Hello everyone! I hope you all are doing good and are safe. I am here to throw some light upon the topic Urbanisation.
Urbanisation is one of the most important cause of population explosion. Generally each and everyone of us want a better standard of living than what we are having now. We all plan for having a good life always. In order to get a good and desired standard of living we need to work hard for it. People struggle for getting good job opportunities now a days as most companies don’t have their preferred vacancies.
Finding good job opportunities to have a better lifestyle is not a problem but in order to make it happen people from all the rural areas migrate to urban areas and that is what we call urbanisation. There are many causes and effects of urbanisation. The causes include the people who are in search of good jobs to lead a proper life but there are some very harmful consequences because of that. Firstly, urban areas are running out of space for people to occupy it and start to lead a life there. Second thing even if they find a place to leave there is a shortage of all the basis necessities. There are atleast four needs that one should have that is food, shelter, good air and clothes to wear.
Now because of the increasing population in urban areas there is an increase in the demand for shelter and because of which trees are been cut in order to establish settlements there for people to reside which leads to exploitation of natural resources. Other than shelter, food is a necessity. Increasing number of people increases the demand for food as well and which is why farmers while yielding crops can’t make it happen naturally. It is hard for them to harvest an increased amount of crops in a shorter time as the demand rises. Due to all these reasons farmers tend to apply a huge amount of chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides to get the crops in a shorter time which results in soil erosion. This harms the land so much that it is not possible for farmers to yield crops on that land again. All this leads to scarcity of cultivable land.
People start residing in slums by building those near good and developed areas as they can’t find place to stay. Many of us don’t even have that much amount of money in order to pay huge rent and stay in an apartment. It is just not affordable. People start to use lakes and dams as their means of consumption. This also results in contamination of water which means water pollution. As the population in urban areas increases there is an increase in the number of private vehicles which results in air pollution and can cause many diseases such as asthma etc.
We should avoid wasting resources as its not just ours, we need to provide it to further generations too. We need to start sustainable development and love according to it in order to give humans a better life in present and in future too. It is understandable that a better standard of living is essential now a days but if it brings so many consequences then it will do no good to us in future. Though doing all this will give us a good living but it will just be temporary and can cause harsh consequences. Lets get together in order to save our environment and take good care of it.
Thank you!