Common Menstruation Myths in India

What is Menstruation?

Menstruation is a natural phenomenon particular to women. It is a part of the women’s reproductive cycle and this cycle occurs at the onset of puberty. During menstruation, blood and tissues of the uterus is discharged from the vagina that lasts for 3 to 6 days.

Despite being a natural process, menstruation is highly stigmatized. Merely pronouncing the word ‘Menstruation’ which is commonly known as periods is considered as a taboo. This natural, biological process is trapped in myths which directly or indirectly create obstacles in the socio – cultural life of women. A menstruating woman is treated like an impure and unwanted being. The taboos regarding menstruation has been circulated from one generation to another since a very long time and unfortunately even now, people still have misconceptions regarding this natural process.

Common myths regarding Menstruation

1. MYTH – A menstruating woman cannot enter a place of worship.

FACT – Menstruation is purely biological and has nothing to do with religion.

2. MYTH – Menstrual blood is impure.

FACT – Menstrual blood is not impure. It is the blood that sheds from the lining of the uterus when the egg is not fertilized during the menstrual cycle.

3. MYTH – A menstruating woman is not allowed to enter into the kitchen and are also not allowed to touch pickles.

FACT – In the earlier days, women during their periods used cloth which was extremely unhygienic that led to many dieseases and infections. In that case, it was not preferred for a bleeding woman to enter into the kitchen and touch pickles or any other things in the kitchen. But now when women are using sanitary pads during their periods which is safe, it doesn’t lead to dieseases and infections and this is why there is no need to impose such restrictions.

4. MYTH – A menstruating woman should not come into contact with any family members because she is considered to be in an impure state.

FACT – Because menstruation is a biological phenomenon, there is no way that a woman can be considered to be impure. There is no harm if she come into contact with her family members when she is on her periods.

5. MYTH – Women on their periods should not go near plants as it will kill the plants.

FACT – Plants survive on sunlight, water, manure and good care and their lifespan is not effected if someone goes near them.

6. MYTH – A menstruating woman should refrain from engaging in physical activities like exercise.

FACT – Engaging in physical activities does not harm a menstruating woman rather it helps them to get rid of menstrual cramps.

7. MYTH – There is nothing like PMS.(Pre Menstrual Syndrome)

FACT – PMS is a real thing. A woman on her periods often goes through mixed emotional feelings, anxiety, gets disturbed at little issues etc. Women should consult a doctor if they face these conditions severely during their periods.

8. MYTH – A woman on her periods should not take bath or wash her hair

FACT – It is completely safe for women to take bath during periods. In fact, it is essential for a woman to keep herself clean and maintain hygiene when she is in her periods.

9. MYTH – A woman on her periods should not indulge in sexual activities.

FACT – There is no health problem associated with indulging in sexual activities when a woman is on her periods.

10. MYTH – Do not talk about periods publicly.

FACT – Young girls should be educated about their bodily changes and menstruation right before the time they attain puberty. Also, there is nothing to be embarrassed to talk about periods openly rather it is important to create awareness among people regarding this natural process to swipe away taboos.

Myths relating to menstruation effect a woman’s mental, social and emotional state. Adolescent girls should be made aware of menstrual health and they should be educated enough to distinguish between myths and facts. Awareness should be created among people regarding menstruation so that people stop believing in myths that will help in improving the reproductive health of women.

PERIODS: A NO SHAME

Periods, why don’t we ever talk about periods? Why every women are treated as disgust and impure while they are in periods? today, I’m here to talk about Periods.
periods are marks of feminity and fertility and hug part of women’s life. It is a natural part for women. Its other name is Menstruation, which is normal vaginal bleeding from the female body in every monthly cycle. Though periods are nothing but just bleeding, still they are shamed, just because they bleed. Women and girls in India are taught to hide their periods, it’s just the mentality of people that those who are in periods are untouchables and should be away for few days.

This affects the mental health of women and girls because from an early age itself they are being taught something different which makes them feel there is something wrong with the body. As above I said women are untouchable and said to stay away because there is some sort of weird restrictions held for women in periods. Such as, you can’t go in the kitchen, you can’t return touched stuff, they are not allowed to bathe during three days of their periods, they aren’t allowed to enter the premises of a temple, touching the pickles and many more such restrictions are on the women. In rural areas, after childbirth women are not allowed to meet the child’s father, it continues around 2 months. Sex during periods is also another myth, it’s not about infection or any other hygiene issue but it is a cause of men’s longevity. It is also believed that menstrual blood is used for witchcraft and black magic to cast some spells. These all are devoid of any logic and also the religious myths and superstitions that have disbanded women from all such activities.

Menstruating is not just only bleeding but it is also about the pain, headaches, body aches, bloating weight gain, and many more such things they bear for the next 7 days. It’s just not easy and unerring for the women to handle such mental trauma and such ruthless behavior, they don’t deserve such a thing. Many women in rural areas don’t have proper sanitation and cleanliness, because they have no idea what to do and how to work upon. The prices of sanitary pads are too high, so they tend to use rough/rags for periods, they aren’t able to afford such things and then it leads to infection and diseases. But now our government has made menstrual-related strategies to combat the situation of women’s health. Empowerment of women through educating such things and also the increase in the role of their decision making. The movie ‘Pad Man’ has shown similar problems in it, it showed that women were having issues during their menstrual days, so the man named Muruganatham made his machine for the affordable pads. He travels with his machine from village to village to spread some awareness on this. ‘Padma is the first feature movie that talks about women’s situation during periods.

In India, 8,000 million girls/women are menstruating, and a million of them have dropped their schooling due to periods of poverty and shame. The government is doing a great job in spreading awareness in rural areas so that girls and women stay healthy. So let’s spread the word, break this channel of nonbeliefs and help each other out.

Should men wear makeup?

Makeup is gender less – simply an extremely incredible asset that can produce confidence.This isn’t about men needing to be female; it’s just about making the most ideal adaptation of ourselves. Be that as it may, there is as yet an enormous shame connected to men self-upgrading. I’m not saying each man should wear cosmetics, however the individuals who need or need it to help themselves feel great inside their own skin ought not be deceived. Nonetheless, numerous men feel the strain to look great and satisfy excellence guidelines, as well. We regularly hear phrases like ‘monitoring up’, ‘continuing ahead with it’ and being ‘solid and quiet’, and this has passed on men little space to reposition or rethink themselves in the public eye.

Be that as it may, numerous men feel the strain to look great and fulfill excellence guidelines, as well. We frequently hear phrases like ‘monitoring up’, ‘continuing ahead with it’ and being ‘solid and quiet’, and this has passed on men little space to reposition or rethink themselves in the public eye. We realize sexism harms ladies, yet we don’t talk as much about how sexism harms men. For what reason are men expected to be saved inwardly? We are largely people, we get nervousness and have self-perception issues as well.

Despite the decisions and your sex, the general public will consistently pass judgment and talk about you. You’ll never satisfy everybody, and that is OK. You weren’t brought into the world to if it’s not too much trouble, each second individual you meet.

ENVIRONMENT

Environment means anything that surround us. It can be living (biotic) or non-living (abiotic) things. It includes physical,chemical and other natural forces. Living things live in their environment. They constantly interact with it and adapt themselves to conditions in their environment. In the environment there are different interactions between animals, plants, soil, water and other living and non-living things.

Since everything is part of the environment of something else, the word environment is used to talk about many things. People in different fields of knowledge use the word environment differently. Electromagnetic environment is radio waves and other electromagnetic radiation and magnetic fields. The environment of galaxy refers to conditions of interstellar medium. In psychology and medicine, a person’s environment is the people, physical things and places that the person lives with. The environment affects the growth and development of the person. It affects the person’s , body, mind and heart. The living conditions of living organisms in an environment are affected by the weather or climate changes in the environment.

Importance of environment

we truly cannot understand the real worth of the environment. But we can estimate some of its importance. Environment plays an important role in healthy living and the existence of life on planet earth. Earth is a home for different living species and we all are dependent on the environment on the environment for food, air, water and other needs. Therefore, it is important for every individual to save and protect our environment. The entire life support of humans depends wholly on the environmental factors. It also helps in maintaining various life cycles on earth. Most importantly, our environment is the source of natural beauty and is necessary for maintaining physical and mental health.

Impact of human activities on the environment

In order to meet the basic needs of increases population, the present society has under taken a series of steps like rapid industrialization, unplanned urbanization, over-exploitation of natural sources, etc. There are different types of human activities which are directly attributed to the environmental disasters, which include acid rain, acidification of oceans, change in the climate, deforestation, depletion of an ozone layer, disposal of hazardous wastes, global warming, overpopulation, pollution etc.

Benefits of the environment

The environment gives us countless benefits that we can’t repay our entire life. As they are connected with the forest, tress, animals, water and air. The forests and tress filter the air and absorb harmful gases. Plants purify water, reduce the chances of flood maintain natural balance and many others. Moreover, the environment keeps a close check on the environment and its functioning, it regulates the vital systems that are essential for the ecosystem. Besides, it maintains the culture and quality of life on earth. The environment regulates various natural cycles that happen daily. These cycles help in maintaining the natural balance between living things and the environment.

Disturbance of these things can ultimately affect the life cycle of humans and other living beings. The environment that helped us and other living beings to flourish and grow from thousands of years. The environment provides u fertile land, water, air, livestock and many essential things for survival.

Why Shame Periods?

At present times, people still do not prefer to talk about periods openly in public. It is still considered something that women should be shy of. But why? Why do people see menstruation as taboo? It is a natural and must-needed phenomenon of a woman’s life. A woman is also a part of growing the generation and bringing life into existence. And periods are extremely important for this process to take place. We all love our mother and sister. Everyone wishes to have a girlfriend. Everyone wants to get marry, have a wife, have children with her. Then why is it so in our society that a woman has to be ashamed of something which is natural and god gifted? Instead, why do women not accept the fact publicly and talk about it openly?

Why is it so important?

We are now in the 21st century. And if still, this is the scenario then there is no point in technological advancements if people are not broad-minded. Menstruation is a serious matter and it is important that everyone is aware of it. For this, one should know the significance of periods in a woman’s life. 

As a woman, monthly periods are the way of removing unwanted tissues from the body which are no longer needed. Body release eggs regularly that are responsible for the pregnancy. But if a woman does not get fertilized within some span, then the eggs get perished. If these are not removed from the body on time then, it will affect the health of a woman adversely.

Some orthodoxy ritual to be followed

As a woman, especially being an Indian woman, she has to follow a lot of rules and regulations while on menstruation. But why is it needed? Is it a necessity in present times? No, it is not. Women during menstruation are isolated and asked to stay different from everyone. They have to choose a corner in a room and spend few days in that corner itself. They are not allowed to touch things or go near things that are used by other members in the room. It is prohibited for a girl to enter a room where gods are worshipped. Women are not allowed to visit sacred places these days. All these things do not sound good right. But every single thing has a reason for its existence.

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In older times, there were no proper hygiene practices available for periods. There were no sanitary napkins or tampons or anything like that available to maintain hygiene. The women would make the surroundings dirty during these days. And as a result, she was kept in isolation. Because there were no proper hygiene practices, she was not allowed to enter sacred rooms or temples. She would lose a lot of blood and hence, she was asked to take a rest instead of working with other family members. But nowadays all these things are not needed to follow. There are proper hygiene practices available. Plus, why should a woman stay away from someone (God) while he himself is the creator of all this. 

Summing up

To sum up everything, I believe periods should not be treated as taboo. Instead, it is something that no one should be uncomfortable or ashamed of talking about. It is a natural process that is highly important for a girl’s health. And also, it is one of the important assets for bringing the next generation into this world.

CAG

Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (CAG)

• CAG and the Indian Audit and Accounts Department
(IAAD) – Supreme Audit Institution of India.

• Articles 148-151 of the Constitution deals with CAG.

• Article 148: There shall be a CAG of India who shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.

• Independent and unbiased nature CA is ensured by:
 Appointed by the President of India.
 Security of tenure: special procedure for removal,
like a Supreme Court Judge.
 Salary and expenses of CAG – charged (not voted) from the Consolidated Fund of India.

 Disallowed from holding any other Govt office after his/her term expires.

Duties of the CAG :-

• Under Article 149, Parliament had enacted the CAG’s Duties, Powers and Conditions Act in 1971.

• Article 150: the accounts of the Union and of the States shall be kept in such form as the President may prescribe.
 Shall be based on the advice of CAG.

• Reports of the CAG – submitted to the President/Governor – Union/State respectively.
 They table the report before the Parliament/State legislature.
 Permanently referred to the Central and State Standing Committees on Public Accounts and Public Undertakings.

• Types of CAG reports:

 Compliance and performance audit reports –
covers revenue collection and expenditure of
Gov.
 Separate audit reports on the functioning of certain autonomous bodies.

 Reports on the financial position of Central and State Governments.
 Reports on the adherence to the Appropriation Acts passed by Parliament and Legislatures.
 Certified annual accounts of the States to the State Legislatures: the Finance and
Appropriation Accounts.

• Types of audits done by CAG: Compliance Audit, Financial Attest Audit and Performance Audit.

6 Bollywood Songs That Should’ve Never Been Remade Proving We Need More Original Numbers

Bollywood music is going through a phase where every song has a remix and none of the remixes are better than the original ones.

So, all the songs that you used to dance on at weddings and other occasions now have their own remixes, and listening to them will only make you miss the original song more and more. 

Not only Bollywood songs but even Punjabi songs that aren’t even old yet have new versions and it’s only confusing us.

Now, this also makes us to think that the song producers, at large, don’t have any creativity left in them anymore to make better songs or maybe they are just plain lazy.

However, most of the original songs haven’t even faded from our memories and we still enjoy listening to them. 

Here is a list of six Bollywood remixes that have ruined the original version for us forever: 

1. Sauda Khara Khara 

This song is a DJ’s favourite and is played at almost all wedding functions and honestly, even if they didn’t make a new version we’d be happily listening to the original song. The original is Sukhbir’s version and makes people want to dance on its beats. 

A remix was recently seen in the film GOOD NEWWZ starring Akshay Kumar, Kareena Kapoor, Kiara Advani, and Diljit Dosanjh

2. Dus Bahane

Have you heard ‘Dus Bahane 2.0’ from Baaghi 3? If you haven’t, just to preserve the memory of the old version, don’t listen to it. The original version is perfectly fine and no one needs the remix version of Dus Bahane to ruin it.

3. Love Aaj Kal

Imtiaz Ali recycled his own film with same songs, worse storyline and different actors. Viewers didn’t see any need to murder the original film and its songs. From ruining the song Dooriyan for us to copy-pasting the song Twist, we just didn’t need this at all.

4. Ek Toh Kum Zindagani

We can’t get over Rekha’s sass in the song and extraordinary beats that made everyone dance. The new version has Nora Fatehi and we just didn’t need a remix for this one.

5. O Saki Saki

Nora Fatehi’s dance moves are delight to look at in the new version but if you listen to the song without the video, its not as good as the original one.This song just didn’t need the new version and we are just going to listen to the original one happily.

6. Muqabla

The remake of the song just breaks my heart but looking at Prabhu Deva dancing again is a little consolation. However, the original song’s lyrics and its vibe cannot be compared to the new one as its out of the world!!

What Is The Best Way To Pick A Blog Topic?

Building a blog requires time and work, and the topic you choose for your blog is critical to its success. Although narrowing the pool of potential readers by focusing on one topic narrows the pool of readers, your viewers are more likely to return.

Make sure you don’t make the mistake of picking the wrong topic…

The most typical question I get from people who are new to blogging is “Can you suggest a topic for me to write about?” This is the first important decision you’ll make, and it’s also the first place where things might go wrong. If you pick the wrong topic, you’ll start down the wrong route and it could take months before you realize it and alter course. Here are some frequent blunders individuals make while deciding on a blog topic:

  1. Don’t choose a topic merely because others have made money writing about it.
  2. Avoid writing about a subject about which you are enthusiastic but few others are.
  3. Don’t start a blog about something you don’t know much about or have little experience with. Also, don’t write about too many different topics; your blog needs to have a focus.

How to Choose a Blog Topic

It takes effort and thought to come up with a blog topic. You’ll probably investigate a few options before deciding on the niche you think is best for you.You are more likely to succeed if you choose a topic about which you are knowledgeable and personally engaged rather than one about which you believe will be profitable. Your enthusiasm for your subject comes out in your writing, resulting in a sizable audience of people who share your passion.Keep these five suggestions in mind while you search for blog topics. They’ll assist you in achieving your blogging objectives by guiding you away from bad decisions and toward what works best for you.

Choose a topic that you’re enthusiastic about.

When readers perceive passion, they recognize it. When you write about something you care about, your blog is more likely to attract people who share your enthusiasm, and the word will spread. Choose a blog topic that you are passionate about and that you actually enjoy; this will help you stay motivated for a long time. A successful blog is one that is updated on a regular basis. Keep the content fresh by updating it on a regular basis to give your blog the best chance of success.Examine how you spend your leisure time, what you read, any classes you’ve attended, things you already know a lot about, and your interests when deciding on a topic you’re enthusiastic about.

Choose a topic that you enjoy discussing.

A two-way communication between you (the blogger) and your readership is required for a successful blog (your readers). Be responsive and receptive to readers who leave comments on your blog or email you to discuss your pieces in further depth. The sense of community you build around your blog will determine its long-term success. It’s simple to debate and communicate with your readers when you choose a blog topic on a subject you already enjoy talking about.

Pick a topic that you don’t mind debating with others.

Visitors to your site will come from various walks of life, with a variety of viewpoints, and some of them may not agree with everything you post. Successful bloggers love debating their blog’s themes from all perspectives and value the debate, which is healthy and encourages readership growth. Choose a topic that you are not personally comfortable discussing with others. Choose a topic that allows you to express yourself freely.

Pick a topic that you’d like to learn more about.

The ability of blogs to deliver fresh, interesting information and discussions on a wide range of topics is one of its distinguishing features. You should like reading about your blog’s topic and keeping up with news and current events linked to it if you want your blog to be successful. You’ll be able to maintain your blog’s content exciting and relevant to your visitors if you do it this way. In your blog, you take on the role of subject matter expert. You’ll be spending a lot of time preserving that status, so pick something you’re interested in learning about on a regular basis.