HISTORICAL MYSTERIOUS THAT MIGHT NEVER BE SOLVED .

A part of existing on this planet is being surrounded with hundreds of mysterious that are far from being solved . Here are a few mysterious that have not being solved , and probably never will.

HANGING GARDENS OF BABYLONIA – Hanging gardens of Babylonia were allegedly the seven wonders of the world, but its pretty much unclear whether it existed in the first place or not . It is believed that the hanging gardens of Babylonia was constricted at the city of Babylonia , present day Iraq . Archeologists have been able to excavate Babylonia , but they could not find the garden , which brought up the simple question – did the hanging gardens of Babylonia actually exist?

CLEOPATRA’S TOMB – There were several ancient writers who firmly stated that Cleopatra the VIII th was buried with her lover, Anthony and writer Plutarch claimed that their tombs were located near a temple of Egyptian Goddess Isis . But till date there are no leads to their tombs .

CITY OF ATLANTIS – The famous Greek philosopher Plato had written about a fictitious city named Atlantis , which was was situated in the Atlantic ocean . Plato , in his story had written that in a conflict between Athenians and Atlantis , the Athenians had struck back , which resulted in Atlantis disappearing .

OAK ISLAND – It is believed that there is a money pit buried in the oak island . The oak island is located off Nova Scotia , Canada . It is believed that the money was left by a pirate named Captain William Kid .There have been several expeditions to find the hidden money , but all in vain .

To Read List (Chick-Lit)

I would love it if my book was considered chick-lit or a beach read. That would be great. People would buy my book.

emily gould
See the source image

Introduction

Chick lit was a genre widely popular in the 90s and early 2000s, referred to books usually written by women for women and about women. These books centred in on a female protagonist and the plot usually revolved around some cliché themes or highlight some important themes doused with humour and good natured drama. Though bashed by several authors as sexist, chick- lit continues to be one of the favourite genera of all times.

Chick Lit uses humour to reflect life back to us. It’s a very comforting genre, and it’s the first time our generation has had a voice. It’s a very important genre for all of those reasons.

Marian Keyes

Chick Lit is a sub genre of women- fiction and caters mainly to its women target audience.

Curated below is a list of 4 Chick Lits that you absolutely need to check out.

1. After I Do

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‘After I do’, is a book by the notable author of ‘ The seven Husbands of Emily Hugo’, Taylor Jenkin Reid. This book revolves around a marriage traipsing on the edge of collapse and the lengths people involved go to to save it.

Lauren and Ryan’s marriage is on the verge of falling apart, when, in order to save their marriage they devise a plan and decide to take a year apart to rediscover themselves and find their love again. There’s a rule though, they can’t contact each other for the entire time spent apart.

This book delves into simple yet notably important things that are generally overlooked in the everyday life. This is perfect light read for the weekend that makes us question the nuances of love and marriage.

2.The Hating Game

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Sally Thorne’s, ‘The Hating Game’ follows a enemies to something more kind of trope. Lucy Hutton, the smart, charming, professional, good girl. Joshua Templeman, dressed to the nines, cold , stoic and efficient. These two manifest the definition of nemesis like no one else. Stuck in the same office at Bexley & Gamin for long periods together, they have got going a series of strange games of outfoxing each other. With a significant promotion coming up that can land Lucy as Templeman’s boss, Lucy is all in for the real game, however, she is utterly unrehearsed for the strange feelings rooting in for her arch-nemesis.

This is the kind of book that everyone loves, sharp and sweeping.

3. Miss Makeover

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Claire Betita de Guzman’s, ‘Miss Makeover’, revolves around Mara Francisco, a fashion writer, who gets a major makeover ends up receiving attention from the ever charming  Markus. When things do not go as she anticipated and to escape her insecurities she rushes off to a to a remote town in the Philippines to attend a beauty boot camp that does not allow makeup for the participants through the entire six day program.

Not armed with makeup for the first time since forever, Mara will have to meander her way through her insecurities. Throw in an old high school crush and an elusively cold local in the mix and you have a tale worth remembering!

The kind of book that almost everyone can relate to.

4. Manhunting

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Jennifer Cruise’s, ‘Manhunting’, is centred around Kate Svenson, a suave woman with an equally strong foothold on the corporate ladder. The only glitch in her life is her terrible love life. After three broken engagements, Kate decides to go all out in search of her perfect match.

A swarm of eligible bachelors in the Cabins resort, wrong perceptions and several troubles later Kate and the ever indifferent Jake Templeton stagger for a footing on the ladder of love.

A hilarious and sizzling romance.

HUMAN EYES

Human eye, in humans, specialized sense organ capable of receiving visual images, which are then carried to the brain.

Anatomy of the visual apparatus


Structures auxiliary to the eye


The orbit

The eye is protected from mechanical injury by being enclosed in a socket, or orbit, which is made up of portions of several of the bones of the skull to form a four-sided pyramid, the apex of which points back into the head. Thus, the floor of the orbit is made up of parts of the maxilla, zygomatic, and palatine bones, while the roof is made up of the orbital plate of the frontal bone and, behind this, by the lesser wing of the sphenoid. The optic foramen, the opening through which the optic nerve runs back into the brain and the large ophthalmic artery enters the orbit, is at the nasal side of the apex; the superior orbital fissure is a larger hole through which pass large veins and nerves. These nerves may carry nonvisual sensory messages—e.g., pain—or they may be motor nerves controlling the muscles of the eye. There are other fissures and canals transmitting nerves and blood vessels. The eyeball and its functional muscles are surrounded by a layer of orbital fat that acts much like a cushion, permitting a smooth rotation of the eyeball about a virtually fixed point, the centre of rotation. The protrusion of the eyeballs—proptosis—in exophthalmic goitre is caused by the collection of fluid in the orbital fatty tissue.

The eyelids


It is vitally important that the front surface of the eyeball, the cornea, remain moist. This is achieved by the eyelids, which during waking hours sweep the secretions of the lacrimal apparatus and other glands over the surface at regular intervals and which during sleep cover the eyes and prevent evaporation. The lids have the additional function of preventing injuries from foreign bodies, through the operation of the blink reflex. The lids are essentially folds of tissue covering the front of the orbit and, when the eye is open, leaving an almond-shaped aperture. The points of the almond are called canthi; that nearest the nose is the inner canthus, and the other is the outer canthus. The lid may be divided into four layers: (1) the skin, containing glands that open onto the surface of the lid margin, and the eyelashes; (2) a muscular layer containing principally the orbicularis oculi muscle, responsible for lid closure; (3) a fibrous layer that gives the lid its mechanical stability, its principal portions being the tarsal plates, which border directly upon the opening between the lids, called the palpebral aperture; and. (4) the innermost layer of the lid, a portion of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that serves to attach the eyeball to the orbit and lids but permits a considerable degree of rotation of the eyeball in the orbit.

The conjunctiva

The conjunctiva lines the lids and then bends back over the surface of the eyeball, constituting an outer covering to the forward part of this and terminating at the transparent region of the eye, the cornea. The portion that lines the lids is called the palpebral portion of the conjunctiva; the portion covering the white of the eyeball is called the bulbar conjunctiva. Between the bulbar and the palpebral conjunctiva there are two loose, redundant portions forming recesses that project back toward the equator of the globe. These recesses are called the upper and lower fornices, or conjunctival sacs; it is the looseness of the conjunctiva at these points that makes movements of lids and eyeball possible.

The fibrous layer


The fibrous layer, which gives the lid its mechanical stability, is made up of the thick, and relatively rigid, tarsal plates, bordering directly on the palpebral aperture, and the much thinner palpebral fascia, or sheet of connective tissue; the two together are called the septum orbitale. When the lids are closed, the whole opening of the orbit is covered by this septum. Two ligaments, the medial and lateral palpebral ligaments, attached to the orbit and to the septum orbitale, stabilize the position of the lids in relation to the globe. The medial ligament is by far the stronger.

The skin


The outermost layer of the lid is the skin, with features not greatly different from skin on the rest of the body, with the possible exception of large pigment cells, which, although found elsewhere, are much more numerous in the skin of the lids. The cells may wander, and it is these movements of the pigment cells that determine the changes in coloration seen in some people with alterations in health. The skin has sweat glands and hairs. As the junction between skin and conjunctiva is approached, the hairs change their character to become eyelashes.

The glandular apparatus


The eye is kept moist by secretions of the lacrimal glands (tear glands). These almond-shaped glands under the upper lids extend inward from the outer corner of each eye. Each gland has two portions. One portion is in a shallow depression in the part of the eye socket formed by the frontal bone. The other portion projects into the back part of the upper lid. The ducts from each gland, three to 12 in number, open into the superior conjunctival fornix, or sac. From the fornix, the tears flow down across the eye and into the puncta lacrimalia, small openings at the margin of each eyelid near its inner corner. The puncta are openings into the lacrimal ducts; these carry the tears into the lacrimal sacs, the dilated upper ends of the nasolacrimal ducts, which carry the tears into the nose.

The evaporation of the tears as they flow across the eye is largely prevented by the secretion of oily and mucous material by other glands. Thus, the meibomian, or tarsal glands, consist of a row of elongated glands extending through the tarsal plates; they secrete an oil that emerges onto the surface of the lid margin and acts as a barrier for the tear fluid, which accumulates in the grooves between the eyeball and the lid barriers.

THE EYE

General description


The eyeball is not a simple sphere but can be viewed as the result of fusing a small portion of a small, strongly curved sphere with a large portion of a large, not so strongly curved sphere. The small piece, occupying about one-sixth of the whole, has a radius of 8 mm (0.3 inch); it is transparent and is called the cornea; the remainder, the scleral segment, is opaque and has a radius of 12 mm (0.5 inch). The ring where the two areas join is called the limbus. Thus, on looking directly into the eye from in front one sees the white sclera surrounding the cornea; because the latter is transparent one sees, instead of the cornea, a ring of tissue lying within the eye, the iris. The iris is the structure that determines the colour of the eye. The centre of this ring is called the pupil. It appears dark because the light passing into the eye is not reflected back to any great extent. By use of an ophthalmoscope, an instrument that permits the observer to illuminate the interior of the eyeball while observing through the pupil, the appearance of the interior lining of the globe can be made out. Called the fundus oculi, it is characterized by the large blood vessels that supply blood to the retina; these are especially distinct as they cross over the pallid optic disk, or papilla, the region where the optic nerve fibres leave the globe.

The dimensions of the eye are reasonably constant, varying among normal individuals by only a millimetre or two; the sagittal (vertical) diameter is about 24 mm (about one inch) and is usually less than the transverse diameter. At birth the sagittal diameter is about 16 to 17 mm (about 0.65 inch), it increases rapidly to about 22.5 to 23 mm (about 0.89 inch) by the age of three years, and between age three and 13 the globe attains its full size. The weight is about 7.5 grams (0.25 ounce) and its volume about 6.5 cm3 (0.4 cubic inch).

The retina


The retina is the part of the eye that receives the light and converts it into chemical energy. The chemical energy activates nerves that conduct the messages out of the eye into the higher regions of the brain. The retina is a complex nervous structure, being, in essence, an outgrowth of the forebrain.

Ten layers of cells in the retina can be seen microscopically. In general, there are four main layers: (1) Next to the choroid is the pigment epithelium, already mentioned. (2) Above the epithelium is the layer of rods and cones, the light-sensitive cells. The changes induced in the rods and cones by light are transmitted to (3) a layer of neurons (nerve cells) called the bipolar cells. These bipolar cells connect with (4) the innermost layer of neurons, the ganglion cells; and the transmitted messages are carried out of the eye along their projections, or axons, which constitute the optic nerve fibres. Thus, the optic nerve is really a central tract, rather than a nerve, connecting two regions of the nervous system, namely, the layer of bipolar cells, and the cells of the lateral geniculate body, the latter being a visual relay station in the diencephalon (the rear portion of the forebrain).

Importance of Eye Care

Your eyesight is one of your most important senses: 80% of what we perceive comes through our sense of sight. By protecting your eyes, you will reduce the odds of blindness and vision loss while also staying on top of any developing eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Eye Health = Brain Health


Healthy brain function needs healthy eyesight. The brain is our most vital organ, allowing us to live complex lives. Considering that your optic nerve connects your eyes and your brain, a healthy co-dependent relationship is necessary. By keeping your eyes healthy, you keep your brain healthy – improving your overall quality of life!

Good vision contributes to improved athletic ability, better driving skills, improved learning and comprehension and better quality of life.

Your future can be colorful and full of life just by making sure you see your optometrist as recommended. The experienced eye doctors at Medical Eye Associates in Medford are ready to help you preserve and protect your vision. Contact them today at 800-824-2688 or medicaleycenter.com to schedule an eye exam.

Social media marketing



The term social media marketing refers to the use of social media and social networks to market a company’s products and services. Social media marketing provides companies with a way to engage with existing customers and reach new ones while allowing them to promote their desired culture, mission, or tone. Social media marketing has purpose-built data analytics tools that allow marketers to track the success of their efforts. Sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram are commonly used to execute social media marketing. Social media has changed the way we function as a society, including the way we connect with one another. Social media websites allow marketers to employ a broad range of tactics and strategies to promote content and have people engage with it. Many social networks allow users to provide detailed geographical, demographic, and personal information, which enables marketers to tailor their messages to what is most likely to resonate with users. Social media marketing campaigns have the advantage of appealing to a broad audience at once. Viral marketing seeks to spread information about a product or service from person to person by word of mouth or sharing via the internet or email. The goal of viral marketing is to inspire individuals to share a marketing message to friends, family, and other individuals to create exponential growth in the number of its recipients. Today’s consumers rush to browse social media when they want to know more about an organization or product because that’s where they’ll find others talking about that business. Social media is an ideal place for brands looking to gain insights into their audience’s interests and tastes. The way experts see it, smart companies will continue to invest in social media to achieve sustainable business growth. Whether you want to launch a new product or a business, social media is the perfect launchpad to create a buzz around your initiatives. As we move further into the future of e-commerce, it’s clear that social media marketing isn’t just an option. In an increasingly competitive environment, your business can’t afford to miss out on social media. It’s especially competitive in the social media influencer space, where there are thousands of new influencers starting a brand every day. If you’re trying to build more of an online presence to become a social media influencer, make sure to read our comprehensive guide. A few years ago, the sole purpose of using social media channels was to generate website traffic. Today, it has developed into something more than just a place to broadcast content. Twitter allows companies to promote their products in short messages known as tweets limited to 280 characters which appear on followers Home timelines Tweets can contain text, Hashtag, photo, video, Animated, Emoji, or links to the product’s website and other social media profiles, etc. Twitter is also used by companies to provide customer service. Some companies make support available 24/7 and answer promptly, thus improving brand loyalty and appreciation.Facebook pages are far more detailed than Twitter accounts. They allow a product to provide videos, photos, longer descriptions, and testimonials where followers can comment on the product pages for others to see. Facebook can link back to the product’s Twitter page, as well as send out event reminders. As of May 2015, 93% of businesses marketers use Facebook to promote their brand A study from 2011 attributed 84% of “engagement” or clicks and likes that link back to Facebook advertising. By 2014, Facebook had restricted the content published from business and brand pages. LinkedIn, a professional business-related networking site, allows companies to create professional profiles for themselves as well as their business to network and meet others. Through the use of widgets, members can promote their various social networking activities, such as Twitter stream or blog entries of their product pages, onto their LinkedIn profile page. LinkedIn provides its members the opportunity to generate sales leads and business
partners. Ability WhatsApp was founded by Jan Koum and Brian Acton. Joining Facebook in 2014, WhatsApp continues to operate as a separate app with a laser focus on building a messaging service that works fast and reliably anywhere in the world. Started as an alternative to SMS, WhatsApp now supports sending and receiving a variety of media including text, photos, videos, documents, and location, as well as voice calls. WhatsApp messages and calls are secured with end-to-end encryption, meaning that no third party including WhatsApp can read or listen to them. WhatsApp has a customer base of 1 billion people in over 180 countries. It is used to send personalised promotional messages to individual customers. It has plenty of advantages over SMS that includes to track how Message Broadcast Performs using blue tick option in WhatsApp.Instagram has proven itself a powerful platform for marketers to reach their customers and prospects through sharing pictures and brief messages. According to a study by Simply Measured, 71% of the world’s largest brands are now using Instagram as a marketing channel For companies, Instagram can be used as a tool to connect and communicate with current and potential customers. The company can present a more personal picture of their brand, and by doing so the company conveys a better and true picture of itself. The idea of Instagram pictures lies on on-the-go, a sense that the event is happening right now, and that adds another layer to the personal and accurate picture of the company. In fact, Thomas Rankin, co-founder and CEO of the program Dash Hudson, stated that when he approves a blogger’s Instagram post before it is posted on the behalf of a brand his company represents, his only negative feedback is if it looks too posed. Social media is a reliable asset for the promotion of product.

Capitalism

It is an economic system where the trade and industries are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Market economy is the basis of production. Market economy is basically production of goods and services is based on supply and demand in the general market. It also involves free trade as a component. Today, most countries practice a mixed capitalist system that includes some degree of government regulation of business and ownership of select industries. A prominent supporter of capitalist economy is united states of America. Instead of planning economic decisions through centralized political methods, as with socialism or feudalism, economic planning under capitalism occurs via decentralized and voluntary decisions. Capitalism developed historically out of previous systems of feudalism and mercantilism in Europe, and dramatically expanded industrialization and the large-scale availability of mass-market consumer goods. Private property rights are fundamental to capitalism. With a common pool resource, which all people can use, and none can limit access to, all individuals have an incentive to extract as much use value as they can and no incentive to conserve or reinvest in the resource. Privatizing the resource is one possible solution to this problem, along with various voluntary or involuntary collective action approaches. Capitalism has many unique features, some of which include a two-class system, private ownership, a profit motive, minimal government intervention, and competition. In Marxist theory, the class structure of the capitalist mode of production is characterized by the conflict between two main classes: the bourgeoisie, the capitalists who own the means of production and the much larger proletariat who must sell their own labour power. The economy is run by individuals (or corporations) who own and operate companies and make decisions as to the use of resources. But there exists a “division of labor” that allows for specialization, typically occurring through education and training, further breaking down the two class system into sub-classes. Consumer sovereignty is the system in which market is controlled by the demands of the consumer. It regulates the level of production undertaken by the companies, and the consumer is free to decide which products to purchase. Free trade is the system where, the low tariff barriers exist that promote international trade. In a capitalist economy, there is no government interference in the daily activities of the business. The customers and producers are free to make their own decisions regarding any product or service. Flexibility in labour markets in capitalism, there is a flexibility in hiring and firing of the workforce. Freedom of ownership .In thissystem, an individual can accumulate any amount of property and use it according to his will. After his death, the same property is passed on to the successors by the right of inheritance.

Capitalism

Capitalism is an economic system where the trade and industries are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Market economy is the basis of production. Market economy is basically production of goods and services is based on supply and demand in the general market. It also involves free trade as a component. Today, most countries practice a mixed capitalist system that includes some degree of government regulation of business and ownership of select industries. A prominent supporter of capitalist economy is united states of America. Instead of planning economic decisions through centralized political methods, as with socialism or feudalism, economic planning under capitalism occurs via decentralized and voluntary decisions. Capitalism developed historically out of previous systems of feudalism and mercantilism in Europe, and dramatically expanded industrialization and the large-scale availability of mass-market consumer goods. Private property rights are fundamental to capitalism. With a common pool resource, which all people can use, and none can limit access to, all individuals have an incentive to extract as much use value as they can and no incentive to conserve or reinvest in the resource. Privatizing the resource is one possible solution to this problem, along with various voluntary or involuntary collective action approaches. Capitalism has many unique features, some of which include a two-class system, private ownership, a profit motive, minimal government intervention, and competition. In Marxist theory, the class structure of the capitalist mode of production is characterized by the conflict between two main classes: the bourgeoisie, the capitalists who own the means of production and the much larger proletariat who must sell their own labour power. The economy is run by individuals (or corporations) who own and operate companies and make decisions as to the use of resources. But there exists a “division of labor” that allows for specialization, typically occurring through education and training, further breaking down the two class system into sub-classes. Consumer sovereignty is the system in which market is controlled by the demands of the consumer. It regulates the level of production undertaken by the companies, and the consumer is free to decide which products to purchase. Free trade is the system where, the low tariff barriers exist that promote international trade. In a capitalist economy, there is no government interference in the daily activities of the business. The customers and producers are free to make their own decisions regarding any product or service. Flexibility in labour markets in capitalism, there is a flexibility in hiring and firing of the workforce. Freedom of ownership: In this system, an individual can accumulate any amount of property and use it according to his will. After his death, the same property is passed on to the successors by the right of inheritance.

5 INCREDIBLE WEEKEND GETAWAYS TO VISIT NEAR DELHI

Delhi is a great place from where you can plan some of the most enthralling weekend trips. The proximity of the national capital to the nearby popular tourist destinations is indeed a blessing for all the travelers.

Here a list of some of the best places to visit in winter near Delhi for a quick refreshing getaway:

1.JAIPUR:

Jaipur is a vibrant amalgamation of the old and the new. Also called the Pink City, the capital of the royal state of Rajasthan, was ruled by the Rajputs for many centuries and developed as a planned city in the 17th century AD. Along with Delhi and Agra, Jaipur forms the Golden Triangle and hails as one of the most famous tourist circuits of the country. From architectural wonders, opulent palaces to ancient forts, Jaipur is one of the most preferred tourist destinations near Delhi. It is even more breathtaking in the winter season. As we mentioned, with a plethora of forts and museums to explore, the pink city (as it is popularly called) gets an influx of visitors during winter. 

         Jaipur is also one of the best places to visit during the New Year with your loved ones to explore the beauty of this city. Some of the popular attractions in Jaipur include City Palace Museum, Jantar Mantar, Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Nahargarh Fort, and Lakshmi Narayan Birla Mandir among others.

2. JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK:

Corbett is one of the popular tourist destinations near the national capital. For nature lovers, this is a go-to place for a fun weekend getaway near Delhi. Jim Corbett National Park is extremely famous for its fun jungle safari.

          Meanwhile even if you are not someone who wishes to go on an adventurous jungle safari, a relaxing stay in the luxury resorts in Jim Corbett Park will rejuvenate you from within. You can also visit Corbett waterfall and Garjiya Devi Temple among others.

Corbett National Park, set amidst the foothills of Himalayas, houses a variety of flora and fauna including rare ones such as tigers and is a treat for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers.

3. RISHIKESH:

Rishikesh is often touted as the adventure capital of India. It is best visited in the winter months. Rishikesh’s moderate climatic conditions make it easy for the traveler’s to indulge in various adventure activities such as bungee jumping, cliff jumping, flying fox, and river rafting among others. Nights and evenings are however cold, so don’t forget to carry woolens.

In the heart of the state of Uttarakhand lies the destination that is often mistaken to be purely religious. While its Ram Jhula, Laxman Jhula, &  Triveni ghat  provide it every bit of religious touch, many other spiritual & adventurous   places to visit in Rishikesh provide a different angle to the tourism scene of the place. No wonder, the destination has emerged as one of the most popular weekend getaways from Delhi within 300 km.

4. BHARATPUR BIRD SANCTUARY – (A World Heritage Site):

House to over 366 species of birds, 379 species of plants, and 30 mammals, Keoladeo National Park or – as it was formerly called –   Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is one of the best places near Delhi for the nature lovers. The new name has been derived from the temple of Keoladeo that is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, the national park is an interesting getaway for bird watchers and wildlife photographers.

5. NAINITAL -UTTARAKHAND:

The gem of Uttarakhand – Nainital is a charming hill station that sits prettily at the green foothills of the Kumaon ranges in the Himalayas. Located at an elevation of around 1938 meters, the epicenter of the towns popularity and beauty lies within the gorgeous Naini Lake, after which the town is named. Founded by the British due to its resemblance to the Cumbrian Lake district, Nainital brims with elegant colonial structures that amplify the beauty of this place. It is a perfect weekend getaway from the Indian capital of Delhi.

Mauryan Empire

The Mauryan Empire, which formed around 321 B.C.E. and ended in 185 B.C.E. was the first pan-Indian empire, an empire that covered most of the Indian region. The Mauryan Empire’s first leader, Chandragupta Maurya, started consolidating land as Alexander the Great’s power began to wane. After crowning himself king, Chandragupta took additional lands through force and by forming alliances. Chandragupta’s chief minister Kaustalya advised Chandragupta and contributed to the empire’s legacy. Chandragupta’s government closely resembled the government described in the Arthashastra. Bindusara, Chandragupta’s son, assumed the throne around 300 B.C.E. He kept the empire running smoothly while maintaining its lands. Bindusara’s son, Ashoka, was the third leader of the Mauryam Empire. Ashoka left his mark on history by erecting large stone pillars inscribed with edicts that he issued. After the kalinga war Ashoka reevaluated his commitment to expanding the empire and instead turned to Buddhism and its tenet of nonviolence. Many of his edicts encouraged people to give up violence and live in peace with each other-two important Buddhist principals. After Ashoka’s death, his family continued to reign, but the empire began to break apart. Ashoka was followed for 50 years by a succession of weaker kings. He was succeeded by Dasharatha Maurya, who was Ashoka’s grandson. None of Ashoka’s sons could ascend the throne after him. Mahendra, his first born, was on to spread Buddhism in the world. Kunala Maurya was blind hence couldn’t ascend the throne and Tivala, son of Kaurwaki, died even earlier than Ashoka. Another son, Jalauka, does not have much story behind him. The empire lost many territories under Dasharatha, which were later reconquered by Samprati, Kunala’s son. Post Samprati, the Mauryas slowly lost many territories. The last of the Mauryas, Brihadratha, was assassinated by his commander in chief-a man named Pushyamrita who went on to found the Shunga Dynasty-in 185 B.C.E. The Empire was divided into four provinces, with the imperial capital at Pataliputra. From Ashokan edicts, the names of the four provincial capitals are Tosali, Ujjain,Suvarnagiri, and Taxila. The head of the provincial administration was the Kumara who governed the provinces as king’s representative. The kumara was assisted by Mahamatyas and council of ministers. Coins were mostly made of silver and copper. Certain gold coins were in circulation as well. The coins were widely used for trade and commerce. Farmers were freed of tax and crop collection burdens from regional kings, paying instead to a nationally administered and strict-but-fair system of taxation as advised by the principles in the Arthashastra. Chandragupta Maurya established a single currency across India, and a network of regional governors and administrators and a civil service provided justice and security for merchants, farmers and traders. The Mauryan army wiped out many gangs of bandits, regional private armies, and powerful chieftains who sought to impose their own supremacy in small areas. Although regimental in revenue collection, Maurya also sponsored many public works and waterways to enhance productivity, while internal trade in India expanded greatly due to new-found political unity and internal peace. The Mauryan empire was an efficient and highly organized autocracy with a standing army and civil service. The decline of the Maurya Dynasty was rather rapid after the death of Ashoka. One obvious reason for it was the succession of weak kings. Another immediate cause was the partition of the Empire into two. Had not the partition taken place, the Greek invasions could have been held back giving a chance to the Mauryas to re-establish some degree of their previous power.

Secularism in India and western world

Secularism is basically the principle of separation of the state from religious institutions Indian leaders soon after the independence from British and the partition of British India into India and Pakistan while drafting the constitution enshrined the values of secularism saying no religion is supreme. They believed that people of all the religions are equal and that India should be a country which gives supreme status to none and proclaim proclaim inferior to those who follow other religions. They proclaimed that all the people will be treated equally despite their religious affiliation. With the Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of India enacted in 1976, the Preamble to the Constitution asserted that India is a secular nation. Secularism as practiced in India, with its marked differences with Western practice of secularism, is a controversial topic in itself. Ashoka about 2200 years ago, Harsha about 1400 years ago accepted and patronised different religions. They back then gave people the liberty to follow their customs and traditions. The people in ancient India had freedom of religion, and the state granted citizenship to each individual regardless of whether someone’s religion was Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism or any other. Ellora cave temples built next to each other between 5th and 10th centuries, for example, shows a coexistence of religions and a spirit of acceptance of different faiths. The colonial administrators did not separate religion from state, but marked the end of equal hierarchy between Islam and Hinduism, and reintroduced the notion of equality before the law for Hindus, Christians and Muslims. Bronze and Iron Age religion in Europe as elsewhere was predominantly polytheistic. During the Early Middle Ages, most of Europe underwent Christianization, a process essentially complete with the Christianization of Scandinavia in the High Middle Ages. The notion of Europe and the western world has been intimately connected with the concept of Christendom, and many even consider Christianity as the unifying belief that created a European identity, especially since Christianity in the Middle East was marginalized by the rise of Islam from the 8th century. Nazis wanted to exterminate the Jews andthat they were able to do so. But their lust for murder didn’t come out of nowhere. The antisemitic Nazi ideology must be considered in the broader context of the age-old hostility towards Jews, modern racism, and nationalism. Jews in Europe have been discriminated against and persecuted for hundreds of years, often for religious reasons. For a start, they were held responsible for the death of Christ. Bosnia and Yugoslavia are also some astonishing examples of killings on the basis of sects where one sect was denied of the rights and was massacred my the other dominant sect. The Bosnian genocide refers to either the Srebrenica massacre or the wider crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing campaign throughout areas. The ethnic cleansing that took place in VRS-controlled areas targeted Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats. So to concluded India from older times was a nation holding secular notions

Mountain of light: Kohinoor

Kohinoor, which means mountain of light, is a colourless Diamond which was discovered in the mines of Guntur in Andhra Pradesh somewhere in the 13th century. It was the biggest Diamond ever known to mankind during that time.

Currently, this Diamond is embedded in the Queen’s Mother’s crown. Governments of India, Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan have all claimed the ownership of this Diamond, but the UK governments has denied it stating that it was obtained legally.

Journey

Kohinoor has rich history behind it, though it is generally believed that this Diamond was discovered in 13th century during the kakatiya dynasty rule. There are scholars who dispute saying that the Diamond was discovered in the 16th century in Golconda. Kohinoor was taken by Alauddin Khilji who’s army defeated the Kakatiya dynasty.

It was with the Mughals most of the time after it’s discovery. However, Mughal lost the battle against Nadirshah in 17th century. It was Nadirshah who took the diamond from the Mughals and named it Kohinoor. After Nadirshah’s death, the diamond was passed on to Ahmad Shah Durrani who was his General.

After that Kohinoor was later gifted to Ranjit Singh by the Durrani dynasty during early 18th century. However, British East India Company defeated Ranjit Singh’s army in mid 18th century and took possession of this Diamond. Kohinoor was later shipped to Britain and the diamond was gifted to Queen Victoria in 1850 and Kohinoor has been in possession of the Royal Family since then.

Cursed?

An ancient Hindu text describe this diamond as

He who owns the diamond will own The World, but will also know all its misfortunes. Only God and women can wear it with impunity.

Well by the consequences that we have seen so far it is quite evident that whoever has owned this diamond we’re either defeated or died.

  • Kakatiya dynasty (original owner) defeated by Alauddin Khilji
  • Alauddin Khilji died shortly after that and the diamond was passed on to Mughals.
  • Mughals lost the war to Nadirshah weakening their army.
  • Nadirshah died while Kohinoor was in his possession.
  • Ahmad Shah Durrani died while Kohinoor was in possession.
  • Ranjit Singh had Kohinoor with him when he lost the war with British.
  • British Empire started losing hold on its colonies including India when they had Kohinoor

This supposedly curse of Kohinoor in Britain. Only the Queen is allowed to wear the Kohinoor diamond. Men are prohibited in using it. With such a history of blood and violence behind it, no wonder this diamond has generated more curiosity in people over a period of time. We might not know if this diamond will come back to India, but the bigger question is will this be a blessing of disguised for India.

DESIGN THINKING

DESIGN THINKING

 A human-centered approach to innovation in which you will transform the products and services based on the customer needs and by thinking creative ideas is known as design thinking. One of the most interesting approaches in developing a product is design thinking. Design thinking is an agile method. In this, we continuously identify the problem and find an appropriate solution that is both innovative and fulfills the customer’s needs. When design thinking is applied while developing a new product, the essence of the product will be valued more. The designers have to think out of the box to produce a good product. Design thinking transforms the focus from a business-centric approach to a customer-centric approach. The design should achieve the purpose and business goals and not just the beauty. Designers have several tools to assist them in conducting research, ideate solutions, and explore use cases to find the best solution to the problem.

IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN THINKING IN BUSINESS

  • All businesses will have never-ending goals. They want to produce new products that attract customers and helps to increase sales. When design thinking is applied, It can save vast amounts of money because it directs the attention to the particular solution the customer expects. The Return on Investment (ROI) of design thinking realizes the immediate cost savings.
  • Most of the software fails due to the following reasons: Not understanding the customer requirements, Lack of communication between customers and developers, and stakeholder policies. Fixing errors at the end of the development of the product will be 1000 times expensive than the cost before development. Design thinking provides a simple way to improve on by looking at what exactly the problems are and provides insights and data that are critical to building appropriate solutions.  
  • The first and foremost step to understand how design thinking is working is by knowing the current challenges faced in the business. Complex problems are broken down into tangible ones that can be analyzed and solved is the biggest advantage in design thinking. Creating cultural change across all projects and initiatives is what it takes.
  • Design is a creative team. The team of artists who create branding elements like logos, emoji, icons, and print advertisements. Design thinking is identified as a competitive advantage in businesses. In business, it helps to identify, understand and address the problems that affect customer relationships. Another big challenge to the organizations is measuring the return on investment (ROI) of design thinking.
  • By applying design thinking to business operations, we can able to see the change in overall performance compared to the previous workflow.
  • Businesses have come to recognize the importance of design thinking. The essence of design thinking in business is demonstrated by some famous organizations like Apple, Microsoft, Disney, Zoho, Infosys, TCS, Cisco, TATA Motors, Hyundai, Maruti, M&M, and IBM.
  • Whether you’re a CEO, a marketer, or a designer, or an engineer, there are some reasons why you should invest in design thinking. By investing in design thinking, it decreases the cost of customer support, a little up-front UX research can save hundreds of engineering hours, and improving your User experience (UX) saves a lot of money.

DESIGN THINKING COURSES

It is originated in Sanford University. Currently, design thinking is one of the sought courses and has its applications in many fields like healthcare, education, agriculture, financial services, environmental sustainability, etc. Nowadays many big software companies have made design thinking to be a mandatory skill for each of the employees. Many leading universities around the world including d.school, Stanford, Harvard, and MIT offer a course on design thinking. A separate master’s degree course on Product Design is offered in IITs and IISc in India. We can get admission for post-graduate studies in the field of technological design by writing CEED (Common Entrance Examination for Design).

Colgate Palmolive launches first ever recyclable toothpaste tubes in india.

Colgate came to India in 1937. And in 1983 they launched the first Colgate Toothbrush. The brand partnered with the Indian Dental Association(IDA) in 1976, which conveyed the message of oral hygiene. It launched the Oral Health Month(OHM) in 2004, to spread awareness about hygiene.

Toothpastes generally contain the following components: Water (20–40%) Abrasives (50%) including aluminum hydroxide, calcium hydrogen phosphates, calcium carbonate, silica and hydroxyapatite. Fluoride (usually 1450 ppm) mainly in the form of sodium fluoride.

Recyable toothpaste tubes:

• Colgate-Palmolive was the first in the world to introduce a recyclable toothpaste tube and is sharing its technology with the industry to support a shift to a greener and much-needed circular economy.

• Colgate-Palmolive has launched the first-of-its-kind recyclable toothpaste tubes in India that will be available nationally.

• Launching the initiative in partnership with EPL Limited (Formerly known as Essel Propack Limited), Colgate is manufacturing recyclable tubes for its Colgate Active Salt and Colgate Vedshakti toothpaste portfolio.

• Colgate Active Salt, combines salt with calcium and minerals to make teeth strong and gums healthy.

Benefits of Colgate Active Salt:

Toothpaste Contains Active Salt which fights germs and makes the gums healthy.Whitens teeth.Reduces tooth sensitivity.Keeps the mouth feeling fresh.Prevents bad mouth odour.

Benefits of Colgate Swarna Vedshakti:

Toothpaste Enriched with the goodness of Clove, Neem, Honey, Mint, Tulsi, Amla, Aloe Vera, Cinnamon and Camphor.Makes the gums healthy.Whitens the teeth.Removes dental plaque.Removes germs and prevents cavities and tooth decay.Has a cooling effect and freshens the breath.

New ‘Drone strategy’ reported; no exceptional status needed before enlistment.

The Center on Thursday declared another robot strategy. Under the Drone Rules 2021, the inclusion of robots expanded from 300 kg to 500 kg, and will incorporate weighty payload-conveying robots and robot taxis.

Furthermore, the new robot rules eliminate trusted status before any enlistment or permit issuance.

In view of the input, the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) said it chose to annul the UAS Rules, 2021 and supplant something similar with the changed Drone Rules, 2021.

The Aviation service had distributed UAS Rules, 2021 in March.

               Here are 30 vital elements of Drone Rules 2021:

1.According to the Civil Aviation Ministry, a few endorsements annulled: remarkable authorisation number, one of a kind model recognizable proof number, declaration of assembling and airworthiness, testament of conformance, authentication of support, import leeway, acknowledgment of existing robots, administrator grant, authorisation of R&D association, understudy distant pilot permit, far off pilot teacher authorisation, drone port authorisation and so on

2.Number of structures decreased from 25 to 5.

3.Types of expenses diminished from 72 to 4.

4.Quantum of charge diminished to ostensible levels and delinked with size of robot. For example, the charge for a far off pilot permit expense has been diminished from ₹3,000 (for enormous robot) to ₹100 for all classes of robots; and is substantial for a very long time.

5.Digital sky stage will be created as an easy to understand single-window framework, the Civil Aviation Ministry said in an articulation.

6.Interactive airspace map with green, yellow and red zones will be shown on the computerized sky stage inside 30 days of distribution of these standards.

7.No authorization needed for working robots in green zones. Green zone implies the airspace up to an upward distance of 400 feet or 120 meter that has not been assigned as a red zone or yellow zone in the airspace map; and the airspace up to an upward distance of 200 feet or 60 meter over the space situated between a horizontal distance of 8 and 12 kilometer from the border of a functional air terminal.

8.Yellow zone diminished from 45 km to 12 km from the air terminal edge.

9.No far off pilot permit needed for miniature robots (for non-business use) and nano drones.

10.No necessity for exceptional status before issuance of any enrollment or permit.

11.No prerequisite of Type Certificate, novel recognizable proof number and distant pilot permit by R&D elements working robots in own or leased premises, situated in a green zone.

12. No limitation on unfamiliar proprietorship in Indian robot organizations.

13. Import of robots to be controlled by DGFT.

14. Requirement of import freedom from DGCA nullified.

15.Coverage of robots under Drone Rules, 2021 expanded from 300 kg to 500 kg. This will cover drone taxis moreover.

16.DGCA will endorse drone preparing necessities, regulate drone schools and give pilot licenses on the web.

17. Remote pilot permit to be given by DGCA inside 15 days of pilot getting the far off pilot endorsement from the approved robot school through the advanced sky stage.

18.Testing of robots for issuance of Type Certificate to be done by Quality Council of India or approved testing substances.

19. Type Certificate required

20.Nano and model robots (made for examination or amusement intentions) are absolved from type confirmation.

21.Manufacturers and merchants might produce their robots’ extraordinary ID number on the advanced sky stage through the self-accreditation course.

22.Drones present in India at the latest November 30, 2021 will be given an extraordinary ID number through the computerized sky stage gave, they have a DAN, a GST-paid receipt and are essential for the rundown of DGCA-supported robots.

23.Standard working methods (SOP) and preparing strategy manuals (TPM) will be recommended by DGCA on the advanced sky stage for self-observing by clients.

24.. No endorsements required except if there is a huge takeoff from the recommended strategies.

25.Maximum punishment for infringement decreased to Rs1 lakh.

26.Safety and security highlights like ‘No consent – no take-off’ (NPNT), continuous following reference point, geo-fencing and so on to be told in future.

27.A half year lead time will be given to the business to consistence.

28.Drone passages will be created for load conveyances.

29.Drone advancement committee to be set up by Government with cooperation from the scholarly community, new businesses and different partners to work with a development arranged administrative system.

30.There will be insignificant human interface and most consents will act naturally produced, the association flight service added.

Philosophy

Philosophy has been with the mankind for thousands of years. Every civilization has produced many philosophers who have changed the course of history. Those philosophies have dramatically changed not only the people around those philosophers but also the people who lived far away from them. These philosophies have refined the attitudes of the people. If at all there is any refined tendency in our attitude and thinking, that can be attributed to the exposure we are given to those philosophies. After all these attributes, the basic question, “What is Philosophy?” still remains unanswered.

Philosophies vary. Philosophers differ. No one could pinpoint where all these philosophies lead us to. Still Philosophers produce their thinking. Here we have produced few essays which give in-depth analysis of various philosophies. Although philosophies produce different thinking, sometimes totally contradictory thinking, it is ultimately left to the individuals to decide what is best for them. Our needs differ. We are in different environments. We are born with different abilities and mental set-ups. We differ by our visions and ambitions. Of course these differences bring beauty and colors to this mankind. Our uniqueness is in our difference. Similarities fail to add value always.

No two days are same. No two people are same. No two countries are same. So no two philosophies are same. These philosophies help us to understand ourselves in better terms. We are moved to attain self-fulfillment by these philosophies. These philosophies tell us squarely at our face that in spite of our differences we are unique. That strong statement is the backbone of the philosophies. Philosophies are here to accept the differenced among the races and nations. No one is superior to others.Now let us read all these essays on Philosophies listed below. This page “Essays on Philosophy” publishes philosophical papers of quality which the editors believe will make a contribution to the literature on a certain topic. This site holds to no specific school of thought, mode of philosophizing or style of writing. Each essay is devoted to a specific topic. Philosophy is the most beliefs about what is true or real according to individual values (Gutek – 2009). Philosophy is our beliefs that will determine what we do professionally and personally. Not having a philosophy set in place, it will be difficult to make decisions within the classroom, creating curriculum and evaluate progress. Philosophy is the study of examining and thinking about questionable ethical problems and/or generally accepted certainties. Philosophy aims at knowledge that combines a variety of academic fields as well as convictions, prejudices and beliefs.

Before we can consider some of the questions studied by philosophy it makes sense to ask what philosophy is in the first place, although this is itself subject to much debate. In this part of introducing philosophy and philosophical ideas, we begin by looking at the word and some of the historical answers given before moving on to more recent opinions.The word philosophy has meant different things at different times, often reflecting the culture of the day. Usually we understand the term to denote the love of wisdom, from the Greek. In this sense, as it was apparently used by the famous philosopher Socrates, it gives the impression of someone who is seeking wisdom, rather than having found it. We would only call someone a physicist, say, if he or she actually had some knowledge of physics, but we describe as a philosopher someone who is aiming at wisdom without necessarily achieving it. On the other hand, philosophy has also had the negative sense of a subject full of idle speculation, useless to the practical business of finding things out and consisting mostly in irrelevant theorizing.

Key takeaways from PM Modi’s Independence Day speech

Celebrating India’s 75th Independence day, Prime Minister Modi addressed the nation from the iconic Red Fort saying about the achievements of the country and also laid out plans for India at 100 i.e for the next 25 years.

For Farmers:

Emphasising on food security the Prime Minister said that it is high time agricultural sector starts using scientific research and methods for increasing food production and thus increasing food security in India. Also on the topic he said it is high time that the country must increase collective power of small farmers and make them nation’s pride.

The Prime Minister said: “It is time we apply scientific research and suggestions in our agriculture sector. We need to reap all its benefits. It will not just provide food security to the nation, but will also increase food produce.”

New e-commerce platform

Talking about a new e-commerce platform the Prime Minister said that the government will develop an all new e-commerce platform specifically for the products made by rural women self-help groups. Praising women self-help groups, Modi said there are more than eight crore rural women in the villages who associate themselves with these self-help groups.

The new platform will provide for these women as they produce various kinds of products and it will fecilitate for their products to get a big market in India and abroad.

Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayaas

Giving a new slogan on Independence Day the Prime Minister said “‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas and Sabka Prayaas’ is very important for the achievement of all our goals.”

“There comes a time in the development journey of every country, when that country redefines itself, moves forward with new resolutions. Today that time has come in India’s development journey…Starting from here, the journey of the next 25 years is the ‘Amrit’ of the creation of a new India. The fulfillment of our resolves in this ‘Amrit Kaal’ will take us till 100 years of independence,” said the Prime Minister.

Fortifies rice to the poor by 2024

In a bid address the problem of malnutrition in the country the Prime Minister on Sunday announced that the rice distributed to the poor will be fortified with the help of various schemes such as Mid-day Meal. “Malnutrition and lack of micro-nutrients are affecting the growth of poor children. Looking at this, it has been decided to fortify the rice given to the poor via different government schemes,” he said.

‘Gati Shakti’- New Infrastructure Plan

Launching a new National Infrastructure Plan, PM Modi launched a program called ‘Gati Shakti’ which is focused boosting infrastructure in India, providing jobs and boosting the economy as well as exports. The budget for this will be about Rs 100 trillion ($1.35 Trillion).

Hand-holding of deprived communities necessary, reservation being ensured

Ensuring reservation for Schedule Castes, Schedule Tribes, Other Backward Classes and General Category poor necessary said the Prime Minister and emphasised that hand holding if the communities is necessary

“We have to bridge the gap between lives in villages and cities,” he said.

Connecting Northeast

In his speech the Prime Minister on sunday said a new history of connectivity is being written in the northeast, while announcing that the work to connect the state capitals in the region with rail services will be completed soon.

During his speech, he said multiple parts of the country — whether its East, Northeast, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh including the entire Himalayan region, the coastal belt or the tribal region — will become a big base for India’s development in the future.

On Scientists

Applauding the fantastic work done by our scientists PM Modi said on Sunday it is the result of the strength of our industrialists and scientists, that today India does not need to depend on any other nation for COVID-19 vaccines.

Energy Independency Target – 2047

Prime Minister Narendra Modi set a target of becoming ‘energy independent’ by 2047 through a mix of electric mobility, gas-based economy, doping ethanol in petrol and making the country a hub for hydrogen production. Delivering his Independence Day address from the ramparts of the Red Fort, he said India spends over ₹12 lakh crore on energy imports every year.

“For India to progress, for Atmanirbhar Bharat, energy independence is the call of the hour,” he said. “India has to take a pledge that it will be energy independent by the year we celebrate 100th year of Independence.

Sainik schools now open for girls also

In a historic move Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday announced that all Sainik Schools in the country will now be open for girls also. At present, 33 Sainik schools are operating in the country. During his speech, the Prime Minister said that two-and-a-half years ago, the maiden experiment of admitting girls in Sainik schools was carried out in Mizoram.”Now, the government has decided that all the Sainik schools in the country will also be open for the daughters of the country,” he said.

DEMOCRACY IN INDIA

India has embraced democracy as a type of government. There is no foundation in the country which today isn’t run on democratic standards. Directly from the top to the base each organization and each framework in India is maintained to be controlled by democratic means and techniques.

Sovereignty is an essential component of Indian democracy. Sovereignty alludes to the full force of an administering body over itself without outside impedance. Besides, individuals can practice power in Indian democracy. Generally vital, individuals of India choose their agents. Besides, these agents stay answerable for ordinary citizens.

The democracy in India chips away at the guideline of political fairness. Moreover, it basically implies all residents are equivalent under the watchful eye of the law. Generally vital, there is no separation based on religion, standing, statement of faith, race, order, and so on Subsequently, every Indian resident appreciates equivalent political rights.

The democracy is a gift of the patriotic national leaders to the citizens of India. Generally critical, the residents of this nation should acknowledge and like the extraordinary worth of democracy. The democracy in India is absolutely one of a kind on the planet.

10 Best Torrent Sites in 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has created a situation wherein people are stuck at home and trying for Torrent for better or worse with nothing much to do in their leisure time. A good way to spend time is by immersing oneself in popular culture- watching television shows, movies, anime, downloading or streaming music online, reading e- books.

Torrent Websites give you the option to access all this without ads and for free! Not everyone can afford to buy a Netflix, HBO or a Hulu connection. Out of the many torrents available on the internet, not all are up to the mark. This article will guide you to the best torrent sites that are reliable and active based on meticulous research and rating from top tech websites.

Top 10 Torrent Sites in 2020

1. The Pirate Bay

One of the most popular torrent sites in the world

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 6.3MB per second
  • Immense database
  • Millions of movies, TV shows, foreign language films and songs 
  • Provides trusted user tags
  • Offers millions of categories and genres to choose from
  • Has the all new always online technology
  • Provides support for magnet links                   

Pros:

  • It has managed to stay afloat even after multiple crackdowns
  • In fact, it evades capture
  • Has quick search option
  • One can find both new and old content
  • Has multiple proxies in case of shutdown
  • Is super easy to use

Cons:

  • Stops working occasionally, at random
  • It’s domain name keeps on changing rapidly
  • Is somewhat hard to find since domain name keeps changing

2. Torrentz2

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 2 MB per second
  • Has latest as well as old music
  • Provides a vast library of music from a multitude of genres

Pros:

  • Has a good user interface
  • Website is minimalist and non clunky
  • Easy to use
  • Reliable
  • Fulfills all music requirements
  • Search panel is quite thorough

Cons:

  • Low download speed
  • It only has torrents for music and is thus less versatile than the other websites.

3. Torlock

A site which offers anime and e- books on a single platform

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 4.4 MB per second
  • Offers a top 10 list of Animes
  • Easy search options
  • Immense variety and database
  • High quality anime and e books, especially helpful with graphics, illustrations and animations

Pros:

  • Can be used even by people who are not comfortable with technology
  • Has a wide and comprehensive collection of animes, e- books and songs
  • Has content which most sites don’t
  • The website has a minimalist aesthetic

Cons:

  • Low download speed
  • Is good for anime, e- books and music but not that good for movies and TV shows

4. RARBG

A torrent site which is known for offering the latest content

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 6.1 MB per second
  • Offers good and high quality content
  • Offers a large variety of content for viewers to choose from
  • Updates its site to display ratings such as most popular, most streamed      

Pros: 

  • High quality content
  • Simple user interface, can be used by everyone with ease
  • Has the most popular content
  • Website stays up to date
  • Also has the latest content

Cons:

  • It is not that popular a site, is less known
  • It is a bit hard to find on the internet
  • The site is blocked in several countries- United Kingdom, Portugal, Denmark

5. Zooqle

A site for free download of games

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 2.6 MB per second
  • Games as well as TV series and movies are available

Pros:

  • Is a new and updated platform
  • Has a collection of 3.5 million high quality, verified torrents

Cons:

  • Has low download speed, being new the website interface has some minor problems

6. EZTV

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 3.2 MB per second
  • Has a vast collection of Television shows- old and new

Pros:

  • Has almost every TV show: comedy shows, talk shows, game shows, reality et al
  • Easy to use

Cons:

  • Has an old and a clunk user interface

7. YTS

Torrent site best known for movie classics. It has everything that a cinephile could ever want.

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 3.2 MB per second
  • Offers a single platform for hard to access films

Pros:

  • Good quality content
  • Decent download speed

Cons:

  • A platform only meant for movies, it is less versatile than other platforms.
  • Users have to shift to other platform in order to access TV series, music or anime

8. Torrent Downloads

Best known as the website which has obscure content that no other website has

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 2.8 MB per second
  • Offers a large collection of cult classics and non popular content

Pros:

  • A unique platform in terms of content
  • Good user interface

Cons:

  • Is blocked in most countries

9. Lime Torrents

Service Provided: 

  • Average download speed of 3.7 MB per second

Pros:

  • Good user interface, offers services like any other torrent website

Cons:

  • Inconsistent and thus unreliable

10. 1337x

Service Provided:

  • Average download speed of 4.2 MB per second
  • Abundance of choice
  • Detailed browsing categories which enable ease of search
  • TV shows, movies, music and a lot more!

Pros:

  • Extremely user friendly
  • Recently renovated website
  • No security risks
  • Simple and organized website
  • One can easily find what they’re looking for by the virtue of its search tracker

Cons:

  • Google does not display it in its search results and thus it becomes hard to track
  • Download speed is less

Conclusion 

There is no need to get overwhelmed by the sheer amount of torrents available on the internet because we have got you covered. These top ten websites are secure and reliable and the best part is that the readers have a lot to choose from. Need to stream faster?

Use The Pirate Bay, need to watch high quality anime? look for Torlock, want to listen to the latest music? click Torrentz2. Our well researched top 10 torrent compilation will make sure that all your entertainment needs are met. What’s more, if one site is taken down, there are others to choose from. So, sit back, relax, choose from our recommendations and enjoy.