Ecology or biological environment refers to the natural environment in which all living and non-living elements around an organism or population, and as a result all factors affecting the survival, development, evolution, or aggregation of a particular organism or population.

The biological environment can be explored at different levels, from the microscopic level to the global level. As well as many different environments depending on the nature of the environment, such as the oceanic environment, atmospheric environment, and terrestrial environment. Assuming that each individual organism has an environment of its own, it can be known that there are innumerable biological environments.


The word environment can be distinguished by comparing it with the terms social environment and economic environment. In many cases, the term environment refers to the natural environment. The environment can also be referred to as the environment.

Ecological interaction

All surviving organisms have adapted to their environment. Factors such as temperature, light, humidity, soil, nutrients, etc. can affect them, regardless of race or environment. However organisms also change their positions and systems. Through the history of our planet, many changes that have taken place in the long run are very significant. For example the incorporation of oxygen into our atmosphere. Anaerobic microorganisms break down carbon dioxide during their metabolic process to produce oxygen. This was followed by the development of plants and animals that use oxygen.

Environmental studies

Humans can be seen feeding on wildlife living in the ecosystem in a park. Ecology is the study of the interactions that take place in the biological environment. Part of this study examines the impact of human activities on the environment.

Ecology is a part of ecology and biology. However, the impact of humans on the environment is often misunderstood as ecology. Ecology is a very broad field of study. It contains a systematic study of the interaction between man and the environment. It explores the natural environment, the structured environment and the social environment.


Ecology is a major social and philosophical movement. This seeks to minimize the negative impact of human activities on the biological environment and to compensate for the effects of such impacts. Ecologists are particularly concerned about the impact on the natural environment. The most important of these are climate change, species extinction, environmental pollution, and the presence of natural forests that are not affected by external influences.One of the disciplines is to study the biological environment, including geographical information.

Environmental degradation

Environmental degradation is a major threat to world life. The environment around us is getting polluted day by day. The lifespan of world life is shrinking due to these pollution. This prevents a good healthy life. Human activities play a major role in polluting the environment. It has been realized that the best way to protect the environment is to remove pollution and have a good healthy life.

Population and environment

Thirty crore faces, said Bharathi. Bharat, which had a population of 30 crore during Bharati’s period, now has a population of over one hundred crore, increasing the population living area in the stable area of ​​the country. For this, forests and arable lands are being destroyed and houses and other buildings are being erected. More and more urban areas are appearing. All these pollute the environment to a great extent. Although the human race is educated and aware of the dangers of these, it does not exaggerate the notion that this is one of the social changes that can be brought about. This is likely to pose a great danger to the human race.

Environmental improvement measures

Awareness is created about the consequences of human activities for their descendants and society in the future, and steps are taken to improve it.