10 ways to Build Your Self-Confidence

Above all else! We will discuss how to support your certainty and confidence, and there’s one thing you should know at the present time. “Be confident” is maybe the main suggestion you’ll get in the course of your life. We as a whole comprehend the qualities of confident individuals and how they benefit from them eventually, yet we think that its hard to impersonate them. The adage of “counterfeit it until you make it” will just bring you so far as far as confidence.

Confidence is something troublesome to acquire. We’ve assembled some supportive clues to help you. Try not to stress in case you’re actually experiencing difficulty subsequent to endeavoring these self improvement ideas. We’ve additionally incorporated a rundown of assets for getting further assistance and chipping away at building your certainty with the assistance of others.

Advantages of self confidence

Self confidence has numerous advantages that can have in your life including at home, at business, and seeing someone. Here are a portion of the useful results that Self-Confidence can have in your life.

  1. Better outcomes: Rather than sitting around idly puzzling over about whether you are adequate, you may zero in on your endeavors. therefore, when you’re sure, you’ll perform better.
  2. Connections that are solid: Self-certainty influences how you feel about yourself, yet additionally how you understand and love others. It additionally enables you to leave on the off chance that you’re not getting what you merit.
  3. Having faith in yourself can help you assemble strength, or the capacity to skip back from any mishaps or difficulty you may look throughout everyday life.

ways to build self confidence

Let’s concentrate on improving your ability to trust yourself to complete tasks, both old and new. These techniques aren’t groundbreaking, but they will assist you in recognizing your own ability to succeed.

In any case, quite possibly’s this lift in confidence will urge you to apply to NASA.

Put an end to comparing yourself with others.

Comparisons aren’t acceptable, regardless of whether it’s contrasting how you show up with your Facebook companions or comparing your pay with your companion’s pay. Indeed, a recent report distributed in the diary Personality and Individual Differences found a connection among jealousy and confidence.

Individuals who contrasted themselves with others were demonstrated to be jealous, as indicated by research. What’s more, the more jealousy individuals felt, the lower their confidence became.

Remind yourself of your own qualities and triumphs if you’re feeling envious of someone else’s life.

Take a look at what you’ve already accomplished.

On the off chance that you trust you haven’t accomplished anything, it’s easy to lose confidence. Make a rundown of all that you’re glad for in your life, regardless of whether it’s a decent test score or figuring out how to surf. Keep the rundown convenient and add to it whenever you achieve anything imperative. At the point when you’re feeling down, pull out the rundown and use it to help yourself to remember every one of the incredible things you’ve achieved.

Negative self-talk should be avoided.

Have you ever had the impression that the entire world is conspiring against you? For two reasons, it’s critical to remove the phrases “This usually happens to me” and “This is the tale of my life” from our everyday lexicon: first, we’re persuading ourselves of an untrue reality; second, we’re weakening our self-confidence.

Thus, the following time you fail to catch your plane or lose your office lift access card, recall that it happens to everybody.

Take a Risk and Leave Your Comfort Zone.

Quite possibly the best strategies to create is to venture outside of your usual range of familiarity. It will be terrifying to attempt new things, yet that is essential for the good times. Attempt to follow the guidance of the lululemon pack and do something terrifying each day. That is a decent spot to begin. Something startling each day is ideal since it permits you to approach it slowly and carefully while likewise pushing you out of your usual range of familiarity.

Make changes to your non-verbal communication.

According to her findings, arranging our bodies to take up more space results in more testosterone and lower cortisol levels, which decreases stress and boosts confidence. In fact, everything that causes your posture to expand sends a message to your body (and brain) that you are capable and in authority. Although these modifications may appear insignificant, they can make a significant difference for most of us who spend the most of our days seated, whether at school or at work.

Prioritize yourself.

Permitting somebody to abuse you is certainly not a smart thought. Advise yourself that you are important and meriting reasonable treatment. It’s okay to be egotistical sometimes.

When it comes to boosting our self confidence, our deeds might speak louder than our words (or ideas). When you help people who are less fortunate or in need, you are also helping to improve your own feeling of self.Finding a balance between self-care, self-compassion, and our obligation to others is difficult.

Make it a habit to say no.

You don’t have to do something only to impress other people. Simply say “no” if it goes against your ideas or ideals.People who have poor self-esteem are frequently afraid of social rejection or criticism.

They have a difficult time prioritizing their wants over others because they are nervous about their social group membership and uneasy about their self-worth.Of course, there will be those who take advantage of this. Your supervisor or coworker may expect you to take on work obligations that aren’t part of your job description.When you’re confronted with a power imbalance and you’ve made a habit of giving yes to unjust requests and demands saying no can be exceptionally difficult.

People who believe in you should be in your life.

We are frequently (though not always) our own harshest critics. If you’re having difficulties gaining confidence, consider surrounding yourself with individuals who believe in you. You can’t control everything, but you can typically control the people you spend time with to some level.Say your goodbyes to those who want to bring you down. Instead, surround yourself with people who encourage you and believe in you. Their encouragement will encourage you to believe in yourself as well.

Consider what you’re good at.

Everyone has their own set of skills and abilities. What are some of yours? Recognizing your strengths and attempting to improve on them will help you gain confidence in your own talents.

Enjoy What You’re Doing.

For everybody, present day life might be upsetting and depleting. You may feel constrained to continually work on yourself, center around your defects, or increment your efficiency. You need to make a stride back once in a while. Try doing the basic things that satisfy you.

Play a portion of your number one tunes. Put your thoughts down in writing. Take a walk, read a book, or watch a film. Take up another hobby or revive an interest you set to the side since you were engaged with your schooling, calling, or family. Some of the time you need to put your joy first. You may quit agonizing over whether you are “adequate” or have “done what’s needed” with your life on the off chance that you have a solid level of confidence.

Public health issues

Although the United States offers some of the highest quality health care in the world, there are still many difficult challenges left to solve. From heart disease and chronic illness to alcoholism and prescription drug abuse, there’s no shortage of public health problems that need to be addressed. And while public health professionals are constantly engaged at the local and national levels, making a positive impact isn’t easy.

Tackling key health issues in America requires input from a diverse range of stakeholders, including government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and private medical facilities. The ability to collaborate across industry lines is essential, as breakthrough medical treatments and public health initiatives depend on experts with different specializations. For example, educating citizens about the risks of excessive alcohol consumption relies on the knowledge of medical practitioners, the communication skills of health educators and the policy experience of lawmakers. But what exactly is a public health problem and how do experts keep track of them over time?

What makes something a public health problem?
Public health is the science of improving the well-being of communities through research, health programs, policies, and education. Unlike the health care field, public health is more about protecting entire populations (CDC Foundation, 2018). This could be something as small as a rural neighborhood, or as large as an entire country. Rather than treating existing medical issues, public health professionals try to prevent problems by promoting healthy lifestyles, designing outreach campaigns, and advising policymakers. They also work to eliminate health disparities by advocating for health care equity and accessibility.

Importance of Discipline

Discipline refers to the act of making people obey laws. In addition, it means adhering to certain accepted standards of conduct. Discipline is certainly a vital part of everyone’s life. An unruly life is a life full of chaos and confusion. Most importantly, discipline makes a person a better person. Discipline is a vital factor.

Why Is Discipline Important?
First, discipline helps a person to become more focused. In addition, the instructor tends to focus too much on his job, his activities, or his goals. Discipline, in turn, helps a person to avoid various distractions. A sense of sincerity and seriousness comes from discipline. As a result, high-quality focus is the result of discipline.

Discipline brings great honor to a person who is from others. A person who is disciplined by nature can take the respect of others. Bringing discipline into one’s life is a daunting task. As a result, people are drawn to such a person who is able to fill his life with discipline.

Another significant effect of discipline is good health. A qualified person has the right routine. Therefore, a trained person has a set time to eat, sleep, get up, exercise, work, etc. Moreover, such a person is very strict about his diet. As a result, all of these steps ensure the health and physical well-being of the person.

Self-control is a wonderful benefit of discipline. The disciplined person controls and controls his actions better. A person who has quit is careful not to use his words when talking to others. Moreover, such a person makes sure that his conduct is always honorable and appropriate.

Having more time is a valuable benefit of staying in education. A trained person will certainly have more time than an uncontrolled person. This is because a disciplinarian will not waste time on trivial or useless activities. In addition, a qualified person will not spend too much time on any one job. By following this method, people will have more free time with them. This free time certainly would not have happened if it had not been purified.

Time management is the most popular form of discipline. Time management uses time as a controller. In addition, time management uses a watchdog as a ruler. Most importantly, time management ensures that time management takes place in the right way. In addition, time management marks each task within the time limit. As a result, each task and task must begin and end at a specified time.

Load-based instruction is one way. In addition, this approach enables members of the organization to understand solutions to the problem. Load-based instruction includes placing instructions for changing performance in the future. Again, this happens by following good examples of respect.

Another important way to discipline is to punish someone. This method involves reprimanding, hitting, or hitting people. Most notably, this approach is helpful for schoolchildren. This is because; many students are rude and naughty. Therefore, small talk or instructions may not work with them.

In conclusion, discipline is a very important quality that we should have in all areas of life. Discipline is a stepping-stone to success. Moreover, discipline is beneficial for us. Most important, discipline keeps our bodies, mind, and soul in control.

LEADERSHIP

The above picture speaks volumes about being a leader.

Every time when we hear the success stories of any organisation, we are mainly reminded of the leadership.

Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people and maintaining good inter personal relationship with followers to work together towards the achievement of a common organisational goal. Both leaders and followers play a pivotal role in the success of an organisation.

FEATURES OF LEADERSHIP

  1. Leadership indicates ability of a leader to influence others.
  2. Leadership brings change in the attitude of followers.
  3. Leaderships also indicates an inter personal relationship between leaders and followers.
  4. Leadership is exercised by a manger of a company to achieve common goals of the organisation.
  5. Leadership is a continuous and flowing process.

There person who has leadership qualities is know as a ‘Leader’.

What are qualities needed to become a leader? Some of the qualities are explained below:

Physical features– Physical features like height, weight, health and appearance determine the physical personality of an individual. Health and endurance aid a leader to inspire his subordinates by working hard for the organisation

Knowledge– A leader must posses good knowledge which is essential for giving clear instructions to his subordinates.

Integrity– A leader should have high integrity and honesty. This inspires subordinates to follow his values.

Initiative– A leader must be confident enough to take initiatives and decisions wherever required. He shouldn’t wait for opportunities and must possess the talent of grabbing opportunities for advantages of the organisation.

Motivation skills– A leader should be good motivator and should understand the needs of each and every member and motivate them through satisfying their needs.

Communication skills– A leader should also be a good communicator. His instructions should not cause any ambiguity or chaos. He should not just be a good speaker but also a good listener, adviser, persuader etc.

Social skills– A leader should be sociable, friendly and approachable in times of need.

Self confidence– A leader should always be self confident in during hardships because he sets an example for followers to feel confident in their lower times.

LEADERSHIP STYLE

There are many styles of leadership which a person opts according to the use of authority. There are three basic styles of leadership:

  1. AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP: In this type of leadership, the autocratic leader is strict and expects perfect compliance of his orders from the end of the subordinates. In this style of leadership there is only one way communication. The leader does not like to be contradicted. This style of leadership is especially useful in getting productivity in situations like a factory where a supervisor is accountable for on time production.
  2. DEMOCRATIC OR PARTICIPATIVE LEADERSHIP: A democratic leader is open to views and ideas of his subordinates as he believes that people perform their best when they set their own objectives. Everybody’s opinion matters which helps in achieving organisational goals.
  3. LAISSEZ FAIRE LEADER: In this leadership style, the leader absolutely does not believe in power unless necessary. Subordinates are given independence in formulating their own objectives. The presence of the leader is purely to support them and supply them with information for the assigned task and thus, the subordinate also shoulders some responsibility.

RELEVANT LINKS:https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/resumes-cover-letters/leadership-skills https://www.adamenfroy.com/leadership-qualities

Yoga

Yoga is an art of ancient times which helps us to keep our mind at peace and our body fit. Yoga helps us to maintain control of our bodies and our minds. It is a good way to get rid of stress and anxiety. Yoga gained little popularity and is now spreading to all regions of the world.

The Origin of Yoga
Yoga is actually derived from the Indian subcontinent. It has been around since ancient times and is made from yogis. The word yoga comes from a Sanskrit word that translates primarily as association and guidance.

In the early days, the followers of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism practiced it. Gradually, it found its way to the West. From then on people from all over the world practice yoga to relax their minds and keep their bodies balanced.

Moreover, in the aftermath of this yoga revolution, India is known for its yoga worldwide. People around the world are beginning to see the benefits of yoga. There are several workshops and now there are even professional yogi who teach this ancient practice to people to learn about it.

Surya Namaskar in Yoga
Surya Namaskar is a series of tweleve exercises in yoga. In addition to strenuous physical activity, Surya Namaskar is also known to have excellent physical and mental effects.

There are tweleve different exercised in Surya Namaskar. You need to do these fixed twelve exercises everytime you do Surya Namaskar. In addition to good health, Surya Namaskar also offers the opportunity to express gratitude for the sun for sustaining life on this planet.

Benefits of Yoga
Yoga has many benefits if we look at it carefully. You will find relief from constant practice. As it keeps diseases in our mind and body. In addition, when we practice a number of asanas, it strengthens our bodies and gives us a sense of well-being and health.

In addition, yoga helps to shape our mind and our mental faculties. We can achieve the highest level of torture through yoga and learn to strengthen our emotions. It connects us with an unprecedented environment and improves our well-being.

In addition, you can improve your self-discipline and self-awareness from yoga if you do it regularly. You will gain strength if you do it consistently and help you live a healthy life without problems. Anyone can practice yoga no matter how old you are or whatever religion you follow.

June 21 is celebrated as World Yoga Day where people are informed about the benefits of yoga. Yoga is a wonderful gift for humanity that helps us stay healthy and maintain our health. You also have a higher level of patience when doing yoga which helps keep negative thoughts away. You get greater mental clarity and better understanding.

In short, yoga has several benefits. Everyone has to do it to keep his life safe and to benefit from it. It is the secret to a healthy and long life without the use of any artificial methods such as drugs or other shortcuts of any kind.

Chart Topping History of the Worldwide Famous Band BTS

Breaking all the cultures and musical stereotypes against Asian artists, The South-Korean Band BTS changes the world with their influential music and message of unity

By Laavanya Jain, June 30 2021, 4:39pm IST

By now, there’s less than a little chance you haven’t heard about the most sensational band- BTS.

BTS (Bangtan Sonyeondan) or Bangtan Boys, is a South Korean Band which debuted on June 13, 2013 under BigHit Entertainment (now HYBE) with total seven members— RM, Jin, Suga, J-Hope, Jimin, V and Jungkook. Originally started as a hip-hop band, their music has evolved into a wide range of genre’s. Their lyrics, mostly focusing on issues like mental-health, school pressure, loss, troubles of loving oneself and also expressing their own struggles through the early years of their debut has touched the hearts of people all over the globe and also served as a cope up mechanism for many.

In the eight years since their debut, BTS has achieved the fame and recognition that many artists aspire to achieve but seldom attain. Their achievements have no bounds, going from being the first K-pop group ever to perform and get elected at Grammy’s to breaking the Guinness World Record for staging the biggest virtually attended livestream music performance.

After debuting on June 13, 2013 with their single album 2 Cool 4 Skool with its lead single ‘No more dream’ and their most latest Summer Hit ‘Butter’, BTS has crossed the global music industry, breaking numerous records and sales simultaneously. BTS also became the fastest group since The Beatles to earn four US number-one albums, doing so in less than two years. BTS has also appeared in the magazine’s lists of the 25 most influential people on the internet (2017-2019) and the 100 most influential people in the world (2019), where they were dubbed as “Princes of Pop”. Following the establishment of their Love Myself anti-violence campaign in partnership with UNICEF, BTS addressed the United Nations 73rd and 75th Genera Assemblies and became the youngest ever recipients of the Order of Cultural Merit from the President of South Korea due to their contributions in spreading Korean culture and language.

As BTS shifted from their hip-hop music genre to more diverse ones, they settled on expressing the beauty and anxiousness of “youth” and settled on the title “花樣年華” (Korean: Hwayangyeonhwa) which is loosely interpreted to define “youth” as “the most beautiful moment in life”. It explored the emotional agony of youth as well as its playful and brighter side.

BTS released their first English Single “Dynamite” on August 21, 2020, breaking the YouTube record for the most viewed premiere, with more than 3 million viewers, and set a record for the most viewed video in the first 24 hours of release. It also became the first Music Video to surpass 100 million views in less than a day. “Dynamite” debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 Charts with over 260,000 pure sales. It remained at the top spot for a second consecutive week, dropped to number two in its third and fourth weeks, and reclaimed the top spot in its fifth week on the chart. Dynamite also became the first track to get a nomination in Grammy’s for The Best Pop Duo/Group Performance category making BTS the first ever K-Pop group to receive a Grammy Award Nomination.

With the release of their new album “BE” and its lead single “Life Goes On”, BTS achieved their third consecutive number one on the Hot 100 in just three months—the fastest of any band since the Beatles in 1964 to do so—and became the first group in the chart’s history to have two number one debuts, as well as seven songs appearing simultaneously on the chart.

Their new summer single “Butter” which was released on May 21, broke Dynamite’s YouTube record for the most viewed premiere, garnering 3.9 million viewers and also became the most viewed video in first 24 hours of release, with 108.2 million views. “Butter” debuted on number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, staying at the first position for the consecutive five weeks.

In many of the interviews BTS has been on since the pandemic, they openly expressed their thoughts and struggles during the lockdown period and how hard they worked on their music and shrugging off the longing feeling to meet their fans (Army’s), to perform in front of them and to meet them eye-to-eye. BTS is a not just a band but a group of seven influential people who have broken the barrier of transgender and multiple superstitions about homosexual genders, encouraged people to walk on the path of keeping and loving themselves before anyone else, their songs acting as a coping mechanism for people suffering with depression.

“The fear of an obscure future as our daily lives turn upside down is a moment of realization of the self. The realization that makes me a true me, myself.”

-BTS, RM

5 Yoga Poses to curb with Depression

When depression attacks, life appears to be hopeless. But yoga can benefit you. Try these yoga poses to recover your mental health.

Are you often surrounded by feelings of irrelevance? Is getting out of bed is a task for you? Do you feel like you have no future? These are some things that could site towards depression.

If this is how you’ve been feeling, you could find some aid by practising yoga. When it comes to this age-old system, it is so significant to remember that yoga isn’t just for physical health but also adds to improving mental health.

Yoga has shown its efficacy in several things like weight loss, rational behaviour, physical diseases, and mental health is another thing that yoga can take treat of.

There have been several studies published in journals like PLOS ONEInternational Journal of Preventive MedicineJournal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, and more that have noted that yoga has shown favourable results when it comes to depression and nervousness.

Some poses in yoga are dominant when it comes to depression and anxiety.

But before we start on this yoga journey,  keep in mind that ease poses can reduce your depressive symptoms but cannot cure your depression. If you do have depression, please seek professional help.

Here are the five yoga poses that you can do daily to fight with depression:

1. Child’s pose aka balasana
Child’s pose is known to confer stability and serenity on you. According to an article published by Harvard Medical School and a study issued International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology, performing child’s pose daily can help in decreasing the symptoms of depression or anxiety.

2. Plow pose aka halasana
Halasana or Plow Pose increases your posture by decreasing the burden on your back. When the back is lengthened, it has a calming effect on your brain and reduces stress. This pose is very useful for those who suffer from headaches and insomnia. The pose of Halasana is such that the head is placed below the heart.

3. Bridge pose aka sethu bandhasana
Well, this one is not just eminent for depression and anxiety but it also assists your gut to stay proper.

4. Downward-facing dog aka adho Mukha Svanasana
This is one of the most lively poses in yoga and the flow of this pose is known to flow blood throughout our body.

5. Corpse pose aka savasana
According to the yoga guru, “Performed at the end of most physical yoga sessions, the corpse pose is a favourite pose for many. It’s easy and also very effective. Anxiety is exhausting, draining you both physically and mentally. When you get into savasana, the posture gives you a chance to relax and recoup. It begins to cool your mind.”

Bottom line is that you need to take care of your breathing techniques while doing these poses and take it slow to reap the maximum benefits.

So, try these yoga poses for at least two to three weeks regularly and let the peace prevail in your life.

ETHICAL HACKING

In this developing digital world, there has been a rise in cybercriminals and one must have definitely come across the word ETHICAL HACKING many a times but is often confused with HACKING.

Hacking refers to the illegal practice of accessing or stealing data that is stored in a system by experts and professionals called ‘Hackers’ who have all the knowledge about programming.

Ethical Hacking is a tool that is used by organizations across the globe to deal with cyber criminals and preventing them to access confidential and sensitive data. Ethical Hackers are employed by big companies to develop a security framework to prevent threats.

TYPES OF HACKERS

Hackers are of three types

  • White Hat Hackers- These people are usually software engineers who hack for good reasons and function respecting rules of businesses and corporate structures. It is another name for an Ethical Hacker.
  • Black Hat Hackers- These people steal and misuse data for no reason but their main intention is creating a chaos. There is a need for advanced cyber security just for the reason of protecting data from these hackers.
  • Grey Hat Hackers- They are a combination of both Black and White Hat Hackers who generally hack for fun with no bad intention of damaging systems.

There are various reasons for hacking such-

  • Damaging system
  • Steal data
  • For fun
  • Money extortion
  • Hampering privacy
  • Testing a system security

As we can get a vivid picture on Hacking and Ethical Hacking, let us understand the benefits of Ethical Hacking.

IMPORTANCE OF ETHICAL HACKING

  • Testing password strength
  • Ensuring security features in applications, which protects organisational and user databases
  • Rechecking the validity of authentication protocols
  • Ensuring data communication channels cannot be intercepted

BENEFITS OF ETHICAL HACKING

Though the primary benefit of Ethical Hacking is to prevent data from being stolen and misused by attackers, other benefits include-

  • Identifying vulnerabilities from the point of view of an attacker
  • Implementing a strong and secure network
  • Gaining the trustworthiness of the customers and investors by ensuring their data safety
  • Defending national security by protecting data from terrorists

STEPS TO PERFORM ETHICAL HACKING

Reconnaissance– This is the first step wherein the Hacker identifies his target and obtains the IP address, passwords, networks etc.

Scanning– This is the second stage wherein the Hacker starts assessing and testing the weakness of the target that can be abused by using apparatuses like dialers, port scanners etc.

Gaining Access-This is the third stage wherein hacker plans the outline of the organization of the objective with the assistance of information gathered during observation and now finds out a few alternatives to access the organization.

Maintaining Access– By this stage the hacker finds an entrance into the framework and introduces secondary passages for future purposes.

Clearing Tracks- This process is basically an unethical activity. It has to do with the erasure of logs of the multitude of exercises that occur during the hacking interaction.

Reporting– It is the last step of the ethical hacking process. In this the Ethical Hacker makes a report of his discoveries and the work that was done like the instruments utilized, weaknesses found, the achievement rate and the endeavour measures.

Relevant links: https://er.yuvayana.org/how-ethical-hacking-performed-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-ethical-hacking/ https://www.edureka.co/blog/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-ethical-hacking/

Greenhouse Gases

What Are Greenhouse Gases?

Earth’s greenhouse gases catch heat in the atmosphere and increase the temperature of the planet. The primary gases liable for the greenhouse effect comprises of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and water vapor (which all occur naturally), and fluorinated gases (which are artificial). Greenhouse gases have diverse chemical properties and are eliminated from the atmosphere, over time, by different processes. Carbon dioxide, for example, is absorbed by so-called carbon sinks such as plants, soil, and the ocean. Fluorinated gases are demolished only by sunlight in the far upper atmosphere.

How much any one greenhouse gas effects global warming varies on three key factors. The first is how much of it exists in the atmosphere. Concentrations are measured in parts per million (ppm), parts per billion (ppb), or parts per trillion (ppt); 1 ppm for a given gas means, for example suppose, that there is one molecule of that gas in every 1 million molecules of air. The second is its lifetime—how long it remains in the atmosphere. The third is how effectual it is at catching heat. This is known as its global warming potential, or GWP, and is a measure of the total energy that a gas understands over a given period of time (usually 100 years) comparative to the emissions of 1 ton of carbon dioxide.

What Are Greenhouse Gas Emissions?

Meanwhile the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and the arrival of coal-powered steam engines, human activities have massively enlarged the volume of greenhouse gases produced into the atmosphere. It is predictable that between 1750 and 2011, atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide boosted by 40 percent, methane by 150 percent, and nitrous oxide by 20 percent.

Five Major Greenhouse Gases

The most major gases that are responsible for global warming via the greenhouse effect are the following:

Carbon Dioxide
Reporting for about 76 percent of global human-caused emissions, carbon dioxide (CO2) sticks around for quite a while. Once it’s released into the atmosphere, 40 percent still rests after 100 years, 20 percent after 1,000 years, and 10 percent as long as 10,000 years later.

Methane
While methane (CH4) endures in the atmosphere for far less time than carbon dioxide (about a decade), it is much more effective in terms of the greenhouse effect. In fact, pound for pound, its global warming influence is 25 times greater than that of carbon dioxide over a 100-year period. 

Nitrous Oxide
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an influential greenhouse gas: It has a GWP 300 times that of carbon dioxide on a 100-year time scale, and it residues in the atmosphere, on average, a little more than a century. It reports for about 6 percent of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions worldwide.

Fluorinated Gases
Ejected from a variety of manufacturing and industrial processes, fluorinated gases are man-made. There are four main types: hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3).

Water Vapor
The amplest greenhouse gas overall, water vapor varies from other greenhouse gases in that changes in its atmospheric concentrations are joined not to human activities directly, but rather to the warming that results from the other greenhouse gases we emit.

The fear of Failure and Procrastination

We usually procrastinate instead of being productive due to various reasons like having fun being distracted (like playing video games) or just lounging around as the task is too easy (or too difficult).

We start with a big, audacious goal and quickly realize that it is not feasible. Our lack of expertise is also a perfect excuse to slack around, as we fail to break down the task into smaller ones or take the first step.

There is a denial of procrastination, where we are telling ourselves that we are working as we should and there is no problem at all. The valid justifications we make to cover the problem or delay is essentially an excuse.

We make excuses as it is a valid cover to protect our self interest, and we often blame other people and circumstances to cover our own failure. If we could simply stop making excuses and start calling a spade a spade, we would learn a lot from our own behavior.

Recent studies on procrastination seems to suggest that the fear of failure could be a core reason for postponing tasks, as it is hard to:

  1. Amend mistakes.
  2. Lack of expected progress even with the effort being put.
  3. A wasted day having a spillover effect on the next day.
  4. Lack of practice.
  5. Lack of trying again.

We need to detect patterns in our behavior and recognize the cause of any hidden or camouflaged fear.

One can diminish the value of an achievement so that non-accomplishment isn’t a big issue.

One also falls into a self-fulfilling prophecy, that if one isn’t interested in doing a task, that task must not be interesting or important enough in the first place. This leads us to switch our goals, leading to excuses and missed opportunities.

  • We mistakenly think that if something feels difficult and out of our comfort zone, then it is not ‘us’, paving the way for resistance.
  • The task is difficult because we haven’t done it before, and avoiding it only hinders our growth.
  • Inversely, anything looks easy when you know exactly how it’s done.
  • Great achievers fall prey to this line of thinking when they are termed overly ambitious.

We think we have worked all these years and achieved a certain level, and attempting something new and outrageously out of our league will make us into a ‘newbie’, something learning the ropes and making mistakes.

Getting out of our comfort zones may not feel ‘comfy’ but is good for our personal growth and eventual success. Reaching the next level is not easy, but pays off big in the long run.

Life isn’t black and white, but in a shade of grey. Our expectations about doing things perfectly and wanting the results in absolute terms is often unrealistic and hinders our progress.

We need to take the first step and get used to action, without being stressed up about the results. We can improvise and optimize as we go.

Loss aversion is a big reason for fearing to do a project. Making progress sounds great, but correcting mistakes and counting your losses seems like an avoidable activity.

We want things to be perfect, and bad days are not really motivating for us. We need to embrace the imperfections, uncertainty and the so-called bad days and move ahead with our goal.

We usually want to take action as fast as we can, but with important decisions, we tend to wait and research more so that we can check the options and not make any mistakes.

The preparation time we need is often fear-based because we don’t want to mess up and it can look like procrastination.

People can lose time, money, respect, resources among other things when faced with failure, and that leads to fear-based procrastination. We need to keep in mind that mistakes happen, and only with action and errors does one learn something and moves towards growth.

Focus on action and learn to stop worrying about failure, taking it as a learning tool.

Book Review – The palace of Illusions

Book – The palace of Illusions

Author – Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni

This book is a re-exploring of the world-famous Indian classic, the Mahabharat—told from the point of view of an astonishing woman-Draupadi.

Related to today’s war-scarred world, The Palace of Illusions takes us behind in a time that is half history and completely magical. Recited by Panchaali, the wife of the famous Pandavas brothers in the Mahabharat, the new story gives us a new clarification of this olden tale.

The Palace of Illusion by author Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni is a re-telling of the Indian epic, the Mahabarat, from the outlook of Draupadi. It is amusing and delightful story-lacing. It is entirely satisfying and at the same time enlightening.

This book is spellbound from the first page to the last, and adored the very human faces put on the achievements of the leads and gods in the story. Particularly Panchaali, the heroine, will twig in my mind as a flawed yet lovable woman, confounded in much, but writhing always to find truth and love. Krishna, too, in his many-faceted character, excels as an everlasting presence, only exposed in the end for his true identity.

Panchaali enters this world through a divine fire, an unwelcomed boon granted by the gods in addition to her brother, Dhristadhyumna, the child intended to kill their father’s biggest enemy, Drona. She weds with the five Pandava brothers, the eldest of whom, Yudhisthir, gambles and loses his kingdom to their cousins, Kauravas. After twelve years of banishment in the forest, the cousin declines to return the kingdom, and the Pandavas go to war against the Kauravas. It is a tale so epic that it has an epic name: the Mahabharata.

The Palace of Illusions is no alternate for the real Mahabharata, of course, but it’s a good place to start. Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni has taken one of the important pieces of Indian literature and absorbed on the story of Panchaali. Telling the events from Panchaali’s point, author searches Panchaali’s role in the battle between the Pandavas and the Kauravas. The result is a touching tale of human tragedy which, according to author, gives us vision into a character who is important in the Mahabharata but mainly silent on her purposes, thoughts, and feelings.

Since Author Chitra comprises her first person narrator, the epic possibility of the basis material suddenly becomes more personal. This in turn leads to a good question: can one really cleanse the essence of something as long and intricate as the Mahabharata in less than four hundred pages? Having not read the Mahabharata, I can’t say for sure; however, I’m sure the answer is “no.” One of the reasons this epic is beautiful is its lasting but flexible nature as a source material.

I can’t show to how well The Palace of Illusions supports the legacy of the Mahabharata. Regardless, it is a beautifully-written, moving story about Panchaali, the Pandavas, and the Kauravas. At times it doesn’t go as deep into Panchaali’s life as I would expect of a story narrated by and about her. But that’s a minor objection compared to the sad story, one of personal and epic scope, developed against the landscape of an India where magic is commonplace and gods walk among us.

Biography – Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in Punjab, India (now Pakistan), on September 27, 1907, to a Sikh family extremely concerned in political activities. He left school at thirteen to dedicate his life to Indian independence. He happened to involved in various fierce protests of political disobedience and was sent in prison for several times. Singh was found culpable of killing a British police officer and hanged to death on March 23, 1931.

Early Years

Born on September 27, 1907, to a Sikh household in Punjab, India (now Pakistan), Bhagat Singh was the second son of Kishan Singh and Vidya Vati. The family was immersed in patriotism and was included in movements for independence. At the time of Bhagat’s birth, his father was in lockup for political campaigning. By the time Bhagat Singh was 13, he was well acquainted with this family’s rebellious activities. His father was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, and after Gandhi called for refusing government-aided institutions, Singh left school and registered in the National College at Lahore, where he read European revolutionary movements. In time, he would become disillusioned with Gandhi’s non-violent campaign, trusting that equipped battle was the only way to political freedom.

Young Agitator

In 1926, Bhagat Singh originated the ‘Naujavan Bharat Sabha (Youth Society of India) and got connected to the Hindustan Republican Association (later known as Hindustan Socialist Republican Association), where he met numerous famous revolutionaries. A year later, Singh’s parents arranged to have him married, a move he passionately rejected, and he left school.

By this time, Bhagat Singh had developed interest to the police, and in May 1927, he was detained for supposedly being involved in a failing the previous October. He was freed several weeks later and started to write for various revolutionary newspapers. After getting reassurances from his parents that they wouldn’t force him to marry, he returned to Lahore.

Radical Revolutionary

In 1928, the British government held the Simon Commission to examine autonomy for the Indian people. Several Indian political organizations refused the event because the Commission had no Indian representatives. In October, Bhagat Singh’s companion, Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in complaint against the Commission. Police tried to pay the large crowd, and during the commotion, Rai was hurt by the superintendent of police, James A. Scott. Rai died of heart problems two weeks later. The British government deprived of any wrongdoing.

Arrest and Trial

The activities of the young revolutionaries were deeply convicted by followers of Gandhi, but Bhagat Singh was pleased to have a platform on which to promote his cause. He proposed no defence during the trial but disturbed the proceedings with outbursts of political dogma. He was found mortified and sentenced to life in prison.

Through further investigation, the police exposed the connection between Bhagat Singh and the murder of Officer Saunders and he was rearrested. While pending trial, he commanded a hunger strike in prison. Finally, Singh and his co-conspirators were tried and sentenced to hang. He was executed on March 23, 1931. It is said that he kissed the hangman’s noose before it was located around his neck. His death caused mixed emotions throughout India. Followers of Gandhi felt that he was too fundamental and hurt the quest for freedom, while his supporters considered him a martyr. Singh rests a significant, though controversial, figure in India’s independence movement.

Search Engine Optimisation: The Basics

SEO, shortened form of Search Engine Optimization, is an aspect of Online Marketing or Digital Marketing. To understand SEO, you should first know what is digital marketing. It is the component of marketing (the action to promote goods or services) that utilizes internet and online based digital technologies such as desktop computers, mobile phones and other online media components and platforms to promote products and services. Its development during the 1990s and 2000s, has changed the way how brands and businesses uses technology for marketing. So, the main motive for existence of SEO is promotion of website or selling product or services.

As more organizations now are moving their businesses online, search-engine rankings are becoming essential to marketing and sales. The main concern of any online organisation is to get noticed by as more people/customers as possible, to get that they have to bring their website to SERPs. Each search-engine results page (SERP), which are presented in response to a user’s request contains a series of snippets. Snippets are the clickable links that include preview text to establish the webpage’s relevance to the search. The snippet’s SERP ranking, which is based on a complex algorithm that considers more than 200 factors, can determine whether a user visits that page or not. A snippet is organic, if the organization has not paid a fee for the position instead has worked hard and provide the real and authenticate information to the user; it is inorganic, or sponsored, if the organization has paid a fee to gain that placement. Obviously, a high ranking in the first SERP can greatly boost an organization’s visibility.

A search engine is a software system that is designed to carry out web searches (Internet searches), which means to search the World Wide Web in a systematic way for a particular information specified in a query. The search results are generally presented in a line of results, often referred to as Search Engine Result Pages (SERPs). The information may be a mix of links to web pages, images, videos, infographics, articles, research papers, and other types of files. Search engines are used to find out any information across internet. Search Engine act as an interface between the user/searcher and the website. Some of the most popular search engines in the world are- Google, Microsoft Bing, YouTube, Pinterest, Amazon, Yahoo, Baidu, DuckDuckGo, Yandex, Ask.com. Google is the most popular search engine with the highest market share. What made google the most popular and trusted search engine is the quality of its search results. Google is using sophisticated algorithms to present the most accurate results to the users.

Top 12 Most Popular Search Engines in the World Right Now - SeoTips

Working of Search Engines:

You might think of a search engine as a website you visit to type (or speak) a question into a box and Google, Yahoo!, Bing, or whatever search engine you’re using magically replies with a long list of links to webpages that could potentially answer your question.

That’s true. But have you ever stopped to consider what’s behind those magical lists of links?

Here’s how it works, Google (or any search engine you’re using) has a crawler that goes out and gathers information about all the content they can find on the Internet.

  • Crawling Process of fetching all the web pages linked to a website. This task is performed by software, called a crawler or a spider or bot or Googlebot, in case of Google.
  • Indexing Process of creating index for all the fetched web pages and keeping them into a giant database from where it can later be retrieved. Processing – When a search request comes, the search engine processes it, i.e., it compares the search string in the search request with the indexed pages in the database.
  • Calculating Relevancy – It is likely that more than one page contains the search string, so the search engine starts calculating the relevancy of each of the pages in its index to the search string.
  • Retrieving Results – The last step in search engine activities is retrieving the best matched results. Basically, it is nothing more than simply displaying them in the browser.

What is SEO?

“Search Engine Optimization is the art of improving a website’s visibility in the main body of search engine results. This art of improving website’s visibility in the body of search engine result is possible using the techniques and tools available in the market.” 

“Search Engine Optimization is the practice of increasing the quantity and quality of traffic to your website through organic search engine results.”. Organic search traffic is specifically any “unpaid” traffic that comes from SERPs.

“Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine’s unpaid results – often referred to as “natural,” “organic,” or “earned” results”. 

It is the way of increasing the visibility of a website by natural means i.e., unpaid search results. Generally, people visit a website to find out information according to their need. But if they did not find right content, they became frustrated and immediately click away from site. So, in order to draw their attention and bring them back maximum number of times, website is built up with proper target and quality content. It fulfils user need as well as improves rank position in search engines result list. Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of improving the number and quality of traffic to a web site from search engines via natural listing for targeted keywords. Search engine optimizers help in building a website such that it can be found easily to search engine crawler with relevant keywords. SEO help the web site’s designer to get top ranking position in search result list, attract more online visitors and finally improve the marketing capability of site.

How to fight with Depression?

Depression is categorized as a mood disorder. It may be defined as emotions of grief, loss, or anger that disturb a person’s everyday activities.

It’s honestly common. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source approximates that 8.1 percent of American adults ages 20 and over had depression in any given 2-week period from 2013 to 2016.

People feel depressed in many ways. It may hinder with your daily work, causing in loss of time and lower productivity. It can also have an effect on relationships and some chronic health conditions.

Few of the ways to fight with depression are:

Exercise:

Take a 15- to 30-minute refreshing walk daily— or dance, jog, or bike if you favour. People who are depressed may not feel much like being functioning. But make yourself do it anyway (ask a friend to exercise with you if you need to be provoked). Once you get in the exercise habit, it won’t take long to see a difference in your mood.

In addition to doing aerobic exercise, some yoga poses can help release feelings of depression. Attempt downward-facing dog or legs-up-the-wall pose (you can find these poses on yoga websites) to reduce depression. Two other features of yoga — breathing exercises and meditation — can also help people with depression feel healthier.

Nurture yourself with good nutrition.

Depression can disturb appetite. One person may not feel like consuming food at all, but another might eat too much. If depression has affected your eating, you’ll need to be extra aware of getting the right diet. Proper nourishment can impact a person’s mood and energy. So, eat adequate of fruits and vegetables and get regular meals (even if you don’t feel hungry, try to eat something light, like a piece of fruit, to keep you going).

Recognize your troubles, but don’t dwell on them

Try to classify any situations that have added to your depression. When you know what’s got you feeling blue and why, talk about it with your dear friend. Talking about it is a way to relieve the feelings and to receive some understanding.

Once you declare out these thoughts and feelings, turn your awareness to something positive. Take action to crack problems. Ask for help if you need it. Feeling connected to friends and family can help release depression. It may also help them feel there’s something they can do as an alternative of just watching you hurt.

Express yourself. 

With depression, a person’s imagination and sense of fun may seem obstructed. Exercise your imagination (painting, drawing, doodling, sewing, writing, dancing, composing music, etc.) and you not only get those creative juices pouring, you also relax up some positive emotions. Take some time to play with a friend or a pet, or do something creative for yourself to give you fun. Find something to giggle about — a funny movie, perhaps. Laughter helps lighten your mood and it’s the best medicine.

Try to notice good things.

Depression disturbs a person’s thoughts, making everything seem miserable, negative, and hopeless. If depression, has you noticing only the negative, make an attempt to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, then try to think of one more. Consider your powers, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don’t forget to be patient with yourself. Depression takes time to heal.

women empowerment

Women empowerment in India is the most effective tool for development as these days; women across the world are actively working as a leader and surpassing others in all spheres of life. As the entire world is grasping its breath and praying every single day for an incredible escape from thee COVID-19 pandemic, it is the women governors and nations steered by these amazing figures who are taking over the responsibility and marching ahead in the battle alone wherever required. Women empowerment in India is dependent up to a great extent on numerous different variables that encompass geographical setting, social status, educational status, and age factor. Actions on the women empowerment exist at the state, local, and national levels. However, women encounter differentiate in most sector like education, economic opportunities, health and medical assistance, and political participation, which demonstrates that there are substantial gaps between strategy advancements and real exercise at the community level. Crafting and execution of a concrete policy framework, dispersing civic awareness, and education concerning the empowerment of women can usher to accomplishing the desired missions in eradicating the plight of women in the society of India. The realm of women empowerment in India is limited to granting balanced rights to women. Still, it is also about assuring that they are ingrained and rightful partners in workforce.

The term women empowerment is all about authority, or the power embarked on women sharing indistinguishable rights. The term refers to the liberation of women from socio-economic restraints of reliance. Women comprise around 50% of the country’s population, and a bulk of them stays economically dependent on each other without employment. In the age of feminism, a small portion of women in India are freed and can employ their free will and are permitted to carve out their lives the way they want. But there is a considerable division of the women in this nation who require optimistic support. In most Indian villages and semi- urban cities, women are still denied fundamental education and are never authorized to continued higher education despite amassing the understanding required. Women are known for delivering multiple roles effortlessly per day, and thus, they are considered the backbone of every society. Living in male dominating societies, women play a wide range of roles, such as caring mothers, loving daughters, and capable colleagues. The best part is that they fit the bill perfectly in every role. Nonetheless, they’ve also stood as a neglected bunch of society in different parts of the world. In turn, it has resulted in women surviving the burnt of unevenness, financial trustworthiness, oppression, and distinct social evils. Women have been residing under the shackles of enslavement for centuries now that impedes them from attaining professionals as well as personal highs.

IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT – In recent times, everyone is pointing on the empowerment of women. It’s right to say that women’s empowerment has become the necessity of the time. Women should possess liberty, faith, and self-worth to opt for their needs and demands. Discrimination based on gender is useless and is having zero worth by looking at the growth of women in the last few decades. Women are paid less and are treated as a cook and slaves in families, and their real potential fails to get highlighted. Women empowerment in India is required to overcome situations of such types and to provide them with their independent role in Indian society. Empowering women is a necessary right of women. They should have proportional rights to contribute to society, economies, education, and politics. They are approved to gain higher education and receive a similar treatment as men are receiving. Women empowerment in India is one of the principal terms for society’s overall development. There is nothing erroneous in participating in the development of society. In the world of corporates, women are playing numerous roles in meadows such as medical, engineering, and so on. Apart from taking part in the sphere of technology, they are energetically partaking in security services such as police, navy, military, etc. All these before mentioned services are taking the community to another level.

FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN INDIA

  • The problem of gender discrimination has affected the pace of women employment in India. Gender discrimination in all realms of action must be checked. Women must be furnished with a resort to take an active part in decision making at every level and direction procedures to attain the motive of empowering women. They need to get due admiration and prominence, which they rightfully earn on merit basis in society to accomplish their fate.
  • Education is the most vibrant factor of advancement and growth. It is the only significant tool for anticipating women empowerment in India and human resource development. It gives light to the possibilities for access to employment and making a livelihood, which in twirl revivify economic empowerment to women. In order to join the community of developed countries, people should understand the value and importance of women’s education and, thereby, put combined efforts to make India on the progressive track.
  • The mass media is responsible for playing a significant function to project and propagate associated issues, most specifically about women empowerment in India. The numerous programmes pertaining to women’s prestige revealed the mass media enable her husband to behave toward her wife with loads of honor and respect. He can remark his attitude and assist her in the the domestic domain to reduce stress and anxiety. The mass media performs a crucial role in repairing the attitude and way of conversation of husband and other family member toward women.
  • Women should empower themselves by becoming to be aware of their oppression, indicating initiative, and confiscating chances to bring a shift in their status. Empowerment must come from within the soul. Women need to empower themselves by bringing a major change in their attitude.

Women must know that opportunities will not reach their laps. They would have to determine ways to create them. They should fight back to rebuild their prominent position in Indian communities and societies. Women’s empowerment is valuable for the development and advancement of the family, community as well as the nation.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi-tribute

Mahatma Gandhi may be a well-known figure of peace everywhere on the planet. He was one of the foremost prominent figures to possess led the successful Indian struggle for independence. His peaceful teachings and non-violent methods of rights movements have inspired many movements of freedom across the planet. Born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, he has conferred the honorific title of Mahatma which stands for venerable. His birthday is observed as a legal holiday in India and he’s lovingly mentioned as Bapu or the daddy of the state. he’s one of the foremost respected figures in India and therefore the Indian paper money has his image on all the denominations. His death day is additionally observed as Martyr’s Day in India.

Gandhi was born during a well to try to family in British colonized India and therefore the ancient Indian stories of peace, truth, and love had an excellent impact on him since his childhood. While he wanted to determine a practice firm, he found himself unable to cross-examine witnesses and criminals. He then moved to South Africa to figure as a lawyer for an Indian firm. South Africa exposed the planet of discrimination against the non-whites to Gandhi. He was often abused, beaten up, and was also thrown off by a primary-class train coach. Gandhi protested to all or any of those in a peaceful and non-violent manner and these events ignited a passion in him to fight against social discrimination.

Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and was dedicated to questioning the practices and therefore the injustice of the British Empire. His peaceful methods of demonstrations and his values of truth, love, and peace attracted a variety of individuals and shortly, almost the whole country was rallying behind him in support. He demonstrated and formed a variety of non-cooperative peaceful movements and was also recognized to be an eminent Indian leader by the British. After the wars as Britain looked to free its colonies, India gained its independence but was also weakened into India and Pakistan. This incident deeply grieved Gandhi but he couldn’t do much to prevent it from happening. After India’s successful independence, Gandhi was saddened to ascertain that folks were lusting for power which his vision had been diluted. In 1948, Gandhi was assassinated as he was thought to be the prime reason behind favoring a separate nation for Pakistan by the Hindu extremists.
Gandhi has always been extremely peaceful and has always adopted non-violent methods to oppose things. He has shown the planet tons in terms of peaceful demonstrations and he’s one of the foremost revered figures within the history of peace. You might find this topic boring because of history, but no matter what Gandhiji would always remain a leader for Indians. Gandhi- the man who fought for the country and devoted all his life to the freedom struggle. Every year, on his birthday at least try to study more facts about him and other freedom fighters as a tribute to their sacrifice. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi- a true devotee!

The world of journalism

The word journalism was originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, but with the arrival of radio, television, and therefore the Internet within the 20th century the utilization of the term broadened to incorporate all printed and transmission handling current affairs.

Concepts of the acceptable role for journalism vary between countries. In some nations, journalism is controlled by government intervention and isn’t fully independent. In others, journalism is independent of the govt but instead operates as a private industry motivated by profit. additionally to the varying nature of how media organizations are run and funded, countries may have differing implementations of laws handling the liberty of speech and many libel cases.

History and Professionalism of Journalism- While publications reporting the news to the overall public during a standardized fashion only began to seem within the 17th century and later, governments as early because the Han China made use of regularly published news bulletins. Similar publications were established within the Republic of Venice in the 16th century. These bulletins, however, were intended just for officialdom, and thus weren’t journalistic news publications within the modern sense of the term. England took the publication of newspapers towards the top of the 16th century. The daily newspaper sponsored by Defoe appeared at the start of the 18th century.

Modern newspapers developed with the invention of the telegraph which made the possible swift transmission of stories across the planet. Reuter, the famous press agency, started the work first. There are several sorts of journalism with diverse audiences. Thus, journalism is claimed to serve the role of a “fourth estate”, acting as a watchdog on the workings of the govt . one publication (such as a newspaper) contains many sorts of journalism, each of which can be presented in several formats. Each section of a newspaper, magazine, or website may cater to a special audience.

Journalism within the 20th century was marked by a growing sense of professionalism. there have been four most important factors during this trend:

(1) the increasing organization of working journalists,

(2) specialized education for journalism,

(3) a growing literature handling the history, problems, and techniques of mass communication, and

(4) an increasing sense of social responsibility on the part of journalists.

Journalism has many competitors today. Chief of all is that the radio and therefore the televisions which not only broadcast and televises but have the added advantages of arranging talks of prominent leaders of the society and establish visual contact with them. But they can’t supersede the newspaper. Remaining glued to Radio or TV at a particular time isn’t always possible.

Besides, coverage of stories by the radio and television is limited; items must be hampered to the minimum so that the time limit isn’t exceeded. But a newspaper is often read at any time, suiting one’s convenience. Its coverage is extremely wide, and its scope for improvement is unlimited. But the journalist should guard against this tendency for trivializing and fragmenting news items, imposing the editor’s opinions upon readers.

Choosing a career- a perk

A career is that the most vital part of one’s life. to place bread on your board, to realize respect from society, and for your self-satisfaction, an honest career may be a must. But the definition of a “good career” is vague and depends on people to people.

There is no such thing called as an honest career. A career path that’s good on my behalf won’t be necessarily good for others. Therefore, during this particular essay on career, we might wish to dig deep and understand what a career is and the way to settle on one to steer a cheerful and content life.
Each and each one among us has faced a particular junction or a cross-road at some point in our lives that has had a serious impact on our lives. this will be both knowledgeable crossroads or personal crossroads. But during this career essay, I might wish to mention the cross-road that we see in our professional careers. It’s not just the scholars who would have faced a dilemma choose a career, even employees past 30 years aged face this crisis.

When a student’s face it is called a re-stage crisis, yet when an employee 6 years down the lane faces enigmas career choices, then its usually called a mid-life crisis or mid-career crisis. Midlife crisis may be a term that refers to people that are having second thoughts about their career a couple of years down after working within the same. There could be many reasons for these several which can be an everyday monologue, fatigue, salary issues, professional growth issues, internal office dilemmas, etc. during this career essay, I’m getting to mention both the sort of career choices.

A student’s life is that the first crossroad that we face in our lives. By keeping certain factors in mind, there’s many career choice a student can choose between. a number of the favored career choices are engineering, medicine, arts, and commerce. Which career to settle on and on what terms are some things that each student will need to worry about. There are certain criteria to settle on a career, but the foremost important one that is consistent with us is;
Passion: The word passion sounds cliche, but it’s a crucial criterion to think about before choosing a career path. If everyone follows their passion and chose a career accordingly, then the concept of a mid-career crisis wouldn’t have occurred in the first place. all folks would have dreamt of something during our childhood. We all wanted to become a police, a cricketer, an actor, a doctor or an engineer. But not everyone follows and listens to the kid in them. We ultimately hand over on our passions and choose a secure career that can give us an honest salary. Risk-taking may be a part and parcel of life and nobody should regret not doing something 80 years down the lane once they are on their deathbed.
Choose your career wisely not under pressure or burden, it is your choice.

Wildlife Conservation: Protecting the key Member of Ecosystem

Today, we see that the human population is growing exponentially to more than seven billion people and it continues to rapidly grow. Expanding population results in expanding demands on the land, sea, and freshwater by humans, along with the affecting the climate, have made the conservation and management of wild areas and wild animals a top priority. This just leads to continuous consumption of natural resources faster than ever by the billions of people on the planet.

Talking about wildlife, this type of rapid growth and development endangers the habitats and existence of various types of wildlife around the world, especially animals and plants that may be got displaced due to their habitat loss as their habitats were exploited for land development, or used for food or other human purposes. Hunting, fishing, and poaching are several other activities that are responsible for posing a threat to wildlife.

In terms of the roles the wildlife play, they have always been a crucial resource for human beings. Since ancient times, food, fur, and leather were fundamental to human survival. Several organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund, Conservation International, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the United Nations are working towards spreading awareness and supporting global animal and habitat conservation efforts on many different fronts. Animals are key members of ecosystems on which humans rely for essential services. Organizations such as Wildlife Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society, etc. work with the government in protecting the protect public lands, like national parks and wildlife refuges. They fight against wildlife crimes, like wildlife trafficking and illegal hunting (poaching) with the help of courts. They also promote biodiversity to support the growing human population while preserving existing species and habitats.

In India, the government initiated various natural projects and wildlife conservation programs such as Project Tiger, Nature Camps, and Jungle Lodges to promote the awareness of wildlife among the people. These projects have not only helped in the preservation and protection of wildlife but have also encouraged the idea of eco-tourism. The Indian government has been successful in protecting the Tiger population. To save the endangered species of Rhinoceros in Assam, the Kaziranga National Park was an effort. Several others such as Gir National Park & Sanctuary in Gujarat, Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal, and Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh also contributed.

People like biologists, researchers, people working in NGOs, and even filmmakers are trying to contribute to the protection of wildlife. Conservation biologists Camille Coudrat and Titus Adhola who are also National Geographic Explorers, are working to slow the extinction of global species and to protect global biodiversity and habitats. Environmental filmmakers and photographers, like Thomas P. Peschak, play a vital role in the conservation efforts as well, documenting and bringing attention to endangered wildlife all over the world.

Therefore, habitat conservation, wildlife protection, and conservation are the need of the hour. We can help by demanding to stop activities such as hunting and poaching and also exploitation of their habitats. Wildlife conservation is as necessary as we are. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/wildlife-conservation/

https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/ethics-of-wildlife-management-and-conservation-what-80060473/

HAPPINESS: INVISIBLE ELIXIR

Being happy is something that we struggle with holding on to. We feel that our happy moments just slip away without us realizing. Most of the time we don’t even know what we do when we are extremely happy. But at the same time, when we are going through a hard time, we feel like time just doesn’t go forward. We take notice of everything that happens around us, and that happens to us.

Photo by Rebecca Zaal on Pexels.com

Why this change of attitude when we have no control to what is going to happen to us and when the future is uncertain? It is the perception and the ability to embrace our opportunities that differs from person to person. That doesn’t mean that we should try to be happy when we are arguing with our friends, or due to the death of a loved one. Those things happen to everyone, and it is our will to look for the light in the darkness.

It is extremely difficult to believe in something so bleak when the whole world crumbles down around us. We didn’t think this virus would take such a nasty turn, and we feared so much, but through the hard work of the medical technicians and caution from us, we are gearing through this together. At this point of time, we should focus on the positive note that our recovery rates are increasing and people are getting vaccinated tremendously.

It is like the classic experiment of “Half Empty, Half Full” mentality. The ability to look at grateful things in our life is what keeps us at peace, if not happy. If we have a roof over our head, food three times a day, decent clothing, then we are the most richest people on earth. We all would have seen the kids who are malnourished, without proper clothing, people who have lost their lives fighting the battle with Covid-19. Compared to them, we are much blessed in life.

Children worry about their exams and homework, fathers worry about earning money, mothers worry about the well-being of her family. This is common. We all might have at least one situation in which we felt where we thought the world is going to end because something didn’t go according to plan and everyone or everything fell apart. But looking back at that particular incident years later, though it might have been a bitter one, that would have what would have molded us today.

Happiness is such a petty thing. It is available in very little things like seeing a child happily playing, feeding the strays, watching mama bird feeding her babies, even watching the sunset, or feeling beautiful while looking in the mirror. It is the million little things that keep us going and keep us going through. Life is like a graph, with its ups and downs. As much as we need ups to keep us happy, we need the downs to be wise and experience. Just like we wouldn’t realize the worth of light without darkness.

Photo by cottonbro on Pexels.com

So starting from today, try to see the tiny sparks around you daily that you failed to notice, hug your family because you feel grateful for them, and be satisfied with whatever you have. Life will be blissful!

Bhagat Singh- Untold Hero

No one gets the liberty for free of charge . It comes at the value of lives and struggle. Independence isn’t gained by one soldier and one insurgent , but many lives struggled for it. These are the such Inspirational Short stories of Freedom Fighters, who lost their lives for a thought of a free country.
Saheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh, he sacrificed his life for his country India, he happily kissed the noose and hung himself for the liberty of his beloved Bharat, merely, at the age of 23 years and 6 months.

He died the death of a martyr. Following the day of 23 April 1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a “Shaheed” (martyr).

Bhagat Singh could have asked for mercy but he refused. He wanted his death to ignite a robust fire at every nook and cranny of the country and wanted each and each citizen to participate within the struggle for freedom.

His dream was to ascertain India as a free country and may even die for his dream.

Bhagat Singh doesn’t believe violence from his childhood. His family believed within the Gandhian ideology of non-violence

And for a short time , he was also the supporter of the Gandhian philosophy but there have been the two incidents which shifted his heart faraway from Gandhi .

The incidents of Jallliawala Bagh massacre and therefore the Chauri Chaura.

Even at the top of their life, they weren’t frightened of the death and consulting the ways with the Britishers, they need to die. Such may be a brave heart.

It is said that they proceeded quite cheerfully towards the gallows while chanting their favorite slogans-Inquilab Zindabaad.
Bhagat Singh’s name is synonymous with the revolutionary movement that contributed to India’s freedom struggle. Celebrated for his gusto and courage to face up to British rule, Bhagat Singh was born in 1907 and gave his life for the country when he was sentenced to death by execution at the ripe age of 23 along side his associates Rajguru and Sukhdev on the fees of assassinating British policeman John Saunders, who had ordered brutal military action on independence movement leader Lala Lajpat Rai.
Bhagat Singh lay hungry in jail for 116 days. Even during this point , he completed all his daily work including reading and writing books, visiting court a day and even singing.
He escaped to Kanpur, When his parents put pressure on him about marriage. He told his parents, “if i will be able to marry in colonial India, where British Raj is there, then my bride are going to be my death. Therefore, there’s no rest or worldly desire which will lure me now’.
It is believed that when his mother had come to go to him in jail, Bhagat Singh was laughing loudly. Seeing this, jail authorities were shocked considering he was so on the brink of death.
He was hanged an hour before the official time on March 23, 1931. it’s said that Bhagat Singh was smiling at the time of hanging. The britishers did took one of the greatest hereos from us but they can not take his legacy.

Facing trouble in starting a new business?

Starting a little business is that the best thanks to gain freedom. Although this statement is disputable, it’s sense.

Why do people plan to become entrepreneurs? they’re looking for independence. Small business helps one manage his time within the way he wants. He can produce the products and services he likes. Finally, he’s ready to attempt to be responsible and artistic . Small business is extremely important for the economy of each state. Small entrepreneurs contribute into the state budget tons . it’s possible to mention that the complex of small and middle firms provides the country with an equivalent profit as business does. In simple words, a prosperous state cannot survive without small business. it’s impossible to defeat poverty without small business. Thus, if you’ve got any genuine and uncommon ideas concerning the assembly of useful goods and services, establish your own small firm.

Starting up isn’t easy
Starting alittle business isn’t a simple thing. Whether you’re doing something as simple as business paper writing as a business or as grand as running a construction company building skyscrapers, you ought to be psychologically and financially prepared to numerous challenges. Moreover, it’s vital to understand something about business, management and marketing.

You should also study the market so as to find out about the products and services that are required by consumers. This factor is that the crucial one. once you discover that folks demand an item but nobody has produced it yet, you’ve got the simplest chances to overcome the chosen sector of the market. Secondly, you need to believe the worth and quality of your product.

There are two options. The foremost one is that the production of high-quality and expensive goods which will serve long. The second option is said to consumerism. You produce poor-quality cheap goods and attract clients with the assistance of rock bottom prices.

Create a business plan
Then, you ought to create your own business plan which will contain the whole information about the functioning of your firm. believe the target groups of consumers , production, logistics, storage and retail.

Apparently, you ought to produce and store your goods somewhere. Then, you’ll meet with such issues as revenue and expense. you’ll got to hire a couple of employees to run your business rewardingly. doubtless , you’ll need to be selective, demanding and attentive so as to recruit the proper people into your firm. Finally, you’ll meet the matter of rent, taxation, etc. A firm resembles a household. you ought to concentrate to the slightest problem, question and misunderstanding if you would like to extend your income and develop your small firm into something bigger.

The ups and downs
As could be expected, starting alittle business has many advantages and drawbacks . the foremost solid strong side is independence. you are doing not need to work for somebody else. you’re employed for your own profit. You possess the liberty of choice and actions. If you’re not respected and appreciated at work, you’ll embody your original and amusing ideas in your own business.

Ambitious people always attempt to start alittle business if they receive such a chance . you are doing not got to hear the instructions and threats of your boss once you are late. At long last, you’ll earn extra money . you’re the boss and therefore the entire profit is yours.

 

Smriti Mandhana – Female Yuvraj Singh

Mandhana’s dream of batting alongside her idol, Mithali Raj, came straight in 2014 when she and Raj led India to their first Test win in eight years during a tense run-chase in Wormsley. But, it had been only during the 2017 Womens World Cup when the 23-year-old left-hander shot into fame.

Mandhana struck a match-winning 90 and followed it up with a swashbuckling hundred within the next game. aside from the runs, what struck everyone was Mandhana’s strokeplay and particularly her backlift. Few likened her comparisons with Sourav Ganguly for her off-side play. a replacement star had been born. Social media was trending with Mandhana’s name. Fans were googling her cricket profile; some girl next door’ images.
Mandhana had become the talk about social media, Indian cricket, and therefore the whole country, for that matter. But International cricket is brutal. In fact, sport is brutal. it’s demanding, unrelenting and super competitive. Oppositions work you out over a period of your time and if you only sit back resting on your past laurels, the sport can expose you to the hilt. it’s exactly what happened with Smriti Mandhana.

Following a 90 and a century, Mandhana’s suffered an enormous slump in her form. The left-hander could just manage 26 runs in her next seven World Cup innings with the opposition bowlers exposing her inability to figure the ball towards mid-on was exposed to the hilt.
Down in her dumps, Mandhana quickly visited the drafting board once she came to India. Assisted by her coach, Anant Tambwekar, Smriti made a couple of technical changes; the foremost profound of them being her twiddling with an open stance, that allowed her the liberty to play shots on the leg-side, and what followed was mayhem.

The southpaw, together with her new stance, lit up the 2018 Kia Super League, scoring 421 runs at a mean of 60.14 and a strike-rate of 174.68 for the Western Storm franchise, paving her sides’ thanks to the finals. Mandhana’s strike-rate- 174.68- was the very best for any women cricketer within the KSL or the ladies BBL, and couple it together with her astounding consistency, the thing was clear; we were certain Mandhana 2.0.

Smriti’s consistency and therefore the elegance of her stroke-play, whether it’s her inside-out hit over covers, or the pristine cover-drives or square-cuts and to not forget her backlift [That backlift], made the whole world get up to her amazing talent. Some likened her to Adam Gilchrist, some to Sourav Ganguly and a few to Yuvraj Singh. But Mandhana’s wasn’t looking to become the second someone, she was committed to carving out her own identity, to become the primary Mandhana and her performances within the succeeding months ensured it to the hilt.
n a card that has been mired by inconsistency, controversies, underperformance, and whatnot, Mandhana has emerged because the bedrock. within the 2018 World Twenty20, the left-hander scored 178 runs across five games and was one among the few Indian batters who looked comfortable on the dual-pace wickets of the Caribbean. Mandhana continued her propriety on the tour of latest Zealand, leading India to a 2-1 series win in ODIs, scoring 196 runs in 3 ODIs then followed it up with another impressive show within the T20s- 180 runs at a strike-rate of 146.34.

Kathputlis of Rajasthan

“Art is an effort to create, beside the real world, a more humane world.” – Andre Maurois, French Author

A Kathputli is the Hindi word for a puppet that is made of wood. Kathputlis is an ancient art that is used to address a famous string puppet performance and is a form of folk entertainment in the state of Rajasthan and its one of the major tourist attractions of the state. Jaipur and Jodhpur are some of the major places in Rajasthan where these are prepared. The Kathputlis are basically of two types a male and a female one which is inspired by the Rajput miniature paintings of Rajasthan. 

The style of headdress, the shape of the eye, the beard, and the moustache style are used to suggest the character of the puppet. The height of the puppets is usually two feet having a wooden head with a huge nose and large eyes. The rest of the bodies of the puppets are painted with bright colours and then covered with pieces of cloth and stuffed clothes which also allow for free movement. Unless they are horse riders, the puppets have no legs but are covered with a long pleated skirt. 

It is said that puppeteers nowadays use a few characters whose identities they have modified to suit the current needs of the public. e.g., Munnajaan was renamed Anarkali and even this was later changed to Helen. Other than putting a cultural puppet show the puppeteers sell the Kathputlis to domestic and foreign tourists and earn their major part of the income from this. The costumes of the kathputhlis are made keeping in mind the regional and traditional traits. The puppet show is entirely based on the Rajasthani historical tales and local culture and traditions. Other than the male and female kathputlis, there are several other characters and items as well which are included in the show such as the court dancer, stunt horse rider, and snake charmer. The puppeteers who make these puppets and perform with them belong to the traveling Bhatt communities who have been performing for thousands of years.

What makes the Kathputlis unique?

What makes the Rajasthani Kathputlis unique is the fact that these are only one of their kind in the whole entire world. The puppeteers exhibit a great deal of virtuosity and skill as the puppets are operated through strings that are attached to the puppeteers’ fingers directly. The strings vary from 2 to 8, the larger the puppets, the more the movement and agility of the character. The famous “Bengali jadugar” Kathputli is manipulated using 8 strings, in such a way such that when the puppets hold its heads with its legs, it turns upside down, or pulls its extended head back into position, making the audience laugh. Talking about the hands of the puppets, they have no joints unlike the other string puppets of India.

When it comes to a well-known source of amusement filled with cultural and traditional stories the Kathputlis of Rajasthan are on the top of the list. This art of puppetry is practiced by a community of people called the Baths. These people have been connected with Rajasthani string puppetry to carry forward their traditional profession. Also known by the name of the “kathputliwalas”, they usually perform the puppet shows during the late evenings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

http://ipindiaservices.gov.in/GIRPublic/Application/ViewDocument

https://industries.rajasthan.gov.in/content/industries/handmadeinrajasthandepartment/artandcraft/woodandsandlewoodwork/kathputli.html

FOCUS: key to success

To perform better at work, learn new skills, be more productive, make decisions, study smarter, and make progress in basically anything that involves your brain, it’s advisable to work on how to focus better.

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Your attention is your biggest asset, so it’s important to keep it where it’s supposed to be — on the task at hand that is getting you one step closer to achieving your goals and dreams.

So much is going on around us at any moment though — it can become a struggle to stay concentrated on the one activity, task, or even person, in front of us.

Knowing how to focus is crucial; especially today, as we live in the era of distraction.

Obstacles, however, will still come in the form of temptations, distractions (such as social media, messages, and television), and the hundreds of thoughts in our mind at any given minute. If we could eliminate all of these, it would be just us, and our-laser focused the mind. However, it doesn’t seem to work like that.


There are several techniques that can help you zone in on the task in front of you. If you need help staying focused  

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1. First things first: You need to eliminate distractions. While you can’t do away with everything, you can make an effort to reduce or get rid of as many distractions as possible.
2. Drinking coffee, or other caffeinated beverages, in small doses may have a positive impact on your ability to focus
3. Fuel Your Body: We all know what happens when “hanger” strikes. This dreaded combination of hunger and anger is a major focus fail. So, to keep your brain focused, your energy levels up, and your emotions on an even keel, make sure you don’t delay or skip meals.
4. Sleep Well: The recommended amount of sleep trusted Source for adults aged 18 to 60 years old is 7 or more hours a night. Older adults may need up to 9 hours per night.
5. Be SMART: If your lack of focus is a result of feeling overwhelmed by a complex project, try breaking it down into smaller parts and plugging the smaller steps into the SMART formula.
SMART stands for:
Specific. What exactly needs to be done?
Measurable. How will you track your progress?
Achievable. Is it realistic? Can it be done by the deadline?
Relevant. How does it fit with the overall plan or bigger goal?
Timely. When does it need to be done?

refence link:

https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/how-to-stay-focused

4 Proven Ways On How To Focus Better