The above picture speaks volumes about being a leader.
Every time when we hear the success stories of any organisation, we are mainly reminded of the leadership.
Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people and maintaining good inter personal relationship with followers to work together towards the achievement of a common organisational goal. Both leaders and followers play a pivotal role in the success of an organisation.
FEATURES OF LEADERSHIP
- Leadership indicates ability of a leader to influence others.
- Leadership brings change in the attitude of followers.
- Leaderships also indicates an inter personal relationship between leaders and followers.
- Leadership is exercised by a manger of a company to achieve common goals of the organisation.
- Leadership is a continuous and flowing process.
There person who has leadership qualities is know as a ‘Leader’.
What are qualities needed to become a leader? Some of the qualities are explained below:
Physical features– Physical features like height, weight, health and appearance determine the physical personality of an individual. Health and endurance aid a leader to inspire his subordinates by working hard for the organisation
Knowledge– A leader must posses good knowledge which is essential for giving clear instructions to his subordinates.
Integrity– A leader should have high integrity and honesty. This inspires subordinates to follow his values.
Initiative– A leader must be confident enough to take initiatives and decisions wherever required. He shouldn’t wait for opportunities and must possess the talent of grabbing opportunities for advantages of the organisation.
Motivation skills– A leader should be good motivator and should understand the needs of each and every member and motivate them through satisfying their needs.
Communication skills– A leader should also be a good communicator. His instructions should not cause any ambiguity or chaos. He should not just be a good speaker but also a good listener, adviser, persuader etc.
Social skills– A leader should be sociable, friendly and approachable in times of need.
Self confidence– A leader should always be self confident in during hardships because he sets an example for followers to feel confident in their lower times.
There are many styles of leadership which a person opts according to the use of authority. There are three basic styles of leadership:
- AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP: In this type of leadership, the autocratic leader is strict and expects perfect compliance of his orders from the end of the subordinates. In this style of leadership there is only one way communication. The leader does not like to be contradicted. This style of leadership is especially useful in getting productivity in situations like a factory where a supervisor is accountable for on time production.
- DEMOCRATIC OR PARTICIPATIVE LEADERSHIP: A democratic leader is open to views and ideas of his subordinates as he believes that people perform their best when they set their own objectives. Everybody’s opinion matters which helps in achieving organisational goals.
- LAISSEZ FAIRE LEADER: In this leadership style, the leader absolutely does not believe in power unless necessary. Subordinates are given independence in formulating their own objectives. The presence of the leader is purely to support them and supply them with information for the assigned task and thus, the subordinate also shoulders some responsibility.