Earthquake, A Natural Disaster

One of nature’s most catastrophic catastrophes, earthquakes have the power to significantly alter the planet’s physical features, including water bodies, ice caps, flora, and fauna. The abrupt release of energy in the Earth’s crust, which causes the ground to shake violently, is the source of earthquakes. Earthquakes can have a terrible effect, resulting in human casualties and property destruction. In this article, we’ll talk about how important geographic features, including water bodies and ice caps, have changed and how that has affected the local flora and fauna.

Geographical Features and Location Changes

Earthquakes can cause significant changes in the landscape and location of various geographical features. One of the most common effects of earthquakes is the creation of new landforms, such as mountains, valleys, and canyons. This is because earthquakes can cause the Earth’s crust to fold, break, and shift, which can create new landforms.

Earthquakes can also cause changes in water bodies, such as lakes and rivers. In some cases, earthquakes can cause these bodies of water to drain or dry up entirely. This can happen when an earthquake causes a shift in the Earth’s crust, which can block the flow of water or cause it to flow in a different direction. In addition, earthquakes can cause tsunamis, which are large waves that can cause significant damage to coastal regions and can also affect water bodies such as oceans, seas and bays.

Ice caps are also at risk due to earthquakes. These large masses of ice can be affected by seismic activity in various ways. Earthquakes can cause cracks in the ice, which can lead to melting and fragmentation. In addition, earthquakes can cause avalanches, which can be especially dangerous if they occur on or near glaciers.

Water Bodies

Earthquakes can cause significant changes in water bodies, such as rivers, lakes, and oceans. The most common change is the formation of new water bodies or the expansion of existing ones. For example, earthquakes can cause landslides, which can dam rivers, creating new lakes or widening existing ones. On the other hand, earthquakes can also cause the collapse of riverbanks, leading to the diversion of rivers and the creation of new river channels. Another significant impact of earthquakes on water bodies is the generation of tsunamis. Tsunamis are large waves that are triggered by earthquakes occurring in the ocean floor. These waves can travel long distances and cause significant damage to coastal communities.

Flora and Fauna

Earthquakes can also have significant impacts on flora and fauna. These impacts can be both direct and indirect. The direct impact of earthquakes on flora and fauna is the destruction of their habitats. Earthquakes can cause landslides, which can bury vegetation, and collapse buildings, which can crush wildlife. In addition, earthquakes can cause soil liquefaction, which can suffocate plant roots and prevent them from obtaining nutrients and water. The indirect impact of earthquakes on flora and fauna is the disruption of ecosystems. Earthquakes can alter the availability of resources, such as water and food, leading to changes in the distribution and behavior of wildlife. For example, earthquakes can cause changes in the flow of rivers, leading to changes in the distribution of fish species.

Effects of Changes

The changes in geographical features caused by earthquakes can have significant short-term and long-term effects on the environment and human communities.

Short-term Effects:

The short-term effects of changes in geographical features include immediate impacts on human communities, such as loss of life and property damage. The destruction of habitats can also lead to the displacement of wildlife, which can have long-term impacts on ecosystems.

Long-term Effects:

The long-term effects of changes in geographical features include changes in the environment that can persist for years or even decades. For example, the creation of new water bodies can lead to changes in the hydrology of an area, altering the flow of rivers and affecting the availability of water for human communities and wildlife. The melting of ice caps due to earthquakes can also contribute to rising sea levels, leading to the displacement of coastal communities and the loss of biodiversity.

The ecology, infrastructure, and economy can all be severely harmed by earthquakes, which are a serious natural calamity. Further to having a substantial impact on flora and fauna, they can alter the terrain and the placement of many geographical features. It is crucial to take precautions to be ready for and lessen the consequences of earthquakes because their effects can be profound and lasting.


6 yoga poses that can give you bright and glowing skin

Yoga is meant to make you healthy and strong. Since time immemorial, yoga has proven to be beneficial for a lot of physical and mental ailments. It is supposed to work on your health inside out and give you glowing and radiant skin. However, doing yoga for skincare may be something you should consider.

1. Bow Pose (Dhanurasana)

This pose of yoga for skin care works effectively in giving you a glowing complexion. Practicing this pose regularly helps by putting intense pressure on the abdominal region, which in turn helps in detoxifying the body. This pose increases circulation in the face and pelvic region. It releases tension from the abdomen and strengthens it. Regular practice of this asana strengthens the reproductive organs. It also helps release indigestion and constipation. By maintaining a healthy gut, dhanurasana helps in giving you that glowing and healthy skin appearance.

2. Seated Forward Bend (Paschimottanasana)

This is a beautiful asana to stretch the spine, shoulders and hamstrings. It releases the stress in the lower back and also improves digestion, which otherwise may cause many skin conditions like pimples and acne. Not only is this pose beneficial for reducing stress, it also purifies the blood, improves skin complexion and reduces the appearance of dark spots and wrinkles. Paschimottasana is a perfect yoga for skin care.

3. Downward-facing dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana)

This asana helps unwind the entire body. It strengthens the arms and shoulders, lengthens the spine, calves and hamstrings and energizes the entire body by bringing blood flow to your brain and face. This asana improves blood circulation in those areas giving you healthy flushed cheeks.

4. Fish Pose (Matsyasana)

Fish pose is one of the back-bending poses that can be easily performed even by a beginner. This is one of the best yoga poses to attain fresh and even toned skin as it improves blood circulation in the head region.

5. Plough Pose (Halasana)

This yoga pose is effective in improving the overall blood circulation of the body. It induces a sensation of calmness and puts you in a relaxed state of mind making it a perfect pose of yoga for skin care.

This pose is beneficial in inducing sleep or tackling insomnia considering the fact that poor sleep cycle is one of the major reasons behind bad skin conditions. All these positive effects of this asana reflect on your skin.

6. Shoulder stand (Sarvangasana)

This would be an intermediate level pose which has amazing benefits on your skin and glow. Mastering this pose is not too difficult, regular practice helps in improving blood circulation to the facial region, which helps in battling skin conditions like facial dullness, acne and wrinkles.

World’s Physical Geography

The study of the Earth’s surface and the forces that shape it is referred to as physical geography. This comprises the soil, vegetation, climate, water features, and landforms. We’ll talk about the key aspects of the physical geography of the world in this post.

Continents and Oceans:
The world is divided into seven continents: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. These continents are separated by five oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest ocean on Earth, covering more than one-third of the planet’s surface area.

Mountains are large landforms that rise above the surrounding landscape. They are typically formed by tectonic activity, such as the collision of continental plates. The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest, which is located in the Himalayas on the border between Nepal and Tibet. The Himalayas are the tallest mountain range in the world and stretch across several countries, including India, China, Nepal, and Bhutan.

Plateaus are elevated flatlands that rise above the surrounding terrain. They are typically formed by tectonic activity, such as the lifting of large sections of the Earth’s crust. The largest plateau on Earth is the Tibetan Plateau, which covers an area of approximately 2.5 million square kilometers and has an average elevation of over 4,500 meters.

Deserts are arid regions that receive very little rainfall. The largest desert on Earth is the Sahara Desert, which covers an area of approximately 9 million square kilometers and stretches across several countries in North Africa. Other notable deserts include the Arabian Desert, the Gobi Desert, and the Kalahari Desert.

Rivers are large bodies of water that flow from higher elevations to lower elevations. They are typically formed by precipitation and the melting of snow and ice. The longest river on Earth is the Nile River, which stretches over 6,650 kilometers and flows through several countries in Africa. Other notable rivers include the Amazon River, the Yangtze River, and the Mississippi River.

Lakes are large bodies of water that are surrounded by land. They can be formed by a variety of processes, including tectonic activity, glaciation, and erosion. The largest lake on Earth is the Caspian Sea, which is located between Europe and Asia and has an area of approximately 371,000 square kilometers. Other notable lakes include Lake Superior, Lake Victoria, and Lake Baikal.

Coastlines are the areas where land and water meet. They can be characterized by a variety of features, including beaches, cliffs, and estuaries. The longest coastline on Earth is that of Canada, which stretches over 202,080 kilometers and includes several large bays and fjords. Other notable coastlines include those of Australia, Brazil, and the United States.

Climate refers to the long-term patterns of temperature, humidity, precipitation, and other atmospheric conditions in a given region. The world’s climate is influenced by a variety of factors, including latitude, elevation, and proximity to oceans and other large bodies of water. The equator, for example, is characterized by a tropical climate with high temperatures and abundant rainfall, while the polar regions are characterized by a frigid climate with low temperatures and little precipitation.

Tundra is a type of biome that is characterized by low temperatures, high winds, and little vegetation. It is found in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as at high elevations in mountainous areas. The Arctic tundra is the largest tundra region in the world, covering approximately 5 million square miles (13 million square kilometers).

The world’s physical geography is incredibly diverse, encompassing everything from towering mountains and vast oceans to arid deserts and dense rainforests. By understanding these salient features of the world’s physical geography, we can gain a greater appreciation for the natural world around us and the processes that have shaped it over millions of years.