Urbanisation

Hello everyone! I hope you all are doing good and are safe. I am here to throw some light upon the topic Urbanisation.
Urbanisation is one of the most important cause of population explosion. Generally each and everyone of us want a better standard of living than what we are having now. We all plan for having a good life always. In order to get a good and desired standard of living we need to work hard for it. People struggle for getting good job opportunities now a days as most companies don’t have their preferred vacancies.
Finding good job opportunities to have a better lifestyle is not a problem but in order to make it happen people from all the rural areas migrate to urban areas and that is what we call urbanisation. There are many causes and effects of urbanisation. The causes include the people who are in search of good jobs to lead a proper life but there are some very harmful consequences because of that. Firstly, urban areas are running out of space for people to occupy it and start to lead a life there. Second thing even if they find a place to leave there is a shortage of all the basis necessities. There are atleast four needs that one should have that is food, shelter, good air and clothes to wear.
Now because of the increasing population in urban areas there is an increase in the demand for shelter and because of which trees are been cut in order to establish settlements there for people to reside which leads to exploitation of natural resources. Other than shelter, food is a necessity. Increasing number of people increases the demand for food as well and which is why farmers while yielding crops can’t make it happen naturally. It is hard for them to harvest an increased amount of crops in a shorter time as the demand rises. Due to all these reasons farmers tend to apply a huge amount of chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides to get the crops in a shorter time which results in soil erosion. This harms the land so much that it is not possible for farmers to yield crops on that land again. All this leads to scarcity of cultivable land.
People start residing in slums by building those near good and developed areas as they can’t find place to stay. Many of us don’t even have that much amount of money in order to pay huge rent and stay in an apartment. It is just not affordable. People start to use lakes and dams as their means of consumption. This also results in contamination of water which means water pollution. As the population in urban areas increases there is an increase in the number of private vehicles which results in air pollution and can cause many diseases such as asthma etc.
We should avoid wasting resources as its not just ours, we need to provide it to further generations too. We need to start sustainable development and love according to it in order to give humans a better life in present and in future too. It is understandable that a better standard of living is essential now a days but if it brings so many consequences then it will do no good to us in future. Though doing all this will give us a good living but it will just be temporary and can cause harsh consequences. Lets get together in order to save our environment and take good care of it.
Thank you!

Women Empowerment

Hello everyone! I am here to talk about Women Empowerment.
It is an issue that we are supposed to be paying attention on long back. Women empowerment is something that is very important for a developed and successful country. Each and every educated one according to my proper knowledge will want women to get empowered as they know the importance having equality in a nation. In the earlier days women were supposed to keep quite in all the problem solving and decision making matters, they were expected to just do household chores. The condition and thinking was so bad that at some households women were supposed to have their meals after the men of the house.
Patriarchy was there on an extent that men were supposed to be the only leaders of their house. They used to take decisions and everyone should go according to what they say and what they feel is right. There was also a Sati system where women were told to die if their husband did. No one asked women if they want to do that or not. Irrespective of how a women feels about a certain thing, she was told to do it without giving any options or choices. People were so ignorant about the feelings of women.
Now as years have passed and people have gained knowledge. Modernisation has led to make women of some regions feel a little bit equal to men. Earlier there used to only be one earning member in the house that is man and women were always playing a role of depending members in the family. As time have passed women are getting chances to speak on certain topics and this is where I feel there is freedom of speech and expression finally given to a woman. In order to make women feel equal to men there are a lot of things we can do individually as well as forming groups and campaigns.
In an individual way we can let woman make certain choices and decisions that are considered really very important which will make them feel happy that they are given importance of taking such decisions for the family or any other matter. The idea of not eating together is however vanished in a lot of places now. Women have meals with their family at the same time but still there are some families who are following same old traditions that needs to be changed in order to see our country make progress. We should think that in today’s economy, to lead a healthy and successful life with luxury there should be more than one earning member in a family. This is where women should be encouraged to do jobs and earn so that even they get motivated and love themselves for being independent.
I feel that women is a very supporting pillar of a country. Other than taking care of household and reproducing, she should also be treated as equal in workplaces. Government has come with so many campaigns related to empowering women. Even we should altogether form groups and donate some amount of our salary for the women who are been thrown out of their houses because they didn’t obeyed those orthodox thinking. With that money we should find women good job opportunities and help them so that they don’t depend on anyone in their lives.
Thank you!