The Effects Of Globalization On The Aged Population of India

Globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people, economies, and cultures around the world, has had significant effects on populations of all ages in countries around the world. In India, a rapidly aging population has been impacted by the forces of globalization in a number of ways, both positive and negative.

Demographic Shifts:

India is experiencing a significant demographic shift, with the proportion of elderly people in the population expected to rise from 8% in 2015 to 19% by 2050. This shift is a result of a combination of factors, including increased life expectancy and declining birth rates. Globalization has played a role in these demographic changes, as access to better healthcare and improved standards of living have led to longer lifespans and smaller families.

Positive Effects:

One positive effect of globalization on the aged population in India has been increased access to healthcare and medical treatment. Globalization has brought with it new medical technologies, improved pharmaceuticals, and access to global networks of medical experts, all of which have helped to improve the health outcomes of the elderly population in India.

Globalization has also created new opportunities for elderly people to stay engaged in the workforce and remain economically active. Advances in technology and the rise of the gig economy have made it easier for elderly people to find work and stay productive, even as they age.

Negative Effects:

However, globalization has also had negative effects on the aged population in India. One major challenge is the erosion of traditional family structures, which have often been the primary source of support for elderly people in India. As younger generations have migrated to cities and adopted more Westernized lifestyles, the traditional family structure has come under strain, leaving many elderly people without the social and economic support they need.

Left: Nuclear Family; Right: Joint Family.

Another negative effect of globalization is the growing prevalence of ageism or discrimination against elderly people. In India, as in many other countries, youth-oriented cultural values and trends have created a perception that older people are less valuable or less relevant than their younger counterparts. This has led to a range of negative attitudes and behaviors towards the elderly population, including exclusion from social and economic opportunities.


In conclusion, the effects of globalization on the aged population in India are complex and multifaceted. While globalization has brought with it improvements in healthcare and increased economic opportunities, it has also created new challenges and exacerbated existing ones. As India continues to grapple with the challenges of an aging population, it will be important to find ways to address the negative effects of globalization while harnessing its positive impacts. This may involve strengthening traditional family structures, investing in healthcare and social services, and promoting more inclusive and age-friendly attitudes and policies.