Dyslexia is a language-related disability. The word dyslexia comes from the Greek language. This means vague talk. Dyslexia is an illiterate condition that involves writing, errors, and illiteracy. It is found to be distinct and unique from other non-neurological disorders such as blindness, deafness or inability to read adequately.
Although many definitions have been given for the level of inability to understand and read, there is no consensus. Numerous reading disabilities that arise for a variety of reasons appear to be a manifestation of suffering and the inability to understand comprehension is not the only disability but encompasses many disabilities.
Most of the existing comprehension and illiteracy studies focus on the alphabetical writing system, especially in European languages. However, these studies are now more common among Hebrew and Chinese speakers.
It is unacceptable that the inability to read comprehension is a cognitive deficit, even if it is considered to be the result of a neurological disorder. Some of the symptoms of illiteracy include:
- Confusion about front / back, right / left, etc.
- Perceived difficulties in learning the alphabet.
- Difficulties in memorizing words and recognizing objects.
- Difficulties in identifying, arranging and counting syllables in phonetic words.
- Difficulties in hearing and interpreting different phonetics of words.
- Difficulties in recognizing different phonetic variants of words.
- Difficulties in learning the sounds of letters.
- Difficulties in associating words with their proper meaning.
- Difficulties in adhering to time and conforming to the canon of time.
- Confusion in the compilation of word.
- Some children are seen as introverted, shy, and quarrelsome with others for not being able to perceive the social elements around them for fear of losing their speech.
- Practical disciplinary deficiencies.
These factors have been identified by examining experimental samples from children with disabilities.These problems can be seen as a co-occurrence in people suffering from illiteracy and difficulty in writing.
Formal diagnosis of incompetence can be made by a neurologist, neuropsychologist, pediatrician or educational psychologist.The assessment also includes a general knowledge test to determine self-description of learning strengths and learning weaknesses.
Other disorders related to classification and illiteracy:
Dyslexia is believed to include a number of neurological disorders that affect written language reading.The following are some of the conditions that can cause or depend on dyslexia, which is not difficult to read:
- Auditory processing disorder is a disorder of the auditory cortex. Auditory processing disorder is a form of attention deficit disorder. This can cause problems with auditory memory and alignment. Many sufferers of deafness develop their own cognitive code to address this deficiency, including hearing loss disorders involving hearing loss.
- Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome or Iron Syndrome, also known as Dark Sensitivity Syndrome, refers to different light sensitivities that affect vision.
- Developmental motor dysfunction or developmental dyspraxia is a disorder characterized by normal functioning of the body, such as dysfunction of the pituitary glands, muscular dystrophy, speech impairment, short-term memory impairment, and disorder.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
- Psychological talk.
- Dysgraphia is more pronounced when writing or typing, and sometimes affects eye-hand coordination in actions related to orientation or sequencing, such as tying a knot or repeating an action.
- Dyscalculia refers to difficulties in learning basic mathematics or learning multiple numerical skills.
- Specific Language Impairment is a developmental language disorder that affects the ability to speak and hear. SLI, also known as Specific Language Impairment, has nothing to do with other developmental disorders, deafness or brain damage
- Confused speech is a speech disorder that affects the speed and rhythm of speech and can lead to impaired speech.
- People with learning disabilities can learn to read and write with the help of proper teaching, even if there is no treatment that can cure the condition.
For alphabetical writing systems, the basic goal is to increase awareness of the interplay of chord and sound and to relate them to reading and spelling. It has been found that training in visual language and phonological phenomena yields long-term benefits, rather than mere verbal training. The most appropriate approach is to determine the neurological factor that causes the symptom of the inability to understand and read.
There are various bills and various special education support structures in different countries regarding the mechanism of special education that deals with the administration of comprehension disability.