Any energy produced by the sun is referred to as solar energy. Nuclear fusion occurs in the sun and produces solar energy. In the sun’s core, fusion happens when the protons of colliding hydrogen atoms fuse to form helium atoms.
Is solar energy is a Renewable source:
Solar energy is created by the Sun’s light (photovoltaic energy) and warmth (solar thermal energy) and is used to create heat or electricity. Solar energy, which originates from the Sun and is both renewable and inexhaustible, is captured using mirrors and panels.
How is solar energy produce:
Solar panels are used in solar power systems to harness the sun’s energy. To convert solar energy into useful power, these solar panels are typically installed on the roofs of buildings. The electricity gathered in this way is DC current.
DC electricity is transformed into AC (alternating current) electricity using a solar inverter. A grid receives the AC electricity after that. A system known as Solar PV Balance-of-System is used to convert DC electricity to AC.
Certain machinery is used by the BOS System to convert DC to AC. Such equipment consists of:
1.solar panels to generate DC from sunlight.
2. An inverter to convert DC to AC.
3.Solar battery to store the electricity.
4.A few extra electrical wire accessories are required for the system installation to function.
Sources of Solar energy:
Solar energy is created by the Sun’s light photovoltaic energy and its warmth solar thermal energy, and it can be used to produce heat or electricity. Solar energy, which originates from the Sun and is both renewable and inexhaustible, is captured using mirrors and panels.
Types of solar energy:
1.Photovoltaic solar energy.
2. solar thermal energy.
3.Passive solar energy.
4.Hybrid solar energy.
1.Photovoltaic solar energy:
With the aid of a photoelectric effect-based technology, sunlight is transformed into electricity to create photovoltaic solar energy. It is a form of renewable, limitless, and non-polluting energy that may be produced in a variety of settings, from modest home generators to substantial solar power plants.
2.Solar thermal energy:
Solar thermal energy (STE) is the conversion of solar radiation into heat that can be used for a variety of applications, including space and hot water heating, industrial process heating, and power generation.
3.Passive solar energy:
The term “passive solar” refers to the direct utilisation of solar energy for either heating or cooling reasons. Passive solar energy systems do not use mechanical or electronic methods to gather or transform energy, unlike photovoltaic systems or other technological solar power applications.
4.Hybrid solar energy:
A grid-connected, battery-powered renewable energy system known as a hybrid solar system. The system generates electricity during the day using solar panels, and the batteries store any extra energy for use at night when there is no light from the sun.
Advantages of solar power:
1.Solar energy is renewable and inexhaustible source.
2.Every where gets sunlight.
3.It works incredibly well with batteries and the power grid.
4.The sun generates local income and employment.
6.minimal upkeep necessary.
7. Green until the end of life.
8. A strong, trustworthy technology.
Disadvantages of solar energy:
1.The high initial cost of installing solar panels.
2.solar energy storage is more expensive.
3.solar does not work for any roof type.
4.solar panels are dependent for sunlight.
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