●Born in a Rajput family.
• Childhood name -Lachhman Das.
• Disciple of Guru Gobind Singh
Taught basic principles of Sikhism and baptised him.
Christened as ‘Banda Singh’.
● Famous saint soldier of Guru Govind Singh.
Captured large part of Punjab and established first Sikh rule – Khalsa Republic – as instructed by Guru Gobind
Early 18th century -struggle against the Mughal Empire in Northern India.
1710 to 1716 – 3 battles against Mughals – brief confrontation – shook their foundations.
Rise of Sikh power.
1710 – Attacked Mughal provincial capital, ‘Sirhind’. Banda Bahadur destroyed the city and killed its governor Wazir Khan.
Fought for freedom and protection of poor &
marginalized people, and upliftment of all sections.
Abolished the zamindari system in Punjab.
Granted proprietary rights to the actual tillers of the land.
Banda Singh Bahadur became the first ruler of the world to abolish feudal system, much earlier than the French Revolution.
Lohgarh/Lokgarh fort – one of the most important places in Sikh history.
1709-10 – Khalsa Rajdhani – Baba Banda Singh Bahadur declared it the capital of the first Sikh state.
Largest Fort in the world – recent archaeological research.
Epicenter – spread in almost 7000 acres.
Almost 70 to 80 years to construct.
Said that its construction was started Guru Hargobind Sahib.
3 major battles fought between Sikhs and Mughals.
After the arrest of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, the fort was captured and finally
demolished by the Mughals.
Fort is of National importance.
Minted coins in the names of Guru Nanak Dev ji and Guru Gobind Singh ji.
Inscribed Lohgarh as Khalsa Takth.
• Death of Baba Banda Singh
Faruksiyar – Delhi’s emperor and ordered
the capture of Banda Singh.
Captured in December 1715.
Banda singh along with the 700 soldiers were taken to Delhi and tortured to convert to Islam – none of them converted.
Cruelly executed in 1716.
• Known and celebrated in Bengal -Rabindranath Tagore wrote a poem titled Bandi Bir