Being Bilingual

People have very different opinions on what bilingualism really is. For some it means speaking two languages fluently and with little to no effort rather strongly consider a person bilingual, if it has perfect pronounciation in both languages and makes very few grammatical errors while talking.

The truth is that, even with a bad accent and making some mistake, being able to speak in two or more languages rather than one has practical benefits in an increasingly globalised world.

Multilingualism

Multilingualism has been shown to have many psychological and social advantages that can go something simply as

  • watching movies with no subtitles
  • to having less problems in traveling and
  • even getting a job or business opportunities specially in tourist areas.

Types of Bilingualism

It is considered to be two types of Bilingualism

1. Compound Bilingualism

Compound Bilingualism, also called addictive Bilingualism happens for example when a child is raised by bilingual parents and both languages are used in home, the child grows when both languages are used simultaneously in the same environment.

With this type of Bilingualism, the person does not see the two languages as separate it is common to hear such people speaking different languages in the same sentence or using a word of a different language from the one they’re talking to better express themselves.

2. Coordinate Bilingualism

This is the second type of Bilingualism also know as Subtractive Bilingualism. In this type, the person perceive two languages as separate because he learns them separately and in different environments in context.

I am an example of coordinate Bilingualism, most of the time i talk Hindi when I’m in my college environment or to people who talks only that language, I use the language specifically for those context but to my family members i usually talk in Bengali which is my native language, the language related to my home environment. I see these two language as separate since I learned and used them in completely different environments.

Officially Monolingual Countries

Only a few countries in the world including the U.S, England, and Australia are officially Monolingual but even in these countries only a considerable percent of people who speaking and understand more than one language.

Advantage

Researchers suggest that bilingualism can slow the advance of age-related mental issues such as Dementia and Alzheimer’s by up to 4 years.

Also in bilingual adult, brain tissue called grey matter is denser compared with Monolingual adults.

Although speaking more than one language does not necessarily make you more intelligent person, it helps stimulates and increase brain connections. Learning a new language is like an excercise to the brain that will improve your Cognitive skills and even if you grew up in a Monolingual environment, it is never too late to start learning a different language.

Luxurious Home In Travelling Bus

The vehicle among the vehicle! This vehicle is so big that another vehicle will keep inside that comfortably. The interior of this vehicle is nothing like the 5-star hotels. What are not there? While entering this vehicle your eyes will sign. This is known as the world’s first Land Superyort.

This vehicle is made by one of German Motor Company. It looks like a bus but its interior is luxurious. The company focused on the customer’s luxury and comfort while designing this magnanimous bus. The manufacturing company will keep a vast comfortable bed inside this bus. Trendy and modern kitchen equipment, microwave, machine for washing kitchen dishes, and a 60-gallon refrigerator are the things that will available inside this splendor bus.

Generally, what important items we use in our home, all are accessible in this bus. Only safety of customers is not the main objective in this bus, it is also designed based on environmental safety by the manufacturing company. So this design is purely based on solar energy and avoids toxic environmental products.

You will see the solar panels and attached a 1000 liter water tank at the roof of this bus. On the inside, you will find all  Bose company music systems. Wooden floor blueprints are fixed on the bus floor that a customer can never be bored. Due to those features, the interior of this bus is very attractive. You can not imagine that a Ferrari car will comfortably enter and moved inside this bus due to its large space. This bus has also a mini garage. Inside the drawing-room, you can watch a 55 inches TV, sitting on tables and sofas. This Superyort has painted beautiful walls. You can see outside from this bus but can not see the inside.

This Superyort price is about $20 lac which is 14 Core 86 lac in Indian rupee.

Traditional, Contemporary Outfits To Rock This Festive Season

India is a country with an  ancient clothing design tradition, yet an rising Fashion industry. 

The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi is around the corner, and all of us are looking forward to celebrating it with utmost pomp and show. The festival, which involves prayer, celebrations also includes wearing bright and beautiful dresses. To make your celebrations brighter, here is a look at traditional and contemporary attires to ramp up your festive look.

1 .Simple saree:

Either you can go for a simple plain saree with a Kalamkari blouse, or you flaunt a Kalamkari saree with a simple plain blouse.

2.Cape style Anarkali:

If you are bored with wearing the same old Anarkali suits, this can go a long way for you. It adds a modern look to your attire and gives you a fresh and ideal look for celebratory events.

3.Tye and Dye Saree:

You can go for something traditional yet cool this Ganesh Chaturthi, like this striking red tye and dye saree. This one is for blending it with the people whether its’ at home or social gathering.

4. Puff Sleeves:

If you are tired of wearing the traditional blouse at all festivals, Puff Sleeves are the solution to this! If you are always used to wear kurtas and salwars, and just want to surprise everyone with a nice saree, then do wear it with a puff sleeve blouse. You can also braid your hair and adorn them with flowers.

5. Cotton Saree with Silver Jewelleries:

A popular trend these days is a soft lightweight cotton saree paired with oxidized silver jewelry. It’s perfect for those who want to celebrate in style but don’t want a hole in their wallet.

6. Multicoloured Sharara set:

It is the perfect balance between comfort and glamour. This makes it a perfect fit for this season.

7. Printed Skirt with White Shirt:

This fusion of traditional and contemporary makes you a perfect delight to look at. It is easy to carry as well. Pairing the look with silver jewelry gives you the statement look and makes you stand out in the crowd.

8.Banarasi Silk Kurta and Skirt set:

This traditional and homely attire is the perfect blend of culture and elegance. Banarasi work never goes out of fashion and makes you look both pretty and graceful at the same time.

9. Printed floral sarees:

printed sarees with a simple sleeveless blouse is a perfect outfit for any occasion.

10. In a light printed saree:
Floral is one of the oldest prints in couture and this pastel orange saree with contrasting blue and violet flowers all over brings out the ‘70s charm that an Indian drape had.

11. Maharashtrian Nauvari Saree:

It’s a 9-yard saree drape and is one of the most popular drapes in the region. It helps you to walk quickly and lets you sit comfortably on the floor or handle any amount of work with ease.

12. saree with a belt:

Sarees buckled up with a belt have become quite trendy. With the ever-changing fashion, draping saree with a belt is a trend that is a rage currently. Belt not only keeps the traditional aspect intact but also adds an oomph factor to the look. And you are set to look stylish and fashionable. They work well as both an ethnic and formal wear with the utmost style and chicness.

DIFFERENT TYPE OF FABRICS MATERIAL LAS FOR DRESS

Types of Materials For Dresses– There is an assortment of textiles fabrics which are available in the market nowadays. If you are having an issue with the laundries, or get caught in other dilemmas. Then might be you apparently don’t know the characteristics of different types of fabrics and it’s properties.

The content of fiber and how the material is produced makes a tremendous variation in spot removal and it also defines how a garment should be washed. For genuine fine results, it is suitable to have a twitching knowledge of different types of fabric materials of dresses. The Dictionary of textile will help you interpret apparel caring labels. Each one of us carries clothes made up of different fabrics.

Different Types of Fabrics – Types of Materials For Dresses

If you are having an issue with the laundries, or get caught in other dilemmas. Then might be you apparently don’t know the characteristics of different types of fabrics and it’s properties. The content of fiber and how the material is produced makes a tremendous variation in spot removal and it also defines how a garment should be washed.

For genuine fine results, it is suitable to have a twitching knowledge of different types of dress materials. The Dictionary of textile will help you interpret apparel caring labels. Each one of us carries clothes made up of different fabrics material types.

Here are the most popular fabrics used for clothing attire are:

1. Cotton Fabric

Cotton is a natural fabric, most soothing and skin friendly, light thin and soft. Hence, cotton is available in all colors. It really breathes well but does not dry quickly. It is one of the most popular and used fabrics in the world. It is most used type of fabric for kurtis. Mostly used in kurti, saree, suit set, jump suits, pants.

2. Silk Fabric

Silk is well known for its luxurious, smooth, soft touch and glistening looks. It is the most durable and strongest natural fabric. Mostly used in Sarees, wedding gowns, evening gowns, and scarves.

3. Linen Fabric

Linen is very strong and durable material. It is smooth and very cool to touch. It needs regular ironing as it absorbs water very fast. Linen fabric has been practiced for table coverings, bed coverings, and apparel for eras.

4. Wool Fabric

Wool is soft to touch, durable and long-lasting which keeps the body warm in winters. It is wrinkle free and resistant to dust, fade and tear. Mostly used in sweaters woolen socks, woolen gloves, and other warm clothes.

5. Leather Material

The leather is also used to keep a body warm in winter. It is both strong and stylish It gives a very classy look. Frequently used in jackets, shoes, belts and other fashion accessories.

6. Georgette Fabric

Georgette is a lightweight, dull appearance and creped surface fabric. It is opaque and slightly heavier than chiffon. It is available in grams in weight like 20 grams, 40 grams, 60 grams depends upon the purpose of use. Georgette is much in demand in the fashion industry. Most of the designer clothes are made from Georgette.

7. Chiffon Fabric

Chiffon is very insubstantial fabric originally manufactured from silk. Though it is smoother than Georgette. It can be easily dyed to any color and used for evening wear, gowns, sarees.

8. Nylon Fabric

Nylon is a synthetic fabric made up of polymers. It is a strong fabric with stretchable and high elasticity properties. It is very long lasting and unaffected by wear and tear. This fabric is extremely immune to attack from such typical repellent as rusts, fungi, and insects.

9. Polyester Fabric

Polyester is also a synthetic fabric made up of the polymer. It is strong, soft and wrinkles free textile and hence used in clothing. This textile is an artificially made fiber. It’s much rebounding and can resist a good chance of wear and tear outfit.

10. Velvet Fabric

Velvet is very soft and smooth material, very luxurious and shiny, it comes in different qualities and textures, ranging from low to very high prices. Coarse to the very thin fiber material. Chiefly used in blouses, shawls, lenghas and Indian wedding dress in winters.

11. Denim Fabric

Denim is sturdy rugged cotton twill, colored with indigo dye to create blue jeans mostly. It has a vivid texture, cozy to feel, and very long durability. Denim is the most widely available fabric for jeans.

12. Rayon Fabric

Rayon is created from cellulose fiber. It’s is famous for its smooth texture and look which closely resembles the feel and appearance of silk and wool. It is highly absorbent and does not insulate the body heat due to this property it is very useful for summer and humid conditions.

13. Viscose Fabric

Viscose is also manufactured from cellulose. It feels soft and smooth as similar to Rayon on the skin. This fabric is mostly used in gowns lining, shirts and jackets.

14. Satin Fabric

Satin FabricSatin is originally made from silk. Satin is famous for its evening gowns, skirts, corsets, inner lining, wedding dresses, loungewear, hats, and ties. In particular, this is the softer and brighter the further clean and easier to keep clean.

15. Crepe Fabric

Crepe is twisted weave fabric does not wrinkle or crease easily. It is rich in texture and style and is fairly easy to work with. It varies in weight and capacity. It is a feather soft material which has excellent draping qualities. Crepe is soft, very comfy to wear and easy to care.

HOW TO PLAN TBR?

TBR is basically to be read. So many books, so little time!

  • Don’t feel pressurized.
  • Try to mix-up genres.
  • Read what you want.
  • Don’t over plan.
  • Re-reading is fine too.

Goodreads has a challenge where you can set a reading goal for the year. It’s meant to be fun and not daunting. You can even change you goal if you want! Sometimes this goal can help you plan your reads. 

When planning a monthly TBR, I decide that there will be at least one book in my selection that I am guaranteed to like. Whether its by a favourite author, or it’s a recommendation from a friend, pick something you know you’ll like. 

Sticking to the tbr list is a task. Moodreaders like me can pick books as per their mood. There is no need for tbr lists. However, while planning tbr list for the month. Try to include varieties of genres. Sticking to a genre might be tiring.

Re-reading! Yes, there are lots of books in the world and yes, you want to try and read as many as you can. I feel the same! I made it a rule to re-read books I like once in a while. After all it’s not a race to keep running on new books. We can get some times to re-read.

Time management I know it sounds professional now. When I say time management I mean look at the month’s schedule and plan accordingly. If you have a hectic month, minimize your book in numbers and pick the themes carefully.

READING SLUMP

Major enemy for tbrs are book slumps. When I complete a heavy or slow read I fall into a slump. That affects my tbr for the month. It is okay to take time to to out of the slump and it is again okay if you couldn’t catch up with the tbr planned.

BUDDY READING

Read-a-longs are great fun that can be done anywhere; a local book group, a buddy read with a friend, or on social media. If there is a read-a-long happening, usually there is also a discussion which can also be fun to do.

I get this question a lot, does audiobooks count as reading? Yes! Audiobooks can be in your tbr and that definitely adds up as reading.

MY TBR FOR SEPTEMBER

I had “I came upon a Lighthouse by Shantanu Naidu” the next couple of books are;

  1. Death served cold by Sourabh Mukherjee.
  2. The Liberation of Sita by Volga.
  3. Ghoster by Jason Arnopp.
  4. The Fire Keeper’s daughter by Angeline Boulley.
  5. The Grace Year by Kim Liggett.

Well. I’m a moodreader, I’m not sure whether I would follow this list. If I read atleast 1 from this list, I’m a winner. Do follow me on Instagram @aadhireads

Remember reading is not meant to stress you out. So keep in mind that whether or not you reach that goal you set for yourself, there’s no award to win, no prize. You can crush your Goodreads goals and surpass them by 100%, there’s no innate value to reading.

Thank you!

EFFECTIVE WAYS TO TAKE NOTES

If you want your notes to be concise and brief, use abbreviations and symbols. Write in bullets and phrases instead of complete sentences. This will help your mind and hand to stay fresh during class and will help you access things easier and quicker after class. It will also help you focus on the main concepts.

Heading off to college needs leveling up. Now that you’re in college, you’re going to need to upgrade.

APPS FOR NOTE-TAKING

Taking good notes in class is an important part of academic success in college. Actively taking notes during class can help you focus and better understand main concepts. It will improve your active listening.

EFFECTIVE METHODS

1. The outline method is the easiest. Select four or five points that are going to be covered in a specific lesson. Under those key points, you write more in-depth sub-points based on what is being discussed on those topics.

2. Developed in the 1950s by Cornell University, this is the most common note taking method around. In fact, the outline method is likely inspired by this method as there are similarities to it. The Cornell Method.

The cue section is the section where you fill out main points, people, potential test questions and more. This section is devoted to helping you recall larger topics and ideas. The cue and the wider column to take actual notes. A summary at the bottom.

3. Mind mapping is a great way to take notes.The use of the map is to serve as a visual aid for how every topic is related to one another. It also allows you to go into detail on particular ideas or topics.

4. The sentence method is when you note down all that’s being said. The problem with this method is that it can be tough to keep up with everything else that’s happening. It is difficult when we handwriting the notes. You can still be brief by covering the main points.

5. Charting notes take the Cornell method and divide a sheet into three columns. Similar to the mind mapping method, this helps you in connecting relationships and facts together between topics.

Source: Notetaking

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT?

Note taking forces us to focus and listen in the class. It helps us to concentrate. It helps you learn. Studies on learning have shown that actively engaging with the topic by listening and then summarizing what you hear helps you understand and remember the information later.

Keeps you alert. Notetaking keeps your body active and involved and helps you avoid feelings of drowsiness or distraction. In order to take notes – to write something sensible – you must understand the text. As listening and reading are interactive tasks, taking notes help you make sense of the text.

Without notes, It will be hard to understand the text and we will suffer during exam times.

TAKING NOTES WASTE OF TIME?

Taking notes hits the jackpot because it includes the most useless studying method: Highlighting. But I disagree, Highlighting helps us to get back and review the notes. If you see it as a waste of time, you can avoid it. Note taking is never a waste of time.

Hope this helps. Thank you!

IDIOMS TO KNOW

A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.

1. It is raining Cats and Dogs meaning it is raining heavily.

Example: I can’t make it on time for the meeting as it’s raining cats and dogs.

Do Pigs Fly? No. It’s important right? So is the meaning.

2. When Pigs Fly – That is impossible or never happens.

The phrase is often used for humorous effect, to scoff at over-ambition. There are numerous variations on the theme; when an individual with a reputation for failure finally succeeds, onlookers may sarcastically claim to see a flying pig.

3. Once in a blue moon – very rarely.

A blue moon is the term commonly used for a second full moon that occasionally appears in a single month of our solar-based calendars. In such a case, one of the four full moons in that season was labeled “blue.”

4. Break a leg – Good Luck!

This is an expression used mostly in the world of theatre to mean ‘Good Luck’ Actors and musicians are never wished ‘good luck’; before they walk on to the stage, they are usually told ‘break a leg’. This form of wishing people is beginning to be used in other contexts as well.

Example: I know you can do it. Break a leg!

5. Hit the books – to study with serious efforts.

Informal way if saying – to begin to study in a serious and determined way: I have to hit the books this weekend — I have two exams next week.

6. Digging your own grave – Doing something that will cause problems.

If you say that someone is digging their own grave, you are warning them that they are doing something foolish or dangerous that will cause their own failure. When someone takes unnecessary risks, like digging his own grave knowing he will get caught will be called as Daredevil.

Example: He dug his own grave knowing the consequences. You know, he is like that – a daredevil always.

7. Pull someone’s leg – kidding or joking.

If you accuse someone of pulling your leg, you mean that you believe they are teasing you. Usually you can tell if someone’s pulling your leg. Often the thing they are saying is difficult to believe or unrealistic. They might also be smiling when they say it. If you think someone is pulling your leg, say “haha pull the other one!”

8. Breaking new ground – Trying something new.

To do something innovative that is regarded as an advance or of positive benefit.Trying something new helps us break the routine. If we maintain a habit of trying new things, we progress and learn to be more open—open to change, new experiences, and to new possibilities.

9. Digging around – you try to find information about someone or something. 

Example: They said, after digging around, that the document was fake.

10. Take it with a pinch of salt – Don’t take it seriously.

So the truth is almost certainly that “with a grain (or pinch) of salt” originated sometime in the Middle Ages and always simply referred to making dull food more exciting (or a tall tale easier to swallow) by sprinkling a bit of salt on it. Later on, used to take things lightly.

Hope this helps. Thank you!

5 TIPS TO ENHANCE PERSONALITY

The personality is the typical pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaviors that make a person unique. When someone’s personality is good, it means that the person is pleasent to be with. It is your personality that determines whether people are attracted to, or shy away from you.

LISTEN

Being a better listener would be the major thing. There is nothing more appealing than having someone listen to you intently making you feel like you’re the only person in the world. Giving someone attention when they speak can make them feel important. They want to be noted and taken seriously, eye contact can help us convey that we are indeed listening.

Example: we are drawn to a friend who listens to us rather than the one who talks more than listen. Listening is the key to effective communication.

Without the ability to listen effectively, messages are easily misunderstood. As a result, communication breaks down and the sender of the message can easily become frustrated or irritated. The perfect conversation ratio would be 75% listening and 25% speaking. Listening in the sense cultivate the habit of active listening by giving signs that you are listening for example: nodding your head and giving an appropriate phrase now and then.

AVOID THE ME TOO SYNDROME

When someone talks to us, avoid telling them that the same happened to you too. It is not about you. We can say that when we relate to few things. But avoid saying “That happened with me too” or ” worse than that happened to me” don’t assume that their problem or query is small. Each person has a different emotion.

ICE BREAKING

Icebreakers are commonly presented as a game to “warm up” the group by helping the members to get to know each other. Icebreaker are fun activities arranged to help people get to know one another. They can also be designed to allow students to become acquainted with course content and expectations. The person will see the human side of you when ice breaking jokes or questions are made and warms up.

POWER OF KNOWING NAMES

Most of us forget people’s names which isn’t going to look well. Our names are an incredibly important part of our identity. They carry deep personal, cultural, familial, and historical connections. They also give us a sense of who we are, the communities in which we belong, and our place in the world.

Pronouncing names correctly shows that I remember you, I care about you, and you are important. A name, our identity, is a powerful thing. It is a descriptor that allows people to make quick judgments and assumptions about us.

INTERESTS

Talk fluently on a wide range of topics. People with the same interests will talk more. Example: someone loves books and movies. Talking to them about the same will enhance the conversation. It will be a conversation rather than a solo conversation from our side. Kindling their interest by talking about the topics that they find interesting will help us to communicate better. The person will not forget us that easily as we had a satisfying conversation about the topic of interest.

An additional point for you, A charismatic person will have the confidence to say no. Don’t be afraid of setting healthy boundaries. What will they think if I say no? Will my personality be considered as bad if I say no? No. It doesn’t affect your personality.

Hope this helps. Thank you!

Importance of reading

In a world where entertainment is right in our hands,you may ask yourself, what is the point of reading? In today’s fast pace world, reading is becoming a dying habit because there are fast alternatives to consume on social media. Let’s look at some top 10 reasons on why reading is important and why you should read.

1. Reading is food for the brain.

Just like how our body needs food to sustain itself and function optimally, our brain needs to continue learn new things to function at peak performance. The best part is you can read friction and non-friction to get this benefit.

Studies have shown that that reading has the power to change your brain structure which makes you more empathetic and improves cognitive processes. By reading more, you become smarter since you’re consuming a lot of information and you keep your brain in top shape.

There’s a quote from Game of Thrones that sums up this point nicely.

My brother has his sword, King Robert has his Warhammer, I have my mind… and a mind needs books as a sword needs a whetstone if it is to keep it’s edge

Tyrion Lannister

2. You become better at conversations.

Books help expand your vocabulary which you can then use to express yourself better. You speech will then be more refined and intelligent. Also since reading widen your knowledge, you are empowered to participant in an interesting conversation.

With the knowledge you gained from reading you can add a unique perspective or sustain your argument. In this case, reading non-friction can be better because you can learn about topics that show up more often in a regular conversation like technology.

But there are also instances where reading friction can be better like when there’s a new popular movie out based on a book and you read the original source material.

3. You can get mentored by a successful people for a very cheap price.

Think about how much successful person’s knowledge is worth. People are willing to pay millions to have lunch with Warren Buffett. If you’re a normal person, you don’t have that kind of money. But with books you get mentored by a successful person for less than ₹3,000.

A book is literally the exact words, ideas, advice, mindsets and even the experience of the author that puts into a collection of papers. It’s almost like if the person in right there next to you speaking to you.

75% of self made millionaires reported that they read at least 2 books a month. The knowledge you can get from reading is irreplaceable.

4. Reading improves focus and concentration.

In our fast pace world today, our attention span are really short. Reading a book can help fix this because when you read your attention is only focused on the story and you can be fully immersed. You might even achieve a flow state where you are 100% focused and forget about the world around you.

Try reading for 10-20 mins before work on your morning commute and you might find yourself more focused and productive at the office.

5. Reading opens your mind.

As a reader, you will interact with different stories from different people with different ideas and beliefs. This helps open your mind and be more accepting of others as well as improve your ability to judge other people’s character.

6. Reading helps relax you.

When you’re reading something good, your mind is more relaxed and the subject you are reading about might even bring inner peace.

If you’re reading friction, while you may not be fed the image and sound like when you are watching a movie, you can experience the images and sound with your own imagination.

The feeling you get from finishing a book can be better than the feeling of finishing a Netflix episode.

7. Reading helps improve your memory.

Whether you are following your favorite character through their journey or remembering tips on how to make more money, you will be using the memory area of your brain and keep it active. When you really need to remember something important, it will be easier.

Every new memory you make creates synapses or brain pathways and strengthens existing ones so memorizing will get easier.

8. Reading helps you make decisions better.

When you are armed with all sorts of knowledge, make decision can be easier because you see all possible options. You can make educated guesses on how each choice will play out and pick the one you like best.

9. Reading can help you sleep better.

It can be hard to sleep when there’s a lot of things going on in your mind. Reading for a short period of time can help push away what is bothering you internally.

Also, we often use electronics late at night which don’t exactly helps us sleep better because bright light signal our brain it’s time to wake up. Reading a book can help instead but make sure you put it down once it’s time to sleep.

10. You become who you are ment to be.

By reading, you can change your personality or beliefs. Books open up completely new worlds for us to grow and develop as a person.