Animal rights are the concept in which some, or all animals are permitted to have control of their own being and that their most essential interests. Like, those people want to keep away from suffering should afforded the equal consideration as akin activities of human beings.
It was a lengthy journey to make the world like we know now. The established movement for animal protection started in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Bills against animal cruelty were approved in England and several American states. In the mid-1800s the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed, and anti-vivisection (animal research) movements appeared.
In the UK, the first legal code ‘Martin’s Act’ for the protection of animals which was mainly for cattle and horses was passed in 1822. Two years later, in 1824, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was started. The society focused mainly on implementation of the law, with trials where appropriate. In 1835, the Act was altered to protect domestic animals, such as dogs and cats, against cruelty.
Now most popular organization for animal rights and wellbeing is PETA. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk, Virginia, and led by Ingrid Newkirk, PETA shut down Taiwan’s drowning tanks, which were used to kill stray and unwanted dogs. The country also amended its first-ever law against cruelty to animals. All car-crash tests on animals stopped globally following PETA’s campaign. They are now trying to draft a bill for animals who are used for scientific exploration, and hopefully, they do those campaigns globally.
India is home to various holy traditions encouraging non-violence and kindness towards animals and has amended several animal welfare reforms since 1960. In India, animals are used for food, dairy products, clothes, etc. So, government amended the 1960 Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act which is the legal basis of animal protection in India. After that, you can’t harm or treat any animal without any sensible reason. Afterwards, Ingrid Newkirk started PETA India. PETA India functions under the simple principle that animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on or use for entertainment.
Traditionally, charities have worked on reducing the suffering of different animals that happens when they are thinking of as lesser beings who can and should be controlled. Recently, Gauri Maulekhi is a popular animal rights activist in India. She is a co-opted member of the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) and a trustee in Maneka Gandhi’s People for Animals.
There will be continuously suffering as long as any group is defined as reachable to be overlooked and controlled. The nonhuman rights advocate does not disregard people’s concerns about suffering. Those worries are valid. But the concept of animal rights involved working at the main motive of the problem. Lastly, we need to aware; we need to know these rights. We need to be concerned about animals well being.