The word “cartoon” is derived from either the Italian word cartone or the Dutch word Karton, which are both words describing a strong, thick, or heavy paper, or pasteboard. A cartoon is usually a short, animated movie or television program. The term “cartoon” refers to an illustration or a series/sequence of drawings that depict satire, caricature, or humor. A cartoon is a form of two-dimensional illustrated visual art. One who makes cartoons is known as Cartoonist. A cartoon is mainly created to produce laughter, fun, joy, love, and unity.
WHEN DID CARTOON BEGIN? :
In the 19th century, beginning in Punch magazine in 1843, cartoon came to refer – ironically at first – to humorous illustrations in magazines and newspapers. The first animated television series was Crusader Rabbit. The cartoons became popular in the 1960s and 1970s.
TYPES OF CARTOONS:
There are different types of cartoons. Some of them are,
· Political Cartoons:-
A political cartoon is made to convey editorial commentary on politics, politicians, and current events. There are five elements of political Cartoons. They are symbols, exaggeration, irony, labeling, and analogy.
· Gag cartoons:-
Gag cartoons are cartoons, combination of punch lines and scenarios intended to make readers laugh. Modern “gag cartoons” are found in magazines, newspapers, and greeting cards. The gag cartoons generally consist of a single drawing with a caption beneath.
· Animated Cartoons:-
Cartoons can either refer to a drawing or a television program or film made using animation techniques. It is like a motion picture. It is a series of changing drawings that were being photographed and when projected quickly it gives the illusion of movement.
One who makes cartoons is known as Cartoonist. The other names for cartoonists are animator, artist, humorist, illustrator, satirist, caricaturist, gagster, comic artist, comic book artist, etc….Some cartoonists work with artists who create the idea or story and write captions, and sometimes the cartoonist will write captions themselves. Charles Schulz was a cartoonist who drew the “Peanuts” comic strip for fifty years. Some cartoonists have their cartoons appear weekly or daily in newspapers, while others publish books or draw cartoons for web sites.
SOME OF THE POPULAR CARTOON SHOWS ARE:
There are many cartoons show. Some of the most popular cartoon shows are,
- Richie Rich
- The Smurfs
- Tom and Jerry
- Alvin and the chipmunks
- Thomas and Friends
- Power Puff Girls
- Sponge Bob and Square Pants
- Looney tunes
- The Simpsons
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT CARTOONS:
- There is an asteroid named after Donald Duck
- The crew of “The Simpsons” once sent flowers to the crew of “South Park.”
- Winnie-the-Pooh was named after a teddy bear owned by the son of A.A. Milne, the creator of Winnie.
- Tom and Jerry cartoons won seven Oscars and being nominated for a total of 13.
- In the original He-Man cartoon of the 1980s, He-Man could not use his sword as an offensive weapon or punch or kick anyone due to the broadcast standards of the period. In fact, he was mostly non-violent and usually just outsmarted his enemies .