Challenges for women

The status of women in India has been subject to many changes over the span of recorded Indian history. Their position in history deteriorated early in India’s ancient period, especially in the Indo-Aryan speaking region and their subordination continued to be refined well with India’s early modern period.

Even though, women nowadays are aware of their basic rights like right to vote, right to freedom etc but most women of India are unaware of their rights because of illiteracy and the oppressive traditions. Some of the challenges faced by India women are:

=> Gender discrimination: Women face discrimination right from the birth in the form of female foeticide and infanticide.

=>Major socio-cultural challenges such as patriarchy and gender inequality in society is the main cause of women’s deprivation by way of health, food and nutrition, more susceptible to mortality and contributing to unbalanced male female ratio as well as in the sphere of education, employment, wages and that of political representation. Subsequently this has led to increasing violence and denial of human rights, liberty, equality and justice.

=> The patriarchal family system that prevails in India gives more rights and authorities to the male enabling them to enjoy more power over the female in the family. So women are suppressed, oppressed, harassed, subjugated and deprived of even their basic rights till date.

=>Illiteracy and traditional beliefs and practices of family have prevented a great majority of women from access to health care and knowledge about their rights and privileges resulting in high rate of maternal mortality and morbidity. The high mortality rates among women as revealed by maternal death due to various diseases indicate that women health in general and reproductive health in particular are neglected in our society.

=> Rising crime and violence against women is only due to social stigma that women are weaker section of society. Due to financial constraints and acute poverty, young girls are often married at a very early stage.

=> Political challenges such as less political participation and Pati panchayats affects the role of women in decision-making process in society. Even after the reservation in Panchayats, women leaders are often used as a rubber stamp by their male family members thereby affecting the significance of the laws enacted by the government for women empowerment.


Rightly did Swami Vivekanand say, “Just as a bird cannot fly with one wing only, a Nation cannot march forward if the women are left behind”.Men and women are two halves of a perfect whole. Therefore the women ought to be empowered as well as respected.


Benefits of Bilingual Language

Being bilingual is a skill that is highly valued in today’s workplace and society. Being well-versed in two languages not only widens the career prospects but also broadens the thinking capacity and the knowledge-base of the individuals.

1. Cognitive benefits 

Bilingual students are able to use two languages at the same time, switching consistently, it develops skills for functions such as inhibition, switching attention, and working memory. Students who are being educated bilingually, often perform better on tasks which require multi-tasking, decision making and problem solving, even though they have nothing to do with the language.

2. Academic advantage

In addition to the enhanced cognitive functions, switching between two languages easily helps children develop their literacy skills and enhance their verbal intelligence and social skills.

Along with the flexibility of switching between languages will be a more flexible thought process. They learn to focus on the key elements of the conversation / topic at hand. Younger children learning in a dual-language environment understand more the finer points of how language works. Their logic process and ability to distinguish sound, intonation and accent makes them more likely to pay attention when a teacher is speaking in class.

3. Improved memory

Children who learn a second and third language have better memories and are more cognitively creative than single language speaking counterparts. Research has indicated that bilingual people are usually better at remembering names, directions and items than those who speak one language.

4. Broadens career opportunities

Being fluent in an extra language can make a candidate stand out among prospective employers. It also open doors to extra opportunities that those without these skills may miss out on.

5. Children with a bilingual education are more adaptable

Language isn’t just about learning sets of words and grammar, it is also learning about another culture and another way of life. The advantage of bilingual education gives children a broader outlook and brings them closer to different races and nationalities.


Solace in Solitude

Solace means to comfort or consolation and solitude means , “to be by oneself”. So, solace in solitude is the idea of finding comfort in one’s own embrace and without any party involved except yourself.

Finding solace in solitude is one of the greatest lessons one can learn in life.  Enjoying your alone time creates space in your mind, heart, and soul thus freeing your creativity, mending your heart, and nourishing your soul.

Some of the biggest emotional and/or creative breakthroughs have been achieved by people spending time in solitude. Solitude should not be confused with loneliness as they are completely different things, “psychologists define ‘solitude’ as the state of being physically alone with no one else to communicate with — not to be confused with loneliness, or the feeling of being disconnected from others and longing for connection.”

In the time we live in solitude is rarely achieved, since we all have to be so active on social media platforms and stay in touch with people we have never met in life.


The Personalities of People Who Enjoy Solitude: Not Introversion, but Autonomy and Authenticity

Solitude has long been considered the special domain of introverts. In the popular imagination, they are the ones who embrace their time alone. Through research already hinted, that other factors mattered more, but for the most part, the theories were not dissuaded.

Insecure attachment has also been posited as an important characteristic of people who want to be alone, but for psychologically unhealthy reasons. Insecure people are anxious around others or they try to avoid personal relationships.

People who are autonomous and authentic describe themselves in these three ways, as measured by the Index of Autonomous Functioning:

  • They experience authorship of their own actions. Sample item: “My actions are congruent with who I really am.”
  • They are curious about themselves. Sample item: “I am interested in why I act the way I do.”
  • They are not susceptible to being controlled by other people. Example of an item they disagree with: “I do a lot of things to avoid feeling ashamed.”

Ways of Experiencing Solitude

  • Valuing their time alone with them self.
  • The solitude brings out the best in them.
  • Feeling more relaxed and less stressed when alone.
  • Becoming more aware of their thoughts and emotions.
  • They are not undone by their own thoughts and emotions, even when they are negative ones such as anxiety or fear; instead, they are curious about those reactions.
  • They are not all that tempted to do something just to distract themselves; sitting with their own thoughts is fine.
  • Never worrying about what other people think they should be doing.

Alone-time Activities of the Authentically Engaged

  • Doing something they were good at.
  • Doing something they really wanted to do.
  • Doing something they were passionate about.
  • Doing something that was an expression of their values.
  • Taking a break from tending to others to take care of themselves.

So, it doesn’t have to be one grandiose event after another, rather it may be better to do a bunch of small things, so when you look back, you have a list of joyful moments to refer to. Whether it be pouring yourself a cup of coffee, going to the gym, or watching the sunset, find those moments that compile satisfaction.



India is the second-largest populated country that is India holds 17.70% of the world’s share, yet we lack in most of the things. The reason is not proper education among people. We live most of our life to earn for our basic needs and to run our family. We are not aware of the country’s growth. Although we say “Unity in Diversity”, it is not the same in some cases.

Sad reality
Sad reality

In India, we are educating our children to get a decent job later. Most Indian parents are against their children becoming athletes, astronauts, artists, Gymnasts, Boxers, etc. We believe it is tough for our child to shine in the tough competition (i.e) we judge our children’s talents by ourselves. We believe those sports will not be enough to run their family in the future and, getting recognition by the government is hard too.

But this is not only the people’s fault. Many schools and colleges are also the reason for not giving equal importance to both academics and sport. Unfortunately, most schools have a physical education period(which is only 40-45 minutes) once a week, and that too till the ninth standard.

According to parents, the students interested in sports cannot achieve anything in academics which is disagreeable because “Sports==Discipline”. Although there is a sports Kota to enter college, they are not recognizable after their college studies. Also, many colleges have no physical education for all students.

PV Sindhu and Saina Nehwal
PV Sindhu and Saina Nehwal

Even in some villages, parents allow their children to choose sports as their career but, it is not the case in cities. It is a blind belief that sports are for rich people in our country. Also, women in India achieving in sports are the real fighters of life. Their real fight is not the game but their family because not every parent will allow their daughter to sports.

But we can say our situation is getting better by awareness through social media and digital media. Our government is also encouraging sports players by giving recognizable awards, job opportunities, and sponsorships.

Misconceptions About Physical Education

Padhoge likhoge banoge nawab, jo kehloge, kudoge banoge kharab” is a proverb that has become a permanent wound for physical education. 

In present-day society, there are many misconceptions about physical education. Even many people do not know the meaning of physical education. Some people treat it like physical training, whereas others treat it like physical culture. Some people have the assumption that physical education is nothing except games and sports. Some people think that it is only bodybuilding which is done with the help of weight training exercises. 

It means different people have different thoughts or misconceptions about the meaning of physical education.

  • Physical Education is nothing but to Play

It is usually presumed that physical education is nothing but playing games and sports. Games and sports are a part of physical education. In physical education, various subjects are taught such as Psychology, Sports Sociology, Human Anatomy, and Physiology, etc. 

  • Creates Indiscipline

It is also a wrong notion about physical education that it creates indiscipline behavior in children. Sportspersons always behave in a disciplined way and follow the rules and regulations not only in playfield but in real life also. Moreover, many programs of physical education decrease the possibility of undesired behaviors.

  • Waste of Time

Most parents think that participation in games and sports is a waste of time which is why they don’t send their children to play. It is such a competitive age that parents lay too much stress on the study of their children and rebuke them if they go to play. But they have to understand that playing sports helps in the proper growth and development of the child.

  • Physical Education is Body-Building

Participating in physical activity, such as weight training increases muscular strength and power which are beneficial in improving performance. So, it is wrong to think that physical education is just bodybuilding.

  • Fewer Career Opportunities 

A large number of people hold the notion that physical education has fewer job opportunities. In past, there were fewer career opportunities in this field, but now there are increasing rapidly. Some career opportunities are sports media, sports management, sports physiologists, and many more.

  • Waste of Money

Nowadays, sports and games are considered a big business. Good sportspersons get a lot of money by participating in games and sports and by advertisements. Along these, facilities in the form of sports equipment, uniforms, free education, and free meals are provided to a good sportsperson. So, it is not a waste of money, rather it is a way of making money.

  • Physical Education Helps in Physical Development and Not in Mental Development

Most people have the misconception that physical education helps in physical development and not in the mental development of children. No doubt that physical education helps in the physical development of an individual but it also helps in mental development. We should not forget the views of Montague. He avers, “Physical education does neither train up the soul nor body but the whole man.” Studies found that students who participate in programs of physical education are more intelligent in comparison to non-participant students. Hence, it is also a misconception that it does not help in mental development.  

Enid Blyton: A Titan of Children’s Literature


When it comes to children’s books, probably no other English author can come close to the popularity of Enid Blyton. Enid Mary Blyton is one of Britain’s most popular authors, with numerous publications of stories, poems and plays targeted towards children.

Early life

Enid Blyton was born on the 11th of August 1897 in the eastern part of Dulwich in London, England. Her father was a salesman while her mother was a homemaker. She was the eldest of three siblings, having two younger brothers. As a child, she adored her father and shared a special bond with him. Her father had a keen interest in music, literature, theatre, gardening and nature. These interests were passed to her as well. Her father eventually walked out of the family when she was thirteen. This incident and its effects put a blow on her relationship with him and worsened her relationship with her mother. Unfortunately, Enid would never try to repair either relationship and remained distant the rest of her life.

In the September of 1916, she decided to enroll in a teacher training course at Ipswich High School, Ipswich. After finishing and getting her degree in 1918, she taught in a boys-school for a brief amount of time, before working as a nursery governess. She finally started writing as a profession in 1920.


Enid Blyton showed an interest in writing from a young age. At the age of 14, she made her first foray into the literary world through a poetry competition. Her first publication was in March 1916 with a poetry submission in a children’s magazine called Nash’s Magazine. She actively started writing in 1920 and her work began to be noticed by quite a few publications. Her first published book was a twenty-four-page collection of poems. It was called Child Whispers and was published in 1922. She gained momentum as a writer in 1923, when her work of poems was published in the publication Teachers’ World alongside famous writers like Rudyard Kipling, Walter de la Mare and G.K. Chesterton.

Her first full length book and first series was Adventures of the Wishing Chair of the ‘Wishing Chair’ series. It was published in 1937. This would see the beginning of several of her famous series of books such as fantasy series like the Faraway Tree series and Wishing Chair series, the boarding school series like the Naughtiest Girl series, the St. Clare series, and the Malory Towers series along with detective series like the Secret Seven series, the Famous Five series and the Secret series. They continue to be popular and a sight seen in children’s section of libraries even today.

Apart from writing books, Enid Blyton was also had regular columns in magazines where she wrote about the mundane aspects of her life, along with her observations of her surrounding nature, an interest she had since childhood.


In her mid-sixties, Enid Blyton began to show symptoms of dementia. She spent the final months of her life in a nursing home in London and passed away on the 28th of November 1968.   

Inside a quantum computer, Google claims to have created a time crystal.

Breaking the Laws of Physics

Scientists claim to have finally found out how to make a time crystal, a scientific oddity that could prove to be a watershed event for fundamental physics and quantum physics.

Time crystals take advantage of a physics quirk that allows them to change constantly while being dynamically stable.
In other words, they don’t emit energy when they change conformation, which appears to be a breach of the natural law that states that everything eventually decays into entropy and chaos According to Quanta Magazine, it now appears that these entities may exist after all.

At least, that’s what a large group of researchers from Stanford, Princeton, and other universities working with Google’s quantum computing labs claimed in a preprint paper published last week.

Aside from being an amazing scientific discovery in and of itself — time crystals are a new, strange phase of matter — the discovery could have huge implications for the finicky world of quantum computing. Roderich Moessner, research coauthor and head of the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, told Quanta, “The result is amazing: you circumvent the second law of thermodynamics.”

Computing with Crystals

This research essentially means that specialists believe they’ve worked out how to transport time crystals from theoretical abstraction — a world they’ve been in since they were initially envisioned around a decade ago — to concrete reality, as The Next Web points out.

The authors of the new paper claim to have experimentally demonstrated a time crystal for the first time, putting them ahead of many previous attempts in the field — Quanta points out that many researchers have claimed to have created or observed the first time crystal, including a group of scientists who shared a similarly unverified study in early July, but that none of them were up to snuff.

“There are good reasons to believe that none of those experiments completely succeeded, and a quantum computer like [Google’s] would be particularly well placed to do much better than those earlier experiments,” said John Chalker, a physicist at the University of Oxford who wasn’t involved in the study.

If the new discovery stands up under investigation and someone succeeds to put these time crystals to use in a practical fashion, we may soon be living in a world with practical, powerful quantum computers that can do all we’ve been led to believe they can.


Healthy lifestyle habits starts with a healthy change in our sleep schedules . Getting a solid amount of proper sleep is indispensable for our body to function properly and be productive . Going to bed early and getting up early have positive affects on your body and soul . Here are a few reasons why you should start getting up early ,

Photo by cottonbro on

BOOSTS PRODUCTIVITY – Waking up early can seriously boost your productivity levels as you get more hours to work and don’t have to rush . Getting up early gives you more energy , and hence has a positive affect on your productivity levels . Try doing your college work or office work early in the morning and notice the change yourself.

Photo by Ketut Subiyanto on

BETTER SLEEP – It is research proven that people who wake up early get better quality sleep . Quality sleep implies less dark circles , healthier skin , it also improves your mood and helps you concentrate properly. So , if you go to bed early and wake up early it can be miraculous for your not only your work , but also your skin.

Photo by Julia Avamotive on

POSITIVITY – It is a proven fact that people who wake up early are happier and more positive that the people who do not wake up early . Positivity is magnetic and people are drawn towards positive people .

Photo by Nathan Cowley on

MORE TIME TO EXERCISE – Waking up early gives you plenty of time to work out , especially if you have college or work in the morning. This reduces the chances of you skipping your work outs . Since waking up early has you more energised , exercising at this hour can be very beneficial . Exercising reduces your chances of getting a heart disease or obesity .


   Interacting with friends and families is always a concern for people across the long distance. Since communications are the way to strengthen the relationship between people, they started thinking to develop a way to solve this issue. People started to create new solutions where face-to-face communication is not possible. With the advancement of technology in the late 19th century, the first recognizable social media site named Six Degrees was created in 1997. It enables the users to upload their pictures and make friends with other people. After the invention of blogging in 1999, Social media has started reaching popularity. It has become a technological platform through which we can share our ideas, view, news, career opportunities, and information through virtual networks and communities. The arrival of YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter in the early 20th century made it easier to communicate with many new people. Today, some of the popular social media sites are LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter, WhatsApp, Messenger, WeChat, etc,

Advantages of social media

           Social media has become an integral part of the modern world is the unbreakable truth. Some of the advantages of social media are listed below:

           REACHES LARGE AUDIENCE:   In the 21st century, millions of users use social media. So it is a great opportunity to market your product since it reaches an enormous number of people. Social media has the tremendous advantage of reaching many people, so you can find new leads for your products or services.

       EDUCATION: The benefits produced by social media in education is inevitable. It provides better communication between learners and teachers. Many e-learning apps are created and students can learn anything they want from anywhere in the world. It provides a great opportunity for the students to learn from many experts.

      INFORMATION AND UPDATES: Worldwide news is updated instantly on social media sites which makes people know the current happenings around the world. The information posted on social media websites reaches people faster than the traditional way of spreading the news.

SHOWCASE ONE’S TALENT: The vast usage of social media helps to showcase one’s hidden talents. Through this people can easily post their talented works. When people support them, it creates a self-belief in them to do something that they like.

Disadvantages of social media

            Though social media has advantages, it also negatively affected society. Some of the disadvantages of social media are listed below:

    HACKING: Whether the personal data and privacy of a person are secured or not is a big question in the cyber world. Hackers can easily hack the details of people through the information posted on their pages. Several Twitter and Facebook pages of celebrities and VIPs are hacked by affecting their personal lives. This is the dangerous drawback of social media among the others.

   ADDICTION: Teenagers are the ones who got most affected by social media. Sometimes they got deeply immersed in social media which cuts off them from society. Overuse of social media has caused a lot of health and mental problems.

   REPUTATION: Someone can easily frame the person by posting a false story. This will ruin the reputation of that person that he/she has gained so far. Due to the rumors, businesses can also suffer great losses.

 HEALTH ISSUES: Due to this pandemic, social media has got more users. The over usage of social media could bring many side effects on health. Some of the harmful consequences of excessive usage of social media are stress, anxiety, loss of sleep, eye problems, low self-esteem, etc.

      Everything has its advantages and disadvantages. It is all about how we use them. Social media has more advantages compares to drawbacks. It will be more advantageous unless it is used negatively. So it’s in the hands of ours to make it use it effectively.


       Today, I thought of writing a context regarding CHANCE.
What is a CHANCE?
  An opportunity, a Trump card, a luck, God’s blessings and so on. Based on the people’s perception the word “chance” Carries it’s meaning.
Each and every one of us here are getting a chance of doing something better than done before.
It is human nature to look for a chance every now and then, but when we get one we often fails to utilize it.  Not everyone here is missing their chances, but most of us do miss our wonderful chance because of our fear, laziness, hesitation, lack of knowledge, carelessness etc.
Whenever we miss a chance, obviously we will be having our own reasons, which actually is an excuse for not using our chance.
*A student would have missed his/her chance of getting 1st prize. 

*An employee would have missed his/her chance of getting promoted.
*A  friend Would have missed a chance of getting his/her friend back (after a misunderstanding)
*A lover would have missed a chance of convincing his/her better half.
Every soul here, has missed many chances. Some of them would have been their last chance. 

That’s okay, let us not worry for our missed chances, and let’s focus on our upcoming chances.
Life is all about getting a chance from others and giving others a chance. So, when you get a chance make a proper use of it, because the chance which you got now might be your last chance. Later on, praying to God saying “if I get another chance, will be doing great” Which is a mere waste one!!
At the end of the day, it’s up to you, whether you are going to make use of the chance you got or not. 

The choice is yours.

Think and make a wise choice.

Best wishes.

Have a good day!

Research design

Research design is the framework of research methods and techniques chosen by a researcher. The design allows researchers to hone in on research methods that are suitable for the subject matter and set up their studies up for success.

The design of a research topic explains the type of research (experimentalsurveycorrelational, semi-experimental, review) and also its sub-type (experimental design, research problem, descriptive case-study). 



Interview provide employer with an answer opportunity to find out about you and what you know.

They may involves one interview or several people, know as a panel interview.

*guidelines for interview prepartion(before the Interview) –

  1. Research about the company you have applied for
  2. You should know your cv like the back of your hand.
  3. Prepare and practice answer for the most frequently asked questions.
  4. Try to find out as much as you can about the job you have applied for
  5. Keep the clothes to be worn for the interview at least a day in advance
  6. Make sure your nails, teeth, hair, and clothes look clean and orderly
  7. Plan to arrive at least 10 min early, do that you have some time to collect yourself and compose you thoughts.

*during the interview-

  1. Remember the interview begins from the moment you open the door and go it. By the time you walk up, shake hands and sit down, you would have already created the first impression.
  2. A firm handshake and a confident smile with eye contact will never fail to make an impression
  3. Speak slowly and clealy and project your voice
  4. Be sure in you response and avoid using ‘I might’ or ‘I guess.
  5. If you are not sure of how to answer a question, take a moment to think about it. Pausing is perfectly OK and shows you don’t panic under pressure.
  6. Never say anything negative about previous company.
  7. When the interview is over thank the interview for their time and shake hands again.
  8. Be enthusiasm about yourself the jobs and the company.
  9. Shake hands with the interview or each panel number when you enter the door.
  10. Be positive and confidence.

types of interview

*frequently asked question in an interview.:

*formal dress code for women;

  1. Formal shirt or blouse with formal trousers
  2. Indian formal wear is fine but should be sober
  3. If you are wearing a skirt it should be knee-length or longer
  4. Jewelry should be minimal and subtle
  5. Necklace should be conservative and not low.


be prepared+be yourself+be confident= you are hired.

Famous traditional foods In states

1.*Maharashtra: (misal pav)

misal oav is a popular street food in Maharashtra.

A great break fast recipe that includes a curry made if sprouts,topped with finely chopped onions, tomatoes and farsan and lime juice served pav, heated on the pan with a hint of butter.

2.*Punjab:(makki di roti &sarson da saag.)

makki di roti is a corn meal indian bread that taste fabulous with sarson saag -mustard green and a glass of lassi.

the dish is retarded as the traditional way to prepare saag and is usually served with makki di roti literally.

3.*west bengal:(kosha mangsho)

this spicy bengali mutton curry aka kosha mangsho is a perfect lunch recipe that would be loved by all.

velvety gravy with juicy pieces of meat served with maida luchi, full of flavors from the mutton, spices and mustard oil.

4.*tamil nadu:(pongal)

vegetarian pongal is a rice lentil dish that is often prepared in South Indian homes as an offering to the godless.

5.*kashmir:( rogan Josh)

Rogan josh is an aromatic lamb dish with flovors of browned onion, various spices and yoghurt.


litti chowkha is baked from wheat flour dough, stuffed with a mixture of roasted gram flour, spices and lemon juice, and served with chokha.


biriyani more famous the hyderabadi version, is prepared in the form of kachay gost ki biriyani and dum ki briyani.

8.*goa:(fish curry)

xit codi meaning curry rice is the delicious tangy fish curry made with special spices, served with steamed rice or roti.

Rain water harvesting


Rain water harvesting is something we are storing rain water for future requirements. So in simple words RAIN WATER HARVESTING is the collection and storage of rain.


Rain water is stored for the purpose of water requirements which means we need water in our daily. It uses includes watering garden, live stock, irrigation, domestic use with proper treatment and domestic heating.

How do we store?

we can store the rain water by accumulating it into the roof, tanks and pipeline and these can be done easily at homes.because if you have terras you able to store it by building a cement tank and you also connect a pipeline for your uses.

And to store the rain water which flows in road sides we have to take a step together by making an awareness to store it purposefully by building a savings tanks at least one for me a street.


Ancient Native Americans used the natural flow of mountain rainwater runoff to collect and use throughout villages. In central Mexico, underground cisterns have been found that were used for collecting rainwater. In the 16th-17th century, early settlers began to use rainwater for laundry due to it being naturally soft.

Still there are many people in rural areas have following the rain water harvesting method to save the water from rain.

Who introduce the rain water harvesting in india?

Although the government provided water through water tankers to the villages, it was not a sustainable solution. Amla Ruia turned to rainwater harvesting and she began by building two traditional check dams, also known as ‘Khadins’, near a village called Mandawar.


The importance of rainwater harvesting lies in the fact that it can be stored for future use. Just as it can be used directly so also the stored water can be utilized to revitalize the ground level water and improve its quality. This also helps to raise the level of ground water which then can be easily accessible.


There are two ways of harvesting rainwater, namely; surface runoff harvesting and Roof top harvesting.


7 Different Types Of Rainwater Harvesting Systems Water But. One of the most basic types of rainwater harvesting systems; water Butt collects rainwater in a container from natural rainfall

storsge drain pipes


Indirect Pumped

Indirect Gravity

Gravity Only

Retention Ponds

In-Ground Storage.


Rainwater harvesting is a viable option to supplement city water for non-potable human uses, such as irrigation. Conclusion: Rainwater harvesting has various benefits and uses; however, harvesting systems have to operate and maintain to ensure water quality.

Unsung Heroes (COVID-19, Front-line Workers)

Despite the hardships and health risks, millions of essential front-line workers continue to do their jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. These hardworking heroes are picking their up their trash, providing them life-saving medicine, delivering their groceries and packages, preparing their food, cleaning their hospitals, caring for those who are most vulnerable, and keeping us safe often while earning low wages and few benefits. Although doctors and nurses who earn a median wage of Rs.7875 per hour and Rs.2550 per hour, respectively receive the lion’s share of public recognition for their life-saving role in the fight against COVID-19, they represent less than 20% of all essential health workers. Millions of other health workers ear significantly lower wages while receiving less recognition for their roles, despite their sacrifices. Nearly 7 million essential workers are employed in low wages health jobs on the COVID-19 front-lines, including:

  • Health care support workers such as orderlies and phlebotomists.
  • Direct care workers such as home health and personal care aides
  • Health care service workers such as house-keepers and cooks

Median wages across these occupations were just Rs.1011 per hour in 2019 well short of a living wages. More than 80% of them are women, and they are also disproportionately workers of color.

Risk of infection

Shortage of PPEs-Shortage of personal protective equipment have been reported from several countries. The shortage of PPE has put many healthcare workers at risk for getting infected with COVID-19. Healthcare workers have recreated a solution to make up for the lack of PPE by using by using the resources they do to have in stock. They have used plastic bags has gowns and plastic water bottle cut-outs for eye protection.

The shortage of PPE is worst in low income hospitals. Items such as PPE has always been scare commodities in low income countries. UICEF reported that the organization was only able to acquire one tenth of 240 million masks requested by these communities.


Doctors and nurses death due to COVID-19 has reported in many countries. In May 2020 at-least 260 nurses have died due to COVID-19. In March at-least 50 doctors have died due to COVID-19 in Italy. The number of deaths in Italy continued to go up. Two of the deaths within those who were nurses were suicides due to un-sustainable pressure at work. The Indian Medical Association announced that 198 doctors have died in India due to COVID-19. By February 2021, the India Medical Association said the number of deaths of doctor in India due to COVID-19 had increased to 734, however the government of India said that only 162 doctors died due to COVID-19.

Psychological impact

A study from Singapore showed that healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19 reported anxiety, depression and stress. Increasing work demands on healthcare professionals conflict with their duties to family and friends, which causes psychological stress. Healthcare professionals reported being anxious about having to self-isolate, quarantine or becoming ill. Healthcare workers like nurses, doctors and other medical staff that worked on the front-line in China experienced symptoms of anxiety, depression and difficulty in sleeping. Health care workers are at risk for developing trauma or other stress-related disorders due to fears of falling ill and no knowing what will happen in the future. Post-traumatic stress was common among health workers with nurses demonstrating a higher likelihood of developing or having anxiety among others in the medical field. An Italian committed suicide after being traumatized trying to save the lives of those with COVID-19. In Mexico, healthcare professional have also reported high levels of anxiety, because of the fear of being an asymptomatic patient, which could potentially lead to the unknowingly spread of the disease among their patients and their families.

Top 10 Indian (Hindi) Sports Drama : You Must Not Miss!

We Indians are fond of all things bright and extravagant, then may it be in terms of our festivals or food or celebrations or for that matter movies. Cinema has been the one binding force that possesses the power to unite nations through the guise of entertainment. It holds the string to weave stories and urge emotions and stir in us the latent passion we all possess for sports. Over the past decade, Indian cinema has shrugged off its cape of focusing on cricket and donned that of other, lesser-known sports. The driving force in the cinema of the past decade when it came to sports-centric movies has largely been athlete-driven with biographies and historically relevant sporting achievements being the order of the last ten years.

The Indian Film Industry, better known as Bollywood occupies probably the second spot in the list of most loved things by us Hindustanis. If ever it receives any competition, it is only by another one of the favorites, sports. While cricket is lives in every Indian’s heart, most them have their heart, body and soul dedicated to this game, there are also other games like hockey, tennis, football which an average Indian takes interest in. What happens when these two favorite meet together? Fireworks! Here’s a list of few of the best sports films in India which have enthralled and entertained audiences and made them hoot like crazy or cry with cry with sheer pleasure.

#10 – Mary Kom (2014)

IMDb – 6.8

The film follows the inspiring journey of Mangte Chungeijang as she struggles through the pressure of belonging to the marginalised Manipur state. When Priyanka Chopra donned the gloves to play the role of 6-time World Champion and 2012 London Summer Olympics bronze medalist, Mary Kom, the response was overwhelming. The film follows the inspiring journey of Mangte Chungeijang as she struggles through the pressure of belonging to the marginalised Manipur state. Her struggles are wonderfully portrayed by Chopra and even earned her a nomination for Filmfare Award for Best Actress. Kom’s story is powerful and emotionally poignant, making it an easy winner for the National Film Award for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment.

#9 – Iqbal (2005)

IMDb – 8.1

Iqbal is a 2005 Indian coming-of-age sports drama film written and directed by Nagesh Kukunoor. Produced by Subhash Ghai, under “Mukta Searchlight Films”, the story follows a cricket-obsessed deaf and mute boy from a remote Indian village as he aims to overcomes difficulties to become a cricketer and fulfill his dream of playing for the Indian national cricket team. The film received the National Film Award for Best Film on Other Social Issues. The film was screened retrospective on 18 August 2016 at the Independence Day Film Festival jointly presented by the Indian Directorate of Film Festivals and Ministry of Defense, commemorating 70th Indian Independence Day.

#8 – Dhan Dhana Dhan Goal (2007)

IMDb – 5

Directed by Vivek Agnihotri, this movie released in 2007 and had a star cast of John Abraham, Bipasha Basu and Arshad Warsi. The story was more on patriotic lines, it was about this football club in England which every other British rival club disliked. In spite of in numerous prejudices and other things working against them, this club still managed to win the match as well as hearts of people.

#7 – Lagaan – Once Upon a Time in India (2001)

IMDb – 8.1

This movie which released in 2001 and was directed by Ashutosh Gowariker with Aamir Khan and Gracy Singh as protagonists captured the hearts of one and all. This film is about a drought ridden village which has been suppressed under the burden of land tax for a long time, when one lad comes to the forefront and asks for the waiver of the same. He challenges the British to a game of Cricket which incidentally none of his villagers including him, know how to play. For many this movie brought back memories of the freedom struggle and its underlying plots were received with much acclamation and applaud from all.

#6 – Mukkabbaaz (2017)

IMDb – 8

The film chronicles the story of a boxer, who falls in love with a Brahmin girl. The film then sets out on the journey of the underdog who fights the corrupt system, deep-rooted casteism and societal pressure for his boxing dreams and love. The film chronicles the story of a boxer, who falls in love with a Brahmin girl. Things take a turn when he lands a punch to the head of the boxing federation and politician-gangster, Bhagwan Das.

#5 – Dangal (2016)

IMDb – 8.4

The story of Dangal focusses on the life of Mahavir Singh Phogat, who goes on to break social stigmas to train his girls, more famously, the Phogat sisters for the Commonwealth Games. The Aamir Khan blockbuster film sets a new bar for sports-centered movies in the country owing to the power-packed performance by Khan assisted by a supremely dedicated ensemble cast. The story of Dangal focusses on the life of Mahavir Singh Phogat, who goes on to break social stigmas to train his girls, more famously, the Phogat sisters for the Commonwealth Games. The film discusses important social issues whilst using the backdrop of sports and the politics and stigmas attached to it. Once again, Dangal is a movie that inspires with its sheer power of performance and will inevitably make you feel patriotic by the end of it.

#4 – Paan Singh Tomar (2010)

IMDb – 8.2

Dhulia’s movie was a sleeper hit which also had Nawauddin Siddiqui playing a key role as a police informer. Made on a shoestring budget, Paan Singh Tomar saw Irrfan Khan playing the biographical role of the Army man who won the steeplechase event seven times in a row at the Indian National Games. Gifted in athletics but tormented by circumstances, Tomar resorts to being a dacoit and murdering people for the sake of revenge. Opening to critical acclaim, Dhulia’s movie was a sleeper hit which also had Nawauddin Siddiqui playing a key role as a police informer.

#3 – M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story (2016)

IMDb – 7.9

Through a series of obstacles that befell the highly successful Indian captain’s way, both in his own life and in his cricketing career, make for a true tale of grit and passion that continues to inspire us with every watch. Arguably the ‘coolest’ Captain that the Indian cricket team could have been gifted with, the story of M. S. Dhoni is magnetically powerful. Through a series of obstacles that befell the highly successful Indian captain’s way, both in his own life and in his cricketing career, make for a true tale of grit and passion that continues to inspire us with every watch. Sushant Singh Rajput does a commendable job in portraying the role of the Ranchi lad nursing the dilemma of being a Train Ticket Examiner for his father’s sake or chasing the big dreams of letting his talent unfurl. Gripping and emotional, M. S. Dhoni instills in us the desire to dream and to chase them too.

#2 – Bhaag Milkha Bhaag (2013)

IMDb – 8.2

While the initial part of the movie is set in the backdrop of the Indian Partition, it soon takes off to follow the tracks of Singh as he goes to become a legend of Indian athletics. Power-packed performances, a dramatic plot and the perfect lightning pace – all of this stitch together the biographical film on Milkha Singh. Opening to an uproarious response, the Farhan Akhtar-spearheaded film showcases the journey of Milkha Singh from being just another ordinary army recruit to being the ‘Flying Sikh’ at the Olympics. While the initial part of the movie is set in the backdrop of the Indian Partition, it soon takes off to follow the tracks of Singh as he goes to become a legend of Indian athletics.

#1 – Chak De! India (2007)

IMDb – 8.2

Shah Rukh Khan starrer Chak De India’ is undoubtedly one of the best sports film in Bollywood. The film which released in 2007 went on to become the biggest blockbuster of the year, directed by Shimit Amin. The time this movie was released was when India as country could barely remember the fact that it used to be the top hockey-team, which was its national sport. This story is about a tainted former hockey player who becomes the coach of the national women’s hockey team. Kabir Khan (Shah Rukh Khan) related to the team a lot because they are treated with the same disrespect, indifference and ignorance as him. The story of their victory not only made every Indian fall in love with hockey again but also brought back the feeling of Indian-ness amongst all. The 70 minute speech of Shah Rukh Khan before the world championship game is still drawn inspiration from.

10 best dog movies on Amazon Prime Video, Netflix, Disney+ Hotstar to cheer you up during the lockdown

Go and hug your dogs tightly after watching these.

People say dogs are our best friend and this belief will only strengthen once you watch the movies we’ve listed out here. It’s not rare, but also not very common for dogs to take centre-stage in a film. However, when they do, they make sure that all eyes are only on them. The compassion and love they bring on the big screen are unparalleled and tugs at our heartstrings like nothing else. So, let’s take a look at some of the best dog movies on Amazon Prime Video, Netflix, Disney+ Hotstar and Hulu that you can stream right now.

10 best dog movies on Amazon Prime Video, Netflix, Disney+ Hotstar, and Hulu


Starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson, Marley & Me is an American comedy-drama based on John Grogan’s book of the same name. The story revolves around a happily married couple, the adventures and struggles they face as dog-parents when they adopt Marley, a uncontrollable Labrador retriever who’s really tough to deal with. Marley in his own mischievous ways helps the family learn some valuable life lessons and make the audience emotional as they understand the ways in which a pet makes one’s life easier and so much more fulfilling.


You’re never too old to watch animated movies, especially when it’s about a dog who thinks he’s a superhero with extraordinarily powerful sonic scream “superbark”. When he finds out his owner has been kidnapped, he decides to use his superpowers and travel cross-country to rescue his human. In this journey, he meets a feisty cat and a hamster who help him face reality when he enters the “real world”. The movie features the voices of John Travolta as Bolt, Miley Cyrus as his owner Penny, Susie Essman as the Mittens the cat and Mark Walton as the hamster.


Grab some extra boxes of tissues because you will need all of them for Hachi: A Dog’s Tale starring Richard Gere. Based on a true story of an Akita dog named Hachiko and a remake of the 1987 Japanese film Hachiko Monogatari, the film is an emotional and heart-breaking story of a professor, an abandoned puppy and the unbreakable bond the two form when the professor adopts him. The dog’s dedication and loyalty towards his master whose side he never leaves, even after his death can make even the tough ones weep inconsolably.


Dogs are undoubtedly talented, but dogs playing basketball was something new for all us until the 1997 film Air Bud was released. A 12-year-old lonely and withdrawn boy meets a golden retriever with an exceptional talent to play basketball and the two soon become friends. The two find solace and joy in each other’s company while overcoming the hurdles in their personal lives and sports weaves the rest of the story.


A pampered and privileged Lady meets a homeless tramp. When the two dogs belonging to different strata of society meet, they form an unusual bond as they fall in love while coming to terms with each other’s drastically different lifestyles. This 2019 film is a live-action adaptation of the classic 1955 film, and features the voices of Tessa Thompson, Justin Theroux, and Sam Elliot to name a few.


Isle of Dogs is a stop -motion animated sci-fi movie, set in a dystopian and futuristic fictional city of Megasaki in Japan. The film is set at a time when all the dogs have been banished due to the outbreak of a “canine flu” and among those dogs is Spots Kobayashi, whose owner, a 12-year-old boy, is determined to go to any lengths to bring Spots back. Honestly, there can’t be a better time than now to watch this movie. Directed by Wes Anderson, the film features voices of Edward Norton, Bill Murray, Scarlett Johansson, Jeff Goldblum, Greta Gerwig and Tilda Swinton.


Benji is a modern adaptation of the 1974 film of the same name. Starring Gabriel Bateman, Darby Camp and Kiele Sanchez, the film revolved around an orphaned puppy Benji who lives a regular life as a stray dog, roaming on the streets, playing with kids and teasing the town’s cats. However, when two of his favourite kids get kidnapped for ransom, Benji sets out on an adventurous mission to rescue them.


Starring Willem Dafoe, Julianne Nicholson, Christopher Heyerdahl, Michael Gaston; the film revolves around a musher and Togo, his trained Siberian Husky and how the two played a monumental role in the “1925 serum run to Nome”. The film is said to be based on a real story from 1925 where dog-sled teams raced through toughest weather conditions to bring back the serum to cure the diphtheria outbreak in Nome.


Based on the novel of the same name by W. Bruce Cameron and a sequel to the 2017 film A Dog’s Purpose, this comedy-drama film revolves around Bailey who dies and reincarnates as different dogs and lives through various decades with different owners. In this film, after leaving the side of his first best friend Ethan, he makes a promise to stay and protect his granddaughter, with whom he stays as Molly (his reincarnation). How Molly brings love and happiness in the granddaughter’s life and helps her reunite with Ethan weaves the plot of this beautiful story.


Starring Paul Walker, this survival drama is a remake of the 1983 Japanese film Antarctica. The film centres around three scientists on an expedition to Antarctica and a group of sled dogs they meet there. Although the film featured some of the prominent names, it was totally owned by the canine cast who showed the true meaning of friendship and loyalty as they brave the harsh weather conditions while waiting for their human to come and rescue them.


You come alone in this world and go alone from this world. People often hear this, but how many give priority to themselves? How many people practice self-love? With the increasing social media trends where pseudo impeccability is depicted, self-love has become the rarest form of love. I am no one to give any kind of sermon, I am also a human being and I know how difficult it is to practice self-love in reality, but it is really important.

Why Self love is Difficult?

Childhood is the most essential stage of life. Some have a very mesmerizing childhood but some have to face body shaming, racism, abuse, violence etc. and when you become an adult you can imagine past reflections of them and these keep on haunting you again and again.
Many times you say things that sound dumb. When you realize what dumb thing you said, you start underestimating yourself. This is the step towards self-loathing.
Many chances come and go, but when you miss a golden opportunity, then you keep on regretting that. You doubt your capabilities.
Whatever area you entered, you haven’t achieved anything except failures which resulted in self-hatred.

How to Practice Self Love?

☆If you don’t love yourself because of those embarrassing moments which happened in front of people then you have a wrong perception. They might have forgotten that and you are still stumbling upon that. JUST REMEMBER THAT NO ONE CARES. ☆If you lost that golden chance, it’s okay. Do remember that if you lost it, something big might surely be on its way.
☆If you have faced some childhood traumas, I know that none of us can forget them and this is the reality, but you can work on yourself and whenever they will haunt you will not self loathe. Start doing things which you like, if you don’t have any hobby start doing different things and you will surely end up having one. Start exercising not because of that body shaming, exercise will surely boost up your confidence.
☆Don’t forget if you haven’t achieved anything till now that does not mean that you will not do anything in life. This may be a misconception on your side, you may have achieved much more than you think, even the little things matter in life.
Hardly any one of us can become “GEET” from “JAB WE MET ” but just stop judging yourself, this society is already enough to judge you. It is easier to say than to implement but always remember that you are worth more than you think. Just introspect yourself, talk to yourself and ALL THINGS WILL FALL IN RIGHT PLACE.