What are different types of aggressions

Researchers identify two types of aggression related to sports: instrumental aggression and hostile aggression.What is instrumental aggression?By nature, certain sports (such as football, ice hockey, etc.) have higher levels of contact between players. Thus, they inevitably include more aggression. But such violence is often within the bounds of the game. You often need to play with a certain measure of physical aggressiveness in order to win. That’s instrumental aggression.Hostile aggression, on the other hand, is violence that goes beyond the scope of the sport. Being hostile refers to “impulsive, angry aggression intended to hurt someone who has in some way provoked an individual” (Russell, 2008). One famous example of hostile aggression in sport is a 2006 World Cup football (soccer here in the U.S.) match. After being insulted by Italian athlete Marco Materazzi in the middle of the game, French player Zinedine Zidane delivered a serious headbutt to his chest, which sent him flying to the ground. Such action was in no way necessary to the game itself; it was simply a way to retaliate against the athlete. Zidane wanted to hurt his provoker as badly as possible.Hostile Aggression Among Teen AthletesIn discussing the problem of aggression, most experts are talking about the concept of hostile – not instrumental – aggression.In surveying 800 adolescent athletes playing 10 different sports all across the U.S., Shields (2005) found that 13% of students have tried to deliberately hurt an opponent at least once during a game. Seventeen percent have said something mean to an opponent. And almost 40% have tried to “get back” at another player.

Heroes Modeling Bad Behavior

Increased media attention on pro-athletes has revealed shocking displays of violence both on and off the sports field. This has an influence on young fans, who often admire and glamorize such athletes. One researcher (Smith, 1983) asked adolescent hockey players who their favorite National Hockey League (NHL) player was. He found that there was a positive correlation between skaters whose NHL hero was aggressive and the young athlete’s own play.

Aggressive Parents

But aggressive behavior isn’t only seen on TV. Often, it’s closer to home. Certain parents could be violent and aggressive with their children at home, as well as on the sports field. (One Minnesota survey found that 17% of adolescent athletes said that an adult had hit, kicked, and slapped them while participating in sports.) Experiencing such violent behavior has a mimicking effect, says researchers. See the case of Thomas Junta and Michael Costin in 2000, and what happened to their kids thereafter.

Showing Loyalty or Seeking Revenge

Moral reasoning theory suggests that some teens think aggressive behavior is not just okay, but even the right thing to do in certain circumstances. “Aggressive behavior is often…justified by players to demonstrate loyalty to teammates, and especially injured teammates, by seeking revenge particularly in competitive, body-checking leagues,” says Cusimano (2016). Hurtful insults, mean taunts, and even stares can provoke certain players, who will then retaliate by become more aggressive (Gordon Russell, 2008). Sports psychologists note that not all athletes respond to the same provocation in the same way. Personality differences, temperament, and even regional hometown (!) change the way athletes will respond to a hurtful remark. For example, Type-A teens will be more likely to get angry when they’re insulted.

Getting Too Hot

Sounds crazy, but it really is true: environmental factors like heat leads to aggression. Science even proves it. Research on weather and crime shows that acts of violence happen most during the summer. In the same vein, getting hot during a sports game can make an athlete more physically aggressive. In analyzing more than 2,300 National Football League games and matching them up with the temperatures on each day, researchers found that the hotter it was, the more aggressively teams played. They determined this conclusion based on comparing temperatures to the number of aggressive penalties teams accrued. Even when the temperature is fairly mild, though (or even cold, as in ice hockey) your teen athlete could be getting warm by all the physical activity they’re doing—running, throwing a ball, tackling, etc.—not to mention all the layers they’re wearing and the gear they’re carrying.

Biological factors

Certain teens may simply be more aggressive, naturally. Studies have shown, for example, that the level of testosterone in male athletes impacts their aggressive level. (Simpson, 2001). In one experiment, male participants with both high and low testosterone levels were given escalating shocks. The males with high hormone levels responded with more aggression than the others.  Changes in hormone levels can likewise increase or reduce aggression. During puberty, for example, which is when testosterone levels generally increase, competitive aggression increases as well.

Crowd Incitement

Many times, parents, coaches and fans encourage aggression from the sidelines. After analyzing parents’ remarks at more than 40 adolescent sports games, Meân and Kassing (2008) found that many parents and sports officials encourage a “war-like” aggression on the sports field. This winning-at-all-costs mentality (as evidenced by statements like ‘kill him!’, ‘trip him,’ “Do what you gotta do,’ let ‘em have it,”) could be trickling down to their children. These adolescents are getting the message that because it’s so important to win, playing aggressively is okay. To them, the sport transforms from “play” to “war” – because that’s what they’re hearing from the crowd.

Living Up to Expectations

They’re nervous about performing well. About 13% of parents admit they’ve angrily criticized their child’s sport performance after a game. (Shields, 2005). Oftentimes, sports have become so important to the parent, and the parent has such high expectations for performance and the winning of the game, that many children are probably “playing much more aggressively than they would if their main objective was to hang out with their friends and have fun.” Research shows that parents underestimate the pressure they place on their young athletes to succeed.

Changing the Culture: Sportsmanship First

According to a Monitoring the Future survey, 71% of adolescent boys and 68% of adolescent girls participate in school sports. With so many teen athletes playing sports, it’s important to understand the factors that can lead to hostile aggression and take any steps one can to reduce it.

For parents, this could mean being mindful of their interactions with their children. Parents who are calm and try their best to reduce angry outbursts (not just at sports games, but also at home) are more likely to produce children who will act similarly. Likewise, parents can do their best in maintaining a low-stress approach to sports so as not to pressure their young athletes. In regards to media exposure, parents can also try to limit how much violence their teens are exposed to by monitoring their TV and media consumption.

Though some factors linking to aggression (such as personality or hormone levels) are out of one’s control, youth sports officials can try to create an atmosphere where hurtful taunts, songs and chants are discouraged, and positive sportsmanship is encouraged. This might limit the number of provocations in the game and thus the number of fights between athletes. In the same vein, angry spectator violence – which is shown to have a mimicking effect on adolescents – should have appropriate consequences.


7 important tips to manage aggression in children

Manage child aggression: To develop a sound value system, tell them stories. For very small children, stories should be pleasant, free of fighting and violence, about animals and nature, sharing and caring. When they are five or six, it is okay to introduce stories with good people and ‘bad’ people.

child, who wanted to be perceived as the strongest of all, would speak loudly, look angry and hit everyone to prove his strength. When his grandfather came to visit, he behaved in the same way with him. However, his grandpa was never agitated and just smiled at his actions. The child was bewildered as he was only used to getting yelled at for what he did. The more he was yelled at, the stronger he would become, is what he thought!

Grandpa shares the Buddha story

The grandfather asked him if he would like to hear a story and the boy agreed. “Once upon a time, there was an enlightened master called Buddha. He travelled across the country teaching people how to be peaceful. Once while he was going through a forest, a tribesman called Angulimala came to him. He was a frightening man. He wore a garland of fingers of people whom he had sacrificed so he would be the strongest and feared the most. He wanted to have Buddha’s finger as the hundredth and complete his sacrificing ritual. Buddha smiled at him and said, “I am happy to be of use to you”. There was no trace of fear in him. Nobody had ever smiled at Angulimala. No one had ever spoken to him so kindly. The very presence of Buddha did something to him. Angulimala felt very weak for the first time in his life. He felt like a feather in front of a mountain. He realised that real strength is in having unshakable calmness, peace, and in compassion. He fell at Buddha’s feet. He was changed completely.” The child listened to every word from his grandpa with rapt attention.

Look out for the media children are exposed to

When you feel helpless or weak, the need to assert your strength comes out as violence. Where do children get the idea of violence? They see their parents, neighbours, friends, so many programmes on TV or videos on the mobile phone — all this exposure leaves impressions and has a strong impact on the minds of children, more than we know. They are sensitive even to suppressed violence. If you are angry inside but still act as if everything is okay, children will know it.

Handling aggression

Children get angry or show aggression for seemingly very silly reasons. But the real reason is something else, a sense of insecurity that has crept in somehow. That is why in olden days, parents would never show anger in front of a child. They would not even argue or use harsh words. Public display of anger was considered a weakness. Today, anger and aggression comes up at the drop of a hat. Any minor difference of opinion is enough to prompt the arrows to fly. We don’t know how to draw a line between expressing a difference of opinion and displaying aggression. If your child is aggressive, look into your own lifestyle. What are you doing? Are you yelling at your housekeeper or at your pet? Are you yelling at your own spouse? Or any one for that matter in front of the child? Are you sad? What is your reaction? And it does not matter that out of the 365 days, you have acted in aggression may be only a couple of times. Those few days are equally important for the child. This is why we need to meditate and practice pranayama or deep breathing techniques. Heyum Dukham Anagatam — stopping the misery before it comes — that is the benefit of yoga, because in life prevention is better than cure.

Engaging children in meaningful activities

The other important thing is to engage them in meaningful activities, and sports that allow them to channel their energy constructively. Just playing video games or watching TV with no physical activity only increases restlessness and makes them prone to aggression. You will notice that the day your child has more screen time, the more difficult he or she becomes to handle. Encourage them to go out and play, engage with real people, run and fill their lungs with some fresh air. In the olden days, movies were classified as suitable for watching only under parental guidance. Parents would control what a child can see. Today, it is a common occurrence that the elders are all engrossed in watching soaps on TV and are oblivious to the child who is also watching and taking in all the exaggerated emotions that are projected. It is very important to be sensitive about what their tender senses are exposed to. They should not be bombarded with heavy impressions.

What kind of stories are we telling our children?

To develop a sound value system, tell them stories. For very small children, perhaps around three or four, stories should be pleasant, free of fighting and violence, about animals and nature, sharing and caring. When they are five or six it is okay to introduce stories with good people and ‘bad’ people. Every culture has its stories of heroes who protected the innocent and fought villains who were up to no good. Through these stories they understand that the purpose of strength is to protect and not to hurt. They learn that the hero, the stronger one, is calm and collected.

While it is important to reprimand anger, it is equally important to recognise when they are gentle and appreciate them. When I was a child and would sometimes get angry, my grandmother would ask me to go to a certain corner of the house and leave my anger there. She would say that the angel in that corner would take the anger from me and go far, far away. I would believe her, go stand there and in a minute, come back smiling! Schools today don’t teach children how to deal with negative emotions. This is an important aspect of moulding the character of the child. Teachers should be strict about encouraging the right attitude in children. They should recognise the strength of a child who is able to walk away from a fight and not just react and hit back. They should reward and give attention to calmness in a child. Many times, an aggressive attitude in a child comes out from simply wanting attention. So, you can teach them by ignoring their sulking or shouting, and praising them and giving extra attention when they are well-mannered. And parents should give teachers the space to discipline the child if necessary. It is okay if your child has been naughty and the teacher has disciplined him or her. Parents must encourage reverence towards the teacher. If they say, “Who is he or she to tell my child what to do!” the child will not listen or respect the teacher anymore. When this happens, learning stops.

Food is important

The food that we give to our children also has a role to play. Too many sweets, fried food (like chips) and oily food increase restlessness in a child. Also, their food must be freshly cooked as far as possible and not packaged items kept in cold storage. Encourage them to enjoy fruits as much as chips; perhaps one chip-one fruit can be the deal! Where possible, it is advisable to avoid food products made from genetically modified grains and vegetables. The food has a direct impact on the mind and when consumed over a period of time, has a definite impact on the nature or attitude of the child.

Above all this, as parents, it is important to spend quality time doing ‘nothing’ with your child. Just sitting with them without looking at our mobile phones, giving complete attention to what they have to say, just being with them 100 per cent gives a great sense of security to the child. An insecure child is more likely to succumb to aggression than one who feels secure and attended to.

Teach children that the one who smiles come-what-may is stronger.

Show them when to stand up for what is right, and when to walk away from a fight.

As much as you can, protect their innocence.

As much as you can, give them pride in non-violence.

Why do people have so much aggression?

  • We all act aggressively from time to time—say while sitting in traffic or in the midst of an argument—but some are more aggressive than others.
  • There are several reasons we engage in aggressive behavior, which also help to explain why some people display aggression more often.
  • These causes include instinct, hormonal imbalance, genetics, temperament, nurture, and stress.
  • If there are excessively aggressive people in your life, like a loved one or coworker, you can learn to cope or deal with their behavior effectively.
  • First, try keeping your cool, empathizing, and expressing your concern—these actions should help you to navigate the interaction and make it more pleasant.
  • If these strategies don’t prove effective, consider distancing yourself from the overly aggressive person; your wellbeing should be your priority.

Aggression is hostile or violent behavior. It’s a woman yelling at her son for spilling his milk on the carpet. It’s a child pushing his friend down on the playground because she was playing with his favorite toy. It’s a girl snapping at her boyfriend because he didn’t invite her out with the guys.

As you can see (and probably know from personal experience), aggression can take many forms. We all act aggressively at some point or another in our lives, whether it’s yelling at the black Sudan that cut us off or getting into it with family or friends. But some are more aggressive than others—quick to react or engage in hostile behavior. Which begs an important question: why

What Causes Aggression? 6 Origins

Sure, traffic can spur aggression, as can a disagreement with a coworker. But what’s the psychology behind this behavior? There are actually a few reasons we become aggressive, which also help to explain why some people are more aggressive than others:

1. Instinct: Aggression is one of our many survival instincts. According to Sigmund Freud, aggression continuously builds up until it releases as aggressive behavior, at some point or another. Some individuals can suppress this aggression and use other survival instincts instead, but others simply react and release.

2. Hormonal imbalance: A hormonal imbalance in an individual can certainly contribute to aggressive behavior. For example, high levels of testosterone contribute to high levels of aggression. This explains why males are characteristically more aggressive than females.

3. Genetics: Aggression can also be passed down genetically. Children are at a greater risk of adapting aggressive tendencies if they have a biological background for it. Time and time again, father and son both display aggressive behavior.

4. Physiological illness and temperament: Serious illness can have a major effect on an individual’s mood and behavior, as the stress and other mental effects may bring about greater aggression. Additionally, one’s temperament can play a role in aggression. People with bad tempers typically become aggressive more quickly than calmer individuals.

5. Social learning: Aggression can be learned. Some become more aggressive due to personal experiences or observational learning. For example, children are always looking for cues on how to act, as illustrated by the Bobo doll experiment. They learn to act aggressively when they watch someone else commit violent acts like in movies or video games.

6. Psychological frustrations: It’s human nature to become frustrated when life just doesn’t seem to be going so well. This frustration may involve work or love, for example, and can lead to an all-around feeling of negativity. This negativity then represents a threat, which can lead to aggression

How to Cope with an Aggressive Individual

Dealing with someone who constantly lashes out in hostile or violent behavior is tough—especially when it’s someone you’re close to like your boyfriend or mother, or someone you can’t get away from, like a coworker. In any case, the following can help you deal with the aggressive people in your life more effectively:

  • Keep your cool. The last thing that will alleviate this situation is another aggressive individual. Maintain your composure and use your better judgment to handle the situation. Aggressive people often seek to intimidate and upset others. You have to ensure this doesn’t happen and instead of reacting with rage like they want you to, take a moment to count to ten and think of a better way to deal with the situation at hand.
  • Put yourself in their shoes. Even if the aggression seems unwarranted, take a moment to imagine yourself in their position. Maybe they grew up in an overly aggressive household. Or, maybe they have a lot on their plate and they’re reacting to the stress with aggression. This will help calm your own negative feelings down and empathize with the individual. Then, maybe you can turn the aggressive attack into a productive conversation.
  • Express your concern. Maybe there isn’t an obvious, underlying cause of the individual’s aggression. Once you’ve taken a step away and you’re both calm, express your concern for them. They may not realize the severity of their aggression or its effect on those around them. It could take someone like you bringing it to light for them to make that realization and make a change.
  • Distance yourself. Sometimes, these aggressive individuals are just not worth it and don’t deserve a place in your life. You have to prioritize your wellbeing and if that means cutting them out of your lives, then so be it. And if cutting them completely out of your life isn’t very realistic (think, an aggressive aunt or uncle that’s at every family reunion or your coworker who doesn’t look to be going anywhere anytime soon), then just distance yourself as best you can. Avoid them.

Ultimately, you have to decide if it’s worth dealing with the aggressive individual. If you decide that it’s not, kick them to the curb and distance yourself from them. But if you decide that this individual is worth it and could maybe use your help, do your best to sympathize with them and determine the underlying cause of the aggression. This will help you both moving forward

Exceptionally Private enterprise Is More at Risk Than Ever!

The book Capitalism at Risk previously showed up in 2011. The issues it related to social disparity, worldwide exchange hardship, and natural debasement have just sped up by 2020. The new version of Capitalism at Risk, captioned How Business Can Lead, is extended with three extra sections refreshing the 10 troublesome powers distinguished in the primary release, showing how supervisors can address these difficulties, and depicting how open trust in the market framework could be reconstructed. The overhauled release incorporates instances of private area authority by American and worldwide organizations. 

The book had its starting points in the arrangements for praising the Centennial of HBS in 2008. The School was established in light of the fact that significant Harvard graduated class talked about with President Eliot their perception that another class of chiefs who oversaw colossal endeavors however didn’t claim them had arisen. With regards to the monetary unrest at the turn of the twentieth century, the graduated class found out if Harvard may foster a school to teach proficient directors who might improve the quality and honesty of the administrative class, much as the graduate school and clinical school had accomplished for those callings. 

The three of us imagined that with regards to the monetary and social issues at the turn of the 21st century—not COVID-19 but rather a lot of different concerns—it is intriguing to amass gatherings of remarkable business pioneers to realize what future issues they figured HBS should zero in on as the School arranged for the following century. We gathered gatherings of at least twelve chiefs in Europe, East Asia, Latin America, and the US, gave them a bundle of realistic projections of the worldwide economy in 2030, and went through an evening and a long daytime examining these estimates with them. The book depends on those estimates, the features of their perceptions, and prescriptive considerations dependent on our examination of their thoughts.

The leaders construed, also, that public governments and worldwide establishments would demonstrate too feeble to even think about managing these powers. On the positive side, large numbers of the pioneers we talked with saw business as a component of the arrangement: Companies could help improve the powers in the event that they moved toward them as an essential chance. We had trusted that by causing to notice these possibly problematic powers and to the essential chance they addressed, we could motivate business pioneers to act before it was past the point of no return.  This new version was set off by the way that following 10 years, those troublesome powers had bloomed into considerable issues. And surprisingly however the issues have deteriorated, scarcely any organizations have ventured up to address them. We had examined various firms that had effectively evolved productive organizations that had relieving impacts. However, very few. The new version is an endeavor to clarify what’s going on—kind of a fire ringer in the evening—and give a guide and extra models for organizations to follow.

Thinking like a startup aids the Governments to decipher more problems.

Weiss clarifies in nine parts how business visionaries both inside and outside of government can handle issues by review them as promising circumstances, attempting novel thoughts, increasing them, and improving public life.”I’m not saying we should take every one of the practices of business visionaries and import them into government. Be that as it may, we ought to adjust the abilities and practices of business for the public area,” he says. Prior to joining the HBS personnel and making the MBA course Public Entrepreneurship, Weiss was head of staff to Boston Mayor Thomas Menino. In 2010, Weiss helped to establish the Mayor’s Office of New Urban Mechanics, one of the primary huge city development workplaces in the United States. 

In April 2013, he helped guide the city hall leader’s office’s reaction to the assaults on the Boston Marathon. At HBS, he has helped construct the Young American Leaders Program and is a consultant to the Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative.One thing he has picked up during his years in broad daylight administration: Officials don’t release projects when they are coming up short, nor do they scale projects when they are succeeding.”Anybody who has at any point been near the public area will perceive this issue of pilots that are left to wait,” Weiss says. So it’s fundamental for us to attempt new things in fast and productive manners and continue forward from them, in the end, if the first thought doesn’t demonstrate productive.

Probability government is the quest for novel projects and administrations by open authorities and their external private accomplices that, by ethicalness of their curiosity, are simply conceivably liable to work, which implies they most likely will not work. This is as opposed to likelihood government, which is the quest for projects and administrations that “work” yet regularly accomplish mediocre results. Likelihood government is the thing that we have more often than not in many spots, and probability government is the thing that we need a greater amount of in the event that we will really take care of public issues anyplace. In the event that there were ever a period for it, this is it. Given the deficiency of confidence in governments all throughout the planet, we need another methodology. Also, given advances in innovation, there are openings for us to attempt to utilize them in suitable and accommodating manners now. There’s the blend of a not insignificant rundown of issues, expected arrangements, potential arrangement suppliers among business visionaries in and outside of government that is a source of inspiration. What we’ve seen in the course of the several years is individuals turning on one another, and I figure probability may bear the cost of a route for them to really cooperate and take care of issues.

This is as of now occurring, with pockets of public business venture from one side of the planet to the other. In the US, there are stunning public business people in certain spots. What’s more, it is additionally evident somewhere else. We would all be shrewd to think about the thing they are doing. At the point when I am with chairmen across the globe through our Bloomberg Harvard City Leadership Initiative, I have met unimaginably inventive pioneers whom a portion of my American partners and partners could gain from. Indeed, even where we ought not repeat definitely what they do in various nations and systems, we do have to up our desire to move quickly, and a piece of that is seeing and gaining from what others are doing.

Covid faces a new situation in Supplying.

Firmly stuffed laborers and other frail securities permitted COVID-19 to move through American slaughterhouses during the previous year, tainting in any event 45,000 representatives and killing an expected 240 people.To Harvard Business School Professor Michael Toffel, who has read working conditions for over 20 years, the destruction in meatpacking is only one illustration of how remiss guideline can make a grave circumstance dangerous. The absence of well-being direction from the US Occupational Health and Safety Administration almost a year after the pandemic started keeps on adding turmoil to an all around distressing circumstance—for manufacturing plants, however for corporate workplaces, schools, and different associations, Toffel says.

We as of late conversed with Toffel, the Senator John Heinz Professor of Environmental Management, about how the pandemic has prodded organizations and buyers to think all the more comprehensively about working conditions in supply chains. Toffel likewise shared data about his recently dispatched site, which he expects will be a useful asset for business experts looking for direction about observing providers.

That load of organizations and associations with brands to secure need to zero in on this since activists have been really viable at connecting their brands to the functioning states of the providers who produce their marked products.This has brought about brands making provider implicit rules, which is the principal piece. Then, at that point those brands need to really consider providers responsible for meeting these codes, first by connecting to it in their terms of procurement in their agreements, and furthermore by having the brand’s staff or an outsider review these provider plans to check.

At the point when you have the many specialists killed in a piece of clothing processing plant fire in Pakistan or the breakdown of a production line working in Bangladesh, these things truly make feature news. And afterward the inquiry is: In the destruction of a fell structure, whose marks do you discover? Frequently, the lobbyist local area will point their fingers at the brands for essentially empowering those manufacturing plants to exist and to continue with dangerous working conditions.

Consistently, when you go to Zappos or Amazon to look for shoes, I don’t think working conditions are on numerous individuals’ brains. Yet, the week after an embarrassment, it positively will be on individuals’ brains. Also, I think these accounts and brands’ notorieties on this issue are progressively on the personalities of the marked organizations’ own representatives—and on work competitors.The microsite is intended to be an asset to supervisors chipping away at worldwide stockpile chains, including the brands who are sourcing items, evaluators who are surveying production line working conditions, and non-administrative associations zeroed in on this space. The site contains concise portrayals of observational exploration to give their vital bits of knowledge in regular language. For instance, guests to the site can find out about different review moves that are pretty much powerful under various conditions. We likewise portray research that features which kinds of industrial facilities are bound to improve working conditions over the long haul, for instance.

The site likewise records NGOs [non-administrative organizations] and intergovernmental associations, similar to the World Bank, that are working around here. It struck me that there was no asset to interface scholastic examination with training. In the event that you needed to make that association, you needed to go to the administrative gatherings and converse with experts during quick rests or during the sessions.The professionals are brimming with narrative proof dependent on their own insight, however they’re not set up to assemble the stories from the entirety of their staff to think of generalizable experiences.


Poverty is a state of living wherein a person or a group of people lack access to financial services to have a minimum standard of living and lack of basic facilities like food, clothing and shelter. The word poverty comes from French word “poverté” which means poor. Poverty is not the same in every country and are not used everywhere in the same context because it may have occurred due to social or economic or political factors. Now let us discuss the three main types of poverty:

ABSOLUTE POVERTY: Absolute poverty is a situation in which a household has a very meagre income that they cannot afford to have access to basic facilities like food, shelter, housing, education, sanitation and health etc.

RELATIVE POVERTY: This type of poverty generally comes as a comparison of social status. This type of poverty arises with the inability to buy or upgrade the luxurious goods. Relative poverty can be seen generally in developed countries like the Unites States.

CHRONIC POVERTY: This type of poverty can be experienced by people for very long period of time or even their whole life. Chronic poverty is one that can sometimes be prevailing on for generations.


Various tools have come into use to estimate the poverty in a country.

In India, poverty line, income and consumptions are the indicators of measuring poverty. Poverty line refers to the amount of expenditure incurred for purchasing consumer commodities. In India, the poverty line is defined on the basis of calorie intake.


Now comes the question, why is urban calorie intake lower than rural areas?

It is a known fact that the main occupation in rural areas is agriculture and thus due to a comparatively high physical activity, there is also an equivalent high calorie intake by rural people than urban people.

In 2017, an estimated 9.2 percent of the global population still lived below the international poverty line of $1.90 a day, which is based on poverty lines in some of the poorest economies in the world. Due to the current coronavirus pandemic, there is an increase in the number of poor worldwide by 120 million and is expected to increase further by the end of the pandemic.

IMPORTANCE OF POVERTY MEASUREMENT: Poverty measurement is very important mainly for the government to understand if the benefits reach the poor and to allocate funds, formulate strategies and policies to improve their standard of living.


Though there are many causes to poverty, some are listed below:

  • UNEMPLOYMENT- Poverty and unemployment are interrelated. Poverty leads to unemployment and vice versa. Due to lack of financial resources the bread winner of the family is not able to support his family even with basic facilities.
  • CLIMATIC CHANGES- As per the World Bank, the climatic change has the power to impoverish about 100 million in the next decade. Nothing can stand nature’s fury and natural disasters like floods, drought, tsunamic etc. can pull down a country’s economy making many people poor and famished.
  • WAR SITUATIONS- Political conditions like pre and post war situations can also poverty. The country’s income would be mostly spent on the weapons to safeguard the country and people but people cannot escape the inside war (hunger) as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country suffers.
  • LACK OF ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION- Currently, almost 2 billion people don’t have access to clean water. Contaminated water can lead to water borne diseases which can be chronic and life threatening.
  • LACK OF EDUCATION- Another reason for poverty is lack of education. Education helps people in getting out of poverty by getting a job. As the flow of income increase, it slowly increases the standard of living of the household and jumps out of poverty.

Relevant links: https://www.sas.upenn.edu/~dludden/Mowafi_Poverty_Measurement_Debate.pdf





























An Initiative for Training and Skill Development

Old age is an integral part of human life. It’s the evening of life. It’s an unavoidable, undesirable, unwelcome, and problem-ridden face of life. An old man is full of experiences and even though his experiences are of immense help to the younger generation is taken as an unwanted burden. He caught in a terrible feeling of redundancy. Thinking of old age visions of loneliness, and neglect emerge in the mind. The picture becomes all the more awesome with the failing health and illness. A sense of despair blooms over all his pleasant feelings. An old man for his every work, he needs someone to help. He becomes dependent on others largely due to his physical infirmity. He is filled with a feeling of emotional insecurity. He wants someone to take care of his needs and share his feelings. But in this materialistic society, everybody is short of time. Nobody has enough time for him. Even his children, to whom he dedicates, his life and his earnings do not find time for him. Debilitating body and failing health make things worst. Having rendered service for a lifetime, the body parts appear to have become tired and weak. He becomes highly vulnerable to ailments-minor or major. Diseases both minor and major always follow them and their waking hours are preoccupied with symptoms and fill, diets and therapies. Regular medical aid and assistance become routine at this stage of life. Besides, social security and emotional support are needed. A feeling of loneliness adversely affects their mental health which shows through some physical problems. The problem of loneliness and isolation is the gift of modern society. Society forces an old person to live like an island. Often he faces the loss of his spouse and own friends. In fact, during old age one is faced with multi-dimensional problems. One of the major problems is the financial constraint which is more.


Maroju Sanjana.

Fact-file: Antarctica

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

A beautiful land wearing white garb with nothing but snow is the identity of picturesque Antarctica. If we look close enough we will find that the southernmost point of the Earth, despite being a cold desert, has a unique biodiversity. Also, the South Pole hides many resources underneath the ice sheets. This region is a muse for many explorers, scientists, geographers and environmentalists.

The 5th largest continent is an uninhabited piece of land that is administered by a treaty. On 23rd June this year, Antarctica treaty celebrated its 60th anniversary. In 1959 the momentous document was signed between 12 countries in Washington amid the Cold War. It is the sole treaty that defines the rule based international order for the continent. India became a member of this treaty in 1983 and currently, there are 54 parties. The 14 articles of the treaty include provision for promoting freedom of scientific research, the use of the continent only for peaceful purposes and the prohibition of military activities, nuclear test and the disposal of radioactive waste. Article IV of the treaty neutralizes territorial sovereignty in Antarctica. Hence, The treaty prohibits the claim or enlargement of an existing claim over the land. The uninhabited continent is a treasure trove of many minerals. Hence the bordering countries have been interested in exploring the region and economize the resources.

India has also shown a keen interest in scientific research and exploration in the region. National Center for Antarctic and ocean research (NCAOR) was established in 1998. In 1981 the first Indian expedition to Antarctica took place. Few research bases were stationed in the cold desert including Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri, Bharti and Sagar Nidhi.

Threats to Antarctica

Climate change has not left any corner of the globe untouched. An alarming increase of 3°C in air temperature was recorded in the Antarctic peninsula. The upper ocean temperatures rose over 1°C. All this impacted the wildlife adversely. Penguin colonies and their distribution is changing drastically. Usually in cold desert plants are not able to grow due to the harsh climate and extreme temperatures. However, the temperature rise has made the environment conducive for plant growth. Antarctic krill found in the Southern Ocean have reduced in number. Glaciers are melting at unprecedented rates and ice shelves are retreating. Antarctic Thwaites glacier popularly known as the doomsday glacier is melting and is contributing to global sea level rise. Thus the ripples of the Antarctic are not limited to the South Pole. They will have far and wide ranging effects on coastal cities, wildlife across borders and humans themselves.

Humans are at the centre of this large scale destruction of the Antarctic ecosystem. To undo few of the mistakes that brought doom at the doors of Antarctic, a few agreements were signed. They include the 1972 convention for the conservation of the Antarctic seals, the 1980 convention on the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources and the 1991 protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic treaty.

Since it a global common, the onus of protecting the ecosystem and henceforth the interests of humans themselves lies on everybody, more so for the developed countries that became prosperous by unsustainable means. A strong commitment is required by all to reverse the follies of the past.


In a world full of foodies, some people also spread awareness about the importance of going on a diet. Diet, though in modern days is used as a tool for weight loss, is not a new thing ancient India. In ancient days or even now, many people go on a fasting. Many state that to be on religious grounds. Many also state it the other way. Fasting was a little different from diet. Fasting was either no consumption for a day or two or just consumption of liquids. Many say there is a scientific reason behind fasting because many say that being on a fast on a regular basis is healthy as it gives some rest to the digestive organs in the body that are continuously indulged in the process of breaking down food. As people are more emotionally attached to food, they over indulge in the process of eating which is not good for a healthy state of the body. Though it might be nutritious, there would be no pattern of eating. Thus, diet brings a pattern and regularisation in quantity and quality of eating. Most of the people believe that the only reason for people to go on a diet is for weight loss which is actually a myth. Though it is one of the reasons but there are many other reasons too!!


  • WEIGHT LOSS-This is the reason mostly people undergo a diet regime. Due to the accumulation of toxins by eating a lot of processed foods and increase body mass index. Thus, people to reduce to their former size, go through diet. But the diet they follow may not be always right or suitable for their body. A healthy diet includes consumption of fruits, vegetables and protein rich pulses.
  • WEIGHT GAIN– There are also very skinny people, though eat a normal diet do not fit into the normal Body Mass Index (BMI). There are also people who lost huge weight due to some illness. Diet helps these people to gain weight.
  • REDUCES RISK OF CANCER– Excessive consumption of alcohol, eating packed and processed food are associated with risk of some forms of cancer. Following a healthy diet refreshes your body and maintains it healthy.
  • DECREASES GLUCOSE LEVEL IN BLOOD STREAM– This is related to weight loss. By way of diet for weight loss, one can also lower their blood glucose levels according to the “Diabetes care” 2011.
  • HEALTHIER SKIN AND HAIR– A healthy diet keeps your skin soft and supple. It keeps aging at bay. It also improves your hair condition and keeps it soft and shiny.
  • BETTER DIGESTION– While on a diet, you can control the quantity of each nutrient going to your body. An increase in consumption of fibres in diet can improve your digestion.
  • IMPROVES MOOD– Diet not only make you look better, you also feel better. Your body feels light and healthy which has a direct impact on the mind. A healthy body promotes a healthy mind.


Relevant links: https://www.idodeclaire.com/2021/06/why-you-should-focus-on-your-diet.html



Hindus celebrate Janmashtami with the birth of Sri Krishna. The festival usually takes place in August. In addition, Hindus celebrate the festival at the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha. In addition, Lord Krishna is the most powerful person of Lord Vishnu. It is a happy Hindu festival. In addition, Hindus practice various rituals to please King Krishna. This is one of the most exciting festivals for Hindus.

Lord Krishna
Lord Krishna was born on the 8th day of the Dark Ages in the month of Badon. Badon is a moon in the Hindu calendar. In addition, he was born about 5,200 years ago. He was an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was born with a purpose to defeat the evil.

As a result, he played an important role in the Mahabharata text. Also, Lord Krishna preached with good karma and the teachings of Bhakti.

Lord Krishna was born in prison. He was on the ropes when Kansa. But his father Vasudev gave it to his friend Nand to save him. Because he knew that Cancer had a bad heart. Moreover after the rescue the upbringing of Sri Krishna belonged to the Gokul family. Sri Krishna later became powerful. As a result, he managed to kill Kansa.

As a child I used to watch many shows of Sri Krishna. As a result, I know a lot about him. He was very fond of eating Makhan. As a result, he often stole from his mother’s kitchen. So his name was ‘Natkahat Nand Lal’. Sri Krishna was black. So she was always worried about her color. In addition, Sri Krishna had a friend named Radha. Radha was very important to Krishna. So he spent time with her. Radha was very good and unjust so King Krishna always felt difficult with color.

How is Janmashtami celebrated?
People celebrated Janmashtami at midnight. Because Lord Krishna was born in darkness. As Sri Krishna loved to eat the people of Makhan played this game.

According to the game, they tied a clay pot (matki). The match judge tied the mattress very high from the ground. In addition, one fills Makhan into cans. Also, what people do is build a human pyramid to break the matki. Since the matki is very high they have to build a tall pyramid. As a result, more people should participate in sports. In addition, there are other groups and they prevent them from breaking the matki. Equal opportunities exist for both parties. Each team gets a chance for some time. If a team can’t do it while the other team is trying. This is an exciting game that many people gather to watch this game.

In addition, the celebration is done in homes. People decorate their houses outside with lamps. Moreover, the temples are full of people. They perform various rituals inside the temple. As a result, we hear the sound of bells and mantras throughout the day.

In addition, people dance in a variety of religious songs. In the end, it is one of the most exciting festivals in the Hindu religion.





Christmas is a Christian holiday known in December, celebrated all over the world and known for its decorations and Santa Clause. Christmas means “the feast day of Christ”. An annual celebration that marks the birth of Jesus Christ; it is considered December 25 as a cultural and religious festival among many people around the world. Christmas is celebrated in all Christian lands, but there are differences in the way each nation celebrates it.

History After Christmas
The history of Christmas is one that goes back a long way; The first Christmas was celebrated in 336 A.D. in Rome. It played a very important role during the famous Arian controversies that took place in the 300s. During the early years of the Middle Ages, epiphany covered us.

Christmas was restored to light in about 800 AD when Emperor Charlemagne received a crown on Christmas day. During the 17th century, Puritans were not allowed to celebrate Christmas because it was associated with drunkenness and other immorality.

A suitable holiday was held around the year 1660 but was unpopular. About the early 1900’s, the Anglican Church of Oxford organized the Anglican Church, and this led to the revival of Christmas.

Christmas preparations
Christmas is a celebration of many traditions. It is a public holiday so people get a Christmas break to celebrate.

Christmas preparations begin early for many people so that the festivities begin on Christmas Eve. Christmas preparations involve many activities. People often buy ornaments, food, and gifts, especially from children of family and friends. Some families purchase matching Christmas costumes for everyone.

Typical arrangements include decorating the area with Christmas trees, lighting. Before the decorations begin, the house should be thoroughly cleaned. The Christmas tree brings the Christmas spirit home.

Gifts are placed under the Christmas tree in wrapped gift boxes and should not be opened until Christmas Day. The church is also decorated with this special event. A thorough cleaning of the churches was also done to bring in Christmas. Songs and drawings to be made on Christmas day.

People often spend a lot of money on Christmas so saving money for these programs should be the first preparation for all these things. Families also plan to travel to stay together during the festive season. Traditionally turkey is the most common meal in the world on this day. Cards are also written to friends and family to wish them a happy holiday and to show their love.

Celebrating Christmas Day
Christmas carols are played on radio and television to celebrate the day. Most families start by going to a church where songs and hymns are performed. Then, later, they join their families in exchanging gifts and celebrating with food and music. Merry Christmas is a wonderful time.

Traditional homemade cakes, cakes, and muffins are the special Christmas items. Children are given lots of presents and new clothes. They also meet ‘Santa Claus’, who is dressed in a bright red and white costume, who greets them with kisses and presents.

At Christmastime, we know that the birth of Jesus is the beginning of great things on earth. It is often an opportunity to reflect on nature and the reason for our existence. Christmas is such a celebration that people of all religions and denominations celebrate the world despite the Christian celebration. The theme of this very unifying ceremony.





The pandemic has brought an evolution in every field. With the development of information and communication technology the world has witnessed increasing acceptance of online education over a period of time. Even before the covid-19 pandemic, individuals were involved in several e learning platforms to enhance their skills and employability. However, this schooling was limited to the classroom. But due to the sudden outbreak of covid-19, they had to adapt to the online mode of teaching in very short period of time. Online schooling has now became a new normal situation for the students as well as the teachers. It is seen as a more convenient but less interactive medium of teaching.

The current situations make it clear that the online mode of schooling is going to be the future of education. Along with the health sector education sector is the most affected area, about 1.2 billion of students around the world have been out of their classrooms and adapting to the new online mode of education. Continuous attempt has been made in research and development design new tools and software to simplify the process of online teaching. Even the government have been running several streaming platforms to provide students with lectures and digital content so they can learn conveniently.
Under the online mode of teaching, the classes are conducted in two methods where they can be delivered through online video streaming for live lectures. At times, the students are also provided by pre recorded lectures or or the recordings of the lectures conducted are also provided for future revision.


Based upon the analysis, India has nearly 1.5 million schools teaching around 260 million students daily. The school system of India is second largest in the world. It is expected that the online schooling in India will grow magnificently within the next three years. As per the experts the education involving primary secondary as well as higher education will be increasing to nearly 735 million users by the year 2021. This will create a conducive conditions for online schooling and also provide a boost to the other factors such as:

  • Rising digitalization in India, with increasing internet availability and usage online mode of education is certainly going to get a boost. With the improvement in technology internet speeds are also going to be upgraded with coming of optical fiber internet service in urban areas and the governments target of connecting the entire rural areas still the panchayat level through its Bharat net program. This will increase the accessibility to internet service for each individual which will allow them to easily assess the online schooling.
  • Various government policies and schemes, government is aiming to improve the role of online education in India. Along with the announcement of new education policy 2020 the government aims to create a separate unit in the ministry of human resources and development that will take care and focus upon and answering the capacity building to look after education of both school and the higher education. Beside this various other programs such as National digital library, SWAYAM, E-yantra, etc. the purpose of these programs is to provide good quality content to the students in the digital mode to keep them engaging and increase their interest in education.
  • Learning beyond the school, this new age of education the is not limited to the four walls of classroom. Children are not only dependent on the schools for learning they can enhance their knowledge with the use of new tools and techniques that are easily available online.
  • Minimization in the cost of education, online schooling also have some economical or financial advantages. The cost of education has been increasing sharply over the past few years. Schooling can be a great alternative to the traditional mode and also proved to be cost-effective. A particular setup with some specific device can enable the people to avail the facility of education and it also helps the students who were earlier not able to go to school due to the the distance differences and financial incapability. It can be observed that online classes require one time investment in digital devices such as laptop, smartphones, computers, etc.
  • Personalized and flexible, online schooling is more flexible as compared to the classroom classes which has a fixed time of teaching. It provides the liberty to the students to plan their day accordingly and as per themselves. There is enough scope to digest engage practice and learn at their own pace. Students have not to face any peer pressure and are able to study in a comfortable environment. Therefore, online schooling is more personalized that fields for build for the individual themselves.


Struggling Student with ADHD: Online Learning Help

Along with the the potential advantages, schooling is also characterized by certain limitations. Below are some limitations that prevents the successful implementation of online schooling:

  • Lack of internet connectivity, internet is now declared as a fundamental right for the individual. But yet coronavirus of children in India are unable to avail the internet facilities. The backward areas are yet deprived of a fast internet on mobile service. Slow internet or absence of such services becomes an hindrance in application of the online schooling.
  • Lack of digital devices, online schooling requires some devices such as laptops computers tablets or mobile Phones. India is marked by poverty and illiteracy, many people in country are unable to afford these devices or do not have the knowledge to operate them. This is a setback for the nation.
  • Lack of personal interaction, online education reduces face to face as well as social interaction between the students and teachers. It also hinders the development of interpersonal communication and social skills among the students. It establishes a sort of informal environment which we motivate or discourage the students to to study. This results and many types of disorders that can be physical as well as mental in young children.
  • No practical knowledge, online schooling deprive students from enjoying the physical infrastructural facilities. The students are unable to attend the lab dot carryout practical as they are unable to do that at their homes. Practical is also found an essential part of the curriculum of schooling that teaches the application of knowledge.

It is clear that the pandemic period has disrupted the education system that was prevailing in the form of traditional methods. However under the current circumstances it has also acted as a bridge to encourage the digitalization of education full stop institutions need to be better equipped digitally as well as students need to learn digital skills for the betterment and improving quality of the learning. It can be concluded that the application of online education need to be accompanied with the changes in curriculum test books teacher training examinations etc. The scope and reach of energy education is greater than imagined. There is a need to evaluate both the pros and cons of online schooling and prepare for the challenges as per.

Importance Of Morality in Education

In this modern era of cut- throat competition, everyone wants to acquire skills which would help them to earn more in life. For this, people can even indulge themselves in any kind of illegal and immoral activities.

It is therefore crucial to inculcate moral values in life so that they become the guiding and sustaining force in life. Moral values are an important set of standards of human behaviour.

Morality becomes the guiding force which in turn helps to give positive solutions to any kind of problem.

It is a key feature in personality development and shapes the direction of the way of life. It will infuse harmony and ultimate peace.

Khushi Agarwal

The Role Of Arts and Culture in Today’s World

In the modern age of globalization and advancement in technology, the establishment of art and culture also has undergone transformation. Every civilization is marked by unique contributions of art and culture, brilliant ideas, magnificent monuments and other distinguished advancement and noteworthy milestones which become the ultimate hallmark of that specific period. Art and Culture is considered as a reflection of the emotions, artistic endeavours, personal struggle, architectural brilliance and the ground breaking events of a modern society.

The modern civilization is experiencing a fusion of varied forms of art and culture. Civilization and culture are deeply connected with each other.

The paintings of ancient time become an evidence of our culture. Civilization evolve with time and this reflects in its modern art and culture. At the same time, art helps to bring about revolution in social ideas and cultural norms of society.

Art and Culture are the true reflections of civilization and at the same time they make us what we are now.

Khushi Agarwal

Greed Cause Of Unhappiness in Life

Excessive desire to have everything can lead to greed and result in suffering. Every person has some desires to have a better life like good education, money, comfort, respect in society and happy family life. One can avail anything he desires by working in an ethical way, but when anything becomes everything, it becomes greed and causes trouble.

Greed is the uncompromised desire to possess enormous wealth, power, ambition, etc, which brings tension and obvious unhappiness. Our desire is not generally bad but when it is based on selfish motives it becomes greed.

Greedy people are not satisfied with what they have got but instead they want to grab more. They go to any extent to achieve the infinite desire resulting later on to severe frustrations and trauma.

So, we can say that greed leads to dishonesty and dishonesty leads to disaster.

Khushi Agarwal

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a dietary problem set apart by weight reduction (or an absence of legitimate weight acquire in developing youngsters), trouble keeping a solid body weight for one’s tallness, age, and height, and, as a rule, a mutilated self-perception. Anorexics ordinarily limit their calorie consumption and such food varieties they devour. A few patients with the ailment likewise pig out, practice fanatically, and cleanse through regurgitating and diuretics.

Anorexia nervosa definition

Anorexia nervosa (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa is a eating disorder portrayed by a strangely low body weight, a solid dread of putting on weight, and a slanted feeling of weight. Anorexics place a high need on keeping up their weight and shape, and they will try really hard to accomplish it, regardless of whether it implies disturbing their lives.

Anorexia nervosa most usually shows in an individual’s teen or early grown-up years, however it can likewise show in the juvenile years or sometime down the road.

Anorexia nervosa symptoms

Anorexia nervosa patients lose weight and maintain their extremely low weight in a variety of methods. While some people restrict their calorie intake severely, others engage in excessive activity.

Physical symptoms

  1. Excessive weight loss or failure to meet developmental weight goals
  2. Abnormal blood counts and a thin look
  3. Fatigue\sInsomnia
  4. a feeling of dizziness or fainting
  5. Fingers have a bluish discoloration.
  6. Hair that is thinned, broken, or falling out
  7. The body is covered in soft, downy hair.
  8. Menstruation is not occurring.
  9. Constipation and stomach ache
  10. Skin that is dry or yellowish
  11. Cold intolerance is a condition in which a person is unable to tolerate cold

Emotional and behavioral symptoms

  1. Food obsession, which might include preparing extravagant meals for others but not consuming them.
  2. Skipping meals or refusing to eat on a regular basis
  3. Making reasons for not eating or denying hunger
  4. Eating only a few “safe” foods, which are usually low in fat and calories
  5. Strict meal or eating routines, such as throwing out food after chewing
  6. Not wanting to eat in front of others
  7. Lying about the amount of food consumed
  8. Fear of gaining weight, which may include weighing or measuring the body repeatedly.
  9. Checking in the mirror for perceived imperfections on a regular basis
  10. Complaining about being overweight or having fat regions of the body
  11. Putting on layers of clothing to keep warm
  12. Mood is dull (lack of emotion)

Anorexia nervosa treatment

Perceiving that you need assistance is perhaps the most troublesome parts of anorexia nervosa treatment. Numerous individuals who experience the ill effects of anorexia nervosa are ignorant that they have an issue. This makes treatment seriously testing.

Among the procedures are:

  1. CBT (psychological conduct treatment), which can help an individual discover better approaches for speculation, acting, and overseeing pressure;
  2. family and individual guiding, depending on the situation;
  3. nourishing treatment, which shows individuals how to utilize food to assemble and look after wellbeing;
  4. prescription to treat discouragement and nervousness;
  5. dietary supplementation to address wholesome lacks


Every bodily system can be affected by complications, and they can be severe.They include issues such as:

  1. the circulatory system
  2. a low white or red blood cell count in the blood
  3. the gastrointestinal tract
  4. Bone strength is affected by hormonal abnormalities in the kidneys.


Anorexia nervosa is a significant emotional well-being ailment just as a dietary issue. It involves restricting one’s food utilization, which may bring about genuine nourishing shortages. Anorexia nervosa has dangerous results, in spite of the fact that it tends to be treated with advising, medication, and treatment for basic emotional wellness concerns.

Depression and it’s symptoms

Depression is a mood disorder that involves a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It is different from the mood fluctuations that people regularly experience as a part of life.

Major life events, such as bereavement or the loss of a job, can lead toTrusted Source depression. However, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist.

Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which the symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or years.

Signs and symptoms
The symptoms of depression can include:

– a depressed mood
– reduced interest or pleasure in – – -activities once enjoyeda

-a loss of sexual desire
-changes in appetite
-unintentional weight loss or gain
-sleeping too much or too little
-agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down
-slowed movement and speech
-fatigue or loss of energy
-feelings of worthlessness or guilt
-difficulty thinking, concentrating, or making decisions
-recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or an attempt at suicide.

Great Barrier Reef listed ‘in danger’-UNESCO

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) of Australia is wonder filled with diverse marine life from corals to whales. It is 2300 Km long and extends across 346000 sq.km area. It was included in the world heritage site in 1981. The great barrier reef can be seen from outer space and is the single structure made by living organisms.

The reef system faces several environmental challenges and the key threat is climate change which has led to big events of coral bleaching in 2016, 2017 and 2020. A finding reaffirmed by a 2020 study states that half of the coral reef cover to have been lost between 1995 and 2017 along with widespread effect of 2020 bleaching. UNESCO’s move to list GBR as ‘in danger’ because drastic coral decline has brought pressure on Australian government to review its record on climate change.

Bleaching takes place when change in temperature of the ocean stress healthy corals, causing them to expel algae living in their tissues – draining them of their vibrant color.

In December International Union for Conservation of Nature said Climate change has become the biggest threat to UN listed natural world heritage sites and pushed the reef into critical condition.



Reference: The Hindu, NDTV

All You Need to Know About Hibiscus

       Hibiscus plants are known for their large, colorful flowers. These blossoms can make a decorative addition to a home or garden, but they also have medicinal uses. The flowers and leaves can be made into teas and liquid extracts that can help treat a variety of conditions.

Read on to find out how hibiscus can help with weight loss and cancer, and how it can also help relieve conditions that include:

*upset stomach

*high blood pressure

*bacterial infections


Hibiscus flowers come in many colors. They can be red, yellow, white, or peach-colored, and can be as big as 6 inches wide. The most popular variety is Hibiscus sabdariffa. The red flowers of this variety are most commonly cultivated for medical purposes, and are available as dietary supplements.

Hibiscus tea, also called sour tea because of its tart taste, is made from a mixture of dried hibiscus flowers, leaves, and dark red calyces (the cup-shaped centers of the flowers). After the flower finishes blooming, the petals fall off and the calyces turn into pods. These hold the plant’s seeds. Calyces are often the main ingredients in herbal drinks containing hibiscus.

Hibiscus has been used by different cultures as a remedy for several conditions. Egyptians used hibiscus tea to lower body temperature, treat heart and nerve diseases, and as a diuretic to increase urine production.

In Africa, tea was used to treat constipation, cancer, liver disease, and cold symptoms. Pulp made from the leaves was applied to the skin to heal wounds.

In Iran, drinking sour tea is still a common treatment for high blood pressure.

Today, hibiscus is popular for its potential to reduce high blood pressure. Modern studies show promise for both the tea and hibiscus plant extract to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Although more research is still needed, this could be good news for the future of heart disease treatment.

Hibiscus shows potential for cancer treatment and as a weight loss aid, along with other uses. There aren’t many studies in these areas, but some researchTrusted Source suggests that anthocyanins may hold the key to hibiscus’ anticancer properties.

Another recent studyTrusted Source found that hibiscus extract might have an effect on metabolism, preventing obesity and fat buildup in the liver. The tropical plant has even been used successfullyTrusted Source as part of an herbal extract mixture to treat head lice.

Hibiscus tea and extract can be purchased at health food stores as dietary supplements. There is no recommended dose because this depends on the product you purchase and why you’re using it. The typical amount of calyx in one serving of tea is 1.5 grams, but studies have used as much as 10 grams of dried calyx, and extracts containing as much as 250 milligrams of anthocyanins.

When used as a tea, hibiscus is generally considered safe. But more research is needed to determine a safe dosage for pregnant or breastfeeding women, children, and people with liver or kidney disease.

Hibiscus tea is very tart and might be more so to sensitive tissues. Listen to your body and if it makes you feel ill, discontinue use. Some research also suggests that hibiscus may affect the way the body processes acetaminophen (Tylenol), but this effect is likely very minimal.




The Circumzenithal Arc

The circumzenithal arc is upside down rainbow which is also called circumsenith arc. This upside down rainbow and the Bravias arc is an optical phenomenon which is similar to the appearance of the rainbow but this circumzenith arc belongs to the family Halos which arise from the refraction of the sunlight through ice crystals, generally in citrus or cirrostratus clouds.

The circumzenithal arc is located above the noticed sun and forms a quarter of a circle which is an arc in the centered position on the zenith. The circumzenith is one of the brightest and colourful members of the family of the halos.  It is much purer than the rainbow as it has much less overlap in their formation proccess and it’s colours starts from violet at the top and red at the bottom. When the sun observed the CZA is the brightest as ever.

The circumzenithal arc’s intensity distribution requires several affects such as

  • Frensel’s reflection and transmission amplitude.
  • Atmospheric attention
  • Azimuthal angular dispersion
  • Geometrical constraints
  • Chromatic dispersion

Contrarily to the public awareness this Circumzenithal arc is not a rare phenomenon and it appears so far overhead so, the people are not aware of this phenomenon.

The light which forms the circumzenithal arc enters the ice crystal through its flat top face and it comes out from a side face of the prism.

The circle colour separation and the purity of colour is due to the refraction of the parallel sun through a 90° prism. The circumzenithal arc is brightest when the sun is at 22° above the horizon which causes the sunlight to enter in and out of the crystal at the minimum deviation angle this has 22° in radius and 3° in width.

The radius of the circumzenithal arc varies between 32.2° and 0° depending on the solar attitude. When the sun is observed above 32.2° the light comes through bottom face of the crystals which leads to almost colourless parhelic circle. The ice crystals also requires that it have a common orientation it occurs only when there is no significant up-or downraft and also in the absence of turbulence.

Like all the halos the circumzenithal arc occurs in both sun and moon and the one which occurs with the moon is called lunar circumzenithal arc. This lunar circumzenithal arc is a rarest circumzenithal which occurs only when the moon is brightest which refers to only the case around full moon.

We can make an artificial circumzenithal arc by a water glass experiment. Under the shallow angle illuminating the top air-water interface of a completely water-filled cylindrical glass which refracts the light into the water and the second refraction in the cylinders side face is called Skew- ray refraction.

Then the overall refraction turns out to be a equivalent to the refraction through an upright hexagonal plate crystal when the rotational averaging is taken into account. Then the colourful artificial circumzenithal arc will appear on the floor.

Is exercise necessary for weight loss?

See the source image

Exercising is a great way to be healthy and maintain your weight. It makes our body flexible, improves our metabolism and also helps with stress and depression. Many people suggests exercising for weight loss, but the question is if it is really an essential to loose weight?

We have been conditioned to believe that exercise is an essential ingredient to loose weight but according to science, it might not be that important of a factor to loose some pounds. A very uncommon fact about exercising is that it amounts to a very small calorie expenditure of your daily life. Obesity researcher Alexxai Kravitz suggests that there are three main components of calorie expenditure : 1) basal metabolic rate, or the energy used for basic functioning when the body is at rest; 2) the energy used to break down food; and 3) the energy used in physical activity.

According to Kravitz, basal metabolic rate amounts to about 70% of energy expenditure and we have no control over the same. Energy spent in digesting food amounts to about 10%. All of this included, it leaves only about 20% room for physical exercise along with daily activities like walking, carrying weight,etc. What I am trying to imply is that food we consume actually amounts to 100% of calories/energy that goes inside our body while exercising only amount to about 10-30% of expenditure. This basically shows that erasing all the fat on your tummy is not as dependable on exercise as your gym membership shows.

It is difficult to create a calorie-deficit only through exercising. To explain it in easier words, “If a hypothetical 90-kg man added 60 minutes of medium-intensity running four days per week while keeping his calorie intake the same, and he did this for 30 days, he’d lose 3 kgs.” And to compensate the exercise, if the man adds food and rest in his daily routine his weight loss will be even less significant. So for an overweight person to loose weight solely by exercise, it will take him a lot of time to reach his goal.

Studies say that generally people who exercise may consume more than on a daily basis believing they lost a lot of calories or simply because they were hungrier. “You work hard on that machine for an hour, and that work can be erased with five minutes of eating afterward,” Hall explained. It is suggested that reducing calorie intake and replacing high calorie food with low calorie ones are more helpful on your way to effective weight loss. Exercising boosts weight loss in other subtle ways but depending wholly on it may not be the best idea. We need to change the way we look at exercising, it is immensely helpful for preventing diseases and living a healthier life but it may not be the best way to lose weight. Also, it has been said many times that exercise helps in building muscles, more than losing weight. In order to lose weight there should be a balance of physical activity and calorie intake.

Animal Awareness

Animal rights are the concept in which some, or all animals are permitted to have control of their own being and that their most essential interests. Like, those people want to keep away from suffering should afforded the equal consideration as akin activities of human beings.

It was a lengthy journey to make the world like we know now. The established movement for animal protection started in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Bills against animal cruelty were approved in England and several American states. In the mid-1800s the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed, and anti-vivisection (animal research) movements appeared.

In the UK, the first legal code ‘Martin’s Act’ for the protection of animals which was mainly for cattle and horses was passed in 1822. Two years later, in 1824, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was started. The society focused mainly on implementation of the law, with trials where appropriate. In 1835, the Act was altered to protect domestic animals, such as dogs and cats, against cruelty.

Now most popular organization for animal rights and wellbeing is PETA. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, PETA shut down Taiwan’s drowning tanks, which were used to kill stray and unwanted dogs. The country also amended its first-ever law against cruelty to animals. All car-crash tests on animals stopped globally following PETA’s campaign. They are now trying to draft a bill for animals who are used for scientific exploration, and hopefully, they do those campaigns globally.

India is home to various holy traditions encouraging non-violence and kindness towards animals and has amended several animal welfare reforms since 1960. In India, animals are used for food, dairy products, clothes, etc.  So, government amended the 1960 Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act which is the legal basis of animal protection in India. After that, you can’t harm or treat any animal without any sensible reason. Afterwards, Ingrid Newkirk started PETA India. PETA India functions under the simple principle that animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on or use for entertainment.

Traditionally, charities have worked on reducing the suffering of different animals that happens when they are thinking of as lesser beings who can and should be controlled. Recently, Gauri Maulekhi is a popular animal rights activist in India. She is a co-opted member of the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) and a trustee in Maneka Gandhi’s People for Animals.

There will be continuously suffering as long as any group is defined as reachable to be overlooked and controlled. The nonhuman rights advocate does not disregard people’s concerns about suffering. Those worries are valid. But the concept of animal rights involved working at the main motive of the problem. Lastly, we need to aware; we need to know these rights. We need to be concerned about animals well being.


Sweet memories:

Childhood memory refers to memories formed during childhood. Among its other roles, memory functions direct current performance and predict future results. Childhood memory varies in size and quantity from memories formed and recovered from youth to adulthood. A study of children’s memory has recently taken place in relation to the study of other types of cognitive processes that support performance. Understanding the ways in which coded memories can be coded has important consequences in many areas. Research on childhood memory includes topics such as childhood memory formation and retrieval strategies for those of adults, issues surrounding infantile amnesia and the fact that adults have worse childhood memories, ways in which school and family environment influence memory, and ways memory can be improved in childhood. school performance, and well-being, childhood and adulthood.

Best memories:

Childhood is the happiest and most memorable time in anyone’s life. It is the first phase of life that we enjoy in any way we like. Besides, this is the time that builds the future. Parents love and care for their children and children alike


It is never too late to have a happy childhood.



For children, it is not important but if you ask an adult it is very important. Moreover, it is a time of moral and ethical development for children. At this stage in life, we can easily adjust someone’s thinking.





.  Newspaper

The Newspaper has created a positive impact on society .it helps people become aware of current affairs and stay curious about them . newspaper provide people with every detail no Matter how small.


Important of news in our daily life

Mainly to inform the public about events that are around them and may affect them . often newsies for entertainment purposes too,to provide a distraction of information about other place people are unable to get to or have title influence over .News can make people feel connected too.

Important to students

Reading newspaper in daily basis is really important for students .this provides them high general knowledge . critical understand of students also get enhanced by the habit of newspaper reading .it increases the stock of words in them

Newspaper are rich source of information .lot of people rely on newspaper for learning current affairs and world happening  newspaper reading habit is good for everyone.


Procrastination is really a monster. The idea of having leisure in the current moment overrides the thought of completing the actual task. There are many reasons for procrastination. Maybe we have a more important task to do, or we are just tired. But let us accept it, we are most of the time lazy to do the work.

The funny part is when someone chastises us, we get angry when it is our job to do the said work. Students especially procrastinate so much, with homework, studying, completing the project. That is the root of the habit. Trust me, it feels so good to just watch another episode in Netflix, or just go outside and play instead of sitting inside and studying.

There are many of us who watches on how to avoid procrastinating while actually procrastinating. Being an adult doesn’t make procrastinating a small thing. It can lead to some grave results. So they don’t tend to procrastinate much. It is always the students who face the results of their errors in the hard way.

There are many ways in which procrastination can be avoided. I know the tips on the internet about the to-do list, the Pomodoro method of studying works but do we actually follow it sincerely? At the end of the day, it is our will power that helps us go through the tasks for the day. Sometimes we think of doing something, but since the situation is not helpful, we tell ourselves we would do it later, but we forget it.

The solution for this can be having a handy notebook in our person. Whatever task it is can be noted down in the notebook, so when we are free and have time, we can remember it and do it. I know it is not possible to carry a notebook always, so use the notes app in your phone. Create a list that you can cut off after you complete the work. The satisfaction of crossing off the list will motivate enough for us to do more work.

But that us until we find loopholes like writing down tasks like getting up, brushing teeth, and eating in the list just for the sake of crossing it out. Be true to yourself. If you are not really the type of person who writes things down constantly, write a list for yourself in the morning, just one time in the day and stick it the place where you would look constantly. Maybe it is your homework you have to submit by the end of the week, and it is only Monday. Seeing the task constantly will push you to do it and be free for the rest of the week.

During exams there would be many distractions to keep us from studying, but it is really who give in to those temptations. We need to prioritize what is for our good, instead of what makes and feels us good. Remember, the roots of education may be bitter, but the fruits are sweet. So stop procrastinating and start working!

Farmers stage

farmers organisations and trade unions staged demonstrations in Tiruchi and neighbouring districts on Saturday demanding the repeal of the three new farm laws and expressing solidarity with the farmers protesting in New Delhi.

A group of farmers owing allegiance to the Desiya Thennidiya Nadigal Inaippu Vivasayigal Sangam led by P. Ayyakannu staged a demonstration in front of the Collector’s office to press the demand by lying down on the road. They condemned the Centre for failing to respect the sentiments of farmers protesting in Delhi for over seven months. They also sought permission to stage a protest in Delhi against Karnataka’s move construct a dam across the Cauvery river at Mekedatu. District Collector S. Sivarasu heard their grievances and received a representation from Mr. Ayyakannu At a protest organised on behalf of All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee, a group of farmers and trade union members staged a dharna in front of the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited’s office near the Cantonment in the city. They demanded the repeal of the new farm laws and the labour codes of the Union government.A group of CITU members also staged a demonstration at Chathram Bus Stand demanding the repeal of new farm laws, four labour codes and sanction of ₹7,500 for all unorganised sector labourers.

The All India Kisan Sangarsh Coordination Committee Thanjavur district unit, organised demonstrations at three places in the district on Saturday. The demonstrators shouted slogans urging the Central government to withdraw the laws. Led by the Thanjavur district coordinator, N.V. Kannan, the demonstrators in Thanjavur also demanded that the Electricity Amendment Bill be withdrawn in the interest of farmers. Similar demonstrations were held at Kumbakonam and Pattukottai. And than the Coimbatore: Farmers here on Saturday expressed solidarity with their counterparts protesting against three farm Acts passed by Parliament.Members of All India Farmers Union staged a protest in front of the collector’s office in the city on Saturday.The Union government has passed Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 and Essential Commodities  Act 2020, which the protesters consider as anti-farmer. “We want the government to immediately withdraw these Acts,” said Su Palanisamy, district coordinator of the union. “We urge the government not to cancel free electricity provided  To farmers and withdraw all cases filed against the protesting farmers.”another protest was held in front of Tirupur corporation office. Members of Left parties and trade unions also participated in it along with farmers and than the farmers stage .



Criticism is the practice of judging the good and the bad of something.

The judge is called a critic.
Participating in the spelling of criticism (in English – see American and British spelling differences.)
One specific form of criticism is called criticism or criticism.
Criticism is a test or corrective action that can take place in any area of ​​a person’s life. Criticism can therefore take many different forms (see below). How people go about being critical, can be very different. In some areas of human endeavor, the type of criticism can be very special and professional; often requires technical knowledge to inform criticism. For details on the topic, see Types of Criticism Page.

Criticism does not mean “finding fault”, but the word is often taken to mean a simple expression of something that opposes discrimination, whether good or bad. Criticism often involves practical disagreements, but it can also mean “taking sides”. Constructive criticism will include an examination of the various aspects of the issue.

Criticism is often presented as unpleasant, but there are friendly criticisms, which are discussed peacefully, and some people find great pleasure in criticism (“keeping people sharp”, “providing a sensitive edge”). The Pulitzer Prize for Criticism Award has been presented since 1970 to a journalist who has shown ‘outstanding criticism’.


When criticism involves dialogue of some kind, direct or indirect, it is the responsibility of the inner community.

Criticism is also the study, exploration, and interpretation of literature, art work, film, and social media (see links to the article below) The goal is to understand the possible meanings of cultural contexts, and the context in which they occur. In doing so, it is often considered how cultural products are related to other cultural products, and where their place is in a particular type, or culture.






UFO: Flying saucers seen in America? The Pentagon has not solved the mystery


The Pentagon has set up a task force to unravel the mystery of these events in the sky.PHOTO SOURCE,GETTY IMAGESThe U.S. government says more than a dozen flying saucers seen by U.S. military pilots over time have yet to unravel the mystery of the UFO.There have been a total of 144 records of pilots seeing such vessels from time to time since 2004. The Pentagon released a report on Friday (June 25). A Pentagon report states that all but one of the cases remain a mystery.The report does not rule out the possibility that the object may be extraterrestrial or extraterrestrial.The U.S. military has said it has seen a number of unidentified objects flying in the sky.

The US Congress has since demanded a report on the matter.Proceed from the YouTube post, 1Video caption,Caution: External text may contain some adsYouTube post ends, 1In August 2020, the Pentagon set up an “Unidentified Aerial Phenomena Task Force” to investigate the record of all these incidents.The group worked to investigate and classify these incidents. The Pentagon also said it was trying to find out more about UFOs – Unidentified Flying Objects and their origins.Did anything new come out of this report?An interim report was released on Friday. Most of the 144 incidents of strangers appearing in the sky are recorded in the last 2 years.

These entries are made after the U.S. Navy devised a specific method for recording such incidents or scenes.In 143 of the 144 incidents, “we do not have enough information to link or elaborate on what these incidents are,” the report said.However, the report does not rule out the possibility that the report may have any connection to the planet.”There may be no uniform explanation for these phenomena. It could be technology from other countries, such as Russia or China, or natural phenomena like ice crystals appearing on radar systems. It could also be experiments or secret schemes run by US organizations or individuals,” the report said.The subject of UFOs has always been a subject of curiosity for Americans.

The subject of UFOs has always been a subject of curiosity for Americans.”We can say for sure about one of these incidents,” the report said. It was a large, airtight balloon, the report said.The report added that the incident was “a threat to air travel and a threat to US national security.”The task force said it was now looking into ways to gather more information about such incidents. It is also said that if more funds are available for this, more in-depth study can be done.What is the evidence?In April 2020, the U.S. Department of Defense released some videos of these events in the sky. He asserted that his confession had been obtained through torture.Two former Navy pilots participated in a 60-minute program on the US CBS News Channel. He said that while flying over the Pacific Ocean, he saw an object moving in the same direction as his movements.One of the pilots said that this small object looked like a tick-tack bullet.Video caption,The Pentagon says the video was released to dispel public confusion.”The object was exactly the same, only it was moving very fast, crazy, and we couldn’t predict exactly which way it would turn. We didn’t even know exactly how the object was being controlled, how it was moving forward,” the U.S. Navy said. Alex Dietrich, a former pilot and witness to the incident, told the BBC.”There was no smoke coming from behind the object or a propeller that would push the object forward – that is, no fan. There were no controls or direction-shifting mechanisms on its surface.”



The Tokyo Olympics will kick off on Friday, July 23, with the opening ceremony at the Tokyo Olympic Stadium.

The opening event will be at 8 p.m. local time in Japan, which will be 7 a.m. ET in the United States. NBC will broadcast the entire live opening event, which will be broadcast from 6:55 a.m. ET.

Will there be public at the Olympics:

At this point, it seems impossible.

Olympic organizers announced this spring that international fans would not be allowed to attend the Tokyo Games this summer, while leaving open the possibility that more Japanese spectators could still come. But given the situation with COVID-19 in Japan, organizers may decide to hold the Olympics in secret.

An official decision by local fans is expected in June.

“There are a lot of people who say that at the Olympic Games we have to run away from the audience, even though some games are open to spectators,” said Seiko Hashimoto, president of the Tokyo 2020 organizing committee.

“So we need to keep this in mind. We need to avoid having local medical services affected. We need to look at those things before agreeing on the number of spectators.”


Most summer Olympics will cover 17 days, from the opening ceremony on July 23 to the closing ceremony on Sunday, August 8. (A number of baseball, softball and soccer games are expected to be held on July 21 and July 22.)

In total, the Tokyo Games will have 339 events in all 33 matches.

Some of the most popular events will open the competition just after the opening event. Swimming races will run from July 24 to August 1. The finals of the Gymnastics team will be on July 26 (men) and July 27 (women), with the surrounding competitions and each subsequent events. And the track and field competition will begin on July 30.



Welfare work

Of late we hear many folks saying that they’re doing welfare or social work. What exactly does this mean? What reasonably welfare work is needed and desirable? Is it not the duty of the government to require care of the wants of those citizens? If so, is there needing for a few individuals and organizations to enter this field? In every democracy, and particularly in an exceedingly socialistic democracy, there’s a good responsibility on the government to supply social facilities and make sure of the final welfare of its citizens. In our country, our government is additionally taking care of a variety of welfare activities. It provides education and treatment. The welfare of the downtrodden and also the handicapped is additionally taken care of. These activities can’t be termed welfare work because the government is doing these as a component of its welfare program. Therefore welfare work shall mean something else, which is undertaken either by a person or by a company. Service may be that which is rendered for a few payments. But welfare work is that which is completed voluntarily, without expecting any reward or payment or recognition. Any help rendered on these lines by a person or organization to the needy might be termed welfare work. for instance, Teresa had started her mission of service to require the care of orphan children. The Andhra Mahila sabha is rendering invaluable services to women. These can be termed as samples of social work. We have negative side effects also. Some interested and self-seeking gentleman and ladies, who are rich and who could afford to spend, start institutions of varied kinds within the name of work. That’s a move to induce social recognition and respect from the general public. In many such cases, they’re individual-based, they begin work for a purpose, and after their purpose is served they either close it up or start exploitation. There are reputed organizations, who do valuable service to society within the name of work. Service to mankind is equal to service god. Hence selfless service to humanity at large could also be termed as actual welfare work. A program called N.S.S. (National Social Service) is there in colleges and universities involving all young boys and girls. These people attend the village to assist the agricultural folk within the fields of education, construction of roads and tanks, and to show them hygienic methods. There are still many areas where individuals can do lots of welfare work by simply appealing to the minds of individuals. they’re (1) Prohibition (2) anti-dowry system (3) eradication of illiteracy, (4) Village sanitation, (5) rural upliftment (6) medical aid, etc. in villages. We find many foreigners undertaking social work programs within the fields of treatment, education, and welfare of the handicapped. We now need to decide on how long we’ve to rely on foreigners for solving our problems. It’s time that we learn to serve our brethren without reckoning on foreign funds or foreign personnel. We should always inspire our youth to dedicate themselves to the service of the state. Deliberately spread more love and humanity rather than negative talks. Be the person for someone who is smiling today because the world needed it the most and help the people with the things you can afford.
We, humans, are divided in race, religions, castes so and so, and yet we all take hands to unite together to the welfare of society in this great battle of covid-19 by showing humanity from the soft corner of billions of people’s heart.

Photosynthesis Process

Photosynthesis is a biochemical phenomenon that occurs in plants, algae, and some bacteria. Through photosynthesis, these organisms use the energy of light to convert carbon dioxide gas into an organic substance such as carbon dioxide, which they need.

The pigment green in plants often helps. Through photosynthesis, plants, algae, and cyanobacteria convert carbon dioxide gas, water, and light energy into carbohydrates, releasing oxygen (or oxygen) as waste. This photosynthesis is one of the most basic events for the survival of the world as oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis.

The energy captured by photosynthesis is estimated to be very large: approximately 100 tera watts per year. This is approximately seven times the amount of total energy used by people worldwide each year.

Photosynthesis in plants takes place in the thylacoid meniscus at the base of the hymen. There are two modules in Immensev. Each has its own attack center. At the center of the attack is chlorophyll a, the primary photosynthetic pigment of plants. Two photosynthesis participates in the photosynthesis of plants.

Although these are named light volumes I and II in the order in which they were discovered, photovoltaics two are the first to act on the photovoltaic process.  It is called P680 because it absorbs light at a wavelength of 680 nm. It is called the P700 because it absorbs light at a wavelength I 700 nm.

Photovoltaic II effects:

The onset of electron beam in light is in photovoltaic II. The chlorophyll b (chlorophyll b) and carotene imitations in light group II absorb light at different wavelengths and transmit it to the affected chlorophyll a molecule. Absorption of this photon causes the electron in the chlorophyll molecule at the center of the attack to be emitted and expelled. This substance is transported to a molecule called a phytophyte.

The electron is then transported to the plastoquinone molecule. Plasto quinine uses the energy of this plant to pump H + ions into the granule inside the pancreas. Thus increasing the H + ion concentration within the granule. Electron emission causes a shortage of electrons in chlorophyll (chlorophyll a). Electrons of hydrogen atoms in the water molecule are used to overcome this constraint. When water is thus oxidized, oxygen and H + ions appear as side effects. Thus there is the problem of creating oxygen (an enzyme) in conjunction with photosynthesis II to oxidize water.

Thus the concentration of H + ions is higher on one side of the thylakoid membrane. The enzyme ATP synthase in the thylacoid membrane synthesizes ATP energy molecules using the photosynthesis of water and the H + ion concentration readings produced by the bumblebee of plastokuinine.

Photovoltaic I Impacts:

In photovoltaic I, light is emitted from the green at the center of impact. The resulting charge is compensated by the electron emitted from Volume II. The electron emitted from photosynthesis I reaches NADP + lowering enzyme via protoxin. Where H +, electron, and NADP + combine to form NADPH. The NADPH will then work through the hydrogen and down to the dark.

Three main factors influence the rate of photosynthesis:

  •  Light intensity and wavelength of light
  •  Concentration of carbon dioxide
  •  Temperature
  •  Edit luminance and temperature

The intensity and temperature of one are the photosynthetic factors that control the effect of the other. This phenomenon was observed by Frederick Blackman. This appearance confirmed that there are two levels in the photocell. Temperature affects the education circle of the photovoltaic and the luminosity of the photovoltaic.

Concentration of carbon dioxide:

A certain concentration of carbon dioxide is required within the leaf for photosynthesis to take place efficiently. When the concentration of carbon dioxide drops excessively (this takes place at higher temperatures.

At higher temperatures the follicles close to reduce evaporation so that carbon dioxide cannot enter the leaf) and a process called photosynthesis, which adversely affects photosynthesis, takes place. RuBisCO enzyme used in the education circle is susceptible to both CO2 and O2.

Carbon dioxide converts carbon dioxide into carbon dioxide, which is formed by exposure to oxygen in less time. Therefore high oxygen concentration and low carbon dioxide concentration adversely affect photosynthesis. Therefore, some tropical plants, such as corn, use C4 photosynthesis as a means of reducing respiration.

Water cycle

The water cycle is the process by which water moves continuously above and below the earth’s surface. Hydraulic cycle The water cycle is also known as the hydraulic cycle. The amount of water on Earth remains constant over time. But sharing it in major reservoirs such as ice, freshwater, salt water and stratospheric water depends on a wide range of climatic variations.

As water evaporates from the earth’s surface, air carries seawater from the ground to the sky, increasing the amount of fresh water on land. The vapour is converted into clouds and brings fresh water to the land in the form of rain, snow and hail.The water that falls precipitously on the ground changes its nature according to the geographical environment of the place where it fell. Energy transfer occurs during the water cycle. Thus causing temperature changes. When water evaporates it takes heat energy from its surroundings and cools the environment.

During the evaporation phase of the cycle the water is purified and brought back to land freshwater and replenished. Minerals are transported around the world as liquid water and ice run through the soil. It is also involved in changing the geographical features of the earth. The circulation of water is essential for the life and environmental maintenance of most of the life on earth.

Cyclical events:

The vapour in the sky cools and most of it reaches the Earth’s surface as rain. Water also reaches Earth in the form of ice, hail, hail, fog, and drip. The amount of rainwater that falls on land is 107,000 km³(26,000 cubic miles) per year. The amount of snowfall is only 1,000 km³.About 78% of the world’s rainfall falls over the oceans.

Poetry Interruption:

Rainfall, which is interrupted by overgrown plant leaves instead of falling to the ground, eventually evaporates back into the atmosphere without falling to the ground.

Ice melting:

Ice melting also causes flooding and water runoff.

Route Edit:

Water seeps underground even though water flows through the surface and through canals in a variety of ways. Evaporates in air. Stored in lakes and reservoirs. Extracted for agriculture and human consumption.

Navigation Edit

Water that seeps into the ground from the ground becomes soil moisture or groundwater. However, recent global studies using water-based isotopes have shown that not all soil moisture is equally available for groundwater recharge or vegetation depletion.

Surface flooding:

Floodwaters that flow underground through unsaturated zones and aquifers return to the earth’s surface through a fountain or pipe and then into the ocean. Water penetrated by gravity or gravity is pushed back to the surface through a lower elevation.


Evaporation is the conversion of water from aqueous to gaseous. Water in surface aquifers. Groundwater. Water in the atmosphere evaporates. About 86% of the world’s volatile water occurs in the oceans.


Sublimation is the direct transfer of water from the aqueous state to the vapour state.


When vapour in the atmosphere condenses, it evaporates into water droplets and transforms into fog and clouds.


Gravity causes groundwater to escape vertically from soil and rocks.

Groundwater has accumulated under the soil for 10,000 years before leaving the earth. Such old groundwater is called fossil water. The water stored in the soil will remain there for a short time as it spreads as a thin layer on the earth. It settles through rapid evaporation, evaporation, stream flow, and groundwater soaking.

In hydraulics, the storage time is estimated in two ways. The most common method is multiplication of the relevance immortality protocol. In this method, the storage time is calculated by dividing the volume of the reservoir by the rate at which water enters the reservoir or exits the reservoir.

Theoretically, the stagnation is equal to the time it takes to fill completely from the void when the water does not come out, or the time when the stagnant water fills up completely when the water does not enter.

Solar energy is used for the hydraulic cycle. 86% of global evaporation occurs in the oceans. The use of aquifers also increases the water content of the aquifer, which is discharged to extract fossil fuels. This raises seawater levels.


United States

The US boasts the world’s largest GDP (around $20 trillion), low unemployment rates, and top-ranked entrepreneurial infrastructures. With that in mind, the US market is extremely diverse, offering adequate buying power, and government support for local venture funding has been at an all-time high. The American culture has globally influenced many nations and has become the top spot for new startups in 2020.

United Kingdom

Brexit might have scared off some investors, but the UK holds a reliable and extremely well-governed economy. Local authorities have improved taxation policies, seeing a rise in investor profiles, business incorporations, and currently stands at a 0.7% inflation rate as of 2019. Entrepreneurial infrastructure falls close behind the US, and being the country with the lowest corporation tax from all G20 countries, the UK is a great choice to consider.


As Europe’s biggest economic powerhouse, Germany holds a great and extremely well-educated workforce. The nation has been one of the most attractive startup destinations for years, offering business owners and entrepreneurs an opportunity to use the well-funded European markets. As a key member of the EU, Germany sits on a $3.6 trillion GDP as of 2017.


The Eastern Hemisphere has become a popular choice for prominent business investors and, recently, startups. A wealthy nation with high levels of education and political stability, Singapore offers easier market access and free trade agreements. It’s a melting pot of cultures, and their local economy has seen a 2% growth each year.

New Zealand

A different choice from Europe or North America, the island nation has seen a booming economic influx, with more skilled workers, affordable wages, and simple startup procedures. The country has a 0.6% inflation rate, a 3.6% GDP growth, low-interest rates, and local government has become more business-friendly, with easier access to local statistics.


10- New Zealand

The healthcare system in New Zealand is state-sponsored and very good quality. It is funded through taxes, and provides free or subsidised medical treatment for residents.

9- Austria

Austria has a high standard of healthcare. Paying into the government health insurance scheme is compulsory for both Austrians and expats, with excellent medical facilities and services funded by the taxpayer.


8- France

France has both state run and private hospitals and both maintain a similar degree of excellence. While having private health insurance isn’t essential, it is prudent to have cover when you’re living in France.


7- Australia

Australia’s healthcare system has two main parts: the public health system, and the private health system. Since 1984, Medicare has been the Commonwealth Government’s universal health insurance scheme. This provides Australian residents with free treatment in public hospitals.

6- Netherlands

Healthcare in the Netherlands is covered by two statutory forms of insurance: Zorgverzekeringswet (Zvw), often called ‘basic insurance’, covers common medical care; and Algemene Wet Bijzondere Ziektekosten (AWBZ) covers long-term nursing and care.


5- Germany

The healthcare system in Germany is very good, but expensive. Health insurance is mandatory, and most expatriates will have it added to their employee contract.


4- United Kingdom

Healthcare in the UK has proved to be reliable and convenient for citizens and expatriate workers. The National Health Service, Scottish and Northern Ireland state programs provide many options for emergency medical treatment.

3- Canada

Canada’s publicly funded health care system is a group of socialized health insurance plans providing coverage to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents. Canada holds a remarkably high life expectancy rate, which many attribute to the efficiency of its health care system.


2- Sweden

The Swedish health care system is characterized by high standards of quality care and above-average healthcare spending. Only about 600,000 Swedes have a private health plan, which is usually covered by their employers and can be helpful to skip queues for treatment.


1- Denmark

The Danish universal health care system provides Danes with mostly free medical care and is predominantly financed through income tax. All permanent residents are entitled to a national health insurance card, and most examinations and treatments are free of charge.

Choosing a career

Choice of career is now every day, a quite mind-boggling process within which young men and girls can set the ball rolling but, how far success touches them isn’t difficult to determine. In times, there have been very limited choices for the young to pursue as avenues and openings were very limited. There were, basically just three avenues of education, and that they were followed by just the identical three avenues of service. The three options are engineering, medicine, and arts. Thus, after completion of education, the youth were just caught up to those job avenues available within the ambit of their studies. At that time in time, it had been felt that the degrees had been earned after much labor, but the careers offered weren’t to their satisfaction. At times, it had been even felt that the individual’s potential wasn’t being fully tapped by the roles offered. This led to a good amount of dissatisfaction among the promising young. However, this might not be helped because there have been no others offers to come their way. With such planning for a career where one just had to accept any offer as there was nothing else to return, often clothed to be disastrous. Irrespective of what happened, there was, at that point, no way of fixing the career, for one there was the limited scope and secondly, the degree had tied the individual to an awfully specific job. This was fairly often very frustrating. This example has now changed quite a bit as there are numerous avenues for careers. regardless of the individual’s taste, there are avenues of service for each taste and each capacity. As an example, if a person has no liking for studies, and instead likes to dance or sing, there are an enormous number of options he/she has, to carve a career for himself/herself. Today, irrespective of what a person likes to try to do, he/she has an avenue open for a sound career. There are choices for the youngsters to channelize their attention wholesale to the topic of their choice for a career. With this, the attitudes of individuals have also changed, to create it easier for the young to regulate the career of their choice. This is often because every career has now attained dignity and financial growth for equal capacity. This was also a hurdle in earlier times. In days lapsed example, dancing, singing, and acting were all taboo for kids of fine respectable families. Now, with this attitudinal change in society, children even from the foremost respectable families can enter these avenues. This has also contributed to the expansion of the career horizontal. In point of fact, even during this situation of multitudes of avenues to settle on from, the kids are still finding it a difficult moment to decide on a career. Even as previously children had very limited choice, today they need an excessive amount of a spread that, they drift within the labyrinth of choices, and sometimes wind up within the wrong place. this can be because, at the time and age at which children pass out of XIIth, they don’t know what they need to become. only a few children at this age are correctly focussed that, they know just exactly what they need for his or her career. These children know what they need to become and where they’ll excel, given their aptitude and their liking, and their circumstances. Thus within the matter of a choice of a career, I’d say the position has little question changed but, it can not be called completely foolproof. Expect for the only a few children who are very clear and focussed, the bulk who are common, keep hobnobbing with different choices, because the attraction in each case seems to be great enough to draw in attention, and it’s here that they fail to measure their real slot where they may fit and achieve success. Besides this, the common class of youngsters now and then even the very clear-headed and focussed children get to face their limitations because of external circumstances. Then the competition is most that, fairly often even the superb students fail to induce the career of their choice, and thus forced to suit themselves in a very career of their second or maybe third choice. Thus, within the choice of a career, several phenomena play a component, and whether or not the kids know exactly what they require they fail to induce it as a career. Thus, although several avenues of service have opened, attitudes have changed there are umpteen children who don’t want what they get and don’t get what they need, they simply need to follow a career to earn a living. this is often a matter of the common child even today with most development within the employment segment. This can be because, for one, the typical child isn’t sufficiently focused to form the proper choice, and while options have increased competition has also skyrocketed.

Sexual Abuse is a crime ?

Nobody knew that being a girl can be so tough and challenging. The hurdles and obstacles faced by girls are very hard. At first stage, you were not allowed to take birth if your gender is identified as female. Such practices are now banned by government and are considered to be illegal. If by chance, you are born as a female gender then society will consider you the weakest gender and will always discriminate. Our society doesn’t accept the factor of being gender neutral.

The confidence of girls starts breaking from their own house. Girls are not safe anywhere be it their homes, offices, schools, public transport, etc. If they get proper respect and motivation then nothing can stop them from being a path breaker. Girls can build their own path without being dependent on anyone else. Their career should depend on what they want to do, not what the society labels them to do.

Sexual abuse is one of the most common problems faced by women of our society. Women are tagged as an object and All men think their right to treat them disrespectfully. Everyday news of rape cases, domestic violence, dowry, sexual abuse is shown in the media. The problem faced by every women of different countries. It is an altogether a task for women to survive in the male dominated society.

Several methods that can help them fighting such serious issues are learning self-defense techniques, get proper education and they shouldn’t trust anyone easily. Girls should always carry black pepper spray or any tool that can help them. One factor is to teach our male gender of the society about respecting every women and treat them love, care and affection. Sexual abuse is something we should never ignore and always file a complaint about the culprit in the police authority. Every single person is responsible for the safety of every women in our society. We should create a safe environment where girls are free to choose what they want to do.


“ Sexual abuse is a criminal offense. “




Nowadays, there is a growing interest in self growth and self improvement techniques. There is a growing number of books, articles and websites dealing with these topics.

It seems that people are turning within them, to find the solution to their problems. They seek knowledge, techniques, workshops, lectures, and teachers, who can show them the way.

People are beginning to understand that self improvement and self growth can improve the quality of their lives.It is not enough to read articles and books. You also have to practice what you read. Inner change requires motivation, desire, ambition, perseverance and dedication.

When you starting with a self improvement program, it is common to encounter inner resistance that comes from your old habits and from your subconscious mind, and also resistance and opposition from the people around you.

The desire to change, build new habits, and to improve yourself must be strong enough to resist laziness, the tendency to give up, and the fear and ridicule of opposition from family, friends or colleagues.Let me tell you something about myself. I have been attracted to self improvement from an early age, and have regarded it as a source of inner strength and happiness, and as a way to a improve my life.

One of the most useful techniques I discovered and used, was a simple, but very effective technique. It consisted of watching how people behave and act in various situations, and then looking inside myself, to find out whether I behaved in the same way under the same conditions.

When I saw people with certain traits of character, or a certain kind of behavior that I did not like, I examined myself to find out whether I possessed those traits of character too.
If I did, I visualized in my mind a different sort of behavior. In my mind’s eye, I saw myself with the opposite traits of character. I visualized myself in various situations, in which I manifested the new behavior.
When I encountered traits of character or behavior, which I liked, I used to think about their advantages and benefits, and about their importance in my life. Here too, I used visualization and affirmations, and strived to enact them in my daily life.
In this way, I learned and benefited a lot from the behavior and actions of the people around me, at work, at home, on the street, and everywhere else.This exercise was never for the purpose of judging other people or taking advantage of them, but for learning how to act, react and behave in a better way.

This process had another benefit. It increased my knowledge and understanding about how the mind and the emotions affect the behavior and the actions of people. It gave me more understanding of people and their behavior and how to get along better with them.

If you start using this self improvement techniques you will soon see positive changes in your life.

Tips for a Simple Self Improvement Technique:

1) Look around you:

Look around you and watch how people behave in various circumstances. Watch the people you meet at home, work, at the supermarket, on the bus, train and on the street. You can also watch people being interviewed on TV and learn a great deal about them and about you.

2)Watch the behavior of people:

Watch how people talk, how they raise their voice or speak calmly. Watch the reactions of people. Look at how people walk, sit and carry their body. you can learn a great deal from watching their behavior.

3) Watch how people treat other people:

A certain kind of behavior creates certain reactions. Often, how we act and behave, determine how people treat us. Try to be aware of how people act, and how other people treat them. This can help you to determine what changed you need to make in your behavior.

4)The effect of the voice:

Pay attention to the way people use their voice and how they react to other people’s voices.

Watch how you feel and how you react when people shout, or speak softly.

Watch what happens when people get angry, restless and upset, and what happens to you and to others, when they are calm and relaxed.

5)Pay attention to what you do not like:

If you do not like what you see, analyze why you do not like it. Then, analyze your own behavior to find out, whether you behave in the same way. Be honest and impartial in your analysis.

6)Avoid negative behavior:

If you discover that you possess some of these undesirable traits of character and behavior that you do not like, affirm to yourself often that every time you catch yourself behaving in this way, you are going to be aware of them, and do your best to avoid them.

7)Use your imagination to build new habits:

Play in your mind a mental scene of how you would like to act and behave. Repeat this mental scene several times a day, every day.

What you imagine in your mind sinks into your subconscious mind and gradually, becomes a habit.

8)Use your imagination to build good habits:

When you detect in someone character traits or habits you like and desire to possess, try to act in a similar way. Here too, imagine several times each day a scene, where you act and behave in that different, better way.

9)Use visualization often:

Think and visualize over and again in your mind how you would like to act and behave.

10)Remind yourself of the changes you want to make:

Constantly, remind yourself of the changes you desire to make, and strive to act according to them. Every time that you find yourself acting according to your old habits, remember your decision to change and improve, and act accordingly.

Do not be disappointed or frustrated if you do not attain fast results. It does not matter how many times you fail or forget to behave as you desired. Persevere with your efforts and never give up, and you will begin to see how you and your life start changing for the better.

“You are essentially who you create yourself to be and all that occurs in your life is the result of your own making.”

“Change is your friend not your foe; change is a brilliant opportunity to grow.”

“Beginning today, set an intention and a relentless focus on living your life as the greatest person you can be, in all situations.”


Hazards of modern living

Modern living may be a living both very comfortable and extremely tiring, both at the identical time. This may be very easily analyzed after we study the life of middle-class modern families. With ever many modern mechanical gadgets the housewife of today finds her household work much easier and faster than her counterpart of yesteryears. Within a really short period, she is in a position to try to do the whole household chores, and then, she is in a very position to devote her time to other activities of her interest. Such good but, within the bargain, she loses out on the hassle and exercise she could have gotten if she did all this work manually. This problem gets still further compounded if the housewife is additionally a working woman. Yes, then the advantage of mechanical gadgets is useful but take a look at her plight early within the morning when she has also to travel to the office in time. With such a lot workload she has also to travel to the office in time. With such a lot of workload, she becomes a machine and despite all the gadgets at her disposal, she gets no respite from rushing all the time. She becomes more sort of a robot doing all the work home and at the office or workplace sort of a machine. She here also loses out on the finer aspects of family-like love, care, and therefore the like as she has no time for these frivolities. Thus the girl who was once an image of care features a lot that sheen of the finer qualities of womanhood. She is now a machine with no feelings, no time, no special interests, she is all the time as if shunting between the house and also the office. So much for the change within the lifetime of the girl, the person also who always had to figure outside the house may now be earning a handsome pay but, by allowing the wife to figure outside the house is no longer at the receiving end anymore. He gets minimum that she wont to once shower on him when she had the time to try and do so. Now, because the woman is getting into the man’s shoes, she is and just must become hardened like him as she has no time to pamper him. Thus within the so-called modern kind of living the person is additionally a loser, he’s losing out on the emotional touch he got before the bug of modernity stung the family. As for the youngsters within the modern scheme of things I feel are the best losers within the family. They are doing head to the most effective of faculties because the family can well afford it, they play the simplest of games, have the foremost modern friends, but they grow in an environment which is deprived of love affection and every one the fragile emotions as there’s no time in anybody schedules to have interaction within the show of affection and interest. They are doing not get the texture of their mother’s loving cares nor their fathers joining the sport being played. Since these children are completely going out of the finer feelings of life and humans, they’re also, in turn, developing into more robots that employ simply mechanically. This leads to the youngsters having no attachments, no emotions which the humans are gifted with, and which feelings develop only with the specified circumstances. These children developing in modern nuclear families also are deprived of the pampering of the grandparents. The loving and interesting stories of the grandmother and jumping and frisking with the grandfather are missing entities during this contemporary world. Thus, fashionable living though very rewarding and satisfying has resulted in a very complete loss of human values, human emotions, and human attitudes. it’s these qualities that separate the individual from other living beings, and, if we’ve lost these qualities, I dare say we don’t seem to be faring any better than the lower species of life. The hazards of recent living are so great that they need resulting in destroying the very basic fabric of family life and loosened the bonds of the family of which we were proud within the past. In today’s world, the findings of technology, smartphone users have increased higher than usual.  As screen time increases and also risk for more diseases are also getting a chance of increasing. There’s undoubtedly an amazing growth within the financial status of families but it’s simultaneously resulted in an absolute loss of humanness of the members of the family. It’s now for us to make your mind up if this contemporary living is healthier and easier than the lifestyle elapsed.







Keeping a journal was something that I had neglected for many years. However, when I started blogging, I asked myself why not journal again? This is indeed a great decision that I’ve taken! Read my blog post to see how journaling equips you in planning for success.


1. Achieve goals:


I make use of daily journaling to achieve my set goals! It helps me to monitor my progress and see when I need to go back on track (so that I don’t derail from my milestones). Journaling will keep you focused on what you want to achieve with long-term benefits.


“Writing in a journal reminds you of your goals and of your learning in life. It offers a place where you can hold a deliberate, thoughtful conversation with yourself.”


2. Aspects of life:


Journaling will bring you many benefits. You can use it as you want to, to see progress in any aspects of your life that you’re determined to improve and work on. Set and track your personal, professional or any other types of goals. You may even instead choose to record daily life events, thoughts of gratitude, ponder on ideas in your mind and more.


3. Life purpose:


key to achieving what you really want to. The life goals that you set for yourself, need to be reflected on. This way you put in hard work and precious time, only on the things that you truly want to accomplish!


4. Intentional living:


When you journal about the right goals for yourself, you ensure that you’re moving in the right direction. Intentional living involves knowing/thinking about what you truly want to achieve.


“My job in space will be to observe and write a journal. I am also going to be teaching a class for students on earth about life in space and on the space shuttle and conducting experiments.”


5. Emotional Quotient (EQ):


When you spend time expressing yourself on paper, you’re aware of your thoughts, feelings, and emotions. You understand and accept them, thus, can take calculated actions! With better EQ, you can work on harnessing relationships that matter to you, both in your personal and professional life.


6. Be accountable:


With the habit of daily journaling, you hold yourself accountable for how you’re progressing towards your set goals. Think of it as business reporting! You need to answer about your results and improve upon what’s not quite up to the level.


7. Analyze situations:


You’ll be better equipped to analyze matters in a rational way. This, in turn, will help you to act in a wise and informed manner. You can then better avoid misunderstandings and future regrets. You’ll make the most of handling situations and avoid blunders!


8. Mindfulness:


Reflecting upon your thoughts, feelings, and emotions before acting has mental health benefits. Meditation and journaling go hand in hand. Include both in your daily routine and live mindfully!


“Whether you’re keeping a journal or writing as a meditation, it’s the same thing. What’s important is you’re having a relationship with your mind.”


There are various ways that you can choose to journal. You may prefer a traditional pen and paper notebook, use online apps, or illustrate… feel free to be creative. Choose the most convenient and interesting way that suits your personality!


9)Journaling boosts your creativity:


Let’s face it, most people live their lives to please others. Most of their time is spent on helping other people achieve their objectives by submitting to their solicitations. These people have not yet organized their minds consciously for them to command their waking and sleeping time. They keep reacting to their environment with no inner guidance.


For instance, the majority of people wake up and look at their messages or emails immediately. Reacting to other people’s agenda is their number one priority. On the other hand, successful people wake up and immediately journal for a couple of minutes. Creative people focus more on output than input. Detaching yourself from technological addiction and servitude and focusing on understanding yourself will improve your life.


10)Journaling helps you achieve your goals:


Morning hours are usually the most creative hours because the mind is active. Journaling and reviewing your goals every morning will help you achieve them faster. Knowing what you want is the first step to getting it.


As the popular saying goes, you can’t hit a target you can’t see. Reading and rewriting your goals makes it easier for them to be transferred to the subconscious mind which is the key to manifesting your goals.


11)Journaling helps you recover:


According to academic reviews, people who struggle to succeed in their environment can benefit a lot by journaling. Most people spend so much time living in the past and future. Only a few realize the importance of the present moment.


Journaling prevents the mind from wandering by forcing it to focus on the present moment. Most people suffering from depression and trauma are usually encouraged to journal so that they can focus on the present moment. Once you understand yourself completely, the doors will open.


12)Journaling enhances clarity:


Clarity is the key to success in everything you do. A disorganized mind is the greatest liability one can ever have. Additionally, a disorganized mind is not a clear mind.


By journaling every morning, you’ll start seeing how your life is clear. You’ll know what needs to be eliminated and adjusted for you to move forward. Once you are clear with yourself, you will gradually start feeling happy about yourself. You’ll discover that you have the potential to become whatever you want.


13)Journaling improves learning:


As we said earlier, teachers and professors encourage students to take notes because it helps them retain information in the long run. Writing things down boosts your memory and increases the development of your brain. If you’ve been wondering why mentors encourage their mentees to write down their goals, now you know why. Additionally, journaling helps you solve complex problems which further improve your learning experience.


14)Journaling increases gratitude:


Gratitude is the key that connects us to the supreme. After getting what they want, most people break this connection by forgetting to be grateful for what they have regularly. If you want more things in life, you have to be grateful for the things you have now otherwise, your life will be a total waste.


The best way to be grateful for what you have is to write about them. When doing this exercise, you’ll find yourself putting the pen down and thinking deeply. When you focus on what you have, you will naturally attract more because you are operating from a place of abundance.


On the other hand, people who are not grateful operate from a place of scarcity most of the time. And this drives people and things away from them. Gratitude has proven to make people happy, likable, and understand their emotions along with becoming healthier and optimistic.


15)Journaling boosts self-confidence:


Journaling is all about helping you accept yourself the way you are. Today, the majority of people don’t like themselves the way they are. In fact, these people cannot look at themselves in a mirror.


Lack of self-confidence is one of the top reasons why people never achieve their most important goals. If you do not feel confident about yourself, how do you expect others to trust and feel happy around you?


Journaling helps you understand your thoughts and emotions clearly. Someone who understands himself or herself will accept himself or herself the way he or she is. Once you accept yourself the way you are, the world around you will accept you the way you are. Remember, the world around you reflects who you are on the inside.


16)Journaling strengthens self-discipline:


Setting aside some time to journal every day is an act of discipline in itself. Think of discipline as a muscle, the more you use it, the stronger it gets. An act repeated overtime creates a habit.


In general, people who are disciplined in one area of life tend to be disciplined in other areas of life such as keeping their desks and houses tidy and working hard to accomplish the days’ objectives. In order to experience success, you’ve got to stay disciplined and consistent.


As you’ve seen, journaling has several proven benefits that you can’t ignore. You need to start journaling if you haven’t started. You have to be patient and consistent with journaling for you to start seeing the results. Remember, once you understand yourself, nothing will stop you from achieving your dreams. As the Greek philosopher said, know thyself.


The diligent working woman’s priority

The home has always been a woman’s priority, it still is and shall always remain. It’s the lady who makes a home into a home, with all the outpouring of her love, care, devotion, and exertions. This fact has always been recognized by all and hard truth of a man’s life but, today this fact is being intentionally move size. The rationale is simply the woman’s, working outside the house. The education of ladies has, on the one hand, making them capable of shouldering burdens of life more exquisitely and, on the opposite side, this has led to a form of catastrophe for the house. This can be because once the lady is educated and becomes capable of earning, she prefers to carve out a career for herself. This can be significantly fine and as everyone would love. However, this working women as a category, become more inclined to avoid, dislike and even think about housework as being a task below her dignity. For it’s here that this class of working women has been born to an enormous number of problems within the family and society. This has created problems that were unparalleled ever before in India. This has created problems that were unparalleled ever before in India. Once the girl is functioning outside the house, the house automatically gets neglected. The explanations for this neglect aren’t far to hunt. For one, when the lady has figured out for the full day, she is left with no energy to figure reception after the day’s work, a genuine cause. Besides being tired, she is now also seen losing interest in engaging at home. She just does the minimum to stay the family going, with no interest in making any improvements within the home. Now, once she has started working and earning, she also very naturally develops the need to behave just like the man who was till now, the privileged one. This attitude as hers, brings in its trail her continuous loss of interest within the family and her top priority, being enhancing her career prospects. All this development within the status of ladies has been born into a cross-section of multifarious problems. The first to suffer at hands of those working women are the poor innocent children, who don’t seem to be ready to get any quality time to spend with their mothers. The result’s disobedient rude children, who are often out of control as they become old. They become, carless children as, they see none of the fragile emotions being showered upon them, so, how and from where will they learn these finer emotions of life. The elders nowadays absolutely no place in such a home. They’re often neglected and even ousted from the house on the identical pretext or the opposite. This successively has given rise to a replacement problem of senior citizens, which never existed in India. As for the approaching and welcoming of guests in homes of working women could be a thing unwarranted. When the lady is out of the house for the full day, who will take care of guests. So, with women working outside the house the concept of entertaining guests is out of all programs. Thus, care of kids, care of elders, care of the other members of the family, and care of guests are all lost within the maze of the schedule of the working woman. This situation has led to the mushroom growth of creches, where the youngsters spend their quality time, maturity homes for the uncared old parents, and therefore the community of guests is lost completely. Of these problems, I understand that is given impetus by the one act of ladies figuring out of their homes. Besides, when the little child gets his training in an exceedingly creche, as he grew up, as he grows up, he finally ends up with a brand new problem of dependency. Of these problems in our society is traced down to the working of girls. On the one hand, it’s true that the working woman adds to the family income, improves the quality of the family as far because the income of the family is worried. She adds to her personal; image but, all this can be achieved at the value of insoluble problems created within the family and therefore the society. Now, once she becomes an equal partner in real terms, she is guaranteed to become a cause for worry for the person of the family, as his ego and manly pride take a flight to the winds. Thus, this ends within the man’s revolting reception, in society, and within the office. The man’s argument now could be that when a lady is equal, why should she get any privileges as a girl. This response of the person to the working woman is, I feel quite justified, and right to a good extent. The person who was without delay time, an uncrowned king of the house, family, and society is now being so challenged. All these problems have arisen thanks to the straightforward fact of the woman’s understanding of the house, shoulder to shoulder with the person.