A mental ability is a pre-employment test that assesses a candidate’s ability to comprehend complex ideas, solve problems, and apply learned skills through questions based on abstract reasoning, numeric reasoning, and verbal reasoning. It helps you identify top talent at the pre-hire stage., GMA tests are mainly used for ranking candidates in recruitment settings. Types of general mental ability include: verbal comprehension, word fluency, associative memory, spatial visualization, perceptual quickness, number facility, and reasoning. characteristics of mental ability include, Abilities allow people to acquire knowledge and solve problems. This general mental ability is what underlies specific mental skills related to areas such as spatial, numerical, mechanical, and verbal abilities. The General Ability segment will contain questions from various subjects such as General Knowledge (GK), English, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Current Events.

Important functions of general ability include, General mental ability tests are used as pre-employment screening assessments because they are great indicators of success in the future. In a general mental ability test, a candidate will face different types of questions based on several aptitudes, including reading, writing, and logical skills. Types of mental ability includes , The cognitive and psychometric ability tests are further classified into two: logical/abstract reasoning and verbal reasoning. There are 7 G’s of intelligence which includes, The broad abilities recognized by the model are fluid intelligence (Gf), crystallized intelligence (Gc), general memory and learning (Gy), broad visual perception (Gv), broad auditory perception (Gu), broad retrieval ability (Gr), broad cognitive speediness (Gs), and processing speed (Gt).Importance of mental ability includes, Psychological skills, or mental skills are tools for the mind. This includes skills like positive self-talk, enhancing confidence, goal setting, and achieving the most productive mindset, among many other skills. Improving your psychological skills can enhance academic performance and your overall well-being.

1. Logical/Abstract Reasoning
2. Verbal Reasoning
3. Data Interpretation
4. Puzzles

The mental ability topics for competitive exams include both reasoning and interpretation questions. Nonetheless, there is no prescribed mental ability syllabus for competitive exams. Here is the mental ability topics list that most of the competitive exams cover:

  • Assertion & Reason
  • Jumbled Paragraphs/Para-jumbles
  • Summary Questions
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Data Interpretation (Tables, Charts, Graphs)
  • Puzzles
  • Analogy
  • Blood Relations
  • Classification
  • Coding and Decoding
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Direction
  • Logical Sequence of Words
  • Logical Venn Diagram
  • Number Series
  • Sequence
  • Missing Characters
  • Spontaneous Reaction

Though candidates should learn and revise the mental ability syllabus for competitive exams, they must comprehend the right tricks to excel.

  1. To solve any problem in the mental ability test, the candidate needs to read the question carefully. For example, if you are solving a data interpretation question, try to analyze the data very carefully before concluding.
  2. Blood Relation Tricks– Prepare a tree diagram by assigning symbols to different members of the family. For example, you can allot a circle for mother, a square symbol for father, etc. While reading the questions, draw the symbols of the members mentioned in the problem. This will help you to get accurate answers to blood relation problems.
  3. Coding-Decoding Tricks: Most of the coding-decoding questions have a particular pattern to figure out the problem. Be it letter codes or substitution questions, the pattern is the key to solve the coding and decoding questions.
  4. Analogy Tricks– There are various types of verbal analogy questions.
  5. NWI promotes Six Dimensions of Wellness: Emotional, Physical, Intellectual, Occupational, Spiritual, and Social.

Contents of Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability

  • Syllogism
  • Statement and Arguments
  • Statement and Assumptions
  • Statement and and Courses of Action
  • Statement and Conclusions
  • Deriving Conclusion
  • Assertion and Reason
  • Punch lines
  • Situation Reaction Tests
  • Cause and Effect
  • Analytical Reasoning

Mental ability test includes:

Analogy, series completion, coding-decoding, blood relations, logical Venn diagrams, alphabetical test, number ranking, mathematical operations, arithmetical reasoning, data interpretation, data sufficiency, cubes and dies, construction of sequences and triangles