We will in a world where being thin is considered to be the beauty standard and anything other than thin is fat. People openly comment and advise on how to lose weight. So people in the process of being thin some develop eating disorders. Eating disorders are a type of mental disorder which abnormal eating behaviour negatively affects ones physical and mental health. People tend to assume that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice or that people choose to have an eating disorder. The eating disorders are of different types. Some range from extreme overeating and extreme restrictive eating. There are different types of eating disorders. But there are two main types, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.
Anorexia Nervosa is a type of eating disorder where people perceive that they are overweight, they also have bad self-esteem where they constantly feel fat and have to lose weight. People suffering from anorexia nervosa restrict their diet or vomit or use a laxative to force out the food in their system. Because they don’t want to gain weight, they force out food. Anorexia Nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any mental health disorders. Their diets are always restrictive with less calorie intake. Because they don’t eat a nutrition meal, they are very thin and have a deep fear of gaining weight. They consider themselves as overweight and continue to start themselves despite life-threatening starvation. The symptoms of the disorder are seen over a while. Mild anemia, brittle hair and nail and growth of fine hairs are one of the first symptoms seen. The growth of the fine is to keep the body warm when there is no fat to keep the body warm. Severe constipation, low blood pressure and multiple organ failure, the person will feel cold all the time and infertility are major symptoms the patients will face.
Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder where people tend to overeat large amounts of food with control over their eating habit. People suffering from Bulimia Nervosa eat large amounts of food and overcompensate by self-induced vomiting, over the use of laxatives to force the food out, fasting for long times. They overeat and then use extreme methods to get rid of it. They consider themselves as overweight and have self-perceived flaws. They always fear of gaining weight. They have a chronic swollen throat because of self-induced vomiting. They also have swollen salivary glands of self-induced vomiting. Acid induced reflex and intestinal distress and irritation from the use of laxatives. Long term effects are electrolyte imbalance which can lead to a stroke from there a heart attack; tooth enamel can become overly sensitive because of stomach acid because of self-induced vomiting
Eating disorders can affect people of all genders, ages and racial backgrounds. They usually start in the teenage year of a patient. There are many treatments for eating disorders.
People suffering from eating disorders have a higher risk of depression and suicidal tendencies. The treatments are usually psychotherapies and medications. To reduce the tendencies of self-induced vomiting and binge eating, Cognitive behavioural therapy is a frequently used therapy tool to help the patients acknowledge their unhealthy patterns of eating behaviour. Some medications are prescribed by the psychiatrist.