Need for measures
● Pending cases:
3.27 crore cases pending before Indian courts.
85,000 cases – pending for over 30 years.
• Delays in Justice delivery –
accumulation of cases burden on the court system.
• Pandemic and lockdown – restriction in mobility and closure of physical courts – need for ICT enabled court
• Conceptualized by ‘National Policy and Action Plan for
Implementation of ICT’.
• Phases I and II – digitisation of the judiciary.
Tracking cases online
Uploading judgments online etc.
• Phase III – ecosystem approach – commitments are:
Digitisation of court processes.
Plans to upgrade the electronic infrastructure of the judiciary.
Enable access to lawyers and litigants. Etc.
• Governed by E-Committee of the Supreme Court.
Transform the judicial
system of the country by
ICT enablement of courts .
• Monitored and funded by the Department of Justice.
Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)
• Initiative of the e-Committee.
• Seamless transfer of data and information among different pillars of the criminal justice system.
• News – E-Committee Chairperson Justice D.Y. Chandrachud – hybrid
hearings to continue considering the pandemic situation.
• Integration of Physical hearing of cases along with video conferences.
Negative Aspects of Phase-III e-courts projects
• Seamless exchange of information between various branches of the State – judiciary, police and prison system.
Data creation happens at local police stations – increase existing class and caste inequalities.
• 360-degree profile – integrating interactions with
Leads to profiling and surveillance.
• Data collected, shared and collated – housed within the Home Ministry under the ICJS – no clear explanation.
• Large-scale gathering and storage of data.
Privacy of Individuals – a concern – SC must care not to
violate the privacy standards – Puttaswamy case 2017.