A Simple laptop buying guide

A comprehensive laptop buying guide

Setup Your Budget
First thing to do is to list down your requirements. You may now set up a budget accordingly. You can add additional features if a higher budget is available or you may have to put off some less necessary things from your list.
If you haven’t decided on the necessary specifications for your laptop yet then do not worry as you will get some insight about it in this article and you can always visit youtube and get it explained in simple language.

In general, there are two kinds of specification sets. First one Being Personal Interest Based for light weight use and the second one Being Performance based either for high demanding work or gaming.

Interest based Specification Set
These specification sets totally depend upon your personal choice and preference.
laptop Type

There are different types of laptops available in the market characterized on the basis of their usage, screen sizes, and some other features. Below mentioned are some of them.

  1. Netbook: These are usually small and lightweight and portable laptops varying in screen size from 10 to 11 inches, therefore, they are the most power efficient laptops available in the market but a bit underpowered.
  2. Ultrabook: These are the slim, stylish and lightweight genre of Laptops. They have fairly high end configurations and are priced higher than conventional laptops and some may even have touchscreens. Quite common amongst travelers and advanced users. Although, if ultrabooks are a priority, MacBook offered by Apple can also be taken into consideration.
  3. Notebook : These are the most common types of laptops that are in use. They come in mid- and high-end configurations and are mostly scattered at all price ranges. These varieties of laptops have large hdd and RAM capacities and are built to meet entertainment as well as graphics-intensive requirements.

Screen Size : Now that topic of laptop category is clear, there may be a few screen sizes available for you. If you need a battery efficient device then it is recommended that you go with laptops having screen size 14 inches or less with preferable resolution of fhd. (recommended 15.6 inches)

Secondary Storage : This includes a Physical hdd and ssd for storing your personal data. It’s completely your choice which kind of storage you prefer and how much space you want, it all depends on your needs whether to go with more storage or more speed as ssd tends to cost a lot more than hdd for even half the quarter of storage that hdd offers except if you live in some rich country.
1. SSD: Solid State drive is a fast and durable data storage disk but way too expensive.
2. HDD: Hard Disk Drive on the other hand is the more commonly used and offers more storage at less price.

Touch Screen : Touch Screen features in Laptops is evolving just like the touch features in smartphones during the start of the touch revolution .Although there is not much to do with touch screens in laptops for a normal user and they also tend to be more expensive. If you still prefer for some specific reasons then options are quite limited.

Performance based Specification Set

  1. Processor
    Basics of Processor
    The processor is the most important part of your computer which performs all the calculations. More powerful the processor, the faster the execution and load time. Power of the processor is calculated by its clock speed and number of its cores i.e. number of instructions executed per second and how many cores are there executing those instructions. For example a 2GHz processor means it can perform 2 billion instructions executed per second and hexa core means each core is performing those instructions separately which adds up to 12 billion instruction execution per second. When playing a high end game or running some heavy application software this is what matters the most.
    Intel or AMD?
    There are two major companies that make processors for personal computers which go by the name Intel and AMD. At least 90% of the time users go for Intel processors and it’s not because AMD is not good enough but it’s because Intel processors are more easily available in laptop configs and intel is well known brand even amongst the lymans and most of the consumers have a satisfactory experience with Intel’s current processor series i.e. i3, i5, i7. Although it would be recommended that at least now, you should go with amd latest gen processors as they provide high value for money products for all price segments and are also more power efficient but availability is always a major concern when it comes to amd.

i3 or i5 or 17 in case of intel?
All three processors from Intel are equally good in their own regards but designed to serve different purposes. i3 is for light to semi moderate work loads, i5 for moderate to light-heavy tasks and i7 for power users.

  1. Primary Memory (RAM)
    Ram is what stores the temporary data while execution. RAM is faster than your secondary memory, therefore your processor needs the data in faster memory i.e for faster execution. If you intend to run heavy software then it is recommended to use larger RAM and faster ram and that too in dual channel i.e populated in two slots, it will speed up your computer. For general purpose, 8 GB RAM is considered as good. If you need more for video editing or some artistic work, you can either go for the laptop with higher RAM or can externally attach additional RAM.
  1. Graphics Processing Unit (GPU or Graphics Card)
    Graphics processing unit, a specialized processor originally designed to accelerate graphics rendering. A powerful graphics card can render high resolution videos and graphics-intensive games easily, making them suitable for power users such as design or rendering professionals or gamers.
    Light user should not look up laptops with discrete graphic unit, integrated graphics should do fine enough, as they can even handle occasional gaming sessions fine enough.
  1. Operating System
    Operating system is another important factor that one must consider while buying the laptop. There are different kinds of operating systems available for you like 1. Windows available in almost all machines from discrete manufacturers 2. Chromebooks with chrome os 3. Macbook with macOS and other linux based operating systems, but high probability is that either you have been using or are familiar with some operating system, you should stick with it for obvious reasons unless you have some specifics to shift.


Too many Clothes!

Too many Clothes!

Around 3.5 million customers ordered clothes from Myntra within four days of a sale. No doubt we’re all obsessed with new outfits, but is it a necessity?

Shopping was never as easier as now. Few clicks on our devices and order arrives at our doorstep within a few days. We love shopping for clothes, especially at sales. Branded outfits have also started to fit in most of our budgets and this often gets us to buy what isn’t even needed. But why are clothes so affordable now? A common reason is cheap labor in developing countries. But another significant reason is the fabric.

The fabric which accounts for almost 60 per cent of fast fashion textiles manufactured every year is no other than polyester. It is strong, flexible, water resistant and its cheap which makes it a nearly perfect fabric for affordable clothing.

Polyester might seem best for textiles but it is a form of plastic. The lint released by polyester clothes eventually finds its way to our oceans. And the lint obtained from this fabric is nothing but micro-plastic. This plastic, once in ocean enters the food chain through phytoplankton, plankton, fishes and thus to human beings. It has been estimated that around the mid-twenty-first century there would be more plastic in oceans than fishes.

Textile industry generates more pollutants than aviation and shipping industries combined. The main reason behind this is the low cost of clothes which leads to companies to generate demand for more and more clothes by several methods. Fashion trends keep changing constantly, influencers are used to promote certain brands, advertisements make an impact on the minds of the costumers and thus the demand for more clothes continues.

So what could be a solution to the environmental degradation polyester textiles are causing? Cotton and other natural fabrics might help. But a single sweatshirt made of cotton consumes approximately 2700 liters of water and that undoes the benefits. The seemingly possible solution of this crisis is to go for new clothes only when we need them and not just wish to have a better wardrobe.

The Novavax vaccine could help immunization in centre and low- pay nations and realities behind it

Novavax has banded together with SII to supply 20 crore dosages of its immunization between September to December. The organization has been pushing for crisis authorization in a few nations as the US has effectively amassed a monstrous antibody keep money with Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson and Johnson candidates.India, which is in a gigantic inoculation drive to shield its populace from the lethal Covid, is soon prone to get another immunization from US-based Novavax. The Covishield is being utilized broadly in the Indian inoculation drive. Novavax’s CEO, said that the organization intends to apply for administrative freedom internationally and is focusing on center and low-pay nations that are confronting the brunt of Covid-19 because of the mash of immunizations.

NVX-CoV237, planned by the Maryland-based organization Novavax, is a recombinant protein immunization that utilizes spike proteins to show the body how to foster invulnerability against the novel Covid. Novavax analysts started by embedding a changed spike quality into baculovirus and contaminated moth cells. These tainted moth cells delivered spike proteins that combined to shape the spikes seen studded on the novel Covid’s surface. The scientists then, at that point collected the spike proteins from moth cells and gathered them into nano-particles that mirrored the atomic construction of the Covid-19 infection, however they didn’t recreate.

Once infused into the arm, the nanoparticles draw in the body’s invulnerability cells compelling them to react rapidly and firmly. The nanoparticles are then conveyed by safe cells known as antigen-introducing cells that tear separated the spike protein and show the sections on their surface. This actuates the body’s B cells that begin spilling out antibodies. The recently created antibodies ‘recollect’ the infection’s spike protein get enacted when a genuine infection attempts to contaminate the body.As and when Covid places its spike proteins on the cells, the antigen-introducing cells remember it and annihilate it.

The viability is comparable to equal up-and-comers from Pfizer and Moderna. It’s anything but an adequacy of 100% at forestalling moderate or serious infection, the New York Times detailed. The Phase III preliminaries were dispatched in the United Kingdom in September 2020, where it’s anything but an adequacy of 96% against the first Covid variation. The organization is likewise fostering an antibody against new variations of Covid-19. Novavax has now extended its clinical preliminary to incorporate youngsters as youthful as 12 years.With regards to shipping the antibody, Covavax offers an interesting benefit to Pfizer, Moderna or Indian immunizations like Covi Shield as it tends to be kept stable for as long as 90 days in a cooler, not at all like different antibodies that need to be kept in a frozen state. The organization has kept up that it’s anything but a creation objective of 150 million portions before the finish of the second from last quarter in 2021.


📌increased media advertisements, electronic stimuli and pressures from school society , children are suffering from the negative effects of game play.
📌Playing video games may help relieve stress temporarily
📌Study pressures lead to game playing and continued game playing leads to even more pressures in school, with the rapid growth of technology it is impossible for kids and teenagers to keep up and focus on their studies.
📌physical changes in the brain that can lead to attention and behavior problems.
📌Screen technologies cause high arousal which in turn activates the brain system
📌The world of digital technology in all realms of life isn’t going away but if students don’t learn how to concentrate and shut out distractions, research shows they’ll have much harder time succeeding in almost every area.
📌children are becoming less social with friends and family, lack community involvement due to excessive video game.

C++ Programming Language

CPP (also referred as C++) is a general-purpose & cross-platform programming language created by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979, which was developed as an improved/enhanced and more powerful version of the C programming language which brings the OPPS (Object Oriented Programming) feature. It is a compiled language. We can also say that C++ is the superset language of C.

It is a middle-level language which facilitates us form programming drivers, kernels (low-level) to even higher-level applications like games, GUI’s, desktop apps etc.

C++ supports all the syntax that is supported by C language and also it has its own syntax which is more simplified as compared to C. This Language was udated three major times in its history which was in 2011, 2014 and 2017 to C++11, C++14 and C++17.

For Example a ‘Hello World’ code for C++ programming language loolks like this:

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main() {

  cout << “Hello World!”;

  return 0;


OUTPUT: Hello World!

The following are the features and important points to note about C++:

  • C++ is a simple language in a sense that programs can be broken down into logical units and parts, has a rich library support. Its STL library provides a rich variety of predefined functions which are very easy to implement as compared to other languages.
  • C++ programs compiled on a Operating System will not run on other Operating System. But it is independent of the machine configuration.
  • It is a mid-level language because we can do lower-level programming as well as higher level programming.
  • C++ has higher speed of execution as compared to any other language except C because C is the fastest executable language.
  • It can be used to develop applications that can be used on mutiple platforms.
  • It is one of the most important feature of any language. It helps C++ to make maintainable and extensible programs and also we can build large scale applications.
  • C++ provides us pointer support which aids users to directly manipulate storage address. It is very helpful in Low-level programming.
  • It has support of some awesome build-in libraries support like the STL (Standard Template Library), and also 3rd party library support like the boost libraries for fast development.
  • C++ is almost similar to Java and C#, which makes it easier for programmers to switch between languages.
  • Many different IDE have been developed for this language which includes a lot of features.
  • The programmers base of C++ is large, since it is a very old language. Hence, a user facing any problem in this language can get support or find problem to its solutuion easily.

Applications of the C++ Language:

  • Operating Systems and Systems Programming. Example: Linux kernel based Operating Systems.
  • Browsers. For Example: Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox.
  • Graphics Designing applications and Gaming engines like Photoshop, Unreal-Engine etc.
  • Database Engines like MySQL, MongoBD, Redis etc.
  • Cloud/Distributed Systems.


Have you ever faced a situation where you wanted to say “no,” but you ended up saying “yes”? Very often, we say yes only to please others, even if we do not want to agree with what we are saying. This is because of a lack of assertiveness. Assertiveness is the ability to speak in a way that is honest and respectable. Some people communicate in a way that is too passive. Other people have a style that is too aggressive. An assertive style is a happy medium between these two.


Assertive is a healthy way of communicating. To be assertive means to give an opinion or say how you feel. You can disagree respectfully and offer your ideas and suggestions. You can say ‘no’ without feeling guilty. People who speak assertively show that they believe in themselves. They are not timid, and they are not too pushy. They are confident. An assertive communication style can help us to do the thing we want to do. Being assertive shows, we respect ourselves and other people too.

How to improve assertive skills?

  1. Don’t let guilt get in the way.
  2. Practice saying no.
  3. Take responsibility for your actions.
  4. Communicate clearly.
  5. Understand and accept that the other person has the right to say no to your request.
  6. Feel free to take a chance.
  7. Be an attentive listener.
  8. Be aware of your own body language-make good eye contact.
  9. Use “I” language rather than “You” -(which can put people on defense).
  10. Avoid manipulation by other people.

    Maroju Sanjana

Save Water

“Water is everywhere, however not a drop to drink.” you need to have heard this word many times on your existence. Even though there’s water all round us, in earth’s oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and many others., maximum of it isn’t drinkable water! The oceans cover up extra than 70 percent of all of the earth’s floor, which is why it’s miles very smooth to raise the question – then why will we say that there’s a shortage of water? It is because the water inside the oceans is so salty that it isn’t always secure to drink it.

Thus, we must depend on the alternative sources of water that the earth presents us, from the rivers that come from glaciers. However, we ought to additionally understand that this water is limited, and could exhaust some a long time down the road. Therefore, it’s far very crucial to apply this water responsibly and do the whole lot we are able to to avoid losing it. Whilst there is lots of water now, if we hold on the use of water for pointless things or losing it, there gained’t be an awful lot left round the world.

What if the water inside the international finishes? Aquatic life such as fish, coral reefs, seahorses, and many others. Will not be able to continue to exist, because they will lose their habitats. We people will now not survive due to the fact our our bodies are made from 70% water, and without it, we can’t preserve ourselves. All of the plant life and animals around us will become extinct too. The earth, which is a planet characterized via its capability to residence life, will no longer be what it is now.

There are numerous approaches to save water, and they’re very easy to inculcate in our daily lives. We need to not depart the tap water running while we are setting cleaning soap while washing our fingers. We can use buckets to take a tub in place of use the bathe, no flushing of the toilet unnecessarily, always completing the water in our glasses in place of throwing it away, and so on. There are numerous greater approaches to shop water, too, however those are simply a number of them for us to apprehend the little things that may be carried out.

It is a common pronouncing that there’s electricity in numbers, this means that that if absolutely everyone get collectively and do our small components in saving water, we are able to genuinely be capable of achieve this together. At the same time as individual acts of saving water can do little, if anybody waste much less water, or more judiciously eat water, it’s going to all upload as much as a extra effort.

Hence, water’s importance is worthwhile in our lives and the lives of all of the species that exist on the planet. It’s far our duty to take care of our planet, and saving water in any way that we are able to is one of the high-quality methods to do this. We ought to always remember that the earth is our home, and we ought to always take care of our domestic and maintain it smooth and peaceful to live in.

Importance of Health and Fitness

One must constantly prioritize his or her health. The word health implies the state of being loose from contamination and offers the concept of being properly. Fitness and health each move hand in hand. Being healthful has a number of blessings, and there are ways of being healthy and healthy in simple terms being wholesome and healthy approach taking desirable care of the frame. A healthful mind endures best in a in shape and healthy frame. A glad thoughts and a healthy body assist you preserve the electricity to obtain success in lifestyles. All people ought to purpose excessive to obtain healthful fitness.

We stay in a global in which our life is stressful. We ought to visit faculties, prepare for checks, tuitions, and so forth. And for maintaining this each day ordinary, we want a healthy mind and focused mind. As time is going on, we’ve got modified, our lifestyle has changed, and we are greater prone to eating junk in place of ingesting healthy domestic food.

Dangerous ingesting may be harmful and can lead to special illnesses. We should eat excellent nutritious meals that’s rich in proteins and nutrients. It’ll help in frame boom, give electricity, and enhance our immune system. Healthy food behavior assist in preventing diverse illnesses. Having natural or food containing fiber enables in cleansing the inner body. Pulses, culmination. Veggies need to be a daily food regimen for a healthy frame. Daily sports are also critical. Gambling diverse outdoor games allows the frame to hold health. Normal morning stroll to maintain you fresh as well as suit. Consuming water is likewise an essential a part of having a suit and healthful body.

The general public often make mistakes with the aid of skipping food or by way of doing immoderate exercise if you want to shed pounds. Eating drug treatments, a cup of soup, or just one meal in a day will not help keep a healthy body. It’ll sluggish down your metabolism and lead to gaining more weight, with a view to make you feel tired and pressured. An dangerous and unfit life-style also outcomes in untimely demise. Obesity and absence of physical health set the stage for diabetes, heart disease, and different serious health troubles.

It is very critical to eat right meals at the suitable time. We will even get help from a dietitian or a nutritionist who can help us with the good enough amount of food we need to consumption in our regular routine. They can investigate, diagnose, suggest, and treat various scientific diagnoses and dietary problems by and large on one-on-one. This can assist us to keep our body suit and wholesome.

Green leafy vegetables have to be eaten. A balanced weight loss plan is important. A right amount of fiber, protein, and diet ought to be taken, and we must do normal fitness workout. Everyday sporting activities are critical as it enables to reinforce up your energy to keep running. Suitable wholesome meals and day by day sports will assist you to live healthy and healthful.

We have to maintain being suit as well as having wholesome food. In some unspecified time in the future in time, our schedule or the disturbing lifestyle hampers our food plan and physique. Therefore we ought to locate change ways to hold ourselves healthy. We are able to stroll using stairs rather than lifts or walk to nearby places in place of taking a automobile. Preserving a proper slumbering hour is likewise very vital in forming a wholesome way of life. Faculty-age kids or teenagers must sleep for at the least nine.Five hours, and adults ought to get 7-9 hours of sleep.

But, staying healthy also helps in the usage of our most strength ability. No longer a unmarried day have to be skipped for making efforts to hold bodily and mental fitness. Staying healthy does assist no longer best physically however additionally emotionally. Proper intellectual fitness paperwork while there may be no pressure and right airing of emotion. Folks that are not mentally suit or have issues letting out feelings frequently have an effect on their health, which leads to panic assaults or every other health issues.

Consequently health results in accurate health. A healthy man or woman can triumph over diseases and can result in an energetic and strain-unfastened lifestyle. Therefore we ought to concentrate on our fitness, have accurate nutritious food, sleep well, and workout often.


Pollution is the system in which unwanted toxic contaminants contaminate our environment like air, water, soil, and so forth. It’s far growing unexpected changes within the atmosphere, that is immediately on circuitously leaving detrimental results at the lives of humans, animals, and plants. It creates an imbalance inside the natural machine. Many stuff that are making our lives easy are harmful to the environment. For example, cars leave gases that pollute the air. Industries and family garbage pollute each water and air.

Every residing being in the world depends on air and water. While those matters get polluted, all the lives on earth come at a chance. It’s far visible that urban areas get more polluted than in rural areas. Though rural areas also get polluted through harmful insecticides utilized in farming lands. Due to pollution, many new illnesses appear day by day, which might be extremely risky for the fitness of residing beings. It has now end up a critical hassle globally. Global warming is now the purpose of headaches for all humans international. It’s miles the pollutants this is indirectly affecting the trade inside the climate. This worldwide trouble wishes immediate action. Otherwise, it will likely be difficult to lead a wholesome way of life.

Forms of pollution

There are numerous types of pollution round us. Here, we can speak greater at the forms of pollution.

Air pollution: it’s far every so often visible like we can see polluted air left by using the cars on the street due to its unique colour. In maximum instances, it isn’t always visible. Polluted air especially influences the eyes and lungs of people as well as animals. It may even kill a residing creature within a few minutes. We recognize about many incidents in which dangerous gas leakage has killed humans. Even herbal failures could make the air toxic. Like volcanic eruptions produce harmful gases that affect human health and other natural assets as properly. Vehicles and factories produce dangerous gases that, in reaction to sunlight, creates thick fog. Air pollution additionally contributes to acid rain. It is able to ruin water existence, forests, etc.

Water pollution: identical like water, one sort of water pollutants is seen like muddy water, water with garbage, and so on. On the identical time, a few visibly smooth water can contain chemicals which are dangerous to our health. Drinking polluted water can motive serious health troubles. A number of human beings die global by means of ingesting infected water. It could additionally circuitously have an effect on humans and animals. Like if we consume a fish from a polluted river or sea, we additionally take in the ability pollution. Natural fuel and oil can also make a contribution to the pollution of water. Liquid wastes from factories additionally pollute the water. Strong wastes disturb the drainage gadget. Sewages, agricultural waste, acid rain are important causes of water pollution.

Soil pollution: stable wastes from factories and families pollute the land. Harmful chemical compounds blend inside the soil thru the insecticides used in agriculture. Pollutants from landfills blend inside the ground and pollute it. While we eat flowers that have grown within the polluted land, we not directly eat contaminants harmful to our health.

Noise pollution: whilst the sound turns into illiberal and reason of disturbance, it’s miles noise pollutants. The sounds of cars, mike, loud song, or equipment motive noise pollution. It causes critical fitness problems like migraine, depression, hypertension, aggressive behavior, and so forth. To humans. It additionally immediately impacts the fitness of animals. It every so often becomes the reason for his or her loss of life.


Many people and animals are dropping their lives or experiencing intense fitness troubles due to the extended level of pollutants. This vital problem wishes instantaneous attention. Most of the causes of pollutants are human activities. So, we have to control such sports that contribute to pollutants. It can at the least decrease the severity of its results.


The Indo-Pacific Zone, also known as the Indo-West Pacific or Indo-Pacific Asia, is a biogeographic region of Earth’s seas that includes the Indian Ocean’s tropical waters, the Western and Central Pacific Oceans, and the seas that connect them. Karl Haushofer, a German geopolitician, coined the phrase in 1920. However, Gurpreet Khurana was the first to utilize the phrase in current content. Since 2011, the term “Indo-Pacific” has become more popular in geopolitical discussions. The essence of this word was encapsulated in Shinzo Abe’s (then-Prime Minister of Japan) speech to the Indian Parliament in 2007, in which he referred to the confluence of the Indian and Pacific Oceans as “seas of freedom and prosperity.” Strategic analysts and high-level government/military leadership in Australia, Japan, and the United States have used the term often since roughly 2011.

With the United States’ growing involvement in Asia’s new growth sectors, the concept has gained traction. With the rising involvement of the US in the new growth areas of Asia, the idea of the Indo-Pacific economic corridor was conceptualized during the US India Strategic Dialogue of 2013. Indo-Pacific has also featured prominently in the top level US strategic documents such as National Security Strategy, the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review. In 2019, the US department published a document formalizing the concept of a “Free and Open Indo-Pacific”.


The Indo-Pacific region is a geopolitical zone that encompasses two ocean basins: the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The Indo-Pacific is a 24-nation regional framework that stretches from the west coast of the United States to the west coast of India. Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Indonesia, Cambodia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United States are all key countries in the Indo-Pacific area.


The thesis of the Asian Pivot was developed by US think tanks. The Asian Pivot theory was aimed primarily at China in order to maintain US hegemony. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is seen as the economic arm of the theory. Experts, on the other hand, believe that striking TPP under US leadership will have far-reaching effects. In the midst of these changes, US President Donald Trump’s recent decision to reject the 12-member Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) came as a shock to the international community. The TPP’s implementation may have resulted in yearly revenue gains of $295 billion, with $78 billion in the United States alone. It might also unlock $1.9 trillion in potential advantages for the Asia-Pacific region through free trade. However, in recent months, the situation has altered. Global trade is in crisis, with growth slowing and protectionism on the rise as governments turn to greater non-tariff barriers, regulatory measures, and stricter standards, among other things.

Similarly, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), a coalition of 21 Pacific Rim countries, seeks to promote regional free trade. The major goal of APEC is to tap into emerging countries’ potential while also taking advantage of developed countries’ progress in numerous fields. The increasing interdependence of these countries strives to ensure free trade and a strong economic collaboration among the members.


South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC), Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Mekong Ganga Cooperation (MGC), and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation are some other supranational organizations where India has taken the lead in fostering regional cooperation (BIMSTEC),

The fundamental disadvantage of all of these organizations, however, is that their member countries have competing interests in other organizations. Furthermore, these organizations’ goals have been wrecked due to a lack of capable leadership. SAARC has been less effective as a result of India’s negative perception by other smaller countries and Pakistan’s obstructionist attitude. IORA, promoting open regionalism for strengthening economic cooperation and social development, is similarly only partially successful due to its diffused objectives.

  • US Backing the Littoral States Over South China Sea

The conflict in the South China Sea is the manifestation of cartographic expansion of China. The littoral states of the region have staked claim over islands rich in mineral resources in the South China sea China with its superior naval power have been able to brow-beat the neighboring countries. However, US has backed the littoral states indirectly and has supported their claims over the islands, similarly, the theory of String of Pearls given by experts has been an irritant for India. Based on the theory of String of Pearls China has been surrounding India by developing infrastructure in its surrounding ports in Gwadar (Pakistan), Humbantota (Sri Lanka), Sittwe (Myanmar). These are the manifestation of String of Pearls theory. Some areas of South-East Asia are infested with drug trafficking and human trafficking countries like, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, etc. are the hub of such crimes. This creates law and order and security issues in these areas.

  • 2020 Indo-Australian Agreement

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison held a virtual summit on June 4, 2020, to strengthen their bilateral partnership. They signed nine pacts during this virtual summit, including one to elevate their relationship to a comprehensive strategic partnership for greater and deeper cooperation in a variety of areas, from trade to defense. The united proclamation on a shared vision was one of the summit’s primary features.

For the Indo-Pacific region’s maritime cooperation. In order to strengthen security ties between the four nations, India is considering including Australia in yearly naval drills it holds with the United States and Japan in the Indo-Pacific Zone.

The long-awaited agreement on military logistics sharing will significantly boost cooperation and give Indian warships and aircraft greater reach in the Pacific. The agreed vision for maritime cooperation sent a subtle but unambiguous message to Beijing about future requirements for ready operations. As a result, proper cooperation and crackdowns on these cartels are required for the development of this region in order to make the Indo-Pacific zone the Europe of the twentieth century.

The focus of the countries of the Indo-Pacific region is on connectivity, enhancing maritime security, counter terrorism, non-proliferation and cyber issues. All nations of the Indo-Pacific region always affirmed a shared commitment to maintain and strengthen a rule-based order in the Indo-Pacific in which all nations are sovereign, strong and prosperous.


An important landmark in the cultural history of medieval India was the silent revolution in society brought about by a series of socio-religious reformers, a revolution known as the Bhakti Movement. The Bhakti Movement stressed on the mystic realization of God within oneself and the ultimate union of the individual with God, based on loving devotion on the part of the devotee (Bhakta). The seeds of the Sanskrit term ‘Bhakti’ can be traced back to both the Brahmanical and Buddhist traditions of ancient India as well as to the various scriptures such as the Vedas, Upanishads and
Gita, and had been in work in India long before the growth of Sufism in Islam and its arrival in India. With the worship of personal Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh – that grew in the post-Vedic age, the concept of Bhakti or personal devotion also grew. Historian Satish Chandra has noted two main aspects of Bhakti Movement. First is the path of devotion based on service to God, where the devotee throws himself completely at the grace of God which could be followed
without learning any religious text or following any religious ritual. This was the path of ‘prapatti’ or surrender. The second was that of a bond based on pure love which emphasized on equality rather than service. Vishnu Purana sets an example of this kind of devotion where Prahald prays that he might be blessed with unwavering devotion to God wherever he is born.
Later this was interpreted with carnal love between a lover and his beloved, more specifically the love of Krishna with Radha and Gopis. The later aspect was emphasized by a series of saints who flourished in South India between the late 6th and 10th centuries.

Although the seeds of Bhakti can be found from the very beginning, it was not emphasized during the early part and it was for the first time in South India between the 6th and the 10th century that Bhakti emerged from a religious doctrine into a popular movement based on
religious equality. The movement which was headed and inaugurated by popular saint-poets reached its apex in the 10th century after which it gradually began to decline. However, it was refurnished as a philosophical and ideological movement by a series of scholars or ‘acharyas’, beginning with Ramanuja in the 11th century. The establishment of the Sultanate of Delhi coincided with many widespread socio-religious movements in various parts of the country drawing upon the concepts of Bhakti. These movements have been perceived as revival of the older South Indian Bhakti movement, where each one of these later movements had a historical context of its own and its own peculiarities.

In South India, the spread of the concept of Bhakti among different sections of the society irrespective of caste and sex was initiated by the Saiva Nayanar saints and Vaisnava Alvar saints during the period between the 6th and the 10th centuries. “The saint-poets preached Bhakti in an intense emotional manner and tried to promote religious egalitarianism.” The South Indian Bhakti saints criticized the Jains and Buddhists who enjoyed a privileged status at the courts of South Indian monarchs during that period. They simultaneously resisted the domination of the orthodox Brahmins by making Bhakti accessible to all without any caste or sex discrimination. Starting from the Tamil lands under Pallava rulers, Bhakti spread to different parts of south India, including the Pandya and Chera kingdoms. Their philosophy disregarded the austerities preached by the Jains and the Buddhists and preached personal devotion to God as the means of salvation. They preached their egalitarian approach which disregarded caste and gender, and carried their message of love and personal devotion to God to various parts of south India using local languages especially Tamil. Since these Alvars and Nayanars used local Tamil language instead of Sanskrit to enlighten people with their ideology, they got acceptance by
people easily. Sankara’s (8th-9th c.) ‘Advaita’ or ‘non-dualism’ philosophy systemized Bhakti ideology of monotheist. He used dialectics to demolish Buddhist ideas, and to establish that the Vedas were the origin of knowledge. According to him, “the separation of God and the phenomenal world was due to ignorance, and the way to salvation was through the realization, by means of knowledge (jnan), that God and the created world was one” and the Vedas were the “fountainhead of knowledge”.

The South Indian Bhakti movement had some drawbacks. Although egalitarian in nature, it was integrated with the caste system and the lower castes continued to suffer from social disabilities. There was no elimination of Brahmanical rituals such as worship of idols, recitation of the Vedic mantras and pilgrimages to sacred places in spite of the predominant stress on Bhakti as the superior mode of worship. The Jains and Buddhists were its principal targets not the Brahmins. This may have been the reason why the Brahman dominated temples played an
important role in the growth of South Indian Bhakti movement. The ideological and social foundations of caste system were not challenged by the South Indian saint-poets. As a result, the Bhakti movement of the south in the long-run strengthened the caste system and ultimately after the movement reached its apex in the 10th century; it gradually incorporated within the
traditional Brahmanical religion.

Despite these constraints, the South Indian Bhakti movement succeeded in defending the cause of religious equality and therefore, the Brahmins had to accept the right of the low caste to preach, to have access to Bhakti as a mode of worship and to have access even to the Vedas. When the popularity of the Bhakti movement in South India was declining, the concept of Bhakti was defended at the philosophical level by some greatest Vaishnava Brahmin scholars
(acharyas) like Ramanuja (11th century) who provided philosophical justification for Bhakti. He tried to establish a careful balance between orthodox Brahmanism and popular Bhakti which was open to all. Although he did not support the idea of the lower castes having access to the Vedas but advocated Bhakti as a mode of worship accessible to all including the Sudras and even the outcastes. While propagating Bhakti, he did not observe caste distinctions and even tried to eradicate untouchability. He tried to link Bhakti with the tradition of Vedas and therefore it is said that, “Ramanuja was a bridge between the popular movement based on Bhakti, and total surrender to God (prapatti), and the upper caste movement based on Vedas.” Nimbarka, a Telegu Brahman, is supposed to be the younger contemporary of Ramanuja, who spent most of his time in Vrindavana near Mathura in North India and believed in total devotion to Krishna and Radha. Another South Indian Vaishnavite Bhakti philosopher was Madhava who belonged to the 13th century. He believed that Bhakti provided Alternate Avenue of worship to the Sudras and his philosophy was based on the Bhagvat Purana. Two other prominent Vaishnava acharyas were Ramananda (late 14th and early 15th century) and Vallabha (late 15th and early 16th century).

The 13th to 15th century was marked by many popular socio-religious movements in North India, East India and Maharashtra, whose chief characteristics were the emphasis on Bhakti and religious equality. Almost all the Bhakti movements of the Sultanate period have
been related to one or the other South Indian Vaishnava acharya, for which many scholars believe that the Bhakti movements of the Sultanate period were a continuation of the older Bhakti movement as there existed philosophical and ideological links between the two either due to contact or diffusion. Thus it is believed that the ideas of Bhakti were carried to the north by the old Bhakti scholars and saints, among which were Namadeva and Ramananda. There are
many similarities between the older Bhakti tradition of South-India and various Bhakti movements of the Sultanate and Mughal periods. Like the South Indian Bhakti movement the Vaishnava Bhakti movements of North and Eastern India and Maharashtra exhibited egalitarian trends in the religious sphere. But they never denounced the caste system, the authority of Brahmanical scriptures and the Brahmanical privileges. Like the South Indian Bhakti, most of the Vaishnava movements of the later period were ultimately assimilated into the Brahmanical religion, though in the process of interaction, the latter itself sailed through many changes. “Bhakti movement was never a single movement except in the broad doctrinal sense of a
movement which laid emphasis on Bhakti and religious equality.” Despite the similarities, the Bhakti movements of medieval India differed in many significant respects from the older South Indian Bhakti tradition and heterogeneity is noticed even among the Bhakti movements which flourished in medieval India, where each had its own regional identity and socio-historical and cultural contexts.

It is important to note that Bhakti in north India did not arise as the counterattack of Buddhism or Jainism like south Indian Bhakti movement. In north India Buddhism and Jainism lost its eminent position much earlier but the rise of Brahmanical rigidities surged the rise of
Bhakti in northern India. Earlier, the socio-political and religious authority in north India was mostly in the hands of Rajputs and Brahmans. After the Turkish conquest, the Brahmans had lost their power, prestige and wealth following the defeat of the Rajput rulers and hence broke the dominant “Rajput-Brahman Alliance”. As a result, movements such as the Nath Panthi
Movement challenging the caste system and the superiority of the Brahmans gained popularity.
These coincided with the Islamic ideas of equality and brotherhood preached by the Sufi saints and people were no longer satisfied with a religion that emphasized only on rituals and ceremonies, rather wanted a religion which could satisfy their reason and emotion. These
circumstances helped to popularize Bhakti movement in India during the 15th and 16th centuries. It has also been argued that Bhakti was a “defense mechanism”, to save Hindu society from the threat of posed to it by the Turkish rulers and the Islamic ideology. Thus, “the seeds scattered by” the Bhakti saints “fell on fertile soil”, since the medieval period had already made ground for a philosophical and religious revolution.

It has been suggested that the Bhakti movements of medieval India represented sentiments of the common people against feudal oppression. Therefore often these medieval Bhakti movements are considered as Indian counterpart of the Protestant Reformation in
Europe. However, we find nothing in the verses of the Bhakti saints to suggest that they represented the class interests of the peasants against the feudal state. The Vaishnava Bhakti sects were against the Brahmanical orthodoxies, but they never opposed the whole social or
religious system. Similarly, the Bhakti movement leaders did not give any alternative economic plan of living to the lower sect of the society, but they always tried to identify and associate themselves with the sufferings of the common and distressed people. Thus, the Bhakti movement cannot be regarded as Indian variant of European Protestant Reformation. But it should be remembered that the economic extraction and social exploitation of the Turkish rulers spread the
Bhakti movement rapidly among the artisans and peasant class of the 13th and 14th centuries.

The extraction of large agricultural surplus leading to enormous concentration of resources in the hands of the ruling class and the rise of demands of this class for manufactured goods and other necessaries leading to the introduction of many new techniques and crafts on a large scale, in turn led to the expansion of the class of urban artisans in the 13th and 14th centuries. The growing classes of urban artisans were attracted towards the monotheistic movement because of its egalitarian ideas since they were now dissatisfied with the low status accorded to them in traditional Brahmanical hierarchy. It has been suggested that some group of traders like the Khatris in the Punjab, who benefited directly from the growth of towns, urban
crafts production and expansion of markets, were also drawn into the movement for the same reason. Thus it can be said that “the popularity of the monotheistic movement was the result of the support it obtained from one or more of these different classes of the society.”

Among the saints who carried the message of Bhakti, Kabir and Nanak made a strong influence on people. Kabir belonged to a family of weavers (Julaha) who were indigenous converts to Islam. He spent greater part of his life in Banaras (Kashi). Kabir was strongly
influenced by Nath Panthis. He came in touch with both Hindu saints and Sufis and believed in human equality and unity of being. His verses were included in the Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth in large numbers than those of other monotheists. Kabir’s poems were in vernacular
Hindi and they were transmitted by his followers. These poems are popularly known as Kabir’s Doha. Raidas (or Ravidas) most probably belonged to the generation next to Kabir’s and was a tanner by caste. He too lived in Banaras and was influenced by Kabir’s ideas. Another Bhakti saint was Dhanna, a 15th century Jat peasant from Rajasthan. Some other prominent saints of the same period were Sen (a barber) and Pipa. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) preached his ideas much in the same way as Kabir and other monotheists, but due to various developments later his teachings led to the emergence of a mass religion called Sikhism. “The basic similarity of his teachings with those of Kabir and other saints and the basic ideological agreement between them makes him an integral part of the monotheistic movement.” In his later life he travelled widely to preach his ideas and eventually settled in a place in Punjab now known as Dera Baba Nanak, where he attracted a large number of disciples.

Bhakti movement will remain incomplete without the mentioning of Sri Chaitanya and Mirabai. Chaitanya popularized Vaishnava Bhakti movement with his unconditional love and devotion to Krishna in Bengal, Orissa and other parts of India. Mirabai inspired many women of that period with her love and devotion to lord Krishna. The most significant feature of Bhakti
movement was that it was a monotheist movement in its nature, but was influenced by many other religious ideas specially Vaishnava, Nathpanthi and Sufism. It is important to state that Bhakti saints were very much connected with Sufism and their ideology of devotion and worship. It is evident that Sufi saints focused on the humanity and unconditional love, devotion towards god, their monotheist philosophy and unity of being’s ideology had thus influenced many Bhakti saints like Kabir, Nanak.

The teachings of all the saints associated with the monotheistic movement have certain common features giving the movement its basic unity. Most of the monotheists belonged to the low castes and were well aware about the existence of a unity of ideas among themselves and each other’s teachings and influences. “In their verses they mention each other and their
predecessors in such a way as to suggest a harmonious ideological affinity among them.” They believed that there was only one way of establishing union with God, and that was the way of personally experienced Bhakti. This was also the way of the Vaishnava Bhakti saints, but there was one fundamental difference that they all have been called monotheists because they uncompromisingly believed in one God. God of Nanak was non-incarnate and formless (nirankar), eternal (akal) and ineffable (alakh). The monotheistic Bhakti was nirguna Bhakti and not saguna like that of the Vaishnavites who rather believed in various human incarnations of God. It can be said that the monotheists adopted the notion of Bhakti from the Vaishnava Bhakti tradition but gave it a nirguna orientation. The monotheists followed a path which didn’t depend on both the dominant religions – Hinduism and Islam rather denied their allegiance to
either of them and criticized the superstitions and orthodox elements of both the religions. Some other features are that they preached in vernacular languages and travelled widely to propagate.

The discussion of Bhakti would be incomplete without mentioning its connection with Sufism. A prominent example of this argument is Nanak’s introduction of ‘langar’ or ‘free kitchen’ where irrespective of gender and caste people used to eat and serve food together. Sufis always emphasized on prayers through music or ‘sama’ and Sri Chaitanya also worshipped Krishna through ‘kirtan’. These similarities are important to understand the characteristics of Bhakti movement. Bhakti not only united people by its philosophy but also through regional languages. In south India Bhakti saints used Tamil instead of Sanskrit. Mirabai wrote her bhajans in Brajabuli language, Hindi literature also flourished during this period. Many books were written in Bengali about Chaitanya which enriched Bengali literature.

In order to conclude we can say that Bhakti helped to reduce social and religious discrimination among people and showed them the path of love and brotherhood. Their simple philosophy of worshipping God without grandeur rituals opened a new religious path to distraught people of the society. Bhakti connected people through the philosophy of monotheism, brotherhood and humanity and revived Hinduism from the hands of orthodox Brahmans giving it a new spirit and essence. The spirit of mutual understanding and toleration developed due to the
Bhakti movement reflected in literature, music, arts and spiritual life. Bhakti had some limitations too. For example, the Brahmin successors of Tulsidas mainly stressed the traditional and ritualistic aspects of his teachings and suppressed the humanistic view which confirms the fact that Bhakti movements were not always successful in challenging the Brahmana monopoly over knowledge. Though Bhakti had some limitations, still it engaged people to the path of
peaceful coexistence. Like Sufism, Bhakti taught people humanity is the moral of all religions and worship comes from pureness of soul, love and devotion towards the Supreme Being.


The Indian society has been actively developing in different fields including; business, industries, education, health as well as entertainment. With concern to the development for the entertainment purpose, the Indian Cinema has played a vital role. The emergence of Indian cinema is marked in the post-independence era. During the pre-independence times, only the films like, Dada Saheb Phalke’s Raja Harishchandra it was the first silent film and Alam Ara was the first talking film; these proved to be super hit films. Later, the movies are also made in different regional languages like, Bengali, Telegu, Tamil, Gujrati, Malayalam, Oria, etc.

The period between 1940s and 1960s was regarded as the golden age of Indian cinema, as many emotional, intellectual and thought-provoking films were produced during this time. These films gained a lot of popularity through the delivery of new and innovative ideas to the audience. Gradually, the films became an important part of the society, as it would reflect the social issues, real-life situations and general problems that were easily connectable and relatable for the audience and thus, grabbed their attention.

The policies change brought an evolution in the Film-making industry. The new economic changes of 1991 such as, liberation, globalization, etc. encouraged the entry of new technology in the nation. The introduction of Satellite Television in 1992 changed the Indian Cinema and transformed it into more liberal version, that was inclined towards the western culture and criminality etc. The Indian cinema now started representing the true picture of every event rather than the haze image.


The cinema is not only a mode of entrainment, it has transformed itself into a system that provides diverse benefits. For instance, it holds immense educative and informative values for the society. The mass of the audience is youngsters and the educational films can prove to be a great way of grooming the young minds. Thus, the cinema can help compassing the education through teaching various subjects through the movies. The basic subjects like History, Geography can be easily depicted through the movies, also, the moral duties, responsibilities, need for hygiene, civil sense, respect for women, etc. can also be convoyed through the picturization effect. This can prove to be a complete package of entrainment with education.  

How Do Movies Impact The Youth? | Youth Ki Awaaz

The films and stories have a deep influence over the minds and activities of the people. It has the power to act as a reformative instrument and expose the evils prevailing in the society, such as human trafficking, domestic violence, corruption, poverty, social exclusion, other discriminatory activities, etc. Movies and the actors have changed the minds and actions of the people, they are the paths to set new trends that have direct impacts over the social lives of the people. The audience and fans make attempts to replicate their favorite artists and aspire to build a life like them.

Several movies are based upon the lives of the renowned personalities and prove to be a mode of motivation and inspiration for many people. Also, the filmmakers make movies from the writings or literary works. They picturized and visible aspect to these writings and at the same time spread the good literature values. It imparts the knowledge and understanding of different cultures, traditions and lives of the people from the past, present and the expected future. The movies are an amazing mode to learn about the history, civilization, practices, religions, evolution, issues and methods of the society.


However, every coin has two faces. The negativity is complementary to the positivity, the Indian cinema is marked by certain setbacks and flaws that can adversely affect the Indian Society as a whole. Given below are certain negative effects of the cinema:

  • In an attempt to expose the bitter reality, the Indian cinema has increasingly involving itself in the promotion of violence, nudity, racial discrimination, injustice, inequality, etc. The action films often involve violence at a large extent and influence the young minds in a negative and insensitive manner.
  • The highlight of the stereotype religious practices, conventional ideologies, gender roles, etc. creates a tension among the members of the same society. At times, certain scenes can be abusive against a particular group or community in the society. Thus, it infringes their basic rights and also hurt their sentiments.
  • Commercialization of the cinema has led to the loss of values and informativity. The Indian cinema is looked upon as a mode of profit by the filmmakers as well as the artists, thus, they are making no attempts to increase the extent of the content and are concerned only to the profitability.

Thus, there is a need to govern the activities of the cinema and review the movies made by them so that the basic purpose of the films is fulfilled. The audience should choose their content wisely and select the films that can brings positivity and knowledge in their lives rather than disturbance and negativity.


Charity is an act of kindness where a person who has more than enough of what he or she needs contributes a part of his or her surplus income for the fulfilment of the needs of those who are less capable.

Charity is possible in various forms. The broader meaning of charity is donating money to an organization; governmental and non- governmental for the fulfilment of the purpose for which it has been established.There are thousands and thousands of charitable organizations all around the globe; you just need to find out who deserves your help the most. There are charitable organizations for the handicapped and the disabled, for the poor, for educating the illiterate, for uplifting the status of woman in the society and many more. It is good if one can contribute by paying cash but if an individual is interested, he or she can join such charitable organizations as volunteers thus helping conducting the internal affairs of the organization.Charity begins at home.” This is an old saying with a deep hidden meaning inside. This means that it is not enough to contribute good and money to the charitable organizations alone. If your own grandmother is lying on the bed and you do not serve her and instead are interested in helping a charitable organization, you surely do not understand the true meaning of charity.
Charity is not showing off. It means that you should help the people in need from the bottom of your heart. If your servant is in serious need of money or any other material goods, help him first; because there are many people who will come forward and help a charitable organization but the only source of income for your servant is you. Your servant cannot think of any source of income other than you because that individual works for you 24*7. Charity is definitely not your cup of tea if you are only interested in showing- off. Helping others is the biggest charity.Offering your seat to an elder person or a kid in a metro or bus is charity, carrying the shopping bag all by yourself instead of bothering your mother is charity, giving a good pay to your servants and people working under you, just a little more than they are capable of is charity.
Charity as a matter of fact is a very wide phenomenon that cannot be described in words. It is said that if you give someone something, you get ten times in return. But this saying is incomplete; the truth is that if you give someone something with a pure heart, expecting nothing in return, you will surely get more than ten times in return.A charity free from any selfish motives is charity in true sense of the term. You will find many people who are supporting charitable causes but very few among them give charity in true sense of the term. Such people are also good because even if they are supporting a charitable institution for securing name and fame, at least their money is used for a good cause. And the reality is all’s well that ends well.

The truth about ‘Vampires’

We all are fascinated by vampires. We have seen them in movies, over TV serials ( vampire diaries)  and they are also the subject of countless Vampire books. But are they real or just fiction? while even most Vampire Admirers recognise vampires as fictional being, there was a time when people had real fears about falling prey to these creatures of the night. Long ago, before the days of the emotional debate on the merits of Team Edward vs Team Jacob, people devoted a lot of time and energy to keep their lives safe from these bloodsuckers. These creatures of the night are still having a very real impact on people’s lives today.

This 700-year-old skeleton from Sozopol, Bulgaria, was found with its teeth removed and stabbed through the chest with an iron rod. Scholars suspect that townspeople did this to ward off vampires—a very real fear in Europe for hundreds of years.

Vampires are evil beings who roam the world at night searching for people whose blood they feed upon. Most people associate vampires with Dracula, the legendary, blood-sucking subject of Bram stalkers Epic novel, Dracula. But the history of vampires began long before Stoker was born. There are many characteristics of vampires but the main characteristic of Vampires is they drink human blood, drain their victim’s body using their sharp fangs, killing them and turning them into a vampire. In general, vampires hunt during the night because it is believed that sunlight weakens their powers. They may have the ability to morph into a bat or a wolf. Vampires have super strength and often have hypnotics sensual effect on their victims. People believe that they can’t see themselves in the mirror and cast no shadow. (obviously not according to the Vampire Diaries).

The Myth

Every culture has its own type of Vampire myth, it’s hard to find the exact time, the idea of Vampire was created but to get to the origin of the modern Vampire legend we have to go back to 15 century Romania to Vlad Dracula also known as ‘Vlad the Impaler’. Vlad Dracula was born in Transylvania, Romania he ruled Walachia, Romania, off and on from 1456-1462. Some historians describe him as — yet brutally cruel ruler who valiantly fought off the Ottoman Empire. According to legend, Vlad Dracula enjoyed dining next to his dying victims and dipped his bread in their blood. The truth of these tails is unknown. While Vlad was a killer, he wasn’t a vampire, but he did inspire author Bram Stoker to name his famous vampire character ‘Count Dracula’ In his 1897 book. But, according to Dracula expert Elizabeth Miller, stoker didn’t base “count Dracula’s” life on Vlad Dracula. Nonetheless, the similarities between the two Draculas are intriguing. Throughout the centuries there have been several “Vampire scares” often tried to widespread disease like the European Plague or misunderstood physical deformities. Eric Nuzum in his book posits that people’s belief in vampires helped them define things they didn’t understand and couldn’t explain—namely death and disease.

Are vampires real?

These legends arose from a misunderstanding of how bodies deteriorate. As a corpse’s skin shrinks, its teeth and fingernails can appear to have grown longer. And as internal organs break down, a dark purge fluid can leak out of the nose and mouth. People unfamiliar with this process would interpret this fluid to be blood and suspect that the corpse had been drinking it from the living. The bloody corpse wasn’t the only cause for suspicion. Before people understood how certain diseases spread they sometimes imagine that vampires are behind the unseen forces slowly ravishing their communities. Mark Collins Jenkins writes in his book that trying to kill vampires or prevent them from feeding was a way for people to feel as though they had some control over disease because of this vampires scare tended to coincide with outbreaks of plague. In 2006 archaeologist unearthed a 16-century skull in Venice, Italy that had been buried among plague victims with a Brick in his mouth. the brick was likely a burial tactic to prevent Italian vampires or witches from leaving the grave to eat people. By the 17th and 18th century tales of vampires continue to flourish in Southern Eastern European Nations pop bandit declare that vampires were malicious functions of human fantasy and Hapsburg ruler Maria Theresa condemned Vampire believes as superstition and fraud. Still, anti-vampire efforts continued and perhaps most surprisingly all one of the last big Vampire scares occurred in the 19th century New England two centuries after the infamous Salem witch trials.

An incident!

Mercy was a real person. She lived in Exeter, Rhode Island and was the daughter of George Brown, a farmer.

After George lost many family members, including Mercy, in the late 1800s to tuberculosis, his community used Mercy as a scapegoat to explain their deaths. It was common at that time to blame several deaths in one family on the “undead.” The bodies of each dead family member were often exhumed and searched for signs of vampirism.

When Mercy’s body was exhumed and didn’t display severe decay (not surprising, since her body was placed in an above-ground vault during a New England winter), the townspeople accused her of being a vampire and making her family sick from her icy grave. They cut out her heart, burned it, then fed the ashes to her sick brother. Perhaps not surprisingly, he died shortly thereafter.

The real vampires

people who call themselves vampires do exist. They’re normal-seeming people who drink small amounts of blood in a misguided effort to stay healthy.

Communities of self-identified vampires can be found on the Internet and in cities and towns around the world.To avoid rekindling vampire superstitions, most modern vampires keep to themselves and typically conduct their “feeding” rituals—which include drinking the blood of willing donors—in private.

Some vampires don’t ingest human blood but claim to feed off the energy of others. Many state that if they don’t feed regularly, they become agitated or depressed.

Vampires became mainstream after Dracula was published. Since then, Count Dracula’s legendary persona has been the topic of many films, books and television shows.

smile always have a meaning behind it

Smile is the most beautiful expression a human ever has as a boon in their life, but does smile always is that simple. NO certainly not every smile has different meaning behind it. sometimes happiness, sometimes sarcastic , sometimes humorous, sometimes sadness but certainly that depends the person who is experiencing the situation. but we should always smile never know who is expecting us to be smiling

Words had the command to heart

Words held much more power than anything in this world ,they can connect to a person as soon as they are uttered. The words such connection as they spoke with sincerity and held a sense of security.

words can bore into your soul as they are the only things that can connect to both heart and mind. Truth to be told actions speaks louder than words but words has such impact on a person that that can be completely out of control

Sushant singh rajput: Real Talent




Sushant Singh Rajput (January 21, 1986-14 June 2020) was an Indian actor known for his works in Hindi cinema as well.[2] He has been featured in several commercially successful Bollywood films like M. S. Dhoni: The Untold Story (2016), Kedarnath (2018) and Chhichhore (2019). Because of his involvement in the film industry, he received the screen award and received a nomination for the Filmfare Awards on three occasions. Since 2017, he has appeared two times in the Forbes India ‘ s Celebrity 100 list.


Rajput started his career, after the fall of engineering and, of course, on Instagram, Engineering College, and enrolled in the theater industry in Mumbai. Moved on to a role in the Hindi-language television series that made its debut the show was in the romantic drama Kis Dash Mein Hai Meraa Dil (2008), which was followed by a lead role in the soap opera Pavitra Rishta (2009-2011). He made his debut in Bollywood with the film Kai Po Che! (2013), which became a commercial and critical success. This will be followed by a starring role in the romantic comedy Shuddh Desi Romance (2013), the role of the titular detective in the action, Detective, Byumkesh Bakshi! (2015).

He has also played the leading role in a number of films, such as the re-incarnation of drama Raabt (2017), the historical drama Sonchiriya (2019), the action-thriller Drive (2019). The highest-grossing roles was a supporting role in the satire PK (2014) and a lead role in Mahendra Singh Dhoni’s sports biopic. For his performance in the latter, he received his first Filmfare Award nomination for Best Actor, and received a nomination at the Melbourne Indian Film Festivals. In addition to acting, he was the founder of the not-for-profit organization, and was one of the founders of the company are a technology startup.

The Rajput’s death by suicide at his home in Bandra, Mumbai, in June 2020, at the age of 34.[5][6][7] His latest movie, Dil Bechara (2020), who was posthumously released on the Hotstar streaming platform.


The winner of the National Physics Olympiad, Sushant Singh Rajput, it was a quick learner, who had quite a great thirst for knowledge. “The Chhichhor” the actor, who apparently got the 7th place in the All India competitive examination in 2003.He is a graduate of a technical university, but soon left to pursue a career on the stage and in the legal profession. When you play the guitar want to learn to write with both hands, Sushant, the desire to succeed, the life seemed to go on forever.


Sushant, who was fond of the stars, and even purchased land on the moon, and the blind to see, the area popularly known as the Moscow Sea. “Well, that’s not all, because the “Raabta”, the actor also purchased a state of the art telescope, that can be used to observe on his own earth, as well as to observe the rings of Saturn are in the area for several hours at a time. He also read a lot about the area, and kept you up-to-date with the technologies that are being invented. Sushant even travelled to the US to prepare for his role as an astronaut.


Sushant shared a very close bond with his mother, whom he lost when he was in the 12th Standard. Often, took to social media to write poems in memory of his late mother, Usha Singh. But did you know that the name of the late actor was also the name of his mother? In a conversation on social media by a fan, for the “Chichhore” the actor revealed the fact is that anyone is surprised.

One day, his fans, his dog (fudge)and family will get justice
His death is still a mystery…





In 1943, Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA as a mail-order sales business, and began to sell furniture five years later.[25] The first store was opened in ÄlmhultSmåland, in 1958, under the name Möbel-IKÉA (Möbel means “furniture” in Swedish). The first stores outside Sweden were opened in Norway (1963) and Denmark (1969).[26] The stores spread to other parts of Europe in the 1970s, with the first store outside Scandinavia opening in Switzerland (1973), followed by West Germany (1974).[26]

Map of countries with IKEA stores
Legend:  Current market locations  Planned market locations  No current or planned market locations

In 1973, the company’s West German executives accidentally opened a store in Konstanz instead of Koblenz[how?].[25] Later that decade, stores opened in other parts of the world, such as Japan (1974), Australia, Canada (1975),[27][28] Hong Kong (1975), Singapore and The Netherlands (1978).[29] IKEA further expanded in the 1980s, opening stores in countries such as France and Spain (1981), Belgium (1984),[30] the United States (1985),[31] the United Kingdom (1987),[32] and Italy (1989).[33][29] Germany, with 53 stores, is IKEA’s biggest market, followed by the United States, with 51 stores. The first IKEA store in Latin America opened on 17 February 2010 in Santo DomingoDominican Republic.[34] IKEA has announced that the opening of a 65,000 m2 (699,654.2 sq ft) store in PasayPhilippines by the third or fourth quarter of 2021 is on track. Once opened, it will be the largest IKEA store in the world.[35] In April 2021, IKEA opened its first store in Mexico in Mexico City.

Just follow your passion

Success is best defined as the achievement of the desired goal. More than the money or the fame, most people try to combine their passion with their work and earn a good income. Money is less of a profit, the more money you make, making it an elusive definition of success.

For most people, success means being proud of your accomplishments and be part of something that matters. This is especially the case when it comes to the content of the work. In fact, if a person chooses to follow their passion, there’s a good chance that the money and the traditional, the success of any of them, because of the time and effort invested in the project, they were taken with great enthusiasm and zeal.

Why Passion Is So Important
If you have the enthusiasm and passion of people, have a tendency to be more resilient in the face of obstacles. People who are passionate about their work, rather than just “money”, have a tendency to have a more positive outlook on things, and they are able to overcome difficulties in solving any problems.

How many times have you been told, ” follow your passion?” This is the message that is displayed in all it’s the end of the speeches of job opportunities. We can even say that to us. Then, recently, a group of Columbia Business School, MBA students, and more than 90% of them are considered to be “in the pursuit of your passions’ as the most important goal for future work.

However, according to a recent Deloitte survey of 3,000 full-time U.s. workers, only 20% of them said that they are really passionate about their work. The research that I and others have done, it appears that many, if not most, of us do not know how to realize it, it is our passion, so we don’t do that. How to solve this jigsaw puzzle? A passion to research, it suggests that we need to understand three important points: (1) the passion isn’t something that we can find, but it’s something that needs to be developed; or (2) it is hard to be aware of your passion for it, especially if it’s been weakened over time; and (3) passion, it can also deceive ourselves, and that is why it is very important to define the boundaries.

Don’t expect to Find Your Passion
One of the most common misconceptions that people have a passion for it that it’s impossible, or do you have a passion for something, or you don’t have one. The problem of a belief in the limits of your mind with passion as we discover them or not. As a result, it may be that we are trying many different professions, and in the search for a suitable role, which is one of passion, and we do not take into account the fact that it often takes time to develop a love and passion for the work, as well as the skills, confidence, and relationships that allow a person to have experience and a passion for the work.

In fact, research has shown that the belief in the immutability of the passion, you can make sure that people are less likely to find new topics, and to explore the potential of new sources of passion. It also allows the people to new activities, and more quickly, as it seems to be difficult.

In order to satisfy your passion to challenge your assumption that a passion is something to be discovered. Instead of focusing on developing the passion. For example, you may want the design of your job, so you’ll have more time to devote to the study of the roles you are most interested in (or just to arouse your interest), and to work with people that inspire you. It also helps you to get to know your colleagues better be it, what are they passionate about and how do they feel about their work. This can lead to opportunities in order to help each other out, with the realization of their interests. Finally, you don’t need to pursue a passion in the work that you do. If your job doesn’t allow you to pursue your passion or if you simply don’t want to have to do it at your place of work, you can take the time and the space to do what you want without any work.

Focus on What is important to you, is not it..

How life is better with Yoga blog

health is a state of complete of the body mind spirit

when one is free from physical disabilities and mental disturbed

the gates of the open soul

In today modern time science is developing by leaps and bonds. Scientists have invented various things that make life very easier. Invention of computer mobile phones and internet made our life easy we can complete a talk very faster. Our life taken a great momentum. Though internet we can complete our bank transactions, selling purc,learning, appearing for an examination sitting at home. With it we can communicate with the person thousaof people which is kilometers away from us with these invention information has arrived at our doorsteps this need to be considered agreat change comparing it with the last decade.

all these invention are for our pleasure on the other hand we also experience that instead of all the aforesaid invention humanize has some discontent these all invention make us to run widely which in turn creates disturbance in mental peace , stress, depression

thus rather happiness we are walking to unhappiness. We are victims of various diseases like thyroid, hight BP,diabetes, hearts attack, illnesses to nervous system, asthma,illness of reproduction system ETC. With these physical illnesses we also are losing our mental peace. Now days it’s really important to do daily yoga to stay healthy and fit.

Film Review- Chak De India

When the whole country is obsessed with only cricket as a sports, a movie on hockey? that too, a women’s hockey. It seemed the producer and the director must be out of their mind. The movie Chak De India may be a motivational effort to redeem the lost glory of Indian Hockey.

The plot is about an ex-captain of the Indian Hockey team, who has returned as a coach to the Indian Women’s National team and fights to make India a powerful team. In the movie, Shahrukh Khan as Kabir Khan, the former captain of Indian Men’s hockey team has been accused as a traitor, for losing the final against Pakistan in the world cup. He sees as an opportunity to redeem himself from the disgrace.

Kabir Khan always believed that it is not that we can’t win but it’s just that we have never believed we can.

The film has all the right elements mixed- ironical comedy, seriousness and bubbles of emotions.

Khushi Agarwal


The term of Industrial Revolution is normally reserved as a set of events that occurred in Britain roughly from 1760 to 1830. The Industrial Revolution brought about a “modern” economy in which technological progress did not just happen from time to time in isolated sectors but became a sustained and continuous process, resulting eventually in unprecedented economic growth and increases in living standards in much of the world. Its effects led to a full reformation of production, consumption, locational patterns, international relations, demographic behavior and almost every aspect of the human condition.

The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION was a period of time that sparked the beginning of a major change in the MODERN SOCIETY from OLD DAYS of FARMING and AGRICULTURE to a shift in URBANISATION and MODERN MACHINE manufacturing. Prior to the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, most of the manufacturing was done in people’s houses using hand tools and other basic machines. However, with the newly advanced machines and factories, the mass producing of products would soon be more efficient and manufactured significantly faster. Not only were MACHINES and FACTORIES an essential part of the REVOLUTION, the DEVELOPMENT of IRON and TEXTILE INDUSTRIES along with the STEAM ENGINE allowed for improvement in transportation, Communication, and Banking. The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION also brought forth many job opportunities and allowed people to start a new life in the cities. As, many people before the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, lived in small rural communities where their activities and work were based on FARMING and AGRICULTURE.

One of the famous inventions of the Industrial Revolution was the steam engine. The first steam engine prototype was built by a Frenchman named Denis Papin, but the first useful atmospheric steam engine was built in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen. Newcomen engines which noisy and voracious in their fuel use was served mostly as pumps. The conversion of steam engine unto a source of industrial power was the Scottish inventor James Watt who introduced improvements to the steam engine. Watt turned steam power from an atmospheric pump to a true steam engine. A high-pressure engine was then developed which provided increased power from lighter and smaller engines counterparts and thus ideal for transportation. After years of experimentation, they were successfully adapted to locomotives by Robert and George Stephenson in 1825.

A second industry often acknowledged with the most dynamic aspects of the technology of this time is textiles. By the middle of the eighteenth century, cotton was a small and rather unimportant sideshow in the British textile industry, famous for its woolens. Cotton’s growth during the Industrial Revolution was truly amazing. Value added in cotton went from less than half a million pounds in 1760 to around 25 million in the mid- 1820s. It is no wonder that some economic historians have thought of this industry as the “leading sector” in the Industrial Revolution. The reason for this success was cotton’s physical characteristics. It lent itself uniquely to mechanization and mass production and produced a good that was of even quality, attractive and above all inexpensive.

A third area in which the Industrial Revolution achieved major advances was iron making. One important innovation was the use of new fuels in the smelting of iron core in blast furnaces. The replacement of charcoal by coke (purified coal) in blast furnaces remedied the costly need to access remote forest areas. Blast furnaces became bigger, hotter and more efficient as more powerful machinery was used to blow air into furnaces.

The origins OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION took place in BRITAIN because it had great deposits of IRON and COAL which proved essential for INDUSTRIALIZATION, because BRITAIN was powerful and POLITICALLY stable.

The Second industrial revolution is known as the Technological Revolution and it was followed on First Industrial Revolution. The second revolution was started from 1870 until 1960 and it was developed rapidly in Western Europe country, United States and Japan. During that period, electricity became the primary source of power for factories and they used the power of electricity to develop different types of technology. The power of electricity caused the factory can produce the large amount of goods in the shortest time and lower cost. The second industrial revolution, it was more force on the steels, railroads, electricity and chemical development.


Jal Jeevan Mission is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission. Jal Jeevan Mission looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority. The water resource is very important for our life. The living things in this world all need water to exist in this world. The water is more precious we can live without food but we cannot live without the water. As everyone needs water there is no storage of water. Many people are suffering without water for example our area has many people but a single person uses at least 15 liters if a family and if 1000 people uses daily then calculate it for 365 days some lakhs it comes. Many people are fighting for water. They will fill at least 3to 4 pots for five to six days they must survive for this they must get up early and fight with neighbors for water only half of the people will fill others will be waiting .whether he’s opening the water sharply at 6:00 or not he will close it by 10:00. How poor now the people are in their house they will not waste water at all each one in the house know the pain of water because of that they will not waste the water at all. We the middle class and rich people are wasting more. We are not planting trees in the land because it will not be nice we itself think and including the garden area we are make it as a house. The hunt for water in south India’s main city has become an increasingly desperate obsession for its 10 million residents after months with virtually no rain. The bustling capital of Tamil Nadu state usually receives 825 million liters of water a day, but authorities are currently only able to supply 60 per cent of that. This water crisis would not be cured in a month or year. It will take at least 25 years to sustain this water facility and after many years they can get water without any issues because the same level of water will not maintain it will reducing it is the hardest part in our life. Already they have told that 17 districts in Tamil Nadu will be in drought soon the people must not suffer. We should cultivate plants and trees to get rain. To bring back the water resources this the only way and the final because here after we could not ask people to use water only 20 liters a day .we can just tell them not to waste the water for soft drinks they are taking lakhs and lakhs liter of water for it . So this is the last way plant trees in the land because the nature has beautiful thing in it what we do it will return us abundantly if we plant trees the rain will come and it will observe the water and evaporates it to clouds and again it will come as rain if we cut the trees it will not evaporate to clouds and it will not rain it will only observe the rain. This is the part in our life without knowingly we have cut down many trees .hereafter let us try to plant trees.


Fruits and vegetable contain important vitamins ,minerals and plant chemical .they also contain fibre.They are many varieteies of fruit and vegetable availablein many ways to prepare cook serve them .A diet high in fruit and vegetsbles can help protect you against cancerdiabetes and heart disease.

Eating fruit provides health benefiit people who eat more fruits and vegetable as part of an overall healthy diet are likely to have a reduced rik of some chronic disease .Fruit provide nutrients vital for health and maintaince of your body most fruits are naturally low.

Maoist Insurgency

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Maoist insurgency is a national security issue. It has plagued India since 1967 when the rebellion in Naxalbari of West Bengal erupted under the leadership of Kanu Sanyal and Jagan Santhal. Soon the flames of rebellion engulfed eastern India especially the states today infamous as red corridor. These include Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.

According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, Maoist ideology can be summed up as-
‘Maoism is a form of communism they’ve lapped by Mao Tse Tung. It is a doctoring to capture state pass through a combination of armed insurgency, mass mobilisation and strategic alliances. The Maoists also used propaganda and disinformation against state institutions as other components of their insurgency doctrine we do it Mao called this process, the protracted People’s War, where the emphasis is on military line to capture power.’

Reasons for spread
The main reasons behind the spread of Naxalism were the low level of socio-economic development. The districts affected by Naxalism are one the worst performing regions in various developmental indices of India. Poverty and inequality are rampant. Education, hospitals, roads and other basic infrastructure are not well-developed. This coupled with tribal discontent lead to widespread anguish among the people. The forests and the mineral-rich plateau are exploited threatening the livelihoods of the tribal population. The ideology could be metastasised among people who were left behind in the process of progress. Their minds can be manipulated easily since they lack a reliable source of income. They take arms to fight against the system.
The increasing incidences of Violence is a cause of concern. The latest big attack was observed in April this year. A joint operation of local police and central police force ended with the tragic death of 23 security personnel in Bastar. The failure of the operation highlighted major loopholes in the strategic preparedness as well as the intelligence system.

How to resolve the tension
The government has taken a few steps in this direction. They include the following
— Operation Green hunt initiated in 2010 brought down the number of districts under the clutches of Naxalism from 223 to 30.
— Aspirational Districts Program (ADP) which was recently recognised by UNDP as a model to tackle regional disparities, is another move by the government to solve the developmental problem of these districts and uplift them.
— National policy and action plan to address left-wing extremism was formulated to address the issue.
— SAMADHAN doctrine evolved as a result government efforts. It is an acronym.
S- Smart leadership
A- Aggressive strategy
M- Motivation and training
A- Actionable intelligence
D- Dashboard based key performance indicators and key result areas
H- Harnessing technology
A- Action plan for each theatre
N- No access to financing

Lastly, the experts are of the opinion that patience in getting the results is important. Any tactic to resolve left wing extremism will take time. It will be a slow process and even small acorns to win over the people will fetch results. For example, Telangana’s Guthi Kiya tribal region saw a reduced attendance of people in secret meetings called by the Maoists. This was so because the local police distributed water filter and television sets to the people who are busy using these facilities. This can weaker the influence of Maoists. Likewise, other small actions which can open the doors to the world outside the tribes can help in improving the situation by making people aspirational.

Different Environment, Same Approach

Fosbury’s story offers two lessons that extend far beyond the world of high jumping.

First, his success came during a period when the environment of the sport had changed, but everyone was still following old patterns of behavior. Even though the switch to foam landing pits allowed athletes to experiment with a wider range of jumping techniques, everyone continued to do the same old thing until Fosbury came along.

This is exactly why you see startups completely disrupt established industries. Take the transportation company Uber, for example. Taxis were the standard way to get around town for decades. At some point, mobile phones and constant internet access became the norm in our daily lives, but everyone continued to flag down taxis and pay for them the old-fashioned way. The environment had changed, but the behavior stayed the same.

Then one day Uber came along and said, “Use your phone to request a car, we’ll pick you up wherever you are at, and you can easily pay through your phone.” Today, Uber is the biggest taxi company in the world.



The “Fosbury Flop”

Fosbury’s new style was criticized at first. One local newspaper said that he looked like “a fish flopping in a boat” while another called him the “World’s Laziest High Jumper” and ran a photo of him sliding over the bar backwards.

By 1968, however, Dick Fosbury was the only one laughing as he used the unconventional technique to win the NCAA championship and qualify for the Olympic Games in Mexico City. By the time the games were finished, Fosbury not only set a new Olympic record by jumping 2.24 meters (7.35 feet), but also changed the entire philosophy of the sport. Within 10 years his technique became the de facto standard for high jumpers everywhere. Nearly every gold medal winner and major record holder in the last 35 years has used the “Fosbury Flop

Until Something Comes Easily…”

Like most entrepreneurs, I struggled through my first year of building a business.

I launched my first product without having any idea who I would sell it to. (Big surprise, nobody bought it.) I reached out to important people, mismanaged expectations, made stupid mistakes, and essentially ruined the chance to build good relationships with people I respected. I attempted to teach myself how to code, made one change to my website, and deleted everything I had done during the previous three months.

To put it simply, I didn’t know what I was doing.

During my Year of Many Errors I received a good piece of advice: “Try things until something comes easily.” I took the advice to heart and tried four or five different business ideas over the next 18 months. I’d give each one a shot for two or three months, mix in a little bit of freelance work so I could continue scraping by and paying the bills, and repeat the process.

Eventually, I found “something that came easily” and I was able to focus on building one business rather than trying to find an idea. In other words, I was able to simplify.

This was the first thing I discovered about figuring out what to focus on. If you want to master and deeply understand the core fundamentals of a task you may, paradoxically, need to start by casting a very wide net. By trying many different things, you can get a sense of what comes more easily to you and set yourself up for success. It is much easier to focus on something that’s working than struggle along with a bad idea.

Growth of women

Women are said to be frail naturally. She is shorter and delicate compared to the strongly built man. But man forgets that a woman was created to play a selected role in nature which no one cannot that’s, the role of mother. In intelligence both are equal. a person is aggressive and emotional. A woman is patient, calm, and receptive. She will bear more pain and has more tolerance than a person in both physical and psychological states. She is strong in conviction and perseverance. Yet women everywhere the globe are playing a huge role in life.

The position in India is so different. Women were glorified in epics and Puranas, for his or her service to their men. Serving a father first, secondly a husband, and later serving her children and grandchildren had been her lot. Puranas mention the names of Sita, Savitri which glorify them for their devoted service to their husbands. After independence, the constitution of India gave all equal rights to men and ladies in every aspect of our life. Comparatively, today plenty of things have changed over after decades in this modern technological science world and there are people in some rural areas, cannot say that everyone woman in India enjoys equal rights with men altogether matters, There prevails many reasons for this, the customs and traditions prevalent for hundreds of years, the high percentage of illiteracy among women, Ignorance of their rights, Patriarchal society, national economy, acceptance of the speculation of karma or fatalism, unchecked male domination all told walks of life.

Despite these problems mentioned above, one could see that the condition of Indian women over after decades has improved a lot. Now all the ladies and ladies are given sufficient education and knowledge within the society. Even working, there are still special reservations indeed talent with hardworking people are is hired. We can see women flying in colors all together in their specific fields and clerical jobs, like I.A.S., I.P.S., and Indian Air force. There are reservations in legislatures also. There are women within the sports of the chief minister, prime minister. It is an exception because the womenfolk, particularly within the rural areas, are yet to return from their bondage. Every year, March 8th is well known for the international day for women, in making them encouraged and praised for them there on that fine day. The ladies were conscious of their status and place in society. There are many movements in our country, likewise as in other countries the advancement for women. As far as India is anxious, it’s already agreed to treat women as equal with men altogether respects. the proper way, in today’s world both men and ladies are equally treated and similarly as more awareness and education about women are profound everywhere the people., regardless of the difference now exists, hoped to sure vanish within the coming decades where women also get an education and liberate themselves from superstitions and irrational traditions.

A man and woman are like two wheels of a cart. The cart can move fast and safely, as both the men and women were supposed to pull all their equal shares of burdens and elating moments within the same direction and with equal strength and support. Hence, no developing country or society can afford to ignore the role of women if they’re to progress.

How physical activity can transform your life

Physical activity can do wonders for your body as well as your mental health. When you don’t perform any kind of physical activity your body becomes lethargic, cholesterol levels start to increases and your body loses all the stamina your physical health becomes bad. It also leads to many chronic diseases like diabetes and heart-related problems.

Benefits of physical activity.

There are so many health benefits If you perform any kind of physical activity and it applies to everyone people who have different body types and different body as well. It not only helps you in keeping your body fit as well as your mental health like it helps you sleep better, and boosts your overall mood also has a positive impact on depression and anxiety, it not just helps your body to be in a good shape but also allows you to perform basic Lifestyle actions.

Types of physical activity.

There are too many physical activities like running, cycling, skipping, playing sports, strength training, etc. But mainly there are four types of physical activity like aerobic, muscle-strengthening, bone-strengthening, and stretching

Aerobic Activity

Activities in which your bigger muscles are involved or many muscles performing a single activity at a time are called aerobic activity. Running, swimming, walking, bicycling and dancing all comes under the category of aerobic or endurance activities

Muscle-strengthening and bone-strengthening Activity.

Muscle-strengthening activities improve the strength, power, and endurance of your muscles. Doing pushups and situps, lifting weights, climbing stairs, and digging in the garden are examples of muscle-strengthening activities.

With bone-strengthening activities, your feet, legs, or arms support your body’s weight, and your muscles push against your bones. This helps make your bones strong. Running, walking, jumping rope, and lifting weights are examples of bone-strengthening activities.

Muscle-strengthening and bone-strengthening activities also can be aerobic, depending on whether they make your heart and lungs work harder than usual. For example, running is both an aerobic activity and a bone-strengthening activity.


Stretching helps improve your flexibility and your ability to fully move your joints, stretching is really important to do before doing any kind of physical activity and after also for saving yourself from injuries. Various stretches can be done for opening up your joints and muscles and it’s also very time efficient a full-body stretch doesn’t takes longer than 10 minutes.

Mistakes done while doing these activities

There are some mistakes done by beginners and sometimes by intermediates which leads them to not getting the ideal results, getting too much injured while performing these activities and feeling too tired in between the activity. Have seen many people ignore warm-up or just don’t do it correctly. They might don’t know how crucial it is to do a good warm-up, it not only saves you from injury but also increases the blood flow in the muscles which leads to increased body temperature and improves muscle elasticity and increases range of motion which allows you to perform the exercise more freely and correctly that results in improved strength and endurance.

According to my the biggest mistake people do is not having a plan like what they have to do today, we should plan our exercises or activities a day before the actual day. When they don’t have things planned then they can’t focus on the activity fully cause they have their mind indulged in thinking about the next step and because of that they can’t focus on the present step which leads to waste their time and not doing the activity with a dedication that’s why most people cant attain results

A Place for Viruses on the Tree of Life

Viruses are ubiquitous. They infect almost every species and are probably the most abundant biological entities on the planet, yet they are excluded from the Tree of Life (ToL). However, there can be no doubt that viruses play a significant role in evolution, the force that facilitates all life on Earth. Conceptually, viruses are regarded by many as non-living entities that hijack living cells in order to propagate. A strict separation between living and non-living entities places viruses far from the ToL, but this may be theoretically unsound. Advances in sequencing technology and comparative genomics have expanded our understanding of the evolutionary relationships between viruses and cellular organisms. Genomic and metagenomic data have revealed that co-evolution between viral and cellular genomes involves frequent horizontal gene transfer and the occasional co-option of novel functions over evolutionary time. From the giant, ameba-infecting marine viruses to the tiny Porcine circovirus harboring only two genes, viruses and their cellular hosts are ecologically and evolutionarily intertwined. When deciding how, if, and where viruses should be placed on the ToL, we should remember that the Tree functions best as a model of biological evolution on Earth, and it is important that models themselves evolve with our increasing understanding of biological systems.

Viruses infect all cellular life. Their evolution is inextricably bound to their target cells. Whether lyzing cells as part of a lytic cycle or inserting their DNA into the host genome in the lysogenic cycle, viruses place selective pressure on cells to evolve counter measures to evade infection. This, in turn, forces the virus to evolve further to avoid the defensive strategies of the host. A dynamic and long-standing co-evolution stems from the ecological interactions of viruses with host cells. These interactions have traditionally been viewed as predatory and simply favor viral replication, but research into the effect of bacteriophages on microbial populations indicates that viruses may well be essential for ecosystem diversity .

Viruses lack a ribosome, preventing them from making their own proteins. Instead, they use the host cellular machinery to translate their messenger RNA (mRNA) into proteins, allowing them to assemble and multiply .Virus genomes are composed of either DNA or RNA and can be single-stranded (ss) or double-stranded (ds). They are divided into seven Baltimore classes, which also include positive-strand (+ss) and negative-strand (-ss) RNA viruses as well as two classes of retrovirus.Recently, a proposed megataxonomy of the virus world has placed viruses in a hierarchical taxonomic structure similar to that of cellular life.Almost all viruses encode capsid proteins that enclose and protect their genetic material; an exception to this is satellite viruses that rely on other viruses for their encapsidation .

The standard ToL can be viewed as a two-dimensional, bifurcating species tree with a root representing the last universal common ancestor (LUCA). Diversity is usually plotted on the x-axis and time (or evolutionary rate) on the y-axis. The prevalence of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) in prokaryotes has already cast doubt on this simplistic model .It is important to remember that macroscopic lifeforms are the exception rather than the rule when we consider the number of species on this planet. The Open ToL is an online initiative to maintain a comprehensive, dynamic, and digital species ToL that, at its outset, included 2.3 million species .We can only imagine how sophisticated and multi-dimensional such a digital model could be in principle, albeit not yet in practice.





Redeeming my dreams,

Waking up in this eternal land,

Watching the sky blush,

Starting the day to end the rush,

I wander on wheels,

Getting into the feels.

Moving away from the country side,

Heading ahead, oh this stark ride!

Feeling those soft falling showers,

Freezing seathe keeps me in wonders.

I wander on wheels,

Getting into the feels.


Astronauts in china’s new space station

China’s space station Tiangong is under construction and china has a major plan to make its functioning complete by 2022. The first crew of 3 astronauts in Shenzhou-12 spaceship were sent to their new space station. It is the first time Chinese have entered their own space station. The spaceship was launched from the Jiuquan launch center in the Gobi desert.

The astronauts successfully docked in the Tianhe module. The Crew will be in the orbit for 3 months. It is the first of the 2 manned mission scheduled for the current year by china. It will be the china’s longest crewed mission till date and the first in 5 years.

Tiangong space station after completion will be one-fifth of the mass of the ISS(International Space Station). It will be smaller than the ISS and its life span is expected to be 10 years. The Station is placed in earth’s low orbit between 340km-450km above the surface. The country has planned about 5 mission for the present year(2021).


China’s progression in space domain:

  • Launch of Zhurong Mars rover successfully on the planet Mars – 6 wheeled Robot was landed and it took picture there.
  • Launch of 1st module of new space station
  • Chang’e 5 mission returned moon samples- rock and soil samples were collected from moon.

How Much Oxygen Does One Tree Produce?

You’ve probably heard that trees produce oxygen, but have you ever wondered just how much oxygen one tree makes? The amount of oxygen produced by a tree depends on several factors, including its species, age, health, and surroundings. A tree produces a different amount of oxygen in summer compared to winter. So, there is no definitive value.

Trees release oxygen when they use energy from sunlight to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water. Like all plants, trees also use oxygen when they split glucose back down to release energy to power their metabolisms. Averaged over a 24-hour period, they produce more oxygen than they use up; otherwise there would be no net gain in growth.

It takes six molecules of CO2 to produce one molecule of glucose by photosynthesis, and six molecules of oxygen are released as a by-product. A glucose molecule contains six carbon atoms, so that’s a net gain of one molecule of oxygen for every atom of carbon added to the tree. A mature sycamore tree might be around 12m tall and weigh two tonnes, including the roots and leaves. If it grows by five per cent each year, it will produce around 100kg of wood, of which 38kg will be carbon. Allowing for the relative molecular weights of oxygen and carbon, this equates to 100kg of oxygen per tree per year.

A human breathes about 9.5 tonnes of air in a year, but oxygen only makes up about 23 per cent of that air, by mass, and we only extract a little over a third of the oxygen from each breath. That works out to a total of about 740kg of oxygen per year. Which is, very roughly, seven or eight trees’ worth.

Here are some typical calculations:

“A mature leafy tree produces as much oxygen in a season as 10 people inhale in a year.”

“A single mature tree can absorb carbon dioxide at a rate of 48 pounds per year and release enough oxygen back into the atmosphere to support two human beings.”​

“One acre of trees annually consumes the amount of carbon dioxide equivalent to that produced by driving an average car for 26,000 miles. That same acre of trees also produces enough oxygen for 18 people to breathe for a year.”​

“A 100-foot tree, 18 inches diameter at its base, produces 6,000 pounds of oxygen.”

“On average, one tree produces nearly 260 pounds of oxygen each year. Two mature trees can provide enough oxygen for a family of four.”

“Mean net annual oxygen production (after accounting for decomposition) per hectare of trees (100% tree canopy) offsets oxygen consumption of 19 people per year (8 people per acre of tree cover), but ranges from nine people per hectare of canopy cover (4 people/ac cover) in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to 28 people/ha cover (12 people/ac cover) in Calgary, Alberta.”

The bigger the tree the more total oxygen it produces and more is its own requirement for oxygen for survival. Net offset Oxygen, as opposed to total Oxygen produced, is the oxygen returned back to the atmosphere: this depends more on the rate of growth of a tree. If a tree weighs 1000kg, and if it adds 10% (100kg) to its weight then it would have released (offset) roughly 100kg of Oxygen. The tree produces more than that, but much of the oxygen it produces will be offset by its own requirement for oxygen. Yes a tree breathes in Oxygen too. But the overall offset can be calculated by the amount of change in mass of a plant or tree. To compare: an average human needs about 750kg of Oxygen per year. All of humanity consume about 7 billion tonnes then! Luckily Oxygen is among the most abundant of elements on earth.




Should community service be made mandatory for children?

“The best way to find yourself is to lose yoourself in the service of others.”

-Mahatma Gandhi

Community service is voluntary and unpaid work, which is done for a social cause and to help the under privileged people/animals. It includes working in NGO’s and activism regarding a social cause.

Community service is an essential part of our society as it inculcates better learning and cooperation skills in young children. It also provides them with a sense of responsibility and self- sufficiency.

The habits learned at a young age gets embedded in one’s personality and we all know that. But we seem to be raising children who are not taught how life skills play a very massive role in their personality development and ,empathy and selflessness is the emblem of being a proficiently raised human being.


In schools, from the very beginning, children are taught to sprint towards scoring the best marks but we need to apprise them with the fact that education can make them literate but community service can transform them into a good citizen because this is the need of the hour.

Even in this time where COVID cases keep on increasing day-by-day and there is a pandemic on the shoulders of this world, students can sit at home and help in raising funds and helping the needy through the screens of their laptops and gadgets. Can anything be more powerful than this? But the field where we, as the society, are lacking is-awareness. And there will be proper awareness about this only when this particular area will mandatorily be a part of our curriculum.

Community service also provides students with better job and college opportunities and increases their chances of getting a scholarship in the future. So, what I believe is that the young minds have a lot of potential and chance of changing their world for the better but they can only grab this chance when they provided with the right appraisal from the very beginning of their lives.

There are various NGOs and websites which are willing to hire more and more people who have a passion about bring a change in this world. The following are some roles you can take up to work on in the latter-

  1. Content writer- Words have the power to transform this world and if you think that your words have that power, you can write for various NGOs and help in raising awareness about their upcoming programmes .
  2. Social media marketing- If you have good advertisment and marketing skills and have a good amount of knowledge about varios social media platforms, you should opt for this role, as it would require you to spread and market NGO campaigns through social media.
  3. Research work- This is in high demand when it comes to websites and NGO’s. If you are good at reaching conclusions and going in the depth of concepts, you can go for this.
  4. Fundraiser- If you work within a large community or have a big audience on social media or in general, you should work in this feild. With the introduction of covid-19, this field has came out to be the greatest need of the hour.

Community service should not only be a part of our college or job resume, but also a part of our personality, character and humanity.

Intellectually challenged students

Special needs is an umbrella term for a wide array of diagnoses, from those that resolve quickly to those that will be a challenge for life and those that are relatively mild to those that are profound. Children with special needs may have developmental delays, medical conditions, psychiatric conditions, and congenital conditions. These special needs require accommodations so children can reach their potential. No matter the reason, the special needs designation is useful. It can help you obtain needed services, set appropriate goals, and gain an understanding of child and the stresses your family may face. Some of the biggest challenges of working with special needs students are as follows:

  • LACK OF PARENTAL SUPPORT-You can pour your heart and soul into your efforts as a special education teacher but if the child’s parents are not on board, all of that work could be for nothing. Having a positive relationship with the parents of your students is essential.
  • LACK OF APPRECIATION-Teachers do not teach because it is prestigious or high paying career they do it for love of the students. Still, a little appreciation goes a long way, especially in a challenging and stressful field like special education.
  • TOO MUCH PAPERWORK-Every special needs child needs an Individual Education Plan and each one can easily reach 10 to 20 pages long. Not only do these plans take time to develop, but there is a lot of documentation that needs to take place. This is all on top of your regular teaching duties which include curriculum planning, progress reports, lesson planning and more.
  • SCHEDULING CHALLENGES-Many special needs students have special schedules for their school day depending on which classes they are able to take and taking into account their needs for additional services like occupational or speech therapy.
  • WORKING WITH OTHER TEACHERS-As a special education teacher, you have to develop your own curriculum for your students, but you also need to know the general education curriculum so you can work with your students to help them with their regular classes. Collaborating with other teachers can be very difficult, especially if they do not understand the challenges of special education.
  • TOO MUCH DOCUMENTATION-In addition to develop each student’s IEP, you also need to collect data and provide evidence of student growth. If you claim that your student is struggling in a particular area, you need hard data to back up that claim and then you need to develop a plan for improvement.

Things you should keep in mind while dealing with special needs children:

  1. IDENTIFY-When you’re introduced to a child with a disability for the first time it’s very important you find out what it is that may impair them. It can be difficult to identify the impairment , particularly in young children. All of this information will help you first interact with the child and understand why they may react in specific ways.
  2. CONSISTENTLY INTERACT-Don’t be intimated or hesitant to interact! Sometimes it takes a few tries and methods to find the right one that appropriately engages that child but it’s imperative that you presist! Remember to introduce yourself, try and make eye contact as much as possible and explain the activity clearly.
  3. OBSERVE-It’s important to take notice of what works and what may not when it comes to each children with special needs. You need to observe everything about the child.
  4. BE PATIENT-Sometimes it’s frustrating, and often it can feel as if any progression you do make is very quickly lost. Don’t be disheartened by this! Developmental delays are common, and it’s important to continue with the methods you’ve found to work, communicate with the parents if possible and most importantly allow the child to build their trust in you.
  5. COMMUNICATION-Whether it’s talking to the child themselves, their parents or other figures of authority in the child’s life and open communication is essential. Particularly if the child is mute or has a behavioural or learning disability, it can be challenging to receive any feedback from them. Try speaking to the individual child’s parents or teachers to gauge some form of feedback as well as to share any headway you may have made.


In contrast to chaos, discipline is a constant spectator of our ideal life journey. It gives people a constructed routine of day to day life. It gives us punctuality, time balance and fine equations between works. Discipline is the motto of a perfectly balanced life.

Discipline gives concentration in education; it helps to increase zero image of fear. It provides guardianship in the normal repercussions that occur every day. Discipline is the interned guardian of a healthy life.

There is a discipline in the circle of space too; each thing revolves around a certain rule. Discipline actually gives us the lessons of self-control, sacrifice and obedience. It is the source of overall consciousness.

Supreme Court declines to put off PG final year medical exams

The Supreme Court on Friday declined to pass a sweeping order to postpone the final exams of the postgraduate medical courses in universities across the country.A Bench of Justices Indira Banerjee and M.R. Shah was hearing pleas by PG medical students, who said preparing for the exams amid COVID-19 duty was difficult. They sought more time to study for the exams.The court said it could not possibly be asked to pass a general order to postpone exams for which dates had not been announced yet.The Bench said the National Medical Commission would keep in mind the COVID-19 situation and doctors working round the clock during the pandemic. The court also noted that the universities had not been made parties to the case.How do we pass a general order when hundreds of universities are involved?” the court asked.Senior advocate Sanjay Hegde, appearing for the students, said his clients would be made to choose between their COVID duty and taking time off to study for their exams.He submitted this was something doctors should not be compelled to do during these dire times for public health. He said the court should intervene on behalf of the doctors to ensure that they are given “reasonable time” to prepare for the exams.On June 11, the court refused a plea by these students to waive the exams.TheBench said the court had, however, intervened on behalf of the students wherever possible. On June 11, the court, in a separate case, ordered the postponement of the AIIMS’ Post Graduate Entrance Test-INICET exams, scheduled for June 16, by a month after taking into consideration fatigue within the medical community after battling a particularly devastating second wave of the pandemic.In that case, a group of doctors had similarly moved the Supreme Court challenging an AIIMS notification that announced the exam in June in “utter disregard” of an assurance from the Prime Minister’s Office to postpone PG exams by four months.Final Year PG Exam 2021 for medical students is yet to be scheduled by various universities across the country. However, as students are busy in COVID duty, they have urged the Supreme Court to postpone their final year exams. The Supreme Court today, on June 18, refused to pass orders in favour of the PIL filed by a group of 29 MD students.The petitioners who filed the PIL claimed that preparing for the exams and attending COVID duties simultaneously is unfair on their part. To address this issue, the National Medical Commission has advised the universities to fix dates for Final Year PG Exam 2021, considering the COVID situation.The petitioners have also sought directions to promote them as senior residents as soon as the scheduled tenure gets completed. However, the vacation bench had issued notice to the Union Government and National Medical Commission on these prayers. MD students are advised to keep a check on the schedule of the Final Year PG Exam 2021 and prepare accordingly.medical exam .

By : G Gnana Priya dharshini


The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered new ways of learning. All around the world, educational institutions are looking toward online learning platforms to continue with the process of educating students. The new normal now is a transformed concept of education with online learning at the core of this transformation. Today, digital learning has emerged as a necessary resource for students and schools all over the world. For many educational institutes, this is an entirely new way of education that they have had to adopt. Online learning is now applicable not just to learn academics but it also extends to learning extracurricular activities for students as well. In recent months, the demand for online learning has risen significantly, and it will continue doing so in the future.
As with most teaching methods, online learning also has its own set of positives and negatives. Decoding and understanding these positives and negatives will help institutes in creating strategies for more efficiently delivering the lessons, ensuring an uninterrupted learning journey for students.
Advantages of Online Learning:

  • Efficiency-Online learning offers teachers an efficient way to deliver lessons to students. Online learning has a number of tools such as videos, PDFs, podcasts, and teachers can use all these tools as part of their lesson plans. By extending the lesson plan beyond traditional textbooks to include online resources, teachers are able to become more efficient educators.
  • Accessibility Of Time And Place-Another advantage of online education is that it allows students to attend classes from any location of their choice. It also allows schools to reach out to a more extensive network of students, instead of being restricted by geographical boundaries. Additionally, online lectures can be recorded, archived, and shared for future reference. This allows students to access the learning material at a time of their comfort.Thus, online learning offers students the accessibility of time and place in education.
  • Affordability -Another advantage of online learning is reduced financial costs. Online education is far more affordable as compared to physical learning. This is because online learning eliminates the cost points of student transportation, student meals, and most importantly, real estate. Additionally, all the course or study materials are available online, thus creating a paperless learning environment which is more affordable, while also being beneficial to the environment.
  • Improved Student Attendance -Since online classes can be taken from home or location of choice, there are fewer chances of students missing out on lessons.
  • Suits A Variety Of Learning Styles -Every student has a different learning journey and a different learning style. Some students are visual learners, while some students prefer to learn through audio. Similarly, some students thrive in the classroom, and other students are solo learners who get distracted by large groups. Disadvantages of Online Learning
  • Inability To Focus On Screens-For many students, one of the biggest challenges of online learning is the struggle with focusing on the screen for long periods of time. With online learning, there is also a greater chance for students to be easily distracted by social media or other sites. Therefore, it is imperative for the teachers to keep their online classes crisp, engaging, and interactive to help students stay focused on the lesson.
  • Technology Issues -Another key challenge of online classes is internet connectivity. While internet penetration has grown in leaps and bounds over the past few years, in smaller cities and towns, a consistent connection with decent speed is a problem. Without a consistent internet connection for students or teachers, there can be a lack of continuity in learning for the child. This is detrimental to the education process.
  • Sense Of Isolation -Students can learn a lot from being in the company of their peers. However, in an online class, there are minimal physical interactions between students and teachers. This often results in a sense of isolation for the students. In this situation, it is imperative that the school allow for other forms of communication between the students, peers, and teachers. This can include online messages, emails and video conferencing that will allow for face-to-face interaction and reduce the sense of isolation.
  • Teacher Training -Online learning requires teachers to have a basic understanding of using digital forms of learning. However, this is not the case always. Very often, teachers have a very basic understanding of technology. Sometimes, they don’t even have the necessary resources and tools to conducts online classes.To combat this, it is important for schools to invest in training teachers with the latest technology updates so that they can conduct their online classes seamlessly.
  • Manage Screen Time-Many parents are concerned about the health hazards of having their children spend so many hours staring at a screen. This increase in screen time is one of the biggest concerns and disadvantages of online learning. Sometimes students also develop bad posture and other physical problems due to staying hunched in front of a screen.A good solution to this would be to give the students plenty of breaks from the screen to refresh their mind and their body.

10 tips to write the perfect job description

Employees are the lifeblood of any organization. They invest their skills, capability, and human sources to make sure that the organization they work for can supply every bit of their guarantees to clients. Recruiting the appropriate candidate for a function in any organization is becoming harder due to certain elements, such as the lack of recruiting method and the inability to define the task in a job description. right job descriptions are had to filter irrelevant candidates and help employers attention on getting the proper candidate who will deliver the core values their employer goals. Your job description is a concern when it comes to recruiting a suitable candidate so observe the tips below when writing your activity description.

What is a job description?

A job description is a record that certainly states the requirements, responsibilities, duties, and abilities required to perform a selected position. activity descriptions are utilized by groups and recruiters to draw capability applicants to the role.

Here are our suggestions on the way to write an appropriate job description:

be creative with the title in your job description

The first step to writing a job description that works is identity. you need to get the name proper inside the activity description due to the fact that is the primary component everybody sees. The title of your job description ought to describe in particular the form of activity and obligations to be finished. You should also be creative approximately it. You want in a task description something as a way to attract attention the instant someone sets their eyes on it. a terrific job description title ought to be smooth to understand and very self-explanatory, in order that job seekers don’t have to read the rest of the activity description earlier than they recognize what you are seeking out.

Because you’re posting the process description online, you also want to make sure the task description carries famous keywords human beings use to look for such jobs. make sure you select a name this is free of gender or age implication, and widespread sufficient to be as compared to different similar jobs inside the enterprise. keep away from sounding too technical or superlative for your task description due to the fact that might reason more damage than the top. hold your job description easy to read and recognize.

think about your ideal candidate when writing your job description

Visualize the candidate you would preferably like to recruit and what your widespread success would be for their overall performance while writing your job description. broaden a profile of your perfect recruit which you may match towards candidates. That isn’t always to say you need to be rigid when picturing your best candidate but having a concept of the sort of character who might healthy properly within the department and who fits the process profile flawlessly is a good beginning in terms of interviews.

be concise with the job duties in your job description

Most people looking for a job assume to see boring and lengthy task responsibilities in the process description. while every enterprise’s HR department may be doing it, you might need to take a step away from the group a little bit. uninteresting, trustworthy, and juice-missing job descriptions will handiest get read halfway, and your exceptional applicants are leaving your page already. What can you do? Make your task description exciting and amusing to read. placed one or two points for your activity description that make it look like you’re trying to tell a tale about what your business enterprise values.

Make your process description brief. The shorter, the better. the ideal length for the activity obligations segment in your job description needs to be about 4 to 5 sentences. attempt as a whole lot as viable to explain the process seeker’s duties in fewer words within the task description and notice what number of people want to work with such efficient and imaginative organization. don’t forget you’ve got a totally short time to seize the eye of the proper candidate together with your activity description, so make every second rely.

Don’t forget to apply keywords for your task description; they help extra applicants locate you and improve your chances of hiring the proper humans. Rank your recruiting priorities to your job description, like duties, heritage, and skills from the best to the lowest, and be flexible, displaying that the job has the capacity for increase and development inside the future. Don’t forget to start with a catchy identify and introduction in your job description, simplify the process duties, and make the whole lot easy and smooth to recognize. task descriptions must be readable and engaging and job descriptions.

only the most critical skills whould be enlisted in your job description

One common mistake made via many HR departments is mixing competencies and competence in a process described as though they’re the equal issue. In fact, the abilities themselves need to be separated inside the task description. applicants searching out work take this part of the activity description very critically because they don’t want to be in a task position they couldn’t manage or is not their core competence.

A good job description needs to have competencies and competence sections separated because they are two various things. abilities are what to procure with the aid of getting to know or exercise, e.g., the ability to design tremendous graphical content. Competence is an inert ability that allows you to supply higher potential, e.g., verbal exchange. You ought to additionally separate the capabilities for your activity description together with “must-have” and “desired.” This makes your process description greater practical seeing that it could be tough to locate applicants with all the talents which you need. Be clean together with your choice for the type of candidate you want and ensure that every phrase you put on that web page of the activity description has a reason to be there.

explain the working relationships in your job descriptions

It’s miles critical to provide an explanation for the running relationships and running lines in job descriptions to clarify the responsibilities of the candidate by using describing who the candidate reviews and who, if everybody, reports to them. that is essential because it shall we the candidate realize their region within the hierarchy of the organization and the way the agency and branch are structured. also, appropriate working relationships are essential for employee integration and nicely-being so it might be comforting for a capacity new worker to recognize wherein they will healthy in if a success.

Consider giving an illustration of the scale of the department as well for your job description. a few human beings might be get rid of by means of a branch of 30 employees whereas others might respect having a massive crew. you could even pass one step in addition and include a branch organizational chart to your job description, although this is in no manner obligatory.

let your job description reflect the voice of your company

Every business enterprise has its very own cost gadget, morals, and other elements that determine how they operate. to draw more applicants to process listings, job descriptions ought to stand out by means of imparting a visual and wonderful agency voice. This needs to be seen in every phase and component of your activity description so that after someone starts of evolved reading the task description they have got an idea of what you represent. Describe your business enterprise’s HR solution tradition in tiny details for your task description so that you can attract the kind of candidate on the way to match in.

You need to also be conscious of range close to the form of character you want to get into the location for your office. discover approximately other values you may add to your task description so it may be extra appealing to a large choice of candidates. You need people with new ideas, distinct methods of doing things, candidates who will assign the reputation quo and strive to make a difference. In short, appeal to unique styles of human beings along with your task description.

hint on growth and development in your job description

Everybody wants to work in a company in which they can make a contribution, grow, and improve their careers. one of the satisfactory approaches pinnacle businesses recruits exquisite abilities is assuring them of the possibility for increase and development. while writing your job description, hint on how the job will make contributions to enterprise objectives, the potential for groups and operational development, and approaches the candidate’s function will help upload to that. The process description has to lure formidable people who are attracted by using the possible possibilities cited within the activity description.

Talk about your corporation on your activity description: what your agency is doing within the larger industry to put in force new technology so that it will spur boom, and how the candidate’s talents will help the employer obtain their cause. Your task description ought to also attempt to attract applicants who are movement-driven and want to be part of a company this is revolutionary. statistics ought to be included on organizations’ projected boom boom in job descriptions and candidates ought to be invited to be part of a group to obtain new milestones within the corporation.

do not add a salary amount to a job description

It isn’t an amazing concept to add a income to task descriptions. as a substitute, a company ought to include a aggressive income range to the process description that works with their business enterprise’s HR answer desires.

list the benefits in your job description

Applicants need a compelling reason to depart their current company, where they are possibly very comfortable and have positive blessings granted for years of provider. provide them a purpose to pick out your enterprise over their present day one. Use the job description to give the perks that come with the process (bonuses, repayment for achieving objectives, healthcare, savings plans, crew-building occasions or journeys, gifts given to employees at Christmas, as an instance). The blessings are regularly the real pull to a corporation if they are thrilling, particularly bonuses, as they can frequently top up a profits notably and are very appealing to capacity recruits.

end your job description with a proposition

Job descriptions are like an income pitch and you could use a call to motion at the cease of your task description to reel your potential applicants in and impel them to take the next step and observe for the task. Make the steps of the utility manner simple so one can act fast.

Career In Sports

Sports is a thrilling and wholesome activity game to many, however, if the game is surely one’s passion it could be a totally profitable and satisfying career too. It turned into traditionally considered as an interest particularly in India however now it is taken as a severe professional alternative.

The achievement of sports activities people in a recent international carrying occasion has brought the point of interest to sports careers. sports activities help you to make your frame bodily match and preserve your mind good. if you choose sports activities as a career, it also offers plenty of reputation and cash.

you can make a profession in any sports activities area relying on what sports activities you take up as your knowledge. various sports fields are Cricket, Badminton, Volleyball, football, Basketball, Boxing, Gymnastics, Hockey, Table Tennis, Wrestling, cycling, etc.

1982 changed into a watershed yr for the increase and development of sports in India. The first time, the Asian video games were hosted in Delhi in India.

courses and duration

As a sports person, you may get training from various establishments of sports activities Authority of India. In India, there are various institutes and academies under the sports activities Authority of India (SAI) that impart schooling to younger abilities to transform them into proficient sports activities for men and women. aside from SAI, there are many state ranges and private corporations that help sports activities enthusiasts.

Diploma Course:

  • Diploma in Sports Medicine
  • Diploma in Sports Coaching
  • Diploma in Sports Management
  • Diploma in Sports Science & Nutrition

Undergraduate Courses:

  • B.Sc in Physical Education, Health Education and Sports Sciences
  • Bachelor of Physical education
  • Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Sports Management
  • B.Sc (Hons) in Sports Science
  • B.Sc in Sports and Recreation Management
  • Bachelor of Sports Management (BSM)
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in Sports Management

Postgraduate Course:

  • Master of Physical education
  • M.Sc in Sports Coaching
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Medicine
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Business
  • MBA in Sports Management
  • Master of Sports Management (MSM)
  • M.Sc in Sports Science

Doctoral Degree Courses:

  • Ph.D in Physical Education
  • M.Phill in Physical Education
  • Ph.D in Sports Management

Top Colleges in India offer study in Sports:

  • National Institute of Sports, Patiala
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, New Delhi
  • Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior
  • Lakshmibai National College for Physical Education, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Tata Football Academy, Jamshedpur
  • National Cricket Academy, Bangalore
  • Delhi University

Skills required to become a sports person:

  • Physical Energy and Stamina
  • Energetic
  • Enthusiastic
  • Physically fit
  • Patience
  • Sporting Spirit
Eligibility & Admission
  • You have to go after 12th examination and done a graduation degree in Physical Education with a physically fit body and energetic.
  • You will get admission in UG course after completing 10+2 examination.
  • If you are interested to do PG courses, then you have to pass your graduation degree.
  • After MBBS Degree, you can appear for the Diploma course in Sports Medicine.
  • Generally, admissions will be based on the merit list. The merit list shall be drawn on the basis of marks obtained in the qualifying examination.

Association and Organization of sports:

  • National Basketball Association
  • National Hockey League
  • National Football League
  • All India Tennis Association
  • National Institute of Sports
  • Indian Olympic Association
career and jobs

Sports activities opened up many professional opportunities for younger competencies in India. To emerge as a sports activities character, having a talent in the selected recreation is very crucial. along with talent, robust willpower, and perseverance in wishes.
For each sports activities character, it’s miles a dream to represent their country at the international degree. you may start your profession at college and university level and start play at the country degree, regional level after which explores opportunities at countrywide and global ranges.

other than clearly being an energetic sportsman, then different career possibilities are game advertising, training, athletic administration, sports activities remedy, game advertising, recreation psychology, and so on.

sports character may be employed in the private and public sectors. The Indian government and armed forces additionally have special recruitment drives for wonderful wearing talent. you could additionally set up your personal commercial enterprise in manufacturing of sports activities equipment after gaining enjoy in this field.

Job Profiles:

  • Teacher
  • Biomechanics
  • Sport psychologist
  • Sport journalist
  • Sports Player
  • Sports Coach & Instructor
  • Commentator
  • Sports Photographer
  • Personal Trainer
  • Professional Athlete
  • Physical Education Teacher
  • Health Advice Officer
  • Health & Public Services Leader

Some regions wherein you could locate jobs of sports field are stated here:

  • Media, Sports & Advertising Companies
  • Sports Management Industry
  • Educational Institutions & Colleges
  • Merchandising (Retail) Companies

The income of the sports persons totally depends on the game recreation that he has selected. inside the sports activities discipline, the variety of years of revel in isn’t always simply rely on, however also the sports person capability to deliver extraordinary performance continuously. beginning salary of the sports activities character is approx Rs. 3 Lac to Rs 5 Lac per 12 months. when you become a celeb sportsman, you may earn in crores in line with annum. The revenue also relies upon your process profile.

Walk longer live longer

Your heart could be a muscle that beats 24 hours on a daily basis for a lifetime but like all muscles, it must be exercised in order that it can pump more blood each beat and save all of your energy. An unfit heart has more work to try and do. Then even simple tasks like walking to the shops or carrying the shopping bags can become quite tiring but if you exercise aerobically, then your muscles can use oxygen more efficiently, your heart pumps more blood with each and every beat and it doesn’t beat as fast. aerobics is important for your heart.

Walking is that the safest and best cardiopulmonary exercise for your heart because it’s easy to start a walking program and simple to stay up. Walking is an exercise that you just can safely do for the remainder of your life.

Your heart will benefit most from the sort of activity that builds up stamina. The vigorous effort of activity builds up stamina. The vigorous effort of moving your muscles rhythmically creates a greater demand for oxygen within the blood, and more work for the guts and lungs.

research by country exercise physiologist Dr. Adrinne hardman and her colleagues at Loughborough University found that fat level within the blood after a fatty meal was lower in folks that had taken a brisk walk the day before. Volunteers who took a two-hour brisk walk the day before a meal had 30 percent less dietary fats in their blood than after they eat similar food on a daily basis without exercise. And early suggests similar benefits from brisk walking after a meal. It seems that brisk walking helps clear, dangerous fats from the blood and cuts the risks of clogged arteries. So walking is that the best medicine is you have got.

They say that adulthood puts wrinkles on our minds than our faces. you’re as old as you’re feeling. within the fight against aging, mental fitness is as important as good condition. Mental fitness gets you up and going for a walk, mental fitness gives you a brand new attitude, a replacement outlook on life, mental fitness gives you the drive and energy to create plans for a healthy future.

Many people drift into maturity as if it’s inevitable. they create financial plans for his or her time of life and retirement but they do not give identical consideration to a physical plan so as to enjoy these years to the complete. They drift into their middle and later years sitting around and awaiting a heart failure when what they ought to be doing is following an exercise and diet plan they must be doing is following an exercise and diet decide to help them enjoy life to the complete. A sedentary lifestyle is taken into account so bad, that the American association on a par with high force per unit area, high blood cholesterol. They found that the smallest amount of active people are almost twice as likely to own cardiovascular disease because the most active.

Just walk and have an honest breathe and remind yourself that this very moment is that the only one you recognize you have got needless to say.


Fruit and vegetable contain important vitamins ,minerals and plant chemicals

They also contain fibre .There are many varieteies  of fruits and vegetable available and many way to prepare ,cook and serve them .A diet high in fruit and vegetables can available and many ways to prepare ,cook and serve them.A diet high in fruit and vegetable can help protect you against cancer ,diabetics and heart disease


eating fruit provides health benefit people who eat more fruits and vegetable as part of an overall healthy diet are likely to have a reduced risk of some chronic disease.Fruits provide nutriets vital for health and maintsince of your  body.most fruit are naturally low in fat.

International panic day

Begun as sort of a ‘mock’ holiday, this idea was put together with the intention of offering a day to shake off the natural state of panic in the lives of many people today. It is a day to sit back, relax and try to let some of that stress and panic melt away.

Although it might be a ‘fun’ little way to address it, panic is a serious topic. In fact, panic disorder is a mental health issue that may affect up to 2% of the population in certain countries. Women are more likely to succumb to panic than men, and the condition is very treatable, particularly when the person affected is armed with self-care tactics while sticking to a healthful diet.

International Panic Day has been taken on by many countries throughout the world to raise awareness of struggles with mental illness. It is meant to encourage people to slow down, relax and get the help they might need if they are, indeed, struggling with panic. The best measures, however, are preventative!

Celebrate International Panic Day by taking time to intentionally focus on reducing stress and taking some time off!


Water has always been the essential requirement for all lives. Be it humans, animals or plants, water is one of the quintessential commodity for everyone. It is even believed that water is the reason some of the creature were created million years ago. As we all know, human beings are made up of 75% of water.

Now, as the population has grown and civilization has improved multifold, water has also become a business venture where it is sold at the price quoted by the monopoly and poor people are forced to buy because they have no other go. All the water resources have been exploited by the so called MNCs and are used to their advantage to expand their empire. Long queues can be seen and the common water-tap fights are increasing day by day for the procurement of water.

Photo by Anna Tarazevich on Pexels.com

Recently, a swarm of dead bodies of Covid-19 patients was found in the banks of Ganga river. It was so heartbreaking in two ways. First, it was devastating for the families of the dead to claim and cremate their bodies. Then, the water body has gotten so contaminated that, we don’t know when it can be put to use again. This is very bad because most of North India depend on Ganga and its distributaries for water supply.

Since human found that water may not be the thing that will last forever, he either stock piled it or created a business of it. Even the conflict between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka was because of water, because it originated from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu depends on it.

It is true that world is covered with 71% of water but only 3% of that is fresh water. Even then, 1.2% is readily available, rest is frozen in the form of glaciers, and ice. 3% may seem a lot less, but that is enough for the life to thrive on earth.

So, what can be done to correct? First step would be to remove the discrepancies between the concentration of water from one area to another. There are places where water is available in plenty and there are also places where people have to walk kilometers to get water to even drink. Second, exploitation of water resources should be stopped. The process of procurement of water should be monopolized by the water which can be then later distributed to public equally.

The other important point would be planning of catching the rainwater and reduce wastage as much as possible. To increase rain, trees should be planted more and more. Ultimately, it all does a full circle and comes to the point where every element in environment are depended on each other. Humans should be careful about how the demolish the balance of nature, lest they will be stranded in the end.

Reliance Jio and Bharti Airtel kick off 5G network trials in India

#Reliance jio #bhartiairtel

Reliance Jio has commenced 5G trials in Mumbai as it races with rival Bharti Airtel to introduce the mobile technology in India. While Jio’s trials in Mumbai are being carried out using indigenously developed technology, the company has tied up with multinational vendors, including Ericsson, Nokia, and Samsung for trials in Delhi, Pune, and Gujarat.

The Department of Telecommunications had in May allocated 5G trial spectrum in 700-megahertz (MHz), 3.2-3.6-gigahertz (GHz), and 24.25-28.5-GHz bands to Airtel, Jio, and Vodafone Idea to develop India-specific use-cases. Jio is using standalone 5G architecture for its trials and this will include testing of core and radio network for peak speed, latency, and data loads, said a source.

Tests in other cities will commence soon and will need to be completed in six months, according to the spectrum licence conditions. Last year, the Mukesh Ambani-led company had tied up with Qualcomm to develop open and interoperable interface-compliant. 5G solutions and had achieved 1 gigabits per second (Gbps) download speed during the tests. According to industry sources, Airtel too has started testing 5G trials in Gurugram in partnership with communication service provider Ericsson. The tests demonstrated a throughput of over 1 Gbps during the live trial, said sources. New postpaid fibre plans Reliance Jio on Tuesday launched its postpaid fibre plans for broadband internet with zero upfront entry cost. The plans are priced upwards of Rs 399 and are available with 6-12 month options. Customers will get a set-top box and up to 15 paid over-the-top applications on plans priced Rs 999 and above

latest technology: Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. AI is an interdisciplinary science with multiple approaches, but advancements in machine learning and deep learning are creating a paradigm shift in virtually every sector of the tech industry. 

Less than a decade after breaking the Nazi encryption machine Enigma and helping the Allied Forces win World War II, mathematician Alan Turing changed history a second time with a simple question: “Can machines think?” 

Turing’s paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” (1950), and its subsequent Turing Test, established the fundamental goal and vision of artificial intelligence.   

At its core, AI is the branch of computer science that aims to answer Turing’s question in the affirmative. It is the endeavor to replicate or simulate human intelligence in machines.

The expansive goal of artificial intelligence has given rise to many questions and debates. So much so, that no singular definition of the field is universally accepted.  

The major limitation in defining AI as simply “building machines that are intelligent” is that it doesn’t actually explain what artificial intelligence is? What makes a machine intelligent?

In their groundbreaking textbook Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, authors Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig approach the question by unifying their work around the theme of intelligent agents in machines. With this in mind, AI is “the study of agents that receive percepts from the environment and perform actions.”

Norvig and Russell go on to explore four different approaches that have historically defined the field of AI: 

  1. Thinking humanly
  2. Thinking rationally
  3. Acting humanly 
  4. Acting rationally

The first two ideas concern thought processes and reasoning, while the others deal with behavior. Norvig and Russell focus particularly on rational agents that act to achieve the best outcome, noting “all the skills needed for the Turing Test also allow an agent to act rationally.”

Patrick Winston, the Ford professor of artificial intelligence and computer science at MIT, defines AI as  “algorithms enabled by constraints, exposed by representations that support models targeted at loops that tie thinking, perception and action together.”

“AI is a computer system able to perform tasks that ordinarily require human intelligence… Many of these artificial intelligence systems are powered by machine learning, some of them are powered by deep learning and some of them are powered by very boring things like rules.”

Ancient History

India’s history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. Available evidence suggests that the use of iron, copper and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian sub-continent at a fairly early period, which is indicative of the progress that this part of the world had made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.

The Indus Valley Civilization

The History of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization, more precisely known as Harappan Civilization. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, what today is Pakistan and Western India. The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. Nothing was known about this civilization till 1920s when the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Mohenjodaro and Harappa were unearthed. The ruins of buildings and other things like household articles, weapons of war, gold and silver ornaments, seals, toys, pottery wares, etc., show that some four to five thousand years ago a highly developed Civilization flourished in this region.

The Indus valley civilization was basically an urban civilization and the people lived in well-planned and well-built towns, which were also the centers for trade. The ruins of Mohenjodaro and Harappa show that these were magnificent merchant cities-well planned, scientifically laid, and well looked after. They had wide roads and a well-developed drainage system. The houses were made of baked bricks and had two or more storeys.

The highly civilized Harappans knew the art of growing cereals, and wheat and barley constituted their staple food. They consumed vegetables and fruits and ate mutton, pork and eggs as well. Evidences also show that they wore cotton as well as woolen garments. By 1500 BC, the Harappan culture came to an end. Among various causes ascribed to the decay of Indus Valley Civilization are the recurrent floods and other natural causes like earthquake, etc.

Vedic Civilization

The Vedic civilization is the earliest civilization in the history of ancient India. It is named after the Vedas, the early literature of the Hindu people. The Vedic Civilization flourished along the river Saraswati, in a region that now consists of the modern Indian states of Haryana and Punjab. Vedic is synonymous with Hinduism, which is another name for religious and spiritual thought that has evolved from the Vedas.

The Ramayana and Mahabharata were the two great epics of this period.

The Buddhist Era

During the life time of Lord Gautam Buddha, sixteen great powers (Mahajanpadas) existed in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC. Among the more important republics were the Sakyas of Kapilavastu and the Licchavis of Vaishali.

Alexander’s Invasion

In 326 BC, Alexander invaded India, after crossing the river Indus he advanced towards Taxila. He then challenged king Porus , ruler of the kingdom between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab. The Indians were defeated in the fierce battle, even though they fought with elephants, which the Macedonians had never before seen. Alexander captured Porus and, like the other local rulers he had defeated, allowed him to continue to govern his territory.

Gupta Dynasty

After the Kushanas, the Guptas were the most important dynasty. The Gupta period has been described as the Golden Age of Indian history. The first famous king of the Gupta dynasty was Ghatotkacha’s son Chandragupta I. He married Kumaradevi, the daughter of the chief of the Licchavis. This marriage was a turning point in the life of Chandragupta I. He got Pataliputra in dowry from the Lichhavis. From Pataliputra, he laid the foundation of his empire and started conquering many neighbouring states with the help of the Licchavis. He ruled over Magadha (Bihar), Prayaga and Saketa (east Uttar Pradesh). His kingdom extended from the river Ganges to Allahabad. Chandragupta I also got the title of Maharajadhiraja (King of Kings) and ruled for about fifteen years.


With the commencement of the 7th century, Harshavardhana (606-647 A.D.) ascended the throne of Thaneshwar and Kannauj on the death of his brother, Rajyavardhana. By 612 Harshavardhana consolidated his kingdom in northern India.

In 620 A.D. Harshavardhana invaded the Chalukya kingdom in the Deccan, which was then ruled by Pulakesin II. But the Chalukya resistance proved tough for Harshavardhana and he was defeated. Harshavardhana is well known for his religious toleration, able administration and diplomatic relations. He maintained diplomatic relations with China and sent envoys, who exchanged ideas of the Chinese rulers and developed their knowledge about each other.

Job : computer science graduate?

Computer technologies are integral to modern life, so you’re likely to find your computer science skills in high demand across many different industries. These include financial organizations, management consultancy firms, software houses, communications companies, data warehouses, multinational companies, governmental agencies, universities and hospitals. 

As always, it’s extremely beneficial to have completed relevant work experience. You should also consider compiling a portfolio of your own independent projects outside of your degree, which could be in the form of programming, moderating online or even building an app.

IT consultant 

Working in partnership with clients, an IT consultant advises clients on the planning, design, installation and usage of information technology systems to meet their business objectives, overcome problems or improve the structure and efficiency of their IT systems.

As you represent a broad role in IT, your job will be similar to that of systems analysts, systems designers and applications programmers, whose roles are more specialized but nonetheless work on a consultancy basis.

You may also become involved in sales and business development, identifying potential clients and maintaining good business contacts. There is fierce competition in this role, so gaining work experience in a commercial environment would help increase your prospects.

Cybersecurity consultant 

Depending on what computer science specializations you studied during your degree, you may wish to specialize as a cybersecurity consultant or an information security specialist. Maintaining cyber security has become increasingly important, so in this role you will focus on understanding the risks to the security of information or data.

You’ll analyze where security breaches may occur or have occurred, and restore or reinforce systems against such breaches, to ensure that confidential data is protected. This role could include ‘ethical hacking’, meaning deliberately attempting to hack into your employer’s network to expose any weaknesses. Alternatively, you could work as a computer forensics analyst or investigator to combat the increasing phenomenon of cyber-crime.

Information systems manager 

A similar role to an IT consultant, an information systems manager is usually a full-time member of staff, responsible for the secure and effective operation of computer systems within their company. You’ll be responsible (perhaps with the help of a team of IT staff) for the entire upkeep of the ICT infrastructure within your organization, with typical tasks involving the overseeing of system installation; ensuring systems are backed-up and that the back-up systems are operating effectively; purchasing hardware and software; setting up secure access for all users; ensuring security of data from internal and external attack; and providing IT support and advice for users. 

You’ll need to make sure the ICT facilities meet the needs of your company and are current, while remaining within a set budget, and within all relevant software licensing laws. You may also need an understanding of business and management principles in order to contribute to organizational policy regarding quality standards and strategic planning in relation to IT.

Database administrator 

database administrator (DBA) is responsible for accurately and securely using, developing and maintaining the performance, integrity and security of a computerized database. The specific role is always determined by the organization in question but is likely to mean being involved purely in database maintenance or specialized in database development. 

The role is also dependent on the type of database and processes and capabilities of the database management systems (DBMS) in use in your particular organization.

Typically, this role includes ensuring data remains consistent, is clearly defined, easily accessible, is secure and can be recovered in an emergency. You’ll also be required to troubleshoot should any problems arise; liaise with programmers, operational staff, IT project managers and technical staff; provide user training, support and feedback; and write reports, documentation and operating manuals.

Multimedia programmer 

multimedia programmer is responsible for designing and creating multimedia computer products, making sure they’re functional and maintaining fidelity to a designer’s specification. You’ll use creative as well as technical skills to develop multimedia features including text, sound, graphics, digital photography, 2D/3D modelling, animation and video. 

You’ll need to work with the designer to understand the design concept, discuss how it can be technically implemented, identify the operational rules necessary, write efficient computer code or script to make the features work, run tests of the product to test for bugs and rewrite or add new code if necessary.

You’ll also be available for technical support after the product is completed and need to keep abreast of industry news and developments in order to suggest and implement improvements.

Personality development tips

1.Know you are incomparable

You bring your self-esteem down by comparing yourself with others. That shrivels your personality and does not let your strengths blossom . Know that you and the other person are unique and are just incomparable.

2.Be kind to yourself

We are taught to be kind to others. Yet, many of us fail to be kind to ourselves. Studies show that self-compassion brings positive traits like optimism, extroversion, wisdom, happiness, positivity and resilience. According to Emma Seppala, research psychologist at Stanford University, self-compassion involves three steps:

  • Recognize that you deserve care and concern like anyone else and that is why you must be kind and understanding with oneself.
  • Recognize that making mistakes and failing is part of life. So, do not be hard on yourself when you commit a mistake or fail and indulge in self-critical thoughts.
  • Be aware of one’s emotions and feelings.

Contrary to popular belief, self-compassion does not mean letting yourself off the hook. Rather, it means taking corrective action, albeit without being too self-critical.

3.Give space to imperfection

People and situations always do not fit in your frame of perfection. Often, that makes one agitated and angry, eventually diminishing the strength of their personality. So, find your peace amidst the world’s flaws even as you strive to make a change.

4.Be spontaneous

Spontaneity makes one to be fun around. However, do not confuse being spontaneous with being impulsive. Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar says, that while the former is the key to success, the latter can causes disasters. So, how do you be truly spontaneous? By being cent percent aware in the present moment.

5.Be light in mind and heart

Don’t overthink and overanalyze. Neither let any negativity like shame, anger, jealousy or greed stay in your consciousness for too long. Instead, learn to take it easy; forgive easily and drop grudges against people as soon as they pop up.

6.Stay enthusiastic

Enthusiasm is infectious and appealing. That is why everyone loves kids. Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar says, that despite adverse situations in life, one must never give up their enthusiasm.

7.Be a better communicator

A couplet in Kannada says that words can create laughter and can also create enmity. A skillful communicator can win over people and adverse situations. So, bring clarity in your communication. Learn how you can be an excellent communicator with these tips from Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.

8.Be warm and approachable

We all like people with whom we can easily mingle and talk to. No one likes a person who responds with a straight face. So, learn to be warm. Flash that smile more often. Be friendly and be ready to share and help.

9.Do things with style

Doing things with style adds zing to your personality. The secret to doing things with style lies in working with passion and a relaxed mind. So, while you work at something, don’t let anything distract you from putting all your energy into it. At the same time, stay relaxed.

10.Learn to let go

After you’re done with a task, let go of your attachment with the result. When you let go, you become free, calm and relaxed – attributes of a strong personality.


Covid third wave will not pose greater threat to children, reveals WHO-AIIMS survey

Children attend class organised during relaxation hours of Covid-19 lockdown in Jammu.

The WHO-AIIMS seroprevalence study revealed SARS-CoV-2 sero-positivity rate to be high among children and comparable to the adult population. A probable third wave of a prevalent Covid-19 virus variant will not disproportionately affect children than adults, showed a joint study by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).

The seroprevalence study revealed SARS-CoV-2 sero-positivity rate to be high among children and comparable to the adult population. The survey covered a total sample size of 10,000 across five selected states. Data of 4,500 participants from four states in India were taken for the results of the time of midterm analysis. More results are expected to come in the next two to three months.

The study found highest reported seroprevalence in any sero-assessment ever in South Delhi’s urban areas at 74.7 per cent, informed Dr Puneet Misra, Professor of Community Medicine at AIIMS, New Delhi, who led the survey.

Even before the second wave, children below the age of 18 in South Delhi had shown seroprevalence as high as 73.9 per cent. “These areas in Delhi and NCR (Faridabad) may have higher seroprevalence after the intense second wave. Probably, these levels of seroprevalence may be protective against any ‘third wave’,” Dr Misra said.

“In congested urban areas of Delhi, since children already have high seroprevalence, opening schools, may after all not be a very risky proposition. During the second wave, the NCR region of Faridabad (rural area) has a seroprevalence of 59.3 per cent (almost equal in both age groups), could be considered high compared to previous national surveys,” the survey said. Gorakhpur Rural showed a very high seroprevalence of 87.9 per cent in the age group 2-18 years) with 80.6 per cent and above 18 years with 90.3 per cent. These levels are likely to ward off the “third wave”. The survey established that rural areas have been mostly affected in, which means more chances of herd immunity.

The accelerated peaks and precipitous decline in Covid-19 cases in both Delhi and Uttar Pradesh could be explained partially by these findings. Overall, more than half (62.3 per cent) of the rural population surveyed showed evidence of past infection. The Agartala Rural site showed the least seroprevalence at 51.9 per cent. This was probably because it also included some tribal population which generally have lower mobility, translating into lower vulnerability to Covid-19 infection.


The central government on Tuesday confirmed that it has detected a mutation in the delta variant of SARS CoV2 virus which has emerged into an additional strain named as Delta Plus.

Confirming that the Delta variant played a crucial role in the second wave of the covid-19 pandemic, the government said that it has submitted the information to the global data system.

It has been seen in Europe since March and was brought into the public domain two days ago on June 13. Delta variant played a major role in the pandemic. Delta Plus is a variant of interest, but not a variant of concern,” said Dr Vinod Paul Member (Health) in NITI Aayog and Chair of the National Expert Group on Vaccine Administration for covid-19 (NEGVAC) at a press briefing.

The government said that INSACOG (Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia) will keep a strict vigil on the new variant. Meanwhile the number of covid-19 cases are steadily in the country with the trajectory of the pandemic declining. India reported over 60,471 daily new cases in last 24 hours, lowest after 75 days with 2733 deaths due to coronavirus.

The Evolution of the Human Brain

The human brain did not evolve for life in a delayed-return environment.

The earliest remains of modern humans, known as Homo sapiens sapiens, are approximately two hundred thousand years old. These were the first humans to have a brain relatively similar to ours. In particular, the neocortex—the newest part of the brain and the region responsible for higher functions like language—was roughly the same size two hundred thousand years ago as today. You are walking around with the same hardware as your Paleolithic ancestors.

Compared to the age of the brain, modern society is incredibly new. It is only recently—during the last 500 years or so—that our society has shifted to a predominantly Delayed Return Environment. The pace of change has increased exponentially compared to prehistoric times. In the last 100 years we have seen the rise of the car, the airplane, the television, the personal computer, the Internet, and Beyonce. Nearly everything that makes up your daily life has been created in a very small window of time.

A lot can happen in 100 years. From the perspective of evolution, however, 100 years is nothing. The modern human brain spent hundreds of thousands of years evolving for one type of environment (immediate returns) and in the blink of an eye the entire environment changed (delayed returns). Your brain was designed to value immediate returns.

How to Design a Better Environment

There are many ways to design an environment that promotes success.

Here are three strategies:

First, automate good decisions. Whenever possible, design an environment that makes good decisions for you. For example, buying smaller plates can help you lose weight by deciding portion size for you. A study from Brian Wansink at Cornell University found that people eat 22 percent less food by switching from 12-inch dinner plates to 10-inch plates. Similarly, using software to block social media sites can help overcome procrastination by putting your willpower on autopilot.

Second, get in the flow. A few years ago, PetSmart changed their checkout process. After swiping their credit card, customers were shown a screen that asked if they wanted to donate to “help save homeless animals.” Through this single strategy, PetSmart Charities raised $40 million in a year.

You can apply a similar strategy by designing an environment where good habits “get in the flow” of your normal behaviors. For example, if you want to practice a musical instrument, you could place it in the middle of your living room. Similarly, you are more likely to go to the gym if it is literally on the way home from work than if the gym is only five minutes away, but in the opposite direction of your commute. Whenever possible, design your habits so they fit in the flow of your current patterns.

Third, subtract the negative influences. Ancient farmers didn’t have the opportunity to remove the barriers that held them back, but you do. For example, Japanese television manufacturers rearranged their workspaces to save time by eliminating unnecessary turning, bending, and swiveling. You can also reduce the negative influences in your environment. For example, you can make it easier to avoid unhealthy foods by storing them in less visible places. (Foods that are placed at eye level tend to be purchased and eaten more frequently

The Remarkable Power of Environment

When agriculture began to spread around the globe, farmers had an easier time expanding along east-west routes than along north-south ones. This is because locations along the same latitude generally share similar climates, amounts of sunlight and rainfall, and changes in season. These factors allowed farmers in Europe and Asia to domesticate a few crops and grow them along the entire stretch of land from France to China.

By comparison, the climate varies greatly when traveling from north to south. Just imagine how different the weather is in Florida compared to Canada. You can be the most talented farmer in the world, but it won’t help you grow Florida oranges in the Canadian winter. Snow is a poor substitute for soil. In order to spread crops along north-south routes, farmers would need to find and domesticate new plants whenever the climate changed.

As a result, agriculture spread two to three times faster across Asia and Europe than it did up and down the Americas. Over the span of centuries, this small difference had a very big impact. Increased food production allowed for more rapid population growth. With more people, these cultures were able to build stronger armies and were better equipped to develop new technologies. The changes started out small—a crop that spread slightly farther, a population that grew slightly faster—but compounded into substantial differences over time.

Blackmarketing of Medicines

Medicines are one of the most basic requirement for any patient who is suffering from any disease. In the current situation, When the world is suffering from a global pandemic our health sector has been under constant pressure. The pressure of saving multiple lives fighting everyday to continue breathing overcoming all the odds faced by them and their families.

Doctors, Nurses, pharmacist and other hospital staff are the ones who are working extra hours to control the spread of virus. In market, When the world is fighting and standing together against the virus, Some people wants to take advantage from the situation. In the second wave of COVID-19 in India, There were visuals where one injection was sold for 1,00,000 INR despite being the MRP of the injection was very low. Drastic situation faced by the people in India, when nobody was getting a bed in the hospital for their family members on time. Oxygen cylinder were sold for almost five times the original price in some of the areas in India. People used to stand in a queue to fill their cylinders so that their loved ones will not die because of the scarcity of Oxygen.

Despite the warning by government, People had crossed all the limits of humanity. Gaining profit in such difficult situation was the main agenda by black marketers. Stocks of medicines were not available at the pharmacy or local medical stores. It was stocked by people who were doing business and gaining profit by risking the lives of people from their own country. The biggest sin is to take advantage from other’s bad times. It is the time to stand in unity, support other’s with whatever we can and spread the awareness to always wear a mask.

These situations can be faced by any of us. As a country, Our main responsibility is to stop such criminal practices happening in India. Those who are doing it should be punished for risking so much lives at stake for their personal benefit. Government should take some strict actions against them so that it stops immediately. Being a responsible citizen, It is our duty to not let anyone do such offensive and criminal act in front of us.Life is very precious, It becomes very hard for ones who lose their loved ones. We all should pledge support our frontline workers in this challenge.

“Please wear mask if not for you then for your family .”




The major cause of rare genetic disorders is attributed to intra-family marriages. First-cousin marriages have a higher risk of genetic diseases and intra-family marriages are too common .




There are more than 100 groups of disorders that pass through genes when close intra-family marriages happen. Culturally and historically, marriages between cousins are too common and these disorders keep on passing through genes to the next generation. Around 70% of marriages are cousin marriages or consanguineous marriages and every year hundreds are cases of genetic disorders emerge.




Islam, the major religion of the state does not prohibit people to marry outside of family or cast but due to illiteracy and caste issues many families prefer to marry in families and not outside. Due to these illiterate minds, harmful diseases are allowed to pass onto newborns which must be declared criminal negligence.


According to doctors, every couple should have a genetic test before marriage, because of deficiencies store in special compartments of body cells. The material building in each lysosome swells and occupies much space in the cell that leads to many other problems in cellular function and that is how diseases pass on.


Experts say that if these diseases are passed to a child, they will get some kind of abnormality. That can be mental abnormality or enlargement of somebody’s organs which may lead the child to die with a critical health condition.




More than 70 percent of the total marriages are in the same families. This tradition is observed like a religious obligation but in reality, it is not. A major consequence of this tradition is the prevalence of Thalassemia in the country which is a blood disorder. It can be treated by blood transfusions and iron chelation.


In a recent interview with a doctor, the doctor said that if one parent carries some disease in genes, the disease does not pass. But if both parents carry the same disease; which is generally common in intra-family marriages; there is a high chance that the defected genes will be passed on to the child.


In recent years, more than 50 children died due to the genetic disorders that emerged in first-cousin marriages. Last year, three brothers were brought to a hospital for treatment of some disability. It was found out that their family members were highly superstitious and did not approve of marriages out of the family. The three boys were born normal but later they developed the disability.


The government should allocate funds to research genetic disorders due to intra-family marriages. According to doctors, awareness should be spread about the dangers of marriages within families. First-cousin marriages should be banned as it is causing many diseases that are harmful to the future of the young generation. The government is requested to take initiative over this drastic issue and all people should be given the choice to choose their life partners outside of the family as well.


“Cousins are usually the first friends we have as children . No one will ever understand your crazy family like your cousin’s do even if u have not talked to much lately”


90s and early 2000s tv shows That We Still Remember

Do you recollect those magnificent shows that were a piece of your childhood? Generally, circulated on the couple of stations that existed then, at that point: Star Plus, Disney, Nickelodeon, and Pogo! Wouldn’t you say they were stunning? Something new, exciting, and interesting, just as how our body tickers were customized dependent on their broadcast appointment! Do you took that evening snooze and completing our homework as fast as we can just to watch shakalaka boom boom at 7 pm?

To pay tribute to those brilliant occasions, let us go on an outing down the world of fond memories, will we?

Shakalaka Boom boom

Goodness let’s go, you need to recollect this! “Hi main sanju, mera secret hai Magic Pencil” sounds familiar yet? Star Plus was the best TV channel during the early long periods of this century. There is this Magic Pencil, Sanju utilizes on whatever surface, drawing totally frightful dolls, and lo! That item would show up all new and gleaming before him. Like a wand, an imaginative wand, which Sanju and his pack use in their ordinary adventures.

Concur or not this TV show more likely than not caused you to trust in the presence of a magic pencil that could transform simple representations into unique items.

Son pari

‘Dekho aai aai aai, Sona son pari aai, Ittu Bittu Jhim Patuta’

The show continued for quite a long time, and was cherished all through, be it the puerile homegrown scenes or when Fruity goes through stories like ‘Snow White and Seven Dwarfs’ and ‘Red riding Hood’. Very adolescent, yet astonishing, no?


Recall the sorcery spell – ‘shring bhring sarvaling, bhoot bhavishya vartmaan badling… ‘ from Shararat: Thoda Jaadu, Thodi Nazakat, the Indian side project of Bewitched.(again a Star Plus show!) Nani, Radha (the mother), Jiah(the excellent girl) were all pixies. Nani had this specific side interest of bothering her child in-law Suraj and the coy neighbor Shanti.

You still remember satire where Radha and Nani attempt to acclimate Jiah with her recently procured powers, however her spells consistently fizzled. Farida Jalal in Nani’s character has been so astonishing, the show is as yet a top choice.


Indians tracked down their own hero in Shaktimaan. The show, which was circulated indeed during the lockdown, won everybody’s hearts with the entertaining storyline. Entertainer Mukesh Khanna, who played Shaktimaan and his change sense of self Gangadhar, made a spot for himself even in the children’s hearts.

Dekh bhai dekh

A family with a wide range of characteristics! Wow what a cast astonishing comic timing. Every 90s kids have reseminance of “is rang badalti duniya mein kya tera hai kya mera hai , dekh bhai dekh” so true situation of today’s time. Conflicts between three ages living in one major home and their basic every day life inconveniences made for wonderful entertaining survey.


When Jackie and chakki’s exclaimed “Bade log base log”. Spinning around a Gujarati family for certain interesting characters handling their little and huge regular issues in an untypical way. It was so adored by the crowd that it had numerous seasons and later on motion pictures too dependent on a similar plot.

Hum paanch

This show had an ideal formula for parody. Hum Paanch included a pestering spouse, five broken girls with their own one of a kind methods of seeing life, a talking picture of the dead first wife, and in the midst of every one of them the husband discovering it truly difficult to get by in the female-overwhelmed house!

Tu Tu Main Main

As a predominant relative and, to coordinate with her, a similarly disorderly girl in-law, Reema Lagoo and Supriya Pilgaonkar won the hearts of watchers with this satire show. Portraying the characters’ day by day life issues between with a hint of feeling and love, it was so not normal for the most recent saas-bahu adventures we see today.

Karishma ka Karishma

This great show arrangement dependent on a similar robot who is more similar to a young lady, Karishma (played by Jhanak Shukla) made every one of the children ask their folks for a robot at home like her. This show was somewhat founded on American TV arrangement Small ponders.

Office Office

With Pankaj Kapur, Manoj Pahwa, Deven Bhojani, Sanjay Mishra. The Show Follows the satire of a man attempting to get his work.

Just Kids

Don’t you remember waiting to watch Simba – The Lion King, Jungle Book, The Story Of Cinderella, Denver – The Last Dinosaur, The Great Book Of Nature, Zorro, Christopher Columbus, Pocahontas, etc,.yes, just Kids. The sequential began on Sahara TV in Year 2000 and was making some running memories of 1 hour each Monday to Friday.

And the list of notorious Tv shows every 90s kid really enjoyed during their childhood are not going to end.

The 90s were a brilliant decade for the universe of Indian TV and made ready for the formation of the absolute most notorious TV shows. Back in bygone times, our greatest to-do was to surge back home from school, throw our sacks on the floor and get the far off before any other individual could. Looking back, this conduct bodes well thinking about how engaging our TV show alternatives were! And furthermore, the way that recording was not a chance.

Indeed, luckily, innovative headways have made the undertaking of keeping oneself engaged substantially more advantageous in 2021. Utilizing present day innovation to return to a portion of our #1 youth TV shows and go on an outing through a world of fond memories.

Problems with Old Education System

Problems of Education:

Despite our best efforts, our educational development remains at a low level.

The following are the main problems faced in the progress of education:

Lack of funds:

The lack of sufficient funds is the main problem in the development of education. The outlay for education in Five Year Plans has been decreasing. Due to insufficient funds, most educational institutions lack infrastructure, science equipment, and libraries, etc. Due to this reason, desired results cannot be achieved.

Expensive higher education:

University, professional and technical education has become costly in India. Technical and professional institutes like IIM’s fee structure is relatively high IIM’s charge Rs. 2 lakh per semester for MBA classes. It is beyond the reach of the commoner. The privatization of higher education has led to the growth of profit-hungry entrepreneurs. Now a day’s higher education is a much costly affair.

Neglect of Indian languages:

The medium of instruction, particularly in science subjects, is English. So rural students who are not well versed in English cannot study science properly in English. They suffer a lot; Indian languages are still underdeveloped. Standard publications are not available in the Indian language.

The problem of Brain drain:

When intelligent, talented, and deserving candidates do not get suitable jobs in the country, they prefer to seek employment. So our country is deprived of good talent. This phenomenon is called ‘Brain drain.’

Mass illiteracy:

Despite constitutional directives and economic planning, we are not able to achieve cent percent literacy. -Even now, 35 percent of people remain illiterate. In India, the number of illiterates is almost one-third of the total illiterates in the world. Advanced countries are 100% literate; the position in India is quite dismal.

Wastage of resources:

Our education system is based on General Education. The dropout rate is very high at the primary and secondary levels. Most of the students in the 6-14 age groups leave the school before completing their education. It leads to wastage of 5nancial and human resources.

General education-oriented:

Our educational system is of General Education in nature. The development of technical and vocational education is quite unsatisfactory. So our teaching is unproductive. Hence the number of educated unemployed persons is increasing day by day. This has become a significant concern for Govt.

Problems of primary education:

Our primary education is ridden with too many problems. A large number of primary schools have no buildings to talk of basic facilities like drinking water, urinals, and electricity, furniture and study materials, etc. Large numbers of primary schools are single-teacher schools, and many schools are even without teachers. So the drop rate is very high and a cause of concern. Concluding, we can say that there is a quantitative expansion of education, but we are still lagging in qualitative development.