Micro- organisms are associated with how infants experience dread!

The human stomach related framework is home to an immense local area of microorganisms known as the gut microbiome. The MSU-UNC research group found that the gut microbiome was diverse in babies with solid dread reactions and newborn children with milder reactions.These dread reactions – how somebody responds to a terrifying circumstance – in early life can be pointers of future psychological wellness. Furthermore, there is developing proof tying neurological prosperity to the microbiome in the gut.The new discoveries recommend that the gut microbiome could one day furnish scientists and doctors with another device to screen and support sound neurological turn of events. This early formative period is a period of enormous freedom for advancing solid mental health, said the head of the new investigation distributed June 2 in the diary Nature Communications.The microbiome is an energizing new objective that can be possibly utilized for that.Studies of this association and its part in dread reaction in creatures drove Knickmeyer, a partner educator in the College of Human Medicine’s Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, and her group to search for something comparable in people. Also, concentrating how people, particularly little youngsters, handle dread is significant on the grounds that it can help conjecture psychological wellness sometimes.

Fear responses are a typical piece of kid improvement. Kids ought to know about dangers in their current circumstance and be prepared to react to them. In any case, on the off chance that they can’t hose that reaction when they’re protected, they might be at uplifted danger to foster nervousness and sorrow later on in life.On the opposite finish of the reaction range, kids with particularly quieted dread reactions may proceed to foster insensitive, apathetic characteristics related with solitary conduct, Knickmeyer said.To decide if the gut microbiome was associated with dread reaction in people, Knickmeyer and her colleagues planned a pilot concentrate with around 30 babies. The specialists chose the accomplice cautiously to keep whatever number elements affecting the gut microbiome as predictable as could be allowed. For instance, the entirety of the youngsters were breastfed and none was on antibiotics.The scientists then, at that point described the kids’ microbiome by investigating feces tests and surveyed a kid’s dread reaction utilizing a basic test: seeing how a kid responded to somebody going into the room while wearing a Halloween cover.

We truly needed the experience to be charming for both the children and their folks. The guardians were there the entire time and they could bounce in at whatever point they needed. These are actually the sorts of encounters babies would have in their ordinary lives.Compiling all the information, the specialists saw huge relationship between explicit highlights of the gut microbiome and the strength of baby dread responses.For model, youngsters with lopsided microbiomes at multi month old enough were more unfortunate at 1 year old enough. Lopsided microbiomes are overwhelmed by a little arrangement of microorganisms, though even microbiomes are more balanced.The analysts likewise found that the substance of the microbial local area at 1 year old enough identified with dread reactions. Contrasted and less unfortunate kids, babies with uplifted reactions had a greater amount of certain kinds of microscopic organisms and less of others.

The group, nonetheless, didn’t notice an association between the kids’ gut microbiome and how the youngsters responded to outsiders who weren’t wearing covers. Knickmeyer said this is likely because of the various pieces of the cerebrum engaged with preparing conceivably alarming situations.With outsiders, there is a social component. So kids may have a social attentiveness, however they don’t consider aliens to be quick dangers. At the point when kids see a veil, they don’t consider it to be social. It goes into that no fuss appraisal part of the mind. As a component of the examination, the group additionally imaged the kids’ cerebrums utilizing MRI innovation. They tracked down that the substance of the microbial local area at 1 year was related with the size of the amygdala, which is important for the mind engaged with conveying fast choices about expected intimidations.

Drawing an obvious conclusion proposes that the microbiome may impact how the amygdala creates and works. That is one of many fascinating conceivable outcomes revealed by this new examination, which the group is presently attempting to imitate. Knickmeyer is additionally getting ready to fire up new lines of request with new joint efforts at IQ, posing new inquiries that she’s eager to answer.We have an extraordinary chance to help neurological wellbeing early on.Our long haul objective is that we’ll realize how we can deal with cultivate sound development and improvement.



A Transformer is an electrical device which works on principle of Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction. It transfers electrical power from one circuit to the other circuit by electromagnetic induction. It is a passive electrical device. It used for increasing low AC voltages at high current (called as step-up transformer) or decreasing high AC voltages at low current (called as step-down transformer), which is required for transmission and distribution of electricity.

Parts of Transformer:

A transformer has three main parts:

  • Primary Winding: It is connected to an external AC source and its purpose is to produce magnetic flux inside of transformer.
  • Secondary Winding: The flux produced by primary winding passes through the core and gets linked with the secondary winding. This winding is also present on the same core and provides the output of the transformer.
  • Magnetic Core: The flux produced by the primary winding, that will pass through this low reluctance path linked with secondary winding and create a closed magnetic circuit.

How does a Transformer work?

In a transformer there are two Windings (coils) which are called as ‘primary coil’ and ‘secondary coil’ of transformer. These coils are wound up on a soft iron core on the two opposite sides. So, when the AC voltage is connected with primary winding, an alternating flux is produced inside of transformer and surrounds the primary winding. Now if another coil is brought closer to this primary coil, the continuously changing flux will get linked with the coil and induce a voltage in it according to Faraday Law of Electromagnetic Induction and the current will flow in the circuit attached to the winding. The voltage may be higher or lower than supplied voltage depending upon the number of turns of coils. The winding which gives the output voltage due to voltage induced in it is known as the ‘secondary winding’ and the winding in which the AC voltage is provided is called ‘primary winding’.

Now, increase or decrease in voltage by transformer depends upon the number of turns present in secondary and primary winding. If there are more turns on the primary coil than the secondary coil than the voltage will decrease, which means transformer will work as a step down transformer and if there are less turns on the primary coil than the secondary coil than the voltage will increase, which means the transformer will work as a step up transformer.

Now, both these winding are wound up on a same magnetic core which is usually of soft iron. This is done because in open air very little flux will get linked with secondary winding and the current induced will be very small. That’s why we use magnetic core or soft iron core, whose purpose is to provide a low reluctance path, through which the maximum amount of flux produced by the primary winding is passed through and linked with the secondary winding.

Some important formulae related to transformer are,

The transformer turns ratio is the number of turns of the primary winding divided by the number of turns of the secondary coil. Denoted by K.

No. of turns in primary coil = Np                       No. of turns in secondary coil = Ns

Voltage in primary coil = Vp                                     Voltage in secondary coil = Vs

                                                       Np/Ns = Vp/Vs = Is/Ip K

Emf Equation of Transformer:

Erms = 4.44fNΦmax where,

f = flux frequency in Hz = ω/2π,

N= Number of turns in winding

Φmax = Maximum flux

Erms= RMS value of EMF.

Mental health during lockdown

Quarantine and Isolation

Extended periods of ‘lockdown,’ in which entire populations were urged to remain in their homes save to obtain necessary supplies, care for others, or exercise, were one of the most critical public health measures taken during the COVID-19 epidemic.

The epidemic of COVID-19 and the resulting limitations enforced by governments around the world have had significant social and psychological consequences, particularly for young adults.

Isolation and social distancing measures have been used over the world to safeguard against the possibility of COVID-19 infection. On these reasons, different governments have been implementing regional and national containment measures or lockdowns since January 2020.


The lockdown restrictions have had a significant influence on the mental health of every individuals. Everybody have felt overwhelmed and stressed hence mental health deteriorated.

Effects of Lockdown

  • psychological impact : Young carers need more psychological support in dealing with day-to-day life, according to the study, as well as more access to peer support, whether online or in person.
  • loneliness: Loneliness is a major risk factor for children’s and young people’s mental health and well-being during lockdown. Increases in children and young people experiencing loneliness may be linked to mental health problems in children and young people, according to a fast evaluation of the connection between loneliness and mental health.
  • Anxiety: Concerns about the future and school Worries and concerns about their education (all ages), missing school (all ages), transitions and being away from school (primary school age), academic pressures (secondary school age), their career (young adults) are among the other factors influencing the mental health and wellbeing of children and young people, according to emerging evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic. Lack of social interaction, boredom, inability to attend school, financial concerns, and general anxiety about the future are all factors that have an affect on mental health and wellness.
  • Family issues: The effects of quarantine on both the relational familial situations in which children and young people are isolating, as well as the implications on the mental health and wellbeing of parents and caregivers in general, is a significant concern.Such traumatic occurrences can include, but are not limited to, witnessing or experiencing domestic violence, abuse, and neglect, as well as substance misuse, mental health issues, parental separation, and a general lack of sense of safety, stability, and connectedness. Similarly, social isolation and loneliness have been found to have a deleterious impact on adult mental health outcomes.
  • Insufficient resources: The length of isolation, fear of infection, frustration and boredom, and insufficient resources and information are all elements that have been found to affect stresses and wellbeing.
  • Financial instability: Concerns about finances, family life, and the future According to emerging findings from the COVID-19 epidemic, many individuals are apprehensive or concerned about the future. Adults who are unemployed, in particular, have reported struggling19, with a quarter of this group feeling hopeless, with key concerns about financial stability.
  • Depression: Sleep deprivation was found to be strongly linked to an increase in depression symptoms. A decrease in alcohol consumption was also seen, as well as a significant change toward a ‘evening’ diurnal preference. Depression are likely to increase suicidal thoughts.


The goal of this article is to offer an overview of the evidence on the mental health and wellbeing effects of lockdown on children and young people during the COVID-19 epidemic and other analogous incidents in the past.

Black Fungus: A Threat to Eyes

200,000 Amphotericin B doses used in black fungus treatment reaches India |  Latest News India - Hindustan Times

Mucormycosis, also known as black fungus, is a rare but dangerous Infection. Its caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes and often affects the sinuses, lungs, skin and brain. You can inhale the mold spores or come into contact with them in Things like soil, rotting produce or bread, or compost piles.

Symptoms of Mucormycosis

The symptoms of mucormycosis will depend on where in your body the fungus is growing.

 They may include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling on one side of your face
  • Headache
  • Sinus congestion
  • Black lesions on the bridge of your nose or the inside of your mouth
  • Belly pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Diarrhea

If your skin is infected, the area can look blistered, red, or swollen. It might turn black or feel warm or painful. The infection can also spread to other parts of your body through your blood. This is called disseminated mucormycosis. When this happens, the fungus can affect organs like your spleen and heart. In severe cases, you may have changes to your mental state or go into a coma. It can even be deadly.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Mucormycosis-

If you suspect mucormycosis, your doctor will give you a physical exam and ask about your medical history. Let them know if you’ve been around spoiled foods or other places in which fungal spores are often found. If it looks like you have a lung or sinus infection, your doctor may take a sample of the fluid from your nose or throat and send it to be tested in a lab. They might also do a tissue biopsy, taking out a small piece of infected tissue for testing. Your doctor may do imaging tests like CT or MRI scans to find out whether the infection has spread to your brain or other organs. If you’re diagnosed with mucormycosis, you should start treatment as soon as possible with prescription antifungal medications. These medicines stop the growth of the fungus, destroy it, and bring the infection under control.

You might take:

  • Amphotericin B
  • Isavuconazole
  • Posaconazole

You get these medications through a vein (intravenous or IV) or as pills that you swallow. Your doctor may start with high doses through an IV until the infection is under control, which can take several weeks. Then, you’ll switch to pills. Let your doctor know if a medication has troublesome side effects like stomach pain, heartburn, or trouble breathing. They may be able to change your treatment plan. In severe cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove infected or dead tissue to keep the fungus from spreading. This might include removing parts of your nose or eyes. It can be disfiguring. But it’s crucial to treat this life-threatening infection.

  • Blindness
  • Blood clots or blocked vessels
  • Nerve damage

Mucormycosis can be deadly without treatment. Because the infection is so rare, the exact mortality rate isn’t clear. But researchers estimate that overall, 54% of people with mucormycosis die. The likelihood of death depends on which part of the body is affected. The outlook is better for people who have sinus infections than it is for lung or brain infections.

Mucormycosis Prevention-

There is no way to avoid breathing in spores. But you can do a few Things to lower your chances of mucormycosis. It’s especially important if you have a health condition that raises your risk.

  1. Stay away from areas with a lot of dust or soil, like construction or excavation sites. If you have to be in these areas, wear a face mask like an N95.
  2. Avoid infected water. This can include floodwater or water-damaged buildings, especially after natural disasters like hurricanes or floods
  3. If you have a weakened immune system, avoid activities that involve dust and soil, like gardening or yard work.
  4. If you can’t, protect your skin with shoes, gloves, long pants, and long sleeves. Wash cuts or scrapes with soap and water as soon as you can.
  5. If you get mucormycosis, be sure to take your medications as directed. If side effects cause problems or the infection doesn’t get better, let your doctor know right away.


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

What is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)?

A Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a form of investment to get controlling ownership in a business in one country by a business or entity based in another country. Generally, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) takes place when an investor is establishing business operations or is acquiring assets in a foreign company. The investment can be of two types:
1) Organically- by expanding the operations of the existing business in another country.
2) Inorganically- by buying the company in another or target country.
It refers to building a new facility and the investing business or entity should have control over 10 percent or more of the voting rights of the business or firm in which it has invested. However, this definition is flexible, as there are instances where the control can be less than 10 percent of the business or firm’s voting shares.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is the summation of the following:
1) Sum of equity capital
2) long-term capital
3) and short-term capital as reflected in the Balance of Payments (BOP).

History of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Three quarters of the new Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) was acquired by the United States during the period of 1945 to 1960. Since then Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has grown a great importance as a global phenomenon. It no longer remained the exclusive preserve of OECD countries.
After 1945, global FDI flows recovered from depression and war, but there was a transformation in the geographical pattern of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). In 1945-80 most of the investment flow took place within and between the developed countries.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has grown its importance in the global economy and it accounts a great share in the global GDP. In the early 1900s two third of the world FDI was flowing into present developed countries (which were developing countries at that time). But now FDI is flowing more in the developing countries.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to developing countries in the early twentieth century was mainly for the exploitation of the natural resources present in the host country. But now government is opening up more areas for the private sector for the development of their country.
Economic liberalization started in India after the 1991 economic crisis and since then Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has gradually increased, which subsequently generated more than one crore (10 million) jobs. Since then many changes are made in FDI policies to attract more foreign investors to invest in India. The new FDI policy does not restrict markets.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by direction

Inward FDI
Inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is encouraged by different economic factors. These include loans, tax breaks, subsidies and the removal of restrictions and limitations. These factors determine the growth of FDI in the country.
Outward FDI
The outward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is backed by the government for all types of associated risks. This form of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) involves tax incentives, subsidies and risk coverage provided to the domestic industries.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by target

Greenfield Investment
In Greenfield investments a company operates in other countries by investing n sites, plants, offices, etc. and acquires control over its activities.
Horizontal FDI
It means when a business or fir duplicates its home country based activities at the same value in a host country through Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
Vertical FDI
It takes place when a business or firm through Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) moves upstream or downstream in different value chains.

Benefits of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

Advantages to the investor:
1) Market diversification

The diversification strategies are developed in order to reduce the risks perceived by investors. The investors can diversify their business by investing in various stocks of foreign companies, mergers and acquisitions, investing in already established companies or firms, etc. This helps them to diversify their business and their market in various foreign companies.

2) Tax incentives

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) provided by the foreign company helps the company which it has invested in to provide them with expertise, technology and products. Therefore, the foreign investor gets tax incentives that are useful for their select area of business.

3) Low labour costs

The foreign investor gets skilled labour in developing countries like India at very cheap rates which results in increasing their profits by cutting down their costs.

Advantages to the host country:
1) FDI leads to economic development

It results in opening of factories and businesses in the host country for which labor and other sources are utilized. It also increases employment rate in the host country because of the large scale employment that takes place in a newly established business or firm.

2) FDI increases employment opportunities

The service and manufacturing sectors of the host country receive a boost which results in a large scale creation of jobs. People are employed for these jobs created and now they have a source of income.

3) FDI helps in development of human resources

The employees are known as human resources. They are provided with adequate training and skills required for the respective jobs, which help to boost their knowledge. As more and more people are trained, they can train others also which will be beneficial for the economy.

4) FDI helps in development of backward areas

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) enables the transformation of backward areas of the host country into industrial centers. The people employed in the industrial sectors get job which increases their standard of living.

5) FDI leads to creation of a competitive market

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) creates a competitive environment in the host country for the already existing domestic firms. A healthy competition pushes these domestic industries or firms to continuously enhance their products and services.

Investment Risks

1. Economic Risk

This type of risk refers to the country’s ability to pay back its debts. The economies which are stronger and have stable finances provide more reliability for investments than the economy which is weaker and has unstable finances.

2. Political Risk

This type of risk refers to the political decisions made in a country that might lead to unanticipated loss for the investors. Political risk is associated with the willingness of a country to pay off its debts.

3. Sovereign Risk

This is the risk that a foreign central bank will change its foreign exchange regulations which could result in nullifying or reducing the value of its foreign exchange contracts.

Market Size

According to the Department of Promotion of Industry and International Trade (DPIIT), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity flow in India stood at US$ 521.47 billion between April 2020 and December 2020, which indicates that the government’s efforts to improve the ease of doing business in India and relaxing FDI norms lead to very good results.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity flow in India stood at US$ 521.47 billion in 2020-21 (between April 2020 and December 2020). The data for 2020-21 indicates that the top four sectors which attracted the highest FDI inflows were:
• computer hardware and software sector – US$ 24.39 billion
• construction (infrastructure activities) – US$ 7.15 billion
• Service sector – US$ 3.86 billion
• Trading sector – US$ 2.14 billion
Highest Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows from other countries in India in 2020-21 (between April 2020 and December 2020):
• Singapore – US$ 15.72 billion
• United States (US) – 12.83 billion
• United Arab Emirates (UAE) – US$ 3.92 billion
• Mauritius – US$ 3.48 billion
• Cayman Islands – US$ 2.53 billion
• Netherlands – US$ 2.44 billion
• United Kingdom (UK) – US$ 1.83 billion
States that received highest Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows in 2020-21 (between April 2020 and December 2020):
• Gujarat – US$ 21.24 billion
• Maharashtra – US$ 13.64 billion
• Karnataka – US$ 6.37 billion
• Delhi – US$ 4.22 billion

Flow of FDI in India over the years (2010-2019)

From the graph it is visible that the FDI inflows from 2010-2019 kept varying year after year.

• India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for 2019 was $50.61 billion, a 20.17% increase from 2018.
• India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for 2018 was $42.12 billion, a 5.38% increase from 2017.
• India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for 2017 was $39.97 billion, a 10.01% decline from 2016.
• India’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for 2016 was $44.46 billion, a 1.02% increase from 2015.


FDI flow into an economy benefits the economy in terms of investment capital, technology transfer, management skills, and job creation. It also improves the standard of living of the people and encourages domestic firms to improve themselves in product specialization and have the ability to withstand competition from other firms.
We have seen in the report that in many sectors flow of FDI has increased over the period of time, but there are still some sectors in which 100% FDI is not allowed. We saw the performance of various sectors over the years. In recent years, FDI inflows have increased in the Education, Non-Conventional Energy, Hospital and Diagnostics sectors. Like them many other sectors are also performing very well. However, Hotel and Tourism, Construction, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals are among the sectors receiving inconsistent FDIs annually.
We also saw a consistent increase in annual FDI inflows over the decades. This was only possible because of the measures taken by the government on the fronts of FDI policy reforms, investment facilitation and ease of doing business have resulted in increased FDI inflows into the country over the years due to which India is getting very high FDI inflows as compared to previous years and we hope the same to continue for a long period of time.
FDI is not only an alternative to domestic investment, but can also improve the host country’s balance of payments. It is one of the major stimuli to economic development of the developing countries, like India.

7 training drills to enhance your football fitness

In the event that you seek to any half-fair degree of football, you’ll need to chip away at your endurance.

The normal expert player currently covers over 10km in an hour and a half match. Nowadays it’s not just about expanding lung limit – the requests of the game have expanded so dramatically that being greater, more remarkable, and touchy is more basic than any time in recent memory.

With that, here’s the football fitness preparing system you need.

be able to run for days

Get yourself on a treadmill or track down any open space fit for running. Span preparing is certainly not a customary endurance developer however it is the thing that you’ll discover most Head Alliance players never helping to improve their VO2 Max (the greatest rate at which somebody’s body can devour oxygen during exercise), hitting greatest running at high beat prior to running and afterward going full scale again, permitting them to assemble the endurance and thrive profound into added time.

The drill: Perform four minutes running and four minutes rhythm run rehashed multiple times. Take a stab at blending footwork around cones in with your running as well.

maximise sprint speed

Customarily, something just wingers had, it’s currently essential for major parts in all situations have run speed. Come the finish of their vocation, even current greats including Rio Ferdinand will admit how hard it tends to be without it.

Boosting your own capability to run quick for more limited blasts will stand you head and shoulders over the rest, so take a stab at utilizing weighted sled pulls and parachute runs, which will help push your legs past their methods.

By developing fortitude in the hamstrings and quadriceps with isometric and whimsical developments under expanded pressing factor, you’ll become a speed trader in the blink of an eye.

The drill: Five rounds of 50m sled pulls, or bungee lines, with 30 seconds rest between.

become more explonsive

Superstars like Eden Hazard appear to be ready to turn a corner and as of now be in one week from now, however while it might look regular, quite a bit of it boils down to difficult work. It’s about unstable force.

Preparing for this isn’t for the fainthearted, and includes most extreme exertion and amazing strategy, anyway with this comes an incredible award, transforming you into a dangerous number 10 with a terrifying turn of speed.

To accomplish this, perform plyometric developments like squat engines, burpees with fold-bounces with any kind of hop squat, including plyometric box hops, and soon adversaries will eat your residue.

The drill: Four arrangements of 10 single-leg boxes hops on each side, expanding the stature of the crate every week.

improve your change of direction

It’s fine and dandy, assuming you’re quick, however in the event that that stops at straight-line speed you’ll be limited to the wings. Each footballer ought to have the option to alter bearing at any second and do so rapidly, without the danger of injury and monitoring the ball well.

Conventional cone drills are a simple method to improve a player’s spryness, including slalom runs and transport runs. Remember the ball, either; the genuine game changer is having the option to run and turn at full bore, yet monitor the ball.

The drill: Gradually slalom through 10-20 cones set in a crisscrossing arrangement, and back once more, speeding up each time, your foot pushing the ball all through.

develop rock solid core stability

When searching for a player who truly boosts each part of their physical make-up for their potential benefit, you’d be unable to look past Lionel Messi. Sidestepping safeguards through amazing equilibrium and speed as they all skip off his small edge, the pintsized playmaker is on another level to the remainder of his opponents.

Not we all are honored with a low focal point of gravity however, so how might you copy that with an additional couple of inches? Try to give yourself an unshakable center.

Yet, before you head off to do sit-ups and crunch, genuine center solidness comes from blending in some unsteady activities to your preparation system. This implies hunching down on a Bosu-ball, utilizing a Ski lift for single-leg Romanian deadlift or getting on a TRX for some board jacks, all of which will test your center and improve your strength when bumping for the ball.

The drill: Any of the above for six reps each, with a three-second break between.

make yourself stronger

Disregard strength preparing at your danger. Advances in sports science have awoken the football world to the beneficial outcomes of orders like weightlifting and general opposition preparing.

Large compound developments like squats, deadlifts, and rushes all have a gigantically constructive outcome with regards to things like unstable force, in general speed, readiness, and – to a certain extent – center security. Notwithstanding, the greatest advantage of solidarity preparing lies in injury counteraction; a strong obstruction program advances strength gains in tendons, ligaments, and the overall skeletal design.

The drill: Five arrangements of six reps of deadlifts, squats, and lurches consistently.

leave time to recover

Given the feverish requests of the cutting-edge game, sandwiching in instructional meeting after instructional course between games, you may envision footballers don’t have a lot of time to recuperate. In the background, notwithstanding, they leave a lot of time for rest. Recuperation ought to be a major piece of your preparation system as well and ensuring you’re doing it appropriately could be halting you hitting your pinnacle wellness.

Preparing to help your body in its recovery is fundamental. Froth moving is particularly useful for forestalling a development of sash and decreasing DOMS (postponed beginning solid irritation). You ought to likewise ensure that your sustenance is right and set aside effort to extend post-match.

Ensure you: Go through in any event 10 minutes after an instructional meeting extending or froth moving your lower body.

Why “INTERNSHIP” is important?

First, we need to be clear about what is an internship. An internship is the position or opportunity for a student or a trainee to work in or for an organisation. The trainee or student is paid or sometimes not paid, but the sure thing is he/she gets the work experience, acquires new skills and establishes connection with a great number of people. And, training is the part of internship in which the trainee gets the teaching to acquire a particular skill.

Now the question is why do we need to do an internship? So, there are many reasons why should you do that. First, you get to apply your knowledge, what all you have learnt in your classroom, there will be a practical implementation of all that in the internship. Doing an internship helps you to gain experience in the market of the career you want to pursue. Despite of gaining experience it provides you an edge over other candidates applying for a job and you also get the confidence to work for that job as you already know what is expected from you in that particular job position as you have already worked for the same in your internship. It also helps in increasing your network. You get to interact with the officials in the field in which you want to pursue your career as well as you form connections with the other people who have same interests as you. And trust me, having connections surely improves your chances of getting selected for a job. You also acquire professionalism in your work. You also acquire skills such as communication, leadership, problem-solving, etc. while working in an internship. You get to know about how organizations work in real, how work is done in reality, how you have to meet up to the expectations of the particular internship by training and developing the required skills. You are aware of the workplace culture which no textbook can help you with unless experienced while working in reality. You get to build your resume. Believe me, your resume will look much stronger if you have done an internship in the field you are applying for a job. You get a professional feedback in the form of certificates and letter of recommendation (LOR) from the employer or organisation you worked under during your internship. You get to learn a lot from others working around you. You can learn from both the positive and negative qualities of the other person. You get to know what you like and what you don’t like to work for before getting a job.

At the end, I will ask you all to do an internship. Do as many internships in different fields which intrigue you. At present you can see almost everyone around you doing some kind of internship or training. You don’t want to fall back and be that person who does not have skills which other people at the same position as yours have. So, the conclusion is train yourselves hard to gain the skills required to stand the competition of the present rapidly growing world.

Why unemployment occurs?

Being 2nd in terms of the population can seem a curse to our country especially in terms of employment. The competition that youngsters face these days is because of this population. Even those who get a job didn’t get the desired salary. Most employees are not paid in proportion to the work that we put in. What’s more, this is not a new problem or one that has been created by a single government. In our country, low monthly incomes are a norm – across all states, and as a consequence, wage inequality remains high. Wage growth significantly trails economic growth in the country. The sluggish growth of our GDP has led to a rise in inequality and widened the economic divide between rural and urban India.

The sad part is that India’s unemployed are mostly the higher educated and the young. And those who have jobs are not satisfied enough. If you believe that only a few people at the top are getting huge paychecks, think again. Because data suggest that we aren’t creating too many high-paying jobs either. And even though labor productivity has risen in India, growth in remuneration has remained slow. The sad part is statistic, graphs of unemployment are still the same. The new jobs and opportunities are nothing in front of our population. This problem needs to review and can be to some extent need to be solved through bargaining power. Skilling, sometimes, multi-skilling at all levels is the most effective way to fight the wage crisis and the coming job crisis -the crucial designation before talent can be matched with demand. If the skilling exception isn’t corrected, job seekers will end up in the bad job trap. Skills produce productivity, and productivity brings with it higher pay.

The problem is that the business power of workers in India is low and getting more worse. Wage changes are also a result of changes in the way of production. Throughout the last few years, production has become more capital intensive or less dependent on labor in nearly every manufacturing industry in the organized and unorganized sectors. This is true, if to a lesser extent, for agriculture and services as well. While technical know-how and increased use of machinery is a change that needs to be welcomed since it translates to increased productivity, in labor surplus economies like India, the enhanced productivity does not automatically translate to higher wages for employees. Therefore need of the time is to cope up with the desired need of the institutes and became more high tech by learning more digital skills.

Even Aryabhatta, Aristotle…’: Harsh Vardhan’s Covishield jibe at Rahul Gandhi

Dr Harsh Vardhan on Wednesday mocked at Rahul Gandhi for questioning the decision of delaying Covishield 2nd dose by three months.
Union health minister Dr Harsh Vardhan on Wednesday tore into Congress leader Rahul Gandhi for questioning the gap between the two doses of Covishield Covid-19 vaccine and said even Aryabhatta and Aristotle would bow in front of Rahul Gandhi for his knowledge. The health minister also said that the agenda of spreading confusion over vaccine will no longer work.

On Tuesday, Reuters quoted three members of the expert panel who reportedly said that extending the gap between two doses of Covishield to 12 to 16 weeks was not a unanimous decision. What was unanimously agreed upon was a gap of 8-12 weeks, as advised by the World Health Organization. The government on Wednesday issued statements dismissing the claim and it also published the minutes of the meeting in which the decision to widen the gap between the two doses. The Centre reiterated that it was a unanimous decision based on scientific evidence.

Pandemic, Placement, and Future of young generation.

Covid19 binds us to our shelters, and study remains restricted to computer screens. In one way or another way, covid19 does impact the life of the people. So to the final year students. Due to covid19 outbreak and lockdown, many students did not receive their job letters those who received them faced delaying joining dates even after getting hired. some students did not get a call back from the employer regarding their status of employment. Along with elders, students were hoping too for things to get back to normal But the second wave of the virus crushed all the hopes of the students. Students will have to set in the new normal of digitization.

Firms have changed their hiring process also from full-time to unpaid or stipend-based internships, to cut costs. Companies are even reducing the number of hiring employees and are also offering comparatively lower compensation packages. Only a few companies have joined so far for placement in the but only with minimal vacancies. besides affecting the health sector, Covid19 has also posed major setbacks for small businesses and it’s going to affect freshers.

Marginal or no placements have hugely affected students. There’s a persistent fear of remaining unemployed even after college ends. Sadly, the institutions no longer take the responsibility of getting their students placed and ensuring their economic and financial safety. Also, there’s a lack of strategy behind planning placement drives. Government should interrupt to negotiate between the colleges and companies for the interest of the students.. The government has to put in extra effort to ensure that unemployment levels among the youth do not increase further. A lot of people lost their jobs during the pandemic. Now, the challenge in front of freshers is to compete with those who are experienced enough but unemployed. Our state should look into this matter and try to create job opportunities for the youth so that the number of unemployed population could be declined.


Sports and health are heavily connected. The stress caused by exercise on the bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons makes them strong and healthy. Exercise helps to burn calories in the body reducing chances of obesity. Heart muscles performance and endurance improve, increasing its efficiency and reducing the risk of heart diseases. Exercise triggers the use of sugar in the blood. Glucose is converted into energy hence balancing the blood sugars. Sports also help in the fight against cancer and other lifestyle diseases.Playing a sport is a great way for children to take a break from academics and release the pent-up energy.

Every sport requires some mental, physical and tactical discipline. Following rules, obeying the coach, practicing restraint, etc. are all forms of discipline children learn through sports. Discipline enables people to reach their full potential and realize their goals – a trait prevalent in all successful people.
Practice plays a large role in improving performance in any sport or activity. ‘Practice makes you perfect’.
Accept defeat:
In sports, just like in life, one cannot win all the time. Playing a sport teaches children this truth early on in life. Therefore, children learn how to accept defeat and lose graciously. They learn how not to get disheartened and to get back up and try again. It also teaches them about healthy competition.
“There’s no I in team”. Children learn that the team cannot win unless they all work together and play to each other’s strengths. They also learn how to become less selfish and not let ego get the best of them. Working together is an important trait in today’s life and learning how to do so early on helps kids become better team players in professional life.
Leadership Skills:
Becoming captain or aspiring to become one, naturally teaches children how to become good leaders – how to talk to other teammates, manage team emotions, take one for the team, etc. They also put these skills to use outside the pitch or court making them good leaders that others want to follow.
Lifelong Habits:
Sports teaches children to take care of their bodies through proper food choices and stretching. It also instills such fitness habits in them that they carry forward into adulthood, keeping any health problem at bay.
Reduced risk of obesity:
The more active a person is, the more calories the person will burn. Fitness helps in preventing fat to be accumulated in the body and reducing the risk of obesity and obesity-related diseases.
Healthy growth:
Physical stress caused by exercise helps muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones to become healthier and stronger. The bone density also increases, reducing the risk of osteoporosis – a condition which makes the bones porous and fragile.
Stay on the right track:
Playing a sport requires some discipline and dedication. It also means lesser free time to spare. Due to this, kids are less likely to take in to bad habits such as smoking. They also get more exposure to positive role models who help them broaden their horizons and make better life decisions.

The language of the Heart

We don’t pay attention to what needs attention. We don’t pay attention to the need of the heart. Because the inspiration to be in peace comes when we listen to our heart. The inspiration to be content comes from our being. The inspiration to be clear comes from here, and we need to listen; we need to hear.

We don’t hear ourselves. We don’t hear the needs that we have. We don’t hear the wish of this heart to be content, to have simplicity in life, to have joy, to feel gratitude every single day, to be inspired by the magic of all magics, by the miracle of all miracles which is the coming and going of this breath.

We are alive! The best news which one can have and if we are incapable of hearing this news, and it sounds to us like a foreign language, then I would suggest we should learn that language. And it is called “the language of the heart”.

Khushi Agarwal

Standing With The Children

The Supreme Court of India, on May 28, gave direction to the government about protection of children orphaned in the second wave of Covid-19 pandemic. During the pandemic days have passed by without children getting food. We cannot know the exact number of children impacted in this time period. There has always been a high risk of orphaned children falling through the cracks of society. However, this problem has been majorly overlooked and during the Covid crisis, we have been given an opportunity to go back and revisit this question.

The first problem arises due to the caste and family structure of the child. After the death of the parents, there are many instances where the relatives do not take responsibility for the child. Even if the child does have a family, due to financial obstacles, they sometimes cannot provide for the education and the well being of the child. In situations like these, the child may not receive assistance and guidance in life.

If a child enters an institute and finds a place to stay at the hostel, he/she may not have someone to help them with their problems. For an orphaned child with no other family support, hostel could be the first and the last resort. Unfortunately many state governments do not allow the child to stay in a hostel beyond 18 years of age. Hence after completing school or college they have no home to return to. Many students even face problems with government documents, from Aadhar cards to Pan cards.

In this state of helplessness students often take the wrong path, and these wrong choices can land them into adverse situations. The major hand of help can come via the respective state governments since the government is legally bound by the Constitution to ensure the welfare of children. Recently, the Maharashtra government has changed the rule and allowed orphaned children to stay in hostels till the age of 23. However, steps need to be taken to ensure all the future generations are not faced with the same problems. Some steps that the government can take in this regard are: A yearly survey of orphan children at district and block levels to be initiated. The information about the child’s family should be registered by the respective authorities.

No child should have their identity compromised, and hence government documents should be supplied on time. Many governments schemes and programs should be set up which run parallel to the principles of freedom, equality and social justice. A permanent fund should be set up by government and if possible, local-level NGO’s so that the child does not face any financial issues.

Every child has the right to education and leading a fulfilling life. Loss of parents and loved ones can seriously impact the child. The child’s mental health can also be affected since they have no one to talk to and share their grievances with. Counsellors should be available for call or one-to-one sessions for all children, with whom they can openly share their feelings with.

They say children are the future of the country. Well, how can we build a promising future if 30% of children are below poverty line. It’s high time these issues get addressed and resolved so that all children get equal opportunities to lead a quality life and participate in society.

What happened during the Salem witch trials

Salem witch trials (June 1692- May 1693), In American history series of investigations and persecutions, caused 19 convicted witches to be hanged and many other suspects to be imprisoned in Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony (now Danvers, Massachusetts).

The events in salem in 1692 were only one chapter in a long story of witch hunts that began in Europe between 1300 and 1330 and ended in the late 18th century (the last known execution for witchcraft taking place in Switzerland in 1782). The salem trials occurred late in the sequence. The hunts were efforts to identify witches rather than pursuits of individuals who were already thought to be witches. Witches were considered followers of satan who had traded their souls for his assistance. It was believed that they employed demons to accomplish magical deeds. There is a little doubt that some individuals did worship the devil and attempt to practice sorcery with harmful intent. The process of identifying witches began with suspicions or rumours. Accusations followed, often escalating to convictions and executions. The salem witch trials came out as a result of church politics, family feuds and hysterical children all of which unfolded in a vacuum of political authority.

There were two Salems in the late 17th century: a bustling commerce-oriented port community on Massachusetts Bay known as Salem Town and roughly 10 miles inland from it, a smaller, poorer farming community of some 500 persons known as Salem Village. The village itself had an obvious social divide that was exacerbated by a rivalry between its two leading families, the well-heeled Porters, who had strong connections with Salem Town’s wealthy merchants, and the putnams, who sought greater autonomy for the village and were the standard-bearers for the less-prosperous farm families. Squabbles over property were typical.

In 1689, through the influence of the Putnams, Samuel Parris, a merchant from Boston became the pastor of the village’s congregational church. Parris, whose studies at Harvard College had been interrupted before he could graduate, was in the process of changing careers from business to the ministry. He brought to Salem Village his wife, their three children, a niece, and two slaves who were originally from Barbados—John Indian, a man, and Tituba, a woman.

Parris had shrewdly negotiated his contract with the congregation, but relatively early in his tenure, he sought greater compensation, including ownership of the parsonage, which did not sit well with many members of the congregation. Parris’s orthodox puritan (puritanism: a religious reform movement that sought to purify the church) theology and preaching also divided the congregation, a split that became visible when he routinely insisted that nonmembers of the congregation leave before communion was celebrated. In the process, Salem divided into pro-and anti-Parris factions.

Stimulated by voodoo tales told to them by Tituba, Parris’s daughter Betty (age 9), his niece Abigail Williams (age 11), and their friend Ann Putnam (about age 12), began indulging in fortune-telling. In January 1692 Betty’s and Abigail’s increasingly strange behaviour came to include fits. They screamed, made odd sounds, threw things, contorted their bodies, and complained of biting and pinching sensations.

Looking back with the perspective provided by modern science, some scholars have speculated that the strange behaviour may have resulted from some combination of asthma, encephalitis, Lyme disease, epilepsy,  child abuse, delusional psychosis, or convulsive ergotism. In February, unable to account for their behaviour medically, the local doctor, William Griggs, put the blame on the supernatural. At the suggestion of a neighbour, a “witch cake” (made with the urine of the victims) was baked by Tituba to try to ferret out the supernatural perpetrator of the girls’ illness. Although it provided no answers, its baking outraged Parris, who saw it as a blasphemous act.

Pressured by Parris to identify their tormentor, Betty and Abigail claimed to have been bewitched by Tituba and two other marginalised members of the community, neither of whom attended church regularly: Sarah Good, a short-tempered beggar, and Sarah Osborn (an elderly bed-ridden woman who was scorned for her romantic involvement with an indentured servant). On March 1 two magistrates from Salem Town, John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin, went to the village to conduct a public inquiry. Both Good and Osborn protested their innocence, though Good accused Osborn. Initially, Tituba also claimed to be blameless, but after being repeatedly tormented and undoubtedly fearful owing to her status as a slave, she told the magistrates what they wanted to hear that she had been visited by the devil and made a deal with him. In three days of vivid testimony, she described encounters with Satan’s animal familiars and with a tall, dark man from Boston who had called upon her to sign the devil’s book, in which she saw the names of Good and Osborn along with those of seven others that she could not read.

The magistrates then had not only a confession but also what they accepted as evidence of the presence of more witches in the community. Other girls and young women began experiencing fits, among them Ann Putnam; her mother; her cousin, Mary Walcott; and Putnam’s servant, Mercy Lewis. Significantly, those that they began identifying as other witches were no longer just outsiders but rather upstanding members of the community. As weeks passed, many of the accused proved to be enemies of the Putnams, and Putnam Family members and in-laws would end up being the accusers in dozens of cases.

On May 27, 1692, after weeks of informal hearings accompanied by imprisonments,  Sir William Phips, the governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, interceded and ordered the convening of an official Court of Oyer (to hear) and Terminer (to decide) in Salem Town. Presided over by William Stoughton, the colony’s lieutenant governor, the court consisted of seven judges. The accused were forced to defend themselves without the aid of counsel. Most damning for them was the admission of “spectral evidence”—that is, claims by the victims that they had seen and been attacked (pinched, bitten, contorted) by spectres of the accused. Those who confessed and named other witches—were spared the court’s vengeance, owing to the Puritan belief that they would receive their punishment from God. Those who insisted upon their innocence met harsher fates, becoming martyrs to their sense of justice. Many in the community who viewed the unfolding events as tragedies remained mute, afraid that they would be punished for raising objections to the proceedings by being accused of witchcraft themselves.

On June 2 Bridget Bishop—who had been accused and found innocent of witchery some 12 years earlier—was the first of the defendants to be convicted. On June 10 she was hanged on what became known as Gallows Hill in Salem Village. On July 19 five more convicted persons were hanged, including Nurse and Good. George Burroughs, who had served as a minister in Salem Village from 1680 to 1683, was summoned from his new home in Maine and accused of being the witches’ ringleader. He too was convicted and, along with four others, was hanged on August 19. On September 22 eight more convicted persons were hanged, including Martha Corey, whose octogenarian husband, Giles, upon being accused of witchcraft and refusing to enter a plea, had been subjected to peine forte et dure (“strong and hard punishment”) and pressed beneath heavy stones for two days until he died.

As the trials progressed, accusations spread to individuals from other communities. On October 3 Cotton Mather’s father,  Increase Mather, an influential minister and the president of Harvard, condemned the use of spectral evidence and instead favoured direct accusations.

On October 29, as the accusations of witchcraft extended to include his wife,  Governer philps once again stepped in, ordering a halt to the proceedings of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. In their place, he established a Superior Court of Judicature, which was instructed not to admit spectral evidence. Trials resumed in January and February, but of the 56 persons indicted, only 3 were convicted, and they, along with everyone held in custody, had been pardoned by Phips by May 1693 as the trials came to an end. Nineteen persons had been hanged, and another five (not counting Giles Corey) had died in custody.

In the years to come, there would be individual and institutional acts of repentance by many of those involved in the trials. In January 1697 the General Court of Massachusetts declared a day of fasting and contemplation for the tragedy that had resulted from the trials. That month,  Samuel Sewall, one of the judges, publicly acknowledged his error and guilt in the proceedings. In 1702 the General Court declared that the trials had been unlawful. In 1706 Ann Putnam apologized for her role as an accuser. Twenty-two of the 33 individuals who had been convicted were exonerated in 1711 by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, which also paid some £600 to the families of the victims. In 1957 the state of Massachusetts formally apologized for the trials. It was not until 2001, however, that the last 11 of the convicted were fully exonerated.

The abuses of the Salem witch trials would contribute to changes in U.S. court procedures, playing a role in the advent of the guarantee of the right to legal representation, the right to cross-examine one’s accuser, and the presumption of innocence rather than of guilt. The Salem trials and the witch hunt as metaphors for the persecution of minority groups remained powerful symbols into the 20th and 21st centuries.


Personally, MBA has been a long term plan since the third year in college. I was always excited about the various brands I come across in everyday lives and was amazed by the manner in which these firms made consumers believe that they are the best bet in the market. Went ahead and researched about such jobs and understood that an MBA degree is something that can give me a structured path to achieve my dream of working for top FMCG firms. I knew that being a GEM candidate, the road will be tough. A lot of articles on Quora and Youtube videos made me believe that unless I am able to score 99.5+ in CAT, no big college is going to accept my application. A lot of people think so much about this burden of scoring a high score, that they drop the idea of taking CAT in the first place. So if you are reading this and have decided to take CAT, you are already ahead of 20-30% of the candidates. Congratulations for that!


It is known to all that the CBSE 12th Board examinations have been cancelled due to the on going pandemic. However, the Government did not announce it on its own. The decision was taken after many parents have started worrying about the coronavirus and their ward’s safety. The cancellation was requested also because the classes were taught in online mode and the current grade 12 batch (2020-2021) were passed in their 11th grade without an examination. There were rounds of discussions that were conducted on how should the board examinations be kept offline considering the present situation and the safety of the students. Finally, on 1st of June, considering the consequences of the pandemic, Government of India announced the cancellation 12th CBSE Final Examinations. This decision has given much more confidence to the parents and their worries faded away. However, the next dilemma is about the marking formula that the CBSE would adopt for the students. These marks are very much important for students with which will be the basis for their undergraduate degree courses. For the purpose of resolving, the Government has appointed a 13 member committee to recommend the criteria to evaluate the grade 12 CBSE students.

The next question comes- the mode of admission in colleges. Is there an entrance exam or not? Generally for those who opt for engineering and medical have an entrance test and those scores are also considered important during the admission. Requests are placed by many people about the cancellation of entrance exams for engineering and medical for joining universities. The decision is still pending from the part of Government which will be arriving soon. In my opinion, entrance exams are useful in filtering the best candidates with good knowledge about the subject. There are many pros and cons for entrance exams. Some reasons are given below on why an entrance exam needs to be held.


As we know, college life is a turning point in a student’s life as it is considered as the first step to future career. The first push for students to take up entrance exams is to join the college of their dreams. Secondly, not all are good at all the subjects; Entrance exams can help the candidates to test their own mettle in their particular subject of interest and prove that they are knowledgeable in their field of interest. The exams test the knowledge of an individual in terms of analytical, numerical, comprehension and current affairs. Entrance exams also help students to dig deeper in their subject and learn more and more and thus here will be never ending learning that even successful completion of entrance exams will not be their ultimate goal. By attempting the exam, one need not necessarily pass the exam but he/she can understand the areas where they need to improve and where they stand in the crowd in aspects of knowledge in that subject. Finally, only deserving candidates get the seats in the college. There is no scope for any bias in the selection process.

RELEVANT LINKS:https://admission.aglasem.com/entrance-exams/ https://www.careerindia.com/entrance-exam/


Tourism in Sri Lanka is growing rapidly. For centuries, Sri Lanka has been a popular place of attraction for foreign travelers. The Chinese traveler Fa-Hien visited Sri Lanka as early as the 410’s AD/CE, and in the twelfth century, Italian explorer Marco Polo claimed Sri Lanka to be the “best island of its size in the world”.The government initiatives in development of tourism date back to 1937 when the Ceylon Tourist Bureau was established. However, it was closed down in September 1939 due to World War II. After Sri Lanka’s independence the promotion of tourism was again considered by re-establishing the Ceylon Tourist Board which took over the function of the Tourist Bureau.
In 1965, J. R. Jayewardene as Minister of State initiated the first major development of the tourism industry with the Ceylon Tourist Board Act No 10 of 1966 and the Ceylon Hotels Corporation Act No 14 of 1966, which formed the Ceylon Tourist Board and the Ceylon Hotels Corporation. Since then the Ceylon Tourist Board has functioned as the state agency, responsible for development and promotion of the tourism sector in Sri Lanka. Ceylon Hotels Corporation paved the way government investments build hotels needed to attract tourist.In October 2007 according to Section 2 of the Tourism Act No. 38 of 2005, the Sri Lanka Tourist Board (Act No 10 of 1966) was replaced by the Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority.The tropical climate, beautiful beaches and incredible food of Sri Lanka are just some of the many reasons to include the South Asian country on your travel wish list. In this island nation known as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, you can learn of its ancient history by visiting the ancient rock fortress of Sigiriya in the Cultural Triangle, witness a giant gathering of Asian elephants in Minneriya National Park or catch some waves at Arugam Bay or Hikkaduwa.Sri Lanka is a great place to visit for water sport and wildlife enthusiasts and a haven for history buffs. As well as a guide to some of the best things to see and do in Sri Lanka, we’ve picked a selection of places to stay to help you put together your travel plan.Some of the best places to visit in sri Lanka are
1.Galle Dutch Fort, Galle- Located in Sri Lanka’s southern province, it is the ideal little romantic place to visit with your significant other. The charming streets are packed with cozy cafés, astonishing heritage hotels, and many day trails for couples.

  1. Sigiriya- It is also known as the Lion’s Rock where you can take a stroll and enjoy the view of breathtaking water fountains, gardens, and canals. The place also lets you experience the best sunrise and sunset experience after a climb.
  2. Nuwara Eliya- Popularly known as “Mini England” by the natives, Nuwara Eliya boasts chilly weather and spectacular views of majestic waterfalls, lush green mountains, and dewy tea-states. It is a perfect destination for couples seeking to spend quality time.
  3. Mirissa Beach- It offers a picturesque view of the stunning sunrise and sunsets. You can also take part in snorkeling at this beach or witness dolphins while enjoying a chilled beverage or scrumptious snacks.
    5.Yala National Park -It was originally a hunters arena during British colonial rule but now has the highest population of leopards on earth. Not only animals but it also provide a quaint environment for birds as well. It is Sri Lanka’s largest national park with a total area of 900 Sq Km. 6.Kandy -It is a prominent Sri Lankan city found precisely in the middle of the country. A city of both historical as well as religious importance, Kandy is renowned for being the site of the Temple Of The Sacred Tooth Relic, unarguably the most famous among all the temples of Sri Lanka. 7.Mirissa- It was a faint old beach town on the Southern of Sri Lanka has risen to be one of the most popular surfing and whale watching destination. The beach town is situated 150 kms south of Colombo and is dotted with palm trees, blue waters and colourful boats adorning the shores


. Important of paper

The invention of paper was of. high. Importance for. the social development of the human kind . keeping information especially for contractual obligations was. Vital for the development of trade

paper is. an indispensable part of every day life .beyond its use as the basis material for written and. Printed. Communication paper in its various forms are used.

When India’s aspiration took flight

Photo by Sam Kolder on Pexels.com

The United Nations development program lauded India’s aspirational districts Program (ADP) for its work in the upliftment of 112 backward districts of India. Ranchi, Chandauli, Simdega, Sonbhadra and Rajghar emerged as the top five districts with maximum change since the program started in 2018 in net resilience according to the UNDP. The UNDP recognized that the Aspirational district program can be used as a template for regional disparities in any part of the world.

Overview of the Aspirational District Program

  • Launched in 2018
  • Anchored by NITI Aayog
  • Aim- quickly and effectively transform the socio-economic backward districts
  • The broad contours of the program are 3C’s
    Convergence of central and state schemes
    Collaboration of central, state-level ‘Prabhari’ officers and district collectors
    Competition among districts driven by a mass movement
  • District teams work to achieve the aim of the programme
  • There is a joint secretary or additional secretary-level officer appointed by the Government of India as a central officer for each district to guide the district team. Hence there is an element of experience.
  • The focus is on five critical sectors-
    – Education
    – Agriculture and water resources
    – Financial inclusion and skill development
    – Basic infrastructure
  • Monitoring real-time data
  • convergence across government programs and schemes (large funds are not given under the program. The teams have to make efficient use of the resources that they receive under the central and state schemes.)
  • Involvement of NGOs and the civil society
  • Real time data of the district indicators and a delta ranking dashboard to infuse competitiveness

UNDP report

The success story can be exemplified by the fact that few aspirational districts outperformed non aspirational districts. The districts have also admitted that the continued focus on the program on health and nutrition has made them resilient in tackling the pandemic.

The report highlighted a few best practices like competitiveness increases performance. The best practice of one aspirational district is shared with others. They can then develop a new model suited for their needs. Also, it was seen that if a district team is challenged, they will find a solution. Another notable feature of the initiative was that it is a team program. Example of GoalMart, an e-commerce portal launched by a Assam’s Goalpara district administration to promote rural, ethnic and agrarian products of the district in the national and global markets. This was gainful, particularly during the lockdown. Black rice was in high demand and it was even exported to Australia and New Zealand.

The UNDP report has highlighted few areas of improvement. For example, the sectors of emphasis can be expanded to include gender and environment. There is a need to focus on capacity building, especially the appointment of dedicated personnel in the aspirational areas. In this context, education, health and agriculture need attention due to the remoteness. People don’t want to work in secluded regions, away from towns. One major issue of concern is the misreporting and under-reporting of data. This however has been tackled by the involvement of central officers and a system of third party audit. An online dashboard shows progress in real-time. It applauds the good work of a district and at the same time, it highlights the districts which are left behind in the race. Likewise, the delta ranking exhibits the top-most and the bottom-most districts. Sitamarhi in Bihar, Gumla in Jharkhand, Dantewada in Chhattisgarh, Bijapur in Karnataka and Nawada in Bihar are among the least improved districts according to UNDP’s resilience and vulnerability index.

With the motto of ‘Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas’ an inclusive developmental model was designed. The recognition by UNDP’s resilience and vulnerability index speaks volumes about the potential of the program. Going forward the government has to make sure that the districts don’t remain aspirational for long. They should graduate by coming at par with other developed districts. This will mark the true success of the program.

Nutrition advice for adults during the COVID-19 outbreak

Proper nutrition and hydration are vital. People who eat a well-balanced diet tend to be healthier with stronger immune systems and lower risk of chronic illnesses and infectious diseases. So you should eat a variety of fresh and unprocessed foods every day to get the vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre, protein and antioxidants your body needs. Drink enough water. Avoid sugar, fat and salt to significantly lower your risk of overweight, obesity, heart disease, stroke, diabetes and certain types of cancer.

Eat fresh and unprocessed foods every day 

* Eat fruits, vegetables, legumes (e.g. lentils, beans), nuts and whole grains (e.g. unprocessed maize, millet, oats, wheat, brown rice or starchy tubers or roots such as potato, yam, taro or cassava), and foods from animal sources (e.g. meat, fish, eggs and milk).

*Daily, eat: 2 cups of fruit (4 servings), 2.5 cups of vegetables (5 servings), 180 g of grains, and 160 g of meat and beans (red meat can be eaten 1−2 times per week, and poultry 2−3 times per week).

*For snacks, choose raw vegetables and fresh fruit rather than foods that are high in sugar, fat or salt.

*Do not overcook vegetables and fruit as this can lead to the loss of important vitamins.

*When using canned or dried vegetables and fruit, choose varieties without added salt or sugar.

Drink enough water every day

*Water is essential for life. It transports nutrients and compounds in blood, regulates your body temperature, gets rid of waste, and lubricates and cushions joints.

*Drink 8–10 cups of water every day.

*Water is the best choice, but you can also consume other drinks, fruits and vegetables that contain water, for example lemon juice (diluted in water and unsweetened), tea and coffee. But be careful not to consume too much caffeine, and avoid sweetened fruit juices, syrups, fruit juice concentrates, fizzy and still drinks as they all contain sugar.

Eat moderate amounts of fat and oil

*Consume unsaturated fats (e.g. found in fish, avocado, nuts, olive oil, soy, canola, sunflower and corn oils) rather than saturated fats (e.g. found in fatty meat, butter, coconut oil, cream, cheese, ghee and lard).

*Choose white meat (e.g. poultry) and fish, which are generally low in fat, rather than red meat.

*Avoid processed meats because they are high in fat and salt.

*Where possible, opt for low-fat or reduced-fat versions of milk and dairy products.

*Avoid industrially produced trans fats. These are often found in processed food, fast food, snack food, fried food, frozen pizza, pies, cookies, margarines and spreads.

Eat less salt and sugar 

*When cooking and preparing food, limit the amount of salt and high-sodium condiments (e.g. soy sauce and fish sauce).

*Limit your daily salt intake to less than 5 g (approximately 1 teaspoon), and use iodized salt.

*Avoid foods (e.g. snacks) that are high in salt and sugar.

*Limit your intake of soft drinks or sodas and other drinks that are high in sugar (e.g. fruit juices, fruit juice concentrates and syrups, flavoured milks and yogurt drinks).

*Choose fresh fruits instead of sweet snacks such as cookies, cakes and chocolate.

 Avoid eating out 

Eat at home to reduce your rate of contact with other people and lower your chance of being exposed to COVID-19. We recommend maintaining a distance of at least 1 metre between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. That is not always possible in crowded social settings like restaurants and cafes. Droplets from infected people may land on surfaces and people’s hands (e.g. customers and staff), and with lots of people coming and going, you cannot tell if hands are being washed regularly enough, and surfaces are being cleaned and disinfected fast enough.

Counselling and psychosocial support

While proper nutrition and hydration improve health and immunity, they are not magic bullets. People living with chronic illnesses who have suspected or confirmed COVID-19 may need support with their mental health and diet to ensure they keep in good health. Seek counselling and psychosocial support from appropriately trained health care professionals and also community-based lay and peer counsellors.




Chinese incursion in Taiwan

About 28 military planes of china flew in the (ADIZ) Air Defence Identification Zone of Taiwan on Tuesday (15/6/21). The Planes include fighter aircrafts and nuclear-capable bombers. This is the largest incursion by China that occurred since the island began self-ruling.

Taiwan’s defence ministry said that the latest Chinese mission involved 14 J-16 and 6 J-11 fighters, 4 H-6 bombers which can carry nuclear weapons and the anti submarine and the electronic warfare and early warning aircraft.

China claims complete sovereignty over Taiwan which is Democratic nation of about 24 million people. The mainland china and Taiwan are being governed separately over 7 decades. The Island nation considers itself sovereign while China is claiming Taiwan as a territory of mainland under its One-China policy.

Brief History:

There was a civil war in China in 1949 between Chinese Communist Party and the Republic of China after which ROC relocated to Taiwan. From then ROC has exercised effective jurisdiction in the Island nation Taiwan and a number of outlying islands. Around 1.2 million people followed the ROC while relocating from China.

In 1980’s relationship between the 2 countries started improving and china kept forward the “One country,two systems” assuring autonomy to Taiwan if it accepted reunification, but Taiwan rejected the offer.

A March 2021 poll was commissioned by Taiwanese Govt. which shows that at present many of the major Taiwanese support DPP (Democratic Progressive Party) governments approach in safeguarding national sovereignty. Many of the people also say they feel Taiwanese, rather than Chinese.


The colonization is very well explained in Kanthapura by Raja Rao.The identity and rebellious attitude of our very own country is revealed here in this text. Self-expression of one’s point of view is found here. The strong duty towards our country has been identified.

This is the story of a boy named leaving home and assimilating his own mentality and later becoming the best citizen of India. The path guided by Gandhiji has been adopted in this text. The story speaks of a village, some people, and their ideals. Ancient mythology is described here. The use of khadi-material of our country plays an important role here.

The main purpose of this text is to highlight all parts of our country. Our pride-our hope, these words are very significant to this text. Spiritual expression out of its own atmosphere is presented here. Gandhiji’s ideology and the passion of walk together is quite clear in kanthapura.

10 Secrets To Sounding Confident

On the off chance that confidence could be packaged, it would be an overnight sensation. Confidence is an attribute we respect in others and mourn the shortfall of in ourselves. Yet, while a few groups may in reality be conceived certain, it’s an ability most of us can undoubtedly get.

As the very best entertainers and public speakers know, confidence is as much about appearance for what it’s worth about feeling it. So where better to begin sharpening your confidence than in your voice, quite possibly the main instruments you need to give others a great impression?

Read on to gain proficiency with the 10 privileged insights of sounding confident. These master tips will set you up for achievement in any expert or public-talking circumstance.

1. practice

The way to doing anything admirably is doing it frequently and discourse is no special case. At the point when you’re anxious about a troublesome discussion, like presenting the defense to your manager for a raise, or a planned talk before a crowd of people, practice what you’ll say in advance. Recording yourself is likewise a decent method to sort out in case you’re utilizing the best pacing and stops. It additionally permits you to assess your voice for lucidity and volume.

2. don’t articulate a statement as a question

Individuals pose inquiries when they’re missing data or need endorsement for a thought or choice. While there’s nothing naturally amiss with both of those circumstances, both can make you sound powerless. To extend your thoughts with confidence, don’t allow your voice to crawl up toward the finish of a sentence. Keep an even manner of speaking, and finish your assertions with periods, not question marks.

3. slow down

Carmine Gallo, an author of Talk Like TED, claims 190 words each moment is the ideal pace of discourse for public talking. At this speed, your crowd will feel less like you’re talking at them and more like you’re having a discussion over lunch. In the event that you talk too gradually, you risk taking care of your crowd. Furthermore, on the off chance that you talk excessively fast you can sound crude or anxious, similar to you’re attempting to get it over with as quickly as possible. That is the reason 190 words each moment is the sweet spot you should focus on.

4. use your hands

The non-verbal communication that goes with your message is similarly pretty much as significant as the words emerging from your mouth. Crowds see speakers have more certain qualities, for example, warmth, and energy when they utilize an assortment of signals, as indicated by Carol Kinsey Gorman, Ph.D., a chief mentor and expert in nonverbal correspondence. While some actual motions, for example, tinkering with garments or contacting hair, can divert or pass on an absence of confidence, utilizing your hands when you talk is an extraordinary method to convey your energy and information about the point.

5. throw away caveats and filler phrases

Do you at any point start your sentences with, “This is only my opinion,” “Sorry,” “I’m still working at this,” “Well,” “I mean,” or quite a few other negative or futile introductions. The vast majority do as an issue of propensity or anxiety, yet admonitions and fillers can harm the certain tone you’re attempting to strike. All things being equal, say what you mean and that’s it. For instance, “We should take this pitch to an alternate course,” is substantially more convincing than, “Indeed, I figure we should take this contributes an alternate bearing, yet I’m actually attempting to discover the best course to take.”

6. stay hydrated

Proficient artists have most loved pre-show drinks to relieve and set up their vocal strings. And keeping in mind that you shouldn’t hit any octaves during your next phone call, hydration is similarly significant for speakers. Studies show the beneficial outcomes of hydration on vocal ropes; essentially, it keeps them saturated and improves the sound of your voice. The most ideal approach to remain hydrated is to remain on top of things—when you feel parched, it’s past the point of no return. Drink water consistently for the duration of the day for the best outcomes.

7. express gratitude

Dr. Ramiro Zuniga clarifies the connection among gratitude and confidence: “When a pioneer shows appreciation, it makes a positive climate. The showcase of appreciation passes on the message that everything is great moving in a forward way.” Consequently, expressing gratitude toward collaborators and direct-reports for their commitments and accomplishments is another approach to say the organization is flourishing and on target to improve later on. Start the discussion with a little appreciation, even “Thanks for coming,” and you’ll pass on confidence from the beginning.

8. insert smiles into your speech

Have you heard the proverb that smiles are infectious? Christine Clapp, a public-talking master at George Washington College, clarifies the advantages of favoring both the speaker and the crowd: “Smiling not just makes your voice more wonderful to hear it out, likewise passes on confidence . . . You will show up cordial, receptive, and formed.” That is a very sizable amount of motivation to smile the following time you give a significant talk.

9. use silence to your advantage

What’s your greatest public talking dread? For some individuals, it’s silence. They stress over failing to remember a significant thought or misplacing their thought process halfway through a sentence. Speakers who attempt to draw in their crowds with questions stress that nobody will react. However, quietness isn’t your foe; it can really be an amazing confidence-projecting instrument. Proficient discourse mentor Gary Genard calls attention to that crowds need key stops to hold and comprehend significant focuses. Also, the capacity to live with hushes, regardless of whether through your own effort or audiences, causes you to appear to be sure.

10. maintain good posture

Holding your head high and moving your shoulders back will not simply make you look certain; it will improve the sound of your voice too. Great stance empowers you to inhale profoundly in and out through your mid-region, which is the way entertainers and other public speakers project their voices to reverberate plainly all through the space. So to amplify the force of your voice, sit, or stand upright and take a full breath.

Woman Empowerment

Women’s empowerment (or female empowerment) is the process of Empowerment women. It may be defined in several ways, including accepting women’s viewpoints or making an effort to seek them, raising the status of women through education, awareness, literacy, and training.Women’s empowerment equips and allows women to make life-determining decisions through the different problems in society.They may have the opportunity to redefine roles or other such roles, which in turn may allow them more freedom to pursue desired goals.Women’s empowerment has become a significant topic of discussion in development and economicsEconomic empowerment allows women to control and benefit from resources, assets, and income. It also aids the ability to manage risk and improve women’s well-being.It can result in approaches to support trivialized genders in a particular political or social context.While often interchangeably used, the more comprehensive concept of gender empowerment concerns people of any gender, stressing the distinction between biological and gender as a role. Women empowerment helps in boosting the status of women through literacy, education, training and awareness creation.Furthermore, women’s empowerment refers to women’s ability to make strategic life choices which had been previously denied them.Nations, businesses, communities and groups may benefit from the implementation of programs and policies that adopt the notion of female empowerment.empowerment of women enhances the quality and the quantity of human resources available for development.Empowerment is one of the main procedural concerns when addressing human empowerment.role of education People engage in public debate and make demands on government for health care, social security and other entitlements In particular, education empowers women to make choices that improve their children’s health, their well-being, and chances of acquiring survival skills Education informs others of preventing and containing a disease. Such education empowers women to make choices that can improve their welfare, including marrying beyond childhood and having fewer children. Education can increase women’s awareness of their rights, boost their self-esteem, and provide them the opportunity to assert their rights.Education is not universally available and gender inequalities persist. A major concern in many countries is not only the limited numbers of girls going to school, but also the number of educational pathways for those that step into the classroom. There are efforts to address the lower participation and learning achievement of girls in science, technology, engineering and mathematics  education.some parts of the world, girls and women are attacked for attending school,and societal efforts to stop this may be lacking. Woman ‘s gods gift of all woman.



One of the much debated topics across the WORLD is the IMPORTANCE OF SEX EDUCATION IN SCHOOL! Sex, is a SENSITIVE topic,that, as a rule is not usually discussed by parents with their children. Parents may feel often uncomfortable when asked by their CHILDREN about how children are conceived, and born and other related topics! But, DON’T YOU PEOPLE THINK ITS IMPORTANT TO TALK ABOUT SEX EDUCATION TODAY? TELLING and EDUCATING OUR YOUTH/CHILDREN about the IMPORTANCE OF SEX EDUCATION? WHAT IS SEX EDUCATION? Well, there can be many benefits of knowing about this Important topic in today’s generation.

SEX EDUCATION refers to a BROAD PROGRAMME designed to impart KNOWLEDGE or TRAINING regarding values, attitudes, and practices affecting family relationships. The real PURPOSE behind SEX EDUCATION is the TRANSFIGURATION of a MALE CHILD into MANHOOD, and of a FEMALE CHILD into WOMANHOOD. It is the education that provides KNOWLEDGE on PHYSICAL, SOCIAL, MORAL, BEHAVIOURAL, and PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGES and DEVELOPMENTS during PUBERTY. SEX EDUCATION is acquiring information about the DEVELOPMENT of our BODIES, SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR, SEXUAL CHARACTER. It teaches the ADOLESCENTS about the role of boys and girls in FAMILY and SOCIETY, RESPONSIBILITY and ATTITUDE of BOYS and GIRLS towards Each other, etc within SOCIAL CONTEXT.

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT? SEX EDUCATION aids people to get the INFORMATION, MOTIVATION, and ABILITIES to make the RIGHT DECISIONS about SEX and SEXUALITIES. Teenagers need this kind of information in order to make right Choices for themselves and to protect themselves. There is CONTROVERSY in whether SEX EDUCATION should be taught at SCHOOLS, but the fact that TEENAGERS are not aware of this information, leads to them making WRONG and BAD DECISION on account of their ignorance. Relying to that, we realize that SEX EDUCATION is IMPORTANT to be inserted in a person’s life. Therefore, SEX EDUCATION should be MANDATORY in HIGH SCHOOLS.

While, SCHOOLS DOING THEIR PARTS, PARENTS SHOULD ALSO start EDUCATING their CHILDREN about SEX EDUCATION, as early as possible. There are many debates between the VIEWS of PARENTS, regarding the AGE at which SEX EDUCATION should be introduced at SCHOOLS. There are some PARENT groups who considers that SEX EDUCATION should not start until grades 5 or 6. Whereas there are others who say that SEX EDUCATION should be taught to CHILDREN when they are in 3 or 4 grades. They find this age suitable for the children for giving knowledge about their SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR and BODIES. There are numerous reasons why SEX EDUCATION is RELEVANT!

SEX EDUCATION plays a RELEVANT role in children’s life as it would help them to understand their BODIES and not to be SURPRISED when their BODIES start changing during PUBERTY.

SEX EDUCATION plays a RELEVANT role in the REDUCTION of TEENAGE PREGNANCIES. It has been proven that SEX EDUCATION can help to scale down TEENAGE PREGNANCIES and BIRTHS. In 2002, researchers from the UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON did a study on heterosexual teens, aged 15-19. The results showed that 9% received no Education at all whereas 66% were taught SEX EDUCATION with mention of BIRTH CONTROL. The children who received this EDUCATION, were 60% less likely to become PREGNANT, or get someone else Pregnant, than those who received no EDUCATION at all. In this study, it is evident that SEX EDUCATION does help to reduce TEENAGE PREGNANCIES and That it should be taught. The INFORMATION you should get on SEX EDUCATION should be from APPROPRIATE SOURCES such as SCHOOLS. Getting the PROPER SEX EDUCATION needed, reduces the number of TEENAGERS with SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES(STDs).

The sole aim of such an EDUCATION would be to teach children to establish and accept the roles and Responsibilities of their own GENDER by acquiring the knowledge of SEX. Understanding the SIMILARITIES and DIFFERENCE BETWEEN two GENDERS, in terms of BODY and MIND will set up s foundation for the future development in their acquaintance with friends and lovers and their interpersonal relationships. An effective SEX EDUCATION at SCHOOL along with adequate COMMUNICATION between CHILDREN and PARENTS can bring about a lot of change, as it’s high time! One should talk about it openly.

ways to prepare for a social media internship


Whatever you’re interning, you’ll probably focus on a few key platforms: Twitter and Facebook for most business, along with maintaining a blog, but sometimes Instagram, YouTube and Pinterest too. Interning for a brand aimed at teens or twenty somethings means you’ll need to brush up on Snapchat, even if you don’t use it personally, whereas you’ll clock up the hours on Pinterest if your company targets women interested in crafts, interiors or wedding. Whatever the focus is, know each network’s best practice and, of course,#don’t #hashtag #every #word!


Anyone who hasn’t worked in social media assumes it’s just a case of posting a few tweets and hoping for the best but no. That’s why even the most experienced social teams keep an eye on industry websites and try to learn from top influencers. Websites like Mashable and Social Media Examiner will be your bread and butter, so bookmark them now to pick up trends and buzzwords. Plus, look at case studies of crisis management on social media, to see how brands have survived bad publicity or online disasters. Recent uproars revolves around fake news stories shared on Facebook, and the disappointing new look of Toblerone bars.


Who competes for attention with the company? There should be a few stand out rivals in the market wherever you’re interning, be it a tech start up, a magazine or a bank. Check out any rival’s influential followers and watch how they engage with their audience. Success isn’t about copying what everyone else is doing, but you can learn from their examples.


Find out which social media monitoring tools the company uses before you start your internship and you’re one step ahead. If you’re not sure, there’s no harm in trying some of the most popular tools on the market for scheduling posts and monitoring hashtags : Hootsuits, Buffer and Tweetdeck. The right tool will make your easier, allowing you to reach fans at peak times and keep track of your progress.


Work out which platforms benefit your company the most, and if there’s anything they could potentially do to interact with followers, such as posting more photos to their timeline, or ask questions to interact with people. Also, look at their. This is really important if your internship involves taking the initiative without many pre-existing guidelines or rules, or if you’re joining a large social media team, because it’ll be up to make things consistent.


Ideally you should have removed any unflattering posts when you were applying for internships, but if you haven’t done so already, it’s time to take them down. Once you start interning you’ll be retweeting, liking and sharing content through your own accounts too, so your profile must be employer friendly.


Arrive with a few ideas on how to increase fans, followers and bran awareness – all useful to have as back up if you get quizzed during a team meeting. Look at bloggers, vloggers and influencers who could potentially get involved with the company.

Now you’re prepared for your internship, you can make the most of it and hopefully kick start your social media career. Good Luck!

Empathy: For Surviving

Surviving in this era of world is almost become difficult die to Covid- 19 Pandemic as this hits the economy globally. The normal living suddenly shut down and due to fear of loss of life one cannot live their life peacefully. The affects of this pandemic is also showing their power till now but somehow the situation has changed from hard times to better and by keeping a positive attitude this period will also last soon.

The second thing for the survival of the humans is that the lifestyle changed. Many new trends has begin, which completely changes the way of living. Trends changes with time but as it changes why does the necessary quality of empathy is losing from the individuals.

No one knows what the other person is going through in their life. We should not judge them by their appearance, behaviour etc. Many of us do not discuss about the things which we don’t talk about.

When you put yourself in that situation you will get know what does it feels like. One should adopt this quality of empathy such that that the other’s individual situation should be understood and judge less.

It is mandatory for living in this world to overcome the bad situations in life like if I talk about an example is of Covid–19 pandemic.

Empathy boosts harmony in the relations which is needed to maintain the relation.

Photo by Lisa on Pexels.com

Why Sex Education Is Important

The absence of thorough information on all youths makes it hard to exactify the effect these issues have on them. In any case, here are a portion of the immediate outcomes of these issues, among the Indian youth.

The accompanying article stays into the inadequacies that accompany absence of legitimate instruction, and assets, and the ill-advised execution of strategies that could save the future strength of our country.

hiv and other sexually transmitted diseases/infections

There are over 2.3 million individuals more than 15 years with HIV contamination. This is about 31% of the complete populace contaminated with Helps/HIV, in India.

There is almost no mindfulness about safe sexual experiences and the outcome of having unprotected relations with various accomplices.

Just 45% youngsters and 28% young ladies appear to have complete information about HIV/Helps and its anticipation. This is more in urban communities than in rustic zones. Same is the information about HIV/Helps testing offices with just 42% youngsters and 30% young ladies, among the long-term ones, consistently having known about assets to get such a wellbeing registration.

Far more detestable is the condition of anticipation of other physically sent diseases with numbers falling admirably beneath 20% for the two sexes (concentrates by IIPS and Populace Board 2010). 8% of all overview unmarried young ladies are not even mindful of solitary methods for contraception and insurance.

Such high-hazard sexual weakness can be endeavored to be kept away from if schools cling to the Public Guides Anticipation and Control Strategy 2002 which ask the requirement for Helps counteraction and security of the privileges of tainted people through mindfulness and training.

female reproductive health and hygine

The miserable truth of country and a touch of metropolitan India are underage relationships, with little youngsters even under 15 years old being offered to more seasoned men. This achieves a lopsided measure of high-hazard pregnancies among young people with 62% of country ladies mothering at any rate one child when they have scarcely diverted the corner from youth themselves.

This is additionally when they go through different births presenting themselves to a ton of unfavorable medical problems. Maternal mortality is most elevated among long-term ones despite youthful regenerative bodies and poor antenatal consideration.

Far more atrocious is the information on regenerative cycles prompting poor feminine cleanliness and conceptive plot diseases.

Undesirable pregnancies are likewise managed by risky methods in light of the fact that many are ignorant of the dangers of back-rear entryway fetus removals or the way that there are completely legitimate intends to look for early terminations before 20 weeks, for extraordinary conditions.

A lack of information on feminine prosperity is additionally propagated by the hesitance of discussing feminine periods straightforwardly. It is normally covered in mystery, as though it is a wrongdoing to drain and give indications of being alive and well.

At any rate the media is getting on and not staying away behind phrases like “those days consistently”! Also, more young fellows are starting to comprehend the study of the female body, eliminating undesirable interest about something which is basically characteristic.

sexual abuse

Youngsters and ladies are powerless against being disregarded against, particularly on the off chance that they are kept in obscurity about sexuality and its maltreatment because of culprits that are frequently among loved ones.

Almost half of young men and young ladies, each, face sexual maltreatment in their young lives, in India, as per a review by the Service of Ladies and Youngster Improvement. It is the obligation of grown-ups to enable these youngsters with the information to ensure themselves against such maltreatment.

It is likewise contended that such an instruction exhausts the need to carry on sexual desires in a rude way, along these lines decreasing the cases of youths abusing others and developing further criminal conduct attributes.

Consequently, such projects need intercession of mental specialists who can address the social wrongdoings and help track down a compelling method to interpret the requirement for sexual duties.

Law Commission of India

Law is a continually evolving field and changes according to temporal and societal changes. Law making is an arduous task since it has to ensure the welfare of diverse  people and in addition, not affect the rights and liberties of certain sections. The Law Commission of India is, by nature, an executive organization, established by an order of the Government of India. Performing the important functions of reforming laws, it consists of experts, jurists, judges assigned by the Government. The goal of Law Commission of India is to ensure peace, security, and justice by ensuring the laws are fair and just. Also, the Law Commission of India works as an advisory organ to the Ministerial Department of Law and Justice. Every Law Commission lasts for five years. Law commission of India works as think tank and performs the functions of reviewing laws and suggesting recommendations or reforms to be introduced in the existing laws. 

Legal reforms, in the past, have been suggested by people like M.C Setalvad, Justice H.R Khanna, Justice Gajendradhakar who have headed the law commission. In India, the Law Commission was set up to examine laws and suggest reforms. It was given the task of legal reform. The formation of this commission ensured that the organs of the government could not pass laws arbitrarily. Laws passed by the Government are scrutinized and checked if it is really beneficial for people or not. It was constituted in the nineteenth century during the colonial government. In independent India, the first law commission was established in the year 1955. Its term was for three years. Twenty two commission have been established after independence. 


The Law Commission of India acts as advisory body to the Government of India, and the Ministry of Law and Justice. The Law Commission of India has no statutory force and legal status. It is usually headed by the retired judge (Supreme Court) or by the Chief Justice of the High Court. It consists of four full time officers. This includes a member secretary and the Chairman. The ex officio members of the Commission are the legal and legislative secretaries of the Ministry of Law and Justice. The Law Commission following the order of the Government of India or by virtue of its own position examines law with regards to its applicability and drawbacks. Then, the commission suggests certain reforms or enactment of a legislation. It undertakes researches related to laws and suggests reforms in the judicial system. 

Functions and Powers

The Law Commission of India consists of approximately twelve staffs, who are researchers, possessing adequate experience. The commission organizes meeting regularly to discuss the findings or for the purpose of presentation of reports. The initiation of several projects also takes place in the meetings. The committee then fixes on certain issues and starts working on them. The meeting also results in an outline or framework of research. The proceedings take place according to the framework. The members then unanimously agree on certain aspects and a smooth progress of work is ensured. After this process, the paper is prepared and presented before the members of the committee. The circulation of the prepared paper among the members takes place. The members then submit their opinions, views and comments regarding the paper. The overall view is also assessed through a questionnaire, which is circulated among the members asking their reaction and feedback. It aims to widen the area of feedback and reaction by sending it to certain professionals, academic institutions and other expert for the process of consultation. All this happens prior to submitting the proposals for legal reforms. As an addition, workshops, webinars, seminare are organized for the purpose of knowing the comments of critics and general view about the suggested reforms.

After the process of data collection, the staff members of the Commission involve in the process of evaluation and organization of data. The collected data is organized in a chronological order for the purpose of appropriate introduction in the report. The overall report is prepared by one of the Member Secretary or the Chairman of the Commission or any other members. After the completion of this process, the prepared report is presented for discussion before the meeting and is discussed by all the members of the committee. The findings and summary are analysed. Then, the report is confirmed and a summary is prepared. After the finalisation of the report and summary, the law commission has the option to start working on the preparation of a draft. The draft regarding reforms, amendments or a proposal for a new bill will be attached to the overall report. The finalised report then is sent to the Government of India for approval. 

The role of the Law Commission of India is a significant one in the field of legal reform. In the past, it has been led by able personalities like M.C Setalvad, Justice H.R Khanna, and Nani Palkhivala. The commissions headed by these people have submitted suggestions and reforms of great importance. The system of fast track courts, commercial courts expansion, electoral reforms, the introduction of anti-defection law, reforms as to many legal provisions related to criminal and civil law are but a few examples of the achievements of the Law Commission of India in the past. More often than not, the post of the Chairman of the Law Commission is offered to the retired judge of the Supreme Court or the former Chief justice of High Court. The Government of India is responsible for making such decisions. In the past, the governments have been criticised for showing partiality by many people. The government also has been criticised for not implementing the reforms suggested by the law commission, for not granting the commission a statutory status, for not providing a back up research team. Some of these also have contributed in the decreasing quality and less implementation of the reports submitted by the Law Commission of India recently.

The society, over the years, has become more complex. In this complex society, the role and functions of a government have increased manifold. The government has become a positive character to ensure public welfare. This has led to increase in power and responsibility in the hands of the executive organ of the government. As a result of these changes, the relationship and interaction between people and executive organizations has increased and has become complex and complicated. These organizations or bodies have the ability to influence the rights of people. Therefore, there is a need to formulate processes and techniques to deal with the citizens and find appropriate solutions to new problems. Another major concern for administrative law is to monitor the usage of discretionary power by these bodies. These bodies are also more flexible than other organs and their functioning has to be monitored carefully. Time and again, the law commission reports too have talked about the growth and need for administrative law in the current society.


The work carried out by the Law Commission of India is an important one. It was given a lot of importance by legal experts in the past. However, there are certain drawbacks in the working and the system of the Law Commission. One of a major drawback for the commission is, though it is a national body, it lacks proper composition. Issues like no defined set of eligibility criteria for the posts like chairman, secretary, and other staffs. The commission also has no defined functions, leaving all important appointments and decision to the discretion of the government. The Law Commission’s terms of reference are constituted every time during its appointment. While other commissions are regulated by the Indian Constitution, the Law Commission of India is subjected to casual treatment. Other commissions are regulated by a Charter. It is the central government that decides the appointment of position and generally judges from the Supreme Court and the High Courts are selected for the posts. It is subjected indifferent treatment by the central government. It lacks a statutory status, and needs strict regulations regarding appointment of members and functions of the body. Another problem that the commission faces is lack of finance. The part time staffs of the Law Commission are not paid any salary for their work. The remuneration of other staffs is generally low. The central governments allots the commission less budget, as a result which the commission faces financial issues. It struggles with management due to low funds as the running of the commission requires finance for meeting salary expenses, travel expenses, expenses for research anf other miscellaneous expenses. It requires adequate finance for proper functioning. Another major drawback for the Law Commission of India is the respect the Government pays for the reforms suggested by the body. There are issues regarding the implementation of reforms recommended by the committee. As discussed earlier, the rate of implementation is only forty five percent. The quality of research has increased a lot over the years. The research team of the commission is backed by certain legal centres and educational institutions. The Law Commission of India receives a lot direct and indirect support from these institutions. The commission is let down by the government as the implementation of reforms is poor. There is a strong need for strengthening the Law Commission of India for ensuring better legal reforms.

India’s Vaccine Shortage

India’s Vaccine Shortage

India’s Prime Minister announced ‘Teeka Utsav’ to promote covid-vaccination as well as to counter the second wave of infection. But on the contrary vaccinations have been declining afterwards.

Experts believe that herd immunity stage needs to be achieved to counter the spread of any infection i.e., more than 70 per cent of the population needs to be vaccinated. According to some studies, it can take almost 16 months to vaccinate 70 per cent of India’s population with first dose and almost 9 years to vaccinate them with both first and second doses.

A popular science journal and the Indian Medical Association itself has criticized India’s vaccination program. India, popular as ‘Vaccine factory of the world’ has been running short of vaccine supply which ultimately led to a situation where many Indian states are unable to achieve their vaccination targets. Odisha had to shut 60 per cent of it’s vaccination centers due to shortage of vaccines in the month of May.

As people are unable to find vaccines at their nearest centers, they are going to other cities to get vaccinated. For example some people residing at Gurgaon had to go to Manesar whereas some Delhites are going to Rohtak and residents of Rohtak are visiting villages to get vaccinated. Thus villagers have complained of not having enough vaccines left for the residents.


The first reason of the shortage is the insufficient capacity of the manufacturers. According to the targets of the central government of India, almost 10 crore doses of vaccines need to be manufactured every month but the current capacity of the manufacturing companies combined together lies at 7.5 crores which would increase to 11 crores by July. Another fact to be kept in mind is Serum Institute manufactured vaccines are not solely for the Indian population. SII needs to supply 40 per cent of its vaccines to Covax which is an initiative of several organizations including WHO to supply vaccines to more than 90 economically backward countries.

Sputnik V, the Russian vaccine approved by India can’t really help either as the manufacturer’s capacity lies at 500k only. However the initiative to manufacture Sputnik V in India might prove helpful.

Another reason is the lack of orders by the Indian government to the manufacturers. Under Operation Warp Speed the USA placed advanced orders with many vaccine companies even before their vaccines were approved and even though some vaccines didn’t get approved still USA had guaranteed supplies of vaccines for its population. Whereas the Indian government did not place any such advanced orders. Reasons behind this might be the lack of funds to place advanced orders. Poonawala from SII said in an interview that they couldn’t improve their capacities as there were no orders from the government of India. The statement was justified afterwards but if there lies truth in such statement, its the failure of the government of India. Another reason of not placing advanced orders might be the assumption that the infection was over at the end of the first wave of infection.

Under ‘Vaccine Maitri’ program India exported large quantities of vaccines to other countries. From January to April 2021 more vaccine doses were exported than vaccinated Indian residents.

First order placed for vaccines by the Indian government was 1.65 crore doses in the month of January 2021 and 1.5 crore doses in February. The government of India placed the first huge order of 12 crore doses in March 2021 when the country was already struck by the second wave of infection.

Adar Poonawala of SII said the vaccine shortage may go on till July 2021. Several experts have also warned about third and fourth wave of infection in the country as the infection continues to spread within the population alongside the slow vaccination.

The situation got even more complicated when the central government ordered states to arrange vaccine supplies for themselves. Many states released global tenders. Many companies whereas were not ready to deal only with central governments of countries. The chaos was ended with the central government of India announcing vaccinations free of cost for all its adult population and supplies being sent to states by the center after Supreme Court intervened the matter.

Possible Solutions

  1. Government may help the manufacturers with funds and supplies to increase their capacity. Other new manufacturers may also be looked forward to maximize the vaccine production.
  2. We should also start preparing for upcoming challenges of the pandemic. In the current situation the problem may lie with vaccine supplies but soon when the supplies would be sufficient the awareness about vaccines would prove to be the main issue.

For example many rural residents of Tamil Nadu are reluctant to vaccines after a famous actor Vivek died following inoculation. And if such problems prevail for longer, herd immunity stage would be harder to achieve.

3. As epidemiologist Giridhara Babu said the authorities should go for detailed district plans and social mobilization strategies to reach vulnerable communities.


Self-respect is a form of self-love

Self-respect is a form of self-love wherein a person values his or her own unique and unrepeatable approach to living Life. It is having an understanding and appreciation of the underlying character traits of one’s True Self—and most importantly—making life choices and decisions from that authentic aspect of a person’s personality.

This is very different than relying on one’s ego or False Self persona that serves as a cover to show the world only “the good stuff” of a person’s personality.

The reason self-respect is so important is that it is the gift we give ourselves when we become less motivated to please others in order to get their approval and more motivated to live a life of authenticity and personal integrity despite whatever anyone else thinks about us.

However, it is also very difficult for me to show respect to others if I am lacking self-respect. For example, it’s the same as if I wanted to give money to someone, I would first need to have money in my pocket in order for me to give money to that person. The same goes for respect. I can only give it to someone else if I have it inside me—for myself—in the first place.

By. Dr. De’Andrea Matthews

Having self-respect helps others to see and treat you with dignity and worth.

Self-respect is the knowledge that you know your self-worth and that you expect to be treated well and respectfully as a result. Having self-respect helps others to see and treat you with dignity and worth.

Often the backbone of self-respect is knowing your values and living by them. Having self-respect usually means that you need to stand by your character and be willing to defend your values and actions. This can be hard in today’s world when so many influencers are out there to challenge our values.

That said, I would offer that healthy connection to others- either in friendship or in love- cannot come without self-respect. When we treat ourselves with self-love and dignity, we help set a course for others to do the same.

Without self-respect, even the most well-meaning partner, who initially sees their loved one as deserving the best, will start to lose this vision and will begin to see and treat his/her partner only as well as the person values him/herself.

We end up attracting and receiving only as much respect and love as we give ourselves. This can be hard to understand when you are young and fall in love!

I recommend and work on to help individuals come to understand and live by their value system in my practice. We all have core values at some level within us but forget to live by them because there are so many messages being sent to us by outside influences- media, peers, family, etc.

When we take the time to hone in on our core values and begin working to live by them, we begin to exude self-confidence and self-respect. This shapes our interactions and helps others to grow more confident and respectful towards us.

When we live by our values and are willing to accept responsibility for our actions and choices because they are based on these, we find that our interactions with others become more genuine and worthwhile.

Ultimately, our relationships among family, friends and loved ones are positively affected and become more authentic. All of this stems from our need for self-respect.

By. Maria Shifrin, Ph.D.

Self-respect is the feeling of confidence and pride in one’s self. I first earned this from my mom. This lesson came when I was in the fourth grade, and a classmate invited all the students in our class except a couple.

I was one of those not invited for some reason. I must have talked myself into an invite or something because an invitation was ‘put’ in our mailbox a day before the party. The other kids’ were mailed a week before. I was so happy. My mother was not when the whole story came out. So she wouldn’t let me go.

She told me, “if you can’t be the tablecloth, don’t allow yourself to be the dish rag. As the dish rag often gets thrown out with the dishwater.”

What did this saying even mean?” I thought.

What it meant, she explained, was never allow yourself to be second best by anyone. She told me, “if you don’t stand for something, you will fall for anything.” That I was as just as good as the desired kids and never allowed anyone to believe anything less, has always stuck with me.

By. Carol Gee, M.A.

What is Customer Experience?

Customer Experience

Remember when “the customer is always right” drove how brands and customers interacted? Then, it was all about customer service, meeting their needs in that particular moment. Well, that was before the internet age. What used to be an effortless interaction that had a beginning, middle, and end, say, in a physical store, is now an open-ended relationship that can happen spontaneously anywhere and anytime—in your product, a brick and mortar store, a mobile app, a web portal, or your contact center. The term for this business-customer ongoing dynamic today is customer experience (CX). But, what is customer experience? CX refers to the ongoing relationship between a customer and your company.

Why Is Customer Experience Important?

Customer experience has been getting so much attention recently that empirical evidence amounts that being customer-centric has very real payoffs.

According to a PwC report, customers are willing to pay a premium of up to 16 percent for a good customer experience. Furthermore, Watermark Consulting reports the companies they identify as the Top 10 Customer Experience Leaders in the U.S. outperform the S&P and have three times higher returns than those they identify as CX laggards.

Customer experience shifts the business perspective from a sole focus on profit to focusing on customer needs, wants, and goals. Making that shift lets you align your investments, products, and services accordingly, ensuring that they solve the correct problems and the ones customers are willing to spend money to get solved.

This, in turn, impacts the following two metrics that are critical for any business wanting to maintain a healthy bottom line.

Improving Customer Retention and Decreasing Churn

Customers are armed with readily available information about their options and have the power to switch providers at the click of a button. This means that having satisfied customers is vital if you want to ensure they keep coming back and buying more from you. A lost customer means a loss of revenue and an increased cost in other areas to compensate for that loss. Research shows it costs five times more to attract a new customer than to retain an existing one.

Decreasing Customer Acquisition Cost

Excellent customer experience also has an impact on how effective your company is in acquiring new customers. A happy customer is more likely to become an advocate and refer you to other customers. And in an age where people no longer trust advertisements and 20–50 percent of all purchasing decisions are based on word-of-mouth (McKinsey), customer advocacy is shown to increase marketing effectiveness by as much as 54 percent and significantly decrease your cost of acquiring new customers.

What Makes a Good Customer Experience?

With more than 80% of companies expecting to compete solely based on CX, ensuring your customers have a great experience is critical if you want to keep your competitive edge. The thing with competing based on CX is that you aren’t just designing an experience that is better than others offering similar products and services; you are also building experiences that are judged (even if only subconsciously) with all the other experiences they have in their daily lives and with companies such as Uber, Amazon, and Airbnb. This “circle of influence” is what ultimately shapes their expectations about what “great” really means.

Make It Effortless

Your customers are impatient, and they expect everything to be easy and “right now.”  In fact, Google data shows that searches for “same day shipping” have grown 150% since 2015. So, a great customer experience is all about effortlessness and speed: how easy you make it for customers to do business with you and how quickly you meet their needs or solve their problems.

A great example of effortless done right is Amazon’s 1-click to buy. Amazon took the checkout process, which is the biggest point of friction for customers, and made it just as easy as selecting the item for purchase. As a result, Amazon has been able to massively increase conversions of existing customers and generate billions of dollars of additional revenue. If your goal is to improve customer experience, identify the biggest points of friction in your customer journeys and reduce the effort customers have to expend there.

Make It Consistent

According to Forrester, 95 percent of customers use three or more channels to connect with a company in a single service interaction. This means their experience is shaped, not by their interaction with a single channel, but rather by what McKinsey calls a cluster of interactions that spans multiple channels. And thus, their satisfaction and propensity to buy again from you will be the result of their overall experience across all of them. That is why consistency is so critical.

According to McKinsey, to ensure consistency, you should focus on three main aspects of customer experience:

  1. Customer Journey consistency: Ensuring customers have a good experience that spans all the channels they interact with in their individual journeys.
  2. Emotional consistency: Ensuring you elicit consistency-driven emotional connections with customers.
  3. Communication consistency: Ensuring communications and key messages convey the same values at every interaction point.

Make It Self-Service

Customers expect to have the power to solve product or service problems on their own—and they want to do it instantly. In fact, 50 percent of customers think it’s important to solve product or service issues themselves and 70 percent expect a company’s website to include a self-service application. So, delivering functionality that helps customers help themselves can have a huge impact on their satisfaction. In an analysis by Gartnerweb self-service portals emerge as one of the digital CX projects with the highest impact on customer experience and one that more easily shows a positive ROI.

Liberty to the modern world

Liberty, another word for freedom is a necessary concomitant for development and growth. However, just to urge liberty isn’t enough, how we use it lies at the essence of accomplishment by liberty.

In the times, plenty of freedom is given to all or any and varied. Liberty to women, to children, to workers, to lower classes, and then on and then forth. However, as things stand today, wherever we glance it’s being amply misused.

The modern world is correct when it says and thinks that, there is no growth without liberty. most so good but, after we consider liberty we don’t seem to appreciate that, complete liberty should run only to a highly sophisticated, highly disciplined, and highly educated, and responsible class of individuals. this can be because if we give liberty to the lesser class that doesn’t know the correct use of the gift, it’ll all told probability to be misused. even as a monkey handling a rail a razor is probably going to chop his cheek while a person knows a way to use it correctly to his advantage without harming himself. In the same way, liberty is additionally a thing that needs delicate and complex handling for it to be really useful. Liberty must thereby find an area only within the hands of the few educated and well-meaning people.

However, this is often not true a minimum of in India, liberty has been granted as a present from the gods to all or any and varied and also the result’s for all people to determine. Wherever liberty is being given it’s being misused by one and everyone. this can be because when liberty is within the hands of individuals like those, common in India, dishonest and undisciplined, it’s absolute to bring disaster. to know the validity of the statement that, liberty must be only we are disciplined and know-how and the way far to use this gift. to work out how far our liberty is misused we are going to take few examples from our day-to-day lives, right from aasifa to nirbhaya girls cases, we all know that their liberty is being misused within the nowadays, finally it ended up with a disaster. the house and also the society are the 2 main spheres where all folks individuals have interest..similarly, at the amount of society everyone wishing to try to what and the way he/she wants, leaves the social fabric with none cohesion and civic boundaries. once we mouth liberty we must make sure that it must come only after a decent education, and discipline for ease, liberty within the hands of the uneducated and uncouth becomes a harbinger of greater and greater indiscipline, resulting in disaster. this is often exactly what’s happening in India. Every individual has the freedom to try to, to say, and behave as he/she wants and therefore the resulting chaos is for us all to suffer. Liberty may be a gift meant for those who know the way far to require freedom and when to prevent using it and, especially a way to use their liberty.

Is social media linked to the developemet of various mental disorders?

Social media is currently a vital component of enhancing communication amongst friends and families through the sharing of personal content. The use of social media platforms has gone a notch higher, especially among young adults who are striving to develop their identities, for self-promotion, as well as establishing their social norms. The sharing of information and ideas through the Internet or mobile platforms is facilitated by social media. According to research, most of the people who access the Internet using personal computers spend 20% of their online time on accessing social media sites while those who use phones utilize 30% . This study points out that social media is heavily linked to the development of mental disorders such as anxiety and depression in people.

Studies also show that social media has positive and negative influences on the mental health of young people from 14 to 35 years. The researchers recommend changes to be made to protect the young kids and adolescents from the negative impacts of social media such as Internet addiction and low self-esteem without interfering with the positive aspects like sharing of experiences by the sick, ethnic minorities, among other minority groups.

In the following article, we shall discuss some of the mental disorders which are particularily triggered by excessive usage of social media.

The list

Various studies have associated the use of social media with reduced subjective mood, life contentment, and comfort. The studies blame too much loneliness and decreased people bonding on the passive use of social media content in place of face-to-face communication. This is perhaps due to the envious feelings about other people and the unfounded belief that they are more successful and happier in their lives than the social media user. As a result, the envious person may feel inferior and depressed with time.

What we, as conventional social media users need to realize is that all our “influencers” are not leading their best lives at all points of time in their lives.

Various studies indicate a relationship between the use of social media and undesirable results, for instance, high levels of loneliness, narcissism, depression, and uncontrollable behaviors. Too much social media utilization by young adults leads to an increase of the negative impacts. This is because in the race of gaining more and more followers and trying to ‘seem’ like a better version of yourself than you are, we often tend to forget to make real life human connections.

Research establishes that learners who spend much of their time in social media have a lower sense of worth as compared to the ones who use lesser time on the platforms. In turn, low self-esteem makes an individual vulnerable to depressive mental disorders or worsens the conditions. It was also found out that students with many friends on Facebook had few live interactions with their college mates and were likely to experience high levels of loneliness. 

Research also associates high social media usage with raised level of anxiousness. Younger generations were found to experience higher levels of anxiety than adults when they failed to access their social networks and text messages. Children also tend to become less outspoken, confident and open when they spend all their time on social media.

The people who are preoccupied with social media use also spend most of their time seated and have little time for physical exercises. As a result, they become vulnerable to sedentary behaviors, the activities that mainly include sitting or lying. These behaviors have been associated with physical health issues such as obesity, heart diseases, and high blood pressure. Simply, taking up more oxygen through physical excercises or going out in the nature can reverse these physical and mental conditions.

The mobile devices such as computers and smartphones, if utilized for the access of social media sites, interrupt the natural sleep cycles of the users. The screens of these devices release high amounts of artificial blue light whcih can hinder the chemical working of our brains. People with daily high usage of social media report that sometimes, they don’t feel sleepy at all.

High social media usage is linked with negative thoughts as well as feelings of guilt about your unproductivity which puts the user in the “feedback loop from hell” where he/she constantly feels guilty about feeling guilty thereafter. Overall, researches conclude than people who consume a controlled amount of technology and especially social media, are likely to lead better lives than the ones who don’t.


It was versatile material with many uses ,inculding printing ,packaging decording ,writing ,claning ,filter,paper ,wallpaperbook ,end paperconverstation paper ,laminated worktops ,toilet tissue ,currency and security  paper and a number of industrial and construction process


The invetion of paper  was of highimportance for the social develpoment ofthe  human kind .keeping information especially for contractual  obligation was vital forthe development of trade


paper is an indispensable part of everyday  life .Beyond its  use as the basic material for written and printed communication .paperin its  various forms are used forhundered of other purpose .

Why education?

A man without education is considered to be an animal, says in Sanskrit. But hundreds and thousands of men and women in developing and underdeveloped countries are still illiterate. They are also living, eating, sleeping, and leading their normal lives. Then “why education” is the question.

To understand the question, one should know the real value and meaning of “education”. The term education is derived from the Latin word “Educate” which means to bring up or bring out. Every man is born with certain inherent talents. These talents are brought out at the right time and place. Then only they shine.

There are two kinds of activities which a man performs, the first thing is to satisfy hunger, thirst, etc., There are certainly other activities that a man performs to satisfy mental desires and social needs. They are to develop reason, imagination, skills, social behavior, moral behavior, curiosity, creativity, adjustment ability, friendship, leadership, working skills, spiritual quest, and finally salvation. The second kind is developed through education. The one who is educated is social, knowledgeable, skillful, and full of confidence.

Education is not only reading about something, writing languages, and learning arithmetic. It has different aims to achieve. The most important ones are, economic, vocational, knowledge, and social.

Economic Bases: A man who is educated should be able to earn his living and should be economically self-sufficient. Education should help the man to achieve this.

Vocational: The second aim is to develop the skill to do a professional job-may be agriculture, carpentry, pottery, or even sophisticated jobs like engineering, teaching, medical practice, etc.

Knowledge: Education helps a man to develop a scientific outlook to learn many things from nature. To be rational in outlook and not to be led away by superstitions and blind beliefs scientific thinking is a must. It is that scientific thinking has helped man to invent electricity, the law of gravity, the law of relativity, laws of motion, etc, and march forward as a scientist and conquer nature. Indispensable and innumerable inventions the scientists have made life more comfortable, worth living, and easy.

Social: Man is gregarious by instinct. He cannot live in isolation. Living in a family and in society is a necessity for him. In order to live peacefully out there in this society, he has to know and keen on certain laws of society. this is possible only through education. Man does not live for worldly comforts alone. He has certain religious and spiritual needs. He can fulfill all his necessities in life by living in this society.

Need for education:

India is a democratic country. Democracy means rules by the people. The majority opinion should be based on scientific reasoning, political maturity, and the welfare of all, if not it will lead to chaos. Every voter should the value of each vote and also their responsibilities and duties towards the state. Therefore the education of every citizen is an inevitable need in a democracy.

Education builds your wealth, it allows you to pursue other ventures but rather find us more peace, which can lead to living a fulfilling life.

Due to this Marathi man, he gets a Sunday holiday, he got success after six years of struggle

Do you know when the Sunday holiday started in India? And who started this (Who Declared Sunday as Holiday)? What exactly is the history behind this.

On June 13 is a holiday on Sunday. People relax this day after working for a whole week. Spend time with your family and prepare yourself for the next week. People have been waiting for this one day for a whole week. However, do you know when the Sunday holiday started in India? And who started this (Who Declared Sunday as Holiday) ? What exactly is the history behind this?First of all, it is important to know that the history of this incident is very sad. Behind this is the struggle and battle of many people. Narayan Meghaji Lokhande is credited with the day we sit and relax in our house. As you know, India was ruled by the British. At this time people were being subjected to huge atrocities. During the British rule, workers had to work seven days a week without a holiday.AdvertisementNarayan Meghaji Lokhande was the leader of the workers at that time. Seeing the condition of the workers, he presented his case to the British. He also asked for permission to take one day off a week. However, the British government rejected his demand. Lokhande did not like this at all. He joined hands with the workers to oppose this. He raised his voice against this coercion of the government. Protests were staged.

It wasn’t all that easy. He made many efforts for the rights of the workers and finally his efforts were successful. Nearly seven years later, the British government issued an order on June 10, 1890. Following the issuance of this order, it was decided to grant leave on one day of the week i.e. Sunday. In addition, half an hour of rest was given every afternoon. Which means it’s about to be the most delusional time of the year, as well as the most rewarding of all the breaks we’ve ever had in the office or anywhere else.

Gold trades Rs 140 up; Silver plunges Rs 370

Gold was trading Rs 140 up today at Multi Commodity Exchange for August contracts even as gold prices in the international markets were down. Gold was trading at Rs 48,660 per 10 gram. Silver prices plunged Rs 370 to trade at Rs 71,510 per kilogram for July Contracts when reports last came in.

In the New York Mercantile Exchange, gold was down USD 1,865.70 per ounce. Silver was also down at USD 27.80 per ounce.

Nasdaq index and S&P 500 gain while Dow Jones index falls in US equity market

In the US equity market, the Nasdaq index and the S&P 500 gained yesterday. In the lack of catalysts the Dow Jones index fell while gains at the S&P 500 remained marginal. Investors also awaited this week’s Federal Reserve meeting for further cues.

On the other hand, the technology-heavy Nasdaq rose for the sixth session in the past seven working days, lifted by gains in shares of Tesla, Apple and Amazon Incs.

Investors are seeking new cues from the central bank this week on its inflation outlook, after recent data indicated the US economy is regaining momentum but not overheating. This has eased investor worries about inflation. While the Fed has reassured that any spike in inflation would be transitory.

The Nasdaq Composite index surged 0.7 per cent, the S&P 500 closed 0.2 per cent up while the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell around 0.3 per cent.

Maharashtra govt to provide Rs. 5 lakh assistance to children who have lost their parents during Corona period

Maharashtra Women and Child Development Minister Yashomati Thakur has said that the state government will provide all kinds of assistance to the children who have lost their parents during the Corona period and will provide Rs. 5 lakh assistance to such children.

She further said that a task force is set up under the chairmanship of District Collector Rajesh Narvekar to rehabilitate every orphan. A survey of orphans is underway and care has been taken to ensure that no child is deprived. Efforts are also being made to increase the childcare fund for child development, Thakur said.

Thakur has said that it is necessary to keep in touch with the child victims and provide emotional support therefore. At present, the number of orphans due is 42 in Thane district.

Member (Health) Niti Aayog, Dr Paul stresses on COVID appropriate behaviour and creating micro containment zones across country

Member (Health) Niti Aayog Dr. Paul has stressed on effective containment of COVID pandemic by following COVID appropriate behaviour and creating micro containment zones across the country.

Briefing the media in New Delhi today, Dr. Paul has said the country is dealing with the highly infectious variant of the Coronavirus this year. He said, strict preventive measures are required to contain transmission of this variant. On the Delta Plus variant, Dr. Paul has said it has not been classified as a variant of concern. He said, this variant nullifies the use of monoclonal antibodies as per the data available in public domain. He said, more scientific study is required to learn about this variant.

Talking about the COVID vaccine Novavax, Dr. Paul has said, this vaccine is very safe and highly effective. He said, the data available in the public domain proves it. He said, efficacy of this vaccine is over 90 per cent and this will be produced in India.

On the vaccination front, Dr. Paul has said that the Central Government with the active support of States and Union Territories are working together for scaling up the vaccination coverage.

Need to bring Broadcasting to Smartphones through convergence between 5G Broadcasting & Cellular Standards: Prasar Bharati CEO

Technology has been a huge enabler and rescuer during the pandemic, says Prasar Bharati CEO Shashi S Vempati

Prasar Bharati CEO, Shashi Shekhar Vempati addressed the third ABU-RAI DAYS 2021 discussion on “A new world out of COVID: Can Public Service Media help to create more open, inclusive and tolerant societies?”

Speaking at the virtual event, CEO said that he sees potential in 5G broadcasting as the audience is increasingly moving away from traditional broadcasting to internet broadcasting. He said that one should be able to use the broadcast frequencies to directly reach citizens on their choice of device.

CEO Vempati discussed a number of topics like combating fake news and misinformation, building trust during the pandemic, technology, and more.

RAI is an Italian public service broadcaster. The event was organized in cooperation with the ABU on June 14 and 15, 2021.

Technology – enabler and rescuer

During the address, CEO Vempati spoke on the role of technology during the pandemic, which he said has been a huge enabler and a big rescuer, especially the digital tools and information technology system.

The right IT systems in place and the ability to quickly get the staff enabled on crucial digital tools came together in keeping the operations going and the basic technology played the role of a huge enabler for Prasar Bharati during the pandemic.

CEO Vempati said that going forward, advanced technology like artificial intelligence has a big role to play, especially in India, which has a diversified population. He also said that he sees potential in 5G broadcasting as the audience is increasingly moving away from traditional broadcasting to internet broadcasting. He said that one should be able to use the broadcast frequencies to directly reach citizens’ on their choice of device.

He further added that with the increasing growth of digital platforms, good content is equally important.

Challenges to the public broadcaster during the pandemic

Speaking of the challenges the public broadcaster faced during the pandemic, the Prasar Bharati CEO said that the biggest challenge for them was tackling the flood of fake news and misinformation doing rounds on social media platforms during the pandemic.

“Our whole understanding of the science of the pandemic was itself shifting every few weeks, every few months. Within that environment, you had a flood of misinformation, especially on social media platforms, WhatsApp groups, you know, wrong information going viral,” he said.

Elaborating it further, he said, “So the biggest challenge for the public broadcaster was countering these, putting out the right information at the right time in all the possible languages, in all the different regions so that the citizens were accurately informed.”

The other challenge for the public broadcaster was meeting the high expectations of the citizens. “In India, public service media continues to be considered the most credible and authentic source of information. So often, when we get it wrong, it goes viral,” he said.

“We have to be 100% sure that all the information that we put out is very accurate, because in the minds of the citizens, this is one place where they can get authentic and credible information, and they continue to rely on it,” CEO Vempati added.

Increase in viewership during the pandemic

During the pandemic, when the country was under a lockdown, the public broadcaster was working every day and kept its services on. During this time, the public broadcaster also witnessed an extremely high viewership and Doordarshan broke every record out there in terms of television viewership for a series.

“Television viewership hit an all-time high in India, we had the Epics, Ramayana and Mahabharat aired, (and) families got together during the lockdown. They were all glued to the television sets, watching Doordarshan,” he was quoted as saying.

International cooperation during the pandemic

Prasar Bharati CEO Shashi Shekhar Vempati said that international platforms like ABU have been playing a critical role in bringing all together despite not having physical events and meetings, through the online and content sharing platforms.

“We have been able to share a lot of what was happening in India through the (content sharing) platform and that created a lot of awareness. Similarly, through the online sessions, there was a lot of exchange of best practices, lessons learned, so many new things we learned on how public broadcasters across the Asia-Pacific were coping with the pandemic,” he said.

The pandemic was no longer a barrier as it was easy to go beyond the geography of Asia-Pacific and build relationships. “We were able to reach out to public broadcasters in Argentina, in Brazil, do online meetings, and put in place a content exchange program. The day that we had the interaction with our Argentinian counterparts, was the day that Diego Maradona passed away. So, we were able to leverage that relationship very quickly to get live feeds and live content from Argentina on the breaking coverage around that development,” CEO Vempati shared.

Similarly, when Brazil launched its first satellite from India using the Indian space infrastructure, Prasar Bharati covered the live event and gave it to its Brazilian counterpart. “All of these happened online through Zoom meetings, working out the details and setting it up,” he added on how technology, enabled international cooperation during this period.

Innovation is the key

During the pandemic, the public broadcaster faced disruptions with production. However, they engaged in a lot of innovative efforts. “We trapped into our archives and brought a lot of formats of content from our archives,” he said.

During the pandemic, Prasar Bharati got writers and authors to read their books on radios remotely, and also put 10,000 different radio dramas online, on the digital platform for the first time which generated a new audience. “We got Ruskin Bond, a celebrated Indian author to read stories from his books for children,” CEO Vempati said.

“So, new formats of content without a whole lot of in-studio presence, where you could remotely do it that made a difference to bring content during the pandemic. And this process goes on. These innovative efforts will have to continue till we all are safe and we all come out of this pandemic,” he further added.Need to bring Broadcasting to Smartphones through convergence between 5G Broadcasting & Cellular Standards: Prasar Bharati CEO


There are many times in life when we need someone to talk to us and listen to what we have in mind and that what we are going through was going to be okay and it IS okay not to be okay, like Demi Lovato sang in her song.

Faith. Faith is a funny thing. When we are happy and successful we seldom think of faith. We think it is only our hard work and a little bit of luck that led us to the success. But we are not doing well, we are told to have faith. We fail to remember that no matter the stage in our life, whether we are successful or not, there is some sort of faith, that belief we can do it, and that all the difficulty would be over, that would have led us through the difficulties, but we fail to acknowledge it.

Photo by Rodolfo Clix on Pexels.com

What is, exactly, faith? When you google it, you may end up with the definition of “strong belief”, or “strong religious belief. But if you really think about it, it is just really the trust we have on our higher power, whatever it may be. What is the difference between the trust and the faith. In my opinion, we use the word ‘trust’ most of the time when we entrust someone mortal, someone we know who is human with some sort of job or an action. We use ‘faith’ when we refer to God. Though both these terms can be misplaced, the meaning I gave is used usually and kind of makes sense in a way. You are free to feel otherwise.

Whether we believe in God or not, there is some sort of higher power that navigates us through life. Some people worship it in the name of God, some people feel just lucky and unlucky and some people think of it as Karma. But in general, it is rare to meet someone who feels that their life is in their control 100%. Do we support them or do we shun them is the real question? That depends on how that particular person would take the news.

There are difficult times in our lives when we yearn for all of it to be over. But we forget that all that sufferings improves us and makes us prepare for harder battles in the future. In that way, we need to have faith that whatever we are going through WILL be over, and that we would see our best days. In our happy days, we should feel grateful for what we have and it might sound crazy, but we should be feeling grateful about what we have left, even if we are not in a good position.

Don’t think I am trying to preach about God. It is about us. It is about our actions. It is about our thoughts that shape us for who we are. If we are forced to take a decision, to follow someone blindly someone and it goes wrong, instead of blaming the person, think of it as your choice though you knew the consequences and that you would do better. Taking responsibility for what you do and did is the first step in having faith in yourself that you would do good. Remember no one can force you to do things you don’t want to, so get out there and have faith in yourself.


Cristiano Ronaldo seems to be not a fan of the soft drink after the Portugal captain is removed, two Coca-Cola bottles in front of him, Euro 2020 press conference on Monday, and for the people to drink instead of water.

Cristiano Ronaldo seems to be not a fan of the soft drink after the Portugal captain is removed, two Coca-Cola bottles in front of him, Euro 2020 press conference on Monday, and for the people to drink instead of water.

The 36-year-old striker pushed the coke bottles on one side, and sat down to talk to the media ahead of Tuesday’s opening Group F match against Hungary.

He followed her in with a bottle of water with the cry “in Portuguese,” Agua!”

Coca-Cola is one of the official sponsors of the Euro 2020, which could not immediately be reached by Reuters for comment.

Coca-cola’s answer:

Cristiano Ronaldo spoke disparagingly of the Coca-Cola company, and the people, asking not to drink water during the Turkey-Hungary’s press conference, a move which will be sent to Coca-Cola’s stock price plummeting from $ 56.10 to $ 55.22. ”
Cristiano Ronaldo is a world-wide star, and all that they do has an impact, including outside the field. After the Portuguese captain, and asked the people not to drink of the water, and contempt “for the Coca-Cola company, already at the beginning of the press conference with the team for the race of Hungary at Euro 2020, with this act, is bound to have an impact.

It does not hide the fact that He will take the best care of his body. Even at the age of 36, with the Portuguese star has had the opportunity to compete with players who are 10 years younger than he is. When He came to the press conference of the Portuguese national team, as a coach, Fernando Santos, he saw the two of Coca-Cola bottles in front of him and decided to delete them from the camera.


Rapes and Rapists

Bangladesh to introduce death penalty for rape - BBC News”While a murderer devastates the physical frame of the victim, a rapist deteriorates and defiles the soul of innocent life. ”
Sexual assault on women is a frequent happening in our country. Under sexual assault comes; molestation, eve-teasing, child sex abuse, marital rapes, domestic violence. Rapes are one of the worst crimes; ironically, the most common one. According to Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code, Rape means illegal intercourse done by a man with a woman without her valid consent. Rape outrages a woman’s modesty. After a rape incident, a woman lives a pathetic life saturated with fear, depression, guilt complex, suicidal action, and social stigma. In recent times, Rape incidents have increased manifold. According to statistics, two women are raped in the country every hour. In addition, according to the statistics, every 10 hours, a girl age 1-10 is being raped in India. It appears that rapists are not scared of laws. The recent incident which shook the nation was the gang rape of a 23-year-old medical student in a moving bus on the streets of Delhi. The cruelty which was shown towards the girl by the rapists filled every Indian with wrath. Thousands of people came to the streets to demand justice for the young lady.
The protests compelled our leaders to sit up and think, and now amendments to the laws concerned with sexual assault on women are underway. Every day the newspaper reports of rape incidents. In the majority of rape cases, the victim knows the rapist. Some events are a rude shock to humanity. One of them was when a man raped her 5-year-old neighbor. Reports show that the rapist brutally destroyed her internal organs beyond cure. Some cases have come to light wherein teachers have raped their students. The question which arises when we talk of rapes is what causes rape. Why are rape cases increasing at an alarming rate? The first and foremost cause of increasing rape cases is the lack of public safety. Women are not safe outside their homes, and why only outside they are not safe even inside their homes.
Several cases have come into notice wherein the guilty has committed the crime in the very house of the victim. Rapes in moving vehicles raise a question on the effectiveness of the traffic system of our country. Another prominent reason is the sluggish court system of India and few convictions. India’s court system is painfully slow, and for rapes that do get reported, the conviction rate is not more than 26%. As the accused do not get any trial, others think that they can go around freely and rape whosoever they like. Stigmatizing the victim and encouraging the victim to compromise gives a further impetus to this horrendous crime. In many rural areas, the victim is forced to drop charges against the guilty and is encouraged to marry their rapist by telling them that nobody will marry them now and it will bring shame to her family. In recent times, prominent leaders and experts have blamed women’s clothing for increasing rape cases. No clothing is an invitation to rape.


Let us talk about the startups that entered the club of Unicorns this year (2021)
1.Digital Insurance
This was the first startup to have entered the unicorn club in the year 2021. It is a Bangalore-based insurtech startup.

It is India’s first health tech unicorn.

3. Meesho
It belongs to the Indian social commerce sector, the startup is an online reseller network. The startup is still at its nascent stage but is expected to grow at an exponential rate.

4. Infra.Market
The startup is a B2B online procurement marketplace for real estate and construction material.

5. Pharmeasy
The startup offers services such as a collection of samples for diagnostics, deliveries of medicines, and teleconsultation.

6. Cred
Based in Bangalore, India, Cred is an Indian startup belonging to the fintech sector, allowing customers to make credit card payments through the app.

7. Groww
It is India’s second wealth management unicorn startup.

8. ShareChat
It is an Indian social networking service, based in Bangalore, India.

9. Gupshup
It is a messaging platform, whose headquarters are in San Fransisco.

10. Chargebee
It is based in Chennai and is a subscription management platform.

11. Urban Company
Based in Gurugram, the company provides local services.

How to Stop Worrying

Here are some tips on how to stop worrying:

➢ Take a problem-solving approach (as opposed to a worrying approach). Worrying and problem solving are two different things. Problem solving entails assessing a situation as objectively as possible and then coming up with tangible solutions for dealing with it.

Worrying, on the other hand, rarely leads to a solution. Instead, it generally involves obsessing with the problem and doing nothing, which leads to greater anxiety and stress.

In other words, no matter how much time you spend dwelling on the worst that can happen, you are no further ahead in being able to deal with it should it actually happen.

➢ Differentiate between solvable and unsolvable problems (worries). If you begin to worry about a problem ask yourself these questions:

Is this a present and real problem or a potential one?
If it is a potential one, how likely is it to happen?
If it is a likely one, what can I do to prepare for it?
Is it within my control?

Predictable and solvable problems and worries are those upon which you can take preemptive or immediate action.

For example; if you are worried about your bills you can make sure you’ve put enough money aside for any emergencies. If you have not, then you can contact the bank and make flexible payment arrangements accordingly.

If you are worried about your health, make sure you are eating properly, resting enough and exercising regularly. If you have a worrisome ailment, get it attended to as soon as possible. If need be, do some brainstorming to come up with possible solutions or preventative measures for solvable and probable problems.

Unsolvable problems, however, are those you have no control over. If you worry over a future circumstance that may, or may not, take place then there is nothing you can do about it in the present.

It would be unproductive to spend time ruminating over whether an earthquake, flood, war, or other catastrophe is going to take place. While it may happen, worrying about it will not help in the everyday living of your life. Focus on the things you do have control over and let go of those you do not.

➢ Plan ahead. This relates to the above point. Take preventative measures to avoid unpleasant circumstances and situations. You won’t worry about debts if you take care of your finances on a daily basis.

If you take care of yourself physically, mentally and emotionally, poor health will not be an ongoing worry for you.;

If you worry about getting good grades and passing your exams, make sure you prepare adequately by studying enough and completing all assignments. Don’t let something become a worry. Prepare yourself in every way possible.

➢ Understand that there are many things we have no control over. While it is important to be prepared, know and understand that there are circumstances totally beyond our control. Acceptance of this fact can prevent much worry and heartache.

Chronic worriers tend to have difficulty with unpredictability and the unknown. They believe if they worry about everything that can go wrong it will make life more predictable. On the contrary, their inability to tolerate doubt and uncertainty significantly increases their propensity for anxiety and worry.

They fail to realize that worrying about everything does not make life more predictable, it merely prevents them from enjoying it in the present. To really learn to stop worrying, begin by letting go of your need for certainty and immediate answers.

 Challenge worrisome thinking cognitively. As you probably realize at this point, worrisome thinking is unproductive and unnecessary. To challenge such thinking ask yourself the following questions:

What is the evidence that supports this thought as being accurate?
What is the probability of it happening?
If it does happen, what can I do about it?
Is this thought helpful?
Does worrying about it help or hurt me?
Is there a more positive and productive way of looking at this situation?

Be aware of and avoid distorted thinking that can generate worry. For example:

Catastrophic thinking: Expecting the worst to happen; such as, if the person you are meeting for lunch is late and you begin to worry that they had a terrible car accident and may be seriously injured, or dead.

Over-generalization: Generalizing from a single negative experience expecting it will always hold true; such as, breaking up with someone and thinking you will never have a relationship again.

Jumping to conclusions: Interpreting situations negatively without any evidence; such as, someone looking at you questioningly and believing that they hate you, or are saying bad things about you.

All-or-nothing thinking: Looking at things as being either black or white with no middle ground; for example, thinking that if you don’t do something perfectly, you are a total failure.

Labeling: Avoid the notion of labeling yourself as a total failure, or loser, based on previous mistakes or perceived flaws.

 Practice Mindfulness or similar relaxation techniques. Since worrying generally entails the future events, practicing mindfulness or meditation can alleviate it by focusing your attention on the present. In contrast to changing or challenging your worrisome thoughts, mindfulness entails observing and then releasing them. This also helps pinpoint the thinking and feelings that cause you to worry and send you into a tailspin.

So, rather than ignoring, fighting, or trying to control your worrisome thoughts and feelings, simply observe them without reaction or judgment. Consequently, when you don’t try to control them, your thoughts will slowly drift away and soon dissipate.

It’s only when you focus on your worries that they take on a life of their own and you lose perspective. Of course, it takes practice and continued application to become adept at practicing mindfulness, however, it’s well worth the effort to overcome the habit of worrying.

Enjoy the article on how to ‘The Benefits of Practicing Mindfulness’ for further tips and strategies.

Ultimately, chronic worrying puts our mental and physical health in jeopardy. In order to prevent the detrimental effects of worrying, such as, weakening of the immune system, stomach ulcers, irritable bowel, skin irritations, depression and the like, make it a point to practice the various strategies the can help stop the worry habit.

The Power of Hard Work

With a proven medication in hand, it was now time for human trials. Unfortunately, there were no centers in China performing trials for new drugs at the time. And due to the secrecy of the project, going to a facility outside of the country was out of the question.

They had reached a dead end.

That’s when Tu volunteered to be the first human subject to try the medication. In one of the boldest moves in the history of medical science, she and two other members of Project 523 infected themselves with malaria and received the first doses of their new drug.

It worked.

However, despite her discovery of a breakthrough medication and her willingness to put her own life on the line, Tu was prevented from sharing her findings with the outside world. The Chinese government had strict rules that blocked the publishing of any scientific information.

She was undeterred. Tu continued her research, eventually learning the chemical structure of the drug—a compound officially known as artemisinin—and going on to develop a second antimalarial medication as well.

It was not until 1978, almost a decade after she began and three years after the Vietnam War had ended, that Tu’s work was finally released to the outside world. She would have to wait until the year 2000 before the World Health Organization would recommend the treatment as a defense against malaria.

Today, the artemisinin treatment has been administered over 1 billion times to malaria patients. It is believed to have saved millions of lives. Tu Youyou is the first female Chinese citizen to receive a Nobel Prize, and the first Chinese person to receive the Lasker Award for major contributions to medical science.

How to Make Journaling Easy

I’ve spent a fair bit of time thinking about how to make journaling easy over the past year. In fact, I thought so much about it that I partnered with the premium notebook maker Baron Fig to create the Clear Habit Journal—a combination dot grid notebook, daily journal, and habit tracker that not only makes it easier to journal, but also easier to build any habit.

But before I start hawking my wares, let’s get something straight.

Here’s the truth: There’s no one “right” way to journal. You can do it wherever you want and in whatever way you want. All you need is a piece of paper or a blank document. However, although there is no right way to journal, there is an easy way to journal…

Write one sentence per day.

The primary advantage of journaling one sentence each day is that it makes journaling fun. It’s easy to do. It’s easy to feel successful. And if you feel good each time you finish journaling, then you’ll keep coming back to it.

A habit does not have to be impressive for it to be useful.

What Journaling Can Do for You

Nearly anyone can benefit from getting their thoughts out of their head and onto paper. There are more benefits to journaling than I have time to cover here, but allow me to point out a few of my favorites.

Journaling provides the opportunity to learn new lessons from old experiences. When looking back on her previous journal entries, Virginia Woolf remarked that she often “found the significance to lie where I never saw it at the time.”

Reading your old journal entries is a bit like reading a great book for a second time. You pick up on new sentences and see the past in a different way. Only this time, you are re-reading the story of your life.

Journaling sharpens your memory. When Cheryl Strayed wrote her hit book, Wild, she relied heavily on her journal. She recalled, “My journal provided the who, what, how, when, and why with a specificity that memory might have blurred, but it also did something more: it offered me a frank and unvarnished portrait of myself at 26 that I couldn’t have found anywhere else.”

Time will change your face without you noticing, but it will also change your thoughts without you realizing it. Our beliefs shift slowly as we gain experience and journal entries have the ability to freeze your thoughts in time. Seeing an old picture of yourself can be interesting because it reminds you of what you looked like, but reading an old journal entry can be even more surprising because it reminds you of how you thought.

Journaling motivates you to make the most of each day. There is something about knowing that your day will be recorded that makes you want to make at least one good choice before the sun sets. I will sometimes find myself thinking, “I want to have something good to write down tonight.”

Journaling provides proof of your progress. Writing down one sentence about what went well today gives you something powerful to look at when you’re feeling down. When you have a bad day, it can be easy to forget how much progress you have made. But with a journal, it’s easier to keep a sense of perspective. One glance at your previous entries and you have proof of how much you have grown over the months and years.

Of course, despite the numerous benefits of journaling, there is one problem.

Many people like the idea of journaling, but few people stick with the act of journaling. It sounds great in theory, but making it a habit is another matter.

Growing hip hop culture in India

What is Hip-Hop?

Hip Hop music/rapping is a type of music that consists of stylized rhythmic music which commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted in a certain flow. Every rapper/Artist has his own flow and style of rapping

Born of Hip Hop music.

Rapping was first performed at a “Back to the school jam”, It was organized by DJ Kool Herc at Bronx, New York, USA, on 11 August 1973. DJ Kool Herc was a Jamaican DJ, who credited for originating hip hop music at Back to the School Jam which was held in the Bronx. Hip Hop attained widespread popularity in the 1980s and 1990s .

First rap song of india.

In India, Hip Hop was introduced by Harjeet Singh Sehgal who is commonly known by his stage name Baba Sehgal, his first song was Thanda Thanda Pani which was released in 1992, but he couldn’t make it big. In the 2000s a guy named Roger David who is also known as Bohemia came up with his mainstream rap songs which made him famous in India, he was a Pakistani American living in California he came up with his debut album named ‘Vich Pardesan De’ by this album he attracted many listeners later he released his full-length Punjabi album ‘ Pesa Nasha Pyar’ it gave him fame in India.

Foundation of Desi Hip Hop

Mafia Mundeer was a group of five Indian boys which has many talented people like yo-yo Honey Singh, ikka, Raftaar, Badshah and Lil Golu. They produced many hit songs in the Punjabi rap music industry later two more artists joined the group but then the group didn’t last for a long time. Later artists separated their ways due to some personal grudges, Yo Yo Honey Singh made many hit songs for Bollywood and charged around 70-80 lakhs per song at his peak. Later after that badshah, ikka and raftaar got a lot of fame by their hard work, they came up as an individuals.

The underground rap culture in India.

NAEZY was the first artist to introduce underground rap culture to India, his original name was Naved sheikh. He was so influenced by NAS and Jay-Z that he also made his stage name by their names. This boy from the street of Mumbai came up with his first track in 2014 “Aafat” that track went viral at that Time it gave him a lot of exposure. Another artist from the street of Bombay named Vivian Fernandez popularly known by his stage name divine was getting fame and came up with his track in 2013 named ‘yeh Mera Bombay’ later he got so popular with his single in 2013, that he got signed by Sony music India in 2015 for which he collaborated with Naezy and they both gave a sensational hit song named ‘mere gully mein’ which was also used in the movie gully boy. This movie gave the Indian hip hop scene a boost that was needed for a long time and it also featured many talented artists in the movie like kaam bhaari, shah rule, slow cheetah and many more artists. The movie became a box office hit with 8.4/10 IMDB ratings and also gave many hit rap songs like Apna time ayega, doori and many more. Many people say that it’s divine’s life Story but he denied the fact that it’s his life story .

Women Empowerment

We all have heard the term “Women Empowerment” but very few of us know the correct meaning behind the strong word. It is considered to be most favourite topic people like to talk about in front of the society. Since very long time, Women have been used by the society as a object. They were not allowed to have their own dreams and work towards fulfilling their dreams. Their life was all controlled by their family members. Women were not allowed to take any decision related to herself or her family members. They were meant to follow orders without arguing.

Many stories everyday makes a news regarding domestic violence, dowry system, rape cases or even getting killed by her own family. Every woman is unique in her own way, they can never be compared or should compete with each other. In history, We have learnt about so many people who have fought for freedom of women and demolition of such practices like sati pratha, dowry system, child marriage, etc.

Women can have their own identity, they don’t need anyone to fulfill their own dreams. Their dedication, hardwork, passion is enough to do anything in the world. There is a comparison is holy books as women to be Goddess Durga. Women can empower themselves and even their surroundings. As a matter of fact, they can raise their voice for own rights. The one who can bear so much pain in giving birth to a new young one can face every hurdle comes in her path.

Self-defence is one such thing which every women should know as It gives you the power to fight with the monsters living in the form of human being. Human being is one of the creature who can be both kind and devil. Women are strong and can protect herself. It is time for every women to stand with each other and support others.

Life is not a fairytale, It is a challenge to face every obstacle with courage and dedication. Women empowerment starts within yourself, You’re just one step away from taking stand for yourself.

Start supporting every women and help her in making her feel comfortable and confident.

Genesis of chronic disease

Due to our lifestyle changes, we are forthcoming with more diseases and disorders. one such syndrome which is nowadays common among all the girls out there is PCOS.

PCOS or PCOD is a polycystic ovarian syndrome i.e. POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME including some symptoms such as weight gain, acne, excess body hair, and mood swings, depression, and exhaustion. This article is about dealing with the steps to PCOS NATURALLY has an easy-to-understand description of the disorder, its symptoms, its cure including how to manage your health and hormones, lose weight, reduce hair thinning, acne, and hair loss, have more energy, and protect yourself from future DIABETES, HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, and HEART PROBLEMS by just changing your diet with the right approach & best new way of looking at PCOS! syndrome.  Take control of your body and beat naturally.

While much of the advice around PCOS is simply to lose weight, but there is a different approach and few key reasons for that, Focusing on losing weight puts you in a restrictive mindset where the goal usually becomes eating only a few calories as possible which ends up with a number of emotional and physiological issues both short and long term.PCOS isn’t controlled by punishing your body through diet. PCOS is best managed by making your body, hormones, and emotional state healthy as possible.  With PCOS, stress can be such a double-edged sword. The feeling of stress elicits the release of the stress hormone, notably cortisol. This can then create a cascade of hormonal imbalances. Chronically elevated cortisol creates sleep disturbances, excess production of adrenal androgens, irregular menses, mood issues, depression, anxiety, blood sugar fluctuations, fatigue, low progesterone, low thyroid.

And for the advice of just stress less”doesn’t do the job, having daily actions to take can be extremely helpful, making your body move is one of the major steps to manage PCOS, and here you go,

  • create a self-care routine, writing journals and end up with a solution.
  • mediate and do breathing exercises a lot
  • Shift over to Meditteranean diet.
  • Get out for 15-45 minutes a walk?
  • take CBD oil to lower anxiety and lower cortisol levels.
  • set boundaries with people- surround with supportive people.
  • Are you able to weight training a few days per week?
  • Are you giving yourself a healthy morning breakfast?
  • Are you hydrating yourself enough?
  • Are you spending 10 minutes each day to unwind with work and connect with the world.

The best way to manage your PCOS lifestyle isn’t to restrict yourself to as many calories as possible to lose weight. It to improve your physical and emotional health and well-being.

So what should we eat, nothing but more vegetables, fruits, and nuts, whole foods ensure that are homemade. Transitioning to a gluten and dairy-free lifestyle can help with mood and hormones. Each and every individual has different health conditions with different weights and heights. there are ways to reverse and heal PCOS.

Don’t let anyone else dictate your life, there are always answers to be found. Now make sure that health is the first priority above all. Chronic fatigue is no joke. It is most definitely not an excuse to be lazy either.

If you are struggling with this today, I got you and you can overcome this.


World With One Currency

There is approximately $80 trillion in circulation worldwide, but only $5 trillion is paper-based.1 The rest is tied up in assets such as savings accounts, long-term deposits and stocks. These are usually represented digitally, meaning all of this wealth is stored as 1s and 0s. 

Why have different currencies if money is primarily electronic? Wouldn’t it be simpler to adopt a universal currency that could be used for all people for all transactions around the globe? 

Economist John Maynard Keynes argued for such a system in the early 20th century — long before digital money existed.2 In the years since there’s been growing support for a common currency. Is this a good idea? Let’s take a look.

The benefits of adopting a universal global currency

Standardization removes confusion and friction, making it easier to collaborate. This is especially true when relevant actors hail from different backgrounds, nationalities, or cultures. 

NASA’s Mars orbiter is a perfect example of what happens when group efforts don’t follow standardized rules. One engineering team used imperial measurements, while another team used metric. As a result, the $125 million orbiters eventually vanished — never completing its original mission.3 

You don’t need to be part of the space program to appreciate the benefits of standardization. All you have to do is travel abroad without an adapter. Or try to convert one currency to another. There’s unnecessary friction involved. 

Standardizing the world’s money would remove that friction. Better still, conversion fees would disappear entirely, allowing you to keep more of your money. And businesses would benefit from more accurate forecasting if currency fluctuations were removed from the equation. 

The benefits of a common currency don’t stop there. 

  • Trade would become easier, precisely what happened when EU member countries adopted the euro as their official currency.4
  • Pricing manipulation would become harder, and countries wouldn’t be able to make their exports artificially cheaper. 
  • Developing nations wouldn’t be as susceptible to hyperinflation. With stable prices, they could invest more heavily in long-term economic development.

The dangers of adopting a universal currency

With a universal currency in place, individual countries would still control fiscal policy (i.e., how they choose to tax and spend money). But they would no longer be able to control the value or supply of that money through monetary policy (i.e., minting new bills or adjusting interest rates).  This poses a serious problem.

During the Great Depression, for example, the United States government was able to spur economic development by increasing the supply of money through monetary easing, also known as quantitative easing. This approach — originally suggested by common currency supporter Keynes — worked, for the most part. The government used monetary easing again during the 2008 economic crisis.5

With a universal currency, the supply and value of money would no longer be controlled at the national level. The entire world would have to agree on how many bills should be in circulation, and what interest rates to adopt. 

We can already see the limitations of this approach in the EU, where a country such as Greece is unable to dig itself out of crippling debt. Because this tiny nation doesn’t control its money supply, it can’t print more bills or adjust interest rates.6

A universal currency would also make the global monetary system even more centralized. There would have to be some oversight committee making worldwide decisions that affect everyone. It wouldn’t matter if such a committee was appointed or elected — that much centralized power would potentially open the door to unfettered corruption, graft and abuse. 

Because of these risks, it is very unlikely that the world will adopt a universal currency in the near future. At least not willingly. (copywriting)

Anger Humans Most Hated Character


What is anger?

Anger is one of the seven universal emotions which arise when we are blocked from pursuing a goal and treated unfairly. At its most extreme, anger can be one of the most dangerous emotions because of its potential connection to violence. Therefore, it is a common emotion to seek help in dealing with.

Feeling anger

The primary message of anger is, “Get out of my way!” and communicates anything from mere dissatisfaction to threats.

When we’re angry, it’s possible to experience other feelings such as fear (of inflicting harm to ourselves or others) or disgust (for the person or thing blocking you from your goal). If you were taught that feeling anger is “bad,” you might even feel embarrassed or shameful for having felt the emotion at all. Furthermore, if you were angry and it leads you to do something you considered to be inappropriate, you may feel regretful.

What makes us angry

We all get angry about some of the same things, but each of us have our own hottest triggers.

Common Anger Triggers:

  • Interference: if the interference is deliberate, the anger can be more robust and can be felt toward oneself for being unable to remove the obstacle
  • Injustice
  • Someone trying to hurt us or a loved one physically or psychologically
  • Another person’s anger: one of the big problems with anger is that it is difficult not to reciprocate
  • Betrayal, abandonment, rejection
  • Observing someone breaking the law or a cultural rule like cutting inline

Physical effects of anger

Anger triggers the body’s ‘fight or flight response. Other emotions that trigger this response include fear, excitement, and anxiety. The adrenal glands flood the body with stress hormones, such as adrenaline and cortisol. The brain shunts blood away from the gut and towards the muscles in preparation for physical exertion. Heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration increase, the body temperature rises, and the skin perspires. The mind is sharpened and focused.

Health problems with anger

The constant flood of stress chemicals and associated metabolic changes that go with ongoing unmanaged anger can eventually cause harm to many different systems of the body.

Some of the short and long-term health problems that have been linked to unmanaged anger include:

Expressing anger in healthy ways

Suggestions on how to express your anger in healthy ways include:

  • If you feel out of control, walk away from the situation temporarily until you cool down.
  • Recognize and accept the emotion as normal and part of life.
  • Try to pinpoint the exact reasons why you feel angry.
  • Once you have identified the problem, consider coming up with different strategies for how to remedy the situation.
  • Do something physical, such as going for a run or playing sport.
  • Talk to someone you trust about how you’re feeling.

Unhelpful ways to deal with anger

Many people express their anger in inappropriate and harmful ways, including:

  • anger explosions – some people have very little control over their anger and tend to explode in rages. Raging anger may lead to physical abuse or violence. A person who doesn’t control their temper can isolate themselves from family and friends. Some people who fly into rages have low self-esteem and use their anger as a way to manipulate others and feel powerful. For more information, see ‘What is violence against women?’ on the White Ribbon Australia website
  • anger repression – some people consider that anger is an inappropriate or ‘bad’ emotion and choose to suppress it. However, bottled anger often turns into depression and anxiety. Some people vent their bottled anger at innocent parties, such as children or pets. 



Air is the critical building block for sustained life on a planet, but with a combination consisting of various gases that we commonly call it has to Air. For example, Nitrogen 78%, Oxygen 28%, Other gases like Neon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Xenon, Argon, Krypton, Helium, and others add up a total of 1%. This a type of combination of Air which our lungs are used to.

But what about Space, which is a giant vacuum area where all the living things do not exist. If an event occurs in the Space due to which this empty area with vacuum gets starts slowly filling with air. What will then happen after?

The changes which we may first face could be as follows:

1. We could hear the supernovae (stars) explosion sounds without specialized equipment because sound can travel through the air. Still, there’s a catch to listen to the sound we must closer to the object, almost impossible supernovas are very big with immense temperatures.

2. The other effect could destroy life from our planet, which will happen due to friction.

3. After the presence of air outside our planet and its surroundings, it may increase our planet’s atmospheric pressure. It is leading to the crush of all living beings in just a few hours.

4. Then the moon will start to come closer due to friction, leading to a slowing of the rotational speed of earth, and then eventually stop, and their orbits will change.

5. Eventually, the temperatures will rise due to increasing atmospheric pressure; after some time, the earth with the moon will submerge into the sun.

6. Other effects of this situation will turn gaseous planets like Jupiter and Saturn into bright stars due to air and pressure.


📌Technology is basically use of scientific knowledge into daily life.

🎗️advantages of technology
📌easy access of information.
📌better communication
📌innovative minds come up.
📌cost efficiency
📌best learning techniques
📌makes learning a fun.
📌build relations between Student and teacher
📌help to keep a track of diet , body weight , etc.

🎗️ disadvantages of technology
📌psychological and physical issues
📌loss of personal data
📌serious diseases

🎗️types of technology
📌Communication & Information Technology
📌 Medical Technology
📌 Transportation Technology
📌 Energy & Power Technology
📌Agricultural Related Bio-Technologies

There are nine levels of technology availability. Levels 1 through 6 are technology developments that are carried out as part of research projects. From the seventh level and higher, industrial development work begins.