BLACKPINK

“Blackpink in your area!” is the first word that comes to the mind of blinks.

Check out to know more about ‘Blackpink’ and the power of these women hold, who proved girls are no more weak than boys in the world of music industry.

Blackpink during their debut,2016.
Blackpink during their debut,2016.

Blackpink

Blackpink is the most popular k-pop girl group in the world. Blackpink is a South Korean girl group formed by YG Entertainment consisting of Kim Jennie, Lalalisa Manoban, Kim Jisoo, and Roseanne Park. The first girl group to debut under YG Entertainment in seven years, Blackpink released their debut single album, Square One, which featured “Whistle” and “Boombayah” in August 2016. Later released their second single album, Square Two, consisting of tracks “Playing with Fire” and “Stay” in November 2016. Then the group began their promotions, and with their commercial success, they earned many rookie awards. Additionally, Billboard named them as one of the best new k-pop groups of 2016.

In 2017, Blackpink revealed their fan club name as ‘Blinks’ and later released a standalone digital single, “As if it’s your last” a mixed genre of music which was a change of sound from their previous songs. The group made its Japanese debut in August 2017 with the release of a self-titled Japanese extended play that included Japanese versions of their previous singles.

On January 6, 2018, Blackpink released the first episode of their first reality show Blackpink House, which comprised 12 episodes released throughout 2018 following the four members spending 100 days of vacation as they moved into their new dorm, via their official V Live and Youtube channels. In June 2018, the group released their first Korean-language EP, titled Square Up with, the lead single, “Ddu-Du Ddu-Du” which was with a total of 36.2 million views within 24 hours after its release on YouTube, making it the most-viewed online video in the first 24 hours by a Korean act and the second most-watched music video of all time in first 24 hours of release at that time, while “Forever Young” peaked at number two. And in 2018, Blackpink started their first Blackpink Arena Tour, Osaka, Japan, and held their first concert in Seoul, which continued throughout 2019 and early 2020 in North America, Europe, Oceania, and Asia. The tour ultimately became the highest-grossing tour by a Korean girl group by the end of its run.

Blackpink at Coachella,2019.
Blackpink at Coachella,2019.

Blackpink’s third extended play “Kill This Love” was released in April 2019 which has over 20 million likes now. Blackpink performed at the 2019 Coachella Festival, making them the first female K-pop group to do so.

In June 2020, Blackpink released “How you like that” music video, which broke several YouTube records, including for the most-watched premiere, the most views within 24 hours for a music video—accumulating 86.3 million views in that time—and for the fastest to surpass 100 million, 200 million and 500 million views. It also became one of the most-liked videos on YouTube, with over 21 million likes.

Blackpink released their first Korean studio album, The Album, in October 2020, with “Lovesick Girls” as its third and main single. The group’s first documentary film, Blackpink: Light Up the Sky, premiered on Netflix on October 14, 2020, and covered the four years since the group’s debut in 2016. 

Blackpink announced its collaboration with YouTube Music for its first live stream concert, ‘The Show’. They also made collaboration with famous artists like Dua Lipa (“Kiss and make up“), Lady Gaga(“Sour Candy“), Selena Gomez(“Ice Cream“), and Cardi B(“Bet you wanna“).

Blackpink at 'The Show'
Blackpink at ‘The Show’

Blackpink’s accolades include three People’s Choice Awards, a Teen Choice Award, an MTV Video Music Award, nine Gaon Chart Music Awards, six Golden Disc Awards, five Melon Music Awards, eight Mnet Asian Music Awards, two Seoul Music Awards, and six Guinness World Records. Also, Blackpink was the first group to win the Inkigayo award after 14 days of their debut. They are also the first k-pop girl group to have over 63 million subscribers on YouTube and 20 million followers on Spotify.

KIM JENNIE

Kim Jennie
Kim Jennie

Jennie was the first member of the group to be revealed, was a trainee at YG from 2010. She was the first member to make her solo debut with the song “SOLO” in November 2018. She is 25 years old (January 16, 1996)and ambassador of Chanel. She is the main rapper and a vocalist in the group.

LALALISA MANOBAN

Lalalisa Manoban
Lalalisa Manoban

Lisa was the second member of the group to be revealed, was a trainee at YG from 2010. She is from Thailand and is 24 years old (March 27, 1997)and ambassador of Celine. YG announced Lisa is preparing for her debut in 2021. She is the main dancer and a rapper in the group.

KIM JISOO

Kim Jisoo
Kim Jisoo

Jisoo was the third member of the group to be revealed, was a trainee at YG from 2011. She is 26 years old (January 3, 1995)and ambassador of Dior. YG announced Actress Jisoo will soon make her female lead in the upcoming drama “The Snowdrop”, 2021. She is the main visual and a vocalist in the group.

ROSEANNE PARK

Roseanne Park
Rosé (Korean name: Park Chaeyoung)

Rosé was the fourth member of the group to be revealed, was a trainee at YG from 2012. She is the second member of the group to release her solo album ‘R’ featuring “On the ground” and “Gone“. She is 24 years old(11 February 1997)and ambassador of Saint Laurent. She is the main vocalist and a dancer in the group.

Neeraj Chopra: History Maker

On the 7th August 2021, 17:38 pm IST, history was created at the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo. After a long 13 years, Indian finally won another gold medal at the Olympic Games. Subedar Neeraj Chopra VSM had just won the gold medal in the men javelin’s throw and etched himself into Indian sports history. Neeraj Chopra’s gold medal is India’s first athletic track field medal. Apart from that, Neeraj is only the second Indian to win a gold medal after Abhinav Bindra’s historic performance at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

Neeraj Chopra was born on the 23rd of December 1997 in Panipat, Haryana. In 2016, he enlisted in the Indian National Army. He currently holds the post of a Junior Commissioned Officer and has the rank of a Naik Subedar. He has been awarded the Vishisht Seva Medal by the Indian Army. He is a Track and Field athlete and specializes in javelin throw.

Neeraj Chopra started participating in javelin throw competitively since 2016 He has put on consistent performances. Apart from that, he also has 2 world records to his name. He competed in the 2016 IAAF World U20 Championships (the Junior World Championships) and on the 23rd of July 2016 won the gold medal. He also set a world record on that day for the longest throw (86.48 meters). The record still stands and has not been broken yet. In the same year, he won the South Asian Games. His throw of 82.23 meters equaled the national record of that time. In 2017, he won another gold medal at the Asian Athletics Championship. His winning throw was 85.23 meters.

The 2018 Glasgow Commonwealth Games were his first Commonwealth Games, where he ended up winning the gold medal. With this gold medal win in his debut appearance, he not only became to first Indian athlete to win in the javelin throw category at the Commonwealth Games, but also became one of the very few Indian athletes to win a gold medal in their first Commonwealth Games appearance. For this outstanding performance here, he was awarded with the Arjuna Award. He broke the previous national record and set a new one while competing in the Doha Diamond League with a throw of 87.43 meters.

The 2018 Jakarta-Palembang Asian Games were his first time competing at the Asian Games. He was selected as the flag-bearer for these games on account of his brilliant performance that year, especially his 2018 Commonwealth Games success. He won India her first gold medal in the javelin throw category in the Asian Games and also broke the national record he himself had set with a winning throw of 88.06 meters. In March 2021 at the Indian Grand Prix, he again broke his record with a marginally higher 88.07 meters.

The 2020 Tokyo Olympics were Neeraj Chopra’s first ever Olympic Games. He won the gold medal in the finals held on the 7th of August with a winning throw of 87.58 meters and created history. He is the second Indian athlete to win an individual gold medal at the Olympics and the first Indian athlete to win an Olympic gold medal in the discipline of athletics.

Subedar Neeraj Chopra VSM with his Tokyo 2020 Gold Olympic medal
Subedar Neeraj Chopra VSM with his Tokyo 2020 Gold Olympic medal

STOP Body Shaming

Have you ever hated yourself for being called thin, fat, tan, or textured? Have you ever wanted to become the celebrity who hides behind those makeup products? Have you ever tried to tear yourself apart for being you? According to the statistics, 91% of n are unhappy about their body image. Cases of teens having suicidal thoughts are increasing as body-shaming is becoming quite common among peers. So is this thought real else is it just an illusion that threatens us? No matter what it is you and your body, it is your responsibility to show utmost affection and positivity. 

Reasons for body-shaming:

  • Setting the imaginary bar high. (For example, Textured skin is normal. Being obese is normal. Acne and breakouts are just a part of your body. Social media and filters blinds people.) 
  • Ignorance (You are not beautiful if you are obese, you will not get a date being this tall, you will get rejected just because you are tan) 
  • Low self-esteem (Feeling inferior about their body, in turn, they end up criticizing and judging others.)

We might even body shame others without our knowledge, but those words hurt them to an extent they want to kill themselves. People start to feel unworthy of themselves when they hate their body and affect their psychological well-being. The Mental Health Foundation, which commissioned the survey, said the issue could affect anyone at any age. Words have the power to kill and heal, so we must choose them wisely. If you ever come across a person who feels inferior for being overweight or underweight, listen to them. Assure them positivity. Stand by them whenever they need you. 

Thin or fat, dark or white, clear or textured – you are beautiful; you are adored.

Tips for loving yourself: 

  • Have a positive attitude. Life is beyond people’s criticism. Don’t bound yourself in their words. 
  • Have a supportive circle. Being with positive people lifts your daily mood. 
  • Distract yourself towards life goals. When you are successful, literally no one would ever talk about your body image but about your success story. 
  • Have a healthy lifestyle. Exercise, meditate, journal. These habits will make you develop yourself. 
  • Be worthy of yourself. Appearances are not everything. A beautiful heart is more important than a perfect figure. 

Confronting negative comments is the only way to stop body shaming. Let us normalize our tone, skin, and textures. We all are beautiful and blessed, and having a healthy mind and heart are more important. Love others irrespective of their figures and numbers but never forget to love yourself first.

BR Ambedkar: Social Justice


The contribution of Dr B.R. Ambedkar in Indian Democracy is not to be forgotten. As a Chairman of the Constitutional Committee, he gave a shape to our country of a complete Sovereign, Democratic, Republic based on an adult franchise. In the Constitution of free India all the citizens have been guaranteed social, political and economic equalities.

Baba Saheb BR Ambedkar’s name is written in gold letters throughout Indian history as the creator of social justice. Not only was he the creator of the constitution, but also the creator of social justice and the messiah of the oppressed. If Mahatma Gandhi gave us the direction and lesson of morality, then Baba Saheb shaped the social aspect without exploitation. It had, in the truest sense of the word, a democratic and antiquated goal. He spent his whole life promoting the poor, exploited untouchables. and classes with problems.
It has been a gloomy historic fact of Indian society that lower castes have been exploited and subjugated upon by the upper castes and for that reason the lower castes have mostly also been the lower classes economically and vice versa.

During the freedom movement there were many leaders and movements throughout India. The most protruding voice of and for the lower castes bad emerged in the person of B.R. Ambedkar who came from the untouchable Mahar caste in what is today Maharashtra. Even today Ambedkar is a hugely influential symbol who is followed by many political forces throughout the length and breadth of India. Ambedkar’s aim in his own words was to get justice for the ‘last, the lost and the least and he emerged as a sort of revolutionary leader of India’s Hindu untouchable and other castes. His intention was to fight for their equality and seek better-quality living conditions for them and reach education among them and get suitable representation for them in elected bodies and in government services.


During the freedom struggle. Ambedkar’s emphasis on issues related to social justice forced the leaders of the national movement to take these up as part of the agenda associated with the main demand for unshackling the country from the chains of colonialism. Ambedkar was a highly educated person with great academic accomplishments and a lawyer by training. His views on social justice are to be found in his books and speeches.
His most important works are Annihilation of Caste (1936). Who were the Shudras (1946) and The Untouchables (1948). Also, his writings like What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables. He put forward vivid well researched attacks on the exploitative Hindu caste system chiefly with respect to how untouchables were treated and struggled all his life to secure legal and constitutional safeguards for their rights. It is stimulating in spite of the fact that he had attacked Gandhi’s Congress Party’s views and attitudes on the caste system quite harshly and in a scathing manner in
his writings, despite of that Gandhiji suggested Ambedkar’s name to head the committee to draft the Constitution.


Ambedkar in his work “Who Were the Shudras?” questioned the whole Hindu social order and tried to create a theory that the Shudras were not a separate varna or caste but were originally Kshatriyas who in a struggle with Brahmins were manipulated out of the kshatriya caste by the Brahmins and were deprived of the sacred thread.
He proposed a hypothesis that the untouchables were originally disciples of Buddha and were Buddhists but the Hindus led by the Brahmins to try to undermine Buddhist influence and stop its spread put the untouchables in a corner and started branding them untouchables. He believed the root of all lack of social justice in India was the caste system that created the environment for exploitation of man by man- of the Shudras and untouchables by
the brahmins and other higher castes. He believed that democracy cannot be achieved in India without first establishing social justice through the annihilation of the caste. Hence, he took a position that contradicted both the position of Congress and Gandhiji, who first wanted political reform and independence from the British colonial government, and the socialists and Marxists who wanted economic equality also established themselves first.

ADHIYOGI : The source of yoga

” Adiyogi is here to liberate you from disease, discomfort, and poverty – above all, from the very process of life and death. “

SADHGURU

OVERVIEW :-

Over 15,000 years ago, predating all religion, Adiyogi, the first yogi , transmitted the science of Yoga to his seven disciples , the saptarishis. He expounded 112 ways through which human beings can transcend their limitations and reach their ultimate potential.

On the auspicious night of Mahashivaratri at Isha Yoga Centre , an iconic face of “Adiyogi – the Source of Yoga” was unveiled by the honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Recognised as the world’s largest bust sculpture by the Guinness World Records, the face of Adiyogi is 112 feet high , representing the 112 ways he offered for one to attain to wellbeing and one’s ultimate nature.

  • Location : Isha Yoga Centre , Coimbatore , Tamil Nadu , India.
  • Designer : Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev.
  • Width : 548
  • Height : 34 m ( 112 ft )
  • Completion date : 24 February 2017
  • Dedicated to : Lord Shiva as Adiyogi.

Adiyogi Shiva statue in Tamil Nadu declared largest bust by Guinness World Records.

  • SET THE RECORD : The 112 feet tall bust of “Adiyogi” Lord Shiva at the Isha Yoga Foundation has been declared the world’s largest bust by Guinness Book of World Records. The Guinness has made the announcement in its website.
  • ATTRACTS THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE : The face of Adiyogi , set up the Isha Foundation led by spiritual guru Jaggi Vasudev , attracts thousands of people every day , a press released said.
  • PM MODI UNVEILS THE BUST RECENTLY : The bust at the Isha Yoga Foundation on the outskirts of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu was unveiled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 24 this year.
  • IN FUTURE : Isha Foundation plans to set up three more statues of similar height across the country. This is the second time the foundation had accomplished a Guinness record. On October 17, 2006 , the foundation had entered the Guinness Book of World Records for planting 8.52 lakh saplings, the released added.

Charlie Chaplin

Charles Spencer Chaplin was one of the greatest artists of the world who was born in London, England, on April 16th, 1889.

Charlie was named after his father, a British music hall entertainer. His mother, Hannah Hill Chaplin, a talented singer, actress, and piano player, spent most of her life in and out of mental hospitals; his father, Charles Spencer Chaplin Sr. was a fairly successful singer until he began drinking. After his parents separated, Charlie and his half-brother, Sidney, spent most of their childhood in orphanages.

Charlie Chaplin

Having inherited natural talents from their parents, the youngsters took to the stage as the best opportunity for a career. Charlie made his professional debut as a member of a juvenile group called “The Eight Lancashire Lads”.

In 1914, Chaplin made his film debut in a somewhat forgettable one-reeler called Make a Living. To differentiate himself from the clad of other Chaplin decided to play a single identifiable character, and “The Little Tramp” was born, with audiences getting their first taste of him in Kid Auto Races at Venice (1914).

Chaplin made 14 films, including The Tramp (1915) during his first year in the industry. Generally regarded as the actor’s first classic, the story establishes Chaplin’s character as the unexpected hero when he saves the farmer’s daughter from a gang of robbers.

“A day without laughter is a day wasted”

– Charlie Chaplin

During the 1920s Chaplin’s career blossomed even more. During the decade he made some landmark films, including The Kid (1921), The Pilgrim (1923), A Woman in Paris (1923), The Gold Rush (1925), a movie Chaplin would later say he wanted to be remembered by, and The Circus (1928).

The latter three were released by United Artists, a company Chaplin co-founded in 1919 with Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and D.W. Griffith.

Chaplin spoke even louder in The Great Dictator (1940), which pointedly ridiculed the governments of Hitler and Mussolini. “I want to see the return of decency and kindness,” Chaplin said around the time of the film’s release. “I’m just a human being who wants to see this country a real democracy . . .

He soon became a target of the right-wing conservatives. Representative John E. Rankin of Mississippi pushed for his deportation.

In 1952, the Attorney General of the United States obliged when he announced that Chaplin, who was sailing to Britain on vacation, would not permit him to return to the United States.

The incensed Chaplin said goodbye to the United States and took up residence on a small farm in Corsiersur-Vevey, Switzerland.

By the 1970s times had changed, and Chaplin was again recognized for his rich contribution to film. He returned to the United States in 1972, where he was honored by major tributes in New York City and Hollywood, California, including receiving a special Academy Award.

In 1975, he became Sir Charles Chaplin after Queen Elizabeth II (1926–) of England knighted him. Two years later, on December 25, 1977, Chaplin died in his sleep in Switzerland.

Reference Link – https://www.biography.com/actor/charlie-chaplin

Did science and technology take over humans?

Introduction

This definitely is a very vast topic but there are some things that we need to ask ourselves. What would we do without technology? Would we be happier? Would it all be very simple? Would we never evolve? I mean when we think about it lots of thoughts intrude our minds. Let me break it down to you and let us figure out how our lives have been changed this much.

Right now, we have lots and lots of technologies, we can actually do every single duty in our day-to-day life online. We wake up, we go to work/college. Of course online! If we are hungry, we can buy food online! If we want to buy clothes, we can buy them online! everything has evolved. Science and technology have expanded to every single field like medical, education, manufacturing, businesses, and so on. But let us stop and think, life was much much simpler when there was no technology when everything was offline. In the race of human life, evolution has become very important and everyone is running for it.

Now I would like to break down the advantages and disadvantages of technology to you.

Disadvantages

  • The disadvantages are quite obvious. We are sunk into this virtual world and fail to notice the real world.
  • We rely on all these inventions and fail to accept that we have become so lazy. Of course, not everybody, People who make wise use of technology will never become lazy.
  • The human mind has both negative and positive sides. Such negative humans even misuse science for their own good. We are always told that the internet is not a safe place which is very true. As you become more of an internet person, you should not fail to look after the real world. We use the phrase “science took over humans” because one should never let science get possession of them.
  • Introducing science to children is a horrible concept according to me. Mobile phones have become pacifiers for children nowadays. The other day I was at a store and a child was crying. Her mother literally said to her other kid “Take her outside and give her a mobile phone”. This concept scares me the most. First of all, screen time should be completely avoided for kids. They shouldn’t get so fond of the virtual world even before they enter the actual world.

Advantages

Photo by
  • Life becomes simple. Yeah I said before that life is simpler without technology. Either way it is simple, but one is nothing and simple, other is we have everything and technology makes it simple for us. To look on the brighter side, evolution of human life is very important. Technology really made a great contribution to that.
  • Technology improves our lives in a lot of other ways. Everyone in this world is getting benefited because of this.
  • I put disadvantages first and advantages second to let us remind ourselves despite all the disadvantages how much science has helped us improve ourselves. It is all about how efficiently we use this and not misuse it.

conclusion

This article’s main purpose is to pause and think how much we are sunk into technology. We must update ourselves according to the pace of evolution as well as use it wisely. There is good, there is bad, our duty is to stay on the good side and make this world a better place to live in.

Pollution

The term pollution refers to any change in the natural quality of the environment brought about by chemical,physical or biological factors. Thus, environmental pollution refers to any unfavourable alteration of our surroundings,wholly or largely as a byproduct of man’s actions.

TYPES OF POLLUTION

Pollution can be classified as follows: On the basis of the part of the environment where it takes place- atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere , it is known as air pollution ,water pollution and soil pollution, respectively.

AIR POLLUTION

Air pollution is the excessive concentration of foreign matter in the air which adversely affects the well beings, animals, plants and their environment. Air pollution takes place through the pollutants of gas, solid and liquid particles of both organic and inorganic chemicals .Gases such as sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulphide , pollens from plants etc. are continuously added to the air thereby, lowering its quality. Thus, the natural composition of the air is disturbed by natural or by man made sources.

WATER POLLUTION

Water pollution can be defined as alteration in physical, chemical or biological characteristics of water,making it unsuitable for designated use in its natural state. WHO has defined water pollution as any foreign material either from natural or other sources that may contaminate the water supply and make it harmful to life. Pollution of water leads to reduction of normal oxygen level of water, causes aesthetically unpalatable effects and spread of epidemic diseases.Water pollution impacts the entire food chain and affects human health as toxins from contaminated fishes,prawns etc, get deposited in human tissues. This leads to cancer,birth defects or long term health problems.

SOIL POLLUTION

Soil is the upper layer of earth’s crust which is formed by weathering of rocks.Organic matter in the soil makes it suitable for living organisms. Soil pollution is defined as the change in physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil throghs man intervention resulting in degradation in quality and productivity of the soil. The pollutants enter the food chain at the plant level and get magnified as we move up the food chain. Also soil pollution differs air and water pollution as the pollutants remain in soil for longer period.

NOISE POLLUTION

Noise pollution is defined as an unwanted sound that is an irritant and a source of stress. Sound is the means of communication and entertainment. A low sound is pleasant but a loud sound is unpleasant and is often referred to as a noise. Noise is a physical form of pollution which is not directly harmful to the life supporting systems namely air, water and soil. Its effects are more directly felt by the receiver .Most of the noise originates from modern industrialised urban life. The main sources of noise pollution are industrial sector ,transport sector ,household sector defence sector ,loud speakers etc.

JUST DECIDE !

The most difficult task to do , is probably making a decision . Now , we are afraid to make decisions as we are worried about it’s consequences . The whole process of deciding is an ordeal .We become indecisive . But indecision is also a decision . Here are a few ways to stop being indecisive ;

THERE NO WRONG OR RIGHT CHOICE – The main reason why we are so miserably indecisive , is because of us labelling our choices as good or bad . We are so afraid to make a wrong choice that it makes it impossible for us to make a decision as we fear our ‘wrong ‘ choices will have lethal consequences . But the truth is , there is no wrong choice . We make decisions in accordance to the level of information available to us at that particular place and time.All we need to do is , re programme our brains into thinking that each decision that we make , will be give us valuable lessons to learn form . This can seriously help us become more decisive .

TAKE YOUR TIME – When required to make a decision , we must take our time to do so . It is often believed that decisiveness means taking quick decisions , but thinking a decision through is really important . While making a decision we must take time to analyse it . So , take your time .

DON’T OVERTHINK IT -Another reason why we find it difficult to make decisions is our overthinking it’s consequences . We keep thinking about all the possible outcomes of our decisions without realising how unpredictable the future is , and that there is no point pondering about it . Just confidently make a decision and know that it will all make sense in the end .

DO WHAT SCARES YOU THE MOST – While making a decision , you must go for the one that scares you the most . If you don’t take the leap of faith , and get out of your comfort zone , you won’t grow . So if something scares you , take that as a good sign and choose that to get the best outcomes .

Book Review – One Arranged Marriage Murder by Chetan Bhagat

By – Yogiraj Sadaphal

About Author

Chetan Bhagat is the author of nine bestselling novels which have sold over twelve million copies and have been translated into more than twenty language worldwide. The New York Times has called him ‘the biggest selling author in India’s history’. Several of his books have been adapted into films and were major Bollywood blockbusters.

Plot

Keshav and Saurabh are best friends, flat mates. Saurabh has a fiancé Prerna and on the occasion of Karva Chauth, Prerna had a fast and waiting for Saurabh in terrace. But when the Saurabh reaches there he found that Prerna was dead by falling from the terrace. But Saurabh do not believe that it was an accident because he saw Prerna’s phone on the opposite side of the road. He thought it was a murder. He started an investigation as Saurabh and Keshav have a detective agency by the name Z Detective. They first shifted to Prerna’s house as their lease was getting expired in next 2 months. They 1st suspected Aditya, Prerna’s uncle as his room is just below the terrace. They searched Aditya room and found a gloves and Prerna’s engagement ring. When they told about this to Ramesh uncle , Aditya got good scolding from Ramesh uncle but on the next day Aditya found dead in his own room by overdose of drug. After that they were thorn out of the prerna’s house but got to know about Prerna’s family secret that Prerna and Anjali were the daughter of Bindu and they were twins.

As Bindu was not mature enough to feed her children so Ramesh uncle took Prerna and gave Anjali to Geetu. As Saurabh have Prerna’s email account they got to know about Ramesh uncle have taken a loan for their car showroom and wanted money from Prerna but she hadn’t given it to Ramesh uncle. but the twist came in the story when Keshav justify his love for Anjali and told her to meet his all family member and by the time Ramesh uncle had a bail by his political power. When they went to Prerna’s house they said that they got the real culprit  and Ramesh uncle has no need to be in jail. Then Keshav asked Anjali to narrate the entire incident of Prerna’s death as she was the real culprit. Keshav got about it by the love bite in his chest that’s exactly similar to the love bite found in Aditya chest when they saw his deadbody. Then Anjali narrated all incident of terrace on Karva Chauth eve that how she came to the Seattle to Gurgaon and push Prerna from the terrace. She also told that because of difference of her life and Prerna’s life she did this all.

Recommend this book to read

In this story, there may be only one or two things which are quite easy for the readers to get suspicious. I won’t say the crime or investigation will blow your mind but you will definitely enjoy reading it and framing of the crime is well enough. I personally found the sarcastic comments made by Keshav funny and witty. It’s a novel which you wants to complete in just one sitting. If you want to read something written in simple English and which has crime, love, friendship and humour in it, this book will quench your thirst.

Rating: 4/5

Pacing: Medium

Intended audience: Teenagers.

Content warnings: murder, investigation.

Effect of Music on Our Brains

Throw on some headphones, crank up the tunes, and what happens? Your toes and fingers start to tap. Maybe your head and shoulders begin to bob. Pretty soon, you might be on your feet, busting a move, joyously belting out the lyrics. Music has taken over, and your body is now along for the ride.

While it may be obvious that music impacts you physically, understanding how music and the brain interact requires deep study and an ability to probe the mysteries of the human mind. The result is a fascinating picture of the role music can play in brain development, learning, mood, and even your health. 

MUSIC

Music, Our Brain, & Wellbeing

One of the first things that happens when music enters our brains is the triggering of centers that release dopamine, a neurotransmitter that makes you feel happy. This response is so quick, the brain can even anticipate the most pleasurable peaks in familiar music and prime itself with an early dopamine rush.

Beyond simply making you feel good, however, there’s evidence that music can even be good for your health. Research has shown that listening to music is associated with upticks in immunity-boosting antibodies and cells that protect against bacteria and other invaders. Music has also proven to be effective across a variety of treatment scenarios for conditions ranging from depression to Parkinson’s disease.

Even in terms of brain development, music can play a key role. Training to play an instrument, for instance, is believed to increase gray matter volume in certain areas of the brain, not unlike how physical exercise can tone and enlarge muscles. As a result, musicians often experience improvement in brain functions like:

  • Auditory processing
  • Learning
  • Memory
LIVE THE MUSIC

If you’re ready to learn how to play a new instrument at home, start by finding a new or used instrument that interests you. Look up free tutorial videos online to start learning. Some great online resources available to teach you how to play the instrument of your choice include:

  • YouTube
  • GarageBand
  • Yousician
  • Simply Piano

Or, my personal favourite “guitar”.

Does Genre Matter?

Many of the beneficial effects of music on the brain are not limited to any single genre. Whether you’re listening to the smooth jazz styling of Billie Holiday on vinyl, the classic country sounds of Johnny Cash on YouTube, or The Beatles and their powerful British Invasion rock music on Spotify, different styles can produce the same results – as long as they align with your musical preferences. In this way, it’s the brain’s relationship with familiar and favored music that is key.

In other cases, the style of music can play a role. When it comes to the best music for learning, for example, experts recommend different genres for different purposes. Upbeat music, including songs with positive lyrics, can provide an energy boost and get your brain primed for learning. Once it’s time to buckle down and concentrate, however—like when you need to read, write, or study your course materials, instrumental music and soothing genres can help you stay calm and focused. Ultimately, however, each person may develop an approach to studying and music that’s uniquely suited for them.

Some places you may be able to find new music include:

  • Spotify
  • Pandora
  • YouTube
  • MoodFuse
  • SoundCloud
MUSIC IS SOOTHING

Experiencing New Music

There are several other ways you can learn about new music without plugging in your headphones. Take part in any of the following activities to explore different types of music in new ways:

  • Go to open mic nights in your community
  • Attend local concerts in your area
  • Ask your friends and family for music recommendations on your social media and have them share their favorite songs, playlists, or genres
  • Use different tools like Pandora, Spotify, MoodFuse, to find new music
TRY NEW MUSIC

Whether you play an instrument, listen to your music streaming app, or enjoy going to live concerts, music is having an active influence on your brain. So, put in your headphones, start your favorite album, and feel your dopamine levels rising. So keep jamming in to your choice of music !!!

SOURCES

https://www.uagc.edu/blog/how-does-music-affect-your-brain

Let’s save the water together

Water has become a highly necessary part of human being’s existence on Earth. Thus, the importance of water can be compared to the importance of air. All living organisms whether it is human, animals, or plants. Everyone is completely depending on fresh and potable water.

1. Turn off the taps

Leaving a tap running while brushing teeth uses 6 litres of water a minute. And by fixing a dripping tap you can save over 60 litres of water a week.

2. Boil what you need

Only boils has many cups of water as you need for yourself or your tea round- you’ll be saving water, money, energy.

3. Shower with less

It’s easy to linger in the shower when you’re sleepy in the morning- four minute timers can help. And switching to an efficient shower head will allow you to lather up in less water.

4. Save up your dirty clothes

Washing a full machine load of clothes uses less water and energy than 2 half-loads. This means lower bills as well.

5. Get a low-flush toilet

The average UK household flushes the loo 5,000 times per year. Modern dual-flush systems use just 6 litres or 4 with a reduced flush , much less than the 13 litres for each old-style flush.

6. Eat less meal

Rearing animals of meat and dairy is incredibly water-intensive. By cutting down on the amount of meat you eat, you could slash your water use drastically.

7. Steam your veggies

As well as using less water than boiling, steaming retains more nutrients. If you do boil, try adding the water used as a tasty stock to soups. Or let it cool and use it to water house or garden plants.

8. Reduce food waste

It takes a lot of water to produce our cereal, fruit and other food. More than half of the 7 million tonnes of food and drink UK households bin every year could be eaten. So plan a week’s menu and go shopping with a list – get more handy advice from love food hate waste.

9. Time your gardening

Water outdoor plants in the early morning or at the end of the day. This stops water evaporating straight away in sunlight and heat. Also, water onto the soil rather than leaves. This makes sure the liquid goes straight to the roots, where it’s needed.

10. Catch rainwater

Installing water butts saves you turning on the tap to water the garden – saving up to 5,000 litres of water a year. And your plants will thank you for rainwater rather than treated tap water. You can also cut water use by 35% by watering plants manually instead of using automatic sprinklers.

PM Modi advises heads of Indian missions to guarantee “local goes global”

PM Narendra Modi said that the festival of the 75th Independence Day is a chance to construct an unmistakable vision and guide for India that incorporates the nation’s fare desires. PM Narendra Modi on Friday said the public authority’s choice to dispose of review tax assessment mirrors India’s obligation to follow through on guarantees and sends an unmistakable message to all financial backers about the opening up of additional opportunities.

Tending to a virtual gathering with heads of Indian missions and different partners from the exchange and business area, Modi asked authorities to make the most of new freedoms made by changes in worldwide stockpile chains in the post-Covid-19 time.

The gathering, the first of its sort, was joined by trade serve Piyush Goyal and outer undertakings serve S Jaishankar. The topic for the gathering, as illustrated by Modi, was “local goes global  – Make in India for the world”.

Alluding to the significance of security in working together, he said the choice by India to dispose of review tax collection shows the public authority’s responsibility and consistency in strategies. “It sends an unmistakable message to all financial backers that, pushing ahead, India isn’t just opening ways to additional opportunities however the conclusive legislature of India has the will to satisfy its guarantees,” he said.

The public authority on Thursday presented a Bill in Lok Sabha to forestall the personal expense division from raising assessment requests reflectively, a move that endeavours to end long-forthcoming debates with unfamiliar firms, for example, Vodafone Plc and Cairn Energy Plc that together include an amount of more than ₹20,000 crore.

The move was viewed as financial backer agreeable, and tries to finish chaotic prosecution and discretion, particularly with Cairn, which has brought about the organization marking guarantee to India’s abroad resources.

Modi said that the festival of the 75th Independence Day is a chance to assemble a reasonable vision and guide for India that incorporates the nation’s fare desires. As the world psychologists because of physical, mechanical and monetary availability, additional opportunities are being made for the extension of India’s fares. Modi focused on the significance of reinforcing fares to recapture India’s old portion of the worldwide economy.

He asked partners to zero in on making the most of new freedoms made by changes in the worldwide production network following the pandemic. As the nation moves towards “Atmanirbhar Bharat”, one of its objectives is to build sends out complex by getting to the worldwide inventory network. “While empowering rivalry and greatness, we need to get ready worldwide heroes in each area,” he added.

Modi recorded four factors that are critical for expanding trades. Assembling has expanded and must be subjectively cutthroat, while the issues of transport and coordinations ought to be taken out mutually by the Center, states and private partners. The public authority should work with exporters, and the global market for Indian items must be extended.

He focused on the job of states in accomplishing trade targets, carrying out changes, drawing in speculations, guaranteeing simplicity of working together and making last mile framework. The focal government is working intimately with states to limit the administrative weight to build fare and venture, he added.

Fare targets can be accomplished distinctly through an all-encompassing activity plan. With practically 50% of India’s fares going to just four significant objections and designing merchandise, diamonds and gems, petrol and synthetic items and drugs representing 60% of fares, there is a need to discover new objections and new fare items, he said.

The occasion was likewise joined by secretaries of in excess of 20 offices, state government authorities, and individuals from send out advancement gatherings and offices of business.

Saina Nehwal: India’s Badminton Queen

Introduction and Early Life

Saina Nehwal is undoubtedly India’s greatest badminton player and one of India’s most iconic sports personalities. Saina was born on the 17th of March 1990 in Hisar, Haryana. Saina’s mother was a state-level badminton player while her father used to play badminton at the university-level. Saina originally took up badminton as a child due to loneliness. She also wanted to fulfil her mother’s dream of playing badminton at a national level. She trained at Pullela Gopichand’s Gopichand Badminton Academy, then trained at Prakash Padukone’s Prakash Padukone Badminton Academy, before returning to the Gopichand Badminton Academy. Saina also holds a brown belt in Karate.

Saina with her parents
Saina with her parents

Achievements

Saina is a former World No. 1 player, with her being declared the World No. 1 female badminton player on the 2nd of April, 2015. This made her the only female Indian and second Indian overall to achieve this. She is currently the World No. 19. She is the only Indian to win at least one medal in all of the major existing BWF individual events- the Olympics, the BWF World Championships, the BWF Junior World Championships- at any point of time. She is the first Indian badminton player to win an Olympic medal and advance to the BWF World Championship finals. She is also the only Indian badminton player to win the BWF World Junior Championship. In May 2006, with her winning the Philippines Open, Saina became the first Indian woman and youngest Asian to win a 4-star badminton tournament. She is the first Indian to win a Super Series title. Saina is also the first Indian badminton player to win two gold singles medals at the Commonwealth Games, with her wins in the 2010 and 2018 Games. She captained the Indian team and contributed majorly to getting India a bronze medal in the 2014 Thomas and Uber Cup, which was also the country’s first major BWF event team medal.

In 2008, she received the Most Promising Player of the Year (2008) award from the Badminton World Federation. She was a recipient of the Arjuna award in 2009 and the Padma Shri in 2010. She also was the recipient of the Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna that year. In 2016, she was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India’s second highest civilian honour.

Saina being awarded the Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna
Saina being awarded the Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna
Saina being awarded the Padma Bhushan
Saina being awarded the Padma Bhushan

Career Highlights

Saina has played a total of 640 singles matches till date, and has won 440 of them. She has won 4 Super Series Premier events, 7 Super Series events, 8 Grand Prix Gold events and 1 Grand Prix title. In the 2012 London Olympic Games, she won the bronze medal. She has won 2 gold medals at the Commonwealth Games, in the years 2010 and 2018. She won a bronze medal in the 2018 Asian Games. In the BWF World Championship, she won a silver medal in 2015 and a bronze medal in 2017. Saina has won 3 bronze medals in the Asian Championships in the years 2010, 2016 and 2018. At the national level, Saina is a 13-timw winner of the National Badminton Championships.

Saina with her Olympic bronze medal
Saina with her Olympic bronze medal

MOBILE BANKING

MEANING

Mobile banking is considered as an important revolution in the banking sector. This led to enhancement in the customer base. Presently most of them possess a mobile phone. So, banking operation is made easy. Like internet banking, the mobile banking does not involve much cost.the important requirement in the mobile banking is the mobile phone with internet connection (wifi is also enough).

FEATURES OF MOBILE BANKING

  • Anytime banking and anywhere banking are ensured.
  • Banking transactions and other non-banking transportations done by bank are possible through mobile phone.
  • Important functions are permitted under mobile banking.
  • Mobile banking can be done by the customer in the case of possession of mobile phone with internet connectivity.
  • Mobile banking is considered as one of the electronic mode.
  • Customer who performs the functions through mobile banking can be considered as mobile customers.
  • It is easily accessible irrespective of time, place, etc. But the important requirement is internet line should be clear.
  • Mobile banking service can be availed through registration of mobile number and filling up of the application form.

SERVICES OFFERED THROUGH MOBILE BANKING

Banking Functions

  1. opening an account.
  2. Checking up on account balances.
  3. Reconciling of balances by comparing cash book and account statement.
  4. Transfer of funds.
  5. Accessing account balances.
  6. To make payment for utility bills such as telephone bills, electricity bills, and other bills.
  7. Requesting for cheque books, demand drafts and other bank instruments.
  8. To apply for loans.
  9. To utilise the fund to procure assets/securities.
  10. To intimate change of address via the online mode.
  11. To countermand payment.
  12. To intimate ATM card loss/stolen.
  13. To get information pertaining to the nearest ATM centre.

Non – banking Functions: Apart from the banking transportations, the non-banking transaction can be also be performed. These are as follows:

  1. To book railway, air tickets and other tickets
  2. To make payment for a credit card due, other taxes, etc.
  3. To register the mobile number for SMS alerts pertaining to any changes in account balances/other aspects.
  4. To makes donations/or to pay for mutual fund (systematic investment plan), or for procuring other financial instruments.
  5. These are some of the non-banking transactions can be performed. Normally most of the bank’s in India offers these services but subject to changes. Few foreign banks may provide extra services which are not available with public sector banks.

SCOPES FOR BACHELOR OF COMMERCE.

Bachelor of Commerce is one of the most Demanded course which all new comers looking for. Bachelor of commerce has plenty of Scopes and opportunity and variety of Educational knowledge. Bachelor of commerce inculcate Arts and Science which is Theories and practicals. By studying Bachelor of commerce we can get enormous of jobs and opportunities.

WHAT IS BACHELOR OF COMMERCE ?

Bachelor of commerce is refers to understanding in accounting, economics, business law, financial management, Taxation, insurance and banking.

HISTORY

The Bachelor of Commerce (B.com) degree was first offered at the University of Birmingham. In India, the duration of B.com is 3 years. Candidates can pursue B.com in regular and distance mode.

B.Com jobs are plenty for the graduates. Some B.Com graduates can build up their career in research and accounting. In addition, there are plenty of B.Com scope for the graduates in the field of teaching after completion of the course, and even there are broad scope in public and private sectors of various organisations. Jobs after B.Com and salary are in a vast area so that the aspirants can get jobs easily. Along with it, B.Com-related jobs such as CA and CMA are also in good numbers. Also, the placements for the graduates after completion of the course are in good numbers compared to any other course of the respective domain.

JOBS FOR B. COM GRADUATE (FRESHERS)

1 – Accounting and Auditing.

2 – Tax Advisory Services.

3 – Financial Services.

4 – Commercial Banking.

5 – International Banking.

6 – Insurance Services.

7 – Telecommunication Services and BPO’s.

B.Com graduates have high value in almost every government sector. Most of the research institutes and scientific institutes prefer B.Com graduates. Government jobs for B.Com graduates are the jobs that are highly rewarding for. After B.Com, jobs and salary in the government sector are good in numbers. Graduates with a B.Com degree outshine in their respective jobs. Like,

  • SBI clerk
  • SBI PO
  • RBI officer
  • Ministry of commerce
  • Industry company secretary
  • RBI grade B officer

candidate can get job in Bank after completing B.Com with 45% marks. Eligibility to get job job in Banks : Candidate must have passed graduation in any stream from any recognised university. There is no minimum percentage criteria.

Bachelor of commerce is not a tough or most easiest course to accomplish. You have to bring your interest and full confidence to pursue it. However it has more scopes and opportunity as you seen, if you want to learn the world of commerce you may require this Course. Everything starts from yourself and to get this course you need to secure 70-80 % in your Commerce education. And the people who took commerce group in higher secondary can take this course.

Learn to be the best and Choose best to learn.

Benefits Of Practicing Yoga

Photo by Prasanth Inturi on Pexels.com

I have been searching for solution to reduce my health issues like stress, breathing problem,etc in a natural way.

One day i have a conversation with my neighbor about a health issue “he said that why don’t you practice yoga to treat it. So I joined a yoga class. By practicing yoga regularly and properly what yoga instructor has said to follow. After some days i found myself that some changes has occurred. I have became healthier than before and reduced stress and back pain, increased my concentration levels and more benefits.Below are the more benefits of practicing yoga.

  • Yoga increases your flexibility
  • Yoga reduces stress
  • Yoga lowers blood pressure
  • Yoga helps your body healthier
  • Yoga improves breathing
  • Yoga helps to keep your joints healthy
  • Yoga helps to keep your mind clam

Major Dhyan Chand: The Magician of Hockey

On the 6th of August 2021, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi tweeted that the Government of India would be renaming India’s highest sporting honour from the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna to the Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna. This announcement came on the heels on the Men’s Indian Hockey team winning the bronze medal at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. This is significant due to the greatness and impact Major Dhyan Chand left on the sport especially in India. Nicknamed The Wizard and The Magician of Hockey, he was renowned worldwide for his superior skills and extraordinary ball control skills.

Early life

Major Dhyan Chand was born on the 29th of August 1905 in Allahabad in what was then known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in British-India. His father was a member of the British Indian Army. Major Dhyan Chand grew up with hockey right from his birth; his father used to play hockey for the Army. However, apart from playing casual games of hockey with his friends, according to Major Dhyan Chand, he did not have any serious interest in hockey. He joined the British Indian Army on his 17th birthday.

Major Career Achievements

Major Dhyan Chand started playing hockey competitively after joining the British Indian Army. Initially he played only tournaments within the army. His first international competition was in a tour against New Zealand. He was selected to be a part of the Indian hockey team for the 1928 Amsterdam Olympic Games. Despite it being the debut Games for the hockey team, they dominated it and ended up winning the gold medal. Major Dhyan Chand was the top-scorer in the whole tournament. This was the Games which lead to his nickname The Magician of Hockey. In the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics, he was once again a part of the hockey team as they once again won the gold. In 1934, he was appointed as the captain of the national team. In the 1936 Berlin Olympics, Major Dhyan Chand captained the team into winning its third consecutive gold medal.

Post-Retirement

Major Dhyan Chand continued playing hockey even after retiring from the competitive field. He used to regularly teach hockey in coaching camps at Mount Abu in Rajasthan. He was appointed to the position of Chief Hockey Coach at the Patiala branch of the National Institute of Sports and had a tenure of many years there. He passed away on the 3rd of December 1979.

Legacy

The Government of India declared his birthday, the 29th of August as National Sports Day. It is also the day when sports-related awards are conferred. India’s highest award for a lifetime achievement in sports was named the Dhyan Chand Award. The National Stadium in Delhi, a field hockey stadium, was renamed as the Dhyan Chand National Stadium. On the 6th of August 2021, India’s highest sporting award, the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna was renamed to the Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna in highlight of the contribution and impact Major Dhyan Chand left on hockey both nationally as well as internationally.

MESSI’S TRANSFER SAGA: THE BARTOMEU’S FAULT

All Eyes of the Football Pundits and Fans were on the Argentinian Superstar ‘La Pulga’, as called in Spain none other than Lionel Messi. After winning Copa America, he was seemed to be the favorite of the Ballon dor, though rumors were there he was about to complete the renewal of his Barca Contract until 2026 this July, things went Unfortunately in 24hrs and left all the Barca Fans in tears and heartbroken.

Lionel Messi
Lionel Messi

Barcelona has reported being in over 1 billion Euros in debt, a massive number considering all the marketing and brand value Barcelona has. Nonetheless, the financials of the club have fallen apart and no better has that been on display than the Messi Gate Situation and later in the transfer market.

Barcelona has been oddly quiet this offseason in the market, looking to let go of players rather than sign any. While they continue to toss their name in the mix for players like Erling Haaland and a possible return for Neymar, the reality is, the club cannot afford big-time contracts or transfer fees. The announcement that the greatest player to ever wear the Barcelona uniform, Lionel Messi, is leaving the club for not being able to come to terms on a new contract is further proof that Barcelona is not the club they once were.

President Bartomeu & Lionel Messi during the player’s contract extension in 2017
President Bartomeu & Lionel Messi during the player’s contract extension in 2017 

The Ex-Barca President Bartomeu is indeed directly pointed as the reason by, a side of Barca fans. After the Remontada against PSG Neymar, who carried the whole team in the knockout stage, was Shadowed by Messi which made Neymar leave the Catalan club to PSG. After this, Barcelona struggled to replace the place Neymar. They signed Dembele for a record fee of €100M + a €40M bonus which the money went in vain and, he never reached the potential he had instead, he was injured constantly was more in the Hospital than on the Barca bench. This made the Catalan club sign the Liverpool star who was in the form of his lifetime, for a club-record fee of €160M. After signing him, it seemed as Neymar’s Childhood friend has replaced him, but this didn’t go well he lost his place at starting level because of his poor performances. He had a nightmare at the Catalan club. So he was loaned to Bayern, where he won Bundesliga and Champions League and returned in a good rhythm to Barcelona.

But because of his transfer clause with Liverpool, if he wins UCL after his move to Barca, they have to pay a bonus to Liverpool after some appearance, so to reduce this financial burden, Barca had to imply that he’s injured to make him out of the squad. All these poor signings in the transfer window and letting club legends Suarez and Rakitic cheap in the transfer window and joining the Super League made Bartomeu sacked. But though his departure problems didn’t end, It went on a BOOM as Messi leaving.

INTELLECUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

WHAT IS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY?

        Intellectual property refers to the product of the mind, which is distinct from the usual notations of the property. These products could be inventions, artistic and literary works, designs and symbols, names, and images used in commerce. Intellectual property is in tangible form and cannot be sensed by other people since it is valuable to the original creator. The main purpose of intellectual property is to encourage the innovation of products.

WHY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS ARE NEEDED?

  1. The intellectual property law provides the exclusive rights of the products to the creator.
  2. These rights provide legal ownership to the authors.
  3. Without IP protection, third parties can easily exploit your products.
  4. Patent protection is important to encourage the disclosure of information to the public which may be useful to the inventors to improve the product.
  5. It provides growth in areas of research, innovation, and employment.

TYPES OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

  1. PATENT

                A patent is the exclusive rights given to the invention i.e, a product or process that provides the new solution for the problem. It gives them rights to the owner to protect their product from making, using, selling by other people for a limited period of years. The lifetime of a patent for a patentee is 20 years. The patentee must properly include the claims by pointing out the novelty of your idea. This is important because it provides the legal protection of the patent in case of infringements. A patent is given by checking the criteria like the novelty of the idea, the presence of inventive step, and its commercial applicability. A patent is given by regional and national patent offices like the Indian patent office, European patent office, and African Regional Intellectual Property Organization.

2. INDUSTRIAL DESIGN

                   Design refers to the shape, size, pattern or ornament, or composition of lines or colors or combinations applied to any two-dimensional or three-dimensional products or for both through the industrial process by manual or chemical or mechanical, which a finished article is judged by the eye.

3. COPYRIGHTS

                   Copyrights are given to the author to protect their ownership of their product. Copyrights are given by verifying the tangible form of work and original authorship of the work. Copyrights are given to expressions and not to ideas or procedures or any mathematical concepts. Some of the copyrighted works are literary works, dramatical works, musical works, pictorial, graphical, and sculptural works, motion pictures, and architectural works. The duration of copyrights is 60 years.

4. TRADEMARKS

                   Trademarks are distinctive signs used by a company or industry which cannot be used by others. Trademarks could be distinctive combinations of words or letters or numerals, distinctive shapes or signs, non-visible signs like sound, taste, smell, and collective marks and certification marks. Trademark ensures the owners of the marks the exclusive rights to identify goods and services. The lifetime of a trademark is 10 years.

5. TRADE SECRETS

                  Trade secrets refer to the information including a formula, pattern, compilation, method, device, technique, or process that derives the independent economic value. It should not be readily accessible to other persons who can easily attain economic value by disclosing it. Some of the manufacturing secrets are Research and Development (R&D) information, Proprietary information about production/process, quality control information. Some of the commercial secrets include employee/vendor/partner information, infrastructure and organization information, internal financial information, and sales and marketing information.

Developing Positive Personal attitude

Every person on this earth wants to be successful in their life, but very few reach that
point as not everyone has what it takes to be successful. It demands some basic
characteristics which separate achievers from others. These characteristics can be
developed over time, if a person has the willpower for it.
Time management is one of the most crucial quality, a person needs in order to keep
up with their goal. It means carefully planning out the tasks to be completed over a
specified time frame. This would include prioritization of certain tasks which may be
more important or urgent, or they may be just the prerequisites for others. As soon as
I wake up everyday, I carefully list down the tasks and activities of the day. It may not
be exact as always some unexpected things pop up, but that can be adjusted so it’s
just a rough estimate for the day. For me, it gives a sense of satisfaction and
completion at the end of the day. And it helps me to keep a track of what I have to do
and what has been done. So, after I finish up all the tasks of the day, it is easier to carry
on an analysis of my efficiency, strengths and weaknesses. There will always be room
for improvement and next day I can add what has been left and deduct what is
redundant.
“Choosing to be positive and having a grateful attitude is going to determine how
you’re going to live your life” – APJ Abdul Kalam. It is said that attitude is what defines
your next move. Winners don’t do different things, they just do those things in a
different manner. For me, having a positive attitude is like the backbone to my
accomplishments, there are days when life is hard upon us, there are struggles, there
are moments when being cheerful isn’t easy. It is hard to maintain that energy level
and dedication to pursue our goals. But if one has the positive insight into it, an
attitude which says ” yes I can do it”, then things become exponentially easy. For me
the source of inspiration and positivity comes from reading books and novels. Even
some electronic media sources like YouTube and selective entertainment content has
helped me to sail through hardships. It very much depends upon what you grasp in
these things. A positive attitude is not something that can be bought as a package from
some institution or college, it is something we need to develop, and our surroundings,
what we eat, what we watch, what we read affects it a lot. Past experiences may also
create a strong influence on it accordingly

WHAT IF?….

Check out what if the whole world has only one language! Everything will become simple. The world of history, technology, medicine, business, and so on might get affected if it happens.

World
World

JOB & BUSINESS:

 Every talented person can get a good job everywhere. Everyone can crack their interview. Everyone can apply for jobs anywhere and have tons of job opportunities. Everyone can deal with the clients effortlessly and can do the projects efficiently. 

Many entrepreneurs can evolve, which creates economic competition between countries. World trade will become easy.

EDUCATION: 

Every child will get an excellent understanding of their studies. Students have vast opportunities to study anywhere. It is easy for the students to discover their talents. Students will be free from academic pressure. The way of education might get changed. Learning new things will become handy for students.

HELP:

 Anyone can help anyone during the emergency times (like accidents). People will become kind-hearted to help a needy person.

There will be no chance of fraud or scandals. Suicides may become less.

Terrorism might get abolished. Medicine for deadly diseases might get founded earlier. People can easily define between good and evil, which might create a massive impact on future generations.

World map
World map

LIFE: 

Men and women can come to a better understanding of each other. No one can use bad words in public. Everyone can express their problem to their government so that the whole world can support them. People can know many events happening in the world. There will be no language division within the country. 

HISTORY:

There’s a chance of many events happening and not. Also, some historical monuments have no chance to exist. Maybe some other historical moments would occur. New inventions might get founded during the early days itself. The world would become more technological than now. Some cultures might get destroyed and, some may be in trend even now.

My views over Nirma University , Gujarat.

Nirma university is the private university located in Ahemdabad , Gujarat. It is a research-oriented, student-centric, multidisciplinary, not-for-profit state private university.

The college infrastructure and facilities meet all the expectations. The departments have all the required classrooms, laboratories and a library that has answers to all the questions.Other various facilities are gym sports room, ground for various sport. Living space are aslo good clean & hygienic.Placement are outstanding & College have various collaboration with various firms for this purpose Neaarly 90% students are placed.avg salary 4 to 5 lakh per annum. Offcourse college faculty & staff are supportive.Various activities are organised by various clubs of respective department over the year. Various Activities are organised over there so overall personality growth & various industrial visit are also in the curriculum.Various activities are organised by various clubs of respective department over the year. Nirma have very high protective and attractive campus which makes students life more great and that’s why campus is designed with full of space and attractive areas which will provide peaceful and calm healthy nature and education.

Courses information

That’s all about university.

I am mentioning again – they are completely my views.

Four Iconic Fantasy Movie Series based on Books

 The Lord of the Rings series

The Lord of the Rings series is based on the iconic series of the same name written by J.R.R. Tolkien. Like its novel counterparts, it is regarded as one of the best and most influential series ever. It is set in the fictional world of Middle-Earth and follows a hobbit, Frodo Baggins, his friends and an allied group called the Fellowship in their quest to destroy the Dark Lord Sauron through the destruction of the One Ring, which was created by him. There are 3 parts in the series:

  • The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
  • The Two Towers (2002)
  • The Return of the King (2003)
 The Lord of the Rings series
 The Lord of the Rings series

The series also has a prequel series called The Hobbit based on the novel of the same name by J.R.R. Tolkien. It takes place 60 years before the events of The Lord of the Rings series and follows the journey of Bilbo Baggins as he, along with 13 dwarves, sets out to take back the Lonely Mountain from the clutches of the ferocious dragon Smaug. The Hobbit also has 3 parts:

  • The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
  • The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013)
  • The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014)
The Hobbit series
The Hobbit series

The Harry Potter series

The Harry Potter series is based on the immensely popular Harry Potter book series written by British author J.K. Rowling. The series follows Harry Potter, given the epithet of The-Boy-Who-Lived,and his adventures at the wizarding school of Hogwarts, all the while trying to fight against Lord Voldemort, an evil wizard who tried to kill Harry as a baby but failed. The series has 8 parts:

  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (2001)
  • Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)
  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004)
  • Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005)
  • Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)
  • Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009)
  • Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 (2010)
  • Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (2011)
The Harry Potter series
The Harry Potter series

Pirates of the Caribbean series

Unlike many movies which are either adaptations of some sort of media or original stories of their own, the Pirates of the Caribbean series is inspired from a Disneyland ride of the same name. The series follows the adventures and shenanigans of the pirates sailing in the Caribbean, particularly following the story of Captain Jack Sparrow. The series has 5 parts:

  • Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003)
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006)
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End (2007)
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011)
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales Salazar’s Revenge (2017)
Pirates of the Caribbean series
Pirates of the Caribbean series

The Chronicles of Narnia series

The Chronicles of Narnia is based on the best-selling book series of the same name written by C.S. Lewis. The series follows the adventures of a group of siblings in the magical land of Narnia. Although the book series contains 7 books, till today, only 3 have been adapted:

  • The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005)
  • The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian (2008)
  • The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (2010)
The Chronicles of Narnia series
The Chronicles of Narnia series

THE FAME.

A few years ago all celebrities were the only once, considered as influencers, they were paid to promote their brand and attach their equality. The term celebrities include actors, musicians, and athletes. This is nearly impossible to accept the change in relationship over a few years. It has changed the way of approaching the talent of people. With the change in generation, selection habits, and wants, influencer marketing is taking a high pitch with a new level of potential to navigate the leverage of third-party audiences. Influencers are the new celebrity, they are godly followed by a new generation, ‘The gen Z’s’. They have new tastes with modern twists to attract young and powerful consumers. Research says that almost all of the young crowd are following multiple influencers on social media sites.

There are tons of videos regarding fashion trends, make-up tutorials, what is in trend and whatnot, etc. The reason for watching and following them is inspirational, gaining knowledge about new trends and being exposed to fun, interesting content will increase your confidence and will also let you know about pros and cons. Another reason is people and young crowds are interested in how they live, what do they do in their lives and how much wealth do they have. Nowadays, watching all these influencers and their influencing videos is inspiring tons of people not only teenagers and young ones but also includes adults, kids. Amongst this, most of the men prefer gaming videos, the influencers of the same are also available and getting on a high pitch. And most of the women/girls here are majorly into make-ups, latest fashion trends, cooking, etc. For an influencer to impact consumer’s choice they must be authentic as in appearance, should have an engaging personality, fan following must rank high and with genuine care and interest in people’s choices. These all are the traits that ought to have in an influencer to influence.

For Gen Z, YouTube influence, an Instagram influencer is more popular than major celebrities. Influencers and YouTubers like PewDiePie, Kylie Jenner, Bhuvan Bam, Komal Pandey, Ashish Chanchlani, Mostlysane, Dixie d’amelio, etc, are quite famous for their specific genres. It does say that influencers are more trusted than celebrities. There are many pages on Instagram and Facebook, where they sell clothes, bags, footwear, bags, and many more shopping items. These are worn by Influencers and accordingly get famous and known, from where people buy as they trust the Influencers. Eighty-eight % says that consumer learns about the product through social media.
Consumer themselves has expressed to be an influencer. A category of Influencer is, one should have followers of 5,000 to 10,000 or more. Becoming an influencer is easy than a celebrity. Though no work is easy. Brand partnering with celebrities is nothing new, it is more crucial because of the rising of Influencers. Thus, the decision-making should be strong enough that how to combine both celebrities and Influencers mix.