The Taliban: explained

A history of the Taliban

The Taliban, which means “students” in the Pashto language, emerged in 1994 around the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. It was one of the factions fighting a civil war for control of the country following the withdrawal of the Soviet Union and subsequent collapse of the government.

It originally drew members from so-called “mujahideen” fighters who, with support from the United States, repelled Soviet forces in the 1980s.

Within the space of two years, the Taliban had gained sole control over most of the country, proclaiming an Islamic emirate in 1996 with a harsh interpretation of Islamic law. Other mujahideen groups retreated to the north of the country.

Following the Sept 11, 2001 attacks in the United States by Al-Qaeda, US-backed forces in the north swept into Kabul in November under the cover of heavy US airstrikes.Also read |46 years ago, another US exit and fall of Saigon

The Taliban melted away into remote areas, where it began a 20-year-long insurgency against the Afghan government and its Western allies.

The Taliban’s founder and original leader was Mullah Mohammad Omar, who went into hiding after the Taliban was toppled. So secretive were his whereabouts that his death, in 2013, was only confirmed two years later by his son.https://www.youtube.com/embed/U4GR5c_9UDQ?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en-US&autohide=2&wmode=transparent

What is the Taliban’s ideology?

During its five years in power, the Taliban enforced a strict version of sharia law. Women were predominantly barred from working or studying, and were confined to their homes unless accompanied by a male guardian.Express in Kabul |Hours before fall, women plead: ‘Don’t want to go back to that horrible era’

Public executions and floggings were common, Western films and books were banned, and cultural artefacts seen as blasphemous under Islam were destroyed. Opponents and Western countries accuse the Taliban of wanting to return to this style of governance in the areas it already controls – a claim the group denies.The Taliban flag flies at the Ghazni provincial governor’s house, in Ghazni, southeastern, Afghanistan, Sunday, Aug. 15, 2021. (AP Photo: Gulabuddin Amiri)

The Taliban said earlier this year it wanted a “genuine Islamic system” for Afghanistan that would make provisions for women’s and minority rights, in line with cultural traditions and religious rules.

The Taliban: International recognition

Only four countries, including neighbour Pakistan, recognised the Taliban government when it was in power. The vast majority of other countries, along with the United Nations, instead recognised a group holding provinces to the north of Kabul as the rightful government-in-waiting.

The United States and the United Nations imposed sanctions on the Taliban, and most countries show little sign it will recognise the group diplomatically.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said earlier this month Afghanistan risks becoming a pariah state if the Taliban takes power and commits atrocities.

Other countries such as China have begun cautiously signalling they may recognise the Taliban as a legitimate regime.

Happy I𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗽𝗲𝗻𝗱𝗲𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗱𝗮𝘆

When the clocks strikes 12 on August 15, the unforgettable day in the minds of Indians. The day we broke the shackles of colonialism and breathe the air of freedom. The occasion to celebrate the countless sacrifices,sweat and blood of our freedom fighters.
Let the idea of India be a timeless, tricolor dream. Let’s hoist the flag of dedication to that dream.

Let’s salute our great nation on its Independence Day! I hope you all feel grateful for the freedom you have and are proud of the nation you were born to.
“Jai Hind!”

Be Here’s to the future full of understanding, appreciation and gratitude.
Today let us take some time to value our nation and never forget the sacrifices from those who gave us freedom.
May your spirits rise with the flag today! Happy Independence Day!

Quotes for tribute of 15th August.

  “Sare Jahan Se Achha Hindustan Hamara” – Muhammad Iqbal

“Vande Mataram” – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
“Swaraj mera janamsiddh adhikar hai, aur mai ise lekar rahuga” – Bal Gangadhar Tilak
“Satyameva Jayate” – Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya
“Khoon se khelenge Holi gar Vatan mushkil main hai” – Ashfaqullah Khan

IMPORTANCE OF ORGAN DONATION

Long back our scriptures used to say feed a hungry man is the most sacred thing a person can do.

But now in this modern world the above epithets has been changed. Many people all over the world are suffering from various ailments which leads to the disfunctioning of their organs and slowly leads to death. How to save these unlucky patients from death is big question mark. The growth of medical science has helped a man to save the patients from the deaths. Medical science has developed to such an extent that almost all the organs of a body can be substituted. But how to get these substitutes. Here comes the importance of organ donation.

Every year August 13 Organ Donation Day is celebrated.The requirement for organ donators has been rising essentially throughout the long term. This developing need is because of the way that the quantity of individuals with end-stage organ disappointment has been expanding and, with propels in transplantation, a more prominent extent of these individuals are qualified for organ transplantation.

Organ donation is a chance to help other people. Individuals who are on an organ holding up list ordinarily have end-stage organ illness that fundamentally impacts their personal satisfaction and might be close to the furthest limit of their life. Getting an organ can turn into a groundbreaking occasion for these individuals. It can likewise help a family work through the lamenting cycle and manage their misfortune by realizing their adored one is helping save the existences of others.

The organ waiting list is always long. Every day, there are approximately 2,00,000 people on the waiting list nationally for an organ.

Individuals are kicking the bucket while waiting for an organ. Every day so many individuals around the world kick the bucket waiting for a organ. Organ gift can be a fulfilling and positive experience. Not only that but we get the satisfaction of helping others.

TRIBUTE TO NEERAJ CHOPRRA- THE GOLDEN BOY

A tribute to India’s golden boy, Neeraj Chopra, on behalf of the Navachetna Welfare Society

The star javelin thrower becomes the first Indian track and field athlete in history to win a gold medal for India. It’s safe to say that this man is a living embodiment of perseverance.

Despite suffering from an arm injury before qualifying for the Olympic games, he recorded a victory throw of 87.86m. This man has an arm of iron in the true sense.

Being 6 feet tall army boy Neeraj Chopra is such a down-to-earth and humble person.
After his historic winning, our star javelin thrower said that he could not believe that he won asserting that although being confident he was unsure of winning gold.
His first words to his father were “Gaad diya papa laath” meaning I left a mark papa.

Well, he left a mark on all our hearts, and on this Independence Day , we can all proudly sing “Saare Jahan Se acha Hindustan Hamara ” as Neeraj Chopra is the legacy of these words.

Independence Day is yet to arrive but the once called Golden Bird bagged the Gold a few days prior to celebrating its 75 independence Day. The Golden Man of India, Neeraj Chopra has become the face of the nation by his tremendous performance in Javelin Throw at Tokyo Olympics 2020, while the Olympics weren’t ordinary this time, so was not the performance. His more than exemplary throw of 87.58 meters not only got a gold to him, but to 1.4 billion people of the country and paved the way for several more to come. While all the players performed in their true spirits, the Army man Neeraj along with others showed how a patriotic person can show his love and respect towards nation in whatever and wherever they do.

EQUALITY FOR ALL

One hundred years later women found suffrage2 — and with a growing number of women in the workforce, holding elected positions, and striving for the presidency — a period of constitutional amendment that clearly guarantees equal rights without sex is out of date.3 Alice Paul, Crystal Eastman, and others in 1923 and later revised, the proposed Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) states: “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or restricted by the United States or any other state on the basis of sexual orientation. “Nascent’s efforts to pass the ERA have grown with the realization that the commitment to equality enshrined in the US Constitution could not be fully realized without a clear, meaningful commitment to equality regardless of gender. Now, as women and people of all genders increasingly face increasing attacks on their rights and independence, the current repression of the ERA is a constant reminder that empty speeches and measures that they want to support and empower are completely insufficient.

At the time of the writing of the ERA, the status of women in American society was often viewed as inferior to that of men. Legal restrictions – such as a ban on voting and property ownership – combined with long-held views on women’s roles meant that women were demoted to certain positions and could not be considered full citizens. In particular, many women of color were also hampered by the cold effects of racial, ethnic, and gender-based discrimination, and strengthened the social position in which they were degraded compared to white women. Although the ERA remains unconstitutional, many of the attitudes and practices that promoted its first proposal have long been rejected. The broader impetus for gender equality has gained momentum over the decades, and, apart from the ERA, women and people in all gender sectors have made great efforts to uplift their status, protect vital legal protection, and access opportunities in society as a whole. But there is still work to be done to ensure that women and people in all sexes are treated equally and have the power to live their lives the way they want. The absence of a clear prohibition against gender discrimination in the Constitution remains one of the main obstacles to the fight for gender equality and the advancement of women in general – and the ERA is an important tool in achieving this progress.

Education for all

Free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of fourteen is a constitutional commitment in India. The Indian Parliament had passed the Right to Education Act in 2009 when education became a basic right for all children aged 6-14.

Efforts by the Central Government and the Government have led to an increase in enrollment but the goal of whole school education in the real sense is still a far cry. Unless the efficiency of the lower level of education is improved higher education levels cannot be expected to gain quantum enrollment.

The site presents details of the latest initiatives undertaken in the Indian Education sector including the emergence of an education policy from 1966 to 2020. Full details are available on all Centrally-funded programs, such as DPEP, SSA, RMSA, Samagra Shiksha, and other such programs. The site also presents a review of the School Education Quality Index (SEQI), Performance Grading Index (PGI) & Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

In addition to the number of children, the site also provides comprehensive statistics for all levels of education including the Unified District Information System for Education (U-DISE) & All Survey India on Higher Education (AISHE). A separate section on regional planning focuses on planning plans under Samagra Shiksha and presents a critical review of the architectural plan under Sagra Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2018 by the Government of India. Exposure to People 6-11, 11-13 years, etc. At regional and government level and the Report of the Expert Committee on Population Projections set-up by the Ministry of Health & Social Welfare. With the EXCEL Sheet Templet, one can project a region or even block the number of children per year.

FEMINISM

Feminism is not especially for women but it’s about all genders having equal rights and opportunities. A lot of people think that women’s rights has already been accomplished but at the same time there are so many forces against women’s rights like reproductive rights and having same pay as men in the same position but people make excuses for the earning gap. There are still some people with stereotypes thinking women should stay home for work and take care of their children’s and the most important thing for many women is still to please her men. When the women work outside the home, she still does more housework, and when men do it, things get postponed. Feminism put an end to sexism and to achieve full gender equality. There have been some extraordinary women who contribute in the history of the feminism. In many societies, women were traditionally locked in their homes as daughters, wives and mothers, and often we only know about women in history because of their relationships with famous men. Of course, many women throughout history played an important role in cultural and political life, but they are often invisible. The organized women’s movement dates back to the 19th century, although feminists and the struggle for equality have always been part of every human society. Women and scholars have divided the history of this organization into three “waves”. The first wave focuses mainly on the movement of suffrage women of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (especially with regard to women’s right to vote). The second wave refers to the ideas and actions associated with the women’s liberation movement that began in the 1960’s (which campaigned for women’s legal and social rights). The third wave refers to the continuous, apparent failure of the second wave of feminism, since the 1990s. first wave of feminism refers to the extended period of women’s labor between the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the United Kingdom and the United States. Initially it focused on the promotion of a contract equal to women’s property rights and the opposition to the patent marriage and ownership of married women (and their children) by their husbands. By the end of the nineteenth century, however, activism was focused on gaining political power, especially women’s rights. In 1854, Florence Nightingale established female nurses as military officers The second wave of feminism refers to the period of labor in the early 1960s and lasted until the late 1980s.  The second wave femininity has continued to exist since then and is associated with the so-called third wave femininity. S. Post-feminism describes a range of feminine points. Although they are not “anti-feminist,” women who follow feminism believe that women have reached the second level of waves while criticizing women’s third goals. The term was first used in the 1980s to describe attacks caused by the second wave. It is now a label for a variety of ideas that take critical steps in previous women’s discourses and incorporate the challenges of second wave ideas. Some feminists claim that feminism no longer applies to modern society. Amelia Jones wrote that the post-feminist writings that appeared in the 1980s and 1990s portrayed feminism circulating a second time as a monolithic organization and criticized it using common elements. Feminism has transformed the most important ideas in various areas of Western society, from culture to law. Women’s activists campaign for women’s legal rights (contract rights, property rights, voting rights); women’s rights to dignity and independence, abortion rights, and reproductive rights (including access to contraception and quality prenatal care); to protect women and girls from domestic violence, sexual assault and rape, to obtain employment rights, including maternity leave and equal pay; against misconduct; and other forms of gender-based discrimination.