Social Problems In India


Contemporary Indian society has numerous issues that are labelled as
social problems. Some of them are poverty, unemployment, molestation, overpopulation, infectious disease like covid, drugs, child labour, etc..
A social problem, in general, creates the situation of chaos and disrupts the balance in the society.

What is social problem?

A social problem is any condition or behavior that has negative consequences for large numbers of people and that is generally recognized as a condition or behavior that needs to be addressed. 

Another widely used definition specifies that “no condition, no matter how dramatic or shocking to someone else, is a social problem unless and until the values of a considerable number of people define it as a

A social problem is normally a term used to describe problems with a particular area or group of people in the world. Examples can include:

  • Poverty
  • Drug abuse
  • Prostitution
  • Racial discrimination
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Economic Deprivation
  • Political Corruption
  • Unemployment
  • Sexual abuse

Characteristics of Social Problem :-

  • A social problem does not exist for a society unless it is recognised by that society to exist.
  • All social problems are opposite of the “ideal” situation.
  • All social problems have some
    common basis of origin.
  • Social problems occur in all societies and they also affect all sections of society.
  • Social problems can be caused due to economical, biological, cultural or psychological factors.

Division / groupism of Social Problem :

Diverse social problems can be broadly grouped under
four categories, they are:

1. Economical factors:

  • Poverty.
  • Unemployment.

2. Cultural Factors:

Problems that are caused due to
established beliefs, values,
traditions and laws of a region. For example, dowry, child marriage, etc.

3. Biological factors:

The problems due to natural calamities, infectious diseases,
famine, etc fall under this category. For example, Covid.

4. Psychological Factors:

Problems that arise from ill
mental and neurological
health fall under this

All these problems are barrier to the growth and development of our society. To overcome them we must work together and create a healthy, safe and happy environment that exhilarate positivity .