archives annexe and replace it with newbuilding. The main building of National Archives will not be demolished.

National Archives annexe building is a house for several important documents relevant to historical research. The building has cartography section and 1,50,000 oriental records in Persian, Arabic, and Urdu.

More than 100 historians in India and across the world have written to head of National Archives seeking clarity on how documents are stored in archives annexe that is imminent to be demolished. Leading Scholars from India and foreign are circulating a petition demanding the government to have more transparency in the proposed demolition of the annexe and safe storage of its contents.

A number questions are unanswered and the process is being carried on in an opaque manner without the consent of the public, archivists, scholars etc,. The protestors against annexe demolition include scholars holding important position in some of the best institutions.

The Documents stored are historic, old and brittle. The demolition of this valuable annexe could result in loss of important information. The loss or damage to even a single record would be an irrevocable loss.

Archival Records includes: ( mentioned in petition)

  • 4.5 million files
  • 25,000 rare manuscripts
  • more than 1,00,000 maps, treaties
  • 2,80,000 premodern documents etc.,

Can Covid symptoms come back?

Yes. During the recovery process, people with COVID-19 might experience recurring symptoms alternating with periods of feeling better. Varying degrees of fever, fatigue and breathing problems can occur, on and off, for days or even weeks.

Is Coronavirus Airborne?

When should I contact a doctor about my symptoms?

If you feel ill, call your doctor’s office or health care center and explain your symptoms over the phone. They will discuss next steps, including whether you should have a COVID-19 test. If it turns out that you have COVID-19, mild cases can be managed at home with rest and self-isolation. If you become severely ill, you may need hospital care.

If I’m exposed to the coronavirus, how long before I develop symptoms?

Symptoms can begin between two and 14 days after you have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. A study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health shows that the median time for symptoms to show up is about five days. That is why the CDC uses the 14-day quarantine period for people following exposure to the coronavirus.

Can you have coronavirus without a fever?

Yes, you can be infected with the coronavirus and have a cough or other symptoms with no fever, or a very low-grade one, especially in the first few days. Keep in mind that it is also possible to have COVID-19 with minimal or even no symptoms at all. People infected with the coronavirus who have no symptoms can still spread COVID-19 to others.

What are the first symptoms of coronavirus?

Early symptoms reported by some people include fatigue, headache, sore throat or fever. Others experience a loss of smell or taste. COVID-19 can cause symptoms that are mild at first, but then become more intense over five to seven days, with worsening cough and shortness of breath. Some people develop pneumonia with COVID-19.The type and severity of first symptoms can vary widely from person to person, and that is why it is very important to call your doctor if you have symptoms, even mild ones.

Can you have COVID-19 without symptoms?

Yes. Symptoms of COVID-19 usually show up from two to 14 days after exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, but some people who are infected do not develop symptoms or feel ill. This is why it is so important to wear a face mask and practice physical distancing and hand hygiene. People can be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and not realize it, but still be able to transmit it to other people.

What are COVID-19 symptoms in children?

Like adults, babies and children with COVID-19 can have fever, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing and diarrhea. Children with COVID-19 generally have milder illness than adults and rarely require treatment at a hospital. But in a few reported cases, very young babies have become seriously ill with pneumonia due to infection with the coronavirus.

Children may also be at risk for a very rare complication of the coronavirus called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, or MIS-C. Parents should be on guard for signs of MIS-C and call their child’s doctor immediately if they appear.


Music is the art of arranging sounds in time to produce a composition through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre.There are five main instrument families: strings, woodwind, brass, keyboards, and percussion.Music can be divided into genresgenres can be further divided into subgenres. Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work (a music theater show or opera), or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show.Music is a universal language and it is one of the best things that bring all of us humans together. It has the power to make us all feel happy and this is why people all around the world love to listen to and even play music.The music consists of Sargam, Ragas, Taals, etc. Music is not only what is composed of men but also which exists in nature. Have you ever heard the sound of a waterfall or a flowing river? Could you hear music there? Thus, everything in harmony has music. Here, I would like to quote a line by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, one of the greatest musicians, “The music is not in the notes, but in the silence between.”In many cultures, music is an important part of people’s way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies (e.g., graduation and marriage), social activities (e.g., dancing) and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an amateur funk band or singing in a community choir. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer. Music can also improve blood flow in ways similar to statins, lower your levels of stress-related hormones like cortisol and ease pain. Listening to music before an operation can even improve post-surgery outcomes.Listening to music benefits us individually and collectively.
Music remains a powerful way of uniting people:
-national anthems connect crowds at sporting events
-protest songs stir a sense of shared purpose during marches
-hymns build group identity in houses of worship
-love songs help prospective partners bond during courtship
-lullabies enable parents and infants to develop secure attachments
Music has great qualities of healing a person emotionally and mentally. Music is a form of meditation. While composing or listening music ones tends to forget all his worries, sorrows and pains. But, in order to appreciate good music, we need to cultivate our musical taste. It can be cited that in the Dwapar Yug, the Gopis would get mesmerized with the music that flowed from Lord Krishna’s flute. They would surrender themselves to Him. Also, the research has proved that the plants which hear the Music grow at a faster rate in comparison to the others.Music is the essence of life. Everything that has rhythm has music. Our breathing also has a rhythm. Thus, we can say that there is music in every human being or a living creature. Music has the ability to convey all sorts of emotions to people. Music is also a very powerful means to connect with God. We can conclude that Music is the purest form of worship of God and to connect with our soul.

Positive PRO Person

Realize, that you are not alone who is struggling all day, who is suffocating to survive in this world. There is a way through the darkness. The only thing you need is simple wisdom, which can be relied upon to help. Positivity is not about contentment, which is often a misconception. Acknowledging a range of emotions is healthy. Acceptance is key. It is holding onto what makes you happy.

Whatever the mind can conceive it, can achieve. You can’t change what is happening around you, but you can change your attitude or perception towards the situation. There are lots of people who talk about mindset a lot. there are different kinds of mindset. one is a positive mindset and the other is a negative mindset.

Negative mindset:

With a negative mindset, people are not always open to opportunities. the person mindset is not adaptable to change in opinion or receptive positive ideas and is not open to progressive initiatives. If you have a negative mindset, you will always have the tendency to procrastinate on what you ought to do on time. People with a negative mindset will never have a high level of mental toughness because they have already made up their minds about something.

Positive mindset:

when you have a positive mindset you believe in yourself, that everything is possible. they consistently work towards their goals to achieve. Also, they are mentally strong people.

Also, there is a person being reactive and proactive. Unfortunately, most people don’t take time or effort to think through such emotional responses. such people are considered reactive in their actions as their words and actions are simply reactions to circumstances at hand. Alternatively, individuals who wait for their emotional reactions to subside before speaking, taking action, or making a decision. The mentally tough person will take time to allow their emotions to subside before verbally responding to a negative situation. One of the effective methods for maintaining a proactive mind is counting 1 to 10 can avoid reacting emotionally to any negative interaction. This is one of the methods to succumbing to be proactive rather than reactive. The most thing about being proactive is to learn to say NO. Just as proactive people will take a moment to think through emotional reactions before speaking, so too they will take a moment to consider all of their options before making decisions. proactive is always living up to your expectations. is means that you set the standard for your behavior. Whenever you try to please another person, you will always be reactive to that person’s desires and expectations. Don’t allow other people’s vision of success to define your actions. remain true to your inner voice, beliefs, values, and directions, decide what you want to achieve, and devote yourself to the achievement of those goals. Read more of inspiration men and women, that they have achieved in their lifetimes. See what happened when they listened to other people rather than to their own voices.

Use their lives as lessons for your own life. you don’t need to always go through your life lessons to learn, other people also make great illustrations.

China warns G7 leaders

In a recently leaked communique, the G7 has reportedly called out China on several sensitive issues, including human rights violations in Xinjiang, the autonomy of Hongkong and the unilateral actions in the south china sea. This statement of G7 is in the context of the rising global power of China. China is seen as a threat to the USA’s global dominance. That’s why earlier Donald Trump and now Joe  Biden consider china as the main strategic competitor. Biden has also made a case to take action against China’s economic abuses and human rights violations. Before the statement issued by G7, china had already warned western countries and the group against any move that concerns Chinese interest. For China, the criticism by G7 is a danger to its sovereignty and a manifestation of an “outdated imperial mindset” of the western countries. G7 also said that they are concerned about peace in the Taiwan strait and also want a transparent investigation of the covid origin by WHO.

What is G-7?

Group of Seven (G-7) is an informal political organisation that was set up in 1975 mainly to counter OPEC’s oil embargo. Which now coordinates on global issues. Its member countries are Japan, France, U.K, U.S, Germany, Canada and Italy. Except for Japan, all other members are also members of NATO making the G7 influential. The UN experts have estimated that more than 10 lakh Uyghur people have been sent to detention camps by China and it can be called ‘cultural genocide’. But China has outrightly denied all these acquisitions. China has projected these detention camps mere as a ‘vocational training centre’ and said these centres are to counter extremism. In a UNHRC resolution submitted by 22 nations on human rights violation of the Uyghur population, 33 nations have defended china demonstrating the rising power of China. While mainly the western countries are criticising china on several issues, other countries mainly from Africa and Asia have been defending china. Even Saudi Arabia also backed china which is a strategic Allie of the US. Because of this geographical, geopolitical divide china feels confident against G7.

The dispute G-7 meeting

According to a report of CNN of the G7 meeting, there was a dispute between leaders regarding strategies of countering China because of which internet of the meeting room was shut down. It was seen that there was a disagreement between European nations and the US, UK and Canada. European nations talked about cooperating with China whereas the US, UK and Canada talked about countering China. They agreed only on one decision about alternate infrastructure project to counter BRI. This symbolises China’s rising power and its diplomatic victories. The opposition of the US by its allies itself demonstrates the challenges for the US foreign policies concerning China.

On Eating – The Ayurvedic Perspective

“When one’s food is pure, one’s being becomes pure” – Chandogya Upanishad

Our eating habits of today have largely been effected by the modern way of life. Eating in the right way has a great effect on one’s feelings, energy, mood and overall health. In this article, let us look at what ayurveda has to say about eating.

Great ideas that have changed the world were born out of observation. People who were great observers of the external world have contributed significantly in all the fields. In a similar manner, Ayurveda is the knowledge given to us by sages who observed the internal world. The perspective of Ayurveda on eating is an interesting one and is based on the observations of the internal body.

According to ayurveda, more than 90% of the diseases arise from the stomach and it suggests certain practices for proper digestion. Ayurveda classifies food into three types based on its qualities – Goodness(fruits and vegetables), passion(foods that are bitter, sour, salty, dry and pungent)and ignorance(meat, processed food). These foods also impact the state of mind. It advises to prefer foods of the quality of goodness. According to ayurveda, the digestive fire called agni is responsible for the process of digestion. The digestive fire is strong when the sun is at its peak. For this reason, it advises to eat like a prince in the morning, like a king in the noon and like a pauper in the evening. It strictly advises to not eat post sunset so that body can focus on healing rather than digesting food. Ayurveda also advises to eat at fixed times so that it becomes a habit and digestion is optimal. It advises a gap of 4 hours between meals and advises against snacking.

Ayurveda also advises against certain food combinations. Milk with other oily foods, fruits and other food items, uncooked and cooked food, milk and vegetables and acidic fruits with alkaline fruits. It advises strictly against consuming fruits, curd, radish and banana post sunset.

As ayurveda believes in the connection between the mind and the gut, it prescribes mindful eating and eating in a pleasant atmosphere. It also advises against overeating as it burdens the digestive system and leads to the build up of toxins. Ayurveda advises to drink warm water. It is beneficial if warm water is consumed upon waking up and quantity of water depends on thirst. It advises not to drink water after meals as water extinguishes the digestive fire(water can be consumed after 1hr of having meals).

Other eating habits prescribed by ayurved include – avoiding eating while standing, avoiding eating while doing other works, to wait for 5 minutes after eating and get up immediately , standing and drinking water, eating slowly and chewing properly. It advises to stop eating after a burp(is seen as a signal from body) and this can be used as a measurement of how much to eat. It advises the inclusion of all 6 tastes for eliminating unwanted cravings and better digestion. Eating processed foods affect the digestion and should be avoided. Ayurveda believes fasting as a highly beneficial habit and can be done occasionally. During fasting the body is detoxified. Following these habits will ensure longevity and quality of life.

What makes movies Dangerous?

What makes movies Dangerous?

Ashwani Kashyap popularly known as ‘Johnny Dada’ and ‘Tiktok villian’ attempted three murders within four days. Investigators believe that he loved a girl since his childhood who was then working as an air hostess in Dubai. Rejection from the girl is believed to be the root cause behind the killings. This wasn’t really surprising because he regularly posted extreme messages over various social media platforms. One of those messages “jo mera nhi ho sakta mai usse kisi aur ka mauka nhi dunga” which is a dialogue from the movie ‘Kabir Singh’.

So can movies really motivate someone for criminal activities, and if so should such movies be banned?

‘Kabir Singh’ is the Hindi remake of a Telegu movie ‘Arjun Reddy’. The movie fell into a controversy due to the way the main character of the movie was being glorified. The main character of the movie played by Shahid Kapoor attempts sexual violence several times in the movie and all such activities were being justified because the character was a brilliant doctor. Critics believe that the problem wasn’t that sexual harassment scenes were shown but that such behavior was never condemned. The movie did well at box office earning about three hundred crores.

But ‘Kabir Singh’ wasn’t the only movie stuck in controversies. ‘Joker’ has also been a box office hit. On one hand it received standing ovation at major film festivals such as Venice Premiere while on the other hand people wanted it to be banned. The main character in this movie is an average looking person who’s publicly humiliated, misbehaved by his co-workers, loses his job and as a consequence his mental health. The only instant when the character receives support and attention is when he attempts a murder on live television and thereafter he’s treated like a hero in the movie. In the past years US faced a huge number of mass shootings and this was the reason people were afraid that the movie could motivate other such mentally unstable people who wish to gain attention through violence for mass shootings. Especially when in many scenes, the film-makers attempt to ask viewers to sympathize with the Joker. And this fear is not surprising, given America’s history of mass shooting.

Defending the movies

  1. Movies only depict real life and don’t influence the behavior.
  2. What about other movies?

These are the most common arguments presented by the makers to defend their movies.

Makers of ‘Joker’ asked why there were no such controversies about movies like ‘John Wick 3’ which showed much more of murders and violent scenes. While Shahid Kapoor asked why there were no controversies about movies like ‘Baazigar’ where the character played by Shahrukh Khan murders the main female character of the movie, or the scene from the movie ‘Sanju’ where the main character Sanju puts a toilet seat round the neck of Ruby.

One reason could be because other movies like ‘Baazigar’ and ‘Sanju’ did not show as many anti-women scenes as there were in ‘Kabir Singh’. But the comparison of ‘John Wick 3’ did seem valid to some extent. The answer could be that more people can identify themselves with the main character of ‘Joker’ while it’s not the case with other movies like ‘John Wick 3’ or ‘Fast and Furious’. The stunts, weapons, looks etc. of characters of other action movies are not much relatable to the mass while the looks, problems, life and world of Joker is relatable for the ordinary people.

Research studies on whether movies and media has impact on human behavior have mixed conclusions. It isn’t clear which movies impact behavior in what ways but media does have some impact on daily life and thus behavior hence makers can’t say confidently that their work doesn’t influence behavior at all. Research studies broadly suggest that violence in movies doesn’t have much impact on real life while sexual violence in movies does have some influence. One possible reason of such conclusion might be that violence is attempted against the villian and for each story the villian keeps changing whereas in case of sexual violence, almost always women are the victim.


Banning such controversial media is not a solution as this violates the freedom of expression.

Certification also helps but not to a great extent.

One such solution being discussed is if a message is shown in the beginning or at the end of such movies where the directors or actors convey clearly that such behavior is not being promoted and should not be justified may have a good impact.

It is hard to tell if people like Ashwani Kashyap would have dropped their plans of murder due to such a warning but there’s no harm to at least try such solutions.

Canva app- the history!

Canva was founded in Perth, Australia, by Melanie Perkins, Cliff Obrecht and Cameron Adams on 1 January 2012. In its first year, Canva had more than 750,000 users.[10] In April 2014, social-media and technology expert Guy Kawasaki joined the company as chief evangelist (brand promoter).[11] In 2015, Canva for Work was launched, focusing marketing materials.[12]

During the 2016-17 financial year, Canva’s revenue increased from A$6.8 million to A$23.5 million, with a loss of A$3.3 million. In 2017, the company reached profitability and had 294,000 paying customers.[13]

In January 2018, Perkins announced that the company had raised A$40 million from Sequoia CapitalBlackbird Ventures, and Felicis Ventures, and the company was valued at A$1 billion.[14][15][13]

During May 2019, the company raised another round of funding of A$70 million from General Catalyst and Bond and its existing investors Blackbird Ventures and Felicis Ventures, valuing Canva at A$2.5 billion.[16]

In October 2019, Canva announced that it had raised an additional A$85 million at a valuation of A$3.2 billion, and launched an enterprise product.[8]

In December 2019, Canva announced Canva for Education, a free product for schools and other educational institutions intended to facilitate collaboration between students and teachers.[17]

In June 2020, Canva announced a partnership with FedEx Office;[18] and the following month with Office Depot.[19] As of June 2020, Canva’s valuation had risen to A$6 billion.[20]

online classes: tips for student success in this “new normal”

Due to COVID-19, many, if not most, college students have been learning fully online, finishing out their semesters or courses from home and in front of the computer. Though the initial transition from on-campus classroom to virtual classroom has passed, there’s still a need to keep students motivated and on the path to success especially as uncertainty surrounds upcoming terms and the likelihood of returning to “normal” campus life. Though beneficial in a variety of ways, like expanding access, creating more affordable education options,etc., online only learning presents some challenges to students. When asked how they felt about transitioning to online classes, the students we interviewed voices concerns like: By recognizing these challenges, educators can better understand their students and offer up the right type of support or resources at the right time. Some techniques that students do to overcome obstacles to find success in online classes:


  1. CHUNKING- Chunking can be used to break down large concepts to prevent overlearning and strain on your short term memory. For example, when learning operations on fractions in a Math class, you can chunk it into the following pieces: adding and subtracting fractions, mutiplying fractions, dividing fractions.
  2. THE POMODORO METHOD- With this technique, you work for 25 minutes on a task, then take a short 5 minute break. You repeat until you’ve worked through four 25 minute “Pomodoro” session. After that, you take a 30 minute break. The underlying goal of the method is to avoid procrastination and overlearning by giving yourself a reward for focused, hard work.


Only you can motivate yourself which is called internal motivation. Try setting smart goals for each class. Print out a blank transcript and write in your classes and desired grade based upon your goal. Tape the transcript where you can see it daily. In addition, write motivational quotes on Post it notes and place them on your bathroom mirror.


Create a next action list or to-do list and then prioritize the items on your list. Many students suggest beginning work on any larger assignments first since you might need to complete several small actions or to-do in order to finish. Try to break down work to daily tasks alongside smaller,one off assignment.


Don’t place too many items on your list that you know you can’t complete. This way, you’ll be able to complete your action list. Also, look closely at the items you’re placing on your list. It should boil down to three things: organize your list, prioritize and execute.


There are several ways to take notes as you listen to online lectures or videos. Some options or techniques include making notes, concept mapping and diagrams. Of course, it depends on the subject matter. Some people prefer informal note taking in the formal of bullet prints/notes. Whatever method you choose, review your notes within 24-48 hours to fill in the missing points.


Establish a new routine; schedule out time that you can study, take care of daily tasks and make time for yourself. Understand this is temporary and that you can adapt. Start meditation and other exercise to train your brain and attention span. Study in small sessions and take frequent breaks.

So, continue to follow your dreams and goals, and push through your online classes. Also, surround yourself with a good support group of friends.

What is an ipo?

IPO (Initial Public Offering) is a process by which a private company whose shares are only held by promoters goes public and offers its shares to public for holding or trading purposes for the first time. The shares get listed on stock exchanges of our country which are NSE (National Stock Exchange) or BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange).

Why does a company offers a IPO?

Every company needs money, IPO’s are usually offered when a huge amount of money is required by company because a lot of money is raised through an IPO. It may be for expansion of the company, repayment of debt, or for meeting general corporate purposes or any other reason. Getting listed on stock exchanges also increases liquidity, this opens up the path for stock options and attract traders. A public company can always issue more stocks. This makes acquisitions and mergers easy as the stocks can be issued as a part of the deal.

How does a company offer an IPO?

Companies hire investment banks to market, create demand, and set the IPO price and date, and more. The RDHP (red herring prospectus) is produced and submitted along with other documents, it is then verified by SEBI (Security and Exchange board of India). The RDHP file is most important document for retail investors and is a must read before applying for the IPO. A RDHP document contains all information about company like its profit, revenue, future plans, debt, etc.

Should we invest in the IPO?

Deciding for applying for an IPO of a new company is pretty much risky. Well, equity market itself is very much risky. So, how will be choose the right IPO for us, which will give us profit.

Since, there is no track record of past as company is going to list for first time. We can conduct background check on company. IPO prices usually fall after listing in gains, this is because of lock up period. A lockup period is period of time in which company executive and investors are not allowed to sell their shares, after end of lock-up period the share prices experience drops. Also, we can check up the valuations of the company like, on what P/E ratio they are trying to get listed, what is their segment and how much is their share in that segment market, who are its competitors? And etc. Do your own research on IPO but one should also consider asking his financial advisor or listening to the reviews of experts on things and one should consider their risk taking capacity and their risk to reward ratio.

How to apply for an IPO?

So, first of all if we want to apply for an IPO we need to have a demat account. Demat account is an account in which the shares purchased by an investor are held. One can open a demat account very easily as there are a lot of discount brokers present like Zerodha, Upstox, etc. The whole process of account opening is very easy and hassle free and an account can be opened within few minutes. Now, we can apply for the IPO via these apps or by Internet Banking through banks. If you use broker you need to pay through UPI, and if you apply via net banking the amount is blocked by bank in your account.


Picking the right IPO poses a bit of a challenge to investor, but if one is able to successfully overcome it, IPOs could be very rewarding and can give you great returns. So, stay alert, stay aware and Happy Investing!!!


Long queues for tickets, matinee shows, popcorns and sodas are staples when it comes to watching movies. When we look even back, there would be a common night for even watching TV. Many were not able to afford for a TV, and if a house had one, the whole neighborhood spent the Friday nights listening to cine songs.

Photo by August de Richelieu on

Then came TVs in almost every house, still not a common thing, but everyone knew what it was and some of the famous shows. Fashion started and ended by watching movies and televisions. Bell bottom pants, butterfly clips, favorite dialogues were all the rage for the teenagers of the 80s and 90s. It was a ritual to go to movie theaters and even a bigger deal to get the “First Day, First Show” tickets.

Now, stuck at home, every house with a smart TV and a OTT (Over The Top) subscription. The famous ones being Disney Hotstar+, Amazon Prime, Netflix, Zee5 etc. Netflix and chill has become a common phrase. And also this pandemic has seen a rise in the home food delivery which makes it even more “lethargic” in a sense.

Almost all of the movies are released in one or the other OTT platforms and we need to have every subscription, because who knows which movie will release where. The very sense of going to the theatre to get entertainment out of the house has been thrown out of the window.

Box office, Housefull, First class tickets, 10 rupees tickets which was the most popular and the fact of sitting so close near the screen, the screaming for the title card were all the signs that the movie is a successful one. Now, we don’t know whether it’s a hit or flop, unless it is the movie of a superstar.

Another thing is that, those days there would be only 5 to 10 movies a year, and a repetition of the same actor’s movie was rare. All the dialogues were memorized and played among friends as a sort of pastime. One of the benefits of OTT is obviously, the lack of crowd and there is safety and comfort of being in one’s own home. Other benefit is it opens a chance for every amateur actors and directors to have a chance to release their movies and short films, and not only in OTT, also in networks such as YouTube.

Photo by Pavel Danilyuk on

We are yet not sure about the situation in the environment. There are people who are crazy about the “FDFS” (First Day, First Show) and they miss the good old days. Even die hard fans of movie stars want to see their favorite actor/actress’ in the big screen to celebrate.

The TV networks are working hard to capture the attention of the public through various reality shows but since there are restrictions for the shooting activities, they are not able to give it their all. For some time, IPL fans were entertained, but it had to be stopped due to obvious reasons. It will be a relaxation that BCCI is planning to conduct the rest of the matches in UAE and soon too. Home makers and children alike were entertained with the Bigg Boss in their native languages but that also had to have a stop for the safety of the artists.

At the end of the day, the uncertainty of what might happen to the entertainment industry is a big question mark for those who have their livelihood depended on it. The OG fans are still waiting for the day when the world would be back to normal and for them to go to the theatres. Until then, OTT it is.


Le Morte d’Arthur :

Le Morte d’Arthur is a 15th-century Middle English prose transforming via way of means of Sir Thomas Malory of stories approximately the mythical King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin and the Knights of the Round Table—together with their respective folklore. Today, that is one of the best-regarded works of Arthurian literature. Many authors for the reason that 19th-century revival of the legend have used Malory as their primary source.


About the Author Sir Thomas Malory :

Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1415 – 14 March 1471) become an English writer, the writer or compiler of Le Morte d’Arthur, the conventional English-language chronicle of the Arthurian legend, posted through William Caxton in 1485. Malory’s identification has by no means been confirmed, however the likeliest candidate is Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revel in Warwickshire. He become as knight, politician, and a writer. Much of his existence records is obscure, however Caxton classifies him as a ‘knight prisoner’, reputedly reflecting a crook career, for which there’s adequate evidence, though he become additionally a prisoner-of-war all through the Wars of the Roses, wherein he supported both sides different times.

WhatsApp Lets You Change Voice Message Playback Speed: Here’s How

If there is one messaging app Indians love is WhatsApp. And despite the privacy-policy conundrum, many individuals still prefer using WhatsApp over other alternatives due to the convenience and the unique experience that it brings to the table.PAAnd now, WhatsApp has introduced another feature with voice messages that offer more control in recording and playback of these messages. WhatsApp Voice Message Playback Speed TweakThe new update (version 2.21.101) has just started rolling out in India and the feature allows playback of the voice message at different speeds, so in case a message is too long, or if the person is speaking really slowly, one can simply increase its playback speed and not waste time in understanding what the speaker is trying to convey.

The update brings the ability to increase the playback speed by two levels — 1.5x and 2x offering the ability to playback at 50 or 100 percent faster speeds than the original file. There is a small pill-shaped button to the right that shows the playback speed. Tapping on it would allow users to toggle between different speeds to suit their liking. INDIATIMESWhile this feature surely sounds cool, we would have also loved a feature that would allow people who send voice messages to hear the message before sending it to others — something that often results in embarrassing accidental voice notes being shared. Hopefully, WhatsApp includes that feature in its future updates.

Last week, WhatsApp Chief and Facebook CEO, in a conversation with WABetaInfo revealed how they were working on soon bringing multi-device support on WhatsApp enabling users to switch between four different devices on the fly. With this feature, they also plan on bridging WhatsApp to iPad — again something several iPad users have been asking for a while now. They also announced that they would be rolling out more open beta sign-ups for iOS users soon.

11 Tamil Nadu universities to offer online degrees from July

CHENNAI: As per a notification issued by the University grants commission,Anna University and 10 other institutions in have been allowed to offer fullfledged online degree programmes. Students will get a chance to enrol in nearly 80 online courses, including MCA,MBA, BBA, BCom, BCA, MA and MSc, from July this year.


Thirty-eight institutes from across the country, including Bharathidasan University, Alagappa University and Madurai Kamaraj University, now don’t require

UGC’s prior approval to start these programmes. At least six deemed universities in TN that are within the top 100 in NIRF ranking have also been allowed to offer these programmes. The institutions are gearing up with facilities such as studios and are hiring experts to prepare content for these online programmes.

BCA to MBA: Many online options on offer


S RM Institute of Science and Technology had applied for eight online degree programmes including BBA in digital marketing, MBA in business analytics, and MBA in marketing management. We launched an MBA online programme in February as we got the approval in January. The remaining programmes will be launched in July,” said Manoranjan Pon Ram, director, online education, SRM Institute of Science and Technology .From 2020 we started building technology infrastructure like hi-tech lab and academic preparation. The institute also prepared the SRM Online Learning Platform which can provide complete learning for students,” he said. Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science (HITS) has started the Centre for Open and Digital Education to start online degree programmes from 2021-22. “We have been preparing for the last one year and hiring experts to offer online degree programmes. We will include as many programmes as possible focusing on working professionals and homemakers,” said RW Alexander Jesudasan, pro-vice-chancellor, HITS. Sastra has got the permission to offer eight online degree programmes and started online degrees like BCom and BCA. “Our online degree programmes are AAA focusing on the demands of diverse working professionals,” said , vice-chancellor of Sastra.

By ;G Gnana Priya dharshini

About Sir Thomas Malory

Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1415 – 14 March 1471) become an English writer, the writer or compiler of Le Morte d’Arthur, the conventional English-language chronicle of the Arthurian legend, posted through William Caxton in 1485. Malory’s identification has by no means been confirmed, however the likeliest candidate is Sir Thomas Malory of Newbold Revel in Warwickshire. He become as knight, politician, and a writer. Much of his existence records is obscure, however Caxton classifies him as a ‘knight prisoner’, reputedly reflecting a crook career, for which there’s adequate evidence, though he become additionally a prisoner-of-war all through the Wars of the Roses, wherein he supported both sides different times.


Idylls of the King, published among 1859 andd 1885, could be a cycle of twelve narrative poems via means of means of the English poet Alfred, Lord Alfred Tennyson (1809–1892; Poet Laureate from 1850) that retells the legend of King Arthur, his knights, his love for Guenevere and her tragic betrayal of him, and therefore the rise and fall of Arthur’s kingdom. The Idylls are written in clean verse. Tennyson’s descriptions of nature are derived from observations of his terribly own surroundings, gathered over the direction of the many years. The dramatic narratives aren’t an epic each in form or tone, but derive elegiac unhappiness withinside the style of the idylls of Theocritus. Idylls of the King is frequently study as AN allegory of the social group conflicts in United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at some purpose of the mid-Victorian era. Alfred Tennyson altogether, totally his retelling primarily on Sir Thomas Malory’ LE Morte d’Arthur and therefore the Mabinogion.


  1. Tennyson amended the traditional spellings of several names to fit the metre but Malory did not use traditional spellings in his prose.
  2. In Malory’s version, Arthur is accompanied by two friends, Lucan and Bedivere, while Tennyson mentions only Bedivere.
  3. In Malory’s work Le Morte d’Arthur, Guinevere is sentenced to be burnt at the stake but is rescued by Lancelot, But In the Idylls of King, Guinevere flees to a convent, is forgiven by Arthur, repents, and serves in the convent until she dies.
  4.  Both authors recount the dream that Arthur sees shortly before his final clash with the enemy. However, according to Malory, the prediction that the king hears is not fixed. He should avoid fighting Mordred in order to live. Tennyson, on the other hand, makes the prediction of the dream final. Arthur will surely die.
  5. Malory prefaces the final battle with the scene of peace negotiations, Launcelot’s kinsmen requests the peace negotiations to king Arthur but Gawain rejects it which upsets Launcelot. But there is no such scene is found in Tennyson’s work Idylls of the King.
  6. In Le Morte d’Arthur, King Arthur was warned to not fight until Launcelot could rejoin Arthur, but in the fatal truce ceremony, a snake accidentally crosses a knight’s foot. Instinctively, he draws his sword to kill the snake, but this is misread as a sign of aggression and a betrayal of the peace terms. War breaks out at this point. This seemingly meaningless accident leads to the brutal battle that leaves only a handful of Camelot’s knights standing. Tennyson does not introduce this incident in his portrayal of the battle.
  7. In Le Morte d’Arthur, Arthur kills Mordred but is fatally wounded by him and dies, as Merlin has prophesied. But in Idylls of the King Arthur kills Mordred, but he is left ‘all but slain himself’ in line 169. So, the ending is doubt full.
  8. In Le Morte d’Arthur, Launcelot dies of illness. But in Idylls of the King Launcelot’s ending was not given. The poem ended as if Launcelot had disappeared.


water  is one of the most important substance on earth.All plants and animal must have water to survive .If there was no water there would be no life on earth  Apart from drinkiing it to survive ,people have many other uses of water

water delivers important nutrients to all of our cells,especially muscle cells ,postponing muscle fatigue .water helps weight loss .watee helps you feel full longer without adding additional calories


water is important to our everyday life and key to iur survival water plays many important roles to the body .requlating body temperature ,transpoting nutrients ,
Continue reading “Water”

Importance of Myth

The significance of myth is immeasurable—in literature, philosophy, records and lots of different components of human life. They were a massive a part of oral, written, and visible tale telling for actually hundreds of years; in fact, they were part of mankind’s whole records. Humans have constantly used myths to provide an explanation for herbal phenomena and life’s mysteries; for instance, Greek and Roman mythology served as each technology and faith in each cultures for centuries. To nowadays myths have a totally big and applicable region in cultural research and scholarship, and are represented throughout research in literature, faith, philosophy, and lots of different disciplines. Part of the appeal of myths is that the precise technique and cause in their improvement is unclear. For instance, a few pupils trust that myths are misguided debts of actual ancient events, even as others argue that the gods and goddesses have been personifications of items and matters in nature that historical guys worshiped.

Essay On The Poem, COROMANDEL FISHERS – Sarojini Naidu.

This poem the Coromandel fishers become written via way of means of Sarojini Naidu. She become a freedom fighter, and accompanied Mahatma Gandhi. Later she went directly to turn out to be the primary female president of the Indian National Congress. The poetess Sarojini Naidu become a prominent poet, famend freedom fighter and one of the best creators of her time. In the poem ‘The Coromandel Fishers’, she addresses the fishermen as brothers. She considers herself one among them. The poem is a call to the fishermen to collect their nets and set to stated to trap fish. Addressing them as their comrade, she calls them to enroll in her at the fishing expedition. She expresses her problem for them and asks them to upward push and at the spoil of sunrise to trap the jumping wealth of the tide. This facilitates in constructing a rapport with the fishermen. She considers them as her very own kith and kin. The poetess Sarojini Naidu possesses a pointy aesthetic sensibility and is an admirer of the various shades of nature. She has fantastically stated that the fishermen set out for the ocean at sunrise whilst the wind is still sound asleep as quietly as a infant that sleeps after crying the whole night. Everything round is quiet and calm.

This is an suitable time for the fishermen to set out their fishing task for the ocean amassing their nets and putting their catamarans unfastened and he or she additionally says the fishermen to now no longer be afraid because the God, who controls the Strom will defend them. The poetess calls all poets to head on a fishing excursion on the time of dawn and go back secure and sound through dusk. The fishermen who name themselves because the kings of the ocean love the beauty of the coconut glade, the heady fragrance of the mango grove, the golden sand on a complete moon night time and the voices of the birds on the destroy of day and the sound of the waves. But past these kind of they find the kiss of the spray and dance of untamed foam in pleasure some distance sweeter.

This poem, Coromandel Fishers, seems to be describing thefishermen and their day by day habitual however while study deeply understanding who Sarojini Naidu turned into (freedom fighter) and focusing on the socio-political fame of the time the poem turned into written, you may understand that it’s miles a name to rouse the human beings of India to come, combat for the liberty in their kingdom from the Britishers.

Note on Essay

The word ‘essay’ is derived from a Latin word ‘exagium’, which roughly interprets to offering one’s case? So essays are a quick piece of writing epresenting one’s facet of the argument or one’s rexperiences, stories, etc. Essays are very personalized. An essay is commonly a quick piece of writing outlining the author’s attitude or tale. It is regularly considered synonymous with a tale or a paper or an article. Essay may be formal as properly as casual.Formal essays are commonly instructional in nature and address critical topics, at the same time as casual essays are greater private and regularly have funny elements.Format of Essay incorporates Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. The sort of essay will depend upon what the author wants to bring to his reader. There are extensively 4 kinds of essays. They are,Narrative Essay,Descriptive Essay,Expository Essay,Persuasive Essay. An best essay has 300 – 500 words.

Summary of the poem : “A very Indian poem in Indian English” – Nissim Ezekiel.

The writer could choose peace and non – violence. He is at a loss for words and couldn’t apprehend why others aren’t following Gandhi’s advice, even as on this estimate he’s positive that the historical Indian know-how is correct. Contrastively the present day technology takes it to something is western and elegant and are neglecting too much. Like different Indians, he too has to enhance his English language so he reads “Times of India” newspaper daily. The scholar hobby and petty agitations make him experience sickening line Antony’s enchantment to the Roman mob, he’s going to name upon the guy residents to think about the beyond masters. Still the effective factors like regeneration, remuneration and birth control might be concept of as a manner out of the prevailing muddle. One can truely desire for the higher destiny however ought to be patient. In order to break out from that that’s disgusting, he desires to have a cup of lassi that’s superb for digestion. It may be taken as equal to the western wine if simplest a touch salt is delivered to make it a adorable drink. The poet confesses that he’s the whole abstainer from beverages or is a complete teetotaler and tells us that wine is taken with the aid of using addicts to gunch themselves. The poet attempts to get hold of the antique Gandhian days. The gift situations all around the global talk of a horrific fashion that deliver an area to the manufacturing of risky guns and attempt to be advanced to others. The poet asks what we think about potentialities of globalwide peace and wonders whether or not the arena is actually in peace because the nations of the arena regularly tie with every different in maintaining themselves beforehand of others on this mad aggressive global. This retrace regularly ends in conflicts ensuing in lack of valuable human lives. If simplest one considers the opposite because the brother and tolerate one another, the fashion might be changed. India is a land wherein the precept of ‘harmony in Diversity’ is practiced. Here many groups stay collectively despite the fact that there are a few problems. This best scenario wherein one Co-exists with the opposite is defined as Ram Rajya with the aid of using the poet and is positive that Ram Rajya could come. He offers the hand of friendliness to the tourist and expects him to return back again. The poet is positive while he says that he enjoys each second of precise company. So, he ends the poem with the aid of using announcing that he does now no longer experience the need of celebrating ceremonies.

Gender equity

Frail, Rosy, confinements… Somehow these words have become synonymous with women. What if I tell you that it’s merely a mindset or perspective, Will you agree with me ?

Have you ever wondered why great legend like Wordsworth wanted the reaper to be a women instead of a men in his poem ‘The Solitary Reaper’ ?

The question that pierced me most was, Don’t guys or the so called menfolk like and use pink, don’t they cry, mourn,… if so then why not ? Why is a girl indicated by pink and not any other color she likes ? Why does jungle have a king Lion but not a Queen lioness ??

I heard my grandmother saying to my 5 year old cousin brother that neither can he get a pink bicycle nor can he cry when he gets hurt just because he is a boy… How can emotions and fondness differ based on gender ??

Crying does not mean you’re feminine, frail and Not crying does not mean you’re manly. Charlotte Bronte beautifully quotes about this, “Crying does not indicate that you are weak. Since birth it has always been a sign that you are alive”.

Let’s understand that real men or women are the ones that treat everyone equally without any gender bias, it does not depend upon the color they favor and the emotions they use.


“ This is not men vs. women issue. It’s about people vs. prejudice ”.




The court was informed that the content has already been removed (Representational)

New Delhi: Instagram has informed the Delhi High Court that it removed certain objectionable content relating to Hindu gods and goddesses posted by a user on its platform.
Justice Rekha Palli also issued notice and sought response of Facebook and Instagram on a plea seeking direction to implement Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Ethics Code) Rules 2021 in its true letter and spirit.

The court was informed by senior advocate Mukul Rohatgi, representing Facebook which owns Instagram, that the content has already been removed and assured that keeping in view the grievance raised by the petitioner, the respondents will not disseminate the copies of the petition to any unrelated third party.

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He also submitted that a Grievance Officer has already been appointed by Facebook under the new IT Rules, and the person concerned will also function in the same capacity for Instagram.

The court also issued notice and sought response of the Centre on a prayer that the government and the social media networks be directed to discharge their executive, statutory and all other obligations in relation to the IT Rules without any delay and listed the matter for further hearing on August 16 before the regular bench.

A Eulogium to an Indian actor-SSR

Sushant Singh Rajput was a phenomenal Indian actor. The man who played the main role in the sports biopic movie of honorable Shri. Mahendra Singh Dhoni. From kai po che to MS Dhoni, he left all of us dumbstruck with his performance. Dil bechara was the toughest thing to watch. But, only he after left people realized that he was not just an excellent actor, but a guy who dreamt of stars and watched them from his balcony. It’s been a year since he left us in the big blue hole and the harsh realities of life, the world is starting to forget, but things have not changed when it comes to him, we still adore him the way we used to, listening all his dialogues and songs on low keys. I still read his dreams which he had written in his handwriting and still hoping to make mine true one day.

We hope, he is in a better space right now and away from this world, that this world never deserved some beautiful person like you. It’s not that, he lost the world, the world lost you. It failed to cherish and value his presence and now we all are trying to sympathize with his absence. The void he left as a human can never be filled. But we truly wish that he will get justice, the artist he was at least deserves the truth. He will remembered over years no matter what.

We don’t know what he did, why he did, but we all know is, he was a thing of beauty, a plethora of gutwrenching dreams, of madness, of intellect, of passion, of soul, of the universe, he is everything but ordinary. He never gave up, whether it’s physics, acting, or love.

We hope, he is at peace with a telescope in his hand. Heaven needed a hero, somebody like you. We hope heaven smiled when they witnessed you.  we can’t change the reality, but you inspired millions, and the impact you left behind as a human will always stay.

Nowadays, passion is considered overrated and presence has become underrated. To all the people out there, depressions don’t have any face or language, be kind to even smiling faces.

His loss seems something personal to all of us. To all those who dare to dream big, he is still an inspiration. Especially every small-town guy dares to dream big to achieve his success. His name itself legacy, the legacy of taking care of others. And for that, he will remain forever in our hearts and till we survive here, we will try to encourage the dreams of many and will work to fulfill them, thus making this world kinder, just like he wished. He might leave the world, but his smile has stuck by our side in the toughest times. These names are engraved in the pages of history with golden letters. He is still alive in the hearts of millions of fans.

Sharing one of his writings here,

As long as you were,

I was.

now just in your memories

I come alive

like a shadow.

just a flicker.

Time doesn’t move here.

it’s beautiful.

it’s forever.

– Sushant Singh Rajput.


Elon musk was called as Elon Reeve Musk was born on June 28, 1971 is to a Canadian mother and South African father and raised in Pretoria, South Africa. Elon is father and mother had a problem between them always so they have been separated and Elon stayed with his father. Elon and his father did not have a good relationship between them what Elson is doing is not liked by his father and what his father is doing is not liked by Elson. In that time he was totally alone that time he was reading the books even now to he used to read books before sleeping. He was reading books through that he got intrest of going to the moon. In that time only the first man Neil Armstrong landed in moon. So the passion that we must send people out of this earth grew more and more. Elson started reading many books at the same time his intrest grew on computer he studied that also. He himself created a video game and got more money from selling the video game. As his father and mother are separated he didn’t mingle with anyone in class he was a lonely student so all were making fun of him one fine day Elon was pushed by other students from the stairs he was taken to hospital. Elon was not happy in home and school somehow he managed and finished his schooling and he finished his college and wants to finish his PhD but within two days he left the college. He wants to gain more money so to achieve his dream so he started a company that is like a map route it was helpful for other companies for the door delivering so they came towards his company he sold that company either than that he cannot do anything. He started another company as money transaction it is called as Paypal then E bay tried to buy this but others those who invest in Paypal was worrying Elon that we can give our company to him but Elon didn’t want to happen he had some files of Paypal they thought that e will speak about that or will do something with that but he was so quite. As other investors tried to sell they sold but Elon got more amounts because he had some files of Paypal. Then he told this plan NASA told that it will take about some million amount to make a rocket then he studied if we buy only it will take so much if we do it will not like that only space x company was stared then he collected some members with their help he sent 3 rockets but the three did not go out of the earth first rocket burst, second came back in a short distance and third rocket went came and fell into the sea. In the other side he was making electric cars Tesla and solar energy he was working on it on other side. Then one day NASA asked help from Elon then he sent a rocket without any issue it went to eclipse. Then without any stop they continued it at that time Elon found that rocket is going in a waste so he thought after the purpose is over it must come back to the world. Then he read many books succeeded in that also. He is becoming a successful through this he is not wasting any money. Elon musk had many problems in his life but he did not get up of his dream he worked for it and succeeded in all his dream.



Everyone is busy in their lives and dealing with lots of stress and tension. In the busy time span, one has to keep a balance between work and recreational activities. Recreational activities enable the human body to utilize the mind and body in a positive and healthy way to keep the body active and engaged. Indeed, most of us forgotten about the fruitfulness of recreational activities.

Recreational activities empower people to utilize leisure time effectively. People can play indoor games, indulge in gossips with friends, walk in the playgrounds or walking areas, go to the gym, play with children, play with pets, listen to music, go on a date with bae or can organize a get together with friends. Hence, these recreational activities keep the body healthy and engaged. Here are some recreational activities to go for.

Spending time with family is the best way to get rid of the stress of the daily routine. People do not consider spending time with family members but it is not a good approach. Spending quality time with family members keeps the mind and body healthy and fresh. One can do many activities with their family member to avoid the stress and exertion of the whole day. Many indoor and outdoor activities can be performed. In the indoor activity, an amazing movie can be watched together. In outdoor activity badminton or volleyball can be played with family members.

Life is incomplete without good friends. Bond of friends should be retained throughout life to make life happier. But in normal days of life, due to the busy schedule, we are unable to communicate with our friends frequently. So, meetings and kitty parties should be arranged to keep in touch with friends. Communication with friends at regular intervals assists the people to share their problems and get relaxed by avoiding stress. Therefore, gossiping with friends is a good recreational activity to maintain the best relationship with friends.

Physical fitness is important to live a happier and healthier life. So, the involvement of the body in recreational activities like yoga, walk, and aerobics is compulsory. Physical activities control the heart rate of the body and prevent the body from various diseases so one will be able to live happily.

Positive mind incorporates the happiness in life. A healthy mind will stay away from the stress and anxiety through the incorporation of the recreational activities in daily routine. Plus, one will be able to stay focused on their work just because of the recreational activities. Even, it builds confidence in one’s personality to a large extent. Hence, people will be able to adopt a healthy lifestyle.

Success in life is the dream of every individual. But due to continuous and hectic working schedule in daily routine without the incorporation of the recreational activities make the life robotic. So, to achieve the level of success in life, one has to plan recreational activities in daily routine. Henceforth, standards of life should be maintained to live healthier, happier, and stronger.



As Esports continues to be recognised as a proper sporting career path in many regions of the world, most of India still lacks the mentality to promote competitive gaming as a sport on its own. Esports Federation of India (ESFI) director Lokesh Suji, who believes Esports is the only sport that can outrun cricket, India’s most popular sport right now, shares his mind with  some big newspaper companies on hurdles that are stopping India from making the most of the vast gaming potential of the country.

Esports is different from casual gaming

One of the primary barriers in India is the confusion over what can and cannot be classified as Esports. Competitive Esport games like Dota, FIFA, Counter-Strike or Fortnite are often put in the same boat as games like Teen Patti, Rummy, Poker and Fantasy Sports, which are more casual, chance-based titles, sometimes allowing players to make real-life money.

Suji refers to these titles as igaming and not Esports and suggests they cannot be compared. “Esports is a sport recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Olympic Council of Asia (OCA),” he shares, adding that Esports will be a medal sport in Asian Games’22. “Esports is solely dependent on your own skill. You cannot win in a video game competition of FIFA (a video game series based on football) by chance. You need to have the skill to win,” explains Suji.

“There are 100+ countries that have Esports federations working under their sports framework,” says Suji speaking on the growth of Esports in many other countries. Malaysia, he says, has allocated a budget equivalent of Rs 50 Crore for Esports development. “Governments of countries like Korea, Denmark, Finland, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Macedonia, Ukraine, Brazil, Russia, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Georgia, South Africa, Serbia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, etc, have already recognised Esports as a sport and have put it under the sports framework and policies.”

However, the sport still awaits government backing in India. Suji explains that when Esports was a part of the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta as a demonstrative event, India won the Bronze Medal. ”India will be the next powerhouse for Esports. We have approximately 300 million Esports enthusiasts,” Suji says, mentioning that the growth of Esports in India was clearly visible throughout the 2020 covid pandemic, in events, streaming and viewership.

Cancer and depression

A cancer diagnosis can have a substantial impact on mental health and wellbeing. Depression and anxiety may hinder cancer treatment and recovery, as well as quality of life and survival. We argue that more research is needed to prevent and treat co-morbid depression and anxiety among people with cancer and that it requires greater clinical priority. For background and to support our argument, we synthesise existing systematic reviews relating to cancer and common mental disorders, focusing on depression and anxiety.

We searched several electronic databases for relevant reviews on cancer, depression and anxiety from 2012 to 2019. Several areas are covered: factors that may contribute to the development of common mental disorders among people with cancer; the prevalence of depression and anxiety; and potential care and treatment options. We also make several recommendations for future research. Numerous individual, psychological, social and contextual factors potentially contribute to the development of depression and anxiety among people with cancer, as well as characteristics related to the cancer and treatment received. Compared to the general population, the prevalence of depression and anxiety is often found to be higher among people with cancer, but estimates vary due to several factors, such as the treatment setting, type of cancer and time since diagnosis. Overall, there are a lack of high-quality studies into the mental health of people with cancer following treatment and among long-term survivors, particularly for the less prevalent cancer types and younger people. Studies that focus on prevention are minimal and research covering low- and middle-income populations is limited.


Freedom fighters were people who sacrificed their lives selflessly for the freedom of their country. Every country has its fair share of  freedom fighters.People look up to them in terms of patriotism and love for one’s country. They are considered the epitome of patriotic people.

Freedom fighters made sacrifices which one cannot even imagine of doing for their loved ones, leave alone the country. The amount of pain, hardships, and opposite they have endured cannot be put into words. The generations after them will always be indebted to them for their selfless sacrifices and hard work.

One cannot emphasize enough on the importance of freedom fighters. After all, they are the ones because of whom we celebrate Independence Day. No matter how small a role they played, they are very much significant today as they were in those times. Moreover, they revolted against the colonizers so as to stand up for the country and its people.

Furthermore, most of the freedom fighters even went to war to safeguard the freedom of their people. It did not matter that they had no training; they did it for the pure intention of making their country free. Most of the freedom fighters sacrificed their lives in the war for independence.

Most importantly, freedom fighters inspired and motivated others to fight injustice. They are the pillars behind the freedom movement. They made people aware of their rights and their power. It is all because of the freedom fighters that we prospered into a free country free from any kind of colonizers or injustice.


Nature writing is nonfiction or fiction prose or poetry about the natural environment. Nature writing encompasses a wide variety of works, ranging from those that place primary emphasis on natural history facts (such as field guides) to those in which philosophical interpretation predominate. It includes natural history essays, poetry, essays of solitude or escape, as well as travel and adventure writing.
Nature writing often draws heavily on scientific information and facts about the natural world; at the same time, it is frequently written in the first person and incorporates personal observations of and philosophical reflections upon nature.
Modern nature writing traces its roots to the works of natural history that were popular in the second half of the 18th century and throughout the 19th. An important early figures was the “parson-naturalist” Gilbert White (1720 – 1793),[2] a pioneering English naturalist and ornithologist. He is best known for his Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne (1789).
William Bartram (1739 – 1823) is a significant early American pioneer naturalist who first work was published in 1791.
Nature” is an essay written by Ralph Waldo Emerson, and published by James Munroe and Company in 1836. In this essay Emerson put forth the foundation of transcendentalism, a belief system that espouses a non-traditional appreciation of nature.
Different types of nature writing books can include: factual books such as field guides, natural history told through essays, poetry about the natural world, literary memoir and personal reflections. Typically, nature writing is writing about the natural environment. It allows for reflection, guided thoughts, metaphors and a glimpse into the mind of another. Nature writing and nature writing reading help us to see things with new, focused, eyes. For the writer, nature can provide a muse. To write it, nature writing begs us to pause, to think, to notice and to attune our senses.



An eating disorder is directly associated with the eating habits of an individual. Due to the disturbance in eating habits, one can have a negative impact on health. Eating habits not only affect health but also affects all functions of the body to work properly. Even it affects the emotions of an individual. Eating disorders may affect the digestive system, bones, or may cause other diseases in the body.

Most of the time eating disorders will occur when one is starting a diet to lose weight or gain weight. Consequently, it will lead to a dangerous eating habit which in result causes an eating disorder. Eating disorders mostly develop in teens and youngsters. The eating disorder occurs due to a number of reasons. It also has some types and symptoms that will also be highlighted here.

The most common types of eating disorders are Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder. People who come in the category of Anorexia nervosa have fear to gain weight. Therefore, they avoid consuming an adequate amount of food. They always perceive that they are overweight but in the actual condition, they are underweight. So Anorexia causes weakness, infertility, heart rate problems or brain damage.

People who are suffering from Bulimia nervosa eating disorder may also assume that they are overweight. They involve their bodies in excessive exercise and the use of laxatives. They use laxatives medicines excessively because they remain unhappy with their body size and shape. As a result, they have to face the problem of dehydration.

It is observed that individuals who are suffering from Binge eating disorder may lose control over their eating habits. They have an intense feeling of distress and guilt. It may occur due to a heartbreak or nervous breakdown. Also, they do not follow the regular patterns of exercises from their daily routine habit.

Normally emotional people and people with sensitive digestive systems suffer from an eating disorder. It is because they have psychological problems. People with a lack of confidence and low self-esteem suffer from an eating disorder. Depressed and people who are facing problems in managing their relationships are also victims of an eating disorder.

The disorder is also a genetic issue that will transfer from generation to generation. Furthermore, people who remain in tension, stress, and depression may also face an eating disorder.

Several symptoms have been observed in people who are suffering from eating disorders. Weight fluctuations in the body occur on a large scale. Further, people remain underweight due to the habit of vomiting after every meal. People suffering from eating disorders, preferably avoid having friends to socialize, avoid get-togethers and family functions.

An eating disorder should be not neglected as it has a disastrous impact on the overall health of the human body. If a person you are close to shows such symptoms of the eating disorder, then the person must be advised to visit the doctor for the proper medication because it is not curable at home. Medical help in this matter enables the individual to move on from his current depressed state of mind with proper medication and treatment.





Only 10 percent of people are provided with pure natural milk and other 90 percent of people’s inability to have fresh and unadulterated milk is the reason that leads to many health issues. The unchecked sale of adulterated milk is causing serious health problems to the masses.




Milk is one of the most important natural food consumed by humans. It contains vitamins, enzymes, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Milk is an ideal food for people of all ages. It strengthens the bones, teeth, muscles. Moreover, it lowers the risk of heart diseases, cancer, osteoporosis, and osteoarthritis. All these milk benefits can be obtained by consuming pure milk. Unfortunately, more than 50 percent of milk dealers and more than 80 percent of companies are selling unhealthy milk and dairy products.


The main reasons behind the delivery of contaminated milk are that it is stored in barrels that are used to transport chemicals. Preservatives and chemicals are added to keep it good for a longer period. Contaminated water is added to increase the milk quantity. Adulterants like urea, formalin, detergents, ammonium sulphate, acids, hydrogen peroxide, sugars, and melamine are added to the milk that has some serious adverse health effects.


Recently, the Punjab Health Authority tested around 52 samples of milk collected from all parts of the province and only 27 of them were good enough to be consumed. In KPK, the situation was even deplorable and the majority of the consumption was of unhealthy milk. According to another survey, 12 most famous packaged milk brands were involved in adulteration of milk. The official report stated that only two milk brands were found safe to be consumed out of 200 brands tested.


We buy packaged milk from shops by trusting the milk brands. Although its packaging is ISO certified and the color of milk looks pure, but the reality is that highly harmful chemicals are added to give its good natural look. Toddlers and kids are given such milk by their mothers which leads to many deadly diseases later in their life like hepatitis, bone diseases, skin problems, and prostate cancer.




It is nothing new to add water to pure milk to increase its quantity. In can be noticed by the lightness of milk, but the milk providers have now started to add new chemicals like soap, formalin, and washing powder and urea to make the milk thick again and therefore these adulteration goes unnoticed. The causes are diarrhea, typhoid, allergies, cancer, and brucellosis.


Milk is the most consumed natural product and it is used to make many other dairy products. Therefore, contaminated milk will only make other contaminated dairy products. Companies and local milk dealers do all these criminal activities to make more profit from selling less pure milk. Poverty stricken society of Pakistan have no other option but to continue buying them. Food authorities are least concerned with these criminal activities done by milk sellers and famous companies. The government needs to devise a plan to crack down on the unchecked sale of adulterated milk, bring all these companies and milk sellers under the law and heavily fine them for noncompliance.







The liver is the largest organ of the body. It serves many functions such as detoxification and metabolism of many drugs and chemicals. The liver’s main job is to filter the blood coming from the digestive tract before it circulates throughout the body.




The liver produces bile, which helps to digest and break down fats, cholesterol, and vitamins. The liver has certain cells called the Kupffer cells that are involved in the destruction of disease-causing agents to help the immune system that might enter the gut through the liver.


Inflammation of the liver, a condition known as hepatitis occurs due to certain viruses, drugs or alcohol abuse and due to autoimmune diseases.


In Pakistan, there are about 15 million cases of hepatitis, which makes the country have the highest number of cases in the world. The disease does not occur and disappear, but it may last and cause several complications. It can be proven fatal if not treated.



Hepatitis A is caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). The mode of transmission is through the fecal-oral route. It can also spread through direct and indirect contact with the infected person, close relation with the infected person or sexual relation with the infected person.




Ingesting the contaminated water and food can also be the reason for hepatitis. Initially in the infection viremia occurs, but the bloodborne transmission of HAV is uncommon.


The symptoms in all types of hepatitis are the same that include jaundice, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine and diarrhea which is specific to Hepatitis A.


Children of less than 6 years of age and older adults are more prone to it. It usually does not cause any chronic complications after acute infection. There is no specific treatment. Vaccination is available and effective under the age of one.



Hepatitis B is caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). Percutaneous or exposed skin if you get in contact with infectious blood, semen, and other body fluids can cause HBV.


It is transferred from one infected person to another through sexual contact when an infected mother gives birth and by sharing needles and drug equipment. HBV is less likely to occur through organ transplants and or using other personal equipment like razors, toothbrushes or contact with open sores of an infected person.


The symptoms are the same as HAV excluding diarrhea. A few percentages of the people get a chronic infection following HBV like cirrhosis or liver failure. The only treatment is to get vaccinated and take preventive measures.



Hepatitis C is caused by the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). The mode of transmission is through direct or indirect contact. Sexual contact with an infected person, exposure to body fluids transfer the disease in a healthy person.


The indirect mode of transfer is through infected needles and surgical instruments. The signs and symptoms are fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, and related pains and complications. The treatment of acute HCV is considered, but there is no vaccine for it.