Difference between the way men and women are treated in society.

• Technology is merely a product of the social set up –
gender gap has percolated into technology.

• Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA)
estimates, over 390 million women in low- and
middle-income countries do not have Internet access.

• In India, only 14.9% of women were reported to be
using the Internet – women don’t get access to digital devices.
 Health access denied.
 Education services denied.

• Technology are created by men and so made for men.

 There are about two million apps, most of which
cater to young men. The numbers of apps that
cater to women specific needs are not many.

• Need of adoption of feminist technology or fem-tech.

Feminist technology – An approach to technology and
innovation that is inclusive, informed and responsive
to the entire community with all its diversity.
 In the 1950s, dishwashers and washing machines
were promoted as a method of emancipating women.

• UN Women + ICT – initiatives like EQUAL, Girls in ICT.
 To rope more women into STEM.
 Aims at transforming the making process of tech inclusive.

• Women and girls are the largest consumer groups left out of technology -could be major profit drivers.

International Telecom Union

• United Nations specialized agency for information and
communication technologies – ICTs.

• Headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland.

• Originally founded in 1865 as International Telegraph

• In 1947 – became International Telecommunication Union.

• Tried to mainly promote cooperation among international telegraphy networks of those days.

• Standardised the use of the Morse code.

• Regulated world’s first radio-communication and fixed telecommunication networks.


• allocate global radio spectrum.

• Allocate satellite orbits.

• Develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect.

• To strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities.



📌reading articles in screen when we read it through a book or newspapers it will be good. Reading books also refreshes our mind.
📌improve our vocabulary.
📌increases our concentrating capacity.
📌increases our ability to empathize.
📌strengthens our brain.
📌makes us more intelligent.
📌reduces stress.
📌reduces blood pressure, heart rate and lowers psychological stress.
📌improves our memory.

Be Yourself!

Stay with your pure soul, don’t try change not for anything. Maintain your true identity. No one is like you and no one will.

Be unique, contribute in the universe with your uniqueness, its rare to find someone with its pureness. Put your efforts with purity.

Do not copy others because you are unique and this quality makes you different from others. Copying means to follow others, following the path of others, but being yourself leads to set a new trend, creating a unique and different path to follow.

Pure intentions develop a pure soul which is free from any negative thoughts. It puts a good impact on the living.

No one is same. Everyone has its own unique and different roles to play in this world, so never assume that you will be same if you follow others.

Being yourself means to remain the same always, do not change. It is the strength that helps you to touch the sky and aims you to fly high.

Not easy to be but if tried it can lead to golden opportunities that makes you a good person. Encourages to do anything, motivates and duel the soul to create and develop pure intentions to live a blissful life.

Fake currency of ₹17.82 crore recovered, seven arrested


• Regarding the Fake Currency circulation in the country.

• Few facts related to it –
the measures taken by the

Fake Indian Currency note

• Refer to counterfeit currency notes circulated in the Indian economy.

Reserve Bank of India’s annual report for 2020-21

• Overall FICNs in circulation – decreased as compared to
the previous year.

• Fake banknotes of Rs. 500 denomination increased.
Increase of 31.3 per cent – compared to previous year.

• Decline in counterfeit notes detected in other denominations.

• Total of 2.09 lakh fake banknotes of all denominations were detected – significantly down from 2.97 lakh fake notes
detected during 2019-20.


• Terror Funding and Fake Currency

  • constituted in the National
    Investigation Agency.
    Conducts focused investigation
    of terror funding and fake
    currency cases.
  • • In 2018 – advisory on terror
    financing – issued to States/
    Union Territories.

• In 2019 – Guidelines issued – to States/ Union
Territories – investigation of cases of high
quality counterfeit Indian currency notes.

• Training programmes – conducted for the State
Police personnel.
 Fake Indian Currency Notes – source of Terror
Financing •

FICN Coordination Group – Ministry of Home
Affairs – share intelligence information among the
security agencies of the states/centre.
 Helps in countering the problem of circulation of
fake currency notes
• Government has Strengthened the provisions
in the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act,

  1. • Assists in combating terror financing by
    criminalizing – circulation of high quality
    fake Indian currency as a terrorist act.
     Allows takeover of any property that
    are used for terrorism
    • Increased security at the international
    borders – to ensure no external forces
    disturb the internal security

What is crypto currency ?

Cryptocurrency is the most trending topic nowadays and the industry is also booming very much in this digital era. You must have listened about this everyone has different opinion and conception about it, now the questions arise what is crypto and why it’s so trending cryptocurrency is a digital currency or virtual currency which doesn’t exist in physical form or hard cash and is typically not issued by a government or any central authority. It is based on a blockchain system that works as a public financial transaction database.

The first decentralised cryptocurrency was bitcoin
and it came into existence in 2009, when the bitcoin became popular than many other cryptocurrencies like ethereum, litecoin, stellar and the most heated dogecoin. since cryptocurrency came into existence it’s been facing legality issues and every country has its way of dealing with cryptocurrency. Many countries have allowed their use and trade without any legal issues and while other countries have banned or restricted this kind of activity. Cryptocurrencies face criticism for many reasons which include the usage of crypto in illegal activities like its the main source of money transfer in the dark web and other illegal hacking activities. They are also praised by many for their inflation resistance, transparency and it’s becoming a great mode of investment nowadays. People have not started using it as a currency but buying it for investment which has resulted in the inflation of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The most popular cryptocurrency is bitcoin which was created in January 2009 it was the first cryptocurrency or the first decentralized currency.

Recently, El Salvador became the first country to accept bitcoin as everyday currency in June 2021. In El Salvador, you can buy anything with bitcoins just like normal hard cash. Many countries have banned this mode of transaction and many have restricted its use. Countries like Algeria, Bolivia, Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, Nepal, Pakistan, and the United Arab Emirates have already banned this mode of transaction completely and countries like Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Lesotho, Lithuania, Macau, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Taiwan have allowed this kind of activity with some restrictions on it.

India has not officially announced anything about its legality but till now it’s legal to trade in cryptocurrency, now and then rumours have been spread that India is going to ban it or not but any official authorisation has not given any statement about it. If you are an Indian citizen or living in India so it is completely legal to trade in it but there’s no regulation on crypto till now, which means you are free to invest or trade in cryptocurrency but it is not regulated by any government authority to protect your money.

What does the JOY BANGLA motto help you to remember

During the 2021 West Bengal gathering decisions Didi over and again utilized the motto Joy Bangla. A non-Bengali saw the same old thing about the trademark and thought it’s anything but a territorial motto. That is till I talked with a senior Bengali companion. Joy Bangla was actually the authority motto of Bangladesh’s battle for opportunity during the 1970s. This was authored to underscore the ethnic/phonetic way of life as against the ravaging West Pakistan armed force and government who needed to stifle Bengali culture, language and so forth by compelling Urdu as true language. The Joy Bangla motto represents this viewpoint.

The utilization of this trademark recommends uncannily a similar expectation of featuring Bangla as against the mastery of non-Bengali culture and different powers from Delhi where BJP Rules. Basically put the motto inferred, BJP are outcasts very much like the Pakistan Army was in East Bengal who wish to force their language on the Bengalis and along these lines stifle Bengali language, culture. The word utilized by Didi to depict the BJP is “Bohiragoto”. As per a tweet by political pundit Sandip Ghosh ‘Bohir implies outside, agoto significance coming from.

The story of outcasts being constantly continued draws out this undercover goal. The persistent refrain is we won’t permit control of our territory by pariahs and encroach on our language and culture. This is plainly like what occurred in Bangladesh that is the reason the trademark Jai Sri Ram causes outrage and interruption of political action, despite the fact that Sri Ram is loved in West Bengal.

What the TMC is passing up is a great opportunity that Kolkata is a cosmopolitan city. By ideals of being the capital of British India sooner or later, it pulled in individuals from everywhere India. Bhabanipur is known for its Gujarati and Punjabi Sikh populace. Chinatown is the place where for the most part Chinese live. Jews, Armenians and Anglo-Indians live in Kolkata as well.” Not to fail to remember the Marwaris. An inhabitant Indian however non-occupant Bengali says these networks have gotten more Bengali than him. They have gotten Bengali as the state’s way of life and language has developed on and turned into a natural piece of them.

In this political race networks living for ages have become pariahs in West Bengal. This could unfavorably influence social security in the city. As indicated by this ANI report of March 29 “Didi charges that Bengalis would be driven out of Bengal if BJP wins.” Such explanations could spellbind local people against the rest. Alternately, TMC has not offered expressions of their being outcasts against unlawful Rohingya foreigners who have gotten comfortable in the New Town region or against the illicit Bangladeshi settlers. Maybe, on the grounds that they are Bengali.Over the years illicit penetration from Bangladesh has made three regions to be specific Malda, Murshidabad and West Dinajpur Muslim larger part. Not a word about these pariahs. More about this later.

Hall Effect Sensor


The Hall effect is the production of a voltage difference (the Hall voltage) across an electrical conductor, transverse to an electric current in the conductor and to an applied magnetic field
perpendicular to the current. It was discovered by Edwin Hall in 1879. For clarity, the original effect is sometimes called the ordinary Hall effect to distinguish it from other “Hall effects” which have different physical mechanisms. The Hall coefficient is defined as the ratio of the induced electric field to the product of the current density and the applied magnetic field. It is a characteristic of the material from which the conductor is made, since its value depends on the type, number, and properties of the charge carriers that constitute the current.

A Hall effect sensor is a device that is used to measure the magnitude of a magnetic field. Its
output voltage is directly proportional to the magnetic field strength through it. Hall effect sensors are used for proximity sensing, positioning, speed detection, and current sensing applications. A Hall effect sensor is a transducer that varies its output voltage in response to a magnetic field. Hall effect sensors are used for proximity switching, positioning, speed detection, and current sensing applications.


Hall Effect Sensors consist basically of a thin piece of rectangular p-type semiconductor material such as gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium antimonide (InSb) or indium arsenide (InAs) passing a continuous current through itself. When the device is placed within a magnetic
field, the magnetic flux lines exert a force on the semiconductor material which deflects the charge carriers, electrons and holes, to either side of the semiconductor slab. This movement of charge carriers is a result of the magnetic force they experience passing through the
semiconductor material.

Hall Effect Sensor

As these electrons and holes move side wards a potential difference isproduced between the two sides of the semiconductor material by the build-up of these charge carriers. Then the movement of electrons through the semiconductor material is affected by the presence of an
external magnetic field which is at right angles to it and this effect is greater in a flat rectangular shaped material. The effect of generating a measurable voltage by using a magnetic field is called the Hall Effect after Edwin Hall who discovered it back in the 1870’s with the basic physical principle underlying the Hall effect being Lorentz force. To generate a potential difference across the device the magnetic flux lines must be perpendicular, (90 degree) to the flow of currentand be of the correct polarity, generally a south pole.

The Hall effect provides information regarding the type of magnetic pole and magnitude of the magnetic field. For example, a south pole would cause the device to produce a voltage output while a north pole would have no effect. Generally, Hall Effect sensors and switches are designed to be in the “OFF”, (open).

Advantages of Hall Effect Sensor:

  • Hall Effect sensors are not affected by ambient conditions, such as dust, humidity, and vibrations and are due to are insensitive to some ambient conditions based on the principle that these sensors display a constant flow of an electrical current making their characteristics constant over time.
  • Hall Effect sensors do not have contact with neighboring mechanical parts, making these sensors strong and sensitive enough to detect movement. These sensors do not wear over time thus maintain quality and unlimited use.
  • Hall Effect sensors are built from semiconductor material that display low carrier density, hence conductivity is smaller and their voltage is larger.
  • Hall Effect sensors depends on carrier mobility, which eliminates any perturbations due to surface elements; thus, making these conductors reproducible and highly reliable.
  • Production of an output voltage signal independent of the rate of the detected field.

Disadvantages of Hall Effect Sensor:

  • The Hall Effect sensor is not capable of measuring a current flow at a distance greater than 10 cm; however, use of a magnet strong enough to generate a magnetic field wide enough may make this possible.
  • Hall Effect sensors work on the principle of a magnetic field, making it possible for external magnetic fields to interfere with this and bias the measurement of a current flow.
  • Temperature affects the electrical resistance of the element and the mobility of majority carriers and also the sensitivity of Hall Effect sensors.
  • Even with well-centered electrodes, the offset voltage still presents as an output voltage in the absence of a magnetic field.
  • An offset voltage occurs when there are physical inaccuracies and material nonuniformities. It can be as high as 100 mV for a 12V source. To solve this problem, an additional control electrode would need to be added and through this a necessary current can be injected to obtain a null output when no magnetic field is present.

Applications of Hall Effect Sensor:

Hall Effect sensors are considered as magnetic sensors with a wide range of applications. Some of the most popular and effective ways of utilizing Hall effect sensing devices are listed below for both analog and digital output sensors. Analog output sensor applications include:

  • Current sensing
  • Variable speed drives
  • Motor control protection/indicators
  • Power supply sensing
  • Motion sensing
  • Diaphragm pressure gage
  • Flow meters
  • Direct current electricity
  • Encoded switches
  • Rotary encoders

Digital output sensor applications include:

  • Wireless communication
  • Pressure sensors
  • Proximity sensors
  • Flow sensors
  • Valve position sensors
  • Lens position sensors
  • Shaft position sensors Summary

Hip Hip Hurray:Ahead of its times

Focusing on issues like juvenile issues, desires, peer pressing factor, and fellowship points

Hip Hip Hurray! was quite possibly the most mainstream Hindi TV programs during the 1990s. The sequential was a success, particularly among the more youthful crowd. There were two seasons to this TV show. The previously was communicated on Zee TV in 1998, trailed continuously in 2001. The show broadcasted 135 scenes altogether, with 80 and 55 scenes in the first and second seasons, separately. Hip Hip Hurray follows the existences of understudies in the twelfth grade at DeNobili High School.

The arrangement depicts the entirety of the stages that an average juvenile goes through, just as their cooperations, associations with their folks, educators, and companions, just as issues like dating, tests, heartbreaks, sufferings, and delights. Every understudy’s highs and lows are extraordinary.

Purab Kohli, Rushad Rana, Kishwer Merchantt, Peeya Rai Choudhary, Vishal Malhotra, Nilanjana Sharma, and Zafar Karachiwalla were among the rookies featured in HHH.

Not at all like other TV shows at that point, the show’s idea was unique and novel, as per Suchitra, who adds, “The show was a distinct advantage.” Everything about it was forward, from the manner in which it was shot to the story and reason. Alaknanda’s demeanor and character were present day, and the entirety of the characters were legitimate. The unit all in all got along great, and that was a large portion of the fight battled. Every entertainer proceeded to have a decent vocation, and we’ve stayed in contact consistently.”

The show didn’t shy away from anything, from young drug addiction to student mental health difficulties.

  1. The show’s treatment of emotional wellness issues was excellent. Teacher exhorted a child experiencing misery because of difficulties at home to counsel a specialist. This understudy is reluctant, and we notice the extraordinary strain that an individual with emotional well-being concerns has, the most huge of which are mental difficulties related with the idea of insane in Indian culture. It likewise showed how even the most joyful individual can be depressed, and that psychological well-being issues are not brought about by one’s age or the ideal second. We experience the treatment meetings too, which show how typical and mending they can be.
  2. A side story was a school peon who was unable to send his child to school since his daily income were insufficient to afford the school’s monthly expenses. Later in the show, a kid whose desire of pursuing a college education became a distant reality due to his destitute upbringing was introduced in a similar tone. All of these disclosures astounded the other pupils, because according to what they had learned, education was a right that every child in the country possessed. However, reality differs from what is taught in books, and the audience, as well as the pupils, are confronted with this reality.
  3. For most of the show, one of the teacher was in a live-in relationship. Maybe of depicting it’s anything but a particular focal point, the show endeavored to standardize it. Both the children and different teachers examined maybe it’s anything but a typical homegrown circumstance. This live-in relationship finished in resulting scenes, when the teacher found she was pregnant. While a few guardians fought to having such an teachers in the school, it was simply the children who put forth a functioning attempt to talk the issue through with their folks.
  4. In the show, there was a character who was seduced into a relationship by an online persona. Yes, Hip Hip Hurray addressed the issues that the virtual world provided and depicted a student getting catfished long before catfishing became a widespread phenomenon. Peer pressure was similarly depicted in a realistic manner. In truth, the show revealed the wide spectrum of negative consequences of peer pressure, from being encouraged to use drugs to appear cool to hiding financial troubles from peers in order to stay in the group.

The concept of the show was unique on Indian television. It filled the void left by a youth-oriented programme.

It’s anything but a wide scope of points, including test pressure, parental issues, first kisses, first dates, and first positions, just as occasions that were occurring the nation over however that nobody was discussing. Maybe it was one of the first show, when kids didn’t wear make-up and everything was extremely natural. Furthermore, the performance was quite naturalistic and realistic.

Hip Hip Hurray paved the way for many secondary school shows on TV, including Just Mohabbat and Remix, however the majority of them couldn’t get to accomplish a similar degree of achievement. Tragically, with the present TV shows, the enumerating occurs in the initial not many scenes, and from that point onward, it’s anything but a lucrative thing for the makers.

Thermal Imaging


Thermal imaging is the technique of using the heat given off by an object to produce an image of it or to locate it.First developed for military purposes in the late 1950s and 1960s by Texas Instruments, Hughes Aircraft and Honeywell. In recent times it is being used in firefighting, law enforcement, industrial applications, security, transportation, medical and many other industries.

It is the technique of using the heat given off by an object to producean image of it. Works in environments without any ambient light and can penetrate obscurants such as smoke, fog and haze. Normally grey scale in nature: black objects are cold, white objects are hot and the depth of grey indicates variations between the two. Some thermal cameras, however, add color to images to help users identify objects at different temperatures. An image generated from a Thermal Imaging Camera. The persons skin (as a heat source) is shown as ‘white hot’ whilst the background (which is cold) is shown as black.

Thermal Imaging Camera: A thermal imaging camera records the intensity of radiation in the infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum and converts it to a visible image.

Thermal Imaging Camera, Thermal Image, Spectrum

Working of Thermal Imaging Camera:

A thermal imaging camera consists of five components: an optic system, detector, amplifier, signal processing and display.

All objects emit infrared energy, known as a heat signature. An infrared camera (also known as a thermal imager) detects and measures the infrared energy of objects. The camera converts that infrared data into an electronic image that shows the apparent surface temperature of the object being measured.

Image processing is any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, such as a photograph or video frame and the output may be either an image or a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image.

An infrared camera contains an optical system that focuses infrared energy onto a special detector chip (sensor array) that contains thousands of detector pixels arranged in a grid.

Each pixel in the sensor array reacts to the infrared energy focused on it and produces an electronic signal. The camera processor takes the signal from each pixel and applies a mathematical calculation to it to create a color map of the apparent temperature of the object. Each temperature value is assigned a different color. The resulting matrix of colors is sent to memory and to the camera’s display as a temperature picture (thermal image) of that object.

Many infrared cameras also include a visible light camera that automatically captures a standard digital image with each pull of the trigger. By blending these images it is easier to correlate problem areas in your infrared image with the actual equipment or area you are inspecting.

Types of Thermal Imaging Cameras:

COOLED THERMAL IMAGER: Cooled detectors are typically contained in a vacuum-sealed case and cryogenically cooled. Cooling is necessary for the operation of the semiconductor materials used else they would be blinded by their own radiation. Cooled infrared cameras provide superior image quality. Bulky and expensive to produce and run. Cooling is power-hungry and time consuming hence the camera needs time to cool down before it can begin working again.

UNCOOLED THERMAL IMAGER: Un-cooled detectors use a sensor operating at ambient temperature or a sensor stabilized at room temperature using control elements. Resolution and image quality tend to be lower than cooled detectors. Smaller and less costly to produce and run. Fast operation and consumes less power.

Components of Thermal Imaging Camera:

  1. An optic system
    • Lens
  2. Detector
    • Cooled Detector
    • Uncooled Detector
  3. Amplifier
  4. Signal processor
  5. Display
    • Standard Video Monitor

Thermal Imaging Applications:

  1. Industrial Applications
  2. Medicine Applications
  3. Security Applications
  4. Building Constructions
  5. Night Vision


India is a country surrounded by water on its three sides, which makes it a peninsula, which provides coastal area of 7516.6 km. Coastal environment plays a vital role in a nation’s economy by virtue of their resources, productive habitats and rich biodiversity. This region also plays an important role in not only contributing towards GDP but also providing Livelihood to around 200 Million people.
With the rise in Population, development and accelerated growth, protection of the coastal zones have become very important. With the Intention to amplify the protection of coastal regions, the Union Government Enacted Coastal regulation zones Notification, 1991 (CRZ) under the Environmental Protection Act, 1986. Since its enactment, it has provided hopes to the people dependent on Coasts for their livelihood and Environmentalists who are concerned about the health of the coasts. But in essence, the regulatory authority established under the said notification has not been able to act with due diligence in matters pertaining to violation of CRZ.
According to several reports, more than 27000 violations of CRZ were reported in the state of kerela, and the numbers were able to be published in public domain only because the same was asked by the Supreme court in one of the case filed by filmmaker Major Ravi regarding CRZ violations. Recently, concretisation work was being carried out on Vainguinim beach, Goa in stark violation of CRZ rules, and even Goa Coastal Zone Management Authority failed to act to the several letters addressed to it stating such violations. Such Negligence have potential to convert these beautiful beaches into Human less desert.
It is not a new phenomenon that courts have come up to rescue when the relevant statutory authorities have not been able to perform their functions efficiently and their negligence was leading to disasters. According to CRZ, for any construction near the coast within 500 metre from the high tide line and the same distance from a low-tide line, a permission has to be sought from the Coastal zone management authority, and if the same is not sought, any erected building could be labelled as illegal and would be demolished. Such demolition orders are not new from any court.
Supreme Court in a landmark case ordered for demolition of Buildings in Maradu, Kerela and subsequently around 1800 structures were finalised by the state government as illegal and demolition of the same were proposed. Yet Again, the issue of vanguinim beach CRZ violation has revealed the sorry state of affairs for the protection of Coastal regions.
Within Past few months, India has been striked with two strong cyclones, “tauktae” and “Yaas” and we find some relation between the aggregating natural disasters in southern region with change in land patters along its coastal regions. Reports suggest that States like Tamil nadu and West Bengal have lost significant amount of Mangrove forests, which are known for having complex root systems efficient in dissipating sea wave energy and protecting coastal areas from tsunamis, storm surges and soil erosion. The Impact of such changes could in future be devastative for the Coastal states. Till date, the authorities have somehow managed to save several coasts from illegal construction but the loopholes has to be filled and actions have to be made swift, which will then fulfil the objectives of Environmental Protection act, 1986.

Thus, Strong implementation of CRZ is very important.

Child Marriage

The practice of child marriage is common in many parts of the world. As the world is advancing at a rapid pace, there are a number of the region does not seem to be up with the times. What’s sad is the dark reality of being a child of the marriage, it is not to be considered as it is often. The practice of child marriage is, in reality, it is a formal or an informal wedding, a child-with or without their consent, who are not at least 18 years of age. In most cases, it’s a boy or a man who is older than the age of the child. As a child, a marriage, a term paper, we will shed some light on this issue.

The causes and consequences of child marriage
The practice of child marriage is not to be less than that of the operation of the act. In almost each room, the child must be at least 18 years of age or older in order to be allowed to marry. So, the marriage, the children prior to the age of the exploitation of their rights.

One of the most common reasons for child marriage is a tradition that has been in practice for a long period of time. In many places, ever since a girl is born, they see her as someone else’s property.

The elders would like to work on their addition to the family, so that they can get married with the young pigeons, to the characterization of their state. And, more importantly, to the poor of the people, and the practice of child marriage, in order to get rid of the loan, the taxes, and, own,, and more.

The consequences of child marriage, it can be life-changing for children, especially little girls. The responsibility is going to fall on the babies. They are not mentally or physically prepared for that, but that’s on them.

So much so that people have come to expect, it is the smaller of the boys to carry the financial responsibility of, the girls are expected to look at the house and the family. The freedom to learn and to play, has been removed.

In addition, their health is also at risk due to the contraction of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV / aids, and more. Especially the girls who got pregnant at a very young age, it will harm both the mother and the baby.

How To Eliminate The Practice Of Child Marriage
Ending the practice of child marriage is the need of the hour. At the end of this social evil in all of us, from individuals to the leaders of the world, and the challenge of traditional norms. In addition, we are in need of some ideas to enhance the girls are less than boys.

We need to ensure that children, especially young girls, to be their own agents of change. In order to achieve this, they should have access to high-quality education, enabling them to take their studies so that they are able to live an independent life later on.

Safe spaces are important for children to be able to express themselves and to let their voices be heard. Therefore, it is of vital importance for the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, in order to ensure that all have equal value, and protection.

In short, this is a wedding should be a sacred union between the adult and it is not a logical approach, and put at risk the future of our children. This issue needs to be addressed at the root level, which begins with an end to poverty and lack of education. In this way, the will of the people is to learn to be better and do better.

Child Labour

This is a word you might have heard of in the news or in the movies. It is a crime in which children are forced to work at a very young age. It is to be expected that the children will be to carry out responsibilities such as working and fending for themselves. There are some guidelines, restrictions, and limitations of the work.

The average age for a child to be appropriate, in the work are considered to be at least fifteen years old or more. Children at this age will not be allowed to enjoy any kind of work is very impressive. Why do we do this? As a child, taking away the children from having a normal childhood, a good education, and the physical and mental well-being. In some countries, it is illegal, but in the end, it’s a long way from being completely wiped out.

Causes of child labour
Child labor, for a number of reasons for this. While a few of the reasons as to why this may be used in some countries, there are a number of reasons that are specific to certain regions and territories. However, if we look at the root causes of child labour, and we’re going to be in a position to fight, the better it will be.

First of all, it is the countries with high rates of poverty and unemployment. If a family does not earn enough, and they are the children of the family, so that they do not have enough money to survive. However, as the adults in the family, the unemployed, and the young people who work for them.

In addition, if people do not have access to education, they are going to have on their children to work. The manual only care about the profit, in the short term, and this is the reason why they have to do things so that they are able to survive in them.

In addition, it is save to save the setting out of different industries, which is one of the most important causes of child labour. They are the children, since they are then they will have to pay less for the same work, but as a grown-up. As children, more than adults, and even fewer wages, they prefer children. They can easily influence and manipulate them. They only see their profit and this is the reason why you have to involve the children in the factories.

The abolition of child labour
If we want to eradicate child poverty, and we need to make some of the most efficient and effective solutions that will save our kids. It will also help to improve the future of the country are dealing with these social problems. To begin with, there could be a number of trade union organizations, who are working to prevent the occurrence of child labor. This should help a child to engage in this work, the punishment of those who are with them.”

In addition, we need to keep parents in the loop as they learn the importance of education. If we, free of charge to the education, training and awareness, in which we are going to be able to educate more and more children do not have to do with the child. In addition, in order to make the people aware about the harmful effects of the use of child labour, it is a must-have.

In addition, to the family of the control measures that must be taken into account. This will help to lessen the burden so you have fewer mouths to feed, and her parents are going to be enough to get them to work, rather than a child. In fact, each and every family in need of in order to get a promise of a minimum income to the government in order to survive.

In short, the government and the people need to come together. Of the jobs that could be given to those who are in abundance, so that they are able to earn a living, rather than having to put their children to work. The children are the future of our country, and we can’t expect them to be, in order to maintain the economic conditions of their families, instead of having a normal life.

Analyzing the constituents of Happiness in Chhichhore Movie

Chhichore was directed by Nitesh Tiwari and the characters were played by Sushant Singh Rajput, Shraddha Kapoor, Varun Sharma, Tahir Raj Bhasin, Prateik Babbar, Naveen Polishetty and Tushar Pandey beautifully. The genre of the movie is comic with a strong message to the audience. It is a ride of emotions which makes you nostalgic and happy. The movie gives us humour with a great meaning of life. It is a relatable and relevant must watch movie with your friends.

The story is takes us in the past showcasing six friends and their journey from losers to choosers. Anni (Annirudh) and Maya are divorced parents who inspire and teach their kid in different ways to ace his exam. While Anni pleases his son (Raghav) with guidance and things he would do if he passes the exam, Maya guides him and tells him to be relaxed about it. Raghav who was very stressed about not being able to pass the exam decides to rather take his life than to be a ‘loser’. Anni and Maya rushed to the hospital and are broken by the fact that their son is in I.C.U., Maya blames Anni for his high expectations and behavior towards his son that made him take his life. Raghav’s friend tells Anni how he was scared that people would call him loser and what a big disappointment he is as a person whose parents were college toppers. Anni on hearing the word loser suddenly remembers his hostel and college life which gives him a brilliant idea. Anni goes back home and returns the very next day with his college album.              

Anni narrates his college memories, the incidents and their journey from losers to choosers. When he was a fresher in the college he was sent to the wing which belonged to the losers where he learnt the meaning of friendship. Together with Varun Sharma (Sexa), Tahir Raj Bhasin (Derek), Naveen Polishetty (ACID), Tushar Pandey (Mummy) and Saharsh Shukla (Bevda) he makes his way out of the title losers. Not only they get rid of the term losers but also got a great lesson of life how we chose to be a loser and how it depends on us if we want to be the choosers. Raghav, one day gets out of the coma and asks who was Sexa and slowly the bad incident turns into a college reunion as all the friends joins Anni where they altogether teach Raghav more about life than any subject. With the climax of the movie we are left with very precious life lessons. One is that no one is a loser and we are losers if we don’t try and one that any examination is not bigger than one’s life.

Meaning of Life

The movie Chhichhore teaches us that life just doesn’t ends on failing an exam. In today’s society as the population increased so the competition for jobs has increased. To ensure a job everyone wants to complete their studies with good marks and that too from an esteemed institution. Now these circumstances have made students very pressurized about studies and a person who is not very capable of the same is considered a loser. The movie teaches us that our life is not only about passing exams but about living life and failing once does not mean that our life ends.

 Anni’s son felt so pressurized due to the pressure of society, parents, and about his future that he starts to over think about his exam results. According to him, if he failed in the exam, his entire life would be a failure. He was scared to face his parents but forgot the love and attachment with people; he completely forgot what he will do to the person he is leaving behind. One thing we should all remember is that we only fail in exams not in real life. Every examination leaves a person either with success or with a great life lesson. Life is not only about a single examination. By the time we have came to know that the person who failed once, twice or many times became the most successful and respectful people. Bill Gates, Thomas Edison and more have failed many times but at the end became someone who everyone looks up to. Life is not about achieving but living the achievement. The road is more important than the destination because we learn the most there.

The movie gives us a very important lesson that is to make a plan not only after success but also after failures. The society has given us the tag of a loser, no one is born with it and no one needs to carry it forever. It is our choice to get rid of the tag of ‘loser’ just as Anni and his gang did. A loser is not the one who fails but a loser is the one who doesn’t tries. Life is more than just winning and losing, it’s about living it to the fullest. Every person has come with some motive and every person is important for this world. No one is useless and cannot do anything so, suicide is never an option to escape the world’s misery. Results doesn’t matter but the journey does so, enjoy the journey not the results.

How Raghav finds happiness in the movie?

Raghav who is Anni’s son was disappointed that he could not pass the entrance exam for the college. His disappointment was so deep that he couldn’t even believe the fact he has failed. He thought everyone will call him a loser especially when both his parents were college toppers and decided to get rid of this tag by trying to take his life. This is because he had planned what to do after passing the exam but didn’t even consider the fact that he could fail. Anni took great use of this opportunity by telling his son how he got rid of the tag of loser and that he was once himself a loser.

Anni starts to narrate that he was the part of a hostel wing that was declared losers by the whole college. They were losers because they continued to live by the tag instead of getting rid of it. They believed that they were infact losers but once they started struggling and trying. They were no more the losers but the choosers. Even if they could not win the championship over the other wings but still they weren’t called the losers. Because they were no more the same people who didn’t want to try. Anni told Raghav that they stopped being the loser the moment they started working. Raghav while listening to all this realized where he was wrong. He realized that failing didn’t mean he became the loser but when he decided to jump off the balcony, it was then he decided to remain the loser and live with failure.

Towards the end of the movie Raghav finally realized what he did wrong. He realized that failing the exam didn’t make him a loser but accepting it and not trying further made him one. Also he learned that there were people who would stay by his side and help him to overcome every difficulty in his life as he will climb the ladder of success.


Global Warming

Global warming is a term that we all are aware of. However, the significance of this, it is still not clear to most of us. Let us start with knowing what global warming actually is. Global warming means the increase in the Earth’s temperature gradually because of greenhouse gases. There are a number of different activities, which will increase the temperature gradually. Global warming, melting of ice from glaciers up quickly. This is very damaging to the earth, as a human being. It is very challenging to control global warming, but it’s not going to be a difficult one. The very first step in solving a problem is to identify the root cause of the problem. Therefore, we need to first understand what the root causes of the global warming of the earth, and that will help us to continue to deal with them. In this paper, the global Warming of the planet, we must find the causes and solutions of global Warming in the face of the earth.

The causes of global Warming
Global warming has become a serious problem, and needs serious attention. It didn’t matter that may occur as a result of a single cause of action, however there are a number of reasons. For these reasons, both natural and man-made. The natural causes include the release of the greenhouse gases that are not in a position to move away from the earth, causing the temperature to rise.

In addition, the volcanic eruptions were also responsible for the global warming of the earth. That is to say, these eruptions release tons of carbon dioxide, which contributes to the global warming of the earth. Also, methane is also a major concern, and are responsible for the warming of the earth.

After that, the excessive use of cars and burning fossil fuels, which results in an increase in the levels of carbon dioxide. In addition to his activities as a coal mining and cattle-breeding are very harmful to the environment.

So, that is one of the most important sources for the absorption of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, it’s just going to go away, and it is going to be something to take care of is the gas. Thus, it will result in an overall warming of the earth. These steps need to be taken in order to halt the global warming of the earth, and the earth well.

The Global Warming Solutions
As mentioned above, it can be a challenge, but it’s not out of the question. Global warming can be stopped, if there’s a concerted effort. For private persons and the authorities of both the action to be taken in the direction of achieving it. We should take steps to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases in the environment.

In addition, they will monitor the use of the fuel. Switching to a hybrid car, as well as to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. In addition, people can opt for public transport or a car together. Then you are recycling should be encouraged.

For example, if you are going to buy, carry your own bag. Another step you can take in order to reduce the consumption of electricity, in order to prevent the release of carbon dioxide. For the government to be a part of it, they’re going to be in the control of industrial waste and the emission of harmful gases into the air. Deforestation should be stopped immediately, and the planting of the tree of life, and should be encouraged.

In short, each and every one of us should be aware of the fact that the earth is not a good sign. It’s going to be treated, and we are able to help with the healing. The current generation needs to take responsibility to stop the global warming of the earth, in order to prevent the suffering of future generations. It is, therefore, in every step, no matter how small, is a great deal of weight, and it is very important to stop the warming of the earth.

Knowledge is Power

Knowledge is the exclusive preserve of the learned and the wise. They are thus able to use this very effectively for acquiring power for themselves or for helping others stay in power.

Not only knowledge makes one wise but also makes him more humane and modest. Thus, we mostly find that such people are able to explain their point of view very convincingly and dynamically, thereby attracting a huge following.

There is no denying the fact that knowledge is power and this comes from extensive reading. ‘Read not to contradict but to weigh and consider’.

Therefore, by gaining knowledge people are able to command power, for his actions are justified and supported with reasoning. There in lies the essence of his power.

Khushi Agarwal

Pandemic delays big ticket launches by isro this year

Isro was to carry first unmanned flight of the human related GSLV MK three and the country, s first solar mission Aditya L1 in December according to the revised schedul last year the space mission was impacted by the inability to move equipment and parts from across the country during the lockdown necessitated by the pandemic The Indian space research organization (ISRO) big ticket launches planned towards the end of this year ate likely to be delayed by the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic impact ed the timeline people aware of the matter said on Wednesday the decision of new timeline for the mission is awaited an official from the agency said on condition of anonymity another official said on mission Aditya L1 in December according to the revised schedule last year the space mission was impacted the third lunar mission carrying aboard only a lander and rover was initially was slated for the end of 2020 or the beginning of 2021 but has since been pushed to 2022 the government green tit the third mission soon after the lander rover of the chandrayan 2 mission crashed from the and lost the communication about 2.1km from the surface a mega comet has entered our solar system the object is bigger than comet and similar to the dwarf planet making it a unique traveler in solar system comets the frozen leftovers from the formation of the solar system have always been the matter of curiosity for scientists across the world as they could not hold clues about the formation of the universe astromer has discovered an object bigger than the comet on the outskirts of the solar system and its hurdling toward to us dubbed as 2014 un271 the object is likely to make a close pass by the sun bringing it into Saturn solar system in 2031 the object was observed in data from the dark energy survey conducted between 2014 and 2018…Estimated to between 100 to 370 kilometers in width the object is bigger than the normal specifications of comet and it is likely to be dwarf planet a 6,00,000 year orbit when first observed in 2014 the mega comet was about 29 astromitcal units away from the sun 1 au is the distance between earth and the sun since the 2014 un271 has travelled nearly 7au and now is nearly 22au the…one of the most unique aspirations of the observation is the massive object of the mega comet that extends between the inner solar system and the port cloud on the boundary of the interstellar space spanning around 6,12,190 years interstellar space is the region beyond the heliosphere where the sun,s influence wanes and solar winds slow down


Education is a constitutional right of every citizen that prepares an individual to play their role as a sophisticated member of society. The importance of Education can be implied by habituating the lack of its existence.He/she knows the prominence and importance of Education and its changes in an individual’s life.The enormous hardship of illiteracy is its constant dependency issue. An illiterate individual depends on others for his/her survival. Education prepares its wings to fly and explore the surroundings while being confident and opportunistic. Education builds individuals, educated individuals build better societies, and better societies build great nations.The children of today are gearing up to become adult citizens of tomorrow. The growth is parallel to the future of our country, reflected through quality of the present education system.
Education is a powerful weapon that aids an individual to face the adversities of life and overcome societal stigmas such as poverty, fear, status to achieve success. Education is the hope of development and success for most third-world countries and the world’s dominion countries. Mandatory education builds the scope of better growth and development.Education in India refers to the process of learning, training, and teaching human capital in schools and universities. The Indian government reflects specific economic policies that emphasize the importance of education in India.Education is an integral tool that helps a nation to achieve economic growth and stability. India homes twenty million youths that graduate annually from various disciplines and set out to aid in the economic development of the nation.Educating youth and adults reveals the hidden potential, which could lead India to the path of development.
Education is a weapon to improve one’s life. It is probably the most important tool to change one’s life. Education for a child begins at home. It is a lifelong process that ends with death. Education certainly determines the quality of an individual’s life. Education improves one’s knowledge, skills and develops the personality and attitude. Most noteworthy, Education affects the chances of employment for people. A highly educated individual is probably very likely to get a good job. In this essay on importance of education, we will tell you about the value of education in life and society.Education makes an individual a better user of technology. Education certainly provides the technical skills necessary for using technology. Hence, without Education, it would probably be difficult to handle modern machines.People become more mature with the help of Education.
Education helps in spreading knowledge in society. This is perhaps the most noteworthy aspect of Education. There is a quick propagation of knowledge in an educated society. Furthermore, there is a transfer of knowledge from generation to another by Education.Education helps in the development and innovation of technology. Most noteworthy, the more the education, the more technology will spread. Important developments in war equipment, medicine, computers, take place due to Education.Education is a ray of light in the darkness. It certainly is a hope for a good life. Education is a basic right of every Human on this Planet. To deny this right is evil. Uneducated youth is the worst thing for Humanity.


Is it really important to join as an intern especially after you join college? Is there any real benefits of pursuing an internship? Does it add value to your resume? All these question will be answered below.

An internship is a short term work experience a person receives to gain practical knowledge from an organization. It helps a person to gain real life experiences and professional contacts. They time duration for an internship maybe for a few days, weeks or months. Some companies also provide payment to interns for their work in the form of stipend. Internships are pursued by students from colleges and universities to have the actual exposure to their field of interest. It naturally adds much weightage to that student’s resume. Generally internships were confined only to specific subjects or fields. But now, internship became a necessity for almost all fields.

In this highly competitive world, the more you qualify the more your standing. An individual will be placed unique in a crowd where others have just gained knowledge through books. For instance, when you go for an interview in an organisation or company with a resume carrying various internships that you pursued related to the job you are applying, you stand a better chance to get employed because the aim of each and every employer is to choose from the best. Also the employer needn’t train you because you already have on field experience which saves their cost of training. Thus it adds some weightage to your resume. Students choose a path as a career when they join college. However it might not be of their interest or comfort. Internships are a great way to explore your career path and aid the intern to know whether the field is suitable to him/her. Some internships help you bring out the talents from the inside that you never knew. Internships also help people to assess themselves by testing their subject and understanding it through practical application. There are also things that can never be learnt by reading. It is all about observing and following the same. University learning can only bring you to a certain level. A student can develop professional touch in his work only through internships. An internship is also used as a chance to prove oneself to be efficient, hard working and clever. There are also possibilities for the company to offer you a job in the near future because they know they are employing the right person with the perfect skills needed for a certain position in an organisation. Going through an internship, a person may encounter and establish a lot of professional contacts who can be very useful in career advising and job recommendations. In a field say marketing, an intern is hired for work in various departments such as product designing, product promotion, pricing etc. it exposes an intern to various departments and help the mentor to assess the capacity of the intern and aids him to delegate responsibilities to the intern. Finally, it is a safe environment to learn and mistakes can be corrected before you enter into your first job.



Suicide effects

Suicide affects all people. Within the past year, about 41,000 individuals died by suicide, 1.3 million adults have attempted suicide, 2.7 million adults have had a plan to attempt suicide and 9.3 million adults have had suicidal thoughts. 

Unfortunately, our society often paints suicide the way they would a prison sentence—a permanent situation that brands an individual. However, suicidal ideation is not a brand or a label, it is a sign that an individual is suffering deeply and must seek treatment. And it is falsehoods like these that can prevent people from getting the help they need to get better.

Debunking the common myths associated with suicide can help society realize the importance of helping others seek treatment and show individuals the importance of addressing their mental health challenges. 

Myth: Suicide only affects individuals with a mental health condition.

Fact: Many individuals with mental illness are not affected by suicidal thoughts and not all people who attempt or die by suicide have mental illness. Relationship problems and other life stressors such as criminal/legal matters, persecution, eviction/loss of home, death of a loved one, a devastating or debilitating illness, trauma, sexual abuse, rejection, and recent or impending crises are also associated with suicidal thoughts and attempts.

Myth: Once an individual is suicidal, he or she will always remain suicidal.

Fact: Active suicidal ideation is often short-term and situation-specific. Studies have shown that approximately 54% of individuals who have died by suicide did not have a diagnosable mental health disorder. And for those with mental illness, the proper treatment can help to reduce symptoms. 

The act of suicide is often an attempt to control deep, painful emotions and thoughts an individual is experiencing. Once these thoughts dissipate, so will the suicidal ideation. While suicidal thoughts can return, they are not permanent. An individual with suicidal thoughts and attempts can live a long, successful life. 

Myth: Most suicides happen suddenly without warning.

Fact: Warning signs—verbally or behaviorally—precede most suicides. Therefore, it’s important to learn and understand the warnings signs associated with suicide. Many individuals who are suicidal may only show warning signs to those closest to them. These loved ones may not recognize what’s going on, which is how it may seem like the suicide was sudden or without warning.

Myth: People who die by suicide are selfish and take the easy way out.

Fact: Typically, people do not die by suicide because they do not want to live—people die by suicide because they want to end their suffering. These individuals are suffering so deeply that they feel helpless and hopeless. Individuals who experience suicidal ideations do not do so by choice. They are not simply, “thinking of themselves,” but rather they are going through a very serious mental health symptom due to either mental illness or a difficult life situation.   

Myth: Talking about suicide will lead to and encourage suicide.

Fact: There is a widespread stigma associated with suicide and as a result, many people are afraid to speak about it. Talking about suicide not only reduces the stigma, but also allows individuals to seek help, rethink their opinions and share their story with others. We all need to talk more about suicide. 

Debunking these common myths about suicide can hopefully allow individuals to look at suicide from a different angle—one of understanding and compassion for an individual who is internally struggling. Maybe they are struggling with a mental illness or maybe they are under extreme pressure and do not have healthy coping skills or a strong support system. 

As a society, we should not be afraid to speak up about suicide, to speak up about mental illness or to seek out treatment for an individual who is in need. Eliminating the stigma starts by understanding why suicide occurs and advocating for mental health awareness within our communities. There are suicide hotlines, mental health support groups, online community resources and many mental health professionals who can help any individual who is struggling with unhealthy thoughts and emotions. 

What Is the Best Time to Post a Blog and How to Test it?

Are you wondering when should you publish blog posts? Do you want to hit that sweet spot where you get the most traffic, social shares, and comments?

If you’ve just written a great blog post and want it to go viral, then publishing time can play an important role.

In this article, we’ll show you what is the best time to post a blog by going through key facts. We’ll also show you how you can test the best time to take your blogs live.

Let’s kick things off with a look at…

Best Time of Day to Post a Blog for More Pageviews

As you start blogging, you’ll have many questions like what time of day should you publish a post. Or which days are best for getting the most traffic.

To answers such queries, different studies have been done where agencies and websites have gone through tons of data.

And among them is a study conducted by Shareaholic in 2011 that shows the best time to publish a blog post is early morning between 7 AM to 1 PM EST on weekdays.

The peak is between 9 AM and 10 AM, which shows when you can schedule or publish your posts.

Building upon the same point,

shows that 70% of users read blogs in the morning (during the AM hours).

&It makes sense as people starting their day would be going through emails, planning their week, and reading up on the latest news.

That said, people do read blogs throughout the day, so you can publish posts in the later hours as well. Now let’s see which days you should take your blogs live.

Best Days to Publish a Blog Post for Traffic

Along with time, different studies show that posting blogs on certain days can help generate more traffic. And which days are we talking about?

Shareaholic suggested that the best day to post a blog is Monday if you want more pageviews. Similarly, Kissmetrics also says that Monday is the best to publish a post and generate traffic.

What’s the Best Time to Post a Blog for Social Shares?

When it comes to engaging people on social media, you’d want to push your blog post when your users are active.

And to give you an idea of what’s the best day for getting social shares, consider a study by TrackMaven. They analyzed 65,000+ blogs and suggested that blogs published on a Sunday get

A possible reason for this could be that on the weekend’s people have more time to read through your content and then come up with a reply.

So, if you have a topic that wants user opinion or start a conversation, then this is the best time to post a blog.

But what if these times don’t work for your website? How can you find the best publishing day and hour for your content pieces? Let’s find out.

How to Test the Best Time to Post a Blog?

The researches we’ve shown you in our article provide a benchmark but in reality, there’s no best time to publish blogs.

That’s because these studies use their own samples of websites to provide a generalized conclusion. And most of them are very old, going back to 2011.

A better way to find the best time to post a blog is by doing your own testing. By monitoring which days and time you get most visitors and engagement, you’ll know the optimal time of publishing.

And the best tool to help you out is MonsterInsights. It’s the leading WordPress plugin for Google Analytics and makes decision making easy by providing insights about your site’s performance with detailed reports inside your dashboard.

MonsterInsights makes it super easy to set up custom dimensions on your website and start tracking custom data of your choice in Google Analytics.

With the help of its Custom Dimensions Addon, you can exactly see what’s the best time to post a blog. Not only that, you can set up custom tracking of individual authors, post types, category and more.

You can follow our complete guide to custom dimensions in Google Analytics for configuring tracking of best publishing times.



Proper and good education is very important for all of facilites quality learning all through the life amoung people of any age groups ,cast creed ,relegion .it is the process achieving knowledge .values.

Better communication is yet another role in education

education improves and refines the speech of a person .education makes an individual a better using of technology


The entertainment industry is changing at a rapid rate in the twenty-first century. The introduction of over-the-top technical platforms or video streaming platforms in India has boosted the entertainment industry’s growth.

Nearly 60% of film revenue was earned via theatre screenings at the start of the decade, with the remainder coming from other sources such as CD/DVD release, DTH rights, and other international rights. However, as the demand for video streaming platforms grows, this pattern is rapidly changing.

These services are eliminating the need for new content from theatres, CDs, and DVDs. They broadcast both traditional TV channels and web shows that are only available on these platforms.

According to a recent study, web series are the most popular material on these platforms. On these platforms, over 34% of viewers watch web series. On these platforms, 16 percent of people watch movies and news, 13 percent watch reality TV shows, and ten percent watch live sports events. These platforms are primarily used to watch Hindi material (above 80%).


These platforms are well-known among viewers for a number of reasons. It is primarily used for recreational purposes. People spend their free time on these platforms watching their favorite web series, news, sports, and other content. It has a lot of motion. The shows can be viewed while travelling, during lunch, or during downtime, and they can be accessible anywhere and at any time. These platforms make their services available on mobile devices that are easy to use. Users may now view web series and other online material on their mobile devices at their leisure thanks to the low cost of bandwidth.

The programmes that provide these materials on phones are really simple to utilize. They don’t require the use of a set-top box, a satellite dish, or even a television. All you need is a smartphone and access to the internet. Furthermore, content on these channels is available on demand. An individual can use the OTT application and begin watching whatever show they like. They are not required to wait for specific times during the day when the show will be available to them. These platforms are also budget-friendly. They are free to download and have a relatively cheap monthly subscription charge as compared to traditional set-top boxes or movie theatres.

The content on these platforms can be customized, and the existing content can be seen in any language of one’s choice. They’re also known for their frequent upgrades. Unlike set-top boxes and movie theatres, where new shows and movies are released after extended periods of time, shows on internet platforms are updated often. On-demand content covers a wide range of genres. With a single monthly cost, people may view horror, comedy, drama, classics, romance, epics, and a variety of other genres on one platform. All of these elements have combined to fuel the growth of these internet platforms in India.


Traditional satellite channels provide broadcasters the freedom to air whatever programming they want. The government is in charge of evaluating whether or not a certain piece of content is appropriate for public consumption. Because of the rise of online streaming, the government’s regulatory role has shrunk. Television providers are regulated by rules and regulations, but there are no checks and balances in place for the newly developing internet streaming companies. The tailored subscription-based content available on these platforms also decreases the amount of surveillance that can be implemented. These self-regulatory OTT services that stream a variety of web series are self-regulatory. They’ve signed their own censorship code, which forbids them from presenting certain types of content and established a grievance resolution system for consumer complaints. However, this code has not been signed by all platforms. As a result, many of these web shows are still unregulated, and their content isn’t vetted before being broadcast. Though the government has stated that online content will be regulated, the guidelines are still unclear.


Will regulation of digital media lead to an era of government censorship? |  The Hindu In Focus podcast - The Hindu
  • The web series and related content distributed via digital media were successful in reaching a larger audience. However, explicit and violent content reaches our youngsters, having negative consequences for their attitudes and lives. Censoring and regulating internet web series content has a number of benefits.
  • It safeguards people’s right to free speech and expression because watching a web series is also considered expression and speech. Censorship and control can protect people, especially children, from violent and sexually manipulative content that could expose them to pornographic materials and other sorts of discrimination. As a result, the freedom of one community is balanced against the freedom of the other.
  • Censoring and controlling this type of content might help people avoid becoming victims of abuse or violence, as well as perpetrators. Children can be affected, which can lead to undesirable changes in their behavior for others.
  • It restricts some religious and societal groups from seeing these web series because of the offensive material. The type of content that is eye-catching and involves controversy is frequently presented on web series. This is disseminated in order to attract as many subscribers and views as possible. Regulating this type of stuff, which is both religiously and socially inappropriate, is one way to keep the culture in check.
  • It would also help to avoid violent crimes and the spread of abusive culture in Indian society. Many online shows thrive on violent and uncensored criminal scenes, which have a particularly negative impact on young people, who become involved in these types of activities at a young age.
  • Censorship and certification will increase the quality of content broadcast on various internet platforms in the form of web series. In contrast to the current western impact on these platforms, more relevant content for Indian society can be created.
  • In addition, regulation will limit the unfair advantages that OTT platforms showing web series have over traditional television. As a result, on these platforms, it will provide fairness and healthy competition.


Indian online gaming industry has grown at an exponential rate over the past few years and it is expected to grow further with India’s digital revolution. The beginning of online gaming industry in India is traced back to 2000s when PC gaming and console gaming brought several middle income group Indians on digital gaming platform. The international developers provided a base to the Indian gamers whereas the Indian gaming developer’s ecosystem primarily acted as service providers. As India’s smartphone user base and internet penetration increased, online gaming grew very fast with an estimated 120 million gamers online now.

The fast spread of low-cost cellphones among rural and urban populations has been a major driver of growth in the Indian online gaming business. In India, there are around 400 million smartphone users. Though India’s internet penetration is low, it is predicted to reach over 53% of the population by 2021. New technology at accessible prices, an increase in the number of local developers, and other factors will all contribute to this growth.


According to a Google India survey, the average Indian gamer is under the age of 24. In comparison to females, males make up the majority of gamers. Male gamers make up 83 percent of the gaming population, which is concentrated in the country’s urban areas. Under the influence of their peers, these individuals begin gaming. Another motive for starting online gaming is for entertainment and time management.

Gaming is also used by some people for stress release and social engagement. Mobile phones are the most popular gaming platform, with 85 percent of games being played on them. Puzzle games, action games, and adventure games are the most popular genres among Indian gamers.


  • INTERNET-Internet Adoption With an expected 650 million online users by 2030, India is the world’s second largest online market. When compared to a decade ago, internet penetration in India’s rural and urban areas has steadily increased. In terms of user base, New Delhi, India’s capital, and its neighboring areas have the most internet depth. This is owing to the low cost of data in comparison to other countries. All age groups have actively used the internet for various objectives. Furthermore, there is still a lot of room for new individuals to join. As a result, the popularity of online gaming has skyrocketed.
  • Higher Living Standards– The income of the middle and upper middle classes has expanded significantly, improving their level of living. They may now spend more time on leisure activities and spend their free time doing so. They have been drawn to online gaming by rising living standards and more free time, which takes only a small investment in a smartphone and an active mobile internet connection.
  • A Rise in Smartphone Adoption By 2022, India’s smartphone population is expected to reach 820 million people. In both rural and urban areas, the number of smartphones has increased. This is owing to the introduction of lower-cost smartphones in Indian markets. Smartphone adoption has surpassed 25%, with the rate being substantially greater in metropolitan areas.
  • India’s youth India is a young country in terms of demographics, with 50% of the population under the age of 25 and 65% under the age of 35. This age group enjoys online gaming and is more informed about smartphone and online gaming platform trends.
  • Technologies that are within reach In India, new technologies such as virtual reality and augmented reality are far more affordable than in previous years. These technologies facilitate online gaming and improve the gaming experience.
  • Developing a Developed Ecosystem in the Community Previously, Indian gamers received games from multinational developers. Indian developers, on the other hand, have risen to prominence on a global scale as their skills have improved. Local developers have begun to create games in India.
  • Games that are completely free– The majority of games in the gaming ecosystem are available for free. Users do not have to pay to download or play games. The expansion of India’s gaming environment has been boosted by the rise of freemium games. The games are free to play in this approach, but the user must pay the creator for some premium features. This does not prevent consumers from downloading and playing free games without purchasing the premium version.

Gaming Addiction in Children and Teens

Gaming addiction has been designated as a mental health issue by the World Health Organization. Gaming addiction is defined by the World Health Organization as a pattern of continuous or recurrent gaming behavior that has grown so pervasive that it has surpassed other life interests. According to a study conducted by a US-based organization, 24.2 percent of Indian gamers have taken time off work to play games. Many people play video games while at work. There is sufficient evidence to imply that gaming addiction has spread to India. According to the World Health Organization, gaming addiction can affect many parts of life, including academics, job, relationships, and health.

The following are indicators of addiction, according to psychologists.

  • Playing nonstop for long periods of time. Social invitations to play games are being declined.
  • Personal and professional relationships are strained.
  • Headaches, dry eyes, and aching fingers are all symptoms of sleep problems and disrupted sleep patterns.
  • Weight gain or decrease that is out of the ordinary • Modifications to daily activities, such as eating habits.
  • Less focus on schoolwork, studying, and office work, for example.
  • Playing games on a regular basis and not being able to stop.

The Consequences of Gaming Addiction

Gaming addiction has a variety of physical and mental consequences. Gaming addiction has a number of negative consequences.

  • Effects on the Budget Despite the fact that most games are free to play, they do incorporate a variety of features.
  • Premium features are not available for a fee. Premium features are purchased by gamers in order to advance further in the game. Young people frequently spend a large portion of their earnings on premium material. Even to download free games, several platforms request debit and credit card details. Young people who have access to these credit or debit cards frequently buy apps without their parents’ permission.
  • Effects on Personal Development Impact on other aspects of life is one of the most significant consequences on adolescents. It has an impact on personal development since young people are unable to focus on their education or careers. In their educational or professional lives, people may become bored, have difficulty concentrating, and feel demotivated. Young people’s emotional well-being is also harmed by exposure to violent graphic or sexual content. It leads to violent behavior and everyday hostility over trivial matters. This has an impact on people’s personal development because they are frequently frustrated with themselves.
  • Social Relationships Affects Gaming addiction makes it difficult for people to interact socially since they are preoccupied with their games while ignoring their responsibilities. Interaction is reduced in.
  • Both physical and mental health are endangered by social lives. Relationships between addicted gamers are frequently strained. Because they value gaming above all other activities in life, they frequently make socially damaging decisions. They don’t have time or the energy after their gaming sessions to invest in their relationships.

People that play video games for lengthy periods of time have stiffness, backaches, soreness, and numbness. When one stares at a screen for lengthy periods of time without taking a break, eye strain is prevalent. People frequently play video games while sitting in bad postures, which can lead to complicated stress and strains that are difficult to diagnose using standard methods. People’s lives get more sedentry as a result of their gaming addiction, as they skip out on regular exercise and even meals. They also engage in unsanitary behaviours such as eating junk food and eating and playing at the same time. Sleep rhythms are also disrupted by gaming addiction.


Gaming addiction has a negative impact on mental health. It causes rage or hostility, and young people frequently cry, scream, or physically attack their families or peers. In addition, there is a strong want to return to gaming as soon as one completes another daily chore, such as eating or doing home or office work. People also feel alone or lonely because they spend so much time alone playing video games. Younger gamers are frequently depressed as a result of having to stop playing games for numerous reasons.


Video games boost a person’s self-esteem and confidence. The person feels empowered and believes they can face life’s tough challenges. It also increases people’s decision-making speed. However, it becomes extremely risky because violence-based action games are frequently used to develop decision-making abilities.
Collaboration is encouraged while playing games, which enhances teamwork and cooperation abilities. Young people feel motivated and energized when they contribute to the team and are rewarded for it.
People who are interested in mathematics and solving puzzles are drawn to games that incorporate puzzle solving and mathematical skills.

It becomes compulsive. The player’s brain gets a good exercise while gaming. As participants continue to play games, the difficulty level rises, and the game becomes more engrossing. They enjoy the challenge and are eager to complete the more harder stages. Because it requires multitasking, it boosts players’ self-esteem and improves their motor skills, decision-making ability, and cognitive abilities.

Friends in peer groups frequently recommend games to their peers. Younger people are drawn to online gaming because of the social dialogues and excitement that surrounds it. Increased internet gaming is further aided by engaging ads and captivating graphics.


The internet has become a vital part of people’s daily life in India and around the world. Smartphones are increasingly being utilized for everyday chores such as cooking, travelling, learning, and schooling. In India, mobile gaming has been growing for over two decades. While it has provided some with a sense of fulfilment, it has also been linked to social anxiety, loneliness, and even despair. It is critical to regulate gambling at all levels, from the household to the national level. India has a sizable demographic dividend if it is reaped and appropriately utilized in a timely manner. Gaming addiction has emerged as a significant impediment to realizing this demographic dividend. Though the internet gaming industry has developed in leaps and bounds, it has also created a slew of issues for young people and their families. These concerns highlight the need to reconsider how online games are played and regulated.

Guidelines for Other Service Providers (OSPs) Liberalised

Indian Department of Telecommunication further relaxed guide lines on voice-based BPO’s(or Other Service Providers-OSPs) by removing the distinction between domestic firm and international firm. The BPO rules were eased in November 2020 and additional changes were brought in. The decision was taken to make India remain key player in the BPO industry amidst the growing competition globally.

BPO industry of India is $37.5 billion and has potential to grow to $55.5 billion by 2025, Minister RS. Prasad informed

The relaxed rules allow the companies to provide services to domestic and international customer using common domain, but previously a separate set-up for each was mandated. All OSP centers are now allowed to interconnect between them.

Relaxation Announced are:

  • Separation of domestic and international OSPs removed. Common Telecom server will be allowed to provide customers home and worldwide.
  • Interconnectivity between OSP’s are now allowed.
  • No restriction on data interconnectivity between same company or group of company or unrelated company.
  • The location of Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange (EPABX) of OSP can be anywhere in the World. EPABX service of Telecom Service Provider can facilitate their EPABX at third-party data centers in India.
  • Agents of OSP located at different or far place can connect with EPABX – Centralized, of OSP and of Customer using any technology including Broadband over Wireline or Wireless.

Housing for all: Chasing a target

Photo by PhotoMIX Company on

The trio of roti, kapda aur makan are the three essentials of a good life. In India last year the largescale migration of workers from urban areas back to their villages stole the headlines of the newspapers. These migrant workers were amongst those who lacked these essentials of life. This raised an important issue of urban housing, especially for the downtrodden sections of society. These people inhabit the slums that are plagued with congestion and poor sanitation. The government has taken a few initiatives to give a fatherly hand to the urban poor. These include the following.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Urban: It was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban poverty alleviation in 2015. It targets the aim of providing housing for all by 2022 when India completes 75 years of independence. The mission was designed to deal with the issues arising out of slums. Slums are informal settlements with high population density characterized by substandard housing and lack of hygiene. It also aims at promoting affordable housing through credit linked subsidy of 6.5% on housing loan for 15 years. Construction of a house or its enhancement can be undertaken by the loan amount. Public private participation model will be used. The beneficiaries include economically weaker sections (EWS) and low income group (LIG) categories who will be granted rupees 1 Lakh rupees. Additionally, 1.5 lakh rupees will be given to all eligible urban poor for construction in urban areas or the renovation of existing houses. the scheme has three phases that will continue till 2022.

Affordable rental housing complexes for urban migrants was envisioned in 2020. It targeted workers who migrated from rural areas to urban areas. Under this government funded houses across cities that were not allotted yet, were converted to rental housing complexes. This conversion was to be done through concession agreements for 25 years after which they will be reverted to Urban local bodies (ULBs).

In June this year, the cabinet gave a green signal to the India-Japan memorandum of cooperation in the field of sustainable Urban Development. The Ministry of housing and urban affairs and the Ministry of land, infrastructure, transport and tourism signed the agreement. This program will generate employment opportunities while planning a sustainable urban landscape.

These initiatives by the government will accrue affordable housing to the poor. The major issue is that the progress is slow. Lockdown compounded this problem since infrastructure development was stalled during the pandemic. However, the government is sanguine about the progress of the projects.
Affordable housing and congestion have been addressed on global platforms like Habitat for Humanity summit III in Ecuador. The “New urban agenda” was a product of the summit. Giving slum dwellers upgraded housing with basic services by 2030 was envisioned in the document.
According to experts, congestion is a major contributor to the housing shortage. The United nations habitat defines overcrowding as when one habitable room is occupied by more than three people. The pandemic further highlighted the threats from congestion. Physically distancing and home quarantining created new standards. These new developments need to be incorporated into future city planning.

Water Pollution

Water pollution, or water pollution, refers to the loss of purity by human activities such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. Water pollution is caused by changes in the physical, chemical, and biological properties of water. This affects the animals and plants that live in those water bodies.

Natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions, alkaloids, storms, and earthquakes also cause major changes in water quality and its ecological conditions. However, water pollution is the state in which the water is polluted by human activities and becomes unfit for human use and life. There are many causes for water pollution and it is of many natures.

The main causes of water pollution can be divided into two categories depending on the source of the pollution. The first is called point-source pollution. The other is non-point source pollution. The first type includes contaminants formed by mixing pollutants with water from a single source.

The second type of pollution does not originate from a single site. It is formed by pollutants that accumulate little by little over a wide area. So there is a high level of vulnerability to humans and animals.The Government of Tamil Nadu Water Resources Authority has released a map showing the effects of polluted water on the human body. This map gives the effects on each part of the human body. Water is polluted due to excessive discharge of essential human wastes.

Microbial contaminants


Infectious diseases in humans (eg bacteria, viruses and worms), Aquatic organisms die.

Oxygen deficient pollutants.

Water is polluted due to the depletion of oxygen in the water due to the effect of heat. Generally, the oxygen level in the water should be 8 to 15 mg / liter.


Freshwater bacteria, which are microorganisms in the water, can die due to lack of oxygen.Thus destroying aquatic organisms such as fish. (E.g .: Sewage, Animal Residue & Sewage, Mixing of Paper Factory Sewage with Freshwater)

Inorganic chemical pollutants

Water is polluted by the mixing of industrial effluents.


Cannot be used for drinking water and agriculture,Skin cancers occur, affecting the nervous system, liver, kidneys;Iron rusts.Yields are declining in agriculture.

Organic chemical pollutants

Water is polluted due to mixing of industrial effluents, household sewage and urine stagnation.


Affects the nervous system, causes cancer, Fish and creatures are affected. E.g .: oil, petrol, plastic, laundry detergent, pesticides

Contaminants caused by input

Landslides and sand erosion cause changes in water quality.


Changes occur in the food chain. The water capacity decreases due to the deposition of sediments and sand particles in the lake and reservoirs. Ocean acidification, Ocean temperature variation Nutrition & Biodiversity Reduction

Methods of preventing water pollution

  • Reducing the amount of sewage water
  • Complete cessation of deforestation
  • Liquids such as oil and gasoline should be
  • prevented from mixing with water
  • Reducing mercury excretion
  • Termination of mining rehearsal
  • Chemical & Chemical Cleaning of the Environment
  • Fighting global warming / global warming

The Unforgettable King- Milkha Singh

Milkha Singh, India's 'Flying Sikh' ace runner, dies at 91 of Covid  complications

We all remember watching the movie – Bhaag Milkha Bhaag when we were young. We all fancied Milkha Singh; we used to dance to the songs; act like him; gradually, he became a hero for us. Today in the tribute of this unforgotten hero, let us revise his past life. His endurance concurred with a new nation locating its foundation and slowly gaining wheels and rising to full glory after heart-trenching bloodshed. Milkha witnessed the terrifying situation during the partition and escaped death with a minor margin. Milkha Singh rose likewise India from the ruins of a turbulent partition of the country to mature into the most celebrated legends. Milkha Singh belonged from a small village of Gobindpura which, is now in Pakistan. Milkha’s forefathers hailed from Rajasthan. Milka Singh was the second youngest child in the family; he lost his 14 siblings to poor health as his family failed to afford medical care. Milkha Singh led a life of poverty and grief. Two days after the partition, Milkha’s parents and only brother got murdered by the rioters. Milkha’s heart shattered in pieces; he had lost all his hope and passion. He survived the year on two-square meals and stealing rations from government trains. This struggle brought his enthusiasm back. On his third effort, he finally joined the Army. After completing 4th at the 1956 National Games, he performed it to the Melbourne Olympics, achieving the last qualification. In 1958, Milkha won 400m and 200m gold medals in Tokyo Asian Games. He broke Asian record holder Abdul Khaliq finishing in 200m, clocking 46.6 seconds. He was extremely popular during the 1960 Rome Olympics. Gradually, his simplistic entry would make the crown yell in glee. However, Rome saw the association of top athletes, yet no amateur could induce as much acknowledgment from the masses as Milkha Singh. He is a genuine inspiration because he related to a period when no coach gave him training, no award for any accomplishment, and no job security to keep him going. Milkha ran for himself, his nation, his beloved family, and that is what matters. He represented India in three Olympics from 1956-1964. He got the Padma Shri- India’s fourth-highest civilian honor, in recognition of his sporting achievements. The one thing that we all admire about him that he was a common man, from an ordinary child to a representation of our nation- Milkha came a long way. He inspired us to believe in ourselves; all heroes rise from dust and ashes. Even after becoming the Flying King, Milkha led a life of an ordinary man with his wife. His majesty sparked in his heart, not in his lifestyle. Even when he is gone, his story would be an inspiration for thousands of lost and broken souls. The world would never succeed to forgot this legend, gem of our nation. Remember to give it time, maintain discipline, and it will be all worth it. Milkha’s demise is a shock for the whole nation; let us honor him by learning something from his life story.

Medicinal plants

Medicinal herbs have been used around the world since ancient times to treat diseases. These have been found to be used not only by humans but also by animals.It is known that in case of diarrhea, allergies, etc., the tiger does not look for prey but only certain plants and fasts until it is exhausted.

Traditional Indian medicine, Siddha, Ayurveda, Chinese and Tibetan medicine have given priority to medicinal herbs. The basic premise of all traditional medicine is how food is created for the needs of living things in the world, as well as medicines for the diseases that can cause them.

Before using these herbs directly, you need to know some details.

In Siddha and Ayurvedic systems, not only the characteristics of the plants, but also the ‘transcendental forces’ embedded in these plants according to the planetary position at certain times are considered to be the most important attribute. Therefore, the timing of collecting these plants for medicine, the body cleansing of the collector, the internal cleansing, the things to be pronounced while collecting and preparing the medicine, etc. should be known by the selected specialist.

Before receiving the benefits of many herbs, the antidote must be removed so that those benefits can be obtained directly in the required amount. For example, pepper is something we normally use in our diet. But before using it for medicine, the pepper should be soaked in fermented whey for 3 hours and dried to remove the antiseptics (according to the medical – toxic).

Herbs are usually free of side effects. We also use many herbs in our daily diet. But since there are many subtleties to be followed when using in medical methods, it is best to follow the guidance of the chosen expert to achieve the full benefit of the herbs.

Some of the medicinal plants we are using in our daily life:


This is also a good tonic to stimulate appetite and reduce bile. Cures fever, colds, coughs, by the way, arthritis, neurasthenia. Reduce blood sugar and cure high blood pressure, gallstones and epilepsy. Mental strength is great. Peace of mind, giving sleep. Reduces bad breath, toothache and gingivitis.

Curry leaves

Good tonic, diarrhea, sputum, fever, irritability, liver disorders will disappear. Relieves bile and heats the body. Curry leaves are also good for stimulating the mind. Curry leaves can cure nausea, diarrhea caused by diarrhea and chronic fever. Curry leaves help to cure insanity caused by excess bile.


Good tonic will cure urinary problem, indigestion, fever. Excellent laxative. Mint greens also contain water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, phosphorus, calcium, iron, vitamin A, nicotinic acid, riboflavin and thiamine.


The best cough medicine. If you eat 5 leaves as it is, nasal congestion, dry throat and cough will disappear immediately. Acts as quickly as the famous cough medical. Good tonic, eliminates all ailments. Ideal for jaundice, ulcers, leprosy, elephantiasis, diarrhea, neurasthenia, memory etc. Ten leaves at a time is enough.


Good for relieving neurasthenia, clearing bronchitis and skin diseases. Ten leaves at a time is enough to make it the best tonic for children’s brain development and memory development. Messenger is also good for deafness, itching, relaxation, etc.

These are the traditional medicinal plants that ar used by us for our good health.

Gratitude Psychology: The Benefits of Gratitude

Gratitude has a greater impact on our lives than we think. In this article we will look at what positive psychology has to say about the habit of giving thanks. Related article: “Gratitude has a greater impact on our lives than we think. Let’s see in this article what positive psychology says about the habit of giving thanks.Every year, on different dates, the United States and Canada celebrate Thanksgiving, originally called Thanksgiving.

Americans celebrate it on the last Thursday in November, on Canadian soil, the second Monday in October. Its Origin In Plymouth, in 1621, a group of pilgrims shared their autumn harvest with the Vampanok Indians, thanks to whom they were taught farming and hunting techniques.

The celebration of reconciliation and gratitude between pilgrims and Native Americans lasted three days.Many years later, in 1863, President Abraham Lincoln declared that distant event a national holiday to be celebrated on the last Thursday in November. However, it was not until 1941 that it was officially established by the North American Congress under President Franklin Roosevelt.

To this day, this tradition includes meeting at the table as a family and having a turkey for dinner, fried or baked, which is the main dish; In addition, salads, breads and cakes work well with it. That night, families enjoy a special moment where each member shares their blessings and gives thanks for it.

From an ethical and philosophical point of view, gratitude is defined as a moral virtue that refers to good behavior (McCallock, Gilbotrick, Emmons and Larson, 2001); According to the Royal Spanish Academy, this is a sense of value that leads us to reconsider the benefits we have been given or wanted to do. However, gratitude develops in us more than wanting to reconsider a good deed.

Positive Psychology is the scientific study of all that provides psychological well-being, beginning research in the late 1990s on the effects of gratitude, by Robert Emmons of the University of California and Michael McCullough of the University of Miami. This study involves creating three groups that are approximately assigned with the indication of having a weekly diary. The first group should write in their journal the things they are thankful for; Second, he would write everything that made them angry; The third group will focus on neutral events. Ten weeks later, those who wrote only the approvals that the results revealed were in better health than the rest of the participants.

Northrup (2012) says that when we look at something with gratitude, no matter how small, we maintain that gratitude for 15 to 20 seconds, as our body undergoes various subtle and beneficial physiological changes, for example: lowering stress levels and strengthening the immune system; Better blood flow;

The heartbeat synchronizes and breathing deepens, thus increasing the amount of oxygen in the tissues.Cultivating gratitude requires will and discipline just like any other activity, so continuous training produces physical and emotional benefits. In this way, the grateful can see the positivity even in moments of suffering, evaluating these elements to integrate with their existence.

So gratitude includes a balanced view of the positive and negative aspects of the experience (Moyano, 2011). Facing life situations, the reflection of gratitude can be an adaptive psychological strategy, i.e., an ability to adapt to such situations, as well as an important development in which the person can positively interpret their everyday experiences.

You can start by spending a few minutes before you go to sleep, thinking about everything that happened to you during the day, maybe for a meeting with your friends, for having a coat that protects you from the cold when you leave home, for the message that keeps you in a good mood, for family, that you are alive and healthy. For all of those experiences and decisions that led you to this moment; Because, even from the bad experiences you learn, you get mature, they strengthen your character and prepare you to make better decisions tomorrow. As long as identifying the blessings around you is part of you, you can do this practice whenever you want.

Not only does it build a good relationship with you and others, but thanksgiving in a real and honest way opens the door to better health. So give thanks every day, beyond the second Monday in October or the last Thursday in November.

B-Schools in India

To convert a premier b-school is a dream of every MBA aspirant . Top business schools not just in India but also all over the globe are always high in demand . In our country also for top schools a long process goes into picture . The Common Admission Test is the most premium exam in which almost 2 to 2.5 lakhs aspirants give exams to get in their dream colleges mostly the Indian Institute of Management . They main reason why people aspire these schools is mostly because they want to have a good career in corporate life . Or some even pursue MBA to change their line of career fro HR to marketing or from Finance to IT and so on . They will never be old school till they continue to provide hefty packages .

Five strangest places in the world

Nazca Lines

Atlantis may be a myth, but the mysterious Nazca Lines are real. This majestic geography of arid coastal Peru depicts spiders, monkeys, plants and other artifacts. They date back to about 500 B.C. But they are much appreciated by the wind (although everything can be seen from the ground). No one knows why prehistoric Nazca culture went in an attempt to create Earth Cliffs, although they may have had a ceremonial role or may have been associated with stars in the sky.

Loch Ness

Beautiful Loch Ness is remarkable even without the monster sights that have become a global name. This lake, located in the Scottish Highlands, is the largest Scottish Loch. It reaches a depth of 755 feet (230 m) and covers an area of ​​21.8 square miles (56.4 sq km). This mammoth size may have been part of leading to rumors of a large beast lurking in the lake. Loch Ness Monster first made headlines in an article in 1933, which suggested that a disturbance between the ducks on the surface of the lake might be a fight. However, this was enough to provoke rumors, especially in 1934 when a photo of a long-necked lake monster was released.


According to Mexican tribes, this place is the center of the intersection of the real and other worlds. This is where incredible events that are difficult for a modern person to understand take place. Savinda is interested in many treasure hunters. Although the treasure has not been found there until now. Seekers attribute their failures to other world powers.

Yonaguni Pyramids

In Japan, near the island of Yonaguni, mysterious underwater pyramids were discovered. They are causing great controversy among modern scientists. It is not yet understood whether the construction was an event, or whether the pyramids were man-made. During numerous studies, scientists have been able to establish the approximate age of objects – they are over 10 thousand years old. If it is possible to prove that buildings were erected by unknown civilization, then the whole of humanity


All the people of the planet know about this place. It symbolizes its mystery, magical beginnings, and myths.The Stonehenge Megalithic System is about a hundred meters in diameter, located in the Salisbury Plain. In this sense, the stones are arranged in a circle and surrounded by an earthen tower and a moat. At the very center is an altar made of sandstone. Until now, scientists have not been able to determine what this structure was built for and how the ancient people used it. But here are suggestions that magical rites were performed or that it was an ancient laboratory.

Social issues

India is a country with 28 states and 8 union territories made up of people following 9 main religions and speaking more than 22 languages across the length and breadth of the country. To assume that everything is fine in a country with 140 crore population and so much of diversity is not only illogical but also an unprecedented amount of ignorance on our part.

There are plenty of social issues that India faces and in this essay on social issues, we are going to discuss the main issues pertaining to India

What are the social issues that India faces?

The following are the mainstream social issues that India faces even in 2020

  • Communalism: The political class of India has always followed the divide and rule policy. This policy was inherited from the British and is unfortunately followed by the ruling class even today. And what is more unfortunate is people fall into this trap every 5 years during the election time. Dividing people of the basis of caste and communal lines in usually referred to as communalism. Inciting hatred and bigotry between different sections of people by hate-mongering and provocative speeches lead to violence and unrest. India has seen some worst communal riots in recent times like the 1991 Mumbai riots, Ayodhya riots, 2002 Godhra riots and the 2020 Delhi riots.
  • Poverty: There are millions of Indin who are BPL (Below Poverty Line) cardholders. While the government has been trying to provide them with food, every government since the time India achieved her independence, has miserably failed to lift people out of poverty. Crores of families in India are daily wage labourers who can easily be trapped into the poverty of they don’t work even for one day. The issue of poverty has been highlighted and been flashed into our faces during the COVID-19 pandemic when the country was under lockdown for 2 months. Millions of people, with lack of livelihood and food, were on the verge of starvation.
  • Gender Discrimination: The pay gap between a male and a female employee, lack of adequate representation of female leaders in parliament, dowry harassment, lack of equal opportunities both in private and public sector jobs and social stereotypes and stigmas attached with the concept of gender has been a challenging problem for our country from many years. In spite of a separate ministry formed for empowering women in the country, due to lack of educational and social awareness, women have been mistreated in the country both in public and private spaces.



Given below is a long essay on music consisting of about 500 words. This essay is suitable for students of classes 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for those who are writing competitive exams.

Music is something that we all enjoy in the course of our lives. It is the sound that is brought together through a harmony of instruments and singing voices. It is something that is part of us ever since we enter this world. Our mothers, fathers and grandparents sing us lullabies so that we can sleep peacefully. In the mornings, we listen to the birds chirping and the leaves of plants and trees rustling, and even this is like music to our ears. Music is everywhere, and all you have to do is open up your ears to hear it.

Those who know how to create music using instruments and their own bodies are called musicians. There are different kinds of instruments – percussion, string, brass, woodwind and piano/keyboard. Percussion instruments include drums, bongos, the triangle, tambourine, tabla, dholak, etc. and they are the ones responsible for giving the main beat to a song. String instruments include the harp, guitar, cello, violin, etc. and they give rhythm to the music.

Brass instruments refer to those that you have to play with your mouth, such as the trombone, trumpet, the French horn, etc. In these instruments, you blow air into the instruments to create vibrations. Woodwind instruments follow a similar concept using air/wind, except that these instruments are made of wood and the sound profile is higher pitched than brass, for example, the flute. The piano/keyboard consists of a set of keys that have a range of pitches.

When musicians put one or more of these sounds together in harmony, it creates what we know as music. However, that’s not all to it; music can be even one of those instruments, such as the strumming of a guitar, a melodious tune on the piano, a catchy beat on the bongos, etc. When you add another voice to an instrument, it is called singing and is a vital part of the music. When people who play different instruments come together to play them together, it is called a band.

There are many different genres of music, too, such as rock, pop, classical, blues, jazz, R&B, hip-hop, etc. All of these genres of music are characterized by how the instruments work together. For example, rock music is often louder and has more pronounced percussion and string instruments, while jazz is a genre where the saxophone is very prevalent. In today’s world, we see a lot of combinations of genres such as pop-rock, classical rock, etc. One of the newest genres of music is electronic dance music (EDM) which consists of loud percussive beats and is very popular to young people.

They say that music is a universal language, meaning that you don’t necessarily need to understand the words in a song to enjoy the music. In this way, music connects people all over the world with its universal language. I love listening to music especially because of this reason. Music has the power to unite people, make us feel at peace, make us feel understood; it is something to dance to, bond over, and even listen to when alone. Music is not just sound, it is its own language and it communicates so much; it is a beautiful thing.


Given below is a Long Article on the Importance of Education in our life for aspirants of competitive exams and students belonging to classes 6,7,8,9, and 10. The Importance of Education in our life article helps the students with their class assignments, comprehension tasks, article writing, debate, and even competitive examinations.

Education is a powerful weapon that aids an individual to face the adversities of life and overcome societal stigmas such as poverty, fear, status to achieve success. Education is the hope of development and success for most third-world countries and the world’s dominion countries. Mandatory education builds the scope of better growth and development.

Role of Education in India

Education has the potential to revolutionize the course of a nation – with skilled and educated youths. A nation comprises a higher rate to achieve its targeted economic growth and sit among the league known as the developed nation. A well-educated nation discards any obstacles that hinder its growth and strives hard to attain sustainable development.

Education in India refers to the process of learning, training, and teaching human capital in schools and universities. The Indian government reflects specific economic policies that emphasize the importance of education in India.

Factors contributing to the Importance of Education in India

Eradicate the fickle of Unemployment

The substantial effect of illiteracy is ‘unemployment.’ Unemployment hinders the progress of a nation-leading to low standards of living and an increased crime rate.

India is stuck in a critical situation where almost 58 percent of unemployed graduates and 77 percent of the families are void of regular income. About 67 percent receive an annual income of less than 1.2 Lakh per anum.

In this circumstance, India cannot risk leaving any child illiterate, as it would push him towards a life of Unemployment and misery.

Removes Poverty

As India is one of the fastest-growing economies in 2020, poverty is on the decline in the country and is one of the greatest evils of illiteracy. Till the year 2012, India earned the appellation of homing the most significant number of poor in the world.

In India, nearly 70.6 Million people still live in abject poverty, and the way to discard the vicious cycle of poverty is through Education. Higher rates of literacy result in high access to employability, which in turn provides better living conditions.

Eradicates Casteism

The caste system is the world’s longest surviving social hierarchy in India. Caste-based discrimination cripples the path of sustainable development in India. A society that

write everyday

Writing everyday can benefit everyone, not only writers. It improves your memory, builds vocabulary, and refines your communication skills. Not to forget that writing can be very relaxing, especially if you lead a busy and stressful life. You can either start a dream journal, write down your daily adventures, or simply put the pen to the paper and see where it leads. There are no specific rules, just creating a habit of writing every day. And perhaps you will pen the next great novel. There are five reasons to give it a try:

  1. HELP WITH WRITER’S BLOCK – Every creative individual knows how difficult it is to face writer’s block. It is a terrible thing to deal with, and some writers don’t know how to get past it. Perhaps you are used to producing high quality text for your blog, but cannot even complete one paragraph without feeling unmotivated. Or you stopped working on your short story because of the thought of continuing to write is terrifying. You need to reduce the pressure, regardless of your current situation. and the best way to do so is to start writing a couple of sentences everyday. Many writers rely on that spark of imagination which inspires them to write. Some might even ask for help to get them going. So choose a time of the day when you will sit down and write. It might be difficult at first, but do your best not to feel stressed and write as relaxed as possible. Don’t be too concerned about the quality of your work because you can always come back later and edit it. Writing will become natural if you persist, which will do wonders for you productivity in the future.
  2. RELIEVE STRESS – Journalism is a form of writing that reduces stress, and there are several psychological studies that prove it. Putting down the events of your day on a piece of paper or even writing a life story about yourself will give you a better perspective of your current situation, and you will probably feel better once you share your emotions with a journal. This can have a positive effect on people who are very closed up and tend not to share their feelings with their friends and family. You can also use journaling to track your moods and this can give you an excellent overview. So after finishing a daily entry, don’t forget to add how you are feeling at that particular time. You might be able to recognize the reasons why you feel a specific emotion and learn how to cope with it in the future.
  3. MAKE A PROFIT – There are so many online jobs opportunities for writers that will provide the ability to earn some money while doing exactly what you love. If you always wanted to be blogger, now might be the time to publish your first post. However, if you want to attract an audience to your articles, you need to post often, and your work should be engaging. This means you need to practice writing and get better at you craft. The more readable and educational your work is, the more your audience will stop by.
  4. BECOME A BETTER WRITER – Consistency is the key when it comes to improving your writing skills. Stephen King, who is one of the most productive writers ever, claims that writing every single day is the reason why he is capable of completing more than one book a year. So the more you write, the stronger your writing skills will become. You will be able to communicate daily with your readers and discover your style. Writing daily can introduce you to different techniques that might be very fun for you, and ignite your imagination. You may try poetry because it can teach you even more about the creative process. Plus, this is where your vocabulary will come into play, because you will be able you use more obscure words and explore the meanings.
  5. EXPAND YOUR VOCABULARY – It doesn’t matter if you are professional writer or not, having good vocabulary can help you out in numerous situations. Now that we are in era of online communication, everyone is searching for shorter and easier ways to share our thoughts with the world, which makes our vocabularies smaller and smaller. If you notice that you cannot find a right word in a business meeting or while writing an email, it might be time to start writing more. You can begin by learning one new word every single day and making a habit of using it in your writing. If you are worried that you might forget the words after a couple of days, dedicate a single page of your journal to making a complete list of the ones you used in the past. You can revisit the list and throw in a couple of expressions into your current project.

Digital marketing

Everything You Need to Know About Core Web Vitals

The new Google Page Experience update is rolling out gradually over the next few months. Google has an estimated completion date of August 2021. So there’s still time to make sure your site is aligned with this update and tackle any issues along the way. This significant change will impact how your website performs in …

Top 3 Digital Ad Industry Predictions for 2021 – Have They Held True?

Early into 2021, many advertising and ad management industry predictions revolved around a boom in digital media spend and the increased popularity of local. But have these predictions held true so far? Especially following a tumultuous year? Even though we’re at the halfway point of this year, some predictions are already coming to fruition, especially …

Virtual Presentation Tips For Higher Engagement and Conversion

Would you like to improve your performance with practical and applicable virtual presentation tips? Virtual presentations and meetings are rapidly becoming the norm with the digital transformation of the world. But 79% of people think that most presentations are boring. Design entertaining, effective, and engaging presentations  Presenters feel more confident presenting with a well-designed slide …

Fundamental Features That the Best E-commerce Hosting Should Have

E-commerce business is estimated to have more than 2.14 Billion global digital buyers as of 2021. E-commerce becomes one of the fastest-growing sectors in the world gaining massive benefits with advancement in technology. When you are looking for an effective way for improving your e-commerce business then choosing the Multi-Vendor E-commerce Marketplace platform is one …

5 Factors to Consider When Choosing a Co-Working Space for Your Digital Marketing Agency

Coworking is becoming an increasingly popular option for those working in digital marketing. It is flexible, cost-effective and promotes creativity by allowing people to collaborate with like-minded professionals. However, choosing a coworking space is easier said than done. With thousands of spaces opening up around the world, choices can become overwhelming. This is especially true …

How Agencies Can Diversify Services to Deliver More Value to SMB Clients

As we enter the second half of 2021, times are still tough for businesses worldwide. COVID-19 affected almost every industry and vertical on every level, from large corporations to SMBs. In the UK, 80% of SMBs reported stable or increasing revenue in 2019, but one year later, the same number said revenues are declining, according …

Misreading Your B2B Metrics Can Lead You on the Wrong Digital Marketing Path

More than ever, metrics planning, tracking and analysis are helping digital marketing leaders transform businesses. The most-successful results are created by identifying the right customer, tracking the correct things, and being willing to adjust the plan when results need to be updated. Keeping up with today’s competition means more than just capturing yesterday’s basic analytics. …

How Does Hubspot Help You to Manage Your Digital Agency Projects

Are you worried about hitting the business targets timely besides fulfilling all the responsibilities of successful project managers? If yes, then you have landed just in the right place. An astounding 97% of all organizations believe project management is extremely critical to business performance as well as organizational success. Managing diversified projects at once, delegating.

India launches its Official Olympic Theme Song ahead of the Games in July-August

India’s Official Olympic Theme Song was launched ahead of the Summer Games in July-August. Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijiju was present on the occasion. Playback Singer Mohit Chauhan has composed and sung the song titled ‘Lakshya Tera Samne Hai’.
The event was organised by Indian Olympic Association (IOA) and attended by its President Narinder Batra among others. The Games will open on 23rd of next month and over 100 Indian athletes have qualified for the event so far.

UK High Court rejects diamantaire Nirav Modi’s appeal against his extradition to India

The UK high court has rejected diamantaire Nirav Modi’s appeal against his extradition to India, leaving him with five days to mount a further appeal. In February, the Westminster Magistrates’ Court had cleared Nirav Modi’s extradition, finding him guilty of fraud and money laundering in the Punjab National Bank scam and dismissing his claims that he would not get a fair trial in India. UK home secretary Priti Patel subsequently approved the extradition in April.
Nirav Modi had approached the UK high court to ascertain if there were any grounds for an appeal against Patel’s decision or the Westminster Magistrates’ Court order. This appeal has now been rejected by a high court judge. Under the legal guidelines, Nirav Modi as an appellant has five business days to apply for such an oral consideration, giving him time until next week. Meanwhile, Nirav Modi remains behind bars at Wandsworth Prison in south-west London since his arrest over two years ago on 19 March 2019.

More than 30.16 crore doses of COVID vaccine administered in the country so far

India has administered64.89 lakh vaccine dosesto the eligible beneficiaries in the last 24 hours. With this over 30.16 crore vaccine doses have been administered so far under Nationwide Vaccination Drive. The Union Health Ministry in a statement said that the country has reported 54 thousand 69 new cases in the last 24 hours.
The active caseload in the country has further declined and reached the level of 6 lakh 27 thousand and 57. Over 68,885 patients also recovered during the last 24 hours taking the total recoveries to more than 2 crore 90 lakh 63 thousand. The Ministry further added that daily recoveries continue to outnumber the Daily New Cases for the 42nd consecutive day.
The country has registered further improvement in the Recovery Rate which has now increased to 96.61 percent. Weekly Positivity Rate remains below 5 percent, and is currently at 3.04 percent. Daily positivity rate is at 2.91 percent, which is less than 5 percent for 17 consecutive days. The Ministry said, testing capacity has been substantially ramped up and 39.78 crore tests for Covid-19 have been conducted in total. 

Meeting of all political parties from J&K to be chaired by PM in national capital today

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair a meeting of all political parties from Jammu and Kashmir in the National Capital today. 14 leaders from various political parties have been invited for the meeting. Gupkar Alliance has accepted the invitation from the Prime Minister. Congress has confirmed that its leader Ghulam Nabi Azad will attend the meet.
National Conference Patron Farooq Abdullah said that they expect they will be able to make clear their position to the Prime Minister and Home Minister Amit Shah. Peoples Democratic Party chief Mehbooba Mufti, who is in Delhi, has said that she hopes for a clear resolution to their concerns saying that every issue can be solved through dialogue. 

PM interacts with participants of Toycathon-2021; Says tradition, tech will boost initiative of Aatmanirbhar Bharat

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that tradition and technology will boost the initiative of Aatmanirbhar Bharat. He said, toys and games combine tradition and technology. Prime Minister Narendra Modi today interacted with participants of Toycathon-2021. Toycathon 2021 was jointly launched by the Ministry of Education, Women and Child Development Ministry, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Ministry, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Textile Ministry, Information and Broadcasting Ministry and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) on 5th January this year.
It was launched to conceptualize innovative toys based on the Indian value system which will inculcate positive behavior and good value among the children. During the event, Mr. Modi shared his valuable ideas and suggestions for designing and conceptualizing the innovative games and urged the participants to create more innovative games. Highlighting the importance of Yoga, the Prime Minister has said that the practice of Yoga has increased and these innovative toys and games will promote Yoga.
Around one lakh 20 thousand participants had registered and submitted more than 17 thousand ideas for the Toycathon2021. Out of them one thousand 567 ideas have been shortlisted for the three days online Toycathon Grand Finale. Railways Minister Piyush Goyal and Minister of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre were present on the occasion. Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare and other senior officials also attended the event. 


Religion is a socialcultural system of designated behaviors and practices, moralsbeliefsworldviewstextssanctified placespropheciesethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernaturaltranscendental, and spiritual elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion.

Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine, sacred things,faith,a supernatural being or supernatural beingsor “some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life”.Religious practices may include ritualssermons, commemoration or veneration (of deities and/or saints), sacrificesfestivalsfeaststrancesinitiationsfunerary servicesmatrimonial servicesmeditationprayermusicartdancepublic service, or other aspects of human culture. Religions have sacred histories and narratives, which may be preserved in sacred scriptures, and symbols and holy places, that aim mostly to give a meaning to life. Religions may contain symbolic stories, which are sometimes said by followers to be true, that may also attempt to explain the origin of life, the universe, and other phenomena. Traditionally, faith, in addition to reason, has been considered a source of religious beliefs.

There are an estimated 10,000 distinct religions worldwide.About 84% of the world’s population is affiliated with ChristianityIslamHinduismBuddhism, or some form of folk religion.The religiously unaffiliated demographic includes those who do not identify with any particular religion, atheists, and agnostics. While the religiously unaffiliated have grown globally, many of the religiously unaffiliated still have various religious beliefs.

The study of religion comprises a wide variety of academic disciplines, including theologycomparative religion and social scientific studies. Theories of religion offer various explanations for the origins and workings of religion, including the ontological foundations of religious being and belief.

Psychology of colour

 Certain colors have been associated with increased blood pressure, increased metabolism, and eyestrain. So how exactly does color work? How is color believed to impact mood and behavior?

What Is Color Psychology?

In 1666, English scientist Sir Isaac Newton discovered that when pure white light passes through a prism, it separates into all of the visible colors. Newton also found that each color is made up of a single wavelength and cannot be separated any further into other colors.

Further experiments demonstrated that light could be combined to form other colors. For example, red light mixed with yellow light creates an orange color. Some colors, such as green and magenta, cancel each other out when mixed and result in a white light.

If you have ever painted, then you have probably noticed how certain colors can be mixed to create other colors.

“Given the prevalence of color, one would expect color psychology to be a well-developed area,” researchers Andrew Elliot and Markus Maier have noted. “Surprisingly, little theoretical or empirical work has been conducted to date on color’s influence on psychological functioning,1 and the work that has been done has been driven mostly by practical concerns, not scientific rigor.”

Despite the general lack of research in this area, the concept of color psychology has become a hot topic in marketing, art, design, and other areas. Much of the evidence in this emerging area is anecdotal at best, but researchers and experts have made a few important discoveries and observations about the psychology of color and the effect it has on moods, feelings, and behaviors.

Your feelings about color are often deeply personal and rooted in your own experience or culture.

For example, while the color white is used in many Western countries to represent purity and innocence, it is seen as a symbol of mourning in many Eastern countries.

The Psychological Effects of Color

Why is color such a powerful force in our lives? What effects can it have on our bodies and minds? While perceptions of color are somewhat subjective, there are some color effects that have universal meaning.

Colors in the red area of the color spectrum are known as warm colors and include red, orange, and yellow. These warm colors evoke emotions ranging from feelings of warmth and comfort to feelings of anger and hostility.

Colors on the blue side of the spectrum are known as cool colors and include blue, purple, and green. These colors are often described as calm, but can also call to mind feelings of sadness or indifference.

How do people respond to different colors? Select a color below to learn more about the possible effects and find reactions from other readers:

Color Psychology as Therapy

Several ancient cultures, including the Egyptians and Chinese, practiced chromotherapy, or the use of colors to heal. Chromotherapy is sometimes referred to as light therapy or colorology.

Colorology is still used today as a holistic or alternative treatment.2 In this treatment:

  • Red is used to stimulate the body and mind and to increase circulation.
  • Yellow is thought to stimulate the nerves and purify the body.
  • Orange is used to heal the lungs and to increase energy levels.
  • Blue is believed to soothe illnesses and treat pain.
  • Indigo shades are thought to alleviate skin problems.

Modern Research on Color Psychology

Most psychologists view color therapy with skepticism and point out that the supposed effects of color are often grossly exaggerated. Colors also have different meanings in different cultures.

Research has demonstrated in many cases that the mood-altering effects of color may only be temporary. A blue room may initially cause feelings of calm, but the effect dissipates after a short period of time.

However, existing research has found that color can impact people in a variety of surprising ways:

  • Warm-colored placebo pills were reported as more effective than cool-colored placebo pills in one study.3
  • Blue-colored streetlights can lead to reduced crime according to anecdotal evidence.
  • Red causes people to react with greater speed and force, something that might prove useful during athletic activities according to researchers.4
  • Black uniforms are more likely to receive penalties. Additionally, students were more likely to associate negative qualities with a player wearing a black uniform according to a study that looked at historical data of sports teams and what they were dressed.5

Color Can Influence Performance

Studies have also shown that certain colors can have an impact on performance. No one likes to see a graded test covered in red ink, but one study found that seeing the color red before taking an exam actually hurt test performance.6

While the color red is often described as threatening, arousing or exciting, many previous studies on the impact of the color red have been largely inconclusive. The study found, however, that exposing students to the color red prior to an exam has been shown to have a negative impact on test performance.

In the first of the six experiments described in the study, 71 U.S. colleges students were presented with a participant number colored either red, green or black prior to taking a five-minute test.

The results revealed that students who were presented with the red number before taking the test scored more than 20% lower than those presented with the green and black numbers.

Color and Consumer Purchases

Color psychology suggests that various shades can have a wide range of effects, from boosting our moods to causing anxiety. But could the color of the products you purchase ever say something about your personality? For example, could the color of the car you buy somehow relate to some underlying personality traits or quirks?

Your color preferences why buying items might say something about the type of image you may be trying to project. Color preferences, from the clothes you wear to the car you drive, can sometimes make a statement about how we want other people to perceive us. Other factors such as age and gender can also influence the color choices we make.

  • White: As many of our readers have suggested, the color white can feel fresh and clean. The color is often used to evoke a sense of youth and modernity.
  • Black: Our readers often describe black as a “powerful” color, which might be the reason why black is the most popular color for luxury vehicles. People often describe the color as sexy, powerful, mysterious, and even ominous.
  • Silver: It’s the third most popular color for vehicles and linked to a sense of innovation and modernity. High tech products are often silver, so the color is often linked to things that are new, modern, and cutting-edge.
  • Red: Dreaming of a red vehicle? Red is a bold, attention-getting color, so preferring this type of car might mean you want to project an image of power, action, and confidence.
  • Blue: People often describe blue as the color of stability and safety. Driving a blue car or SUV might indicate that you are dependable and trustworthy.
  • Yellow: According to the experts, driving a yellow vehicle might mean that you are a happy person in general and perhaps a bit more willing than the average person to take risks.
  • Gray: The experts suggest that people who drive gray cars don’t want to stand out and instead prefer something a bit more subtle.

Of course, the color selections we make are often influenced by factors including price, selection, and other practical concerns. Not only that, but color preferences can also change in time.7

A person might prefer brighter, more attention-getting colors when they are younger, but find themselves drawn to more traditional colors as they grow older. The personality of the buyer can play an important role in color selection, but buyers are often heavily influenced by factors such as price as well as availability.

For example, purchasing a white vehicle might be less about wanting people to think that you are young and modern and more about the climate you live in; people who live in hot climates typically prefer light-colored vehicles over dark ones.

Evil Dowry.

Dowry system or an evil system of our country that still exists even after 72 years of independence. The system of giving the bride as a gift is justified. But to what extent the giving of vehicles, jewellery, and furniture is justified. Especially when it leads to issues such as domestic violence, sexual harassment, and sometimes suicide. In our county being a girl parent is a sin and credit goes to the dowry system that still exists. The idea behind the dowry system was, to make sure the bride will be financially stable after getting married. The intentions were very clear. Brides parents used to give money, land, assets to the bride as a “Gift” to make sure their daughter will be happy and independent after marriage. Now parents of the bride were looking at their bride as a source of income. Parents started hating their daughters and wanted only sons. They started demanding money as a dowry.

The new dowry system is creating problems in society. Poor parents do not get any groom who will marry their daughter without taking dowry. They have to take “Marriage Loans” to get their daughter married. Dowry is becoming a nightmare for Women. The cases of infanticide are increasing. Poor parents do not have any other option. They cannot afford to have a girl child, and hence they are intentionally killing infant girls. Dowry is creating violence. Groom’s parents are misusing this pure tradition. And they are not aware that they are misusing it, because they are not educated about the traditional dowry system. Everyone is just following the new dowry system blindly.

Dowry is complete injustice with women and does not give women equal status in society. Because of dowry men will always be superior to women. This is creating a mess and a negative environment in society. Under the Dowry Prohibition Act, taking or giving dowry is a crime and illegal. If you see someone taking or giving dowry then you can complain about them. Whenever someone takes the downy then it is sin but those who give dowry are equally culprit. So the need of the time is that we pledge to not give or take dowry in any case.

Amazon rainforest

The Amazon rainforest has long been recognized as a repository of ecological services not only for local tribes and communities, but also for the rest of the world. It is also the only rainforest that we have left in terms of size and diversity.
But as forests burn and global warming worsens, the impact of Amazon deforestation continues to gradually undo the fragile ecological processes that have been refined over millions of years.

Ironically, as rainforest continues to disappear, scientific work from the last two decades has shed light on the critical ties that link the health of rainforests to the rest of the world.

Filtering and reprocessing the world’s harmful carbon dioxide output

Trees have hidden attributes that play a key role in reducing pollutant levels. Take carbon dioxide (CO2) for example, a gas emitted from both natural and human sources. Over the last 150 years, humans have been pumping massive amounts of CO2 into the air by burning fossil fuels, coal, oil and natural gas – this is a major driver for global climate change.

Carbon dioxide in, oxygen out
Under natural conditions, plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere and absorb it for photosynthesis, an energy-creating process that yields:

  • Oxygen, which is released back into the air
  • Carbon, which allows the plant to grow.

So, without tropical rainforests the greenhouse effect would likely be even more pronounced, and climate change may possibly get even worse in the future.1

Amazon rainforests and carbon dioxide
What forests take from the air, they can also give back. When forests burn, tree carbon matter is released in the form of CO2, which pollutes the atmosphere, and of which there are already excessive quantities.

Where rainforest and savanna once stood, pastures for cattle-ranching are now appearing. Pastures teem with termites and cattle, whose metabolic activities also release CO2, although their contribution to atmospheric pollution is under much debate.

With the forests gone, CO2 is no longer transformed through photosynthesis, and the crops that replace forests only absorb a fraction of CO2 compared to rainforests. Along with industrial pollution, rampant deforestation in South America and elsewhere has significantly increased the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere.2


In 1987, the United Nations General Assembly decided to observe 26th June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. The Conference recommended that an annual day should be observed to mark the importance of the fight against drug abuse and illicit trafficking. Both the dates 17 June and 26 June were suggested, and in the later meetings 26 June was chosen and written into the draft and final resolution. It is often referred to by Anti-Drug campaigners as 6/26. A play on Marijuana smokers “4/20” day is to be as celebrate cannabis. The UN’s 2007 World Drug Report puts the value of the illegal drug trade at US$322 billion a year. Campaigns, rallies, poster designing and many other programs are conducted. People of different countries celebrate the day together. As drug use increases, the day becomes more important. Justice for Health’, the theme for International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking 2019, highlights that “justice and health are two sides of the same coin when it comes to addressing drug problems.” The drug is an addiction if we ask any drug addicted person will tell that they have problem in family. If we give medicine and treatment only the starter and the middle person will change. We have to be happy we must not show our feelings to them or tell any sad situation. Everything in our life which happens will have a solution. Our life is like a rope we itself twist and make a knot and we remove it with, our teeth and fingers if look into it a small thing over it if it take it the rope will be as it was before. Life is not at all hard part every part is a simple and easy we itself making it harder or others test us how we are removing the knot. This is a simple technique in life each and everyone can advise. To follow the tips or to make your life smoother you have to leave a thing or make thing, if you think you are watching for long hours leave it in that time read some stories. This is an example if you try this for 21 days you can achieve if you cannot do it properly don’t worry think that you are leaving slowly. When you think something is telling to do the thing which you don’t want to do then think that you have came over doing that thing so only the thought is coming. You must not keep counting 21 days because your focus will be on date not on the action. Each thing has a day and time we must leave it at a point it will not continue more than a time limit. Before there was no such drugs but nowadays there are many drugs which small age persons also addicted. In this situation what things we do more and more to make us happy is also called as drug.

Education Access

For the development of the country, education is a must. But not only education but equal access to education is vital. With modernization, our country’s education index increase gradually. But the sad part is the gulf between the education ratio between boys and girls is still wide. Our country can progress only when our country gives equal access to education to girls also. but it is not possible due to various factors that make it impossible for girls to get an education in our country. Firstly, the poverty rate of our country. The condition is miserable. And when It comes to education. It is only a girl child who has to suffer. Families are educating only boy child barely caring about the female child of the family. This problem still exists even after 72 years of independence. Even though education is being made free, it still involves a substantial cost to send girls to school. Therefore, families who are struggling to make ends meet fail to pay the educational expenses of their children.

Another problem is that in rural areas, there aren’t many schools. This creates a distance problem as they are located far from the villages. In some areas, students have to walk for three to four hours to reach their school. This is where the safety of the girls gets compromised so parents don’t see it fit to send them off so far. Furthermore, the conservative thinking of the people makes it tougher for girls to get an education. Some people still believe girls are meant to stay in their houses and look after the kitchen. They do not like women to do any other tasks except for household ones. social evils like child marriage and child labour also stop the girl from getting an education. Parents pull daughters out of school to marry them off at an early age. Also, when girls indulge in child labour, they do not get time to study. If we wish to see India progress and develop, we need to educate our girl children. They are indeed the future of our nation. Moreover, when they become educated, they will not have to be dependent on others for their livelihood.

One of the most important benefits of girl education is that the country’s future will be brighter and better. Similarly, our economy can grow faster if more and more women become financially strong thereby reducing poverty. Furthermore, women who are educated can take proper care of their children. This will strengthen the future as lesser kids will die due to a lack of vaccination or a similar reason. Most importantly, educated women can result in a decrease in social issues like corruption, child marriage, domestic abuse, and more. They will become more confident and handle their families better in all spheres. Thus we see how one educated woman can bring so much change in her life along with the others as well.

Nataraj Temple Chidambaram

The Nataraj Temple Chidambaram is also referred as Thillai Nataraj Temple. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is in the southern state of Tamilnadu in India. The temple has a deep mythical connection. When the name of the town was Thillai, a Shiva shrine used to be there in the temple. Chidambaram is the name of the city where the temple is now situated literally meaning “clothed in thought” or “atmosphere of wisdom”.

The architecture of the temple represents the link between arts and spirituality. The temple was constructed during the 10th Century when Chidambaram used to be the capital of the Chola dynasty. The Cholas considered Lord Shiva as Nataraj as their family deity. The Nataraj temple has undergone damage, renovation and expansion throughout the 2nd millennium. Although Shiva is the main deity of the temple, it also represents major themes from Vaishnavism, Shaktism and others with all due reverence. The Chidambaram temple complex proudly boasts of being one of the oldest temple complexes in Southern India. The most unique characteristic of the Nataraj Temple is the bejewelled image of Nataraj.

The temple has five main Halls or Sabhas namely the Kanaka Sabha, the Cit Sabha, Nritta Sabha, Deva Sabha and Raja Sabha. Nataraj happens to be one of the most momentous forms of Lord Shiva. Chidambaram is also amongst one of the most celebrated shrines of Lord Shiva in the country. The place also bears a significant importance from both cultural point of view and historical perspective as well.Now R & D, Western scientists have proved that at Lord Nataraja ‘s big toe is the Centre Point of World ‘s Magnetic Equator.

Ancient Tamil Scholar Thirumoolar has proved this Five thousand years ago! His treatise Thirumandiram is a wonderful Scientific guide for the whole world.

​Chidambaram temple embodies the following characteristics :

  1. This temple is located at the Center Point of world ‘s Magnetic Equator.
  2. amoung the “Pancha bootha” temples, Chidambaram denotes the Skies. Kalahasthi denotes Wind. Kanchi Ekambareswar denotes land. All these 3 temples are located in a straight line at 79 degrees 41 minutes Longitude. This can be verified. An amazing fact & astronomical miracle !
  3. Chidambaram temple is based on the Human having 9 Entrances denoting 9 Entrances or Openings of the body.
  4. Temple roof is made of 21600 gold sheets which denotes the 21600 breaths taken by a human being every day (15 x 60 x 24 = 21600)
  5. These 21600 gold sheets are fixed on the “Vimanam” (Roof) using 72000 gold nails which denote the total no. of Nadis (Nerves) in the human body.
  6. Thirumoolar states that man represents the shape of Shivalingam, which represents Chidambaram which represents Sadashivam which represents Lord SHIVA’s dance!
  7. “Ponnambalam ” is placed slightly tilted towards the left. This represents our Heart. To reach this, we need to climb 5 steps called “Panchatshara padi ” “Si, Va, Ya, Na, Ma ” are the 5 Panchatshara mantras. There are 4 pillars holding the Kanagasabha representing the 4 Vedas.
  8. Ponnambalam has 28 pillars denoting the 28 “Ahamas “as well as the 28 methods to worship Lord Shiva. These 28 pillars support 64 +64 Roof Beams which denote the 64 Arts. The cross beams represent the Blood Vessels running across the Human body.
  9. Kalasas on the Golden Roof represent the 9 types of Sakthi or Energies.The 6 pillars at the Artha Mantapa represent the 6 types of Sashtras.The 18 pillars in the adjacant Mantapa represents 18 Puranams.
  10. The dance of Lord Nataraja is described as Cosmic Dance by Western Scientists.

Quite a number of legends are associated with that of the Chidambaram Nataraj Temple. A couple of annual festivals and traditions that are celebrated with utmost grandeur and pomp are Aani Tirumanjanam and Margazhi Tiruvaadirai.


Every year July 28 is celebrated as the world conservation day is celebrated internationally to increase awareness about the best practices to protect our natural resources. We should acknowledge that a healthy environment is the foundation for a stable and healthy society. To ensure the well-being of the present and future generations, we all must as responsible human beings participate in protecting and conserving our nature. Nature is a really beautiful thing in this running world if you sit and watch these nature around you it gives a relaxation for our mind. In nature there are many things we can admire each and everything. We cannot be same as our ancestors but we can live like them a little, in those days they left a big space for nature and small for them we can keep big space for us and small space for nature as garden in land. Nowadays it is become a fashion of keeping terrace gardening its nice but if you plant in the garden as a tree from it many birds, insects, squrilles etc can be happy. We can keep a pet in those days they feed dogs and cats only when they are hungry we should give space to do their habit other than we should not change the habit. The most obvious reason for conservation is to protect wildlife and promote biodiversity. Protecting wildlife and preserving it for future generations also means that the animals we love don’t become a distant memory. And we can maintain a healthy and functional ecosystem. In nature we have to conserve many things

• Environmental Conservation:

Environmental conservation is basically the practice of us humans to save the environment from collapsing, such as loss of species, ecosystems due to pollution and human activities. This helps both trees and animals, since some of us are dependent on them to survive. We need to save trees because they convert the carbon dioxide (CO2) we produce from factories and such to oxygen (O2) for us to breathe and respire.

• Animal conservation:

Animal conservation is the act of protecting ecosystems and environments to protect the animals that live there. Projects and animal conservation societies are being set up and developed all over the world every day, and along with that come the urgent need for animal conservation volunteers and science specialists.

• Marine Conservation:

Marine conservation, also known as ocean conservation, is the protection and preservation of ecosystems in oceans and seas through planned management in order to prevent the over-exploitation of these resources.

• Human Conservation:

Conservation seeks the sustainable use of nature by humans, for activities such as hunting, logging, or mining, while preservation means protecting nature from human use. This difference is illustrated by how the United States manages its public lands.

Nature is everywhere nature is like gold when we save it how much is possible when we are in difficulties it will save us. We can plant many trees as much as possible it gives us air and oxygen and some plants gives fruits, vegetables and flowers. We can make our free from pollution a small change can be a big thing one day. We will save our nature life and it will save us.

Biography of APJ Abdul kalam

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist who joined India’s defense department after graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology. He was a central figure in the development of the country’s nuclear capabilities and was hailed as a national hero after a series of successful tests in 1998. Kalam served as India’s president for one term from 2002 to 2007, and died of a heart attack on July 27, 2015.

Early Years

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born into a Muslim family on October 15, 1931, on the island of Dhanushkodi off the southeastern coast of India. He developed an early fascination with flight by watching birds, which developed into an interest in aeronautics after he saw a newspaper article about a British fighter plane.

Despite his modest beginnings – his dad built and rented boats – Kalam was a bright student who showed promise in science and mathematics. He attended St. Joseph’s College and went on to earn a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology.

Rise to the Presidency

His hopes of becoming a fighter pilot were dashed when he narrowly missed out on a spot with the Indian Air Force. Kalam instead joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a senior scientific assistant in 1958. After moving to the newly formed Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969, he was named project director of the SLV-III, the first satellite launch vehicle designed and produced on Indian soil.

Returning to the DRDO as director in 1982, Kalam implemented the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He then became the senior scientific adviser to India’s defense minister in 1992, a position he used to campaign for the development of nuclear tests.

Kalam was a key figure in the May 1998 Pokhran-II tests, in which five nuclear devices were detonated in the Rajasthan Desert. Although the tests resulted in condemnation and economic sanctions from other world powers, Kalam was hailed as a national hero for his staunch defense of the country’s security.

In 2002, India’s ruling National Democratic Alliance helped Kalam win an election against Lakshmi Sahgal and become India’s 11th president, a largely ceremonial post. Known as the People’s President, Kalam set a goal of conducting 500,000 one-on-one meetings with young people over the course of his five-year term. His immense popularity led to him being nominated by MTV for a Youth Icon of the Year award in 2003 and 2006.

After leaving office in 2007, Kalam became a visiting professor at several universities. He formed the “What Can I Give Movement” in 2011 with the goal of creating a compassionate society, and in 2012, his efforts to improve healthcare led to the release of a tablet for medical personnel to use in remote areas.

Death and Legacy

On July 27, 2015, Kalam suffered a massive heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management and subsequently died at the age of 83.

Kalam was laid to rest on July 30 with full state honors in his native Tamil Nadu. In honor of the scientist and former president, the southeast Indian state government of Tamil Nadu created a “Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award,” which recognizes exceptional individuals who promote the sciences, students and humanities. The government has also established Kalam’s birthday (October 15) as “Youth Renaissance Day.” Discussion about building a large-scale memorial at his burial site is underway.

Among his many accolades, including honorary doctorates from 40 universities, he was granted the Padma Bhushan (1981), the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (1997) — India’s highest civilian awards — for his contributions in modernizing government defense technology. He also wrote several books, including the autobiography Wings of Fire in 1999.

Joy of organic farming with a touch of generosity

PALAKKAD: Bhuvaneswari Amma is 62. But her energy belies her age. She runs around her 24-acre organic farm, barefoot. She enters slushy paddy fields to plant saplings and remove weeds alongside workers, shares food with them in the fields. In between, food is packed and delivered to Covid-affected families. She also helps take patients to hospitals and supply medicines. She tutors students living in the vicinity as well.A resident of Kolayakode, Elapully, Bhuvaneswari’s passion for farming and charity work drives her to go the extra mile. As she walks along briskly, one is tempted to ask: “Where is your footwear?”

“With footwear, I feel like I am moving away from nature,” says Bhuvaneswari.Paddy is cultivated in ten acres and mango orchards constitute a similar area, she says. “Then there is turmeric, jackfruit trees, black gram, black sesame and different flowers.”She also rears hens, ducks and native varieties of cattle, like Vechur, Kasaragod Kullan and Gir. “The manure for the crops comes from the cattle. There is also a one-and-a-half-acre pond where fish is reared.”

Family support keeps her smiling and enjoying the work, she says.Dr N Shudhodhanan, a retired deputy director with the animal husbandry department who resides nearby, says Bhuvaneswari spends generously for the benefit of the sick and the needy. “Every week, she provides more than 100 relief kits and food to families struggling with disease and to old age homes. In the past, people in the area used to be abandoned in one corner of their houses when affected by cancer. Now, she helps take such persons to healthcare centres and give them medicines in consultation with medical practitioners,” he says.It started off with her husband Venkatachalapathy, a maths teacher who retired as the principal of the Government Moyans HSS, receiving a share of the ancestral property in Kolayakode. The couple’s two sons then secured jobs in European countries, and proceeded to ensure their parents’ happiness. They purchased all the adjacent land.Shudhodanan remembers that the land was full of wild growth two decades ago. The couple initially lived in a modest tiled house. Gradually, they implemented scientific methods and converted the land into a fertile plot through sheer hard work. “At that time, organic farming had not received the hype it now has,” recalls Bhuvaneswari, who is now an active member of the Jaiva Samrakshana Samithy.She has four children Sajith, Sabith, Sabitha and Aneesh. The 31-year-old Aneesh was adopted by the family when he was six. Bhuvaneswari is a much-loved volunteer of the Sneha Theeram Palliative unit, says K Revathy Babu, president of Elapully panchayat.she is the super model mother.

By : G Gnana Priya dharshini

Peer pressure in society

     Peer pressure can be both negative and positive. Because if a person is a peer pressuring you for a good cause then it is motivation. Motivation is essential for the growth of a person. While peer pressure for a bad cause will always lead you to a disastrous situation.

Therefore it necessary for a person to not get influenced by the people around them. They should analyze the outcome of the deed in a strict manner. So that they no may commit anything harmful for themselves. As this world is full of bad people, so you need to be careful before trusting anybody.

Advantages of Peer Pressure

* Peer pressure is advantageous in many ways. Most importantly it creates a sense of motivation in the person. Which further forces the person to cross the barrier and achieve something great. Furthermore, it boosts the confidence of a person. Because our brain considers people’s opinions and makes them a priority.

*Many salesmen and Entrepreneurs use this technique to influence people to buy their products. Whenever we are in a social meet we always get various recommendations. Therefore when a person gets these recommendations the brain already starts liking it. Or it creates a better image of that thing. This forces the person to buy the product or at least consider it.

*This peer pressure technique also works in creating a better character of a person. For instance, when we recommend someone for a particular job, the interviewer already gets a better image of that person. Because he is recommended by a person the interviewer trusts. Therefore there is a great chance of that person to get hired.

*Above all the main advantage of peer pressure can be in youth. If a young person gets influenced by an individual or a group of people. He can achieve greater heights in his career.

Disadvantages of Peer Pressure 

*There are various disadvantages of peer pressure which can harm a person in many ways. If any person is not willing to perform a task then the peer pressure can be frustrating to him.

*Furthermore, peer pressure should not be in an excessive manner. Because it lands a negative impact on the person. A person should be of the mindset of listening to himself first. While considering opinions in favor of him.

*Peer pressure in youth from a bad company can lead a person to a nasty situation. Furthermore, it can also hamper a student’s career and studies if not averted. Youth these days are much influenced by the glamorous life of celebrities.

*And since they follow them so much, these people become their peers. Thus they do such things that they should not. Drugs and smoking are major examples of this. Moreover most shocking is that the minors are even doing these things. This can have adverse effects on their growth and career.

*It is necessary to judge the outcome of a deed before getting influenced by peers. Furthermore, peer pressure should always be secondary. Your own thoughts and wants should always have the first priority.





Motivation is a very important factor in our daily well-being. It prepares us for every moment at all times. It helps us to communicate healthy thoughts. This motivation is an integral part of the way of life. Motivation in a positive way inspires us to move forward all the time. In many ways we can keep a positive outlook on ourselves-

Living a healthy life and maintaining sagacious thinking.

Finish our daily works within time.

Moving forward with patience.

Motivation teaches us to live in the existing taboo. It is the bridge between time and action. It truly maintains the well-being of life.


Being able to say something fluently is a matter of credit. To survive in this fierce competition, we need to treat English as a very important medium. Knowing English helps us to advance ourselves a lot in terms of our self-esteem. It is an important medium of communication.

Spoken English is the key to success in international competition. Job opportunities in multinational companies have to be considered if one can’t actually speak English. Speaking English is the second medium of communication in different countries. English is the medium of communication in prestigious places. It is an important medium for us to move forward, which is very important for us to learn.

National Doctor’s Day – July 1


Doctor’s are highly respected in the world, in which they are worshipped in India. By the way, man is not capable of comparing him to God, but the doctor has achieved this status through his work.By the way, life is not human, but death is in the hands of God, but now God has given the right to give experience to a person by making him a doctor. We call this life donor a doctor, who gives birth to us, as well as sometimes saves us from death. In the field of medicine, doctors have progressed day by day. Today, a doctor can cure the most significant disease. With the help of the wonders of science, doctors are able to reach here today. 

Celebrations are made to honour and salute the doctor’s dedication, work, loyalty, honesty, dedication. To know full information about this day and what is its history, look at this article.

History of National Doctor’s Day

Since it is celebrated on different days in different countries, the history of celebrating this day is also our own. Here we are going to talk about the history of Doctor’s Day in India.

Doctor’s Day in India was started in 1991 by the then Government of India. Since then every year, the first date of July is established to be recognized and celebrated as National Doctor’s Day.

This day was ensured to honour and pay tribute to the legendary doctor and other Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, across India. He was born on July 1, 1882, A.D in Patna city, Bihar, and died on this day 80 years later.

He completed his medical graduation from Calcutta and obtained MRCP and FRCP degrees in London in 1911 and returned to India the same year he started his medical career as a doctor in India.

He was a noted physician and renowned educationist of the country as well as a freedom fighter because he participated in the movements made by Mahatma Gandhi, and also took care of him in his fast.

After independence, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress Party and then later became the Chief Minister of West Bengal. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award in February 1961. Apart from this, Dr. BC Roy National Award was instituted in 1976 to remember him.

The award was to pay him respect and tribute. Therefore, to honour and remember such a great personality, National Doctor’s Day was started.

10 Lines about National Doctor’s Day

=>July 1 is celebrated every year on this day to commemorate the birth and death anniversary of the most famous doctor of the country Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (Dr. B C Roy).

=>The Govt of India formally dedicated the day to be celebrated as National Doctor’s Day first time in 1991 A.D as a mark of respect to Roy, a famous physician and 2nd CM of West Bengal.

=>Bidhan Chandra Roy was a renowned educationist as well as a freedom fighter as he joined the Mahatma Gandhi during the Civil Disobedience Movement.

=>The Indian Government honoured him with the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1961 for his immense contribution to the society.

=>The theme of 2019 National Doctors Day is “Zero tolerance to violence against doctors and clinical establishment”.

=>Doctors Day is celebrated on different dates world over. Some countries also observe a holiday on this day.

=>While the United States celebrates the Day on March 30 Iran observes the Day on August 23.

=>In the country of Brazil, National Doctors’ Day is celebrated as a holiday on October 18, the day when the Roman Catholic Church celebrates the anniversary of Saint Luke.

=>In the country of Cuba, National Doctors’ Day is celebrated as a holiday on December 3 to commemorate the birthday of Carlos Juan Finlay.

=>The first Doctors’ Day was observed on March 30, 1933, in Winder, Georgia, US.


Although a person does not visit the doctor for the common cold and mild fever, if the condition worsens, they should not be ignored. Doctor’s need to build trust while performing their duties honestly. I hope you liked this informative Essay on National Doctor’s Day.

A Brief History of Journalism: How We Arrived to Where We Are

The Beginning of Journalism 

Journalism is the gathering, organizing, and distribution of news — to include feature stories and commentary — through the wide variety of print and non-print media outlets. It is not a recent phenomenon, by any means; the earliest reference to a journalistic product comes from Rome circa 59 B.C., when news was recorded in a circular called the Acta Diurna. It enjoyed daily publication and was hung strategically throughout the city for all to read, or for those who were able to read.

During the Tang dynasty, from 618 A.D. to 907 A.D., China prepared a court report, then named a bao, to distribute to government officials for the purpose of keeping them informed of relevant events. It continued afterward in a variety of forms and names until the end of 1911, and the demise of the Qing dynasty. However, the first indication of a regular news publication can be traced to Germany, 1609, and the initial paper published in the English language (albeit “old English”) was the newspaper known as the Weekly Newes from 1622. The Daily Courant, however, first appearing in 1702, was the first daily paper for public consumption.

It should come as no surprise that these earliest forays into keeping the public informed were met with government opposition in many cases. They attempted to impose censorship by placing restrictions and taxes on publishers as a way to curb freedom of the press. But literacy among the population, as a whole, was growing and because of this, along with the introduction of technology that improved printing and circulation, newspaper publications saw their numbers explode; and even though there remain pockets of news censorship around the world today, for the most part, journalistic freedom reigns.

Time passed, and the cost of news gathering increased dramatically, as publications attempted to keep pace with what seemed to be a growing and insatiable appetite for printed news. Slowly, news agencies formed to take the place of independent publishers. They would hire people to gather and write news reports, and then sell these stories to a variety of individual news outlets. However, the print media was soon about to come head-to-head with an entirely new form of news gathering — first, with the invention of the telegraph, then quickly followed by the radio, the television, and mass broadcasting. It was an evolution of technology that seemed all but inevitable.

Non-print media changed the dynamics of news gathering and reporting altogether. It sped up all aspects of the process, making the news, itself, more timely and relevant. Soon, technology became an integral part of journalism, even if the ultimate product was in print form. Today, satellites that transmit information from one side of the globe to another in seconds, and the Internet, as well, place breaking news in the hands of almost every person in the world at the same time. This has created a new model of journalism once again, and one that will likely be the standard for the future.

The Rise of Journalism in the United States

Not everyone was enamored with news reporting. When the earliest colonies were settling into life on this continent, there were many influential leaders that spoke with disdain about the press. One such person was Governor William Berkeley of Virginia who, in 1671, claimed, “I thank God, there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have, these hundred years, for learning has brought disobedience, and heresy, and sects into the world, and printing has divulged them, and libels against the best government. God keep us from both.” That is not a comment one would expect to hear in the United States today. But this was spoken at a time before technology had altered publication, and the purpose of most municipalities and their leaders was to see to it that people conformed.

Recent History of Journalism

Journalism of the 20th century and this first decade and a half of the 21st century. There is no question that the professionalism of this industry has grown immensely since the days of yellow journalism. There are several factors that are credited with this, including the fact that journalism became a recognized area of study at the university level, giving it a sense of importance missing prior to this. As well, there was an increasing body of knowledge on all aspects of the field of journalism, laying bare its flaws for others to examine, and explaining the techniques of mass communication from a social and psychological viewpoint. At the same time, social responsibility became the hallmark of journalism and journalists themselves elevated the profession through the creation of professional organizations. “A free and responsible press” is the battle cry of the journalist today, as ethics and standards are an important consideration of all who enter the profession.

The news has been changing with the introduction of new technologies. Even with the introduction of radio, and later, television, newspapers remained the most trusted source of information for most Americans, who only supplemented them with non-print media information. That is not so today. Non-print media dominate news acquisition by the public, and it has become more influential than could have been suspected in its infancy. Americans, and others, turn to non-print media to get sound bites of what is happening globally. Newspapers that put time, effort, reflection, and sweat and blood into the process of news gathering and reporting still aim to provide an in-depth look at events. The question becomes, who wants to take the time to ponder the world at the level that newspapers challenge the reader to ascribe to? The term “news,” itself, has taken on new meaning. There is hard news, celebrity news, breaking news, and other categories that have altered journalism from its beginnings.

However, even as the world continues to change, there is an ongoing need for the printed word, even if it is delivered electronically, instead of on paper. That should be some comfort to journalists, for indeed, there is hope that there will always be the need for a free and honest press.


Ram Nath Kovind Biography ( 14th President of India )

RamNath Kovind is the 14th President of India. He has been served in Indian politics for last 23 years. Associated with one of the leading political parties in India, BJP, Kovind has been selected as one of the nominees for the next President of India. RamNath Kovind belongs to Koli caste from UP. He has succeeded Pranab Mukherjee.

Ram Nath Kovind was born on 1st October in the year 1945. He was born and brought up in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. He practiced in Delhi high court for long 16 years as a professional lawyer before he walked into the world of Indian politics in the year 1994.


*Ram Nath Kovind is a lawyer by profession. He completed his education in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Afterwards he moved to Delhi High Court.

*He practiced as central government advocate in Delhi high court for 2 years. He joined the court in 1977 and till 1979 he served as central government advocate. In the year 1978 he had become an advocate on record under Supreme Court.

*From 1980 to 1993 he worked under Supreme Court as a central government standing counsel. From 1977 to 1993, for a long 16 years, he had been served the Indian Law as an extra ordinary advocate.

Political Career

*In the year 1994, he walked into the India political world when he elected as an honourable member of Rajya Sabha. He elected as member of Rajya Sabha two times. Apart from 1994, he was also elected in 2002.

*He had served Indian politics for 12 long years until now. Along with Rajya Sabha, he was a pivotal part of many other parliamentary committees. Some of them are home affairs, welfare of scheduled caste and scheduled tribes, law and justice, petroleum and natural gas, social justice and empowerment and also he was the chairman of Rajya Sabha House Committee.

*From 1998 to 2002, Ram Nath Kovind Ji was the President of the BJP Dalit Morcha. Also he was appointed as the President of All India Koli Samaj.

*In 2015, on 8th of August the President of India had appointed him as the Governor of Bihar. Since then he is serving as the GoB until now.

*On 19th June, 2017, after a couple of years of serving as the GoB, he has been elected as the honourable nominee of the National Democratic Alliance Presidential Election by the Prime Minister of India, Shree Narendra Modi.

*According to the PM of India, he is the most deserving candidate who can hold and carry the position of the President of the nation.

*He had represented India in the year 2002 during the month of October in United Nations in New York, USA. He was there to address the United Nations General Assembly.

Social Work:

During his political career, Ram Nath Kovind has been seen doing various social works especially for the people living in backward classes and such.

*After electing as the Rajya Sabha member, he has worked hard for the development of the basic needs for the infrastructure of the schools and educational institutions across the rural areas.

*Also he had provided government assistance to the local rulers to build up schools and institutions in many places across the state Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

*All these construction of schools and educational institutions were a part of Member of Parliament Local Area Development (MPLAD) Scheme.

*He is also associated with two leading educational institution, one is Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh as an honourable member of the board of management. Another one is the Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata as a member of the board of governors.


  1. Proper and good education is very important for all of us .it facilites quality learning all through the life amoung people of any age group ,cast,creed relegion and is the process of achieving knowledge ,values,skills,
  2. Better communication is yet another role improves and refines the speech of a person .education makes an individual a better uses of language
  3. Education certain determines the quality of an individual life .education improves ones knowledge skills and develop peronally .
  4. Education helps in creation of a better society


The calorie was first introduced by Nicolas Clément, as a unit of heat energy, in lectures during the years 1819–1824. This was the “large” calorie, viz. modern kilocalorie.[3][6] The term entered French and English dictionaries between 1841 and 1867. It comes from Latin calor ‘heat’.

The “small” calorie (modern calorie) was introduced by Pierre Antoine Favre (Chemist) and Johann T. Silbermann (Physicist) in 1852. In 1879, Marcellin Berthelot distinguished between gram-calorie (modern calorie) and kilogram-calorie (modern kilocalorie).[6] Berthelot also introduced the convention of capitalizing the kilogram-calorie, as Calorie.

The use of the kilogram-calorie (kcal) for nutrition was introduced to the American public by Wilbur Olin Atwater, a professor at Wesleyan University, in 1887.[3]

The modern calorie (cal) was first recognized as a unit of the cm-g-s system (cgs) in 1896,[6] alongside the already-existing cgs unit of energy, the erg (first suggested by Clausius in 1864, under the name ergon, and officially adopted in 1882).

Already in 1928 there were serious complaints about the possible confusion arising from the two main definitions of the calorie and whether the notion of using the capital letter to distinguish them was sound.[7] Use of the calorie was officially deprecated by the ninth General Conference on Weights and Measures, in 1948.[8]

The alternate spelling calory is archai

Real and present danger Sydney imposes New covid curbs

Restrictions over 5 million people after delta varient linked cases has neighboring new Zealand raises high alert people in Sydney, Australia biggest city have been ordered not to leave the metropolitan area as authorities scramble to contain a number of coronavirus cases of delta varient a development that has prompted neighboring new Zealand and to raise it alert level following possible exposure from a tourist from Australia new south Wales state premiere announced the strict crubs affecting about 5 million people who live and work in the city clearly this is a evolving situation “,Berejiklin said at the news conference the new rule took effect at 4pm Sydney Time and will remain in force for a week given what was occurred the Nsw government will be taking action today to limit the spread of what is a contagious varient of Covid Nsw health minister Brad Hazzard described the situation as a very Real and present situation for a city as a cluster first identified in the beach of suburbs of bondi grew to 21 cases with eight confirmed on Wednesday morning most of the newly confirmed cases were traced to a single event where the mass gathering was held on Tuesday this is new and more dangerous version of the virus Hazzard said during the news conference the new restrictions include a limit of household visitors to five people including children said ,”,Berejiklin mask wearing which already been reinstated on Friday will be extended to people required to wear mask on all indoor setting, outside the home and at organized outdoor events. The measure also includes capacity limits on public transport and in gym classe while singing at indoor venues including places of worship will not be allowed Authorities are also urging people to come for testing . New Zealand on alert: As of Wednesday Australia had recorded more than 30,300 cases and 910 deaths the country has been the world,s most successful in containing the pandemic allowing it to reopen its border to new Zealand but the new cases are testing the travel bubble between the neighbour’s on Wednesday new Zealand raised its pandemic alert level in welling to level two which is one level short of a lockdown, earlier as Australia tourist who visited the capital city over the weekend tested positive for covid when they returned to Sydney “,These are precautionary measures will be remain in the places while we contact trace and test to all those we needed to new Zealand covid response minister Chris Hopkins said under the elevated area alert level, office,school and business are still allowed to open but people are allowed to follow the social distancing gathering more than 100 people are banned in public places like wedding and other parties new Zealand has a population of 5 million people and has recorded deaths of 2720 cases and 26 deaths the country has posted a 98.2 % percent recovery rate in Australia itself queensisland and Victoria Island have closed their borders to people from many parts of Sydney ad a result of new cases the government has given the people to take vaccinations on the time that all people should take their vaccine on time as the spread of new delta virus form of Covid 19 virus as they are 5 million people are saying in Australia Sydney the new strict restrictions are been followed in Australia 80%of people have lost their job due to covid many business and marketing have been shut down for manufacturing and marketing of new education policy that class to children between students and teachers but now everything is changed due to covid many times the children are facing a huge loss.