An audit is the examination of an entity’s accounting records, as well as the physical inspection of its assets. If performed by a certified public accountant (CPA), the CPA can express an opinion on the fairness of the entity’s financial statements. This opinion is then issued along with the financial statements to the investment community. An audit is usually conducted shortly after a firm’s books have been closed for its fiscal year.
The Internal Audit
An internal audit can address a broad array of issues, such as employee compliance with corporate policies. A compliance audit usually addresses an entity’s compliance with the a government agency’s rules and regulations. Larger organizations may employ a full-time internal audit department, since they have more complex processes that require monitoring.