With the dream city as its capital, Maharashtra is the second most populous state of the country. Along with being the most industrialised state of the nation, it is also the largest contributor to the GDP of India. It is ‘The Land of the Valiants’. The Ganesh Chaturthi celebration of this state is one of the famous festivals contributing to the economy of the nation. ‘Laal Bagh cha Raja’ in Mumbai is a great tourist attraction.
Let’s start with the history of the state:
- Shahaji Bhosale was the first Maratha to establish his independent rule. His legacy was continued by his son Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the one who is credited for the major expansion of the Maratha Empire.
- The Marathas are largely attributed for ending the Mughal rule in India.
- They were the chief participants in the Third battle of Panipat in the year 1751.
- The rule of Marathas came to an end after the third Anglo-Maratha war. Though their rule ended their power was both appreciated and feared by the people.
“India contains no more than two great powers, British and Maratha, and every other state acknowledges the influence of one or the other. Every inch that we recede will be occupied by them.’ Charles Metcalfe, Governor-General wrote in 1806.
- The first railway line of the nation was laid between Bori Bunder and Thane in 1853.
- The first textile Mill was set up in Mumbai in 1854. Mumbai became one of the most important ports on western coast overtaking Surat.
- Bombay became one of the most important presidencies under the British rule. The second University in India was established here after the University of Calcutta in 1857.
- After partition both the Gujarati and the Marathi people demanded a new state on the basis of their language. On 1 May 1960, their demands were fulfilled dividing the Bombay presidency into two states; Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Having a rich history, Maharashtra is also known for its various tourists spots. Some of the main tourists attraction of the state are:
- The city of dreams, Mumbai.
- ‘The Oxford of the east’ and the IT centre of the nation, Pune.
- The Hill stations like Lonawala, Mahabaleshwar, Khandala, Palghar and Matheran (the cutest hill station of India).
- The famous temples of Nashik and Shirdi.
- The historic cities like Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, etc.
- The majestic Ajanta and Ellora caves, Elephanta caves are the important UNESCO World Heritage sites of the state.
- Sharing a coastline with Arabian Sea the state is endowed with numerous beaches and in-land fresh water lakes.
- Many forts like that of Raigarh, Rajmachi, Pratapgarh, Sinhagarh, Kolaba, mark the historic importance of the state.
- Adlabs Imagica is one of the best amusement parks in the country.
And the list goes on. Maharashtra has given many famous:
- Valiant leaders like: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Rani Laxmi Bai, Peshwa Bajirao, Ahilya Bai Holkar, etc.
- Independence warriors like: Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Tantia Tope, Vasudev Balwant Phadke, etc.
- Revolutionaries like: B.R. Ambedkar, Jyoti Rao Phule, Vinoba Bhave, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, etc.
One of the most famous politician Bal Thackeray formed the party Shiv Sena for the welfare of the common man in Maharashtra.
Marathi people take pride for their valiant Heritage and celebrate the foundation of this state every year with great joy. Maharashtra is a must visit state for every Indian. Lets celebrate this pride with the recitation of ‘JAI MAHARASHTRA…!’