DOWRY!!

Is the dowry System still a part of India? Yes, although it is banned by the government but still in some places these practices are still going on. Dowry is a transfer of valuable property or a thing which is given to a bride by the groom or to a groom by a bride, or by the parents of bride and groom to each other. In India, the dowry system is transferring durable goods like cash, movable property, goods, jewelry, furniture, electrical appliances, along with the bride from the bride’s family to the groom’s family as a condition of marriage, to the newlyweds which help in setting up their household.  Dowry is also called Dajeh.

The Dowry system can make major differences in a family in means of financial issues or a burden to the family. In some cases dowry system leads to crime against women like, emotional abuse, injury and can also lead to death in some cases. Dowry has been banned in India under a specific law, the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961, sections 304B and 498A. Article 3 of the prohibition act of 1961 says that giving or taking presents at the time of marriage to the groom or bride without any demand doesn’t have to pay a penalty for it. In some places, dowries are still demanded and marriages are still finalized based on dowry. If the dowries aren’t fulfilled according to the groom’s side of the family, they end up sending the bride to her place or torturing the bride and her family.

This dowry culture is so popular in some parts of India, but not only in rural areas. Even the educated families living in high-class societies and metropolitan cities are also part of these unethical practices and harassing women for not giving proper money and gold. In 2020, 17 cases of abuse and harassment of women for dowry and was mentioned in The New Indian Express.
In India, this system is still in go because of the patriarchal society and thinking, the values of men are high than women. In this society, boys are seen with the higher card, this is dependent on how much price the bride’s family is paying upon a marriage. Another reason for this system is deeply rooted in the Indian culture, but this mindset is unchangeable as this is normal. Even today people have been reminded about this system, though they ignore it and some of the families do practice it willingly or unwillingly in the fear of judgements and being criticized for not following the customs. It is known that women’s marriage is a big and important event. But if the marriage requires this kind of thing to secure her’s life after marriage or marriage is very unethical and abrupt. This is the major discrimination women are facing but it is never seen as a crime even though it is banned by the government.

The imprisonment of breaking the anti-dowry is 5 years and a fine up to Rs.15000 on the value of dowry given. Although Indian laws have been made against the dowries which are intact. But are ineffective in many states and cities in India, but deaths and murders continue to happen and the government isn’t taking a big step regarding it. This should be focused on the news so that a women can stay without any discrimination
and with safety.

HOW TO GET STARTED AND TEACH YOURSELF A NEW LANGUAGE

Learning something new can be a daunting task, but it is rewarding and adventurous at the same time. Learning a new language is the same way, it’s challenging but fun.

Major languages of the world

STEP 1 : FIND YOUR REASON

Before you decide to learn a new language find out why you want and what language you want to learn first.

There could be diverse reasons such as,

Want to put a rush on this “leaning a new language” trend?

Or, so you can take new job responsibilities abroad.

Or, so you can read your favourite novel in the language it’s written in?

Or, so you can understand the country and culture better.

Or, Maybe for the upcoming trip.

So, there can be many reasons for you to learn a language but it’s important to have one. It helps you to remain motivated and focus on learning the language.

STEP 2 : SET GOALS – REALISTIC ONES

Setting goals can take us a long way. We can set long term, short term and daily goals. Keeping the goals realistic is very important because achievable goals motivate you to keep going but if it is too difficult it can actually discourage us. For example, “I will learn how to introduce myself today.” is a good example of setting daily target. Write down your goals, unconsciously it tells our brain that it is important.

Set your goals

STEP 3 : LEARN THE BASICS

Learn a few greeting words in the language before you learn the alphabet. This helps you develop initial understanding of the language. Also, this way when you learn the alphabets you are already familiar with some basic words. For example: Hello, Goodbye, Thank you, Good night, My name is ______? What is your name? etc.

STEP 4 : NEXT IS ALPHABET AND VOCABULARY

Learn the alphabet of the language it will help you to understand the language structure better. It will make it significantly easier for you to learn the language and you will be able to read and pronounce words, which will help you memorize better . Plus, it is better to be sounding the words out rather than looking at the romanization of the words. 

Alphabets and their writing styles

STEP 5 : STUDY EVERYDAY

People often claim to have studied a language “for years” and still not be fluent. But when they say years, they probably mean that they studied the language for only a couple of hours a week over that entire time period.

Language learning is based on repetition – revise it until you can’t forget it. Hammering something into your brain over and over again until you remember it. If you break too long between study sessions, you are much more prone to forget what you learned last time and you will waste valuable study time going back over what you’ve already learned.

CONCLUSION

So learning a new language can be tough and daunting but remember it is just a language and if you put in hard work and smart work you can learn any learn any language you wish to learn. Happy learning!!

SOURCES

https://www.fluentu.com/blog/fastest-way-to-learn-a-new-language/

https://www.wikihow.com/Learn-a-New-Language-Fast

Think and Grow Rich by Napolen Hill

Napoleon Hill, a young special investigator for a well-known business journal at the time, was dispatched to meet with Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie quietly hinted to a master power he utilized during the interview—a magical law of the human mind, a little-known psychological principle—that was amazing in its strength. Carnegie proposed to Hill that he base his concept of all personal achievement on that idea, whether measured in terms of money, power, position, status, influence, or wealth growth. That portion of the interview was never published in Hill’s magazine, but it did set the young author on a twenty-year research quest.

Author

Napoleon Hill was a New Thought development writer who was one of the first makers of the current classification of individual achievement writing and is broadly viewed as one of the extraordinary essayists on progress. Slope’s works centered around the significance of individual thoughts in accomplishing individual accomplishment. From 1933 until 1936, he filled in as a counselor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Lessions

“Think And Grow Rich,” written in 1937 following a 25-year study of some of the world’s wealthiest people, is one of the most widely recognized personal development classics (more than one hundred million copies sold worldwide, according to recent estimates). The philosophy of the book is based on the belief that success may be achieved via mental vision and imagination in any effort. To put it another way, you can become everything your mind believes is possible; as a result, your mind becomes the only thing that can either stop or propel you toward becoming your best self.The most important lessons from the book are outlined and discussed here.

Thoughts are really powerful.Hill argues in the opening paragraph that thinking, rather than money, education, or specialized understanding about something, is more conducive to success. The man who “believes” he can do anything has already taken a step toward the finish line. However, thinking may be an overly broad phrase. As a result, Hill defines thinking as a combination of initiative, faith, resolve to win, and resilience.

Desire.How much do you desire it?

Of course, we each have our own set of objectives and dreams, but have you ever asked yourself this question? It may appear unnecessary at first, but it is only when we truly desire something that we will go to any length to obtain it. As a result, desire is the one stage that connects thoughts and actions in a hypotethic scheme.

Faith is the visualization of and belief in achieving one’s desires.

You can build the emotion of trust, which is required for transmuting your aspirations into physical or monetary equivalents, by using affirmations or repeated reminders to the subconscious.

AUTO-SUGGESTION The Subconscious Mind’s Influence Medium

In an attitude of unwavering faith, the principle of auto-suggestion conveys our desires straight to the subconscious mind.We can regain complete control over the material that reaches our subconscious mind by repeating our conscious thoughts and desires (as mentioned in the “Faith” section above) to ourselves on a regular basis. This allows us to exercise control over our decisions, feelings, and actions.

Personal Experiences or Observations: Specialized Knowledge

General knowledge, such as that taught in schools, and specialized knowledge, on their own, will not help you accumulate wealth. Rather, once you’ve acquired knowledge, you’ll need to learn how to arrange and apply it. If you lack the particular knowledge needed to grow your business or achieve your objectives, you can form a “Master Mind” group to enhance your own knowledge with that of others.

The Mind’s Workshop: Imagination

The imagination is humanity’s one-of-a-kind ability to mold, create, and act on desire. Hill distinguishes two modes of imagination: the synthetic imagination, which does not create but rather arranges old concepts, ideas, or plans into new combinations; and the creative imagination, which picks up thought vibrations from other humans and the ether, connects with Infinite Intelligence, and develops new ideas when stimulated by strong desire.

The Crystallization of Desire into Action through Organized Planning.

You must create a specific, practical plan and put it into action in order to translate desire into its physical or monetary counterpart. This chapter explains how to create plans and make sure they’re working for you.

The Mastery of Procrastination is a decision.

Failure is frequently caused by procrastination and indecisiveness. Wealthy men and women, on the other hand, have the ability to make firm decisions rapidly and then alter their views slowly. This chapter teaches you how to avoid being swayed by others’ opinions and instead rely on your own (and your Master Mind group’s) judgment to make solid, productive decisions that will secure your success.

Persistence: The Consistent Effort Required to Inspire Faith

At the first indication of disagreement, the majority of individuals will give up. Willpower mixed with desire, on the other hand, is required to achieve one’s goals. Hill outlines four methods for building the habit of perseverance, which serves as a form of failure insurance.

The Master Mind’s Power: The Motivating Force

Individuals can gain and use power by forming a Master Mind group, which is an alliance of people with varied abilities and views who pool their knowledge and efforts to achieve a specific goal. Master Mind groups provide both financial (wealth) and psychological benefits.

The Link Between the Subconscious and the Conscious Mind

The subconscious mind, according to Hill, serves as an intermediate between man’s finite intellect and Infinite Intelligence, allowing individuals to tap into the Universal Mind’s forces. He underlines that it is the only means of converting mental impulses into spiritual and bodily forms.

Thought Broadcasting and Receiving Station: The Brain.

“Every human brain is capable of picking up vibrations of thought which are being released by other brains through the medium of the ether, in a manner similar to that utilised by the radio broadcasting principle,” Hill says. In this chapter, he discusses how external vibrations influence the mind and provides a strategy for increasing the mind’s sensitivity to these sensory impulses by employing emotions.

The Temple of Wisdom’s Door: The Sixth Sense

The Sixth Sense is a subconscious capacity, also known as Creative Imagination, by which humans receive communications from Infinite Intelligence without exerting any effort on their own.

How to Outsmart the Six Fearful Ghosts

To put these thirteen success principles into action, you must first prepare your mind to accept the idea. The first stage in priming your mind is to research, evaluate, and comprehend the three foes you’ll be fighting: hesitation, uncertainty, and fear. This chapter outlines and explains how to overcome the six basic fears that hold people back in their pursuit of wealth, despite the fact that they are often hidden in the subconscious: the fear of poverty, the fear of criticism, the fear of ill health, the fear of losing love, the fear of old age, and the fear of death.

summary

One of the best-selling books of all time is Think And Grow Rich (1937). It investigates the psychological power of thought and the brain in the process of advancing your profession for financial and personal gain. Take a look at the overview of this timeless self-help classic!

Impact of corona virus on global economy

COVID19 impact on India to be more than $40.9 billion in first ...

The first ever coronavirus case was traced in the month of november in china. Nobody then knew that this virus would cause so much havoc in the world and it will force the countries with largest economy to impose lockdown . The virus has affected almost 200 countries and territories and almost 16 million people got infected with this virus among which 644k people died . The virus has not only affected the life of people directly but has also caused indirect effects on the life of people.

countries like India, Uk , China , France , Italy, New Zealand and Poland have imposed world’s largest and most strictest mass lockdown for the safety of their people. Lockdown no doubt has played a great role in saving the lives of people but it is not considered as an ideal solution as it has also indirectly affected the lives of people by worsening the economic condition of their countries.

Countries are now facing the worst economic slowdown ever which has resulted in job loss. The service sector and the business sector has been badly affected due to the lockdown as the companies are unable to perform their business activities due to which they fail to reach their target. Companies are now forced to drop employees and workers to manage their financial position. This pandemic has forced some major companies as well to downsize their work forces. Companies such marriott international, Air Canada, Scandinavian airlines, Ola , Zomato and many more are forced to layoff their staffs. This situation has boosted the unemployment rate.

Ross Community Action and Chillicothe-Ross Community Foundation ...

Tourism industry of many countries were also affected. Some countries depended upon their tourism revenues but due to the lockdown tourists are unable to visit which has declined the revenues generated from this particular sector. Also due to consumption slowdown many sectors such exports and import business are also affected. But unfortunately this a common stuff which keeps most of the countries connected and helps them in improving their economy and many people who are involved in this type of business are badly affected.

Coronavirus has hit various business sectors badly but this deadly virus has proved to be beneficial for certain industries and sectors such as pharmaceutical industries and hygiene product manufacturers. Though countries are trying hard to revive their economies but some researchers claim that it will take few years to get back the economy to the right track.

COVAXIN phase-1 trails completed

Coronavirus, Covid-19 Vaccine COVAXIN Latest Update: Rohtak PGIMS ...

Till now corona virus has affected more that 200 countries and has infected more than 16 million people. Due to the complications developed by this virus around 644k people have lost their lives. It not only causes fever and cold but also develops critical infections in the body which affects the lungs and makes breathing a difficult choice. So far many scientists are working on this virus and are trying hard to understand them. But in order to save the lives of people, many countries were forced to impose lockdown since there is no other option left to reduce the fatality rate.

Also many researchers have developed few medicines such as remdesiver to cure mild and moderate corona symptoms but they are still unable to treat the critical patients and sometimes such medicines also don’t work for mild symptoms as well. So basically there is no proper and fixed treatment for this virus. The only thing which can be game changer is a vaccine which yet to be developed.

Many countries including India is already in the race of producing a valid vaccine which can generate antibodies against the virus. India’s first indigenous covid-19 vaccine known as COVAXIN was developed by bharat biotech in collaboration with ICMR ( Indian council of medical research ) and NIV ( national institute of virology ). The vaccine initially got a nod from DCGI ( Drug controller general of India ) to perform phase I and II human clinical trails. Also the phase I trail started in the early month of july and successfully completed the first part of phase -I trail.

The first part of phase – I trail of COVAXIN was completed on saturday at the PG institute of medical sciences, Rohtak. And fortunately all the results were found to be encouraging which gave COVAXIN a positive nod to go froward for it’s 2nd part of phase – I trail.

The pros and cons of e-learning

Opinion: How to succeed in teaching online | The Educator K/12

Covid-19 pandemic resulted in the rise E-learning. This situation led schools and colleges to go for Online classes which is accepted by some set of students where as it got difficult for the rest of the students to le

It’s been four months to the lockdown and since then schools and colleges remained closed. But in order to cope up with the curriculum syllabus educational institutions had no other option left other than having online classes. But as they something is better than nothing, It is absolutely a great step to keep the students in touch with their subjects. Though students couldn’t attend their schools and college but this pandemic didn’t stop them from learning and this was only possible by going online.

E-learning has been proved to be great because it is easily accessible as it can be accessed from any corner of the world. So doesn’t matter from which place a student belongs to he/she can access the education through e-learning. And also incase any student who lacked confidence in physical class rooms can feel confident through e-learning because there will be no people around him/her to break their confidence. They can also save the videos or lectures given by their teachers which can later be used to revise it. Also students can gain knowledge while travelling so basically they need not worry about the environment around them as e-learning can be done by any means from any corner.

Since almost every student is now making use of e-learning to cover up their courses and to learn new things some students fail to learn in this pandemic because of e-learning. There are many students who do not have proper access to internet which is why they are unable to access e-learning. E-learning does not give the scope to the students to connect well with their teachers which affects the overall development of the students. Also e-learning can harm the health of the students as it can affect their eye sights and can also affect their mental health to some extent as looking into screens for too long will increase their irritation.

So these are some advantages and disadvantages of e-learning but since we don’t have any other option e-learning will still be the best option till schools and college reopen.

Should celebrities be allowed to join politics

India is a democratic country so any individual of the country has the right to join the politics . Joining politics in India doesn’t even require a minimum level of education, any person from any background has the right to join the politics in our country. We have seen some really great politicians with good educational background where as some politicians who have never been to school and also some politicians who earlier belonged to entertainment industry.

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Almost everyone have their favourite celebrity whom they consider as their idol and love them for their talent and always support them in their work. But how many of we really support our favourite celebrity when they join politics ? I agree some of us support them because of the craze we have for them and some of us don’t support them because we feel that their job is to entertain people but not to rule as a leader.

Most of the people believe that celebrities should not be allowed to join politics because they belong from an entertainment background and they don’t have enough knowledge about politics . some celebrities join politics to become more popular or to acquire more fan followings. Since they already have a mass following it becomes very easy for them to influence people and they often misutilise their power to manipulate decisions. Many parties intentionally appoint celebrities to run campaign because they know their followers can get them a lot of votes. many believe since they don’t have real knowledge on how to run a country or how to handle political or economical crises they shouldn’t be allowed to join politics.

where as some believe like any other citizen, celebrities too have the right to join politics. Their influential image can be used to deal some real issues of our country such as child marriage, child labour, poverty and many more. Celebrities can use their power to make some good decisions for any good cause. Their voice can make fast changes than any other normal politician since they are already known by the people. Their popularity can be used to bring changes.

well no matter who ever becomes a politician but there should be some basic criteria to become one, like minimum educational qualification. Even if they are celebrities they should have enough knowledge about politics and then they should be allowed to join it.

Is India ready to go 100% cashless ?

Is India ready to go cashless?

It’s been years where India is trying to make it’s economy go cashless. It has taken some major initiatives to promote cashless transaction such as demonetization, BHIM, direct benefit transfers, UPI and many more. By now many people are into online payments since they find it very easy but do you really think that India is ready for a 100% cashless economy ? and if yes then why are the disadvantages of cashless transaction still valid ?

cashless payments through various digital payment apps has made our life easy. Such medium is especially used the youngsters and is not so popular among the old people. Middle aged people still any how get to know the use of such apps but the old people of our country are not yet ready for a cashless economy. The idea behind this concept is to reduce corruption and money laundering cases but how far is our country prepared for it ? I know it’s easy to use various online platforms because i am young and i am acquainted with such stuffs but the older generation finds it difficult to use and understand it which proves cashless economy a major advantage for the older generation as well as for the illiterate people who have no knowledge about online transactions. The major disadvantage for such people is they can easily become the victim of online fraud since they have less idea about the system. So the disadvantage of online transaction is that certain information can be easily exposed and can be misutilised by fraudsters.

Also cashless transactions require good internet connectivity which is something that cannot be accessed by every person from every corner of the country. Technology problem is one such problem which might prevent India from going 100% cashless.

But we can’t deny the fact that using online payment modes will save a lot of time as it just requires one click to perform any transaction. Now we don’t require to go to bank and stand in long queue to get our transactions done. But still there is a lot of time for India to have a 100% cashless economy and India is not yet ready for it.

Climate change the greatest threat

Drought and Climate Change | Union of Concerned Scientists

Every other year we face various challenges due to climatic change. The human community is not the only living thing who are facing the problem rather, each and every living organism in the planet is affected due to the climate change. Some scientists have claimed that climate change was first noticed in 19th century when natural green house effect was first identified. Thomas edison was the one who initially voiced concern for climate change and spread awareness for renewable energy. Since that day many people and organisation came forward to promote renewable energy and various steps to reduce the rate at which the climate is changing.

The biggest threat of climate change is global warming. climate change leads to global warming and everybody knows about it but how does it actually affect our planet ? Well the global warming increases the average temperature of the earth due to which the glacier sheets melt and end up increasing the sea level which can submerge majority of the land and it will not only affect the human habitation but also affect the animals life as some animals do not have the capability to handle high temperature.

It can affect the economy as well, as the change in climate might result in droughts and can affect the cultivation of crops which will affect almost every human from every background. Due to climate change many natural resources are also depleting due to which the price of such resources are touching skies and it might become almost impossible for any normal human to afford it. Also pollution is another reason which is affecting the health, not only of humans but also of animals and plants. And who do you think is responsible for this ? obviously we humans are behind this destruction and only we have the power to stop this. Governments can only talk about the possible solutions and it’s implementations but it lies in our hand whether we are implementing right steps to reduce climate change or not. Atleast we are able to raise our voice against it but think about the poor animals who are suffering because of our deeds and can’t even fight for their rights to live in a healthy environment. So next time when you throw a plastic search for a dustbin first. I know such acts won’t have an immediate impact on environment but it really does have long term positive impact on environment.

India’s top 2 successful start ups

The 'Next Normal' for startups: How the early stage investors ...

India with a population of almost 1 billion has always provided great opportunities to start ups. People from every possible background are available in india which makes it easy to start any kind of start up. Also since india has all type geographical locations, and various types of culture, people can generate n number of ideas to start a business as the customers of our country belong to various domains. Apart from that what is most important for any start up is having skilled workers and smart managers who have really good and creative brain to make the business successful and the best part is that most of the indians are very smart and talented in that way.

India has produced some really great start ups which are so successful by now that their idea and their success is inspiring many other indians who want to venture into the world of start ups. To support such people the government of India also initiated a campaign known as the start up India to catalyse the start up culture and to promote innovative entrepreneurship .So today i’ll be writing about the top three start up companies in India.

PAYTM:

It is an indian e-commerce payment system and financial technology company which was founded on august 2010, by vijay shekhar sharma. This online platform actually got popular for it’s online recharge and bill payment services. It was among the first online recharge service provider due to which it had an advantage of having a wider reach of audience. Also since that was the time when people started using smart phones it became a bonus point for Paytm to grow in the market. Paytm focused more on customer retention by giving them cash backs and various discount coupons in their own digital wallet known as paytm wallet. I hope you all remember buying a softdrink like coca cola and find a cash back coupon code of paytm. Paytm used such great brands to promote it’s digital wallet which became a major hit among customers as they found online transaction way more easy.

OYO ROOMS :

Who doesn’t know about oyo rooms, you all can find oyo rooms in every corner of india because this start up has achieved so much success . You won’t believe but this company is just 7 years old ! yes oyo rooms was founded by ritesh agarwal in the year of 2013. It became successful because of it’s cheap budgeted hotels with excellent service and beautiful rooms. Also let me tell you the founder of oyo became one of the youngest billionaire ( he’s just 26 years old ) and he belonged to a small town named raigada of odisha. Isn’t this inspiring ?

I hope the success stories of such start ups inspire some of you to start your own venture.

Chinese apps banned in India

Government Bans 47 More Chinese Apps

India banned Fifty nine chinese apps including the top social media platform such as Tik Tok, We chat and Helo citing threat to the national security and the privacy of indian citizens under the section of 69a of IT act, 2020. This action was taken after the clashes in Galwan valley . Some experts say this action was to taken by India to retaliate, as 20 indian soldiers were killed by the chinese soldiers. Major media outlets have always repeatedly reported chinese military incursions into indian territory which has always been a threat to India. But this time India has taken a major decision to affect china by banning their apps.

The government earlier issued an explanation that these apps of china are illegally exporting information of indian citizens to the locations outside India, so basically these apps are a major threat towards the privacy of every indian citizen. Though the government has given a chance to these app to prove that they are not a threat to this country. But how will this move affect India ? Well the answer to this that it can have both positive and negative impact.

It did affect many people of our country who were earning with help of such apps. One such example is Tik Tok, many influencers and artists were a part of this app and were able to earn good enough by using it. Also many comapnies used Tik Tok as a platform to promote their products since this app was well popular among the indians. But this can be a very good scope for indian developers and indian start ups who at this point of time can build similar apps to fulfill the needs of indians and to replace the popularity of chinese apps. This move will definitely promote the make in India concept and would surely make people realize the worth of indian products. This has definitely affected certain communities but nothing is more important than the security and privacy of indians. Apart from india, some other countries including USA are planning to do the same. So this time India did not go for a surgical strike rather it went for a digital strike on china.

Are coaching centers destroying the education of school kids ?

No Borders For India's Young, Hungry Engineers | KUOW News and ...

I am sure most of us have been to coaching centers during our school days and also some of us joined such centers during our college days as well and such educational institutions became a mere part of our life. People blindly believe in this so called concept of coaching centers. They believe that coaching centers provide way more better education than schools and parents also want their children to focus more on their coaching centers than their schools.

But you must be thinking that when did coaching centers became this important ? Well only then when they started advertising their centers by making various promises regarding the student’s development. Parents also for the sake of their child’s improvement believed in such publicity. In order to make their child an ideal student parents invest a lot of money in coaching institutions. I don’t blame every coaching center for implementing such strategies to gather more students, there are certain well reputed coaching centers as well who actually focus on the child’s development but i also accept the fact that most of the coaching centers are in the motive of profit making and do not bother about the student’s education.

I agree some schools do not provide quality education due to which the students have to go to the coaching centers and it is absolutely okay to do so, but my question is, is it right for a 4 year child to invest his childhood in coaching centers ? as in today’s date going to coaching centers has become a trend , parents now have started forcing their little kids to go to a coaching center in order to stay ahead in school. Don’t you think schools are just enough for children with tender age ?

Coaching centers have forced students to depend on someone else to learn something new, students have now lost the capability to study or learn on their own. They fail to understand new subjects without the help of their coaching centers,they are now completely depend on their coaching centers for their education. Students now don’t believe in self study, and that’s the problem because self study is something which makes a student understand a topic but not just learn or by heart it.

Tagore’s Red Oleanders

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) was a poet, artist, educator, philosopher and humanitarian.

•Even though he often introduced himself as “Āmi Kobi,” or “I’m a poet,” he contributed extensively to various genres of writing, such as novels, short stories, plays, dance-dramas and essays.

•Composed roughly 2,230 songs and his writings address a variety of topics.

• In 1913 he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for literature.

•In 1915, he was knighted by the George V, King of the United Kingdom and Emperor of India, but he later renounced the knighthood as a protest against the 1919 Jaliānwala Bāgh massacre.

•His songs, Jana Gana Mana and Amar Śonar Bangla, later became the national anthems for India and Bangladesh respectively.

RED OLEANDERS

•Rakta Karabi first appeared in Prabasi– a Bengali magazine- in 1924 and in the same year the poet himself translated the play titled Red Oleanders and was published in the Visvabharati Quarterly.

•Red Oleanders was regarded a disaster by the Western critics.

•Indian life, philosophy, religion etc created a communication gap between the writer and Western readers.

MAIN IDEAS

•The play is the most mobilizing instrument for counter attack on post colonial society, and the by-product of the modern materialistic system.

•Nandini, the protagonist marks her presence at a time of the oppression of humanity by greed and power. The antagonist is the King, who stands for absolute authority but hides himself behind an iron curtain.

Red Oleanders is one of the sixty plays by Rabindranath Tagore.

•A play about evil and good, about greed and human sympathy, which separates and keeps fellow begins together.

•Story of Nandini who frees the oppressed souls of soulless mining Yaksha town where people forget the beauty of nature, the green meadows, the dazzling sunshine, the tenderness and love between humans.

•Nandini represents human virtue.

•The King transforms the town into a fort and humans are reduced to digging machines who search for gold in the dark – larger public including Nikhil ( the person Nandini loves ) were forced to fulfill the selfish motives of the King and the prople associated with him.

•Digging gold in darkness – Greedy persons will end up in darkness.

•Mining town of Yaksh is a dull place- people have forgotten the beauty of nature and the importance of love for one another – significant issues about where the society is heading.

•The play not only foresees ecological imbalance but also points out some aspects of urban industrial environment.

•The play not only foresees ecological imbalance but also points out some aspects of urban industrial environment.

•The transformation of the King which is the central theme of the drama symbolizes by action-reaction relationship between Nandini and the King.

• The King ultimately emerges as a symbol of human creativity turned perverse.

• He has all the power that human civilization has generated but this power has turned dead and perverse.

•The first three scenes could be taken as exposition scenes, which establish the situation, the level of action and the dramatic mode of the play. •Red Oleanders is described as a ‘a drama in one act’- , a form of play with certain distinctive features like one situation, one theme, a few characters.

IMAGERIES

•Imagery is the use of pictures or words to create images, especially to create an impression on mood.

•The wall symbolizes the distances that are built between the rich and the poor of the society.

•Yaksha Town is the first imagery used in the play- before the play was written existed a God Kuber who had tremendous amount of gold – Yaksha town digs Gold mine- Kuber’s servants were known an Yakshas.

SYMBOLS

•Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors used to represent abstract ideas or concepts.

•Nandini, Ranjan, Kishore, Bishu and the rest symbolizes the human characteristics like delight, sovereignty, independence, self determination love etc.

•The king is the symbol for absolute greed and dominant. The network of walls between the king and Nandini are the social distances between common folk and nobility,which does not hold any importance other than material possession.

•Yaksha town symbolizes an exploited ecosystem and illusory choice.

CONCLUSION

•Portrays a reality of the modern world.

• The king is an example of the revolution of industries and modern day advancement.

•The king keeps building and expanding his rein with modern advancement and buildings without any thought for nature and the people affected.

•This can be referred to the modern world Clearly as to how industries and government destroy nature without any notice.

•Nandini’s fight portrays women power and how affective it can be.

•Nandini stands and fights one target at a time, this also give us a message that you should always start with a goal in order to achieve a dream.

•This story about “Red Oleanders” portrays the way the world is going and how it works.

•Red Oleanders also carry similarity and bring together to a very well known work of literature in the Indian culture Mahabharata.

•The most evident similarities start with the resemblance that Nandini bears with Draupadi, the lead female character of the Mahabharata.

Malayalam Literature and it’s Origin

Malayalam is one of the Dravidian languages. It originated as a split from Tamil and by 9th century AD it became an independent language. It is the major language of Kerala and Lakshadweep. Literary texts written in Malayalam language comes under Malayalam literature.

Malayalam poetry starts from the 12th century and it has a history of nearly eight hundred years. Rama Charitham was the earliest poetic work in Malayalam (12th century AD). It was written in a near Tamil language or in Malayalam which was under the influence of Tamil and in a lyrical meter named ‘Pattu’. The ‘Manipravalam’ poetry (combination of native tongue and Sanskrit) also flourished in this period. Manipravalam style gained more currency and Malayalam showed a tendency to stay more closer with Sanskrit. A wave of folk songs appeared with Manipravalam movement. These songs reflected the life of peasants, laborer’s etc. These songs gained power and started adopting mythological stories. Cherusseri’s Krishnagadha is an example. It is the story of Lord Krishna taken from Bhagavatha and composed in a song meter called Manjari. After Krishnagadha Sanskrit domination regained it’s power over Malayalam through ‘Champus'(works of deep Sanskrit scholars). The Manipravalam poets got encouragement from royal courts and they write to praise their benefactors. So we can’t find contemporary issues in those works and they believed in “Poetry for poetry’s sake”.

The modern period was heralded by Tunchath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan. He is credited with ushering in the modern Malayalam period by fusing Pattu and Manipravalam in to a single language pattern of the Modern Malayalam. He acted as a poet and a philosopher and initiated Bhakthy movement and Modern Malayalam Movement. He introduced a new lyrical meter Kilipattu -the bird’s song- and it helps fascinating common people. He was best known for his Ramayana and Mahabharata. After Ezhuthachan the period focused on Kathakali- a combination of dance, music and literature. But it shows a world far from contemporary issues and it flourished under the shade of royal families. Kunchan Nambiar- the famous critic of that period adapted ‘thullal’ form in his poems. He indirectly criticised the evil things of society through his writing by using mythological contexts and characters. Kerala Varma, A R Rajaraja Varma were also the notable poets of that period.

Kumaran Assan, Ullur S Parameshwara Iyyer and Vallathol Narayana Menon formed a trio in the Romantic Age. Some of the main characteristics of Romantic literature include a focus on the writer or narrator’s emotions and inner world; celebration of nature, beauty, and imagination; rejection of industrialization, organized religion, rationalism, and social convention; idealization of women, children, and rural life; inclusion of supernatural or mythological elements; interest in the past; frequent use of personification. There may be variations on these characteristics. They supported personal freedom much. The waves of French Revolution influenced Malayalam literature too.

Operation Thunderbolt : The Time When MOSSAD showed the World their power…

Entebbe Airport at Uganda witnessed Operation Thunderbolt

Every Indian will remember the surgical strike our ARMY did on the terrorists hiding in Pakistan in 2016, we supported that move as it was a retaliation to the URI terrorist attack where they killed our soldiers in their sleep. What a coward move! But did you know, Israel did the same thing but on a bigger level way before it was cool.

On 27th June, 1976, the Air France Airbus A300 jet airliner took off from the Tel Aviv airport, Israel with over 240 passengers and crew members to reach their destination Paris. The flight made a stopover at the Athens airport, Greece, in order to refuel their aircraft.

Israeli Intelligence Agency

The flight was now supposed to move to Paris but till now it was Hijacked by Wilfred Böse and his helper female comrade, they had teamed up with two members of a breakaway faction of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. After hijacking the flight, they changed it’s route and landed to Benghazi airport, Libya.

But at that time Libya was used to provide crude oil to many countries so, due to international pressure they would not be able to provide any assistance to the hijackers. Also, Israel was close to Libya so there was threat on the hijackers to get attacked by Israeli army and might end up losing in their mission.

So, they compelled the pilots to take off from Benghazi and make their way to Entebbe Airport at Uganda. At that time Uganda was under the rule of dictator, Idi Amin. He was known for his cruelty, people were used to call him “Butcher Of Uganda” for his brutality, and it is believed that some 300,000 people were killed and countless others tortured during his presidency.

Ugandan Dictator : Idi Amin

The hijackers reached the Entebbe Airport without any harm. After landing there, they kept all the hostages into the Old Terminal of the airport, which was 2 Km away from the runway. There they separated Jewish hostages from others. But then the hijackers committed a mistake, they released the hostages which belonged to other countries or non-Jewish.

MOSSAD contacted them and recovered every piece of information which proved to be deadly against the commandeers. on 3rd July afternoon a force of more than 200 Israeli soldiers took off, bound for Entebbe. They took 5 Hercules aircrafts with them out of which 3 were filled with commandos 4th one was empty to carry the freed hostages with them and last aircraft contained signal jammers, communication system to make sure all teams stay connected and medical staff to ensure the safety of every person on-board.

It was the touchdown time at the Entebbe Airport at 1am midnight, the soldiers got off the famous Idi Amin black Mercedes in which he was used to travel. But few months ago he changed it to white. And the Ugandan soldiers spotted the difference and started firing at the planes. At this time the Israeli commandos burst out at the Ugandan army like death.

Israeli Commandos

There is an old proverb ” Fortune favours the brave”, the same happened in this case, Israeli commandos fought with complete bravery and managed to release all the hostages without any casualty of any hostage. But they suffered a crucial person of the operation, Yonatan Netanyahu, the leader of the Operation Thunderbolt. During the return from Uganda, Netanyahu was making sure that every person gets on-board safely, but at the same time he was shot by a Ugandan soldier at the back and due to heavy blood loss, Israel lost their brave soldier in mid-flight.

Yonatan Netanyahu(with bouquet)

When Idi Amin got to know that this much happened behind his back. Dora Bloch(Israeli-American) was unknowingly left behind because due to bad medical condition she has to be hospitalised immediately. Idi Amin to rage with anger, dragged her out of the hospital and shot her dead in front of whole crowd.

These were two heavy losses which Israel faced in this fearless operation and made the world realise that if any country tries to fight them, they would have to think twice before making a move.

After this tedious and tiresome operation, when the soldiers finally returned to their motherland, they were warmly welcomed by the people of Israel and their family members.

Soldiers being welcomed by their countrymen

STAYING MOTIVATED WHILE STUDYING

Some people say that the hardest step in studying is to get started. Once you have taken the first step, the rest is easy, they suggest.

Other people, however, find it difficult to stay motivated when studying, especially when the end seems a long way away.

ttps://images.app.goo.gl/a6rHK581RBYowCfeA

A Strategy for You👉

There is no single strategy that will work for everyone in supporting ongoing motivation.

However, there are plenty of options that you can try, to see if they work for you. If they do, you should incorporate them into your ongoing strategy. If not, then put them aside and try something else.

The important thing is whether your strategy keeps you motivated, not whether other people agree with you.

Tips for staying motivated👇

1. Designated study space

The first step to help you motivate yourself to study at home involves creating a designated space for your learning and revision to take place. Whether it’s a desk in your bedroom, or a portion of the kitchen table, make sure you sit in this same space each time you want to study, so your body gets into a routine of knowing that this is the space in which it needs to focus. 

2. Effective study schedule

One of the greatest benefits of getting up and going into school and/or college or university, is that you follow a structured timetable that helps your body get into routine. As humans, we need routine to help our brains know where and when to focus our attention, as well as when to relax. Therefore, it’s essential you create your own schedule/timetable to ensure you can study efficiently at home.

3. Break the task down into manageable chunks

A big task, such as writing a dissertation, or revising for an extended period, can be demotivating because it seems so big.

Breaking the task down into manageable chunks can therefore help make it seem less daunting.

4. Try different study approaches

Especially when you first start studying, you will not necessarily know what works for you. 

tps://images.app.goo.gl/Lpx19WcA7caLYqDA9

It is therefore worth trying different approaches, to see which you find most productive.

It is also worth varying your studying to keep you interested. Some days you may want to look at one subject, and try another on a different day. You may also find it helpful to vary your style of working. You could, for example, try working in different places, and varying whether you work alone or with friends.

5. Exercise regularly

When you’re focused on studying for a major exam, it’s common to overlook exercise.

But, as far as possible, get 20 to 30 minutes of physical activity every day.

This is because regular exercise is vital if you want to study effectively and stay motivated.

Aerobic activity, such as swimming, jogging or walking, sends oxygen, blood and nutrients to your brain.

This helps you to think and concentrate.

Conclusion

The key to getting motivated to study is organising your time and work, and knowing how to use your mind effectively.

Sources

https://www.daniel-wong.com/2018/04/23/get-motivated-to-study/

https://learningenglishwithoxford.com/2020/03/30/five-motivated-studying-home/

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save the girl child, educate the girl child)

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save the girl child, educate the girl child), Is a campaign of the government of India that aims to generate awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services intended for girls in India. we can say that women were dis-empowered instead of being empowered. In order to empower women and give them their full rights,right from the birth the Government of India has launched this scheme. The scheme was launched with an initial funding of Rs.100 crore. It mainly targets the clusters in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarkhand, Punjab, Bihar and Delhi.

Reasons for this initiative

The reduction of in the female population of certain Indian states continues to worsen, as result of the 2011 national census have shown. After the birth of a girl child, she has to face another type of discrimination in terms of education, health, nutrition safety, rights and other needs of the girl child. It has been observed that the trends is most pronounced in relatively prosperous regions of India. The dowry system in India is often blamed, the expectation that a large dowry must be provided for daughters in order for them to marry is frequently cited as a major cause for the problem. Pressure for parents to provide large dowries for their daughters is most intense in prosperous states where high standards of living and modern consumerism, are more prevalent in Indian society. Rates of female foeticide in Madhya Pradesh are increasing, the rate of livebirths was 932 girls per 1000 boys in 2001, which dropped to 918 by 2011. It is expected that if this trend continues by 2021 the number of girls will drop below 900 per 1000 boys.

Support

The Government of India has formed a National Executive Committee to promote Beti Bachao Beti Padao (BBBP) across the country. The committee is organizing a number of programs to promote “Save Girl Child” and “To Educate Girl Child” since January 2015. Dr.Rajendra Phadke is the National Convener of BBBP Abhiyan. The BBBP is also supported by the Indian Medical Association.

Effectiveness

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) reported that the scheme failed to meet its objectives. As per the CAG data, the sex ratio has deteriorated in many districts of Haryana and Punjab. According to the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development only Rs.5 crore of a total of Rs.43 crore allotted for the scheme in the financial year 2016-2017 was properly used. As per the government data, more than 56% of funds were spent on publicity from 2014-2015 to 2018-19. Less than 25% of the funds were released to districts and states, and the government did not release more than 19 percent of the funds. Minister of state Ministry of Women and Child Development. Virendra Kumar Khatik, claimed that the sex ratio in 53 put of 161 districts under the scheme declined between 2014-15 and 2016-17. According to experts, the scheme’s minimal success is due to the government’s inability to release funds efficiently and its disproportionate focus on publicity rather than making initiatives in the health and education sectors.

Let’s all join our hands together and save a girl child and educate a girl child.

Has Corona Crisis hit the student lives badly?

Covid 19 crisis has ruined most of the people lives in the world. Coming to India has already affected most of the people’s lives which include the careers of students. A student who is pursuing under-graduation and post-graduation thinks to build his career from the college itself. Most of college life helps the student to grow in many ways. It can be personality-wise or physical and mental development and communicating and socializing and part of learning and doing research and developing any skills

Most of the students are facing problems in the following ways:

Listening Online classes

Most part of the education system includes students from rural areas. The students who live in rural areas are not listening to the classes on their mobile or laptop due to network issues. The online way of teaching is not so adaptive making the student just log in for the attendance or leave the class. Students are not able to listen to online classes

Lack of Practical Knowledge

Engineering and medical students are having a problem with practical applications. Field visits and labs are part of engineering and medical courses. The lack of practical applications making the students difficult to relate to the concepts learned in the class. Especially final year students are facing the issue in doing the projects

Events and Workshops

The college curriculum includes events and workshops. The events and tournaments conducted in sports and arts help the students to showcase their talent and also helps them to overcome various fears and improve confidence. The Workshops conducted in colleges help the students to explore various modern technologies and know about them. These all events conducted in college helps the students to grow professionally and personally

Difficulty in learning skills and preparing for competitive exams

The coaching centers for competitive exams and other skills are closed due to corona. Students used to learn skills or prepare for any competitive exams for securing jobs in government and private sectors by attending these coaching centers. The students are facing difficulties in learning online. Lack of personal attention, difficulty in asking doubts to the instructor, subject discussion with other students are some of the issues or difficulties faces.

Delay or cancellation of Abroad studies

Students who wish to go abroad and study there are facing issues of travel. Some countries like China, Britain have imposed travel bans on Indians due to increasing covid cases. Some students who got visas are facing issues with certificates. Students have to submit certificates to get admission to foreign Universities. The delay in the certificate issue is due to the late conduct of the final semester/ final year examinations. Due to this issues, Some students cancel or postpone their plan of studying abroad

College life and Graduation ceremony

Due to the corona crisis, most of the graduation ceremonies are either conducted online or canceled. And most of the college life and memories made during this college life are affected. The enjoyment and enthusiasm are adversely affected. There is also difficulty in communicating with friends online except a 2 or 3 friends whom we talk frequently

Internships and Jobs

Students are unable to get placed or internships. The internships available online are much lesser than the internships available offline. The companies which offer placements are worst hit by the crisis financially. As a result, the placements offered seem to fall

Top Agriculture Courses After 12th in 2021

A career in agriculture plays an essential role in the Indian economy. Students from all over the country are selecting agriculture field for their career prospects as it is an excellent source of most significant jobs and industries across the country. 

Bachelor Degree Courses in Agriculture After 12th

Four year certification courses are generally three to four-year-long courses which can be taken in the wake of passing 10+2 in a science stream with the base capability. Singular foundations may have diverse qualification models in regards to their remove marks.

Some of the bachelor courses you can pursue are;

  1. B.Sc. in Agriculture
  2. B.Sc. in Horticulture
  3. B.Sc. in Plant Pathology
  4. B.Sc. in Food Science
  5. B.Sc. in Dairy Science
  6. B.Sc. in Plant Science
  7. B.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology
  8. B.Sc. in Fisheries Science
  9. B.Sc. in Forestry
  10. B.E. or B.Tech in Agricultural and Food Engineering
  11. B.E. or B.Tech. in Agricultural Information Technology
  12. B.E or B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering
  13. B.E. or B.Tech. in Agricultural Engineering
  14. B.E. or B.Tech. in Dairy Technology
  15. B.E. or B.Tech. in Agriculture and Dairy Technology

Diploma Courses

A diploma is a short term course generally of 1-3 years which mainly focus on training students in a particular field. Diploma degree is usually provided by recognized educational institutions.

Some of the diploma courses you can pursue are;

  1. Diploma in Agriculture
  2. Diploma in Horticulture
  3. Diploma in Food Processing
  4. Diploma in Dairy Technology
  5. Diploma in Food Processing

Certificate Courses

Certificate courses are by and large for understudies who can’t benefit degree projects or need to add new information and abilities to their vocation. The span of the course relies commonly upon the sort obviously you seek after.

Some of the courses available are;

  1. Certification course in organic farming
  2. Certification program in dairy and Agricultural
  3. Certification course in Horticulture
  4. Certification course in food production

These courses mean to prepare understudies in rural science and its connected regions. It assists with boosting the information and ideas about innovation, science, science and science.

Mental Illness and the stigma around it

Stigma is when someone sees you in a negative way because of a particular characteristic or attribute (such as skin colour, cultural background, a disability or a mental illness). When someone treats you in a negative way because of your mental illness, this is discrimination.

Stigma happens when a person defines someone by their illness rather than who they are as an individual. For example, they might be labelled ‘psychotic’ rather than ‘a person experiencing psychosis’.

For people with mental health issues, the social stigma and discrimination they experience can make their problems worse, making it harder to recover. It may cause the person to avoid getting the help they need because of the fear of being stigmatised.

The harmful effects of stigma

Some of the effects of stigma include:

  • feelings of shame, hopelessness and isolation
  • reluctance to ask for help or to get treatment
  • lack of understanding by family, friends or others
  • fewer opportunities for employment or social interaction
  • bullying, physical violence or harassment
  • self-doubt – the belief that you will never overcome your illness or be able to achieve what you want in life.

Dealing with stigma

Here are some ways you can deal with stigma:

Get the mental health treatment you need. Try not to let the fear of being labelled with a mental illness stop you from getting help.

Do not believe it. Sometimes, if you hear or experience something often enough, you start to believe it yourself. Try not to let other people’s ignorance influence the way you feel about yourself. Mental illness is not a sign of weakness and is rarely something you can deal with on your own. Talking about your mental health issues with healthcare professionals will help you on your road to recovery or management.

Do not hide away. Many people with mental illness want to isolate themselves from the world. Reaching out to people you trust – family, friends, coaches or religious leaders – can mean you get the support you need.

Connect with others. Joining a mental health support group – either online or in person – can help you deal with feelings of isolation and make you realise that you are not alone in your feelings and experiences.

You are not your illness. Do not define yourself by your illness as other people might. Instead of saying ‘I’m schizophrenic’, say ‘I have schizophrenia’. There is power in language.

It’s not personal. Remember that other people’s judgements often come from a lack of understanding rather than anything else. These judgments are made before they get to know you, so do not believe that their views have anything to do with you personally.

Discrimination – your rights

Australia has legislation against discrimination and agrees with international conventions that protect the rights of people with mental illness.

  • The Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission promotes equal opportunity and can help you address unlawful discrimination.
  • The Australian Human Rights Commission is a Commonwealth Government agency that promotes human rights and deals with compliance and discrimination.
  • At the international level, the United Nations General Assembly has ‘Principles for the protection of persons with mental illness and the improvement of mental health care’. The World Health Organization also has information on mental health and human rights.

Challenging stigma associated with mental illness

Everyone has a role to play in creating a mentally healthy community – one that is inclusive, rejects discrimination and supports recovery. Ways to help include:

  • learning the facts about mental illness and sharing them with family, friends, work colleagues and classmates
  • getting to know people with personal experiences of mental illness so you learn to see them for the person they are rather than their illness.
  • not judging, label or discriminate when you meet people with mental illness. Treat all people with respect and dignity.
  • avoiding using language that puts the illness first and the person second. Say ‘a person with bipolar disorder’ rather than ‘that person is bipolar’.
  • saying something when you hearpeople around you making stereotypical or inaccurate comments about mental illness.
  • sharing your own experience of mental illness (if you have experienced it). This will help dispel myths and encourage others to do the same. Mental illness is not something shameful that needs to be hidden.

CHOOSE HAPPINESS

 LIFE

“We cry , since the day we were born” and so we have heard this line a lots of times . 

But as we grow we choose whether we want to cry or whether we want to remain strong , because who cries is a weak person . This mentality makes a lot of person depressed . They try not to show there emotions and they die inside everyday . Were you born to die like these? . No one will agree with these line . We are born to live life enjoy life and to utilize its maximum potential . 

WHY PEOPLE GET SAD , DEPRESSED?

Many a time you see , youngsters they say I am sad because my girlfriend left me .We laugh on such situations but is it a point of laughing . It is not , someone is sad and you choose to laugh is not that great idea . They are going through a phase that we might not understand . We are humans we need to understand our friends , our families and there pain.

Photo by Tarikul Raana on Pexels.com

Choose happiness whenever you can . Teach others also how they can remain happy . Self satisfaction is the key .

Covid – 19 Third wave

Corona virus has been creating a havoc for last one and a half year now. No one expected it to become a pandemic and a disaster when the first corona virus cases were detected in January 2020 in Wuhan , China . It affects lungs severly and even can lead to impairment of eyes , ears and many other organs of human body. It has also been accompanied by black and many other kinds of fungus. According to a study , It has killed more people in 16 months than a disaster kills in 20 years. It is really a catastrophe for human beings and an indication as well to set our ways right with nature.

India has already experienced first wave in 2020 and second wave in 2021 . Now the speculations are being done for the third wave . Experts suggest that it is most likely to come in august end and it may be inevitable but we can control it if we take proper precautions and health measures. Third wave is even expected to affect children and adolescents. Corona virus has affected all the sections of the society whether it is a daily wage earner or a businessman . Schools and other educational institutions have also been shut down for almost more than a year which has affected learning a lot. Students now sit in front of the screen for hours continuously to take online classes.

Students who had to apply for graduation , post graduation , PhD are in a jeopardy as some of them have not got their previous results or the entrance tests for further admission are not happening .

The recent variant of corona virus i.e Delta variant is even more transmissible and dangerous than the previous one. In second wave , many infected people died due to lack of oxygen and absence of timely action. 6.4 percent of the total population in infia has been fully vaccinated and many have got one or two doses. Vaccine has helped as people have been infected but not much people had to be hospitalised. Corona virus cannot be totally eliminated , it can be avoided with the help of vaccinations and precautions .

RCN To Be Delisted

Ripio credit network commonly known as RCN is a digital currency that aims to build an “open global credit network that connects lenders and borrowers on the Ethereum blockchain to create frictionless, transparent and borderless debt markets.”

Once the coin which enjoyed a market cap of nine million dollars is now facing the misfortune of being delisted from crypto exchanges.
Firstly Binance the giant crypto exchange barred RCN from trading from 16 July 2021.And now, CoinSwitch Kubar one of India’s exchange latched RCN trade.

What happens when crypto is delisted?When a digital currency is delisted it simply means that buying and selling of the particular coin will not take place on the platform from a given date.In such a scenario person is stuck with that currency as he/ she won’t have any alternative except keeping coins in the wallet or selling it before due date.

MCU Phase Two’s Top Three Movies

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is a superhero media franchise of different types of media such as movies, television series, digital series among various others, produced and managed by Marvel Studios. They are based on the superhero comics produced by Marvel Comics. The MCU is a shared universe, i.e., all the superhero series take place in the same universe. This leads to different characters from different series crossing paths with each other, and different storylines affecting each other. Currently, the MCU has three complete phases: MCU Phase One, MCU Phase Two and MCU Phase Three. Each phase has its own set of movies. The watching order of MCU Phase Two movies are:

  • Iron Man 3 (2013)
  • Thor: The Dark World (2013)
  • Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)
  • Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)
  • Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015)
  • Ant-Man (2015)

Without further ado, here is MCU’s Phase Two’s top three movies:

Guardians of the Galaxy

Guardians of the Galaxy

If the Earth has the Avengers, outer space has the Guardians of the Galaxy. Peter Quill, an intergalactic smuggler, Gamora, an assassin by trade, bounty hunter Rocket, a genetically-engineered racoon and his partner Groot, a tree-like humanoid along with Drax, a warrior all find themselves brought together by a mysterious Orb. This unlikely rag-tag group must then team up together to prevent the tyrannical war criminal Ronan from obtaining the orb to prevent the whole galaxy from being destroyed. The movie stars Chris Pratt as Peter Quill, Gamora as Zoe Saldanha, Rocket Bradley Cooper as Rocket, Dave Bautista as Drax, Vin Diesel as Groot, and Lee Pace as Ronan. Each of the actors have put up a splendid performance. The movie is peppered with humor, a signature of the Guardians of the Galaxy series; even in its serious moments, however, it never feels forced or out of place. The movie is enjoyable from start to finish and has you rooting for this found family.

Ant -Man

Ant -Man

Released in 2015, Ant-Man is the story of a fugitive turned superhero. The story follows Scott Lang, recently released from prison, who after numerous failed jobs, breaks into the house of a scientist Hank Pym. Instead of finding any valuables, he finds a suit which is able to shrink him in size. Now scared, he attempts to flee but is arrested and then broken out by none other than Hank Pym. Scott, along with Hank and his daughter Hope van Dyne finds himself in a plot to commit the heist of the Yellowjacket, a similar suit made by Pym’s protégé Darren Cross and prevent it from being sold to the criminal group Hydra. The movie stars Paul Rudd as Scott Lang / Ant-Man, Evangeline Lily as Hope van Dyne, Michael Douglas as Hank Pym and Corey Stoll as Darren Cross. The movie is fun to watch, with both hilarious as well as heartfelt moments, and Paul Rudd’s portrayal of Scott Lang is stunning.

Captain America: The Winter Soldier

Captain America: The Winter Soldier

Set two years after the events of The Avengers, Captain America: The Winter Soldier explores Steve Rogers acclimatizing to life in the modern world, when he gets entangled in a conspiracy theory involving S.H.I.E.L.D. Along with Nick Fury, S.H.I.E.L.D.’s director, the Black Widow Natasha Romanoff and the Falcon Sam Wilson, he must unearth the secret that threatens S.H.I.E.LD. along with a mysterious assassin known as the Winter Soldier with a connection to his past. The movie stars Chris Evans as Steve Rogers, Samuel L. Jackson as Nick Fury, Scarlet Johansson as Black Widow and Anthony Mackie as Sam Wilson. The movie has very good action scenes and the plot always keeps you guessing as to what comes next.

Bronte’s Wuthering Heights

Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte’s only novel, was published in 1847 under the pseudonym “Ellis Bell”. It is now a classic of English literature but was controversial because of its writing style. The novel has emerged as one of those rare texts like Frankenstein and Dracula and has inspired many adaptations, including film, radio, and television dramatizations, etc. It is a novel full of contradictions and it offers many things to critics and general readers. The special relationship between Cathy and Heathcliff leads the story. Celebration of incomplete love and death can be seen throughout the novel. At first, Cathy rejected her love and married Edgar. Then she has been guilty of hiding her desire towards Heathcliff. When Cathy says ‘he’s more myself than I am, she is actually expressing that they are one or nondifferentiation between them. In fact, they are the two aspects of one person. The violent nature of Heathcliff can be put into the unconscious stage or id and the calculated behavior of Catherine is the conscious stage or ego of human behavior. Bronte doesn’t give an end to Cathy’s and Heathcliff’s love and their reunion at Catherine’s deathbed suggests that death can unite them. After Cathy’s death, Heathcliff can’t resist himself because of frustration. He was haunted by his beloved’s memory.


Bronte portrayed Heathcliff as a black man. The novel possesses a happy atmosphere in the absence of Heathcliff. The characters lived happily before his arrival and piece were maintained after his death. He is often regarded as an archetype of the tortured anti-hero whose all-consuming rage, jealousy, and anger destroy both him and those around him. Readers need to decide if his revenge is focused on his lost position at Wuthering Heights, his loss of Catherine to Edgar, or if it is his assertion of dignity as a human being. The difficulty most readers have relating to and understanding Heathcliff is the fact that he hates as deeply as he loves; therefore, he is despised as much as he is pitied. By marrying Isabella, Heathcliff also gains power over her and control of her money. Heathcliff elopes with Isabella to hurt Edgar and to revenge himself against Edgar Linton, whom he hates. The struggle between haves and have noted is also an element in this novel. Wuthering Heights examines stereotypes of masculinity and femininity. Emily Bronte constantly contrasts masculinity and femininity, but not all of the comparisons are simple; sometimes boys act like girls and girls act like boys.


The novel was criticized for its approach to love and Bronte’s writing style got appreciation. Settings play a major role here. The entire set of the novel is a place that is far away from society. Most of the critics pointed that the settings and the unusual behavior of the characters make the novel more unreal. The moors, the hills, the weather …all reflect the deserted and gloomy state of life inside Wuthering Heights. It seems happy from the outside but the real condition inside Wuthering Heights was just the opposite. The Earnshaw and Clinton families show different styles of living. Linton lead a calculated and mannered life while Earnshaw’s lead an uncivilized life. The use of supernatural elements provides more pain and sorrow to the atmosphere. The central appeal of the novel is strengthened by the pain and tragedy in it. Each and every character are suffering from pain. Evil has landed in the Heights when Catherine’s father had brought a storm with him from Liverpool, (Heathcliff’s entry). The central characters Heathcliff and Catherine are similar in various aspects. Both are stubborn and possessive. Anything which is more dramatic than their love is Heathcliff’s obsession for revenge. One by one most characters fail in front of him. The sharp contrast between the members of the Earnshaw family and the Linton family suggests that if you try to match opposite ends, the result can be something tragic. No soul finds satisfaction in the novel until at last Heathcliff is dead. After Catherine’s death, she lies in between Edgar and Heathcliff. She was like this in her life too. Catherine blamed herself for not marrying Heathcliff. Her husband was a failure according to her. He couldn’t give that much affection to Heathcliff. Comparing with him Edgar looks like a poor and comic character. Between the two, the fate of Catherine is even tragic who dies giving birth to Cathy. Several critics found Heathcliff a deformed monster and an insane psychopath.


The two people that remain are Cathy and Hareton. Cathy treats Hareton with love because she is aware of the quality faced by Hareton from the hands of Heathcliff. Catherine and Heathcliff could not unite in their lives but the marriage of Cathy and Hareton is an indication that the two will be united after death. Bronte pictures the end as a new beginning in the novel. From Mr. Earnshaw to Heathcliff, Catherine, and even the Linton kids, nobody gets the things they had expected in their life. The only problem is that the author has explored a deeply sadistic side of love that critics of her time found very difficult to digest but then a story is born in the corners where you least expect it. Also, the novel possesses a collective consciousness of Emily Bronte’s white, aristocratic background.


The strength that Wuthering Heights possess is it cannot be easily classified as any particular type of novel. It can be read and interpreted from multiple perspectives. It is also a social novel about class structure in society as well as a treatise on the role of women. Also, it is an important contemporary novel for two reasons: Its honest and accurate portrayal of life during an early era provides a glimpse of history, and the literary merit it possesses in and of itself enables the text to rise above entertainment and rank as quality literature. Anyway, Emily Bronte’s novel has overcome its initial criticism to warm the hearts of romantics and realists worldwide.