BOOK REVIEW- ROOM BY EMMA DONOGHUE

BY DAKSHITA NAITHANI

The extraordinary novel “Room” by Emma Donoghue is constructed on two extreme constraints: the narrator’s constrained point of view, a 5-year-old child named Jack, and the limits of Jack’s physical environment, an 11-by-11-foot room where he lives with his mother. We begin the book with our feet firmly planted in these constraints. We only know what Jack knows, thus the tension is palpable, as is our perplexity as to why these individuals are at this location. Jack appears to be content in a routine that he finds reassuring, in a location where he can see his mother at any time of the day. For him, she has devised an organised, energetic routine that includes exercises, music, and readings. The room’s primary items are given letters — Rug, Bed, Wall — which is an excellent decision because they are named beings to Jack. In an environment where his mother is his only other company, Bed is as much a buddy as anything else. In this manner, Jack is a super-charged form of a typical youngster, giving infinite pleasure and purpose to everything he does.

Donoghue gracefully directs these constraints. Jack’s voice is one of the novel’s true accomplishments: she has created a kid narrator in him who is one of the most fascinating in recent memory, his voice so ubiquitous that I could hear him chattering away throughout the day when I wasn’t reading it. Jack is lovable simply because he is lovable, as Donoghue reworks language to reflect the delicacy of a child’s learning without making him coy or excessively adorable. Donoghue gives us a glimpse into Jack’s world through dialogue and well placed hints of eavesdropping, without relying on heavy-handed or clumsy narrative. The reader understands together with Jack, and we frequently learn more than he can comprehend, yet the gap between his knowledge and ours is a zone of emotional resilience, as it is in most children’s stories.

Her creativity rises even further when she animates the novel’s physical environment through her protagonists’ rituals: they run around a handmade track; they watch Television, though not much since “it rots our brains”; they tie eggshells together with a needle to form a snake. Toys and books are regarded as valuable as gold. A lollipop is a discovery, and the tale shows early on that Room is truly a jail, with an antagonist having the key, and Ma being held captive.

The meticulous, methodically built structure of the characters’ days takes on a new tone once it is apparent that Ma does not want to be there. Ma becomes a heroic character because she can engage and fascinate a vibrant, intelligent kid despite enduring the sadness of their position.

Jack doesn’t have to change because this is his normal. The space works as a large womb, a real extension of a mother’s body in many respects, a small region of absolute intimacy and care. It’s a child’s paradise for a while, but it’d be his horror if he grew up there.

Overall, Donoghue goes the extra mile with “Room,” bringing her narrative to a dramatic conclusion that seems just right. This is a remarkable work that may be seen through a variety of perspectives: psychological, social, and political. It offers a fresh, comprehensive perspective on the world we live in while presenting an absolutely unique approach to talk about love. Never before has a modern literary classic portrayed a child’s innocence, inventiveness, and perseverance as well as this novel does.

Ma, the main character, has made numerous significant decisions regarding Jack’s upbringing. He’s been raised to think that the sound-proofed shack where he and Ma live, the ‘Room,’ is the sole reality. For example, he believes Ma is the only woman in the world and that he is the only ‘Jack’. This tough choice by Ma enables Jack to have a relatively normal upbringing. Jack is a cheerful, curious youngster like any other because of this decision – he is kept unaware of the tragedy wherein he lives for his own safety. The story then does take a turn and the author handles issues like as schooling, upbringing, and dealing with PTSD symptoms with remarkable humility, leaving the reader with a profound sense of respect and compassion for the protagonists.

We could talk about Room for hours if we wanted to, that’s how essential it is. Room will linger with you long after you put it back on your bookshelves, emotionally compelling, troubled, and with a ray of hope.

Feudalism

feudalism, also called feudal system or feudality. derived from the Latin words feudum and feodalitas, both of which were used during the Middle Ages and later to refer to a form of property holding. The terms feudalism and feudal system were generally applied to the early and central Middle Ages the period from the 5th century, when central political authority in the Western empire disappeared, to the 12th century, when kingdoms began to emerge as effective centralized units of government. For a relatively brief period, from the mid-8th to the early 9″ century, the Carolingian rulers, especially Pippin and Charlemagne had remarkable success in creating and maintaining a relatively unified empire. In the absence of forceful kings and emperors, local lords expanded the territory subject to them and intensified their control over the people living there. A broader definition of feudalism, as described by Marc Bloch includes not only the obligations of the warrior nobility but the obligations of all three estates of the realm: the nobility, the clergy, and the peasantry, all of whom were bound by a system of manorialism; this is sometimes referred to as a “feudal society”. the concept of feudalism is often used by analogy, most often in discussions of feudal Japan under the shoguns, and sometimes in discussions of the Zagwe dynasty in medieval Ethiopia. Some have taken the feudalism analogy further, seeing feudalism (or traces of it) in places as diverse as China during the Spring and Autumn period ancient Egypt, the Parthian Empire, the Indian subcontinent and the Antebellum and Jim Crow American South. Feudalism, in its various forms, usually emerged as a result of the decentralization of an empire: especially in the Carolingian Empire in 8th century AD, which lacked the bureaucratic infrastructure necessary to support cavalry without allocating land to these mounted troops. Mounted soldiers began to secure a system of hereditary rule over their allocated land and their power over the territory came to encompass the social, political, judicial, and economic spheres. These acquired powers significantly diminished unitary power in these empires. However, once the infrastructure to maintain unitary power was re-established-as with the European monarchies feudalism began to yield to this new power structure and eventually disappeared. scholars in the 17th century, the medieval “feudal system” was characterized by the absence of public authority and the exercise by local lords of administrative and judicial functions formerly performed by centralized governments; general disorder and endemic conflict and the prevalence of bonds between lords and free dependents which were forged by the lords’ bestowal of property called”fiefs” and by their reception of homage from the vassals. The terms feudalism and feudal system enabled historians to deal summarily with a long span of European history whose complexities were and remain confusing The Roman Empire and the various emperors’ accomplishments provided a key to understanding Roman history, and the re emergence of states and strong rulers in the 12th century again furnished manageable focal points for historical narrative, particularly since medieval states and governmental practices can be presented as antecedents of modern nations and institutions. Those who formulated the

Where to get free books?

Book lovers one of the problem is the price. Free books are legit free, we need not pay a single penny. Where to download free books from? Is it legal to read free books? Let’s discuss.

IS IT LEGAL?

Yes! There are few websites which are legal. However, copying books without the author’s consent and downloading from illegal websites can be a crime. Yes, it is illegal to download (“make copies”) of material that is protected by copyright.

The author’s don’t get any payment for the free copy we are reading. Authors make money from libraries rarely websites. It is not the primary or the largest source of income by any means, but they do receive revenue from the borrowing cycle their books go through in libraries.

LEGAL WEBSITES

  • Z library.
  • Project Gutenberg.
  • Feedbooks.
  • Smashwords.
  • Bookboon.
  • Pdf drive.
  • Kindle.
  • Nook.

Z LIBRARY is an online project intended to create “one web page for every book ever published”. It has been funded in part by grants from the California State Library and the Kahle/Austin Foundation. It has articles and books in various formats. Z Library if used as a guest has limitation of downloading books as per our IP address.

Almost most of the popular books and most recent releases can be found in Z library. When I got to know about this website, I was thrilled to find so many books. I wanted to make sure it’s legal.

SOURCE

PROJECT GUTENBERG Everything from Project Gutenberg is gratis, libre, and completely without cost to readers. It buys the rights for books which are not in public domain but most of the books are indeed in public domain. They don’t have copyright infringement policies stuck to them.

Kindle app or the device will help us get free books. If we have access to kindle unlimited we can buy books that are stated as free in kindle unlimited for Rs.0.

Reading free books from websites through kindle device is possible. You have to convert the file into MOBI by using Caliber the by using the charger wire connected to laptop. We can send those converted free books to our device.

Feedbooks is a digital library and cloud publishing service for both public domain. The main focus of the web site is providing ebook with particularly high-quality typesetting in multiple formats. They are also accessible via kindle.

Although Smashwords provides authors, publishers and agents tools to publish and distribute ebooks, Smashwords itself is not a publisher, and therefore does not and cannot assume the legal rights, responsibilities or liabilities of a publisher.

Bookboon is an online publishing company of eBooks. It is focused on publishing student literature for engineering, IT and business students as well as short and practical business books.

PDF drive in itself is a service that lets you download files from the web via its servers, which are mainly a proxy.

However, free ebooks cannot beat the feel of owning a physical copy. Free ebooks are available in various platforms. I’m impressed with Z library. Do check it out and be sure about the legal usage of ebooks.

Thank you! Hope this helps.

Corruption

Corruption is ubiquitous and unlimited. It has became all pervading, a world phenomenon. It has increased by leaps and bounds worldwide, in direct relation and proportion to our moral degradation, destruction of character, devaluation of human values and lust for power and money.

It is said that when character is lost everything is lost. There is no character and so we have lost all. The political leaders, the heads of governments and others at helm of the affairs of many nations are corrupt and corruption is contagious. It spreads rapidly and percolates to all the lower levels. It is there in Japan, Italy, Pakistan, Mexico, China, Iran, Iraq, America, and England, etc. There is no country immune from it. There might be a difference of degrees, but as far as its quality, gravity and pervasiveness are concerned, there is hardly any difference.

Corruption in India is rampant and well established in all spheres of our life — public life, politics, administration, business, judicial system, education, research and security. There is hardly any exception. There are scandals and scams in plenty, right from the Bofors scandal to the recent Taj heritage corridor scandal. In foreign countries, when corruption charges are proved there is suitable punishment, but in India there is no system, no tradition to bring the corrupt to trial and then to make him pay for his crime. There is crime but no punishment. It is a salient feature of Indian corruption.

In a write-up, Mr. K. Subrahmanyan has wittily remarked, “Long before our economic globalisation began, India was globalised in respect of political corruption and politician- organised crime nexus. Therefore, smugglers, narcotics’ barons, vice syndicates and protection rackets have become patrons of political parties. The former provides large resources to politicians and the latter ensures no legal enforcement against organised crime.” For example, take the Securities scam. Harshad Mehta manipulated things in such a way as to enable himself to siphon crores of rupees fraudulently from banks, under the very noses of the managers, high officials and other members of the staff of the Reserve Bank of India. Was it because of alleged system failure or because there was collusion between him and the officials concerned? The connivance of one or two cabinet ministers has also been there.

Fingers were also raised at M. J. Fherwani, the then Chairman of the National Housing Bank, who died under mysterious circumstances soon after. Consequently, a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) was constituted under the chairmanship of Mr. R.N. Mirdha to probe the scandal. The JPC finally submitted its report to the Parliament but nothing happened to the people found involved in the scam. When there was a hue and cry from the Opposition, a couple of ministers were asked to submit their resignations and that was all. As has already been pointed out, we have no system, no tradition, either to punish the guilty or to bring an investigation to its logical conclusion. Moreover, public memory is very short.

There is a parallel economy in operation in India and black money is ever on the increase because of political patronage and collusion. There is a widespread evasion of taxes, to the tune of crores of rupees every year, owing to corruption in politics, administration and enforcement agencies. In return, the political gurus get huge funds to fight elections and bribes for personal accumulations. This helps them to keep themselves in positions of power and influence. The funding from organised black marketers, drug traffickers, underworld dons, mafias and smugglers is actually on a much larger scale than is apparent. This has crippled our economy and turned our planning haywire.

Corruption has become a way of life. There is no effective check on this growing menace because there is lack 6f political will. In spite of anti-corruption departments and squads, it has permeated the rank and the file of the administration. No work can be got done unless the palms of the concerned officials are greased. Lubricant in the form of gratification is a must to make the administrative machinery move smoothly in your favour. First satisfy the officials and then get satisfying results in return.

Often, investigations by CBI and vigilance departments into corruption charges against the bureaucrats have proved futile. Such is the power of manipulation, money and nepotism. Kickbacks, gratifications, bribes, and commissions are the order of the day. Students pay capitation fees to get admission in professional courses, job-seekers purchase positions in the administration, contractors grease the palms of the engineers so as to enable themselves to use sand in place of cement in contractual constructions, businessmen use the appropriate ‘lubricant’ to keep their illegal operations moving smoothly. And then these people, in turn, want to regain their money manifold and quickly by resorting to fraudulent, easy and corrupt means. Thus, there is a vicious circle engulfing all and sundry.

Honest, sincere and god-fearing officials are looked down upon. They are considered simpletons, while the bribe-takers are the heroes. The corrupt officials are doing very well for themselves and their higher-ups patronize and protect them because of their fair share in the bribes. These people, in collaboration, co-operation and collusion with others, are enriching themselves. They have fat bank balances, houses in prime locations, and all the modern amenities. They are really rolling in wealth and comprise the most successful segment of the society. There are a few honest ones but they are not courageous enough to condemn and criticism their dishonest and bribe-happy colleagues. They are silent spectators to their corrupt counterparts, being favoured with important posts and assignments. The honest officers are a demoralized lot. Consequently, the fence-sitters are being pushed on to the bandwagon of the corrupt lot.

Corruption cannot be checked and minimised unless political leaders themselves are honest and have a strong will and desire to stem the rot. The leaders should encourage honest officials and help them to unite against corrupt and dishonest ones. Corruption should be dealt with an iron hand and further rules and regulations enacted to punish the corrupt government servants and administrators. Nepotism, favoritism, and red- tapism, etc., should be eliminated because they form the very foundations of corruption. Improvement in salaries, creation of more employment opportunities can also go a long way in tackling the menace successfully.

Honesty is conspicuous these days by its absence. According to a newspaper report, even the judiciary does not seem to be free from the evil. The former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, E.S. Venkatramaiya speaking in an interview said, “The judiciary in India has deteriorated in its standard because such judges are appointed as are willing to be influenced by lavish parties and whiskey bottles.” He added, In every high court, there are at least four to five judges who are practically out every evening, wining and dining either at a lawyer’s house or a foreign embassy.” Corruption is now so well-organized and entrenched in the system that it requires a will of steel and the courage of a lion to fight it.

Now, effective and strong strategies, backed by strong political will, should be devised to checkmate it. There should be deterrent Punishment for those indulging in corruption. Both giving and taking of bribes should be a cognizable offence. Much depends upon our political leaders, bureaucrats and the enlightened public consciousness. Unless these three units make sincere efforts and show their commitment to the democratic nation and society, nothing much will be achieved to check and eliminate corruption.

A quote says that” one cannot fight Corruption by fighting it” and this is entirely correct. Corruption means the act which stems from Lust or greed for money and going to any and every length needed to get illegal tasks done. Corruption is active in each and every part and country of the world. Corruption cannot be stopped or executed in any way. It can only be finished if it is inside a man’s heart to stop it. There are many methods of Corruption, and the most common one is bribery.

Bribery means the tactic that is used for using favours or gifts for personal gain. There are different types of favours included in this. The other is embezzlement which means withholding assets which can be further used for theft. Usually, there are one or more persons involved who are entrusted with these assets, and it can also be called a financial fraud. The third one is ‘the Graft’ which means illegal use of a politician’s power for personal gain. This one is the most commonly used by Drug lords or Narcotic Barons.

Extortion means to claim any assets, land or property illegally. Favouritism or Nepotism is also in full-fledged flow these days when only the favourite persons or direct relatives of those in power ascend into their potential. There are not many ways of stopping Corruption, but they do exist.

The government can give a better salary to their employees who are equivalent to the amount of work that they put in. Decreasing the workload and increasing workers can also be an excellent way to cease this influential and illegal practice. Strict Laws are needed for stopping this and the best way to compete; this is the way of putting guilty criminals to their End. The government can work to keep the inflation levels low in the country so they can work accordingly. Corruption cannot be fought against, and it can only be stopped.

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Health is wealth

“Health is wealth” and Health is better than wealth” are well-known and oft repeated sayings. These underline a vital fact of life. Without good health nothing is of much use. If any sensible person is asked what he would prefer, health or wealth. He would immediately answer ‘health’. Without good health and physical fitness life would become a burden and a tasteless thing.

Those who are sick, ill or weak in health are found dejected, nervous, hopeless and without any zest for life and its activities. He who has health and a fit body has hope, inspiration and so everything in fife.

Health goes far, even farther than wealth and any other thing in life. It is a sure key to success. Without physical fitness and good health nothing good or substantial can be achieved. Only the healthy citizens, and men and women make a healthy and happy nation. Only healthy people can work hopefully, steadily, constantly and at people can work hopefully, steadily, constantly and at their best, to achieve better and better results. Again, it is only a healthy man or woman who can desire and strive for perfection. Weak men can never make good citizens, leaders, businessmen, soldiers or a brave people.

Healthy minds reside in healthy bodies. Men and women indifferent to their health cannot either be intelligent or make good artists, poets, public servants and useful members of the society. Most of the great and successful men and women owe their success to their outdoor physical activities, playing habits and exercise in their youth. Their athletic habits, cultivated in their youth, always stood them in good stead later in life. Consequently, they always possessed sound health and mind, leading them to the crowning glory. Their mental vigor, exuberance of thoughts, vivacity and enthusiasm for work came from their robust health, and physical fitness, which they obtained through regular exercise, game and sports, long walks, swimming, horse-riding, yogic postures and such other activities. The way to health, happiness and success lies through physical work, exercise and animal robustness.

Therefore, look to your health, if you have it; praise your luck and stars. If you do not have it, then ponder we over your life-style and try to develop athletic habits. Go to your garden, grasp a spade and engage yourself in digging or wood-cutting. Run a mile early in the morning, play some game like football, volley ball or badminton, and you will soon regain your health and energy. And these in their turn will fill your life with a new hope and meaningfulness. Every man and woman should undertake some physical work or exercise regularly. It is the sound body that brings sound mind with it. It was in the playgrounds of Eton school that the battle of Water­loo was actually won and Napoleon defeated. The toughness acquired in the school playground was turned to good account in the battlefield. It is such physical activities as wrestling, boating, cricketing, sporting, and playing games and exercise which promote national health and strength. The player or a sports-prison who would win races honorably must have an honorable and successful career.

To do one’s work cheerfully and well. Every man and woman should possess a good constitution, and this can be got only by daily exercise in the open air. Physical education should be an integral part of education and training in our schools, colleges and universities. Physical fitness is a must for everybody. It is in the very young age that athletic habits and. love for physical work and exercise should be developed. The best time to have physical exercise is early in the morning and late in the evening. It is heartening to note that yogic exercises, postures etc., have been introduced in our schools and colleges. Through yogic exercises we can develop both our minds and bodies. These exercises are very scientific and time- tested and goes a long way in facing and eliminating stresses, tensions and worries of modern materialistic life.

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Yoga, the oldest science of life, teaches us how to work, rest, relax and breathe to maintain good health and mental capacities. Yogic asana and postures help us lubricate the body-machine, keep the muscles and joints running smoothly, tone all the internal organs and increase blood circulation without causing any fatigue. Our body is like a perfect and subtle machine that needs proper maintenance, care and running. Anyone can practice Yoga and maintain his health and peace of mind. People who do not take regular exercise or do Yogic postures easily fall sick. Many of our modern diseases like obesity, diabetes, blood-pressure, mental tension, rheumatism, piles etc., have their roots in our lethargy, comfortable living, ease and convenience of life. They can be very easily checked and eliminated by taking daily physical exercise. Lethargy and inactivity, coupled with easy living, make our body an easy victim of diseases.

From the very young age the boys and girls should be properly trained in physical fitness and exercises. They should be helped to cultivate and develop athletic habits. It may be repeated once again that physical fitness is imperative and should not be neglected. It is high time that we pay more attention and use greater resources to develop and promote national physical standards. We should create a harmonious atmosphere where the body is given no less importance than the mind, because without physical powers there cannot be any mental power. Physical exercise, taken regularly, works like a wonderful tonic both for mind and body. But there should be moderation and there should not be too much of it. Neglect of exercise is as bad and injurious as the overdose of it.

The World Health Organisation commemorates the World Health Day celebration every year on April 7, to create awareness among people about health and cleanliness.

A healthy body holds major components that aid the functioning of the body. The first essential component is the state of physical health. Physical health refers to the state of being physically healthy devoid of any illness or diseases. When one maintains good physical fitness, they tend to have an extended lifespan. The best way to maintain physical well-being is through a balanced diet. Intake of essential nutrients in appropriate quantities helps one manage their physical health.

The next essential component is everyday exercise. To help the body maintain it’s physical fitness, one must never forget to exercise, even if it’s for ten minimum minutes. It is not advisable to consume junk food all the time. Do not drink alcohol or smoke as it is a hazard to one’s health. Lastly, try to take adequate sleep ( 7-8 hours) regularly over the use of the phone. It is best advised to not use the phone two hours before sleep.

The next health component is mental health or mental well-being. Mental health refers to a state of emotional and psychological well-being of the individual. A person’s mental well-being impacts their emotions and behavior in handling situations. The best-recommended way to maintain mental health is by staying positive and meditating.

Subsequently, cognitive and social health add equal importance to a person’s overall well-being state. A person maintains their social well-being through effective communication with other people. A person who attends social gatherings and possesses a friendly nature is stated to be socially healthy. Similarly, one’s cognitive health refers to the regular performance of mental processes leading to an effective state of health. To achieve that, one must consume healthy food and play brain boosters such as puzzles, riddles, chess, etc. This helps one to sharpen their brains.

A healthy body is a sign of a healthy mind, while unhealthy body weakness one’s ability to succeed and excel in life. However, there is this stigma about mental health. To be healthy also include mental health, but people do not consider mental disorders as an issue. Psychological well-being is as equally important as physical well-being. When people criticize mental illness, it instantly creates an adverse impact.

Parents often concentrate only on their children’s physical needs. They dress up wounds and injuries and feed their kids with nutritious food. However, they often fail to notice the crumbling mental health of their child. This is because they do not think mental health is essential. Even among elders, one fails to see their psychological well-being. It is due to a lack of awareness among people.

Therefore, one must be able to identify the signs regarding mental illness. A laughing person is not always a happy person. Never brush off mental illness as a taboo, instead pay attention and save people’s life.

As Mahatma Gandhi quoted, ‘ Health is the real wealth, not gold and silver.’ Thus, a healthy person is a happy person.

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5 Easy Yoga Exercises To Beat Stress

Meditation, good sleeping routine and stretching  helps one to focus and relax but when anxiety starts to creep in or during times of stress, many people turn to Yoga . It might seem contradictory but by exercising and putting physical stress on one’s body, mental tensions can be relieved.

                    Yoga is a form of exercise that combines stretching, breathing, relaxation and meditation and has various asana or body postures that include sitting meditation pose, reclining, standing, inverted, twisting and balancing poses to overcome all kinds of sufferings and lead to ‘the state of liberation’ (Moksha) or ‘freedom’ (Kaivalya) and self-realisation. Studies have often suggested that Yoga can enhance mood and according to some researches, it may even be as effective as antidepressant drugs at treating depression and anxiety.

                  Yoga practice helps lower stress and anxiety by releasing endorphins, improving sleep pattern and self-image. Hence, people who do Yoga regularly are less likely to experience anxiety as compared to those who don’t since benefits of the asana are strongest when one performs them regularly.

Looking for some calming poses to deal with anxiety or stress disorder, check below for the steps and benefits of 5 easy-to-do Yoga asana at home to get promising results.

1.Sukhasana or easy pose:

Method: Sit on a Yoga mat or on the floor with your legs stretched out. Bend one of your legs and place it under the opposite thigh and repeat the same with the other leg.

Sit erect, keep your head, neck and trunk aligned in a straight line, put your hands on your knees or thighs in Chin Mudra or Jnana Mudra. Turn your palms up to be receptive or down to feel grounded and inhaling slowly, feel your spine grow long while on exhaling, root down through your seat.

Benefits: Apart from finding stillness and tranquility, this asana relieves muscle and joint pains as it helps the practitioner in maintaining a good posture, gives flexibility, keeps the back straight and provides strength to the legs. This in turn lengthens the back muscles and spine, broadens the collarbones and chest, stretches the external aspect of the knees and unlocks the hips.

2. Balasana or Child’s Pose or Child’s Resting Pose:

Method: Sit on your heels on the floor or a yoga mat and keep your knees either together or wide apart. Slowly, exhale and bend forward to touch the floor with your forehead or rest it on a block or two stacked fists while keeping your arms alongside your body and palms facing up. Alternatively, you can keep your palms facing down on the mat by reaching out your arms towards the front of the yoga mat. Now, if your knees are together, gently press your chest on the thighs or press your chest between the thighs if the knees are apart.

  Relax the shoulders, jaw and eyes and find a comfortable place for the forehead as there is an energy point at its center, in between the eyebrows, that supports a “rest and digest” response by stimulating the vagus nerve. Hold onto the pose for as long as you like and pull your navel towards your spine while inhaling and softening your body and the arms while exhaling. Return to the sitting position on the heels slowly while inhaling and as if uncurling the spine.

Benefits: This beginner’s Yoga pose not only helps to reduce stress and anxiety by helps releasing the tension in the chest, back and shoulders but also helps if you have a bout of dizziness or fatigue during the day or during your workout. It can help relieve back pain as it is a gentle stretch for the back, hips, thighs and ankles.

Precautions: This exercise is not recommended for pregnant women or those suffering from diarrhea or knee injury.

3.  Savasana/Shavasana or corpse pose:

Method: Lie on your back with your legs straight and arms relaxed at your sides. Gently close your eyes while keeping your feet a comfortable distance apart in a natural position and keep your arms straight along the body but away from the torso while resting your palms facing up.

Breathe naturally, allow your body to feel heavy on the ground and focus all your attention on your toes. Then shift your attention and begin to release each part of your body, organ and cell, consciously working from the toes up to the top of your head. Bring your mind gently back to your body if it wanders.

Be sure that you do not fall asleep and relax your face, feeling your eyes drop into your sockets and the softening of your jaw. Draw your attention to the sounds around you and try to find the most distant one until you find the sound closest to you.

When you feel relaxed, exit the pose by gently bringing your awareness back to your body and wriggle your fingers and toes while still keeping your eyes closed. Draw your knees in and slowly roll over to one side in sukhasana pose. Rest there for a moment in a comfortable seated position and open your eyes gently while slowly turning your attention outwards.

Benefits: Shavasana along with deep breathing relaxes the nervous system more than any other Yoga asana and this instantly brings down the body temperature. It relieves stress, repairs cells, relaxes the body and helps self-healing without pills for pregnant women.

4. Matsyasana or the Fish Pose:

Method: Lie down on your back with legs straight on the floor and hands beside the thighs. Keep your palms near the shoulders and your fingers pointing towards them. Inhale, press your palms on the floor, lift your shoulders and head up and drop the top of the head on the floor.

Arch your back while keeping your hands up in namaskar mudra. Lift both of your legs at 45 degrees’ angle. Hold the posture for 10 seconds and release.

Benefits: This exercise has multiple benefits. From stretching the chest, abs, hip flexors and neck to stimulating two important areas of the body. First is the throat chakra which relates to communication and self-expression and second is the crown chakra, on the top of your head, which is tied to wisdom and knowledge.

Precautions: Avoid this pose if you have a neck or back injury or even if you have a headache.

5. Vrikshasana or tree pose:

Method: Balance yourself on one leg, with the other one folded and supported on your inner thigh. Stretch out your hands above your head and point them directly upwards.

Clasp them together in anjali mudra. Gaze in the distance, shift the weight to your left leg while keeping the right knee bent in half lotus position and hold onto this posture for a few seconds before releasing and repeating the same with the alternate leg.

Benefits: This asana helps to bring balance to your mind and body. It makes your legs stronger and is a great hip opener as assists it the body in establishing pelvic stability and strengthens the bones of the hips and legs.

The shift of the entire body’s weight to each leg strengthens the ligaments and tendon of the feet. It also helps strengthen the thighs, calves and ankles and and helps improve focus.

Precautions: This asana should be avoided by those who suffer from vertigo or migraine or insomnia issues.

Indian Freedom Fighters

Around 75 years ago, on the historic date of 15th August 1947, India became free from British domination. It was the culmination of numerous movements and struggles that were rife throughout the time of British rule including the historic revolt of 1857. This independence was achieved through the efforts of many revolutionary freedom fighters, who took the lead in organizing the struggle which led to India’s independence. Although they were of varied ideologies ranging from moderates to extremists, their contribution to India’s freedom struggle has been immortalized in the minds of every Indian. This blog brings you the Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to ensure India’s independence.

         People from every corner of the country participated in the struggle for ousting the British from India. Many of them sacrificed their lives to free India from the tyrannical rule of the British.

Here are the freedom fighters who fought bravely in the Indian Independence struggle:

1.Mahatma Gandhi:

Born on 2nd October 1869, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is revered as Father of the Nation for his immense sacrifices for India. He not only ushered India towards freedom, but he also became the inspiring figure for many independence struggles and rights movements across the world. Popularly called Bapu, Gandhi introduced the doctrine of non-violence in India. According to him, independence was to be achieved through a combination of non-violent movement and non-co-operation with the British. His credit lies in the fact that he was able to bring the masses into the freedom struggle. The historic Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Quit India movement were all started under his leadership.

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Famously Known As Bapu

2.Subhash Chandra Bose:

One of the greatest Indian freedom fighters that history witnessed was none other than Subhas Chandra Bose. He was born on 23rd January 1897. He was a radical nationalist and his ultimate patriotism carved a hero out of him. Bose belonged to the extremist section of the Indian freedom fighters. He was the leader of a radical youth wing of Congress from the early years of the 1920s till the end of 1930. Bose disagreed with the ideals of non-violence promoted by Gandhi, instead of believing that only armed revolt could oust the British from India. The founder of the Forward Bloc, he escaped the eyes of the British to ultimately reach Germany during the second world war. He raised the Indian National Army (INA) and with Japanese help, was able to free a portion of Indian territory from the British in Manipur, but was ultimately defeated due to Japanese surrender to the British. Although he is believed to have died in a plane crash in 1945, his death remains shrouded in mystery to date.

  • Born: 23 January 1897, Cuttack
  • Famously Known As Netaji
  • Died: 18 August 1945, Taipei, Taiwan
  • Education: Scottish Church College (1918), Presidency University

3.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:

Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31st October 1875. A senior leader of the Indian National Congress, he had an immense contribution to the Indian freedom struggle as one of the most influential and strong-minded Indian freedom fighters. He was the brain and mind behind the integration of India into a united country. He was one of the most influential leaders of Gujarat, who organized peasant movements against the British based on Gandhi’s ideals of non-violence. One of the first congress leaders to have accepted the British plan of partition for India, he is remembered for his role in integrating the princely states into the dominion of India. His efforts led to the integration of around 562 princely states. After independence, he served as the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India.

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel

4.Jawaharlal Nehru:

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889. He was the single child of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru. Nehru was one of the most renowned barristers and was known for his intellectual capabilities which soon made him one of the greatest politicians India had ever seen. Nehru, under the approval of Gandhi, his mentor, rose to become one of the most dominant figures in Indian politics from the 1930s onwards. Nehru, after much deliberations, accepted the partition proposal for India in 1947 and took oath as the First Prime Minister of India after attaining independence. His birthday on 14 November is widely celebrated in India as Children’s day.

  • Born: 14 November 1889, Prayagraj
  • Died: 27 May 1964, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kamala Nehru (m. 1916–1936)
  • Parents: Motilal Nehru
  • Famously Known As: Chacha Nehru, Pandit Nehru

5.Bhagat Singh:

Born in 1907, Bhagat Singh was among the extreme revolutionary Indian freedom fighters. He was a largely controversial, though respected figure in the freedom struggle of India. This revolutionary hero was born in a Sikh family in the undivided state of Punjab and carried the legacy of his family and clinched to his patriotism till his death. He was involved in a plot in 1928 to assassinate James Scott, a British police superintendent to exact revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. The plot failed when they mistakenly killed another young police officer and Singh fled to Lahore to escape from punishment. The following year, he, along with his associates hurled a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in protest against the implementation of the Defence of India Act and surrendered to the police. This great Indian freedom fighter was sentenced to death by hanging by the British, and executed at the age of only 23. 

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Famously Known As: Shaheed Bhagat Singh

CREDIT CARD VS DEBIT CARD

What Is a Debit Card?

Debit cards offer the convenience of a credit card but work differently. Debit cards draw money directly from your checking account when you make the purchase. They do this by placing a hold on the amount of the purchase. Then the merchant sends in the transaction to their bank, and it is transferred to the merchant’s account. It can take a few days for this to happen, and the hold may drop off before the transaction goes through.

You will have a personal identification number (PIN) to use with your debit card at stores or ATMs. However, you can also use your debit card without a PIN at most merchants. You will sign the receipt like you would with a credit card. Below are some other facts regarding debit cards.

You won’t pay interest on your purchases.Your credit history will be unaffected by debit card spending.Paying with debit will take the money from your account pretty much immediately.

What Is a Credit Card?

A credit card is a card that allows you to borrow money against a line of credit, otherwise known as the card’s credit limit.3 You use the card to make basic transactions, which are reflected on your bill; the bank pays the merchant, and later, when you receive your bill, you pay the bank.

You will be charged interest on your purchases. To avoid paying interest, don’t carry a balance over from month to month. Credit cards have high interest rates, and your credit card balance and payment history can affect your credit score.

Advantages of credit card:

Convenience: Credit cards eliminate the need for carrying cash all the time. You can use the card for payment in most places.

Future loans: If you plan to opt for any loan in the future but have a low credit score, the card will help you improve it.

Rewards: Using a credit card enables you to receive many rewards in the form of points, cash back, and other facilities.

Spending flexibility: Unlike debit cards, a credit card’s spending limit does not depend on your bank balance. This flexibility is helpful when you need to make significant purchases and do not have enough money in your account.

Disadvantages of credit card:

Transaction charge: When you use the card in a shop or restaurant, the credit card company charges the establishment a transaction fee. The business includes this charge in your bill; so, eventually, you end up paying it.

Maintenance charge and other fees: Some credit card companies charge you a flat annual maintenance fee. They also charge a minimum spending fee if you do not spend a fixed minimum amount in a year. Additionally, you need to pay a 3.5% cash advance fee when using the card to withdraw cash from ATMs. Moreover, they charge interest on the withdrawn amount per day until you pay the credit card bill.

Minimum payment amount: Credit card bills come with a ‘minimum amount due’ option. But, if you pay only the minimum amount, the company will charge you interest on the remaining balance next month. Suppose your credit card bill amount is ₹10,000 and the minimum amount due is ₹500 (5% of the total due). If you pay only the minimum amount, the company will charge you a 3% interest on the remaining ₹9,500. So, you would have to pay an additional amount of ₹285 in the following month. If you keep paying only the minimum due amount every month, it will take you 34 years to pay off the bill! The total amount will be ₹23,254 (₹10,000 + interest).

LAPTOPS VS. DESKTOP COMPUTERS

When it comes to making a choice out of laptop and desktop computer, you need to consider several important factors and make a decision according to your needs. Here we have listed the advantages and disadvantages of the laptop over the desktop computer that will allow you to make an informed decision.

Advantages of Laptop Over Desktop Computer:

1. Portability:

Laptops are highly portable on the virtue of their compact size. They can be easily taken from one place to another in a carrying case or backpack. This is what makes them a highly convenient device that you can carry even while traveling. You don’t need to worry about delays in submitting your work reports or sending an important file from your system as you can very much do it using laptops while on the go.

On the other hand, desktop computers come in large size and they are assembled from multiple components. Though it is possible to take desktop computers from one place to another, the overall process is quite burdensome. They are specially designed to be used in one location rather than constantly moving them from one place to another.

2. The convenience of assembly:

The laptop is extremely user-friendly as it needs only a few minutes to start running. You can simply take it out of your bag and press the power key to start the system. Within only a few minutes, your system is good to go. On the other hand, desktop computers require a bit of time to install and begin use. They also require a larger space to set up as compared to laptops. The laptop allows you to do your work while keeping them on the lap, while desktop computers require a formal table or specific furniture to complete the setup.

3. Power usage:

A laptop consumes less power as compared to a desktop computer on the virtue of its smaller components that require minimal power to keep running. Laptop computers also feature battery which means there is no work loss because of fluctuations in power or accidentally shutting down of the system. In the case of desktop computers, power fluctuations can cause a risk of losing your current work files if they are not saved properly.

4. Dimensions & Weight:

The laptop contains similar components that desktop components have but they weigh only around 2-3 kgs thereby making it easy for you to carry it even in one hand. While desktop computers are known for their bulky appearance and you can’t even carry them in both hands. Laptops are slimmer than desktop computers and you can keep them even in a highly congested place.

5. Information at your fingertips:

Another key benefit of the laptop over desktop computers is that they give you access to unlimited information at your fingertips. If you are traveling or away from your home or office then you will require a laptop to get hold of all your vital information from a place of your choice. No matter where you are, you can switch on your system and get access to your data or even try the internet using laptops.

Advantages of Desktop Computer over Laptop:

1. Cost:

Desktop computers offer you a wide variety of options when choosing different components that make a device highly powerful. On the other hand, laptops come with few limitations while choosing the components and sometimes you need to compromise with an average device. In order to achieve the ideal configuration of your desktop, you don’t need to pay a very high price. In the case of the laptop, you need to create a big hole in your pocket to avail a highly powerful system that is equipped with massive storage space, outstanding graphics, and higher speed.

2. Processor:

Desktop computers have the luxury of installing powerful processors than laptop computers. In fact, any of the recently launched processors you will find in the market, are more compatible with a desktop computer than laptops. You can easily run high graphics games on desktop computers, while laptops may face a few performance issues when running powerful games.

3. Screen size:

Desktop computers are available in a wide range of sizes and you even have the flexibility to enjoy the high-user experience that you can avail yourself with your home theatre or TVs. You also have an option to connect your CPU to a projector or larger screen to enjoy a better viewing experience. This is not the optimal case with laptops as they are manufactured considering the portability aspect in mind and you rarely get a screen size of more than 19 inches in laptops. Although, you can connect your laptop to external monitors or projectors if you are willing to do so.

4. Keyboard:

Desktop computers feature full-size keyboards that also include a number pad and you don’t have any limitations while accessing specific keys offering unique functionality. On the other hand, laptops with larger sizes also struggle to offer you an all-inclusive keyboard and you have limitations on accessing the functionality directly through shortcut keys.

5. Convenience in upgrading:

Most of the key components of desktop computers can be removed easily and they are very convenient to upgrade. Desktop cases also come in a large size that facilitates easy upgrading. In the case of laptops, you will find hard drive and memory are the only components that can be upgraded easily. The rest of the components in the laptop are either non-removable or built-in that makes upgrading almost impossible. If you need to upgrade any specific component of your laptop other than hard drive and memory, then you need to purchase a laptop with the latest configuration.

6. Easy maintenance:

Repairing your desktop computer is quite easy as most of the replacement parts are easily available in local computer shops. In the case of laptops, opening your device for repair is quite a cumbersome task. Besides this, some of the replacement parts of laptops can be purchased only from the manufacturer or any other online platform that demands a significant amount of money and time from your side. As each of the laptop models has its unique design and structure, they are quite hard to upgrade and incur a high cost for maintenance purposes.

7. Video cards:

Desktop computers can easily run video cards that demand efficiency in heat dissipation and require higher power. Most desktop computers are capable of managing extreme power supply which means you can easily run multiple video cards on your device at the same time. In the case of laptops, you face a lot of limitations when it comes to graphics capabilities. The heat reduction efficiency is also quite less on laptops when compared with desktop computers.

8. Health issues:

The elongated use of laptops on a user’s lap can cause health issues as the device becomes warm after prolonged use. The integrated display of the laptop also persuades users to search for the perfect view which may cause spinal or neck injuries in the long term.

While using desktop computers, you need to achieve a perfect sitting position on a chair which means you will be facing fewer body issues. When you are using desktop computers, a distance of more than 2ft is automatically maintained between your eyes and screen.

While in the case of laptops, this distance is less than 2ft which means you have a higher risk of damaging your eyesight with laptops as compared to desktop computers.

THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LAPTOPS

Information technology has deeply penetrated many areas of our lives. Almost any modern person can hardly imagine himself without such devices as a smartphone, a computer, a laptop, etc. And if only recently, a stationary computer was the limit of dreams, now this area has expanded enormously. The era of portable devices, such as laptops, has come and it’s absolutely not surprising. If you look at the statistics, then the notebook market is developing much faster than the computer and technology, and the filling of modern models, and the demand for them, the market is being improved very quickly.

However, life in modern cities simply boils down to the key, and most people become more active they are striving to receive new relevant information. Be aware of the latest developments in public and political life, have a source of new impressions, the opportunity to communicate with friends, and maintain business ties in a chronic lack of time. Therefore, laptops are the best innovative tool to accomplish all their requirements.

Every technology product of today’s time is excelling in some of the key parameters while showing limitations in other parameters. The same is the case with laptops that come with strengths as well as weaknesses. So before start shopping for any of your favorite laptop model available in the market, it is necessary to make yourself well versed with its unique features and limitations. Here we have made a list of the advantages and disadvantages of laptops that will allow you to make a better comparison.

Advantages of Laptops:

1. Mobility:

The first and main advantage of a laptop, in comparison with a stationary computer, is its mobility. The lightweight, compact size, the built-in battery in the laptop allowing it to easily move from one place to another. Many models can be worn at all times, used in a park, cafe, or carted in a car. Thanks to this mobility, you can quickly access the necessary data wherever you are.

2. Finished product:

The laptop is easy to use without any additional devices. It has everything such as its own keyboard, built-in mouse (touchpad), built-in speakers, built-in microphone, many laptops have a built-in camera, and even there are options with 2 built-in cameras on both sides of the laptop cover.

3. Internet access:

Internet access is the second advantage for the rise in demand for the laptop because it provides the ability to access the Internet through wireless technology Wi-Fi. However, this possibility can be on a stationary computer, but you can only connect to the network at home. The laptop can be taken with you to any cafe, restaurant, park, or another public place, where there is Wi-Fi coverage, and connect to the Internet. Moreover, some laptops allow you to install SIM cards for access to the mobile Internet 3G or 4G.

4. Offline operation:

The laptop is also convenient to use for all kinds of presentations. In this case, you do not depend on the technical equipment of the venue. Even the connection to the mains is not necessary since the laptop can work offline from its battery (with proper use). True, batteries have their lifespan, they are not eternal.

Disadvantages of Laptops:

1. Sensitivity:

Laptops are easier to damage as compare to ordinary computers. For example, it is not uncommon for a laptop to drop, fall with rain, sit on it, etc. All this leads to a breakdown of the device. And the repair of portable computers is much more expensive than an ordinary computer.

2. Unpredictable battery:

Often, the battery pack built into the laptop breaks down because it is not eternal, and it needs to be operated according to strict rules. In addition, many users have a habit of operating a laptop in exactly the same way as a stationary PC by enacting with power while using that is the foremost reason for damaging the battery.

3. Reinstalling the native operating system:

A very important point is that laptops really do not like reinstalling the operating system. The native system that comes with the laptop works with it in the best possible way. However, it is necessary to switch to another operating system, problems with function keys, with device drivers of the laptop, etc., can begin.

WHY LEARNING ENGLISH IS SO IMPORTANT

The Importance of the English Language:

Nowadays, more and more people are dedicating time to studying English as a second language. Many countries include English in their school syllabus and children are starting to learn English at a younger and younger age. But what is the true value of learning English?

Whether you are looking for a new job or planning to travel the world, studying English can help you progress in life both personally and professionally. You can compete in the global job market, increase your career skills and start to meet people around the world.

However, do you know why learning English is so important? Here are ten good reasons to take an English language course.

Why did English become important?

It’s easy to see just how important English is around the world. Many international businesses conduct meetings in English, universities teach courses in English and, around the world, tourists and travellers use English as a common language.

But how did English become so important? Well, it all goes back to the British Empire, which at its peak covered 25% of the earth’s surface. During colonial times, British rulers often obliged the people in those countries to speak English rather than their native language. Although the origins of English as a global language has a complicated past, the language has left an important mark on media, trade and business. If you’re still not sure about whether to learn the language, then check out the reasons below.

Reasons to Learn English:

1. English is a global language:

English is the most commonly spoken language in the world. One out of five people can speak or at least understand English!

2. Studying English can help you get a job:

English is the language of science, aviation, computers, diplomacy, and tourism. Knowing English increases your chances of getting a good job in a multinational company within your home country or of finding work abroad.

3. Learning English can help you meet new people:

English is the official language of 53 countries and is used as a lingua franca (a mutually known language) by people from all around the world. This means that whether you’re working in Beijing, or travelling in Brazil, studying English can help you have a conversation with people from all over the world.

4. Many scientific papers are written in English:

In the last century, the number of scientific papers written in English has started to outweigh the number of papers written in the native language of the researcher. In the Netherlands, for example, the ratio is a surprising 40 to 1. For this reason, having a knowledge of English is incredibly important to those working in the scientific field.

5. English is the language of the media industry:

Because of the prominence of Hollywood in global media, an enormous amount of films, TV shows and popular songs are written in English. If you speak English, you won’t need to rely on translations and subtitles anymore to enjoy your favourite books, songs, films and TV shows.

6. English is the language of the Internet:

English is a particularly important language online with more than half the content on the internet written in English. As well as this, some of the world’s largest tech companies are based in English speaking countries.

7. Travelling is a lot easier with a good knowledge of English:

Imagine you’re a Spanish person on holiday in Thailand, while your hotel receptionist might not be able to answer your question in Spanish, it’s likely they will be able to answer your question in English.

8. English is one of the most important languages for business:

Whether you’re a business owner, student or employee, English is incredibly important in the business world. English is considered to be one of the most important business languages due to being the de facto language of the United States and the official language of the UK, Canada, India and South Africa.

9. With English, you can study all over the world:

Since English is spoken in so many different countries there are thousands of schools and universities around the world that offer programmes in English. If you speak good academic English, there’re lots of opportunities for you to find an appropriate school and course to suit your needs. Find out about going to university in an English speaking country.

10. English gives you access to multiple cultures:

Good knowledge of English will allow you to access films, music and literature from hundreds of countries around the globe. Not to mention the fact that numerous books from across the world are translated into English. Few experiences will make you grow as a person more than learning the values, habits and way of life in a culture that is different from yours.

11.English is the Language of International Communication:

HomeBook Now Search NowELC Brighton students4 reasons why learning English is so importantOur coursesEnglish courses in BrightonEnglish courses in ChesterEnglish courses in EastbourneWhy is Learning English is so Important?English is the language of science, of aviation, computers, diplomacy, and tourism. Knowing English increases your chances of getting a good job in a multinational company within your home country or for finding work abroad. It’s also the language of international communication, the media and the internet, so learning English is important for socialising and entertainment as well as work!ELC Students visit LewesLet’s look at the top 4 reasons why studying English is so important:1. English is the Language of International Communication English may not be the most spoken language in the world, but it is the official language of 53 countries and spoken by around 400 million people across the globe. Being able to speak English is not just about being able to communicate with native English speakers, it is the most common second language in the world. If you want to speak to someone from another country then the chances are that you will both be speaking English to do this.

The British Council projects that by 2020 two billion people in the world will be studying English. Learning English is important as it enables you to communicate easily with your fellow global citizens. When you study English at ELC schools, you will be making friends with people from lots of different countries, using English as your common language!

12. English is the Language of Business:

HomeBook Now Search NowELC Brighton students4 reasons why learning English is so importantOur coursesEnglish courses in BrightonEnglish courses in ChesterEnglish courses in EastbourneWhy is Learning English is so Important?English is the language of science, of aviation, computers, diplomacy, and tourism. Knowing English increases your chances of getting a good job in a multinational company within your home country or for finding work abroad. It’s also the language of international communication, the media and the internet, so learning English is important for socialising and entertainment as well as work!ELC Students visit LewesLet’s look at the top 4 reasons why studying English is so important:1. English is the Language of International Communication English may not be the most spoken language in the world, but it is the official language of 53 countries and spoken by around 400 million people across the globe. Being able to speak English is not just about being able to communicate with native English speakers, it is the most common second language in the world. If you want to speak to someone from another country then the chances are that you will both be speaking English to do this.The British Council projects that by 2020 two billion people in the world will be studying English. Learning English is important as it enables you to communicate easily with your fellow global citizens. When you study English at ELC schools, you will be making friends with people from lots of different countries, using English as your common language!2. English is the Language of BusinessEnglish is the dominant business language and it has become almost a necessity for people to speak English if they are to enter a global workforce. Research from all over the world shows that cross-border business communication is most often conducted in English and many international companies expect employees to be fluent in English.

The importance of learning English in the international marketplace cannot be understated – learning English really can change your life.

13. Speaking English gives you Access to a World of Entertainment:

Many of the world’s top films, books and music are published and produced in English. Therefore, by learning English you will have access to a great wealth of entertainment and will be able to have a greater cultural understanding.

If you speak English, you won’t need to rely on translations and subtitles anymore to enjoy your favourite books, songs, films and TV shows. Watching movies and television programmes in the English language is also a great and fun way to learn it!

At ELC we encourage students to participate in the social programme to practice English outside a class environment. Activities include watching popular English films, sports, art galleries, museums, trips and excursions to local and historical areas. The programme is designed to encourage students to use and learn English in British culture.

14.Learning English gives you Access to more of the Internet:

According to a report by Education First, English is the language of the internet. An estimated 565 million people use the internet every day, and an estimated 52 percent of the world’s most visited websites are displayed in the English language.

Learning English is important as it gives you access to over half the content on the internet. Knowing how to read English will allow you access to billions of pages of information which may not be otherwise available!

IMPORTANCE OF SPORTS AND GAMES

Sports and games are not mere physical activities alone. They play a more significant role in making people confident, adaptable, alert, and happy but in most of our schools, the games period is for relaxation.

It is for breaking the humdrum of academic lessons. A sport as a career choice is still not a lucrative option for many in our country.

We perform poorly in international sports events like the Olympics despite having a demographic advantage. It is not that we are not capable enough. We lack awareness, and our players don’t get the required encouragement and support.

1.Physical benefits:

Sports and games make you more fit. They make your muscles stronger and keep the bones, heart, and lungs in good condition. When you play sports regularly, you use up the fatty molecules. It implies that you have less chance of blood clotting and heart attack. Physical games are the natural healer for the obesity menace. At least now, we should make sports a mandatory part of the curriculum in schools and colleges. Once people enjoy playing, they may not go for exercise routines to decrease weight. Children who learn to play sports become active adults.

2. Sports make you a moral human being:

Sports teach many life skills required for good conduct in society. When you play sports, you imbibe qualities such as honesty, teamwork, leadership, and strategic planning. These skills will be helpful in every walk of life. Children in sports learn to follow the rules and respect teammates and opponents. As adults, they will not readily resort to dubious and corrupt practices.

3. Sports help in enhancing your EQ:

Players are not afraid of losing a game. Sportspeople can accept rejections and defeats better. Similarly, they do not get carried away by their victories. They understand that success and failure are both part of the game. Life becomes a lot easier when a similar thought process is applied to all aspects.

4. Sports can boost academics:

Playing games increase concentration power. The more you practice, the higher the potential of your brain. You become good at decision making. You are ready to take up challenging subjects. Therefore, sportspeople can study faster and are good at solving logical and analytical problems. Moreover, sports teach you the value of time. Students who play sports do not waste their precious time in gossiping and fault-finding.

5. Sports help in healthy socializing:

One of the main problems in the present hyper-connected world is loneliness. Our social media presence seems dubious, and people have fake friendliness. While playing, people have a delightful time together and develop a healthy social life too.

6. Sports – an excellent stress-buster:

For students, sports are a source of recreation. They help in breaking the monotony of academic studies. Serious sports require intense training. Thus, sportspeople have a proper way to channelize their energy. By actively participating in games, one can balance his mood well and is likely to experience less stress in life.

7. Sports inculcates adventure spirit:

People who play in national teams, often travel abroad for their games. They get to experience different cultures and have a broader mind. They become more exploring in nature. These qualities can make you a global citizen. With more people in sports, our communities are more open to experiments. From a business point of view, it makes the country more attractive to foreign investors.

Builds a sense of teamwork:

Some sports need individual participation, while some require teamwork. Thus sports enlists teamwork in a person. Which is essential in every fieldwork. A company can only run by working together and not individually. So it is important for a person to know how to work together in a team. Only then you can achieve the desired goal.

National Development:

The main contribution of sports to nation building is by fostering feelings of unity and national pride. Students learn to be mutually loving and peaceful citizens. Team-building and cooperation are values built up by sporting activities in school. Sports help develop character and increase confidence levels in youth.

Sports also help build a good health status of the citizens of a country. Good health contributes to the high standards of living. Sports encouragethe growth of sports-related industries, which brings employment opportunities and booststhe economy.

These are all some top facts about the utility of sports in the school curriculum,which even the best schools in Lebanon swear by. In the era of budget cuts in schools, decision-makers must realize the importance of sports for all kinds of benefits.

Social and Personality Development:

Sports not only contribute to physical health but also enhance social and personality development. They helpin enhancing leadership skills and in improving capacity for goal setting and character building. A student, who is active in sports, will naturally have greater self-esteem, improved social interaction, and a more positive outlook on life.

Sports activities make children acquire ethics, values, responsibility, discipline, and a sense of confidence and mutual trust. The sportsmanship spirit helps a person deal more gracefully with the ups and downs of life. He/she will lead his/her life with good morals and a positive attitude and is thus less likely to be a victim of social evils. As per some studies, students, who compete in sports get better grades, have more confidence and graduate at higher rates. The majority of them avoid evils,such as drugs, unplanned pregnancies, obesity, suicide, and depression.

Importance for Health:

By indulging in sports, you can get the best exercises, which help maintain youroverall fitness. Regular sporting activities can prevent chronic diseases and help develop healthy heart, strong bones, and enhanced lung function. Sports help control diabetes, manage weight, enhance blood circulation, and manage levels of stress. Through sports, there is a good balance of physical and mental growth, which helps tone muscles and makes bones strong.

Sports inculcates in students the importance of a healthy lifestyle. Sports help in preventing obesity and in encouraging healthy eating habits. Young people involved in sports typically consume more fruits and vegetables, have less chance to be obese, and are more likely to become physically active adults.

Regular sports and physical activity help prevent communicable and non-communicable diseases. Hence, sports are cost-effective methods to help improve the health of the general public in developed and developing countries.

CRYPTOCURRENCIES VS FIXED DEPOSITS

The Indian government and Indians have consistently been into reserve funds. In contrast to the westerners, India has high family esteems. The blood relations and relatives are consistently there to help each other additionally monetarily.

The bread worker of the family puts something aside for the eventual fate of the child(ren). In India, it is never similar to labouring for 40 hours per week, being paid according to the hours and chilling toward the end of the week and being down and out by Monday morning. India’s practice of venture is a drawn-out game that considers ages ahead.

The Indian government understood this before long freedom and subsequently made a great deal of plans that come as retirement plans. The banks that go under the Reserve bank of India likewise concoct approaches and plans to work with their clients into long haul arranging that implies least danger and a good speculation.

Indians have been assorted as far as their way of life. However, the one thing that ties each Indian is the affection for gold and silver. Furthermore, once more, customarily talking, gold is the image of Laxmi, the goddess of abundance. Gold is skilled to the lady and lucky man during the marriage. Gold is likewise worn as a piece of DRE gems. Monetarily talking, holding a resource can be utilized in good and bad for ages ahead.

Another exceptionally famous monetary instrument that Indians put resources into is the FD or the proper store. Be that as it may, with the new headway of computerized money, will a normal Indian embrace crypto? Allow us to see the distinctions and similitudes.

FIXED DEPOSITS VERSUS CRYPTOCURRENCY

Duty exception: When you put resources into FD, there are various areas under which you can put your cash in. For this venture that you pronounce, the public authority is informed of your system and you may get some thought under tax cut. Then again, the Indian government isn’t a too crypto master, and thus, there is no assessment exclusion on the benefits you make from putting resources into crypto.

Government-upheld: For making a FD account with your bank, the means are very simple. A stacked financial balance is a great idea to go to make a FD account. While then again, crypto speculation expects you to make a record with an exchanging stage, that, in a typical case, isn’t empowered by any administration.

Fixed return: according to the approach picked by you, your bank and your residency of FD, you will undoubtedly get a decent return. This generally doesn’t change. Regardless of whether it does, it doesn’t change too regularly. Likewise, the adjustment of the level of return isn’t an excessive amount to give a shock to the financial backer. Then again, crypto rides an exciting ride. One second the profits are multiplied and the following second you lose half of the cash you contributed. The recurrence of progress and the extent of progress is humongous.

Value-based expense: FDs are long haul plans and the passage and leave focuses are by and large ceaseless till development. Individuals for the most part don’t leave their FD plan before it develops. No exchange occurs and subsequently there is no exchange cost. Unexpectedly, since the crypto market is unstable, individuals settle on fast choices. They enter, stay for quite a while, exit and afterward return when the costs hit profound low. The quantity of passage and leave focuses is an excessive number of and this brings about a ton of conditional expenses.

No requirement for any exchanging or trade stage: For beginning a FD account, you simply need a ledger. What’s more, having a financial balance has been supported by the PM Jan Dhan Yojna. For putting resources into crypto, the client needs to have a confirmed record with an exchanging stage, connect the ledger and afterward begin to contribute.

Unpredictability: FDs are a speculation that individuals don’t contact. Individuals either start a FD for their retirement or they let it mature. The venture of crypto isn’t immaculate. The sum determined for the interest in the crypto is each effectively moved and flowed for putting resources into other cryptos or to encash into the neighbourhood cash.

Long haul Plan: FDs are long haul plans. So is the crypto venture. However, just favourable to crypto financial backers get this and are enduring. Henceforth, despite the fact that both FD and cryptos are long haul venture vehicles, many utilize the last for momentary addition.

Uncommon: FDs are not uncommon. Would you like to open a record? Fantastic! Go on. Would you like to mine bitcoin after 2140? Apologies, you can’t. Crypto accompanies a limited inventory and thus are uncommon. FDs are run on conventional cash and we would i be able to have quite a few customary cash notes as we need.

No mining: These backings the above point. There is no mining or additional work to change your conventional cash over to be put resources into FD. For cryptos, you need to mine new tokens to keep up with their dissemination or somebody mines and sells them so others can put resources into them.

Least danger: FDs are the most secure, least danger implying monetary arranging technique. When you store cash, you can fail to remember it till it develops. Cryptos involve the financial backers’ time and consideration. You lose your center, you may lose a ton!

Expansion rate and pace of revenue: As the swelling rate is higher, customary instruments like FDs and RDS don’t give incredible help. Despite the fact that crypto gets your heart beat quicker, an individual with great exploration on crypto can enter the market, stay for the time, bring in astounding cash and exit astutely. He/she doesn’t hang tight for the 5-year residency to get over.

Indians love to put cash in any case, love to contribute as long as possible and need their cash to develop. While certain individuals are daring people, some are more conventional. Venture techniques resemble food decisions. It depends from one person to another. One that works for you probably won’t work for your companion. Subsequently, it is consistently fitting to comprehend one’s necessities and needs and choose what best accommodates their objective.

RAINWATER HARVESTING

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is the collection and storage of rain, rather than allowing it to run off. Rainwater is collected from a roof-like surface and redirected to a tank, cistern, deep pit (well, shaft, or borehole), aquifer, or a reservoir with percolation, so that it seeps down and restores the ground water. Dew and fog can also be collected with nets or other tools. Rainwater harvesting differs from stormwater harvesting as the runoff is collected from roofs, rather than creeks, drains, roads, or any other land surfaces. Its uses include watering gardens, livestock, irrigation, domestic use with proper treatment, and domestic heating. The harvested water can also be committed to longer-term storage or groundwater recharge.

Rainwater harvesting is one of the simplest and oldest methods of self-supply of water for households, and residential and household-scale projects, usually financed by the user. However, larger systems for schools, hospitals, and other facilities can run up costs only able to be financed by owners, organizations, and governmental units.

Advantages

Rainwater harvesting provides the independent water supply during regional water restrictions, and in developed countries, it is often used to supplement the main supply. It provides water when a drought occurs, can help mitigate flooding of low-lying areas, and reduces demand on wells which may enable groundwater levels to be sustained. It also helps in the availability of potable water, as rainwater is substantially free of salinity and other salts. Applications of rainwater harvesting in urban water system provides a substantial benefit for both water supply and wastewater subsystems by reducing the need for clean water in water distribution systems, less generated stormwater in sewer systems,and a reduction in stormwater runoff polluting freshwater bodies.

A rainwater harvesting system that could be easily installed and maintained by local people

A large body of work has focused on the development of life cycle assessment and its costing methodologies to assess the level of environmental impacts and money that can be saved by implementing rainwater harvesting systems.

Independent water supply

Rainwater harvesting provides an independent water supply during water restrictions. In areas where clean water is costly, or difficult to come by, rainwater harvesting is a critical source of clean water. In developed countries, rainwater is often harvested to be used as a supplemental source of water rather than the main source, but the harvesting of rainwater can also decrease a household’s water costs or overall usage levels. Rainwater is safe to drink if the consumers do additional treatments before drinking. Boiling water helps to kill germs. Adding another supplement to the system such as a first flush diverter is also a common procedure to avoid contaminants of the water.

Supplemental in drought

When drought occurs, rainwater harvested in past months can be used. If rain is scarce but also unpredictable, the use of a rainwater harvesting system can be critical to capturing the rain when it does fall. Many countries with arid environments, use rainwater harvesting as a cheap and reliable source of clean water. To enhance irrigation in arid environments, ridges of soil are constructed to trap and prevent rainwater from running downhills. Even in periods of low rainfall, enough water is collected for crops to grow. Water can be collected from roofs and tanks can be constructed to hold large quantities of rainwater.

In addition, rainwater harvesting decreases the demand for water from wells, enabling groundwater levels to be further sustained rather than depleted.

Life-cycle assessment

Life-cycle assessment is a methodology used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a system from cradle-to-grave of its lifetime. Devkota et al,developed such a methodology for rainwater harvesting, and found that the building design (e.g., dimensions) and function (e.g., educational, residential, etc.) play critical roles in the environmental performance of the system.

To address the functional parameters of rainwater harvesting systems, a new metric was developed – the demand to supply ratio (D/S) – identifying the ideal building design (supply) and function (demand) in regard to the environmental performance of rainwater harvesting for toilet flushing. With the idea that supply of rainwater not only saves the potable water but also saves the stormwater entering the combined sewer network (thereby requiring treatment), the savings in environmental emissions were higher if the buildings are connected to a combined sewer network compared to separate one.

Cost-effectiveness

Although standard RWH systems can provide a water source to developing regions facing poverty, the average cost for an RWH setup can be costly depending on the type of technology used. Governmental aid and NGOs can assist communities facing poverty by providing the materials and education necessary to develop and maintain RWH setups.

Some studies show that rainwater harvesting is a widely applicable solution for water scarcity and other multiple usages, owing to its cost-effectiveness and eco-friendliness. Constructing new substantial, centralized water supply systems, such as dams, is prone to damage local ecosystems, generates external social costs, and has limited usages, especially in developing countries or impoverished communities. On the other hand, installing rainwater harvesting systems is verified by a number of studies to provide local communities a sustainable water source, accompanied by other various benefits, including protection from flood and control of water runoff, even in poor regions. Rainwater harvesting systems that do not require major construction or periodic maintenance by a professional from outside the community are more friendly to the environment and more likely to benefit the local people for a longer period of time.Thus, rainwater harvesting systems that could be installed and maintained by local people have bigger chances to be accepted and used by more people.

The usage of in-situ technologies can reduce investment costs in rainwater harvesting. In-situ technologies for rainwater harvesting could be a feasible option for rural areas since less material is required to construct them. They can provide a reliable water source that can be utilized to expand agricultural outputs. Above-ground tanks can collect water for domestic use; however, such units can be unaffordable to people in poverty.

Limitations

Rainwater harvesting is a widely used method of storing rainwater in the countries presenting with drought characteristics. Several pieces of research have derived and developed different criteria and techniques to select suitable sites for harvesting rainwater. Some research was identified and selected suitable sites for the potential erection of dams, as well as derived a model builder in ArcMap 10.4.1. The model combined several parameters, such as slope, runoff potential, land cover/use, stream order, soil quality, and hydrology to determine the suitability of the site for harvesting rainwater.

Harvested water from RWH systems can be minimal during below-average precipitation in arid urban regions such as the Mideast. RWH is useful for developing areas as it collects water for irrigation and domestic purposes. However, the gathered water should be adequately filtered to ensure safe drinking.

Quality of water harvesting

Rainwater may need to be analyzed properly, and used in a way appropriate to its safety. In the Gansu province, for example, solar water disinfection is used by boiling harvested rainwater in parabolic solar cookers before being used for drinking.These so-called “appropriate technology” methods provide low-cost disinfection options for treatment of stored rainwater for drinking.

While rainwater itself is a clean source of water, often better than groundwater or water from rivers or lakes,the process of collection and storage often leaves the water polluted and non-potable. Rainwater harvested from roofs can contain human, animal and bird feces, mosses and lichens, windblown dust, particulates from urban pollution, pesticides, and inorganic ions from the sea (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Cl, SO4), and dissolved gases (CO2, NOx, SOx). High levels of pesticide have been found in rainwater in Europe with the highest concentrations occurring in the first rain immediately after a dry spell; the concentration of these and other contaminants are reduced significantly by diverting the initial flow of run-off water to waste. Improved water quality can also be obtained by using a floating draw-off mechanism (rather than from the base of the tank) and by using a series of tanks, withdraw from the last in series. Prefiltration is a common practice used in the industry to keep the system healthy and ensure that the water entering the tank is free of large sediments.



A very interesting concept of rainwater harvesting and cleaning it with solar energy for rural household drinking purposes has been developed by Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute.

Conceptually, a water supply system should match the quality of water with the end-user. However, in most of the developed world, high-quality potable water is used for all end uses. This approach wastes money and energy and imposes unnecessary impacts on the environment. Supplying rainwater that has gone through preliminary filtration measures for non-potable water uses, such as toilet flushing, irrigation, and laundry, maybe a significant part of a sustainable water management strategy.

Mukesh Ambani guarantees a ‘Jio’ for energy change

Reliance Industries Ltd administrator Mukesh Ambani on Friday revealed his arrangement to do a ‘Jio’ in energy change by delivering green hydrogen for under $1 per Kg, or generally Rs 73 at Friday’s dollar conversion scale, for quicker reception of the cleanest versatility arrangement accessible to the world now.

“Green hydrogen is zero-carbon energy. It is awesome and cleanest wellspring of energy, which can assume a crucial part on the planet’s decarbonisation designs,” India’s most extravagant man revealed to International Climate Summit 2021, adding Reliance will seek after the objective of first lessen the expense to underneath $2 per kg and eventually to under $1 in 10 years.

Ambani’s vision for green hydrogen has a natural ring to it. It can possibly disturb the portability and energy change showcases the manner in which Reliance did when it entered the telecom market with Jio, which diminished taxes and got buyers snared to information benefits a vital element for moving towards web of-everything Green hydrogen as of now costs somewhere in the range of $3 and $6.55 per kg.

Ambani likewise said Reliance will set up 100 gigawatts (GW) of inexhaustible force limit by 2030, which is essential for a $10 billion environmentally friendly power energy bet he had declared to investors on June 25

The organization will utilize the force created from this ability to deliver hydrogen by electrolysing water. With plentiful daylight, India can create more than 1,000 GW of sun-based force

This energy utilizes only 0.5% of the nation’s landmass, he said, adding India has as of now accomplished 100 GW of sustainable power limit and the objective of 175 CW by December 2022 is currently well inside sight

Dependence’s emphasis on hydrogen is a critical element for accomplishing Ambani’s net-zero objectives “Last year, I had reported our aspiring obligation to make Reliance a net-carbon zero organization by 2035. This year, I introduced our technique and guide for the new energy business, which will be the following huge worth creation motor for Reliance and India,” he said.

“We have begun fostering the Dhirubhai Ambani Green Energy Giga Complex more than 5,000 sections of land in Jamnagar. It will be among the biggest coordinated environmentally friendly power fabricating offices on the planet. This perplexing will have four giga processing plants which cover the whole range of sustainable power,” he said.

Hydrogen is the kind of the period, on account of the public authority’s National Hydrogen Mission. This is important for the public authority’s methodology for decreasing the economy’s carbon impression as New Delhi fights off strain to declare a net zero objective Power and environmentally friendly power serve Raj Kumar Singh disclosed to TOI India can possibly become one of the biggest, if not the biggest maker of green hydrogen”

Head administrator Narendra Modi has defined the objective to reach 450 GW of environmentally friendly power limit by 2030 Out of this, Reliance will set up and empower somewhere around 100 GW of sunlight-based energy by 2030, he expressed. Ambani said, will make a Pan India organization of kilowatt and megawatt scale sunlight-based energy makers who can deliver green hydrogen for nearby utilization.

Throughout the following 3 years we will put rupees 75000 crores in these drives. Dependence will accordingly make a proposition a completely coordinated end2end renewables energy biological system to India and Indians he said.

The four giga manufacturing plants incorporate a coordinated sun based photovoltaic module plant, a high-level energy stockpiling battery plant, n electrolyser processing plant for the creation of green hydrogen and an energy component industrial facility e for changing over hydrogen into rationale and fixed force.