The lifestyle are metamorphosed to accommodate the new jet age and habits too is no exception. healthy nutritious foods have been replaced by the new food have been replace by the food mantra for junk food. The available of junk food ad snacks at low prices and marketing strategies adapted by manufactures of such food has triggered an evolution wherein, consumption of foods that require neither the structure nor the preparation of a formal meal. It seems to have engulfed every age; every race and newest entrants on stage are children, school going in particular. hence, a systematic presentation has been made in this review from the article from various source highlight eating habits, nutritional aspects and quality of unhealthy food, their health impact on consumption and prevention measure and prevention measure to be undertaken. Through health education, a change towards good eating practices and adaption of healthy living is possible. The Obesity account for 300,00 death in the U.S alone.
Research into food and fast food restaurant have found that there is a direct relationship between the number of the fast food restaurant located within the local area and obesity rate. According to a survey by the Institute of Food technologists of american are eating their dinner at home, nearly half those meals are fast food, delivery, or taken out from restaurant or grocery delis.
India is no exception this changing fast food trend In India’s fast food industry is growing by 40 % a year. Statistical place India in 10th place in fast food per capital spending figures with 2.1% of expenditure of annual total spending. According to the national sample 2005 released by the Delhi government, people living in Delhi spend rs – 371, on an average, on process food and beverage per month. They spend Rs – 290, on vegetable and around one – third of it on fruit. the value of junk food consumed in india in 2003 was about Rs. 41000 crore; of which rural area accounted for a little over Rs 22,000 corer as published in an little article in news paper by sudhanshu Ranade in Business Line on July 13th 2005. Nature in 2007 state that preventable diseases caused mainly due to smoking, Poor diet food consumption and lack of exercise could kill million in developing world in the next 10 years.
The junk food means the calories is not include. An empty or high calories rich food which lacks in micro nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids and fibers but has high energy. These foods don’t contain the nutrients that your body needs to stay healthy Hence, these foods that has poor nutritional value is considered unhealthy and may be called as junk food. Junk food is an informal term applied to some foods which is the perceived to have little or no nutritional value, but which also have ingredients considered unhealthy when eaten regularly or those consideration unhealthy to consume at all. The term Junk food was coined as a slang in the public interest in 1972 by Michael Jacobson, Director of the center for Science.