Archeology is the field of science that excavates material culture and analyses the workings of archaic mantras. Such semantic cultural archeological documents include architecture, archeology, archaeological remains, human remains, and ecological remains. Archeology can therefore be considered a field of sociology and a field of humanities. Seen in Europe as a private field and a branch field of other fields; In North America, archeology is considered a branch of anthropology.
Archaeologists are studying the prehistoric history of Ulomkivi in East Africa from the discovery of stone tools as early as 3.3 million years BC to the most recent decades.
The goals of archeology vary, and so do the arguments regarding its purposes and responsibilities. Some goals are to document and explain the origin and development of prehistoric and prehistoric human civilization; Understanding cultural history; Chronology of cultural algorithm development; Includes research on human behavior.
Archaeologists are also focusing on the methods used in their field. They are also interested in research on the theoretical and philosophical foundations of their questions about the past.
The discovery, excavation, classification, analysis and preservation of new archaeological sites are various important stages of archaeological methods. These aside, there is a great deal of multidisciplinary research in archeology. To this end, it relies on the fields of history, art history, classical literature, geography, geology, physics, information science, chemistry, statistics, archeology, archeology, and archeology.
History of archeology:
The Italian historian Flavio Fiondo developed a systematic chronology using the archeology of ancient Rome. That is why he is hailed as the inventor of archeology. Syriaco Piccoli, an Italian merchant, wrote six series of books, Commandaria, in the fourteenth century on archeology in the eastern Middle Sea. That is why he is revered as the father of archeology.
The industry then flourished in European countries in the late nineteenth century. Attempts by Europeans to discover the land of Troy, which is considered extinct, and Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution are considered to be key factors in the industry’s growth.
Below are some of the selected subdivisions that vary by time or region.
- African Archeology
- Archeology of Native Americans
- Australian Archeology
- European Archeology
- Industrial archeology focuses on the preservation of objects that are symbols of the Industrial Revolution.
- Topography – The field of studying the topography of the area under excavation in geological systems, both then and now.
- Maritime Archeology Focus on the discovery of ancient archaeological remains submerged in the sea, such as the maritime trade of the civilization, the construction of the harbor, and the life of the marine people. (E.g. although there are many state or national archeological museums in India, only the Archaeological Museum, Poompuhar can be said to document marine archeological objects.
- Middle Eastern Archeology
- Medieval archeology is the study of European archeology after the Romans, up to the sixteenth century.
- Modern archeology
Archeology is a field in post-medieval Europe dating back to the sixteenth century. Archaeological excavations are chronologically based on the nature of the objects found in various ways. They are classified into three categories: independent chronology, relative chronology, and equivalent chronology, which include various methods.
- Independent chronological methods
- Radioactive chronology
- Periodic metrology
- Thermocouple chronology
- Optical chronology
- Potassium-argon chronology
- Lead Erosion Chronology
- Amino acid chronology
- A method of pouring water over an archaeological glacial lump
- Pro-chronological methods
The most well-known of the dependent chronological methods is sandstone. According to this method the period of the excavated archeology is predicted depending on how deep the material found in the excavation is.
Equivalent chronological methods:
Archeology – Earth’s poles change over a period of time. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the axis of the rock at that time in relation to the location of the axis of the rock, which is now used to estimate the period of the archeology with the angular differences.
Volcanic ash chronology – a method of predicting the age of an archaeologist by finding the fragments of a volcanic lava found on the bridge of an archaeological site and identifying the volcanic eruption of the volcano.
Biomass Oral Elevation Soil Survey – Chronology of Archaeological Archaeological Sites. (E.g. the material in the Milky Way galaxy is estimated to be 1,15,000 years old.