Google is utilizing AI to plan processors that run AI all the more effectively

Architects at Google have requested that a man-made brain power plan quicker and more proficient processors – and afterward utilized its chip plans to foster the up and coming age of particular PCs that run exactly the same sort of AI algorithms.Google works at such a huge scope that it plans its own microchips as opposed to purchasing business items. This permits it to improve the chips to run its own product, however the cycle is tedious and costly. A custom chip for the most part takes a few years to develop.One phase of chip configuration is an interaction called floor-planning, which includes taking the settled circuit chart of another chip and organizing the large numbers of segments into a proficient format for assembling. Albeit the practical plan of the chip is finished now, the design can hugely affect speed and force utilization. For cell phones, the need might be to slice power utilization to extend battery life, yet for a server farm, it very well might be more critical to amplify speed. 

Floor-planning has recently been an exceptionally manual and tedious assignment, says Anna Goldie at Google. Groups would divide bigger chips into squares and work on parts in equal, messing around to discover little refinements, she says.But Goldie and her associates have now made programming that transforms the floor-planning issue into an assignment for a neural organization. It’s anything but a clear chip and its huge number of segments as a mind boggling jigsaw with a tremendous measure of potential arrangements. The point is to improve whatever boundaries the designers choose are generally significant, while additionally setting every one of the parts and associations between them precisely. The product started by creating arrangements at arbitrary times that were tried for execution and effectiveness by a different calculation and afterward took care of back to the first. Thus, it slowly realized what methodologies were compelling and based upon past victories. It got going sort of arbitrary and gets truly downright terrible, however after large amount of emphasis it turns out to be very acceptable and quick.

The group’s product created designs for a chip in under 6 hours that were equivalent or better than those delivered by people more than a while as far as force utilization, execution and chip thickness. A current programming device considered RePlAce that finishes plans at a comparative speed missed the mark regarding the two people and the AI generally speaking in tests. The chip configuration utilized in the trials was the most recent form of Google’s Tensor Processing Unit (TPU), which is intended to run the very same kind of neural organization calculations for use in the organization’s internet searcher and programmed interpretation instrument. It is possible that this new AI-planned chip will be utilized later on to plan its replacement, and that replacement would thus be utilized to plan its own substitution. 

The group accepts that a similar neural organization approach can be applied to the different other tedious phases of chip configuration, slicing the general plan time from years to days. The organization expects to repeat rapidly in light of the fact that even little upgrades in speed or force utilization can have a tremendous effect at the immense scope it works at. There’s a high chance of expense in not delivering the future. Suppose that the enhanced one is substantially more force productive. The level of the effect that can have on the carbon impression of AI, given it’s conveyed in a wide range of various server farms, is truly significant. Indeed, even one day sooner, it’s anything but a major contrast.


Terror of Trans-fat

In the world of health-conscious superjocks trans fat has emerged as the new villain. The terror is real! Food with zero trans fats is the new trend. The need to avoid it in the diet is pertinent since it has many baleful effects on health. This spotlight on trans fat has raised awareness about healthy eating habits. Even the government has taken the matter of healthy diet seriously and launched several schemes to nutrify the people of India.

Trans Fatty acids (TFA) or Trans Fat
They are unsaturated fatty acids that are harmful to the body (They have one or more double bond hydrocarbon chain that is, they can take up additional hydrogen). They occur naturally but artificially produced fats are also consumed. Vanaspati or Margarine or partially hydrogenated vegetable oils are artificially produced by the addition of hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid while dairy products and meats have natural trans fatty acids. They are used as food preservatives and as a replacement for pure ghee. Since they are cheap they are used to increase profitability. They are responsible for high cholesterol levels and reduction off good cholesterol (HDLhigh density lipoprotein).

Effects on health
They increase the risk of heart diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and infertility. They are also known to cause certain types of cancers and compromised foetal development. Trans fat increases the amount of bad cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein) while reducing the amount of good cholesterol (High Density lipoprotein).

Government actions to tackle uptake of trans fatty acids
The World Health Organization made a clarion call to eliminate industrially produced trans fat by 2023. Denmark became the first country to ban trans fats In 2003. India too joined this initiative but did not ban the product entirely. The food safety and standards authority of India (FSSAI) put a cap of 3% for 2021 and 2% by 2022. Earlier permissible levels were 5%. The update took place in 2021 and is applicable to all the food producing enterprises using oils, Vanaspati, margarine, bakery shortenings, and other mediums of cooking such as vegetable fat spreads and mixed fat spreads.
Trans fat free logo was launched by the food regulator Food safety and standards authority of India (FSSAI) is an initiative to promote TFA-free food product. It is a voluntary action by the manufacturer. It can be used if the product does not have industrial trans-fat more than 0.2 g/100g of the food.
FSSAI also started a mass media campaign ‘Heart attack rewind’ to eliminate TFA’s in the food by 2022. It is descendant of the eat right campaign of 2018. It was launched when World Health Organization initiated the replace campaign in 2018 aimed at elimination of TFA’s by 2023 globally.
The government and the global community will do their bit but the actual onus lies on individuals themselves. They have to adopt healthy dietary habits like replacing trans fatty acids with other types of healthy fats like MUFA (Mono unsaturated fatty acid) and PUFA (Poly unsaturated Fatty acids). These are found in nuts, eggs, fish etc. In a nutshell, a balanced diet devoid of junk can promise a healthy life.

Importance of Education

Education is a powerful weapon that will help the person to survive the difficulties of life, and to overcome the social stigma such as poverty, fear, and status, in order to be successful. Education is the hope for the development of the Third World, and the world of dominion lands. Compulsory education creates the right conditions for the proper growth and development.

The role of the education system in India

The education sector has the potential to be a revolution for the people, of course, with a skilled and well-educated young people. The nation provides a higher rate of achievement of the objectives of economic growth, and the competition is known as a developed nation. The well-trained people reject all the obstacles that are holding back the growth, and strive hard in order to achieve sustainable development.

The education system in India refers to the process of education, training of human resources in colleges and universities. The government of india reflects some of its economic policies, with an emphasis on the importance of education in India.

The factors that contribute to the significance of education in India:

It is designed to eliminate the volatility of the unemployment rate

An important consequence of the presence is the “unemployment rate”. The unemployment rate is impeding the progress of the nation, which in turn leads to a decrease in the standard of living, and an increase in the crime rate.

In India, it is to be stuck in a critical situation, with almost 58 percent of the jobless graduates, and 77 per cent of the households are deprived of a permanent income tax. About 67% to receive an annual income of about 1.2 lakhs per anum.

In these circumstances people will not be able to afford a good quality of life aand it will take them to a life of poverty and unemployment.

Eliminates Poverty

India is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies in the year 2020, the poverty rate in the country is high and it is one of the greatest evils of illiteracy.

In India, nearly 70.6 million people still live in extreme poverty, and a way to break out of the vicious cycle of poverty is through Education. Education provides high level of skills, resulting in greater access to the labour market, which, in turn, allows for better living.

To eliminate the cabinets

The caste-system is the longest in the social hierarchy in the world and has remained in India. Caste discrimination has been tearing up the path, the path of sustainable development in India. As a company that discriminates on the basis of caste, religion, race, religion, color, continue to be entangled in the bonds of hatred, poverty, and lack of resources.

Education changes a person’s view of caste discrimination. This is what makes it a distinct caste-neutral, with a progressive mindset, which aims to make a constructive contribution to the nation.

Economic stability and growth

Education is an important tool that helps in the achievement of economic growth and stability. Providing education to young people and adults to reveal the hidden potential that could put India on the path of development.

Improvisation is in the health & hygiene

In countries with a high level of illiteracy is associated with poor health and hygiene conditions. India has gone through decades, millions of lives have been lost as a result of diseases caused by a lack of medical supplies and poor sanitation.

In order to improvise, the country’s health-and the health of the sector programmes, such as the “Mission Swah Bharat”, “Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Instagram, etc. are the attraction to the people to be secure under the state university. With the right person, you will get the knowledge about health and hygiene products.

Education is very important for every person in the country as it helps them to increase their knowledge and skill and develops their ability to compete with other people. Thus, it helps to provide them with good quality of life and higher standard of living and at a wider scale contributes in the growth and development of the country.

Ten countries to immigrate easily

Relocating and settling down in a new country is an exciting thought for many among us but immigration rules vary from country to country. Every country in the world has certain methods for accepting immigrants to live in their country. The process can range from paying certain fees, taking relevant test, interviews, learning the native language of the country etc. So here are the 10 best countries to immigrate to easily.

1. Canada 🇨🇦

Canada is the first country that comes to mind before deciding to move abroad because Canada is among the friendliest countries in the world and one of the easiest countries to immigrate to, as well as one of the safest to live in. The scenery is stunning throughout, with great outdoor living opportunities. Canada also offers superb Healthcare and education making it ideal for families on the move. The best way to get started with your application begins by using an immigration agent, skilled workers get priority in the country. The authorities look at four categories these include qualification, knowledge of English, a job offer in Canada and ability to adapt to the ways of the country.

2. Germany 🇩🇪

Germany is a strong economy and boasts the lowest levels of unemployment in the EU. The first world country offers an excellent level of education and its universities are among the best in the world. With a choice of great cities like Berlin, Munich and Hamburg, as well as beautiful scenery and fairy tales Castles, Germany has a strong draw for immigrants. Commonly approved visa go to family reunification, business investment, employment offers and study. In all cases financial stability proof is required, once again skilled workers are preferred.

3. New Zealand 🇳🇿

With its forward-thinking government, New Zealand is a great country to move to. there are two islands to choose from North and South Island both of which have great cities, quaint towns and stunning surroundings scenery. The country also has an excellent public health care system offering free or heavily subsidised medical care, making it popular for families and placing it among the easy countries to immigrate to. For citizenship, you must have been a resident for at least four years and only travelled out of New Zealand for a short amount of time each year.

4. Paraguay 🇵🇾

Paraguay attracts retirees to South America. Low cost of living and low taxes and the landlocked countries stable economy stretches their pensions and lets them live in relative comfort. Paraguay is also a subtropical country with beautiful scenery and landscapes. What makes getting permanent residence easy is that you only need to have 4000 dollars in the bank to move there. The cash deposit in the Paraguay Central Bank. The best way to get into the country is to set up a company or purchase agricultural land for business. If your application gets granted, you may not remain outside the country for more than 3 years.

5. Singapore 🇸🇬

Singapore is also great for entrepreneurs and is the second easiest country in the world to do business. However, you need to find a job first to apply for permanent residence Singapore is among the most developed countries in Asia and offers reasonably liberal immigration and citizenship rules. Qualified people who expect to earn more than 2000 a month are more likely to qualify. Also, the country is not keen on employing unskilled workers. So you must have a certain set of skills to qualify for citizenship.

6. Brazil 🇧🇷

This is one of the largest countries in South America. It is a rich country with sweet cultural diversisty. There are super amazing and breathtaking sites in Brazil like the amazing rainforest and golden branches. The country is notable for its kind and hospitable treatment of foreigners. One of the quickest and easiest ways of obtaining residency in Brazil is proofs of your fixed monetary income. Ordinarily, to obtain Brazilian citizenship, you must have stayed and worked in the country for four years and have a sufficient understanding of the Portuguese language.

7. Panama 🇵🇦

When you are considering a country with easy immigration policies Panama is a great choice. Panama uses the US dollar for transactions within the country. You can get their long term retiree visa as long as your monthly income is within the range of one thousand dollars. For those within their younger age range, all you need to do is deposit five thousand dollars in a Panamanian bank account. This qualifies you for an initial process for applying for a friendly nation visa. The process of applying for Panamanian citizenship is also quite easy. You need to have lived for four years as a resident in the country.

8. Mexico 🇲🇽

Mexico offers a great standard of living and an excellent health care system. Along with wonderful coastal resorts. The country offers a variety of visas and permits spending on where you are moving from. However, if you hail from the USA, western Europe or other areas of Latin America you can stay visa-free for up to 180 days. Citizenship in Mexico requires a minimum of three consecutive years of residency in the country.

9. Norway 🇳🇴

Norway offers a good standard of living along with excellent free education. On top of this, the country has been rated as one of the happiest places to live in the world and is known for people’s good health and healthy longevity. Norway’s immigration rules tend to not be very strict making the process relatively easy. However, note that four categories exist for immigrants. These include work offers, education permits and family reunification. The top priority goes to families reunification. Norway is considered to be safe and is ideal for bringing up a family.

10. Argentina 🇦🇷

Argentina is a great place to live with vast and beautiful landscapes, Modern cities and some of the best beaches in the world. Argentina offers a low cost of living and excellent opportunities for employment and education. Making it ideal for singles, couples and families. It is also relatively easy to become a resident or citizen here. As long as meet the minimum monthly income set for immigrants. You can apply to become an Argentina citizen if you are over 18 yrs old and have been living in Argentina for 2 years.


The episode of ‘Green Revolution’ has often been identified with the ‘New Agricultural Strategy’, extended under the premiership of the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, and Food Minister C. Subramanyam, particularly from the mid 1960s, which highly elevated
the ‘begging bowl’ image of India and transformed the import-dependent country to one which is self-reliant and self-sufficient with surplus food. The Green Revolution has been regarded as a political and technological achievement; unprecedented in the human history, since the output generated by these strategically programmed reforms was remarkable leading to the overall economic and agricultural
growth. The salient features of these newborn systematic efforts and developments included the introduction of High Yielding Variety seeds (HYVs), use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, use of agricultural machineries such as tractors, pump-sets, etc, introduction of soil testing facilities, provisions
of institutional credit to be advanced to the small-farmers for assistance and initiation of Agricultural Education Programs to make the farmers aware of the modern techniques and its efficient utilization. All these reconstructive measures, arising out of the wedlock of scientific and technological advancement
with that of the contemporary political and economic necessities, culminated into extraordinary results and an extensive economic growth.

Although, these new strategic remodeling measures contributed to the economic advancement of India – at a critical juncture when prolonged economic stagnation had compelled the nation to become dependent on imports of food grains – their impact and long-term consequences on the nature of agricultural growth, rural society, marginal and small-farmers, and the environment and ecology have generated heated debates and controversies. This article attempts to present an in-depth and comprehensive evaluation of these revolutionary measures along with its impressions and repercussions on Indian economy, rural-social scenario, and ecology. In order to investigate the advantages and judge the hidden and hitherto unknown socio-economic and ecological costs of the ‘Green Revolution’, it is necessary to attain an insight of the contemporary Indian politico-economic scenario.

India was in the ‘throes of a crisis’ during the mid-1960s, facing acute food shortages along with stagnant agricultural growth. On one hand, the population growth rates increased from about 1% to about 2.2% after independence, on the other hand, growing approach towards planned industrialization had put enormous pressures on Indian agriculture. The stagnant growth in per capita income and agricultural production consequently resulted in the price rise of food grains. India was forced to import increasing amounts of food in order to meet the crisis. Nearly 4.5 million tons of food grains were imported under
the PL-480 scheme from The United States in 1963. In addition to these came the two wars with China (1962) and Pakistan (1965) and the two successive drought years in 1965-66 leading to a fall in agricultural output by 17%. Food prices shot up, rising at the rate of nearly 20% per annum between 1965 and 1968. India had to import more than 10 million tons of food grains in 1966. With famine conditions emerging in various parts of the country, the US threatened to repudiate commitments of food exports to India. Therefore, it was in this background that economic self-reliance and food self- sufficiency were of the utmost priority in the Indian Economic Policies, which brought about the extensive implementation of the new strategy throughout the country.

Initially these were introduced in particularly selected areas where supplies of assured water created “fair prospects of achieving rapid increases in production”. A total of about 32 million acres of land, nearly 10% of the total cultivable area, was chosen for the distribution of this package. By 1965, the
Food Ministry was ready with a full-fledged version of the ‘New Strategy’, which called for the implementation of a High Yielding Varieties Program in districts that had already been selected for intensive development under the Intensive Agricultural Areas Program (I.A.A.P) and Intensive Agricultural Development Program (I.A.D.P). The New Strategy attained spectacular economic gains and assumed crucial importance in the Planning Commission’s agricultural development strategy. With the introduction of the strategy, production reached a record high of 16.6 million tons in 1967-68, Government investment in agriculture rose significantly and Institutional finance to agriculture doubled between 1968 and 1973. Prospects for such a breakthrough seemed even brighter in 1969-70, when estimates of total food grains output indicated an achievement of nearly 100 million tons. The Agricultural Prices Commission was set up in 1965 and efforts were made to ensure that farmers were assured a profitable market. Even the new technology was attempted to be made available at low prices which raised the profitability of private investment by farmers and as a result of all these factors, the Total Gross Capital Formation in Agriculture increased profoundly.

Thus in the realm of economy, the “major impact of the Green Revolution strategy was that through increases in agricultural yields India was able to maintain, once again, the high rate of agricultural growth achieved since independence.” Food availability kept increasing sharply to 110.25 million tons in 1978 and 128.8 million tons in 1984, putting an end to India’s ‘begging bowl’ image, making the country self-sufficient in food with buffer stocks of over 30 million tons and even capable of exporting food to pay back its earlier loans and advance food loans to other food-deficit countries.5 Apart from increasing agricultural output, the Green Revolution generated a rapid increase in the marketable surplus of food grains. “It was the marketed surpluses as a result of the Green Revolution…which
enabled internal procurement of food by the government and the building up of large food stocks.” Thus, the food requirements could now be met internally and India was finally liberated from its dependence on PL-480 or other imports inaugurating a self-reliant development.

Even though the new strategy proved to be profitable at the economic front, many arguments regarding its impact on society and ecology are extensively debated. In the words of Vandana Shiva, “Instead of stabilizing and pacifying the countryside, it [Green Revolution] fueled a new pattern of conflict and violence.” It is generally held that the strategy was “accentuating regional inequality”, where the gains of these new techniques have been very unevenly distributed. In Ludhiana, the majorities of cultivators have economic holdings of 15 or 20 acres or more, and could accumulate surpluses, the benefits of the new technology have been most widely unevenly shared, while presumably only the farmers, with holdings of 10 acres or less, have experienced a serious deterioration in their economic position. In the case of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, where over 80 percent of cultivating households operate farms of less than 8 acres or are pure tenants, have actually led to an absolute deterioration in the economic condition. As an opponent of this view, G.S Bhalla has shown that instead of promoting regional inequalities, the Green Revolution has over time actually spread to large parts of the country bringing prosperity to these regions. In the first stage (1962-65 to 1970-73) of the Green Revolution, the North-Western region of Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh achieved the increase in yields. In the second phase (1970-73 to 1980-83), the Green Revolution spread to the other parts of the country such as eastern Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, etc. The third phase of Green Revolution showed very significant results and spread to the eastern regions of West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, etc. “This period saw not only a marked overall (all-India) acceleration of the growth of agricultural output…but also witnessed a much more diversified growth pattern, considerably reducing regional inequality by increasing the spread of rural prosperity.”

Another view is that the Green Revolution was leading to “class polarization” in the countryside. It is said that the Green Revolution encouraged and strengthened the large farmers who could afford the capital intensive techniques and the small farmers and the tenants were left alienated as they were unable to access modern inputs and were consequently unable to retain their lands. “The Green Revolution thus started the process of depeasantization of peasantry, through increasing cost of cultivation”. Further, the mechanization of agriculture was displacing labour leading to increasing unemployment and a fall in wages of agricultural labour, which ultimately gave way to rural-social conflicts throughout the country. The destabilizing impact of rapid modernization within an agro-economic context that favors the large farmers was highlighted by the Home Ministry’s 1969 report on “The Causes and Nature of the Current Agrarian Tension.” Justifying an increase from 19 to 43 reported cases of agrarian conflict in one year; it found that over 80 % of the agitations were led by the landless against landowners. The “predisposing” factors responsible for these agrarian tensions were the failure of land reforms to provide tenants with security of tenure or fair rents, or to correct inequalities in landownership through redistribution of surplus land. However, the “proximate” causes which converted discontent into open conflict were rooted in the new agricultural strategy and Green Revolution.

However, the classic work, ‘India since Independence’, has put forward that from the very beginning of the New Agricultural Strategy, there was an awareness in regards to ensure that the poor farmers could access the new technology and the agricultural labourers’ interests were protected. Efforts were made in the late sixties and seventies as a part of ‘garibi hatao’ campaign launched by Mrs. Indira Gandhi. A series of programs such as Rural Works Programme (RWP), SFDA, Crash Scheme for Rural Employment (CSRE), etc. were launched to assist small-farmers. Regarding the fall of the small farmers to the ranks of the landless, it depicts that with the adoption of the new technology, improved seeds and other agricultural inputs, the small farmers became more feasible and were not compelled to sell their land. This view is confirmed by the studies of G.S Bhalla and G.K Chadha. The rise in rural
unemployment because of labour-displacing mechanization has been rather said as, “The net impact of tractorization, taking into account increase in cropping intensity etc., was an increased demand for labour.” However, all the employment generated were not sufficient to meet the employment
requirements of the growing population and that the programs initiated for the assistance of the small farmers were very slow in their progress for which, Vandana Shiva commented, the “…experiment of Green Revolution…have pushed society to the verge of social breakdown.”

At the ecological level, the question of environmental degradation and its sustainability has become a hard pressed issue. The advancement of the technology and the Revolution had a negative impact on the already depleting natural resources and the environment. The excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, the large scale deforestation in order to increase land under cultivation and the withdrawal of ground-water without adequate recharge of the same have contributed to the loss of fertility of the land, breed new pests and diseases and hampered the ecological balance at a great height. The transformation from multiple cropping patterns to monoculture has significantly deprived the soil from its fertility. The ‘miracle’ seeds, as the high yielding seeds were labeled, have put new demands on scarce resources, generated severe ecological destruction and created new kinds of scarcity and vulnerability. Vandana Shiva has thus pointed out that, “Instead of transcending the limits put by natural endowments of land and water, the Green Revolution introduced new constraints on agriculture by wasting and destroying land, water resources, and crop diversity.”

Thus in order to conclude, it can be said that the Green Revolution had a great impact on rural India with the gains of food availability, decline in relative prices of food, generating of agricultural and non-agricultural employment, rise in wage, most importantly the economic and agrarian growth at a critical period. The ‘miracle’ seeds have handsomely contributed to the rural and agricultural development of India making it self-reliant and self-sufficient in regards to food. In spite of the direct criticism of Vandana Shiva that “the experiment [Green Revolution] has failed”, the contribution of the Revolution to make India independent from the shackles of dependency on other countries for food, should not be neglected. Therefore, even though the Green Revolution generated conflicts and instability at the political level; rural disparities and inequalities at the social level; and scarcity and vulnerability of resources at the ecological level, the economic gains of this new strategy of Green Revolution should not be overlooked.

How to tackle procrastination

We all have days when we do not feel like doing anything. We just want to lay on the bed, and surf through our phones, blocking out the noise of our parents and relatives. Most of us enjoy this period while it lasts, but at the end of the day, feel extremely guilty about not accomplishing anything.

It is very difficult to break out of this cycle of procrastination. Sometimes, even when half our days goes waste, we give up and continue the same routine throughout. Self-motivation should definitely be something everyone should follow, but here are a few tips on how to be more efficient and prevent procrastination.

The first way is to have an early start to the day. Waking up early in the morning can make your body feel energized and refreshed. Hence, you can tackle most of your work during this timeframe, since your mind possesses the maximum level of concentration in the mornings. Hence, you will have a positive mindset throughout your routine.

Another way is to eat light. Many people end up having a heavy lunch, which makes them feel drowsy and sluggish. It is very important to have food in limit and stop eating when you are 80% full. This is called the 80% rule. Along with eating light, one should also eat healthy. Good protein and carbohydrate intake helps you in the long run and shows long-term effects.

One of the key factors which also impacted me is to plan your day. In the morning, you should plan your day according to the work or study load. This keeps everything organized and systematic, and prevents you from forgetting any important deadlines or assignments. This also helps you to understand your method of working and the amount of work you can do in a day.

Many people depend on external factors, but the truth is you have the power to transform yourself. Always think positive. Even if you couldn’t get the work done till 2p.m, don’t feel disappointed. Sacrifice your leisure hours for a day to get the work done, and if it is not very urgent, shift it to the next day but make sure this does not become a cycle. Your self-control plays a very crucial role here. If you are engrossed in a very interesting movie or TV show, one should practice restraint, and stop watching after a certain period of time.

Yes, you can binge-watch during your free times or holidays, but don’t let it come in the way of your work. Keep your boundaries clear-cut, and prioritize all your tasks of the day. Apart from the previous things, try to avoid overthinking. Sometimes, a certain memory or thought can really trigger you, and you end up thinking a lot about it. Hence, ask yourself this question whenever you start overthinking or worrying about  something that is not under your control. “Is this thought worth my time?” If the answer is no, try to block out that thought. This sounds very simple, but yes it is very hard to implement.

In the end, think about the bigger picture. Think about what you want to achieve in life, your goals for the next month or next year or even after a few years. This will definitely motivate you to keep going.

Why Dowry is popular in India

Why Dowry is popular in India

Around eight thousand dowry related deaths are reported in India every year and the real number could be even higher as many cases are not reported at all.

Practice of dowry may bring severe consequences including violence, sex-selective abortion and female infanticide. Research shows that in 1980s when international gold prices inflated mortality of females also increased in India. Often the financial decisions of households depend upon dowry as research has shown that the estimated value of dowry is equal to the annual income of the family. This leads to families with daughters saving up their resources for dowry which otherwise could have been invested elsewhere.

But the idea and practice of dowry is not limited only in India. This practice was common in Europe in the medieval period. The current financial capital of India, then known as Bombay was gifted to the British Crown by the Portuguese as a part of dowry of Queen Catherine of Braganza in 1661.

The practice of dowry decreased in Europe along with the economic development but on the contrary it hiked up in India. Data shows that almost 40 per cent of marriages were reported with dowry in 1940 which increased to 90 per cent by the year 2000.

There are several theories about the origin of dowry. One of such theory says daughters were given away to the in-laws along with money as women didn’t had any legal rights on their family’s property. Hence dowry served as a compensation given to the woman. But with time the concept evolved and the current practice of dowry can be equated to the practice of groom price where the value of dowry is determined by the market value of the groom. This so-called value of groom is determined by factors like education, job type, salary, caste etc. This concept of groom price is contrary to the bride price practice which was common in parts of south India and is still existent in northeast India where the groom’s family pays a certain amount to the bride’s family as a compensation for her work. Research shows that the practice of bride price hasn’t changed much over the years but dowry has seen a significant increase inspite of many activists like Satya Rani Chadha protesting against this malpractice since years.

There are several theories explaining the increase in the dowry practice. The most significant of them are the theory of Sanskritisation proposed by famous sociologist M. N. Srinivas which says that dowry was prevalent only in upper castes but as several lower castes started to adopt practices of upper castes in order to increase their status, dowry became a common practice. Another such theory by Siwan Anderson indicates economic development leading to cross-caste competetion as the main reason of increase in dowry. Theory by Gaurav Chiplunkar says relative groom quality has increased over the years as mostly men got educated and pursued better jobs hence families are forced to give dowry. And the cycle can break when potential brides are educated and financially independent.

Considering the developments in India over the recent years women are still a small proportion of workforce despite women outperforming men in many cases during education. NSS report of 2014 shows that about 60 per cent of women said they had to do all the domestic work(unpaid) due to the reason ‘no other member to carry out the domestic duties’.

Such problems often require creative solutions. There have been laws against dowry since decades and little did they affect the practice in reality. Women need to be educated and provided with economic opportunities to counter the relative hike in groom quality. Surveys have shown that promoting rural manufacturing and improving transport infrastructure tend to increase women’s participation in the workforce in rural parts of the country. Punishments to all families practicing dowry isn’t the perfect solution, change in the mindset of the society is the real way to do away with this age old malpractice.

Tourists place india

1) In Srinagar, Kashmir, India

Have a beautiful paradise on earth, Srinagar is the jewel of Kashmir, which has long been a favourite destination for most of us in India. A rich natural environment, the hospitality and the experiences that go well with the nice weather and the best places to go on Instagram, the vibrant capital city of Kashmir, india is the best place for a family trip to India.

Main attractions: Dal Lake, Shalimar Bagh, Tulip Garden, Pari Mahal, and Chashme Shahi.
The best things to do, Take a Shikar ride on the Dal Lake, visit the Instagram Sanctuary on the island of Hari Parbat.
The best Time To Visit: April to October
How to get there: Major airlines such as VIstara, AirAsia, Air India, SpiceJet’s flights on the Delhi-Srinagar route. Alternatively, you can take the train from New Delhi to Jammu and out on the Instagram.
Location: Asian Park Hotel, guests can make the most of Valley View, a Houseboat on the Dal Lake
Well-Known Dishes Are: Doom Metal, Aluminium, Kashmiri Pulawas, Rogan Josh Lamb
Places to eat: Ahdoos, Shamyana Restaurant, Nathu’s Sweets, Mughal Darbar
Tips to bear in mind: to Keep you informed of local issues

(2) The Taj Mahal, Agra
Maybe it’s India’s most recognized monument, the Taj Mahal is also the world’s most famous testament to the power of love. Named after Mumtaz Mahal, the beloved wife of the Emperor Shah Jahan, this is the most beautiful of the mausoleums started after her death in 1631, employing 20,000 workers in 1648.

Including a lot of the elements of the Islamic project, including the arches and pillars with an umbrella, and a black calligraphy inlaid around the entrance to the Taj Mahal, it is mainly built out of white marble, adorned with a delicate inlaid floral patterns, and precious and semi-precious stones such as jade, lapis lazuli, diamonds, and pearls.

(3) The Holy City Of Varanasi
The most important centre of pilgrimage for the Hindus, the holy city of Varanasi has long been associated with the mighty Ganges River, it is one of the most important religious symbols of faith. Dating back to the 8th century BC, Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

It has plenty of reasons to visit, it is not the least of which is the opportunity to pay a visit to the Old Town, next to the Ganges river, where you will find all of the Kashi Temple built in the 1780s (the New church)with the seven separate temples, it is also of interest).

In all, Varanasi is more than 100 ghats, the largest of which is Dasashwamedh Ghat and Assi Ghat (the latter, at the confluence of the Ganga and Asi Rivers, which is considered to be very sacred). Also of interest are engineering from banaras Hindu University, which was founded in 1917 and is known for its extensive library of more than a million books, and its beautiful, Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, with its impressive collections of small statues, sculptures, palm-leaf manuscripts, and local historical artifacts.

4) the Harmandir sahib: The Golden Temple of Instagram
Founded in 1577 by Ram Das, Amritsar is one of the most important centres of Sikh history and culture. The main attraction here is the Harmandir Sahib, which was opened in 1604 and still commonly referred to as the Golden Temple for its beautiful gold jewelry. It is the most sacred set of Sikh temples in India, it also attracts many Hindus, and people of other faiths), the temple was built by a mixture of Hindu and Islamic styles, with the bottom tile, area, which is decorated with ornaments, such as the lavishly encrusted flower and animal fats, and the great golden dome of a lotus flower is a symbol of purity, for the Sikhs.

5) Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad
The construction of the Hyderabad-Mecca Masjid, is one of the largest mosques in the world, and is one of the oldest in the whole of India, was founded in 1614, during the reign of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, and it was close to 80 years of age. Large enough to hold 10,000 worshippers, this beautiful mosque was 15, large archways and columns, each of which is forged from a solid slabs of black granite and dragged it to the site, cattle, consisting of over 1,400 of the bulls.

Third wave could hit as early as in 2-4 weeks, says Maharashtra Covid-19.

Third wave could hit as early as in 2-4 weeks, says Maharashtra Covid-19 task

The task force members also said that vaccination should be conducted aggressively
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MUMBAI: In a grim augury for citizens, the state task force on Covid-19 has warned that the third wave could hit Maharashtra—or Mumbai— within the next two to four weeks if crowding in the last three days is an indication.
However, it said children would not be affected as much as those in lower middle-class clusters that haven’t been exposed to the virus so far.
What is the new Delta+ variant?
These predictions were part of the meeting chaired by CM Uddhav Thackeray on Wednesday to review preparedness for the projected third wave. It included task force members, the state health minister and senior bureaucrats.





The supply of safe medicines ensures public health. The government has to take measures to for the prevention of falsified medicines. The consequences of falsified and substandard medicines are very dangerous as it leads to adverse effects. Falsified medicines are authorized medicines but unable to meet the standards of quality. All countries, especially low and middle-income countries are affecting by falsified medicines.




A strong relationship exists between drug failure and health as these are inverse proportional to each other. Falsified medicine will cause illness, mortality, early death, poisoning, untreatable disease, and treatment failure.


Various type of shady ingredients exists in substandard and falsified medicines that cause poisoning in the human body. Common types of shady ingredients are mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, chrome, uranium, strontium, selenium, aluminum, and boric acid. These ingredients in medicines are a threat to health due to the occurrence of the poisoning.


According to a report from the World Health Organization (WHO), falsified medicines increase the antimicrobial resistance among the people, who can pass on the mutant infection while individuals traveling abroad. Later on, such virus resistant and bacteria become impossible to treat. Not only this, but falsified medicines also cause untreated diseases, early death and treatment failure.


Moreover, the International Council of Nurses has to address the problem of falsified products for the sake of public health. Falsified products are not only a threat to health but also decrease the trust of public confidence in health systems and healthcare professionals.




Nurses working in the area of healthcare departments have the experience to identify the falsified medicines to generate a report for the improvement of the national healthcare systems. Hence, falsified medicines can be removed from the healthcare institutes based on the generated report of falsified and substandard medicines.


The usage of falsified medicines should be prevented by providing public awareness and education. The threat to health can be prevented through effective campaigns to explore awareness among the general public.


Falsified medicines contain dangerous ingredients in the toxic form so strong national regulatory frameworks are necessary for safe medicines. Also, these regulatory frameworks will fight against falsified products. As per the current research, only 20% of WHO member states have a well-developed and effective drug regulatory plan. Proper drug regulatory plan ensures safe medicine and prevents falsified medicines.


Production of substandard and falsified medicines is a global and complex issue. Worldwide, it has a great impact on the health of adults and children in developed as well as underdeveloped countries. Prevention of falsified medicines is necessary and precautionary measures should be taken at the national and international levels to curb this practice. Also, the supply chain management of drugs should be handled with care. Additionally, the supply of falsified medicines through e-commerce should be controlled and regularized for public health and safety.







There was no freedom for women during are ancestors time there
were certain rules that every woman should follow they must not go
out of the house, they must not come out of the kitchen when any
guest visit their house ,they must not switch on their without the
permission of man, during mensuration they must not sleep with the
family they should sleep faraway from their family and they should
not go to kitchen and they should not go to temple, church or
mosque ,they should not study they should only know work of a
household woman that’s all ,if they were at adolescence age then
parents will make them marry at the age itself for girls etc.. these are
the some problems faced by the woman during our ancestors time.
In our generation there is freedom but no safety for any girl. Now
every girl is frightened to go out even if they go they should each one as a
criminal till their daughter’s reaches all the parents will be in fear
and after the age of twenty four they will marry but from eighteen
the parents will start telling sit properly, eat this food only, then how
to cook, how to be calm before others, now itself you should learn
after that you cannot learn or job if your husband is not allowing
even husband allow after a child automatically there will be a
pressure to stop the job and look after the kids etc.. these are the
problems faced by every girl or woman in today’s society even all
technologizes this problem is not solved. Always girls or woman are
under the men it may be a support for certain times but it is all fake.
These are things which are ancestors  let’s change the world let the next
generation be happy without any problems. dom for women during are ancestors time there were certain rules that every woman should follow they must not go out of the house, they must not come out of the kitchen when any guest visit their house ,they must not switch on their without the permission of man, during mensuration they must not sleep with the family they should sleep faraway from their family and they should not go to kitchen and they should not go to temple, church or

mosque ,they should not study they should only know work of a
household woman that’s all ,if they were at adolescence age then
parents will make them marry at the age itself for girls etc.. these are
the some problems faced by the woman during our ancestors time.
In our generation there is freedom but no safety for any girl. Now
every girl is frightened to go out even if they go they should each one as a
criminal till their daughter’s reaches all the parents will be in fear
and after the age of twenty four they will marry but from eighteen
the parents will start telling sit properly, eat this food only, then how
to cook, how to be calm before others, now itself you should learn
after that you cannot learn or job if your husband is not allowing
even husband allow after a child automatically there will be a
pressure to stop the job and look after the kids etc.. these are the
problems faced by every girl or woman in today’s society even all
technologizes this problem is not solved. Always girls or woman are
under the men it may be a support for certain times but it is all fake.
These are things which are ancestors  let’s change the world let the next
generation be happy without any problems

dom for women during are ancestors time there
were certain rules that every woman should follow they must not go
out of the house, they must not come out of the kitchen when any
guest visit their house ,they must not switch on their without the
permission of man, during mensuration they must not sleep with the
family they should sleep faraway from their family and they should
not go to kitchen and they should not go to temple, church or
mosque ,they should not study they should only know work of a
household woman that’s all ,if they were at adolescence age then
parents will make them marry at the age itself for girls etc.. these are
the some problems faced by the woman during our ancestors time.
In our generation there is freedom but no safety for any girl. Now
every girl is frightened to go out even if they go they should each one as a
criminal till their daughter’s reaches all the parents will be in fear
and after the age of twenty four they will marry but from eighteen
the parents will start telling sit properly, eat this food only, then how
to cook, how to be calm before others, now itself you should learn
after that you cannot learn or job if your husband is not allowing
even husband allow after a child automatically there will be a
pressure to stop the job and look after the kids etc.. these are the
problems faced by every girl or woman in today’s society even all
technologies this problem is not solved. Always girls or woman are
under the men it may be a support for certain times but it is all fake.
These are things which are ancestors  let’s change the world let the next

generation be happy without any problem


Imagination is self-aggrandizing. It is the means of self-abnegation. We can form our own range by imagination. It is the environment of whatever we have.

Imagination is innate talent. Sometimes, it remains strong in people. Those who have more imaginative mentality, they incorporate this into poetic rhythm and serve it in literature.

Einstein once said-“Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere”. Imagination is the necessity. It helps us to understand ourselves, helps us to be ourselves. It is the basement of our spiritual world too. By the power of imagination, we can sow the pillar of discoveries. Imagination is actually needed for a healthy life. Last but not the least, we should continue to imagine; we should continue to dream; we should continue to make them fulfilled.

Neem Tree

Neem leaf is used formerly ,eye disorders , bloody nose , intesential worms , stomach j upset ,loss of appetite ,skin Ulster

neem.seed extract contains an active compound that affect hair and skin such as live .

chewing Neem bark to promote oral hygiene is a common practice in India

Neem antiseptic anti inflammatory antioxidant and immune boosting properties may promote oral health . Although more research is needed studies indicate Neem may relieve pain and help treat and tooth decay.


As corona pandemic is going on there is no rest for the sales person now woman are also doing deliver the things. They are facing many problems they can divide their life to as before corona and after corona. The people before used to allow them in if they ask for water they will give but now as we are all afraid of corona we are not giving water to them. In this current situation we all are afraid of corona so we are not seeing their difficulties. They will not get rest time at every moment they should be moving one place to place as soon as possible because if they delay at a moment we are complaining that they are delaying. We should see others then our problem because of our complaint they will be getting less amount while travelling he/she may face many problems like traffic and other things. The order persons are not telling that they have corona in this pandemic time. They are also having family and kids. They didn’t see us as other family they are thinking us as their own family member and serving us food and things daily. There was a talk before this corona pandemic and all that the other jobs have leave but not for police, doctors and guards of the country but now in these list the delivery person and cleaners in the society. The persons are very dedicated to their job and they are putting effort in their work. There are many problems faced in this corona pandemic because each one is running to one door to another even in hospitals they are serving food. They are not feeling that it is a hard job but it is because many of our houses are in the top 9 or in top floor the person must climb the stairs sometimes it is very hard. In this corona pandemic many places have been blocked if they only that route they must find another route and give the delivery. If the order is not reached on time many of the persons are shouting at them. In some hotels they are not giving them water to they are treating them as a beggar. They are not uneducated people they don’t have job or not enough facility to precede their studies. There are many problems that they are facing each day they are a normal person. Each person we should respect him and not ill treat them. They are supplying food each and everybody without any hesitation that they are serving food. Many people are doing many works but this job is more risk like doctors and cleaners. They will not take any safety they will a wear mask that’s it because he/ she has only for their food and to buy small things for them and families. They are not showing their pain out but apart from this there are some people who really care for them as their own family member. Some people will say that come slowly and safely and if they see they need water they will give or ask them without any hesitation if they come late to deliver some people will say next time please come fast they will not complain and les their salary. If the food is not hot or if it is not cool or if it melts they had said the delivery person like this it had happened so see to it in a warm way some will give extra money for their efforts in their job.


In a Fast Paced World, Buying desired products at a deferred payment method (Loan) is the only option left with majority of people who do not have that much purchasing power as that of commodity. In these instances, many times people intentionally provide misstatement or misrepresent in front of financier to get loan and misuse them or in another situation they may lure financer into giving loan and end up in using it for Illegal Means.
Collateral security can be understood as a form of secondary protection sometimes required by a bank and intended to guarantee a borrower’s performance on a debt obligation.
For an Example: A bought a Lorry out of loan given by B with an assurance to pay monthly installments until the full loan gets recovered to the creditor, A issues some postdated cheques for the installments, after some days, A with slight diligence A makes effort and hides the lorry and pretends in front of Creditor that lorry has been stolen and Your (creditor) legal fight would be with the insurance company and not me.
Here, A is Debtor and B being Creditor with the Lorry being the Collateral i.e. If A defaults on the payment, B has the right to sell the lorry and adjust the loan.
Debtors can very well take advantage of Section 138 of Negotiable Instruments act and can misuse collateral given to the creditor for the loan. After the dishonoring of cheques, debtors can take refuge under the term “Security cheque”.
This Point of researcher is very well balanced by a series of judgments given by several high courts and The hon’ble Supreme Court. In the case of Sampelly Satyanarayana Rao vs. Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited, The question whether a post-dated cheque is for “discharge of debt or liability” depends on the nature of the transaction. If on the date of the cheque liability or debt exists or the amount has become legally recoverable, the Section is attracted and not otherwise. Though the word security was written in the Agreement, the said expression refers to the cheques being towards repayment of installments. The repayment becomes due under the agreement, the moment the loan is advanced and the installment falls due. Once the loan was disbursed and installments had fallen due on the date of the cheque as per the agreement, dishonour of such cheques would fall under Section 138 of the Act. Here the complainant was Held Liable and he could not take protection for “Security cheque”.
In an Another Case, Shanku Concretes Pvt. Ltd. & Ors. Vs. State of Gujarat, Complainant giving 15 lacs to accused and accused issued 7 postdated cheques in discharge of debt, cheques were dishonoured, Court Held that No Offence of under Section 138 was is made out as cheques were issued as collateral security byaccused and not to discharge any existing debt.In Another case of Goa Handicrafts, rural & small scale Industries Development Corporation Ltd. Vs. M/s/ Samudra Ropes Ltd., When the cheque is not to be deposited and it is deposited, it does not entail a penal liability.Another Case of M.S Narayana Menon also affirms the point of researcher that cheque if issued or for any other purpose the same does not come within the purview of sec. 138 of Negotiable instruments act.In Cheque Bounce cases, the creditor’s position is strong as he has a cheque. The creditor has to issue a demand notice letter keeping in view the provisions of Section 138, the complaint application should contain the provisions of Section 138 only then the creditor is entitled to the benefit of Sections 139 and 118. Otherwise, the defendants can avail the benefit of lack of pleading. If the provisions of Section 138 (a) (b) (c) are not present in the complaint application, the position is not valid and can be dismissed.

Therefore, with the gap in law, collaterals continue to suffer.

Reasons why you can’t put on weight

Diet can play a crucial role in transforming your body whether it is weight gain or weight loss. Diet can help you achieve your goals faster than anything else, many people don’t know the importance of diet and how much important is to pay attention to your diet. There are many types of diet which can be helpful for you to achieve your goals, everyone has different body and their body requirements are also different you just can’t go ahead and follow the diet seen on the internet by so called fitness trainers. I will suggest you to gain some knowledge by yourself because you just can’t relay on someone and eat what they are eating or suggesting, you can’t make the best gains by copying or following someone else’s diet routine, everyone has different number of maintenance calories, different lifestyle, different metabolism and different appetite. If your appetite is not as much as the guy who is suggesting you the diet or you are following the diet of someone else you simply just can’t eat that much of food and if you eat forcefully it can result in bloating and you feel lazy for the whole day. There are different kind of diets which you can follow, all you have to do is just gain some knowledge about these things.

What is maintenance calories?

Maintenance calories is the number of calories required to your body for performing simple and complex actions like muscle movement, energy conversion and cell growth. Maintenance calories is the minimum number of calories you need to maintain your body weight that means you can’t gain weight or lose weight just by eating that much of calories. For gaining weight the basic principles is you need to eat at least 300-500 calories more than your maintenance calories and for losing weight you need to cut-off 500 calories from your maintenance calories. Now many of you might be thinking about how to calculate maintenance calories, it’s really simple click on the link below. It will lead you to a calorie calculater in that you have to enter your present body weight, height and type of physical activity only, then it will show you your maintenance calories.

Mistakes done by people when they are gaining weight.

People think they have to eat more for gaining weight and its true but the problems starts when they start eating anything and just start filling their self up, without caring about nutrition and just eating to hit their daily calorie-intake goal. You need to have a balanced diet with a certain amount of carbohydrates, proteins, healthy fats and other micro nutrients. Nobody wants to be fat and get unfit, think how demoralising it would be when you are putting efforts to be healthy but end up getting fat and unhealthy, our goal is to make some serious muscle gains and Improve our strength. We need to have a good amount of protein and carbohydrates in our daily diet because when we do physical activity and our muscles break then it needs proteins and carbohydrates to built it strong and bigger.


Honesty implies being truthful. Honesty means to develop a practice of speaking truth throughout life. A person who practices Honesty in his/her life, possess strong moral character. An Honest person shows good behavior, always follows rules and regulations, maintain discipline, speak the truth, and is punctual. An honest person is trustworthy as he always tends to speak the truth.

Every one of us must have heard the phrase “Honesty is the Best Policy”. It is indeed a wise phrase. Probably, every child learns this teaching from their parents.A major component for developing moral character is Honesty. Honesty helps in developing good attributes like kindness, discipline, truthfulness, moral integrity and more. Lying, cheating, lack of trust, steal, greed and other immoral attributes have no part in Honesty. Honest people are sincere, trustworthy and loyal, throughout their life. Honesty is valuable and it is the habit of utmost importance. Honesty certainly helps people in knowing who you really are.
Honesty removes fear from the heart. It makes a person courageous and confident. It certainly takes a huge amount of courage to speak the truth. Speaking truth is a sign of bravery. The one who lies is a coward. Speaking falsehood is a sign of low self-confidence.Honesty certainly reflects the maturity of a person. An individual is probably mature if he regularly speaks the truth. Honesty strengthens and improves relationships between people. It certainly helps in bringing people together. Honesty is the peace of mind. Honesty certainly makes an individual feel free.Have faith in people. Almost everyone lies because of a lack of faith in others. Honesty plays an important role in everyone’s life and it is a character which is visible with open eyes like an open book. Having considered as an Honest person, by society is one of the best compliment one can dream of in his/her entire life. It is the real character a person earns in life by being sincere and dedicated towards it. Lack of honesty in society is doom. It is due to the lack of proper interpersonal relationship between parents-children and students-teachers. Honesty is a practice which is built slowly and patiently, firstly at home and then school. Hence home and school are the best places for a child to develop Honesty since his/her growing times.
Honesty is always admirable in the family, civil society, friends and across the globe. A person with honesty is respected by all.Honesty can also be developed practically which requires proper guidance, encouragement, patience, and dedication.Dishonest people may easily get trust and respect from other people. However, they lose that forever whenever they get caught.An honest person moves freely in society and spread his/her fragrance in all directions. Being honest is never mean to bear the bad habits of others or bear ill-treated activities. Everyone has rights to reveal and take action against what is going wrong with him.Honesty is an essential requirement in modern time. It is one of the best habits which encourages an individual and make capable enough to solve and handle any difficult situation in his/her life.

Sovereignty is important function of government

sovereignty is the full rights and power of a governing body over itself without any interference from outside source or bodies in political theories sovereignty is a substance term destination Supreme authority over some policy in international dawn the important concept of sovereignty refers to the exercise of power by a state sovereignty in ability of fact do so which becomes of special concept upon the failure of the usual exceptions and that exist at the place and time of concept rest in same organization the concept of sovereignty has been discussed throughout history and are still actively debate its definition, concept and application has changed throughout especially during the age of enlightening the current notion of state sovereignty contains four aspects consisting of territory, population according to Stephen d.krasner the term could also be understood in four ways sovereignty is more than anything else a matter of legitimacy that that requires reciprocal recognition sovereignty is a hypothetical trade in which two potentially conflict sides,respecting de factor realities of power exchange such recognition ad their bast costly strategy a decision by the emperor has the force of law quod principles placed habit sovereignty that originated in the people although he did not use the term expressly the word sovereignty derived from Latin word types of Jana is people gana group mana mind adinayak leader jaya he victory bharatha india bhagya destiny vidhata disposer Punjabi Punjab Sandhu indus Gujarat marata Marathi dravida South utkala orissa banga bengal


Unemployment is a serious problem faced today by India. Nearly 50% of educated youth are yet to find suitable jobs. Even those who are employed in agriculture in rural areas are only partly employed as they are unemployed for many months in a year. This is due to an economic problem.

With our society getting more and more money-oriented, it is obvious that everyone runs after money, as this will bring power to the trail. In the past, acquiring wealth was just to maintain a good and respectable standard of life, but today money and only money is sought for, it is the only thing that is respected, the only thing that is loved and the only thing that can buy anything at all-a strong power in itself money has become. To fulfill all the necessities employment first needs. Many reasons could be given for this unemployment and under-employment. The first reason is an explosion of population. The natural resources, the land, and means are the same. The population has almost increased. The second is modern industrial policies have turned all the people to migrate into countries and cities and towns to work. And also the manpower resources are not planned according to the needs of the next decade. The third is the unsuitable educational system. those who come out of schools and colleges should be known the value of white-collared jobs as well as blue-collared jobs. Blue collared jobs are also known for their self-confidence and also one should know the dignity of laborers. This lacks the mental ability and the manual skill to take up a productive job. Education must be job-oriented. The disparity in pay and salary exists, where a man who does manual work and another who does mental work are equal in the matter of needs. Unless the income disparity is reduced, people look up manual jobs.
This lockdown, Covid-19 has created lots of losses and disasters for all the self-employment peoples, and the private and the government agents are also under pressure. Numerous people have also lost their jobs. In today’s technology developmental world, we are open up to various fields to showcase our talents and experiences and explore some sort of new things to the whole world by all the social media platforms to make it wisely and earn it happily, this lockdown has taught this to every nook and corner persons all over the world, right from young people to all the old age people.

Apart from this, people also create themselves, like weaving, embroidery, food preservation, homemade packing, and marketing, etc., could also be taught that this also better employment. Self-confidence should be restored in youth and those capable should be allowed to help themselves in the field and also give hands to uplift every possible soul. Unemployment creates a lot of depression, stress, and pressure for everyone and it leads to mental illness. Although the government is doing its best to solve the problem of everything.Hope to be strong through tough times, and be there for each other in these hardest battles.

The Best Things in Life are Free

The best things in life are free. This is undoubtedly true, for there is one vital aspect of life, that is nature and this is available in abundance, for each one of us for free. However, we are so much involved with ourselves and in our worldly pursuits that we fail to appreciate it.

Besides nature, there are other aspects of our lives, that are very much invaluable like the love, affection of our parents and near and dear one’s. These are essential for us and we know that they just can’t be bought.

We all know that “life is brief- a little hope, a little dream and then good night “. In this short period we must learn to enjoy every single moment, for there are numerous good facets of life which are only for us free of cost.

Khushi Agarwal


Floods are natural disasters affecting the crops, livestock, infrastructure and floods a human beings Floods occur when water bodies like rivers carry more amount of water than their capacities and when this additional water cannot be drained in a proper manner. Floods are not a recent phenomenon; it has been occurring since ages. However, today the destruction caused by floods is immense because of creased population density and spread of people in every part of the country.

Types of Floods in India

Floods in India are not restricted to any one place. There are several different kinds of flood, and each one bears a different impact in terms of how it occurs, the damage it causes, and how it is forecasted. In this section we will discuss about the different types of floods.

  • Coastal (Surge Flood) It occurs in areas that lie on the coast of a sea, ocean, or other large body of open water. It is typically the result of extreme tidal conditions caused by severe weather Eastern coast of India is vulnerable to this type of floods due to frequent cyclonic activities. Further, rising sea level due to climate change can put many coastal cities of the world at risk of being overrun by sea water.
  • Fluvial (River Flood) It occurs when excessive rainfall over an extended period of time causes a river to exceed its capacity It can also be caused by heavy snow melt and glacial level outburst. The damage from a river flood can be widespread as the overflow affects smaller rivers downstream, often causing dams and dikes to break. This type of flood usually occurs in Himalayan rivers and cause massive destruction including landslides.
  • Pluvial (Surface Flood) It is caused when heavy rainfall creates a flood event independent of an overflowing water body. It can happen in any urban area Apart from these, floods may also be caused due to upsurge in groundwater and even higher elevation areas that lies above coastal and river floodplains. burst of drain and sewer.

Major Flood Prone Areas of India

The major flood prone regions in India according to National Commission on Floods comprises of Ganga River basin which includes state of Uttar Pradesh, North Bihar and West Bengal. The heavy rainfall and huge siltation make flood yearly affair in Brahmaputra River system also. The inadequate surface drainage which causes inundation and water-logging over vast areas is the main cause of floods in North-Western part of India.

Cloudburst and torrential rainfall have caused flood in Uttarakhand and Kashmir. The small rivers of Kerala, originating in Western ghats and flowing to the Arabian sea, cause considerable damage when in spate. The deltaic region of the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri suffer from occasional food owing to the large-scale silting and consequent change in the river course.

Cause of Flood

Floods are caused by natural, ecological or anthropogenic factors either individually or as a combined result Earthquake, landslide and cloudburst are among other natural causes of flood Man made causes include collapse of dams, embankments and efficient sewerage system in cities. The various causes of floods in India are Causes of Flood as follows:

  • Rainfall of about 15cm or more in single day, sometimes are beyond the carrying capacity of the river causes the spilling of river over natural banks West coast f Western Ghats, Assam and Sub-Himalayan West Bengal and Indo-Gangetic plains faces flood due to heavy precipitation almost every year.
  • The Himalayan rivers carry a lot of silt with them due to erosive action of the rivers. Because of the amount of silt carried by the rivers, the level of river bed rises and the water carrying capacity of the rivers gets reduced. This causes floods in the nearby areas of hill slopes. The water level in river rises because of greater run off Floods in Western ghats, Shiwaliks and Chotanagar plateau region occurs due to this reason.
  • Excessive sand mining comes at a huge cost to the river and those living around it. Excessive sand mining can alter the river bed, force the river to change its course, erode banks and lead to flooding. It also destroys the habitat of aquatic animals and micro-organisms besides affecting groundwater recharge.
  • In the flat terrain especially in plain areas, rivers have tendency to meander or change the course within a specific boundary. Because of this, frequent flood occurs in lower reaches of Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers.
  • Tropical cyclone accompanied by strong winds, huge torrential rain and high tidal bores causes inundation of Eastern coastal regions of India. Floods due cyclone are common in the East coasts of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal.
  • In coastal areas sea rides deposit silt in the river mouths and discharge channels leading to steady deterioration of their discharge capacity, it causes floods in deltaic areas of India.
  • Due to inadequate drainage, floods have occurred in Punjab, Haryana and Western UP After introduction of irrigation in these areas, the sub-soil water table rises fast leading to widespread flooding.
Top Ten Disastrous Floods and Major Flood Prone Areas In India

Control Measures

Being a natural phenomenon, the total elimination or control of floods is neither practically possible nor economically viable. Hence, flood control measures aim at providing a reasonable degree of protection against flood damage at economic costs in the section we will discuss various control measures of flood adopted by government and citizens.

  • For controlling the flood, the government has constructed many dams and authorities which includes Damodar Valley Corporation for Damodar river, Narmada Control Authority for Narmada River, Hirakund dam on Mahanadi, Ukai dam on the Taps and the Bhakra dam across Sutlej. The Central Water Commission and National Flood Control Board in partnership with the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) has taken many steps for flood control.
  • Among other structural measures, flood embankments, flood banks and levees have been constructed all along the major rivers, so that excess water in their channel does not cause havoc a nearby areas.
  • Surface water drainage congestion due to inadequacy of natural or manmade drainage channels results in flooding in many areas in this regard government has started many drainage improvements programs.
  • Diverting all or a part of the discharge into a natural or artificially constructed channel, lying within or in some cases outside the flood plains is a useful means of lowering water levels in the river to control the flood The flood spill channel skirting Srinagar city and the Supplementary Drain in Delhi are examples of diverting excess water to prevent flooding of the urbanized areas.
  • Among the non-structural measures which strive to keep people away from flood waters, the flood-plain zoning and flood proofing have been adopted by the government. These are non-structural changes, adjustments or additions to reduce and prevent flood. Similarly, India Meteorological Department (IMD) issues flood forecasting and warning which are of immense help in relocation of the vulnerable section of population.
  • Watershed management measures such as developing the vegetative cover i.e., afforestation and conservation of soil cover in conjunction with structural works like check dams, detention basins etc. serve as an effective measure in reducing flood peaks and controlling the suddenness of the runoff Government under National green mission aims at massive afforestation all along the channels of major rivers. Further many watershed developments projects have been taken up under MGNREGA, which will eventually help in controlling the flood.

CBSE to declare Class 12 results by 31 July .

Supreme Court approves CBSE marking formula but asks boards to include dispute resolution system and provision of written exams for students wanting to improve their score.
The Central Board of Secondary Education has decided to go for a ’30:30:40 formula’ 30 per cent from Class 10 board, 30 per cent from Class 11 exam, and 40 per cent from Class 12 assessment to tabulate Class 12 results this year, the board informed the Supreme Court Thursday.

The Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations has also decided to go for a similar formula as CBSE, except they have decided to take the average of the last six years instead of three years. While this was orally communicated to the court, CISCE will now submit the written affidavit notifying their marking scheme.The apex court approved the marking scheme, and said there was no question of rolling back the decision of not holding exams.the heresults will be declared by 31 July, the CBSE told the court as it submitted a detailed evaluation criteria, which was decided after the board had to cancel exams last month because of the second Covid-19 wave.

According to the affidavit CBSE submitted in the court, the 40 per cent of marks from Class 12 will be based on unit test mid board exams, 30 per cent from Class 11 based on theory component of the final exam, and the remaining 30 per cent from Class 10 marks based on average theory component of best three performing subjects out of the main five.The new formula is to calculate theory marks for students, while practical and internal assessment components will be calculated according to the existing policies. The board had last week asked all schools to complete their practical assessment and submit the data to the board by 28 June.the marking policy will affect more than 14 lakh candidates who had registered for Class 12 exams in 2020-21 session.The board has asked schools to form a five member panel for computation of results.

Theory and practical marks
According to the board’s scheme, theory marks for Class 12 for computation of results will be based on performance in one or more unit test mid pre board theory examination, but the school committee may decide internally what should be given more weightage.To facilitate ease in entering the theory marks of class 10, the board will provide the marks for the students who have appeared in CBSE class 10 examinations. For students of other Boards, the schools will have to enter the information based on the class 10 marksheets of the students available with schools,” the affidavit added.The board also said since the Class 11 and Class 12 marks will be awarded at school level, “they will strictly not be comparable across schools due to the variations in the quality of question paper students who are not satisfied with the result calculated based on the policy will be given an opportunity to appear in examinations to be conducted by the board when conditions are conducive for it.

Insulated Electrical Cables- Construction and their Types


Electrical Cables are the cables which are used in Electrical power systems for transmission and distribution of electric power and for many other purposes. Insulated Cables are the type of cables which are insulated with help of different type of materials, but what is a cable? A cable can be a single thick conductor wire which is called as Single Strand Cable or a thick wire made up by using multiple strands of seperate thin wire which is called as Multiple Strand Wire or Cable, where the material of these wires are metals like Copper, aluminium or steel or of mixed materials like ACSR (Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced Cable). Similarly, insulation on cable can also be made up of various types of materials like rubber, PVC (poly vinyl chloride), etc.

These insulated cables are used for transferring from electrical power from one electrical/electronic device to another electrical/electronic device or we can say that these insulated cables connect various circuits with each other in the power system. These cables connect source of generation of electricity with the various loads present.

The transmission or distribution of electrical power is done by help of either overhead cables or underground cables. Usually, most of the transmission and distribution is done by overhead cables but places which are highly populated, the electrical distribution in such places is done by using underground cables.

General Construction of cables:

  • Conductor: The conductor present may be single conductor or more than one conductors. The conductors are stranded in order to provide flexibility to the cable. Some examples of the material of the conductor are ACSR (Aluminium Conductor Steel Reinforced), Cadmium Copper Conductor, Steel Cored Copper Conductor, etc.
  • Insulation: Each conductor is covered with proper insulation of right thickness. The insulating materials commonly used are impregnated paper, vulcanized bitumen, varnished cambric, etc.
  • Inner Sheath: It is also called as lead sheath or metallic sheath. As the sheath used is usually used is made up of aluminium or lead. This provide mechanical strength and restricts the interaction of insulation with moisture or any other reactive gas.
  • Bedding: It consist of paper tape compounded with fibrous material like jute strands. its purpose is to restrict moisture and protect metallic sheath from corrosion. It also protect sheath from mechanical injury.
  • Armouring: This is made up of layers of galvanized steel which provides mechanical strength and prevents mechanical damage.
  • Outer Sheath or Serving: This the last layer of the cable. It is layer made up of fibrous material like jute clothing, its main purpose is to protect the wire from the atmospheric conditions.

Different Types of Cables:

There are many different types of Electrical cables which each serve a different purpose, Some of these cables are:

Low Tension Cable: These cables are used for voltage levels upto 6.6kV. Paper is used as insulatuion in these type of cables. Over this paper insulation another insulation of impregnated paper is provided after that lead sheath, bedding, aromouring and serving are provided.

Single Core LT Cable

Medium and High Tension Cable: These are Three core cables i.e. multi core cables and are used for voltage leel upto 66kV. It is of two types, belted cables and screened type cables. The screened type cables are further divided into H-type Cables and S-L (Seperate Lead) type Cables.

Belted cables: These cables are used for voltage level up to 11kV. The cores are not circular in shape and insulation present is of impregnated paper and these cores are belted together with help of paper belt. Gaps are filled with fibrous material like jute and then it is covered with sheath and other things.

Screened type cables: These cables are used for voltage levels upto 22kV – 33kV In H-type cable there is no paper belt used and each conductor is insulated with paper covered with metallic screen of aluminium foil. In Sl- type, each core is first insulated with impregnated paper and then with separate lead sheath.

Super Tension Cable: These are used for voltage levels upto 132kV to 275kV. It is also of two types:

Oil filled Cable: In this the channes or ducts are provided within or adjacent to the cores through which oil under pressure is circulated. It has concentric stranded conductor, built around a hollow cylicndrical steel spiral core. This hollow core acts as channel for oil.

OIl filled Cables

Gas Pressure Cable: In this a inert gas like nitrogen at high pressure (12-15atm) is introduced. There is no bedding and serving in this cable. The working power factor of these type of cables are high.

Gas Pressure Cable


An interview is a structured conversation where one person asks questions, and the other one answers. The word “interview” refers to a one-on-one conversation between an interviewer and an interviewee in common parlance.

The more you know about the interview style, the better you can prepare. Here is a list of types of unique interviews:

The Lunch / Dinner Interview

This type of interview gives an employer an opportunity to evaluate your communication and interpersonal, social skills as well as your business etiquette and table manners. So order wisely and make sure you don’t spill your beverage.
This type of interview can have various question formats.
Lunch/Dinner Interview indicates that the interviewer wants to learn more about you and your behavior outside the office. This is still a part of your interview and you need to try to be your best when you are at it.

Competency-Based Interviews

These are conducted to show the employee’s competencies the employer is seeking for the job. These will usually be detailed in the job spectrum so make sure you research and read the relevant material thoroughly.

Portfolio Based Interviews

In the design/digital/communications industry, it is anticipated that you will be asked to take your portfolio along or show it to employers. Keep your work is up to date and balanced. Make sure that your images and fonts are big enough for the interviewer to look at properly.

Informational Interview

An informational interview is conducted with the objective is to take advice and acquire more knowledge about a particular organization, sector, or employer. Examining industry specialists is a great way to add to your employment knowledge. Gaining this information makes you extra prepared. It is also an exceptional way of networking and adding contacts.

Case Interview

The case interview is a specific format of the interview in which you’re given a business problem to solve or describe the process in detail. Case interviews were solely the field of striving consultants, however, now they’re conducted everywhere from tech companies to NGOs.
Your interview could be made up of case interview questions. The interviewer is may not look for the correct answer but wants to evaluate your problem-solving skills. If you do not have information to arrange a solution, you may need to ask the interviewer a question.

Task-Oriented or Testing Interview

In these types of interviews, you can express your creative and analytical capabilities in problem-solving through different tasks or exercises. It includes a short test to assess your technical knowledge and skills. Other tasks can be presenting to a group to define your communication skills.

The Sequential Interview

These are numerous interviews in turn with a unique interviewer each time. Each interviewer can ask a series of questions to test various sets of competencies. If you are asked the same questions, you can answer each one as thoroughly as you did the previous time.

Stress Interview

This interview involves the interviewer triggering you to see your response and reaction. The interview wants to check your weaknesses and your reaction under pressure. The interviewer can constantly interrupt you, provoke you, be oddly silent, and may also put across challenging interrogation-type questions to push you to your limits.

The Puzzle Interview

Highly competitive companies ask “puzzle” questions in their interviews. The interviewer wants to conclude how fast you can think on your feet, how you’ll approach a difficult situation, and how you can make development during a challenging situation.

The Working Interview

Some industries may ask the interviewee to complete a job task as part of the interview. Your interviewers basically want to see you doing the job instead of you telling them you can do it.

The Career Fair Interview

These interviews usually last for 10-15 minutes and involve impromptu interviews where you can grab your chance to be called for an actual interview.

Serial Interview

These interviews consist of a series of interviews on the same day. So if you are registered for an interview from 1-3:30, you may have five half an hour interviews with different people. Each interviewer will mostly ask you unique questions.


Some interviews may be formal, others are maybe informal. However, it is important to remember that you are still being evaluated on whether you are a right fit for the company or not, so prepare well, and keep your answers clear and to the point.

negative effects of social media on youth

Technology advancements have been a blessing to human beings, and today, computers and mobile devices have been a part of our daily lives. The internet is also a part of the technology that many of us have come to appreciate. Basically, in this day and age, it is the internet that makes many the world go round. Social media, for instance, is a part of the internet that has created a greater avenue for people to interact across the globe. Nowadays, social media negative effects are not unknown. Sadly, our youth have taken on the use of social media to the extend that it can have some very severe effects on their overall well being if not monitored or restricted.

As much as social media is known to a great social network tool, its evils in society cannot be overlooked. Youth are susceptible to potential harm posed by social media usage. If not recognized on on time and handled, these negative impacts of social media can be risky to the health and social well being of the youth. The negative effects of social media on youth are as following:

  1. ANXIETY-We are more curious about knowing what other people are doing rather than spending time for ourselves. Those who spend more time on social media become victims of depression and anxiety because it adversely affects the thought processes and mood. Good mental health is important for study, career, and personal life. Thus, it is recommended to spend only half a hour per day instead of wasting your whole day.
  2. DECREASED ACTIVITY-Teenagers who use social media heavily do not spend enough time on activities that definitely increase mental abilities, skills, and physical movement. Those who exercise daily, their body releases endorphins that signal our brain to stay positive and reduce depression. Thus decreased activities reduce thee secretion of endorphins and it is causing depression.
  3. POOR CONCENTRATION-Today negative effects on social media on students can be seen easily. Different tasks, such as schoolwork, classwork, or homework, require more concentration to deal with something important, but now teenagers have a habit of simultaneously using social media. Most of them consider it multitasking, but it is not. Researches show constant interruption has an adverse effect on attention and reduces learning and performance.
  4. SOCIAL ISOLATION-There is a statistical relationship between the use of social media and social isolation. When teenagers see pictures or videos of a party where they were not invited, it can bring anxiety. It is known as “fear of missing out”. Most of the time, teenage children believe they are connecting to different persons using social media, but actually, they are out of the present moment and their lives. It can become a cause to feel more isolated and a reason for FOMO.
  5. SLEEP DEPRIVATION-Social media is among the leading causes of sleep deprivation in teens nowadays. They are constantly worried about what their friends are posting and sharing. Adolescents can stay active on social media for longer durations. And if they do these, especially during sleep time or just before the sleep, then there is a high possibility of their sleep being disrupted. The reading can help you understand the importance of sleep and the associated risks of sleep loss.
  6. LOWER SELF ESTEEM-Most teen girls start comparing themselves with celebrities after spending time on social media and want to look slim, pretty and rich like them. It is normal to copy those persons they admire or consider a role model in the teenage. This imitation can negatively affect their self respect and dignity. Different studies outcomes are that girls who spend more time on social media to portray themselves like celebrities are isolated from friend circles. Their friends will not accept them.
  7. CYBERSTALKING-Smartphones are connecting people. But, negative effects of smartphones on youth can be seen today. If you’re always sharing your location, then social media friends know where you are. Teenagers are used to updating their status, share what they’re watching, listening to, reading and where they check-in. This habit becomes an addiction and make them hyperactive because they always look for new updates from their friends. They check every notification and alert to respond because they believe responding on time is necessary.
  8. CYBERBULLYING-A bullying is the use of social media to communicate false, embarrassing, or hostile information to specific users. Among the major effects of social media, cyberbullying is an evil that has become such an atypical today. victims of prolonged cyber bullying often end up with psychological problems like depression, loneliness, anxiety and some even become suicidal.

YOGA- Balance of Body and Mind

There are many practices in the world to keep the mental and body health in harmony; One such practice is yoga. In the last few years there has been an surge in the number of yoga practitioners as these days there are more health problems and more awareness and it does have a positive impact on the body. Yoga is the art and science of uniting the body and mind that helps in “Self-Realisation”. Yoga was a method used for liberation of individual souls but now it is presented as a solution for global problems. Yoga has various branches that are practiced based on the problems one would like to be deal with. Yoga gives inner peace.

Yoga has its origins from the Indian Subcontinent and is practiced and passed on for many generations. The word ‘Yoga’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to unite’. The highest or ultimate result of yoga is ‘samadhi’. A lot number of seals and fossil remains of the Indus Saraswati valley civilisation suggest the presence of yoga in ancient India. The presence of yoga is available in folk traditions, Indus valley civilization, Vedic and Upanishadic heritage, Buddhist and Jain traditions, the epics of Mahabharat and Ramayana etc. Yoga is broadly classified into four divisions- mantra yoga, raja yoga, laya yoga, hatha yoga. The practice of yoga in the vedic tradition was as a result of the internalization of the vedic ritual and its elevation symbolically from the material plane into the mental plane. By practicing yoga you have

  • Ability to move everywhere
  • Ability to control everything
  • Ability to become light or heavy
  • Ability to fulfil desires etc.


Yoga is very deep and its understanding cannot be expressed in words. However, there are many advantages of performing yoga:

  1. Yoga helps to enhance the circulation of blood and nutrients to circulate to all parts of the body.
  2. Yoga can be done anywhere, anytime and doesn’t need any equipment.
  3. Yoga brings out the inner strength in your body and helps you to have a stronger body. It also aids in lifting your own body.
  4. Yoga improves your body posture making it healthy.
  5. Yoga improves the concentration of individuals.
  6. Brings up a healthy weight.
  7. Yoga prevents the risk of heart diseases because it help to reduce blood pressure, pulse rate, cholesterol and maintains a healthy weight too.
  8. There is a state of balance in the body and mind when practicing yoga.
  9. Yoga delays premature ageing because it is also a technique to detox your body.
  10. It is an effective treatment for depression and studies have shown that it acts as an anti-depressant and reduce stress.
  11. Yoga improves your body flexibility.
  12. Yoga helps you to sleep better without any disturbance.
  13. Yoga increases immunity because it is a type of healing that helps every cell in the body to be immune.
  14. It helps to improve the mood and helps to get rid of laziness, anxiety and dullness.
  15. It helps in the better functioning of the lungs through breathing exercises which is very much necessary for the existence of life.


Unemployment during Covid-19 Pandemic

COVID-19 has completely driven the people lives of India as well as rest of the world, totally in a different way. Hence similar to other countries, India is also badly troubling now in an enormous way like education and so called best health infrastructures totally affect the economic condition towards downward direction of today’s time and the future in a cruel manner. There is no end till now to stop this pandemic and the whole world are facing another COVID-19 aftermath i.e. pandemic crisis. Economically, India was already in a bad condition before start of this pandemic and now this crisis has created more and more pathetic situation for the people. All the people lives of both urban and rural areas are deadly affected by this pandemic crisis. Social distancing and other safety precaution are not fully followed by the people. On the other hand, this pandemic crisis has increased the unemployment rate with anxiety and depression. In that situation, both government and public health care sector are collapsed due to heavy COVID-19 patients. The earlier physical class room system is totally changed into online class room system and learners (basically in rural sectors) fell some difficulty to adopt this. This crisis generates a new system for work, called work from home. In this chapter, we discuss about some major points of crisis in this pandemic situation in India.Millions of Indians have lost jobs in the formal sector since April due to the economic stress caused by novel coronavirus. However, the pandemic is not the only reason behind the ongoing job crisis in the country.The economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in India has been largely disruptive. India’s growth in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year 2020 went down to 3.1% according to the Ministry of Statistics. The Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India said that this drop is mainly due to the coronavirus pandemic effect on the Indian economy. Notably India had also been witnessing a pre-pandemic slowdown, and according to the World Bank, the current pandemic has “magnified pre-existing risks to India’s economic outlook”.Major companies in India such as Larsen & Toubro, Bharat Forge, UltraTech Cement, Grasim Industries, Aditya Birla Group, BHEL and Tata Motors temporarily suspended or significantly reduced operations. Young startups have been impacted as funding has fallen.Fast-moving consumer goods companies in the country have significantly reduced operations and are focusing on essentials. Stock markets in India posted their worst loses in history on 23 March 2020. However, on 25 March, one day after a complete 21-day lockdown was announced by the Prime Minister, SENSEX and NIFTY posted their biggest gains in 11 years.The Government of India announced a variety of measures to tackle the situation, from food security and extra funds for healthcare and for the states, to sector related incentives and tax deadline extensions. On 26 March a number of economic relief measures for the poor were announced totaling over ₹170,000 crore.India does not have reliable, official high-frequency data on jobs. While CMIE’s jobs data has been the centre of a political slugfest in the past, with government officials repeatedly questioning the survey’s methodology, Sen said that it doesn’t matter now because what we are interested in is “capturing change”.

Neem Tree


Neem leaf is used formerly ,eye disorders,bloody nose ,intesential worms ,stomach upset ,loss of appetite , skin ulcers , diseases of heart and blood vessels , fever , diabetes , gum disease and liver problems .

Neem seed extract contains an active compound that affect hair and skin such as live .Azadirachtun works by disrupting parasite growth and other cellular processes.

Chewing Neem bark to promote oral hygiene is a common practice in India.

Neem’s antiseptic , anti – inflammatory , antioxidant and immune -boosting properties may promote oral health . Although more research is needed studies indicate that Neem may relieve pain and help treat gingivitis ,periodontitis and tooth decay .

    Although Neem appears to have numerous therapeutic effect , results are inconclusive sine they’re based on test -tube and animal research with very few human studies.

The Launch of Deep Ocean mission in India

The Deep Ocean Mission which was pending for a long time has been approved by the union cabinet. The mission is to be implemented at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,077 crore for a period of 5 years. It will be Phase-wise, where the first phase for 3 years(2021-2024) will be Rs. 2823.4crore.The Ministry of Earth Science [MoES] will be the Nodal Ministry implementing this multi-institutional mission. The institutions are ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, Department of Biotechnology etc.,

Deep Ocean Mission is a project to support the Blue Economy initiative of govt. of India. The mission will let India explore the Polymetallic nodules in the allotted area of 75,000 sq. km  in the Central Indian Ocean Basin [COIB] by the UN National Seabed Authority. The rocks containing copper, iron, manganese, nickel and cobalt are scattered in the seabed.

The mission involves 6 main components they are:

1) Deep sea mining and Manned submersible:

Developing a manned submersible capable of carrying 3 people with scientific sensors and tools to a depth of 6000 metre. For mining of Polymetallic nodules in central Indian ocean an integrated mining system will be developed.

2) Ocean climate change advisory service:

Developing a suite of observations and models to understand and provide future projections of important climate variables  on seasonal to decadal time scales.

3) Exploration and conservation of deep-sea habitat:

Technological innovations for exploring deep sea flora and fauna, including microbes and make study on sustainable utilization of these bio-resources.

4) Deep sea survey and exploration:

To explore and identify sources of hypothermal minerals as it is the source for precious metals formed from earth’s crust found along the Indian ocean mid oceanic ridges.

5) Energy and fresh water from ocean:

Studies and detailed engineering design for off shore Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation[OTEC] powered desalination plant.

6) Advanced marine station for ocean:

Developing Human resource in the ocean science field. By grooming experts and developing enterprises in ocean biology and engineering. This will translate research into industrial application and product development through online site business incubator facility.


The Deep Ocean Mission was envisaged in 2019 as Rs. 8000 crore mission. If it works, India will be in the list of those countries that is able to launch underwater mission in the unexplored depths of ocean.




It is so rare for us to see someone who is not bent over their digital gadget and drunken in their own world. I say drunken, because an alcoholic can be compared to how we are drawn to our gadgets, especially mobile phones. It can be seen as a form of addiction seeing many children are taken to psychiatrists to even communicate properly even with their parents.

It was, at first considered as a blessing to communicate with our loved ones who are far away from us and keep a check on them. But since then, the technology and the gadgets have evolved so much so that, we are at a point where we cannot even control what the internet knows about us. If that is not threatening enough, I don’t know what is.

Photo by Daniel Eliashevsky on

If there is something good, there ought to be something. Our human brain is made like that, to think of the opposite ways in which a power can be used. There are loopholes for everything and no one is. Sure, there are million ways in which internet and gadgets can be used to our good, but there are equal million ways in which it can be misused. It is a point of concern because even small kids are using internet and it is important for the adults to supervise what is accessible to them.

When there are ways possible in which the technology can be misused, it will be abused. There are many cases of cybercrimes and cyber bullying reported day to day. The lack of education on proper use of internet and the lack of control and restriction on what can be uploaded in the internet is what leads to this.

From the simple task of students copying stuff from the internet to the bigger crimes like fraud in internet banking takes place because of internet. These are times when we are looked upon strangely if we don’t know how to use internet, especially if you are a millennial or a Gen Z-er. Our intellect is finalized with our skills in using technology. People who grew without internet and technology are struggling to cope with the rapid increase in the expectation of them to portray themselves as intelligent. As the age old saying goes, from 2 years to 82 years of age, all people are forced to adapt themselves to changing situation.

Even Government has started moving the transactions and other Government services to the internet through the movement, ‘Digital India’. The problem with that is, due to abundance of population and the amount of misuse in the form of hacking and even simple problems of internet connectivity has delayed to main idea of the initiative. Needless to say, there are some villages without even a taste of internet and they are just doing fine.

So should we shun internet and go back to the medieval days? It is true to stay up to date and in competition with the internet and technology in order compete bigger giants such as US and China, else we will be trampled on, but it needs time and that time has not yet come. It would take at least a decade for all the citizens of India to adapt themselves and equip themselves for this change.

There are plethora of things in the internet. It is up to us whether we use it to our gain or not.

Nyctophobia- A Disease?

“ Did you finish watching that horror movie?”


“ What did it cost?”

36 mini heart attacks and 2 sleepless nights. That’s it.

If you can relate to this, guess what, you are nyctophobic. In simple terms, nyctophobia means the fear of the dark.

But don’t panic, you are not alone. Nyctophobia is the third most common phobia of all phobias, so you are not the only one who sees immortal figures at night. But that does not mean that you shouldn’t take it seriously. Also, guess what? It can go away.

Nyctophobia should not be confused with phasmophobia though. Phasmophobia is the fear of ghosts but nyctophobia includes a lot of things. Fear from anything which has an evil or a dark side.

While this type of phobia cannot surely be referred as a mental disease, it is, however a mental condition. But you do need to go to a psychiatrist for it and again IT SHOULD NOT BE IGNORED.

SO let us talk about it for once.

Physical symptoms include:

  • trouble breathing
  • racing heart rate
  • chest tightness or pain
  • shaking, trembling, or tingling sensations
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • upset stomach
  • hot or cold flashes
  • sweating
  • crying out of stress

Emotional symptoms include:

  • overwhelming feelings of anxiety or panic
  • an intense need to escape the situation
  • detachment from self or feeling “unreal”
  • losing control or feeling crazy
  • feeling like you may die or lose consciousness
  • feeling powerless over your fear

Basically, a person with nyctophobia sees things that aren’t present there. Not only ghosts or monsters, but they can also imagine that somebody wants to kill them or something. Most people with this condition cannot even sleep alone with the lights switched off, because they are not able to convince their mind that THEY ARE sleeping alone in fact. If you know what I mean.

In my case, for example, whenever I used to sleep alone and I closed my eyes, my mind used to tell me that there was somebody standing inside the room staring at me and I used to end up opening my eyes each time. According to my mom, it was very normal of anybody on this planet to not be able to sleep alone for about 2-3 nights after watching a haunted movie or something and so I do not need a psychiatrist. But you know that you are nyctophobic when there is another haunted movie going on inside your head each day even without taking a glimpse of it on tv. So now, after a lot of persuasions, my mom is convinced to allow me to see a psychologist.

This war is difficult to win and I know it because you have got to fight a long battle with your own mind over here and oh boy your subconscious is more powerful and strong than you know. So, the following are some things you can do to get a strong spell on your own subconscious and overcome this fear of the dark:

1. MEDITATE – This one is very important. It is going to help you to peace out your mind. It will help you get in terms with your subconscious. You can meditate daily for 20- 30 minutes any time of the day.

2. Believe in god- Even if you aren’t a very religious person, just believing that there is a greater force out there that is holding something positive for you can help a lot. And yes, it is tried and tested.

3. Medicate- Yes, there are drugs like Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications that can control the physical reactions you have to the dark, like racing heart and panic attacks. But this cure is pretty temporary and not really advisable because it may start to affect your health.

4. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [CBT] – The success rate of this therapy is over 90% and it is very much long-term. You will have to consult a therapist or psychiatrist for this.

5. Avoid watching movies or shows that scare you. This can decrease your level of anxiety at night.

6. Start with little steps. You can start by leaving a little light lamp ON at night and then go to sleeping in complete darkness.

7. CONSULT AAAAA THEERRRRAAAPIISSSSTTT ! Because if you simply don’t, this fear can start to have adverse effects on your health. It will affect the amount and quality of your sleep and cause sleep deprivation. THIS can interfere with our daily life chores. This fear can lead you to take sleeping pills, which as we all know are not trustable enough in regards to our health as well.

And finally,

There aren’t any well-defined causes of this type of fear. It can be genetic or hereditary, if any of your parents have it, there are high chances of them passing it on to you. It can also be caused through the memories of any bad incidents in the past like the death of a loved one, or an accident. Or it can be NATURAL, and it might go away with your growing age.

Lastly, you should definitely not ignore this phobia as it can persist for a lifetime if not taken care of. You should not, however, panic or feel embarrassed because of your fears and should tell your parents asap because these types of phobias are pretty common and can naturally be found in any person. So just cherish your life and realize that there is a bodacious side to the darkness that is waiting to be discovered and admired by you : )

Cold desert Ladakh was actively flooding during the post-glacial warming: Study

Scientists have shown that the cold desert of Ladakh Himalaya once experienced large floods that rose much above the present-day river level. It implies that in the scenario of global warming, when the higher Himalaya regions are expected to respond dramatically, flood frequency in Ladakh may increase, which may call for serious urban and rural planning.

Large floods that naturally occur in major rivers of India fed by melting snow and glaciers and a continental scale precipitation regime of Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) and Westerlies and East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) significantly modify the landscape and impact lives and economy of all that encroached into its geomorphic domain.

These floods are of various kinds and origin (Glacial/landslide lake outbursts, cloud bursts, excessively strong monsoon) and have different forcing factors and frequencies and therefore add large uncertainty in flood prediction models. An instrumental record of these floods is of ~100 years is not enough to understand the natural ramp of flood occurrences in the Himalayas, and therefore archive going deep into time is required.

A team of students and scientists lead by the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology at Dehradun, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, travelled through the tough terrains of Zanskar and Indus drained Himalaya and looked minutely into geological signatures of past floods in Ladakh region that date between 15-3 thousand years before present. This study was recently published online in the Geological Society of America Bulletin.

Flood leaves a stack of fine sand and silts at places along its channel where the flood energy drastically reduces, for example, wider segments of river valleys, confluences, behind rock embayments which is called as Slack Water Deposits (SWDs). The SWDs were located at several locations along the Zanskar and Indus rivers, counted vertically for the number of floods, and were dated using technology called Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of 14C. The flood deposits were also analysed for their source.

This analysis showed that the cold desert once experienced a large flood that rose to more than 30 m above the present-day river level. The active flood plains nearer to river were also utilized by Humans, possibly as camping sites and cooking as indicated by presence of hearths at several locations and levels of flood deposits.

The chronology of the flood deposits pointed towards three phases of increased flooding occurred in Ladakh after the period called Last Glacial Maximum (14–11, 10–8, and 7–4 (1000 years) or ka). These were times when due to warming, the Indian summer monsoon was active in Ladakh as well. The results also suggest that Ladakh floods are chronologically out-of-phase with those occurring in North-Eastern Himalayas and mainland China during the past 15 thousand years. This implies that the modern relationship between the ISM and EASM goes deep into more than 14 thousand years. Further, the rocks of Higher Himalayan Crystalline and Tethyan sequences equally act as hotspots of erosion in the regions during the flood phases.

The preliminary study of hearths suggested that there was an inbound migration of people along the mountain corridors of Ladakh after the Last Glacial Maximum when temperatures were relatively warmer, and hydrology of the region was supporting. According to the WIHG team, a detailed genomic and isotopic-based study of these anthropogenic relics may further help understand the geographical antiquity of migrating humans and the kind of food and vegetation they were living on.

Bangladesh to set up international vaccine institute- Prime Minister Hasina

Bangladesh will set up an international institute for vaccine production including for COVID 19.

Announcing it in Parliament on Wednesday, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that the government will sign an agreement with South Korea to set up the vaccine institute in Bangladesh. She said that government to government negotiations are going on with the countries which have developed vaccines for COVID 19 for technology transfer.

The capacity of three Banglaesshi firms has been assessed for the production of the COVID 19 vaccines. Prime Minister Hasina told parliament that a vaccine developed by one of the Bangladeshi companies Globe Biotech Ltd is now in the trial stage.

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that the government has taken initiative to produce COVID 19 vaccine alongwith collecting vaccines from various sources in the world in view of the Corona pandemic. She said Bangladesh has so far received 1.08 crore doses of the COVID 19 vaccine from foreign sources out of which 1.02 crore doses came from India including the gifted doses of over 3 million doses.

Embassies gradually begin Visa processing as the pandemic shows sign of decline –

India continues to report Covid cases below 1 lakh per day.

As the various states across the country begin unlocking in a graded manner, a section of people are hopeful of easing in travel restriction by several countries which came into play as India was hit hard by the second wave of Corona.

There is a large population of students who have been lucky to secure admission in various foreign Universities but were unable to join their institutions as the spread of Covid and subsequent closure of the various embassy and Consulate offices almost stopped processing of all type of Visa applications. The sudden and unprecedented situation created a panic among many people who got stuck in India. Various embassies started getting urgent calls but they largely remained unfulfilled due to strict Covid Guidelines and travel restrictions. Now as the situation of the pandemic in India is fast deescalating, various foreign Missions have started indication that things might get well soon.

France has called for students interested in studying in France to apply for Visas. French Ambassador Emannuel Lenin took to Twitter “Looking to study in France? Student visa applications are now open at your nearest VFS centre! Get all the information you need on programmes & scholarships, plus free counselling at your nearest Campus France office:” He tweeted.

The U.S. Embassy and Consulates in India are continuing their important operations. Spokesperson of the US embassy In Delhi said that student visas remains a top priority and the U.S. Mission to India is making every attempt to facilitate student travel in time for the fall semester, including by offering tens of thousands of July and August student visa appointments at posts across India.
Most other routine nonimmigrant visa appointments at U.S. Embassy New Delhi and the consulates in Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai remain limited. Mission India posts will make every attempt to continue to honour approved emergency visa appointments. Emergency services for U.S. citizens will continue.

For people keen on travelling to the UK, The High Commission has already started Visa application centres for quite some time. A British High Commission spokesperson said: “The UK’s Visa Application Centres in India are open and we continue to process applications for many visa categories, including student and skilled worker visas.” The UK’s new Graduate Route for international students are opening for applications on 1 July 2021. The spokesperson said, “Our universities are global institutions which thrive on the contribution of international students, including those from India.”

Meanwhile, “The UK has also modified visa rules to ensure students can study online until they’re able to travel to the UK for in-person tuition.” He added further

Acknowledging the deep people-to-people links between India and Singapore, A representative from the High Commission responded, “We hope that the situation continues to improve. We will continue to monitor the situation and adjust our border measures accordingly.”
The representative further added Singapore government is working closely with IATA to safely rebuild connectivity. Singapore is one of the first countries to adopt the IATA Travel Pass for the submission of pre-departure PCR test results to airlines and immigration checkpoints from 1 May 2021.

The pandemic has affected all aspects of life globally. With the global fight getting stronger against the pandemic with aggressive vaccination, things are gradually moving back to normalcy.

India extends US$ 100 million LoC to Sri Lanka for Solar Energy Projects

India has signed an agreement extending a US$ 100 million Line of Credit (LOC) to Sri Lanka for projects in the Solar Energy Sector.

The agreement was signed between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Export-Import Bank of India.

A press statement from the Indian High Commission in Colombo said, ‘India has become the first country to partner with Sri Lanka in fulfilling the vision of the President of Sri Lanka, Gotabaya Rajapaksa, to ensure that 70% of Sri Lanka’s national power requirements are fulfilled by renewable energy sources by 2030,”

The agreement was exchanged in the presence of President Rajapaksa, between the High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka, Gopal Baglay and the Secretary to the Treasury, S.R. Attygalle. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and the High Commissioner of India also discussed the striking similarity in the national objectives outlined by India and Sri Lanka in connection with solar energy.

President Rajapaksa in his tweet said “Sri Lanka is going green, and we are working extensively to make it happen. Today, we formalized the agreement on the Line of Credit worth US$ 100M b/w Sri Lanka and the Export & Import Bank of India. Steadily, we’re getting closer to the goal of 70% renewable energy by 2030.”

This US$ 100 million LOC will help finance various projects in the solar energy sector in Sri Lanka, such as rooftop solar photo-voltaic systems for households and government buildings. Some of the projects were announced during the Founding Conference of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) held in March 2018 in Delhi.

Thus far 89 countries, including Sri Lanka, have signed the Framework Agreement of the ISA, which intends to bring together countries to promote the large-scale deployment of solar energy and overcome challenges related to technology, finance and capacity.

Bangladesh records highest single day COVID infection, death in over 6 weeks, restrictions extended till July 15

Bangladesh reported its highest level of single day COVID 19 infection and deaths in over 6 weeks on Wednesday.

According to the latest figures released by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), 60 people died and 3956 new Corona Positive cases were detected in the last 24 hours on Wednesday morning.

The single day death toll on Wednesday is highest since May 4 when 61 people had died due to Corona. Similarly, the new COVID 19 infection on Wednesday marks the highest level since April 22 when 4014 new cases were detected.

The sample positivity rate also continued to rise. It was reported to be 16.62 percent on Wednesday marking a sharp rise from 14.27 percent on Tuesday.

In order to control the further spread of Coronavirus in the country, the government of Bangladesh has extended the ongoing restrictions on movement and public gathering till July 15. Government has imposed COVID 19 related restrictions in the country since April 5 which has been extended with certain modifications in several phases. The current phase of COVID restrictions ended on Tuesday.

According to the notification issued by the Cabinet Division on Tuesday, the government has authorised district administration of high risk districts to decide about restrictions or lockdown. All tourist places, resorts, community centres and recreation centres will remain closed. Social, religious or political gathering will be restricted. Hotels and restaurants will be allowed to serve people upto half of their capacity. Similarly, public transport will also operate by allowing people to board only upto half of their capacity.
However, government and private offices and factories will remain open with observance of health guidelines.

Rajesh Jha/Dhaka/16.6.2021
Rajesh Sir: Bangladesh to set up international vaccine institute- Prime Minister Hasina

Bangladesh will set up an international institute for vaccine production including for COVID 19. Announcing it in Parliament on Wednesday, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that the government will sign an agreement with South Korea to set up the vaccine institute in Bangladesh. She said that government to government negotiations are going on with the countries which have developed vaccines for COVID 19 for technology transfer.

The capacity of three Banglaesshi firms has been assessed for the production of the COVID 19 vaccines. Prime Minister Hasina told parliament that a vaccine developed by one of the Bangladeshi companies Globe Biotech Ltd is now in the trial stage.

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said that the government has taken initiative to produce COVID 19 vaccine alongwith collecting vaccines from various sources in the world in view of the Corona pandemic. She said Bangladesh has so far received 1.08 crore doses of the COVID 19 vaccine from foreign sources out of which 1.02 crore doses came from India including the gifted doses of over 3 million doses.

SAI, Indian Embassy in Rome working with local authorities to resolve skeet shooters’ concerns

The Sports Authority of India has recieved requests through NRAI for the vaccination of two skeet shooters Angad Vir Singh Bajwa and Mairaj Ahmed Khan who are shooting in Italy.

The former needs his second dose and the latter requiring his first, since he has recovered from Covid infection just over a month ago.

For the vaccination of the skeet shooters, National Rifle Association of India intimated SAI on June 10. The Embassy of India in Rome, has taken the issue up with the concerned Italian authorities and are working towards organising vaccine doses for both. The SAI and Embassy are in touch with both athletes to help resolve the issue. The Italian government’s health department has requested for details of athletes with regards to their past Covid history, which have been furnished.

As for the extension of the gun permits and visas of the two shooters and visa of the physical trainer Jitender Arya till July 18, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has already written to the Ministry of External Affairs for assistance. Since Italian authorities have said the visas of those already in Italy cannot be extended as per rules, the Embassy of India in Rome has taken it up with the Italian Olympic Committee to help secure the extension of visas.

Both athletes are likely to travel to Croatia for the World cup from Italy. The Indian Government has also made backup arrangements for their vaccination in Croatia in the event of vaccination not taking place in Italy, so that both athletes get two doses before their travel to Tokyo.

What Is a Cell Tower and How Does a Cell Tower Work?

What is a Cell Tower?

Cell towers, also known as cell sites, are where electric communications equipment and antennae are mounted, allowing the surrounding area to use wireless communication devices like telephones and radios. Cell towers are usually built by a tower company or a wireless carrier when they expand their network coverage or capacity, providing a better reception signal in that area. Cell towers are basically everywhere across the United States, although some cities have more than others. And Millman Land was there since the late 1990s, ensuring that the cell towers are all properly inspected. There are currently more than 307,000 cell towers in the United States. Sometimes they can be spotted on tops of buildings. Other times cities require cell towers to blend into the cityscape seamlessly. Rural areas sometimes hide them in treescapes, disguising them as a tree.

Our wireless services include cell tower surveys, cell tower audits and As-builts. In this article, we aim to tell you more about cell towers and how they work. We also want to address people’s growing concerns over 5G and put to rest the rumors. How Do Cell Towers Work? cell tower in New YorkThere are over 300 million cell phones being used daily in the United States.

Whenever a cell phone is used, it emits an electromagnetic radio wave, called a radio frequency, that is received by the nearest cell tower’s antenna. Once the cell tower receives this signal, it will transmit the signals to a switching center. This allows the call to be connected to either another mobile phone or to a telephone network. It’s crazy to think all of this happens in mere seconds. Related: The Ultimate Guide to ALTA Surveys Parts of a Cell Tower The insanely fast technology of a cell tower is due to its parts. You’ll hear us mentioning cell carriers a lot in this section. That’s because a lot of the parts of a cell tower are provided by individual cell carriers, also known as wireless networks. There are four wireless networks in the United States that have the best coverage. Right now the top provider is Verizon, which has 70% 4G coverage. AT&T is in close second with 68%. T-Mobile has 62% and Spring is in fourth with 27%, a major decline in coverage. Verizon US 4G coverage cell towers in US The Tower There are actually four different types of cell towers. The first kind is known as a lattice tower. Also called a self-supporting tower, this type of tower offers incredible flexibility. It usually has three or four sides with similar shaped bases. The second type of tower is a monopole tower. This type of tower features a single steel or concrete tube tower, usually under 50 meters. It only requires one foundation. The antennas are attached to the exterior. A guyed tower is cost-effective but requires a bigger amount of land. It’s usually built 100 meters or greater, connected buy guy wires to anchor and support it. They are attached to the ground in all directions. Most radio and television towers are guyed towers. The fourth type is the stealth tower, which we briefly touched upon before. Often required by councils, these are more expensive than the other three options but aim to beautify the community they’re in. They require additional materials that help them hide in plain sight. While much more appealing, they often do not provide the same amount of capacity for tenants.

The Equipment The equipment on cell towers includes transceivers and other supporting technology. These are installed in cabinets or shelters or any other way that wireless carriers choose to protect them. Some even create outdoor cabinets on concrete pads or prefabricated equipment shelters.

The Antennas Alright, we’ve touched on antennas a lot, but what are they? There are multiple antennas attached to a cell tower, typically mounted on a head frame. Some towers even have up to 15 antennas per carrier. This number really depends on the antenna’s performance, coverage and capacity requirements. Utilities and Access Carriers will also install utilities at the cell tower site. Each carrier has power to run to the site as well as phone service. Each cell tower also requires access by the carriers for initial installation and ongoing maintenance.Cell Tower Range The aforementioned parts help determine just how far a cell tower can be a from a cell phone while still able to pick up its signal. That distance is determined by the connecting technology, landscape features (hills, trees and buildings), the power of the tower’s transmitter, the size of the cellphone network and the network’s design capacity. What’s interesting is that a cell tower will sometimes have their transmitter seat to a lower power on purpose to ensure it doesn’t interfere with neighboring cells. But even with all of those factors, the typical cell tower can provide service up to 45 miles away. That’s quite impressive! Let’s take a closer look at what various components affect a cell tower’s range and effectiveness.

What Affects a Cell Tower’s Range?

The range of a cell tower is not a fixed figure. That’s because there are so many variables when it comes to the range in which a cell tower connects a mobile device. The most common variables include:How hight the antenna is over the surrounding landscape.The frequency of the signal in use.The rated power of the transmitter.The directional characteristics of the antenna array on the site.Nearby buildings and vegetation absorbing and reflecting radio energy.The local geographical or regulatory factors and weather conditions.Cell towers are often built in areas with high population densities. That’s because these cities have the most potential cell phone users. For that reason, you’ll often find cell towers “overlapping” in more crowded areas. This helps to avoid interference problems. If you find yourself wondering why you don’t have a signal on your cell phone, it could be because you’re too far from a tower or because the cell phone signal has been decreased by hills, large buildings or other structures. You may also lose your signal if a lot of people are attempting to use the cell tower at the same time. That often leads to calls getting dropped. While driving, your phone can switch from one cell tower to the next mid-conversation. As you continue your journey, the cell phone will pick the strongest signal and release the weaker cell tower, making it available to another caller. Another factor that could affect your signal is a problem with the cell tower. With help from surveyors like Millman National Land Service, these issues can be identified so they don’t turn into a major headache. man on cell tower overlooking city dangerousIs

5G Dangerous?With the coronavirus pandemic continuing to strike fear into people all over the world, it’s no surprise that we’re seeing an abundance of conspiracy theories regarding COVID-19 and how it’s spread. One of the most bizarre are the Facebook posts claiming that 5G has created the coronavirus pandemic. While definitely a little on the radical side, there are still some health concerns about 5G that are a bit more grounded in science. But no: 5G did not cause the coronavirus. What is 5G?Big wireless carriers like AT&T, Verizon and Spring have started to implement 5G as the new wireless standard. In a year or so, 5G will be available throughout the United States. There are currently some devices that use 5G, like Samsung’s Galaxy S10, but most current phone models do not support 5G just yet. 5G will basically be a major improvement on network performance. It’s considered a huge upgrade from 4G, which debuted back in 2009. While 4G delivers 10 Mbps, 5G will deliver peak speeds between 10 and 20 Gbps. It’s also more ideal for video game streaming, downloading movies and other heavy-duty data activities since network latency will drop from 30ms to 1ms. While this is all exciting technology-wise, there are currently growing concerns over the health risks of 5G, since it’s a stronger radiofrequency. While 5G has not caused the coronavirus, are there other dangers lurking on cell towers across the United States?

How Dangerous Is Radiofrequency Radiation?So what are these Facebook conspiracy theorists claiming about 5G? There are growing concerns that 5G’s higher energy radiation will bring potentially damaging effects to human beings near the cell towers. This increase in radiofrequency radiation will supposedly lead to cancer, premature aging and disruption in cell metabolism thanks to damage done to human DNA. Is this true? Well, not to be an alarmist, but RFR can also be found in your microwave, radios and other daily activities and common household items. Even computer monitors. Because of this, it’s already been determined that RFR is not really all that dangerous unless used in certain circumstances. What are these dangerous circumstances? Well, the radiation has to be “ionizing” to be strong enough to break chemical bonds. This includes x-rays and gamma rays. Wi-fi and FM radio are “non-ionizing,” meaning they’re too weak to cause any damage. Non-ionizing RFR, like those found coming from cell towers, have no known mechanism that causes biological effects or DNA mutations. In other words, it’s completely safe. The Risks of 5GSo 5G is a new technology – a stronger technology. Should people be concerned? Currently, 5G is a non-ionizing RFR, meaning it’s not able to do any real damage. Many conspiracy theories point towards the fact that 5G will require more transmitters. Since there are more popping up in cities, towns and neighborhoods, will the dose be higher? While a reasonable question to ask, 5G cell towers are still not a threat, even when there’s more cropping up. The electromagnetic radiation you withstand by walking outside is far greater than a 5G cell tower. But what about 5G’s higher gigahertz frequency? Since it’s higher, is it more dangerous to living organisms? Currently, there’s no science supporting this. The FCC has also stated that there are no health problems currently associated with cell towers. “For 5G equipment, the signals from commercial wireless transmitters are typically far below the RF exposure limits at any location that is accessible to the public,” said Neil Derek Grace, a communications officer at the FCC.While scientists are continuing to look into 5G technology and possible health risks, there is currently nothing to support that 5G cell towers do real harm to humans or animals.


Groundwater is a critical resource for food security, providing 40% of the world’s irrigation . Millions of farmers depend on groundwater irrigation to help produce 40% of the world’s agricultural production, including a large proportion of staple crops like rice and wheat . Yet, groundwater reserves are becoming rapidly depleted in many important agricultural regions across the globe . While the extent of current and projected groundwater depletion is well documented , the potential impact of this depletion on food production remains poorly quantified. Furthermore, it is unclear whether there are any adaptation strategies that may reduce the projected negative impacts of groundwater depletion on agricultural production. Yet, such information could help identify which adaptation strategies should be prioritized in which regions to ameliorate and avoid large production losses in the areas most at risk for groundwater depletion.

It is especially critical to quantify the impacts of groundwater depletion on crop production in India—the world’s largest consumer of groundwater—where groundwater provides 60% of the nation’s irrigation supply. Tube well construction has rapidly increased since the 1960s across India, allowing farmers to increase cropping intensity, or the number of seasons when crops are planted in a given year, by expanding production into the largely dry winter and summer seasons . This increase in cropping intensity is credited for much of the food production gains achieved over the past 50 years across India. However, because of high rates of extraction, aquifers are rapidly becoming depleted across much of India, with the northwest and south predicted to have critically low groundwater availability by 2025 This is of concern given that India produces 10% of global agricultural production and is the second largest producer of wheat and rice. Furthermore, a majority of India’s rural population, approximately 8% of the world’s population, depends on agriculture as a primary livelihood, and a reduction in agricultural production will negatively affect household welfare .

Very few studies have attempted to quantify the potential impacts of groundwater depletion on agricultural production in India. To date, efforts have largely relied on modeling approaches , which necessarily make assumptions about the relationship between groundwater use and crop productivity. With such an approach, it is difficult to account for real-world constraints that may reduce the efficiency of groundwater use, such as inefficient pumps and the inability of some farmers to irrigate at full capacity. Accounting for these limitations is particularly critical in regions like India, where water use efficiency is low and extremely heterogeneous across the country . Only one previous study  has incorporated empirical data on the relationship between irrigation use, crop production, and groundwater depletion. However, because of data limitations, this study relied on coarse district-level agricultural census statistics that do not distinguish between whether a crop is irrigated by groundwater or other sources, like canals. Thus, to date, it has not been possible to empirically estimate the association between groundwater use, crop production, and groundwater depletion, which is critical for accurately estimating the potential production losses that may occur when overexploited groundwater is lost.

Everyone has a treasure and I call it as a time. 


In this pandemic, it’s all about staying safe home at doing all the regular activities for over days and months, and we are still counting. So being in-home, we do take this time, taken for granted, and using it more lethargic.

Time is claimed to be an endless, everlasting one. It’s said that it neither has a  beginning nor an end. Yet men can measure it as years, months, days, hours, minutes, seconds. They give meanings to the words past, present, future. True, time incorporates a meaning. It moves. What was yesterday isn’t today, what’s today won’t be tomorrow, so what try and live the instant at the moment? and in all the tiny ordinary miracles of day-to-day lives. Yet a time is claimed to possess no holidays. It exists always.

The entire creation moves on in keeping with a time pattern, there’s birth, growth, and death. There’s time for everything we stumble upon. Plants bloom flowers and provide juicy fruits. Seasons come and alter consistently with time. When a toddler is born, it grows into childhood stages, teenage, youth, middle age, and adulthood consistent with age and time. Every movement of creation on this planet is linked with time. One cannot grow paddy or wheat during a month nor daily. Consequently, one child cannot become an adult in an exceedingly year. Everything is fixed to a time frame.

Time could be a free force. It does not wait for any. It’s a commonly said quote that” time and tide anticipate none”. Time is like money. A second, not usefully spent is a never-ending loss. And yes, I spotted it after I came so far at this point in my life. you’ll be able to never come back to the lost day and time. The time flies and never returns.

Therefore one has got to know the worth of your time. Seize it and do use every moment of it. Never shelve what you’ll be able to do today to tomorrow because you are doing not know the way tomorrow would be. Procrastination is that the thief of your time, it results in a waste of your time, and at last, it wastes you. All men tend to be emotional at some point of the stage in life. Time heals all the injuries and even it heals what reason cannot. When negative emotions like anxiety, envy, fear of missing out have overtaken them, they act hurriedly resulting in serious consequences. they will repent later after emotions calm down. But the damage done is finished and it remains forever. Even that damage can heal over the passage of your time. People involved may forget and forgive. that’s the importance of your time and its healing touch. Time may be a wise counselor. Passage of your time allows a private to grow. This growth gives you experience. Experience helps in taking decisions over tasks.

Wasting time isn’t harming others. One is harming is himself  Some people always complain that they’re running out of your time and there’s no time for them to try and do any of the work and it’s late. That doesn’t actually seem correct. If one is ready to wisely plan all his activities, there’ll be time for everything happening. somebody’s a part of nature, cannot grumble over time. Time is more powerful. It conquers everyone.

To conclude in today’s technology there are plenty of smartwatch brands, applications that are developed to stay remind of all of your works and make the foremost of it. If you’re not on time, you’ll miss the flight and you miss it forever. Once you miss it, it flies off. you’ll never catch that point. Hence it’s called fleeting time. Learn to use the time more authentically and fruitfully.

Effect of Urbanization on Animals

Urbanization is simply the expansion of urban areas onto rural areas, is now a growing issue faced by wildlife managers, city planners, and environmentalists. Urban expansion has led to some of the most significant local extinction rates as it has caused a huge alteration in the habitat of various animals to land that continues to be transformed by anthropogenic infrastructures, roadways, energy use, and activity.

Today we see various architectural and infrastructural built-ups being made every day for human use. Urbanization has surged at a global level and this rapid growth of urbanization has severe effects on the wildlife. The ecological consequences have now reached far beyond the boundaries of cities and have led to biodiversity loss and decline in species richness.

Urbanization has caused a significant decrement in the transmission of wildlife parasites, in some cases, an increase among urban-adapted hosts which affects the rarer wildlife or those living beyond city limits. Continued rapid urbanization poses a risk of multi-host pathogens against humans and vulnerable wildlife populations. Therefore, the need of the hour is for research on wildlife diseases in urban landscapes.

Studies show that continuous urbanization taking place all around the world will lead to two-thirds of the human population residing in cities within 30 years. The latest research depicts that ecologists have started to find the mechanisms by which urbanization affects biodiversity and causes a decline in species richness, including processes related to resource competition, altered trophic interactions, and the spreading of different diseases caused by parasites. Studies also show that during the process of urbanization some animal species will disappear from the newly urbanized habitat. For example, birds that feed on specific food sources which are naturally available to them will fly to other areas in search of food. Species that cannot reproduce at a rate at which urbanization is expanding will eventually disappear.

Fox squirrels are an ideal species for studying the impacts of urbanization on anti-predator responses. Fox squirrels are one of the common species found in urban areas and it seems that they are comfortable with the disturbances caused by anthropogenic settings. It is observed that squirrels found in urban areas have a lower giving-up density when it comes to foraging, which means a lower limit of food density in which they will dismiss efforts to forage. This means they spend more energy obtaining food, and potentially less energy expended toward anti-predator behaviours.

Urban fox squirrels allow humans to come within closer proximity than rural squirrels will allow. This response and boldness of fox squirrels toward humans indicate that at least to some degree they have lost some of their innate anti-predator response.

Several differences can be observed in the behaviour of wildlife seen in urban and rural areas, and it is clear that anti-predator responses are among those changes. However, exploring the surrounding responses to different types of predators is required.

As human populations continue to migrate into cities and urban areas increase, future research becomes very essential to manage disease threats against humans and animals at the interface of two rapidly growing disciplines: urban ecosystem studies and infectious disease ecology. Therefore, we aim to control forest fragmentation or agricultural intensification so that animals are not left behind without a habitat to grow and reproduce. 












The  term “warrior” refers to  those who work hard selflessly for the country. During the times of COVID-19, We have seen so many COVID warriors who have worked day and night just to help the people . Poverty is one of the reason why people have suffered so much during the lockdown period. In India, Poverty rate every year increases due to high population, limited resources and poor  quality of education available for the poor section of the society.

The main contribution towards being a COVID warrior is of doctor’s. The responsibility that a doctor carries is bigger than anything in this world. They are the one’s who protected us from this pandemic and have shown so much enthusiasm in dealing with hard times. Doctor’s deserve our love and care as they are risking their own lives in keeping us safe and healthy. Being in a PPE kit for more than their normal working hours becomes exhausting still they are giving their best. It is the time to honor them with our support and love. There is so much risk in this profession, when your mistake can take away all the hardwork you did before. Doctor’s are our source of motivation to be a better person and help others however we can.

Companies like TCS, Wipro, Google, Infosys  and many more have donated so much for the people of India. Ratan Tata have recently announced salary for the family of deceased employee from his company till the age of his/her retirement. Azim Premji , Ratan Tata are one of the examples who doesn’t give up in the time when India needs them the most. There are several other people whose names are  not mentioned , but they have contributed so much to show their empathy and love for India.  Such warrior’s deserve our true care and love for doing so much for India.

In Bollywood Industry, People like Sonu sood deserves all the respect for the work he is doing. He is praised by every single person in our country.  The hardwork he is doing for every single person is incredible. People have so much hope from the young star of India. He has influenced so many lives and still doing it. It should be appreciated about the way he is selflessly working for every single citizen.

Several NGO’s like Hemkunt Foundation, Khalsa Aid are also working in providing the basic necessary items in every part of India.  NGO’s are one of the organization which have not stopped working during COVID-19 and have given their best in whatever they did and also currently doing. No reward can be enough for such organizations to honor them for the work they are doing.

COVID warriors are the one we should never forget in upcoming future. They have united us and helped so many of us. We can’t repay them in any form for the amount of help they are doing for our society. We all should stay inside our house in order to help them as this is the only way we show our genuine concern and respect for corona warriors.


Strength Training for Cricket Players

keeping fit off the pitch

A cricket player’s fitness and endurance on the pitch are controlled by what they do off the pitch. As a game dependent on quick, amazing developments it is fundamental for fuse strength preparing into your wellness routine to improve your game.

strength training for batsmen

There’s an actual interest in a cricketer’s body that requires the correct reinforcing and molding. As a batsman, you are utilizing your entire body to play out a smooth motion. The portability, strength, and vigorous wellness make up the collection of a batsman. You ought to likewise consider how your solidarity as a batsman is influenced by your stuff, as far as your cushions or the bat you use. Along these lines, you should zeroing in on each of these in your exercise center preparing program.

For batting, you depend upon the muscles in your back, shoulders, and biceps. You’re likewise captivating your center muscles to help turn the body as you swing the bat. Along these lines, your solidarity preparing should zero in on compound developments, for example:

i. Bicep twists
ii. Hammer rows
iii. Close-hold pull-ups
iv. Overhead presses like military presses
x. Hitting the rear arm muscles with plunges and rear arm muscle expansions will assist with fostering that dangerousness expected to present the bat.
xi. Adjust your daily practice with center activities like boards and varieties of crunches.

strength training for bowlers

Bowling is another full-body development yet with more spotlight on the predominant bowling arm. Bowlers by and large notification their bowling arm has more strength and muscle tone because of the tedious development. The abs, obliques, and back muscles additionally advantageous from a fortifying project since they are fundamentally used to turn the body as the bowler runs and deliveries the ball.

It is encouraging zero in on rotator cuff strengthening, rotator strength, and dangerous development. The rotator sleeve contains the tendons that help the arm at the shoulder. In quick bowling, the shoulder inside and remotely turns as the hip and center muscles settle and force the development.

i. Free weight flys.
ii. Link inside and outside turns. Focus on a 10-15 rep range zeroing in on legitimate structure.
iii. For abs, attempt medication ball pummels to help reinforce the settling muscles.

strength training for fielding

Defenders play out a ton of sudden halting and dangerous speed while out on the pitch. Along these lines, zeroing in on lower body strength for speed and deftness and chest and shoulder practices for tossing the ball could profit from your on-pitch performance.

i. To heat up play out a case hop preceding your solidarity preparing exercise. The advantage of a container bounce is that it builds your instability. Begin by performing 3-5 reps at a difficult tallness.
ii. Squats, strolling thrusts, and single-leg deadlifts with a leap enacts those muscles needed for speed, force, and execution.
iii. For shoulder and chest strength, take a gander at joining shoulder presses and lat-pulldowns during your preparation program.
iv. Another incredible exercise for field cricketers is frog squats, as this development can help in handling ground balls. 2 – 4 meetings seven days will assist with reinforcing and condition your entire body.
v. As defenders spend extensive stretches on their feet switching back and forth between stopping and running, make certain to adjust your solidarity program with vigorous preparing like running, paddling, or cycling.

3 essential stretches for cricketers

Batting, bowling, and handling all convey a danger of injury. You’re putting a great deal of weight on the body with dreary development and extensive stretches of play. Extending may appear to be a little piece of your solidarity preparing program however it assumes an imperative part. Attempt these stretches after your solidarity preparing project to forestall injury and keep up on-field execution:

  1. Hip abductor stretch: In a bowing position, bring the correct leg out in front, and push your left hip forward until you feel a stretch in the left hip. Rehash on opposite side.
  2. Pectoral stretch: Standing sideways against a divider with one foot before the other, bring your back arm against the divider behind you, and delicately press the arm against the divider by turning somewhat toward the left.
  3. Side stretch: Remaining with feet shoulder-width separated, bring the arms up to the roof catching the hands together. Gradually twist aside feeling a stretch in the side body. Rehash on the opposite side.

Regardless of what level you’re at as a cricket player, strength preparing will improve your game and by and large execution by expanding deftness and wellness. Cricket is a method-driven game, where strength and molding ought to be custom-made to your particular job in the game. Get more grounded to forestall injury, construct your unstable speed, and increment ideal execution with an extending program.

Is science a boon or bane?

We are within the age of science and technology. Man cannot live without the help of science. Science has engulfed our lives that nothing can happen in our day o day work without the assistance of science. Our food, transport, learning, administration, recreation, and social life are linked with science in various ways.

To answer the question, whether science has come to mankind as a boon or because of the reason for ruin. one should know what science actually means. Science is claimed to be a scientific classification of experiences. We, men, wonder at the varied thing and events happening around us. We get doubts about what are they? why are they happening? If so why these questions are the fundamental seats of science. then starts with thinking, analyzing, reasoning, synthesis, and contrast, and at last, the reality reveals. scientists say there’s a methodology for everything and there are inevitable steps to follow, they include, observation, hypothesis, experiment, theory, and proofs. all scientists having the way followed these steps.

Aim of science:

The aim of science is to go looking for truth and to grasp things, hitherto unknown. A scientist doesn’t accept ideas, just because they were accepted by others earlier. Great discoveries are a result of reasoning. lots of patience and observation are required. Civilization, because it today, is that the result of a variety of discoveries made within the field or of science. The invention of the easy wheel has resulted in our modern industrialization. Electricity, as a source of energy, has revolutionized the planet. Science has contributed to the success of our revolution and now we’ve enough food for all. we’ve enough clothing and better shelter too. All this can be possible, only because of science. Radios, television, and cinemas that entertain us are the products of science. So as a standard man must conclude that science is boon to mankind.

There is another side of the coin too, where such gave science which gave birth to destructive weapons like guns, rifles,  rockets, atom bombs, hydrogen bombs, etc. It’s the science that has electric power and nuclear energy, hydroelectric power but atomic energy isn’t used for peaceful purposes, like Hiroshima and Nagasaki which happened as a result of science, it’s the bane of humanity.

Leaving that apart, another creation of science is that the pollution of the environment. Industrialization with the help of science has polluted air, food, and every one of the atmosphere. The ozonosphere is giving threatening signals. so here is the case for a person to contemplate science as a bane.

A human could be a rational being. to safeguard themselves against all odds. that’s how he was able to conquer and control all the creatures within the world. So allow us to believe that his wisdom will prevail and he would conclude for the well-being of his kind on this planet.

When the universe reveals more secrets to humans by means of science, there’s hope that this man will become a superman and eventually science would be only a boon and not a bane of his life. Science without conscience is that the death of the soul.


An interview is a structured conversation where one person asks questions, and the other one answers. The word “interview” refers to a one-on-one conversation between an interviewer and an interviewee in common parlance.

The more you know about the interview style, the better you can prepare. Here is a list of some common interviews:

1. The Traditional Interview

This is the most common interview type: You sit down with a solo interviewer and answer a series of questions designed to help her figure out if you’re a great candidate for the job. You sit with an interviewer/s, face-to-face and answer a bunch of questions which helps them evaluate whether you are a perfect fit for their job.

A traditional interview has been very common. The length varies between half an hour to one and a half hours. You are usually asked many questions from some Common Interview Questions section and probably a few behavioral questions related to the job. If you clear this interview, you might be invited for another round of interviews to evaluate your eligibility for the job further.

2. The Telephone Interview

A call is a first-round screening to see if you are eligible to come for a full interview. Companies can initiate a telephone interview before inviting you in for a face-to-face meeting to get a better understanding of the type of candidate you are. You should do just as much preparation for a telephonic interview as you would for a face-to-face interview because your first impression is important. Make sure that you speak confidently, at a good pace, and try to answer all the questions that are asked.

Phone interviews are a more cost-effective way to screen candidates. A typical telephonic interview can range from 10 to 30 minutes. Also, do not forget to ask about the next step.

3. The Video Interview

With the pandemic, video interviews are becoming common. They’re becoming a regular part of the job application process for many companies. They take the phone interviews to the next level.
From choosing the right outfit to making sure that you have no technical difficulties, you’ll want to be absolutely ready.

4. The Panel Interview

The panel interview is popular among the public sector companies. The purpose of conducting such an interview is for staff members to meet the candidates and to keep the number of interviews a candidate has limited to one or two. This interview can take place if you’ll be reporting to several people or working with a team.

In a panel interview, you will be in a room with usually three to ten people. These interviews involve several people sitting on a panel with one as chairperson. You can answer the tough questions once, but it can also be tricky to make a strong connection with each panelist interviewing you.

Sometimes a person can ask you a series of questions, and other times only some panelists will ask questions while the rest of them listen. The questions can be traditional, behavioral, or both.

5. The Second Interview

You will be called for a second interview if you have passed the first interview. The company would like to know more and decide further if you are eligible to work for them.
To ace your second interview, you need to review your first interview. There is a possibility that you might be asked the same questions as the first interview, so you could better your answers this time.

Research about the company by checking their website, their clientele, recent news, etc and find out what the company is talking about.

these interviews may also be longer, some lasting half/full-day. Try finding out about the agenda for the day as this will make you feel less nervous about the process.

6. Behavioral-Based Interview

These interviews are also known as Critical Behavioral Interviewing (CBI). This type of interview is more complex than the usual interviewing techniques. Be structured in your answers and explain your examples in terms of the situation, the task, the action you took, and the outcome achieved.

Behavioral interviews provide the interviewer with information about how you think, respond and behave in certain situations. A great way to answer behavioral interview questions is to provide the interviewer with information known as the STAR Method: Situation, Task, Action, and Results.


Some interviews may be formal, others may be informal. However, it is important to remember that you are still being evaluated on whether you are a right fit for the company or not, so prepare well, and keep your answers clear and to be point.

The Profession of Perfectionism

As beautiful but unachievable as the word “Perfection” sounds, the meaning behind the word “perfection-ism” is quite the opposite. Perfectionism starts because of low self-esteem and leads to even lower self-esteem. As I am writing this article, perfectionism is trying to trap me and halt my productiveness, it’s telling me that I shouldn’t write this article if I can’t write it with uttermost perfection in this world. Perfectionism is like unconditional love, we spend our whole lives chasing it, while the ‘intellectuals’ of this world try to figure out if it even exists or not.

Have you seen those paper balls lying around an author’s desk in movies or in real life? Well, they would define perfectionism better than some mere words. But here is the real definition. Perfectionism is often defined as the need to be or appear to be perfect, or even to believe that it’s possible to achieve perfection.

It is not a mental disorder, however, it can be considered as a mental condition. To get a better insight on this, we need to know about the 3 ‘P’s- Perfectionism, proficiency and procrastination. Basically, perfectionism can lead to either proficiency OR procrastination. In simple words, proficiency is- expertise or improvement and procrastination is- what you have done your whole 11th grade. And sadly, perfectionism has a better chance of putting you into that loop of procrastination than increasing your proficiency.

“Perfectionism in itself is imperfection”

What makes you a perfectionist? -Unrealistic Expectations. Unrealistic can be parental or through your peers. But how can you identify that you, in fact, are one? Let’s take a walk on this.

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The loop of perfectionism
  1. You focus on the results more than the process- If you are not a big fan of making your journey at beautiful as your destiny, you might fit into this category.
  2. You are always afraid of not being enough- Constantly having a feeling that you can never be a 100% in your life can get you into the feedback loop from hell which can effect your self esteem to extents.
  3. You are too afraid of failure- Again, perfectionists get that fear of failure inside their head even before getting started with the assigned task.
  4. All or nothing- You have a thought process that you shouldn’t do that work at all if you can execute it with ultimate perfection which leads to procrastination.
  5. You can’t even take constructive criticism- You see criticism regarding your performance as a degradation to your personality and not as a stepping stone towards improvement.
  1. Start your day with a fresh mind- Morning meditation can help you in diving deep into your conscience and getting to know it. It also gives a productive start to your day.
  2. Follow the loop of productiveness- According to this, one completed task gives us the motivation to start with another task on our list. You need to follow this and alarm yourself if you feel that your chain is breaking.
  3. Stop overthinking- Whenever you feel like you are blaming yourself a little too much for something, think about something which is going to destress you. For me, it is dogs and music, likewise, you will have to do some self analysis to find your contentment.
  4. Don’t push yourself for every small mistake you commit.
  5. Go to therapy- No, I don’t mean listen to Taylor swift songs duh! I am insisting on really going to therapy for this.
  6. Take out time for yourself- Everyone has that one thing they’d do if nobody would be there to judge them. JUST DO THAT THING, without the pressure of being perfect at it.
  7. Remember that you don’t have to be productive all the time- In my case, I used to procrastinate the whole day and feel guilty about it at the end of the day and procrastinate even further. SO PLEASE START NOW if you haven’t already.

Just remember that you aren’t the only one who finds themselves stuck in this loop everyday. You just need to be reminded that you can’t get out of any loop until you change your direction.

Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase perfection we can catch excellence.

YOGA, a way to attain inner peace


Yoga comes with loads of health benefits which include physical, psychological as well as spiritual benefits.

The benefits of various yoga asanas have actually been professed to improve body versatility, stress reduction, performance, attainment of inner peace, and self-realization.

This system of exercise has been advocated as a complementary treatment to aid healing of a number of conditions such as coronary heart disease, anxiety, anxiety conditions, asthma, mental health and comprehensive rehab for conditions consisting of musculoskeletal issues, traumatic brain injury, etc.

The system has  been actually likewise recommended as a behavioral therapy for smoking cigarette cessations and substance abuses (consisting of alcoholic abuse).

Physical Benefits

  1. Enhancement of body flexibility and balance
  2. Enhancement of cardiovascular endurance (stronger heart).
  3. Enhancement of  food digestion.
  4. Enhancement of  stomach strength.
  5. Improvement in general muscular strength.
  6. Relaxing muscular stress.
  7. Controlled weight
  8. Increase of energy levels.
  9. Enhancement of the body immune system.

Psychological Benefits

  1. Relief and relaxation from tension resulting from the control of feelings.
  2. Prevention and remedy from stress-related disorders and mental health issues.
  3. Intellectual enhancement, self realization and awareness causing improved decision-making ability.

Spiritual Spiritual

  1. Life with meaning, resolve, and direction.
  2. Inner peace and stability of mind.
  3. tranquility

Having mentioned all these benefits, something as powerful and formidable as this is like fire. If done in a wrong way can invite more problems than what it can solve. These days a major problem that has risen up front is that many just start learning about these things by reading on instagram, facebook or watching a video or two without real world knowledge and guidance.

Some things to exceptionally note for people outside, especially in the west, is that Even if you join a class near your home, there’s no guarantee that your facilitator has a deep and proper knowledge of what they are teaching. In India,there are major institutes where the teacher training program itself is 5-6 months long and even after that people are not allowed to teach on their own. Traditional schools, called ashrams or gurukuls, are very strict about these things. To any random unaware kid or person, it might appear to be just some random exercise and positions to be performed but had it been that simple, peace, stability of mind and tranquility would have had no value, just perform these actions and of you go on the way of spirituality but that is not how it is. Thousands and thousands of years took to develop this art and improve it to its smallest details and ultimate perfection. Hence, it is best not to learn yoga from any random place and find someone who has years and years of practice and has themselves learnt from a great Master or Guru.

Brilliant yoga heals the soul.