AGRICULTURAL LAWS

India is among the first countries in the world to have passed legislation granting Farmers’ Rights in the form of the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001 (PPVFR). India’s law is unique in that it simultaneously aims to protect both breeders and farmers. In the before year 2020 the farmers were against this law they were struggling against the government for more than 3 weeks then with their family they struggled for 1 week then they left the struggle. The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 The Essential Commodities (Amendment), 2020 — are the three key legislations passed by Parliament in September 2020. This three new farm laws is not accepted by the farmers. They are telling they cannot get the actual money which they are in need. We cannot be as our ancestors led a life because there farming system was totally different in that time most of them were farmers but now if we are doing farming all will think litter lower than their status. Farmers are the backbone of India we cannot satisfy our stomach four times in a day without the farmers. In this law the first is farmers can get the amount in high prize because they can sell to the private companies but the farmers don’t want this to happen, because this would become loss for them. This will become a great a loss because the private company may take the farmers product for high price or low price according to the quantity before it was a fixed price by government now they are leaving it to the private concern. This will become a great loss for the farmers already they are very poor this will became a big burden for the farmers. These laws allow the Secretary of Agriculture to allocate a certain amount of farmland for the production of a particular crop, and to divide the land among the states capable of producing the crop. The system is intended to protect against crop surpluses and shortages, thereby preserving economic stability. The Union government enacted two new farm laws for agriculture, and modified the Essential Commodities Act 1951 for agricultural;-food stu, in September 2020. The new acts have been widely acclaimed as historic, path-breaking, and a “1991 movement” for agriculture. There are many agricultural laws which were invited by the farmers but this was not accepted by the farmers. This farmer law should be there in the back of the history before 2020 happened is this. In 2017, the central government had released a number of model farming acts. The Standing Committee on Agriculture (2018–19), however, noted that several reforms suggested in the model acts had not been implemented by the states. In particular the Committee found that the laws that regulated Indian agricultural markets (such as those related to agricultural produce market committees or APMCs) were not being implemented fairly and honestly or serving their purpose. Centralization was thought to be reducing competition and (accordingly) participation, with undue commissions, market fees, and monopoly of associations damaging the agricultural sector. A committee consisting of seven Chief Ministers was set up in July 2019 to discuss implementation. The committee is yet to submit its report. The centre promulgated three ordinances in the first week of June 2020 so this was started and slowly the farmers learning and they started the protest against this law in September 2020.